Daily Endurance Complex

The body can withstand a lot of stresses such as heavy exercise or extreme physical activity in work, however when these stresses are continued for moderately prolonged periods, they may be dangerous to the body.

What really determine endurance in exercise are the muscles. Muscle strength is dependent on size and muscle contractility force. Endurance is another measure of muscle performance, which depends more on the nutritive support of the muscle—on the amount of glycogen that has been stored in the muscle before the period of exercise. A high carbohydrate diet stores more glycogen than a high fat diet or a mixed diet.

There are three metabolic systems involved in exercise—the phosphocreatine-creatine system, the glycogen-lactic acid system and the aerobic system. In all these systems, free radicals are created.

By definition, a free radical is any atom (e.g. oxygen, nitrogen) with at least one unpaired electron in the outermost shell, and is capable of independent existence. A free radical is easily formed when a covalent bond between entities is broken and one electron remains with each newly formed atom. Free radicals are highly reactive due to the presence of unpaired electron(s).

Anywhere from 2 to 5% of the total oxygen intake during both rest and exercise have the ability to form the highly damaging superoxide radicals via electron escape. During exercise, our oxygen consumption increases 10 to 20 fold to 35-70 ml/kg/min. In turn, electron escape from the electron chain transfer is further enhanced. Thus, when calculated, .6 to 3.5 ml/kg/min of the total oxygen intake during exercise have the ability to form free radicals.

Oxygen consumption greatly increases during exercise, which leads to increased free radical formation. The body reacts to the increase in free radical production through its antioxidant defense system. When free radical production exceeds clearance, oxidative damage occurs. Free radicals formed during prolonged exercise may exceed the protective capacity of the antioxidant defense system, thereby making the body more immune to disease and injury. Therefore the need for antioxidant supplementation is needed.

A free radical attack on a membrane usually damages a cell to the point that it must be removed by the immune system. If free radical formation and attack are not controlled within the muscle during exercise, a large quantity of muscle could easily be damaged. Damaged muscle could in turn inhibit performance by the induction of fatigue. As a result, our performance during exercise, work and daily activities becomes poor.

Antioxidant means “against oxidation.” Antioxidants work to protect fats from peroxidation by radicals. Antioxidants are effective because they are willing to give up their own electrons to free radicals. When a free radical gains the electron from an antioxidant, it no longer needs to attack the cell and the chain reaction of oxidation is broken. After donating an electron, an antioxidant becomes a free radical by definition. Antioxidants in this state are not harmful because they have the ability to accommodate the change in electrons without becoming reactive.

Thus athletes need some form of nutritional supplementation. Not only athletes need this but all persons experiencing physical and mental fatigue. PSC Plant stem Cells Nutrition, based on its numerous studies done, have formulated Daily Endurance Complex. Daily Endurance Complex is being distributed by PSC Distribution LLC in the US and Canada in their website http://plantstemcells.net.

Daily Endurance Complex is for the nutritional support of any type of physical workout. It improves performance endurance and the time to recover from such workout by eliminating free radicals though its potent plant stem cell extracts constituents.

Daily Endurance Complex contains Malus Sylvestris (Crab Apple) which contains antioxidants. A study done by Seeram et al (2003) showed that there are cyclooxygenase-inhibitory and antioxidant compounds from Crabapple.

Daily Endurance Complex also has Abies Pectinata (Silver Fir) young shoots. A study done by Yang et al (2009) showed that Abies Alba essential oils have free radical scavenging activity and also anti-microbial activity.

This nutritional supplement also contains Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) young shoots. Fecka (2009) has isolated tannins and polyphenols from Rosa Canina; these two substances are anti-oxidants in their own right.

Quercus (Oak) buds present in this supplement also contain antioxidants. Barbehenn et al (2006) has reported that tannin isolated from Quercus is the one responsible for the delay in aging of tree leaves.

Ilex Aquifolium (Holly) young shoots, according to a study by Nahar et al (2005) have phenylacetic acid derivatives such as quercetin, which also act as antioxidants that eliminate free radicals.

Fraxinus Excelsior (Ash) buds was reported by El Ghazaly et al (1992) to reduce inflammation and edema which is associated with arthritis. The results showed that Fraxinus Excelsior is comparable to Diclofenac in anti-inflammatory activity.

In addition, Daily Endurance Complex contains Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) which contains plant steroids which lessens inflammation and contains 1,000mg of Vitamin C per 10 drops, which is also an antioxidant. It also contains Pinus Montana which boosts production of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for connective tissues.

References:

  1. Barbehenn RV, Jones CP, Karonen M, Salminen JP. Tannin composition affects the oxidative activities of tree leaves. J Chem Ecol. 2006 Oct;32(10):2235-51.
  2. Dekkers, J. C., L. J. P. van Doornen, and Han C. G. Kemper. The Role of Antioxidant Vitamins and Enzymes in the Prevention of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Sports Med 21: 213-238, 1996.
  3. El-Ghazaly M, Khayyal MT, Okpanyi SN, Arens-Corell M. Study of the anti-inflammatory activity of Populus tremula, Solidago virgaurea and Fraxinus excelsior. Arzneimittelforschung. 1992 Mar;42(3):333-6.
  4. Fecka I. (2009). Qualitative and quantitative determination of hydrolysable tannins and other polyphenols in herbal products from meadowsweet and dog rose. Phytochem Anal.2009 May;20(3):177-90.
  5. Loscalzo, Joseph; Fauci, Anthony S.; Braunwald, Eugene; Dennis L. Kasper; Hauser, Stephen L; Longo, Dan L. (2008). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 17th Edition, McGraw-Hill Professional
  6. Nahar L, Russell WR, Middleton M, Shoeb M, Sarker SD. Antioxidant phenylacetic acid derivatives from the seeds of Ilex aquifolium. Acta Pharm. 2005 Jun;55(2):187-93
  7. Navindra P. Seeram, Robert H. Cichewicz, Amitabh Chandra, and Muraleedharan G. Nair. (2003) Cyclooxygenase Inhibitory and Antioxidant Compounds from Crabapple Fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51 (7), pp 1948–1951
  8. Sjodin, T., Y.H. Westing, and F.S. Apple. Biochemical mechanisms for oxygen free radical formation during exercise. Sports Med. 10: 236-254, 1990
  9. Yang SA, Jeon SK, Lee EJ, Im NK, Jhee KH, Lee SP, Lee IS. (2009) Radical Scavenging Activity of the Essential Oil of Silver Fir (Abies alba). J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2009 May;44(3):253-9. Epub 2009 Apr 25.

