Beneficial Niacin Side Effect – Protect Your Heart by Naturally Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases

Through different authoritative studies, it is becoming clear that lack of beneficial niacin side effect is considered as a risk factor in various cardiovascular diseases. Although it has long been established that atherosclerosis, for example, is the result of periodic accumulation of cholesterol-induced plaque deposits in the arterial blood vessels, only a few are completely aware that niacin actually advances the same heart condition. Majority of mainstay treatments for high cholesterol focuses on the direct reduction of LDL cholesterol in the bloodstream without initially preventing excess cholesterol production.

Cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, are fatal in effect. Individuals with atherosclerosis are permanently at the risk of acute or complete stoppage in critical blood flow to key organs, such as the heart and brain. When it does occur, cellular and tissue death occurs within few minutes after having been dismantled with essential oxygen supply. Death of the person occurs within an hour, mostly with minimal signs long before its sunset.

One problem with primary medical treatment is that it is typically reactive. It treats diseases after they have been acquired. It is seldom preventive and proactive.

Atherosclerosis briefly discussed

Atherosclerosis occurs after LDL cholesterol molecules are oxidized by free radicals, especially oxygen free radicals. This largely explains why chronic inflammation of the blood vessels takes place in the arms because the latter are rich in fresh oxygen supplies. Atherosclerosis rarely develops in the veins where there is minimal oxygen dissolved in the outgoing blood flow.

Cholesterol is not dissolved in the blood, the latter being made up of 70% water. When oxidized LDL cholesterol settles down on the inner arterial walls, various defensive reactions occur. The body's autoimmune system perceives them as potential disease risk factors, triggering the release of macrophage white blood cells.

Being essentially a fatty and complex substance, cholesterol is seldom absorbed by the macrophage white blood cells. They continue to accumulate until the arterial linings are ruptured. This event leads to inflammation and formation of blood clots.

If not appreciated immediately, atheromatous plaques accumulate inside the arteries. When at least 50% of the entire arterial lumen area is used up by those deposits, blood flow is significantly constricted, resulting to diminished supply of fresh oxygen and nutrients to the regular functioning of key organs, such as the heart and brain. Myocardial infarction or heart attack takes place when fresh blood supply stops going to the heart's muscles.

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the US today

Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States and Canada in 2007. According to the American Heart Association, one American dies from coronary diseases every 34 seconds. In myocardial infarction, death of the person normally occurs within an hour if it is not treated as a medical emergency.

When taken regularly over prolonged period, niacin is responsible in blocking the breakdown of fats in adipose tissues. It specifically leads to the conversion of fats into very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). VLDL is the main cause of the production of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), commonly called as "bad" cholesterol.

VLDL and bad cholesterol is normally produced by the liver. Due to the beneficial niacin side effect in breaking down fats causing free fatty acids, the liver is inhibited in secreting more of the VLDL and LDL cholesterol. This has been reported in a 2006 book entitled "Basic and Clinical Pharmacology" written by Bertram Katzung, a well-respected authority in his field.

Find out how niacin lowers bad cholesterol level

PL Canner and colleagues conducted a study in 1986, investigating cases of myocardial infarction of 8,341 men, aging 30 to 64 years. The niacin group has shown 11% reduction in mortality rate compared with those treated with placebo. Niacin increases high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or "good" cholesterol. This led to doctors prescribing niacin supplements to patients at risk of heart attack.

Niacin belongs to a group of B vitamins. It is also called as Vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid, which is a water-soluble nutrient essential in normal body performance.

Optimal beneficial effects are obtained when niacin is combined with chromium, another essential element linked to heart disease. A study conducted at the John Hopkins University has shown that reduced amount of chromium in the body increases significantly the risk of heart attacks. Xtend-Life of New Zealand, well known in producing proactive and natural supplements, came up with Cardio-Klenz supplement that contains powerful 29 bio available compounds, chromium nicotinate being one of them.

Check out the company website for more thorough niacin side effect, among others, protecting your heart and the entire circulatory system.

Heart Attacks – Half of All Deaths Occur Outside the Hospital

According to a new study by Dr. Henry Ting of the Mayo Clinic, heart attack sufferers are not receiving the treatment they need and they are dying because of it. Unfortunately, the problem is not the lack of care provided, but the time people wait to call for it.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Each year 1.25 million people suffer heart attacks and ¼ of those people die from them. How long do most people wait to call 911 or get help with their symptoms? Studies show that they wait more than 2 and ½ hours – 11% actually waited more than 12 hours to seek help.

Here lies the problem. About ½ of those that die from heart attacks die within 1 hour. This bears repeating. About ½ of all of those that die from heart attacks die within 1 hour of the onset of the symptoms.

So what does this mean? It is no secret that denial plays a huge role in the death of many, but these numbers drive home that point. This information must be remembered and shared. Our friends and family are dying before they call for help. Half of them are dying outside the hospital. Please share these statistics with your friends. More importantly, remember them when your loved ones are not feeling right. Call 911 or take them to the hospital. Don’t let them talk you out of it. Also, taking a CPR class will help you prepare for the worst should it happen at home.

Please spread the word and help us save more lives!

