The Truth About Permanent Cosmetic Makeup Eyeliner, Lip Liner, and Eyebrow Tattoos

I’ve had cosmetic makeup procedures done in many parts of the world at many clinics and for many different reasons. All have been successful and I am delighted with the results; the ease of applying less makeup, waking up to beautiful brows and perfect eyeliner and softly colored lips. I also love going for a swim and coming out looking like I never got my face wet, at least there’s no runny eyebrow pencil, no black smudges of liner under my eyes and no dull. lifeless lips. That’s my experience, so naturally I’ve been recommending permanent makeup for a long time. But the truth is that tattooing any part of your face is a serious matter, and it’s definitely NOT for everyone!

My adventure with permanent makeup began in Asia, therefore I had some of the best cosmeticians attend me at a clinic in Hong Kong. Later in Taipei, I had my eyeliner retouched a few months before I was married, so my honeymoon on secluded beaches of Macau was free of makeup worries. However, throughout my travels as a cultural journalist, during almost 10 years in Asia, I also saw numerous ladies whose cosmetic tattoo eyebrows were a total disaster, mostly because the shape and the arch of the brow was overly pronounced, or because the tattoo had been done on an area above the natural brow, or so unnatural looking due to having the brow line tattooed in a solid inky stain on the skin and not a natural feathery application within some existing hair.

This seemed to have been the result of women getting eyebrow tattoos after having totally removed their natural brow hair, either through electrolysis or some other hair removal system. Most of these “not very flattering” eyebrow results were on women who lived in smaller villages and isolated regions where newer tattooing techniques had not yet began to be applied, and where black Chinese ink that was used to create dragons on the shoulders and backs of men was also used on lady’s brows. But the newest methods, which are used in international clinics, allow for a vast choice of pigments, including blending colors to get very natural shades that match even fair hair colors.

But who should get cosmetic tattoos and who shouldn’t? The truth is that if a lady has no brows due to an illness that has contributed to hair loss, a tattoo is an excellent solution, especially if the feathering techniques is used. What this means is that tiny strokes of pigment are applied to the brow region to look like hair, not a solid line. Women who have very sparse brow hair should also consider adding a bit of dimension with this same technique, and in this case, the technician will follow the natural brow. Women who should not consider these procedures are those who have poor natural healing abilities, who bleed profusely, who scar easily or have extremely sensitive skin.

If you’re unsure about getting eyebrows tattooed, since this procedure alters the look of the eye in a very noticeable way, then start with something smaller like a bit of eyeliner. Have your technician tattoo a fine outline in the lash line and see how your skin reacts to the pigment. If all is well, go ahead with the brows.

Alcoholism Disease – Is There a Biological and Physiological Basis to Alcoholism?

During the past generation, a great deal of effort has been placed on examining the alcoholism disease concept. As a result, many researchers have concluded that alcoholism is a disease, that alcoholism disease does indeed have a biological basis. Because of this research, variety of treatment options has been developed to aid people with alcoholism disease. In addition, the stigma that traditionally has associated with alcoholism has retreated to some degree as a result of the determination that there is an alcoholism disease.

In considering the alcoholism disease theory, there are three schools of thought in regard to how alcoholism disease can develop. There are experts who have concluded that there is a biological and genetic foundation to alcoholism disease. These scientists and doctors concluded that alcoholism is inherited and is past down from generation to generation.

Additionally, there is another group of experts who argue that although the alcoholism disease is not genetic, certain individuals do have a greater likelihood to suffer from addictive behaviors, including alcoholism, throughout their lives. These researchers have concluded that there is some sort of biological basis for this propensity in certain people.

Finally, an increasing number of experts concluded that both of these concepts about the alcoholism disease are accurate. For some people, alcoholism does have a genetic element. Meanwhile, for other people, while there might not actually be a direct genetic link to the alcoholism disease, these individuals are biologically susceptible to addiction, including alcoholism.

Because there appears to be good evidence suggesting a biological foundation to alcoholism, an individual suffering from alcoholism really cannot be blamed for actually having the disease. Nonetheless, as with any other chronic disease, an individual with alcoholism disease must try to take steps to control his or her alcoholism disease in order to life a productive and happy life.

PHCS Health Insurance Quotes, Plans, and Company Review

When looking for health insurance it is very important to keep in mind that there are many companies out there that will try offering you the best prices for your needs. However, not all of them are known all around the United States and not all of them offer you the same benefits. One of the many companies offering coverage in the continental United States is Private Health Care Systems best known as PHCS. They are the primary national PPO network and care management product of the company MultiPlan.

Before talking about PHSC it’s important to know a little bit more about the parent company. MultiPlan was founded in 1970 and is the oldest and largest of independent, network-based cost management solutions. They have more than half a million health care providers that service an estimated 40 million consumers. To top it all of the estimated millions of consumers have about 70 million claims that are processed through MultiPlan’s networks each year. How about that for a health insurance option?

On the other hand Private Health Care Systems (Owned by MultiPlan as said before) has the largest proprietary preferred provider (PPO) organization in all the United States. With about 450,000 members attending one of the 4,000 facilities PHCS members have access to a variety of providers around the United States. They are also the first and only propriety network to earn five endorsements due to quality from two nationally recognized quality assurance organizations, URAC and the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).

PHCS’ job is to contact their providers in order for them to allow their network member to visit them at lower costs. The network also has something referred to as a “High network retention rate” which means that once a customer selects a Primary Care Physician (PCP) that doctor will remain available all through their health plan. Most of the people that are members of this great network include large employers such as companies and enterprises, commercial insurance carriers, regional managed cared organizations and third party administrators. The PHCS network offers the following to its members:

National Access with Excellent Cost Savings: No matter where the members are, they offer a variety of services from coast to coast. You can contact them at (866) 750-7427 to see how much they can save you in health care costs.

PHCS Healthy Directions: Eliminates the need of having an HMO, PPO or POS because it pays full charges for services when a member travels or goes to school outside the coverage area. As a member you will be able to have freedom in order for you to choose a provider from within the national network, to lower your out of pocket costs for members with providers in the PHCS Network, and to call a toll free number in your I.D. card for provider information.

Quality: PHCS didn’t just link a variety of little networks and pierce them together, instead they created a national network that allows them to credential and re-credential their providers to maintain good quality healthcare.

Private Health Care Systems is a care management company as well as network based insurance. PHCS is the second largest independent care management company functioning in the United States today. Their care management specialists review any patients’ cases to make certain that patients receive the best treatment available as well as giving them freedom to from a variety of options that nest suit their unique utilization review needs. You are able to employ this care management system in the area of your business where it will make the biggest impact. PHCS Core Plan includes the following utilization management products, however, is important to keep in mind that you can add some supplemental products that will be discussed below in addition to the Core Value ones.

