As we mentioned in previous article, Premenstrual syndrome effects over 70% to 90% of women before menopause in the US and less for women in Southeast Asia because of their difference in living style and social structure. The occurrence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) have more than doubled over the past 50 years due to the acceptance of it as a medical condition that is caused by unhealthy diet with high in saturated food. Premenstrual syndrome is defined as faulty function of the ovaries related to the women’s menstrual cycle, it effects a women’s physical and emotional state, and sometimes interferes with daily activities as a result of hormone fluctuation. The syndrome occurs one to two weeks before menstruation and then declines when the period starts. In this article we will discuss the causes of PMS.
1. Unhealthy diet
Over consumption of saturated fat, trans fat, artificial, caffeine, etc and under consumption of fiber, vital vitamins and minerals are typical diet in our country resulting in over production of bad estrogen leading to weakened the liver function in carbohydrate synthesis and fat and protein metabolism causing PMS.
2. Digestive system
Strong digestive system is important to provide vital nutrients for our body in regulating its normal function. Unfortunately, it is unknown that women with PMS are found to have digestive disorder before menstruation resulting in symptoms of PMS.
3. Vitamins and Minerals deficiency
Vitamins and minerals are important for regulating the hormone production in our body, especially for women during menstrual cycle. Deficiency of vitamins and minerals causes nervous disorder, liver malfunction and hormone imbalance resulting in symptoms of PMS.
4. Sluggish liver
For what ever reason, women with PMS are found to have a sluggish liver before menstruation. Since liver is vital in regulating the levels of estrogen through production of cholesterol and fat and protein metabolism, sluggish liver causes nervous tension and hormone imbalance.
5. Hormonal imbalance
Over production or under production of certain hormones before menstruation as resulting of thyroid malfunction, pituitary gland abnormality function, liver inability in metabolism, abnormal function of adrenal gland etc. cause hormonal imbalance resulting in symptoms of PMS such as depression, stress, insomnia, fatigue, tiredness, menstrual cramps, etc.