Ayurvedic Treatment For Constipation And Gastroparesis

Constipation is very common in old age. No exercise and weakness in body results in dull peristaltic movements which in turn results in constipation and gas formation in abdomen. Problem of constipation generally turns chronic and causes abdominal pain, piles, loss of appetite and fullness in abdomen. We recommend you to take a complete course of constipation package for easy solution of constipation or kabja. Take these ayurvedic medicines regularly for best results.

These medicines help in increasing peristaltic movements, increases appetite, cure acidity and gas problem. The food easily passes through digestive system and no pain abdomen or gas formation occurs. Increase water intake. Take fiber rich diet. Fresh fruits and vegetable salads are best fiber foods. Go for morning walks and practice pranayms regularly for best results in the treatment of constipation.

Gastroparesis is not very serious problem can be easily cured with Ayurvedic medicines. All you need to do is just take simple light and homemade meals. Take your medicines regularly and you won`t face this problem anymore. Gastroparesis or delayed emptying of stomach is a sign of inefficient digestion. Take DIVYA GASHAR CHOORNA twice a day after, meals with warm water.

This is herbal and safe mixture of herbs having stimulant effect on gastric mucosa. This helps in proper secretion of digestive juices and timely digestion of ingested food materials. As the food comes in semi digested state, it helps in easy and timely movement of this food in to duodenum from stomach for complete digestion. It stops over acid formation and cures hyper acidity problem. Its carminative nature prevents spam or gastric colic and prevents excess gas formation.

It is anti flatulent and never allows the fullness or heaviness in tummy. With regular course the digestion process becomes smooth and peristaltic movements of intestines becomes normal. So a regular course of this medicine for about two three months will cure cure digestive system related problems.

How to Lock Lips on a Second Date

Wondering how to lock lips on a second date? It all starts with getting a second date in the first place, so please do not ignore how important the first date is. This article is broken into two parts. Part 1 is “acting right on the first date so you get a second date.” Part 2 is “How to lock lips on a second date.”

Part 1: Acting right on the first date so you get a second date

A lot of guys just “wing it” when it comes to the all important first date. “I’ll just be myself” is what they say. Then they wonder why the girl that enthusiastically accepted date 1 is all of a sudden cold and distant when it comes to trying to go out again.

Here are some rules of thumb for a first date (and actually, ALL your dates with her).

1. Be a gentleman by holding her chair, opening her car door, and for gosh sakes, don’t eye up other women when you’re out with her. Also, keep your eyes focused on hers, and not, er, lower, if you know what I mean.

Also, keep the date around 2-3 hours. There is no sense in trying to have an 8 hour date. You will just wear each other out and you don’t have enough time in with her to survive that kind of togetherness. Ever hear the statement “familiarity breeds contempt?” Early on this is so true.

You have to spoon feed yourself to her so she is always anticipating the next time you will get together. Dating women is a marathon, NOT a sprint.

2. Don’t talk about how you think the world is going to end in 2012. Maybe you buy into all that calendar stuff but a date is not the appropriate place for that or any other “serious” topics. Save the serious stuff for a philosophy class. Always keep things light and funny with her.

3. Grabbing is good when you’re on a game show trying to get as many balls in your hands within a minute to win a big prize. Grabbing is not good on the date with her. I get that you’re attracted to her but only know she knows when the right time for you to touch is. Do not put your arm around her, try get her to sit on your lap, rub her shoulders or anything else. I hear from so many women that guys that get in their space too soon TURN THEM OFF. If she wants to brush your arm or leg while laughing, cool. But you stay backed off of her!

Also, her touching you like that is a sign she likes you. You’ll never get that sign if you get in her space and have your paws all over her. You’d leave the date wondering if she was touching you because she liked you or if she was trying to get away from you!

4. This goes along with #2. DO NOT talk about all your life disappointments, ESPECIALLY about ex-lovers. She does not care you didn’t get the video game when you were 5, the car when you were 16 or the love of your life at age 22. She is there SOLELY to see if she likes you enough to see you again for a second date. Get her laughing and keep things light.

5. Don’t reveal too much personal information about yourself, ESPECIALLY about how you feel about her. A lot of guys blurt out how much they like the girl and how they’d love to see her again. That turns women off because in spite of what they say, they like to chase a guy.

When you drop “I think this date is going really well, I like you a lot, maybe we can do this again,” then she might smile at you and say she likes you too. She might even enthusiastically agree to another date. Make no mistake though, you lowered her INTEREST LEVEL in you by telegraphing your true feelings.

Her INTEREST LEVEL is like real interest in a savings account. Money doesn’t gain interest in your pocket, it gains interest when you invest it. Her INTEREST LEVEL doesn’t rise in you when you’re in her face telling you how much you like her, it rises when you’re not around and she is wondering about what you’re up to.

Also, don’t give her too many compliments (you’re allowed 2, “you look nice,” at the beginning and “I had fun,” at the end) and DO NOT give her gifts. That means no flowers during the date (or after) and no candy, bears, shiny things, etc. Her INTEREST LEVEL doesn’t rise because of what you give her.

You know which kinds of women respond to gifts from a guy they just started going out with? MERCENARIES. Do you really want a MERCENARY?

6. Last but not least, call her only every 5-9 days and only ask her out on the weekdays until she specifically asks why you don’t take her out on the weekend nights. Obviously that is not going to happen between date 1 and 2 so after date 1, wait 5-9 days and ask her out again for a weekday. During that 5-9 days, if she had a good time and laughed a lot on your first date, she’ll be thinking about and anticipating date 2. Her INTEREST LEVEL in you will be rising.

So, you’ve acted right on date 1, she had a lot of fun, you’ve made her wonder about you by not calling her right away and she’s anticipating a second date. As you can see, this is going to make her much more willing and excited about kissing you on date 2. Which brings us now to part 2.

Part 2: How to lock lips on a second date

Date 2 should mirror date 1 as far as how you act but now you’ve set yourself up as a cool guy with her.

She’s available because she’s gotten rid of every other guy but you (up until now). What did the “rejected” guys do?

I’m betting they tried to call a lot, wanted to be in her space touching her, told her how much they liked her, gave her a ton of compliments, wanted to fit in 3 dates the first week they met her, told her how much they miss their ex-girlfriend, sent her flowers and mainly made a pest of themselves.

You are the smooth guy that pulls her chair out, makes her laugh, and causes her to wonder about what you’re up to between dates. Believe it or not, even if you’re home in your boxers playing an online video game during every night you aren’t with her, she’ll still think that you have 5-6 other women that she has to knock out of the box for your affection. Well, she’ll think that if you’re not in her face calling her and giving gifts.

