10 Signs You Could Have Endometriosis

Endometriosis affects so many women around the world and many of them are not even aware they have the condition. They experience abnormal conditions within their body and when they consult a doctor about them, they are often dismissed as basic female conditions that are “normal”. Some woman can carry the condition for years without realising they have it. When women try and have a baby and are unsuccessful over many months, they consult a Gynaecologist. It is only at this stage, that many women actually discover they have the condition.

There are plenty of signs that you could have Endometriosis, before the condition becomes out of hand and out of control.

1. Period Pain

This is the first really obvious sign that there is something out of balance within the body. It is okay to have occasional bouts of period pain but when it becomes a matter of routine that you endure on the first days of every month’s period, this is not normal. When we have our period, we should notice that it is there but we should definitely not be experiencing pain to the point where we need to take pain killers or ibuprofen.

2. What comes out

The second sign of Endometriosis is recognising what your period looks like. It should be a runny consistency and of a normal red blood colour. Woman with Endometriosis will often experience dark, stale looking blood and lumps within their period. It can often be stringy or even sticky. This is can be a sign of Endometriosis.

3. PMS

Severe feeling of premenstrual symptoms usually associated with pain during this time. The abdominal area becomes quite swollen, to the point where a dress size is often gained in water retention. Emotional instability is also common during this time along with sore breasts, frequency of needing to go the toilet and diarrhea symptoms. The diarrhea symptoms are usually experienced quite strongly and frequently by Endometriosis sufferers. They are usually experienced 2 days before the period is due and can add to pain as cramping is also associated with it.

4. The Bladder

Due to the pressure experienced by water retention within the body and the Endometriosis creating pain and pressure, the bladder is often a sign of imbalance. The pressure of how we urinate is often more of a trickle and has to often be pushed along to come out. We are prone to bladder infections, especially after intercourse. The frequency of needing to urinate is often higher in Endometriosis sufferers, so one can expect to need to go to the toilet every 2hrs. Frequency is often increased before, during and after the monthly period.

5. Digestion

The digestive system is usually under strain as Endometriosis is largely due to an underactive liver function. Endometriosis sufferers are often sensitive to fatty foods and are likely to struggle more with fatty diets. Allergies and sensitivities to food are also common due to poor liver function and therefore a lowered immunity. Endometriosis sufferers will often experience a “noisy tummy”. Rumbling, gasiness and other digestive functions.

6. Low immune system and allergies

Endometriosis sufferers are prone to allergies, food sensitivities and skin sensitivities. They are likely to have at least one ailment which is often considered unrelated by doctors. Skin rashes, hay fever, eye allergies or sensitivity and wheat or gluten intolerance are quite often seen in Endometriosis sufferers. We are also prone to catching a cold or stomach bugs.

7. Feeling tired and listless

Endometriosis sufferers are often tired and can feel quite listless. This is closely linked to the liver function and can easily be fixed with proper diet. Endometriosis sufferers can often not cope with being overworked or being in highly stressful environments. They are likely to struggle with ongoing pressures, especially time pressures.

8. Emotional Fluctuations

Due to high levels of Estrogen and Progesterone within Endometriosis sufferers, we can often experience extreme emotions. We can be really happy one minute and really sad the next. This can be attributed to Endometriosis or hormonal imbalance within the body.

9. Soreness in the shoulders

This is obviously not a key sign of Endometriosis but if the above symptoms have already been identified, this one will add as another symptom. During time of menstruation, especially after menstruation, it is common to experience a tension in the shoulders and neck. This is aggravated by the emotional fluctuations within the body but is also due to a lowered magnesium and zinc level in the body. It is a meridian which is out of balance related to the Endometriosis.

10. Tummy sensitivity

Heartburn, indigestion and soreness in the stomach are also common with Endometriosis sufferers. This is because the liver and stomach are closely related. It is common for Endometriosis sufferers to feel nausea, especially around that time of the month. Unfortunately, strong pain killers and other medication doesn’t help heal this element and doctors often assume it is unrelated. Diet and controlling Endometriosis will fix the tummy soreness and tenderness.

Endometriosis is a debilitating condition and affects so many of our organs. It is often hard to express to doctors and family what we are really experiencing. Many of these symptoms may also appear unrelated to Endometriosis and the danger is to try and focus on each symptom and each organ, rather than realising they are all part of the same line. All organs are ultimately related to each other and work together to allow the body to function normally. A holistic approach is therefore required to heal the body as a whole, focusing on all the organs responsible for the condition of Endometriosis.

Please note, these are common symptoms of Endometriosis but may also be signs of other conditions. Treating the body holistically will alleviate many other conditions they do have these symptoms. It is however advisable to establish the exact condition you have before applying specific healing treatments.

Medical Alert Systems

Medical alert systems are typically wearable diabetes necklaces, pendants, control keys, watches as well as necklaces that incorporate the patient’s illness, blood type, allergy symptoms along with additional vital details. The system signals family members, friends, physicians and healthcare facility emergency personnel respond effectively to a sufferer’s ailment should the affected person be unconscious or even incoherent or unaccompanied in the emergency situation.

Even though such alert devices utilizing panic calls had been initially designed for older people, they’ve proven to be great for sufferers of every age group who are suffering severe medical conditions such as bronchial asthma, hypersensitivity, cardiovascular system problems, fainting,, as well as other various health care disorders which would demand proper treatment when the need arise and no time will be misused diagnosing a individual’s affliction.

The medical pendant can be designed from precious metals – gold or silver. At a glance they do not appear to be health care systems but designer accents. The units are etched with the person’s home phone number as well as other details together with his or her healthcare needs. On the other hand, they are equipped with alarms that switch on the built in transmitting device that links to phone lines and/or radio frequencies get in touch with family and the individual’s doctor.

