Lymphoma Types

There are two categories of lymphoma: Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL).

They are both blood cancers which involve lymphocytes, a class of immune cells within the immune system.

However, there are many different types of lymphocytes, and the specific type of lymphocyte cells involved determine which lymphoma it is.

While the lymphoma types can appear confusing, they are based on the following factors:

  • The way the cells look when studied under a microscope. Also called the “histology”.
  • Are there any genetic mutations and if so, what kind?
  • Where are they in the body and are they confined to one location or spread throughout?
  • What kind of cells produced them?
  • Which kinds of proteins do the lymphoma cells carry on the surface?

Since several types of lymphomas share various features, it can be difficult to classify them in an easy to comprehend system.

Furthermore, a lymphoma that begins as one particular kind of lymphoma can become another type over time!

Some of the NHL (non-hodgkins Lymphoma) classifications include:

  • intestinal T-cell lymphoma

primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma peripheral T- cell lymphoma lymphoblastic lymphoma lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma true histiocytic lymphoma primary central nervous system lymphoma primary effusion lymphoma monocytoid B-cell lymphoma mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma anaplastic large-cell lymphoma adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia mantle cell lymphoma angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma angiocentric lymphoma post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder

Other types of NHLs (Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas) stand alone as unique based on the demographic they typically impact or the way they manifest.

Some of the are:

  • Lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) – This type of lymphoma is often found in children and constitutes about 1/3 of all child lymphomas. This form of lymphoma is rather aggressive and grows rapidly. Until recently, LBL proved deadly for most patients. But advances in chemotherapy have improved survival rates.
  • Burkitt’s lymphoma – This lymphoma is associated with Epstein-Barr syndrome, which may in fact cause it. This is a prevalent lymphoma on the African continent. While this form of lymphoma does occur worldwide, it doesn’t appear to involve the Epstein-Barr virus save in Africa. Burkitt’s typically manifests as a tumor in the jaw bone or abdomen.

Diffuse histiocytic lymphoma (DHL) – Known additionally as a reticulosarcoma, this class of lymphoma is composed of a substance resembling connective tissue. DHL usually takes its time and is very stubborn in its response to treatment. It also tends to recur after treatment.

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTLC) – Also termed mycosis fungoides aka Sezary syndrome, this class of lymphomas attacks the epidermis. CTLC causes the white blood cells of the skin to turn into cancer cells and form tumors. Like DHL, CTLC grows in a slow fashion. Initially, CTLC may manifest itself in dry skin, rashing and pruritis (itchy skin). Over time, the skin develops tumors. As the cancer progresses, its possible that it can proliferate to other organs and the blood. On top of treatments indicated for most lymphomas, CTLC may utilize two additional treatments. Phototherapy is the first. Phototherapy involves sensitizing the cancer cells to light via special drugs and then exposing them to light of certain wavelengths to induce apoptosis (cell death) in the lymphoma. Treatment number 2 is called total skin electron-beam radiation therapy or TSEB. This treatment calls for exposing the surface of the skin to radiation. CTLC is best caught early, as treatment in later stages is less effective. Treatment does prolong life and help alleviate symptoms. Lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma (LPL) with Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia – LPL happens when so called plasma cells – a type of white blood cell – begin to duplicate out of control. This is a slowly-progressing, so called “indolent” lymphoma. LPL cells also release copious amounts of a type of antibody named IgM into the bloodstream. This causes a condition called Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia. Besides the peril presented by the lymphoma, itself, this is a problem because it causes the blood to thicken. Many problems arise from this including loss of energy, headache, weight drop, impaired vision, mental haziness, dizziness, discoordinated movement and profuse bleeding. If left untreated, the heart can fail due to overburdening by the thickened blood.

Lymphoma types are many and the symptoms of lymphoma in women will generally be the same as those in men across the different types with some natural variation.

Online Drug Stores – Advantages of Online Pharmacies

Most of the people around the world are making buying goods online as a common practice with the advent technology of the internet. There are so many advantages with this online pharmacy store, especially for those who are unable to depart from home, sick and aged people. You can purchase these online medicines from your comfortable home and the internet will allow you buy medicine and save you much needed time. And also for those people, who are sick with memory impediments are able to purchase a long term order. So they need not to worry about over look their regular health care needs.

And also there is another advantage with these online drug stores is you can purchase drugs for their ill family members or loved ones. If anyone is unable to use the laptop, you purchase from online pharmacies from your comfortable home instead of bringing medicines for that person. And also another advantage is you can obtain the price details of some branded name and generic drugs. Obviously, these generic drugs and prescribed drugs are available only after submitting the prescription from the reputed medical practitioner. However, in these online stores, if you are sending the prescription through the internet, then they are able to send drugs to your home. And also another advantage is depending upon your medical needs; you are able to modify your budget. And the price list of the medicines including delivery charges are displayed on the web site of the online pharmacy.

In these technology days, the online pharmacy business is growing rapid since from the past three years and soon the business will reach up to two billion dollar industry. The main reason for so many online pharmacies is providing some essential medicine at discounted price to their valuable clients. In these financial crisis days, so many people are interested to purchase these discounted medicines to save at least a bit of the amount. And also you can save income in other manners that you can purchase these medicines from the internet that means you saved amount on traveling charges from your home to drug stores. And also another thing is that these online drug stores are played a significant role when the natural disaster is happened across the country. Finally, there are some well established and experienced online pharmacies stores are providing their excellent customer services to their valuable clients. For more information and details, please visit their web site.

A Review of the Top 3 Male Performance Vitamins and Supplements

Do you wish you could last longer in bed and enhance your overall sexual health? Do you worry that you’re not doing a good enough job to please your partner? If so, you’re not alone with these concerns. Many men are now seeking to increase their libidos, and one of the most popular methods is taking male performance vitamins.

According to studies, some of these vitamins really can improve performance in the bedroom. They are safer than prescription pills since they mostly contain herbal ingredients. Herbs have been used for centuries in different cultures to enhance sexual health in men. They are also easier to obtain than prescription drugs and penis pumps. With these vitamins, you won’t have to worry about harmful side effects.

Some of the most well known male performance vitamins include:

1. Mega Men 50 Plus Vitapak

This vitamin is formulated to help men over fifty. It combines herbal ingredients to support men’s overall health and nutritional needs. When your body receives all of the nutrients it needs, all of your organs function as they should. The ingredient L-arginine in particular supports sexual health. It destroys free radicals to help fight the aging process.