Diagnosis of ischemia

For diagnosing ischaemic heart disease the doctors perform a series of tests depending whether the disease is with angina (symptomatic) or without-silent ischemia.

Angina attacks associated with risk factors for heart disease influence the doctor to diagnose a blockage in the coronary arteries very quickly. On the contradiction, the diagnosis of silent ischemia is more difficult to establish. For people with silent ischemia who do not show any obvious symptoms, if they are men with age over 40 years or women over 50, or if they have jobs related to public safety it is recommended they should start an adequate exercise program.

The following tests are done by specialists in order to establish the diagnosis of ischemia:

~ echocardiogram is a test that measures the hearts response to physical exertion.

~ exercise stress is a test used to detect silent ischemia.

~ pharmacological stress test is performed on patients unable to do physical activity. The patient is given a medicine called dobutamine or adenosine which make the heart to react as if the patient were doing exercise.

~ electrocardiogram (EKG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart as a series of lines on a moving shit of paper. This test is quick, painless, safe and cheap. The bad part is that EKG detects ischemia only if cardiac ischemia manifests while the test is being performed.

~ the tests bellow can be combined with a nuclear stress test that produces clear images of the heart that show a contrast between dark and light spots. This contrast show wheather exist scarring or reductions of thje blood flow during or after exertion.

~ holter monitor is a test that entails a continuous EKG attached to a moving patient the entire day. The test can detect arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats), an episode of cardiac ischemia. The tests results are recorded by the monitor in order to be verified by a specialist. ~ computed tomography arteriography is a new technique that generates pictures of the carotid arteries using a scanner.

~ angiogram is a test that provides images of the coronary arteries (coronary angiogram) or of the brain arteries (cerebral angiogram).

~ ICD-implantable cardioverter defibrillator is a device placed in the chest compound of a generator and leads that help the defributor to send electrical signals in order to correct the heart rhythm. The patients with an implantable defribillator should not walk near metal detectors or devices that emit strong magnetic fields.

Uses and Benefits of Bovine Serum Albumin

You have probably heard people talking about the “protein diet”. A lot of body builders, athletes and even celebrities adhere to this diet plan. So why is there all this hype for protein?

Protein makes up the structure of all creatures. It is a very crucial component to achieving our total health. It is the nutrient that repairs and helps tissues grow and develop. Proteins are also present in the cells of muscles, bones and even in the blood for nutrient-carrying and exchange functions. Aside from that, it also guards bodies against infections and disease-causing viruses. Next to water, proteins make the biggest part of the body mass. Meat, fish, eggs, dairy and dairy products, nuts, seeds and legumes are some good sources of protein. After ingestion, these proteins from the food are broken down until they reach their simplest form, the amino acid.

There are two kinds of amino acids: essential amino acids and non-essential amino acids. The essential amino acids are those supplied by food that the body cannot manufacture itself, and the non-essential acids which can be produced by an organism’s body. This article shall focus on the former kind.

Essential amino acids are found in the food we take and they cannot be made by the body systems naturally. Lack of this kind of amino acid can lead to medical conditions like muscle breakdown, lack of appetite and slowed muscle healing and growth. Due to lack of amino acid supply, the body will be forced to obtain the lacking amino acid from healthy muscles. Because of this phenomenon, malnutrition, retardation and even death may arise.

In the blood, the most plentiful supply of amino acid is serum albumin which carries the thyroid hormones, natural steroid and fatty acids to other body parts. There are two kinds of serum albumin: bovine serum albumin and human serum albumin. Now, based on the aforementioned functions, we probably know by now how human serum albumin is used by us, human beings. But did you know that we also use the serum from cows called bovine serum albumin (BSA)?

No, this kind of serum is not inside our bodies. Mostly, we use bovine serum albumin for laboratory experiments and science-related activities. The field that needs it most is biochemistry. ELISA or Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay is one process that depends on the serum. This process detects antibodies or antigens mixed in liquid or wet samples. The ELISA test assists in diagnosing whether a patient has HIV, malaria or tuberculosis. Through ELISA, diseases such as the Chagas disease which manifests itself initially as a simple infection and Johne’s disease, a disease in some animals with symptoms like wasting and diarrhea.

In immunohistochemistry, the serum is used to explore the behavior, life span and severity of a cancerous tumor.

Lastly, it is used to culture cells and study how to increase cell productivity and growth to promote over-all cell health. The serum is a very stable ingredient known for not affecting the validity of experiment results. It also prevents enzymes from sticking to laboratory materials like reaction tubes, pipet tips and other liquid-containing vessels.

One brand that sells BSA is Pre-Diluted Protein Assays Standards, diluted in 0.9% saline and 0.05 sodium azide, and is sold online.

The uses of bovine serum albumin are currently being explored further. Even though it is a by-product of the cow and cattle industry, the ingredient has proven its benefits for our own development.

High Death Toll From Pneumonia

Pneumonia kills over 60,000 Americans every year and it remains a leading cause of death of children worldwide. This is tragic considering the fact that the disease can be cured with early detection and treatment.

