Useful Information About Charity

Charity can be defined as the act of giving voluntary help, monetary or otherwise, to those in need. A charity can be an institution, organization, a single person or a group of people. Charity is an act of kindness and benevolence. A charitable act demonstrates love for fellow human beings. The institutions or organizations doing charity work are generally non-profit organizations that solicit and accept donations or gifts from individuals and corporate donors. A registered charity is a charity that is approved by the government to do charity work. Donors receive generous tax rebates in recognition of their service to humanity.

Charities provide assistance to people in need in different ways. Some of them provide relief for aged and poor people. There are charity houses that take care of sick and wounded military personnel. Some institutions provide free education for children while others provide food, shelter and clothing to poor children and orphans. Charities actively participate in the repair of bridges, ports, havens, causeways, churches and other such construction activities. They may also help in the rehabilitation of ex-prisoners and substance abusers.

From a legal aspect, charity is divided into four principal divisions. Charities help to improve the conditions the poor live in. They aim to provide quality education for needy children whose families can not afford to on their own. They also provide medical and interim relief in disaster prone areas and actively participate in projects that benefit a community.

There are some well-known charities that work to provide international charitable aid. The Red Cross is one of the biggest charity organizations in the world, and has collected and distributed aid in almost every country in the world. Charities, big and small, help to build pride, hope, trust and self-sufficiency in virtually every country.

Take special care while using Casodrex 50 mg in prostate cancer

Casodrex 50 mg contains the drug molecule bicalutamide, an anti-androgen drug, which is administered in adult and elderly male patients suffering from prostate cancer. The main action of the drug is to obstruct the action of male hormones especially testosterone. Casodex 50 mg is given in combination with a LHRH analog to treat carcinoma of the prostate as the stage is considered androgen -sensitive. There is a positive chance of response in this method of treatment.

Casodex 50 mg is not for females and children. You require a prescription from the doctor to buy it online. It should not be taken by patients, who are sensitive to the drug.  The medication should be undertaken cautiously in patients with liver disorders. Patients with Casodex medication should be monitored if they are using coumarin anticoagulants and prothrombin.

Before taking Casodex 50 mg, the serum transaminase level has to be estimated constantly during the treatment at regular intervals. You should also test the blood glucose level to report any chance of diabetes. Common side effects include hot flashes, back ache, asthemia, and constipation, pain in the pelvic region, nausea, infection, dyspnea, edema, diarrhea, hematuria and nocturia. If the patient feels side effects to be bothersome, he should immediately contact the doctor for suitable remedial actions including stopping the medication of Casodex 50 mg.

The normal dosage of Casodex 50 mg in a combination therapy is one tablet twice daily before or after food. It is further suggested that the medication should be taken at the identical time every day. Certain drug molecules interfere with Casodex 50 mg, which are cisapride, anti-histamine molecules like terfenadine and astemizole. You should tell the doctor about all medicines that you are taking including anticoagulants, cyclosporin and calcium channel blockers for cardiac troubles. You must take special care for the medication with Casodex 50 mg. Ask online stores for your stock of Casodex 50 mg at reasonable price and avail cost benefits.

Casodex is a well known drug and at the same time it is widely considered as the best option for most of the strange diseases that you might come along. It is always advised to buy these drugs at a CanAmerica Global, as you can save a lot of time and money.

What is Chlorella Growth Factor and Why is it Beneficial?

Chlorella growth factor is found in a single-celled algae that contains vast amounts of nutrients that scientists are beginning to discover have great health benefits. This algae is believed to have been around for over 3 billion years, providing it’s nutritional benefits throughout the ages, and now we get to take part in that with chlorella growth factor, which is taken from the nucleus of this power packed algae. This growth factor is considered something of a “super food” because it has such a high nutrient density, containing amino acids, RNA/DNA, carbohydrates and vitamins.

The health benefits that come about from the Chlorella algae are many and include dietary supplements to help complete your overall nutrition as well as helping you ingest more chlorophyll, which has been shown to help cleanse the blood, along with immune support and stress reduction. When the Chlorella growth factor is extracted it’s made up of several nucleic acids including several different natural sugars, xylose, which is a source of natural energy and amino acids, which are beneficial in providing support for the body’s cells. Children that are given CGF are shown to grow faster without having any negative effects.

The biggest benefit of Chlorella growth factor is that it can be compared to a protective covering for the entire body and something of a mobile workshop too, one that can help to detoxify the body, fight disease and help to slow premature ageing. If we want to keep our bodies healthy, then the key is to build up our immune system. Most viral infections can be successfully fended off if our cells are healthy and Chlorella is a great booster of the immune system, helping to keep pathogens in check and fighting off illnesses.

Chlorella is considered a well balanced package of complete and essential nutrients and its growth factor works to directly nourish and stimulate each of the over 60-trillion cells that make up our individual bodies. Taking chlorella growth factor daily can provide critical nutritional support that could be lacking in some diets, and it’s also an ideal supplement that the entire family can take since it has been proven safe for both children and adults.

Top 10 Facts on DHEA and Fertility

Are you considering supplementing with DHEA to increase your chances of falling pregnant?

