Liver Care – Dietary And Ayurvedic Treatment, Home Remedies

The liver is the master organ of the body, and most people consider the liver to be more important in the normal functioning of the body than even the brain and the heart. If there is any damage to the liver, then there could be serious complications, such as constipation, chronic gastritis, morning sickness, etc. Problems with the liver could be jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatomegaly (enlargement of the liver), all of which are life-threatening conditions. Here it is very important to take proper care of the liver.

Some symptoms which indicate something is wrong with the liver are: –

1 Loss of appetite

2 Diarrhea

3 Flatulence

4 Pain in the abdomen

5 Difficulty in breathing and coughing

Ayurveda places the liver at the center of the body. It is the house of all the five digestive agnis, or fires, and hence if anything goes wrong with the liver, digestion will be the first activity to come under peril. The liver is also responsible for converting plasma (Rasa dhaatu) to blood (Rakta dhaatu) in conjunction with the spleen. Thus, liver defects can cause serious blood ailments also.

This article deals with various Ayurvedic methods and home remedies to take proper care of the liver.

(1) Use Herbs in the Treatment of Liver Care

1. Berberis (Berberis vulgaris)

Berberis is nicknamed as the jaundice berry for its beneficial effects on the treatment of jaundice. It is a bitter tonic which is made from the bark of the berberis tree. It is taken in amounts of quarter teaspoon when jaundice strikes.

2. Chicory (Chichorium intybus)

Chicory is one of the most useful herbs in treatment of liver problems. Almost all parts of the herb are important – flowers, seeds and roots. The juice of the chicory plant promotes the secretion of the bile. Here is used in different ways in treating liver problems such as bilary stasis, sluggishness of the liver, bile obstruction, jaundice and enlargement of the spleen.

3. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Dandelion stimulates the liver and the gall bladder for the proper utilization of fats within the body. It also helps in detoxification of the liver. Its juice is used in treatment of most liver problems. Even for people with hepatitis, dandelion tea is very beneficial.

4. Gokulakanta (Hygrophila spinosa)

This herb is used for treatment of several liver problems including jaundice, hepatitis and derangement of the liver. Its root is prescribed in such conditions. A specially prepared decoction of the root (60 grams root powder mixed in half a liter of water and boiled for about half an hour) is given in doses of 30 to 60 milliliters twice or thrice daily.

5. Henna (Lawsonia inermis)

The cooling effect of the henna is also beneficial in the treatment of liver problems. Its bark is effective in the treatment of liver problems such as jaundice and enlargement of the liver.

6. Indian Aloe (Aloe barbadensis)

The Indian aloe stimulates the liver into carrying out its functions normally. It is used in the treatment of jaundice and enlargement of the liver.

7. Indian Sorrel (Oxalis corniculata)

Indian sorrel is used in the treatment of jaundice. It is taken in the form of fresh juice mixed with buttermilk made from cow's milk. It is to be taken once daily during jaundice.

8. Picrorrhiza (Picrorrhiza kurroa)

Picrorrhiza is a very commonly prescribed herb in the treatment of jaundice.

9. Trailing Eclipta (Eclipta alba)

The trailing eclipta has beneficial results in several liver problems. It can be used for the treatment of catarrhal jaundice and liver enlargement. A decoction of the juice of the herb is prescribed in doses of one teaspoon twice a day. To make the juice more effective, it can be added with essences of cardamom and cinnamon. The herb is also beneficial if there is mucus discharge accompanied with the catarrhal jaundice. In that case the juice of a few leaves is mixed with crushed peppercorns and taken with curds early in the morning for seven successful days.

10. Turpeth (Operculina turpethum)

Treatment of jaundice is usually started in Ayurveda with the medication of turpeth. It is given in the form of a powder in quantities of one to two teaspoons in hot water twice a day.

(2) Dietary Treatments for Liver Care

When there is a liver problem, detoxification of the liver is necessary. This is done by fasting for a day. After that, no food that is difficult to digest must be consumed. Bitter vegetables must be given, such as bitter gourd and bitter drumstick. Goat's or cow's milk must be taken instead of buffalo's milk. Instead of curds, buttermilk must be given. Garlic must be included in the diet.

3 Ayurvedic Treatments for Liver Care

For jaundice and several other liver problems, Ayurvedic treatments begin with two herbs – kutki (picrorrhiza) and nisoth (turpeth). These herbs are taken in a mixed powder form in quantities of one or two teaspoons in hot water twice daily. Arogyavardhini is taken as a common medicine since it contains both kutki and nisoth.

Bhringaraja (trailing eclipta) is the drug of choice for almost all liver ailments. It can be even given to children suffering from liver problems. It is taken with honey as a vehicle because it is quite bitter in taste.

(4) Home Remedies for Liver Care

1. The juice of two raw oranges must be taken once a day for up to a week.

2. Add a little salt and some roasted cumin seeds to a glass of buttermilk. Have it early in the morning. This keeps the liver healthy and protects it from disorders.

3. Extract the juice of about ten papaya seeds. Mix it with a teaspoonful of lime juice. Have this juice once a day.

4. A mixture of carrot and spinach juice is also very beneficial for liver problems.

Cigar – 9 Reasons Why We Should Not Smoke It

A cigar is dangerous to health and so it should be avoided, as smoking it does not only pose a threat to the health of the user; it also threatens the life of the passive smoker (one who inhales the smoke from what another person is smoking).

A cigar is the roll of discharged Tobacco leaves, which people smoke like cigarette. It is usually bigger than cigarette and it is not wrapped with paper. The danger it poses to human health is the same as that posed by cigarette since they both contain tar, Nicotine and several other impurities. The danger it poses to health far outweighs its benefits, if any.