Women love to think they have to blast other women out of the ring to get you. I don’t know why that is, but it is!

So, on the 2nd date, you just have fun, make her laugh, keep your hands to yourself, and end the date after 2-3 hours just like date 1.

Walk her to the door just like on date 1 (like the gentleman that you are), tell her you had fun and then just go for the kiss. If she returns it, you’ve got a good date 3 candidate. If she turns her head or backs away, you’ve got to delete her number!

Also, you be the one that backs off the kiss first! Do not linger and kiss until the sun comes up. Every other guy would do that. Well, the guys that are trying to make dating women a sprint. You know it is marathon and every date needs to build on the last. Remember, she always needs to anticipate being with you the next time and be excited about it.

Remember guys, if you’re wondering how to lock lips on a second date, keep in mind it starts with a strategy that you must employ from date 1 on!

Colon Cancer and Polyps

There is a very tight bond between polyps and colon cancer. That is to say that, although polyps are almost always benign, if they do turn out to be malign then you develop colon cancer.

Polyps can be found in other parts of the body, besides the colon. In time, if you have these growths in your colon, you can develop colon cancer. The size and shape of the polyps varies. Almost all polyps that one has in the rectum are benign, that is to say that they do not cause colon cancer and do not cause any symptoms as well. As time goes by, so does the risk of developing colon cancer increases. If you have polyps and do not remove them, you will are much at risk of developing colon cancer. After five years the risk of colon cancer is only 3 percent, but in ten years time it goes as high as 10 percent. After almost twenty years from being diagnosed with polyps, the risk of developing colon cancer reaches almost 25 percent. If one has it’ s polyps removed, the risk of having colon cancer is almost 2 percent, compared to almost eight if you do not remove them. Furthermore, if the polyps are removed by colonoscopy then the risk of developing colon cancer is reduced considerably.

On the other hand, if you do get diagnosed with colon cancer, there is no need to worry very much. The rate of colon cancer cure is very good. One of the most important factors of risk when talking about colon cancer is age. As older you get, as bigger the risk of developing colon cancer gets. Moreover, men are also more at risk of having colon cancer than women. In this type of cancer, the color of your skin also seems to be a factor. Black people are more at risk of having colon cancer than white people are. If you are a drinker or if you smoke, then the risk of developing colon cancer further increases. Exercise and a proper weight are important when talking about colon cancer. For example, if you are a sedentary person or if you have a “few ” extra pounds, then the risk of colon cancer increases.

Studies have shown that if you do not eat enough vegetables or fruits, or if you smoke more than a pack of cigarettes a day, then the risk of having polyps is much grater, thus increasing the risk of developing colon cancer.

For more resource on different colon cancer subjects please click this link http://www.colon-cancer-center.com. You can also find valuable information about stage3 colon cancer or even about colon cancer diet

Working With Your Professor

Picture the black-and-white Disney movie starring Fred MacMurray: The old absent-minded professor, beloved inventor of Flubber, wearing a shabby cardigan and dreaming up endless new, amusing contraptions in his garage out behind the house.

Or, picture the old MGM movie of your choice, featuring the classic professor – also beloved, he's easy to spot, with his horn-rimmed glasses and tweed jacket with the leather patches at the elbows. He's rather fussy, graying at the temples, and his favorite thing to do is hang out in his book-lined study (in coat and tie, of course), absorbed in The Origin of Species or some other light reading, as the grandfather clock Slowly ticks the evening away.

Now get out the big magnet and erase this videotape. Today's professors defy typecasting. They may wear tweed jackets or spandex biking shorts. Their personalities may run the gamut from austere ("should have joined the family mortuary business") to fried ("the sixties were so cool") to wacky ("star of the karaoke lounge at the Ramada Inn on highway 50"). They may have Ollie North military buzz cuts, Richard Simmons permes, Shirley MacLaine pixie bangs, Gilligan bow cuts, or Michael Jackson – well, that strings-over-the-face thing that he does. But there is one thing professors do have in common: They've all worked hard to win their position on the faculty.

You're probably going to respect most of your professors; Some of them you may even adore and look back on one day with great nostalgia. A few of them, for one reason or another, you may come to dread.

But keep your eye on the ball; Remember what you're here for. Your main concern should not be whether you like the professor, but if you can learn from him or her. Here's something you might hear: "Well, yes, I did get a D in calculus … I just did not like my teacher." That is so feeble! Instead of a plausible explanation, it sounds more like a lame excuse coming from a whiny brat who bombarded the course because he or she either could not cut it or just did not try hard enough. You probably do not want (we hope!) To sound like that.

We actually watched the following scene: Chad's mother was at a family reunion when the subject of college grades came up. Some of her sisters and cousins ​​bragged about their children's grades; But Chad's mother, who had absolutely no reason to brag on this subject, tried to put the best face on her son's dismal academic record. "Chad's so smart," she began. Family members sighted and rolled their eyes; They had heard about Chad's "brilliance" ad nauseam for the last seventeen years. "He just refuses to apply himself in a class unless he respects the professor," she asserted. "If he has no respect for the teacher, he will not lift a finger."

Is this something to brag about? That Chad is some misunderstood genius and not, in fact, just a misfit of barely mediocre intelligence who acts obnoxious and superior to camouflage what is probably a staggering inferiority complex? We think not.

Our point here is this: Your work in college will be easier and far more pleasant if you and your professors get along. Therefore, it's a wise move on your part, and good personal politics, to find out something about this diverse group of men and women you're going to be dealing with for the next four years.

Hierarchy

There's a hierarchy in academies, just like there is in the military. You can get a big clue as to the status of your professor in the college pecking order – length of service, scholarly and professional achievement – by his or her rank (it should also be in the course catalog; it also could be in the School phone book).

On the lowest rung, like military privates, are instructors or lecturers (translation: no job security, a temporary position at best, they need to move up the ladder real quick).

Next are the lieutenants – assistant professors. This is where new Ph.Ds often begin (traditionally, it's a larger vote of confidence to start someone out here than as an instructor); They still have a way to go to prove themselves, but they've got more time to do it.

After a typical "window" of about four to seven years, assistant professors who have done well (or who have somehow convinced colleges and deans that they've done well) may be promoted to the rank of associate professor.

Sometimes, some of these, who now rank as the rough equivalent of majors in the army, will be promoted to full professor or, as it's officially called, professor. They're colonels, or even generals, now.

