Pre-Menstrual Syndrome and Mineral – Magnesium

As we mentioned in previous article, premenstrual syndrome effects over 70% to 90% of women before menopause in the US and less for women in Southeast Asia because of their difference in living style and social structure. The occurrence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) have more than doubled over the past 50 years due to the acceptance of it as a medical condition that is caused by unhealthy diet with high in saturated food. Premenstrual syndrome is defined as faulty function of the ovaries related to the women’s menstrual cycle, it effects a women’s physical and emotional state, and sometimes interferes with daily activities as a result of hormone fluctuation. The syndrome occurs one to two weeks before menstruation and then declines when the period starts. In this article, we will discuss how magnesium effects women with PMS.

I. Definition

Magnesium is the 11th most abundant element by mass in the human body, it plays a major role in manipulating important biological polyphosphate compounds. Hundreds of enzymes in the body are required magnesium to function properly.

II. How magnesium effects women with PMS.

1. Hormone balancing

Magnesium helps to decrease neurotransmitter dopamine, thereby increasing the function in transporting information between cells in the brain in controlling the body function. Deficiency of magnesium causes nervous tension in the brain resulting in increasing the risk of depression and anxiety. Study show that women with low levels of magnesium significantly increase in both depression, adjustment disorder and suicide attempts.

2. Works together with vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 plays an important in helping the magnesium to enter cell thereby increasing the amount of mineral in them. Deficiency of vitamin B6 may decrease the absorption of magnesium in the body causing many problem including symptoms of PMS.

3. Blood sugar regulating

Magnesium helps control blood glucose levels and the levels of insulin in blood stream by increasing the liver function in carbohydrate synthesis and regulating the pancreas in insulin production.

4. Migraine headache

Magnesium is important mineral in controlling blood vessel constriction. Deficiency causes blood vessels to spam, thereby increasing the risk of dilation. In case migraine headache, the outer brain blood vessels get into spam then dilate.

5. Water retention and weigh gain

Water retention and weight gain are caused by low levels of aldosterone which is produced by adrenal gland as resulting of magnesium deficiency causing abnormal function of kidney in urinary secretion.