Another ingredient in this formula, saw palmetto, improves prostate function and increases the hormones associated with the sex drive. When the hormone levels are raised, your sexual arousal will be stimulated. The other ingredients include fish oil and memorall, will help provide you with better endurance.

2. Mega Men Performance & Vitality Program

This formula includes special ingredients and nutrients designed to support a man’s prostate health and sexual health. Mega Men is a premium formula that contains key nutrients that are often missing in a daily diet. The ingredients contain fish body oils, Vitamins B12, B6, folic acid, oat beta beta-glucan, and various herbs.

The ingredient L-arginine is also in this formula. It supports sexual health because it helps maintain blood vessels. Since more blood flows to your reproductive organs, you’ll be able to perform better and last longer in bed. Additional ingredients found in Mega Men include horny goat weed, damiana, avena sativa, and maca.

3. Biotropics Tenaga For Men

Malaysian men have been using Tenaga for a long time. This formula has undergone research at MIT Research Center, where it was discovered to contain ingredients key to testosterone levels. Tenaga contains an herbal blend of tongkat ali extract, eurycoma longifolia root extract, polygonum minus leaf extract, and cosmos caudatus leaf extract.

Tongkat Ali extract is an herb that has been used for many centuries to provide sexual virility to men. This root contains a variety of beneficial compounds, including potent antioxidants that reduce cellular aging. Experts identify glycoproteins as the sex-promoting ingredients in this plant..Glycoproteins boost the sex drive in men and improve overall endurance.

Although male performance vitamins and supplements are safe, you should still inform your doctor that you plan on taking them.

Pedunculated Fibroid? – How to Get Rid of Pedunculated Fibroids

A pedunculated fibroid is a fibroid that is attached to the uterus by a stalk, called a peduncle. Pedunculated fibroids growing outside the uterus are called subserous pedunculated fibroids, and those that grow inside the uterus are called pedunculated submucosal fibroids.

They can grow very big, and one of the largest ones I found was reported in the East African Medical Journal last year. A 37 year old woman had an abdominal swelling that kept growing larger. Her surgeons found a pedunculated fibroid almost 16 centimetres long, that weighed almost one and a half kilograms.

The woman with the fibroid experienced no symptoms, except for the swelling, but other women are not so fortunate with their pedunculated fibroids.

A pedunculated submucosal fibroid can protrude into the vaginal canal, causing pain during intercourse. The American University of Beirut Medical Center reported two women with prolapsed pedunculated sucmucosal fibroids, and in one patient 12 centimetres of that fibroid had prolapsed into the vaginal canal and the rest of it was still in the uterus.

They can cause severe and sharp pains when the stalk is twisted, and although this does not happen to all women, the risk of this happening increases as the fibroid attached to the stalk grows.

Other types of pain associated with these fibroids include uterine cramps, and a feeling of pressure on the uterus and other organs.

Another symptom of pedunculated submucosal fibroids is bleeding in between periods. This bleeding can be light spotting, or a constant bleeding similar to having a light period all the time. Women with continual bleeding find that the bleeding becomes heavier when their time of the month arrives.

Pedunculated fibroids can require immediate surgery if they become twisted. This is because the pain can be so unbearable that the woman experiencing the pain will agree to anything in order to stop it.

Another consequence of the twisted peduncle is a blockage, or kink in the veins that supply the fibroid with blood and nutrients. When the supply is blocked, the fibroid will start to die, which in itself is extremely painful, and can increase the risk of infection.

Uterine Artery Embolization is recommended when the stalk is 2 centimetres or wider. The purpose of this procedure is to block the supply of blood to the fibroids, so that they stop growing and start to shrink and die. But the University of Toronto reported that pedunculated subserousal fibroids were more likely to fail with Uterine Artery Embolization than any other type of fibroid. In Bretonneau hospital in France, doctors are recommending that women who have Uterine Artery Embolization should repeat the procedure after 2 years, as they found that 10% of women experience a regrowth of the fibroids after 2 years. They also found that Uterine Artery Embolization did not stop fibroids from growing back.

Myomectomy is another common procedure for pedunculated fibroids. This is when the surgeon cuts away the fibroid, but repairs the uterus. This surgery isn’t 100% successful, and the University of South Dakota reported a case where a blood vessel in a large pedunculted fibroid had ruptured after the patient had just given birth. They attempted a myomectomy but it was not successful, so they had to perform an emergency hysterectomy.

It is quite common for women to have to sign papers before their surgeries agreeing to a hysterectomy if anything went wrong, so on some occasions women wake up without a uterus.

Frequency Enhanced Medicine – An Exciting New Frontier In Cancer Healing Supplements

How Energetic Frequencies Within The Body Determine The State Of Our Health

The human body, when viewed from the quantum science perspective, is an extremely complex network made up of cells, organs & many smaller systems within. We are ultimately energy, each & every cell with it’s own little ‘system’ & atom vibrating at a certain frequency, which in turn effects the next cell & the overall picture, being the health of our entire body. In actual fact Quantum Theory recognises the interconnectedness of everything in the entire Universe. Due to the vastness & complexity of this subject I will aim to keep this a much simplified explanation of how energetic frequencies may be manipulated in order to promote health & fight cancer.

An increasing number of scientists today are recognising the fact that disease is caused by some form of stress, some scientists believe that 95% of all disease is in fact stress related. Other enlightened individuals who are experienced in working with energy, as well as many practitioners in various alternative fields of medicine, state that all illness & disease is the direct result of underlying emotional issues or trauma which may have been experienced in childhood. In other words, what we are looking at is some form of negative emotion which has a recurring & spiralling effect within the body. One may easily dismiss this theory if they can not immediately recall any significant, traumatic event from their lifetime, yet the interesting thing here is that this memory may not be present in the conscious or even subconscious mind. Rather the focus here is on cellular memory & more specifically the destructive patterns which may be set into motion at cellular level as a result of some kind of traumatic or stressful experience.

Going back to the consideration that our entire form, as indeed all matter, is ultimately comprised of energy & that our every thought is in fact energy, it makes sense that when we experience such an intense force of negative energy, whether in the form of trauma, despair, or a prolonged period of intense stress, that this energy may resonate within the cells of our body for a long time following. Remember, every vibration, every thought has some kind of effect on the system as a whole & so people who do not carefully monitor the thoughts they have may be unknowingly crystallising negative vibratory patterns within the cells of their body in response to these thoughts & their repetitiveness, which can in itself cause enough harm for illness to take hold, on top of any possible trauma from earlier years this would be a likely example of how cancer may become present.

