A kidney stone is the outcome of a chemical reaction that happens when the urine gets concentrated and when certain essences compound together to make an object that's too big to pass in the urine.
Individuals who have had more than one kidney stone are probable to constitute another. Hence, prevention is really crucial. There are two cases of preventive measures that aid in preventing other kidney stones from building up – lifestyle alterations and medical intervention.
Lifestyle alterations include:
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Limit supplementary consumption of vitamin D and C. Refer the physician prior to taking vitamin supplements.
- Limit salt intake.
- Limit the amount of animal protein consumed.
- Limit the amount of calcium and oxalate-based nutrients consumed. These include yogurt, vitamin C, ice cream, grapes, cheese, coffee, chocolate, black pepper, apples, oranges and tomatoes, to name a few.
- Drink eight to 13 glasses of water (or at least two quarts) a day.
Medical interventions include:
For calcium stones, the physician may order thiazide diuretics or phosphate-containing preparations. In addition, in hyperparathyroid patients, remotion of all or part of the parathyroid glands situated in the neck aids forestall further stone developing.
For uric stones, the doctor may prescribe allopurinol and a medication to maintain the urine alkalic.
For struvite stones, the physician will supervise the urine for bacterium regularly. In addition, if struvite stones can not be removed, the physician may prescribe acetohydroamic acid (AHA). AHA is employed with long-run antibiotics to preclude the infection that extends to stone growth.
For cystine stones, the physician may prescribe Thiola. This medicament aids bring down the amount of cystine in the urine.