Wearable medical alert systems need to be picked carefully as these aren’t affordable. You cannot afford to stake your life with questionable and inexpensive systems or go with a system which is not guaranteed. Commonly these products are donned as necklaces, watches, as well as charms. Looks can be significant but it is important to choose one with exceptional alert devices. It should furthermore have a back-up battery power in the event of an electric outage.

Since it actively works to notify the station that is plugged into a telephone of healthcare locations nearby, the necklace needs to fit comfortably and needs to easily be moved without needing to remove it. Picking your medical wristband or watch furthermore requires deciding on the medical system. If there is an urgent situation the patient can get in touch with their health practitioner promptly. Therefore, it truly is fully necessary the system has to have extremely receptive microphones as well as audio for sharp quality of sound.

These kinds of alarm products may have a useable distance Four hundred to Six-hundred ft. With the base centrally situated, the system can easily grab impulses anywhere the sufferer is. The patient may be in the bathroom or living, away from your sight, however the response center can pick up any signals and warn you of the patient’s condition. These devices also has a back up warning. If the system is still un-activated for Twelve hours, a medical staff is routed to check up on the sufferer.

When choosing a medical alarm, go through the patient’s ailment. Disabled individuals will need to have products with soft control keys. Furthermore look for the level of transmitting in all sides of the home.

These kinds of devices are excellent life savers but it’s simple to wear it and in situations of emergency, doctors know how to proceed while not going through the entire routine of screening for blood-type and allergic reactions.

Tips to Stop Your Loud Snoring

After a good nightly loud snoring episode, your throat may be sore; Your nose may feel all stuffy, etc. You may not have even gotten a good nights rest, because you've woken yourself up with your loud, unattractive tones that your mouth created. Your hoping that you can find your earplugs for your next sleep, maybe that will help you to wake up less often. You stumble out of bed, realizing you did not sleep so well, and hope a glass of water will cure your sore throat. What about your partner who had to deal with you through the night? If your partner's a light sleeper, you may have to hear about it all day.

Loud snoring not only disposes you, but it will make it tough for your partner to sleep too. Hopefully your partner is a heavy sleeper, or very forgiving. Maybe sleeping in separate rooms will work? How about a gift of ear plugs for your loved one, so they can get a good nights rest? Even though this may sound a little funny to people reading this who have not had to deal with these issues, it really is not for those going through it.

Not only do you and your partner wake up grumpy, but at times your snoring can cause some friction. It's not your fault that you snore, and you'd love to stop it, but is it your partners fault? No, but they have to put up with it each and every night. You can switch sides, turn from your front to back, and back to front but if your a good season snoring type of person, chances are you've learned to snore in every position.

Some partners will gently wake their partner up to tell them they are snoring. A good pinch to kind of wake you up just enough to stop, or a gentle jab. Sometimes your partner may be so aggravated they are no longer gentle. Most likely you already know due to the dry throat, or just feeling exhausted. Maybe you've already woken yourself up at that point. You both need sleep, because sleep is essential to function, and stay healthy. So what can you do to stop yourself from snoring so that you both can get some much needed sleep?

Take stock in ear plugs. Maybe both of you wearing ear plugs will help the situation. No! Seriously! Snoring is a serious issue, and needs to be taken seriously for both partners. Would not it be great if you could stop snoring and both of you can enjoy a good night's sleep? There are plenty of remedies that work for some people, so with a little bit of research, a whole lot of trial and error you and your partner could both be on your way to a peaceful nights sleep. You may also want to consult with your doctor on this issue, as there could be a larger undering reason for your snoring. Loud snoring does not have to continue. Once you and your partner get the rest you both deserve, you'll be happy you took the time to rectify the situation.

Home Improvements – Installing and Insulating Doors

Interior Door Installation

Most interior doors (excluding bi-fold doors) are pre-hung assembled or knock down ready to assemble.

To accommodate a pre-hung door the R.S.O. (rough stud opening) must be installed to allow for shimming tolerance, this is required for both sides and the top. The rule of thumb is one inch wider than the door frame. This is to allow for any shrinkage or twisting in the rough stud opening. If your door is the knock down ready to assemble type, put the unit together following the instructions. You will find that you can assemble for either right hand or left hand hinge, swinging in or out of the opening.

Apply a piece of 1 X 2 across the door at the bottom (right jamb to left jamb) to hold the door in the front plumb and square. Set the door in the opening and using a carpenter’s square and level shim with cedar door shims and fasten with nails. Do the hinge side first then the others shimming where required top and side.

Exterior Door Installation

Installing a new exterior door will require you to make a number of decisions.

1. Solid core – plywood faced door?

Will require a lot of maintenance; staining, sealing and painting.

2. Solid wood door – Western Red Cedar, Oak, etc.

Will require sanding, staining, and natural finish (subject to temperature change inside and out). Panels may crack requiring repairs and refinishing on an annual basis.

3. Steel insulated door primed ready for paint?

Most people assume steel insulated doors are a finished product (usually white in colour) “WRONG”. They must be painted within the first 6 to 8 months of installation using an exterior acrylic latex or exterior urethane paint. Door must be washed with my Home Cleaning Formula or T.S.P. using a pot scrubber pad and rinsed well before painting.

4. Consider fibreglass – insulated doors, as they are maintenance friendly.

5. Good, better, best… One of the best doors available now is the Protec Door manufactured by Guenther Doors. Their laminated inner frame adds structural strength, giving greater security and comfort.

