What Is an Alkaline Diet Meal Plan

Among the many health articles that you may have come across, some may have been on pursuing an alkaline diet meal plan as a way of keeping healthy. The proponents of alkaline diet say that every food we eat has the potential of affecting pH level of our body. Hence, too much of acid-forming food can give our body a slightly acidic pH. Food that is alkaline in nature can keep the pH level of our body slightly alkaline, which is perfect for our healthy functioning.

Why an alkaline diet?
Because the pH level of our body system is naturally slightly alkaline. If the acidity levels in our bodies increase, our bodies work to bring the pH level back to its previous level. If a person eats too much of acid-forming food, for instance, fried products, they might have acidosis, which occurs when body fluids become too acidic.

Too much acidity in blood does not come without its harms. An acidic body can have chronic fatigue, infections, irritability and anxiety. The person might also have headaches, muscle pain and gastrointestinal problems.

An alkaline diet promotes healthy functioning of our body organs. It also boosts our energy levels and decreases the risk of chronic illnesses. Experts also say that alkaline diet not just targets various health issues, but it is also good for bone retention. The diet helps our bones in preserving calcium stored in our bones instead of releasing it into the body to counteract an acidic body environment.

The acid forming food
You should first know what food to avoid. Food, which forms acidic by-products, is unhealthy for the body. This food includes animal products, oil, cashews, dairy products, bread, pasta and processed food.

Some food might taste acidic but it does not mean that they will be acidic when they are digested by your body. For instance, lemons taste acidic but they become alkaline when they are digested by your body.

The alkaline foods
Mostly, they include fresh produce such as vegetables and fruits. An alkaline meal plan will have high proportion of fruits and vegetables and will rely less on animal protein, dairy products and refined flour.

However, even those who are following an alkaline diet should remember to get enough protein from nuts, seeds and animal products to prevent protein deficiency. To achieve an alkaline body environment, 80% of the diet should be based on alkaline foods, with the rest coming from alkaline food.

The Irreversible Damage of Loud Noises

Prolonged listening to loud music with time will damage your hearing forever.

In our modern society we walk around, bike, jog or even sleep with our Walkman headsets on all the time. All those headsets are equipped with sound blasters which can be turned on to a high decibels frequency of over 85 dB at will and at anytime which means sometimes at all times.

Any sound over 85 dB if listened to over a certain period of time will damage your hearing forever.

So now its not only old folks who have audible difficulties, but a whole lot of young people also, and its on the rise.

We all have around 7500 eyelash type vibration sensors covering the cochlea of ​​our inner ears to amplify the incoming outside sounds, they also permit to discriminate and clarify those sounds.

As we grow older those vibrating sensors get progressively destroyed and provoke a constant lowering of the acuity of our auditive faculties.

This loss of audition acuity is called presbycusis:

Presbycusis is the principal cause of deafness. A state also called perception deafness. The destruction of those inner ear sensors can be accelerated by the constant repetition of listening to intensive sounds above 85 dB in sound measurement which becomes a real hearing treatment. For the simple reason that any sound above that level progressively eliminate the inner ears fine vibrating sensors. Thats the main reason why anti noise headsets must be used at all time around noises higher in intensity than 85 dB.

Walkman s, i pods, i phones:

They all permit the downloading and storing of thousands of songs and music you can listen to in your headset for hours at a time at a 100 dB sound level or above without disturbing anyone around you. Even while sleeping. Many person of the younger generation are doing just that using their headset sound blaster. When you are listening to your favorite music at a below 85 dB sound level there is no cause for alarm. But above 85 dB your hearing gets overtired and with time risk to seriously cause irreparable damage to your hearing. Our ears should not be exposed to 100 dB for any longer than 45 minutes per day. A one day pause is essential to avoid the noise harmfulness to which you are submitting your hearing too.

Silence is beneficial to your hearing the same way as nighttime is beneficial for your eyes.

For 10 minutes of listening to music above a 100 dB sound level, 30 minutes of relaxing is sufficient. But for listening one hour at the same sound sound level intensity, 16 hours of recuperation is necessary. If sometimes you hear constant humming, cracking, whistling, jingling, sound like electrical wires under high tension or cricket sounds inside your head which you are the only one to hear for long periods of time after removing your headset, this is a bad sign that You may be developing acouphene.


Acouphene are sounds generated by the neurological system. Its sounds you can hear constantly inside your head while its entirely quiet all around you. It may vary in volume and tonality and sometimes it seems to come from the left ear or sometimes the right ear or sometimes the sound seems to be coming from both ears. Those sounds could be various. Like the sound of water running through a pipe, birds chirping, crickets sounds, or again a constant humming sound. In my case I always hear a constant sharp humming sound inside my head, and that is since my youth. I now know for a fact that when I was young on the farm I used to sit behind the engine of a potato digger which was filled by horses for full days at a time. That engine was supper loud I'm sure above 85 dB I now finally discovered the cause of that constant loud noise inside my head. I have no choice but to live with it. But sometimes I wish that sound would go away. If I concentrate on it, its loud and annoying. But I learned over the years to ignore it. Acouphene is caused by a disorder of sound transmission to the brain. Our nervous system cells are always transmitting sounds of all sorts to our brain. That's why the inner ear is equipped with sound filters which can classify or choose not to emit certain of those sounds to our conscious level.

When those fine sensors or sound filters are destroyed all kind of unwanted sounds are transmitted to our cerebral cortex.

It generate sound perception of all types. This is what is called acouphene. It could be only occasional or permanent, low or high, with or without hearing loss. There is hundredths of causes for acouphene and its very hard to identify. Many persons develop acouphene after listening to music on a high intensity level for too long.


The damage caused by loud noise is sly. At the beginning you do not even realize that there is any damage. Acouphene or the sensation of cotton in your ear should be a first warning sign. The first loss is located in the reduction of high frequencies sounds which are not so frequently used or heard during everyday life. When those loss start to reach the frequencies of the human voice and you realize that you do not hear as well anymore; The damage is permanent. By paying attention we will perceive that feminine voices seems to be lower and not as audible as the male voices. The deficiency will be felt more in a noisy environment and while sitting in front of your television, which will become harder to listen to at an average volume.

Eighty percent of the voice energies fall under bass sound frequencies.

The presbya-coustic will still perceive a high proportion of the voice energies and will still capture the majority of the surrounding noises. However sixty percent of the voice comprehension energies are under the base frequencies while five percent of the voice energies are under the treble frequencies. By not hearing the treble frequencies sounds the words perception especially when pronounced with sibilant consonants (S, Z, and CH) and fricative consonants (F & K) will greatly diminish forever. So please for your own safety lower the volume.

Snowmobile Power Valves – Polaris, Ski-Doo & Arctic Cat Variable Exhaust Valve System Basics

They can be called “APV” by Arctic Cat, “RAVE” by Ski-Doo or “VES” by Polaris. If you own a 2-stroke snowmobile made in the last 15 years, the engine is likely equipped with “variable exhaust power valves”. If that is the case, you probably know that you have to be quite diligent about their cleanliness and operation. This is one engine component that has to be monitored regularly to maintain peak performance.

Variable exhaust power valves are moving devices located at the engine’s exhaust port. Every brand’s variation is there to provide the same essential service and that is to vary the height and width of the exhaust port according to engine RPM. This vastly broadens the power band. At low RPM, the valves are in a closed position which promotes more complete combustion. This improves low-end torque and minimizes unburned gases in the exhaust stream. At high RPM, the valves are wide open which allows for optimum exhaust flow. This enables the engine to rev freely and produce maximum top end horsepower. Older systems were actuated by a mechanical linkage which opened and closed the valves based on engine RPM. Modern systems are actuated by electronic servo motors which precisely position the valves throughout the RPM range. Before the advent of the power valve, engine builders had to determine one size and shape of the exhaust port and exhaust pipe. This predetermined whether the engine would provide its optimum power delivery at either the high, mid or low RPM range. The power valve allows the two-cycle engine to provide usable horsepower throughout its operating RPM range.

The modern power valve system has evolved from a number of different variations over the last 30 years. Yamaha was the first company to find success with this concept when they integrated a variable exhaust power valve system in their 2-stroke Grand Prix road-racing motorcycles in the late 1970’s. The technology then made its way to Yamaha’s production road and motocross bikes the early 1980’s. Other motorcycle manufacturers soon came up with their own systems. By the early 1990’s, virtually all high-performance two-cycle motorcycles, ATV’s, personal water-crafts and snowmobiles were equipped with variable exhaust power valve systems.

Keeping the power valve system clean is of paramount importance. As power valves are located directly in the stream of the exhaust flow, carbon deposits can accumulate on the valves over time. The deposit build-up can alter the shape of the valves and change the engine’s exhaust flow characteristics. In extreme cases, the exhaust port can become completely clogged and expensive damage can occur. Deposits can also can hinder the valve movement or leave them stuck in one spot. Any of these scenarios will drastically impair the power delivery and output of your engine.

The task of maintaining your snowmobile’s power valve system is not complicated. Your service or owner’s manual will give specific instructions on how to remove and clean the system. Be careful when cleaning the valves, as you do not want to scratch or roughen the surfaces. Your manual will also offer a specific service interval and it should be followed religiously.

Once your valves are clean, there are ways to prevent premature valve depositing. First and foremost is to make sure that your machine is tuned correctly. Overly rich carburetor jetting is a major contributor to this malady. Rich jetting will allow too much fuel into the combustion chamber and this promotes carbon formation. If your sled is fuel injected, make sure that the system is operating correctly. Also make sure that your oil injection system is delivering the proper amount of oil. Perform regular spark plug readings as described in your manual. If your plug readings are off and you cannot determine the cause, contact your dealer.

Another major contributor to power valve depositing is the use of poor quality 2-cycle oil. The cheaper base stocks and additives used in lower grade oils can be cooked into carbon deposits very quickly. High quality synthetic two-cycle oil is notorious for its clean burning characteristics and will dramatically lower the rate of deposit formation. Good quality synthetic oils use sophisticated base stocks and high temperature additives which are engineered to avoid power valve depositing. They also have an effective detergent/dispersant package which will allow for much cleaner operation. When it comes to two-stroke injector oil, you definitely get what you pay for. Spending a little more on an oil that is specifically engineered to provide clean power valve operation will not only improve your engine’s performance, it will save the headaches and expense that come with premature power valve depositing.

Snowmobiles operated at low speed and steady RPM over extended periods can also promote deposit build up. During this type of operation, the valves maintain a stationary position and this allows deposits to form. If the valves are constantly changing positions, there is less chance of deposits forming and increasing in size.

Variable exhaust power valves have revolutionized the capabilities of 2-cycle engines. With a little bit of maintenance and care, they will offer trouble-free performance.

US Citizenship Options For Elderly Applicants – Medical & Exam Waivers

I frequently receive calls from the adult children of US permanent residents (i.e. green card holders) who want to know how their parent can become a US citizen if the parent cannot study for the English history test and / or does not speak English very well. I have created an article for you on the two most common scenarios that I answer weekly in my US Immigration Law Office of Lena Korial-Yonan, P.A.:

1. My mom is eligible for US citizenship because she has had the green card for 5 years, and she does not have extensive travel or any criminal issues. The problem is that she does not speak or read English and cannot study for the history test. Any solution?