Some institutions honor their most distinguished faculty members with "super ranks," which signify an endowed position and a higher salary. If you see someone listed as "University Professor of Economics," or "Truman Langdon Professor of Chemistry," you can assume that this person is golden in the university's eyes; That he or she has brought the institution special prestige and is being rewarded for it. (Helpful translations for this could be "please do not leave our faculty and take your big grant with you." Or, "You're the only one on the faculty who's publishing anything. )

At the other end of the scale (no benefits, slave labor) are part-time faculty called AIs (assistant instructors) or, more commonly, TAs (teaching assistants). For the most part, these are advanced graduate students who are getting classroom teaching experience and financial support while they're working on their doctorates. (Which means they're expected to do a lot of work grading and preparing lectures, while, at the same time, they're likely to be taking classes and working on an awesome thesis that will get them a full-time, paying job On some faculty somewhere.)

Many undergraduate classes, especially at the freshman level, are taught by TAs, and if you attend a large university, you'll almost certainly encounter several of them during your first year or two. This is not necessarily bad; TAs are often effective and caring teachers, and many undergraduates actually prefer them to some of the full-time faculty, who are older and perhaps more remote.

Etiquette

You can not go wrong by saying "professor." It's the proper form of address at all levels. (Do not call your teacher "Associate Professor Jones," even if that is her actual rank.) You're also safe in referring to Mr. Smith, your history teacher, as "Doctor Smith," even if you're not sure whether he has his Ph.D. You'll rarely be corrected, even if you're wrong, for confirming a doctor on somebody. TAs frequently prefer to be called by their first names, but wait for them to say so; It's their call. Otherwise, address them as "Mr." Egypt "Ms."

Ovarian Dermoid Cysts Are Dangerous If Left Untreated!

Have you been to the doctors today and she said you really have a cyst of the ovary, making it one of those nasty ovarian dermoid cysts! She said, it is far from the stress of not working, or too much work and your diet and ugly that heredity plays a role, came too. Life really sucks! So what can you do about it besides freaking out and worried all the time?

Fortunately, not a dermoid cyst on the ovaries is a life and death. The bad part about these types of cysts is that they belong to the category more complex, for this reason that complex cysts. Complex cyst containing fluid and solid. In the case of dermoid cysts, they are many strange things, like hair, teeth, and various tissues. This type of cyst develops from the embryo as a fetus if fertilized would form. For this reason, you find all these strange things in them.

What would it take for you to know that there is a natural way to treat this type of cyst, you believe that surgery is not worried about this is all quite frightening. Imagine, there are things you can do from home that you do not cost a fortune and help the pain free again. How could this be?

Just keep on reading word for word, and you’ll know soon enough what thousands of women have helped to cure their ovarian cysts completely natural.

Served as a dermoid cyst is a cyst is abnormal, this type of cyst was also tested for cancer, because they fixed equipment, which may contain cancer. The doctor will know from the ultrasound image that you’ve got a dermoid cyst. Then they submit to blood test for pregnancy, hormonal imbalance, or a tumor marker called C-125 that shows where the cystic cancer. If the test is positive for cancer, I would always want a second opinion as a test for C-125 can produce false positives, which means it is not very reliable.

Doctors usually recommend surgery for dermoid cysts of the ovary, where they do not go away after several menstrual cycle, the cyst / s become larger, or seems odd on the ultrasound. Unfortunately, dermoid cysts are often assigned to both ovaries, they are in pairs.

Other complications such cysts are broken, and rotating, which is often a surgical emergency only.

Don’t decide on ovarian cyst removal in a haste. Try different things before, like losing weight, changing your eating habits, supplementation with high power, exercise and learn relaxation techniques. A natural, holistic ovarian dermoid cyst treatment is the way to go first!

Alcoholism and Drug Addiction in India

We live only once, many of us believe. And therefore some say ‘let us eat, drink and be merry’. Surely we must eat, drink and be merry now that we believe that we live only once, but must live like men and women, free from health hazards, free from unnecessary cares and worries. So, eating and drinking is alright as long as we know what to accept and what to avoid. Unfortunately many of us do not have discrimination. Like the notorious Epicurius, we mistake one for the other and do not know what we do. So we substitute that fluid else and invite provides us so bounteously with some thing else and invite ills unspoken of and live like wrecks, with untold miseries.

The urban elites drink to the health of their friends and fall of their foes. They drink for old times, to old times, to ring out the old year and to ring in the new year. They drink when they set out to negotiate for a bit contract as a good omen, drink during negotiations and drink again when they win it as a token of joy and success; and yet once again, to win more such contracts. When they welcome their friends, or bid them farewell, when in company for the sake of company, when alone to end the monotony of loneliness, before dinner as an appetizer, after it a as digester, it is a must. No time frame, no time schedule, any time is drink time. No prohibitions, no inhibitions.

His counter part in the village, or the slum dweller in the city is not far behind. He may sometimes worry about his next meal, but nothing of the type as far as his drink is concerned. In fact, it is to drive out his worry that he often drinks. But it is the country liquor that he drinks. In the evening, on his way home, he stops on the way to gulp his favorite drink, to drown the fatigue of his day long labour; unfortunately his weak under nourished body cannot tolerate the intake and it rebels. His legs wobble, his mind wanders and his tongue prattles.

There is no escape from the spell of this Bachus’ potion young or old, rich and poor, without exception they wait for their turn to get favorite nectar, like demons and gods ( Rakshasas and Devathas ) – waiting for Amrit. Finally they become addicts; even gods cannot redeem them. Merciful death alone must save them.

Drinking is not a personal problem. The moment a drunken man sits behind the driving wheel, a becomes a problem to the sea of people who are out on the roads, and to the traffic officer and finally when the accident takes place, it becomes a law and order problem, besides creating numerous problems in the families, that of the drunken driver and his innocent victim. If it is a rich man who is an addict, it will not be a strain on his financial status; but if it is a poor man, he will become a thief and robber in his own house; and a regular customer to the pawn shop. He would not hesitate to beat his wife, if she dares to oppose him. He will not only week his health but also his family life.

Alcoholism aside, there is another evil that has become a cult among young men and women, mostly rich and educated. One fine evening the young student suddenly discovers that there is a lot of communication gap between him and his elders; he seeks the company of his friends who are wiser than his elders, and all these fellow travelers take refuge in hallucinations. They get the euphoria they are searching for. They recede to a lonely spot and smoke a joint, inhale a coke or inject a needle. This becomes a regular affair and in course of time they become addicts. Finally they reach a stage from where there is no come back. If they stop, they die for it; if they take they die with it. Either way, death alone must be the way out.