Core Value Plan:

1. Concurrent Review

2. Certification

3. Discharge Planning

Additional Supplemental Modules that can be purchased:

1. Chiropractic Review

2. Selective CT/MRI Review

3. Podiatry Review

4. Outpatient Rehabilitation Review

The Science of Herbal Medicines

Herbal science includes the user of herbal medicines and considered as one of the oldest forms of health care remedy. Since its origination, it continues its journey of helping people by making them healthy and fine. This is the reason this herbal science is world known for hundreds of years. One ancestors have used various herbs in order to cure their illnesses and for other medical purposes. Contrary to modern medicine therapy, this alternative is considered as safe over the years.

In the latter part of the 20th century, the use of herbal medicines has increased significantly. Today, a large number of hospitals offer herbal medicine as an alternative treatment for contemporary medicine. With the growing herbal science, scientists carried out a research that would help medical science understand the amalgamation of herbal medicines with our body function in a chemical basis.

Although many scientists believe that the herbal remedy has fewer side effects as compared to allopathic medicines, it is important to note that plants also contain chemical substances that can cause toxicity during a longer period of use. Moreover, chemicals found in herbal medicines mean to stay for a longer period of time within our body. This results into creating residues in our body over a long time and may cause slow poisoning which later results into sickness, or death.

While taking any herbal medicine, always take your body condition into consideration. There are various health conditions and other complications don’t allow the use of herbal medicines. Similar to other medical science, herbal science also states that it is not a good point to mix different medications. Hospitals that provide herbal medication as an alternative treatment analyze that the reactions of herbs and the main course of medication compliment each other. It is highly recommended to seek consultation from your doctor before taking herbal medicine with your main course of medication.

Visit our website for more information on Holistic health, Natural osteoporosis treatment and Herbal science.

How to Kill Scabies Naturally – Home Treatment For Scabies

If you would like to know how to kill scabies naturally, there are a number of steps you can take. Home treatment for scabies is usually considered to be potentially less harmful than traditional doctor-prescribed treatments which are heavily based around the use of insecticides which are applied directly to the skin.

Traditional doctor-prescribed treatments include the use of topically applied insecticides which many consider to be harmful-particularly for children and pregnant women. Some have been associated with life threatening conditions including leukemias and diseases of the nervous system. It is no wonder therefore that increasing numbers of people are looking for natural ways to deal with this common problem.

Scabies are caused by a burrowing mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei. It is very easy for scabies to be passed on by wither direct contact with an infected person or by coming into contact with clothing or bedding etc which has been used by a sufferer. Once on the skin, the female mite burrows down and lays its’ eggs. After 21 days, the eggs hatch and the emerge onto the surface of the skin. They will either make new burrows and the whole process starts again, or they will be unknowingly passed on to another person.

Scabies can burrow into any part of the body, but symptoms and signs are most likely to be noticed around the creases of the wrists, elbows and knees, between the fingers and toes, in the armpits, around the breasts or near the waist and groin.

Knowing how to kill scabies naturally is particularly useful if you are one of the many thousands of people who are concerned about the use of prescribed treatments. One very good home treatment for scabies involves the use of tea tree oil.

Over the last few years, tea tree oil has often been called the “wonder oil” due to its antibacterial, antiseptic and healing properties. For scabies, simply half-fill a bath with warm water and add around 20 drops of tea tree oil and soak in it for around 20 minutes, ensuring that all but the head is submerged. You can repeat this up to twice a day for around a week and this can kill scabies. It can also be very beneficial to directly treat the worse affected areas with a cotton wool pad which has been soaked in a solution of 50% tea tree oil to 50% warm water. This will not only soothe and help heal these ravaged areas but can soak through the skin to kill the parasites.

It is also important to kill scabies which are outside the body on clothing, in bedding or on hairbrushes and even on children’s soft toys. Towels and bedding should be regularly changed and laundered. Indeed, all fabrics should be washed at the hottest possible temperature and tumble dried. Soft toys should be washed wherever possible. If not, consider putting them in a sealed plastic bag in the deep-freeze.

Although dietary changes will not necessarily kill scabies off completely, there are certain foods which will undoubtedly help. Some will simply boost and support the immune system, whereas other foods are well-known for their anti-parasitic properties. For example, garlic is well known for having both anti-parasitic and anti-bacterial properties and can be taken in either supplements or through the diet. Supplements which can be useful include Vitamin A, Primrose Oil, Zinc and Vitamin E.

History Of Electronic Medical Records

In the 1960s, a physician named Lawrence L. Weed first described the concept of computerized or electronic medical records. Weed described a system to automate and reorganize patient medical records to enhance their utilization and thereby lead to improved patient care.

Weed’s work formed the basis of the PROMIS project at the University of Vermont, a collaborative effort between physicians and information technology experts started in 1967 to develop an automated electronic medical record system. The project’s objectives were to develop a system that would provide timely and sequential patient data to the physician, and enable the rapid collection of data for epidemiological studies, medical audits and business audits. The group’s efforts led to the development of the problem-oriented medical record, or POMR. Also, in the 1960s, the Mayo Clinic began developing electronic medical record systems.

In 1970, the POMR was used in a medical ward of the Medical Center Hospital of Vermont for the first time. At this time, touchscreen technology had been incorporated into data entry procedures. Over the next few years, drug information elements were added to the core program, allowing physicians to check for drug actions, dosages, side effects, allergies and interactions. At the same time, diagnostic and treatment plans for over 600 common medical problems were devised.

During the 1970s and 1980s, several electronic medical record systems were developed and further refined by various academic and research institutions. The Technicon system was hospital-based, and Harvard’s COSTAR system had records for ambulatory care. The HELP system and Duke’s ‘The Medical Record’ are examples of early in-patient care systems. Indiana’s Regenstrief record was one of the earliest combined in-patient and outpatient systems.

With advancements in computer and diagnostic applications during the 1990s, electronic medical record systems became increasingly complex and more widely used by practices. In the 21st century, more and more practices are implementing electronic medical records.

The Skin Care Benefits of Azulene

Azulene is a constituent of the volatile oil obtained by steam distillation from Chamomile, Anthemis nobilis (Roman Chamomile), Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), or Tanacetum anuum (Blue tansy), and it is distinguished by it’s spectacular blue colour. Azulenes are unsaturated blue hydrocarbons, isomers of naphthalene. Chamomile contains a wide variety of active constituents. Each one of these constituents expresses a specific action but the fascinating holistic effect is the result of all of the components working together. The main constituents in the oil from chamomile are alpha-bisabolol and chamazulene, sesquiterpene derivatives. Other beneficial substances are present as well, primarily apigenin and a number of other flavonoids.

