Dysthymia: Myth or Monster?

Chronic, low-level depression has reached such epidemic proportions that the medical community has given it a name – Dysthymia (pronounced dis-thigh-me-ah). It’s a big problem affecting nearly 8% of the U.S. population. Low-grade depression (dysthymia) is one of the most common ailments on the planet and one of the least likely to be diagnosed. Like its cousin, clinical depression, low-grade depression hits women roughly twice as often as men. Dysthymia is, by definition, chronic. A diagnosis requires the presence of symptoms on more days than not for a period of at least two years, which is what makes it so hard to pin down. Any given day might be okay, even happy. Yet in the general run of days, there are more gray ones than not, more unhappiness than joy. Most people afflicted with this kind of chronic malaise instinctively blame themselves: They would rather believe they can solve the problem-if they could just find the right job or the right man or lose weight-than admit they have a psychiatric disorder. Unfortunately, many people who are suffering do not seek help because they have been feeling this way for so long, the feelings of depression and malaise are their “normal”.

The presence of two or more of the following symptoms persisting for at least two years is indicative of dysthymia in adults:

  • Poor appetite or overeating
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Low energy or fatigue
  • Low self-esteem
  • Poor concentration
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Feelings of hopelessness

So, what’s the problem? Why are so many women having such an issue with anxiety and/or depression? One reasons is that we are taught and conditioned from our first day on this planet to go after “the American Dream” (or the European dream, or the Australian Dream – or whatever – you get our point) – to have it all – the family, the relationship, the career, the house, car, money, etc. Over time, one of two things seems to happen – either you fall short in one or more areas of life and eventually give up on your dreams, or you actually get it all and find yourself in this place of comfort and routine with no new goals on the horizon. In either case, you find yourself in a dark place where you feel absolutely stuck and dissatisfied with your life and if left unchecked, that dissatisfaction has a nasty way of manifesting itself as chronic, low level depression.

The mental health experts have identified all kinds of underlying factors why women, in particular, are so susceptible to developing depression in their middle years. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, women develop depression at more than twice the rate of men. We’ve boiled these factors down into six basic areas:

Frazzlemania (Overload): The demands on women today are huge! Most middle-aged women have careers, families, households, aging parents and a myriad of other responsibilities vying for their time and attention. Striking a balance between all of them has a tendency to leave one feeling like a failure – spend too much time on the career and the children suffer – too much time on the kids and the marriage suffers – you can see the problem. plus, many women were born at a time when it was very common for women to be stay-at-home-moms and there is guilt in play as well when they feel they are not doing as good a job managing everything as their own mother did. The guilt, coupled with the sense of failure and stress, make a fertile ground for depression to take root.

2nd Class Setback (Societal Gender Inequity): As evolved as we would like to think we are, the fact remains that in much of the industrialized world, women are often still not valued at the same level as men. Women who do not work outside the home are often perceived as sitting around watching soap operas and eating bonbons during the day. Women who do take time away from their careers to raise children have a difficult, if not impossible, time making up lost ground in terms of pay and retirement savings. These types of “no-win” scenarios can lead women to feel like second-class citizens and cause stress and hopelessness.

Foggy Glasses Syndrome: Depression is very much a disease of perception. Everywhere we look we see images of perfection – the perfect body, the perfect car, the perfect house, the perfect relationship, the perfect children, etc. Perfection is an illusion, yet everyone is trying to attain it. These images are hard to live up to at any age, but become particularly glaring as we age. Constant exposure to these images of perfection works on us in subtle, subconscious ways making us feel “less than”.

The Sucker Punch (Traumatic Life Events): How we react to unexpected events in life certainly affects our mood and emotions. A stressful life event can plunge a person into depression, especially if a person is at risk for depression due to other factors. Stressful life events may include: prolonged medical illness; illness or death of a loved one; divorce; ending a close relationship; loss of a job; relocating; and financial or legal problems.

The Clone-Effect (Environmental Factors): The environment in which you were raised can be a major factor underlying your susceptibility to depression. If you were raised to think you were never good enough or that you were a “bad” kid or other negative ideas, these ideas are incorporated into your self-image over time. If you have a negative self-image, the twists and turns of life can make you much more susceptible to becoming depressed.

Comfortitis (Comfort vs. Achievement): This was my KEY underlying factor! I was a goal achiever from Day One – I always wanted to be doing it better, faster, smarter than anyone thought possible. Once I got to a point in my life where I had achieved the major goals I had set for myself, I became “comfortable” and in that “comfort”, found myself utterly miserable. There are many people who need to constantly be striving for the next goal – without it, they feel rudderless, without purpose, and depression can easily take hold.

Regardless of the underlying factor (or factors) that caused it, the first step in getting through the depression is to admit that there is a problem. How many conversations have you had with yourself saying that you have to find a way to be okay with your lives, to accept it – this was just the way it was! Well, that’s just not true! The life you are living right now is not the way it has to be! You are not a slave to your circumstances!

Sadly, everyone will at some time in their life be affected by depression, whether it be their own or someone else’s. Fifty-four percent of those people believe depression is a personal weakness and that there is no hope for them to get through it, which is why 80% of people suffering from chronic, low level depression are not currently having any treatment. And get this, A National Mental Health Association survey showed that more than 50% of women believe depression is a “normal part of aging” and that treatment for depression during menopause is not necessary!

According to the World Health Organization depression is the second largest killer of man, after heart disease, with studies showing that depression is a contributory factor to fatal coronary disease. and current projections show depression overtaking heart disease as the #1 killer worldwide by the year 2020. There have even been studies done showing links between depression and illness including osteoporosis, diabetes, heart disease, some forms of cancer, eye disease and back pain.

But you know, we just don’t pay as much attention to our mental health and well-being as we do our physical health. We read those statistics and most of us just shrug and say there is nothing I can do about it, that’s just life. Well, in part, that’s true. It is your life and that is because everything we do, every feeling we have and our belief system and the programming we received as a child are driving every result we are getting. That self-image, that belief system, is nothing more than a huge collection of habits – the programming. It’s happening in the background and without your permission. It’s like a computer virus. Those little bugs get inside your computer and wreak havoc, but they don’t keep you from using your computer until things get so bad that the system just crashes. They operate in the background, not caring what you try to do, they just carry out their program unbeknownst to you. So how do you keep from becoming a statistic? Is there a way to change your programming?

The cool thing is that it really is possible and actually quite simple to re-program your “hard drive” with clean, virus-free programs of your choosing! It is so simple (although not necessarily EASY), but it’s not something that we’re generally taught. There’s nothing new about it – it’s been around for thousands of years, but it’s stuff that isn’t taught in school – although it certainly should be!

That feeling that life is hopeless or out of control, being angry at yourself for not being able to do anything about it, changes in sleep or eating habits, loss of interest in engaging in activities that once gave you joy – we’ve convinced ourselves that all of these are normal parts of life. We convince ourselves further that as long as we are not under a doctor’s care or on prescription medications that everything is okay. But the fact is that these are all signs that something is wrong and the cause can be traced back to some “virus” in your mind. The emotional pain that you feel is the higher side of yourself screaming at you to live up to your infinite potential – to do more, be more, have more!

There is help out there! Traditional programs for stress and behavior modification get you all hyped up with motivation, but offer no follow through action plan. Think of the typical diet program – it teaches you how to modify your behavior to eat in a certain way, to exercise a certain way, but fails to address the root cause of the excess weight – the self-image – the programming! For lasting change to occur the cause of the problem has to be tackled, not just the symptoms.

It is your birthright to be happy and prosperous and your obligation to be all you can possibly be. Why on earth should we settle for the status quo when greatness and abundance beyond our wildest dreams is within our grasp?