USCIS has specific rules that relate to an applicant’s age and how long they have had the green card that can exempt them from having to take the US English History test and also exempt them from passing the interview portion of the N-400 as well as the reading and writing exam. Please see the next question for more details on this.

However, here the applicant has had the green card for only 5 years and so the only solution is to see whether the applicant is eligible for a medical disability waiver. A medical disability waiver is completed by a US licensed general medical doctor, licensed clinical psychologist or other specific doctor on USCIS form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exemptions. The form must be completed a specific way and with specific wording / answers before USCIS will approve the medical waiver. The doctor, in order to complete the medical disability form, must give your parent, the N-400 applicant, a test to determine whether he or she can learn or remember basic things. This test can include having to recite basic information just explained to your parent and may also include basic exams having your parent place a circle object with circle object, etc.

Applicants with dementia or Alzheimer’s, for example, are eligible to file form N-648, Medical Disability Waiver, which states that because of their mental limits, they cannot study for the US history test. A major limitation for eligibility under form N-648 is that the resulting mental disability cannot be a result of drug use.

Our immigration law office has successfully completed medical waivers prepared by licensed doctors of applicant’s own choosing for the mental conditions of dementia, Alzheimer’s and schizophrenia. Please note that these cases are being mentioned are examples and in no way guarantee that your case will have similar results for both the mental conditions listed and for the USCIS district that you will file citizenship with. Please contact an experienced immigration lawyer of your choosing for a detailed analysis of your own specific case.

Although our immigration law office does not have any doctor(s) that we recommend for completion of Form N-648, we will let you know if a particular type of doctor can complete the form on your behalf. We also review the Form N-648 for completeness, as USCIS is strict in the language that they require from the licensed medical doctor in order for the US citizenship applicant to be approved. If the Form N-648 is approved by the US Immigration Officer, then the US citizenship applicant does not have to take any test in order to have their form N-400 approved and be sworn-in.

Also, at least in the USCIS district office located in Jacksonville Fl, we usually file a copy of the Form N-648 with the N-400 application, and we bring the original N-648 with us to the N-400 interview. You may of course provide the original N-648 in your initial filing if you wish. Just be sure to keep a copy of the form N-648, as it is not uncommon for USCIS to require a few changes to the form N-648 before your case can be approved.

2. My mom is 65 years old and she has resided in the US as a green card holder for over 20 years. Does she still have to take the English test, etc.?

No, your mom has to take a modified version of the civics test in her language of choice. She does not have to take the reading or writing test. The N-400 interview, which includes reviewing the details of the N-400 and asking whether your mom has ever been arrested, files US taxes, etc. is completed with the help of the translator that your mom brings with her to the N-400 interview. She must bring her own translator with her to the N-400 interview so that the translator can translate the civics questions in your mom’s best native language.

The age qualifications that exempt applicants from the English, reading and writing tests are as follows:

· 65 years and has resided in US as a green card holder for 20 years or more.

· 55 years old and has resided in the US as a green card holder for 15 years or more.

· 50 years old and has resided in the US as a green card holder for 20 years or more.

Again, Applicants that meet one of the above categories must only take the civics test in their language of choice.

I hope that the above provides some answers to the questions asked of me weekly in my immigration law office of Lena Korial-Yonan, PA. by the adult children of elderly parents who have had the green card for 5 years and now want to become US citizens.

"Bad Girls Club" Was Really a Sad Girls Club

Anyone with half of a brain who watched this show could see that these girls were a bunch of unsupervised, dangerous, immature females on the road to self-destruction with the last stop being prison or the cemetery. Every one of these females ranted and raved throughout the show about being tough, classy and intelligent yet none of them showed this.

The alleged goal of the “Bad Girls Club” show was to follow seven young women with “severe psychological issues and personality disorders” as they live in a house for four months and have their daily interactions and interpersonal relationships with their housemates recorded. They’re supposed to be accomplishing specific goals yet I never heard or saw any one of them do this.

There were no goal plans in place or mentioned and I never viewed any acts of intervention (not counting that wolf-pack attack in Mexico) when things got out of hand. These females had two speeds: Rage and Crazy. Their coping skills from start to finish were non-existent, but make no mistake, they were not suffering from any “severe psychological” issues. They seemed to straighten up pretty quick when the Federales showed up and threatened them with jail after that gang assault in Mexico…just as all bad actors do.

During their brief contact with the Federales, not one of them (Ailea or Whitney) went into their infamous rage black outs. Amazing, huh? As a matter of fact, if you watch the clip of Ailea and Whitney being confronted by the Federales, you’ll see two completely different females. No attitudes, no cussing, no loud talking; Ailea was such a sell-out there. She lied by denying that she ever hit or kicked Amber and blamed Whitney (her so-called fab-5 bud) quicker than you could flick flies off of doo-doo.

I asked, “What happened to ‘crazy’ then? Where did she go?” See fake crazy hops a bus when the going really gets tough and police get involved. Then “crazy” is nowhere to be found. There was no tough “Boston” act. Both were as meek as church mice.

These females certainly had no people skills and definitely suffered from personality disorders, but with that being the case, they needed to be medicated and (at times, sedated) in a long-term, lock-down treatment facility. An old-fashioned parent like my mom would say, “All they need is a good licking from their parents. They’ll be okay.”

If you haven’t watched this show and you have children or pre-teens, you need to watch it because it depicts exactly what happens when children with little or no home-training (or the ones who ignore their home-training) do when they step out into the world. For some reason I had the feeling that these females probably ruled their homes and parents; instilling fear with threats of “going off” and ruling by intimidation because everyone thinks they’re so “crazy.”

You put them up against real crazy women with nothing to lose; real bad girls who live and breathe to buck the system, police and anybody else they come into contact with and these girls would get a dose of really crazy up close and personal.


First we have the Ambers. These two girls started off back biting just about everybody in the house. And while they were extremely catty at times, I wouldn’t say they deserved what they received (destroyed clothing, being jumped, etc).

Kayla aka Kaycee aka “house drunk” from Compton, Ca. This female made a fool of her self on television, shared with us her legal troubles and practically bragged about using men to pay the bills. She showed no shame in acting like a schoolyard bully throughout her short time in the house and eventually left after assaulting one of the Ambers over…a tip.

Amber B. is from Montevideo, MN and was simply lost in space if you ask me. She gave a whole new meaning to the phrase “Blonde Dumb.” I wouldn’t agree that she’s competitive. She was mousey than anything else and shameless with her hypocrisy and cowardice. The fact that she was in an abusive relationship tells you a lot about why she was acting as she did in the mansion. I pray she has gone into therapy and put 10,000+ miles between her and the abusive former boyfriend.

Amber M. of Seattle, WA, supposedly grew up sheltered and poor, but you wouldn’t have known that by the way she acted. She did stand her ground on several occasions and one must give her a pat on the back for those moments, but other times I think she just did things just to be doing them. I think she was attention starved for the most part and immature. The finale dinner incident was Amber M style all the way. She seemed to love sexual escapades and tossing herself out there just as she did during her phone conversation with Tiffany’s “brother” and when he arrived she appeared to behave true to her words only to have a change of heart or a revelation (depending on who you ask) at the dinner party. She said she felt “uncomfortable” with what Tiffany’s “brother” did to her as she “slept.” Was it real or simply her last drama-queen act, scene eight?

Ailea of Buford, GA, was silly, whiny and obviously emotionally unstable. Are there any nuclear waste plants in Buford, Georgia? Because she sure acted like she was suffering from some sort of birth defect. This female slept with just about anyone she came into contact with and even asked her housemates once, “Am I a slut.” I screamed out, “Heck yeah!” Ailea initially came off as this frail, teary-eyed chick that just couldn’t date offline. She quickly outgrew that. She went from frail fairy to Crazy Mary by the end of the show and I was happy to see her go. Her performance (because that’s exactly what it was) wasn’t worthy of an Oscar…maybe a straitjacket and a double shot of Penicillin, but no Oscar. It was like watching someone with turret’s syndrome.

And then she exposed herself on national television as a wimp and sell-out. This so-called “Bad Girl” bragged about being down and being a ride or die chick…yet when the Federales showed up and talked about Mexican jail and criminal charges, “Crazy Mary” quieted down and quickly served her Bad Girl buddy up as Taco meat. And notice that she never once bragged to the Federales about her kicking Amber like she did in the house later on. How cowardly of this self-proclaimed “bad, tough Girl.” Ailea needs a serious mental health evaluation, not because I think she’s actually mentally ill, but more so for her to spend 48 hours on an acute care ward in a real, lock-down facility where actual mentally ill people are.

It’ll scare her straight when one of them stalks and preys upon her like she seemed to enjoy doing to her housemates. Then, when she’s released let her spend some time in county jail around real bad girls who would likely do worse to her for a whole lot less than she did Amber. I can guarantee you this want to-be bad girl won’t be nearly as loud or tough in a jail cell with someone who’d beat her behind just for looking at him or her wrong.

Whitney of Boston, Mass. At the reunion we learn that “Boston” wasn’t even from Boston. She’s from Lynnfield or somewhere north of Boston. Typical of a suburbanite who wants to be tough so bad, she’ll lie about being from the city just to look tough. Classic child-like behavior. You just have to laugh at this contradictory, loud, self-absorbed, want to-be female thug who seemed to think that her being from Boston actually instilled fear in people. “You never hit someone with a shoe,” she screamed, “If you’re a real girl from Boston, you never hit anybody with anything other than your bodily parts.” During her immature, contradictory rant the cameras flashback to an early limo scene showing Miss “Boston” taking off her shoe and trying to hit her housemates while angry.

Someone should have hit her with a dictionary and some class. She did the state and people of Boston a severe injustice by the way she represented the City of Boston on television. True, she didn’t display any slutty behavior like the other four, but she more than made up for that with her mouth. This was another one I was happy to see go. I couldn’t help but notice how she simmered down quite easily when the Federales paid her tail a visit after that assault. She didn’t get ballistic with them. Things that make you go hmmm. Can anyone say PUNK? BULLY? See, when the going really gets tough and tough shows up, a want to-be thug will always cower.

Sarah is from Milwaukee, WI and was as happy as a lark when her spread appeared in Playboy. It was almost like that was a major accomplishment for her. Not so strange for someone with severe insecurity issues. She was proud to let us know her boobs were real (as if we cared) and winning meaningless contests. I didn’t get any drama-queen vibes from her performances, but she was definitely dealing with some issues. All I can say about her is making up for lost time is cool, but remember Judge Judy’s famous saying, “Beauty fades…dumb is forever.” You won’t always have that body (especially not eating like a runaway slave and laying around like coma patient) so work on your long-term, marketable assets so that when the boobs sag and the junk-in-your-trunk has faded, you’ll be able to make a living at a real job.