To assist you in the decision making process we have compiled the following list of facts on the use of DHEA to increase fertility.

These top 10 facts on DHEA, in terms of your fertility, are important to know if you are considering taking DHEA to increase your chances of conceiving and, especially, if you are a woman over the age of 40.

1. What is DHEA?

DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone. Whilst that sounds like a scary term what you basically need to know is that it is an endogenous hormone (which means it is produced by your body). To be exact it is produced by your adrenal glands which sit on top of your kidneys.

2. Why is DHEA Important?

DHEA production in your body is vital as it is a precursor to your sex hormones. These sex hormones are critical to maintain health, muscle tone, sexual function, fertility, and general homeostasis (balance) within the body. Your body’s DHEA production is generally greatest during your mid-20s and then steadily declines as you age. Without adequate DHEA production your body cannot produce the correct amount of estrogen to enable successful ovulation (and thus a fertile cycle).

3. Premature Ovarian Aging

The most common fertility issue, which ladies over the age of 40 who wish to get pregnant experience, is Premature Ovarian Aging (POA). Women who are diagnosed with POA are found to have a much earlier decline of ovarian function than the norm. Clinical trials have shown that participants suffering POA that took DHEA supplementation as a fertility treatment experienced an increased success rate in falling pregnant. This is because the DHEA hormone is a precursor to the sex hormones in your body (estrogen, testosterone, estradiol, etc…), which are necessary for the body to successfully ovulate and create the ideal environment for conception.

4. Which DHEA Supplement Should I Take to Increase Fertility?

Supplemental DHEA for women wishing to increase their fertility levels should not be confused with supplemental 7 Keto DHEA. The Keto hormone, found in 7 Keto DHEA supplements, in your body has already been metabolized past the point where estrogen, estradiol, and estrone can be created from it. In most instances, the DHEA 25 mg supplement is what is necessary to assist older women in becoming pregnant, however you should seek advice from a health care professional before deciding on a dosage amount. For example, a woman in her 30s would need a different dosage to a woman of similar health in her 40s.

5. DHEA Fertility Study Results

A clinical study from Israel showed how the use of DHEA, along with other fertility treatments, actually improved the percentage of conceiving and carrying a healthy pregnancy from 4% to 23% in older women. The DHEA dosage was 75 mg per day and taken for 6 months.

6. Use of DHEA in Fertility Clinics

Over 33% of modern fertility clinics use DHEA fertility treatments to increase the chances of their patients conceiving. DHEA supplementation is used with women even if they have severely diminished ovarian reserves to encourage the hormonal conditions necessary to enable healthy ovulation of the eggs, and therefore increasing the chances of conception.

7. DHEA Lowers the Chances of Miscarriage

A study from the journal of Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology has found that when a woman takes DHEA, it was shown that it also lowers her chances of a miscarriage.

8. Links Between DHEA and Ovulation

The world renowned Mayo Clinic has also issued a statement about the benefits DHEA, in regards to fertility, and its benefits. They agree that a woman taking a DHEA supplement finds it is easier to ovulate and become pregnant.

9. DHEA Side Effects

The recommended DHEA dosage for assistance in fertility by the University of Maryland Medical Center is 25 mg per day. Higher doses might result in unwanted masculine features appearing on the participants.

10. Talk To Your Doctor First

The last, and most important, of our Top 10 Facts on DHEA and Fertility is to speak to your Doctor or health practitioner before commencing any DHEA supplementation. DHEA is still a hormone, which you are introducing into your body. Taking the incorrect amount for your current state of being and purpose can have detrimental effects. So please seek professional advice first!

The Perseveration (Getting Stuck) That Comes With Memory Disease

Perseveration is not a symptom of memory disease, it is related behavior. The Alzheimer’s Association defines perseveration as “repetitive movements or persistence in statements or questions.” Caregivers need to understand the cause of perseveration and describes it clearly.

According to Alzheimer’s United Kingdom, the frontal lobes of the brain have several parts that work together “to form our executive or management center.” Damage to this area of the brain causes people to “get stuck on what they are doing.”

My mother got stuck on sentences. She would call and announce, “I want to go to the store.” I would tell her we had just been to the store. Though Mom did not remember she would say, “I know, but I need to go again.” I could not take her to the store every time she asked so Mom was often mad at me.

My mother got stuck on purchases. After she was transferred to nursing care I cleaned out her apartment and found a box under a chest of drawers. The box was filled with panty hose — dozens and dozens of pairs — in different shades and sizes. Mom had so many pairs of panty hose she could have opened a store.

Mom got stuck on gestures. When she was in the middle stage of dementia my mother started wiping her eyebrow with her hand. At first, I thought she had something in her eye, but soon recognized this as a repetitive gesture. She would repeat the gesture four or five times in a row.

Mom got stuck on stories. “When we lived on 259th street,” she would begin, and then I would hear the story. I heard the stories so many times it is a wonder I did not join in like a member of a Greek chorus. You understand perseveration is if your loved one has memory disease. You can’t stop the progression of the disease. What can you do?