These misguided youths set out to grab the reflection instead of the original. No doubt the world is at cross roads and the gap between the older and the younger generation is widening in every walk of life. Their thoughts differ, their ambitions differ, the paths they pursue and the means they adopt too vary. They are born out of discontent, bred in discontent and breathe discontent – the discontent resulting from the polluted political, economic and social conditions. Even in the most advanced industrial nations, there is unemployment; the most solid political structures are crumbling like mud walls and the moral values that have guided the older generations through thick and thin, are fast vanishing, no wonder if the weak willed seek easy ways to bring down the pressure mounting in their heads. In stead of water pools they go after mirages.

If they are detected at an early state, they can be resurrected; rehabilitation is easy. But when they become despicable addicts, the disease becomes terminal, and not even the surgeon’s scissors can then redeem them.

It is an accepted fact that prevention is always better than cure. But who will bell the car? The parents who are preoccupied with their own problems and predilections find little time to think of their children. Even if they find time, it is too difficult for them to bridge the widening gap that separate the two generations, come down to their level, think like them and think with them. Even if all this is possible, it is again too difficult to inspire and motivate them, in the changing environment. When they say that the end justifies the means how can you convince them that the means are as important as the end? When dishonesty and deceit seem to thrive, how can you prove that honesty is the best policy?

The problem is not so superficial as it appears to be. It is not the problem of the individual parents alone or the erring youth. When your addict friends tell you that you can have the taste of heaven in a puff of a joint, how can you suppress the temptation, innocent as you are? Satan could tempt the first man his wife and make them eat the forbidden fruit, against the command of God Himself. Will anyone be guided by the statutory warning that smoking? So the first culprit is the easy availability of these alluring fruits. The manufacturer, whose only aim is to make money, will produce; the trafficker will open outlets for their sale and the government which is interested in collecting duties and taxes regularizes them. The party that declares prohibition as it s manifesto, opens road side shops to sell sealed packets of half litter nutritious country liquor when it comes to power. Instead of scrapping the wet laws, it auctions toddy shops and regulates its sales.

Kingdoms and countries are involved in the production and distribution of these abominable drugs. For all external appearances, they are people of authority wealth and respect that are involved in this world wide industry. Nobody can suspect that they play a different part in a different world where they have their own rules and code of conduct. But these invisible men have unbelievably great power and influence. They can abduct any one in the world, assassinate ministers and prime ministers and change governments. There is no crime they cannot commit, no act they cannot accomplish.

The solution lies in educating the people. When they realize that it is not heaven that they taste, but hell with all its horrors imperceptible, they will accept their folly and give up their habits. It is the benevolent social worker that should do it. The government which is interested in collecting taxes to balance it budget deficit, may not do much in this regard. We have far to go before we hope to have such a welfare state.

Common Stomach Problems and Their Treatments

Many people today suffer from a variety of stomach problems. You may be one of them. If so, you know how a case of diarrhea or nausea and vomiting can ruin your plans for the entire day. Heartburn can torment you in the late night hours as well as spoil the enjoyment of a good meal. While most of these are temporary annoyances, persistent stomach ailments should cause you to seek out medical intervention. Sometimes these symptoms of much more serious conditions.

Diarrhea is a problem with loose, watery stools that sends you flying to the bathroom, often at the most inopportune times. It can be caused by food poisoning, or bacterial infections such as e-coli. If you are lactose intolerant you may also feel the unpleasant results of enjoying those dairy products. More serious issues that cause these stomach problems are Crohn's Disease and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). In the case of food poisoning or bacterial infections, your symptoms will usually lessen by consuming only a clear liquid diet within 24 hours. Drink as much fluid as you can because dehydration can be a real concern. To avoid this problem in the first place, always practice good food safety habits in the kitchen, insist on well-cooked food, and return food that is served to you looking as though it has been sitting out for some time, especially if mayonnaise is Involved. If mucous or blood shows in your stools, consult a doctor immediately.

Nausea and vomiting are stomach problems that are rarely life-threatening but can also cause dehydration and even shock if unchecked for too long. The typical causes are an upset gastrointestinal tract, pregnancy, vertigo (dizziness) from inner ear problem or motion sickness, food poisoning, brain injury, carbon monoxide poisoning, and reactions to medicine. It seems that whenever the brain is affected by injury or illness, nausea and vomiting will also be present. Taking slow, deep breaths helps settle the queasiness, as do Vitamin B6 and ginger supplements. There are OTC antihistamines that will also ease your distress.

Heartburn is a burning sensation in your upper abdomen or chest that often mimics the effects of heart disease. Because of this, a doctor should have made aware of your condition if it does not respond to OTC acid buffers and H2 blockers. To reduce acid reflux you should quit smoking and drinking carbonated drinks. Raising the top of your bed, eating small meals, and avoiding coffee, chocolate, fatty foods, and whole milk has also been shown to help. Most stomach problems can be improved with lifestyle changes such as these, but more serious ones will need medical treatment including possible surgery.

What Is Candida?

Candida is yeast, considered a normal part of our bowel flora, generally found in the mouth, throat, intestines and genitourinary tract. Its purpose is to fight off harmful bacteria that it encounters in the body.

Its presence in the body, then, is not problematic and is balanced by a well-functioning immune system and friendly bacteria. If the immune system ceases to function properly, or the level of friendly bacteria in the body becomes too low – as can happen when too many antibiotics are introduced to the body – then Candida overgrowth may occur. Other things that contribute to Candida overgrowth are toxic metals – such as mercury found in dental amalgams; genetic disorders; hormonal imbalance brought on by pregnancy, birth control pills or thyroid disorder; and even drinking too much alcohol which kills the friendly bacteria and allows Candida to grow.

The symptoms of Candida overgrowth range from uncomfortable to debilitating. Yeast infections, an overgrowth of Candida in the genital region, and thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth, are two of the most familiar conditions associated with Candida. Other symptoms of Candida overgrowth can range from hair loss to chronic fatigue. Milder symptoms of Candida include body rashes, acne, thrush and yeast infections, food allergies, sinusitis and tonsillitis. More problematic symptoms are fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and psoriasis. Candida may also affect mental and behavioral responses; forgetfulness, confusion, sleeplessness, depression and anxiety. Finally, the most severe symptoms of Candida can include hives, high blood pressure, and even malfunction of the endocrine, digestive and circulatory systems. http://www.candidarelief.com/candidasymptoms/

Candida releases toxins into the blood; among them, ethanol, which may cause symptoms of alcohol intoxication, and acetaldehyde which can damage organs and contribute to memory loss and distorted thinking. Obviously, Candida is not to be taken lightly; and it is contagious. It cannot be airborne but can be transmitted via sexual contact. If the other party has a healthy immune system, however, the Candida will be killed and the person will not suffer any symptoms.

