Carrie Bradshaw of Sex in the City – Smoky Eye Look

The exciting news this week has been the Premier of Sex in the City 2. I was lucky enough to see a sneak peak just before its launch. London and the UK have all been a buzz over this fashion fest movie. Now I know that it has had mixed reviews but the opinions of women all over the UK has been “never mind the story we love the clothes and the make-up”. Now there are not too many films you can say that about. Since the Premier I have been inundated with requests on how to get the look… mainly Carrie Bradshaw. But if there is anyone else that you’d like to see a ‘get the look’ on please let me know.

Get Carrie’s Look:

Carrie’s look is a modern twist on the classic smoky eye look. As a matter of face it is not too dis-similar to Tom Ford’s Spring 2010 look.


Perfect your complexion choose a foundation to suit your skin tone. Apply it like a professional make-up using a foundation brush. Check out MAC, Ariane Poole or Body Shop. Using a foundation brush will give you that air brushed film star finish to your skin. Next a little concealer were necessary…like under the eyes and on any blemishes. Save the powder until the end you want to keep your skin’s luminosity.


Carrie’s brows are shaped to perfection. If yours have been over plucked then fear not. Get a great brow shape with some brow powder or a brow pencil. Take a look at Shavata, Ariane Poole and Chanel.

As I said, Carrie has a new twist of a smoky eye look. After applying an eye base, like Elizabeth Arden Eyefix, pop a mid to deep brown shadow, deepened on your skin tone, on the lids extending it beyond the socket line. I like Bobbi Brown or MAC for their wide selection of shades. Extending the shadow is the key to an open sexy smoky eye look. Define the shape and create more depth with dark brown gel liner, like my Chocolate Mousse or Maybelline’s NEW Lasting Drama Gel Liner in Brown applied along the base of the top and bottom lashes. I love gel liners because not only can you create definition and drama to the eyes but you can blur the line giving the eyes that smudginess. Next take a black eye pencil, like Benefit’s BadGal Pencil and line the inner rim of your eyes. Add a touch of ivory shadow to highlight under the arch of the brows. Finish with lots of volume building mascara, such as L’Oreal Paris NEW Volume Million Lashes and a few individual false lashes.


Keep the cheeks soft and fresh with a flush of apricot/peach blush applied to the apples of the cheeks. If you haven’t got Carrie’s chiselled cheeks then sweep a little bronzer under your cheek bones and watch them pop out.

Carrie Bradshaw of Sex in the City – Smoky Eye Look

The exciting news this week has been the Premier of Sex in the City 2. I was lucky enough to see a sneak peak just before its launch. London and the UK have all been a buzz over this fashion fest movie. Now I know that it has had mixed reviews but the opinions of women all over the UK has been “never mind the story we love the clothes and the make-up”. Now there are not too many films you can say that about. Since the Premier I have been inundated with requests on how to get the look… mainly Carrie Bradshaw. But if there is anyone else that you’d like to see a ‘get the look’ on please let me know.

Get Carrie’s Look:

Carrie’s look is a modern twist on the classic smoky eye look. As a matter of face it is not too dis-similar to Tom Ford’s Spring 2010 look.


Perfect your complexion choose a foundation to suit your skin tone. Apply it like a professional make-up using a foundation brush. Check out MAC, Ariane Poole or Body Shop. Using a foundation brush will give you that air brushed film star finish to your skin. Next a little concealer were necessary…like under the eyes and on any blemishes. Save the powder until the end you want to keep your skin’s luminosity.


Carrie’s brows are shaped to perfection. If yours have been over plucked then fear not. Get a great brow shape with some brow powder or a brow pencil. Take a look at Shavata, Ariane Poole and Chanel.

As I said, Carrie has a new twist of a smoky eye look. After applying an eye base, like Elizabeth Arden Eyefix, pop a mid to deep brown shadow, deepened on your skin tone, on the lids extending it beyond the socket line. I like Bobbi Brown or MAC for their wide selection of shades. Extending the shadow is the key to an open sexy smoky eye look. Define the shape and create more depth with dark brown gel liner, like my Chocolate Mousse or Maybelline’s NEW Lasting Drama Gel Liner in Brown applied along the base of the top and bottom lashes. I love gel liners because not only can you create definition and drama to the eyes but you can blur the line giving the eyes that smudginess. Next take a black eye pencil, like Benefit’s BadGal Pencil and line the inner rim of your eyes. Add a touch of ivory shadow to highlight under the arch of the brows. Finish with lots of volume building mascara, such as L’Oreal Paris NEW Volume Million Lashes and a few individual false lashes.


Keep the cheeks soft and fresh with a flush of apricot/peach blush applied to the apples of the cheeks. If you haven’t got Carrie’s chiselled cheeks then sweep a little bronzer under your cheek bones and watch them pop out.

Total Joint Replacement Surgery In India At Affordable Low Cost

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Total Joint Replacement Surgery

What is total joint replacement?

An arthritic or damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis…

What is a joint?

A joint is formed by the ends of two or more bones that are connected by thick tissues. For example, the knee joint is formed by the lower leg bone (tibia and fibula) and the thighbone (femur). The hip is a ball and socket joint, formed by the upper end of the femur (the ball), and a part of the pelvis, called the acetabulum (the socket)…

Why is total joint replacement necessary?

The goal is to relieve the pain in the joint caused by the damage done to the cartilage. The pain may be so severe, a person will avoid using the joint, weakening the muscles around the joint and making it even more difficult to move the joint…

How is a total joint replacement performed?

You will be given an anesthetic and the surgeon will replace the damaged parts of the joint. For example, in an arthritic knee the damaged ends of the bones and cartilage are replaced with metal and plastic surfaces that are shaped to restore knee movement and function.

In an arthritic hip, the damaged ball (the upper end of the femur) is replaced by a metal ball attached to a metal stem fitted into the femur and a plastic socket is implanted into the pelvis, replacing the damaged socket….

What is the recovery process?

In general, your orthopaedic surgeon will encourage you to use your “New” joint shortly after your operation. After total hip or knee replacement, you will often stand and begin walking the day after surgery. Initially, you will walk with a walker, crutches, or a cane.

Most patients have some temporary pain in the replaced joint because the surrounding muscles are weak from inactivity and the tissues are healing. This will end in a few weeks or months….

What are the possible complications?

Tell your orthopaedic surgeon about any medical conditions that might affect the surgery. Joint replacement surgery is successful in more than 9 out of 10 people. When complications occur, most are successfully treatable…

Possible complications include the following.


Infection may occur in the wound or deep around the prosthesis. It may happen while in the hospital or after you go home. It may even occur years later.

Blood Clots

Blood clots result from several factors, including your decreased mobility causing sluggish movement of the blood through your leg veins. Blood clots may be suspected if pain and swelling develop in your calf or thigh.


Loosening of the prosthesis within the bone may occur after a total joint replacement. This may cause pain. If the loosening is significant, a revision of the joint replacement may be needed. New methods of fixing the prosthesis to bone should minimize this problem.


Occasionally, after total hip replacement the ball can be dislodged from the socket. In most cases, the hip can be relocated without surgery. A brace may be worn for a period of time if a dislocation occurs. Most commonly, dislocations are more frequent after complex revision surgery.


Some wear can be found in all joint replacements. Excessive wear may contribute to loosening and may require revision surgery.

Prosthetic Breakage

Breakage of the metal or plastic joint replacement is rare, but can occur. A revision surgery is necessary if this occurs.

Nerve Injury

Nerves in the vicinity of the total joint replacement may be damaged during the total replacement surgery, although this type of injury is infrequent…

Is total joint replacement permanent?

Most older persons can expect their total joint replacement to last a decade or more. It will give years of pain-free living that would not have been possible otherwise.

Younger joint replacement patients may need a second total joint replacement. Materials and surgical techniques are improving through the efforts of orthopaedic surgeons working with engineers and other scientists….

Recent Advances in Total Joint Replacement

As successful as most of joint replacement procedures are, over the years, the artificial joints can become loose and unstable, requiring a revision (repeat) surgery.

These issues— together with the fact that increasing numbers of younger and more active patients are receiving total joint replacements, and older patients are living longer— have challenged the orthopaedic industry to try to extend the life cycle of total joint replacements….

Joint Replacement Services include

  • Joint Preserving procedures
  • Minimally Invasive Approaches
  • Revision Hip & Knee Replacement
  • Joint Replacement Patient Education Classes

                                                                                                And many more……………

Conditions Treated

  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Femoro-acetabular impingement
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Problem joint replacements/revision joint replacements

                                                                                                And many more……………

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We have a very simple business model that keeps you as the centre.