1. STEP AWAY. Walk away for a minute or two and regain your patience. Remember, you are dealing with someone who has a damaged brain.

2. CHANGE THE SUBJECT. The nursing home my mother was in would divert agitated residents with music or a story.

3. PROVIDE A DRINK/SNACK. People with memory disease may not realize they are thirsty. Offering your loved one a cool drink or a healthy snack may stop his or her perseveration.

4. ADD MOVEMENT. Suggest a short walk around the block or to the end of the hall. Most nursing homes have regular physical activities for residents, such as catching a ball or stretching in place.

5. REASSURE WITH GESTURES. Give the person a hug or a pat on the hand. Do not approach the person from the rear, however, because it could frighten them. You may also comfort the person with a throw or extra sweater. Perseveration can try your patience, but patience and time will get you through these difficult days.

Copyright 2006 by Harriet Hodgson

The Benefits Of Drinking Artesian Water

Many people simply can’t understand why choosing Artesian water instead of other premium bottled water is important. You can come up with several reasons including taste, but the most important reason is that it is healthy for you.

Even though premium bottled water may be actual spring water, Artesian water actually has things that no other bottled water has. It does not have the contaminants found in tap water or other types of bottled water. It also has a higher mineral content — minerals your body needs to function properly.

– Some brands of bottled water are simply purified tap water. The purification process actually removes all of the good minerals from the water as well as any contaminants that it may have.

– Some brands are bottled tap water, which may not have a good flavor and lacks the minerals your body needs.

– Bottled spring water tastes good, but it may come from a contaminated source. Contaminates come from the ground as the water passes over the rock, and include acid rain, ground contaminants, toxins from factories and farms, and bacteria.

What Makes Artesian Water So Different?

Artesian water comes from an artesian well — a source that is deep in the earth. The water is compressed between layers or rocks. This means that bacteria, acid rain and other toxins can’t penetrate the rock and contaminate the water so the water only has minerals in it. When the will is drilled, a pipe is installed so that when the water is pumped out, it doesn’t touch anything that could contaminate it.

What Minerals Are in Artesian Water?

The minerals and electrolytes contained in artesian water are very good for the body. Electrolytes are potassium and sodium, which keep the body’s chemistry balanced. Other minerals and electrolytes include:

– Bicarbonate: Bicarbonate is an electrolyte that balances the blood’s pH. Without the right level of bicarbonate in the body, the blood will become acidic making a person feel tired consistently. Energy levels are also low in people with acidic blood.

– Calcium: Calcium is a mineral that keeps the bones strong, the nerve functioning properly, and helps with muscle growth and tone.

– Fluoride: Fluoride is a mineral that protects tooth enamel and prevents cavities and tooth decay. This is one of the minerals that is added to other water, but is found naturally in artesian water.

– Silica: Silica is another mineral that the body requires. Without enough silica, the joints could become problematic and bones can become deformed. The silica that is naturally found in artesian water is what gives it its taste and body.

There are other health benefits you can get from artesian water as well including making you feel less hungry so you eat healthier. If you drink the right amount of water daily, and it is good artesian water, you won’t have to worry about getting those important minerals and electrolytes your body requires.

New Hemorrhoid Treatment – The Most Effective Way to Eliminate Severe Bleeding Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoid is a medical condition affecting the anus and can distract you from engaging in normal activities. There are two types of hemorrhoids: external and internal. External hemorrhoids are blood vessels that swell on the skin surround the anal opening. On the other hand, internal hemorrhoids occur inside the anal canal. There are a lot of time-honored remedies to treat hemorrhoids. The most common include taking in a lot of dietary fiber and fluids. Hygiene is also another way to reduce inflammation and symptoms. The wonder astringent, witch hazel, also helps in the alleviation of hemorrhoids symptoms. Aside from these common remedies, scientist also came up with a new hemorrhoid treatment. One such treatment is Anuleaf AD.

Anuleaf AD was developed by Rebecca Gomez, who used to be a hemorrhoids sufferer. Anuleaf AD is a new treatment that is aimed to relieve sufferers of their symptoms. Anuleaf AD is also designed to aid in healing hemorrhoids. It comes in a unique form of treatment, as an adhesive, which relieves friction between the gluteus muscles and the inflamed anal area. This provides fast relief of itching and pain and heals hemorrhoids fast. This medication can be applied when the pain starts to help curb full-blown hemorrhoid attacks. Anuleaf AD can also be used post-surgery to help improve the outcome. Gomez asserts that by reducing irritation and friction, Anuleaf AD aims to be a revolutionary new hemorrhoid treatment.

There are also manual and surgical procedures to eliminate hemorrhoids. Non-surgical procedures (or fixative procedures) are intended to cut off blood supply to the hemorrhoid, letting it dry up and shrink. The remaining scar tissue helps support the anal tissue and helps prevent the development of more hemorrhoids. Tying hemorrhoids with a rubber ban or using lasers, heat, or electric current are examples of fixative procedures.

Hemorrhoidectomy, or the surgical removal of hemorrhoids, is used when several small hemorrhoids are present. It can also be used for large internal hemorrhoids and when other treatments have been unsuccessful in controlling the bleeding. A combination of a hemorrhoidectomy and a fixative procedure is a very effective way to get rid of hemorrhoids.