Cigars must be avoided if you must enjoy optimum health and last long. Some of the reasons why it must be avoided include:

Chronic Bronchitis: Cigar causes chronic bronchitis (chronic inflammation of the bronchi). The poisonous substances it contains weakens the cilia in the upper respiratory tract, thereby exposing the individual to repeated respiratory tract infections. With time the infections spread to the bronchi, causing acute bronchitis. When this is not well managed, chronic bronchitis results.

Emphysema: Pulmonary emphysema occurs as a result of repeated respiratory diseases; it leads to abnormal distension of the alveoli, and consequentially to the formation of bullae on the lung surface, following the breakdown of the intervening walls of the alveoli. The individual experiences breathlessness and this could get worse on exertion.

Lung cancer: the chemicals in the cigar alter the cell structure of the lungs thereby leading to the development of lung cancer. Once this condition is diagnosed, the individual does not usually last for more than 2 years. He experiences severe pains in the chest region, breathlessness, extreme tiredness and some times cough.

Stroke: Cigar smoking usually worsens an already existing arteriosclerosis. The tiny blood vessels in the brain could have ruptured as blood forces its way through them. When this happens, the individual sufferers from stroke or apoplexy, with loss of sensation or paralysis of the opposite side of the body to the lesion.

Mouth and Throat cancer: Chemicals or hydrocarbons in Tobacco also lead to cancer of the lips, cheek, tongue and larynx. Surgical operation to remove those cancerous cells could lead to the damage of the vocal cord, producing loss of voice: they could also be disfiguring.

Heart disease: The poisonous substances in cigar can lead to heart disease such as pericarditis. Repeated respiratory infections and chronic bronchitis can also lead to congestive cardiac failure.

Gastric ulcer: Nicotine decreases mucus secretion in the GIT, and allows diffusion of acid to the mucus lining: and in turn lead to auto-digestion of the mucus lining. This auto digestion presents more portion of the intestine to the effect of gastric acid and hydrochloric acid.

Cancer of the bladder: The chemical wastes from cigar are excreted through the kidneys. The urinary bladder acts as temporary storage tank for the urine containing these chemicals; and so with time, the bladder develops cancer.

Fetal risk: Smokers expose their unborn fetuses to the carbon monoxide produced from the incomplete combustion of tobacco. Carbon monoxide in turn reduces oxygen and haemoglobin supplied to the fetus, thereby leading to poor development and low weight, as well as increasing the risk of premature birth and intra-uterine death.

One has to completely avoid the use of cigar if one is to escape from the afore-mentioned arguments. Non-smokers must also protect themselves by running away from smokers, in order to escape from the effects of secondary smoking. Remember that most health ministries now warn that "smokers areiable to die young."

Primary Lymphedema Treatment

Primary lymphedema is most common in women and it can also be termed as a genetic condition that could get serious if not treated well and in time. Although there is no cure for lymphedema in the primary stage as well, it can still be treated effectively so that the patient enjoys a normal lifestyle.

Primary lymphedema treatment usually involves the use of compression garments and even bandages that help in keeping the swellings down as well as gently nudges the flow of lymph fluid. Manual lymph drainage therapy is another effective primary lymphedema treatment that is a part of the Complete Decongestive therapy and involves gentle use of fingers and palms along with pressure applied by the wrists to aid the flow of fluid.

Primary lymphedema treatment is most effective with non invasive, non surgical treatment methods. These methods not only help reduce the borrowing in limbs but also gradually erase discomfort caused due to swilling of limbs. It also helps retrieve mobility which gets to be difficult because of swilling in limbs. Primary lymphedema treatment that involves Complete decongestive therapy also makes use of garments and bandages that are essential for keeping the bargaining of limbs in control. The swapping is kept in check using these methods as gentle pressure is applied on the lymph vessels and nodes which aids in the stimulation of the lymph fluid.

There are a number of well trained lymphedema therapists who assist in complete decongestive therapy and work with lymphedema patients to get their swellings under control. The initial treatments may be uncomfortable as the swellings are usually at their worst and the skin is very tender but as time goes on and the swellings decrease, so will the pain.

It is vital that MLD is transported out by therapists who are qualified in this field. With very pressure and circulatory movements and massage movements that are directed towards the directional flow of the fluid the toxins are easily released from the body.

About Mechanical Seal Failure

Mechanical Seal faces are the most vulnerable parts of any mechanical seal, but other parts such as the secondary sealing elements like O-rings, bellows, polymer wedges or metal parts such as springs, drive pins, or set screws also may affect the life of the seal.

Mechanical Seal failures may be categorized on the basis of MTBF [Mean time between Failures] as either Infant, mid life or Wear-out. Infant failures are most often caused by incorrect seal selection, installation or startup.

Mid life failures occur unexpectedly after a considered run period. Mid-life failures are quite difficult to predict because they are usually the consequence of a process operation or equipment induced transient, which could not be tolerated by the face materials. Transient operating conditions may be as a result of a malfunction of a component in the pump or an unintended process deviation.

Wear-out failure is occurred due to ending of any of the faces. It is ultimate and most satisfactory for Manufacturer and user if happens naturally. However time of worn out of faces depends on the various factors.

Common distress symptoms of seal face failure are pitting, blistering, chipping, grooving, heat and thermal shock cracks.

Life of a seal depends on a large extent on its ability to maintain a thin fluid film in between the mating faces and duration and extent of mechanical contact between the rubbing areas of these faces. Too much contact may overheat the materials; not enough contact may cause high leakage rates.

Finally "A cool seal is a good seal" therefore make seal faces cool to become cool from seal failure.