Ashley (can’t recall where she was from) replaced Kaycee and seemed to be a behind-the-scenes instigator, while trying to appear neutral. She’s another one that seems to think life revolves around her body and looks. And now we have Tiffany aka Tiff Bear. Tiffany hailed from Chicago, IL and was an intelligent female who didn’t seem to be as bad as the others. She, like Kaycee, seemed to have a thing for thugs. The telephone conversations she and boyfriend “Skeet” had as he smoked his blunt’s were odd.

You know, with him and his “tricks” in the background. Why a beautiful, seemingly intelligent woman would be “in love” with a unemployed, blunt smoking thug is beyond me, but she seemed to be rationalizing it in her mind, so more power to her. Tiffany played the quiet one at first until she had to cuss Kaycee out and then Amber B. Actually, I kind of agreed with her finale flip-out. Amber M. seemed to be going for one last dig on the evening of the dinner. Scene 34, act 50. She should have spoken up and not been talking about “bouncing up on it” with a man she didn’t know. I thought she was drunk in the “feel up” scene, but she said she was sleeping.

I didn’t really buy Tiffany’s “sincerity” in Mexico after the wolf pack attack though. Her Oscar winning performance in Mexico was funny. She instigated and stoked the fires of the other dimwits and then after it blew up and it became apparent that folks were going to be getting the boot, she steps out of the shadow of her “crew” to play the peacemaker and mediator. Girlfriend didn’t want to get the boot for her part so she got on Cookie’s (Amber M.) good side and earned some pats on the back for her “mediation”. She turned on her buddies and let two-faced Ailea have it, but I couldn’t help but see it as a veil attempt to deflect attention from her part in that nonsense.

I think girlfriend saw an eviction notice in the future after Whitney got the boot and devised a quick plan to save her own tail. She turned on Ailea pretty quick. Smart move, Tiff Bear. And to throw in acknowledgment of her contribution to the animosity was priceless. She saved her spot in the mansion and she deserves a gold star for that. Once again, all in all, Tiffany did not come off as bad as her housemates, but she played the passive-aggressive role better than any Emmy Award winning actress I’ve ever seen. One week, a leader. The next week, a follower. The week after that, an instigator and then, she would go into her “Oprah” mode and play the role of “Mother love.” I hope she has grown and resolved her passive-aggressive issues… and not dating any blunt smoking, trick handling hood rats…and destroys her copy of the time she spent on this silly show so that her children and future husband and employers don’t ever see it.

Here’s my over-all take on the “Bad Girls” creed:

A Bad Girl knows what she wants and how to get it. She makes her own way, makes her own rules and she makes no apologies.

REALITY: Making no apologies when you’re wrong and getting what you want at the expense of others, isn’t being a bad girl, it’s being a narcissistic fool. This type of mentality will leave you disliked, not respected and likely at the back of a lot of lines throughout life as you come to find out that the world does not revolve around you. At age 18, 21, etc you’re no longer a girl. You’re supposed to be a woman (as so many of them claim they were). And a real woman knows when and how to apologize when she’s done wrong.

A Bad Girl blazes her own trail and removes obstacles from her path. A Bad Girl fights and forces her way to the top with style and beauty.

REALITY: None of you used style or beauty during this show. Ok, the only style you represented was thug and child style.

A Bad Girl believes in jumping first and looking later.

REALITY: Wrong! When you’re young and foolish, you live by this mantra, but when you grow up, you realize that introspection will always help you make better choices.

People will love you. People will hate you. Others will secretly wish to be you. A Bad Girl is you!

REALITY: Wrong, again. You all represented sad girls with bad attitudes. And if anyone truly loves you, they’ll tell you that your behavior and antics on this show were extremely un-lady like and downright childish. No one hates you. And Hell no, we do not secretly wish to be you or anybody that will clown themselves on national television getting thrown out of bars, a COUNTRY or a show. And in the days of extremely high STD rates; STD’s that can kill you and leave you sterile… I suggest you all get tested and slow your roll before you end up in an early grave or a quarantine unit coughing up blood and mucus. No decent man wants a soiled woman with herpes cold sores all over her mouth and genitalia because she thought being a “bad girl” who would screw the crack of dawn was cute.

Bottom line: all of the females kept it real…real dumb, real immature and real silly. There is nothing attractive, ladylike or real about being destructive, disrespectful, promiscuous, arrogant or immature. Bad girls who don’t grow up and act like women end up dead or in prison. A decent man doesn’t want a grown woman bragging about beating people up, getting thrown out of bars, screwing random men and being proud of being a thug. Trust me.

Being on the show was supposed to end with these females growing and changing yet they seemed to get worse as the show wore on. The only time I saw any tears or heard anything that resembled personal growth and personal responsibility was when they were afraid of being booted off the show. Their confessionals showed no glimmer of personal growth let alone real change. It was sad.

Watching this show, you see a bunch of children in a big house running the street all night, getting into mayhem and cursing worse than sailors; they wanted to fight everyone (and almost did) and couldn’t go anywhere without a fight breaking out. They were like little girls whose parents were gone for the weekend and they were just doing whatever they wanted. They tore up this beautiful house and left it looking like a trash dump. I wonder what they’re families and friends thought? Probably the same thing I would wonder if I were their parent: “Heavenly Father, where did I go wrong?”

It’s great to live out loud, girls, but if you’re going to conduct yourselves in the manner in which all of you did on national television…it might be best that you live it quietly because beyond the cameras, you get arrested or beat down (or both) when you go around acting insane.

Hair Loss

My True story

Like many of you, I am also a victim of hair loss…..

More and more Singaporean men are losing their ‘crowns of glory’ and this trend may be getting earlier and earlier.On the streets in these recent years, we may spot a relatively number of young men who are bald or balding. Compare this phenomenon to say ten years ago when this phenomenon is not commonly seen.

This balding trend among Singaporean men is sparking an increasing proliferation of hair treatment centres. Hair treatment centres have practically sprung up all over the island with the likes of Beijing 101, Yunnan, Svenson, Bossin, etc. Causes of hair loss can be hereditary, or caused by stress, drug medications, poor diets, oily scalp etc and these causes manifest into the many forms or types of hair loss such as male pattern baldness, telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, etc. A normal human loses about 50 to 100 hairs per day and this loss is not alarming.

However if more than this number is lost per day, one should seek a doctor before it is too late.Hair grows from follicles, and if one balds and takes no actions, the follicles will eventually die and there will be no more growth. It will be too late for any action. Note that when I say bald, normally a human will not go totally bald, the follicles at the sides of the human scalp, the parts above the years are programmed for life, and hair grows for life at these particular areas. Balding follows a pattern known as the Norwood chart. There are three stages of hair growth: anagen (the growing phase), catagen (the intermediate phase) and telogen (the shedding phase). Hair loss occurs when the hair grows and sheds fast.

The average life cycle of a hair is 2 to 3 years and each hair growth to fall can last 25 cycles, balding occurs when these cycles are accelerated and completed so fast that the cycles end, the follicles dies off and the hair can never grow back again. I understand in this post, there are many jargons and technical terms that are used. The internet offers a rich array of resources for which one can research in depth and understand more about hair loss. In this post, I will just roughly summarize what I understand and experience about hair loss from my studies and very own personal experiences.In the past, I have very thick volumes of hair so much so that I complained about having to go to the barber often as my hair grows so fast. Showering, there would be no hair lost as my hair is so strong. Following a medical treatment some two years ago from a supposedly reputable clinic and consuming the drug nimigen, I notice hair loss, my hair shed in the dozens on the bed and at the bathtub sinks daily so much so that I stopped taking this drug nimigen and stop the laser treatments.

During the consumption of nimigen, my complexion becomes too dry as it is supposed to prevent facial oiliness but it overdoes. Till today, I still do not know the real reason for my hair loss though I believe it has to do significantly with the laser treatment and the consumption of nimigen. On hindsight, I shall not have carried out with the treatment and the consumption of the medicine and this doctor still asked his nurses to force me back to continue with the remaining treatments and at the same time, refuting all my allegations squarely. I spent close to $3K only to lose even more. Anyway that is the past already and nothing can be done to turn back the clock. What I want to share with readers here are my experiences and what I have gone through to combat hair loss and hopefully it can provide some useful glimpses or lessons to those who are currently suffering from hair loss.Okay for the start, I first stopped all the causes that I believe have contributed to my hair loss and that is to discontinue with the medical treatments and the nimigen consumption. But even with that, two months down the road, the hair loss does not subside, so it was time to take some real actions.

From the internet, I came to learnt of two drugs called Propecia, an oral medication, costing about $95 dollars at that time for 28 pills, to be taken one pill a day; and a topical hair spray called minoxidil (called Regaine, Rogaine, Growell, etc in the market) also at a $95 for one bottle that can last a month.I went to a doctor and was prescribed Propecia, taking one pill a day for three months, after which I stopped.

Why do I stop? Firstly, there was no improvement and secondly, I began to experience what was mentioned as the side effects of this drug, i.e. I begin to feel less manly, though it was a minor side effect that the drug claimed and that it affect only a small percentage of users. With these two factors, I stopped using this drug and the less- than- manly feeling, which was temporary finally subsided. I did not use Minoxidil, as I also learnt of its side effects too. I want to list down the possible side effects of these two drugs here:Propecia: Lack of ‘manliness’Minoxidil: Increase scalp sensitivity, itchiness, dandruff, increase sensitivity to the sun. And the most important drawback of these two scientific proven drugs is that once you stop using these two drugs, whatever new hair that you have grow will fall again! Thus these two drugs are to be used for life! Imagine the cost involved to maintain these newly formed hair: $100 (for each of these treatments per month), this amount translates to $1200 and more per year, and so on……

So after ending the use of the Propecia, I began to explore natural ways of cure. One method that I thought of was using mild shampoo like Johnson Baby Shampoo, however its mild concentration was not strong enough to clear the oilness of my scalp. My hair loss may be due to oiliness and dandruff as I did notice these symptoms like dandruff on my pillow.

So I decided to explore the help of professionals and there was a vast array of choices from the dermatogists and hair treatment centres. I went to one such hair treatment centre for a free consultation and these ‘professionals’ scanned my hair, only to reveal many patches of oil and these ‘professionals’ introduced me a package to clear my scalp greasiness. The package cost a bomb and I did not like the pushiness of these professional in introducing these packages to me. Also I have heard many stories of people having spent more than $10,000 on these supposedly good cures only to lose even more hair or having no improvement seen, besides wasting their hard-earned money! Thus, hair treatment centres scared me off at that point and I decided to consult a top hair dermatologist in Singapore instead. It was not cheap. First consultation alone cost $80. The dermatologist inspected my hair and said there was nothing wrong. She prescribed me with two shampoo, Nizoral ($25) and a Gentle Shampoo ($21) to be rotated interchangeably daily and a sebum regulator to be applied on the scalp at night after washing ($18).

However, there was still no improvement.