For some, natural treatments are the best way to cure hemorrhoids. However, the most stubborn of hemorrhoids cannot be treated with natural remedies alone and require a new hemorrhoid treatment. This will require the attention of a medical doctor. Most treatment are non-invasive so there’s no need to worry.

Ultrasound Technologist Schools – What Are the Best Ultrasound Schools in Ontario, Canada?

Why become an ultrasound technologist?

Ultrasound is a highly respected field which involves the use of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, specifically to image an internal body structure, monitor a developing fetus, or generate localized deep heat to the tissues.

Regardless of how respected a field is though, at the end of the day you want a career that pays well. Ultrasound technologists in the Toronto area make between $40,898 and $76,546 So it is also a well paying field!

What do I need to do to become an ultrasound technologist?

You need to become certified. The most widely recognized certification for ultrasound technologists in Canada is certification from the The American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS). Once you have this certification you can start working as an ultrasound technologist all over Canada and the United States.

How do I get certified as an ultrasound technologist?

To get certified, you need to pass the ARDMS exam. However, to be eligible for writing the ARDMS exam you need to fulfill a few prerequisites. These can be found at the prerequisites page on the ARDMS website. To meet these prerequisites you can choose to go to an ultrasound school if your grades are really high and you have the money. You can expect to pay around $5000/year and get certified in 2-3 years.

What are the best ultrasound schools in Ontario?

Even though ultrasound is a growing field in Ontario as well as all of Canada, there are only a couple of ultrasound schools in Ontario. The ones that are most popular are Michener Institute and Mohawk College.

Both these places have ultrasound programs but the major problem is that it is extremely difficult to get admission into these schools. They have long waiting lists of people from years ago who have applied for admission. They also have strict prerequisites. For example, Michener Institute only accepts students who have a BSc or BA in kinesiology or a degree or diploma in a health profession.

So although these ultrasound schools are highly respected and produce great ultrasound technologists, what good is a school if you cannot get admission into it? There is also another way to get certified with as little as $3000 in total investment and in less than 2 years time… read on for details.

What other options do I have to get certified?

If you look closely at the The American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS) prerequisites for getting certified as an ultrasound technologist, you will notice that nowhere does it state that you need to go to a certified ultrasound technologist program like the ones offered by Michener and Mohawk. Here is a link to the prerequisites page just to confirm this.

If you take a close look at prerequisite 3A, you’ll notice that the requirements for becoming certified as an ultrasound technologist include a bachelor’s degree in any major, 12 months of clinical ultrasound/vascular experience along with some documentation.

All these requirements can be completed without the need to go to one of these ultrasound schools!

How? Just learn from an ultrasound instructor who is ARDMS certified and has experience teaching ultrasound. The one that I personally recommend is Dr. Khadija Siddiqui at Mainz Ultrasound in Mississauga. She has taught over 1700 students who are practicing ultrasound worldwide and is an awesome instructor. If you go to her website you can see in detail how she can help you fulfill each prerequisite.

UPDATE: Mainz Ultrasound has recently changed their prerequisites to only accept students who already have some ultrasound background.

Moreover she has small personalized classes and provides you with hands-on training during your course of study. The courses are offered both on weekdays and weekends depending on your schedule and there are no difficult prerequisites for admission.

She prepares you for the ARDMS license exam, as well as teaches you the skills you need to start working and complete your 12 months of clinical/vascular experience at a clinic or hospital. Clinics and hospitals are eagerly looking for these “trainee ultrasound technologists” because they usually bring with them fresh skills and get paid only about half as much as certified ultrasound technologists during their training period.

After completing your study with her, you can write the ARDMS exam and get certified as an ultrasound technologist within 1-2 years.

I hope this information has been helpful. Best of luck in your career.

Christmas Party Make Up Ideas

As Christmas calls for a spending splurge and you wrap your head around what gifts to buy, do not forget to pick up those makeup essentials for yourself too.

Achieving the perfect look for your festival get together need not be difficult or expensive so go on, treat yourself!

We'll begin with a beauty winner this season in the form of a color galore palette, opening the doors to metallic shades! That's right, gold, copper, bronze, silver and chrome from your eye shadow to your lips and even your nail polish, your look just would not be complete without a bit of shimmer and shine.

TOP TIP: When applying these shiny textures, remember your base coat. Wearing metallic make up requires a clean foundation to work from, matching your original tone (even on nails).

Try the OG New Sparkle Palette by The Organic Pharmacy

Powerful nudes with enough pigment in one coat, perfect for eyes, lips and cheek highlighting. Includes: Pink Flush Blusher, Bronze in Deep Golden Bronze, Lip Gloss in Candy Pink and Highlighter in Silver Pearl PLUS 4 shades of eye shadows in Star Dust, Nude Pink Silver Dust, Espresso Gold and Nude Gold Dust. It's everything you need in one sleek compact case with a handy mirror for touch ups on the go!

