The Biggest Mistakes People Make Building a Wood Fence

People build fences everyday and most are built correctly but most could also be built a little better. By applying the little known tips below you can build a fence that will last longer and look better.

You start a fence by making holes spaced about every 8 feet apart for the 4x4x8′ treated posts. These holes should be dug 2 feet deep with a post hole digger. Most people stop right there with a cylinder shaped hole since digging these holes is the most strenuous part of fence building. To ensure the post is well anchored the fence installer should use the post hole digger at an angle around the whole diameter of this hole to make a ball shaped anchor at the bottom of the cylinder. A post hole dug in this manner is much more secure and stable.

Another mistake people make is not realizing the fact that wood never sticks to concrete. Drive by any concrete job and you will notice they use wood forms to frame the concrete held up by nails and wood stakes. The next day the concrete workers take the nails out and these wood forms just fall off of the concrete. Another problem is bugs and water in the soil can deteriorate the wood posts. To prevent these problems the fence builder should put black roof tar on the bottom two feet of the fence post that enters the ground. This will prevent the post from rotting and enables the concrete to stick to the posts.

After the posts are leveled and set you should allow them to dry for one whole day before nailing on them. If you start nailing on them before the concrete is completely set you will knock the posts out of level.

Many people build a fence with only two rails to nail their fence slats to. To build a secure fence that will last for years, three rails should be used. The top rail should be placed on the top of the fence posts lying in a horizontal position. The fence slats should not be installed more than 8″ above this top rail. If so they will tend to twist and turn with age. The bottom rail shouldn’t be more than 8″ above the bottom of the fence slats for the same reason. The center rail should be placed evenly between the top and bottom rails. Although the top rail is placed in the horizontal position the middle and bottom rail should be placed vertically. This will prevent these rails from warping and makes a far better looking and stronger fence.

Ask any roofer about water drainage and he will tell you that water always goes in one direction – and that is down. He is almost correct but he doesn’t understand the lip or linger factor. There is one instance where water can and will travel up, and every fence builder should be aware of. This is also the reason why fascia boards almost always rot and warp.

Have you ever walked by a house with wood siding or a wood fence and noticed the bottom of the painted wood is bubbling and rotten? The paint or wood sealer should have protected the wood from moisture to prevent it from rotting however the installers weren’t aware of the lip or linger factor.

Many contractors never seal the bottom lip of the wood. Over the years as water drains down the face of the wood it lingers on the exposed bottom lip and begins to soak up into the wood causing it to rot.

If you want to water seal or paint your new fence, always be certain to coat the top and bottom lip.

The Meditation Of Appreciation

Here is a simple meditation that will put a smile on your face … .You can do it laying down in bed, sitting up in a chair or in the more traditional cross legged or lotus posture. The meditation of appreciation is basically giving thanks to the many parts of your body that are working. You can often tell when a part of the body is working well when you are not aware it. It is only when things do not work that we become focused upon them. If you're NOT aware of your back, then it's probably working fine. If you're NOT aware of your toes, then they're probably working fine. If you have a headache, you're aware of your head-and something is wrong. If you sprained an ankle, you are aware of your ankle-and something is wrong. The meditation of appreciation affords us a time to focus on what does work– when it works. We became aware of areas we would normally be ignoring. It's much like a disruptive child in a classroom who gets the attention. If we learn to give attention to the positive behaviors of children rather than only when a child misbehaves, we reinforces that positive behavior. It's the philosophy of "catch them being good."

To start the meditation of appreciation, simply relax in any comfortable posture. Take a few deep inhalations and exhalations. You can do this meditation with your eyes closed or open. Either way, focus briefly on your feet and ankles and say, internationally, "thank you." You can also say "thank you" externally if you so choose. Of course, you need to have some semblance of authenticity when you say this. It 'can not be like a moody, broody teenager apologizing to an adult. There needs to be a genuine sense of appreciation for the feet and all that they do for you. It's really remarkable what the feet do and they certainly do deserve appreciation! You can even say "thank you" to each toe if you choose. From the feet and ankles move up to the knees. Focus on the knees and say "thank you." Then move up to the pelvis region which is a very complicated area housing not only the sexual organs but is also the seat of elimination which is significantly important. It is also a central point of balance. Focus on the pelvis region and the legs as a whole and say "thank you." You need not know all the various functions and components of each area you are thanking. It is enough that you have a general sense of the area and a recognition that it's functioning is very important in your life.

From the pelvic region move up to the abdomen. Here is the seat of digestion and our "guts." Courage, will power, decision making are the psychological associations to the physical process of digestion which takes place in this area. With your mind focused easily on your abdomen, say "thank you." Then move up to the chest. Our respiratory and circulatory systems are housed in this area. Psychologically, it is our emotional center, the heart center. It is a treasure chest. All day long you severely give the functions of this area of ​​your body a thought. Now you can take just a brief second and say "thank you" for all that it does day and night, week after week, month after month, year after year … .often without so much as a simple "thank you." Now, You can change that and say "thank you."

The next area is arms and hands. Remarkable appendages would not you agree? If you have ever been without their use for a while, like a broken arm or hand, or even a broken finger, you know how valuable they are. Simply be aware of these limbs and the extremities and say "thank you." If you choose, you can say "thank you" to each finger.

Now move up to the throat. Another complex area. No need to focus on all the functions. Simply be aware of the throat area and say "thank you." And then to the head (and that marvelous, mysterious, magnificent brain it houses). Wow. What a place! "Thank you!" If you choose, you can also focus on the ears, the eyes, the nose, the tongue, the teeth and whatever other specific components in the head area to which you would like to acknowledge appreciation. Next give a "thank you" to the entire monthly column. Also, while you're at it, give a "thank you" to all the bones in the body. No need to get elaborate. Just think of your spinal column and all the bones in the body and say "thank you."

Then, let your awareness envelope the skin covering your whole body. The skin is actually an organ and serves numerous important functions. Be aware of the skin from the top of your head to the soles of your feet and say "thank you." Finally, give a "thank you" to the whole complex system that is your body.

To end, take a few deep inhalations and exhalations – and that's it. You've completed the meditation of appreciation. It only need take a few minutes. As you become increasingly familiar with the process, you may begin to notice positive feelings and sensations in the body when you are appreciating it. You may find yourself smiling, maybe even laughing – and happy. That's what often happens with appreciation.

This meditation should be connected without any effort. It is not a concentration meditation; There should be no force involved. It's just a few minutes of putting your attention on different parts of the body and saying, sincerely, "thank you."

If there are parts of your body that are not working so well, you can still appreciate it even if it's only partially working. You can thank a misbehaving child for what is being done correctly even if it's only half the time. The body, like the misbehaving child, is a manifestation of intelligence and will respond favorably to positive attention.

Speech Pathologists An Interesting Career To Opt For

Speech therapists, also known as speech pathologists, are people who help people suffering from various types of speech disorders. He/she is a professional who is trained to diagnose, evaluate and provide treatment to patients suffering from problems like lisp, stuttering, stammering, improper articulation and impaired language. Highly trained and qualified speech therapists also treat people suffering from multiple sclerosis, swallowing disorders, learning disabilities and cerebral palsy. People who suffer a paralytic stroke sometimes lose their ability to verbally communicate with others. Speech disorder therapists can also help such people restore their communication abilities.

Depending on the intensity of the problem, the speech pathologist decides on the therapeutic method to follow. While group therapy is recommended for some patients, a few others are recommended one-on-one therapy. Family therapy is another option that is recommended to a few people. As a speech pathologist, you will need to evaluate the patient carefully and come up with a treatment plan tailor made to their requirement.

There are a myriad of audio and visual aids that are employed by speech therapists to help their patients overcome their speech related problems. Sign language, pictures, toys, books, computer programs, automated devices and sound analyzers are aids that help in treatment. They also work on sounds and pronunciations in order to instill confidence in their patients and help them articulate better. As a speech pathologist, there are chances of working with prominent celebrities to help them learn various accents. Some prominent personalities also engage the services of a speech pathologist to over pronunciation barriers and help them articulate and enunciate better.

While speech pathologists can work independently, most of them work in collaboration with various professionals including nurses, audiologists, physicians, teachers, occupational therapists and physiotherapists. A few leading speech therapists have their private practice, but a major chuck of therapists work in medical centers, nursing homes, private medical facilities, schools and medical centers. Enabling patients to understand their communication disabilities and helping them overcome it is a very fulfilling and satisfying profession. Though it may seem to be easy, it takes a lot of patience, understanding and a helpful attitude to be a successful speech pathologist.

If you intend to take up the career of a speech pathologist, then, you will have to earn a master’s degree in speech pathology. You need a license in 47 states to work as a speech language pathologist, especially in schools. In order to obtain the license, you will have to graduate from a program that has the accreditation from the “Council of Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech Language Pathology”. After completing the program you need to have nine months of clinical experience as a postgraduate and also about 375 hours in clinical practice. You will have to undergo continual learning programs to get your license renewed in 41 of the total 47 states that issue licenses.