The Pain Factor

Last year I told an acquaintance that at the age of 46, I had taken up running. The reply was, “Oh, that’s awfully hard on your knees.” At first I was taken aback. Yes, I knew if I didn’t stretch, warm-up or wear properly fitted shoes, I might experience pain or an injury. But the person telling me this was overweight, had borderline high blood pressure, and never worked out. I wondered if this friend realized by living a sedentary lifestyle, the odds of developing heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes and some cancers had substantially increased. Not to mention that being overweight actually placed this person at a higher risk than me for developing knee pain from osteoarthritis and heel pain as a result of plantar fasciitis.

I’m no spring chicken and sometimes my running resembles a dawdling old hen. But I do know it’s necessary to take precautions at any age to guard against injury when participating in physical activity such as running. Because the truth is, sometimes pain happens. When it does, you can either use pain as an excuse or you can use it as a diagnostic tool to help improve and go forward with your performance.

There are three classifications of pain. In simple terms, these can be described as the following:

Nociceptive Pain: felt after an injury to body tissues such as cuts, sprains, broken bones, bruising, surgery, and sometimes cancer. Most pain is of this type.

Neuropathic Pain: resulting from an injury to nerves, the spinal cord or the brain, examples being Phantom Limb Pain and shingles – which affects nerve tissue.

Psychogenic Pain: is related to a psychological disorder where the type, intensity or proportion of pain experienced is greater than the injury. Some chronic ailments may be related to this type of pain.

Pain can also be defined as acute (an immediate response to an injury) or chronic (a pain lasting more than six weeks). The majority of injuries from physical activity fall into the category of acute nociceptive pain. Although some overuse injuries such as Plantar Fasciitis or Runner’s Knee can become chronic if not properly treated or allowed enough time to heal. Most injuries to body tissues are minor and can be treated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, and ice therapy or R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression and elevation) to decrease pain.

Cuts, bruises, strains, sprains, swelling and inflammation can generally be treated in this way. Severe acute injuries, such as fractured bones and ruptured tendons, should always be treated by a medical professional, as is the case with injuries resulting in chronic, neuropathic and psychogenic pain. If you experience minor pain or inflammation during an activity, this is a good time to evaluate what your body is saying and respond in a positive, strengthening manner. Try asking the following questions:

  1. What particular part of my body is affected?
  2. Does the pain happen only during a certain activity or is it constant?
  3. Am I experiencing pain when running or walking on a certain type of terrain?
  4. Is this a new pain or one that has happened before?
  5. What measures can I take to correct or strengthen the affected body area?

I used this list of questions to understand a reoccurring pain on the outside of my legs. After a little research and a trip to my local running specialty store, I learned the pain was IT Band Syndrome. The IT Band is a long fibrous muscle, located on the outside of the leg. When it becomes inflamed, pain is felt at a point near the knee joint. I knew the pain usually happened when I was hiking downhill for long periods of time and it went away after a few days of rest. This signified several areas of my body that needed work: weak leg muscles, a tight IT Band, and not enough arch support to stabilize my knee during an activity. I have incorporated the following positive measures to help strengthen my body’s weak points:

  1. Wearing well-fitted running and hiking shoes with strong arch support.
  2. Adding leg strengthening exercises to my daily routine.
  3. Wearing neoprene knee braces on a long hike with a lot of downhill climbing.
  4. Increasing my daily stretching routine, with particular stretching for the IT Band.
  5. Doing stretching and warm-up exercises before a strenuous hike or run.
  6. Cross-training: running, walking, hiking, biking, weight lifting and using the elliptical trainer to provide a variety of exercises to all leg muscles.
  7. Using ice therapy immediately after a hike if I feel pain.
  8. Working up to a strenuous hike by doing shorter hikes on hilly terrain weeks before the big day.
  9. Maintaining a normal weight so as not to place added stress on my legs.

Don’t let pain, or your fear of it, be a factor in whether or not you are an active person. Not exercising will result in far worse consequences. Use pain as a guide to become a stronger, more aware and healthier person.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical treatment or consultation. Always consult with your physician in the event of a serious injury.

Your Child and Bullies

Many people think that bullying is a regular part of a child’s everyday life and that the kids that are bullied should just get stronger; that “it happens all of the time, get over it!” or “quit being a baby and grow up!” When we think this way it can result in some severe and unfortunately, grim consequences for both the victim and the bully. When talking about your child being bullied, it is important to keep in mind that bullying should never be tolerated or accepted. To allow anyone to continue to pick on others basically, reinforces the bullying behavior and helps the individual to continue to make poor decisions. Let’s continue to discuss this very relevant and somewhat emotionally charged subject of bullies and our children.

Your Child and Bullies-Bullying

Many people think that most bullies suffer from a low self-image and lack a sense of self-respect or self-worth. The truth is, most bullies are popular kids and come across very confident. In many cases, bullies are not the insecure kid who is trying to compensate for any problems that they may have like many people assume. There are some who believe that bullying may be a way that one child tries to dominate other children and assert their power and that children who bully frequently act with the approval of their friends and see it as a way to fit in and impress their friends.

Many parents have the misconception that bullying happens only in low-income neighborhoods and schools. There are just as many bullying cases in upper-class neighborhoods and schools; and in many cases, the bullying (cyber-bullying) is more severe in the upper class schools that result in fatalities. One of the reasons that upper-class schools have bullying problems is because oftentimes, the kids that attend these schools feel as though they are superior than other kids and want to show their friends how much power they have over the kids that they feel are weaker than they are.

One thing that you must remember when talking about bullying; when boys bully, most of the time boys are physical but girls tend to use emotional bullying which often looks like:

  • They will say mean things and spread nasty rumors to humiliate other girls.
  • Girls will also threaten the girls that they bully online by disparaging them for amusement.
  • The fact is; girls are more likely to be cyber bullies than boys and it is important to know that cyber bullying can happen anywhere as long as your child has a computers or a cell phone.

The truth of the matter is that bullying often has disturbing effects on those who are bullied and most kids who are bullied become very reluctant to talk about being bullied making it even harder to help them.

Your Child and Bullies-Things to Look For

Let’s talk about a few things to look for that may give an indication that your child might be the target of a bully. Does your child have few or little friends, do they appear to be withdrawing from the friends they were close to? It is important to be aware of one of the signs of being bullied, is the sudden decreases in friends. This could very well show that your child is possibly being bullied; when kids are bullied they will often withdraw from the very things that they used cared about due to the stress of their situation.

If you begin to see that your child repeatedly comes home with damaged things; torn clothes, or any missing property (books, phones, things of value to them), this may also show signs that they are being bullied. When kids take or damage things of value that belong to other kids, it is often a way that kids bully others as well as physically harming them. Take notice also if you begin to see your child coming home with bruises, scrapes, and other injuries that they can’t explain. And one last thing; pay attention when your child’s grades start to slip and take a rapid plunge for no apparent reason or when their teachers mention that they have notice a sudden change in your child’s behavior.

Your Child and Bullies- Let’s Talk About It

As we mentioned earlier, many kids who are being bullied find it difficult to talk about and become very reluctant to talk to you about being bullied. This does not mean that we don’t talk to our kids, it simply means that we can’t become frustrated with our children when they become quiet and struggle to talk about their situation.

If in fact your child is being bullied, it can be a stressful, debilitating experience. Most of the time children don’t know what to do when they are being bullied and you want make sure that they know that you are there from them. Many children make the wrong decision when it comes to dealing with bullies, or they take no action at all.

Most children are scared that telling someone will only make matters worse. Reassure your child that telling an adult is one of the best ways to make the bullying stop. It is normal for a child who is bullied to be unwilling to talk about it, so be sure you reassure them that it can only help. When kids don’t want to talk to their parents or their teachers because they fear that those adults will only make matters worse, have them find an adult that they trust and can confide in them. It could be an aunt, an uncle, maybe a coach or even a trusted clergy person. The bottom line is that you want to help them and want them to know that help is available to them, that it is not a hopeless situation.