Pneumonia is the inflammation of the lung in which the air spaces are filled with mucus and fluid, making breathing difficult. The disease has many causes and can be fatal in very young and very old patients.

Bacterial pneumonia, which is the more dangerous type of the disease, can be caused by infection with pneumococci, staphylococci and other forms of bacte¬ria. This is usually confined to just one area of ​​the lung and is called lobar pneumonia.

"Among children 12 and under, the most frequent cause of pneumonia is the bacterium pneumococcus. Among adolescents and young adults, the most frequent infectious agent is a bacteria like microbe called Mycoplasma pneumoniae; a dry cough and then a sputum producing cough, "explained Dr. Harold C. Neu, professor of medicine and head of Infectious Dis¬eases in "The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide."

"Bacterial pneumonia can also be a complication of influenza A. Often the symptoms of flu have disappeared, then suddenly the patient is worse with fever, cough, and shortness of breath. and all its disturbing symptoms. These secondary infections are most often caused by the pneumoccos, Haemophilus, or worst of all the staphylococcus. "This microbe can be so deadly so doctors usually prescribe antibiotics that can destroy all three of the possible microorganisms," Neu added .

Another type of bacterial pneumonia is caused by streptococci (Diplococcus pneumoniae) and usually follows an upper respiratory tract infection. It is characterized by the sudden sunset of chills and high fever.

The risk of acquiring the disease increases in those who have AIDS, heart disease, and diabetes, those who smoke and drink a lot, exposure to certain chemicals or pollutants, and those those who are hospitalized or have had surgery. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and the type of pneumonia you have.

"To diagnose pneumonia, the physician will first listen to the chest, checking for fine, crackling noises, and then tap it, being alert for characteristically dull thuds. show patches in the lungs where air sacs are filled with fluid and debris instead of air. To determine the particular infectious agent, lab tests can be done on blood and sputum samples, but the results are not 100 percent accurate, "Neu said.

"How serious pneumonia is for you depends on your overall health and the type and amount of pneumonia you have. smoking, or if you're older, your pneumonia may be harder to cure. You're also more likely to develop complications, some of which can be life-threatening, "warned the Mayo Clinic.

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Acid Attack – Are Your Teeth In Danger?

Your teeth may be at risk. Did you know that consuming acidic foods and drinks can lead to acid erosion of your teeth? Once softened by acid exposure, your tooth enamel becomes weakened and can be more easily worn away, even by just brushing your teeth! If you tend to grind your teeth at night, you can quickly do some serious damage.

Often the first sign of this problem is increased sensitivity to cold air or liquids. Bouts of acid exposure will open up the pores on your teeth, and any areas of dentin exposure, such as root surfaces, can become very sensitive.

Teeth softened by acid are much more vulnerable to decay. That can mean a lot of extensive dental treatment.

Serious damage from acid doesn’t happen with a single exposure, and your teeth have some capacity to recover (re-mineralize). However, many repeated exposures can lead to severe, irreversible destruction of your teeth.

This is HUGE problem. I’m very alarmed by how much acid erosion and the resulting tooth sensitivity I’m seeing.

And most people have absolutely NO IDEA that it’s happening to them.

This is a Real Threat…

In the past few years, I have seen more and more patients who are presenting with this problem. One patient in particular, she was a new patient to my practice. Her teeth were worn right down to their gum line! Ouch! I also noticed that many younger adults who consume large quantities of cola drinks and their teeth were being decimated by tooth decay (more on that issue later).

This problem of acid erosion isn’t just age specific. I see a LOT of it in all ages, and it seems to be getting worse every year. Sure, people are living longer and keeping their natural teeth. Yet, that still doesn’t explain all the damage I’m seeing.

Beware the acid bombs!

A key factor in this “epidemic” of acid damage is our modern diet. Many of the foods and drinks that we consume contain highly elevated levels of acid.

Acids commonly added to our food include citric acid, acetic acid (vinegar), and phosphoric acid – all of which can significantly harm your enamel. So make sure you read the ingredients label.

Why are these acids being added?

In most cases, to assist in preservation. It’s widespread within the food industry.

Benzoic acid and its salt forms (sodium benzoate, potassium benzoate, etc.) are amongst the most widely used food preservative in the world. It’s cheap and very effective. Prolonged shelf life translates into higher profits. In the food industry, it is used in wide range of items from jams, juices and salad dressings to ice cream, soft drinks and candies. It’s also used in toothpaste, mouthwash, and as a rust inhibitor in anti-freeze.

Being weakly acidic, benzoic acid won’t harm your enamel directly. This chemical’s preservative effect is pH dependent – it works best in a low pH (acidic) environment. Other strong acids are being added to food and beverage products to establish a low enough pH for this preservative to work. Many food substances, such as soft drinks, ice cream, and candies, are being acidified (juiced up) this way. That’s the big, hidden acid spike many of us are being hit with!

On a further note, benzoic acid can combine with ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

to form benzene – a known carcinogen. Vitamin C is often added to food or beverage products as an anti-oxidant. These two ingredients are still being used together in a wide range of beverages throughout the World (fortunately banned in North America). Another good reason to read those ingredient labels.

Watch out for the Double Dose!