The good news for people who would like to opt for this career is that there will be an increase in the number of speech pathologists required by the year 2016. Bilingual pathologists, especially those specializing in English and Spanish, will be highly sought after.

Taking The Stress Out Of Wedding Planning

Many of us have daydreamed about the day when we will walk down the ever since childhood, right down to the gown we will wear, what our hair will look like, and the colors in our bouquet. Planning your wedding, although tremendously exciting, can often feel overwhelming without some sort of guidance.

Do not use white flowers in your wedding. White flowers have a tendency to bruise, making them look unattractive and causing them to be virtually unusable. This means that your florist will have to get rid of a bunch of the blooms in order to find some that will look perfect on your special day. You will spend less money if you choose a different color.

Depending on the size of your guest list, you will need to consider that the location you choose for both your wedding ceremony and reception must be within a reasonable distance of each other to make it convenient for your guests to get to and from. Providing directions in your invitations is also very helpful for your guests once you have secured your locations.

Ask your vendors for recommendations about the other services that you need. If you find a photographer that you love, ask that person to recommend a band that they like. Ask the band to recommend another service that you need. Not only will you find quality individuals this way, the vendors will probably all work better together if they like one another.

Set a budget. Research how much you think you will spend in each wedding category and do your best to stick to it. If you go over in one area, reduce the amount of money you have allocated for another area. If you don’t pay attention to what you are spending, you can get into monetary trouble very quickly.

A good piece of advice to keep in mind for weddings is to consider your wedding location in relation to how well the pictures will turn out. This is important because you want to ensure there is both a lot of light as well as backgrounds that are pleasing to the eye.

Once you have the design of your wedding in mind, record it on paper and then start shopping around for services that specialize in that kind of design. When you are looking at the different services that offer your desired design, then you can start narrowing them down by price and services.

Find out if you can bundle services at your wedding venue. For example, find out if your venue can host both the wedding ceremony and reception as well as the catering. See if these costs save you more than doing things individually so you can save money altogether when making your plans.

Planning for your big day does not have to feel overwhelming – by listening to advice and suggestions of those who have gone before you, you can organize the day of your dreams with a minimum of stress and anxiety. You might even find that you enjoy planning for your wedding almost as much as the big event itself!

Gettysburg Battlefield GHOSTS Is IT For Real

Gettysburg is one of the bloodiest battles due to the incredibly large amount of casualties somewhere between 46,000 to 51,000 dead Union and Confederate soldiers.Wendy and I came to this realization that these Soldiers lost their lives on the battlefield of Gettysburg Penna. Although  just    in a matter of 3 days this was quite disturbing to us to understand that these young men marched in the morning towards Gettysburg Penna, and were dead the same afternoon it just did not sit well with us.Consequently the question is was there need for WAR no I said to WendyITS THE POLITICAINS who call the shots who manipulate what is best for its citizens in 1860s this war was nonesense and a Nationial diaster for what I am  concern.Wendy contends everything to you my HUSBAND is a conspiracy theory,I can not win at all.

What is interesting as I was taking pictures on  our tour bus of the most important statues, and monuments,after seeing the pictures later on I saw a white glare on every frame but I began to realize I took these pictures through a glass window of the tour bus,whereas a GHOSTBUSTER would say I took pictures of a Ghostly mist however that night at the Hotel, Wendy started to laugh there is no such thing as Ghosts.Although the small car wreaking into our TOUR BUS was real that was just plain bad luck according to my dear wife Wendy , unless some Ghost buster would investigate about theissue of the tour bus and claims that the Ghosts are playing GAMES with the Tourist and keeping the Tourist away from the battle field I do not know with a laugh why would this happen at 3;oo oclock in the afternoon.

On the other hand Skeptic Magazine has often stated,Haunting mostly occur in old buildings which tend to be drafty places temperatures changes or sounds of the draft this sounds right as I said to my self I could feel the draft standing in the high tower over looking the battle field at Gettysburg.However sleep paralysis a description given by Geoff Hutchsion a miner turned MEDIUM is typical of sleep paralysis condition maybe people seeing these GHOSTS could be victims of this paralysis or the possibility of being sleep walkers them selfives.

Moreover Skeptic magazine believes that people who also see Ghosts may suffer from being in a thought regression trance also over days to weeks suffering from the process of therapy .Subsequently an prime example would be a man talking to a Gettysburg Ghost who he claims was another fellow reanactor but told him he was an Ghost.I do not feel there is a mental Health issue here but this person is a sleep walker at that.Therefore another point Skeptic magazine brought out an interesting fact that most Ghosts love to work in the dark because they cannot be seen in daylight settings,which would be a lot easier for them to scare and harrass the tourist at night than daylight it would seem very understandable.

PARANORMAL INVESTIGATORS would contend if finding an civil war Ghost they would need EMF detectors,Coffee pots flashlights in their spare time investigating GHOSTLY DEMONS with SONY camcorders by, finding the truth but according to Skeptic Magazine the issues may be directed to a Polygraph.Therefore to find the truth of any Ghostly haunting that effect the average TOURIST or CITIZEN of Gettysburg Penna. 

Subsequently the next day we started from our great hotel which was top notch THE EISENHOWER INN.Touring towards the other side of the Battfield called the DEVILS DEN,which is a patch of rocks where it was heard some Confedrates took shelter to skillfully attacking the Union army.However our tour guide was explaning with a chuckle there is a Civil war Ghost hiding behind the rocks, and comes out at night being very dishoveled interesting I retorted and added yes anyones imagination can run wild being on and touring Gettysburgs many Battlefields.

PLUM RUN was another area we toured with a creek located directly across from Devil den andis also said to be a residence of more Ghost in Gettysburg.PLUM RUN is also well known as Bloody Run due to a Scarlet red color that seems to be seeping through out the creek running through its center bloody bodies of soldiers spreading through the land.

Driving towards Blairsville Penna,  Wendy brought  out many good points about the Ghosts in Gettysburg explaining the concept of sense presence which is exsperienced by mountain climbers and endurance altheletes effects of the natural born dualists effects which DR Paul Bloom contends we speak of or bodies as if one body was two HUMMMM over my head at least.Although I buy into a COAST TO COAST conspriacy theory maybe Gettysburg is milking the Ghost hauntings for profit and fame why not I laugh look it promotes more tourism buying  into this TOURIST on a night adventure,that is big bucks to boot and give Gettysburg more commercial TV and RADIO time Gettysburg is a great product WHY NOT I LAUGH….

Helping Elderly Parents Stay in Their Homes

Ask any elderly person where they want to live when they cannot care for themselves and the majority will say at home. Staying fit and healthy for as long as possible in order to avoid having to depend on help by others is what all the elderly wish for. However unless there is adequate elderly care, many of our elderly end up spending their life’s savings on paying for care in a home.

There is nothing more frustrating that to watch your parents deteriorate and struggle to keep up their hygiene and look after themselves. In an ideal world the majority of us would like to give up our jobs and help our aging parents, but sadly this is rarely possible.

Some of the problems the elderly face as they get older includes failing heath, fears of falling, neglect, isolation, abuse, boredom and lack of preparedness for old age. If you find yourself in a position where you want to help your parents be more independent there are things that can be done to help keep the elderly at home for longer.

One of the major problems the elderly have is to do with balance. Balance problems are among the most common reasons that older adults seek help from a doctor. Good balance is important to help you get around, stay independent, and carry out daily activities. Quite often the elderly feel dizzy or unsteady as if their surroundings were in motion making simple tasks like walking, getting up for a chair and bending over very difficult.

Poor balance can lead to simple slips and falls which result in more serious issues such as hip fractures. Hip fractures can have a serious impact on an older person’s life and make it impossible to live independently. Because of which it is important to make the persons home much more ‘elderly friendly’ so slips and trips are less likely.

The most common falls the elderly experience is from have inadequate bathrooms. Stepping over a bath and then out again is very problematic for the elder. Slipping on wet floors or struggling to get up from the toilet are other problems which can easily be fixed. A walk in shower, wet room or walk in bath would be the ideal option. If the elderly cannot afford a complete bathroom refurbishment there are plenty of cheaper options such strategically grab rails above the bath and by the toilet. If there is already a shower in the bathroom, adding a seat and grab rails would be beneficial.

It is not just the bathroom which can cause slips and falls. Rugs and clutter around the home can be hazardous. Take a look around the home and clear out unnecessary items and rugs to make the pathways safe. It might mean re arrange furniture in rooms to ensure all the walk ways are easily accessible.

Shopping for food and other items might be a problem, as might be the actual cooking. Many grocery shops offer delivery services and there are plenty of ‘meals on wheels’ services about these days. Checking with your local council about services for the elderly will give you a good idea of what help is available.

Security is another issue facing the elderly. They are worried that if they do slip or fall that nobody will come to help them. These days there are plenty of emergency response systems such as alarm buttons which can be worn around the neck. If they get into difficultly they just press the button and it sends a signal to an emergency response centre, who then in turn contacts family friends or emergency services if required.