Now, if every cell in our body is affected in some way by our every thought then this makes it possible to influence our health in a positive way by breaking negative thought patterns & actually conditioning our mind into positive patterns of thinking. This process, although very achievable, takes much discipline & dedication & in the instance where someone has been recently diagnosed with cancer it is most likely to prove too challenging for them to even begin to think about. There is now, however, a range of products available, developed by a team of expert Quantum Physicists which are pre-programmed with the energetic, vibrational frequencies necessary for overcoming cancer by possibly the most effective method discovered to date.

How Frequency Enhanced Medicine Works To Fight Cancer

All bodily functioning is ultimately down to energetic frequencies which power all chemical sequences within the body. By programming the required frequencies into a medicine/ supplement which can be ingested, the body is ‘told’ what to do to beat cancer & automatically responds, just as it does to our thoughts etc. as mentioned above, yet the effects are fast & profound. We are basically manipulating the energetic frequencies in the body in order to promote health & healing, as well as cancer fighting capability at cellular level & beyond.

The products mentioned below contain vibrational frequencies stored within h20 molecules in water & are formulated by a process of cold quantum cavitation. Specific frequencies can actually be programmed in to the h20 molecules, instructing the cells of the body to act or behave in certain ways which will interfere with negative vibratory patterns present in times of ill health & promote healing & various methods to combating cancer cells effectively. Each product is unique in terms of the message it delivers to the body, however all have proven to significantly increase the chances we have of successfully eliminating cancer & seeing our health renewed.

Recommended Supplements For Healing Cancer

The following supplements are like nothing else on the market & I have direct experience in the usage of a variety of products from their supplier, they have never failed to amaze in their effectiveness. Produced by a patent pending process, they are unique & do the job!

I have listed them below in order of their energetic testing score, highest first. Quzu & Creation Elixir, however are not as potent as a stand-alone product, but are listed under Vortexia as this is the most effective combination of products when taken together.

The numbers in brackets indicate how many bottles should equal one month’s supply, depending on the stage of cancer being treated, in the following order: (early stage / advanced / very advanced)

  • Vortexia (3 / 4 / 4)

Further enhanced with essential oils, this is currently the top stand-alone cancer-fighting & immune system strengthening product. Formulated by a unique method, Vortexia works directly on cells’ energy production & communication within each cell, promoting health within every cell of the body & thereby their increased ability to repair & heal themselves from all disease. Cellular chemistry is significantly improved on a number of levels including molecular, atomic, quantum & vibrational strings level. The vortexing energies also assist greatly in cellular energy production, this enhances the health of already non-cancerous cells while proving fatal for cancerous ones. Cancerous cells are low emitters of energy & this increase in energy production proves to be too much for them to handle & they begin to malfunction & then die a natural death. This natural death means that swelling is not an issue & this product is safe to use on all types of cancer, even end-stage. The increase in health & functioning of healthy cells makes this a top cancer prevention product also.

Quzu (3/ 4 / 4) is an ideal product to use along side Vortexia, as they work synergistically together & when Creation Elixir is added on, the energetic power of Vortexia alone is more than doubled. Quzu is a single replacement for the Custom Elixirs previously recommended in this article & encororates all 3 of these Elixirs into one product (see below):

  • Custom Elixir EE – Delivers an energetic message to your brain instructing the mass production of endorphins, on a continuous basis. Endorphins are inextricably linked with the immune system & such an increase in their production greatly enhances the ability of the immune system to fight back against the cancer cells. It is highly recommended to take this product alongside Custom Elixir VPM, as when used together the effectiveness of each is drastically increased.
  • Custom Elixir VPM – Massively increases ‘life force energy’ within the body by carrying a vibrational frequency into the body which directs the speeding up of the vibrations of cellular energy to a far increased rate, which is needed to be able to improve health when a disease such as cancer is present. This product will result in cellular vibrations being almost 4 times what is needed for health, as this method will cause dramatic improvement in health over disease.
  • Custom Elixir GL – Carries an energetic frequency which tells the body to increase cellular glutathione levels. Glutathione is the master antioxidant & is the body’s primary nutrient used in neutralising toxins. Custom Elixir GL actually directs the body to significantly increase cellular glutathione levels, a major breakthrough as getting glutathione into cells is almost impossible by any other method. Take along side Custom Elixir EE & Custom Elixir VPM for fastest results & all round effectiveness against cancer.

The addition of Creation Elixir (3 / 4 / 4) to the above two products forms a top combo. in cancer-fighting, immune system strengthening & cellular regeneration. Creation Elixir interrupts the reciprocating pattern of disease & it’s energies bring about cellular regeneration. Also, the anti-inflammatory effect means that it is safe to use on cancers where swelling must be avoided.

  • PrugX (3 / 4 / 6)

This product works in a similar way to BLA, only the difference is that it is hydrogen peroxide which builds up inside the cancer cells & then kills them. Cancer cells are specifically targeted as they give out an amount of hydrogen peroxide, the energies in PrugX focus in on this & instruct these cells not to release it. Thereby the cell is overloaded with a fatal amount of hydrogen peroxide which destroys it.

  • BLA (3 / 4 / 6)

A top product providing an innovative, yet very effective method to tackling cancer cells which results in them dying a natural death. Contains Earth & Hexagonal Energies instilled in water. Acidic pH levels are ideal for the survival & spreading of cancer cells & cancer cells produce energy through fermentation & the break down of sugar which results in high levels of lactic acid being released into the body, affecting the cells around them. The frequencies instilled in BLA instruct cells which are pumping out high levels of lactic acid to stop this process, meaning that the lactic acid is now contained within the cell which ultimately kills the cell off due to an overload of the lactic acid.

  • MC² (2 / 2 / 3)

Severe cellular dehydration is a common symptom in cancer sufferers. The micro-structured, geometry guided energies of MC² aim to micro cluster water in the body, hydrating cells & enabling nutrients to be better transported into cells, as well as toxins out. Hence MC stands for Micro Clustered. In addition to this it is the low hertz reading of MC² which gives it further cancer killing ability. Testing showed it to have a hertz reading of just 46, low enough to distrupt all cancer cells & pathogens causing them to die a natural death.

PrugX, BLA & MC² form the next best combo. as these also work coactively together, found in the combo’s section on the manufacturers website for a discount in purchasing all three.