Music As an Expression of Identity

Since the beginning of time, music has been used as an expression of cultural identity. Ancient tribal societies used music as a foundation for gatherings and to express their history, ethnicity, and cultural beliefs. Music has changed throughout the ages, but the use of music as an essential part of cultural and individual expression has changed very little.

Music’s integral connection to identity is often difficult to recognize, especially in today’s society where music may not be viewed as being as message-oriented as it once was. There were times when entire generations or cultures of individuals each knew the same songs. During World War II, entire nations of people sang songs that expressed their national identity with their cause and their connection to their fighting forces. Again, with the protest songs of the 1960’s and 1970’s, the people of the nation explored their feelings about war, youth, and racial unrest. And, as music as a form of expression has grown, different individuals within the same society have come to identify with varying forms of music as their own individual expression of self.

Although music may not be as blatantly descriptive as the songs of decades past, music speaks to the individual in the same way that the individual speaks through music. A nation of parents sat perplexed as their children became entranced by the sounds of rock and roll, and now there are as many types of music to identify with as there are generational cliques to adapt the musical message. Parents are still perplexed by youth who dress like Britney Spears and Eminem and who use language expressed in song. The addition of music videos has also added a note to self-expression through music that wasn’t present until the last few years. Unlike past generations, today’s youth can see how the music is being expressed and can identify visually with their chosen genre. Television and the internet have also allowed international peoples to share their cultures through music.

Whether music is viewed as being an influence on youth or as being influenced by youth, is still secondary to the fact that it has always been present as a socializing factor. Whether that socialization takes place as a part of a group membership or as a way to express individuality, there is no way to ignore the fact that the influence and expression of music expands as the world community shares more of its musical styles. People may find that music speaks to them in a certain way, moves them in a certain way, or that they identify with its message. People may also find that they can use music to express themselves as individuals as well as to conform to a group. Doubtless, music and its connection to individual and group identity will take on new forms as people continue to be exposed to varying forms of music and culture.

How to Charge Your Hoverboard Properly – Don’t Get Burned!

How safe are hoverboards?

Aside from the natural concerns of balancing and falling off, there are much more serious concerns. Namely: “How do I know that the product will not explode, melt, or catch fire when I’m charging it?”

Indeed, there have been several mishaps of late, related to the charging mechanism in these hoverboards. To understand why, it helps to have some background knowledge of the product.

There are over 20 factories in China that make these things. Some are reputable, and some are not. When you order off of eBay, Amazon, or Alibaba, you are likely buying from a re-seller who imports them. Maybe they buy a quality product, or maybe they buy from the lowest bidder to earn more profit on the turnaround. In other words, it’s a gamble. When someone buys a new product from Amazon, the last thing on their mind is burning the kitchen down, but it is worth considering. In fact, it has happened to at least two people in the UK within the last 6 months. So, the first step is to buy from a reputable source that does not use cheap electronics on the interior, especially the batteries and charging mechanism.

“These Ain’t Your Momma’s Batteries”

Hoverboards are powered by the newest generation of Lithium-Polimer, or “Li-Po” rechargeable batteries.

For those new to Li-Po batteries, they are different from previous battery technologies in that they maintain a nearly full charge right up until they are almost fully depleted, and then they are empty almost immediately. They produce a lot of power, and are prone to thermal runaway (meltdown) when overly depleted, so in addition to buying a quality product, we have a few more words of caution we would like to share with you.

First, because of this steep drop-off in power when the battery gets low, it is important to stop riding the board when the battery alarm starts. Although you can continue to ride it due to the constant voltage, doing so could reduce your long term battery life. If you continue to deplete the battery for just a minute or two longer, you can actually force it to a point from which it cannot recover, and it will no longer accept a charge at all. In this case, the battery is prone to get very hot and possibly damage other internal components. So, the moral of the story is: stop riding when the low battery alarm (continuous beeping) starts.

Secondly, unlike other kinds of batteries, it is not recommended to store a li-po battery with a full charge, as this will also reduce the long term battery life. The good news here is that our engineers have already thought of this, and our chargers use a simple red-light/green-light charging system. When the charger turns green, the battery is optimally charged for safety, battery life, and a sufficient battery duration. The word of caution here is that you should unplug the charger when it turns green so that you don’t continue to charge your board. Doing so COULD, yep, you got it, reduce the battery life. There is circuitry in place to prevent this, but it is always a good practice to unplug a li-po battery whenever it is not charging, in case that circuitry fails. Use the protection as a backup, not as your going-in plan.

So it’s easy: Buy from a dealer who knows the importance of solid electronics, and set a 3 hour timer. Unplug the charger when your timer goes off or the light turns green.

These are two simple steps you can take to ensure the longevity of your new hoverboard and keep your family safe in the process!

Elements of sustainability

To the untrained person, sustainability sounds a lot like going back to an industry-free time in the stone ages and giving up everything modern and relevant to the times. On the contrary sustainability has everything to do with the times we live in. The elements of sustainability are all very clear indicators of this simple fact.

For instance, based on the Parson’s approach, sustainability means integrating renewable resources and alternative energy, and reducing individual and industrial carbon footprint. It stands for creating opportunities for local workers and suppliers for a more inclusive workforce and promoting long-term viability and economic benefits.

According to the Stanford ideology of sustainability, a sustainable ecosystem relies on four elements: productivity, diversity, resilience and disturbance. Together, these elements determine the level of resources that can be taken from any given environment and maintained sustainably.

Let’s take a longer look at these four elements. Productivity is the growth rate of each living part of an ecosystem: animals, plants and other organisms in relation to the non-living elements of that environment. Productivity affects the level of resources an ecosystem can provide. Diversity is the number of habitats and the kinds of organisms, which influence productivity in terms of variety. Diverse ecosystems use their resources efficiently because of the nature of different species that use the same resources differently. Disturbances like storms, earthquakes, volcanoes and other occurrences that negatively affect an ecosystem can often increase productivity, to a degree, since most ecosystems balance disturbance with re-growth. Resilience is an ecosystem’s ability to recover from disturbance.

For instance, a forest fire is often thought of as purely a destructive force. Contrarily, what it does to its ecosystem is destroys an already dead brush in order to naturally make way for re-growth and rejuvenation. It also returns necessary minerals to the soil and make the new vegetation accessible to smaller herbivores. 