The best thing to do if you want to help an older person with his or her independence is to ask them outright. Sit them down and ask them what they are struggling with and what they need help with. But do push them a little as many elderly people are proud and probably embarrassed to admit they are struggling.

Elderly people deserve to live in their homes for as long as possible. Many people have lived in the same home for 20 or 30 years and put a lot of energy into making it what it is today. It is little wonder they don’t want to move into a home and have carers having to do everything for them. Sadly this might be the only option for the very old and frail, but if we can help keep our parents living at home independently for as long as possible, we can live guilt free knowing we did everything we could for them.


A laparoscope is a small telescope-like instrument with a light on one end which is passed through a small incision below the navel. This allows the physician to view and examine the organs in the abdominal cavity.The laparoscopic surgery is a method by which surgery is done by making small incisions on the abdominal wall and inserting the instruments through specially designed ports. The procedure will be visualized with the help of a camera, which will also be introduced through one of these ports.

In conventional surgery a long incision is made to gain entry into the abdominal cavity and operate. This result in increased post- operative pain, longer stay in hospital, delayed recovery, long and ugly scars, respiratory problems, higher chance of wound infection, higher chance of incisional hernia, delayed feeding after surgery. The incidence of all these is dramatically reduced by laparoscopic surgery.Almost all surgeries being done in open surgery are nowadays being performed. The most common however are cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder), appendicectomy (removal of the appendix), tubal ligation (sterilisation), diagnostic laparoscopy, hernia repair.Diagnostic laparoscopy and hernia repairs can be done under local anaesthesia but the other procedures will require general anaesthesia.A healthy person without any other medical ailments and complications can be investigated on an out- patient basis. They can come in on the day of surgery or the previous day. Following a laparoscopic procedure for the gall bladder or appendix they can be discharged on the next day but for more advanced procedures three to four days in hospital would be the norm.If the surgery is uneventful, feeding can be started on the same day once the patient has recovered completely from the effects of anaesthesia, provided no procedure has been performed on the bowel.

Usually a weeks rest from the day of surgery should suffice. But it would be advisable for the surgeon to advice based on your progress.No. The advantage of this method as has been previously mentioned is that the incisions are very small, thereby reducing pain and danger of hernia. You can become ambulant as early as pain and anaesthetic factors permit.The equipment, maintenance and procedure are more expensive but as the hospital stay and the intake of drugs is reduced it is actually the same if not less than open surgery.It has become very common and is being done in almost every reputed hospital with minimal complication rates.

There are some risks when you have general anaesthesia during laparoscopic surgery. There is chance of infection or bleeding in some cases. The lining of the abdominal wall may become inflamed known as peritonitis. A blood clot may enter the bloodstream, and clog an artery in the lung, pelvis, or legs. Clot may break off and clog an artery in the heart or brain, causing a heart attack or stroke. But these risks are very rare.

Laparoscopy is most commonly done to find and treat the cause of abdominal pain in children when other investigations have not been helpful. Appendicitis can be diagnosed and appendicectomy done laparoscopically. It may be equally easy and safe to do an open appendicectomy.Other common indications are for treatment of benign ovarian cysts and when lower intestinal bleeding is suspected to be from a Meckel’s diverticulum.In advanced centres many major operations are done by minimal access techniques (as laparoscopy or key hole surgery is called). Of these, the most useful has been laparoscopic fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux.There is a common confusion about the procedures possible through laparoscopic method. We are getting letters from many patients asking about laparoscopic procedure for hydrocoele, Fistula ano, abscesses, and even for procedure like circumcision, mastectomy, cysts and abortion. It should be understand clearly that minimal access surgery is possible inside hollow closed cavities of the body, like abdomen and chest. Most of the procedure of the diseased organ inside the chest and abdomen can be performed by minimally invasive techniques but operations on solid organ outside the abdomen and chest does not require and also not possible through this technique.

Handling Back Pain

If you’ve ever groaned, “Oh, my aching back!”, you are not alone. Back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives. It comes in many forms, from lower back pain to neck pain to sciatica. Back pain is not a diagnosis — it’s a symptom of an underlying condition. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly and usually lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Back pain is called chronic if it lasts for more than three months.

On the bright side, you can prevent most back pain. Simple home treatment and proper body mechanics will often heal your back within a few weeks and keep it functional for the long haul. Surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.

Conditions leading to Back Pain

Stress or injury of the back muscles, such as…

back sprain or strain

overload of the back muscles caused by obesity

A spinal tumor or cancer that has spread to the spine from elsewhere in the body

Infection, which may be in the disk, bone, abdomen, pelvis or bloodstream

Kidney stones or a kidney infection

Short term overload of the back muscles caused by lifting or pregnancy

Disease or injury, including injury to the…

back bones (vertebrae), such as a fracture (for example, after trauma or as a result of osteoporosis)

Treatment and relief from Back Pain

Once upon a time, doctors told people with low back pain to stay in bed for three days — perhaps with a board under their mattress. That very bad advice actually made back pain worse Most people with low back pain have an acute pain episode. But up to a third of patients report persistent pain of at least moderate intensity — chronic low back pain.

A panel of experts found evidence that different patients can get relief from a wide variety of treatments. These treatments include Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, Exercise therapy, Spinal manipulation from a chiropractor, osteopath, or physical therapist, Intensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation (physical, vocational, and behavioral therapies provided by multiple providers with different clinical backgrounds), Acupuncture, Massage therapy, Yoga, Progressive relaxation, etc.

Tense rigid muscle often impacts on nerve tissue. its a good idea to have a massage. if you find this helps then try a more long term benefit such as sports therapy massage as it is more specific to an ailment or area. when the muscle relaxes the nerve will start transmitting messages correctly.

Sports therapists use pressure technique to relax muscles. similar to acupuncture. the differences is it is a hands on approach where they seek out knots and press on them while stretching and rotating the afflicted area in its natural movements while supporting the limb or body part.

It is quite important to get rid of the problem as soon as possible. the longer it is left untreated, the greater the inflammation resulting. It is a process of tissue edema encroaching on the nerve supply. The primary cause to bring this condition about is generally attributable to postural changes. or injury. In either case, is most rapidly reduced with care by a doctor of Chiropractic.

Take a belt, draw your knees to you belly and put the belt (like a belt from a house coat) around your back and knees for about ten to 15 mins. It will blow your mind how good it feels. If you have to do it one knee at a time.

If you’re on your feet, buy a better pair of shoes. If you’re overweight, lose some weight – even a 10% drop in weight will help dramatically.

Impotence: The Taboo Subject

Impotence , or the inability to manifest or maintain an Erection, is a subject that nobody wants to discuss, especially those affected by Erectile Dysfunction. One's manhood is part of the Ego, and can suffer a dramatic blow when it is first understood that there are problems in the penile department.

I am writing this article with first hand experience with this condition. You need to know, above all, that you are not alone. There are scores of men working with this syndrome. Some from physical causes, some from mental causes. Recognize this, there is hope! There are things you can do to make it work. Natural cures are better than pharmaceutical cures. I have tried both, and both work. The problem with the pharmaceutical cures, is the feasibility of intestinal side effects, such as heart problems and loss of vision. Sometimes, we feel it is worth the risk.

Let me tell you about my experiences. Firstly, you bought to be advised that I am 63 years old, but have experienced these problems for many years. The original signs of this problem, and I remember like it was yesterday, was that I would have an erection just precedent sex, but then either either lose it at the start of intercourse, or would lose it in the middle of intercourse. I would try to think of some excuse to explain it to my girlfriend, but it was so devastating to me, that it is hard to explain.

I am positive that you understand what I mean. In the beginning, I had little understanding of the causes, or the solutions. I would explain it away as: being tired, feeling ill, feeling bothered by business, or some such excuse. My girlfriend was unceasingly understanding, but I could see it in her eyes. How I would bring her to a point of being enthusistic about having interference, only to be let down, and sexually frustrated. How lame I felt. How could I do this to her? Why would she stay with me, if I can not even complete the sex act.

I had to discover what the heck was going on. Time to go to the doctor. I needed to know if it was a physical problem, or some cerebral cause. The Doctor asked me straight off if I loved my girlfriend, and I said I did. He asked me if I ever told her that I loved her, and I said I had not. He asked me why, I told him I was not sure of her backlash. He told me to say it in my mind, "I Love You", while I was fooling around with her, preceding actual insertion. I was amazed that this in reality worked! And I was able to maintain the section, and complete the sex act. Little did I know that this was only the start of my erectile problems. As I got older, the same thing would happen with other women, and the solution was not so easy.

This was also prior to when they came out with Viagra, and similar products. The next time it happened, it was with another women. She was beautiful, with a body to die for. I would look at her, and my mind would appreciate her incredible sex appeal, but my body seemed to be out of sync with my mind's desires. I would start out with a strong inspection, but then prior to inserting it, it would go soft. It was like I used up all my male hormones prior to when I could complete the act.

