Panic Attack Disorder – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Panic attack disorder is a chronic condition that develops in someone who constantly fears the possibility of experiencing several or consecutive panic attacks. This kind of situation involves individuals who have experienced an anxiety attack once and end up feeling scared that they might experience it again.

A person under a panic anxiety attack feels an intensive fear that suddenly occurs without any warning or apparent cause. It makes a person think that he is dying or having a heart attack that’s why it is a very frightening experience. Symptoms usually last for about thirty minutes and leaves a fatigued feeling to the individual who had an attack.

Possible Causes of Panic Disorder

Heredity, phobia, medication effects and substance use can be considered as some of the possible causes that trigger an anxiety attack symptom. A panic disorder that runs in the family will probably be inherited. One can trace his family roots to see if this explains a sudden anxiety attack symptom.

Phobias can also explain why someone suffers from panic attacks. It may be that a phobic object or situation has developed this anxiety which causes one to experience anxiety attacks. Moreover, panic disorder can also occur either as a side effect from using medications such as antibiotics or as withdrawal effects from the use of different substances.

Symptoms of a Panic Attack Disorder

One common anxiety or panic attack symptom that many individuals experience is rapid heartbeat similar to that of a heart attack and it makes people feel that they are dying. The increase in heart rate is usually followed by feelings of nausea, pain in the chest and hot flashes.

The other signs that may indicate anxiety attack are agitated breathing, profuse sweating, excessive trembling, difficulty in swallowing, and hyperventilating. It is important that appropriate treatment be sought by an individual suffering from panic disorder because the symptoms can be life-threatening.

Anxiety Attack Treatment

A panic attack cannot be handled alone so it is important to seek medical help for anxiety and depression treatment. Further, to avoid confusing the panic attack symptom with other illnesses such as heart attack, a health consultant can evaluate an individual’s true condition. This should be done early on to avoid worsening one’s health or get the wrong ideas.

Medications such as tricyclic antidepressants or TCAs and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs aid in alleviating an anxiety panic attack symptom. Moreover, psychotherapy and counseling can also help an individual understand, learn about and cope with a panic anxiety attack.

It is never easy for any individual to deal with panic attack disorder that’s why it is very essential that he is well-informed about what triggers or causes it and how it can be treated.