Case Study – A Different Look at Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors and Nutrition

The leading cause of both death and disability in the United States is coronary heart disease, accounting for about 40% of all deaths. A million new cases of coronary heart disease are diagnosed every year as well. There are many forms of coronary heart disease, including myocardial infarction and angina pectoris, both caused most typically by veins and arteries that are blocked off and narrowed by deposits called plaque. Known medically as atherosclerosis, this blockage prevents oxygen-rich blood from making it to the heart or can block off blood flow to other areas of the body, including the brain. This reduced flow of blood to the brain can result in a cerebral vascular accident, commonly referred to as a stroke.

There are four major types of risk factors for coronary heart disease, some that can be changed and some that can not. These four types include bodily characteristics, health habits, community, lifestyle and cultural factors and personality. Each of these four categories includes several sub-headings that should have considered individually to assess the real risk of coronary heart disease.

Bodily Characteristics

These include age, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol, obesity and heredity. Of these, hypertension, cholesterol and obesity are changeable, while age and heredity are obviously not something that can be changed by anyone. Obesity may be the most important factor to change because it can influence the others positively. For instance, even a small reduction in weight can lower the cholesterol level as well as the blood pressure.

Gender is an important consideration as well. Coronary heart disease is a major killer of men starting at age 39, and for women the increased risk begins at 66. Women will often have chest pain for a very long time before they suffer an actual heart attack, but their will will more likely be fatal . (For women, the rule is typically one and done, while the opposite is true for men). It is generally accepted that if a man is having any chest pains, he is already actively having a heart attack. It is also important to note that some of the accepted tests for heart disease may miss clues in women because of differences in the way that their arteries and veins are made.

Stress and Personal Life Styles

Although coronary heart disease is still the leading cause of death in the United States, the rate of death has declined roughly 35% in the last forty years and is progressively decreasing. There are several factors that influence this progress, including better education about general good health. There are several studies that have been done in regard to personality types as well – identifying the Type A personality (high stress, hurried, competitive and hostile) which is at a high rate for heart attack and the Type B personality, which is more relaxed and less at risk.

Although most people assume that it is the stress that is the impetus for heart disease, it is not the case. Hostility is a larger factor for determining the risk factors for coronary heart disease, with the more hostile people at higher risk for having a fatal heart episode.

Can Loneliness Cause Heart Disease?

Having a support system and social network can help to alleviate some of the stress that is felt through life, whether or not it is a typical stressor or something more serious. Support that is given by a woman has been shown by studies to have more impact on good health than that of a man, regardless of who is getting the support. Another study showed that pet owners had lower rates of coronary heart disease as well as lower blood pressure than non-pet owners.


The number of adults who are considered to have pre-hypertension is 20% of the population in the United States. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a major factor for coronary heart disease and is considered by most to be one of the most common and leading causes to consider. Chronic anger and stress can raise hypertension in many people, especially for those who are more susceptible to it. (Type A personalities, for example).

Finding ways to reduce stress and to accept the stress that can not be changed is important not only to physical health but to mental health as well. However, one of the most common sources of stress seems to be the workplace.

Reducing Risks of Coronary Heart Disease: A Case Study

Beth is 68, and her son, Bret, is 38. Both have been diagnosed with heart disease and both have been directed by their doctors to make changes in their lifestyle and to reduce their risk factors as much as possible. Beth is twenty pounds over her optimal weight, while her son is fifty pounds over his own. Neither of them is very active any more, although they both enjoyed golf, bowling and tennis in the past. Neither of them is a smoker, which is a plus; however, both of them have major stress in their lives. Beth just retired from a job that she enjoyed and she finds herself alone most of the day, unable to figure out what to do with her newfound time. Bret, on the other hand, has been very busy, trying to find a new job because he loathes the man that he works with, he loathes his office and he loathes his job in general.

The first step for mother and son is finding a new diet plan and returning to exercise. Tennis is not on the horizon quite yet, however, but golf and bowling might be enough for right now. They are both going to reduce the amount of red meat that they eat and eliminate all simple carbohydrates from their diet. They are also going to swap out their fat sources for healthier fats, including Omega-3 fatty acids.

Bret is not as dedicated as his mother and she is soon well on the way to her goals. Her weight is down by fifteen pounds, and her blood pressure and cholesterol levels are within normal limits. She has moved beyond the weekly golf games and bowling with her son and added daily walks; one day a week she adds a jog for the last part of her walk, adding a little more distance every day as she gets stronger and stronger. Beth's last five pounds are no longer a problem, as they are now healthy, lean muscle mass instead of flab.

Both Bret and Beth have added a liquid protein supplement to their daily diet as well, with Bret using his as a between-meal snack and Beth using hers as a meal replacement. (She is smaller and does not need to eat as much as her son.) The liquid protein shot gives them both 25 grams of protein per serving, 100 calories and the whole day's worth of vitamin C. They each have their favorite flavor and have their rituals to consume them. Bret always has his on the way back to the office after lunch, while Beth has her in the park after her walk / jog on sunny days.

Life After a Heart Attack – Plain Sailing Or Rough Seas?

After a person has a heart attack and comes out of hospital, there is often an immediate period of feeling slightly awkward and upset, when there may be anxieties about another heart attack or whether or not life is going to get 'back to normal'. This period is then replaced with a less stressful period where life does indeed seem to be becoming less challenging and there is almost an air of optimism about the future.

However, when undertaking research for an 'ebook' and talking to the wives and partners of someone who has had a heart attack, and from personal experience, it soon became clear that many people who had a heart attack did not come out of hospital and have a straightforward recovery process. Often it is far from plain sailing and can seem like rough seas for those on the journey to recovery.

Caught on a Plateau?

Many wives and partners of heart attack survivors relate how they felt that there was a period of immediate recovery, followed by a period that did not seem to be leading anywhere; it was as if the survivor was caught on a plateau. They were not getting worse, but on the other hand, they did not feel like they were getting better.