Believe me, I know exactly how you feel. If you have not experienced this problem, you have no perception what it feels like to let down your women. I was a workaholic, which was eternally a good excuse. I was going into my late forties, and into my fifties. It was time to see a Doctor again for some testing. My Testosterone was in the normal range, but low normal. There is quite a spread between low normal and high normal. I would rather be in the high normal range. This is where the action is.

Soon all doctors will not do anything for you if you are in the normal range, even if you have the disorder of low testosterone, such as: failure to maintain an erection, failure to ejaculate, weak ejaculation, getting fat around the mid-section , But not anywhere else, loss of energy and enthusiasm for life, loss of muscle tone, etc. Ever wonder how older men are more emotional, and can cry easily? This is a sign of low testosterone. You do not see this emotional turmoil in young, virile men. Remember, you are not alone. Do not give up hope!

Gamma Knife – A Wonder Brain Disease Treatment

What is GK? It is a single treatment modality unit which emits 201 Gamma Ray beams stereotactically and precisely to the brain lesion without harming the surrounding tissues. It was invented by Professor Lars Leksell in 1968 at the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, in Sweden.

It is a great medical contribution to humanity, and is now widely acknowledged as the best choice for the treatment of many brain diseases. This treatment requires highly trained and knowledgeable staff including physicians, nurses, medical physicists and technologists.

The technology of GK itself is a major breakthrough. It maximizes its accuracy and capacity by using imaging techniques like CT, MRI, and Cerebral Angiogram which enable a physician and medical physicist to precisely locate the lesion, and then calculate the volume and strength of the required radiation.

For treatment, the stereo-tactic frame is applied to the precise spot of the lesion to treat it. When an application session is finished, the frame will gradually degenerate, and the entire treatment procedure will be completed. The actual treatment usually lasts 30 minutes up to 2 hours. After completion of the treatment procedures, the physicians at the hospital will observe the patient for a night before discharge.

Knife Features of Key Gamma :
– Gamma Knife is not really a knife. There is no anesthesia and no incision except for certain cases that require local anesthesia for the frame fixation. It is a bloodless and almost painless procedure.
– It uses Gamma rays that is powerful enough to destroy the undesirable tissues in the brain, such as a tumor or arterio-venous malformation (AVM).
– GK treats a lesion precisely without harming surrounding brain tissues, scalp hair or skull. The precision is so high and definite that a small lesion in a range of 1 to 2 millimeters is treatable.
– The radiation can access almost any particular area of the brain. It is therefore very useful for the treatment of deeper parts or the base of the brain, which are very difficult to reach by conventional open surgery.
– The volume, strength and direction of the radiation beam are controllable so that it can be adjusted to fit the patient’s condition, and diverted from the undesirable area as required.
– There is no chance of infection or need for blood transfusion. No shaving of hair or scar on the scalp results from this treatment.
– There is no lengthy post-operative care or loss of productive life. The patient can return to normal life only a day after surgery.
– It is relatively cheap compared to long hospitalization, antibiotic therapy, rehabilitation process etc. for an open brain operation.
– No death or disability related to the GK procedure.

How GK treatment is given. The following are the step by step procedures for GK therapy :

1. Frame Fixation: The stereo-tactic frame, which is fully adjustable, is applied to the patient’s head. This is like a motorcyclist’s helmet, albeit a larger one.

2. Imaging of the Lesion: CT scan, MRI or Angiogram is conducted to draw up 3D images of the lesion(s).

3. Computing Treatment Plan: The information obtained from the imaging devices is loaded into a computer program to generate a treatment plan. Radiation dosage is then calculated according to patients’ specific situation.

4. Treatment: The patient is brought into the treatment room. Helmet and frame will be applied to the patient’s head and then the radiation process will commence. The calculated dosage will be automatically emitted into the brain. The treatment process takes only 30-120 minutes.

5. Rest and observation: Usually the patient will be observed for a night after treatment. But in many instances it is not necessary to do so.

Indications of GK treatment :
According to Dr Dittapong, GK is used for a wide variety of brain conditions. While some of them have very good responses, the physicians are perfecting treatment modalities for the others. In short, the established indications for GK treatment are as follows:

1. Vascular disorders: At present Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) of the brain is the main target of GK therapy. Over 80% of patients resulted in total obliteration of the lesion in two years. It is very difficult to treat AVM by open brain surgery, so GK is now becoming the primary choice of treatment. In recent years, vascular aneurysm and other vessel disorders are also treated by GK.

2. Benign tumors: Over one-third of all GK treatment were applied on various types of benign brain tumors e.g. acoustic neuroma, meningioma, pituitary tumor or macroadenoma, pineal tumor, trigeminal neuroma etc. 90-95% of patients have had very good control of tumor growth. Facial nerves are consistently preserved in almost all of the cases unlike conventional open surgery, which often resulted in facial paralysis. Also, 80% of acoustic neuroma cases treated by GK did not lose hearing after GK although it is very common to occur after an open surgery.

3. Malignant tumors: Brain Metastasis (single or multiple) can be surgically radiated by Gamma Knife and has resulted in good control of tumor growth. Up to 8 lesions can be treated simultaneously by GK. This is almost impossible to do by an open surgery. Glial (malignant) tumors are increasingly treated by GK because of much better results than open surgery. Recently, progress has been made in the treatment of ocular melanoma by GK.

4. Functional targets: Response to GK treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia is quite good in patients with intractable (severe) pain. With medications alone, some patients suffer from severe pain and disability for long time. GK is also promising results for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, intractable pain and even some psychoneurotic conditions.

Why a patient should choose GK treatment :
GK is truly an alternative for the treatment of brain diseases, particularly for the treatment of tumors, AVM, various types of brain lesions, and functional disorders. As compared to conventional surgery, it is much safer and easier for the patient. He summarizes the followings as some of the advantages of GK:

For a deep lesion such as a brain stem lesion, Gamma Knife surgery is a better and less risky alternative because the radiation can access the location of the lesion for treatment without harming the surrounding tissues. There is very high risk in treating a deep lesion through conventional open surgery.

Gamma Knife surgery does not require anesthesia. This greatly reduces the risks for the elderly and patients with heart or lung diseases. Conventional open surgery requires general anesthesia.

A maximum of two days of hospitalization may be required. Conventional surgery may require intensive care, and more than 10-20 days of hospitalization. In comparison, there is no risk of blood loss, infection or pain, no incision, no scar or hair shaving. It is inexpensive and requires no post-surgery care.

How widely GK is used : At present, there are approximately 180 Gamma Knife centers worldwide. Most of these centers located in developed countries like USA, Japan, Europe and Australia. In Southeast Asia such facilities are available in Japan, Korea, Thailand and Singapore.

Five Tricks to Increasing Community Development

Community development encompasses the creation of social and economic progress for an entire neighborhood. It relies on active participation from members of the community, as well as dedicated, driven strategies. Organizing events for bettering the neighborhood and getting people together for volunteer efforts can be daunting, but here are some tips for any community member or official to get a strong group together for enhancing everyone’s quality of life.

1. Hold Regular Meetings

It is crucial for your town hall or community organization to hold frequent (at least every bi-weekly or monthly) meetings. The more everyone gets together to discuss neighborhood issues, the easier it is to brainstorm solutions and activities that can make a difference. It also holds people accountable, and when a pattern is established, it’s easy to make the meetings a routine part of everyone’s schedule.

2. Be Open to New Ideas

Meetings often bring up ideas for volunteering and events. The best way to make progress for all members of the community is to listen and be open to compromise. Perhaps this means holding multiple events for different religious groups around the holidays. It could also just mean that two different ideas are merged to make a larger event with more diverse activities.

3. Try to Work With the City

Depending on available funding and priority items, it can sometimes be difficult to get city projects underway. Be realistic about your goals and remember that projects can become delayed for any number of reasons. Stay pleasantly persistent.

4. Don’t Give up

There will be times when councils or other governmental groups will reject proposals, but it is important to continue working on projects that you believe in. Those who speak up are often the only ones to be heard. Patience and optimism go a long way when it comes to getting important projects completed.

5. Advertise

Marketing strategies for community development meetings may sound strange, but they can be a good way of getting everyone together to discuss relevant topics and concerns. Think about flyers and Facebook pages that advertise meetings and future volunteering opportunities. A group page on Facebook, or even an Instagram page, can help to show what issues are at stake and provide photos of changes as they are made. Advertising is also a great communication tool. If some people are unable to attend recent meetings, they can use this as a way to catch up and to still voice their opinions.

Gathering a group of people together for bettering community development is an admirable goal, but it can be a challenge at times. With these tips, you can help your area come together in productive, meaningful ways.

Powerful Solutions to Relieve Ovarian Cyst Pain the Natural Way

Can you actually get rid of your recurring ovarian cyst pain without medications or surgery?