Next on the list is a popping lip color in classic red or mahogany brown. These colors are on trend and the perfect base for a gold tint to give your face that festive edge. Do not be afraid to play with your lip color, contouring the center with a gold shimmer will be enough to bring out your Christmas glamor.

Try Lipstick Queen's' Endless Summer

A gorgeous moisture rich and sun protecting layer (perfect for Middle Eastern Christmas brunches). The super nourishing burst of color gives a sheer finish repeating all day and the ultra-gloss tint will blend perfectly with a shimmer gloss. The texture is non-sticky and glides with strong pigment so do not worry about adding other tones on top for your contour.

Do not forget about the cheeks! Your complexion is everything and a dewy glow is just what this occasion calls for in a dab of liquid highlighter (using your fingertips or a damp blending sponge) adding a little extra to your winter smile.

Our favorite is the Organic Glam Liquid Shimmer Highlighter by The Organic Pharmacy. This is a top pick for us and a secret weapon to illuminating while adding minority definition to your face. Usable on eye lids and the bridge of the nose for a fresh finish.

We guarantee an all-night party glow and visible shine to your festive pics!

Finally, your nails. Your show stopping sparkle just would not be the same without a super shiny nail polish giving everything you touch, a Christmas glow! Try the OPI Orange You Fantastic for a shock of color in vibrant citrus. Best worn with a base coat followed by two layers of the OPI Lacquer.

Merry Christmas from The Beauty Floor Team!

Marijuana Drug Slang Every Parent Should Know

As a parent, one of the most difficult aspects of raising a teenager is to help your child fight the urge use alcohol and drugs. Educating yourself regarding the drug slang of marijuana, the most widely abused illicit substance, is an essential step in determining if your teen is smoking the drug and then begin home drug testing to stop the problem before it develops into a habit. Each new generation of young people develop new slang terms for the multitude of drugs that they have access to and it is important to stay on the top of the ever changing terminology.

The Most Commonly Used Marijuana Slang

Marijuana itself is known by many different names depending upon the region of the country, potency of the marijuana, color and other subtle differences in the plant which acts a secret code to determine what a user is offering or purchasing. The slang terms include “pot,” “weed,” “herb,” “bud,” “chronic,” “ganja,” “hash,” “trees,” and “dank.” A bag of marijuana is referred to as a “sack” or “bag” and will often times be described and called upon based upon the weight of the marijuana like “quad” or “eighth” (which means a quarter of an ounce and an eighth, respectively). The utensils and tools used to smoke marijuana have their own abundance of slang terms including “bong,” “pipe,” “piece,” “blunt,” and “joint.” Learning the various definitions and meanings of the slang terms for marijuana will empower you as a parent to take preemptive steps in order to prevent marijuana usage in your own home.

Coded and Subtle Differences

The common slang terms of weed and pot are interchangeable when referring to any marijuana in general but certain coded vernacular refers specifically to the potency of the drug. The word “chronic” is known throughout the drug circles as the term for the strongest, most powerful strains of marijuana. Grown indoors or hydroponically, “chronic” maximizes THC content producing super potent pot. On the other end of the spectrum, the slang word “schwag” or “brick” is generally used to describe inexpensive, low quality marijuana which is usually grown outdoors in bulk fields under inferior conditions. The slang “brick” refers to the packaging and pressing method used by many drug cartels to literally smash together and form bricks of the marijuana. Understanding the subtle differences between these marijuana drug slang terms can help you as a parent gain a stronger understanding of which type of pot and how much of it your child may be using.

Terminology of Smoking Utensils

A teenager who has been using and ultimately abusing marijuana will inevitably begin experimentation with the plethora of different tools which can be used to smoke the drug and understanding the different slang terms can help you determine how your child is ingesting the pot. The most commonly used item to smoke marijuana is a simple metal or glass pipe through which the substance is smoked through and inhaled. General slang for pipes include “bubbler,” “piece,” “hammer,” “one hitter,” and “tools.” More advanced or adventurous smokers use a water pipe, universally referred to as a “bong.” Simple hand rolled marijuana cigarettes are called “joints” (often rolled using a common cigarette paper called “zig zags”) while a marijuana cigar is known as a “blunt” and is often filled with super potent “chronic.”

Dealing and Distribution Slang

Unfortunately, marijuana abuse can lead many teenagers to sell the drug in order to support their habit. There are important slang terms solely related to dealing and distributing the pot. In order to weigh and break up the marijuana, a person needs a scale. The three most commonly used scales are called “hand scales” for the simplicity and ease of use when in someone’s hand, a “digi” because it is a digital scale, and a “tri-beam” which refers to a triple beam balance (think like a high school chemistry set). The price and bag sizes of marijuana are based upon the weight, so pay close attention for slang terms like “eighth,” “zip (ounce)” or “QP” (quarter pound).

By combining your knowledge of the slang terms for marijuana, the tools used to smoke the drug, the terms used in its distribution, and simple home drug testing kits you can be assured as a parent that you are doing everything possible to keep your family drug free.

Optic Atrophy – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Optic atrophy refers to changes in the color and structure of the optic disc associated with variable degrees of visual dysfunction. Optic atrophy may be classified into hereditary, consecutive, circulatory, metabolic, demyelinating, pressure, post inflammatory and traumatic types. Degeneration of the retina and the optic nerve due to different patho-physiological processes is believed to be the cause of this disease.