Treadmill Desk – Top 52 Reasons You Need One

While most American's dreamed of some day getting "off the daily treadmill", there is strong evidence that the average American employee needs to do the exact opposite.

Obesity levels in America have reached epidemic levels in our nation and 2 out of every 3 adults are now categorized as overweight. This has put a tremendous strain on our health care system. Costs are spiraling out of control. While Congress and the President grapple with the means of providing health care to everyone sometimes it is time to ask ourselves who really is in control of our health.

It is estimated that 84% of all medical claims in the United States are the result of poor lifestyle choices such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and smoking. These statistics seem a bit brutal when you consider some of the underlying reasons for our expanding waistlines. However, until Americans (and their employers) face the fact that health insurance is not a replacement for healthy living our health care crisis will most likely continue.

Have we gone soft? Are we in fact a lazy nation that has grown fat while the rest of the world suffers? No. We are growing larger because we are working harder. Sounds counter intuitive at first but this is a trend affecting each developed nation in the world. There is in fact a rising global obesity epidemic, including the nations of Japan and China.

The culprit? In a word: Chairs. The sedentary nature of employment advances most employees from moving enough during the day to maintain optimal weight and health. Add to this the long commutes to work and the lack of exercise after work and it easy to see why the waistlines of many nations are growing along with their health care expenses.

While we sit our bodies shut off the production of an enzyme known as Lipase, critical for burning fat. Calories meant to be burned by the muscles as fuel are stored instead in our adipose tissue (fat cells). Our metabolism and lymphatic systems slow as well making us more vulnerable to weight gain and disease.

What can be done? Many studies have shown that our health is dependent upon movement during the day. This should not be a surprise when one considers we have evolved over millions of years to walk 30-35 miles per day yet on average most of us only walk 1-2 miles in a single day.

During the 1960's Americans burned on average 700 calories more per day and only consumed 100 calories less. The largest change is not in our diets but in the lack of movement in our day.

Americans cite two reasons for not exercising: lack of time and lack of motivation. We need a means of living that restores a natural flow of movement into our day which is automatic and does not require a commitment of additional time.

Treadmill desks offer a solution. Employees are able to walk slowly during the day (without sweating) and can complete almost any task they normally undertake sitting down at a desk. It is automatic and requires no additional time commitment. At the end of the day an employee will have burned between 800-1400 calories and allowed the body to do what it was designed to do: walk.

There are literally hundreds of medical reports illustrating the virtues of walking daily.

Listed below are 52 healthy reasons why employers should consider allowing their employees to use a treadmil desk during the day:

1. Switches on the body's metabolic furnace, allowing efficient calorie burning.
2. Treadmill desks stimulate the lymphatic system and wards off disease.
3. Stimulates brain function, improving memory as much as 15% in a 6 month period using a treadmill desk.
4. Increases blood flow to the brain and increases productivity.
5. Improves mood and wards off mild depression without medication.
6. Treadmill desks promotes significant weight loss and control of appetite.
7. Prevents onset of Type II Diabetes and assists with control.
8. A treadmill desk improves blood circulation through the body.
9. Improve lung capacity and strength walking with a treadmill desk.
10. Promotes healthy restorative sleep patterns.
11. Bolsters the immune system.
12. Treadmill desks prevent bone loss (osteoporosis).
13. Reduces the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.
14. Treadmill desks reduce bad cholesterol (LDL).
15. Improvements blood lipid profiles.
16. A treadmill desk increases good cholesterol (HDL) levels.
17. Walking at a treadmill desk reduces overall body fat.
18. Treadmill desks enhancement mental well being.
19. A treadmill desk reduces the risk of colon cancer.
20. Walking with a treadmill desk may reduce the risk of breast cancer.
21. Reduces inflammation from arthritis and osteoarthritis.
22. Increases flexibility and coordination, reducing risks of falls.
23. Reduces the risk of dementia and Alzheimers.
24. Walking with a treadmill desk Consistently INCREASES LIFE SPAN.
24. Relieve back pain walking on a treadmill desk.
25. Treadmill desks assist in recoveries after some surgeries.
26. Treadmill desks may reduce side effects of chemotherapy.
27. Increases strength of leg and back muscles.
28. Treadmill desks prevent loss of work from sick days.
29. Increases overall fitness levels and health.
30. Treadmill desks prevent arthritis in the synagogues.
31. Walking daily assists in the rehabilitation of strike victims.
32. Daily recommended minimum 10,000 steps completed in 3 hours with a treadmill desk.
33. Frees up more time for you and your family,
34. A treadmill desk significantly reduces stress levels.
35. Treadmill desks make exercise automatic and habit forming.
36. A treadmill desk can assist in reducing high blood pressure.
37. Lowers the risk of gallstones and gall bladder surgeries.
38. Stimulates release of dopamine, increasing levels of happiness.
39. A treadmill desk assists in smoking cessation efforts.
40. Decreases craving for nicotine.
41. May decrease risk of heart disease in women by 40%.
42. May decrease risk of stroke in men by as much as 50%.
43. Treadmill desks assist in decreasing health care costs.
44. A treadmill desk reduces necessity for some medicines.
45. A treadmill desk may decrease the risk of contracting glaucoma.
46. ​​Increases regularity, decrements incidence of constipation.
47. Significantly less stress on your joints than running.
48. Treadmill desks increase libido, advances sex lives.
49. Treadmill desks decreases the incidence of impotence.
50. Decreases incidence of sleep apnea; Enhancements sleep.
51. Protects against likelihood of hip fractures.
52. Increases levels of self satisfaction and wellness.

If the benefits of treadmill desks listed above seem too good to be true remember they are backed by decades of solid medical research. Our society always searches for miracle cures from scientific breakthroughs and medicines, yet the greatest means of restoring health, walking, rarely is mentioned in the general media today.

Financial Benefits of a Treadmill Desk?

Companies analyze ROI differently depending on their cost structure although treadmill desks have been shown to have a significant impact on decreasing sick days and increasing efficiencies and productivity. Combining that with lower overall medical care costs per employee makes treadmill desks a wise decision for both corporate and home office users.

Beginning Black Skin Care for Men

Black skin care
Pseudofolliculitis barbae, also called by its common name “razor bumps” present on faces who have coarse, wiry or curly hair, like… You guess black men! Did you know that around 85% of men have to deal with razor bumps everyday? Yes and this number increases everyday.

Razor bumps appear after shaving. The recent shaved hair curls back and burrows into the skin adjacent to the hair follicle. Right after shaving, the hair ends are very sharp and this facilitates the appearing of the bumps, and penetration of the skin. Then comes the nasty part: the razor bumps start itching, burning, possibly causing scarring and making shaving a next-to-impossible task. To end razor bumps many men shave tried depilatory creams, but these creams will often leave the skin with lots of irritation. Some “razor bumps cream” seem to help but on the long term the side effects catch up.

How Ingrown hairs begin

Although it is true that both men and women suffer from ingrown hairs, men tend to have it more acute because of their facial hair follicle’s coarseness and thickness
Ingrown hairs build after the hair has been recently cut. As your hair grows, it curls over inside the follicle and doesn’t make it to the surface. The result is an unsightly, “bump” on the black skin. A few razor bumps moreover form when a growing hair exits the follicle and bends back towards the skin surface. When these sharp, shaved edges of coarse hair reach the skin surface, they grow back into the skin, producing these bumpy spots.

The Way to Solve Ingrown Hair on Black Skin

The best solution for most men is the simplest one: the use of tweezers. However it is good notice that nowadays there are good products out there destined to prevent ingrown hair and thus razor bumps.

A proper shaving technique is also needed to prevent ingrown hairs and razor bumps. Here we leave you with 5 tips to star today with your black skin care for men.

1. Be sure to use a clean blade at all times. If you have a bad case of razor bumps we recommend that you use a new blade every week. Be sure to throw away safely the used ones. If you use an electric shaver, replace the rotary blades accordingly.