A high sugar and strong acid combo make some of these food and beverages particularly devastating for your teeth. Bacteria in your mouth can aggressively metabolize any available sugar to produce lactic acid. That means your teeth will be exposed to even more acid. That’s why a lot of children have re occurring decay. They constantly got hit with a double dose of acid from all the cola drinks they drink!

Diet drinks may be marginally easier on your teeth, but some sugar substitutes (aspartame) can add an extra punch to the acid attack on our bodies.

More than Just Our Teeth…

The harm from overexposure to acid only begins with our teeth. These synthetic “acid bombs” we’re consuming can alter our internal chemistry and dramatically affect our overall health.

Our bodies will attempt to compensate for this excess dietary acid, but at a price. Our alkaline reserves are gradually being depleted, and as that happens, we start suffering from the many consequences of chronic acidosis.

The following are some of the dangerous effects of chronic acidosis…

* Minerals (mainly calcium) are leeched from our organs and bones to neutralize the excess acid. As calcium is leeched from our bones, we can eventually suffer from osteoporosis.

* Our kidneys are overburdened by the acid buildup and experience higher incidence of kidney stones.

* Digestion suffers because excess systemic acid can inhibit the production of stomach acid as well as the alkalizing salts from the gall bladder and pancreas. We’re left with poorly digested, acidic food in our intestine that brings on cramping, bloating and risk of intestinal infections.

* Capillary blood flow slows down and the removal of acid waste on a cellular level is blocked, increasing the effects of cellular aging and raising the risk of cellular transmutation (cancer).

* Acid accumulation in the pancreas interferes with insulin production, leading to diabetes.

* Our energy levels drop off and we suffer from chronic fatigue.

* Fat accumulates around our vital organs (to protect them) and we put on extra weight.

Chronic acidosis has been cited as the hidden but deadly disease that’s the primary cause of many of the serious ailments we suffer from. Dr. Leigh Connealy states “Acidosis literally destroys the body from the inside out, paving the way for disease to take over.

Watch Out for These Acidic Foods!

Soft drinks (including lemon iced-tea)

Sports drinks – Gatorade, Powerade, etc.

Energy Drinks – Red Bull, Full Throttle, etc.

Citrus Fruits – lemons, limes, grapefruit, etc.

Fruit salad

Fruit juices – lemonade, grapefruit, orange, apple, cranberry, etc.

Chewable Vitamin C (never suck on them)

Candies (particularly sour candies)


Vinegar-based products such as salad dressing and ketchup

White or red wine

The Bottom Line: Loss of enamel is progressive. If left to advance, your teeth may become severely compromised.

What You Can Do:

* Be alarmed. Take this seriously and don’t let your teeth become casualties in the food wars. Pay attention to ingredients and start limiting your exposure to acidic food and beverages.

* Get real. Call junk food it what it is, not a “special treat” that you’ve earned. Avoid associating “comfort” with bad food choices. Try choosing healthy snack alternatives such as nuts and raw veggies

* Stop the pop! Find healthy alternatives, such as mineral water. If you do indulge, limit the frequency, time length, and concentration of acid exposure.

* Cut out the candy. Tame your sweet tooth before addiction consumes you. Sour candies, being dosed up with citric, malic, and/or tartaric acids, are extra nasty.

* Limit your exposure time. Eating or drinking something slowly throughout the day will do more harm than one big exposure.

* Water your juices down. Many juices have concentrated sugar and acid content, to the point that they cannot even quench your thirst. Consider adding at least half water (2/3 is my preference). Stay away from lemon iced-tea.

* Good Hygiene. Maintain brushing & flossing habits. Be sure to use fluoridated toothpaste to help strengthen your teeth. Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after consuming acidic foods or drinks, as this is when enamel is at its softest and most likely to be damaged. Simply rinse with water instead.

* We can help. Stay healthy and keep your teeth for life by keeping up your hygiene visits. We’ll keep tabs on acid damage. If the damage is already significant, we can help restore & protect the affected teeth with options such as bonding, porcelain veneers, or crowns.

Outsource Your Data Headaches With On Site Data Destruction Service

Security concerns not only for individuals and companies but for the culpability of Information Officers for having procedures in place, are forcing more and more companies of all sizes to be more responsible for the information contained on their hard disk drives. This is not just Fortune 500 companies that need to be concerned about data destruction. This concerns expanses about that data itself while in use but even once a drive containing all that data has completed its life-cycle inside their walls before releasing the drives or disks for resale or return from lease.

This responsibility can be challenging for many companies to accomplish securely, thoroughly and quickly. What is complicating the process is most companies are not aware of the options available to them and even fewer have the necessary hardware and software to accomplish this task. As a solution to the increased liability and lack of internal know-how and tools, companies are looking to outsource this service.

One solution is to hire a company to provide on-site data erasure or hard drive destruction service to the client. This is a viable solution whether its loose hard drives, storage towers full of drives, or laptops and desks with hard drives inside. An experienced company that can certify data destruction will bring with them all the tools they need – whether its a software or hardware solution to accomplish the task. This data destruction service should offer to provide you with written documentation specific to each drive's serial number that certifies each drive is clean of data.