The Ayurvedic treatment of optic atrophy is aimed at preserving vision, slowing down or reversing the degeneration in the retina and optic nerve and treating the cause, if known. Medicines like Tapyadi-Loh, Punarnavadi-Mandur, Saptamrut-Loh, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Triphala-Ghrut, Vat-Gajankush-Ras and Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras are used to preserve vision and to prevent or halt the degeneration in the retina and optic nerve. Herbal medicines like Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Behada (Terminalia bellerica), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa) can also be used for this purpose. Triphala (Three fruits) is a herbal combination which is recommended in the Ayurvedic texts as the mainstay of treatment for most of the diseases of the eyes.

In addition, medicines which act on the ‘Rakta’ and ‘Majja’ dhatus (tissues) are helpful in this condition. These include medicines like Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Musta (Cyperus rotundus) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia). Medicines like Suvarna-Parpati, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant and Abhrak-Bhasma are used in minute doses along with the above-mentioned medicines in order to improve the therapeutic response.

A special procedure called ‘Akshi-Tarpan’ is used for patients with a risk of complete loss of eye vision. In this procedure, a paste is applied around the eyes, and the eyes are then submerged in warm, medicated liquids like Triphala-Ghrut, Yashtimadhuk-Ghrut or Panch-Tikta-Ghrut for a few minutes. At the end of the procedure, the medicine is drained, the paste is removed and the eyes are then cleaned. The entire procedure is repeated at specific intervals and is believed to help in preserving vision in the eyes and promoting regeneration of the optic nerve. Another procedure which is believed to help in optic atrophy is blood-letting from the skin around the eyes with the application of leeches.

It is important to treat the known causes of this condition. Optic atrophy is believed to be an end-stage disease and therefore, it is important to initiate treatment at the earliest possible in order to limit the damage to the optic nerve. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of an Ophthalmologist.

Vitamin D12 Benefits For Your Health and Wellbeing

The 12 benefits of adequate Vitamin D3 (CHOLECALCIFEROL) are easily identified from the medical literature. These benefits appear in enough different places that it can be assumed the studies are valid.

  1. Adequate levels of Vitamin D3 protect against Breast Cancer. One problem with cancer cells is that they don’t destruct when they are supposed to. They keep dividing and reproducing. Vit. D receptors are present on most cells in our body and help to trigger appropriate cell death, and identify to the immune system the correct cells it should eliminate.
  2. Ditto for Cancer of the Colon (large bowel). Both colon cancer and breast cancer are increased in people of color. The same people most likely to have lower levels of Vitamin D3 in their blood. People who have more pigment in their skin need 30% more sun exposure to produce enough cholecalciferol. Anyone and especially dark skinned individuals need to supplement if they live in northern latitudes that have more months of reduced sunshine per year.
  3. Vitamin D regulates absorption of calcium and phosphorus which are needed for healthy bones. Low levels of D3 are associated with poor bone development in children and bone softening in adults called osteopenia if mild or osteoporosis if advanced.
  4. Vitamin D3 is associated with proper immune function. It is no coincidence that the “cold season” is during winter months when there is less sunshine.
  5. The Brain’s health is dependent upon a number of factors and one of them is adequate levels of Vitamin D3.
  6. Keeping adequate levels of Vitamin D3 in our blood and tissues is associated with decreased aging changes in our body. Want to keep your vitality longer? Make sure you get enough Vitamin D in your diet or enough sunshine in your life.
  7. Certain female gynecologic infections are associated with inadequate blood levels of Vitamin D3. Bacterial Vaginosis is the most common of these and hardest to control. If you have vaginitis and it won’t clear, check your 25OH Vitamin D blood levels.
  8. Insulin is a very important hormone but it can be over or under secreted. Vitamin D helps regulate insulin secretion.
  9. Many patients, especially women complain of joint pain and fatigue. Some of them have been given the diagnosis of Fibromyalgia. Inadequate blood levels of D3 are associated with these aches, pains and fatigue. Get your 25OH vit D levels checked or take a therapeutic trial of 1000IU/day and keep a journal of your symptoms.
  10. Auto-immune disorders wreak havoc with tissues in our body. Common diseases that are caused by auto immune dysfunction are diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and hypo-thyroidism. Adequate levels of Vit. D3 in the blood and tissues decreases the risk and severity of such diseases.
  11. Hypertension is associated with inadequate blood and tissue levels of several minerals and vital substances like potassium, calcium, selenium, and you guessed it Vit. D3.
  12. Vitamin D3 if kept at adequate levels in the blood is associated with a decreased risk of death from any cause. It isn’t a panacea, but it obviously plays a more important role in our health than was realized for any years.

Santiago, Chile’s Best Hospitals

Santiago is the capital of Chile and also the largest city of the country. Santiago is the center of finance and trade in Chile and the headquarters of many multinational companies in the country are located here. The city has many well-known shopping centers and high-rise architecture and has become one of the most modern metropolitan areas of Latin America.