Insulating Garage Doors

Metal and garage doors are made of very light material to make it easier for them to go up and down. However, they let a lot of cold air migrate into the garage cavity during the winter. To correct this problem, insulation must be applied to the inside of the door. Bat or rigid foam insulation does NOT work as it adds too much bulk and weight for easy door movement. For best results apply a sheet of Reflectix Foil Insulation using Velcro strips for a steel door, and staples for a wood door. This will reflect the cold air out and keep the heat indoors.

It’s just that easy!

Leptospirosis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that humans get when mucous membranes or lacerated skin come in contact with contaminated environmental sources. Rats are the most common reservoir for infection. Common symptoms include fever, chills, bodyache, intense headache, meningitis, enlargement of liver and spleen, uveitis, kidney failure, cough and hemoptysis.

The Ayurvedic treatment of leptospirosis is aimed at treating the symptoms and preventing complications like liver and kidney failure. Medicines like Tribhuvan-Kirti, Laxmi-Narayan-Ras, Sukshma-Triphala and Maha-Sudarshan-Churna are used to treat fever. Headache and bodyache can be treated using medicines like Triphala-Guggulu, Yograj-Guggulu, Maha-Rasnadi-Guggulu, Pathyadi-Qadha, Laghu-Sutshekhar-Ras and Godanti-Bhasma. Cough, sore throat and chest pain can be treated using medicines like Sitopaladi-Churna, Talisadi-Churna, Kantakari-Avaleha, Vasa-Avaleha, Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Pippali (Piper longum), Pushkarmool (Inula racemosa), Kushtha (Saussurea lappa) and Som (Ephedra vulgaris).

Hemoptysis and bleeding from other sites can be treated using medicines like Vasa (Adhatoda vasaka), Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea), Laxa (Purified wax) and Sphatik-Bhasma. Symptoms of meningitis and neurological involvement can be treated using medicines like Kaishor-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras, Agnitundi-Vati and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani-Ras. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can be treated using medicines like Laghu-Sutshekhar-Ras, Shankh-Vati, Praval-Panchamrut-Ras, Kutaj-Parpati, Panchamrut-Parpati and Bilva-Avaleha.

Enlargement of the liver and spleen, and jaundice are treated using medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Bhunimbadi-Qadha, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Guduchyadi-Qadha, Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Tamra-Bhasma, Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Rohitak (Tecoma undulata) and Sharpunkha (Tephrosia purpurea). Involvement of the eyes can be treated using medicines like Saptamrut-Loh, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Triphala-Ghrut, Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum). Impending kidney failure can be treated using medicines like Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Chandraprabha-Vati, Maha-Manjishthadi-Qadha, Saarivadi-Churna and Gomutra-Haritaki.

Most patients affected with leptospirosis eventually recover completely within a few weeks. Ayurvedic medicines can be given in this condition mainly to speed up the recovery process and to prevent serious complications like meningitis, severe jaundice, respiratory failure and kidney failure.

Krups Vs Delonghi Vs Black and Decker – Which is Better?

For a coffee aficionado, the brand of coffee maker is crucial. Choosing one that can brew the best tasting coffee in addition to having efficient and easy to use function is called for. In this area, three brands seem to be doing quite well-Krups, Delonghi and Black and Decker. But which one is actually better?


What you will love about this brand is the innovative design that is always presented in their coffee brewers. The design has got something to do with the efficiency of the machine and based from its reviews, it does offer efficiency too. Many consumers find the construction sturdy and reliable.

Also, the brewing cycle has whisper-soft functions. It does not create load noises that can be extremely annoying early in the morning. Also, it eliminates coffee spillage due to its spill-free construction. The only downside to this brand is the price. Compared to its competitors, it offers a higher price range.


Delonghi offers reliable coffee machines. They favor a construction that keeps the carafe well-protected from damages. This way, you will not have the constant fear of breaking the glass carafe or knocking something off.

The reviews for this brand are above average. Some liked it and others prefer other brands. However, it does stand out when it comes to the taste of the coffee it brews and how easy it is to use. The coffee comes out flavorful because Delonghi has employed the use of gold tone filter. This filter successfully extracts a lot of coffee essential oil.

Black and Decker

Like Delonghi, Black and Decker also follow a sort-of uniform kind of look for their brewers. What you will love about this is that they are sold in a less expensive price range. But although they are cheaper, the features should not be underestimated.

It eliminates the usual coffee brewer problem like coffee spilling and dripping. Consumers like how easy the functions are to understand. It is definitely one of the reasons why it is inexpensive. There are no complicated functions that can confuse you. Also, it brews coffee real fast which is what busy people are always looking for.

They all seem like good brands to begin with. The ratings are also pretty high. If you want a cheap coffee brewer that only makes good coffee, go for either Black and Decker or Delonghi. For a more sophisticated machine, Krups is the right one for you.

Symptoms – Sleep Apnea Signs to Watch For

There are many symptoms sleep apnea that are cause for concern. The most dangerous one is quite often the least able to detect: pulmonary pressures that are transmitted to the right side of the heart. This occurs in prolonged and untreated cases of sleep apnea and can end up turning into severe congestive heart failure. Since you probably do not want congestive heart failure, I strongly suggest looking into the other more obvious symptoms of sleep apnea. By knowing what to look for in terms of less serious symptoms, you can prevent the more serious consequences of the sleeping disorder.

Some of the easier to notice symptoms sleep apnea include reduced sex drive, increased heart rate and getting up frequently in the middle of the night to urinate. These symptoms may also be indicators that your wife is ugly, you've just finished a marathon and you drank too much water before going to bed. Because they all are associated with other issues, you should only be worried if they last for days at a time or if you're experiencing all of them at once. Another thing to be weary of is esophageal reflux and heavy sweating at night. Again, these may also be symptoms of a poor diet and hot bedroom, but you can never be too careful when your heart is at risk. Do not be afraid to call your doctor and ask if what you're experiencing is normal.