This period often shows to bring new anxieties. There are fears that the recovery process will never be complete. There are fears that this period could be a precursor to another attack and there is also a sense of frustration over lack of progress. The anxieties and the fears then feed off the frustration and it can be a disadvantageing time for many, because they feel that they are never going to get better.


Somehow being aware that the road to recovery may not be a smooth one can help diffuse the frustration. Sometimes the immediate period after an attack is busy, with cardiac rehabilitation, practical considerations and many medical appointments. It is only after this period that the reality of what happened can sink in and around 1 in 3 people who have had an attack will have some kind of anxiety or depression and this can affect the recovery process.

Being aware of the risk of anxiety or depression and its impact on the recovery process can help you to feel less fearful if recovery is not wholly straightforward. We often assume that someone has a heart attack, gets better, end of story. Yet this is often far from the case and it is only through true understanding of what has happened and the risk of anxiety, depression, stress and so on that we can be equipped with the skills to support someone who has had a heart attack.

If you assume that the heart attack survivor will just come out of hospital and be 'back to normal' within weeks, then you will probably be disappointed. If you are realistic, aware and willing to be patient and understanding, then the road ahead may well be less difficult, so you need to simply accept that there may well be setbacks and keep your expectations down to earth. Take each day at a time and do not expect miracles!

How You Can Lower Your Cholesterol Levels Naturally

High blood cholesterol levels is a serious condition that can affect anyone. High cholesterol levels increase the risk of heart disease, which is the number one killer of Americans, of both men and women. The higher the cholesterol levels, the greater your risk.

Now for a some good news. If you have high cholesterol levels, there are actions you can take to lower the level and protect your health.

Risk Factors That You Can not Change:

  • Heredity is one of those things you can not change. As the saying goes "You can choose your friends, but you can not choose your relatives!" As far as having high cholesterol sometimes it is in your genes, however, you can take action to lower your cholesterol even if this is the case.
  • Age is another factor that is out of your control. Blood cholesterol levels begin to rise at about the age of 20 and continues to rise until about the age of 60 to 65.

Risk Factors That You Can Change:

  • Your diet is something you have control over. Never forget that. There are three nutrients that cause your LDL levels to rise.
  • Saturated Fat is one, and it is found mostly in foods that come from animals.
  • Trans Fat is found in cooking oils, margarine, and foods such as french fries.
  • Cholesterol intake can be controlled by limiting saturated fat in your diet. This raises cholesterol levels more than anything in your diet.
  • Being overweight also contributes to higher cholesterol levels, and it also causes many other health issues.

The Metabolic Syndrome

This is not termed as a disease, but it is a group of factors to consider that increase your risk of heart disease, and other disorders like diabetes. Here is a list of the factors that are included to help you determine for yourself if this is a risk for you. If you have three of more of these in place you have the Metabolic Syndrome.

  • A waist measurement of 35 inches or more for women, and a measurement of 40 inches or more for men
  • A triglyceride level of 150 mg / dL or higher
  • HDL cholesterol level of less than 50 mg / dL in women and less than 40 mg / dL in men
  • If your blood pressure reading is 130/85 mmHg or higher. (It matters if either number is higher)
  • Fasting blood sugar reading of 100 mg / dL or higher

Ways to lower Your Cholesterol

Change your habits by changing your thoughts. If you think you can not change your lifestyle then you are absolutely defeated before you start. If you think you can change your lifestyle then you will. It's a choice, and it is your choice!

Make the decision first to educate yourself. As you learn what to do by reading articles, take action by applying what you learn, you can create a healthy life for you and your loved ones.

A Better Diet to Lower Cholesterol

The foods you choose to eat are a great place to start. Create a plan for yourself. If you fail to plan, you might as well plan to fail. I know these are harsh words, but they are so true.

You are worth it, so get busy and plan your new diet today!

Here are some guidelines that might help you:

  • Have less than 7% of your daily calories from planned fat
  • Limit your daily intake of cholesterol to 200 mg
  • Have less than 25-35 percent of calories from fat
  • Things to include into your diet are:
  • 2 grams per day of plant stanols or sterols
  • 10-25 grams of soluble fiber per day Just enough calories to maintain a healthy weight
  • Also include 30 minutes per day of moderate physical exercise as often as possible

Cholesterol Lowering Drugs

I know that many people are currently taking prescription drugs to regulate cholesterol levels. Some of the most commonly prescribed are statins. Statins are used to stop an enzyme that controls the rate that the body produces cholesterol. Some of the common names are lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin, fluvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin. They lower the levels of LDL about 20-55 percent, which is more than other types of drugs, and also lower triglycerides and raise HDL.

Ezetimibe is a drug that is used for reducing the amount of cholesterol that is absorbed by the body. It can lower the LDL by about 18-25 percent. Bile acid resins are used to bind with cholesterol containing bile acids in the intestines and are eliminated from the body in the stool. Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid is a vitamin B that should be taken only under a doctor's care. Fibrates are used to lower triglycerides.

Lowering Cholesterol Without Medication

One of the safest ways to lower cholesterol is the use of plant stanols and sterols. They are present in small amounts in many plants. Plant stanols and sterols help block the cholesterol from absorbing in the digestive tract, lowering the LDL without affecting the triglycerides or HDL. A daily intake of about 2 grams of either stanols or sterols can reduce LDL cholesterol by 5-15 percent.

There are some great natural supplements that are available that will provide the beneficial amounts of sterols and stanols. This is a great alternative to prescription medications, which can have many side effects.

Add Fiber To Your Diet

Adding soluble fiber to your diet can help to reduce your risk of heart disease. It is also very helpful to your digestive tract, and for over all good health.

Also, eating foods that are high in fiber will help you to eat less because you will feel full sooner, which means you will take in fewer calories.