Having the industry’s most elaborate and exclusive Patient Care and Clinical Coordination teams stationed at each partner hospital, we provide you the smoothest and seamless care ever imagined. With a ratio of one Patient Care Manager to five patients our patient care standards are unmatched across the sub continent.

Trump Cards: The Abuser's Game-Changer

"Strange game. The only winning move is not to play." WarGames

You may not even know he holds them, but the odds are good that, if you are in an abusive relationship, you have had these thrown at you more than once.

They are trump cards.

Abusers almost always have a trump card or two tucked into their pockets. Just when you think that your reasoning might bring about a favorable resolution to a conflict, he pulls one of these babies out and drops it on the table. Then what do you do? You've just been undermined, shut down and dismissed. The conversation is over, and you have lost.

"I do not care what you think."

"I did not ask for your opinion."

"You do not know what you're talking about."

"Just go away and leave me alone."

"I'm done talking to you."

"I have made my decision."

"Just do as I say."

"You will submit to me."

If you think about it for a minute or two, you can probably recall some trump cards your abuser pulls out of his deck at opportune moments and how incapacitated you suddenly feel when he uses them. Those trump cards are just part of his game plan – the tool he uses to change the subject or make you feel foolish or guilty or crazy while diminishing the impact of his behavior. His intention is not merely to end an uncomfortable conversation, but to silence you.

As strange as it looks, one of the more deadly trump cards he has at his disposal is the apology.

Let's take a closer look at how the game is played.

Perhaps one evening, as you are making dinner or getting the kids ready for bed, your abuser decides to go into a tirade because you forgot to buy his dog food, or you did not return his phone call as quickly as he wanted or he Decided that the plans you made with your friends for the weekend were suddenly unacceptable to him. He goes into a rage that defies the nature of the problem and leaves you trembling and bewildered by the severity of his anger.

Shocked and confused, you curl up on your side of the bed and end a restless night trying to rationalize his behavior and seeking comfort for your bleeding heart. The next morning, standing silent and still shaken in the kitchen, your abuser calmly wanders in, pours himself a cup of coffee and turns to you.

"I'm sorry about last night," he says coolly. "I was just angry. I know I should not have gone off on you like that."

The words feel sterile and that sick feeling rises within you. The cruelty of his actions can not be easily excused.

"I do not understand. Why do you talk to me that way?" You respond in obvious pain.

Then comes his snapping reply.

"I said I'm sorry. What more do you want from me? You can never just let things go. I knew it was a waste of time to apologize to you." And away he walks, wagging his head and muttering under his breath.

As your tears fall, the mix of emotions is confusing. How do you go about reconciling your own inner conflict – feeling angry and emotionally beat-up, but also feeling guilty, selfish and petty all at the same time, wanting to trust the sincerity of his apology but sensing no genuine regret on his part?

You do not know what to do with it, how to heal from the bruising you just took and what to expect from him going forward. But because he permanently closed off any options for further discussion, the event became the trauma that was not.

The truth is that his apology was not a reflection of genuine repentance. No, his words merely served as a trump card, a trifle mimicking sincerity that instantly accomplishes three vital objectives for him. First, the apology serves to diminish the magnitude of his offenses, no matter how brutal, to make his words and actions seem somehow paltry and insignificant. Secondly, his words imposes on the victim an expectation of immediate forgiveness and reconciliation; And lastly, those handy little words invalidate her right to feel pain.

Case dismissed.

So an apology that is not accompanied by genuine repentance can be among the most powerful and hurtful of trump cards. Once he tosses out, "I'm sorry," he essently claims that his victim forfeit her voice, her value and her memory. He demands that she enter into his imaginary world of propriety, a life of illusions, fabrications and play-acting. Is it any wonder that, over time, a victim learns to dismiss her hurts and fears and to thoroughly distrust her senses? She must find a way to squeeze those traumatic memories into dark dungeons in her heart and slam the doors shut, to put little Band-Aids of denial over those gangrenous emotional wounds. She has been indoctrinated to insist that, in spite of the depth of her pain, she is not hurting. It's not allowed. He did, after all, say that he's sorry.

It is no wonder that so many of us, after leaving, struggle to feel anything. Day by day, trauma by trauma, we become numb in order to survive. If we can identify feelings at all, we might tend to say that we feel lost or empty or broken. We have been trained to disregard our senses and to refuse to give any credit to our suffering. We desperately need someone to come along and wrap their arms around us and remind us that this pain we have suppressed for so long is real and deep and devastating.

Some think they can win at this game, to insure that he play fair. A victim will try to tell the one who hurts her how she feels and explain why his actions are hurtful and unnecessary and to work to engender mutual respect. If both are playing according to the "rules" of respect and love conducive to a healthy relationship, then that would surely work. But from my experience, such "rules" do not apply to him. He does not play fair. The only rules he adheres to are the ones he creates to benefit himself. What he cares about is maintaining control and winning each and every battle; And he will not be the least bit bothered if your dignity and your sanity are sacrificed in the process.

So pay attention. Understand how the game is played and know that an abuser will probably always have a trump card or two up his sleeve.

When you're dealing with such a person, there is only one winning move – and that is simply not to play.

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis Explained

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes the bones to be come brittle and weak. Learn the signs and symptoms of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes the bones to become weak and brittle over time. The brittle bones caused by osteoporosis can become so weak that even mere activities such as bending over can cause fractures. Vitamin D deficiency and low levels of calcium are often responsible for weak brittle bones. Osteoporosis is more prevalent among female patients. Osteoporosis is also a very common bone disease, so common that about 20 percent of American women who are 50 years old or older have it.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the body is constantly creating new bone mass to replace old bone mass. When a person is young, more old bone mass is replaced by new bone mass in a process called bone turnover, causing a net gain in bone mass. As a person ages, this process slows down, causing the old bone mass to be replaced at a slower rate.

As a person grows older, the body produces less new bone mass. The likelihood of patients developing osteoporosis depends on how strong their bones are during times of peak bone density, which are usually during the 20s and early 30s. Fortunately, it is never too late to get treatment for osteoporosis.

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis

During the preliminary stages of the bone disease, patients usually do not feel any symptoms. However as the bones become significantly weakened by the disease, the symptoms will start to appear. When osteoporosis is advanced, patients will likely notice symptoms of bone pain, back pain, height loss, neck pain, stooped posture, and bone fractures.

Since the symptoms are negligible during the early stages of osteoporosis, getting an early diagnosis can be inconvenient. Thus, Mayo Clinic recommends getting a bone density test if the patient is between 60 (female) to 70 (male) years old.

Osteoporosis Treatment and Prevention

The efficacy of the treatment depends on the health of the patient and the stage of the disease. Osteoporosis treatment involves relieving the pain, reducing bone loss, and using medicines that will help improve bone conditions. Biphosphonates are drugs usually used to treat osteoporosis. Calcitonin helps reduce bone loss and alleviate bone pain.

Physical therapy treatments involves performing exercises to improve body posture and bone strength. Medline Plus recommends patients who have Osteoporosis to perform regular exercises to decrease the chance of bone fracture. It is also important eat foods with high calcium and vitamin D.

Fortunately, it is possible to prevent osteoporosis. Since peak bone mass is in the 20s to early 30s, it is recommended for young patients to eat foods (cheese, milk, yogurt, fish, etc) rich in calcium and vitamin D during that time period. This will lower the chances of getting osteoporosis at an older age. It is never too late to prevent osteoporosis, but it is preferable to take early actions.

What Every Woman Should Know About Breast Cancer

Why do women fear breast cancer more than any other disease? Because each year thousands of women develop breast cancer in our society and as scary as it sounds the percentage of breast cancer continues to rise. This type of cancer is very common in our society. Neverheless, with the help of medical technologies breast cancer is now 90% curable when diagnosed early.

We do not know what causes breast cancer, although we do know that certain risk factors may put you at higher risk of developing it. A person's age, genetic factors, personal health history and diet all contribute to breast cancer risk.

Before I go any further, we need to start at square one. We may know what breast cancer is, but do we really know the entire factors (details) behind the disease? Let us ask ourselves, "What is breast cancer?"