If you require erasure of hard drives comprising a storage tower or storage shelves, one piece of equipment you might see would be an appliance that enables direct connection to the shelves in a storage tower. This allows the user access to the drives contained in these shelves where each drive can then be erased without removal of the hard drive from the tower. Most towers can be erased in one business day.

And there are some companies who have batches of loose hard drives stored away, waiting to be erased. A similar piece of equipment is an appliance that can erase any type of loose drive (SCSI, FC, SATA, IDE, SAS) in multiple batches at a time.

Erasure of drives in storage towers is far from the only situation with which these companies need data erasure solutions. Another is the batches of laptops and desks that require data sanitization before they are donated or returned at the end of lease. By setting up a local sub-net, large batches of these assets (as many as 200) can be erased simultaneously. By again being able to certify the data destruction, the value of those laptops and desks is increased.

So when your company has hard disk drives in storage towers, laptops and desks, or just loose hard drives of any type, there are viable cost-effective solutions that can provide an on-site service to give your company the protection it requires and the peace of mind to know that all its data risks are addressed and eliminated.

Do Adjustable Beds Actually Cure Back Pain?

Whether you are suffering from spinal disorders, broken leg, back pain or hip dislocation, sleeping on a standard bed may not be easy as the pressure on spine or back may lead to pain and discomfort. It is due to the increasing demand for pressure free comfort and the ability for people with limited disabilities to sit up or sleep without falling out from the bed that adjustable beds are in demand.

Although there are numerous companies and manufacturers that make customized adjustable beds for those that need to have specific sizes, add-ons and even more features. Additionally, all such special beds have customized mattresses that aid to comfort by contouring accordingly. Most doctors stress on renting or buying these special beds if you suffer from back pain as most patients are very sensitive to any change in position and these beds help. The variable positions and easy change of elevation are particularly suitable for a comfortable sleep. On these beds, your spinal is cocooned and prevents any pressure on it, leading to relief from pain and better sleep.

The motorized adjustable beds with variable positions is apt for inclines and reclines while top end models have dual accessibility for two people occupying the same bed, pre-programmed positions and heated massage features. However, with extra add on features, the cost of the adjustable bed goes up. Advanced beds have memory foam mattresses that ensures total comfort while some of the beds come with variable firmness. You may inflate or deflate the mattress as per your requirement.

Research well, check out the features available from different companies and then select as per your needs. Some of the manufacturers provide for customized beds if required.

5 Reasons Why Knee Replacements Fail

Today, due to the development of new surgical techniques and treatments, the accuracy of this procedure is increased and the recovery time is reduced.

However, not all surgical procedures have the desired outcome even though knee prosthesis is built to last for decades. Sometimes, due to various reasons, the replacement failures.

Signs and Symptoms
In most of the cases, you will feel knee pain, which is the most common warning sign that something is wrong. You may also notice swelling of the knee, reduced range of motion, knee stiffness and sometimes even accessibility to walk.

Why do knee replace failures?
They can fail for various reasons.

With infection at the operation site or stiffness of the knee can cause loss of ability to move the knee leading to a knee replacement failure. The surrounding soft tissue can be so weak that it can no longer provide the necessary support for the new knee, making the prosthesis fail.

An injury to the replaced knee or bone fractures can lead to failures. In rare cases, the implants can wear out or loosen over the time, even though they are built to last.

In all these cases, a second replacement surgery is necessary and a new prosthesis will be built, if possible.

Loosening Implants

It can occur in cases when the patient is obese or performs high-impact activities in excess. Sometimes, though rare, the device can fail due to the manufacturer's faulty design. Loosing of the implant is the most common complications resulting from a faulty device.

This is more likely to occur when parts of the implant device start to separate from one another. Between the components, the soft tissue tend to grow, leading to knee pain , knee stiffness, etc.

Loosening of the knee implants is normal and it tends to occur with time. However, it does not occur for several years. In defect implants, loosening occurs within a year and sometimes within a couple of months.

Infections after Knee Replacement

One of the most serious complications following a knee replacement is infections. However, when performed by a professional and as needed, the chances of having an infection are very low.

Patients who undergo a surgical treatment for the second time, regardless of the reason, have a higher chance of getting an infection. Infections tend to develop quicker on the implanted knee as the implant does not have its own blood supply system. Thus, making it easier for microorganisms to attach to the device and infect the surrounding tissue.

In general, knee replacement infections are classified into three types:

  • Early infections – occur within the first 3 months after the surgical procedure.
  • Delayed infections – occur within 3 to 12 months after the surgical procedure.
  • Late infections – occur after 12 months, sometimes even years after the surgical procedure. These infections are mostly hematogenous, meaning that they spread from other locations in the human body. Patients who have knee prosthesis will need to take antibiotics before they undergo any surgical procedure, even dental work in order to prevent late infections of the knee implant.


Osteolysis is a knee replacement complication which can lead to knee replacement failure. It occurs when particles are generated by the plastic pieces of the implant. These plastic pieces then enter the patient's immune system. The white blood cells will digest these foreign pieces, leading to a bone digestion. As a result, the bones are damaged and the implant will start to loosen, leading ultimately to a knee replacement failure. Osteolysis is more common in cases where the implants are made of polyethylene.


