Pneumonia is a lung infection, either in one lung or in both. When both lungs are infected, it is called double pneumonia. If the infection is mild, the visit to your doctor may be avoided and your kid can continue his day-to-day activities normally, it is called walking pneumonia.
Lungs play an important role in the respiratory system of our body. The air that we breathe in, has oxygen which is filtrated in the lungs. This filtered oxygen is then circulated around the body by blood that is passed by the alveoli from breathing tubes. Minute blood vessels or Capillaries are circumvented by little air sacs called alveoli. Generally, there are over 600 million alveoli in our human body. The air which is absorbed is added to the alveoli and the extracted oxygen is dissolved in our blood. It is the responsibility of the RBCs to circulate the oxygen to every part of the body. Oxygen is essential in the efficient working of the system and inadequate supply of oxygen may harm the organs and at times, it can be critical. This operation gets affected when the lungs are attacked by pneumonia.
Pneumonia affects the proper working of the lungs, since the infection creates fluid which blocks the alveoli. Successively the oxygen doesn’t go deep into the lungs and very less oxygen is given to the blood. Respiration is affected and the shape worsens when both lungs are infected by pneumonia.
Persons of every age group, from kids to old may be affected by pneumonia. A common myth among the people is that the person might catch pneumonia if they get wet often. But in reality, bacteria or virus infects the person. When a human infected with cold or flu faces worsening in their condition, then he may be affected by pneumonia. This occurs since the irritation induced by the cold or flu aids the pneumonia microbes to enter the lungs and spread the infection.
The bacteria or virus which induces pneumonia may cause harms, and the severity depends upon the general health of the kid. If bacteria causes the infection, then the kid may fall ill very soon and will get fever with very high temperature along with chills. Pneumonia that is induced by virus grows very slowly and also takes a long time to cure. The kid may also suffer headache, chest pain, muscle pain, and or cough. The kid may suffer breathing difficulty, so he will breath faster, which might make him spit out floppy mucus. The kid might have to totally refrain from eating.
While given the appropriate treatment, the child may regain fully. The physician will first analyze the breathing and heartbeat using the stethoscope. And the stethoscope also aids in examining the lungs,and the noise produced by the lungs serve in checking if it carries some fluids. Sounds characterized by bubbling or crackling indicate the attack of pneumonia. A chest X-ray might be taken too. The White uneven area indicates fluid buildup. By viewing the X-ray, the physician can determine whether the infection was stimulated by virus or bacteria. If it is stimulated by bacteria, then antibiotics might be prescribed. And whenever it is hard for the kid to accept the medicine or retain it inside, the kid will be shot with IV fluid. Whenever virus is the reason for the infection, antibiotic medicines will not work. Cough medicine along with fever reducers, may be supplied in such cases. The medications will be useless, if the kid does not take sufficient rest and excess liquids.
Injections may be taken to prevent the attack of pneumonia. The series of injections are called pneumococcal. Normal flu injections may also be useful, especially for children who have bronchial asthma or any other forms of lung infection. Sleep and rest also tones up the immune system. Regularly cleaning the hands can help in keeping harmful germs away.