Breast cancer is when the cells in a woman's body begin to grow and reproduce out of control, which creates a collection of tissue called a tumor. However, just because you have a tumor in the breast does not mean it has to be cancerous.
If the cells that are growing out of control are normal cells, the tumor is not cancerous. However, if the cells that are growing out of control are abnormal and does not function like the body's normal cells, the tumor is cancerous.
Cancer are named after the part of the body from which they originate. Breast cancer originates in the breast tissue. Like other cancers, breast cancer can infect and grow into the tissue surrounding the breast. It can also pass through to other parts of the body and form new tumors. This course of action is called metastasis.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women, after nonmelanoma skin cancer. Over the past 50 years, the number of women diagnosed with the disease has increased each year.
Today, approximately one in almost every eight women (13.4%) will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Breast cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer. It is the leading cause of cancer death among women ages 35 to 54.

The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2005, approximately 211,240 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and approximately 40,410 will die. Although these numbers may sound frightening, research tells us that the death rate could decrease by 30% if all women age 50 and older who need a mammogram had one.

Only 5-10% of breast cancers occur in women with a clearly defined genetic predisposition for the disease. The majority of breast cancer is not related to their family history. The risk for developing breast cancer increases as a woman ages.

Below I listed the warning signs of breast cancer. It is important to understand what the disease is and to know the symptoms, so you can get medical attention if necessary.

Look for:

O Lump or thickening in, near the breast, or in the underarm that persists through the menstrual cycle.

O A mass or lump, which may feel as small as a seed.

O A change in the size, shape or contour of the breast.

O A bloodstained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple.

O A change in the feel or appearance of the skin on the breast or nipple (dimpled, puckered, scaly or inflamed).

O Redness of the skin on the breast or nipple.

O An area that is distinctly different from any other area on either breast.

O A marble-like hardened area under the skin.
These changes may be found when performing monthly breast self-exams. By performing breast self-exams, you can become familiar with the normal monthly changes in your breasts. All doctors stress the importance of breast examinations. The problem is that most women do not know how to give a breast examination to them and instead wait until they see their doctor. By then it could be too late. This is why it is important to learn how to give you a breast examination.

Breast self-examination should be performed at the same time each month, three to five days after your menstrual period ends. If you have stopped menstruating, perform the exam on the same day of the month. To perform a breast self-exam, follow the steps described below.

In the mirror:

1. Stand undressed from the waist up in front of a large mirror in a well-lit room. Look at your breasts. Do not be alarmed if they do not look equal in size or shape. Most women's breasts are not. With your arms relaxed by your sides, look for any changes in size, shape or position, or any changes to the skin of the breasts. Look for any skin puckering, dimpling, sores or discoloration. Inspect your nipples and look for any sores, peeling or change in the direction of the nipples.

2. Next, place your hands on your hips and press down firmly to tighten the chest muscles benefit your breasts. Turn from side to side so you can inspect the outer part of your breasts.

3. Then bend forward toward the mirror. Roll your shoulders and elbows forward to tighten your chest muscles. Your breasts will fall forward. Look for any changes in the shape or contour of your breasts.

4. Now, clasp your hands behind your head and press your hands forward. Again, turn from side to side to inspect your breasts' outer portions. Remember to inspect the border underneath your breasts. You may need to lift your breasts with your hand to see this area.

5. Check your nipples for discharge (fluid). Place your thumb and forefinger on the tissue surrounding the nipple and pull outward toward the end of the nipple. Look for any discharge. Repeat on your other breast.
In the shower
6. Now, it is time to feel for changes in the breast. It is helpful to have your hands slippery with soap and water. Check for any lumps or thickening in your underarm area. Place your left hand on your hip and reach with your right hand to feel in the left armpit. Repeat on the other side.

7. Check both sides for lumps or thickenings above and below your collarbone.

8. With hands soapy, raise one arm behind your head to spread out the breast tissue. Use the flat part of your fingers from the other hand to press gently into the breast. Follow an up-and-down pattern along the breast, moving from bra line to collarbone. Continue the pattern until you have covered the entire breast. Repeat on the other side.

Lying down

9. Next, lie down and place a small pillow or folded towel under your right shoulder. Put your right hand behind your head. Place your left hand on the upper portion of your right breast with fingers together and flat. Body lotion may help to make this part of the exam easier.

10. Think of your breast as a face on a clock. Start at 12 o'clock and move toward 1 o'clock in small circular motions. Continue around the entire circle until you reach 12 o'clock again. Keep your fingers flat and in constant contact with your breast. When the circle is complete, move in one inch toward the nipple and complete another circle around the clock. Continue in this pattern until you have felt the entire breast. Make sure to feel the upper outer areas that extend into your armpit.

11. Place your fingers flat and directly on top of your nipple. Feel beneath the nipple for any changes. Gently press your nipple inward. It should move easily.
Repeat steps 9, 10 and 11 on your other breast.
Cancerous tumors are more likely to be found in certain parts of the breast over others. If you divide the breast into 4 sections, the approximate percentage of breast cancers found in each area are (in clockwise pattern):

O 41% upper, outer quadrant

O 14% upper, inner quadrant

O 5% lower, inner quadrant

O 6% lower, outer quadrant

O 34% in the area behind the nipple

Almost half occurs in the upper outer quadrant of the breast, towards the armpit. Some doctors refer to this region as the "tail" of the breast and encourage women to examine it closely.

See your doctor if you discover any new breast changes, changes that continue after your menstrual cycle, or other changes that you are concerned about such as:

O An area that is distinctly different from any other area on either breast.

O A lump or thickening in, near the breast, or in the underarm that persists through the menstrual cycle.

O A change in the size, shape or contour of the breast.

O A mass or lump, which may feel as small as a seed.

O A marble-like area under the skin.

O A change in the feel or appearance of the skin on the breast or nipple (dimpled, puckered, scaly or inflamed).

O Bloody or clear fluid discharge from the nipples.

O Redness of the skin on the breast or nipple.

If you go to your doctor and your doctor finds cancer, you and your doctor will develop a treatment plan to eliminate the breast cancer, to reduce the chance of cancer returning in the breast, as well as to reduce the chance of the cancer traveling to A location outside of the breast. Treatment generally follows within a few weeks after the diagnosis.

The type of treatment recommended will depend on the size and location of the tumor in the breast, the results of lab tests done on the cancer cells and the stage or extent of the disease. Your doctor usually considers your age and general health as well as your feelings about the treatment options.

Breast cancer treatments are local or systemic.

O Local treatments are used to remove, destroy or control the cancer cells in a specific area, such as the breast. Surgery and radiation treatment are local treatments.

O Systemic treatments are used to destroy or control cancer cells all over the body. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy such as tamoxifen, and biologic therapies like Herceptin, are systemic treatments. A patient may have just one form of treatment or a combination, depending on her needs.

Following local breast cancer treatment, the treatment team will determine the likelihood that the cancer will recur outside the breast. This team usually includes a medical oncologist, a specialist trained in using medicines to treat breast cancer. The medical oncologist, who works with the surgeon, may advise the use of tamoxifen or possibly chemotherapy. These treatments are used in addition to, but not in place of, local breast cancer treatment with surgery and / or radiation therapy.

Remember get a mammogram. You should have a baseline mammogram at age 35 and a screening mammogram every year after age 40. Mammograms are an important part of your health history. If you go to another healthcare provider, or move, take the film (mammogram) with you.

Examine your breasts each month after age 20. You will become familiar with the contours and feel of your breasts and will be more alert to changes.

Have your breast examined by a healthcare provider at least once every three years after age 20, and every year after age 40. Clinical breast exams can detect lumps that may not be detected by mammogram. Never be afraid to ask questions. Contact your American Cancer Society that can answer your questions or lead you to the person that can answer your questions.

Examples of Common Types of Medical Malpractice Injuries

There are many different injuries that can be caused by medical malpractice. One of the most common types is birth injury. Birth injuries can arise due to complications during childbirth, leading to injury or injury to the infant or mother. Death or serious injury may occur due to a physician’s failure to provide adequate prenatal care to the mother, as well as proper care during delivery. Examples of medical malpractice injuries during childbirth include:

· Failure to conduct blood tests designed to identify fetal abnormalities;

· Failure to provide proper prenatal care;

· Failure to perform a Caesarian section delivery when required for the safety and health of the baby or mother;

· Rushing the delivery process, with the result of the baby being born breech and with broken bones;

· Failure to provide proper medical care to a baby born prematurely.

As a result of the medical malpractice examples provided above, a baby can suffer many serious injuries. Some examples of birth injuries include cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy or brachial palsy, facial paralysis, or clavicle fracture. Death of the baby is also a possible result of medical malpractice injuries in many instances.