The most obvious of all the symptoms sleep apnea is snoring in the middle of the night, interrupted by pauses in breathing that last 10 seconds or more. This can be hard to detect if you normally sleep alone, since you'll rarely catch yourself snoring when you're busy sleeping. However, if you do regularly sleep with someone, ask him or her of you gasp for air in between snores. Definitely a weird question to ask, but it's a subject worth broaching. After all, it may just save your life.

Arrhythmia – Palpitations

What is an arrhythmia?

An arrhythmia is an abnormality of heart rhythm or heart rate in which the rhythm is irregular or the rate is excessively slow or fast.

What causes an arrhythmia and who is at risk?

Normally the heart beats regularly at about 70 beats per minute, although it can beat very fast during and following exercise or with fear or anxiety. It can also beat very slowly in healthy athletes at rest. Occasional irregular beats are also normal and can be more frequent after drinking coffee and in early pregnancy.

Arrhythmias result from damage to or an abnormality of the heart’s electrical conduction system, which is responsible for setting the rate and rhythm of the heart. The most common cause is coronary artery disease, especially a heart attack, which interferes with the conduction system. Another common cause is an overactive thyroid (a gland in the neck that produces a hormone that controls the rate of the body’s chemical reactions). Certain medicines can also cause arrhythmias:

  • antidepressants such as amitriptyline can cause a life-threatening arrhythmia when taken in higher doses than prescribed,
  • medicines such as terfenadine and astemizole used to treat hay fever can cause a life-threatening arrhythmia when taken at higher doses than prescribed, or when taken with other medicines (especially a commonly used antibiotic called erythromycin). Terfenadine can also cause a fatal arrhythmia when taken with grapefruit juice.

A few types of arrhythmias are inherited.

What are the common symptoms and complications of an arrhythmia?

Normally the heart fills with blood between each heart beat, and then pumps this blood out of the heart with each heart beat. The blood supplies the body with the oxygen and nutrients it needs. An arrhythmia can interfere with the heart filling with blood and so the heart pumps out less blood than normal with each beat. If this quantity is a lot less than normal, symptoms occur due to the lack of oxygen reaching the body. The first part of the body affected is the brain and this results in dizziness and faintness. If the lungs do not receive enough blood there is difficulty breathing, and if the heart does not receive enough blood there is heart pain (angina) and may be heart failure.

There are many types of arrhythmia:

  • atrial fibrillation (rapid, irregular beats of the upper chambers of the heart) is common in the elderly and also in people who have an overactive thyroid gland; it is not usually life-threatening, but can cause deteriorating heart function,
  • ventricular arrhythmias (rapid, irregular beats initiated in the lower chambers of the heart) are most common in people who have had a heart attack or who have heart disease, and are life-threatening. They are the most frequent cause of death in developed countries and are common in the first few days after a heart attack. This is why people who have had a heart attack are monitored for a few days afterwards.

The other main symptom of an arrhythmia is palpitations. This is an awareness of the heart beat, which may seem to be excessively fast or irregular. However, palpitations do not necessarily indicate that there is an arrhythmia unless they are excessively fast or irregular. Palpitations with a normal heart rate are normal, as is an awareness of an occasional missed beat.

How do doctors recognize an arrhythmia?

Many arrhythmias can be seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG). This is an electrical recording of the heart that is obtained by placing small round plates on the chest and recording the electrical activity of the heart. Some arrhythmias only occur intermittently (especially those associated with heart disease) and in this situation continuous monitoring is required to detect the arrhythmia. This can be done at home by wearing a portable recording machine. The times when symptoms are noticed are noted. In this way a continuous recording can be obtained over 24 hours, and the times of the symptoms can be compared with the recording and any arrhythmia diagnosed.

What is the treatment for an arrhythmia?

Self-care action plan

Most arrhythmias cannot be prevented by self care, but a self-care action plan to reduce the risk of developing coronary artery disease and subsequent arrhythmia, and the heart disease that can cause them, involves:

  • stopping smoking (which speeds up the heart rate),
  • eating a healthy, low-fat, high-fibre diet,
  • taking daily exercise as advised by a doctor,
  • avoiding stress and anxiety,
  • avoiding alcohol (which dulls the nervous system) and coffee (which stimulates the nervous system) if prone to arrhythmias,
  • avoiding medicines that might cause arrhythmias (antidepressants such as amitriptyline and the anti-hay fever medicines terfenadine and astemizole).


A variety of prescribed medicines are used to treat arrhythmias. The most commonly used is digoxin. This is used to slow the rate of atrial fibrillation, and so increase heart filling and the amount of blood the heart pumps out with each beat. All anti-arrhythmia medicines can cause life-threatening side effects. They must be used as instructed by a doctor, and any unusual or new symptom must be reported to the doctor immediately.

Atrial fibrillation due to an overactive thyroid reverts to a normal rhythm once the overactive thyroid has been treated.

Electric shock treatment

Some types of arrhythmia that occur after a heart attack are treated by ‘electric shock’. A controlled electric current is passed through the heart and this shocks the heart out of its abnormal rhythm and returns it to a normal regular rhythm.


Pacemakers are used if there is a block in the electrical conduction system of the heart that means that the heart is unable to beat fast enough to supply enough blood to the body. The pacemaker provides the electrical stimulus to make the heart beat faster. It consists of a control box and leads that connect the box to the heart. These leads are inserted into the heart through veins. The pacemaker may be temporary and used only for a few days after a heart attack, or it may be permanent. In permanent pacemakers the control box is a small, specially designed box powered by a lithium battery, and is usually implanted on the front of the left side of the chest.