Cow Birthing – Preparing for Labor and Birth

Cow birthing–or “calving,” as it is primarily known as–can be an anxious and highly anticipated time for any farm or ranch, large or small, especially one where calving season is defined, or if you have a small herd of only one to five cows in your care. One thing that should be stressed when dealing with calving out cows is to be patient. Waiting for a cow or heifer to calve is just like watching for a pot of water to boil.

A cow or heifer’s gestation period–another word for length of pregnancy–is around 285 days long. During that time, from the point where the sperm from the bull penetrates and fuses with the ovum or egg of the cow, initiating cell division into a blastocyst then to an embryo which grows into a calf fetus, the living being inside the uterus of the cow is constantly growing and developing until it reaches a point where it cannot grow anymore because the uterus of the cow can only stretch so far. It is at that point where the labour of the cow begins. Little to many know that it is actually the offspring inside the mother’s womb that is responsible for the initiation of the onset of labour, not the mother herself. Stress signals from the calf travel through the umbilical cord to the placenta all the way to the cow’s brain and ovaries where different chemicals and hormones are released to ready for the birth of the calf, from the release of the cervical plug, to the initial uterine contractions to get the calf into the normal position for birthing. The first stages of calving occur in a cow hours before the actual event of calving takes place. This is where you need to keep an eye out for signs that calving is imminent.

What are the signs to look for in a cow or heifer about to calve?

Her udder may initially start filling out with colostrum–the first milk for a calf–but the teats themselves may not become engorged until birth is quite imminent. Her vulva will also be engorging with blood making it look a bit swollen, her sides will be sinking in in front of her thurls (this is the smooth part of the pelvis) and there may be some mucous coming out from her vulva. She’ll get fidgety and start looking for a place to calve. When her udder is full, she’s about 3-7 days from calving. However some cows or heifers won’t show any freshening until the day they are about to calve; still others may have a full bag for weeks before they drop a calf. When her sides sink in, she’s around 1-3 days from calving. When there is discharge from her vulva being the clear, non-sticky, stringy stuff, she’s usually less than a day away from calving. However if the discharge is more sticky and thick, this is just the mucus plug being removed, which occurs about a week or so before calving. When you see that water bag, which is a yellowish sac hanging down from her vulva, it’s pretty obvious she’s in labor and it’s just a matter of minutes before the feet and head of the calf begin to show.

The annoying thing about heifers is that you just never know when she’s going to “pop.” She could be showing all the signs that she’s any day from dropping a calf and not do anything for two or three solid weeks! Or it would be the exact opposite: she’ll show absolutely no signs but all of a sudden there’s a calf on the ground that she’s making it obvious it is hers. A lot of cows may be the same way, so it’s always best to be prepared for the unexpected.

How does a cow give birth anyway?

As mentioned above, the initial signs are her pacing around and being quite fidgety. A lot of cows will get themselves away from the herd and look for a private place to give birth in peace. She’ll be acting quite uncomfortable, laying down then getting up, then laying down again after a few minutes before getting up again. Suddenly she’ll just up and stop what she’s doing and look like she’s straining to urinate or defecate, but it’s most likely she’s feeling the uterine contractions coming on more stronger than ever. You will see a thick mucus discharge from her vulva, soon followed by the water sac. The uterine muscular contractions are responsible for the birthing process, as well as gravity itself. Muscular contractions come and go once every 5 to 10 seconds, especially when she’s in her second stage of labour–which involves pushing out the calf.

Soon after the water sac appears you should be able to see feet sticking out. The feet will have yellowish tips to them, which is totally normal for a birthing calf. They should have the bottoms pointing downwards, indicating that the calf is coming front first–which is the correct way for a calf to be born. You should also see that both feet are coming out; if there’s just one you might want to consider assisting the cow as soon as possible. Soon after the fore feet and the first part of the legs show, the nose, muzzle and head soon follow, followed by the shoulders. After the shoulders the rest pop out easily. However trouble can still arise at this point if the calf’s hips get locked in the cow’s pelvis. If the hips don’t get locked, before you know it you’ll have a new baby calf on the ground. Congratulations!!

What do I need to do to prepare for calving?

Now that you have some idea of how a cow gives birth, it’s time for you to know what should–and shouldn’t–be done in preparation before, during and after a cow calves.

It really all depends on what breed your cows are and what time of year they are calving. If you have cows calving during the winter months where snow and cold are a regular item, you will need to have some form of shelter in the form of a calving barn and a shed or two–more if you’ve got over 10 head of cows to calve out–to provide a place for the newborn calves to go to to keep warm. A thick bed of straw will also help immensely here as well. With that you will need to purchase enough straw bales to last you the calving season, if not the whole winter period. A calving barn is ideal because it not only takes the cows and to-be-born or just-born calves out of the cold, but you as well, especially if you have to assist a birthing cow.

If you are not calving in the middle of winter, but in more warmer months, you won’t need the straw, but you will need some shelter, natural or otherwise, for cows to hide in to give birth in privacy and peace, and to get out of the hot sun. Ideally a clean pasture for them to calve on should be considered as well, and subsequent pastures to rotate and separate the pregnant cows from the new mothers their babies, or to place the new pairs in a fresh pasture.

Keep your large-animal veterinarian’s phone number on speed-dial if you run into any problems that you cannot fix yourself. Keep a calving kit available for emergencies. Your veterinarian can give you a list of supplies to buy for your calving kit, but they should include the following:

  • Calving chains with handles
  • Obstetrical shoulder-length gloves
  • Disposable latex gloves that fits your hands
  • A bottle of oxytocin
  • A calf-puller, winch is best (use with caution though)
  • Birthing/Artificial insemination lubricant
  • Syringes of varying volume
  • Needles ranging from 14 to 18 gauge and length from 1 to 2 inches long.
  • Halter and lead-rope
  • 20-ft length of rope, be it a lariat or softer nylon/cotton rope

You will find that either a head-gate, a medina gate or a calving facility may help immensely if you have a cow that is having trouble giving birth. Note that this list is only for those cases where a cow is definitely having problems calving, not to be used on every cow all the time.

What should I do if my cow is giving birth?

The simple answer to this question is nothing. Let the cow do her thing and only interfere if she hasn’t progressed in her labouring efforts after a couple of hours. This is very important and a crucial thing if you have beef cows that are naturally inclined to calve out on their own without any human assistance. Not so much for many dairy cows, however if you have put the proper bull on her you shouldn’t have any problems either.

When you jump in to assist should be when she is trying to get the calf out of her and is not making any progress. If you have no idea what to do, phone your veterinarian as soon as possible. Don’t be ashamed of getting your vet out of bed, because the life and health of your animal is more important than your or your vet’s sleep!! Then the life-or-death decision can be made on how to get the calf out as quickly and efficiently as possible in order to preferably save both mom and baby.