Surgery is another area that is commonplace out of which medical malpractice injuries and claims may arise. Typically such claims are caused by a failure to engage in proper pre-operative planning or care. The result can be disastrous, often leading to serious, life-altering injuries or death. Surgical injuries may be caused by the improper administration of anesthesia, performing the surgery poorly and below the acceptable standard of care, puncturing or cutting internal organs, performing the operation on the wrong body part, operating on the wrong patient, leaving surgical instruments inside the patient after sewing the patient up, or failing to identify and treat post-operative infections. As a result of such negligence, a patient may suffer from blindness, asphyxia, paralysis, injury to the organs, brain injuries, amputation, cardiovascular injuries, coma, or death.

Other surgery related negligence that gives rise to medical malpractice injuries and claims involves the necessary sterile environment that is vital during surgical procedures. Specifically, it is imperative that a sterile environment is maintained throughout a surgical procedure to avoid infections or bleeding from occurring. If infection results, the consequences can be fatal to the patient. Using the wrong blood type during blood transfusions can also cause serious infection.

Misdiagnosis or the failure to diagnose a disease is also a common medical malpractice injury. These types of cases typically involve serious, often fatal diseases, where a failure to timely diagnose the disease can be the difference between life and death. Cancer is a perfect example where a failure to properly or timely diagnose the disease could be a death sentence to the patient. Failing to order medical tests, follow a patient closely, or recognize the telltale signs of a disorder are all examples of this type of malpractice. The result of a failure to diagnose a serious disease or condition in a patient, as well as a misdiagnosis, may lead to serious disease, chronic pain and often death.

If you require more information, assistance, and guidance on medical malpractice, malpractice lawyers, Dental Malpractice claims, medical malpractice injuries, claims, medical malpractice insurance, please do visit our site or contact us –

How To Get Bigger Breasts Right Now!

Today, as more and more women have become aware of the many dangers of cosmetic surgery, they are now looking for more natural and safer methods on how to get bigger breasts. No one really wants to take the risk of getting a cosmetic surgery gone wrong anymore. We have seen too much of these cases on the news, and the last thing we want is to actually experience this terrible nightmare for ourselves. To answer this question about growing your breasts the natural way, continue reading this article.

In the most ideal situation, a woman should be satisfied and content with the breasts she was born with. The question about how to get bigger breasts should not be an issue, as it is nothing but a fad in this ever changing world of trends. If everyone accepts this as a perspective in life, then there would be no need to ask such a question on how to get bigger breasts. Unfortunately, there are lots of women who are not content with their breasts. Hence, the question on how to get bigger breasts. Lucky for them though, a wide array of natural methods on how to get bigger breasts is available for them without ever having to go through surgery.

How To Get Bigger Breasts With Better Posture

You can start on how to get bigger breasts by simply practicing proper posture. Hold your head high with your shoulders back, tummy tucked in, and chest pushed out front. Observing such an easy technique can get you far in terms of making your breasts appear larger. Added to that, a good stance will also help prevent the development of postural problems such as scoliosis, osteoporosis of the spine, as well as simple backaches. You will certainly not be disappointed with the results.

The type of bra you wear can also do so much in catering to your needs on how to get bigger breasts. Most women may forget this aspect as they think of ways on how to get bigger breasts, but trust me, this technique alone can do wonders to how your breasts will look. If you want a bit of cleavage showing, choose push up bras that will lift your breasts upward towards the center of your chest. You can tighten your bra straps to adjust the amount of cleavage you want. When you want to create fullness to your bust, try putting on padded bras. In order to look more natural, make sure that you choose a bra of your cup size. You might think choosing a larger cup size helps in creating more fullness. Well, you’re wrong. This only makes your bust look odd and unnatural, to say the least.

Another way on how to get bigger breasts is to treat them to a regular massage. Of course, this does not mean you have to go to a massage parlor or spa center in order to do this. You can perform these breast massages right in your very home. Massaging the breasts helps to circulate more blood to the breast tissues. It’s only a matter of time before you can observe a significant increase in your breast size. To make this activity more fun and sexy, you can let your partner do the massaging for you.

To solve the how to get bigger breasts crisis, you need to consider on how you dress yourself in order to draw more attention to your breasts. Blouses with ruffled necklines can help add fullness to the chest. Empire cut dresses makes your breasts seem bigger as the cloth gathers more at the chest. You can also try shirts with V-necklines as these will show more of your breasts than rounder ones.

How To Get Bigger Breasts By Wearing The Right Clothes

As with choosing the right clothing on how to get bigger breasts, one also needs to choose carefully on their selection of swimsuits. Everyone wants to look hot in a bikini. What better way to look this way than to have a large bust to fill it in. A triangle cut bikini top places the woman’s breasts in the spotlight and makes her breasts look fuller. Adjusting the ties also helps in lifting up the breasts. Bikinis with thin ties are much preferred over those with wider ones. Thin straps or ties will make the breasts stand out and look much bigger with everything else on a woman’s chest.

Make up for your small bust with the use of a bit of make-up. Who knew you could use that bronze make-up on your chest? You can create shadows along the cleavage line using these handy tools and voila! Bigger breasts! Now you are definitely ready to hit the dance floor! How’s that for “how to get bigger breasts” the natural way?

In order for these natural techniques to achieve their goals on how to get bigger breasts, they should be done together with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and enough sleep and relaxation. All of the above mentioned techniques can only do so much in helping you in your how to get bigger breasts crisis. You must also treat your body right so you obtain the best possible results using these techniques.

Like I have said in the beginning of this article, a woman does not have to take the unneeded risks and added stresses that come with going through a cosmetic surgery to achieve big breasts. With the above mentioned techniques and tips, you can get the big breasts you have always wanted in a much safer and natural way at a much cheaper cost.

Keep Yourself Away From the Pubic Lice

Initially itself this has to be taken into mind that the pubic lice infestation has got nothing to do with cleanliness. These diminutive blood sucking parasites are often found in genital areas or armpits etc. Where pubic hairs are grown. They are transmitted from one person to another by sharing items bath towels. They are not to be confused with head lice even then treatments for elimination are similar for both.

Pubic lice are found both in men and in women, the symptoms are also similar. The typical symptom is itching which also results in a powder like droppings in under garments. Sometimes after persistent irritation and soreness small spots of blood n the skin are also found along but it does not remain for long time. Even though they are very small in size it can be seen with human eye.

Generally there are two forms of treatments available for eradicating lice from the body. One is based on chemicals proceeded with application of lotions and creams on the skin. In this case special care should be taken that skin in genital areas are extra sensitive. So it is always advisable to use chemicals only under medical supervision. The other category of treatment is based on natural remedies like applying oils on infected areas. These cost effective method is almost free from all the side effects.

The crabs have got immunity to most of the chemicals which we usually use. Increasing dosage can sometimes hurtful to skin so it is always safe to go along the natural method. Things like neem oil will never do any wrong on the skin. This natural remedy not only help in evacuating the parasite but it also relive and cure the rashes and other skin problems caused due to itching and scratching.

Ulnar Neuropathy: Sane Treatment of a Crazy Bone

Do you remember what it felt like when you banged your elbow on
a hard surface and it sent shocks through your forearm and into
your little finger? Not too pleasant, to be sure. But on the
plus side, the unpleasantness was merely temporary and, for the
time being, you remembered not to do that again.

The part of the nervous system responsible for this annoying
symptom is the ulnar nerve, a peripheral nerve-bundle whose
individual nerve-fibers originate in the spinal cord where it
passes through the neck. The nerve-fibers run most of the length
of the arm, including through the “ulnar groove” which you may
know as the “funny bone” or “crazy bone.”

Some people experience a more persisting impairment of the ulnar
nerve called ulnar neuropathy. With “-pathy” as the medical
suffix meaning illness or impairment, an “ulnar neuropathy”
means an illness or impairment of the ulnar nerve. The ulnar
nerve is vulnerable to injury or pinch in the ulnar groove for
more than one reason. First, instead of being surrounded by
soft, cushioning muscles and tendons, it is sandwiched between a
layer of skin on its exterior surface and nothing but hard bone
on its interior surface. Second, when the elbow bends, the ulnar
nerve stretches because it has to take the long way around the

Like a telephone cable containing numerous wires, the ulnar
nerve-bundle contains many individual nerve-fibers, some of
which tell the muscles what to do and others of which carry
messages back to the spinal cord and brain about sensations
experienced by the skin and other tissues. So when the ulnar
nerve is injured, both motor and sensory symptoms are possible.
Most of the muscles of the hand receive their marching orders
via the ulnar nerve, so when the ulnar nerve is out of whack,
there can be weakness in hand muscles. The muscles that spread
the fingers and those that straighten the middle joints of the
ring and little fingers are often affected. Damage to the ulnar
nerve also causes changes in sensation. The ring and little
fingers can become numb, and so can the heel of the hand.

