Pneumonia is a respiratory disease where the parenchyma in the lungs gets inflamed. In addition, there is also congestion. The most common cause of pneumonia is bacterial infection caused by streptococcus penumoniae.
Symptoms of pneumonia include fever, pain in the chest, shivering, coughing and shallow breathing. Senior over the age of 65 and infants under the age of 2 are at high risk of contracting this illness. The good news is that there are two vaccines available that can prevent this disease. The vaccines are pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. However, you should also be aware of the side effects of pneumonia vaccine.
You can prevent pneumonia through immunization. The vaccines are in the form of liquid which is injected muscularly or epidermally. Most infants receive pneumococcal conjugate vaccine as part of their regular immunization. The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is given to adults, especially seniors, diabetics and people with chronic heart condition and lung infection.
You need not worry that you will contract the illness on receiving the vaccination. This is because the vaccines do not use live virus for immunization. However, there are side effects, which are temporary in nature. You can experience pain, redness or swelling at the site of the vaccination. Other side effects are fever, muscle aches, rash or headache. In very rare cases, the side effects can be serious like difficulty in breathing, tachycardia, swelling in the throat, dizziness and sometimes changes in the behavior. Allergic reactions can also occur in rare cases and could lead to hives, rash or swelling of the lips. You can identify an allergic reaction because it will occur a few minutes after you receive the vaccination.
In case you do suffer from minor side effects, you do not require treatment. The symptoms will subside in a few days. However, if the symptoms last longer than 5 days, you should immediately consult your doctor.