Sustainability is often described as a three-legged stool, with each of the legs standing for one of the E’s of sustainability: economy, ecology and equity. The three E’s are interconnected, hard to separate and often compete with each other, which could threaten the equilibrium necessary to sustain a community. Most successfully sustained communities are those that can provide opportunities to balance these three elements.

We often think of the work ‘community’ as something that relates primarily to people; a smaller unit of people bound by geography, culture or faith. As a result, we think of sustainability as something more local, more controlled and connected to our immediate lives and surroundings. In truth, a community involves people, places, other living organisms, the surrounding ecosystem, beliefs, customs and several other aspects. This means that sustainability includes addressing issues of income inequality, poverty, discrimination, climate change, clean and equitable energy, equitable access to food for all, equal suffrage rights, and equal access to food for all… It’s clear that the scope of sustainability is as large and diverse as the planet we live on.

Most Common Lung Infections

Pneumonia was once one of the most feared of all human diseases. Its death rate was about a third of all those whom it attacked. The germ that caused it is one called a “pneumococcus” which lives ordinarily in the noses and throats of anywhere from five to sixty per cent of people. The condition comes on most often in the winter months and can affect people of all ages.

The pneumococcus gets down into the lungs and there sets up a severe infection which follows a typical course. For a few days the symptoms are like those of an ordinary respiratory disease. Then comes the sudden hard, shaking chill, rapid rise in temperature and pulse rate, with a severe pain on one side of the chest that the doctor recognizes as the beginning of pneumonia. The cough comes on painfully and with small amounts of pink or rust-colored sputum. Breathing is rapid, shallow and painful. There may be blueness because the blood is not getting enough oxygen.

The doctor, by the use of his stethoscope and by watching the motion of the chest, by thumping to discover areas of consolidation, recognizes that the lung is congested and unable to function. Usually after seven to ten days a crisis occurs. The body temperature falls to normal in from six to twelve hours, accompanied by profuse sweating, and the pneumonia as such is over.

The development of the new antibiotic drugs has changed the whole picture. Now, following the administration of penicillin, the pain in the pleura which lines the chest disappears in a few hours and the temperature, pulse, and respiration fall to normal in twelve to thirty-six hours.

The spread of the inflammation can be stopped even before a single lobe is involved. This change in the nature of pneumonia is one of the most dramatic occurrences that has ever taken place in medicine and represents one of the greatest accomplishments of the present century.

For the treatment of pneumonia nowadays the chief reliance is on the drugs. The patient is kept in bed in a position in which he is most comfortable. He is given considerable rest but is permitted to sit up for examinations and for any other necessary procedure. He usually has little appetite and need not be urged to eat, but within a half a day after the specific treatment has been begun, he may be hungry and can take a soft diet. Formerly great efforts were made to keep the bowels moving; that too is no longer a serious problem for the doctor. If there is a real shortage of air and the person seems blue, oxygen can be given. It is customary to give oxygen now as soon as it is needed and not to wait until the patient seems actually to suffer from oxygen lack.

The pain in the chest can be controlled with suitable drugs. It is also possible to relieve severe pain by the injection of local anesthetic drugs or by strapping or wrapping the chest wall to prevent unnecessary motion.

The doctor is alert for complications. If penicillin is not as effective as seems to be desirable, aureomycin, the sulfonamides, such as sulfadiazine, and other methods may be tried. Particularly, however, the doctor must look out for complications such as secondary formation of pockets of infected material at the bottom of the lung.

The former fatality rate of 25 to 30 per cent has now dropped to less than 5 per cent. Pneumonia is still a particularly serious disease to those who have been long weakened by some other disease such as cancer or alcoholism or malnutrition, or some other serious complication involving the heart.

Bronchitis

Any of the germs that get into the nose and throat may secondarily invade the lung or -the bronchial tubes and set up the inflammation called “acute bronchitis.” This usually starts gradually with frequent coughing that is more severe at night. Slight fever may be present. If the amount of debris and infected material is profuse the coughing will raise a thick material that has to be expectorated. Young children do not spit, but swallow the material and then frequently vomit to get rid of it.

Bronchitis is not really a disease in itself, but far more often a complication of a common cold, influenza, measles, rhinitis, diphtheria, scarlet fever or rickets. Prompt attention to these conditions with special consideration for the inflammation that has extended into the lungs will help to prevent acute bronchitis and may do much to stop its becoming chronic. Bronchitis is chiefly dangerous to little children, and continuous inflammation with much coughing may make desirable removal to a warm climate to help the child get rid of the infection.

Since inflammation becomes worse when tissues are irritated, people with chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes should avoid contact with irritating dusts, fumes, gases, or paints. Tobacco smoking must be stopped. The infected individual does better in a clean atmosphere where the air is neither too cold, too damp, too warm nor too dry.

All sorts of cough mixtures are known that will increase the flow of mucus and make the raising of the sputum easier. Inhaling steam seems to help many people. If there is sensitivity the use of antihistaminic drugs may be helpful and may aid also by a sedative effect.

Cosmetic Veneers

What are veneers?

Veneers are wafer thin, custom made porcelain shells designed to cover the front of your teeth to improve their appearance; Changing the color, size, shape and / or length. Porcelain veneers are metal free, resist stains and mimic the light reflecting properties of natural teeth.

Why would you have dental veneers?

Dental veneers fix discolored teeth, worn down, chipped, broken teeth, misaligned teeth and teeth with gaps.

What is the procedure for dental veneers?

Usually dental veneers can be completed within three trips to the dentist. The first appointment consists of diagnosis and treatment planning. Here the patient explains what look they are trying to achieve and the dentist will examine the teeth to see if veneers are the most appropriate form of treatment, discussing exactly what the treatment will involve along with any limitations.

The next appointment will be to prepare the tooth / teeth for the veneers. The dentist will remove approximately half a millimetre of enamel from the tooth surface. Next the dentist will make a model or impression of your tooth which will be sent to a dental laboratory who will build the veneer. The dental laboratory process usually takes up to 2 weeks.

The final stage is bonding. Before the veneer is permanently attached to your tooth the dentist will fix it temporarily to examine the color and fit. The veneer will eventually be gifted to the tooth and the dentist will evaluate your bite making any final adjustments necessary.

What are the advantages of dental veneers?

Veneers provide the appearance of natural teeth,
Gum tissue tolerates porcelain well,
Veneers are stain resistant,
Dark teeth can appear whiter,

Veneers do not require the intensive shaping that crowns do.

What are the disadvantages of dental veneers?