Benefits: In clinical studies Azulenes and bisabolol have been shown to exhibit dramatic anti-inflammatory effects and Chamazulene showed significant antioxidant protection. In practical terms this means that application of these natural substances will help to prevent skin blemishes from developing and will help stop deterioration of skin cells that leads to wrinkles, fine lines and pigmentation.

Quotes: “With a large list of recent basic research accruing, chamomile is a perfect example of a herb having diverse therapeutic uses.” “Chamomile preparations are widely used in skin care products to reduce cutaneous inflammation and other dermatological diseases.” George Nemecz, Ph.D., U.S.Pharmacist/Herbal Pharmacy

Chamomile soothes, heals, combats inflammation and stimulates cell regeneration. German Chamomile is the variety most widely used in skin treatment; it is rich in a fatty substance called azulene which has extraordinary healing, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory powers. Barbara Griggs, author of “The Green Witch – A Modern Woman’s Herbal” and Green Pharmacy.

Las Vegas Drug Scene

Some say that the Las Vegas Drug scene is really bad. Others say that the drug scene is mostly on the Strip and near the nudie bars. This is simply not so, in fact it is all over the town. For instance near the Nellis Air Force Base in North Las Vegas. Yep, you don’t believe me then try out the Wal-Mart parking lot it is unbelievable or near the Military base going toward the Casinos.

Many military personnel say “Drugs are stupid, I do not understand it really, but then again I have never done any so, what would I know.”

Indeed, I relate with what these military folks say, but the drug problem in the US is ramped and it is really ramped in Las Vegas and not just the Strip either. I do know that the FBI considering hiring pot smokers and of course this is proof of the ramped problem in our society. But we must get rid of this Crystal Meth, it is really bad news for people’s bodies and I do not believe I should have to pay the increased health care costs that will plague our civilization in the coming years. Things like heart attacks at age 35 and rotted out kidneys. We just cannot afford this as a nation, health care costs are already causing losses and leading to bankruptcy as GM noted this past week.

One recent visitor to Las Vegas said to our investigative team while looking for a job having recently re-located to the area;

“I don’t think I am in the greatest part of town, but since social service is what I do for a living and dealing with druggies is the part I hate the most about my job, I might rethink what I am going to do next.”

The best parts of Vegas are the areas North West, Centennial, Henderson and Seven Hills Area. But even the middle class kids there, are for the most part from Southern California and many are drug dealers part time and gang members, so the problem is in the entire area, maybe not out in the open, but is still there. We were told the same visitor that;

“There’s a Wal-Mart just a couple of blocks from the Air Force base here. I went in there to walk around and there was some black chick dealing drugs right outside the front door. I strolled around for about an hour and when I came out, there she was still dealing drugs and I walked by right in the middle of an exchange. The security guards were both black and were just totally ignoring what she was doing, so they have to know and are a part of it–or just get a kickback. It was meth that she was selling. “

Indeed this is one place in the area that our investigative team noted was problematic for drug use, so it figures, it is ramped there; so bad that some business people say that you cannot find a; “G-damn person in that town who is worth hiring.” This is what we were told in no uncertain terms from many small and medium size businesses, even a couple human resource directors that told us that; “It is sickening really. We drug test everyone, that sure weeds them out quickly!”

When our interviewee continued the story she said;

“I gave her my best dirty look to let her know that I knew what she was doing. She walked away and the security guard came and sat in his vehicle right by the van while I sat there reading the paper. He didn’t look pleased with ME. I know there is no perfect place, but I didn’t expect to see so much within just a couple of hours of arriving in town.”

We instructed her to call the North Las Vegas Police, they will take care of them, they hang out at the Starbucks across the freeway near the other Wal-Mart, on Craig and Martin Luther King Blvd. At night you will see the entire police department, nice guys, safest place in the whole darn area. We told her to get a digital picture of the lady and that If you don’t do something no one will. This is the problem. You see. Additionally our investigative team also interviewed the drug taskforce group and they told us for everyone you bust there are 5 more ready to take their place the next day.

America, we are falling short on the war in drugs in most of our larger cities and most of our smaller ones. We must work together to get these drugs off our streets, as they are melting the minds and warping the brain of our society. Think on this.

Fast Relief From Water Retention

Every woman knows that there are some stages in their menstrual cycle when they feel their breasts are a little tender, their stomach a bit bigger, and their legs somewhat thicker because of fluid retention. This condition, which is also known as edema, is pretty normal. More often than not, these problems disappear after a few days. However, fluid retention, especially the ones that last for a couple weeks, may be a symptom of more serious conditions. It is wise to go to the doctor and have yourself checked, especially if edema is coupled with palpitations, decrease in peeing, shortness of breath and pain in the leg muscles.

If your water retention problem is cyclical or is part of hormonal imbalance caused by menopause, there are actually ways to flush out the fluid safely and naturally. Here are some pointers to getting rid of water retention fast:

Drink Up

People think that if they are bloated, they are probably consuming too much water so the logical thing to do is to stop drinking this precious fluid. The argument may appear sound, but depriving your body with water is not really a good idea. When you are dehydrated, your kidneys will be in a conservation mode and will try to retain fluid to make sure that your body has enough to perform important functions. In fact, the underlying reason why you are suffering from edema is the fact that you dehydrated. If you want to prevent being bloated, try drinking about 2 quarts of water everyday.

Jump For Joy

You may see no reason to jump for joy if your belly seems bloated and your legs are so round. According to alternative medicine practitioners, jumping is actually effective in improving your circulation and help flush out surplus fluids in your body. The upward and downward movements improve and stimulate the lymphatic system, which is responsible for moving and draining fluids.

You will see significant improvement with regard to your water retention woes after bouncing on a trampoline or doing jumping jacks for 10 to 15 minutes each day. You can stop these exercises as soon as you feel that your retention woes have disappeared.

Try Diuretics From Nature’s Bounty

If you are not suffering from any serious conditions, you can do away with diuretic drugs and pills. Instead, eat one or more servings of foods that are natural diuretics. Foods that you may want to include in your everyday fare are celery, parsley and watermelon because they are the best diuretics nature can offer. Other foods that can also help flush excess water out of your system include carrots, asparagus, alfalfa sprouts, and artichokes.

Feel Dandy With Dandelion

Dandelion’s leaf has been known as an effective remedy for bloating problems. Taking supplements of dandelion leaf extract three times everyday will help give you relief from water retention caused by high blood pressure. Dandelion leaf is actually safe so you can take it indefinitely. However, if you are pregnant or have swollen legs, you should only take dandelion leaf supplement only until the symptoms of bloating are under control. Moreover, seek the advise of your doctor before taking any natural remedies.