In fact, the residue from the sebum regulator produced tiny sticky white residue on my hair once my hair dried to the extent that my colleagues thought my hair had dandruff. Anyway my hair was still very oily and coated with some dandruff too, despite applying the supposedly strong and beneficial shampoos that the top dermatologist prescribed. I confirmed this fact when I popped into one of the hair treatment centre at a shopping centre for curiosity and did a free consultation with the centre. The ‘scanner’ that the centre operators used magnified my scalp glands many times over, revealing the oily spots, it really look disgusting with such a hundred times over magnification of the sebaceous scalp glands. The operators said my scalp glands were choked with oil, and this may cause hair loss; but I did not want to take any chance with this centre and off I left. I went for a second consultation with the dermatologist I saw previously. Again, the dermatologist said there was nothing wrong with my hair or with my scalp and the results from the ‘hair-pull’ test she carried out on me revealed no extraordinary hair loss.

After hearing the story of the medical treatment I did and the drug nimigen I consumed, she suspected that it may be telogen effluvium caused by the medication, a condition which could only go away in times to come; though my oily scalp may be a contributing factor too. She told me that she could not do anything except to help me diagnose the cause of my hair loss via a scalp biopsy ($589) and a blood test ($169); all price stated without GST. Hearing the prices, I hesitated but in an urge to find out the real cause, I decided to take the plunge and carried out the scalp biopsy and the blood test.I did the blood test first and the pain was nothing compared to the scalp biopsy I undergone later on. It was no joke, having a piece of your head scalp being removed surgically and the pain was terrible despite the application of anaesthetics prior to the treatment. After both the tests, the nurse rubbed a Bactroban cream on the part of my scalp which was operated on to kill the bacteria; after sewing this part of the scalp. There was still little pain that subsisted every time I shampoo the sewn part of the scalp. I was told to come back two weeks later to remove the stitch and to obtain the results of the diagnosis. I was given the remaining of the Bactroban cream to apply daily on the affected scalp to ease the pain and kill the bacteria. Two weeks later, I returned to the same clinic to remove the stitch and the dermatologist handed me the result; and the result indicated that it was telogen effluvium.

The dermatologist said it was good news as this condition which may be due to the medication I took would finally subside after some time. I would be waiting for this to come soon.But alas, days pass and then months, it was futile. Seeing tons and tons of hair on the bathroom sink and waking up everyday to witness the hundreds of hair strewn across my bed and on my bedroom floor did nothing to assuage me that my illness would go away. The visits to the dermatologist have also drained me financially and in a desperate move, I decided to try out some off-the-counter hair loss products available at pharmacies. I tried the Himalyan Hair Loss Cream (Herbal) for about one month but it was useless so I went to see the dermatologist again for the fourth and fifth time (that was in April and May last year), but again the dermatologist assessed and said there was nothing wrong with my hair, no male pattern loss or whatever. But indeed, my hair was getting thinner and thinner by the day.

She prescribed me with stronger shampoos and sebum regulator which I used without seeing any improvements. It was at this time that I finally decided not to see the dermatologist again as there was simply no use at all! Hair continued to fall and fall. From then on (Jun 07), I have ‘more or less accepted my fate’ and accepted my hair loss fact. I tried Kaminomoto Hair Growth Accelerator and a good shampoo called Melaleucca Shampoo recommended by my friend but it was really no use at all. The telogen effluvium which I was diagnosed with did not seem to be the hair illness that struck me as it simply did not stop within a short period. It was over one year and my hair still continued to fall like rain. Over the whole of this hair loss ordeal, I carried out numerous researches on hair loss over the internet, which further equipped me with all knowledge concerning hair loss. I tried all I could, from observing what I consumed (less oil), watching my diet, exercising regularly and even cutting down on some coffee and tea. But it did not help in the loss.

I have also shared my findings with others on an internet discussion forum posting and the thread saw some 55,000 odd readers before it was finally removed by the administrator. With my knowledge learnt from the internet and my ordeal, I shared with some of these forumers; some of them even emailed me to ask questions. For hair loss, there is really no one fixed miracle panacea: what works for one may not work for others. The hair loss did affect my life a bit: waking up in the morning and after shampooing, I counted the number of strands of hair that I lost and any fewer in count would make me slightly happier. I used to enjoy the wind but now I avoid being ‘confronted’ with a gust of wind for fear that the wind would blow off some of my hair. It does not help that Singapore can get breezy at times! And definitely, my self-esteem would suffer a bit of loss and it did not help that I am still without a girlfriend at my age! Hair loss would certainly dealt me a serious disadvantage in this ‘image-conscious’ society; though it may not be always true: I still do my fair share of admirers as some girls are not particular over looks.Entering the MRT daily, I always observed young man at different stages of balding; sometimes I saw friends who I have not seen for some years completely bald!

This shocked me and brought me to the reality that balding in Singapore is not just MY problem, it is OUR problem!Is it due to stress in this fast-paced society of ours? Or is it due to the diet here that causes more young men and even women to bald?

End Depression, Anxiety, Insomnia and Mood Disorders and Find Inner Peace and Happiness through Energy Body Cleansing and Helaing

End Depression, Anxiety and Other Mood Disorders and Insomnia and Find Peace of Mind and Happiness through Reiki and Energy Body Cleansing and Healing

By Michael E. Goldberg

Author: End of Mood Disorders and The Road to Happiness

Depression, anxiety and other mood disorders are at epidemic levels in the United States. So is insomnia. The good news is that you can end the devastation of these illnesses when you heal and cleanse your energy healing. Through energy healing, you will ultimately improve your brain chemistry and achieve peace of mind and an internal sense of well being, joy and balance. If one’s energy body is not clean, intact and vibrant, no medicine will heal your depression, anxiety and other mood disorders or insomnia. It will stabilize your symptoms (and that is important), but it will not be enough to heal you. You must do the work along with Reiki and energy healers to release stored negative energy from traumas and stress and become a positive thinker filled with peace and joy. You must do the work to establish boundaries, build self love, self confidence and self esteem and stop generating negative energy through negative beliefs, thoughts, acts and speech. 

To be mentally and physically healthy, your aura, chakras and meridians must be free of negative energy. Chi energy (the energy of life) must flow freely through your energy body without blockage from negative energy. This takes work. This can only be achieved through a combination of Reiki and other types of energy healing and ongoing spirituality, positive thinking, positive beliefs, positive speech and positive acts, not intentionally harming or deceiving others. self-love and a positive mind-set.  As a Reiki master and life coach, I have focused on healing depression, anxiety and other mood disorders and insomnia with energy healing and techniques designed to protect one’s energy body. These techniques include visualization, meditation, establishing and maintaining boundaries, handling stress factors in a positive way, avoiding negative and toxic people and mind control. These techniques enable people to be fully engaged in each precious moment of life with full presence, participation and joy. These techniques enable people to rid themselves of painful and negative memories and rid themselves of stored anger and hate. They teach people to consciously identify and stop negative thoughts and rid energy/emotional attachment to negative and toxic people, co-dependant people and things. This is important because these attachments cause energy drainage, imbalance and negativity.

I have taught people how to generate high vibration positive energy through meditation and visualization techniques. High vibration positive energy shakes off, burns off and repels low vibration negative energy. I have taught people how to establish reasonable boundaries and change their mindset from negative to positive. In the end, we all must love ourselves first and foremost.  This requires us to make our own peace of mind, peace of spirit and joy for life our number one priority.

 Mood disorders are a problem of brain chemistry. But the problem of brain chemistry is caused by energy starvation and blockage andenergy/emotional attachments. Chi energy (life force energy) is not able to be freely drawn in and distributed through one’s energy body because it is blocked, drained and disturbed by negative energy blockages and energy/emotional attachments.  A person’s energy body is drained and blocked primarily by  our own negative thoughts, acts and speech and our own negative and impulsive reaction to stress factors.  Negative energy is also generated by a poor self image. Visualization and meditation techniques along with positive affirmations must be used to build up a person’s self-love, self confidence and self esteem. These techniques must also be used to rid oneself of guilt and shame.

Everyone has an energy body and a physical body. Our energy body is invisible to most. It animates our physical body and gives our physical body life. Some call the energy body our spirit. Our energy body is attached to our physical body. It includes an aura that surrounds us and protects us from negative energy (negative energy is low vibration energy that is the primary cause of illness), as well as chakras (spinning energy axles with energy wheels on both ends that go through our energy bodies) and meridians (energy channels that are the energy equivalent to veins and arteries). A good mental and emotional state requires a clean, vibrant and healthy energy body, free of negative energy blockages and energy attachments. Good mental health requires the positive interaction of brain chemistry and life force energy. These energies must interact properly for a person to be balanced and free of depression, anxiety and other mood disorders and insomnia. What goes on in our minds not only reflects brain chemistry, it also reflects the health of our energy bodies and the ability of our energy bodies to easily and automatically draw in and distribute life force energy for our use and for our health.

Life force energy is otherwise known as chi energy. It is abundantly available to us in the Universe to bring us life and good health. So long as our energy body is not blocked and damaged by negative energy. Chi energy bolsters our immune system and ensures that our physical body is functioning properly. It reverses the damage to brain chemistry done by stress, trauma and negative energy. Unfortunately, in many cases our energy bodies are broken, cracked and blocked by negative energy and drained by negative energy and negative and toxic people. As a result, our energy bodies cannot properly draw in and distribute chi (life force energy) for healing. The end result of a dysfunctional energy body is mental and physical illness. When one’s energy body is damaged and blocked by negative energy, chi energy cannot flow through it properly to support one’s health. Brain chemistry is damaged. The negative energy that blocks and invades one’s energy body is often caused by our own negative thoughts, emotions, acts and speech and our negative reaction to stress factors. Negative emotions include anger, fear, jealousy, etc. These emotions cause us to experience stress, primarily by our reaction to external and painful events and our ongoing obsessive and ruminating thoughts about that which is painful and negative.  Negative energy is also caused by a fight or flight mentality and fight or flight home or work environments. Stress will damage your energy body and drain your energy. So, it is critical (in fighting depression, anxiety and other mood disorders and insomnia) to avoid stressful home and work environments and negative and toxic people who cause you stress. It is also important to prevent yourself from reacting negatively to stressful situations and provocations and setting boundaries. It is important to make your own happiness and peace of mind and spirit your number one priority in life that comes before all else. All this takes the training. In addition the energy body can be damaged and vital life force energy drained from negative and toxic people.