2. Shave following the direction the hair grows. This is very important around the neck areas since shaving against the grain is one of the main causes of pointy, sharp hairs that can grow back into the skin.

3. Avoid stretching your skin to “shave better”. This may cause darkness and discoloration of underlying skin.

4. Avoid skin irritation by eating well. Foods that contain lots of fat, oil, cholesterol or sodium make your skin prone to damage.

5. Depilatories work fast, but can produce even more irritation and redness. Remember to use an alcohol based cream to put on your face after you depilate.

Herbs To Stop Heavy Bleeding With Fibroids – The Case For Cinnamon

Heavy bleeding is one of the symptoms of having certain types of fibroids. The bleeding can be so severe that it depletes the body of iron leading to anemia which can be life threatening if not treated promptly. If you suffer from heavy bleeding associated with fibroids, there are many ways that are effective for the natural treatment of uterine fibroids including the use of herbs.

There are a number of herbs that can be used to treat this symptom including yarrow, red raspberry, shepherd's purse, lady's mantle, cranesbill, etc. If you can not get your hands on these herbs, you can easily reach into your kitchen cabinet and use cinnamon which is also another of the effective herbs used to stop heavy bleeding with fibroids.

Why Do fibroids Cause Bleeding?

About 30 percent of women who have uterine fibroids will experience heavy bleeding or irregular bleeding.

A lot of this heavy bleeding is blamed on submucosal (submucous) fibroids that grow just under the uterus lining. This is one of the less common types of fibroids but since they are so close to the lining of the uterus (endometrium or mucosa), they affect the blood vessels in the uterine lining causing prolonged and / or heavy bleeding. Submucosal fibroids lead to heavy bleeding when they prevent the uterus from being able to close the blood vessels around the uterus due to the location of this type of tumor.

Intramural fibroid tumors that grow within the muscular walls of the uterus may also cause heavy bleeding as they increase in number or size. This type of fibroid tumor is the most common and usually does not produce any symptoms or cause any problems unless as mentioned previously they increase in size and number.

Heavy bleeding from intramural fibroids results when these tumors within the uterine wall interfer with the normal rhythmic uterine contractions and prevent the uterus from closing the blood vessels in the uterine lining as is normal when these tumors are not present in the uterine wall or when the fibroids Are harmless and symptom free which occurs only when they are located away from the uterine cavity.

While submucosal and intramural fibroids are commonly to blame for causing severe bleeding, other types of fibroids may also cause excessive blood loss. By their nature fibroid tumors require a heavy blood supply to grow. This causes blood vessels to expand with the increased need by fibroids for blood. With more blood coming to the uterus area, heavy bleeding may result.

Some of the indications that you have excessive bleeding associated with fibroids include;

  • The need to use two tampons or two pads at the same time or saturating a pan or tampon within an hour.
  • Flowing leading to accidents resulting in embarrasing stained clothing.
  • Needing to wear adult diapers in order to comfortably contain the blood flow.
  • Needing to get up at night frequently in order to change the pad or tampon while also still having accidents resulting in stained bedclothes.
  • Needing to also change your social schedule as well as work commitments due to this heavy menstrual cycle.
  • In addition, you will experience heavy blood loss if your menstrual cycle lasts for at least a week and / or occurs more frequently than every 21 days and if you bleed between periods.

Heavy Bleeding and Anemia

If you are experiencing any of the above or other irregularities signifying heavy blood loss, this could create a state of anemia since you are losing too many red blood cells with the heavy blood loss. This condition could become fatal if the excessive bleeding is not controlled. Heavy blood loss can also lead to dizziness and weakness.

Heavy and prolonged bleeding is one of the main reasons that hysterectomies are performed each year. Before taking such a drastic step, it is important to remember that heavy and prolonged bleeding can be controlled naturally including with the use of certain herbs such as cinnamon.

An anemic state results due to heavy blood loss leads to the body not having enough iron due to the loss of iron that is normally transported in red blood cells.

The heavy bleeding is not usually sudden. It will usually build gradually over several months.

When in an anemic state, there will be less oxygen being transported by the red blood cells to vital organs. With less oxygen reaching vital organs such as the brain, you may experience fatigue, shortening of breath, ringing in the ears, light headedness, headaches, dizziness, etc. At worst, heart failure or heart attack may occur.

Cinnamon For Fibroid Bleeding

Why Cinnamon?

Cinnamon which is also known as cassia, Saigon cinnamon or Ceylon cinnamon is a common spice used in the home but it is also one of the oldest natural healers known to man and is commonly recommended by various herbalists for the treatment of various health conditions including;

  1. Pain, due to the antimicrobial properties found in cinnamon through the action of eugenol which is a natural anesthetic oil found in this herb.
  2. To treat infections which is one of the reasons that cinnamon is included in toothpaste and dental floss. Cinnamon which contains very powerful antiseptics can kill various disease causing bacteria, fungi as well as viruses.
  3. High cholesterol can be reduced by consuming about a teaspoon of cinnamon a day.
  4. Cinnamon has been found to be a great help in reducing blood sugar which is great news for those with diabetes.
  5. Some studies have shown that cinnamon can reduce blood pressure so if you suffer from high blood pressure, it can not hurt to try cinnamon.
  6. Cinnamon can also help if you have any digestive issues such as bloating, indigestion, gas, etc.

Cinnamon for Heavy Bleeding

Many herbalists endorse cinnamon for various uterine problems including heavy bleeding. They believe that cinnamon works on the uterine muscle fibers by calming the uterus and its astringent properties help to close the blood vessels and prevent heavy bleeding.

While there are many other herbs that may be considered more effective for heavy bleeding that were previously mentioned such as shepherd's purse, yarrow and red raspberry, cinnamon works almost as well if you do not have access to the other herbs because of cinnamon's astringent (blood) Controlling) properties.

Caution with Cinnamon Use

Some herbalists do not agree that cinnamon can calm the uterus. They believe that it can cause uterine contractions so pregnant women should only consume cinnamon when it is as part of the normal preparation of various savory dishes.

While powdered cinnamon is generally safe, cinnamon oil can cause vomiting, nausea, kidney damage, etc, when taken internally. Avoid ingesting cinnamon oil for this reason. Cinnamon oil can also cause burning or redness when applied to the skin.

Cinnamon can also cause an allergic reaction in some people.

If symptoms persist for longer than two weeks or worsen, seek a health care professional immediately.

While experiencing heavy bleeding from fibroids can be frightening, do remember that there are many effective ways for the natural treatment of fibroids including with the use of various herbs to stop bleeding bleeding with fibroids including using cinnamon.

Knee ligament damage – Common Sports Injuries – Jimmy Bullard’s Injury

Jimmy Bullard’s latest injury setback will keep him out for just six to eight weeks – far less than had been initially feared after the Hull midfielder limped out of the weekend clash with Aston Villa.

Bullard was immediately in tears after falling awkwardly in a challenge with James Milner, fearing a relapse of the knee ligament injury from which he only returned in October after nine months on the sidelines.

But the good news as far as Tigers fans are concerned is that their influential midfielder has only sprained his knee on this occasion and hasn’t damaged the crucial cruciate ligament, meaning he could be back in action as early as next month.

Bullard, 31, has been in excellent form since making his long-awaited return, scooping the Premier League Player of the Month award for November, while his boss Phil Brown explained the good news on the injury front.

Knee Ligament damage common in football and rugby

Knee ligament damage can be a common occurance within contact sports such as football and rugby. Knee ligament damage is often caused by an impact to the inner surface of the knee joint, making this one of the most common sporting injuries. Knee ligament damage can vary in terms of severity, meaning an anxious wait for football clubs.