Limit Your Salt Intake

Lowering your use of salt in your diet will be helpful also. This will help in your goal to lose weight, and if you are dealing with high blood pressure cutting down on the use of salt will help you too.

Many processed foods are very high in sodium, which is why many people have difficulty in changing this habit. We get used to the taste, and again it comes back to the choices we make.

Choosing to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables is a great solution. Many people eat canned fruits and vegetables thinking they are a healthy choice, but the sodium content is very high in many cases. Best advice is to become a label reader.

Pretty simple stuff in theory, it's just deciding what you want to achieve.

Physical Activity Is A Must Also

Now for the big adjustment for many people. The dreaded exercise routine. Physical activity is a must. Find something you can do that you like and will be consistent with. Find a partner to exercise with, this is a great way to keep each other accountable.

Physical activity will give your body that extra boost to keep you focused on your new lifestyle and habits. It will lower your stress levels and as you see physical changes in your body you will want to do more.

Again, it's all about choices and you have the power within you to choose what is best for you. Trust your instincts. That is what they are for, and we all have them deep inside of us.

Immune Supplements Can Prevent and Cure Most of So-Called Incurable Diseases

From early 1970, existence of close relationship between the nutritional status and capabilities of immune response to pathogens has been accepted. Early work has shown that a protein-energy malnutrition, significantly affected the immune response, thereby increasing the risk of infection and the mortality rate of patients suffering from chronic diseases, cancer, influenza, tuberculosis, etc. More recently, it also appeared that obesity interfered with weak immune system. That is, people who have weakened immune system tend to gain weight more easily.

The immune system is a collection of mechanisms within an organism that makes it possible to identify and kill pathogens and tumor cells. It acts as a defense mechanism against pathogens (can cause diseases), such as virus, bacteria, parasites, cancer cells, some poisonous particles. Without the immune system, the body can not defend itself against aggression.
Immunity and supplements

Many studies have confirmed that certain vitamins and supplements (immune supplements) are capable not only of boosting the immune system, but of also fighting against its aging.

Malnutrition and Immune Function – It has long been known that malnourished people have a higher risk of contracting infectious diseases because of an insufficient immune response. A malnourished immune system not only can not protect your body, but also can attacks harmless substances. It is a vicious circle. The consequences of certain diseases, including HIV, cancer and tuberculosis, are all more pejorative when your immune system is weak. A lack of protein has a negative effect on the various components of the immune system.

Other nutrients and immunity – Some fatty acids (omega 3 for instance) typically found in fish oils have an effect on immune function, particularly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), reduce inflammation by modulating the production of cytokines by T cells . The acid alpha-lipoic, an antioxidant much studied in HIV infection seems to be able to regenerate vitamins C and E, increasing their antioxidant effect. Amino acids, particularly arginine and glutamine, play an important role in immunity. The glutamine is involved in the maintenance of the intestinal wall, and thenby the migration of infectious organisms in the blood stream.

Vitamins and Immunity – various studies have highlighted people living with HIV / AIDS blood low concentrations of certain vitamins, especially vitamins A, B6, B12, C, E and folate.
Vitamin A – The deficiency in vitamin A deteriorating function of epithelial cells, essential in maintaining the structure of tissues. On this same vitamin A depend the production of B cells and T.

B Complex – It has been demonstrated that vitamin B12 improves the rate of T cells and NK cell activity in patients with a deficiency of this vitamin. Vitamin B12 and folate are both involved in the production of genetic material. The deficiency in vitamin B6 may occur following the administration of certain drugs such as isonicotinyl hydrazine (for tuberculosis). It seems to affect the function of T cells and the ability of NK cells to kill infectious agents among HIV-positive patients. The deficiency in vitamin B6 has also been associated with an increased risk of certain cancers.

Vitamin C – Deficiency of vitamin C impairs phagocyte function and cellular immunity (Chandra, 1986). This includes inhibition of neutrophil mobility, which, in turn, inhibits the formation of inflammatory reactions. Studies of mega dose vitamin C supplementation in healthy individuals have found the supplement to bolster both cellular and humoral immunity

Vitamin E – Vitamin E plays a key role as antioxidant in cell membranes. This earned him to be regarded as a nutrient "anti-viral." The combined intake of vitamins A and E in animals has shown an improvement of the function of neutrophils to destroy infectious agents.

The numerous and complex relationships between food, nutrients and specific immune system are an interesting field of study in the field of biomedical research. People with a good diet will be better prepared immunologically to fight against many modern diseases such as cancer, AIDS and tuberculosis. Several micro-nutrients have significant roles in the functions of the immune system. It is clear that maintaining a good nutritional status and adequate reserve of micronutrients in the body allows an effective immune response to opportunistic infections. However, it is very difficult to take all those essential nutrients in a regular diet.

Human Growth Hormone Stimulation

When human are young as well as progressing through puberty, their height and bone sizes are determined by Human Growth Hormone (HGH) levels. The main reasons for these are due to the fact that they regulate the metabolism of body. The most worrying fact is that they decrease logically through age. Signs of aging can be felt when one gets loose, soft skin, increasing girth, loss of muscle feel and lean body mass, wrinkles, fatigue, memory loss and joint stiffness. These mean that our body will have slow metabolism, increasing body-fat and weight increase particularly round waist, thinning and drooping skin, not as much of healthy hair.

HGHs are related with many body-parts and body-functions. The increase of these in our body parts will have positive bang in many areas such as energy levels, cardiac healthiness and muscle mass, enhanced libido, memory improvements, betterments in sleep-patterns, increasing fat-metabolism, and improvements of cholesterol. The same with high HGH level enjoys stronger muscles and bones, sharper vision, an enhanced immune system, hair growth, better disease resistance, thicker skin and greater collagen production, lower blood pressure, improved moods, vital organ restoration such as heart, kidney, and liver. Here, when one is getting aged, he will naturally seek all the synthetic as well as natural ways for the stimulation of HGH.