It is also difficult to diagnose for a number of reasons. It shares symptoms with other conditions such as gluten intolerance and hypothyroid – and any combination of these can be present simultaneously, adding to the difficulty of diagnosis. Even healthy people have Candida present in their systems, so simply establishing its presence does not make for a diagnosis. Available tests are able to recognize only a few of the 150 known strains of Candida. The cells in the specimen may die while waiting for analysis resulting in a false “normal” result. Along with the test, then, other factors have to be considered before a diagnosis can be made. The doctor must consider if the patient has a history of factors that are known to result in Candida infections and establish that there are symptoms present associated with it. Additionally, the knowledgeable physician will experiment with dietary and antifungal therapy to see if the there are reactions consistent with Candida overgrowth.

Once the presence of a Candida infection has been established there are a variety of ways to alleviate symptoms and bring the Candida under control. Any antibiotics must be discontinued. Anti-fungal treatments, such as fluconazole, nystatin and ketoconazole may be prescribed. Changes to the diet, such as elimination of sugars and white starches, and the addition of essential oils and acidophilus, may be recommended in order to restore balance to the system. While the diagnosis and treatment of Candida may be difficult, the return to good health is well worth the journey.

The Effect Of Alcohol On The Liver

It is well known that alcohol has an effect on the liver. However to what extent is not discussed as candidly. Alcohol abuse does a number on the liver and can eventually lead to death. This is why alcohol detox rehab is so important in an alcoholic’s life. If help is not sought there is no happy ending for anyone involved.

Alcohol

Alcohol can be found in different forms, beer, liquor, and wine. In moderation it’s not a bad thing and in the case of wine can actually be healthy. However, some do develop an addiction to alcohol. This means that they cannot function without it and ultimately their body comes to rely on alcohol in order to function properly. Once this chemical dependency has formed the only saving grace for an alcoholic is a form of detox that can be found at a detox rehab program. Detox is the first step in recovery from an addiction to alcohol

The Liver

The liver is a vital organ that carries a variety of functions. These functions include detoxification, protein synthesis as well as producing the biochemical’s needed for digestion. The liver is absolutely necessary for survival. It also plays a major part in metabolism as well as glycogen storage, the decomposition of red blood cells, hormone production, plasma protein synthesis, and detoxification.

Fatty Liver

Fatty liver happens after acute alcohol ingestion, it is the accumulation of large vacuoles of triglyceride fat on liver cells caused by steatosis.  If drinking is curtailed then fatty liver can actually be reversed. If moderation or abstinence is maintained then it is not believed to lead to further liver complications. However, if drinking continues then it will only get worse and cal lead to death.

Alcoholic Hepatitis

Alcoholic Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver due to alcohol. This is normally diagnosed by a liver biopsy following common signs of the issue such as a swollen liver, nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal pain. A small percentage of heavy drinkers will develop alcoholic hepatitis. It’s important to note that the damage caused by excessive drinking can be reversed if drinking is stopped or moderation ensues. If alcohol continues to be abused there is a fifty percent mortality rate for alcoholic hepatitis.

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver is the most serious and final form of alcohol liver disease. It is the cause of many deaths and series illnesses. Cirrhosis is when the cells of the liver are so damaged because of alcohol that they cannot repair themselves. As the live cells die off scar tissue I formed. Once the scar tissue builds up, blood can no longer flow through the liver the way it should. There is not cure for cirrhosis; once the liver cells are damaged they cannot be repaired. The survival rate for the advanced stages of cirrhosis is not very good.

Alcohol has a major effect on all bodily systems; however, it is notorious for its effect on the liver and its cause of alcoholic liver disease. Before these conditions develop, anyone suffering from alcohol abuse should seek alcohol detox rehab immediately. Detox is the first step in recovery and abstention from alcohol can reverse some of the negative effects on the liver and can lead to a healthier happier life. 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases – The Price of Sexual Freedom

In this modern era, sexual freedom is taken for granted and little is thought of promiscuity as it was in past generations. However, the reality is that this sexual freedom also carries with it the very real threat of sexually transmitted disease. Because not all sexually transmitted diseases are curable, it is essential to take steps to avoid them.

A sexually transmitted disease or STD is actually a combination of several different conditions that are all coupled through sexual intercourse. AIDS, a disease caused by the HIV virus, is the most serious of the sexually transmitted diseases and, despite some progress in recent years, is still incurable and is usually fatal.

Some of the other problematic STDs include syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and non specific urethritis. There are also a few other diseases such as pubic lice, genital warts, trichomoniasis, and monilia that are classed as STDs but are of a less serious nature.

The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases has increased over time and today there are more recorded cases than at any time in the past three decades. This is because people, especially young people, feel that the use of contraception allows more sexual freedom and has led to a change in the views of sexual behavior. It is also a fact that this sexual freedom has led to people becoming sexually active at an increasingly younger age. However, not all objection can stop the spread of infections during sexual intercourse.

Syphilis

One of the most serious STDs is syphilis which is highly infectious and, if it remains untreated, can result in death. Even if it is not fatal, the probability of disability is high.

Not only can the syphilis bacteria be contracted during sexual intervention, but it can also be passed to the unborn child of an infected mother. The baby is then born with a condition known as congenital syphilis. This is quite uncommon in this era as all pregnant women under routine blood testing.

The incubation period for syphilis varies. The first symptoms can also vary, so making early diagnosis difficult. Typically, the first symptom is a painless ulcer around the genital area, the anus, or the mouth. Because this ulcer heals without any medical intervention, the person does not normally do anything about it, thinking that it is nothing important.

If this disease is not treated early, it is likely to result in death. It is therefore essential that, if a person believes he or she may have been in contact with an infected person, that medical advice is obtained immediately.

Gonorrhea

Another serious and very common disease contracted by sexual intercourse is gonorrhea. Often, the female is unaware that she is infected because around eighty percent have no symptoms. Other women suffer from dysuria (pain while urinating) or from lower abdominal pain. This is because it involves the fallopian tubes and can therefore lead to sterility.

The disease is more obvious for the male, resulting in dysuria followed by a discharge from the penis. This occurs within a week of contracting the infection. Gonorrhea in the male is usually confirmed by laboratory testing of the discharge.

A dose of penicillin is the normal treatment for gonorrhea in both male and female sufferers. It is also vital that the person abstain from alcohol and from sexual intervention for a period of several weeks. Although the treatment relieves the symptoms quickly, it is essential that the person continues to have medical maintenance to ensure that the cure is complete. A responsible person should inform any sexual partners of their infection so that they may be examined and treated if necessary.