The good news is your brain chemistry can be normalized once your energy body is cleansed and healed and made vibrant and intact.  Reiki practitioners and other energy healers can repair one’s energy body and extract negative energy from it and remove energy attachments from it. Energy attachments, a damaged energy body and attached and embedded negative energy in one’s energy body cause obsessive thoughts, ruminations and negative thoughts and emotions that drain your energy. But, they can be easily removed and extracted and your energy body healed. This can all be easily done through Reiki, and energy vibration healing (such as Emotional Freedom Techniques and Shamanic healing and crystal healing). Once the energy body is repaired and cleansed, you need to defend and protect your energy and stop burning energy needlessly with negative thoughts and emotions. You need to learn. positive thinking techniques to stop spinning and running thoughts, obsessive thoughts and ruminations (all of which burn and deplete your energy). You need to use visualization techniques to detach from painful memories (these attachments cause obsessive and ongoing negative thoughts and emotions that drain and deplete one’s life force energy) and meditation and prayer techniques to balance and pacify your mind and spirit. You also need to learn how to build and maintain boundaries and avoid negative and toxic people. In addition, you need to learn how to be fully present in each precious moment in life (and stop thinking about the future or the past while the precious moments slip away). You begin to really see and appreciate life all around you and your connection to life. You will spend more time in nature and in meditating in nature or on visualizations of nature. You will move into your heart chakra and find your connection to the divine in your heart chakra. You will begin to live there by shifting your consciousness there and out of your head – the seat of thoughts and ego, but not life and love. .Through visualization, you will learn to move divine high vibrations (as visualized white light)  from your heart and through and around your entire body as you visualize that you are a divine being pf pure white light inside and out.. Daily meditation, prayer and visualization from your heart chakra are essential to feeling the high vibrations of chi, love, peace and happiness.  You are a divine being of pure white light attached to a physical body. As you spend more time in meditation and your heart chakra, you will begin to understand that you are a divine and eternal being of light and love.  Once you feel the high vibration of your divine nature in your heart chakra, you will understand that you are divine beings of pure white light. You will then affirm to yourself that you are a divine being of white light, so happy to be alive. You will affirm to yourself that you are happy, peaceful and serene and so thankful for your life and its many blessings.  You will affirm to yourself how fortunate you are to be alive and how much you love yourself. You will begin to see yourself as an amazing miracle of creation and a part of the miracle of life and nature. You will begin to let go of negativity and see the world and your life as infused with infinite possibilities and a short but wonderful miracle. As you fully connect with and integrate into your personality (through visualization techniques) your pure, loving and holy higher self and fun loving and happy inner child, you will love life and easily and automatically draw and process chi for your health and happiness.

 First, close your eyes and relax and breathe deeply in and out and smile. Breathe in visualized white light as unconditional love and breathe out as visualized black smoke all fear, anxiety, anger and negativity. Let go of the negative and just relax. Shift your consciousness into your heart from your head.  Visualize yourself as a divine being of blazing white light. Smile as you connect with this loving and happy being of blazing white light from your heart. Then integrate this being into you through visualization and become this being. Shift your consciousness from your head to your heart. Put your hand over your heart and close your eyes. Visualize that your heart center is a blazing sun of pure white light. Now push out the white light from your heart center and fill up your head and body and legs and arms. Push out the white light all around your body about 6 inches to a foot. See that white light as your blazing high vibration aura. Fill your self up with visualized white light through your deep breathing and visualization. Feel the white light in and around you vibrate all negativity out of you  Keep your eyes closed and take deep breaths – breathe in visualized white light and breathe out visualized black smoke (breathe out all fear, anger and negativity).Let it go. Let all negativity go. Stop thinking, and just be, just exist in the moment. Calmly remain in your heart chakra, the center of your being and your connection to your eternal soul. Remember to thank the Creator each day for life and stay in the white light. Go back to white light visualization and breathing whenever you are afraid. Close your eyes and relax. Thank and pray to the Creator daily. Whenever you are afraid, worried or anxious or agitated, go to large bodies of water in reality or through visualization and take in and breathe in that beautiful blue water. See yourself floating in the middle of a calm ocean on a cloudless day – the light blue of the sky meets the light blue of the water. Float peacefully on that water in your mind. Close your eyes and relax.  Alternatively, close your eyes, breathe deeply and smile whenever you get afraid!!  Our lives are wonderful, short and temporary miracles. But, you are an eternal being of pure white light. You are truly loved by angelic beings and the Creator. Nothing can really hurt you. So, don’t be afraid. Change your beliefs from negative to positive, from rigid to open and infinite and your thoughts will follow. Positive affirmations, prayer and meditation will help. Learning to be conscious of your thoughts and able to stop or change negative thoughts is important.   

Reiki and energy healing, self-love, boundaries, meditation, visualization, mind control and positive thinking and spirituality are critical for you to build up your energy body and stop energy drainage and build up a bountiful and high vibration energy body filled with positive energy. Energy drainage and negative energy leads to illness. Positive energy leads to good health and happiness. The end result of energy cleansing and healing is peace of mind, peace of spirit, happiness and a vibrant energy body. Your cleansed and healed energy body will shake off, burn off and repel negative, low vibration energy that causes pain and illness. You will be happy as you feel love and happiness and peace and freedom from pain. These techniques help end depression, anxiety and other mood disorders and insomnia.        

  My books,  End of Mood Disorders, The Road to Happiness and The Road to Healing, Good Health and Wellness will teach you the techniques discussed in this article to end depression, anxiety and insomnia and bring you internal peace and happiness. The books are comprehensive guides that approaches depression, anger, anxiety and other mood disorders and unhappiness as energy and spiritual disorders as well as mental illnesses and problems with brain chemistry. My books recommends to readers energy-related, positive thinking, meditation and spiritual techniques to achieve and maintain peace of mind, balance and happiness in our lives. My books teach how to harness healing energy to correct the havoc to our emotional and mental states caused by negative energy and energy drainage. My books recommend ways to (a) control your ego and egoistic thoughts, emotions, speech and acts (which tend to be selfish and negative and all of which generate harmful negative energy that will deplete your energy and harm your energy body, (b) generate and draw-in positive healing energy, (c) build effective boundaries and (d) minimize conflict in your daily life, all in order to reach and maintain happiness, serenity, balance and peace of mind and spirit a vibrant and intact energy body. Through my books, you will learn how to stop burning the life force energy that you need to enjoy life and keep people from draining your energy. You will learn how to repel negative energy and re-charge your energy body. You will learn how to re-charge, refresh and invigorated your energy body.  

The book End of Mood Disorders is available on branesandnoble.com, amazon.com, yahoo.com and www.endofmooddisorders.com . It is also available in electronic format along with the book The Road to Happiness at www.theroad2happiness.com  The Road to Healing, Good Health and Wellness is available at amazon.com, barnesand noble.com and kindle.  

About the Author

Michael E. Goldberg is a Reiki Master and Life Coach. He is a Reiki practitioner and healer who does hands on and remote Reiki healing. He has worked with spiritualists in developing meditation techniques for his books and has studied with and interviewed Reiki, Buddhist, Christian, Jewish, and Wiccan teachers in preparing End of Mood Disorders and The Road to Happiness. He interviewed holistic healers for his book The Road to Healing, Good Health and Wellness.

Hearing Care

The ability to hear is a unique thing, which we take for granted. Around the world there are over 225 million people who are unable to rely on hearing to process information. This article will explain how the ear works to produce the sounds we hear and also more importantly it will advise you on how to maintain healthy ears.

How Hearing Works

Hearing is quite an incredible sense, when you consider what the process actually consists of – it allows us to perceive sound made by others into words by detecting vibrations in the air. This process is fundamentally undertaken by our eardrum. The eardrum is a thin membrane and its main function is to transmit sound from the air, along the basilar membrane which is found in the inner ear.

Before I continue, here’s an interesting fact which involves a completely different culture and their unusual tradition. The Bajau Tribe who originate from the Pacific have a different way of treating their ears, here it is common place to pierce the ear drum at a young age, this is to assist diving and hunting underwater, but in turn are known to be hard of hearing.

Back on track, the hearing process is continuing in the basilar membrane where the vibrations have now approached, inside this membrane are hair cells, which detect the intensity and location of the vibrations in the membrane, they record this and at that point send that information to the brain through the auditory nerve. Completing this brief but detailed procedure we are able to process the words and sounds we hear on a day to day basis.

Common Ear Trouble

Throughout our lives we all have experienced ear trouble whether it’s a minor ear ache to a major hearing issue.

The most common ear troubles that people across the world experience are as followed; Otitis media which is more commonly known as your standard ear ache, this infection occurs in the middle ear (the area internal to the eardrum), common causes of this are swimming, common cold or ear trauma. Remedies used for this infection are painkillers, the most popular treatment mainly used for less serve cases. Most cases of Otits Media not known to last more than 5-6 days, if pain persists it is recommended that you seek medical advice who will possibly recommend an antibiotic treatment.

Another common ear complaint is Ear Wax Blockage, which is caused by the hair follicles and glands that produce waxy oil called cerumen. If this was too build up, symptoms would include; earache, fullness in the ear or a sensation that the ear is plugged and partial hearing loss, which may get worse depending on the severity of the blockage. Treatment for this ear problem that could be considered are baby oil, ear treatments and Mineral oils. All of these are able to soften the ear wax for removal, which in time will ease discomfort.

Maintaining Healthy Ears the Do’s and Don’ts

To prevent any future ear problems, it is crucial to maintain an ear cleansing routine. Your ears must be regularly cleaned. for example use a moist clean and soft cloth to clean your external ear, then for the inside of your ear use drops which soften the wax and will help dislodged wax from your ear canal. Finally make sure after a bath or shower your ears are dried gently to remove any remaining moisture. There are don’ts when it comes to ear hygiene and they are as followed; Don’t use Q-tips or cotton buds they just compact the ear wax in your ear and this will lead to ear wax build up over a period of time if cotton buds are continually in use. Don’t use a finger nail or sharp object to remove ear blockage and finally Don’t use a process called “ear candling” also known as auricular candling to assist your ear hygiene regime.

Hearing Impairment

Finally I will touch on what can cause hearing loss and what can be done for someone suffering from hearing impairment.

Deafness to summarize is a condition where the ability to detect certain frequencies of sound is completely or partially impaired. There are two different type of hearing loss:

· Conductive Hearing Loss:

Which is an impairment caused from a dysfunction of mechanisms that help sound waves move through the outer ear and eardrum

· Sensorineural Hearing Loss

This is normally present from birth with abnormalities in the hair cells, stopping for any signals to be processed and understood.

The severity of hearing loss can measured in decibels the patient can hear, with it ranked as mild, moderate, moderately severe, severe or profound and the latter person would not be able to hear anything that is 91dB or greater.

For some people hearing loss can not be prevented, with it unfortunately being instilled in their genes. Other people though who gain hearing loss due to old age or accidents could seek assistance from hearing aids but does not benefit every circumstance.

Hearing Aids are only really a demi-cure for hearing loss. They are worn behind the patients ear and is designed to amplify and modulate sound, directing it down the ear canal. So hearing aids are not a cure – they are just helping to make sound more accessible.

Love – True Humanity

Is it appropriate for the many churches to attain favorable tax status when basically they are thieves in sheep's clothing who rob the real sheep and then add vitriolic indifference when disaster looms? How victimized are we as a world population that we deny the general populace the same favor we give countries like Libya while wide spread poverty sweeps the world. Then again, if they do not have oil or natural resources they may cry to the wind.

Is it correct for us to play deaf to forced imposition, akin to Stockholm syndrome? Shall we regain composition because of some vacant fear induced by defecating verbiage that goes against the truth of God religions supposedly represented?

Are we ever going to reclaim our identity and honor the one true God free from the manacles of imposed religions claiming sovereignty to the exclusion of personal opportunity? God is within us not restrained by religious zealots offering us visit rights if we are good little sheep.

It is and always has been a curious oddity that religions, particularly christian churches, who when faced with a choice of helping impoverished people or restore a building normally choose the latter while expecting the flock to continue donating when pennies are tight.