Problems that arise from calving range from the head turned back, a leg turned back to a breach (tail-first) birth. The calf may be much too big to fit through the birth canal as well. If that happens, a surgical method called Cesarean section is performed to get the calf out quickly and save the cow (or heifer) as well.

If everything comes along normally, then there’s nothing to worry about. A lot of the time it’s just best to not interfere and let the cow do what she was made to do, from the onset of labour to the time she’s raising the calf.

Prevent Dry Socket

Dry sockets are known as alveolar osteitis by dentists and it is quite common to have a drysocket after tooth extraction. Generally, a blood clot is expected to protect the underlying bones and nerves in the hole, created due to tooth extraction. But, if the blood clot is not formed or it is dislodged or dissolved due to fibrinolysis, then the socket becomes dry. The socket appears dry and you can see the exposed bone. There is no formation of pus in the socket. The blood clot formation is required for heeling the wound or the socket.

A dry socket leads to severe pain and the heeling process is delayed. Drysocket pain intensifies, 3-4 days after the extraction of the tooth. The pain can be unbearable and can not be shortened unless and until it is properly treated. Before knowing about how to prevent dry socket, let us first have a look at the drysocket symptoms, which can be very irritating.

Dry Socket Symptoms

* Severe pain is the main symptom of drysocket after tooth extraction.

* Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth, as gaping wound is an open invitation to microorganisms

* Difficulty in eating

* Loss of appetite

* Swollen lymph nodes in neck

* Swollen gum or adjacent teeth

* Jaw pain

* Fever

After reading the symptoms only, one can imagine how a dry socket must be leading to restless days and sleepless nights. So it is better to prevent drysocket formation.

Prevent Dry Socket

To prevent drysocket, we need to know what causes dry socket. There are conflicting results from the studies organized to identify the factors that appear to be associated with increasing incidences of experiencing dry sockets. But, if these factors are taken into consideration while planning for and proceeding with a tooth extraction, then the risk for drysocket can be minimized.

Follow Dentist’s Instructions: You should follow the dentist’s postoperative instructions sincerely to avoid dry socket. The dentist places a gauze packing and the patient has to bite it to place it firmly in the socket. The dentist advises the patients that they should not disturb the gauze packing that the dentist has placed over their extraction site for the next 30, and probably preferably, 60 minutes. This is the time when the blood clot is formed in the socket. After the formation of the blood clot also, at least for the first 24 hours, patient should avoid vigorous rinsing, refrain from actions like sucking on a straw or cigarette, avoid alcohol and tobacco use in general, minimize physical stress and exercise, and avoid hot liquids such as coffee or soup. The dentist may provide you with some more specific instructions, if required. You should sincerely follow all those instructions.

Traumatic Tooth Extractions: The chances of drysocket formation are more in cases of traumatic tooth extractions. It is believed that the traumatized bone in the area of the extraction site releases compounds or the tissue activators, that then diffuse into the blood clot that has formed in the tooth socket. These tissue activators are responsible for the disintegration of the blood clot. Therefore, the heeling process of the dry socket is delayed. During the process of disintegration of the blood clot, some compounds like kinins are released which stimulate the pain receptors, resulting in severe pain. So more care should be taken to prevent drysocket, in case of traumatic tooth extractions.

Dental Care: As you know, tooth decay is the main reason behind most of the tooth extractions. With proper dental care, you can avoid tooth decay and the related further complications. Thus you can prevent dry socket after tooth extraction. Even after tooth extraction, the cleaner you keep the extraction site, the quicker it will heal. 24 hours after your tooth extraction, you can gently rinse the socket with warm salt water (1/2 teaspoon of salt in a cup of water) after meals and before bed. This offers great toothache relief. Commercial mouth rinses are not recommended as they may irritate the extraction site.

Stitches: The dentist sometimes may place sutures (stitches) in the extraction site which are either re-absorbents which disintegrate and dissolve away on their own or non-re-absorbents which will be removed by him. You should not feel afraid of the stitches as the process of removing stitches is usually very easy and quite painless. If the question ‘do stitches prevent drysocket’ is haunting you, the answer is that the stitches are not placed to prevent dry socket. You should follow the instructions of the dentist religiously, regarding the stitches. Do not disturb the extraction site with your tongue or finger.

History of Dry Socket: If you have already experienced a dry socket with any of the past tooth extractions, then the chances of having a drysocket are more. Keeping this in mind, you should follow the instructions carefully. You should be diligent in your efforts not to disrupt the blood clot.

Wisdom Tooth Extractions: Wisdom tooth extraction is considered as traumatic tooth extraction, so there are more chances of formation of wisdom teeth dry socket. You should take proper care and follow the instructions of your dentist, to avoid drysocket.

Reducing Tattoo Pain – 6 Basic Yet Overlooked Steps You Have To Follow

Since art is a form of expression, it is not only limited to digital arts, paintings, music and many others but it can also be marked on the skin. Tattoo, the most common form of body art is not all glitz and self expression but it also entails pain. However, many enthusiasts and even tattoo artists admits that pain can be addictive that’s why they keep going back to the tattoo parlor.

When getting yourself a tattoo, you should prepare yourself for the pain it causes. Some would think that it is like an insect bite or a burning pain depending on the person’s pain threshold. But in areas where there is less flesh like the ankles, neck or wrist, the pain is more intense as compared to getting tattoo on the usual site.

Since getting it is quite painful, you have to ready yourself first before undergoing the procedure. Getting information and preparing you on what to expect avoids anxiety and nervousness which can cause more pain. Mind setting lessens the pain perceived.

Here’s how to reduce tattoo pain:

1. Avoid drinking alcohol prior the procedure

As a part of the preparation, never get yourself drunk when getting a tattoo. Although in movies and stories they mix getting drunk and inked, it is not a good idea because it can lead to more bleeding which can eventually cause more pain.

2. Have a ready water to drink during the process

Another way on how to reduce pain is to stay hydrated in the whole process. Artists suggest their customers to be hydrated at least 36 hours before the getting inked since dehydration can cause problems and worst, you can faint as it progresses.

3. Do the breathing exercise

Deep steady breathing is always a good practice to avoid pain. Breath in, breath out. Talk to the artist on how he can help you with this.

4. Pause for a break

When the pain becomes too much or you think you can’ handle it, you can always ask the Artist to have a break and pause for a while. This is also suggested since lying, sitting or doing any position can be tiring.