A few rare types of arrhythmia caused by an abnormal electrical conduction pathway, which is often inherited, are treated by destroying the abnormal part of the pathway using an electric current or a radiowave.

A general anaesthetic is not usually needed for either inserting a pacemaker or destroying the abnormal part of a conduction pathway.

What is the outcome of an arrhythmia?

The outcome of an arrhythmia depends on its type and cause. Many arrhythmias cause few, if any, symptoms, and most can be treated successfully.

How Profitable is Selling Books Online? A Look at Making Money on Amazon and eBay

If you are new to online book selling or just interested in finding out what the profit potential might be you want to be sure you have a realistic view of the market and its potential. I strive to do just that in this article. For the last five years I have been involved as a third party vendor on Amazon.com, Half.com, and other venues and then as a consultant to online booksellers with my daughter and business partner, Carissa. The aim of this article is to discuss the market potential of online selling.

Before we can answer the burning question of how profitable you can be we need to fill in some basic concepts. I will be covering three different markets for books. We will start with the market for new books fresh from the publisher then discuss the market for secondary books or seconds as they are called and finally the used book market. I will discuss sources, wholesale price (what they will cost you as the bookseller), retail price (what you can sell them for online) and how that relates to the business potential.

New Books

Typically new books can be purchased from a wholesaler starting at half the cover price. If you buy in bulk quantity you can get even better pricing. You can then list the books online for a competitive price to ensure you will sell the inventory you purchased while the book is new and the greatest numbers of people want to buy the book. As time progresses the initial demand is met and fewer people remain who want the book. Depending on how many books were published (and the supply / demand ratio) the price may go down, up, or stay the same.

The typical book will be discounted heavily by the retailers who were the largest purchasers of the book when sales start to wane. Since they paid the least for the book they have a wider margin and can still be profitable while discounting the sales price. The more popular the author and the more anticipated the book the quicker the price drops making it less profitable to the retailer. Large retailers will know they are betting on a sure thing and will buy large quantities and sell the book for a large discount from the first day it is on sale. The last few Harry Potter books fit into this category. For less popular books like text books you can actually get the cover price when the book is new. The best case scenario for new books is doubling your money.


A retailer who ordered more books than they can sell places the extras back on the wholesale market as seconds hoping to recoup some of their money. If you purchase seconds you are buying books at a greatly discounted price at a time when the book’s retail price is likely to fall quickly. I have done extremely well with seconds in some limited cases. I have purchased a number of books for two dollars and sold them for fifteen dollars online. This was the exception rather than the rule and I typically only did as well as new books. The other factor is I seldom had over three percent of my sales as seconds. The profitable ones are just that scarce. The best case for seconds in my experience was on average to double your money much like new books.

Used Books

The last market is that of used books. The curious thing to me about this market is the relatively unrecognized value of used books. You see them everywhere in yard sales, thrift shops, flea markets, estate sales, church sales, auctions, and many other places. This was how I got started so many years ago. I went to a yard sale and saw a Masters Level text book on astronautical engineering. It looked brand new so I asked what they wanted for it. I bought it for a dollar and listed it on Amazon as an experiment. I sold it within three days for over forty dollars. I figured if I could buy a product for a dollar and sell it for over forty dollars I was in the game. It wasn’t quite that easy as I later found out but that one experience stayed in my mind. I kept careful statistics for the years we sold books online and I can tell you with certainty I am being conservative here. On average we paid one dollar for each book we listed and sold them for over ten dollars each.

In summary, you can see the used book market has huge potential for profit. The economic situation now is making the cheaper used books even more attractive to a wider market than ever before. Even in cases where someone is looking for a gift quality book, many are still purchasing used with a better condition rating. And for the seller, used books are typically cheaper to buy so it takes less capital to get started and the overhead can be quite small while offering the largest profit margins.

Copyright (c) 2009 Camden Books, Inc

Do Fertility Treatments Work?

Some couples who have fertility issues may tend to avoid fertility treatments because they are sceptical or afraid that it won’t work. Advancements in the medical field have grown tremendously over the past couple of decades. There are different options available when it comes to fertility treatments for men and women. The key is to find the correct one for your body.

Every couple is different when it comes to a possible fertility treatment. Whether it will work or not will be determined by the diagnosis as well as a number of criteria. In every case it is difficult to say that a fertility treatment will work. The only way to know whether it will work is to take the recommended fertility treatment and follow through with the process.

IVF has become increasingly popular and since 1978 thousands of babies have been born using this method. This process involves uniting the egg with the sperm in the laboratory. Thereafter the embryos are transferred to the uterus for pregnancy to begin. Not everyone is suited to this fertility treatment. The factors that are considered which will make you a candidate for IVF are the following.

  • If a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged and the embryo cannot travel to the uterus. Or the blocked fallopian tubes are an obstacle to the fertilisation of the egg.
  • If a man has a low sperm count or has problems with sperm motility or function.
  • If a woman has severe endometriosis that affects fertilisation and implantation of the embryo in the uterus.
  • If a woman has problems related to the release or the production of eggs.
  • If a woman has an abnormally shaped uterus or fibroid tumours.
  • If either the man or woman has an unexplained infertility issue.

IVF can be a very effective fertility treatment for the viable candidate. The success rate varies and is subject to the fertility issue and your age. It is higher in younger women who have healthier eggs. The national average success rate, which is the average chance of delivering a healthy baby per cycle of treatment, is approximately 35% to 40%.

There are also a number of other treatments that are alternative options for suitable candidates. However, it must be understood that fertility treatments are not one hundred percent guaranteed. Be sure to consult with a fertility doctor regarding your diagnosis as they can recommend the best course treatment for you.