Well I was diagnosed with an ovarian cyst about two years ago. The symptoms started with a pain around my lower back, thigh and my left side and intensified into a severe and sharp pain in my lower abdomen. I was advised that the cyst would go away by itself after several periods, however this did not happen and I was placed on medication, this help to keep the pain away for awhile but the pain would eventually come back.

Surgery for me at that time was not an option as I had lost my job and did not have any health insurance. This was quite troubling for me as I certainly did not want to end up with a ruptured cyst which my doctor advised could lead me to losing one or both of my ovaries, let face it I was still in my childbearing age and I was planning on Having kids someday.

The need to use an alternative option to cure my ovarian cyst came about purely by accident, as one day I was visiting with some friends when I had another cyst attack, it came with extreme stomach pain and vomiting. One of my friend who is a firm believer in herbal remedies suggested to me to try a natural alternative, as it was her view that the medication that was recommended by my doctors was only addressing the symptoms and not the root cause of my ovarian cyst.

This natural treatment entailed changing my diet to a purely vegetable one, that is one that entailed eating raw vegetables, fruits, nuts and protein shake and taking organic vitamins – no animal food or no processed foods. Truth be told this was no picnic, however I did notice that the pain got significantly less intense. When I went to my gynecologist about a month after the cyst had actually reduced by about 3 centimeters.

This was enough motivation for me to continue on my diet, as I had come to realize that our food choices plays a significant role in our general heath and well being.

Why Santa Needs Travel Insurance

With the largest toy factory in the world, an army of elves and a red velvet fur-trimmed suit, it appears that Santa has everything he could possibly want for Christmas. However, if Mrs. Claus wanted to get him something really useful then she could not go amiss with a cheap travel insurance policy. Here are five very good reasons for Santa to take out insurance before heading out on Christmas Eve:

Drunk and in Charge

When Santa flies over America they give him milk and cookies, but when he flies over the UK things really start to heat up with lashings of whiskey and mince pies. Roughly 7.4 million families in UK have dependent children and as you can imagine that equates to a lot of whiskey!

We imagine that Santa is used to driving in the North Pole, which Top Gear recently discovered had no drink-driving laws. In the UK and US Santa could have received a fine or even a night in the slammer if he was found to be drunk and in charge of a carriage. With 12 unruly reindeer to look after whilst inexibrated, we doubted even Rudolph's nose could guide him out of this one. But, with a cheap travel insurance policy, Santa might have his legal costs covered if the worst came to the worst and he was taken to court.

Missing his mode of travel

Rudolph gets a rather disproportional amount of carrots, when compared to the other reindeers and this has got to create a few stirrings of jealousy amongst the herd. In the event that the reindeer were to get into a ruckus and scarper, Santa could claim on his cheap travel insurance for the distress caused by missing his preferred mode of travel. After all he had to wait a very long time for another reindeer-drawn sleigh to appear on the roof-top.

Missed Baggage

Santa may have made his list and checked it twice, but if he were to lose a few gifts in the blizzards of the North Pole, then they'd be some very upset children around the world. Luckily for Santa, missing baggage is definitely something that he can claim for on his
Cheap travel insurance policy. Sadly he would not be able to get the gifts to the children before Christmas, but with so many excess presents we're sure that Santa would not have any problem finding a suitable replacement in his stash.

Breaking and Entering

Breaking and entering is a serious crime, but surprisingly most people do not mind if the perpetrator in question is a Mr. S. Claus. But Santa's had a lucky break so far, and all it takes is a modern day Scrooge to stop him in his tracks and then it's straight down to the nick for him. We're not sure that there's a valid defence to breaking and entering, but with a possibility of up to £ 25,000 worth of legal cover on some cheap travel insurance policies Santa could certainly afford the best representation available.

Food Poisoning

We're not sure that anyone anywhere would wilfully poison Santa. However, the big man does eat an awful lot and with a mince pie at every house in the UK, chances are that there will be a bad one. In Bulgaria, tradition dictates that a carp is left out for Santa Claus and when you add that in the mix, food poisoning seems almost inevitable. Luckily for Santa much of Christmas Day and Boxing Day are spent sleeping, but if Santa had made any plans that he had to cancel as a result of food poisoning, then his cheap travel insurance would have allowed him to put in a claim for loss of enjoyment .

Swine Flu: Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Swine Flu: Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

1Rathore K.S., 1Chauhan Priyanka, 1Sharma Surabhi, 1Rathore Savita, 1Vinod Kanwar, 2Nema R.K., 3Sisodia S.S.

1B.N.Girls College of Pharmacy, Udaipur-Raj.313002

2Rishiraj College of Pharmacy, Indore-Mp

3BN Pg College of Pharmacy, Udaipur;mobile:+919828325713

Swine flu (swine influenza) is a respiratory disease caused by viruses (influenza viruses known as H1N1) that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and result in nasal secretions, a barking-like cough, decreased appetite, and listless behavior. Swine flu produces most of the same symptoms in pigs as human flu produces in people. Swine flu can last about one to two weeks in pigs that survive. Swine influenza virus was first isolated from pigs in 1930 in the U.S. and has been recognized by pork producers and veterinarians to cause infections in pigs worldwide.

In a number of instances, people have developed the swine flu infection when they are closely associated with pigs (for example, farmers, pork processors), and likewise, pig populations have occasionally been infected with the human flu infection. In most instances, the cross-species infections (swine virus to man; human flu virus to pigs) have remained in local areas and have not caused national or worldwide infections in either pigs or humans. Unfortunately, this cross-species situation with influenza viruses has had the potential to change.

Investigators think the 2009 swine flu strain, first seen in Mexico, should be termed novel H1N1 flu since it is mainly found infecting people and exhibits two main surface antigens, H1 (hemagglutinin type 1) and N1 (neuraminidase type1). Recent investigations show the eight RNA strands from novel H1N1 flu have one strand derived from human flu strains, two from avian (bird) strains, and five from swine strains.

Influenza, commonly called “the flu,” is an illness caused by RNA viruses that infect the respiratory tract of many animals, birds, and humans. In most people, the infection results in the person getting fever, cough, headache, and malaise (tired, no energy); some people also may develop a sore throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. The majority of individuals has symptoms for about one to two weeks and then recovers with no problems. However, compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza (flu) infection can cause a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) of about 0.1% of people who are infected with the virus.

The history of swine flu (H1N1) in humans

In 1976, there was an outbreak of swine flu at Fort Dix. This virus is not the same as the 2009 outbreak, but it was similar insofar as it was an influenza A virus that had similarities to the swine flu virus. There was one death at Fort Dix. The government decided to produce a vaccine against this virus, but the vaccine was associated with neurological complications (Guillain-Barré syndrome) and was discontinued. Some individuals speculate that formalin, used to inactivate the virus, may have played a role in the development of this complication in 1976.

There is no evidence that anyone who obtained this vaccine would be protected against the 2009 swine flu. One of the reasons it takes a few months to develop a new vaccine is to test the vaccine for safety to avoid the complications seen in the 1976 vaccine. New vaccines against any flu virus type are usually made by growing virus particles in eggs. A serious side effect (allergic reaction such as swelling of the airway) to vaccines can occur in people who are allergic to eggs; these people should not get flu vaccines. Individuals with active infections or diseases of the nervous system are also not recommended to get flu vaccines.

Swine flu is caused by The H1N1 or “swine flu” virus, which first appeared in April 2009, has gone on to become a worldwide “pandemic.” H1N1 influenza is a virus that causes illness in people and spreads from one person to another in the same way as the common flu. Detected first in April 2009 in Mexico, the disease soon spread across different countries in the world and was declared the swine flu pandemic by the World Health Organization in June 2009. After conducting several laboratory tests, it was determined that the virus responsible for swine influenza was similar to those found in pigs, thus prompting scientists to name it the swine (pig) flu.

Illness caused by the swine flu virus ranges from mild to extreme in different cases. While many of the patients have recovered even without medical treatment, the virus has also caused a number of deaths as well as hospitalizations, which has made it a matter of grave concern for the authorities. Any person, irrespective of age or sex can contract the disease but the risk seems bigger in children and old age people as also in people with lower immunity levels, pregnant women and people suffering from heart disease, kidney ailment or asthma. A person displaying swine flu symptoms should consult a medical practitioner immediately and get himself tested.

 Link between Guillain-Barre syndrome and swine flu vaccines

Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS), a rare neurological disorder, was an identified risk with swine flu vaccines used in the United States in 1976 – it is thought that one extra case of GBS occurred with every 100,000 doses of vaccine. The reason why the 1976 vaccine increased the risk of GBS remains unknown. Many studies have looked at whether other flu vaccines used since 1976 carry a risk of GBS and no robust evidence of a causal link has been found. No cases of GBS have been found in the clinical trials of H5N1 vaccines.