5. Divert your attention

Also, try to talk to your friend or watch a TV show or listen to good music or even talk to the artist to divert your attention and forget about the needle pinching into your skin.

6. Take pain reliever

Finally, when the procedure is done, it is suggested to get pain medication like NSAIDs or mefenamic acid from the drugstore. These are over-the-counter drugs so no prescription is required.

To effectively reduce tattoo pain, and avoid problems, do not lean on the side where you got a tattoo or even scratch them. It is not suggested to put balm or creams on the area because it can cause irritation that can lead to infection.

Think About Special Gifts for Your Cancer Birthday Girl

I have found that many ladies really appreciate a gift related their birth sign. When you are considering this type of gift, it is a great idea to have some understanding of what is believed about these different signs of the zodiac. You do not have to believe it yourself, but this knowledge can be gold dust when keeping your special lady happy.

Because ‘Cancer the Crab’ is a water sign, the cancer female can be contradictory. This can mean compassionate and caring with lovers on one hand, but liable to be jealous. They have ever-changing moods, so need constant reassurance and intimacy.

A cancerian sometimes finds it hard to operate on an ‘even keel’ and seem to be up and down like the proverbial yo-yo. However, they are beguiling companions, who hide their softness and sensitive natures.

She will put great focus on love and romance, because these matter a lot to this insecure sign. Give her your understanding, as patience is important here.

They are often quiet or shy and will only share thoughts and feelings after trust has been really well established. She can also be possessive, but she is prepared to dedicate her whole life to you and wants to know that you also feel this way.

A cancer woman is looking for someone to ‘nest with’ for life; this is a very loyal sign, but all this love and devotion can be expensive. If you can be 100% loyal then you will be the ‘King of her Castle’.

You must realize that your cancer partner could get very serious about the relationship very quickly and will try to arrange it so you cannot live without her love and support.

You need to give a lot of love and attention to them too, or they can become fiercely jealous.

Stability in the relationship is very important; your cancer partner will prefer to nurture you at home, rather than attending large parties and noisy events. She will also prefer the company of the clan to very large crowds.

Never ever even contemplate trying to make them jealous. They can do this all by themselves without any help from you. In fact one of your big challenges will be to stop them becoming jealous.

The cancer female needs her lover to bring tenderness and affection to the relationship. She is looking for a marriage based on love, with a responsible man able to give her a stable life.

Cancer colors are pale blue, silver, pearl and white; this makes the Swarovski crystal crab pin a perfect gift.

Her birthstones are emerald, cat’s eye, pearl and moonstone. That is why the crystals combine these colors into a beautiful and artistic gift.

The flowers to go with this gift should be poppies, water lilies, or white roses, as these are the correct flowers for cancer girl.

Your special gift for your special lady will show her just how much you appreciate and return her love.

Auriol Weather Station

The Auriol weather station or temperature station as it is also known, is a digital thermometer for measuring temperature indoors and out. It has a really nice looking interface, which is easy to use. It comes with many features which I will outline here.

On the actual display itself it has several features.

  • Outdoor temp display in Celsius or Fahrenheit
  • A maximum and minimum temperature values for outside.
  • A temperature trend display
  • Reception indicator/bar
  • Battery power bar for outdoor sensor.
  • Indoor temp display in Celsius or Fahrenheit
  • A maximum and minimum temperature values for inside.
  • Temperature trend display
  • Battery power display for temperature station
  • Shows the time in 12 hour or 24 hour mode, hours and minutes displayed and a snooze feature.
  • It has two different alarms, a time signal indicator, seconds display and summer time reading.
  • It also shows the date with the day, month and day of the week.

The weather station is an updated version of your regular thermometer, as we progress in life technology gets better and better. Our first weather stations were the old thermometers, that used the mercury in the glass tube, but with the advancement of science, we come to gadgets like this Auriol weather station.

They are great to use, really cheap to buy in this day when gadgets are getting smaller and smaller.

Because its a digital product, they tend to be a lot more accurate than the old types of thermometers. In the old days if you wanted to read the temperature, it could take a while for the mercury to rise up and down the tube, but with a digital device the readings are instant.

This device can be really useful in the winter, for example if the temperature starts to drop you can check your station, and plan ahead. You could put your car in the garage, if you notice the temperature dropping, or you could put some salt down on your drive in anticipation of the coming ice. If you are elderly then you will know that it will most probably be very icy in the morning, so you should take care.

Have you watched the weather on your television or read the forecast on your computer, but it never really gives you exactly what’s happening outside your door. This could be because the actual weather station could be miles away from where you actually live, so it can never give an exact reading of your temperature right outside your house.

With this little gadget you can get instant readings inside and outside your house, and if it gets to warm inside, you can easily adjust your heating and conserve energy. The beauty of this station also is the fact that it is a wireless device, so you can take it out to your garden, and get a true reading away from your house, because the range is 30 metres.

If you are interested in the weather and devices like the weather station you can start upgrading and buying many different products. There is a whole world of different products to monitor the weather, for the beginner up to the experienced person. You can start of with thermometers, but maybe you would like to monitor rain fall, this is where you can look at rain gauges.

For the more advanced you can get complete weather stations which you can add all the information on to your computer, these are called weather station software, and they monitor everything from rainfall, to temperature, to humidity.

On a final note, the Auriol weather station is a good little product that might get you interested to look at other products in the weather range, if that is what you intend to do.

The Best Way to Come Off HRT (Hormonal Replacement Therapy)


I’ve been taking HRT- Prempak-C -for ten years. In view of the recent research, I’ve decided to come off it. I tried just stopping taking it but have felt dreadful, with hot flushes after only a few weeks. Have you any advice to help me come off HRT?


Firstly, it’s vital that – unless you have a severe complication, which it doesn’t sound as if you do – you come off HRT slowly, over several months. I do advise you to talk to your doctor about this.

Now a little about hormone replacement therapy in general… As women come to the end of their reproductive life, the activity in their ovaries declines because the eggs they are born with run our As this happens, the levels of the female hormone oestrogen drop. (There is always some oestrogen in the body because the ovaries go on producing a little; even if the ovaries are removed, the adrenal gland produces a hormone called androstenedione, which is converted to a form of oestrogen.)

HRT was developed in the 1940s as a method of replacing the lost oestrogen. In the mid-1970s, research confirmed that using oestrogen alone significantly increased the risk of cancer of the uterus (womb), so progestogen, a synthetic version of the other main reproductive hormone progesterone, was added to protect the womb. HRT was then relaunched as a ‘wonder drug’. However, there was still very little hard scientific evidence to show either that HRT was safe or that it had the multiple benefits that were claimed. Since then many studies have confirmed that the risks outweigh the benefits in most cases.