Also known as joint stiffness is more likely to occur in obese patients or those suffering from diabetes and other chronic diseases. If after the surgery, a slow mobilization occurs, the risk for joint stiffness is higher.

Ligament Instability

This leads to knee instability and knee replacement failure. During surgery, ligaments are sometimes cut, damaged or even improperly balanced. This will make the knee skip away from one side to the other. As the ligaments heel, stability of the knee is gained. However, sometimes a knee brace might be required or even a second surgical treatment.

The Benefits of Hippotherapy in Children With Cerebral Palsy.

Pioneered by German, Swiss and Austrian therapists during the 1960’s, then standardized in the United States and Canada during the 1980’s, the treatment strategy of hippotherapy (“hippo” is the Greek word for “horse” ) has evolved into a highly valued form of physical, occupational and speech therapy for children with cerebral palsy. In numerous cases it has resulted in dramatic improvements to both motor skills and emotional well-being.

Hippotherapy programs have been developed for children of all degrees of motion and ability. While some facilities have been created specifically for hippotherapy, most programs take place on full range horse farms led by a team of therapists, including a physical therapist, a horse handler and sometimes a speech/language therapist. Physical therapists can receive board certification from the American Hippotherapy Association. They are there to guide and monitor the child for issues of balance and control. The horse handler is there to ensure safety and provide basic riding instruction to both child and parent.

The driving principle behind hippotherapy is that the horse is influencing the client, rather than the client endeavoring to control the horse. (There are no age limits to hippotherapy, but for purpose of this article we are talking specifically about children with CP.) The child is positioned on the horse by a physical therapist and horse handler. By responding to the horse’s natural (yet carefully monitored) movements, the child involuntarily activates neglected muscle groups to sit up straighter, maintain better balance and motor plan new movements. That’s the mechanics of it. But as most anyone involved with hippotherapy will assure you, there’s also the less tangible, but equally therapeutic bond that develops between child and horse.

In the process of riding, the child will naturally match the rhythms established by the horse’s movement. The horse’s pelvic movements actually mirror that of the human pelvis. The walking horse literally moves the body of the child in a more natural walking pattern than they are probably used to. Consistent riding often leads to improved muscle tone, motor function and overall sense of balance.

With the help of a speech therapist, the simple verbal commands given by the horse handler to control the horse are progressively given over to the child. Many speech therapists rate this particular discipline as one of the most successful they’ve encountered. The process and results of this process can be very empowering for the child, improving their overall level of self-esteem and sense of well-being.

Hippotherapy is not appropriate treatment for every single child with cerebral palsy, but it might be something to consider and discuss with your child’s physical therapist and pediatrician. Unfortunately at this time, very few health insurance plans cover this type of therapy.

As with all physical endeavors, there are some risks when working with large animals. To ensure safety, your child must be able to digest and follow simple rules of instructions from the horse handler. Make sure that you’re working with the right people and see that your child is properly outfitted, including a well-fitting helmet and body padding.

Hippotherapy is a fascinating process, one that has yielded tremendous results. Is it right for you and your child? The potential benefits make it at least worth an investigation.

The Benefits and Cautions of Having a Dachshund

When you see a dachshund you can’t help but smile. Maybe even giggle a little. They are so cute with their short legs and long, hot dog shaped body. Their soulful eyes will draw you in and you will be captivated by their willful spirit and quirky personality.

They originated from Europe with the German version becoming the favorite. Dachshunds are among the top ten most popular breeds ranking at number seven in 2007. Dachshund means badger dog because they were bred to hunt badgers. Two other names they are referred to as are Teckel and Dackel.

If you want a dog who will be your best friend forever, the dachshund will fulfill that need. They are loyal and very devoted to their family. The breed is not crazy about being left alone though, and may cry or howl when you leave. They also are strong-willed. While being wonderful companions, they also prove to be excellent watchdogs.

Dachshunds can be quite boisterous with their barking. People who become easily agitated may not do well with this breed. They will bark with anyone unfamiliar and can cause a ruckus every time the doorbell rings. Many also enjoy chasing animals such as bunnies, squirrels and birds. They are also known for digging.

The breed has three different varieties of coats, long, wire-haired and smooth. The smooth is the obvious choice for the easiest maintenance, but the other two are fairly easy to take care of as well. As with most breed of dogs their ears should be kept clean to avoid mites, fungus and bacteria.

One cautionary thing to consider is they are susceptible to intervertebral disk disease, otherwise known as IVDD. Their long spines and short rib cage make them prone to spinal injuries. This can result in paralysis, partial or full. Many can recover from a ruptured disk, but can be prone to several occurrences. There is no cure and much data supports the reason as a genetic issue. It is advised to keep their weight down, exercise daily and avoid jumping on and off furniture. With all that said, should your dachshund be diagnosed with IVDD it is important to know they can still lead a life of quality. Advances in medications, physical therapy and the use of dog carts have helped many dachshunds live full lives.