Due to the nature of the injury, knee ligament damage can occur at all levels of sport, from professional football clubs to 5-a-side Powerleague teams. If you suffer knee ligament damage it is important that you are in a position to return to work as soon as possible.

Pain Control – Protect, Support, Correct – Speed your recovery with Pain Control

http://www.paincontrol.co.uk offer advice and products to treat knee injuries such as lateral ligament sprain. These products include Lycra Neoprene Ligament Knee Brace and Elastic Flat Knit Open Knee Support with Gel Pad.

The Amazing Effects Of Using Turmeric For Fibroids

Using turmeric for healing various diseases and conditions goes back thousands of years and it is an important feature of Ayurvedic medicine. However, using turmeric for fibroids is only a recent development but you need to jump on this immediately since turmeric has such amazing healing properties.

What's the big deal about Turmeric?

The many health benefits of turmeric are nothing new. It is simply that science is just now catching up to the age-old secrets of turmeric but research into turmeric is still not that intense.

Turmeric is an amazing spice that is native to India and is a common feature of Indian cuisine (curries). Spices usually come from the bark, fruits, roots, seeds or buds of a plant. In this case, turmeric is derived from the rhizomes (underground stems) and roots of the Zingiberaceae tree that is native to India and is part of the ginger family.

Turmeric is the spice that is included in curry in order to make it yellow and is also a part of yellow mustard.

It's all about one key ingredient

The age old secrets to amazing turmeric is the active ingredient that it contains which is known as curcumin and has been noted to have very powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is amazing that not only can turmeric help with fibroid tumors but there are many other conditions for which there has been some benefit when turmeric is used as a treatment method which include;

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Digestive problems
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Liver damage
  • Crohn's disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Weight loss
  • And so on and so forth

If you also deal with any of the above conditions in addition to fibroids, turmeric can actually help you "kill two birds with one stone" so to speak.

Turmeric for fibroids

One of the important features of turmeric is its work on the liver as discussed above that it can help to treat and prevent liver damage. A properly functioning liver is important for natural fibroid treatment. Why? Because the liver is an important organ that helps eliminate waste and toxins from the body. It is also important for removing excess estrogen from the body.

Excessive estrogen leads to a state of estrogen dominance which has been blamed not only for the development of uterine fibroids but also for the increase in size of the tumors as well as the development of various symptoms of uterine fibroids.

Learning to manage your hormone levels in order to prevent estrogen dominance is an important aspect of naturally shrinking fibroids as well as preventing them in the first place.

This is why the liver is so important and why turmeric is so important. In addition to preventing liver damage from various factors such as toxins in the body, it also stimulates the liver so that it performs at its fullest potential causing it to remove toxins, waste and excess estrogen which can help to promote hormone balance and help to shrink Fibroids and reduce the various symptoms of uterine fibroids.

Turmeric for fibroids is also to be considered because turmeric stimulates the immune system which helps the immune system better fight against various diseases and conditions including uterine fibroids.

You can use turmeric in various ways for fibroid natural treatment such as;

1. In your food and drink

You can add this spice to food and drink on a daily basis. You can add it to milk, to cereal, to coffee or any other way in which you ingest it. If you decide to drink it though, do remember to use a straw in order to avoid the yellow stains to your teeth and use 1 teaspoon of the powder per cup and make sure that you drink at least three cups a day.

BUT: The powdered turmeric found in most grocery stores that most people use does not contain adequate quantities of curcumin when you drink or use the powder in food. This turmeric typically only contains about 3 percent of curcumin which is adequate for natural treatment purposes.

You would need six to eight teaspoons of this store bought turmeric per day in order to compare to what you would get in 1 to 3 turmeric capsules. This will be hard to accomplish as you would need at least three meals a day that call for significant amounts of turmeric and who's got time for that!

Drinking it is also not as pleasant and can really stain your teeth. This makes obtaining the benefits of this key ingredient from capsules much better and easier. But if you do take it this way by using the store bought turmeric, make sure that you add black pepper in order to increase the absorption of turmeric by the body because turmeric can be difficult to be absorbed into the body.

Without adding black pepper, the body will metabolize this herb quickly and you will not enjoy many of the health benefits of this spice. Adding black pepper will significantly improve the body's ability to use it.

2. Capsules or tinctures

Taking turmeric in pill or capsule form may be the best way as it is less messy and very convenient. Turmeric will also stain everything and it may take several washes to rid yourself of the stains which means that you may prefer using turmeric or curcumin capsules to avoid the stains from turmeric spice usage.

Turmeric capsules have been found to be just as effective if not more so than the raw spice since they contain more concentrated amounts of curcumin so do try any of the above turmeric or curcumin capsules in order to get your daily needs to enable turmeric to have a Positive effect on your fibroid tumors.

When using turmeric for uterine fibroids natural treatment, the commonly recommended dosage is about 1,200 milligrams a day made up of 400 milligrams of curcumin taken three times a day or you can follow the manufacturer's guidelines on the label of the capsules you choose.

A turmeric tincture is another option and you would need about 1 teaspoon three times a day of the tincture. A tincture is an alcohol extract. The alcohol is used to extract the full benefits of the herb and is also used as a preservative. If you want to avoid alcohol, you can remove it from the tincture using various methods you can find by searching online.

Caution with Turmeric Usage

Some of the side effects of turmeric usage include the following;

  • You may experience an allergic reaction to turmeric that may result in a rash or liver enzyme elevation.
  • Talk to your doctor first if you are using other medications as turmeric may react badly to the medications so examine any medication you are taking and talk to your doctor first.
  • This spice may also increase the risk of developing kidney stones in some people because it increases oxalate in urine.

Using turmeric for fibroids as an important step you should consider implementing in your natural fibroid treatment regimen because it is an amazing natural remedy that is also supported by scientific evidence. If you do not have a natural treatment regimen in place for fibroids yet, you may want to consider the Fibroids Miracle guide which will show you step by step how to eliminate all types of fibroids and their symptoms for good using natural methods only.

Pisces And Health

                Being the last sign of the zodiac, Pisces people in astrology are known as half-body, half-sprit. What this means is that you people may always feel that you are never at home in the real world. Since you are the grandparents of the zodiac, many of you Pisces people (no matter if you are 6 or 60) are described as having old souls that have lived previous lives. Because you are also a water sign, most Pisces are extremely sensitive to the human emotions (their own and others) and have an eerie intuitive quality that can lead to involvement in the occult, ESP, and spiritualism. You are the ultimate giver or the zodiac because you can literally feel exactly what other are feeling and have the urge to help them. Although others appreciate your willingness to help, the Pisces lesson is to limit their need to help. Otherwise, you will give away the very strength and emotional security you need for yourself.           

                FITNESS: You more than other astrological signs need rest to keep up vitality and energy, which means that a good sleeping pattern is prescribed for any Pisces in our lives. Although I say that Pisces need their sleep, they also need to keep up with some form of exercise so to keep vitality high as well. Since they are the quintessential water sign, exercises involving water are great for the beautiful Pisces sprit. In other words, swimming and any other sport involving water would due for this astrological sign. Because of the fact that Pisces rule the feet, swimming would be a very safe bet as well to not break, sprain, or bruise the feet as much as other sports could.

                DIET: When it comes to this zodiac sign, I have one word that should be in your “diet vocabulary” and it is IRON.  Pisces is more prone than any other zodiac sign to have low iron counts and issues relating to this. Therefore, for you a diet that is high protein and iron would be a very wise choice. These include foods like lean beef, lamb, eggs yolks, oysters, kidneys, whole-grain cereals, barley, dried beans, spinach, onions, lettuce, raisins, strawberries, almonds, apples, oranges, and others that are along this line. In addition, for the protein portion of a proper Pisces diet, eating foods like cheese, fish and chicken, yogurt, and broiled meat would do wonders for their body. Sugars, fats, and caffeine should be a big no-no for this astrological sign.  Another big no-no for the Pisces person is an over indulgence in alcohol and drugs of any sort. You are more prone to addiction and the effects from these will age you and affect you so much faster than any other zodiac sign in astrology. So just do yourself a favor and avoid them at all costs Pisces, it could be the matter between a happy life and no life at all.