Most illnesses caused by the swine flu epidemic were of a mild nature and patients recovered even without or with very little medication required. However, recently the virus has caused a lot of panic after a number of deaths were reported. The swine flu virus is extremely contagious and spreads through coughing and sneezing or when a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches his nose or mouth. The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to those of the seasonal flu such as high fever, runny nose, loss of appetite, cough, sore throat etc.

Infectious Period

Persons with swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection should be considered potentially contagious for up to 7 days following illness onset. Persons who continue to be ill longer than 7 days after illness onset should be considered potentially contagious until symptoms have resolved. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods. The duration of infectiousness might vary by swine influenza A (H1N1) virus strain. Non-hospitalized ill persons who are a confirmed or suspected case of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection are recommended to stay at home (voluntary isolation) for at least the first 7 days after illness onset except to seek medical care.

Reason for why swine flu (H1N1) now infecting humans

Swine flu viruses may mutate (change) so that they are easily transmissible among humans. Many researchers now consider that two main series of events can lead to swine flu (and also avian or bird flu) becoming a major cause for influenza illness in humans.

First, the influenza viruses (types A, B, C) are enveloped RNA viruses with a segmented genome; this means the viral RNA genetic code is not a single strand of RNA but exists as eight different RNA segments in the influenza viruses. A human (or bird) influenza virus can infect a pig respiratory cell at the same time as a swine influenza virus; some of the replicating RNA strands from the human virus can get mistakenly enclosed inside the enveloped swine influenza virus. For example, one cell could contain eight swine flu and eight human flu RNA segments. The total number of RNA types in one cell would be 16; four swine and four human flu RNA segments could be incorporated into one particle, making a viable eight RNA segmented flu virus from the 16 available segment types.

Various combinations of RNA segments can result in a new subtype of virus (known as antigenic shift) that may have the ability to preferentially infect humans but still show characteristics unique to the swine influenza virus. It is even possible to include RNA strands from birds, swine, and human influenza viruses into one virus if a cell becomes infected with all three types of influenza (for example, two bird flu, three swine flu, and three human flu RNA segments to produce a viable eight-segment new type of flu viral genome). Formation of a new viral type is considered to be antigenic shift; small changes in an individual RNA segment in flu viruses are termed antigenic drift and result in minor changes in the virus. However, these can accumulate over time to produce enough minor changes that cumulatively change the virus’ antigenic makeup over time (usually years).

Second, pigs can play a unique role as an intermediary host to new flu types because pig respiratory cells can be infected directly with bird, human, and other mammalian flu viruses. Consequently, pig respiratory cells are able to be infected with many types of flu and can function as a “mixing pot” for flu RNA segments. Bird flu viruses, which usually infect the gastrointestinal cells of many bird species, are shed in bird feces. Pigs can pick these viruses up from the environment and seem to be the major way that bird flu virus RNA segments enter the mammalian flu virus population.

Swine flu emergency

Children should get urgent medical attention if they have fast breathing or trouble breathing, have bluish or gray skin color, are not drinking enough fluid, are not waking up or not interacting, have severe or persistent vomiting, are so irritable that the child doesn’t want to be held, have flu-like symptoms that improve but then return with fever and a worse cough, have fever with a rash, or have fever and then have a seizure or sudden mental or behavioral change. Adults should seek urgent medical attention if they have trouble breathing or shortness of breath, pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen, sudden dizziness, confusion, severe or persistent vomiting, or flu-like symptoms that improve, but then come back with worsening fever or cough.

Swine flu precautions

Swine flu or the H1N1 virus is a type A influenza, which is normally reported in pigs and has rarely affected humans in the past. A few cases that had been reported in people, who had been around pigs, over the past few years, were of a mild nature. However, in April 2009, swine flu started to affect thousands of persons around the world, just days after being reported in a Mexican village, and thus prompted the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic.

It is advisable to avoid travelling to affected countries and stay away from crowded places. The easily available swine flu mask can also protect from the virus. While there are no vaccines available that can guard against swine flu, certain precautions can ensure protection from this deadly disease.

Swine Flu High Risk Groups –

Swine flu high risk groups, people who are thought to be at risk for serious, life-threatening infections, are a little different and can include:

  • pregnant women
  • people with chronic medical problems, such as chronic lung disease, like asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and immunosuppression
  • children and adults with obesity

It is already known that you are particularly at risk if you have:

  • chronic (long-term) lung disease,
  • chronic heart disease,
  • chronic kidney disease,
  • chronic liver disease,
  • chronic neurological disease (neurological disorders include motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease),
  • immunosuppression (whether caused by disease or treatment) or
  • diabetes mellitus.

Also at risk are:

  • patients who have had drug treatment for asthma within the past three years,
  • pregnant women,
  • people aged 65 and older, and
  • young children under five.
  • It is vital that people in these higher-risk groups who catch swine flu get antivirals and start taking them as soon as possible.

The complications of swine flu

One of the most common complications of any type of flu is a secondary bacterial chest infection, such as bronchitis (infection of the airways).This can become serious and develop into pneumonia. A course of antibiotics will usually cure this, but the infection sometimes becomes life-threatening. Other rare complications include:

  • tonsillitis,
  • otitis media (a build-up of fluid in the ear),
  • septic shock (infection of the blood that causes a severe drop in blood pressure),
  • meningitis (infection in the brain and spinal cord), and
  • encephalitis (inflammation of the brain).

Swine flu symptoms – Know it to avoid it

As the H1N1 Influenza spreads its wings over different parts of the globe, it is extremely important to be familiar with the symptoms of swine flu so that the disease can be detected at an early stage and preventive measures can be taken to check its rise.

If you or any of the persons around you are suffering from fever in excess of 100.4 °F as well as any of the other below mentioned H1N1 influenza symptoms, then you may have contracted swine flu.

  • The most common of all swine flu symptoms is high body temperature, in excess of 38 °C/100.4 °F.
  • Swine flu (swine influenza) is a respiratory disease caused by viruses (influenza viruses) that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and result in nasal secretions, a barking-like cough, decreased appetite, and listless behavior.
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Stinging throat
  • Runny nose
  • Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
  • Aching muscles
  • dyspnea
  • chills
  • Loss of energy, vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • myalgia
  • influenza-like illness (fever, cough or sore throat)
  • mild respiratory illness (nasal congestion, rhinorrhea) without fever and occasional severe disease also has been reported
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Sudden, persistent cough

While these symptoms can be considered an indication of swine flu, the symptoms have also been reported in people suffering from other diseases. Therefore, despite having these symptoms, the patient or the doctor cannot be sure of swine flu until the test reports confirm the same. The disease is especially dangerous for children, where it can result in neurological disorders or alterations in the state of mind. It is still not clear why the situation occurs, but if not treated, it can prove to be fatal.

As with any sort of flu, how bad the symptoms are and how long they last will vary depending on treatment and individual circumstances. Most cases reported in the UK to date have been relatively mild, with affected people starting to recover within a week.

You can go back to school or work when you are feeling well and are no longer infectious. Adults are most infectious soon after they develop symptoms and remain infectious while their symptoms continue, which is usually for up to five days. They can normally return to work within seven days. In children, symptoms continue for up to seven days and they can normally return to school within 10 days.

Diagnosis of swine flu (H1N1)

Swine flu is presumptively diagnosed clinically by the patient’s history of association with people known to have the disease and their symptoms listed above. Usually, a quick test (for example, nasopharyngeal swab sample) is done to see if the patient is infected with influenza A or B virus. Most of the tests can distinguish between A and B types. The test can be negative (no flu infection) or positive for type A and B. If the test is positive for type B, the flu is not likely to be swine flu (H1N1). If it is positive for type A, the person could have a conventional flu strain or swine flu (H1N1). However, the accuracy of these tests has been challenged, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has not completed their comparative studies of these tests. However, a new test developed by the CDC and a commercial company reportedly can detect H1N1 reliably in about one hour; as of October 2009, the test is only available to the military.

Swine flu (H1N1) is definitively diagnosed by identifying the particular antigens associated with the virus type. In general, this test is done in a specialized laboratory and is not done by many doctors’ offices or hospital laboratories. However, doctors’ offices are able to send specimens to specialized laboratories if necessary. Because of the large number of novel H1N1 swine flu cases (as of October 2009, the vast majority of flu cases [about 99%] are due to novel H1N1 flu viruses), the CDC recommends only hospitalized patients’ flu virus strains be sent to reference labs to be identified.

Points to remember

Swine flu spreads through an infected person’s secretion released at the time of sneezing or coughing. People with symptoms of swine flu can pass on the disease to others from one day before to seven days after getting the infection. The virus can also contaminate surfaces and infect a healthy person if he happens to touch his nose or mouth after touching the dirty surface.

Swine Flu Test

Swine flu or the H1N1 virus is a disease that has spread in a large number of countries around the world in a very short span of time. It is the alarming rate with which the disease spreads that has worried experts, who are trying to check its rise. Swine flu symptoms are a lot like the symptoms of seasonal flu, which makes it extremely difficult to distinguish between the two without carrying out prescribed swine flu tests in the laboratories set-up especially for the purpose.