Enjoy Outside Spaces During Winter

In Houston, it remains comfortable until well into the December and January months, even the burst s of cold last for only a few days. Yet Texans tend to be the first to complain when the first frost hits- "It is too cold!" And, with this one declaration, the children no longer scramble to ride their bicycles and the adults run from the car into the house. All the while, the garden still breams with unnoticed beauty. With the push of organic gardening and the time commitment that any garden (organic or traditional) takes, it is a shame that when winter comes, the garden's beauty is seen only through the fogged-over windows.

Therefore, the question remains: how can we enjoy our garden year round? The answer is simple: plan spaces in your garden that lend themselves to the various seasons. For example, the fire pit can easily be used as a decorative piece. Placed centrally in your garden, the fire pit becomes a focal point perfect for any gathering during the year. Yet, strategically placing this fire pit in a cozier location would allow the heat to permeate creating a comfortable sitting area during the cooler months. Plus, upgrading the fire pit to a more substantial outdoor fireplace actually provides a heat source for these cold months. The fireplace can be both decorative and practical, even on the coldest nights.

Beautiful arbors, covered porches, or plants planed to form a windbreak, all work towards creating a cozy environment to block the wind allowing you to enjoy the outdoor space. In planning these spaces, you want to account for the number of people that you may want to entertain, yet you also want to keep in mind the number of people that you would regularly have in the space. If the goal of the space is to create coziness and warmth in the cold months, then you do not want to create too large a space for those bi-annual parties. Rather, you want to focus on the weekend, and more regular, gatherings. Many people's "eyes are larger than their stomachs," so to speak. They envision a large and beautiful gathering space covered in gorgeous vines or fabric curtains. They forget that the space, when too large, lends itself to feeling and being cold and empty. When planning for the seasons, you must find the middle ground.

Lighting can also create an ambiance that will cut through the colder months. One can practically tell the temperature simply by looking at the lighting outside. Using light to warm a space is frequently done inside. It can also be done outside in your garden. Simply think of how the light plays off of the plants during the summer months, and mimic this pattern with lights for the winter months. While lighting will do nothing to increase the temperature, as the outdoor fireplace will do, it will help to create a warmer feel. Think also of the various forms of lighting that you can incorporated in your garden. From the solar lights to candles, each light source will create a different feel to your garden.

The winter garden is just as beautiful as the spring garden. Enjoy the space!

How Is Invention Different From Innovation

In today’s global economy, to be successful one needs to either invent or innovate.

Invention is about creating something new while Innovation is a concept that uses an idea or a method that causes changes in behavior or interactions.

Companies often claim that they are leaders in Innovation by showing a few patents as evidence. Patents are evidence of invention. But it is not necessary that all these patents have been of ‘use’ to influence a product or an industry. Such patents are not innovating. If innovation refers the ‘use’ of a new method and qualifies the change in behavior, processes or the business then it’s innovating. Most Innovations are evolutionary changes to existing processes, uses or functions which are made better by an existing invention.

The best example is that of Apple’s iPhone, which created a revolutionary innovation from being a stagnant mobile phone to a redesigned user interface screen that accommodated media content, telecommunications, licensing, application development and unified all of them under one roof.

Many inventions are made for a purpose totally different from what it is actually used for. Like instance Alexander Graham Bell thought that the telephone would be used for listening and that Edison invented phonograph for taking dictation. That, people ended up using them, to talk to each other and to listen to music surprised the inventors.


To innovate is to take an existing concept and to make it better or to make a significant contribution to something that has already been invented. The best example to quote for innovation is the Steve Jobs iPod. Though the iPod was not the first portable music device or the first MP3 player, the innovation was the easy-to-use ecosystem that unified music and puts it in a single device and tied into a platform that updated music effortlessly.

To invent is to make or create something entirely new, something which was not existing at all or introducing a process for the first time.

Difference between Invention and Innovation

Take the case of the first Vacuum Cleaner which was invented by Murray Spengler, who is little known for his invention, thanks to W. H. Hoover, who marketed and sold them and he was the innovator of this ‘electric suction sweeper’

Similar is the case of modern telegraphy, where Samuel Morse invented the code and other inventions came from others. Morse spread the concept of linking people separated by distances and his combination of marketing and political skills made his name famous.

One such example is that of the inventor of sewing machine Elias Howe. But he was unable to sell his ideas despite travelling to England and finally, when he returned to the USA, he found that Issac Singer had stolen the patient and had built a successful business. Though Singer paid royalties to Howe, many associates the sewing machine with the innovator Singer and not Howe.

Though innovation is seen as a powerful way of securing competitive advantage, success is not always guaranteed.

Like for example, considering the case of The Motorola’s ambitious venture to offer mobile communications from literally anywhere on the planet- be it the Mount Everest or the South Pole was a huge draw. All networks were established to put 88 satellites into orbit at the cost of $7 billion. The dilemma was that, people realized that they did not make many calls from the South Pole or any remote islands and that their requirement was met with less expensive mobile networks. Also the Motorola handsets were big and clumsy due to complex electronics and their call charges were highly priced. When nothing worked, the company filed for bankruptcy but still their problems were far from over. The satellites put in the orbit cost $2m per month for maintenance. Since no other telecoms took interest to take advantage of these satellites, Motorola further put in $50m to bring them out of orbit and destroy them safely. This was also criticized by NASA for posing a nuclear threat.

So also the ‘Ford’ car was one such failure when it first launched in 1952. To make it road worthy, the production line had to spend twice the amount of the vehicle cost and when it did, the marketing campaign on a Live TV slot, the car failed to start. The consumer indifference to the design led the company to abandon the car.This concludes as to why Innovation cannot be a success at all times.