                SKIN CARE: As I have said above in the exercise portion, the sign of Pisces rule the feet. You have very well shaped feet and toes, but they are more prone to conditions than any other zodiac sign. This means athletes foot, dry and cracked skin, and to the extreme gout could even become a concern if not properly taken care of. It is said that Pisces people should take extra special care of their feet, so for this reason, using a foot cream is an essential to you. In addition, because of the addictive qualities of a Pisces and their body’s reaction to certain chemicals, going the organic and natural route for your foot cream choice is the right avenue to travel.  Ingredients like Neem Oil and Karanja Oil will work wonders in the medicinal realm of keeping your feet clean and non-irritated. Then adding a peppermint oil and/or eucalyptus oil will add great invinigrating smells as well as a calming and soothing property that can make a Pisces relax in an instant.  Finding an organic foot cream containing most or, preferably, all of these ingredients is something that this astrological sign should include in their daily skin care routine to ensure proper health.

                By following these simple steps to health, the Pisces person can be one of the most powerful and empathetic in the zodiac. Remembering to concentrate on you and your health first and others next will make you Pisces much more effective at doing what you feel the need to do.  Some of the loveliest people in astrology, Pisces are filled with compassion and understanding ; so for all of us of different signs who may have a Pisces in our lives, treat them well and help them help themselves. They will pay you back in one of the most sincere and meaning full relationships (whether love, friendship, or family) of your life.

Body Piercing – Everything You Always Wanted to Know

Elaine Davidson wasn’t content with holding the Guinness World Record for having the most piercings in 2000, when she was verified as having 462 piercings all over her body – including 192 just in her face. No, she went one step further, and in 2001 she broke her own record with 721 piercings in all.

But even that wasn’t good enough for the Brazilian nurse, who claims she hates being pierced. Amazingly, as of February, 2009, Elaine was found to have a whopping 6,005 piercings, including more than 500 in her genitalia, both internally and externally. The total weight of all her piercings today is over six pounds of hardware – ensuring that she jingles when she walks, and sets off metal detectors in airports.

“I don’t enjoy getting pierced, but to break the record you have to get to a high level,” Elaine said in an interview with The Daily Telegraph from Edinburgh, Scotland as she helped open a new piercing studio. “My family don’t even like tattoos or piercings. But I am happy. I decided to change myself and be me.”

If you want to be you – or be like Elaine – you may be considering getting some part of your body pierced, be it your ears, your tongue or even your genitalia. But before you do, make sure you it’s the right decision for you – and that you have the procedure carried out safely and correctly.

Many people are thrilled with the body piercings they get, believing they make them infinitely more attractive, both physically and aesthetically. But some people end up with a lot more than just a cute little stud in their belly button or clitoral hood – such as an infection, excessive bleeding, keloid scarring or even worse…

All types of piercing carry an inherent risk of disease if the equipment is not sterilized properly (see below), which can result in life-threatening illnesses such as Hepatitis B and C and HIV, as well as tuberculosis and syphilis. Piercings can also cause infection, sometimes a systemic one such as sepsis, as well as splitting of the skin and scarring. Allergies to specific types of jewelry can also be problematic.

Popular Piercings

Below are the most popular types of piercings explained, along with risks inherent to them:

Belly Button Piercing. The upper bend of the tummy is pierced with a needle. This can take up to one year to heal completely due to bending etc, so be patient. RISK: Jewelery can get caught on clothing and take even longer to heal, causing infection. Sometimes excessive bleeding and/or nerve damage can result.

Ear Piercing. The only piercing that can safely be done with a piercing gun. RISK: Allergies to certain jewelry can occur so only use stainless steel stud in the beginning, and make sure you follow after-care instructions carefully.

Mouth Piercing. Usually the lip area, either around the lip or on the lip itself. Takes about one month to heal. Piercings are given specific names, called bites, according to the location of the piercing on the lip. RISK: Can increase risk of periodontal, or gum, disease. Can also increase possibility of tooth chipping.

Nose Piercing. Nostril piercing is the most common, and takes second place in the piercing stakes after ears. Nasal septum and bridge piercings are considerably less common – and less attractive as well! RISK: having the wrong type of jewelry placed in your nose can cause pain. As the nose is full of bacteria, it’s easy to get an infection. And there is also the danger you could inhale a stud into your lungs.

Eyebrow Piercing. Usually the piercing is at a right angle to your eyebrow line. Rings or barbells are used. RISK: If positioned wrongly can cut nerves in the face.

Cheek Piercing. Often called the Madonna, the Crawford and the Monroe, to look like the beauty spots or moles on these famous people. RISK: Cheek piercings can contribute to gum disease and infections are common.

Nipple Piercing. Suitable for both men and women, either one nipple or both. RISK: The nipple can harden and scar, which could eventually result in difficulties breastfeeding (if you’re female, that is).

Female Genital Piercing. Several types are available, depending on the type of clitoris you have (hooded or one that sticks out) and if you want an internal or external piercing. RISK: Can cause condoms to split and increase risk of sexually-transmitted infection and pregnancy. Clitoral or triangle piercings are not always recommended as they can result in loss of clitoral sensation. Safer ones are labia and inner labia piercings, as well as the clitoral hood.

Male Genital Piercing. A plethora of male piercings exist, either through the head of the penis, the foreskin, at the back of the testicles, though the shaft etc. Ask and ye shall receive. RISK: Can cause condoms to split and increase risk of sexually-transmitted infection and pregnancy. Nerve damage can also occur, resulting in a loss of sensation in the penile area.

Guide to Proper Piercing

ALWAYS make sure the facility is licensed by the Board of Health as a piercing studio, that their credentials are up-to-date and that they are members of professional piercing organizations.

ALWAYS make sure the surroundings are clean and hygienic, that the equipment is up-to-date, and that staff are willing to answer all your questions courteously and knowledgeably. Tools should be sterilized in an autoclave, and spore testing carried out monthly, at least. The piercing area should be sterile and kept spotlessly clean following every piercing.

ALWAYS make sure sterile disposable gloves are worn throughout the entire procedure. Ask your piercer to don new gloves if he or she leaves the room to do something else.

ALWAYS make sure that jewelery made from non-corrosive metal is used for your initial piercing. Stainless steel is usually a good choice.

ALWAYS make sure you know about the right after-care procedures. You should be given material to take home with you and re-read, as often there is too much information to take in all at once. Following it to the letter is important.

ALWAYS make sure that if you are under 18 you have a parent or guardian with you if the law in your state requires you to be of a certain age to have a specific piercing carried out. Piercing studios that do not enforce state laws and ask for proof of age are not to be trusted.

Body piercing, in most cases, can be safe and worry-free. Most piercings can be reversed simply by removing the jewelry, although scarring may remain. If you decide this is the route for you, play it safe and choose a safe place. If you’re not sure, leave. Don’t gamble with your appearance – or your health.

Is Your Drinking Habit Making You Sick?

It's not unusual to hear of teenagers trying their first cigarettes at fourteen and quickly becoming hooked and the habit continues on into adulthood. The same thing can happen for alcohol, teenagers trying their first drink at fourteen years of age and the habit stays with them for longer than expected. Only a few starts off wanting to be a drug addict or an alcoholic. But this things happen! More and more people are succumbing to alcoholism everyday. The downfall of alcoholism is too long to enumerate right now and can create havoc in a hurry!