Steps to ensure swine flu protection

Simply by following the simple guidelines here, you should at least lessen your chances of becoming sick with Swine Flu. Like in the case of seasonal flu, the below mentioned precautions can help protect you against the H1N1 virus:

  • Avoid going near people with swine flu symptoms.
  • Avoid going to crowded places.
  • Cover your mouth and nose properly with a tissue while sneezing or coughing and dispose off the infected tissue in a proper way, away from the reach of other people.
  • It is recommended to get a seasonal flu vaccination. Though it may not prevent you from swine flu, it won’t do any harm.
  • Keep good hygiene and wash your hands regularly with soap and warm water. It is advisable to use an alcohol based hand wash. Use the antibacterial soaps to cleanse your hands. Wash them often, for at least 15 seconds and rinse with running water.
  • Get enough sleep -Try to get 8 hours of good sleep every night to keep your immune system in top flu-fighting shape.
  • Drink sufficient water-Drink 8 to10 glasses of water each day to flush toxins from your system and maintain good moisture and mucous production in your sinuses.
  • Sick people should stay home to avoid passing on the disease to others.
  • Always wear the swine flu mask when travelling to crowded places.
  • Disposing of dirty tissues promptly and carefully.
  • Cleaning hard surfaces, such as door handles, often and thoroughly using a normal cleaning product.
  • Carry anti-viral medicines with you.
  • If you feel sick or show any of the swine flu symptoms, consult your doctor immediately and get yourself tested for the virus.
  • Boost your immune system-Keeping your body strong, nourished, and ready to fight infection is important in flu prevention. So stick with whole grains, colorful vegetables, and vitamin-rich fruits.
  • Keep informed-The government is taking necessary steps to prevent the pandemic and periodically release guidelines to keep the pandemic away. Please make sure to keep up to date on the information and act in a calm manner.
  • Do not risk it. If you are experiencing influenza like symptoms, simply stay home. Since these symptoms mirror regular cold and influenza symptoms, it is better to be safe than sorry.
  • Find out how to cough and sneeze. Here’s the deal – cough or sneeze into the interior of your elbow on your arm. This is the only way to keep from spreading germs to your hands and to everything you touch.
  •  A little hand sanitizer goes a long, long way. Simply have a tube of hand sanitizer with you at all time. This way you can continually clean your hands.
  •  Be wary of public places. Door handles and even ink pens are breeding grounds for germs. Avoid touching them at all costs.
  •  Be cautious on airplanes, trains and buses. The close quarters of an aeroplane is a place where germs like the swine flu pathogen lurk so protect yourself.
  • Wash your vegetables and fruit entirely. Purchase your vegetables and vegetables locally if you can. Wash them with water and soak them to extend the effectiveness.
  •  Go to your doctor. If you are experiencing any flu like symptoms you should see your doctor at once. As stated earlier, only your health practitioner can diagnose your particular strain of the flu.

Swine flu treatment – Don’t panic

Although swine flu has been spreading at a rapid pace in India as well as in most other countries of the world, it must be remembered that swine flu is a curable disease and can be effectively cured if treated properly. As is the case in seasonal flu, the treatment of swine flu includes-

  • Proper rest and care.
  • A swine flu patient must not be involved in too much strenuous work and
  • Should drink plenty of liquids to keep himself hydrated.
  • Alcohol and tobacco are strictly prohibited for swine flu patients and medicines such as paracetamol can be taken to get relief from fever and muscle pain.
  • In extreme cases, antiviral drugs and hospitalization may be required. The best way, however, to avoid any emergency situation is to contact your doctor immediately if you suspect of having swine flu. If you happen to recently travel to an infected region or have been around those infected with the virus, then contact your doctor and take all preventive steps to ensure your safety. Remember, early detection will lead to proper treatment being administered and could mean the difference between life and death.
  • Keep the patient in a separate room, away from other members of the household.
  • Everyone in the house should wash their hands regularly and wear a mask while going near the patient.
  • The members of the house should also take antiviral drugs such as tamiflu, if the doctor prescribes it.
  • Children should not be given medicines such as aspirin for its tendency to cause neurological disorders.

Remember, prevention is better than cure

Although no swine flu vaccine is available in the market to ensure safety against the disease, certain medicines, which can cure the disease, are available. This virus is resistant to the antiviral medications amantadine (Symmetrel) and rimantadine (Flumadine). There are 2 medications in the market that have been shown to be effective against swine flu zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu). These medicines have to be administered within 2 days of the onset of symptoms (which last about a week), and are said to shorten the duration of symptoms by about 2 days. Because early detection is vital for the efficacy of these drugs, rapid detection is necessary. Many manufacturers are currently working on versions of a rapid swine flu test to allow early detection in minutes, as opposed to days as is with traditional virus testing.

To reproduce and spread, a virus has to enter your body, take over healthy cells and force them to make copies of itself. Relenza stops the release of new copies of the virus from infected cells in the lungs. This slows the spread of the virus, reduces the symptoms and length of time that you feel unwell for and makes it harder for the virus to spread to other people. Relenza should first be taken within 48 hours of symptoms appearing in adults (36 hours in children). It works better the earlier you start taking it.

To reproduce and spread, a virus has to enter your body, take over healthy cells and force them to make copies of it. Tamiflu stops the flu virus entering your cells and blocks the release of new copies of the virus. This slows the spread through your body, reduces the symptoms and the length of time that you feel unwell for and makes it harder for the virus to spread to other people. Tamiflu should first be taken within 12 to 48 hours of symptoms appearing. It works better the earlier you start taking it.

Relenza reduces the duration of flu symptoms by one-and-a-half days on average. Tamiflu reduces the duration of symptoms by up to two days.

Vaccine for H1N1 swine flu

The best way to prevent novel H1N1 swine flu would be the same best way to prevent other influenza infections, and that is vaccination. The CDC has multiple recommendations for vaccination based on who should obtain the first doses when the vaccine becomes available (to protect the most susceptible populations) and according to age groups. The CDC based the recommendations on data obtained from vaccine trials and infection reports gathered over the last few months. The current (October 2009) vaccine recommendations from the CDC say the following groups should get the vaccine as soon as it is available:

  • pregnant women,
  • people who live with or provide care for children younger than 6 months of age,
  • health-care and emergency medical services personnel,
  • people between 6 months and 24 years of age, and

People from the ages of 25 through 64 who are at higher risk because of chronic health disorders such as asthma, diabetes, or a weakened immune system.

Currently, the CDC is stating that people ages 10 and above are likely to need only one vaccine shot to provide protection against novel H1N1 swine flu and further suggest that these shots will be effective in about 76% of people who obtain the vaccine. New vaccine trial data showed that healthy adults produce protective antibodies in about 98% of people in 21 days. Unfortunately, the vaccine shot in children ages 6 months to 9 years of age is not as effective as it is in older children and adults. Consequently, the CDC currently recommends that for ages 6 months up to and including 9 years of age, the children obtain two shots of the novel H1N1 vaccine, the second shot 21 days after the first shot.

Pregnant women are strongly suggested to get vaccinated as stated above. Although some vaccine preparations (multidose vials) contain low levels of thimerosal preservative (a mercury-containing preservative), the CDC still considers the vaccine safe for the fetus and mother. However, some vaccine preparations that are in single-dose vials will not have thimerosal preservative, so those pregnant individuals who are concerned about thimerosal can get this vaccine preparation when it is available.

Another type of vaccine (currently named Influenza A [H1N1] 2009 Monovalent Vaccine Live, Intranasal) has been made available during the first week in October 2009. It is a live attenuated novel H1N1 flu vaccine that contains no thimerosal, is produced by MedImmune, LLC, and is sprayed into the nostrils. This vaccine is only for healthy people 2-49 years of age, and some data suggest that it is less effective in generating an immune response in adults than the vaccine injection. The dosing schedule is as follows:

  • Children 2-9 years of age should receive two doses (0.1 ml in each nostril; total equals 0.2 ml per dose) — the second dose should be given the same way about one month after the first dose
  • Children, adolescents and adults, 10-49 years of age should receive one dose — (0.1 ml in each nostril; total equals 0.2 ml per dose)

The following is a list of the CDC-approved H1N1 vaccines and the companies that name and manufacture them as of 10/29/09:

  • Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine by CSL Limited
  • Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine by Novartis
  • Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine by Sanofi Pasteur
  • Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine Live, Intranasal by MedImmune, LLC

The following vaccination schedule is recommended in the UK:


  • For all children aged from six months to nine years: – two half doses (0.25ml each) given with a minimum of three weeks between doses.
  • For individuals aged 10-59: – one dose (0.5ml) given.
  • For individuals aged 60 years and over: – one dose given (this advice will be reviewed when more data become available).
  • For individuals aged 10 years and over with weakened immune systems:- two doses (0.5ml each) given with a  minimum of three weeks between doses.