The nice thing about small breeds is they are easily transportable. Many can run errands with you, as well as travel. They enjoy being with you, so anywhere you go, they are happy to tag along.

Dachshunds can do well with other pets, but can also be quite jealous. If they have come into the home as a pup with other animals present it may be easier than bringing in an animal once a dachshund has already lived in your home for some time. They tend to like getting most, if not all, the attention of their family.

Now it is up to you to decide if this popular breed will fit into your family and lifestyle. It is perfectly fine to take your time in making this decision, as well as do other research. The best thing you can do for you, your family and a new dog is to make sure it is the best fit for all involved.

Feel Young Again – Human Growth Hormone Can Help You!

By the time you reach 60, your natural production of Human Growth Hormone is most likely to be half of what it was when you were 20. This means that you will have less energy, more body fat, healthier lower and have a weaker immune system . Recent studies have shown the direct impact Human Growth Hormone has on multiple body functions.

How can Human Growth Hormone or HGH help you?

By supplying your body with increased release of Human Growth Hormone. This is how it works … HGH is produced by your anterior pituitary gland and plays a role in your immune system function, tissue repair, cell replacement, and bone strength.

HGH was produced by your pituitary gland in large amounts when you were young, but secret fell off sharply as you aged. HGH promotes tissue repair, cell regeneration in your bones, muscles and vital organs, and supports your immune system in combating infections and diseases.

HGH achieves this by improving the movement of amino acids (the building blocks of cells and muscles) across your cell membranes. As your body's cells die off, HGH ensures that replacement cells are healthy and readily available. As you age, your HGH levels declination causing your cell replacement levels to reduce.

Although HGH levels decrease as you get older, you can supplement HGH naturally into your diet. So where exactly can you get HGH: Exercise – Exercising regularly will slowly begin to increase natural production of HGH. Eat Certain Foods- Certain amino acids, arginine, lysine, and ornithine can promote your body's natural release of growth hormone.

You can also get it as an natural HGH supplement through pills or spray, that supports your body's ability to self-repair and delay the aging process, and as an injectable.

With injectable HGH there is much skepticism about absorption, the best time to inject and the amount to inject. Injectable HGH is active approximately 30 minutes in your system before it is dissipated or lost. Because HGH dosages are not exact science, clinical trials have not yet determined the quantity (IU's) needed, injection times, and durations for optimum results.

Which simply put means there is a lot of wasted HGH happening together the side effects that come with incorrect dosages. There is also the chance that while injecting HGH that your pituitary gland could be permanently shut down. This is why supplementing HGH pills or spray in a way that mimics your body's own cycle of secretion is far more efficient because you take small dosages giving you 100% absorption.

There is an HGH Supplement with all the benefits of HGH without any side effects. As seen on TV. A new and powerful HGH release supplement, and it is all natural. You get all the benefits of an HGH release product without any possible side effects.

With the cost of injectable HGH at about $ 800.00 to $ 1200.00 per month and pills or spray at $ 59.00 per month it takes the guesswork out of the equation as far as price is concerned.

There is a FAQ web page at the website link below if you need more information. Questions answered such as how do these natural supplements work? Is HGH therapy safe? What's unique about it? How long does it take for it to work for me? How can it improve my body month-by-month? What age is appropriate to start taking HGH? And more.

If you are unable to find answers to your inquiries after reviewing the faqs they will provide you with further human growth hormone information when you contact them directly.

This HGH release supplement can help you fight the effects of aging. It provides natural supplements that can slow or reverse the biological and physical effects of aging. These natural supplements can help you release more HGH in your body, which should make you lower your biological age in comparison to your chronological age.

HGH offers you all the following potential benefits. Reverse the effects of aging, increase your energy, reduce fat, increase sexual potency, gain lean muscle, sharpen memory, improve sleep quality, wrinkle reduction and much more.

Tonsil Stones Smoking

Tonsil stones are normal and common throb problem faced by many these days. Some may even not know that they are having the problem as they might not feel any sort of discomfort or exhibit symptoms. But for others it can be very annoying as it can cause bad breath and various other ill effects in them. Here many wish to prevent themselves from getting diseases.

Various methods can be followed in order to prevent the incidence of diseases. One good method to prevent the incidence of disease is to avoid certain food groups for ward off diseases and tonsillitis. These foods not only prevent the formation of diseases but can also help in keeping the mouth clean and with fresh breath. A balanced diet too can help in preventing the formation of diseases. Even though there is no direct link between smoking and diseases, smoking habit can lead to various ill effects and can worsen the problem of diseases that they need to be avoided altogether for overall health betterment.

Sufferers can read various medical books or journals to know exactly about their health condition as being or staying informed can help in overcoming various serious problems including diseases. The family doctor can be a good information source when need to know about throat and mouth related problems and diseases.

Most of the diseases once formed in persons can be easily easily at homes itself using various ways. Some diseases can be removed by just scrubbing those using toothbrushes. Another effective way of removing them is with the help of cotton swabs or fingers. All one need to do is to push the tonsil from the bottom upwards. The pressure applied on the diseases using the cotton swabs can make them burst or squeeze out. Most people may not be able to tolerate the bad smell similar to rotten egg smell caused due to the bursting of diseases that should be removed carefully intact.

