The term Pneumonia is defined as an inflammation of the lung tissue that results in the aveoli membrane (the gas exchange surface) filling with fluid. Common causes of pneumonia can include bacterial infection, parasites, fungus or viruses.
Symptoms of pneumonia are cough, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, chest pain and fever may accompany a bacterial infection of the lung causing this disorder. Because there are many different causes of this disorder, it is justified then that there are many different treatments.
Two main types of pneumonia are community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia is that which is acquired without hospitalization for another issue and is the most common form of this disease. The Streptococcus virus is the most common cause of the community-acquired pneumonia. The hospital-acquired pneumonia is usually acquired during or after a hospital stay with the onset 72 hours after admission. The cause of this type of pneumonia is relevant to the fact that the person is exposed to different bacteria that he or she is used to, mostly resistant strains of bacteria. Some symptoms of infectious pneumonia (hospital-acquired) may include a high fever, cough producing phlegm or blood in some cases, headache, nausea and vomiting.
Fungus is also another cause of pneumonia but is uncommon and occurs within individuals with a lowered immune system, with the immune system being compromised by a virus such as Aids. It is a fact, however, that the immune system is the number one body system that is responsible for the contraction of this disease in any form. Symptoms indicating pneumonia need prompt evaluation and a boost of the immune system with the essential vitamins and minerals required, and other necessary treatment.