The process is not reversible
Veneers cost more than composite resin bonding
Veneers are not repairable if they chip or crack.
Your teeth could become more sensitive to hot and cold food and drinks
Veneers may not exactly match your other teeth and once in place can not be altered
Although not common, veneers can dislodge and fall off so avoid biting your nails, chewing on pencils and ice.
Veneers are not appropriate for those with unhealthy teeth eg decay or gum disease
Veneers are not appropriate for those who grind their teeth as it can cause the veneers to crack or chip.

How long do veneers last?

Generally between five and ten years

Do veneers require any special care?

No, as long as you follow good oral hygiene such as brushing and flossing daily. It is recommended to avoid stain causing food and drink such as red wine and coffee.

Are there alternatives to dental veneers?

Alternatives include composite bonding and crowns as veneers are better suited to those who want to change the shape of their teeth more than just slightly. Other methods include the following:

ADULT ORTHODONTICS

Invisible Braces:

Another way to achieve a great looking confident smile is with Clearstep Invisible braces. These very discreet appliances are worn over a period of time and will seriously reposition your teeth into a smile that you want. They are removable and so can be taken out to eat and drink (or if you are having a night out!) Most of them are made of a thin medical grade plastic which is issued in a set. Each one is worn in sequence for two weeks. You will be monitored by the dentist regularly to ensure smooth progress of treatment. They are very popular and are much easier to live with rather than the conventional metal braces.

Inman Aligner:

For mildly crowded or "gappy" front teeth a revolution in dentistry is the Inman Aligner.

The appliance is worn and places a gentle force on the teeth to move them into their ideal position.

It works primarily on the front four teeth (either upper or lower jaw) and has the following advantages:

Easy to wear and remove
Rapid treatment time usually 6-16 weeks
Only one appliance is normally needed
Cheaper alternative to fixed or Invisible Braces

The Kremlin – Heart of Russia

For those of us who grew up during the “Cold War,” the word “Kremlin” has a particular connotation, not altogether warm and fuzzy. As far as I knew then, it was synonymous with the Soviet government, that cabal of mysterious leaders who, in Khrushchev’s words, would eventually “bury us.” Of course had I bothered, I could have discovered much more about the truth of the Kremlin, although its image probably would not have changed much in my imagination.

The word itself is more of a generic description than an actual name, somewhat the equivalent to the English word “citadel,” and as such is used to describe similar sites in other Russian cities such as Yaroslavl and Smolensk. It is the one in Moscow to which it almost invariably refers however, and it is that one that interests us now.

Recently I had the good fortune to visit Moscow and of course, could not have left without dedicating a good bit of time for a visit to the Kremlin. As I passed through the outer wall of the famous citadel, I couldn’t help but think that a few decades earlier I would have been immediately arrested and never seen again had I actually gotten this far. Times have changed, however, and the once forbidden Kremlin is now one of the city’s most popular tourist destinations. It’s not difficult at all to see why as soon as you pass through its mighty walls.

The first major attraction is found at the below street level entrance to the famous Kremlin Museum, and if not for the usually long line of visitors it could easily be missed and passed right by. What really draws the attention however, is the collection of cathedrals crowning the aptly named Cathedral Hill. There are three magnificent cathedrals there and two more churches to complete the set. If I had done my homework as a kid, I would have known that these religious structures not only existed in but dominated the Kremlin. But alas, I hadn’t done it so I was truly surprised to see such an imposing spiritual component of the heart of what President Reagan had called the “evil empire.”

If you can withstand the magnetic attraction of these beautiful buildings, it would be good to step over to the Kremlin Museum first and take advantage of the culture and history lessons it offers. Splendid examples of the enormous wealth of past empire are housed in its several sections and include items that you will likely never see outside its walls, ranging from the fur lined crowns of Russia’s first Tsars to the beautiful Faberge jeweled eggs of its last. You will leave the Museum with a much better sense of and feeling for the power and magnificence of Russia’s past empires and perhaps an insight into the psychology and character of today’s Russia.

After leaving the windowless galleries, stepping out into the fresh air to behold the architectural splendor of the Kremlin is a refreshing change. You’ll probably head immediately to the Archangel Michael Cathedral to enjoy the richly ornate interior. When I was there, a quintet of young Russian singers was performing excerpts from their current CD of traditional Orthodox spiritual songs. It was the perfect accompaniment to the visit, their wonderful voices reverberating throughout the holy space giving the visitor a unique sample of the spiritual music of the church. Of course, one of them was a typical Russian bass, the kind that seems to be unique to this country, and his rich, low tones vibrated right to my core. This kind of performance by musical groups is not unusual in Russia so you’re likely to encounter them in other cathedrals and churches throughout the Republic too. They are unabashedly promoting themselves and selling their CDs but in so doing are enriching everyone’s visit to these historic masterpieces of spiritual architecture.

Upon exiting this cathedral simply look up for a breath taking experience. You will see an array of golden onion domes, so unique to Russian orthodoxy, standing brightly against the sky. If there is anything that serves as a universally recognized icon of Russia, these domes must top the list. It’s not easy to resist gaping at them for several minutes, so go right ahead!

As you continue your tour of the Kremlin, you’ll pass the enormous Tsar Canon, an almost ridiculously ornate behemoth that was built on the command of Tsar Fyodor in 1586. It weighs nearly 38 metric tons and has a bore diameter of 890mm (35 inches)! It was intended to cast more than 800 kilos of stone shot on one firing so that stack of iron canon balls you’ll see in front of it are misleading. Story has it that they were made in St. Petersburg and given to Moscow as one more joke in the friendly rivalry between the two cities – they’re too big to fit in the canon. The Tsar Canon was never fired, by the way.

Right next to this monstrous gun is the largest bell in the world: the Tsar Bell. This 300-ton ringer was ordered built by the Empress Anna in 1734, but like the Tsar Canon its report was never heard. During a great fire in the Kremlin, water was thrown over the foundry where the bell was being forged causing a huge piece to crack off of it. A more amusing tale is how Peter the Great slammed the bell with his fist, breaking off the huge chunk. Peter was indeed great in stature but this is somewhat unlikely!

Through your journey you will likely notice the many towers placed along the Kremlin’s formidable wall. Several of these are architectural masterpieces in themselves, and all but two of the eighteen are named.

The official residence of the President of Russia is within the walls of the Kremlin, and is called the “Senate,” since in soviet days it did actually serve as the seat of the government. Its ornate interiors are well worth a visit if you can swing it. You may need an official pass from one of your highly placed pals to do so however.