NSU

The most common sexually transmitted disease is nonspecific urethritis or NSU which continues to increase at an alarming rate. Many cases of NSU are caused by the Chlamydia germ but not all. NSU is an inflammation of the urethra and has no identifiable cause.

The primary symptom is a discharge from the penis. This may be nothing more than moistness at the tip of the penis but this can vary. The discharge is different to the discharge in gonorrhea and makes it easier to recognize. There is also pain on urinating.

Genital herpes

Genital herpes, another sexually transmitted disease, has reached epidemic proportions in the Western world. This is because the herpes virus can not be cured and so, once infected, the person carries the germ permanently. Thus, any person infected adds to the population of carriers.

There are two herpes viruses. The first one, HSV 1, is normally found around the mouth and is known as cold sores. The second one, HSV 2, is an infection passed by sexual contact and is normally found in the genital area and the anus, as well as on the bladder, the buttocks, the thighs and the legs of both male and female sufferers.

After the first attack the virus lies dormant in the body. It will then recur time and time again, usually in the same place, appearing as a painful blister. When any of these blisters are open, the carrier is extremely infectious. Typically, the attacks are linked to emotional or physical lows such as depression, stress, or injury.

Genital herpes causes pain and distress to an adult but is not fatal. However, if the herpes virus is passed to an infant during its journey down the birth canal of an infected mother, it is often fatal. It is important for the mother to inform the medical professionals so that they can monitor her pregnancy and possibly advise her to have the baby by cesarean section.

Genital herpes can not be cured but there are ways of making the attacks more bearable. By keeping the affected area clean and dry, the carrier can ward off secondary infections. Pain can be kept to a minimum by the application of cold compresses and also by taking salt baths.

Female sufferers need to have a pap smear annually as genital herpes has been linked to cervical cancer.

In women, vaginal discharge may measure reasons for concern. However, if the discharge is clear, it is illegally to be the result of disease. If the discharge is offensive and discolored and causes irritation to the vagina and vulva, it would suggest the presence of infection which may need to be investigated. It is essential that this is not allowed to continue and medical advice should be taken as soon as possible, especially if this is accompanied by abdominal pain and fever as it may be an indication of a sexually transmitted disease.

Prevention

Obviously, the best way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases is by absence or monogamy. However, if considering sex with a new partner, it would be wise to use a condom until you are sure about the person. If you are worried, cleaning the genital area thoroughly with soap and water after intercourse will kill many of the bacteria. This is true for both males and females.

It is extremely dangerous to apply antiseptic lotions to the genital area and particularly to pour strong antiseptic into the urethra or vagina as it can cause serious and permanent internal damage.

If you believe there is any possibility that you may have an STD, do not hesitate to seek medical attention. Everything that happens is confidential and no information is given to anyone without your permission.

Remember that the staff are there to help you, not to judge you, and the atmosphere is usually very friendly and helpful.

Neem: Herbal Solution for All Diseases

Neem is one of the widely used herbs through out this world. This is because of its various health benefits. Neem is considered as a holy tree in India and is worshiped as a God. In ancient times neem was considered as the remedy for each and every problem. More over each and every part of neem is extremely helpful in treating a number of diseases. No matter its roots, bark, branches or leaves each and every part of neem bears some or the other medicinal properties. Neem has been an herb of choice in skin related problems and is therefore widely used by ayurvedic doctors to treat them. Neem can be used both locally as well as for oral consumption. Now a days various neem preparations are available in market like neem soaps, neem toothpaste, neem juice and capsules.

Below are some of the benefits of neem

· Skin condition – Neem is considered as one of the best herb that is extremely beneficial in treating skin related problems. It is an herb that works as a powerful anti-microbial and anti bacterial agent that is very effective in treating any kind of infection that invades in the body. It helps in purifying blood. It is also responsible for increasing the circulation of the blood thereby supplying oxygen and nutrients to each and every part of the body. It is also effective in beautifying the skin and makes it soft and glowing.

· Teeth and gums – Since prehistoric times neem has been used extensively as an agent that is very helpful in treating mouth related problems. It is a powerful agent that is really very effective in treating problems like gonorrhea, tooth yellowing, bleeding gums, and smell from mouth and taste less ness. It is also helpful in reducing the infection in oral cavities and also avoids formation of dental caries in the tooth. It is also helpful in avoiding tastelessness condition of the tongue and is also helpful in treating mouth ulcers.

· Diabetes – Diabetes is one of the most common of all diseases that occurs in the body. Neem has potential to treat diabetes. Due to its bitter taste neem works best in reducing the glucose level in the boy. It is also responsible for stimulating the pancreas for secretion of insulin that is very essential protein in glucose metabolism.

· Infections – Neem is the best herbal supplement that has the power to suppress most of the infections that might creep in our body because of some reasons. Neem is loaded with anti-microbial properties that make it to suppress any microbial attack. It is also very helpful in fading away the condition of protozoal invasion. Its powerful antidotes are secreted to nullify the effect of toxins secreted by the microbes. It is also very effective in treating the skin related problems and is also applied locally as an antiseptic nature. It has certain properties that help in early healing of wounds.

· Urinary tract problems – Neem is very commonly used in problems related to urinary tract. It helps in neutralizing any infectious condition in the urinary tract and also tones up the tract for proper functioning. Neem is also seen effective in preventing the calculi formation in the body. It also acts as diuretic agent therefore helps in flushing out of the toxins that gets accumulated in the body.

Dandelion: More Than Just a Common Garden Weed

Many people know Dandelion as one of the bothersome little weeds that pop up all over the yard, but Dandelion is actually an herb that has been used for centuries for many ailments such as liver disorders, high cholesterol and breast cancer.

Dandelion originates in Greece. The Chinese began sharing the benefits of this herb around the 7th century, while the Europeans have been utilizing the benefits of Dandelion for more than 500 years. Studies have shown Dandelion to be beneficial for hepatitis, jaundice and gallstones. It is considered to be a blood purifying herb and may be useful in treating anemia.

Other Uses Include:

  • Acne
  • Age Spots
  • Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Blisters
  • Blood Cleanser
  • Bronchitis
  • Constipation
  • Corns
  • Cramps
  • Dermatitis
  • Diabetes
  • Eczema
  • Edema
  • Endurance
  • Fatigue
  • Female Organs
  • Fever
  • Flatulence
  • Gout
  • Hemorrhage
  • Indigestion
  • Infections
  • Kidneys
  • Metabolism
  • Pancreas
  • PMS
  • Psoriasis
  • Rheumatism
  • Skin Ailments
  • Spleen
  • Stomach
  • Ulcers
  • Warts

Dandelion has mild diuretic properties and promoters urination to release excess fluids from the body. For this reason, many experience weight loss which is due to water weight. Medications which are used as diuretics can deplete potassium in the body. Dandelion, however, is a natural diuretic that contains potassium. It is beneficial for conditions of inflammation of the joints as it stimulates the body's ability to rid itself of uric acid. Dandelion is also very useful in conditions of the breast and is used to treat ailments such as fibrocystic breast disorder and in some cultures has been used for centuries of years to treat breast cancer. Since this herb is a diuretic, it is also beneficial for breast tenderness due to water retention and is also beneficial for promoting lactation in nursing mothers.