The ulnar nerve can come to harm in more than one way. For some
people the problem might result from leaning on their elbows too
much. This can compress the ulnar nerve within the ulnar groove.
Granted, many people lean on their elbows without damaging their
ulnar nerves, but like most things in medicine, an ulnar
neuropathy is usually caused by a combination of factors, and it
is likely that some people are more vulnerable than others based
on their particular anatomies. Of course, rearranging one’s
anatomy, as for example from a preceding elbow fracture, may
also put one at risk for an ulnar neuropathy.

Another way to injure the ulnar nerve is by over-stretching it.
In the author’s clinical practice a thin, young lady with loose
elbow-joints who worked as an emergency medical technician
injured her ulnar nerves repeatedly while lifting heavy
patients. For her, it was a problem that wouldn’t go away, and
she eventually changed professions.

Although, as discussed, the ulnar nerve at the elbow is
especially vulnerable to injuries, it can also come to harm by
getting compressed or pinched by nearby abnormal tissues. The
usual culprits are tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, cysts and

Sometimes, an ulnar neuropathy is the leading symptom of a
“polyneuropathy,” meaning that all the peripheral nerves in the
body are somewhat impaired, but the ulnar nerve is the first one
to cause symptoms noticeable to the affected individual.
Polyneuropathy is not the result of injury, but can be seen in a
variety of illnesses, including diabetes, alcoholism and also on
an inherited basis.

Diagnosing an ulnar neuropathy starts with the story of the
symptoms and a physician’s examination. The physician might
subsequently order nerve conduction testing which looks at the
nerve and muscle electricity, and can determine the degree of
impairment. Moreover, nerve conduction studies can also evaluate
other nerves to see if the ulnar nerve is the only one impaired,
or merely one of many.

What if a simple injury to the ulnar nerve at the elbow is
diagnosed? What can be expected? Fortunately, the peripheral
nerves have some capacity to heal themselves. So if the degree
of nerve impairment is not too severe, conservative treatment is
called for. Unfortunately, there are no conservative treatments
that have been studied by good, randomized, controlled trials, a
form of evaluation in which the outcome of a treated group of
patients is compared to that of an untreated group. Randomized,
controlled trials are the gold standard for deciding whether or
not a treatment is effective, so in this case all we have to go
on is “clinical judgment” and observation.

A typical conservative treatment consists of putting a sport-pad
(not a medical brace) on the elbow with the foam covering the
ulnar groove. This accomplishes two things. First, if the elbow
gets leaned on, then the nerve is still protected. Second, a
well-fitting pad also prevents excessive elbow-bending
(including during sleep) that overstretches the nerve and
re-injures it. In addition, eating nutritious, well-rounded
meals, together with vitamins, gives the ulnar nerve the
building-blocks it needs in order to make the best possible

If the nerve injury is severe, or fails to respond to
conservative treatment, then surgery might be beneficial. When
the nerve is tied up in scar tissue or compressed by nearby
abnormal tissues, a simple release operation might suffice in
which the nerve is freed up. Otherwise, in a procedure called
“anterior transposition” the nerve is transferred out of the
ulnar groove so it is out of harm’s way from leaning on the
elbow, and also gets to take to the short way around when the
elbow is flexed.

Neurosurgical researchers at Radboud University Nijmegen in The
Netherlands conducted a randomized, controlled trial of patients
with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow in which half the patients
received simple release surgery and the other half received
anterior transposition. In this study there was no difference in
outcomes between the two surgeries. About two-thirds of the
patients in each group obtained an outcome that was considered
either excellent or good. However, there were more complications
in the patients receiving the anterior transposition procedure,
so the results of this study favored the simple release approach.

(C) 2005 by Gary Cordingle

Canine Parvovirus (CPV)

In dogs, Parvovirus should be suspected whenever puppies are presented with lethargy, vomiting, and / or loose stools especially if there is blood in the stool (a hemorrhagic enteritis). Puppies 6 to 16 weeks of age are the most intolerable. This is due to the fact that puppies younger than this are usually protected by maternal antibodies that they received in the mother's milk (colostrum). Older dogs have acquired immunity from vaccination or previous exposure and may not show significant clinical illness if they do become infected. Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, and English Springer Spaniels seem to be at greater risk for severe disease, but we see this devastating disease an all species of dogs.

CPV infects rapidly dividing cells of the intestine, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissues. The rapidly dividing cells of the intestine stay in valleys of the intestinal mucosal lining known as crypts. These cells then migrate to cover the hills of the mucosa known as villi. The virus is capable of severe enough damage to result in necrosis (cell death) of the intestinal crypt cells and this leaves no cells to cover the villi. The villi essentially are ulcerated, collapse, and digestive function is lost. Tremendous amounts of blood components and fluids are lost across this ulcerated mucosa and toxins and bacteria may be free to pass from the intestinal lumen to the bloodstream.

Rapidly dividing cells are also found in the bone marrow and the virus attacks these results in a drop in the dog's white blood cell count. Both lymphocytes and neutrophils are affected (these are types of white blood cells). Neutrophils are the predominant white blood cell found in circulation and function as part of the rapid first line of defense against infection. CPV infection causes low neutrophil counts by cell injury in the bone marrow and due to depletion of circulating cells responding to the tremendous amount of damage to the intestinal wall. The lower the white blood cell count, the worse the illness and counts less than 3000 mean the dog is not able to defend against bacteria found in the digestive tract and the environment.

Dogs became infected by coming in contact with stool or contaminated soil. Once the virus enters the dog's body, it first localizes in lymphoid tissues (day 2), then in the bloodstream (days 3-4), and then found in intestinal crypts and the bone marrow (4-7 days) resulting in the Onset of GI symptoms 5 days after infection. Symptoms include lethargy, anorexia, fever, vomiting (with or without diarrhea), bloody watery diarrhea, and blood in the vomitus. Due to the massive fluid losses throughout the intestine and the lack of intake, dogs rapidly become severely dehydrated, rapid loss weight, and experience abdominal discomfort.

The severity of the illness is worse with stress; Overcrowding; Poor hygiene; Other concurrent bacterial, viral or parasitic infections; And when secondary bacterial infections occur.

Puppies will die either from inadequate or late treatment, severe dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, hypoglycemia, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypothermia, and septic shock or overwhelming secondary bacterial infection due to low numbers of protective white blood cells. Hypoalbuminemia results from the loss of albumin from the bloodstream into the intestine and results in the inability to hold fluid within the blood vessels.

Diagnosis is by clinical signs, presentation (puppies 6-16 wks of age), white blood cell counts, and we use an in house ELISA test to identify virus in the stool. Virus can be detected in the stool only during the first few days of clinical illness. Virus is shed in the stool for no more than 2 weeks following infection.

Rehydration is the first cornerstone of treatment. We recommend the administration of intravenous electrolyte solutions (lactated ringers or plasmalyte) in large volumes with a continuous 24 hour IV drip. Healing and defense require that we promote a proper blood flow to all tissues. The rate of fluid replacement is tailor to the amount of fluid losses from vomiting and diarrhea. Dextrose may be added to the fluids both to provide energy to a body that can not get it otherwise, but also to encourage increased vascular volume. After fluids have been initiated, potassium chloride is frequently added to the fluids to make up for total body potassium depletion. Antibiotics are routinely administrated by injection to help defend against secondary bacterial infections, but in some cases the white blood cell count is dangerously low and aggressive combination antibiotic therapy is needed (aminoglycosides or fluroquinolones and penicillins, or single late generation cephalosporins such as ceftazidime). In cases where the blood count is falling, the dog's condition is expected to worsen, but when the blood cell count stops dropping and starts to increase, the dog is expected to improve. We also use drugs to help control vomiting (Reglan or metoclopramide, chlorpromazine, Anzemet, Zofran, or Cerenia), and in some cases these have a sedative effect to help the dog rest. In cases of severe blood diarrhea, whole blood transfusions may mean the difference between success and failure. Again, when blood components are lost across the intestine, they may need replacement. Plasma transfusions accomplish this and are an especially good source of aluminum. When plasma is not readily available, synthetic colloids such as hetastarch can be used to help hold fluid within the vascular system and to build vascular volume. Timely administration of these products can also mean the difference between success and failure.