HGH injections and supplements are widely available in the market. Injections are very costly and this will lead to opt for natural stimulants. The following are the natural stimulants in our body.


Proteins help the body with tissue repair and growth. HGH is a tissue building hormone produced in the pituitary gland located in the brain. These with the help of amino acids present in our body, causes growth, repairs tissue, mobilize fat stores and shift the metabolism into high gear. These play vital role in keeping the body lean.

One should not forget that the deficiency in sleeping hours increases fat. Technically this disease is called "Insomnia". This disease releases the stress hormone "cortisol" which stimulates the appetite and slows down the metabolism. Exception when we get the deep sound sleep, our bodies will not be releasing Growth hormone efficiently.

Exercises are also an important stimulator of HGH. One should not forget that not all forms of exercises release Growth Hormone. The exercises should be sustained and strenuous enough to create muscle exhaustion. And at the same time, it should not be high. High level exercises cause injury and suppress the body's release of the hormone. When muscles contract and relax during exercises, the body is stimulated to produce significant levels of Growth Hormone to repair and renew the tissues that have been placed under optimal stress.

Introduction to Cancer Genetics

Cancer is a general term, describing a group of different diseases. Because these diseases are different, it is illegally that a general cure for cancer will evolve. Each type of cancer needs its own treatment program.

There are two common properties for all types of cancer:
1. Abnormal proliferation (so called neoplasia, that results in a neoplasm structure)
2. Invasive ability. Property that separates benign tumors from cancer.
Cancer cells invade other regions by traveling through the circulatory system or lymphatic system. This process is called metastasis, in which disease is spread from one organ to another non-adjunct organ.

Cancer can be classified according to cell type.
1.Leukemia and lymphoma
5.Retinoblastoma, Neuroblastoma, Glioblastoma
(1: blood-borne cancers, 2-5: solid tumors)

Cancer is a genetic disease and can also be seen as a disturbance in the cell cycle regulation system. You can inherit a predisposition for cancer, but for the disease to break out additional somatic mutations are required. These mutations arise from:
1. Environmental mutagens (physical or chemical agents that change DNA)
2. Imperfections during DNA copying and repair (so called spontaneous mutations).

There are two ways to categorize mutated genes based on function:

1.Function in a cancer cell
– Genes that have been activated or over expressed = oncogenes (one mutated allele is enough)
– Genes that have been inactivated:
1.Tumor suppressor genes.
Both alleles need to be mutated. Eg RB1 and p53
2. DNA-mismatch repair genes
Both alleles need to be mutated.

2.Function in normal cell:
– Genes that directly control proliferation (controlling cell birth rate or death rate) = Gatekeepers
– Genes that control the rate of mutation = Caretakers

Mutation in some genes always leads to the same type of cancer, independent of what kind of mutation or where it has arisen (egWT1). Mutations in other genes result in many different forms of cancer (eg p53).

Neoplasms have genetic instability. It is not clear if the instability is the reason for tumor formation or just a consequence. This instability can be divided into two major groups:

1.Instability at the chromosomal level (CIN)
Mutation in one allele enough. Hypomethylation increases instability.

2.Instability at the nucleotide level: Faulty DNA repair pathways
-Nucleotide Excision Repair Instability (NIN)
-Microsatellite instability (MIN)

Mutation in both alleles necessary.

DNA alterations found in tumors (both malignant and benign):

1.Subtle alterations:

Small deletions, small insertions and base-pair substitutions.

2.Chromosome number change (aneuploidy):

Gain and loss of chromosomes (which may result in that both chromosomes are from the same parent A loss of one chromosome often leads to the duplication of the remaining chromosome).
A typical phenomena is loss of heterozygosity (LOH), which can lead to the inactivation of genes (these genes may be suppressor genes, that protect the cell from cancer)

3. Chromosome translocation:

Can be either:
1.Balanced (even exchange of material)
2.Unbalanced (unequal exchange of material). Results in extra or missing genes.

Translocation leads to Malignity:
– Transcription factor genes are moved (to the vicinity of highly active promoter / enhancer elements) and thus become over expressed.
– Tyrosine kinase genes are fused with normal genes and translation results in a chimeric protein with oncogenic properties = fusion protein (growth factor receptor or intracellular signal transducers).

Chromosome translocation in Leukemia and Lymphoma:
Translocations are specific (not random).

– Transcription factor translocation:
A. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (eg MYC)
B. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (eg AML1-CBF² complex)
C. Acute Mixed-Lineage Leukemia

Tyrosine kinase translocation
A. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (ABL fusion gene)
B. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ABL fusion gene)
The Philadelphia chromosome is used as a marker in prognosis and in follow-up of treatment.

4. Amplification:

Defined as over 6 copies of a DNA region (called the amplicon).
These regions most frequently code for:
1.Transcriptional factors (MYC-family, eg MYCN amplification seen in neuroblastoma)
2.Signal transduction molecules (Ras-family)
3.Growth factors (EGF, FGF), Growth factor receptors (EGFR, FGFR)
4.Regulators of the cell cycle.
Over expression of these genes gives cancer a growth advantage.
The amplification can be outside the chromosome (double minute chromatin bodies) or within the chromosome.
Amplifications can be used in prognosis and targeted gene therapy.

5. Exogenous sequences:

Eg tumor viruses which activate either human genes or viral genes that lead to the accumulation of mutations.

Potent Herbal Ingredients For Helping Treat Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infectious disease which lies deep in the lungs, as in contrast with bronchitis, which is an infection in the gateway to the lungs, or the bronchial tubes. Among the noted infectious diseases in the US, pneumonia is currently the nation’s leading killer and the nation’s fifth leading cause of death overall, claiming more lives annually than AIDS.