Rich in nutrients, Dandelion contains A, C and B-complex vitamins as well as other nutrients such as manganese, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, selenium and zinc.

Contraindications

Dandelion is a very mild, safe herb. It can be used for long periods of time with no adverse effects. However, it is not recommended for individuals who have dry conditions that involve deficiency of fluids in the body.

References

Basic Herbalism by Horne & Robinson, 2000

Today's Herbal Health by Louise Tenney, 2000

Secrets of Chinese Herbalism by Khalsa & Horne, 2005

Treating a Poisoned Dog in an Emergency

Like children, dogs may accidentally eat, inhale or absorb toxic substances.  There is seldom anything scarier than this but there is no need to panic.  You will be able to find most things you need around the house although it is important to have some specific items available for emergency home treatment.  Below there are some tips and emergency treatments that you can carry out if you think your dog has been poisoned.

Ingested Toxins

If you suspect your dog has eaten something toxic, try to establish what it was and then call your veterinarian or the nearest emergency treatment center where there is usually information available about different types of poisons. Caustic poisoning causes burning, and in some cases tissue damage, so if you think the dog has swallowed something caustic don’t give him anything to eat, as you may cause further injury.  Take the dog to the veterinarian as quickly as possible in this circumstance, do not attempt to make the dog vomit and don’t allow the dog to eat or drink without seeking advice from your veterinarian.

It is more than likely that your veterinarian will suggest administering a mixture of water and vinegar or diluted lemon which will help to counteract the chemical before you are able to take the dog to the veterinarians clinic or hospital.  Do not administer any human drugs or treatments to your dog as these can cause serious adverse reactions. If you know what your dog has ingested remember to take the label of the product, if possible, to the veterinarian with your dog.

A non-caustic toxin is best treated by giving the dog an oral dose of hydrogen peroxide which will make him vomit and help to clear the poison from his body.  1 teaspoon (5mls) of 3% hydrogen peroxide per 10 pounds body weight is the correct dosage.  Do not exceed the recommended strength or the dose because hydrogen peroxide can cause other problems.  If you have a syringe, administer the dose far back in the mouth and over the tongue. Â  A turkey baste can be used as an alternative if you haven’t got a syringe. Normally, within a few minutes your dog will vomit. If your dog is having respiration problems, difficulty with swallowing, not able to stand or comatose forget the hydrogen peroxide treatment unless your vet advises you otherwise.  When the dog has vomited take him to the vet as quickly as possible.

Contact Toxins

If your dog has brushed against, trodden on or touched something poisonous you should wash the area thoroughly with warm water and a dog or baby shampoo.  If he gets varnish, tar or paint on his coat spread lots of Vaseline over the affected area to eliminate as much of the product as you can.  Cutting or shaving the fur may be necessary to entirely remove stubborn substances if the Vaseline doesn’t work.

However, if you feel that your pet is still having a side effect or problems due to the poisonous substance, it is bets to take your pet to your vet for a complete check up.

Lease Contracts – The Meaning of "Joint" and "Several"

When you see the phrase “joint and several” in a

legal document or contract it means that that the parties

on one side of the agreement are responsible individually

and collectively for the terms of the agreement.

Example: In the case of two tenants signing a lease agreement,

“joint” means they are jointly responsible for the rent.

“Several” means that their joint relationship is severed.

In a contract it indicates that they have agreed that they are also

responsible individually for the rent. If one does not pay

his/her share of the rent the other is responsible for the

entire amount.

Here’s an example of a landlord who had a “joint and several”

lease with the added provision that tenants must pay rent with

a check, money order or cashier’s check in the full

amount every month.

Landlord allowed the two roommates to pay half the rent each month

with two separate checks. Bad policy.

It not only creates accounting problems… but if one

tenant pays on time and the other is late how do you

handle the late penalty? And…

If you accept payment from one tenant and the other

tenant fails to pay have you risked having accepted a

partial rent payment and then not be able to evict?

Here’s the good news. If you have in your lease a

“non-waiver” provision it indicates that even if

you allowed lease violations in the past you can at

any time demand that tenants comply with the terms

of the lease.

If the tenants continue to pay with two separate checks

you can return the checks and give “notice for failure

to pay rent”.

If they then fail to provide you with a single check

for the full amount of the rent you can file a forcible

detainer action (eviction).

What if tenant #1 pleads that tenant #2 has moved from the property and tenant #1 should only be required to

pay their own half of the rent?

Show them “joint and several” in your lease agreement

and explain that tenant #1 is now responsible for the

entire amount of rent.

Explain that tenant #1 can seek recovery of the other

half from tenant #2 in small claims court.

If you rent property to more than one tenant be sure

your lease has “joint and several” and “non-waiver”

clauses.

Carefully explain each to every new tenant.

How to Prepare For Cap & Trade

After years of stable energy prices, consumers and business are now faced with dramatically escalating costs with no sign of abatement. While government officials bemoan the high prices, they are simultaneously preparing to take actions that are designed to add additional upward pressure. Due to concerns regarding man-made global warming, the US is in the early stages of adopting a cap and trade system for CO2. The US Senate recently debated a proposed bill but tabled the measure for the time being. President-elect Obama supports cap and trade legislation and is quoted as favoring the toughest limits anywhere. At this time, the European Union (EU) has just completed Phase 1 and is beginning Phase 2 of their version of cap and trade. Results to date on CO2 emissions, energy prices and GDP have been negligible. But, Phase 2 is designed to be tighter and more impactful.

In this article we try to provide background on what cap and trade is and the experience to-date in the EU. At the conclusion of the article, we offer some points on what business can do to prepare and even thrive in this new environment.

To begin with, cap and trade is a process under which the government sets a limit – a cap – on the amount of CO2 that can be discharged into the atmosphere. This cap would then be associated to emitters of CO2 through some mechanism, either by government direction, auction or a combination of the two, to specific industries (exactly which industries is an open question but electric utilities and other heavy manufacturing industries such as steel production Are likely candidates). Businesses in these industries would then need to limit their CO2 emissions to the allocated cap amount. If they are able to emit less than their allocated amount, they would then be free to trade the excess allowance to other businesses that are emitting more. Each year the cap would be lowered to drive the desired behavior which is greater investment and utilization of so called green technologies. Overtime, the total CO2 emissions would in theory fall and the effects of human activity on the atmosphere and global warming would be mitigated.