God gave us free will and religions have robbed it from us, that is, those of us who believe or previously believed there was no alternative. Not yet recently anyhow so let the opportunity to become familiar with God on a one to one conversation begin. Imagine being able to converse with God and enjoy the wonders of his wisdom while being free, totally free to express our freedom and enjoy every minute of it.

Imagine donating to charities of choice knowing the finances are not filling the coffers of self-interest pastors, ministers and church representatives. There are myriad choices of respectable charities to choose from that we do not need the restructuring dogmatic force of religious abominations. An example of this is Comic Relief in Britain what efforts raised over seventy four million pounds as of March 20/2011.

Now imagine how peaceful our world could be because there are no patriarchal abominations depriving us from embracing God's word with clarity, equality and justice with unconditional love for all. 'How much more then will your father in heaven give holy spirit to those who ask him.' Luke 11:13

While the above suggestion may appear frivolous or Utopian it may bear consideration that, our perceptions may be clouded by fear-induced restrictions. We have to remember that due to advanced scope of male or patriarchal designs to imprisonment the people to the detriment of independent thought our horizons were / are influenced by exacerbated intonations / inflections enhancing superstitious primitives fears.

We are all familiar with the power of suggestion so let us reverse that power with positive affirmations that reinforce our commitment to thrive and embrace spiritual life in all its glory. Archangel Gabriel has advised us he will stand with us until we have attained our purpose for being and we know that through history the influence apportioned to angels proved very real.

Enjoy the journey after you have inhaled the possibilities and digested the scope of potential. May your creativity blossom through this freedom devoid of borders or boundaries where God is testified through your new life. God did not create death through rules and regulations dominant male apes did, so they deprived us from attaining our true humanity. 'When he, the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into the whole truth.' John 16:13

Nail Fungus No More

What is nail fungus?

One of the indications that you have nail fungus is when your nails thickened or discolored? If the nails become brittle or chalk, disintegrated or fell off, these are the common symptoms of nail fungus. If you have some of them, the symptoms are likely to progress to the complete destruction of the nail.

This fungal infection called onychomycosis is caused by Tinea Ingium. It destroys the whole nail unit and is different from Tinea Pedis which causes athlete’s foot.

What is Nail Fungus Care?

Nail Fungus Care is treatment that works for you. It works best as compared to other types of treatment. The usual medical treatment for nail fungus includes oral antifungal agents including Griseofulvin. Using this type of medications, however, have side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion and headaches. They can also potentially cause significant toxicity, including liver damage.

With all these drawbacks, the usual medications cannot even guarantee a complete cure. The cure rate is merely 3%-38%.

Nail Fungus Care is a revolutionary certified organic nail fungus cure. This treatment is proven to completely eliminate and permanently cure nail fungus within days.

The undersides of nails often contain a wide variety of infectious microbes which can cause re-infection. With the application of Nail Fungus Care even on adjacent nails, the incidence of this infectious disease will be curbed dramatically.

Independent published medical trials conducted in the US and Europe has proven that the medicinal extracts in Nail Fungus Care provide the most powerful therapeutic effect against nail fungus. This product works each and every time with guaranteed result.

What’s in Nail Fungus Care?  

These all-natural medicinal plant extracts – phenolproponoids and aldehydes. This Pure Healing product is the result of years of research, meticulous formulation of naturally occurring materials, and scrupulous harvesting and production procedures. The lipophilic properties of essential oils in Nail Fungus Care have a remarkable ability penetrate rapidly under the skin and nails.

All Pure Healing products are:

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Proven effective to prevent recurrence of nail fungus in the lab and for our customers

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More information refers to: http://www.purehealing-us.com

The Truth About Dental Implants

There are three (not serious) main questions, when you understand that you need a dental implant procedure:

1. How much dental implant cost?

2. What are main dental implant prices?

3. Can I get free dental implant? Actually, dentures implant procedure is one of the most expensive things you can do at dentists office.

In the past, dentists would try to keep or replace teeth with treatments such as root canals, bridges, and fixed or removable dentures. Unfortunately, a significant number of root canal treated teeth fail, bridges require that healthy adjacent teeth be cut down and removable dentures can often be unstable and require the use of sticky adhesives. Dental implants are a solution to these problems, and many of the concerns associated with natural teeth are eliminated, including dental decay.

A Single-Tooth Implant

Single-tooth implants can be used in people who are missing one or more teeth. An tooth implant is surgically placed in an opening that is made by your dentist in the jawbone. After the implant integrates (attaches) to your bone, it acts as a new “root” for the crown that will be replacing your missing tooth. A crown (cap), which is made to look like a natural tooth, is attached to the implant and fills the space left in the mouth by the missing tooth.

For this procedure to work, there must be enough bone in the jaw, and the bone has to be strong enough to hold and support the tooth implant. If there is not enough bone, be may need to be added with a procedure called bone augmentation. In addition, natural teeth and supporting tissues near where the implant will be placed must be in good health.

There are plenty of reasons to replace a missing tooth. A gap between your teeth, if obvious when you smile or speak, is a cosmetic concern.

Depending on their location, some missing teeth may affect your speech. A missing molar might not be noticeable when you talk or smile, but its absence can affect chewing.

When a tooth is missing, the biting force on the remaining teeth begins to change. As the bite changes to compensate for the lost tooth, there is a risk of extra pressure on and discomfort in the jaw joints. If a missing tooth is not replaced, the surrounding teeth can shift. Harmful plaque and tartar can collect in new hard-to-reach places created by the shifting teeth. Over time, this may lead to tooth decay and periodontal disease.

What is a Dental Implant?

A dental implant is one option for replacing a tooth. Implants are manufactured devices that are placed surgically in the upper or lower jaw, where they function as anchors for replacement teeth. Implants are made of titanium and other materials that are compatible with the human body.

An implant-restored tooth consists of several parts.

  • The implant, which is made of titanium, is placed in the upper or lower jawbone.
  • The abutment can be made of titanium, gold or porcelain. It is attached to the implant with a screw. This part connects the implant to the crown.
  • The restoration (the part that looks like a tooth) is a crown, usually made of porcelain fused to a metal alloy (PFM), but also could be an all-metal or all-porcelain crown. The crown is attached either to the abutment or directly to the implant. It can be screwed or cemented onto the abutment. If the crown is screwed to the abutment, the screw hole will be covered with restorative material such as tooth-colored filling material (composite).

An implant looks and feels like a natural tooth. It fits securely when you chew and speak. A single-tooth implant is a free-standing unit and does not involve treatment to the adjacent teeth. With a dental implant, the surrounding teeth can remain untouched if they are healthy, and their strength and integrity may be maintained. The implant can stabilize your bite and help prevent problems with the jaw.

What Happens During the Tooth Implant Procedure?

Treatment generally is a three-part process that takes several months. Your dentist may provide the treatment, or you may be referred to a specialist – such as a periodontist, a prosthodontistor an oral and maxillofacial surgeon – for all or part of the treatment.

In the first step, the dentist surgically places the implant in the jaw, with the top of the implant slightly above the top of the bone. A screw is inserted into the implant to prevent gum tissue and other debris from entering.

The gum then is secured over the implant, where it will remain covered for approximately three to six months while the implant fuses with the bone, a process called “Osseo integration. “There may be some swelling and/or tenderness for a few days after the surgery, so pain medication usually is prescribed to alleviate the discomfort. A diet of soft foods, cold foods and warm soup often is recommended during the healing process.

In the second step, the implant is uncovered and the dentist attaches an extension, called a “post,” to the implant. The gum tissue is allowed to heal around the post. Once healing is complete, the implant and post will serve as the foundation for the new tooth.

In the final step, the dentist makes a custom artificial tooth, called a “dental crown,” of a size, shape, color and fit that will blend with the other teeth. Once completed, the crown is attached to the implant post.

And now, maybe most important part.

We’ll try to answer if dental implants are good choice for you.

  • If you are missing a tooth, or teeth you could be an ideal candidate for implants, especially if your smile reveals missing teeth!
  • If you are uncomfortable with the way your dentures fit. Loose dentures can cause sore gums because of friction or food trapped under the bridgework.
  • Loose teeth from gum disease may need support.
  • Dental implants can give you a new base to support new teeth to function and feel like natural teeth.

In these instances, dental implants can help.

Success and failure rates for dental implant procedure.

Dental implant success is related to operator skill, quality and quantity of the bone available at the site, and also to the patient’s oral hygiene. Various studies have found the 5 year success rate of implants to be between 75-95%. Patients who smoke experience significantly poorer success rates.

Failure of a dental implant is usually related to failure to osseointegrate correctly. A dental implant is considered to be a failure if it is lost, mobile or shows peri-implant bone loss of greater than one mm in the first year after implanting and greater than 0.2mm a year after that.

Dental implants are not susceptible to dental caries but they can develop a periodontal condition called peri-implantitis where correct oral hygiene routines have not been followed. Risk of failure is increased in smokers. For this reason implants are frequently placed only after a patient has stopped smoking as the treatment is very expensive. More rarely, an implant may fail because of poor positioning at the time of surgery, or may be overloaded initially causing failure to integrate.

Does it very hurt to have dental implants placed?

The actual procedure to surgically place a dental implant is done under local anesthesia and is generally not at all painful. When the anesthesia wears off about three or four hours later, you might expect some discomfort. The level of discomfort is quite different from patient to patient, but most patients do not have significant problems.

In cases where there is prolonged pain, you should see your dentist right away. Prolonged pain is not a good sign with dental implants and although it does not always mean failure, the cause of the pain should be determined as soon as possible. If an implant is not properly integrating into the adjacent bone or if an infection develops, the implant may have to be removed.

What are the alternatives to implants?

The alternatives to implants are dentures or bridges. On the other hand, you may choose to simply accept the space where a tooth is missing.

A denture usually includes a metal and/or plastic base carrying plastic or porcelain artificial teeth. It is a removable replacement for a few missing teeth (partial denture) or a whole set of teeth (complete dentures). Dentures are very common but they can become loose, making it difficult to eat and speak. One or more implants can be fitted to help support and retain a denture.

A bridge consists of artificial teeth cemented onto adjacent natural teeth. If a fixed bridge were to be used, your dentist would cut down the adjacent teeth (the second molar and the second bicuspid) and fit a three unit fixed bridge over those two teeth.

The missing tooth would be called a pontic and it would be effectively replaced by the three unit bridge. If your dentist were to use an implant with a crown on it, he would place an implant in the site of the original first molar. He could do this immediately or at some date after the first molar was removed. There is no time limit here. The implant will take about 3 months to connect with the bone and then at that time, your dentist can construct a single crown on the implant to replace the missing first molar.

The cost of each one of these procedures varies from office to office, but a three unit fixed bridge costs about the same as an implant and a crown. The actual decision to do one over the other rests with you and your dentist. One technique is not inherently better than the other and each depends upon how you present and your dentist’s skills.

How much dental implant cost?

There are no established fees, of course, dental implant procedures can start even from $800 (dental tourism countries) to $4,000 (at top end dentists US), but it can go beyond.