Treatment costs for 24 hour intensive care can be quite costly. Anyone who has to pay the bill will wish they had pet insurance. Severe cases requiring more aggressive measures such as combination intravenous antibiotics, plasma transfusions, and Reglan continuous IV drips may result in charges in excess of twice the estimated amount in one 24 hour period. The usual course of infection results in 3-5 days of severe symptoms with most dogs recovering within a week. It may be an upward trend in the blood count, a willingness to take fluids by mouth, or just a general improvement in attitude that signals their recovery.

Some dogs experience only mild illness, but there are those scrape the bottom for days, and there are dogs we loose in spite of our best efforts. Many clients elect to start with intensive care, but treatment must be tailor to fit their budget and the dog's condition. Once vomiting stops, small amounts of water and then bland food (ID) are offered and gradually the dog is returned to its original diet over the following 1-2 weeks. If concurrent or secondary infections are present, treatment for these needs to be finished. Once the virus runs its course, dogs usually return to normal with no long term ill effects and quickly make up for lost time. Dogs recovering from infection have a better acquired immunity than we can confer with vaccination.

Since its emergence in the late 70's, canine parvovirus has changed and the current viral agents may be even more deadly than those before. Infected dogs shed the virus for usually less than 2 weeks post infection. Once the virus is present in the environment it can persist and remain ineffective for long periods. Thus it is the ground that can serve as the largest reservoir and presents the greatest risk for exposure. The virus can be inactivated by sunlight, formalin, and sodium hypochlorite (bleach) in a 1:30 dilution. Prevention and control can be implemented by strict attention to hygiene, isolation of puppies from environments that may contain the virus (the park, other dogs), immunizations, and acquisition of puppies from individuals or groups that adhere to these practices. Modified live vaccines provide protection from disease and prevent viral shedding but can not be used in pregnant dogs. Killed vaccines can be given to pregnant dogs, but do not prevent viral shedding. In spite of early and continued vaccination against CPV, puppies can still become infected, in some cases due to interference from maternal antibodies that prevent them from responding to vaccination but are not protective against infection.

The best protection is vaccination. If you think your dog may have symptoms compatible with Canine Parvovirus infection, seek immediate veterinary care.

Home Remedies for Acne, Arthritis, Backache, Cold, Constipation, Obesity

Fed up from the side effects of the drugs, people are now shifting towards alternative therapies for the cure and treatment of common problems. Home remedies are one of the alternative methods that have been proven inexpensive and can be easily made at home without many efforts. Since ages our ancestors were using these home remedies for the treatment of diseases but the latest inventions and discoveries in the field of medicines darkened the benefits of these home made treatments. In the recent times the people have again shifted towards these home remedies.

Home Remedies for Acne, Arthritis, Asthma, Anaemia, Backache, Common Cold, Constipation, Eczema, Hair Loss, High Blood Pressure, Indigestion, Obesity, Sore Throat, Stress

Home remedies for some of the most common diseases and problems are:

Home Remedies for Acne

Application of cucumber leaves or grated pieces of cucumber to the affected areas.

Paste of fenugreek leaves applied overnight on the affected area and washed off next morning is also effective.

Mix one tablespoon of besan flour and one teaspoon of lemon juice till a smooth paste is formed. Apply on neck and face and wash off when it gets dry.

Home Remedies for Acidity

Drink a glass of cold milk to get quick relief from acidity.

Drink a glass of water with a teaspoon of baking soda for immediate relief.

Chewing bubble gum will also provide relief from acidity in few minutes.

Home Remedies for Arthritis

With an empty stomach take 3-4 walnuts (akhrot) or 1 fresh coconut.

Spread warm mustard oil on a madar leaf and apply to the affected area for a few hours .

Drink some radish juice with sugar added to it.

Home Remedies for Asthma

Drink a cup of black coffee, the warmth will break up the flem and the caffeine will help to remove tightness from the chest and throat.

Add 30-40 leaves of tulsi in one liter of water, strain the leaves and drink the water throughout the day.

Home Remedies for Anaemia

Eat 2-3 apples daily without peeling to increase the iron stores in the body.

Intake of beet juice is highly beneficial for the anemic person’s.

Home Remedies for Backache

Drink some hot milk or water with powdered sonth, meetha soda, and salt.

Massage the back with turpentine oil.

For temporary and quick relief heat can be applied at the back with hot water bottle.

Home Remedies for Common cold

Drink a cup of water with a few drops of garlic oil and a teaspoonful of onion juice.

Rub the chest and throat with camphor water or oil.

Drink honey and lemon juice in hot water to get relief from sore throat.

Home Remedies for Constipation

Drink a tablespoon of corn syrup in a cup of water.

Drink a glass of prune juice to facilitate bowel movement.

Drinking a cup of coffee will also provide relief from constipation.

Home Remedies for Eczema

Mix one teaspoon of camphor and one teaspoon of sandalwood to form a paste and apply on the affected e areas.

Drinking Aloe Vera juice will help cleanse the system.

Home Remedies for Hair loss

Wash hair with peppermint or spearmint tea to prevent hair loss and to promote hair growth .

Wash hair with white vinegar periodically to prevent falling of hair.

Home Remedies for High blood pressure

Mix half onion juice and half honey. Take 2 tablespoons once a day for 1-2 weeks.

Eat two cloves of garlic every early morning.

Eat one Papaya on an empty stomach daily for a month.

Home Remedies for High blood cholesterol

Drinking onion juice daily for a week will lower the blood cholesterol.

Eat a few garlic cloves every day to reduce blood cholesterol.

Home Remedies for Indigestion

Drink aloe vera juice, papaya juice, or chamomile, comfrey, red raspberry, or peppermint tea.

Drinking a glass of water with a tablespoon of baking soda will provide immediate relief.

Home Remedies for Obesity

Eat 10 fresh curry leaves in the early morning for three or four months.

Drink a cup of water with 3 teaspoons limejuice, one-fourth teaspoon powdered black pepper, and a teaspoon of honey every day for three months.

Eat freshly sliced tomatoes with onion and lemon juice.

Drink lemon juice with honey and warm water every morning.

Home Remedies for Sore throat

Gargle every hour with vinegar water or salt water.

Drink hot milk with honey at bedtime for immediate relief from sore throat.

A teaspoon of honey will provide relief from sore throat.

Home Remedies for Stress

Chewing 12 tulsi leaves twice a day, morning and evening is the highly beneficial treatment of stress.

Various seeds such as alfalfa, sunflower and pumpkin are highly beneficial in the treatment of stress.

The use of these home remedies is highly effective and causes no side effects on one’s physical body.

Body Piercing – Everything You Always Wanted to Know

Elaine Davidson wasn’t content with holding the Guinness World Record for having the most piercings in 2000, when she was verified as having 462 piercings all over her body – including 192 just in her face. No, she went one step further, and in 2001 she broke her own record with 721 piercings in all.

But even that wasn’t good enough for the Brazilian nurse, who claims she hates being pierced. Amazingly, as of February, 2009, Elaine was found to have a whopping 6,005 piercings, including more than 500 in her genitalia, both internally and externally. The total weight of all her piercings today is over six pounds of hardware – ensuring that she jingles when she walks, and sets off metal detectors in airports.

“I don’t enjoy getting pierced, but to break the record you have to get to a high level,” Elaine said in an interview with The Daily Telegraph from Edinburgh, Scotland as she helped open a new piercing studio. “My family don’t even like tattoos or piercings. But I am happy. I decided to change myself and be me.”

If you want to be you – or be like Elaine – you may be considering getting some part of your body pierced, be it your ears, your tongue or even your genitalia. But before you do, make sure you it’s the right decision for you – and that you have the procedure carried out safely and correctly.

Many people are thrilled with the body piercings they get, believing they make them infinitely more attractive, both physically and aesthetically. But some people end up with a lot more than just a cute little stud in their belly button or clitoral hood – such as an infection, excessive bleeding, keloid scarring or even worse…

All types of piercing carry an inherent risk of disease if the equipment is not sterilized properly (see below), which can result in life-threatening illnesses such as Hepatitis B and C and HIV, as well as tuberculosis and syphilis. Piercings can also cause infection, sometimes a systemic one such as sepsis, as well as splitting of the skin and scarring. Allergies to specific types of jewelry can also be problematic.