Go Easy On The Salt

If you do not know what is causing your water retention problems, then it is time to check your diet. People who eat a high-salt diet are usually prone to bloating and swelling. If you want to get rid of your short-term fluid retention troubles, then cut back your salt, ketchup, processed foods, chips, and other foods that are high in sodium.

One product that is also helpful in safely easing your bloating problems during menopause and post-menopause is Expelis. Find out more about other people’s testimonies about this product by visiting

Erection and Ejaculation Problems – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Sexual health is an important aspect of overall human health. Sexual dysfunction in the male usually consists of erection and ejaculation problems. These may cause infertility, disturbed relations with the female partner, depression and poor self-esteem. The various erection and ejaculation problems, and their Ayurvedic herbal treatment are discussed here.

Erectile dysfunction, often referred to as “impotence”, is defined as the inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection that is suitable for penetration. Treatment for this condition is aimed at correcting the known cause. Sometimes, simple counseling and explanation of the normal anatomy and physiology of penile erection, may suffice. High cholesterol and obesity can be treated with traditional Ayurvedic formulations like Medohar Guggulu, Triphala Guggulu, Arogya Vardhini, Lashuna ( Allium sativum), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Psyllium (Plantago ovata), and Guggulu (Commiphora mukul). High blood pressure may be treated with Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Sutshekhar Ras, and Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus). Diabetes may be treated with medicines like Gudmar (Gymnema sylvestre) and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis).

Erectile dysfunction may also be due to physical causes like inadequate blood flow to the penis, venous leakage, neurological defects and hormonal problems. These conditions may be treated using medicines like Agnitundi Vati, Vishtinduk Vati, Tapyadi Loha, Trayodashang Guggulu, Abhrak Bhasma, Kapikachhu (Mucuna pruriens), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Triphala (Three fruits), Draksha (Vitis vinifera), Musta (Cyperus rotundus) and Kutaj (Holharrhina antidysentrica).

Ejaculation problems consist of premature ejaculation, delayed ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation and anejaculation.

Premature ejaculation is the commonest male sexual dysfunction. It is defined as ejaculation before the person wishes it, often within one to two minutes after penetration, though it can occur before or on penetration. This condition is often associated with performance anxiety or psychological trauma. It can be treated using medicines like Jayphal (Myristica fragrans), Talimkhana (Asteracantha longifolia), Parsik Yavani (Hyoscyamus niger), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Jatamansi, and Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis).

Delayed ejaculation can be a natural consequence of ageing in men, or may result from diabetes or the use of medicines like anti-depressants. Medicines useful in this condition are: Shilajit (Purified Bitumen), Makardhwaja, Rasa Sindur, Keshar (Crocus sativus), Shweta Musli (Asparagus adscendens), Kapikacchu and Talimkhana.

Retrograde ejaculation is a condition caused by an incompetent bladder sphincter, in which the semen goes backwards into the bladder instead of coming out of the penis. This could be caused by prostate surgery, a spinal injury, diabetes, high blood pressure medication and congenital problems. This condition may be treated using medicines like Vishtinduk Vati, Tapyadi Loha, Trayodashang Guggulu, Patol, Nimba, Triphala, Draksha, Musta, Kutaj, Laxa (Biopurified Wax) and Bel (Aegle marmelos).

These medicines may also be used to treat anejaculation, in which a man is unable to ejaculate. This condition is comparatively rare, and may be wrongly diagnosed as azoospermia.

Androgen deficiency may cause a reduction in Testosterone levels, resulting in reduced libido and erection problems. The natural ageing process is also responsible for reduced libido along with other general symptoms like tiredness, irritability, osteoporosis and reduced muscle mass. All these conditions may be treated using medicines like Kapikacchu, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Bala, Vidarikand (Ipomoea digitata), Shweta Musli, Amalaki and Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus).

Chronic depression may also adversely affect the sexual urge, and result in sexual dysfunction. This may be treated by using Laxmi Vilas Rasa, Shrung Bhasma, Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) and Vacha (Acorus calamus).

This is, thus, a short description of the various erection and ejaculation problems, and their Ayurvedic herbal treatment. It is important to note that consistent and prolonged treatment is needed for most of the above mentioned problems to get significant results.

Vitamins and Foods That Will Naturally Increase Penis Size

Natural, natural, natural. That is all you here when it comes to male enhancement. But if you want to go really natural, you have to look at foods and vitamins. Tips on how to naturally increase penis size have to start with the natural part first. What you need to do is eat foods that enhance blood circulation. And also take vitamins that do the same thing. Here is a list of foods and vitamins you can take, and you should use these tips how to naturally increase penis size.

Onions– this has phytochemical, which makes your blood less likely to clog and clot. This is a good food to take.

Omega 3 fatty– get some of these pills and it will make your blood less sticky. Crucial for blood circulation.

Zinc and vitamin b6– the reason why they are put together is because they do the same thing when it comes to blood enhancement. It raises testosterone. Very important tip on how to naturally increase penis size.

Bananas– this food contains potassium. Guys who have increases in size of their penis need to have healthy hearts. Bananas do that.

Porridge– porridge also contributes to penile enhancement believe it or not. It contains soluble fibre that cleans up cholesterol, keeping your blood vessels smooth and stretchy.

The ultimate tip is to eat these foods and vitamins and combine them with penile enlargement exercises. This will help you to gain 2-4 inches very fast. The exercises increase blood flow and the foods enhance them. Great combo for growth.

Top Schools for Medical Transcription Students

Medical transcriptionists, also referred to as medical terminology stenographers, transcribe verbal records created by doctors and other health care professionals. Once transcribed, these records are used for administrative purposes and to create medical reports. To secure employment as a medical transcriptionist, a person must enroll in the appropriate courses and obtain a two-year associate’s degree or a one-year diploma. The Association of Healthcare Documentation Integrity-AHDI-evaluates and rates the curriculum of medical transcription schools. The standard set by the AHDI requires that such schools offer courses in medical ethics and law, medical transcription technology, laboratory medicine, pharmacology, disease concepts, and medical grammar. The following are some of the top medical transcription schools from which one can choose:

Central Texas College

Central Texas College provides a distance learning program in medical terminology stenography. The college is an accredited community college and offers open admission to qualified students. Courses at Central Texas College include physiology, transcription, medical terminology, keyboarding, and proofreading.

Medical Transcription Education Center

The Medical Transcription Education Center-M-Tec-was the first transcription school to receive ADHI approval. M-Tec is considered by many educators as one of the best options for students who have no previous experience in the healthcare field and those who are entering the medical field from an unrelated profession. M-Tec offers on-campus or online courses and the school’s instructors work closely with each student during his or her studies. In addition, faculty members help graduates find suitable employment after their degree is earned. Many medical practices will only consider job candidates with prior experience, and for this reason will not hire recent graduates. However, many employers waive this requirement for M-Tec students due to the school’s excellent reputation.