China’s Renminbi – Our Currency, Your Problem

Introduction of Case Study:

This case introduces the basics of monetary economics and demonstrating practical applications of monetary policies and exchange rates that pertain to business decisions. Supporting this case study will be a discussion on the exchange rate policy that China has adopted preceding and following 1978, a year in which significant economic liberation took place. Events within the past couple of years that took place in China concerning their exchange rate regime were deemed highly controversial by members of China’s trade partners. The first objective of this essay is to trace the history of this discord surrounding China’s currency, the Renminbi (RMB), which translates literally into English as “the people’s currency”. Next, questions from the case will be discussed. Lastly, the case will be made up-to-date with a brief excerpt concerning the current state of affairs surrounding this issue.

Background on Case:

In 2006, many countries that conducted trade with China made strong allegations against China’s exchange rate policy. The major complaint was that China’s currency was undervalued due to China’s manipulation of exchange rates to suppress the prices of its exports. Among other damages, these countries have claimed that this action has cost them thousands of jobs. The U.S., which had a $233 billion trade deficit with China in that year, threatened to impose tariffs on Chinese imports if China did not revalue its currency. Japan and newly industrialized economies, such as Taiwan and Singapore, were less vocal, as they have been trying to strengthen their economic ties with China. Developing Asian countries, however, supported a revaluation in order for them to be better equipped to compete with China. One collective group that stayed relatively mute on the lively debates that ensued in the media between 2005 and 2007 were multinational companies. These companies benefited from low operating costs in China, which, for them, meant cheaper land and more competitively priced China-made exports.

China’s exchange rate was deemed to be out of synch with market forces, with several reasons to support this conclusion. First, China’s economy experienced 9% annual growth over the past decade. According to the Balassa-Samuelson hypothesis, rapid economic growth is accompanied by real exchange rate appreciation because of differential productivity growth between tradable and non-tradable sectors. Secondly, China has become the world’s third-largest exporter with at least $970 billion in 2006. China’s exports have experienced approximately 30% growth in recent years. Lastly, there has been a compilation of $1.2 trillion in foreign currency reserves. These build-ups are claimed to be the result of manipulation of the RMB against natural forces of the market.

Chinese officials strongly oppose the idea of a revaluation of their currency on several grounds, the strongest of which is probably that they are a country that is highly reliant on trade and growth of their exports is vital. Secondly, over two hundred million rural dwellers have left their farms to find work in urban centers. Higher economic growth is necessary to absorbing these workers into a functional economy. Apart from the economic reasons against changing the exchange rate policy, officials in China turn to several counterarguments. First, the RMB, according to them, is not really undervalued and China’s economic growth has nothing to do with manipulation of the currency. Secondly, the U.S. is running a large trade and budget deficit, which is partially attributable to capital inflows from China, and should look to the weakness in their economy before pointing fingers elsewhere. Also, China is a sovereign country with a right to choose its own exchange rate policy. Lastly, Chinese officials brought up the little known fact that despite its large trade surplus with the U.S. and Europe, it also has large deficits with others, especially Asian countries.

As mentioned in the introduction, China began liberalizing its country in 1978. Prior to then, it followed central planning and was reliant on economic self-sufficiency. China’s foreign trade was negligible and there were hardly any foreign companies doing business in China. The RMB, at that time, was pegged to a basket of currencies and an exchange rate was set at an unrealistically high level. The currency was virtually non-convertible. After 1978, China followed an “open door policy” and special economic zones were opened to foreign investments. A tiny private sector emerged. The RMB was devalued in 1981, 1985 and 1993 to the U.S. dollar in order to promote Chinese exports. The RMB was revalued by 5% in 1995, which held until July 2005.

The squabbles started in July 2005 when China reformed its exchange rate regime. The RMB was revalued by 2.1% to the dollar. The peg to the dollar was replaced by a peg to a basket of currencies with an allowed fluctuation of a 0.3% band against the dollar each day. This basket was dominated by the U.S. dollar, euro and yen. The currencies of baskets and weights were selected on the basis of trade volume conducted with China’s partners, the sources of foreign direct investment (“FDI”) and the composition of China’s debt. In May 2007, the Chinese central bank announced a widening of the RMB’s daily fluctuation against the dollar to 0.5%. This followed an appreciation of their currency by 7.2% against the dollar.

Chinese officials site several alternatives that could be taken in place of a revaluation of their currency. The first suggestion is to reform the banking sector, where up to 40% of loans are underperforming and nine out of ten banks are state-owned. Secondly, they have proposed a “go abroad” policy, encouraging Chinese companies to invest abroad and thus stimulating outward FDI. Lastly, Chinese officials have suggested imposing a voluntary export tax. Unlike with a revaluation, a tax would not affect the value of foreign currencies. Furthermore, the Chinese government would receive much needed tax revenues.

Analysis and Discussion of Case Issues:

Now this essay will discuss responses to questions from the case itself. The first two questions from the case are concerned with how much further China should let its currency appreciate and to determine whether or it is not undervalued as of the time of writing this piece. First, China should never have let the currency fall this far. It has an abundant source of cheap and skilled labor, with a generally high educational attainment level, and does not need to manipulate their currency in order to benefit from strong exports. Yet, this is precisely the action Chinese officials took. This should be immediately corrected before more trading partners are forced to suffer. Regarding the second question, it is clear from the evidence that the currency was undervalued. Given the high level of FDI entering China and its significant trade surplus, the RMB should have appreciated relative to this basket of goods, especially given that the U.S. dollar and Euro have both weakened lately.

The next questions are concerned with the consequence of a revaluation on China and its trade partners and whether any profound reform should be gradual or not. Also, the case study asks about how a floating RMB would impact the exchange rate. In simple terms, a revaluation would benefit most trade partners and come at a significant cost to China. Trading partners, including the U.S. and the Euro Zone will benefit by not losing thousands of workers to the Chinese markets, as had been the case when domestic companies relocated to China under favorable economic considerations. Developing Asian countries will be better able to compete with Chinese exports if a revaluation takes place. Multinational corporations will not favor such a move, as maintaining the status quo allows them to continue benefiting from the low operating costs in China. China would lose in the sense that its economy would likely slow. One could argue, however, that this will happen anyways, given the current state of affairs in the global economy. Current business and political journals and magazines have pointed to the fact that Europe is now in a recession and that the U.S. is not far behind. The credit crunch has not left China unaffected-its economic growth is expected to reduce to only approximately 8% in 2009 according to analysts at the Economists and the Financial Times.

As mentioned before, China is heavily reliant on trade and growth of its exports is vital. A revaluation will eat into its competitive position. This will also likely have a negative impact on their labor market, as fewer jobs may be available in the cities for those leaving the rural communities and entering the urban areas.

To answer the second question, the revaluation should be gradual in order to give the market forces a chance to react intelligently to the change properly and for affected constituents to adjust their business practices accordingly. In response to the final question, a floating of the RMB would cause it to strengthen relative to the other basket of exchange rates because it is currently undervalued due to market manipulation on behalf of Chinese officials.

The last two questions refer to different exchange rates and ask which one is most appropriate for China. There are six major exchange rate regimes. The first is an exchange arrangement with no separate legal tender regime. In this regime, the currency of another country circulates as the sole legal tender, or the member belongs to a monetary or currency union in which the same legal tender is shared by the members of the union. Adopting this regime implies the complete surrender of the monetary authorities’ independent control over domestic monetary policy. The second regime is called the currency board arrangements. This is a monetary regime based on an explicit, legislative commitment to exchange domestic currency for a specified foreign currency at a fixed exchange rate, combined with restrictions on the issuing authority to ensure the fulfillment of its legal obligation. Some flexibility may be allowed, depending on how strict the banking rules of the currency board arrangements are. The third regime is the other conventional fixed peg arrangement.

Countries that adopt this regime peg its currency at a fixed rate to another currency or a basket of currencies. The basket is formed from the currencies of major trading or financial partners, and weights reflect the geographical distribution of trade, services or capital flows. There is a limited degree of monetary policy discretion, depending on the bandwidth.

China has adopted the fourth exchange rate regime into its monetary policy, which is known as the crawling peg. The currency is maintained within a bandwidth around a central rate, which is adjusted periodically at a fixed pace or in response to changes in selective quantitative indicators. Maintaining the exchange rate within the band imposes constraints on monetary policy with the degree of policy independence being a function of the bandwidth.

The fifth regime is the managed floating with no predetermined path for the exchange rate. The monetary authority attempts to influence the exchange rate without having a specific exchange rate path or target. Lastly, there is the independently floating regime, which has been adopted by the U.S. The exchange rate is market-determined, with any official foreign exchange market intervention aimed at moderating the rate of change and preventing under fluctuations in the exchange rate, rather than at establishing a level for it. This is the regime that the Chinese government should follow because it is market-determined and not open to manipulation, while maintaining flexibility regarding monetary policy.

Third Party Opinions on Case Issues:

This last section will discuss the current situation regarding this debate. According to the latest news articles from such sources as Bloomberg, the Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times, the Chinese economy has experienced weakening exports because of the U.S. housing slump and the international credit squeeze. China’s GDP growth is expected to slump, too. The Chinese government has options to stimulate the economy and protect exporters. Reports claim that officials at China’s central bank plan on slowing the appreciation of the RMB. Indeed, this is a decision that should have been made a long time ago and would be a major breakthrough in the ongoing debate, which may actually reach a conclusion given the state of affairs in the global economy.

According to Professor Pan Yingli of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the RMB was undervalued since the 1997 Asian crisis and such a foreign exchange policy has been used to finance exports and imports sectors at the cost of non-trading industries. Basically, the crawling peg regime adopted by China allows it to manipulate exchange rates in its own favor in order for it to sell more products abroad, as exports are the lifeblood of China’s economy.

The Asian financial crisis involves four basic problems or issues: (1) a shortage of foreign exchange that has caused the value of currencies and equities in Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea and other Asian countries to fall dramatically, (2) inadequately developed financial sectors and mechanisms for allocating capital in the troubled Asian economies, (3) effects of the crisis on both the United States and the world, and (4) the role, operations, and replenishment of funds of the International Monetary Fund.

Concluding Remarks:

In conclusion, this case showed how trading partners could be both positively and negatively influenced by the economic decisions by one or more of the players. It is important for countries to realize that we live in an interconnected, increasingly global environment in which important decisions are not made in isolation. In fact, China’s decision to pursue exchange rate reform has, for better or worse, greatly impacted billions of people throughout both the developed and developing world.

Participant Structures and Communicative Competence

In her article, “Participant Structures and Communicative Competence: Warm Springs Children in Community and Classroom” Susan Philips described the disjuncture between verbal encounters in classrooms where young North American Indians get formally educated and in their native communities where they learn the particular skills their people deem necessary in their roles as members of the community. This disjuncture represents one of the major challenges being encountered in the primary and secondary education of North American Indians which have been widely reported in previous research and are well-known phenomena in the national education sector.

Specifically, Philips focused her study on the learning dynamics in Warm Springs Indian Reservation where some 1,500 descendants of the Warm Springs Sahaptin, Wasco, Chinook, and Paiute Indians who have began settling there in 1855, live. While originally from distinct tribes, these groups evolved into an almost homogenous community and came to share almost identical cultural backgrounds after more than a hundred years of sharing the same geographical home. Presently, these groups collectively call themselves the “tribe.”