A consensus statement put out by the Royal College of Physicians now says that the use of HRT in menopausal or postmenopausal women is controversial. They recommend that it should only be used for menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes, in the lowest possible effective dose for the shortest possible time. This is because of the significantly increased risks of breast cancer, heart disease, strokes and blood clots in the leg or lung. In November last year, the European Expert Working Group, which consists of experts from 28 countries, agreed that doctors should not recommend it as the first line of treatment for osteoporosis.

The lack of oestrogen has a range of effects, including irregular periods, aches and pains, low blood pressure, poor circulation, dry skin and mouth insomnia, fatigue and low mood. If the ovaries release even a small amount of oestrogen, urgent messages are sent to the entire body that the missing hormone is on its way and all hell breaks loose: the woman’s heart rate goes up, she starts to sweat, her face gets flushed, her body warms up and she feels agitated. Then, as soon as the body realises that it’s only a tiny amount the symptoms subside.

Remember, menopause is a natural transition. It will come no matter what if you did not go through it naturally because you were taking HRT, you will go through it now. A good number of women don’t, in fact, experience uncomfortable symptoms, but you want to be sure to avoid them if you can. The key is to keep your stress levels down.The less anxious you are and the more harmonious your life, physically, mentally and emotionally, the better your threshold of tolerance to symptoms. In many countries, women go through menopause without bother. If they do get symptoms, they accept them as part of this change.

Here are some simple tips

* Take regular exercise in the fresh air.

* Practise Yoga, particularly the cobra and semi-bridge poses.

* If you have hot flushes, do retention breathing the second you feel the tide rising. Breathe in through your nose to a slow count of three, hold the breath for three, then exhale slowly through your mouth to a count of six. Practise this twice a day for five minutes, so you can do it easily when the need arises.

* Eat fresh, wholesome food, preferably organic; avoid coffee, excess salt, spicy food and alcohol.

* Drink two litres of fresh, still water daily between meals.

* Take vitamin B complex,: one daily for two months.

* Take Shatavari: one twice daily for three months. This Ayurvedic supplement helps to balance hormones.

* Take Dong Quai: one daily for three months. This Chinese supplement helps alleviate hot flushes.

* Massage the neck and shoulders twice a week to improve blood flow to the brain; this will help sleep and improve hormonal balance. (There are full instructions on my website). Also have professional massages twice a month, if you can.

Pros and Cons of Eating Nuts

Who says that small things can’t be special? At least, this is not the case with nuts. In fact, these small packages are powerhouses of healthy nutrients for your daily nutrition. Although they are super rich health foods, yet there are many myths related to them. Despite scientific claims and facts, many people still believe that consuming nuts can make you prone to unnecessary fats.

Contrary to these myths, nuts contain lots of unsaturated fats that are also touted as good fats. They have antioxidants, fibers, and proteins in abundance. You should eat them daily, though, in moderation. But if you are still skeptical about the same, we are providing the pros and cons related to nuts for your help.

Pros of Eating Nuts:

The positives that will encourage eating handful of nuts daily includes:

1. Rich in Minerals and Vitamins

Most of the nuts are loaded with essential minerals and vitamins for your good health. These include Vitamins A and B. The minerals found in nuts include copper, selenium, iron, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. As such, they are always healthy to eat. Though, the level of nutrients may vary in their different types.

2. Aids in Weight Loss

While most of the people will disagree on this point, it is a proven fact that nuts help to shed extra calories if eaten in moderation and with caution. This holds true for nuts like almonds, pistachios, and cashews. They contain a lot of fibers that help to curb your appetite significantly. As such, they control your weight as well.

3. Lower the level of Cholesterol

If you want to lower down LDL blood and total cholesterol in your body, start eating healthy nuts right away. This is primarily due to the content of unsaturated fats in them. They have lots of polyunsaturated as well as monounsaturated fats in them. Also, some raw nuts have higher levels of phytosterol that controls the risk of any cardiovascular ailment or problem.

4. Rich in Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Nuts like walnuts are known for their high content of omega 3 fats. They also have lots of ALA along with some other nutrients. Studies have shown that these nutrients collectively help to reduce oxidation or inflammation in your body. So, they are always good for your heart.

5. Reduces chances of Diabetes

Nuts affect the level of insulin and glucose neutrally. As such, they reduce the risk of diabetes. Also, for diabetic patients, they constitute a healthy eating option. Their various forms like peanut butter help to lower the risk of Type- 2 diabetes, especially in women. It is also proven by research that nuts like almonds substantially reduce the chances of postprandial glycemia.

6. Rich in Plant Proteins and Dietary Fibers

Nuts contain lots of plant proteins. It makes them a healthy alternative to meat as well. They maintain the blood vessels with their high content of amino acids. The dietary fibers in nuts are also good for your health.

Cons of Eating Nuts

There are enough reasons to include raw or dry roasted nuts in your daily routine. But there are some hazards associated with eating too many nuts. These include:

1. High-Calorie Count

Almost every nut contains lots of calories. It is not a pleasing fact for calorie and health conscious people. Though, almonds are a better choice with the lowest calorie count of 160 per ounce. To control calories, you should refrain from oil roasted nuts that are heated at high temperatures in harmful oils.

2. High in Fats

Despite their high content of unsaturated fats, nuts tend to put on this extra baggage with processing and flavors. Sometimes, nuts are treated with preservatives and unhealthy chemicals that increase the level of sodium and sugar in them.

3. High level of Oxalates

Mostly, nuts have a considerable amount of oxalates. When these oxalates accumulate in the body fluids and crystallize, they may lead to the formation of stones in kidney.

4. May lead to Acne

Most of the nuts contain some oils that are detrimental to your skin. Those with sensitive skin must eat nuts in moderation to avoid breakout of acne.

These are some of the reasons that are enough to restrain you from eating nuts above acceptable limits. If you want to munch them daily for better health, unprocessed, raw, and light salted nuts in moderate servings are the best option for you.

Ways to Get a Big Penis – Get Hung Like a Horse!

It is an innate desire of every man to be the proud owner of a longer and thicker penis. Those who are not well endowed often face ridicule and this is likely to be a big blow to their confidence. On the other hand, a larger member dangling between your legs can be a big confidence booster for any man.