Regardless of the theoretical impacts, our belief is that a practical real world impact will be an increase in cost. What is today free, the right to emit CO2 into the atmosphere, will tomorrow have a cost associated with it. For industries included in the cap and trade schema, electric utilities being a prime example, this will be a direct production cost increase. For other industries, the cost increase will come in the form of higher energy prices and raw material costs as suppliers are forced to pass on their costs.

On the positive side of the ledger, businesses in the directly affected industries that have already made investments in green technologies will be able to recover some of this investment by selling their excess allowances and will be able to be more competitive in the market. In addition, businesses that produce equipment or provide services associated with green technologies will find their markets and opportunities expanding.

Simply put, there will be winners and losers. But, more importantly, regardless of what business you are in, there will be an impact that needs to be prepared for.

Since the US cap and trade scheme is still on the drawing boards, a look at what the EU has done is helpful. IN 1997, the Kyoto Protocol (Kyoto) created a framework and a set of rules for a global CO2 market. The nations of the EU are signatories to Kyoto and have established the European Union Emission Scheme (EU ETS) The EU ETS is the largest multi-national, greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme in the world and is currently the world's only mandatory CO2 trading program .

Within the EU, national allocation plans (NAPs) determine for each member state the cap on the total amount of CO2 that installations covered by the EU ETS can emit, and set out how many CO2 emissions allowances each plant will receive.

The EC's (European Commission) task is to scrutinize member states' proposed NAPs against 12 allocation criteria listed in the emissions trading directive. The criteria seek, among other things, to ensure that plans are consistent with reaching the EU's and member states' Kyoto commitments, with actual verified emissions reported in the EC's annual progress reports and with the technological potential to reduce emissions. Other criteria related to non-discrimination issues, EU competition, state aid rules and technical aspects. The EC may accept a plan in part or in full.

The EU just finished Phase 1 which began under Kyoto's Voluntary Trials program which took effect on February 16, 2005. Phase 2 began in January 2008. Under Phase 1 it appears that the associated CO2 emission allowances were higher than actual emissions. Carbon credits fall in price on the open market from a high of approximately $ 40 / ton at the early 2006 to less than $ 1 / ton in late 2007. Lower allocations have been made under Phase 2.

To facilitate the market, the EU determined to accept Kyoto flexible mechanism certificates (Emissions Trading, The Clean Development Mechanism, and Joint Implementation) as compliance tools within the EU ETS.
Companies within the EU may trade or reassign their allowances the following ways
Operatively, moving allowances between operators within a company and across national borders
Oover the counter, using a broker to privately match buyers and sellers
Otrading on the spot market of one of Europe's climate exchanges (the most liquid being the European Climate Exchange).

Like any other financial instrument, trading consistors of matching buyers and sellers between members of the exchange and then settling by depositing an allowance in exchange for the agreed financial consideration. Much like a stock market, companies and private individuals can trade through brokers who are listed on the exchange.

When each change of ownership of an obligation is proposed, the national registry and the European Commission are informed in order for them to validate the transaction. In Phase 2, the UNFCCC will also validate any change that alters the distribution within each national allocation plan (NAP) in the EU.
With the creation of a market for mandatory trading of CO2 dioxide emissions within the Kyoto Protocol, the London financial marketplace has established itself as the center of the CO2 finance market, and is expected to have grown into a market valued at $ 60 billion in 2007.

In addition to procuring additional credits in the marketplace, companies may create new credits through the Clean Development Mechanism. In these situations, companies invest in green energy projects, including projects in other countries. Projects must meet strict guidelines in terms of both the emissions resulting / avoided and the financial impact of the investment. Projects that would have been financial viable without the investment are not certified and do not generate the additional credits.

Given all of this process, what has happened so far? Basically, not much, at least as it relates to reductions in CO2 emissions. A recently published article in the Wall Street Journal showed there has been no discernable impact on CO2 emissions in the EU.

From a GDP perspective, results are also unclear. As shown in the table below, EU real GDP growth rates after an initial dip in 2005 have rebounded beyond 2004 levels, the year before the introduction of the EU ETS. Inflation has remained fairly constant at 2.3-2.4% over this same period.

Year Real GDP Growth Inflation
2004 2.7% 2.3%
2005 2.1% 2.3%
2006 3.3% 2.3%
2007 3.1 2.4%
Source: EU Fact Sheet compiled by the Market Information and Analysis Section, DFAT

Given this data, one might be inclined to assume a cap and trade system has no impact on GDP or prices, positive or negative. This may turn out to be true in the aggregate, but a tighter cap that actually achieves the stated goal of reducing CO2 emissions first has to be in place before this hypothesis can be tested. Further, while GDP numbers are good for measuring overall prosperity, they do not measure individual industries or businesses. Here results can be significantly different.

Therefore we stand by our hypothesis of higher cost and believe it is prudent to prepare for the worst and hope for the best.

What then should this preparation entail? First, think conservation. A general reduction in energy consumption will lead to lower energy costs regardless of any impacts from cap and trade. Given all of the variables associated with energy cost in the future it is difficult to evaluate investments that may be required to facilitate preservation. In those cases, we recommend doing multiple scenarios analysis with a variety of optimistic and pessimistic assumptions.

Where can some of this conservation come from? Certainly adjusting thermostats and turning off unnecessary lighting is easy and probably already being done. More creative ways include reviewing green computing opportunities (more energy efficiency hardware, virtualization, data center outsourcing), reviewing production and shipping processes (reduced material handling, manufacturing steps, LTL shipments, etc.), shifting energy intensive activities to off peak periods, Telecommuting, and modified work schedules are but a few areas to explore.

In addition to conservation, businesses are also finding creative ways to get more revenue by unbundling services. Customers may react negatively to a price increase but if the service offered includes multiple components, say delivery as one component, they may react more favorably if the product / service is unbundled and priced separately. Care must be given here to ensure that each component is priced at its fair market value. Artificially hiding costs in the price of one service to cover issues with another will only distort customer reactions and can negatively affect the bottom line.

Finally, companies should look for creative ways to infuse green technologies into their products and services. For example, if your business is construction, offering energy efficient technologies and expertise to your customers will provide you a competitive advantage over those who do not.

In conclusion, the energy landscape is changing and going through a period of great dislocation. Companies will need to adapt to this changing environment to survive. More importantly, as with all change, tremendous opportunities will present them to companies ready to seize them.