Andrews School

Founded in 1989, the Andrews School is an AHDI approved learning institution that offers students from all walks of life a high quality education in the field of medical terminology stenography. A very high percentage of Andrews School graduates have successfully obtained gainful employment in the healthcare field. Students and can train via distance learning or attend one of the school’s traditional college campuses.

Medline School of Medical Transcription

The Medline School of Medical Transcription-MSMT-is an accredited school that offers one-year or two-year online programs. The school’s instructors are certified transcriptionists who are still actively working in the field. Therefore, students learn from instructors with a high level of practical experience. In addition, students can qualify for paid internship programs which gives them a way to offset tuition costs.

Career Step

Career Step is an accredited medical transcription school that has been given AHDI approval. Students can take courses online or on-site through Career Step’s affiliation with community colleges across the country. Online courses are available to students in the United States, the Philippines, South Africa, Australia, and Canada.

Employment Outlook

According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, a fourteen percent job increase is expected by 2016 in the medical transcription field. It is for this reason medical transcription schools will most likely see an increase in enrollment over the next ten years. The demand for suitable training programs will most likely increase as well, and those pursuing this career can look forward to good job security and competitive wages.

Treating Facial Tics and Tourette’s Syndrome With Alternative Medicine

Tics may be due to nutritional deficiencies, genetic conditions, Tourette syndrome, immune system malfunction, allergies, or stress. Stress and anxiety can increase the frequency of facial tics. Emotional trauma can cause tics which can disappear when the emotional disorder is treated. Tics due to emotional trauma or stress can improve or disappear with hypnotherapy, Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT), energetic therapy, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) yoga, Tai Chi, music therapy, homeopathy, Interactive Metronome, cognitive behavioral therapy, HEMI Sync, acupuncture, massage, and scalp acupuncture. Secondary mood disorders can worsen the severity of tics.

Treating and healing facial tics or Tourette’s syndrome with ordinary amino acids is the basis for Orthomolecular Medicine. Large doses of naturally found proteins called amino acids can repair the imbalance in the brain and repair its malfunction. These amino acids are affordable and are used in therapeutic doses much larger than those levels normally found in food. The concept of orthomolecular medicine is based upon the use of very large doses of vitamins, minerals, amino acids, or botanical extracts for the cellular repair and enhancement of normal brain activities and motor activities.

Lithium mineral salt may help this patient if there is Tourette’s syndrome, but it would not help for most other types of facial tics. Botanicals that may treat tics and reduce tics and spasms include kava, skullcap, valerian, St John’s Wort, peppermint, black cohosh, dragon bone, prunella, rose hips, Go Teng, Tian Men Dong, Bai Shao, Yin Chen Hao. Orthomolecular medicine uses includes magnesium, zinc, calcium, B Vitamins, and chromium along with the botanicals to support recovery.

Orthomolecular medicine uses large therapeutic doses of carnitine, tryptophan, taurine, GABA, and 5-HTP. Theanine, GABA, and 5-HTP can work well for tics caused by stress. These amino acids must be used long- term for Tourette’s syndrome and you may want to consider IV therapy in the worst cases for at least nine months.

This patient may have severe allergies and benefit from the elimination of genetically modified foods. The diet should be altered to exclude unsaturated fats, caffeine, nicotine, artificial sweeteners, food additives, food dyes, alcohol, and high fat meats. Try to eat free range chicken, organic meat, organic or locally produced eggs, and limit red meat to twice per week. You should always eat breakfast relatively high in protein. This may include whey protein, almond milk, or soy protein. Walnuts, yogurt, almonds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and pecans are great snack foods ideas. Remember that corn is frequently a genetically modified food. Popcorn can be a good snack food if you are certain that it is not genetically modified. Organic or locally grown vegetables and fruits are the best health options. Avoid foods that are often contaminated with pesticides or heavy metals. Plant fruit trees in your yard for more fresh fruit.

How Old is Acupuncture? Challenging the Neolithic Origins Theory

Although westerners often think of this traditional Chinese treatment modality as a “new” form of alternative medicine, acupuncture is so ancient in China that its origins are unclear. According to Huangfu Mi (c. 215-282 AD), author of The Systematic Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, needling therapy was first used during China’s Bronze Age, over five thousand years ago. He attributes its invention to either Fu Xi or Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor), two legendary figures of the Five Emperors Period (c. 3000-2070 BC). Modern scholars generally believe that acupuncture is much older, originating more than ten thousand years ago during China’s Neolithic Age (c. 8000-3500 BC).

In actuality, acupuncture may not be as ancient as has generally been assumed. A reconsideration of all extant documents and recent archaeological finds indicates that acupuncture may date back a mere 2100 to 2300 years, first appearing during China’s Warring States Period (475-221 BC) and rapidly maturing during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD).

Questioning the generally accepted origins theory.

The currently accepted theory concerning the Neolithic origins of acupuncture is based on two premises. The first holds that bian shi, specialized sharp-edged stone tools that appeared during China’s Neolithic Age, were used for an early form of needling therapy, prior to the invention of metal smelting. It is known that bian shi stone tools were utilized for a number of early medical procedures, starting during the Neolithic Age and continuing through the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD). A number of descriptions of bian shi stone therapy appear in one of China’s earliest medical works, The Yellow Emperor’s Inner Classic of Medicine (Huang Di Neijing, hereafter referred to as the Neijing) (c. 104-32 BC). It has been thought that these Neolithic stone medical instruments were precursors of the metal acupuncture needles that came into use during China’s Iron Age.

However, historical documents and new archaeological evidence clearly indicate that bian shi stone tools were flat and knife-like in form, used primarily to incise abscesses to discharge pus, or to draw blood (1). They were applied as surgical scalpels to cut, rather than as needles to puncture, and had nothing to do with needling therapy. According to the Code of Hammurabi, the ancient inhabitants of Mesopotamia used similarly shaped bronze knives to incise abscesses over 4000 years ago.

Prehistoric Chinese people possessed needles made of various materials, ranging from crude thorns and quills to bone, bamboo, pottery, and stone. But just as the history of the knife is not the history of surgery, so the invention of needles and that of acupuncture are two entirely different things. Needles have historically been among the most commonly used tools of daily life for constructing garments all over the world. Medically, needles are used to suture incisions just as making up clothes with darners, hollow syringe needles (as differentiated from a solid needle used in acupuncture) are applied to inject fluids into the body or draw them from it, but pricking a solid needle into the body to treat illness seems very strange and enigmatical. In English, “to give somebody the needle” means to displease or irritate someone. Most people prefer not to be punctured with needles, and associate needling with pain and injury. Many plants and animals have evolved thorns or quills as powerful weapons for protection or attack. Needles were even used for punishment in ancient China. By trial and error, healers throughout the world have found treatments for pain and other diseases independently, for instances, herbs, roots, wraps, rubs, blood-letting and surgery, but acupuncture alone is unique to Chinese. Considering the unique Chinese origin of acupuncture, it is reasonable to assume that the invention of acupuncture was not related to the availability of either sewing needles or bian shi stone scalpels during China’s Neolithic Age.