Santiago has many good hospitals in both public and private sectors. Many of the leading private hospitals offer world-class health care service, which is affordable too. These hospitals are well equipped and accept all major health insurance companies.

This is a brief description of some of the major hospitals in Santiago.

Clinica Las Condes located at Lo Fontecilla 441 – Las Condes, Santiago is a reputed private hospital in Chile and Latin America that has all modern medical facilities to deliver excellent health care. The hospital founded in 1978 by a famous doctor has now achieved the prestigious Joint Commission International accreditation and has affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medicine International for training. This 220-bedded modern hospital has well equipped specialties in every branches of medicine. The hospital’s surgery department is well known and performs most modern laparoscopic surgery for digestive endocrine tumors, breast surgery using advanced technique like mammography, stereotactic biopsy equipment, and trauma surgery. CLC has facilities in blood bank, clinical laboratory, diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine and physiotherapy. The hospital has many special centers like anti smoking center, kidney stone, travel medicine, advanced center for epilepsy and spine center. Its new emergency service with separate laboratory system was built under the guidance of Johns Hopkins Hospital,US. This favorite hospital among the foreign patients offers luxurious accommodation and has agreements with all major insurance companies. Phone: (56-2 ) 210 4000

Clínica Alemana is one of the leading private hospitals in Chile and is situated at Av. Vitacura 5951 – Vitacura – Santiago. This hospital was founded by a well-reputed nonprofit foundation-“Sociedad de Beneficencia Hospital Alemán”- that has established many modern hospitals across the country. This 350-bedded hospital with 18 operating rooms offers best medical service to over 35, 000 patients annually by employing more than 700 eminent doctors and 3000 dedicated staff. This multidisciplinary healthcare facility has full-fledged departments in cardiology, ENT, neurology, pediatrics, gynecology, gastroenterology, psychology, bronchopulmonology, physical therapy and many more. Clínica Alemana has many special centers like comprehensive adolescent care unit, breast care center, center for oral and maxillofacial surgery, round the clock blood bank, radiation therapy center, maternity ward, and five well-equipped ICUs. This hospital possesses an outstanding diagnostic imaging department with service in radiology, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, mammography, MRIs, Computed Tomography and angiography. The hospital staffs some of the best surgeons in the country and its surgery department has five different kinds of operating rooms (OR) including main operating room, cardiology OR, obstetrics/ gyn OR. The hospital has well equipped emergency department with separate general emergency room and pediatric emergency room. Clínica Alemana offers comfortable accommodation in various rooms and suites including rooms for non-paying patients and provides all modern facilities. Phones: (56-2) 210 1111

Hospital San Juan De Dios situated at Huérfanos 3255, Santiago, is another major hospital in the city that offers complete and cost effective medical service. The Western Metropolitan Health Service manages this service-oriented polyclinic, founded in 1954.This is also a premier teaching hospital and has affiliation with the University of Chile. Hospital San Juan De Dios has four large buildings and staffs 332 doctors and 17 dental practitioners. The hospital has lounges and restrooms for users, well-equipped coronary care unit, new custom delivery rooms and modern Surgical ICU. The hospital has adult and children sub specialties in all major departments. The hospital has an emergency sector featuring 3 focus rooms of 19 beds, an observation room, a modern recovery room and a procedures room. Hospital San Juan De Dios has implemented AUGE system to improve care for the sick and included more than 50health problems in this like chronic renal failure, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, advanced palliative care and congenital heart diseases in children. Phone: (0)2 360 1053

Dog Medicine for Ailing Pooches

There is really nothing worse than a sad, sickly dog. Any sad, sickly animal brings tears to the eyes of any good human. Sick animals don’t speak our language, so they can’t always communicate what they need. If you’ve ever seen the ASPCA commercials on television that feature dogs and cats in pounds, you know that sick animals are about as horrifyingly depressing as it can get.

No one ever wants their beloved pet to fall ill, but the good news is that if your pooch does get sick, there’s medicine to help him or her feel better! Just like people have to go to the doctor when they’re feeling sick, dogs and cats have to go to the vet when they’re not well. Veterinarians know how to diagnose sick animals – even though animals can’t talk, vets know to look for the signs and signals of an ailing animal, and even better, how to make them feel well again!


Allergies are one of the most common ailments that a dog can suffer from. Since dogs live outdoors at least half of the time, they’re often vulnerable to all sorts of allergies, from pollen to grass to anything they might accidentally eat that isn’t good for them.

Often, allergy medicines make dogs sleepy and lethargic, so they’re often also prescribed by vets for long car trips. If your dog tends to get sick to his stomach when he’s in the car, consider Chlorpheniramine, which is an antihistamine that has been prescribed to pets to prevent motion sickness. It also works as a slight tranquilizer. This medicine is totally safe, and you can look for signs of relief within an hour.

You can give this medicine to your dog (with your vet’s advice and permission, of course!) for the following reasons: acute inflammatory and allergic conditions such as snake bits, vaccination reactions, blood transfusion reactions, bee stings and bug bites, and the management of itchy skin.