Perhaps the one building that stands out most for its contrasting design is the State Kremlin Palace, built in 1959-61. It was originally called the Palace of Congresses and was used as the meeting place for the many congresses of the various republics. You may recognize its interior from your memories of the many photos and news clips showing its meetings back in the sixties and seventies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union it is mainly used as a theater and public building.

There is still much more to see and visit in the Kremlin than what I’ve mentioned here, but my own experience limits me to the above highlights. The history that is contained within its massive walls encompasses the history of Russian empires and peoples and cannot be missed if one is to have a fuller understanding of this country. Don’t miss it!

Where to Get an ADHD Diagnosis

Most parents who suspect that their child has ADHD have many questions about signs, symptoms, and where to turn for help. Getting a diagnosis and ruling out other medical or psychological problems is the first step in treating ADHD. There are many places parents can go for help, including medical doctors, psychologists, psychiatrists, and clinical social workers. All of these professionals can diagnose ADHD and help children deal with their condition with either medical or non-medical treatments.

The first step in determining whether or not your child has ADHD is taking your child to their pediatrician or family doctor. Physicians can diagnose ADHD and prescribe medication if it is necessary for your child's certain symptoms and circumstances. Physicians can not, however, provide counseling, training, or other behavioral modification programs that are also useful for dealing with ADHD. For this type of treatment a referral to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or clinical social worker is necessary.

You may need to be referred to a psychiatrist if you want to pursue a combination of medication and counseling for treatment. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in psychiatric issues and can diagnose ADHD as well as treat it by prescribing medication and by counseling.

Psychologists can also diagnose ADHD and treat it with counseling. Psychologists can not prescribe medication, however, but they can refer patients to medical doctors for prescriptions if they think medication is necessary. Clinical social workers also specialize in counseling and can diagnose ADHD as well as provide non medical treatment.

The treatment that is right for ADHD variants from child to child but studies show that counseling combined with medication has the highest rate of effectiveness. It is important to get a combination of treatment methods and the methods you choose should be the ones you feel the most comfortable with and will most benefit your child.

UV Light Therapy For Psoriasis – Natural Vs Artificial Light

For many patients with psoriasis, one of the best treatments for psoriasis lesions has been found to be ultraviolet (uv) light found in the sun’s rays. Why uv light therapy for psoriasis works on psoriasis lesions is still a mystery. Patients can either use natural light or artificial light to treat the symptoms of psoriasis.

 Ultraviolet Light

 There are three forms of ultraviolet light found in the sun’s rays and they are UVC which are usually blocked by the ozone layer for the most part and have no benefit for uv light therapy for psoriasis.

 UVB rays are responsible for tanning skin and cannot pass through glass. These rays are also longer than UVC which are the shortest of all ultraviolet rays. UVB rays have been identified as being effective when used in uv light therapy for psoriasis.

 UVA rays are the longest and can tan the skin and these rays are commonly used in tanning salons. While they are also used in uv light therapy for psoriasis, they are ineffective when they are used on their own. When combined with a drug, UVA is very effective for psoriasis treatment.

 Natural Sunlight

 It may seem like the most natural thing to do to simply go out into the sun if you are seeking relief from psoriasis symptoms. Like any other treatment for psoriasis, it can be effective for some people but also ineffective for others. When effective, remissions from the symptoms can last for a few weeks but again this can vary from one person to another.

 Before using natural sunlight in uv light therapy for psoriasis, it is important to consult your dermatologist in order for him or her to determine your skin type. Your skin type will usually determine how effective phototherapy will be for you and a dermatologist has tools that will effectively test your skin.

 Skin type and therefore sun sensitivity is affected by various factors besides skin color such as any medications you may be taking so it is important to tell your doctor about any medications you are be taking so that there is a proper skin analysis and determination of your skin’s photosensitivity.

 When using natural sunlight for uv light therapy for psoriasis, it is important to stick to a schedule and be persistent as it may take some time before you notice any benefits. It is also important to be cautious to prevent overexposure. Your doctor may suggest how long you may sunbathe to prevent overexposure leading to severe sunburns. Do wear sunscreen and protective sunglasses that can block uva and uvb rays on areas that are free from psoriasis lesions. Also stay out of the midday sun which is at its strongest and most dangerous at this time.

 As with anyone who spends time in sunlight, it increases the risk over the long term of premature aging of the skin, freckles and in more serious cases skin cancer so it is important to have the skin evaluated by a doctor periodically when using uv light therapy for psoriasis treatment. If you notice any suspicious skin changes, notify your doctor immediately and stay out of the sun.

 Artificial Light

 This can be administered in a doctor’s office or in the comfort of the home with the purchase of UVB home units. UVB light fixtures that give off artificial light have been found to be very effective for many but not all psoriasis sufferers.

 A prescription is necessary if a sufferer is considering a home unit to use for uv light therapy for psoriasis. The cost for these home units varies from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars. Heath insurance may be able to cover the cost for these home units.

 UVB home therapy will work great if you live far away from your doctor’s office, if you are pregnant, if the patient is a child and if there is only so much that health insurance can cover in terms of doctor’s office visits.

 Whether used at home or in a doctor’s office, these units can lead to a vast improvement in psoriasis symptoms and clear lesions quickly. Treatment can be stopped when lesions clear up but many patients adopt a maintenance regimen which requires several treatments each month to prolong the remission of psoriasis lesions.

 With UVB units whether used at home or in a doctor’s office, protective wraparound glasses are important as well as applying sunscreen to areas that are very sensitive to ultraviolet light such as the face and the back of the hands. Other precautions to take include covering the genitals for male patients. Also, only the patient should use the unit.

 Some UVB units found in a dermatologist’s office may be able to clear skin faster while preventing burning as well as lowering the risk of skin cancer. Just like sunlight, artificial light can also increase the risk of premature aging, developing freckles as well skin cancer so skin monitoring is important.

Spring Cleaning After Divorce

It’s that time of year when we open the windows and enjoy the fresh air! It always made me feel better hearing the birds chirp, smelling the fresh air and cleaning as if it were a new beginning. Well, on a positive note, divorce is a new beginning! Put aside all the emotional feelings like sadness, anxiety and doubt about what you are supposed to next, and consider some of the following tips for your financial spring cleaning!

1. Get your financial house in order. Update your will. Check that you have the proper beneficiaries listed on your life insurance policies. Review your retirement plans and get rid of non-performing investments (contact your CDFA or financial advisor if you need help). Get a file box or use a file drawer and label your files. Doing this will it easy to find any important financial papers.