The second premise supporting the theory of the Neolithic origins of acupuncture holds that acupuncture evolved as a natural outgrowth of daily life in prehistoric times. It is thought that through a process of fortuitous accident and repeated empirical experience, it was discovered that needling various points on the body could effectively treat various conditions. However, this assumption is lacking in both basic historical evidence and a logical foundation.

It is known that ancient people were aware of situations in which physical problems were relieved following unrelated injury. Such a case was reported by Zhang Zihe (c. 1156-1228 AD), one of the four eminent physicians of the Jin and Yuan Dynasties (1115-1368 AD) and a specialist in blood-letting therapy: “Bachelor Zhao Zhongwen developed an acute eye problem during his participation in the imperial examination. His eyes became red and swollen, accompanied by blurred vision and severe pain. The pain was so unbearable that he contemplated death. One day, Zhao was in teahouse with a friend. Suddenly, a stovepipe fell and hit him on the forehead, causing a wound about 3-4 cun in length and letting copious amounts of dark purple blood. When the bleeding stopped, a miracle had occurred. Zhao’s eyes stopped hurting; he could see the road and was able to go home by himself. The next day he could make out the ridge of his roof. Within several days, he was completely recovered. This case was cured with no intentional treatment but only accidental trauma (2).”

If acupuncture did, in fact, gradually develop as the result of such fortuitous accidents, China’s four thousand years of recorded history should include numerous similar accounts concerning the discovery of the acupoints and their properties. But my extensive search of the immense Chinese medical canon and other literature has yielded only this single case. Actually, this story offers at most an example of blood-letting therapy, which differs in some essential regards from acupuncture. The point of blood-letting therapy is to remove a certain amount of blood. But when puncturing the body with solid needles, nothing is added to or subtracted from the body.

Blood-letting therapy is universal. Throughout recorded history, people around the world have had similar experiences with the beneficial results of accidental injury, and have developed healing methods based on the principle that injuring and inducing bleeding in one part of the body can relieve problems in another area. The ancient Greeks and Romans developed venesection and cupping based on the discovery that bleeding is beneficial in cases such as fever, headache, and disordered menstruation. Europeans during the Middle Ages used blood-letting as a panacea for the prevention and treatment of disease. Detailed directions were given concerning the most favorable days and hours for blood-letting, the correct veins to be tapped, the amount of blood to be taken, and the number of bleedings. Blood was usually taken by opening a vein with a lancet, but sometimes by blood-sucking leeches or with the use of cupping vessels. Blood-letting using leeches is still practiced in some areas of Europe and the Middle East. However, nowhere did these blood-letting methods develop into a detailed and comprehensive system comparable to that of acupuncture. If acupuncture did indeed arise from repeated empirical experience of accidental injury, it should have developed all over the world, rather than just in China.

Both historical evidence and logic indicate that there is no causal relation between the development of materials and techniques for making needles and the invention of acupuncture. It is also clear that repeated experience of fortuitous accidental injury was not a primary factor in the development of acupuncture. Therefore, the generally accepted theory concerning the Neolithic origins of acupuncture, based as it is upon such faulty premises, must be incorrect. It is now necessary to reconsider when acupuncture did, in fact, first appear and subsequently mature.

Reconsidering the evidence

If acupuncture did indeed originate during China’s Neolithic Age, references to it should appear throughout China’s earliest written records and archaeological relics. However, this is not the case.

Early cultures believed the world to be filled with the supernatural, and developed various methods of divination. During China’s Shang Dynasty (c. 1500-1000 BC), divination was practiced by burning animal bones and tortoise shells with moxa or other materials. Oracular pronouncements were then inscribed on the bone or shell, based on the resulting crackles. These inscriptions have survived as the earliest examples of written Chinese characters. Among the hundreds of thousands of inscribed oracle bones and shells found to date, 323 contain predictions concerning over twenty different diseases and disorders. However, none of these inscriptions mention acupuncture, or any other form of treatment for that matter.

Rites of the Zhou Dynasty (Zhou Li), written during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), records in detail the official rituals and regulations of the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1000-256 BC), including those concerning medicine. Royal doctors at that time were divided into four categories: dieticians, who were responsible for the rulers’ food and drink; doctors of internal medicine, who treated diseases and disorders with grains and herbs; surgeons, or yang yi, who treated problems such as abscesses, open sores, wounds, and fractures using zhuyou (incantation), medication, and debridement (using stone or metal knives to scrape and remove pus and necrotic tissue); and veterinarians, who treated animals. But this document as well contains no references to acupuncture.

Neijing (c. 104-32 BC) is the first known work concerning acupuncture. The classic consists of two parts: Suwen – Simple Questions, and Lingshu – the Spiritual Pivot, also known as The Classic of Acupuncture (Zhen Jing). Both are concerned primarily with the theory and practice of acupuncture and moxibustion. Although authorship of the Neijing is attributed to Huang Di, the legendary Yellow Emperor (c. 2650 BC), most scholars consider that this master work, which contains excerpts from more than twenty pre-existing medical treatises, was actually compiled between 104 BC and 32 BC, during the latter part of the Western Han dynasty (206 BC-24 AD). The comprehensive and highly developed nature of the medical system presented in the Neijing has led scholars to believe that needling therapy has an extremely long history, probably reaching back to prehistoric times. The original versions of the ancient texts used in the compilation of the Neijing have been lost, and with them the opportunity to further illuminate the question of when acupuncture actually first appeared. However, startling new archaeological evidence, unearthed in China in the early 1970s and 1980s, reveals the true state of Chinese medicine prior to the Neijing, and challenges existing assumptions concerning the Neolithic origins of acupuncture.

In late 1973, fourteen medical documents, known as the Ancient Medical Relics of Mawangdui, were excavated from Grave No. 3 at Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan Province. Ten of the documents were hand-copied on silk, and four were written on bamboo slips. The exact age of the Ancient Medical Relics of Mawangdui has not been determined. However, a wooden tablet found in the grave states that the deceased was the son of Prime Minister Li Chang of the state of Changsha, and that he was buried on February 24, 168 BC. The unsystematic and empirical nature of the material contained in the documents indicates that they were written well before their interment in 168 BC, probably around the middle of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC). In any event, it is certain that these medical documents pre-date the Neijing (compiled c. 104-32 BC), making them the oldest known medical documents in existence. These documents were probably lost sometime during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), since no mention of them has been found from this time until their rediscovery in 1973.

