Panch mean : Five

Karma mean : Process or Work

Panchkarma mean five types of process. Panchkarma means a set of five major operative procedures. Like all major operative procedures.

Ayurveda has two types of treatments. One is Saman, and the second one is Sodhan treatment. Panchkarma is one of the Sodhan treatment. It is the purification and detoxification process. It is the cleansing process and remove toxins from our body.

Every day We are exposed to toxins in the air, water, and especially in processed food we eat. The external toxins which throughout from our body by urine, stool, perspiration and breathing. Some internal toxins are deposited in our body. When they become higher,  they create diseases.


  1. PURVA KARMA:- ( Pre-treatments)
  2. PRADHAN KARMA: ( Main- treatments)
  3. PASCHYAT KARMA: ( Post-treatments )

PURVA KARMA:- ( Pre-treatments)

Pre-cleansing procedures:

  1. Dipan-pachan
  2. Snehan
  3. Svedan

Dipan & Pachan

First purva-karmas are Dipan and Pachan, means use of carminative and digestive herbs It is basically meant for ‘Niramikaran’ ( removal of Ama ). Unless and until Ama is removed from the associated dosha, chances of good recovery from the disease are very less. This is an unique approach for the treatment in Ayurveda. So for Dipan and Pachan specific diet and medicines are prescribed for certain period


Snehan means oil therapy. The use of oily substances for the treatment is known as Snehan. Plant or animal fats are used for this purpose. It can be external as well as internal.


A therapy by which a person is made to sweat is svedan. Sveda (sweat) is considered a waste product of the body. Snehan (oil therapy) should be followed by Svedan. Svedan is the best treatment for reducing vata and kapha. Herbal medicines may be added further to loosen the toxins from the individual. 
Svedan liquefies the aggravated doshas and increases their movement into the koshtha (trunk, gastro-intestinal tract) from the shakhas (extremities). After three to seven days of snehan and svedan, the doshas become well “ripened.” Then the aggravated doshas can be eliminated by Panchkarma (operative procedures) viz., vaman etc.

PRADHANKARMA : Main Purification measures of Panchakarma :

Rejuvenation or Detoxification Program
Ayurveda prescribes Panchkarma Therapy for general fitness and complete eradication of the diseases with balance of mind, body and spirit. Also it is must for Rejuvenation Treatment (Rasayan Chikitsa) and Aphrodisiac Treatment (Vajikaran Chikitsa).


A medicated emesis therapy:

When there is congestionof KHAPHA in the lungs or any other KHAPHA disorder, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting – Vamana, to eliminate the Kapha which is causing the excess mucus.

Indications : 
Effective in Kapha predominant diseases like Bronchitis, Asthma, Severe Skin diseases (Psoriasis, Urticaria, Eczema etc.), Sinusitis, Diabetes, Chronic Cold, Anorexia, Specific Abdominal disorders, Chronic indigestion, Epilepsy, various psychological disorders etc.


Virechana is a process by which doshas are made to pass through Anus.

When excess bile, Pitta, is secreted and accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, Ayurvedic literature suggests in these conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative.

Indications : 
Chronic Fever, Skin diseases, Acne, Allergic disorders, Eczema, Psoriasis, Ascites, Diabetes, Obesity, Hypertension, Thyroid Disease, Asthma, Arthritis, Jaundice, Infertility, Oligospermia, Hemiplegia, Constipation, Hyperacidity, Headache, Worms, Gout & in various “PITTA” predominant diseases.


Vata’s predominant site is the colon. Ayurvedic Basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal concoctions of sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti, is the most effective treatment of Vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required. Basti therapy is divided in two main types ANUVASAN BASTI – medicated oil enema. and NIRUH BASTI – medicated oil and decoction enema.

Indications :
In all vata conditions like Neuromuscular and Musculoskeletal disorders, Chronic Constipation, Paralysis, Sciatica, Backache, Gynecological disorders, Infertility, Oligospermia, Arthritis, Heart disease & All types of Pains,constipation,fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches, distention etc.


The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called Nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose.

Indications : 
Cleanses accumulated Kapha dosha from the head and neck region. Effective in treating urdhwajatrugata rogas (ENT & Eye disorders), Trigeminal Neuralgia, Facial Palsy, Paralysis, Insomnia, Pre-mature graying of Hair, Headache of various origin, Frozen Shoulder, Stiffness of the Neck, Neurological Dysfunctions, Sinusitis and also improves Memory & Eye Sight.

RAKTAMOKSHANA (Blood letting)

Elimination of vitiated blood & toxic elements from the body. Jalloka are also used for this purpose (Blood letting by leaches).
Indication :
Effective in Haemopathological Conditions, Allergies, Sciatica, Gout, Leucoderma, Skin diseases, Scabies, Chronic itching, Skin rashes, Alopecia, Urticaria, Hyper tension, Enlargement of liver & Spleen etc. associated procedures of Panchkarma.


After any operative procedure of purification, always there is need to prevent the body from dosha re-aggravating causes and also prevent the AGNI.  

1. Samsarjana Karma –  the method of dietetic to restore Agni. 
2. Shaman Karma –  Sedative Type of Treatment. 
3. Rasayana Karma –  Promotive Type of Treatment 
4. Vajikaran Chikitsa  –  Aphrodisiac Type of Treatment.

Benefits Of Panchkarma :

1. Purifies the body by excreting out toxic waste materials so that the root cause of disease can be eliminated & recurrence of disease can be subsided.
2. Various systems of the body can be made healthy by regularizing the metabolism which was initially affected by irregular food habit, Environment Condition or other factor. 
3. Reverses biological age by its property of inducing Rasayana Karma (Rejuvenation therapy).
4. Minimizes drug doses & toxicit, it increases sound sleeping hours.
5. Gives easy recovery, sustained relief & inhibits the relapse. It affects mind and emotions.
6. This therapy is not just for an ill individual but a healthy one can also get a long, healthy & energetic life