  • For children aged from six months and adults:- two doses (0.5ml each) given with a  minimum of three weeks between doses. 
  • This dosage schedule is based on advice given by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, following consideration of clinical data available on the vaccines. The dosage and recommendations will be kept under review as more clinical data become available.

Recommendations for public health personnel

For interviews of healthy individuals (i.e. without a current respiratory illness), including close contacts of cases of confirmed swine influenza virus infection, no personal protective equipment or antiviral chemoprophylaxis is needed. See section on antiviral chemoprophylaxis for further guidance. For interviews of an ill, suspected or confirmed swine influenza A virus case, the following is recommended:

  • Keep a distance of at least 6 feet from the ill person; or
  • Personal protective equipment: fit-tested N95 respirator [if unavailable, wear a medical (surgical mask)].

For collecting respiratory specimens from an ill confirmed or suspected swine influenza A virus case, the following is recommended:

  • Personal protective equipment: fit-tested disposable N95 respirator [if unavailable, wear a medical (surgical mask)], disposable gloves, gown, and goggles.
  • When completed, place all PPE in a biohazard bag for appropriate disposal.
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water or alcohol-based hand gel.

Recommended Infection Control for a non-hospitalized patient (ER, clinic or home visit):

Separation from others in single room if available until asymptomatic. If the ill person needs to move to another part of the house, they should wear a mask. The ill person should be encouraged to wash hand frequently and follow respiratory hygiene practices. Cups and other utensils used by the ill person should be thoroughly washed with soap and water before use by other persons.

When crowded settings or close contact with others cannot be avoided, the use of facemasks or respirators in areas where transmission of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus has been confirmed should be considered as follows:

  • Whenever possible, rather than relying on the use of facemasks or respirators, close contact with people who might be ill and being in crowded settings should be avoided.
  • Facemasks should be considered for use by individuals who enter crowded settings, both to protect their nose and mouth from other people’s coughs and to reduce the wearers’ likelihood of coughing on others; the time spent in crowded settings should be as short as possible.
  • Respirators should be considered for use by individuals for whom close contact with an infectious person is unavoidable. This can include selected individuals who must care for a sick person (e.g., family member with a respiratory infection) at home.

The types of face masks and respirators

Unless otherwise specified, the term “facemasks” refers to disposable masks cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as medical devices. This includes facemasks labeled as surgical, dental, medical procedure, isolation, or laser masks.

Such facemasks have several designs-

  • One type is affixed to the head with two ties, conforms to the face with the aid of a flexible adjustment for the nose bridge, and may be flat/pleated or duck-billed in shape.
  • Another type of facemask is pre-molded, adheres to the head with a single elastic band, and has a flexible adjustment for the nose bridge.
  • A third type is flat/pleated and affixes to the head with ear loops. Facemasks cleared by the FDA for use as medical devices have been determined to have specific levels of protection from penetration of blood and body fluids.
  • Unless otherwise specified, “respirator” refers to an N95 or higher filtering facepiece respirator certified by the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

Take note of what you’ve learned here about the swine flu. Look after yourself and protect yourself as best as you possibly can.


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Natural Treatment For Chronic Diarrhea After Antibiotics

If you suffer from chronic diarrhea which appeared after a course of antibiotics, this article can help you. After reading this article you will realize why you are sick, and if everything you tried did not help, you can use the natural approach to restore your health.

You are not alone. By medical statistics, 5-35% of patients taking antibiotics have antibiotic-associated diarrhea. These numbers vary dependent upon many things such as the specific type of antibiotic and length of the treatment, the health of the person, preexisting condition.

Diarrhea after antibiotics often strikes people with decreased immunity, small children, elderly, people after chemotherapy, radiation, some medications, alcohol and drugs addicts, etc. Another risk factor is time-spent in the hospital. Every week in the hospital, taking broad-spectrum antibiotic, can increase the risk for chronic diarrhea that is caused by Clostridia difficile.

Chronic diarrhea means that diarrhea persists more than two weeks and the person has three or more liquid stools per day. Many people experience mild diarrhea, but half of million Americans suffer from Clostridia difficile (C. diff). It causes 30 thousand the deaths annually. This is truly a superbug. Doctors are unanimous that C. difficile takes place predominantly after broad-spectrum antibiotic.

What happens after the use of antibiotics?

Some medical providers call chronic antibiotic-associated diarrhea an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) after antibiotics. It is partly true because in case of diarhea after antibiotics, the colon, various organs and systems are involved in the process.

It is known that antibiotics are s strong weapon against microbes. Neverheless, antibiotics are a double-edged sword; They can safe life, but they can cause serious side effects. First, antibiotics do not kill all microbes. Some of the strong harmful microorganisms survive leading to antibiotic resistant species. Second, antibiotics indiscriminately kill bacteria, both beneficial and harmful; Therefore, antibiotics kill gentle friendly intestinal flora first. Third, antibiotics weak the immune response or cause allergic reactions. All of the above may apply to chronic diarrhea.

Broad-spectrum antibiotic kill friendly intestinal flora. These bacteria are called friendly because "enemy of my enemy is my friend". Some specialists believe that friendly intestinal flora is a vital organ of the human body. The friendly intestinal flora helps us to digest the food. It also produces vitamins and some substances, which have anti cancer properties, regulate cholesterol, remove toxins, etc. Without the good bacteria, we lose these vital functions.

What is the most important is that friendly intestinal flora is our strong guard against harmful bacteria, yeast, viruses and parasites. When antibiotics kill beneficial bacteria, opportunistic infections have the place to live and an abundant amount of foods, so it is easy to take over the gastrointestinal tract.

The harmful bacteria, yeast, viruses, and parasites cause a lot of damage. They eat our foods leading to many shortcomings; Produce extremely harmful toxins. They irritate gut's walls and create inflammation and porous gut. As a result, non-digested food, toxins, and microorganisms pass through the gut's wall into the blood stream, poison nervous, hormonal, cardiovascular, immune systems. Constant fermentation, irritation, and inflammation in the large intestine cause chronic diarrhea.

Natural, non-drug therapies can repair the damages from antibiotics and restore the natural process that keep our small and large intestines from harmful bacteria, yeast, and parasites.

By the way, how does the human body naturally keeps intestines from harmful invaders?

1. High stomach acid destroys harmful bacteria and yeast, prevents them to enter the small intestine. Contrary, low acidity in the stomach makes this gate open
2. Next in line for defense are digestive pancreatic enzymes on which we vitally depend upon antibacterial action of the pancreatic juice. Digestive pancreatic enzymes digest not only our foods but also all harmful bacteria. As I medically explain in my book "healthy pancreas, healthy you", acidic changes in the body and acidity of bile and pancreatic juice diminish the antibacterial action; Therefore, small intestine bacterial overgrowth-SIBO occurs. Gas, bloating, cramps, diarrhea are common symptoms of SIBO
3. Third critical factor that prevails bad bacteria to adhere to the gut's wall is flushing in the small intestine. 35-50 cups of the mixture of the saliva, stomach secretion, bile, pancreatic and intestinal juices per day make a huge full-flowing river that flush out the harmful bacteria and prevent colonization into the small intestines' walls
4. Proper work of the special muscle valves (sphincters) stops reflux. For example, ileocecal valve prevent dirty stuff with bacteria getting back from the large intestine into the small intestine.
5. The last and vital way to keep harmful bacteria in check is friendly intestinal flora

Besides that, chronic diarrhea after antibiotics causes deficiency of the essential nutrients, dehydration, which makes things worse. There is no magic bullet for the chronic antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Contrary to common believes, drinking yogurt or taking low quality of probiotics will not help to restore the friendly intestinal flora.

We can make an analogy between the gastrointestinal tract after using antibiotic and abandoned, full of weeds farmers' fields. All farmers know that the fields need to be well prepared to grow a crop. The same happens in the inflamed, toxic colon full of the bad bacteria, yeast, and parasites. Friendly intestinal flora simply does not have enough room to grow.

Alternative medicine focuses on the root of the problem, and can restore natural defense mechanism that keeps the colon healthy. I see it every day. Some of these natural, non-drug approaches are:
• Whole body cleansing with colon hydrotherapy and restoration of the friendly intestinal flora
• Healing diet for chronic diarrhea
• Drinking healing mineral water prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt
• Herbal Medicine
• Nutritional supplementation
• Acupuncture and more

Here, it requires time, life-style changes, and full cooperation between patient and knowledgeable holistic professional to restore all these natural mechanisms and heal the chronic antibiotic-associated diarrhea.

If you suffer from chronic diarrhea after antibiotics, do not get used to it. Do not get use to stomach cramps, frequent, urgent stools, knowing all available restrooms around on your way, wearing diapers, etc. Do not get use to fatigue, anxiety, depression, and many other symptoms, which accomplices chronic antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It can be reversed by natural, non-drug methods of the alternative medicine.

The information contained here is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is not to be used to replace the services or instructions of a physician or qualified health care practitioner.