Another valuable medical find, The Book of the Meridians (Mai Shu), was excavated from two ancient tombs at Zhangjiashan in Jiangling County, Hubei Province in 1983. These ancient texts, written on bamboo slips and quite well preserved, were probably buried between 187 and 179 BC, around the same time as the Mawangdui relics. There are five documents in all, three of which (The Classic of Moxibustion with Eleven Yin-Yang Meridians, Methods of Pulse Examination and Bian Stone, and Indications of Death on the Yin-Yang Meridians) are identical to the texts found at Mawangdui.

There is abundant evidence to show that the authors of the Neijing used the earlier medical texts from Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan as primary references, further indicating the antiquity of these relics. For example, Chapter 10 of the Lingshu section of the Neijing contains a discussion of the meridians and their disorders that is very similar, in both form and content, to that found in the Classic of Moxibustion with Eleven Yin-Yang Meridians, one of the documents found at both Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan.

Of course, the Neijing did not simply reproduce these earlier documents, but rather refined and developed them, and introduced new therapeutic methods. The earlier Classic of Moxibustion with Eleven Yin-Yang Meridians is limited to moxibustion, while Chapter 10 of the Lingshu section of the Neijing mentions needling therapy, or acupuncture, for the first time. Although the medical texts preceding the Neijing discuss a wide variety of healing techniques, including herbal medicine, moxibustion, fomentation, medicinal bathing, bian stone therapy, massage, daoyin (physical exercises), xingqi (breathing exercises), zhuyou (incantation), and even surgery, these earlier documents contain no mention of acupuncture.

If needling therapy did indeed originate much earlier than the Neijing (c. 104-32 BC), the medical documents unearthed from Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan, very probably used as primary references by the Neijing’s authors, should also contain extensive discussions of acupuncture. However, they do not. This clearly indicates that acupuncture was not yet in use at the time that the Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan documents were compiled. Of course, it is not possible to draw a detailed picture of the state of acupuncture early in the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD) based solely on the medical relics from Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan. But the fact that these documents were considered valuable enough to be buried with the deceased indicates that they do reflect general medical practice at the time.

The Historical Records (Shi Ji) (c. 104-91 BC) by Sima Qian contains evidence that acupuncture was first used approximately one hundred years prior to the compilation of the Neijing (c. 104-32 BC). The Historical Records, China’s first comprehensive history, consists of a series of biographies reaching from the time of the legendary Yellow Emperor (c. 2650 BC) to Emperor Wudi (156-87 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty. Among these are biographies of China’s two earliest medical practitioners, Bian Que and Cang Gong. Bian Que’s given name was Qin Yueren. It is known that he lived from 407-310 BC, during the late Warring States Period (475-221 BC), and was a contemporary of Hippocrates (c. 460-377 BC), the father of Western medicine. Bian Que’s life was surrounded by an aura of mystery which makes it difficult to separate fact from legend. His name means Wayfaring Magpie – a bird which symbolizes good fortune. It is said that an old man gave Bian Que a number of esoteric medical texts and an herbal prescription, and then disappeared. Bian Que took the medicine according to the mysterious visitor’s instructions. Thirty days later, he could see through walls. Thereafter, whenever he diagnosed disease, he could clearly see the internal organs of his patients’ bodies. Like the centaur Chiron, son of Apollo, who is sometimes regarded as the god of surgery in the West, Bian Que is considered to be a supernatural figure, and the god of healing. A stone relief, unearthed from a tomb dating back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), depicts him with a human head on a bird’s body (3). The Historical Records states that Bian Que successfully resuscitated the prince of the State of Guo using a combination of acupuncture, fomentation, and herbal medicine. Bian Que is thus considered to be the founder of acupuncture, and to have made the first recorded use of acupuncture during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC).

More solid evidence connects the birth of acupuncture with the famous ancient physician Chunyu Yi (c. 215-140 BC), popularly known as Cang Gong. Cang Gong’s life and work are described in detail in the Historical Records. The Historical Records state that in 180 BC, Cang Gong’s teacher gave him a number of precious medical texts that had escaped the book-burnings of the last days of the Great Qin Empire (221-207 BC). At that time, adherents of all opposing schools of thought were executed or exiled, and almost all books not conforming to the rigid Legalist doctrines that dominated the Qin Dynasty were burned. Although medical texts escaped the disaster, their owners still feared persecution. The banned books that Cang Gong received might have included a number whose titles appear in the Ancient Medical Relics of Mawangdui, such as the Classic of Moxibustion with Eleven Yin-Yang Meridians, Classic of Moxibustion with Eleven Foot-Arm Meridians, Method of Pulse Examination and Bian Stone, Therapeutic Methods for 52 Diseases, Miscellaneous Forbidden Methods, and The Book of Sex.

Cang Gong’s biography in the Historical Records discusses twenty-five of his cases, dating from approximately 186 BC to 154 BC. These cases studies, the earliest in recorded Chinese history, give a clear picture of how disease was treated over 2100 years ago. Of the twenty-five cases, ten were diagnosed as incurable and the patients died as predicted. Of the fifteen that were cured, eleven were treated with herbal medicine, two with moxibustion in combination with herbal medicine, one with needling, and one with needling in combination with pouring cold water on the patient’s head. It can be seen from this material that Cang Gong used herbal medicine as his primary treatment, and acupuncture and moxibustion only secondarily. His use of moxibustion adheres strictly to the doctrines recorded in the medial relics from Mawangdui and Zhangjiashan. Although only two of Cang Gong’s moxibustion cases are recorded in the Historical Records, it is known that he was expert in its use, and that he wrote a book called Cang Gong’s Moxibustion. Unfortunately, this book has been lost. In comparison with his wide-ranging utilization of herbal medicine and moxibustion, Cang Gong applied needling therapy very sparingly. Neither of Cang Gong’s two recorded acupuncture cases mentions specific acupoints or how the needles were manipulated, indicating that needling therapy at the time was still in its initial stage.

Although acupuncture was not in common use during Cang Gong’s day, his two recorded acupuncture patients were cured with only one treatment, indicating the efficacy of the nascent therapy. The rapid development of acupuncture was soon to follow. By the time the Neijing was compiled (c. 104-32 BC), approximately one hundred years after the time of Cang Gong, acupuncture had supplanted herbs and moxibustion as the treatment of choice. Only thirteen herbal prescriptions are recorded in the Neijing, compared with hundreds utilizing acupuncture.