This medicine is also sometimes used in the treatment of mast cell tumors and is useful, as mentioned above, for motion sickness. It’s also sometimes used in cats to treat feline asthma and dermatitis. This medicine does cause drowsiness, but it’s great, as it’s readily available and relatively inexpensive.


While it’s rare that your dog will suffer from diabetes, there are some dogs that unfortunately, have to live with this disease. However, diabetes is treatable, and with the right medicine, your dog can live a happy and healthy life! If your dog has diabetes, chances are that your vet will prescribe insulin, which is an injectable medication that’s used to control your dog’s blood sugar. Human diabetics also take injectable insulin; this is the same medicine, but in the case of animals, your vet will prescribe the correct dosage.

Insulin is a hormone that is naturally produced by the pancreas – it helps to regulate blood sugar. If your dog’s body doesn’t produce enough insulin naturally, he or she will suffer from diabetes. Giving your dog insulin injections will release insulin into his or her body tissue. While insulin is not a cure for diabetes, it’s a tool to control blood sugars and alleviate clinical signs of the disease. Insulin is also sometimes prescribed by vets to control hyperglycemia in dogs.


Just like humans, sometimes your pooch needs antibiotics to help him battle a bad sickness. A common oral medication often prescribed by vets, Cephalexin is used to treat many common bacterial infections in both dogs and cats, such as urinary tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections and bone and respiratory tract infections. This medicine is available in capsules and should be given by mouth. It’s generally given to your dog two to three times a day, and missed doses reduce the drug’s effectiveness. This drug is a widely used antibiotic, and is generally prescribed for common and uncomplicated infections. It’s especially useful against Staph infections (such as deep skin infections), and may be given with food or shaken into a liquid.

Another common antibiotic prescribed by vets to dogs is Simplicef, which is a tablet that is given for the treatment of skin infections, such as wounds and abscesses that just don’t seem to heal on their own. It’s important to know that this medicine can upset your dog’s stomach and cause vomiting and diarrhea; if this occurs, try giving the medication with your dog’s food. If the symptoms and side effects continue, you’ll need to contact your vet. However, these adverse effects aren’t common and generally, the antibiotic does its job.

As you can see, just as there are many medications given to human patients, ailing pooches have their pick of the litter when it comes to medicines to clear up their infections and viruses. Do not assume that you can correctly prescribe medicine for your pet after reading this article – always contact your vet if your dog is unwell!

The History of STDs

The STD epidemic is not limited to today’s youth – oh no. Some STDs (and their painful, scientifically dubious treatments) date back several hundreds of years. Let’s take a look at some of the older ones and the myths about them that caused some pretty unorthodox treatments throughout the history of STDs:


Herpes has been around since ancient Greek times – in fact, we owe the Greeks for the name, which roughly means “to creep or crawl” – presumably a reference to the spread of skin lesions. Although local STD testing wasn’t available until long after the virus was identified in 1919, early civilisations could see that it was a real problem – the Roman emperor Tiberius introduced a ban on kissing at public events to try and curb the spread. Not much is known about early attempts to treat the disease, but be grateful you weren’t around during the physician Celsus’ experimental phase: he advocated that the sores be cauterised with a hot iron!

The problem certainly never went away – Shakespeare referred to herpes as “blister plagues”, implying the extent of the epidemic. One common belief at the time was that the disease was caused by insect bites, which seems like an obvious explanation given the sores that the sexually transmitted disease creates.


Mercury was the remedy of choice for syphilis in the middle ages – the understanding of the sexually transmitted disease’s routes and this treatment gave birth to the expression: “A night in the arms of Venus leads to a lifetime on Mercury”. This was administered orally or via direct contact with the skin, though one of the most unlikely methods involved fumigation, where the patient was placed in a closed box with only their head poking out. The box contained mercury and a fire was started beneath it causing it to vaporise. It wasn’t hugely effective, but was very, very uncomfortable. Because Syphilis sores have a tendency to vanish on their own after a while, many people believed they were cured by just about any remedy in the STD’s history!

As the sexually transmitted disease became better understood, the ability to cure it increased. In 1908, the arsenic based drug Salvarsan was developed and, while not 100% effective, was a massive step forward. Its lack of effectiveness in the tertiary phase of the STD led to another disease being used as a cure: malaria. Because it seemed that those with high fevers could be cured of syphilis, malaria was used to induce an initial fever, which was considered an acceptable risk because malaria could be treated with quinine. Penicillin eventually confined both these treatments to STD history.


Before the days of local STD testing, Gonnorhea was often mistaken for Syphilis, as without a microscope, the two had very similar symptoms and were often silent. Of course, if you were “diagnosed” with the disease, you were in for an unfortunate treatment. According to some, the syringes found aboard the Mary Rose was designed to inject liquid mercury down the urethra of an crew suffering from the disease. By the 19th century, silver nitrate was a widely used drug, later to be replaced by Protargol. A colloidal silver replaced this, and was widely used until antibiotics came to the rescue in the 1940s.

So if you think that local STD testing and treatment is a painful process now, give a thought to the poor folks who had mercury or arsenic treatment all those years ago – and thank God for antibiotics!