According to health experts, most of those deaths come from two sources; first is influenza, which may progress to pneumonia, particularly in the elderly, and hospital-acquired infections in those who are ill from other causes but develop pneumonia because they have weakened immune systems.

The bacteria that causes this infectious disease are so abundant in hospitals that according to a US health care report, an estimated 4 percent of all patients develop the infection, most likely as a direct result of their hospital stay.

The Social Costs of Pneumonia

It is estimated that around 40,000 elderly Americans die of pneumonia each year, so it’s not an ordinary disease to simply shrug off. Other individuals at risk include those with alcoholism, cancer, cirrhosis, heart or kidney failure, sickle-cell disease, spleen, disorders or recent organ transplant patients.

This infectious disease may be caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa or viruses, therefore it would be wrong to self-diagnose, much less self-medicate. The diseases’ symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing, difficulty breathing, as well as fevers and chills with shaking. For individuals who develop pneumonia-like symptoms, it would be best to promptly consult with your doctor.

Helpful Herbal Treatments For This Disease

Aside from regularly taking the medications your doctor prescribes, you may also try some herbal and nutritional alternatives that have been noted to possess anti-pneumonia fighting qualities. However, you need to first consult with your doctor before using any of these herbs.

– Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

A large number of clinical trials have analyzed and demonstrated dandelion’s potency against pneumonia, bronchitis and upper respiratory infections. In preparing a solution, it is suggested to cook the greens and roots. Afterwards, drink the juice that remains after the greens are cooked. You can also drink tea made from the dried herb, or you can also take this in capsule form.

– Echinacea

Antibiotics may be indicated in treating bacterial pneumonia, however in any type of infectious pneumonia, which could either be bacterial, viral or fungal, herbalists recommend herbs that enhance the immune system, and among the herbs they recommend is Echinacea. Many scientific studies indicate that this herb aids the body in warding off all sorts of bacteria, viruses and fungi.

– Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis).

Scientific data from China indicates that the root of this plant, which is closely related to skullcap, has potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial effects. This herb helps inhibit flu viruses and several pneumonia-causing fungi, and in some cases, Chinese physicians sometimes inject a solution of Baikal skullcap, goldthread and amur cork tree extracts to alleviate or treat pneumonia, flu and other respiratory infections.

In lieu, of injections, it is also suggested that a patient take a mixture of Baikal skullcap and either of these herbs: barberry, goldthread, goldenseal, Oregon grape and/or yellowroot. Baikal skullcap may be quite hard to find in most herbal health shops and tores, however it’s readily available in most Chinese herb stores.

– Astragalus (Astragalus, various species)

This herb, which is also called huang qi, astragalus is a potent immune booster and traditional Asian medicine’s answer to our own echinacea. – Prime Herbal

How to Prepare for Winter

Winter is rapidly approaching in many parts of the world. With recent weather fluctuations, it can be difficult to determine just how good or bad of a winter we will have in any given year. This is can make preparing for the seasonal change a bit confusing, because you do not want to splurge on supplies that you may not need. At the same time, you do not want to be under prepared in the event that the winter is brutal and a blizzard warning sends guests into frenzy and clears store shelves. To be adequately prepared for winter, it does not require spending a lot of money. Most of the time, as long as you have the essentials on hand; you will be able to survive a winter storm, no matter how brutal.

Stocking up on Supplies

While it is important to have the basic food items on hand – such as water, canned goods as well as flashlights and candles, this article focuses more on what you should have on hand to help control the snow around your home.

· Salt – Having salt and a de-icing material around is a smart move. Once the snow begins to melt, the cold weather will turn the meltted snow into ice, which will make navigating around your home dangerous. If you are older or disabled, it adds a double threat. Always be prepared through the winter with a couple bags of salt.

· Shovels – In order to remove snow from your driveway, sidewalk or porch, you will need to have a heavy-duty shovel on hand. Choose one that is easy for you to work with and is made of quality material. A shovel that is too heavy will be hard for you to operate and will put more strain on your body. One that is made of cheap materials will likely break halfway through the job and leave you exasperated. If you have a very long driveway, it is a good idea to invest in a snow thrower to make your job easier. They can be costly at first, but they usually offset themselves within the first two years of owning one.

Other items that you will want to have on hand include sand – a simple bag or two will do – in case you have trouble getting your car out of the driveway. In addition, ice scrapers should always be kept handy. With these essential tools, cleaning up after a storm will be a breeze.

The Basics Of Arthritis

Arthritis signs people in a variety of ways. Joints might
crack suddenly, like knees upon standing. Other joints may
be stiff and creak. Maybe pain occurs, like when trying to
open a jar. What's it all about? Let's look at the basics
and learn more.

Arthritis actually means "joint inflammation" and has over
100 related conditions or type / forms of disease. Left
untreated, it can advance, resulting in joint damage that
can not be undone or reversed. So early detection and
treatment are important.

The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis
(OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although both have
similar symptoms, both happen for different reasons. When
joints are overused and misused, the results can be OA.
What happens is that the cushioning cartilage that protects
the joint breaks down, resulting in the bones rubbing
together. This generally happens in the synagogues, but can be
found in the hips, spine and hands often, too. And only in
later stages will a person most often feel pain, after
quite a bit of cartilage is lost.

The second type, RA, refers to the body's immune system
attacking joint tissue. Still not fully understood in the
medical community, this condition most often starts in a
person's hands, wrists and feet. Then it advances to
shoulders, elbows and hips.

Similar symptoms include pain, stiffness, fatigue,
weakness, slight fever and inflamed tissue lumps under the
skin. And both OA and RA generally develop symmetrically,
ie affecting the same joints on both the left and right
sides of the body.