Someone who is naturally shy may want to lose his / her inhibitions by indulging a bit in alcohol. The freedom from shyness and anxiety and the feeling of being free from personal emotions is also accompanied by the occasional and often seen lack of judgment that causes him to befriend a bit too much everyone at the party and that can be called a happy drunk. To put it bluntly the normally angry person who would always try to control his indignation would temporarily drop that control when drunk and would become enraged and on occasion explosive. Alcohol acts like a depressant on the brain and it affects the area that regulates self-command and judgment which makes the drinker more susceptible physically and emotionally.

While alcohol is often valued as a social beverage, it can be addictive. The one or two drinks a week can soon enough become a daily ritual and can have consequences on the financial condition, the family and the health of the alcohol consumer. Pretty soon one can not live without a drink and that can be something dear on the budget not to mention the pressure that it puts on the family. Alcohol consumption will eventually have something to say about your sleep which can also have some consequence on the quality of work the next day.

What about obsession? Not only is alcohol getting you into its tight web it can also make the drinker obsessed by alcohol. The only thing that seems to matter to the drinker is to be alone with his drink. Picture yourself being at an important meeting at work and finding ways to leave before the time just to make it before the liquor store closures. The addiction can become so pressing that the person with a boo deficiency will start to have headache or other kind of craving if he does not have his fix. The other side of alcohol addiction is denial. The person with a booze problem can be drinking at all time during the day, even early at dawn and will come up with failed attempts for his lousy behavior. Some liquor dependent fellows will always take with them a flat bottle in their tuxedo pocket.

The harm that alcohol do to your body. Abuse of alcohol over a long period of time has been known to bring hurts and pains such as stroke, high blood pressure and heart disease to name a few. Many alcohol addicts have suffered and died from liver failure or Cirrhosis of the liver. The time to stop indulging in booze is now before it's too late!

Gastric Sleeve Operation In Mexico

The vertical gastrectomy in gastric sleeve (also known as gastric sleeve or gastrectomy in sleeve) operations is a relatively new procedure that produces weight reduction by diminishing the amount of food that can be eaten in one sitting. In a gastric sleeve operation, approximately 80% of the stomach is removed, thereby considerably reducing the capacity to store food. In other words, this is a type of restrictive obesity surgery.

The gastric sleeve operation was originally designed for super-obese patients or for patients who presented high surgical risks, with the intention of realizing a potential second obesity surgery in the future. However, patients most patients initially lost enough weight and were content with the results and did not need a second operation.

In actuality, gastric sleeve surgery is recommended for people who eat big portions of food or people who need to lose a large quantity of weight. The operation can be completed using a laparoscopic surgery technique or through conventional open surgery.

The gastric sleeve functions similarly to the gastric band. With this technique, the individual eats smaller portions of food, feels full and stops eating sooner, thus losing weight without having to feel hungry. The stomach is reduced in size although stomach nerves and the part of the stomach that connects to the intestine remains intact. Consequently, the stomach’s function and digestion capabilities are preserved. An individual may eat anything and not need nutritional supplements after the operation. Just like a gastric bypass surgical procedure, the gastric sleeve operation is not reversible.

All patients undergoing a gastric sleeve surgical procedure are given antithrombotic and antibiotic medications before surgery. As an added precaution and to avoid the formation of blood clots in the legs, antithrombotic stockings and a pneumatic compression system are used until the patient is completely recuperated.

The gastric sleeve technique by laparoscopic surgery requires five small incisions, through which a small camera is inserted into the stomach. The surgery itself takes about an hour and a half and requires general anesthesia.

A tube placed down the esophagus to the duodenum (the first portion of the small intestine) will calibrate the diameter of the portion of the stomach that will remain. The stomach is cut in a vertical direction, removing the part of the stomach that “grows” when an individual eats. Only a thin portion of the stomach (in the form of a cylinder or a sleeve) remains. The surgeon will use sutures to reinforce staples that close the ends of the remaining stomach portion together, reducing the risk of leaks or bleeding. The small intestine is left completely intact.

Unlike gastric bypass surgery, the gastric sleeve procedure does not require a reattachment of the stomach portion to the small intestine. Consequently, there is less risk of complications. Also, since the amount of time the patient is required to be under anesthesia is lessened in comparison to a gastric bypass procedure, the patient is at less risk, and benefits from a faster reincorporation, reducing pulmonary complications.

The gastric sleeve operation by conventional open surgery is reserved for patients for whom laparoscopic surgery is contraindicated, or for patients with a history of prior multiple abdominal surgeries or for patients with a gastric band, which have recuperated part of their lost weight. Open gastric sleeve surgery is begun with an incision from the sternum to the belly button. The same instruments used in the laparoscopic surgery are used for the open surgery, which also requires general anesthesia. However, this surgical method may be completed in about an hour.

Regardless of which technique was used for the gastric sleeve, patients generally are allowed, and able, to get out of bed within 24 hours. However, patients are advised not to drink water until 48 hours post-op. All medications and liquids are administered intravenously.

You will stay under observation for 24 additional hours in order for your doctor to be assured that you have no problems drinking water and then the patient is released to his or her hotel room with a recommended nutritional diet. Patients are generally able to engage in normal activities in about 6 to 8 days after the operation.

After the gastric sleeve operation, patients have a strict follow-up schedule with the nutritionist. The next day, a liquid diet will be commenced, which includes protein supplements for two weeks in order to improve the healing process and provide substrates to form a defense against infections.

Diets are advanced to pureed foods for three weeks. Depending on progress, the reintroduction of solid foods will happen about five weeks after the operation. It is not necessary to take nutritional supplements after the gastric sleeve operation.

Our Experience
In the more than 245 procedures that we have participated in, our experience allows us to recommend the gastric sleeve. Unlike the gastric bypass, it is not necessary to take food supplements following the procedure. Post surgical complications are very few and easy to control. The most common include leaks along the staple lines, bleeding, and infection.

At our center, we specialize in gastric band, gastric sleeve, gastric bypass and intragastric balloon procedures. We pay careful attention to the patient 24 hours a day while under our care. We are recommended by our warmth and quality of attention with each and every one of our patients, which is why we recommend our center as the best option of treatment for these procedures.

Pregnancy – When Should I Call the Doctor?

No one wants to call the doctor unnecessarily when they are pregnant. Depending on whether or not this is your first child can also influence when you call the doctor. To help make sure you pick up the phone when you should here is a run down through the nine months of when you are expecting.

During your final trimester it is very important that you call 999 or other emergency services if you have any of the following issues: severe vaginal bleeding, severe abdominal pain or if you have fluid gushing from the vaginal area and you think the umbilical cord may be Bulging in the vaginal area. If you experience the last of these tree issues it is important that you get down on your knees so that your bottom is higher than your head until help arrives.

When you are expecting it is strongly recommended that if you experience any of the following at any time regardless of the trimester you call your medical professional. Sudden swapping in your feet hands or face. Visual problems such as blurriness or dimness or a severe headache, these symptoms along with the swapping could have been a sign of pre-eclampsia. Any pain or cramping or fever along with vaginal bleeding. Should you pass any tissue from the uterus. If you have a fever. Should you vomit for more than 3 days or be so nauseated that you are unable to eat or drink, pay special attention to any fever or pain you have at this time as well. Have an increase or a gush of fluid from the vagina area. Amniotic fluid can easily be confused with a bladder control issue.

You should also call the doctor if you notice an increase in vaginal discharge; Have any pelvic pains or itching all over the body. The itching is usually in the evening and then progresses through the day. If you also notice dark urine, pale stools or yellowing of the eyes or skin. If you are urinating more than normal, if the urine is cloudy or bad smelling or bloody. If you are feeling unusually weak, you should also call the doctor.

During the weeks of 20 through 37 of pregnancy, you should experience any of the following signs of pre-term labor call your doctor immediately or go the emergency room. These include mild or menstrual like cramping, regardless of whether you have diarrhoea or not. If you are experiencing contracts for more than an hour, this means that you are having 4 or more contracts in a 20 minute period or 8 or more an hour, even after resting and drinking water. Also unexplained lower back pain and / or pelvic pressure are also signs of pre-term labor.