Some even drink carbonated drinks or beverages as part of home remedies to pop out diseases from the throat. Carbonated drinks can include tonic water, seltzer water and club soda. Gargling with the help of salt water too can alleviate tonsil stone pain. Pulsating irrigation not only removes diseases form the tonsil crypts but also removes any other debris in them. The aggressive way of removing diseases is through surgery. Many sufferers find smoking a bit soothing when they are having diseases but it can only be a temporary relief and might not help in any way to remove or offer permanent solution.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones

Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price. The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time. Here, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It's absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets. Follow a step-by-step program that will show you exactly how to get rid of your tonsil stones naturally and ensure they never come back! You can learn more about the program that promises a natural cure for tonsil stones from []

Diabetes, Carb Counting

Diabetes is a condition when the blood glucose levels in the body become very high. You can get into serious health problems if the glucose levels remain high for a prolonged time. Diabetes can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves and also cause heart disease. Basic building blocks in the food we consume are made up of protein, carbohydrates and fat. There are many forms of carbohydrates like sugars and starch. We get glucose from the carbohydrates present in the food we eat. Carb counting becomes critical for individuals who suffer from high levels of sugar in their body or diabetes.

There are some electronic gadgets which can help in carb counting and are also useful for managing diabetes. Track3 is one such diabetes carb counter as well as a diabetes planner, which aids in leading a healthy lifestyle for people who suffer from diabetes. There have been researchers which recommend carb counting, combined with exercise to diabetes patients. In fact a low carb diet encourages weight loss and also decrees the chances of cardiovascular risk factors linked with diabetes.

It is very easy to carry Track3 as it will fit into your purse or pocket very easily. It is possible to enter dietary information and log exercise routines at any time anywhere on this machine. It also has nutritional details of more than 50,000 different kinds of food. You will not have to worry about what to eat because of not having the correct information. Carb counting gets very simple with this gadget and you can also get other nutrient information for the exact serving which you plan to eat. You do not have to rely on your memory or keep small notes to know the nutritional content of the dish. It offers you options to enter your blood glucose readings, insulin, medication, exercise, as well as details of the meal immediately. It has the capacity to store almost one year data. Management of diabetes and carb counting go hand in hand and keeping track of your food you will be able to lead a healthy life.

It is also possible to customize Track3 by including over 1,000 new food products, diets and personal exercise details. Keep a list of your favorite food and you can also connect it to your PC and download all the information and share it youre dietitians, doctors or educators. They will be able to help you manage your diabetes better with all the detailed information. It aids in diabetes management program for Type 1, Type 2 as well as gestational diabetes.

Staying healthy has a lot to do with good eating habits and discipline. They are extremely essential for staying healthy in a long term and are especially useful for people who suffer from diabetes. Carb counting is all about maintaining balance in your diet. You may not realize but around ninety percent of the carbs which come from sugar and starches convert into glucose which goes into the cells through the blood. Carb counting is one of the best ways to manage diabetes and lead a normal and healthy life.

Obesity Vaccine – The Ultimate Cure For Obesity?

Overweight and obesity affects a large fraction of America's population today. The disturbing increasing increase of people who suffer from obesity prompted scientists and medical experts to form some remedy to help people who are suffering from serious health problems. A latest medical breakthrough certainly confirmed the attention and interest of a lot of Americans and people from any nations as well. Top US researchers came up with an obesity vaccine that could actually prevent excess weight gain. This vaccine may sound too preposterous and too good to be true, but it is providing to be effective in experiments conducted to a laboratory mice. This makes us all hope that the said obesity vaccine will also perform effectively to humans.

Scientists have effectively identified a few hormones that are directly involved in a person's appetite. The obesity vaccine would target the hormone known as ghrelin, which would cause the immune system to attack and break down the said hormone. Basically, ghrelin is our body's defense against starvation and decreases the energy expenditure and burning of fatty tissues. So by tricking the immune system into attacking ghrelin, a person could effectively lose weight. The hormone ghrelin was discovered way back in 1999. This hormone is primarily responsible in gaining or losing weight and regulating appetite and body metabolism. . Ever since its discovery, medical expects have attempted to manipulate it to suit according to the human body's needs.

The research team at Scripps Research Institute has found a way to trick the immune system into identifying the immune system as a foreign body. The human body's immune system responded by attacking ghrelin as it would do to any bacteria introduced to the body. Here, this claimed to the discovery of the obesity vaccine.

This is considered a very exciting therapeutic breakthrough since the obesity vaccine slows down the rate of weight gain while tolerating the person to eat normally. Likewise, the vaccine can potentially prevent or reduce the possibility of yo-yo dieting – the repetitive phase of weight loss and gain. When a person is on a certain diet, the body tend to produce ghrelin to gradually slow down the metabolism and stimulate eating. These changes cause the body to retain and regain fat. This result to the frustrating cycle people often go through once they stop dieting.

However, in battling obesity people should not solely rely on this vaccine as the ultimate answer to weight reduction. Discipline, properly monitored food intake and regular exercise are the most reliable means of address both weight and health issues.