Pneumonia – Symptoms and Treatment

Pneumonia (Inflammation of a person's lungs) can be caused by different organisms such as bacteria, fungi and viruses with more than sixty thousand people in the united states dying from the illness each year.

Typical symptoms that would indicate a pneumonia infection are high fever, cough, cold, pectoral pain, sleepiness, muscular pain, and phlegm which may either be yellowish or green in color. The symptoms experienced by the affected individual will vary depending upon the causative organism.

Pneumonia occurs when bacteria or viruses are able to move past our body's defense system and get right into our air sacs. Due to the congregation of white blood cells, bacteria and pathogens in the air sacs the entire area gets clogged and hence makes breathing difficult.

People with low immunity, other diseases ans new born babies are generally at a higher risk of getting a pneumonia infection due to their body's low resistance against such organisms.

In some can develop into serious complications. This does not usually happen but older adults are more prone to develop complications. Some of the complications that an individual can develop from a pneumonia infection are bacteremia and lung abscess. Bacteremia is a condition where the bacteria are able to penetrate directly into the bloodstream of a person and thereby spread to other areas causing more problems.

A pneumonia infection is usually confirmed with the help of an x ​​ray to determine where the infection and how bad it actually is. To determine the organism causing the infection a sample of phlegm may be taken and examined.

A bacterial pneumonia infection is usually treated with the help of antibiotics taken orally but if it turn life threatening or dangerous, the individual would have to be put in a hospital and given medication intravenously.