The Innovation should be with an objective to make it look different or its application is such that it is as good as a new Invention.

Lawn Tractor Transmission Types

The fives types are gear, friction disk, automatic, CVT, and hydrostatic.  I’ll spend a few minutes going through each type so you have a better idea of the best type for you. I am not going into the details of how each one works.  Just Google the transmission type and you can read to your heart’s content.


Five years ago the gear drive transmission was the most popular but today hydrostatic and automatic transmissions have replaced them in popularity. Often called Manual transmissions this type uses a series of gears to change the ground speed of your tractor.  The biggest downfall of this type of transmission is you have to stop the tractor to shift to a different speed (range).  This makes them harder to use when you have a lot of garden beds and landscape features to go around.

To drive the tractor you must push in on the clutch, shift the transmission to the gear you want to use, release the clutch, and hang on.  This is a dependable  transmission that will give you years of service.

Friction Disk

This is actually the transmission of choice for snow blowers but there are a few mowers like the Snapper Rear Engine Rider that use this trans.  It is a good, dependable transmission when used properly.  It uses a friction wheel and disk to change the forward speed of your rider.  Don’t use this transmission to pull heavy loads…you will tear up the friction wheel.

You can shift-on-the-go with some models but to get the longest life most brands suggest you push down on the clutch/brake pedal and then shift to the speed you want.


This is essentially a belt and variable pulley system similar to the drive system in a snowmobile.  John Deere originally used this in conjunction with a manual transmission on the Model 110.  Now days, MTD is using this on most of it’s cheapest lawn tractors. Like the friction disk this trans is designed to the mower application and they are not designed to pull heavy loads.  Some of the Brands have confused the issue by calling their inexpensive hydrostatic trans an “automatic” so if you are unsure ask.

To drive the tractor you typically have two levers.  One for forward or reverse and the other for the speed. Move the F/R lever to the direction you want to go and then simply move a fender mounted lever to change the speed. This is a dependable  transmission that will give you years of service for flat lawns and pulling very light loads.

CVT/IVT (Continuously/Infinitely Variable Transmission)

The automatic mentioned above and the hydrostatic below are essentially CVT’s  but now days this means a variable disk or ball/disk system.  This is the transmission of the future because it uses fewer moving parts than a gear trans and less oil than a hydrostatic, but at this point in time they are not yet cost effective for lawn tractor applications.  MTD tried using the dual IVT Infinitrak in the Cub Cadet and Craftsman Revolution but consumers were not ready to spend the extra money to own this type of transmission. New Holland is using these effectively in their 50 hp and larger tractors.

These transmissions are very easy to use.  Either a fender mounted lever or foot control varies the speed and direction.


The most common transmission for lawn tractors today is a form of Continuously variable transmission called the hydrostatic transmission. These transmissions take several forms, from pumps driving separate motors, which may incorporate a gear reduction, to fully integrated (enclosed) units containing a pump, motor and gear reduction.  Hydrostatic transmissions are more expensive than mechanical transmissions but they are easier to use and can transmit greater torque to the wheels as compared to a typical mechanical transmission.

Hydrostatic – Enclosed Single

These transmissions are very easy to use.  Either a fender mounted lever or foot control varies the speed and direction.  The enclosed hydrostatic transmission is a single unit that houses the variable pump, motor, differential and drive axle.  Most of lawn tractors, yard tractors, garden tractors and estate tractors today have an aluminum housing to give off the heat the moving oil creates.  These transmissions are sized to the mower application.  The garden tractor and estate tractor transmissions are built to handle heavy loads and ground engaging attachments.

These transmissions are very easy to use.  Either a fender mounted lever or foot control varies the speed and direction.  The pedal on the left side of the tractor is the parking brake.  You do not need to depress that pedal to shift the tractor.   The forward and reverse is controlled by either a lever on the right fender or two pedals on the right side floorboard.  To go forward push the fender lever forward or press on the large pedal on the floor board.  To stop the tractor pull the lever back to the middle position or lift your foot off the pedal.  To back the tractor up pull the fender lever to the rear or press the small pedal on the floorboard.

On the fender mounted control you HAVE to move the lever to the middle to stop your tractor.  It will not go to neutral by itself like the foot controls.

Hydrostatic – Enclosed Dual

Two hydrostatic transmissions are mounted side-by-side in the residential zero turns.  Each trans controls a separate rear wheel.  That is the primary reason why zero-turn mowers cost more than the lawn tractors. Again these trans are designed for the application and most are not designed to pull loads, just mow and bag.

Most of these transmissions are controlled by individual levers that sit in front of you.  With a little practice these are very easy to use.  A large lever on each side of the seat controls that side transmission.  To go forward push on BOTH levers.  To stop, pull them back.  (The easiest way to explain how to drive a two-lever zero turn mower is to  use a shopping cart as an example.  With the mower turned off sit on the seat and put your hands on the two large levers in front of you.  Close you eyes and pretend you are gripping a shopping cart.   What do you do to move a shopping cart forward? Right, you push on the handle.   To back up? Right, you pull back on the handle.  To go left?  To go right?  Correct, you PUSH the handle in the direction you want to turn the cart.  Two lever zero turns work the same way.  Instead of one bar like a shopping  cart, the bar is split in two and you move each side to make it move.)  This type of transmission takes practice to keep the tires from digging into your lawn.

Hydrostatic -Pump & Motor

The more expensive commercial zero-turn mowers, stand-ons, and some golf course mowers use a separate variable pump near the motor connected to the wheel motors with hydraulic hose or metal lines.  These are usually cast iron for long life and durability. A few of the high-end commercial mowers are now using enclosed cast iron hydros.