2. If you aren’t doing what you love or loving what you do, then prepare to make a change! Update or write your resume. Take some courses and explore new opportunities in your area or an area that you would like to be in. Expect more from yourself. I’m sure you will be amazed what you’re capable of achieving.

3. Review your credit report!! Not only is identity theft a concern today, but so is human error. I recently found that there was a major mistake on my credit report and it took me a lot of time to have it corrected. It is also a good place to see if you or your spouse have any accounts that you were unaware of. If you haven’t already, make sure to establish credit in your name. Open a credit card, or the next time you purchase a car, register it in your name only.

4. This is also a great time to review your benefits at work. If you aren’t involved in a retirement plan, and one is offered, enroll!! If you are already active in a plan, review it!! It may seem overwhelming and out of your comfort zone so consult a financial advisor. Most advisors are happy to review your statements and offer you some advice.

5. I am sure that you just got your taxes done and you are saying, “Next year I will be more organized!” That’s what I said! So go buy a file for tax receipts only! Ask your accountant if s/he can provide you with some areas that may save you money on next year’s tax return.

6. Divorce is a big change and a new beginning. You will want to update your wardrobe, and feel pretty!! I am a big supporter of dressing the way you want to feel!! This can be costly, so make a plan. First, clean out your current wardrobe. There are consignment shops, example: Plato’s Closet, where you can sell your clothes and use that money to purchase new clothes for yourself. If you already have a budget, donate your clothes to women’s shelters. You will feel great about helping other women and they will greatly appreciate it!! It’s a win-win!!

7. Divorce is draining, I know. Emotionally and financially, you feel exhausted. You will need time to rebuild yourself and your finances; start by setting long- and short-term goals (write them on paper). Prepare your new budget and then meet with a financial advisor. You work hard for your money and your advisor can help ensure that your money is working hard for you.

A Quick Look at Chiropractic Sports Medicine

The whole idea of healing the body without relying on surgery or medicine is quite practical and worth considering. One of the most used forms of treatment today is chiropractic. Sadly, most people believe that chiropractic care is limited to the treatment of back and neck pain. In this post, we will explain the benefits of chiropractic sports medicine.

What’s Chiropractic Sports Medicine?

Sports Chiropractic, also known as chiropractic sports medicine, is an evolving and budding branch of chiropractic, which aims at improving the performance of athletes of different sports. This particular branch of chiropractic expertise is a great boon for athletes and others who are or want to be physically fit. Besides healing and preventing musculoskeletal injuries, sports chiropractic helps in improving overall performance, endurance, agility and strength. Chiropractic care has been around for hundreds of years, but it was in 1980 that a chiropractor started working with the United States Olympic medical team. Ever since then, the use of chiropractic care and healing in sports has only increased. Today, most of the professional teams have an in-house chiropractor that their athletes have at their disposal.

Understanding The Role of Sports Chiropractors

The job of a sports chiropractor is a specialized one. They often rely on specialized healing techniques along with other forms of non-invasive treatments for their clients, including cold laser therapy and spinal decompression. Sports chiropractors are expected to have in-depth knowledge and understanding of different common sports-related injuries. For athletes, chiropractors use a ‘hands-on’ approach for every injury to the best possible extent, without using drugs or medicines. In extreme cases, an athlete may need both therapeutic treatments and chiropractic healing, and for such situations, a sports chiropractor may suggest other forms of healing and care, as well. If you are physically active, visiting a sports chiropractor can be beneficial in many ways.

What Else Is There to Know?

Before you visit a chiropractor, you should know their areas of expertise. As mentioned, sports chiropractors are known for their understanding of injuries and common issues related to various sports. On your first visit, the concerned staff will ask a few questions and other aspects related to training, thoroughly examine you and possibly obtain diagnostics before rendering or suggesting a treatment plan. Look for clinics that are known for their treatment and can offer other forms of alternative treatment. Usually, sports teams do hire their chiropractors separately, but if you are an athlete and need more than just general care, you can consult an expert independently.

Finally, on your first visit, it is best to ask questions as for how chiropractic care can help you in particular. An experienced chiropractor should be able to discuss and explain these aspects in detail.

Do not Be Confused About Low Carb Diets – 7 Key Points Explained

With all of the conflicting studies and fuzzy interpretation of
Information, it's no wonder that confusion reigns when it comes
To the value and safety of low-carb diets. It looks like heated
Debts are raaging everywhere!

Whether it's Atkins, the South Beach or some other low-carb plan,
As many as 30 million Americans are following a low-carb diet.

Advocates contend that the high amount of carbohydrates in our
Diet has led to increasing problems with obesity, diabetes, and
Other health problems. Critics, on the other hand, attribute
Obesity and related health problems to over-consumption of
Calories from any source, and lack of physical activity. Critics
Also express concern that the lack of grains, fruits, and
Vegetables in low-carbohydrate diets may lead to shortcomings of
Some key nutrients, including fiber, vitamin C, folic acid, and
Several minerals.

Any diet, weather low or high in carbohydrates, can produce
Significant weight loss during the initial stages of the diet.
But remember, the key to successful dieting is in being able to
Lose the weight permanently. Put another way, what does the scale
Show a year after going off the diet?

Let's see if we can debunk some of the mystery about low-carb
Diets. Below, is a listing of some relevant points taken from
Recent studies and scientific literature. Please note there may
Be insufficient information available to answer all questions.

– Differences Between Low-Carb Diets

There are many popular diets designed to lower carbohydrates
Consumption. Reducing total carbohydrates in the diet means that
Protein and fat will represent a proportionately greater amount
Of the total caloric intake.

Atkins and Protein Power diets restrict carbohydrates to a point
Where the body becomes ketogenic. Other low-carb diets like the
Zone and Life Without Bread are less restrictive. Some, like
Sugar Busters claim to eliminate only sugars and foods that
Elevate blood sugar levels excessively.

– What We Know about Low-Carb Diets

Almost all of the studies to date have been small with a wide
Variety of research objectives. Carbohydrate, caloric intake,
Diet duration and participant characteristics varied veryly.
Most of the studies to date have two things in common: None of
The studies had participants with a mean age over 53 and none of
The controlled studies lasted longer than 90 days.

Information on older adults and long-term results are scarce.
Many diet studies fail to monitor the amount of exercise, and
Therefore caloric expenditure, while participants are dieting.
This helps to explain discrepancies between studies.