A difference in OA and RA to note is with swelling. With
RA, people report "soft and squishy" swelling. While with
OA, people report "hard and bony" swelling.

There is no specific age for arthritis sufferers. While it
can affect every age group, it seems to focus on those over
45 years of age.

And while regardless gender is immune, a reported 74 percent
of OA cases (or just over 15 million) occur with women and
a slightly lower percentage of RA cases occur with women.

People with excess weight tend to develop OA, especially in
the knees when reaching over 45 years of age. However,
losing weight can turn the odds around almost by half.
Regular activity combined with exercise also reduces risk,
strengthening joint muscles and reducing joint wear.

There are many ways to effectively manage arthritic pain
today to find relief. Available are arthritic diets,
exercise programs, over-the-counter and prescription
medications, relaxation and positive emotion coping
techniques. Also available are surgeries, supplements, home
remedies, natural and other alternative therapies. When
arthritis is first suspected, it would be wise to seek a
medical opinion first. Then as time and resources allow,
check out the other options.

Cowboys Running Back Out With Toe Injury

While many were carving turkey, the Dallas Cowboys were defeating the Seattle Seahawks. Although a sweet victory, Marion Barber left the game with a foot injury. The Dallas Cowboy's running back dislocated his right pinky toe. Now many wonder if he will be able to play in their next game against Pittsburgh on December 7th.

So what is a dislocated toe and how serious can it be? Toe dislocations are very common in athletes and are often considered a minor injury. There are three bones that make up the pinky toe. A dislocation is a displacement of bones from their normal position. Depending on the severity of the injury, the dislocation may be associated with a fracture, ligament sprain, and other soft tissue damage. The x-rays of Marion Barber did not reveal any fractures.

Signs and Symptoms of a Dislocated Toe

Barber most likely felt excruciating pain in the toe at the time of injury and when he attempts to move the injured joint. Often, there is a change in walking and running patterns due to the pain. This was noted with the running backs injury after he returned to the game. Barber will experience tenderness, swelling, and bruising over the sight of the injury and if serious enough, there may be nerve damage and vessel damage. This will lead to numbness or paralysis in surrounding areas.

What the Doctor Will Do

A Podiatric Physician or Emergency Physician will take x-rays and an MRI to exam the injury. The joint is manipulated to reposition the bones back to their normal alignment. At times, surgery may be needed to restore torn ligaments and tendons. After the joint has been corrected, it may require immobilization with a splint, taping, or special shoe for 2-3 weeks. If ligament damage is present, recovery will take a minimum of 6 weeks. During recovery, it is very important to follow instructions for RICE which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Rehabilitation and Medication After the pain subsides, daily rehabilitation exercises should start. To recover normal range of motion, one should start with passive movement by moving the joint back and forth using your fingers. Over time the therapy should advance to active movement by scrunching toes against the floor or with a towel. Ice massages should be used before and after workouts. Local anesthesia and muscle relaxants are used to manipulate the joint. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or Aspirin is used to relieve moderate pain. If the pain is severe, narcotic pain relievers are used.

Marion Barber's Future

If the injury is not severe, the recovery should be fast. The most common complication is recurrent injury to the joint. Once a joint has been dislocated once, it is more likely to dislocate again. The joint may be unstable or arthritic fallowing repeated injuries. If Marion Barber returns to activity too soon, the healing process will take longer and he will have an increased chance of a repeated injury. Since it has not been released how different its dislocation is, we can only speculate whether or not it is well able to play in December 7th game. As long as there is no soft tissue damage, full rehabilitation may only take 2 weeks.

It would be best if he sat out in the game against Pittsburgh, but as professional sports go, there is a chance we will see him on the field!

How To Look Taller – How To Get Longer Legs During Puberty

Many people want to know how to grow taller quickly whilst they are on the road to naturally increasing their height. One thing that I thought would be useful are some methods that you can use not to make your legs look longer but how you can boost their growth during puberty or how you can lengthen them after the puberty process actually making them longer. This would be very helpful when it comes down to getting taller and getting yourself noticed a little more by your co-workers and also the opposite sex. Read on to learn how to look taller.

The method I am going to tell you is aiming at the two areas in the leg that are easy to stretch and lengthen out; the shin and the thighs. These areas can be stretches and lengthened during and after puberty which is a great relief for those that have passed the puberty barrier as you can still gain a few more inches height from the following exercises.

One of the exercises that you can which is going to target the shin is sprinting. By sprinting hard for a distance repeatedly you are putting stress on your shin bone and what this does over time is form what are called micro fractures. These fractures with the right nutrition from the body and enough rest will soon heal up and come back stronger and longer giving you that height that you desire.

If you aren’t a sprinter then you might be interested in using cycling instead. This can be done on a stationary or a moving bike. Instead of normally cycling around what you want to do to help increase your height is put the seat up a few inches (not too much, you don’t want to be too uncomfortable and unable to control the bike) and you will want to do the same with the handle bars as well so you don’t find yourself slouched over but instead with a nice straight back. Cycling like this is very effective at lengthening the legs, it might feel weird at first but after a while you’ll get used to it and you’ll start to see some benefits to it as well.

You can also go through exercises such as jump rope and kicking a punch bag. Going through all this will help you create micro fractures which will heal and come back stronger and longer aiding you in a few more inches to your height.

The exercises that are aimed at your things include things such as squats and cycling. Cycling is the most recommended as it can be done constantly and is very effective too. For cycling you will want to raise the seat slighter higher than normal so that it is still comfortable but pushes your thighs to lengthen.

By going through all of this you can make your legs longer and add inches to your height as long as you make sure that you don’t overdo it, you rest properly and you fuel your body with the nutrients that are going to help speed up the recovery (such as calcium and proteins) and help with your journey on how to grow taller quickly.