In their efforts to improve the educational system in the reservation, the tribe encouraged the establishment of schools and scholarship programs. However, after many years of teaching Indian children using the standard methods implemented in US public schools, a clear trend has emerged, indicating that Indian students consistently perform poorly compared with non-Indian learners. Thoroughly examining this phenomenon, Philips demonstrates that there are pronounced differences between the social conditions that govern verbal discourses in classrooms and the conditions that allow Indian children to participate verbally in community activities, and that these differences in participant structures account for the poor educational performance of young Indian learners in Warm Springs.

Philips provided a comparative context for her study by making observations of all-Indian and non-Indian or white grammar school classes at first and sixth grade levels. Philips also considered Indian social conditions to determine how Indian children verbally participate during community gatherings. These are some of the participant structures Philips probed to show the disconnect between standard verbal communication dynamics in the classroom and the culturally charged verbal opportunities allowed or encouraged by the community. As demonstrated, this disconnect causes the communicative competence issues being reported on Indian learners.

The four participant structures Philips discussed in her article are 1) the teacher speaking to the group of students; 2) a student who has volunteered or has been asked by the teacher to speak in front of the class; 3) students working independently but each having access to the teacher for a one-on-one verbal engagement; and, 4) student groups controlled by the students themselves. Young Indian learners exhibit unusually high hesitance to participate in the first two participant structures while they strongly engage in verbal encounters in the third and fourth participant structures. Notably in all participant structures, Indian children refuse to assume leadership roles in verbal encounters.

Meantime, participant structures at home and in the community are radically different from those in schools. First, in Warm Springs community activities where children are allowed to participate, any member my verbally communicate in various ways. There are no distinctions between performer and audience because everyone can participate. Each community member is also allowed to decide how much she wants to participate. In these community activities, there is no single leader that controls the engagements unlike in classrooms where the teacher pretty much controls all the learning processes. On the other hand, community activities like dancing, singing, and drumming, require no soloists. This strongly reflects on speaking roles allowed by the community. Indian children also required or encouraged to observe adult interactions. Moreover, there is a marked absence of skill testing similar to quizzes, graded recitations, and exams being done in classrooms. In Warm Springs, learners conduct private self- tests to gauge their own proficiency with a given skill. Only when they are certain that they have developed sufficient skill will they publicly demonstrate what they have learned. Often, the demonstration is also nonverbal, such as a shot deer or a properly prepared dinner on the table. Lastly, use of speech is minimal in most participant structures in Indian communities.

These contextual differences account for the inappropriateness of western teaching models as applied in Native American contexts and will likely prolong historical inequalities if left unchanged and unresponsive to the cultural preferences of Native American learners.

Travelogue – Batanes, the Secret Places in the Philippines

The raging sea beats the island of Batanes’ as if to say I am King.

The waves violently slap the rocks with enviable freedom. Its stammering power heeds no remorse.

The island however doesn’t back down, doesn’t fold-up or disintegrates. It takes a proud beating with a ‘Hah’, I am Batanes.

Batanes should indeed be proud of its coffers. It offers an amazing landscape that is as complex as a Roger Dean art work. The twisting spiraling mountains roll for miles and miles carpeted with green pastures. Atop its numerous cliffs one can get a front seat view of the feisty merging waters of the China Sea with the Pacific Ocean.

There is also something incredibly charming about the island’s unique stone houses. Around 3 meters thick, these rock abodes crafted by the ancestors have stood against torturous rain and bullying winds. The roofs are made of cogon providing water proof shade. From afar the houses create an amazing texture of color and form that is bucolic and unlike anything that I’ve ever been in the provinces I’ve visited.

In spite the amazing scenery the island’s greatest strength is its people – the Ivatans. Storm warriors by birth they still posses a gentle demeanor, friendly disposition and an unbelievable sense of trustworthiness. Crime is said to be non-existent in Batanes and people find no need to lock their doors. There is even a sign posted in the city treasury that reads “LOST AND FOUND – MONEY. Please claim inside”.

As most travel junkies know Batanes is the northernmost province of the Philippines and its smallest island both in terms of land area and population. Among its ten petite islands only three are inhabited – Batan, Itbayat and Sabtang. Sandwiched by Babuyan Island and Taiwan, the province is closer to Taipei than Manila. In fact an urban legend states that on a clear day one can see Taiwan and hear Chinese roosters crow.

Growth in Batanes’ tourism has been spurred by airlines such as Asian Spirit that conveniently jets weekly flights (for a P10,000 round trip ticket price). Surprisingly posh, the main airport is located in Basco, the province’s capital (found in Batan island). Albeit the flight being a bit choppy, I land safely in Batanes and seek my adventure.

DAY 1 – Going around Basco

A refreshing contrast to other city centers, Basco has neither a mall nor a Starbucks coffee shop – yet. The pseudo-commercial center is a small lane filled with tiny groceries, supplies stores and ukay-ukay shops. Zero tricycles explain the quiet streets and only a couple of jeeps and automobiles exist here.

2:00 pm

Shanedel’s, a family managed inn is a great place to bunk. The place has a killer view of the Batan Bay and is right beside the busy Basco port. An old lighthouse perched on a hill can also be seen. Languid cows graze the pasture. The bovines stood so still I almost doubted they were real.

5:10 pm

Conveniently, the lighthouse is just a 20 minute walk from my place. The sky was turning crimson as the sun prepared to rest when the moon decided to drop by. I can’t tell you how amazing it is to see the sun set and the moon reveal itself simultaneously.

8:45 pm

Fried flying fish, was my first Batanes dinner. The meat was okay. Nothing fantastic.

DAY 2 Exploring Batan Island

Batan, is Batanes’ second largest island that serve as the center of commerce and houses the seat of the provincial government. Travelers can arrange tour rides that will explore Batan’s municipalities which include Basco, Ivana, Uyugan and Mahatao.

10 am

The ‘jeepney topload’ is the best seat to take when viewing Batan’s landscape. The ride snakes through the island’s rolling terrain. Above me are spectacular mountain formations that resemble stoic hunched-back giants. The white sand beach below me boasts pristine waters that splash against massive rocks.

Occasionally the driver parks his vehicle and allows my group to go down to absorb the scenery. There is nothing more lovely than sitting at edge of a cliff to stare at the horizon. No skyscraper, no boats, not a single living person litter my view, just clear blue skies. I pretend this really is the edge of the world.

12:30 pm – Honesty Store in the town of Ivana

Lunch takes place in an unmanned small canteen stocked with goodies (mami, chips, sodas, biscuits). Owners put their faith in customers’ honesty…hence the store moniker.

2:10 pm – Marlboro Country

After a belly filling lunch I head Payaman town dubbed as Marlboro Country. The tour guide boasts ‘Makikita mo parang wala ka sa Pilipinas’. The town does have a different feel to it. The pasture, from a far, is a mixture of deep green and brown hues. The guide explained the brown color is actually thin bamboo wood that cordons an Ivantan family’s land from his neighbor. This village is Batanes’ version of Tagaytay Highlands but instead of golf courses it is actually cattle pasture. Fantastic!

DAY 3- Sabtang Island

Sabtang is considered one of the 12 best destinations by the Department of Tourism in 1994. Compared to Batan, the island is less affluent but is more charming (in my opinion). Batan’s modern influences has converted its precious stone houses to concrete walls and thatched roofs. Meanwhile Sabtang still has their cobble stoned streets and stone houses intact. Albeit the Sabtang is also beginning to deteriorate as people there are starting to modernize their houses. The danger of spoilage of Batanes is an issue the government must pay attention but that’s another article altogether.

Sabtang’s landscape is also more breathtaking than Batan’s. Steep mountains, deep cannons and a seemingly endless strip of white beach is amazing. Sheer limestone cliffs that plunge into cerulean waters below makes it so surreal. I was able to swim in Batanes waters!

P.S. Oh and by the way I saw an independent movie production shooting a scene in the island (these guys did the indie film called Donsol). I heard Angel Aquino was the star. Interesting…

8 pm – Dinner Time

A birthday party thrown by a fellow adventure seeker spiced up the night. A belly popping feast includes fresh tuna sashimi, lobsters and lechon. We washed it down with a Pinoy ubiquitous drink – Tanduay. Yum.

Other memorable dishes I had in Batanes were fresh blue marlin tuna steak, green pepper filled lapu-lapu fillet, beef steak (lemme tell you they have lots of cows here), cuttle fish and pizza. Yes pizza…there is a pizza maker in Basco named Ivan, my favorite flavors are pepperoni, garlic and cheese and anchovies pizza. You have to order in advance to be able to enjoy its yumminess.

DAY 4 – Going Home

Flights from Batanes to Manila always take off at around 10 am. There was a certain melancholic feeling that washed over me as I left the quaint island. Probably because I’ll be going back to the circus I call my life. I guess one thing I have in common with Batanes is that just like its islands I always try to win over life’s metaphoric raging waves.


Batanes will definitely see me again. There are also so many stuff I wasn’t able to do.

Here is my list:

1. Fly to Itbaya which is Batanes third inhabited island. I was supposed to go but unfortunately the only light aircraft that flies to the island was broken. For those who wish to go to Batanes I suggest you go explore Itbaya first before doing the other island as it is much harder to access.

2. Climb Mount Iraya

3. Visit Mavudis island which is the northernmost island of Batanes. Coconut crabs litter the rich marine life filled island.

4. Explore Nakabuwang Cave in Sabtang and the Chawa cave which is said to be enchanted. It has a natural salt bed and a mouth that opens to South China Sea.

Lastly I would like to surf, wouldn’t it be so badass to say to Batanes raging waters ‘HAH I am the Queen’?

Bring a digital camera! Check http://www.camera.co.uk

A Cure For Sinus Infections That Really Works

My wife and I both struggle with sinus infections. It seems like we have read virtually every hokey remedy put forth on the web, only to be constantly disappointed. After pulsating nasal irrigation and drinking apple cider vinegar to no avail, we were always forced to trudge off to our local medical doctor for a round of antibiotics. A specialist even wanted to perform surgery on my wife.

Then the unexpected happened. A medical doctor chosen at random recommended a solution to sinusitis other than antibiotics. He still wrote out a prescription for antibiotics, but he suggested that I wait to fill the prescription until I first tried the other remedy. The doc said that the treatment works 80% of the time for his patients.

Here is the sinus cure I was given. Pick up a NeilMed ® Sinus Rinse kit and a bottle of Povidone Iodine (Betadine). Both products are available over the counter at your local drugstore. Boil water and allow it to cool to a lukewarm temperature. Add the water, one salt packet from the NeilMed ® kit and two drops of Betadine to the rinse bottle. Follow the directions for performing the nasal rinse. If the directions are followed, there should be little or no discomfort.

Depending upon the severity of the infection, up to a solid week of treatment (2-3 times per day) may be necessary before symptoms subside. If the infection is not yet well entrenched, you may feel remarkably better after only 1-2 days. Continue using the remedy 10 – 14 days after symptoms disappear for the same reason you would continue a course of antibiotics even though you feel back to normal — to ensure that all bacteria are destroyed. Since being handed this cure, I have had no need for antibiotics or surgery.