The weight loss on low-carb diets is a function of caloric
Restriction and diet duration, and not with reduced carbohydrates
Take. This finding suggests that if you want to lose weight,
You should eat fewer calories and do so over a long time period.

Little evidence exists on the long-range safety of low-carb
Diets. Despite the medical community concerns, no short-term
Adverse effects have been found on cholesterol, glucose, insulin
And blood-pressure levels among participants on the diets. But,
Adverse effects may not show up because of the short period of
The studies. Researchers note that losing weight typically leads
To an improvement in these levels anyway, and this may offset an
Increase caused by a high fat diet. The long range weight change
For low-carb and other types of diets is similar.

Most low-carb diets cause ketosis. Some of the potential
Consequences are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and confusion.
During the initial phase of low-carb dieting some fatigue and
Constipation may be encountered. Typically, these symptoms
Dissipate quickly. Ketosis may also give the breath a fruity
Odor, something like nail-polish remover (acetone).

Low-carb diets do not enable the consumption of more calories
Than other kinds of diets, as has been often reported. A calorie
Is a calorie and it does not matter weather they come from
Carbohydrates or fat. Study discrepancies are likely the result
Of uncontrolled circumstances; Ie diet participants that cheat
On calorie consumption, calories burned during exercise, or any
Number of other factors. The drop-out rate for strict (ie less
Than 40 grams of CHO / day) low-carb diets is relatively high.

What Should You Do? – There are 3 important points I would like
To re-emphasize:

– The long-range success rate for low-carb and other types of
Diets is similar.

– Despite their popularity, little information exists on the
Long-term efficiency and safety of low-carbohydrate diets.

– Strict low-carb diets are usually not sustainable as a normal
Way of eating. Boredom usually overcomes willpower.

It is obvious after reviewing the topic, that more, well-designed
And controlled studies are needed. There just is not a lot of good
Information available, especially concerning long-range effects.
Strict low-carb diets produce ketosis which is an abnormal and
Potentially stressful metabolic state. Under some circumstances
This may cause health related complications.

The diet you choose should be a blueprint for a lifetime of
Better eating, not just a quick weight loss plan to reach your
Weight goal. If you can not see yourself eating the prescribed
Foods longer than a few days or a week, then chances are it's not
The right diet. To this end, following a moderately low fat diet
With a healthy balance of fat, protein, carbohydrates and other
Nutrients is beneficial.

If you do decide to follow a low-carb plan, remember that certain
Dietary fats are associated with reduction of disease. Foods high
In unsaturated fats that are free of trans-fatty acids such as
Olive oil, fish, flaxseeds, and nuts are preferred to fats from
Animal origins.

Even promoters of the Atkins diet now say people on their plan
Should limit the amount of red meat and saturated fat they eat.
Atkins representatives are telling health professionals that only
20 percent of a dieter's calories should come from saturated fat
(Ie meat, cheese, butter). This change comes as Atkins faces
Competition from other popular low-carb diets that call for less
Saturated fat, such as the South Beach diet plan. Low-carb
Dieting should not be considered as a license to gorge on red
Meat!

Another alternative to "strict" low-carb dieting would be to give
Up some of the bad carbohydrates foods but not "throw out the baby
With the bath water. "In other words, foods high in processed
Sugar, snacks, and white bread would be avoided, but foods high
In complex carbohydrates such as fruit, potatoes and whole
Grains, retained.

The information contained in this article is for educational purposes
Only and is not intended to medically diagnose, treat or cure any
Disease. Consult a health care practitioner before beginning any
Health care program.

Do not Be Confused About Low Carb Diets – 7 Key Points Explained

With all of the conflicting studies and fuzzy interpretation of
Information, it's no wonder that confusion reigns when it comes
To the value and safety of low-carb diets. It looks like heated
Debts are raaging everywhere!

Whether it's Atkins, the South Beach or some other low-carb plan,
As many as 30 million Americans are following a low-carb diet.

Advocates contend that the high amount of carbohydrates in our
Diet has led to increasing problems with obesity, diabetes, and
Other health problems. Critics, on the other hand, attribute
Obesity and related health problems to over-consumption of
Calories from any source, and lack of physical activity. Critics
Also express concern that the lack of grains, fruits, and
Vegetables in low-carbohydrate diets may lead to shortcomings of
Some key nutrients, including fiber, vitamin C, folic acid, and
Several minerals.

Any diet, weather low or high in carbohydrates, can produce
Significant weight loss during the initial stages of the diet.
But remember, the key to successful dieting is in being able to
Lose the weight permanently. Put another way, what does the scale
Show a year after going off the diet?

Let's see if we can debunk some of the mystery about low-carb
Diets. Below, is a listing of some relevant points taken from
Recent studies and scientific literature. Please note there may
Be insufficient information available to answer all questions.

– Differences Between Low-Carb Diets

There are many popular diets designed to lower carbohydrates
Consumption. Reducing total carbohydrates in the diet means that
Protein and fat will represent a proportionately greater amount
Of the total caloric intake.

Atkins and Protein Power diets restrict carbohydrates to a point
Where the body becomes ketogenic. Other low-carb diets like the
Zone and Life Without Bread are less restrictive. Some, like
Sugar Busters claim to eliminate only sugars and foods that
Elevate blood sugar levels excessively.

– What We Know about Low-Carb Diets

Almost all of the studies to date have been small with a wide
Variety of research objectives. Carbohydrate, caloric intake,
Diet duration and participant characteristics varied veryly.
Most of the studies to date have two things in common: None of
The studies had participants with a mean age over 53 and none of
The controlled studies lasted longer than 90 days.

Information on older adults and long-term results are scarce.
Many diet studies fail to monitor the amount of exercise, and
Therefore caloric expenditure, while participants are dieting.
This helps to explain discrepancies between studies.

The weight loss on low-carb diets is a function of caloric
Restriction and diet duration, and not with reduced carbohydrates
Take. This finding suggests that if you want to lose weight,
You should eat fewer calories and do so over a long time period.

Little evidence exists on the long-range safety of low-carb
Diets. Despite the medical community concerns, no short-term
Adverse effects have been found on cholesterol, glucose, insulin
And blood-pressure levels among participants on the diets. But,
Adverse effects may not show up because of the short period of
The studies. Researchers note that losing weight typically leads
To an improvement in these levels anyway, and this may offset an
Increase caused by a high fat diet. The long range weight change
For low-carb and other types of diets is similar.

Most low-carb diets cause ketosis. Some of the potential
Consequences are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and confusion.
During the initial phase of low-carb dieting some fatigue and
Constipation may be encountered. Typically, these symptoms
Dissipate quickly. Ketosis may also give the breath a fruity
Odor, something like nail-polish remover (acetone).