If you notice that your baby has stopped moving, or that baby is moving much less than usual. If you have any tenderness in the uterus or an unexplained fever both of which can signal an infection, go to the emergency room or call your doctor during the 20 to 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Causes ,effects symptoms and treatments of colon cancer

Colon cancer:Colon cancer is also called as colorectal cancer. Colon cancer is referred as malignant tumor in which there will be an unusual growth of cells inside the colon or rectum than the required rate.

Colon cancer starts from the inner lining of the large intestine, this is the common part for the occurrence of colon cancer. So removal of these colonic polyps can prevent from the occurrence of colon cancer.

During the early stages of the colon cancer, there will be no symptoms or signs. Fully developed colon cancer results in causing symptoms like rectal bleeding, weight loss, bloodstream in the stool and bowel obstruction.

Causes of colon cancer:
Age: Generally aged people will be suffering from cancer due to the presence of polyps (glands) .if the age is above 50 years, there will be more chances of getting cancer due to the increase in risk factors.

Alcohol
: Taking of alcohols will reduce the performance of body immune system which causes the chances of occurring cancer disease.

Diabetes
: Diabetes leads to the occurrence of colon cancer due to insulin dependency at high rate.

Diet: Diet plays an important role in defining cancer. Taking fat foods with low fiber content will definitely causes cancer. Planning proper diet menu with rich fiber foods helps in preventing cancer from occurrence.

Environment: The surroundings in which you live and work also leads many risk factors for causing cancer. So, maintain proper surroundings.

Family pedigree: Family hereditary may cause cancer, but if you reduce the risk factors by staying healthy can prevent you from cancer.

Genetics: Many of the researchers suggest that 30 percent of the cancer cases have a genetic links.

Gender: Many of the research programs say that men are more often to face cancer than women.

Obesity: Obesity increases the chances of having colon cancer due to decrease in immune rate in the body system.

Polyps: polyps (unusual glands) increase the chance of having cancer. These polyps are due to excess growth of cells in the colon region or due to the family pedigree.

Smoking
: This activity is the major risk factor in causing cancer. Smoking leads to lung cancer and also causes several side effects like digestion problems, burning sensation, headache and site blindness. So avoid smoking to prevent cancer from occurrence.

Colon cancer symptoms:

Sleep disorder: Due to severe illness, stress, emotional pain, usage of drugs and loneliness are the driving factors for causing sleep disorder. People suffering with colon cancer will generally face this disorder .

Nausea and vomiting: Body hormone changes, pains, body inflammation, poor blood flow and anxiety are the causing factors of nausea and vomiting.

Fatigue: Due to the treatment process of this colon cancer ,body faces severe exhaustion or tiredness.

Delirium: This side effect occurs in the last period of life .Delirium is nothing but the malfunction of the brain due to severe attack of cancer in the body.

Constipation: Constipation occurs during the early stage of the cancer. Constipation means slow movement of body waste through the body. Due to constipation the body faces illness.

Effects of colon cancer
:
The risk factors for the cause of colon cancer are due to the family pedigree or growth of one or more polyps in the large intestine and also due to the bulge of the intestine. These risk factors can be reduced easily by taking low fat foods with rich fiber content.

Treatment of colon cancer:
Colon cancer can be treated easily by going for surgical operation for the process of removal of colon polyps (unusual growth of glands) in the large intestine. Surgery is carried to remove the cancer tumor. Surgery can be carried in the early stages of the tumor occurrence. Surgery is taken place only if the cancer is located in only one part of the body. During the surgery process the damaged lymph nodes are also removed along with the tumor. Active surveillance can be taken when the colon cancer grows slowly. Doctor keeps on monitoring the cancer growth in the body, if it starts to grow rapidly, then you can go for the treatment process at that very time for preventing it from re-occurrence.

Radiotherapy
: Radiotherapy is a process of removing cancer cells by using high intensity x-rays. These high energy x-rays are aimed at the cancer affected part of the body to destroy the cancer cells .this process also causes damage to the normal cells for its side effects.

Chemotherapy
: Chemotherapy drugs are called as anti-cancer drugs used to destroy cancer cells .there are many types of chemotherapy drugs available in the market for the treatment of cancer. These drugs are available in the form of pills but mostly given by drip into the blood veins. Chemotherapeutic drugs attack the  cancer cells by stopping their unusual growth. The nature of this head and neck cancer cells were brought to the normal condition by controlling the divisibility of the cells.

The chemotherapy drugs are given in the following form
:
• In tablet or pill form(head and neck)
• By taking injection(Intravenous or intramuscular)
• Injection taking in the (Intrathecal)

Colon cancer is treated by the following mentioned programs. Colon cancer is treated as a cancerous disease because of its effects and causes. Treating of colon cancer must be carried in the early stages to reduce the risk factors entirely to stay safe.

Palm Wine and Its Importance In Traditional Igbo Society

Palm wine in Igbo land comes in two sources: nkwu (palm tree) – the source of the palm wine known as “Mmanya Nkwu”, and ngwo (rafia palm tree) – the source of the palm wine, known as “Mmanya Ngwo”. Each of the palm wine categories are regarded with different respects. Each has different functions in different occasions, depending on of course, how that particular area or village regards it.

In production, they are tapped in much the same way, by climbing to the required height or to the neck of the palm tree and cutting ducts, under which are placed local mugs (calabashes) or plastic gallons. In some areas, the “Mmanya nkwu” is tapped also from a fallen palm tree. However, it is worth mentioning that the quantity of “Mmanya ngwo” obtainable from the palm tree is usually about thrice that of “Mmanya nkwu” within the same time limit.

In taste, they are also different while “Mmanya ngwo” tastes very sweet (sugary) but goes sour (fermentation) within a shorter duration. The “Mmanya nkwu” has a unique sweet, but pleasant taste which it maintains for a longer duration. Some areas in Igboland regards “Mmanya nkwu” better than “‘Mmanya ngwo”. This preference sometimes depends on the availability of one over the other in that area. Hence in some areas, traditional marriage and bride price ceremonies are not honoured with “mmanya ngwo”, some other areas can accept “mmanya ngwo” where “mmanya nkwu” is not available. In some areas, the preferred kind of wine is employed in settling land disputes, in traditional gatherings, marriages, burials, festivities, land leasing occasions, among a host of other activities and ceremonies too numerous to mention.

When being served in any occasion, the associated rules are obeyed. In any gathering, it is the youngest man or male that serves the wine, which is usually drunk traditionally in either elephant tusks or cow horns for titled men. There is also another drinking cup called “Okuku”, a small type of cup made from a calabash. The young man serving will hold the wine container (calabash or gallon) on his left lap (thigh) and supports it with his left hand, while he holds the tusk or horn (“mpi” or “Okuku” – calabash cup) in his right hand. The first one he serves is handed to the host to drink. The second goes to himself, while the third goes to the eldest man in the gathering.

After all the formalities, the rest of the men are equal, and are served except for titled men who are served first before the others. But if the young man is to serve the wine standing, he holds the base of the container with his right hand and the neck with his left hand, while the partakers holds out their cups for him to pour out the wine. This is not the case for a woman. If she is to be served the wine, the young man pours it himself and hands the cup of wine to her, who in turn receives it with both hands as mark of respect and honour. She must not drink it while standing in the gathering; she squats down or sits somewhere before drinking it. If at any point the young man decides to shake the container to make for even concentration, he must first drop the container on the ground before he continues serving and the first person to tap him will receive a cup of wine.

The last cup of palm wine which contains the dregs (Ugwu mmanya) is usually given as a mark of honour to the eldest or the host. The Igbo man, you may infer, is actually rich in culture and tradition.

In subsequent write-ups, I will emphasize on the importance of Palm Wine to the Igbo race, and indeed the whole world.