Archaeological excavations of Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD) tombs have yielded a number of important medical relics related to acupuncture, in addition to the Neijing and Historical Records. In July of 1968, nine metal needles were excavated at Mancheng, Hebei Province from the tomb of Prince Liu Sheng (?-113 BC) of Zhongshan, elder brother of Emperor Wu Di (156-87 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD). Four of the needles are gold and quite well preserved, while five are silver and decayed to the extent that it was not possible to restore them completely. The number and shapes of the excavated needles indicate that they may have been an exhibit of the nine types of acupuncture needles described in the Neijing. This possibility is supported by the fact that a number of additional medical instruments were found in the tomb. These included a bronze yigong (practitioner’s basin) used for decocting medicinal herbs or making pills, a bronze sieve used to filter herbal decoctions, and a silver utensil used to pour medicine (4). Although many prehistoric bone needles have been unearthed, the fact that they have eyes indicates that they were used for sewing. Some scholars have inferred that prehistoric Chinese people may have used bone needles found with no eyes or with points on both ends for medical purposes. However, I believe that it is rash to draw such a conclusion based solely on relics that have lain buried for thousands of years. Rather, it is likely that the eyes of these needles have simply decayed over the millennia.


A thorough reevaluation of all extant literature, as well as documents and archaeological relics unearthed since the 1960s, confirms that acupuncture is not as ancient as has generally been assumed, and that it did not, in fact, appear and gradually develop during China’s Neolithic Age (c. 8000-3500 BC). Rather, this great invention arose quite suddenly and rapidly developed approximately two millennia ago. All evidence indicates that acupuncture first appeared during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), during the time of Bian Que, developed during the early Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD), during the time of Cang Gong, and had fully matured by the latter part of the Western Han Dynasty, at the time of the compilation of the Neijing (c. 104-32 BC).

The Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD) provided fertile ground for the rapid growth and maturation of acupuncture as a comprehensive medical system. The previous centuries had seen the blossoming of Chinese culture during the intellectual give-and-take of the Spring and Autumn (770-476 BC) and Warring States (475-221 BC) periods. The subsequent territorial unification of China by the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC) laid a foundation for the cultural integration of the diverse states. Taken in the context of China’s four thousand years of recorded history, the Western Han Dynasty was a period of intensive social and cultural advancement. Acupuncture is unique. Its invention of acupuncture in China at this time was the result of the development and unique convergence of several aspects of Chinese culture during this time, including natural science, social structure and human relations, and most importantly, holistic philosophy.

References and notes:

1. Bai Xinghua, et al., Acupuncture: Visible Holism. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001, pps. 15-20.

2. Zhang Zhihe (1156-1228 AD), Confucians’ Duties to Their Parents (Rumen Shiqin). Quoted in Selection and Annotation of Medical Cases Treated by Past Dynasties’ Eminent Acupuncturists (Lidai Zhenjiu Mingjia Yian Xuanzhu), ed. Li Fufeng. Harbin: Heilongjiang Science and Technology Publishing House, 1985, p. 143.

3. Liu Dunyuan. Stone Relief Showing Practice of Acupuncture and Moxibustion from the Eastern Han Dynast. Archaeology, 1972; (6): 47-51

4. Zhong Yiyan, Medical Instruments Unearthed from the Western Han Dynasty Tomb of Liu Sheng. Archaeology, 1972, (3): pp. 49-53.

Time, My Healer

I discovered why a heartbreak is called exactly that on a Wednesday afternoon in September. All it took was six words to fill my world with immense physical pain; my heart stopping for a moment, my heart dropping into the soles of my feet, my heart breaking into a thousand pieces inside me.

I can’t be with you anymore.

I can’t be with you anymore.

I can’t be with you anymore.

His words and the way they brought me to my knees on my bedroom floor still haunt me today, almost four months later. Triggered by the subtlest sights and inconspicuous smells, I replayed that day over and over in my wake and in my sleep, looking for answers in the past, picking at the scabs of the wound and refusing to move on.

Time dragged on in what seemed liked forever, and the days blurred into long nights as winter crept its viscous fingers through the cracks in the doors. I lived monotonously, completely devoid of life. My friends and family urged me to move on, to forget, but I was too comfortable being miserable; the pain in my heart made me feel alive in a way that I had never felt before. Was I really capable of feeling this way? Was I that raw? That human? I knew what love was, but desolation?

And when everything else is gone, are we left with nothing but anguish?

The ache shadowed my every move and eventually became my friend. I nurtured it with tears and nightmares and confided in it with my darkest thoughts until it grew into something stronger than any other force I have ever encountered -self love. And it wasn’t until my ex’s name was brought up in a random conversation two months later that I realized that I hadn’t thought of him for an entire week.

My heart was beginning to mend its broken pieces with a little bit of help from time and pain, and I found myself fully immersed into ‘project me’ where I was figuring out what I wanted, and most importantly, my worth. The next few weeks felt like laying in a meadow, watching the clouds contort into different shapes as they passed by, and giggling as the soft breeze tickled the hair on my arms. I was still tender, but my heart was beating again; I could hear it pulsating in my ears and I could feel it vibrating in my wrists. I was alive. The worst was over, but was it really that bad? Had I not come out of it a stronger woman?

My four year relationship came to a sudden halt, and with it, shredding the blueprint of a future I so badly wanted to share with someone I truly cared for. The memory of it still sends shivers down my spine in the same way tremors continue to shake the grounds after an earthquake, but with each shudder I am reminded of how invincible I am. I am no longer moved by sad songs, nor do I tear up every time I go to a familiar place – I have finally set fire to all our memories because holding on to them was only causing more pain.

And so, as I sit here, writing and erasing and rewriting my thoughts, I realize that the healing process is far from over. Some days are easy, but others are equally hard; the yearning I have to reach out to him, to hear his voice, to see if he is okay cradles me every now and then, but I remain steadfast in my pursuit of self-fulfillment. And if I have to carry a fractured heart in my chest, a heart that is too afraid to beat for anyone else but myself, then so be it. Break ups are never easy, but with time, and most importantly, a grieving process, they become more bearable until we ease into an improved version of ourselves. We may never feel the same kind of love again, but that doesn’t mean that it won’t’ be better, more fulfilling, more nourishing.

I read hundreds of articles on how to cope with break ups and at first they seemed recklessly written and juvenile. Time will heal, be patient, it’s time to focus on yourself. They bombarded me with notions of deluding myself when all I wanted to do was lock myself away and cry until my blood ran dry. But now, looking back at my journey I realize that every word I had read was absolutely true. I had to be patient and trust in the inevitable course of time passing.

Like sore throats and fractured bones, broken hearts heal too. And although it leaves behind a more permanent scar, the wound becomes an opening into the most beautiful parts of us. There is a time for pain and, in return, a time for healing.

“We are healed of a suffering only by experiencing it to the full.” – Marcel Proust