Popular Piercings

Below are the most popular types of piercings explained, along with risks inherent to them:

Belly Button Piercing. The upper bend of the tummy is pierced with a needle. This can take up to one year to heal completely due to bending etc, so be patient. RISK: Jewelery can get caught on clothing and take even longer to heal, causing infection. Sometimes excessive bleeding and/or nerve damage can result.

Ear Piercing. The only piercing that can safely be done with a piercing gun. RISK: Allergies to certain jewelry can occur so only use stainless steel stud in the beginning, and make sure you follow after-care instructions carefully.

Mouth Piercing. Usually the lip area, either around the lip or on the lip itself. Takes about one month to heal. Piercings are given specific names, called bites, according to the location of the piercing on the lip. RISK: Can increase risk of periodontal, or gum, disease. Can also increase possibility of tooth chipping.

Nose Piercing. Nostril piercing is the most common, and takes second place in the piercing stakes after ears. Nasal septum and bridge piercings are considerably less common – and less attractive as well! RISK: having the wrong type of jewelry placed in your nose can cause pain. As the nose is full of bacteria, it’s easy to get an infection. And there is also the danger you could inhale a stud into your lungs.

Eyebrow Piercing. Usually the piercing is at a right angle to your eyebrow line. Rings or barbells are used. RISK: If positioned wrongly can cut nerves in the face.

Cheek Piercing. Often called the Madonna, the Crawford and the Monroe, to look like the beauty spots or moles on these famous people. RISK: Cheek piercings can contribute to gum disease and infections are common.

Nipple Piercing. Suitable for both men and women, either one nipple or both. RISK: The nipple can harden and scar, which could eventually result in difficulties breastfeeding (if you’re female, that is).

Female Genital Piercing. Several types are available, depending on the type of clitoris you have (hooded or one that sticks out) and if you want an internal or external piercing. RISK: Can cause condoms to split and increase risk of sexually-transmitted infection and pregnancy. Clitoral or triangle piercings are not always recommended as they can result in loss of clitoral sensation. Safer ones are labia and inner labia piercings, as well as the clitoral hood.

Male Genital Piercing. A plethora of male piercings exist, either through the head of the penis, the foreskin, at the back of the testicles, though the shaft etc. Ask and ye shall receive. RISK: Can cause condoms to split and increase risk of sexually-transmitted infection and pregnancy. Nerve damage can also occur, resulting in a loss of sensation in the penile area.

Guide to Proper Piercing

ALWAYS make sure the facility is licensed by the Board of Health as a piercing studio, that their credentials are up-to-date and that they are members of professional piercing organizations.

ALWAYS make sure the surroundings are clean and hygienic, that the equipment is up-to-date, and that staff are willing to answer all your questions courteously and knowledgeably. Tools should be sterilized in an autoclave, and spore testing carried out monthly, at least. The piercing area should be sterile and kept spotlessly clean following every piercing.

ALWAYS make sure sterile disposable gloves are worn throughout the entire procedure. Ask your piercer to don new gloves if he or she leaves the room to do something else.

ALWAYS make sure that jewelery made from non-corrosive metal is used for your initial piercing. Stainless steel is usually a good choice.

ALWAYS make sure you know about the right after-care procedures. You should be given material to take home with you and re-read, as often there is too much information to take in all at once. Following it to the letter is important.

ALWAYS make sure that if you are under 18 you have a parent or guardian with you if the law in your state requires you to be of a certain age to have a specific piercing carried out. Piercing studios that do not enforce state laws and ask for proof of age are not to be trusted.

Body piercing, in most cases, can be safe and worry-free. Most piercings can be reversed simply by removing the jewelry, although scarring may remain. If you decide this is the route for you, play it safe and choose a safe place. If you’re not sure, leave. Don’t gamble with your appearance – or your health.

So What's New in PowerPoint 2007?

Maybe you're an existing PowerPoint user thinking of upgrading to PowerPoint 2007 or maybe you just wondering what's different in this latest version? This article summarizes the key changes. The major change is the introduction of the Ribbon navigator at the top of the screen replacing the traditional menus and sub menus. There are other interesting changes too.

We'll look at the Ribbon tabs first. Launch PowerPoint 2007 and you'll see the Ribbon navigator with it's seven tabs – Home, Insert, Design, Animations, Slide Show, Review, and View. Each Ribbon tab contains groups of related commands so that all commands for a particular topic are in one place. The idea behind the Ribbon is that you can access all PowerPoint commands in a couple of clicks rather than having to wade through a sea of ​​menus and sub menus.

If you select particular items in a slide, for example a table, an extra set of context sensitive tabs appear to allow you to edit and format the item. Click off the item and the context sensitive tabs turn off. To the left of the Ribbon you'll see the new Office button, which mirrors the traditional File menu system. Click once on the Office Button and you'll see a list of commands including New, Open, Save, Save As, Print.

Above the Office Button is the new Quick Access Toolbar containing common PowerPoint command buttons. The beauty of this toolbar is that you can add any command you like and this is particularly useful as you first starting using PowerPoint. For example you could add buttons for New, Open, Save and Print Preview to give you easy one click access to these commands – this saves hunting around the tabs trying to find them, until you get used to the new layout.

There are new PowerPoint 2007 templates for you to use. Click the Office Button, choose New, Installed Templates to list those installed on your computer – there are many more online. Included in the installed templates is the very useful "Introducing Powerpoint 2007" which is actually a slide show summary of all the new features.

Once you create or open a PowerPoint 2007 file, try clicking the Print Preview. You'll discover you can change the number of slides per page, orientation, zoom settings etc and preview the results, all from within the Print Preview screen.

Themes and Quick Styles are one of the key innovations in PowerPoint 2007. Themes are used to apply color schemes to backgrounds, text, shapes, Smartart, tables, and charts all at once. You can also create and save your own customized themes and apply to a complete slide show. If you do not like some of the theme formatting, change it and all the slides using that theme change.

Quick styles let you easily change formatting for a selected items such as text or a table. Select the text, expand the styles gallery and hover over the styles. The style shown shown applied to the selected item. Hover over a different style and the formatting changes.

Smartart graphics are a major addition to PowerPoint 2007. In previous versions you could build basic shapes, charts and diagrams but you needed to carry out more actions to add effects such as shadow or bevel. Smartart graphics create the shapes or diagrams with a large range of effects including many new ones, such as glow, 3-D effects and reflections, all in one go.

Charts have been greatly improved in PowerPoint 2007 and are now interchangeable with Excel 2007 and Word 2007, so you can copy and paste between the applications. The types of charts you can create are generally the same but with many more 3-D effects and with a huge range of formatting option.

Ever used Slide Masters in PowerPoint? A Slide Master let you design a specific slide layout and color scheme for an entire presentation – a bit like a template but just for the presentation you are working in. PowerPoint 2007 lets you work with more than one Slide Master and you can create your own customized versions.

The new Presenter View assumes your computer is fitted with the luxury of two monitors (with separate video cards). Presenter view lets you organize one view for the audience, such as the normal slide show view, and another for the presenter, such as slide show view with speaker notes.

PowerPoint 2007 is capable of saving to PDF format, (but you need to download and install a free download from Microsoft first). Once you install the download, click the Office Button, choose, Save As, PDF.

One slightly annoying aspect of PowerPoint 2007 (and also for the other Office 2007 applications) is that if you open several presentations, by default you only see a single cross at the top right of the screen (which actually closes PowerPoint). To configure PowerPoint 2007 to show one cross per file, click the Office Button, choose "PowerPoint Options" (in lower part of panel), click "Advanced", and under "Display" remove the tick box against "Show all windows in the Taskbar ". Then click OK to complete.

We'll round off this article with some points regarding the new PowerPoint 2007 file format, which has the extension.pptx and is a more compressed and more efficient format. You can save PowerPoint files to the previous format with extension.ppt but an alert may appear if you have used features not available in the previous version such as Smartart. The feature will be saved as an image and will display in the previous version but will not be fully editable in the earlier version.

You can also open and use a file from an earlier version in PowerPoint 2007, but the features unique to PowerPoint 2007 will be turned off. You can also convert an earlier file version to the new PowerPoint 2007 file version, but best copy and rename the original first then do the conversion as PowerPoint 2007 wraps the file but keeps the same filename.

To really get to grips with PowerPoint 2007 consider attending one of the many PowerPoint 2007 upgrade or introductory course available.

Nutrasweet – Tasty Treat Or Toxic Timebomb?