Is There A Link Between Exposure To Sunlight And A Reduction In Myopia?

We are often told that the sunlight is bad for our eyes. This is due to the fact that the Ozone layer is becoming thinner thereby exposing us to the harmful U.V rays of the sun. However, research studies suggest that some sunlight is actually good for your eyes and that the sun actually has some positive effects on your eye health. Research also shows a very low rate of Myopia in the country of Australia as people participate more in outdoor activities in the land down under. By comparison, countries that completely lack outdoor activities such as China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan, have rates of Myopia that even surpass the United States at 90%! Therefore, is sunlight really a factor in determining a reduction in the rate of nearsightedness and why? Also, if sunlight is necessary to reduce this problem how much sunlight is safe enough to accomplish this goal? Here is some information concerning this matter:

Myopia is a vision condition whereby an individual is able to see near objects clearly but distant objects appear blurry. There is a debate among traditional eye care experts as to the causes of myopia also known as nearsightedness. The traditional eye care industry claims that this condition is hereditary even though scientific research refutes this fact. More research supports the fact that it is generally caused by the buildup of stress and tension in the eyes resulting from too much close up work over many years. However, another cause of nearsightedness that seems to have supporting scientific evidence is the fact that a lack of outdoor activities is causing an increase in nearsightedness.

This research shows that countries that significantly lack outdoor activities such as China and Japan have a 90% rate of Myopia. Whereas countries with the highest outdoor activities such as Australia had the lowest rates of Myopia in the world. Several scientific studies conducted in Asia suggested that when an extra hour of outdoor activities was added to the school curriculum there was a 14% decrease in the rate of Myopia.

A person with nearsightedness is suffering from what optometrists refer to as a refractive error vision problem. This is defined as an eye condition caused by the fact that the shape of the eyeball is such that it does not bend light properly so that the image that falls on the retina becomes blurry. In order for us to see clearly light reflected off of objects should fall directly on the retina. In the case of nearsightedness, the eyeball is too long and light reflected off of objects does not fall directly on the retina but instead falls in front of it.

There is some scientific research that suggests that sunlight does have a beneficial effect on our eyes. For instance, sunlight supplies our eyes with the beneficial vitamin, Vitamin D. Our eyes require sunlight for maintaining good health. Exposure to sunlight activates the hormone in the body called Melatonin. This is a sleep hormone that controls our sleep cycles. Also, the Hypothalamus in the brain needs bright light to maintain the health of many systems in our body. For example, this is necessary for the maintenance of healthy blood pressure levels, a normal body temperature and the maintenance of better vision health. Safe exposure to sunlight also increases cellular activity in the retina that increases the production of antioxidants. These antioxidants are necessary in ridding the visual system of harmful cells called free radicals that cause the development of eye diseases.

Too much sunlight can negatively affect our eyes and increase the risks for eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Therefore, it is important to strike a proper balance between what is a safe level of healthy exposure to sunlight as opposed to what is not. If you are spending numerous hours in the sun outdoors then it is necessary to protect your eyes by wearing the proper sunglasses. This protects your eyes from the harmful U.V rays of the sun. However, it is also necessary to spend a little time in the sun without your sunglasses so that your eyes can benefit from the beneficial rays of the sun. Health experts suggests that it is safe to spend only 20 minutes in the sun without your sunglasses, preferable early in the morning when the sun’s rays are not very intense.

While too much exposure to the harmful rays of the sun is damaging to eyesight, spending a little bit of time in the sun is beneficial to our eye health. Sunlight provides the eyes with beneficial Vitamin D and regulates healthy changes in the visual system that support better vision health and reduces the risks for Myopia.

Best Exercise For Belly Fat

Bathing suit season is here. At this time many people are thinking "Did I keep myself in shape?", "Will I measure up on the beach?", "Should I get a one-piece this year?" They begin to wonder what the best exercise for belly fat is, and how quickly they can create that toned look.

The need for a one-piece bathing suit is not the only reason for concern when it comes to belly fat. Fat that collects around the waist has been linked to a host of problems like some types of cancer, diabetes and heart disease. Other maladies including constipation, back pain and stress are noticeable treated with the loss of belly fat.

Once upon a time, the accepted wisdom concerning how to achieve a slender waist, or even the holy "six pack", was to perform sit-ups and crunches. Hundreds of them. While these exercises do work to tone and strengthen certain core muscles, those now sculpted muscles remain hidden under a layer of fat. One can not spot train a particular area of ​​the body. It is a myth that any diet or exercise can target one area of ​​the body and not affect the others. Fortunately, one does not need a gym full of equipment and an expensive trainer to whittle away at the waistline. The only requirements are good walking shoes and some motivation.

In order to reveal all the hard work put into the abs, one must combine the crunches with cardio exercise. This is the best exercise for belly fat. It is recommended that one exercise at least 5 days per week at a level that causes one to sweat, but still carry on a conversation with only a small amount of difficulty. A brisk walk for one hour several days a week should do it.

Another way to lose some girth is to modify the diet. Eating several small meals throughout the day, drinking sufficient quantities of water and choosing whole foods will help one lose weight. But without exercise, even a thin body looks flabby and cellulite-pocked.

Of course, some other options to consider are liposuction, fad diets and supplements. This list could go on. While some of these will give the quick fix they promise, none of these choices are effective for long-term weight loss because they do not alter habits. Once one's pattern of eating and exercise has changed, that is when the fat leaves forever.

In conclusion, the best exercise for body fat is a lifestyle change encompassing diet and exercise. They work as a team and yet is independent of the other. Even if one has to wear a one piece suit this year, the habits learned now will allow more belly-revealing suits in the long run.