Low-carb diets do not enable the consumption of more calories
Than other kinds of diets, as has been often reported. A calorie
Is a calorie and it does not matter weather they come from
Carbohydrates or fat. Study discrepancies are likely the result
Of uncontrolled circumstances; Ie diet participants that cheat
On calorie consumption, calories burned during exercise, or any
Number of other factors. The drop-out rate for strict (ie less
Than 40 grams of CHO / day) low-carb diets is relatively high.

What Should You Do? – There are 3 important points I would like
To re-emphasize:

– The long-range success rate for low-carb and other types of
Diets is similar.

– Despite their popularity, little information exists on the
Long-term efficiency and safety of low-carbohydrate diets.

– Strict low-carb diets are usually not sustainable as a normal
Way of eating. Boredom usually overcomes willpower.

It is obvious after reviewing the topic, that more, well-designed
And controlled studies are needed. There just is not a lot of good
Information available, especially concerning long-range effects.
Strict low-carb diets produce ketosis which is an abnormal and
Potentially stressful metabolic state. Under some circumstances
This may cause health related complications.

The diet you choose should be a blueprint for a lifetime of
Better eating, not just a quick weight loss plan to reach your
Weight goal. If you can not see yourself eating the prescribed
Foods longer than a few days or a week, then chances are it's not
The right diet. To this end, following a moderately low fat diet
With a healthy balance of fat, protein, carbohydrates and other
Nutrients is beneficial.

If you do decide to follow a low-carb plan, remember that certain
Dietary fats are associated with reduction of disease. Foods high
In unsaturated fats that are free of trans-fatty acids such as
Olive oil, fish, flaxseeds, and nuts are preferred to fats from
Animal origins.

Even promoters of the Atkins diet now say people on their plan
Should limit the amount of red meat and saturated fat they eat.
Atkins representatives are telling health professionals that only
20 percent of a dieter's calories should come from saturated fat
(Ie meat, cheese, butter). This change comes as Atkins faces
Competition from other popular low-carb diets that call for less
Saturated fat, such as the South Beach diet plan. Low-carb
Dieting should not be considered as a license to gorge on red
Meat!

Another alternative to "strict" low-carb dieting would be to give
Up some of the bad carbohydrates foods but not "throw out the baby
With the bath water. "In other words, foods high in processed
Sugar, snacks, and white bread would be avoided, but foods high
In complex carbohydrates such as fruit, potatoes and whole
Grains, retained.

The information contained in this article is for educational purposes
Only and is not intended to medically diagnose, treat or cure any
Disease. Consult a health care practitioner before beginning any
Health care program.

Triggers Of Anxiety And Depression

Everyone goes through stages of anxiety and depression in their lifetime. Feeling like this during times when we have a lot on our plates is usual. Losing a loved one or finding yourself unemployed can lead to emotions of sadness, pain, worry and hopelessness.

Usually when someone mentions anxiety or depression we think of something serious but it’s not always the case. When a person is in a state of anxiety they might feel anxious, nervous and apprehensive. This is the body’s natural way of warning us that something is not right.

Of course these normal reactions to stressors can be as trivial as being stuck in a traffic jam or receiving a monthly phone bill. It’s when we experience anxiety and depression everyday that we should take note.

Sufferers of depression experience a constant lull of energy combined with feelings of sadness and hopelessness. They feel like a cloud of grey is always upon them and they can’t seem to shake thoughts of gloom. In addition, there have been links to heart disease, stroke and diabetes. People with depression are also more likely to commit suicide.

There are people who suffer from both anxiety and depression. Shockingly, depression and anxiety disorders combined affect more than 20% of the adult population. Moreover, half of those people are suffering at a degree that needs support.

Available are various therapies and treatments. Many people however, do not seek support or help when they need it the most. This can be down to a number of reasons; some people are too embarrassed or even afraid to seek help; there are those that feel that there’s nothing to be done about their condition; and some have simply have given up on finding help.

It’s not uncommon for people to develop both depression and an anxiety disorder. In fact half of people with clinical depression suffer from an anxiety disorder. More commonly Generalized Anxiety Disorder, which alone affects 5% of the population. Social phobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Panic Disorder are also quite common.

Anxiety and depression can develop late in adulthood. Experiencing emotional trauma and long term stress are possible causes. People with low self esteem and assertiveness are much more likely to suffer from mental illnesses.

People who focus on the negatives in life all the time only attract more of the same. Just as fat people get fatter and rich people get richer, people fall into habits. These learned habits can be good or bad.

It’s important to realize that feelings and emotions are just states when experiencing anxiety and depression. We have the power to change the way we behave and even feel. Anyone is capable of influencing their subconscious mind so that they can create new positive ways of thinking.

The Benefits of a Vegetarian Lifestyle

As a potential vegetarian, you might have asked if it will make a difference if you take meat out of your diet. You may have also wondered what change one new vegetarian in the world can really make.

Although many believe it is true that a single additional vegetarian in a United States society filled with meat eaters will not make a very large difference that is not necessarily true. In addition to helping animals you will be helping yourself. In the United States the number one cause of deaths is heart disease. This heart disease is more common in those individuals with meat rich diets.

If more people were to cut meat, dairy and even egg products heart attacks would be less common. All of these foods are very rich in cholesterol that can cause heart illnesses. Studies have shown that vegetarians are one fourth less likely to have a heart attack in comparison to the average individual with a meat centered diet. Those that are vegans have an even lower risk of heart attack and heart illness.

Along with heart health, if you become a vegetarian you will get additional benefits. For example, you will be consuming fewer preservatives and artificial products, which are often found in meat. Many of these artificial products have been associated with cancer by research studies. In addition to that, you will not be consuming the hormones that are found in the feed served to animals. The hormones given to animals can have serious consequences when ingested by humans. Plus, if you become a vegetarian you will not consume as much lactose, which can not be digested properly by most people and will cause digestive problems.

As a vegetarian you will also be making a difference in the amount of suffering that humans often inflect on animals that are consumed. The average meat eating individual in the United States will eat over two thousand land animals during their life span. By refusing to eat meat you will be helping to prevent the killing of many animals during your life time. If you take things a step further and stop consuming milk and eggs, you will help prevent the suffering of many animals that are kept to produce the items you are consuming.

In the end the addition of even one vegetarian to the movement can help not only your health, but the lives of many innocent animals.