Diet sweeteners such as NutraSweet, Sweetmate, Canderal, Equal, or the generic, aspartame, are composed of 90% phenylalanine and aspartic acid. Aspartame is also 10% methanol (or wood alcohol) by weight, and breaks down further in heat and in the body into formaldehyde, next into formic acid and is then eliminated from the body in the form of carbon dioxide and water.

Phenylalanine, which chemical reference is PHE, is an essential amino acid found in all animal protein foods and to a lesser amount in cereals, vegetables and fruits, and accounts for 50% of aspartame's composition. Proteins are composed of amino acids, so when we ingest proteins, we break them down to their amino acid forms, which we then use to build the kinds of proteins we need. Our bodies convert one ingested essential amino acid to another non-essential amino acid, such as the essential PHE into the non-essential tyrosine (TYR). All essential amino acids must be taken in through diet to prevent deficiency, as our bodies do not manufacture them. Non-essential amino acids, on the other hand, are created by this conversion process or gotten through our food. Therefore, TYR or other non-essential amino acid deficiency, per se, does not occur as diet provides it in sufficient quantities.

Picking Aspartame, or Nutrasweet, as a topic for this report was an easy choice. Thirty years ago, I completed training as a Psychiatric Technician. As part of that training, I was thoroughly astounded to discover there was a serious developmental disorder whose sunset was nutritionally based. Months later, when working directly with clients, I had the opportunity to work with two individuals suffering from the resultant disability. We know this disability as Phenylketonuria, referred to as PKU, or Hyperphenylalaninemia, an inability of liver cells to adequately process phenylalanine. Phenylketonuria is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by an inability to convert the amino acid phenylalanine, manifesting in the inability to adequately digest and metabolize proteins. Left untreated in the early days of life, PHE then accumulates in the blood. Increased levels of PHE lead to severe mental retardation, this excess retarding physical and intellectual development.

When appropriate treatment is given at birth, the PKU sufferer will develop normally, but must adhere to a PHE restricted diet for life. Thus, patients with PKU should avoid diet food and beverages containing high PHE sweeteners. Other diet restrictions include a strict limitation of protein foods, supplemented with amino acid preparations.

Having learned this thirty years ago, I have always been rather obsessed with the idea that anything which has such a unique effect on brain function, such as nutrasweet, could not possibly be good, or healthy, to use as an ADDITION to food, Especially just to save a few calories. It would seem that modern research is now catching up to this way of thinking.

Each component used to create aspartame has its own set of potential dangers or side effects. We have explored one of the problems with PHE. As an essential amino acid, it requires a specifically sequenced intake, in combination with the seven other essential amino acids for it to be properly utilized. Without that balance, protein synthesis stops. Add to this fact fact Dr. Morgan Raiford's 1987 research shows that, in humans in general, excess levels of PHE leads to central nervous system damage, manifesting as PKU Neuro damage, as in 3,000 cases reported to, and ignored by, the FDA. When exposed to warm, or even room temperatures, as occurs in prolonged storage of soda pop, PHE also breaks down to DKP, or aspartylphenylalanine diketopiperazine, a known brain tumor agent. Studies show that the amounts of PHE, DKP and methanol increase over time with prolonged storage.

Aspartic acid is also an amino acid, and compounds 40% of aspartame's makeup. As an amino acid, it is not inherently harmful, and is present in many of the foods we eat. Neverheless, as an amino acid, it remains harmless only when taken in combination with other amino acids. Again, not consumed in the proper balance, it enters the central nervous system. These abnormally high concentrations can lead to aberrant neuronal firing and the potential for cell death. Classified as an excitotoxin, the effects are cumulative, building in crescendo, with the ultimate potential of headaches, mental confusion, balance problems and seizures. Stimulating the generation of free radicals is another known side effect of excitoxins like aspartic acid. This can lead to the acceleration of degenerative diseases such as arthherosclerosis, cancer, coronary artery disease, arthritis, and joint joint pain.

Stored at cold temperatures, as in refrigeration of soda pop, methanol will spontaneously create formaldehyde. Temperatures exceeding 86ºF creates "free methanol", which accelerates the absorption rate of methanol into the body. Further methanol breakdown occurs within the body, where it is oxidized to formaldehyde, or embalming fluid, and formic acid, or ant venom, both metabolites known to be toxic. The consumption of milk, and certain fruits and vegetables also produces this methanol to formaldehyde conversion. Although other foods ingested also produce methanol, it never appears alone, and is always accompanied by ethanol, an antidote to methanol toxicity in humans.

Monsanto claims that this natural process is produced at significantly greater levels than that by the ingestion of aspartame, and is backed by the FDA in this claim. Yet, research listed on Monsanto's internet site: "Monsanto Investing News", states, "Formaldehyde has been shown to cause damage to the nervous system, immune system and irreversible damage." The authors conclude that "aspartame consumption may institute a hazard because of its contribution to the formation of formaldehyde adducts." Formaldehyde "adducts" are the binding of formaldehyde to proteins, and are a well-known cause of chronic toxicity.

The methanol present in nutrasweet is gradually absorbed into the bloodstream through the small intestine when this methyl group encounters the enzyme chymotrypsin. The 56 mgs. Of methanol present in one liter of soda pop far exceeds the safety limits established by the EPA of no more than 7.8 mgs. Per day. Continued low-level exposure to methanol has been shown to cause visual and gastro-intestinal disorders, depression, insomnia, pancreatic inflammation, heart disease, dizziness, and a host of other symptoms.

The FDA receives thousands of annual complaints. Seventy-eight percent of all complaints are about adverse reactions to aspartame. Research is ongoing and continuous, often funded by Monsanto, who produces aspartame. Because of their research, Monsanto and the FDA, as well as the GD Searle Company, who originally developed aspartame, claim that aspartame has no significant, harmful side effects, and is there safe to use, except as regards persons suffering from PKU. In fact, they go so far as to say, "People of all ages, including pregnant or breastfeeding feeding women, teens and children over two years old, can enjoy products sweetened with aspartame while maintaining a healthy diet." Although shown to digest large amounts of aspartame in the same manner that adults do, the restriction for children under two, and infants, is because they require ample caloric intake for rapid growth and development.

Independent research paints an entirely different picture. Nearly 100% of this research has found problems with aspartame. In a total of 92 non-industry sponsored research projects conducted between 1970 and 1998, there were a total of seven positive findings, or findings in nutrasweet's favor. Of these seven, the FDA funded six studies. Of the remaining eighty-five studies, all identified adverse reactions to aspartame. To date there have been close to one hundred adverse reactions identified, including diabetic complications, cancer, seizures, and death.

In the lab, animals died. Others developed brain tumors, pancreatic tumors, uterine tumors and mammary tumors. During studies conducted with humans, in vision problems alone, of of participants developed reduced vision, bright flashes, blurred and / or tunnel vision. The study went on to include pain in the eyes, reduced tears, trouble with contact lenses, and a 3% rate of blindness in one or both eyes. In further studies, partial to total optical atrophy occurred in 65 cases.

In an attempt to "get around" current laws and still continue to produce their poison, Monsanto's NutraSweet Kelco Co. Is awaiting approval of a new sweetener which is 8000 times sweeter than sugar, known as Neotame. It is composed of essentially the same formula as nutrasweet, with the addition of dimethylbutyl, which is listed on the EPA list of hazardous chemicals.

During an eight-year battle to get aspartame approved for use in baked goods, the FDA consistently denied approval. This denial continued until Ronald Reagan, a personal friend of GD Searle, took office as president. The then current and aspartame-opposition FDA Commissioner was fired. Arthur Hull Hayes Jr. Was appointed as new commissioner. He then overruled the Public Board of Inquiry, and approved aspartame.

Following FDA approval in 1983 of the use of aspartame in carbonated beverages, FDA Commissioner Hayes left the FDA, taking a position as a consultant with GD Searle's public relations firm. Between 1979 and 1982 four other FDA officials also left the FDA, taking positions with companies closely related to the NutraSweet® issue.

In conclusion, the use of NutraSweet® is a personal choice. The FDA has approved its safety. Yet, the FDA has, in the past, approved food additives, recalling their approval after further testing demonstrated conclusive evidence of health damaging properties. This "approved" sweetener is clearly linked with a number of people who put the safety of human life far below the needs of their wallet. Many studies have shown the reduction to health by using aspartame products. It remains now for people to educate themselves about the choices they make, without relying on the so-called watchdogs of our society to determine the safety of our families. The choice is personal, but the choice is yours.