If you too are not satisfied with your penile size, you are not alone. There are millions of men like you who seek male enhancement. However, what is a cause of concern is that most of such can fall prey to false claims of products that are not just ineffective but can even be dangerous for their manhood. For instance, vacuum pumps, weights, silicone injections can be hazardous for your penile health and can even turn you impotent for life. I am sure no man would like to become impotent for the sake of getting a bigger member.

Though some of the products are not effective, penile enlargement is not a myth nay longer. Scientific advancement has made it possible to enlarge ones penis naturally and safely. Some of the techniques that can help add a couple of extra inches to your member include penile exercises and traction devices.

Exercises called Jelqs have been around for centuries but what makes them even more credible today is that they are not validated through clinical trials and studies that confirm their role in permanent and natural penile enhancement.

Jelqs are extremely easy to perform and by doing these exercises for a mere 10 minutes a day you can add up to 3 inches and even more to your shaft within a few weeks. Basically Jelqs help expand the erectile tissue or Corpora Cavernosa so that it can hold a larger volume of blood. This results in longer and thicker erections.

Another highly effective method is to use a penile traction device which is also called a penile stretching device or a penile extender. All you need to do is just wear the device and it begins applying gentle pressure along the length of the shaft through traction. The erectile tissue is highly sensitive to this pressure and responds by expanding in size enabling it to hold a greater amount of blood leading to an increase in penile size.

The penile growth experienced through the two methods above is permanent in nature. Though tissue expansion is a highly effective approach towards real male enhancement, tissue growth takes time. Therefore, most experts advice combining natural pills or patches with either exercises or a traction device to enhance their effect. Natural pills and patches are formulated with herbal extracts such as ginseng, ginkgo, muira pauma, catuaba etc., that have been sued as libido enhancers for thousands of years. They help enhance blood flow to the genitals and also help penile muscles relax so that more blood can be allowed into the shaft leading to more fuller and meatier erections.

Such pills and patches do not have any side effects and also do wonders fro your staying power and semen production so that you can last longer in bed and enjoy explosive orgasms.

Some natural pills and patches come with complimentary access to highly acclaimed exercise programs so that you can get the maximum benefit.

Check out the Best Male Enhancement Products that are not just clinically approved and recommended by doctors but also come with a complete money back guarantee and extra discounts and bonuses to help you get the best deal for your money.

Is Hypertension Caused by St Johns Wort?

It is important to be able to recognize the signs of high blood pressure, but it is also important to know what can cause blood pressure to increase, so you can avoid these factors if you a prone to hypertension. For instance, not only can certain foods and medications impact your blood pressure, but so can some natural herbal remedies. In fact, hypertension caused by st johns wort, a herb commonly used to treat mild depression, can be dangerous for those who suffer from or are prone to high blood pressure.

St. john’s wort is a bright, yellow flower. Its petals are used as an herbal remedy that can be administered as a topical ointment for healing burns, but it is primarily used as an oral dietary supplement to treat mild depression. Studies have found that one of st. john’s wort’s active ingredients, hypericin, affects neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) in a similar way as antidepressant medications. The reason why the active ingredient is so effective is because it mirrors monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, which is the ingredient found in major antidepressant drugs.

How is hypertension caused by st johns wort?

St. john’s wort can cause an increase in blood pressure because the hypericin ingredient that is similar to a MAO inhibitor, produces a powerful and dangerous reaction when mixed with the amino acid tyramine. Reactions that can occur when tyramine is taken in excess with this herb include a fast rise in blood pressure, severe headaches, and irregular heartbeat. However, it should be also stated that although these reactions can occur, there have not been frequent reports of such occurrences.

Nevertheless, until more is understood about the interaction, a person taking st. john’s wort should dramatically limit or avoid foods or beverages high in tyramine including:

– Aged, dried, smoked, pickled or processed fish or meats (I.E. bologna, salami, pepperoni, herring, etc.)

– Chicken liver

– Aged cheese

– Soy sauce

– Yeast/protein extracts

– Legumes

– Over-ripe fruit

– Figs or raisins

– Alcoholic beverages including ale, beer, red wines, sherry and liqueurs.

It is also suggested that an individual taking st. john’s wort also limit their intake of caffeine.

Moreover, aside from being aware of hypertension caused by st johns wort due to the tyramine interaction, you should also know that like all herbs, there is a risk that st. john’s wort may interact with other medications, including those used for controlling high blood pressure. In addition, some users of the herb have also reported st. john’s wort caused a spike in their blood pressure when other prescribed anti-depressant and over-the-counter medications were taken with it.

Although, studies have found there is only a small reaction when other medications are taken with st. john’s wort, until further research can conclude the side effects or risks involved when taking medications in combination with the herb, it is highly recommended that those using st. john’s wort to treat mild depression not take any other form of medication, and also have their blood pressure checked regularly.

Finally, since hypertension caused by st johns wort is a possibility, individuals with high blood pressure, who have previously had high blood pressure, or who are prone to the condition, should avoid taking this herb. Speak to your doctor about other alternative remedies that do not increase the risk of high blood pressure if you suffer from mild depression.

Dachshund Dog and Obesity

The Dachshund is a favorite among many dog lovers; these German bred short-legged hunting dogs can trace their ancestry back to ancient Egypt. They are also a well-loved breed among royals, particularly Queen Victoria of England. They are playful, friendly and loyal, although some can be prone to being stubborn. They have an elongated body making them prime candidates to having spinal problems that can sometimes become worse because of obesity. Having a proper dog diet is very important for both the standard and the miniature sized Dachshund.

When it comes to Dachshund and obesity it is important to watch your dog’s diet and give it regular exercise. This will prevent your dog from gaining unnecessary weight, being overweight can put strain on the Dachshund’s spine, gravity puts pressure on the dogs back if there is too much weight, this can cause ruptured and slipped disks and other health problems affecting the dogs lungs, heart, kidneys, liver and joints. Being overweight can also affect your dog’s temperament, causing them to be inactive or lazy and even irritable. A physically fit Dachshund is an energetic, clever and fun to play with.

In maintaining your dog’s weight it is important to consult a veterinarian regarding the proper proportions, dog diet and overall care. It is also important to spot signs of obesity early on so that you can avoid further health problems. Take a good look at your dog’s body and pay special attention to the hips, waist, ribs, abdomen and neck. Check for fat deposits on your Dachshund’s ribs and waist, from the top view check if your dog’s waist is bigger than his ribs this is a sign that he is obese. From the sides, look at its waist and abdomen, if you do not see the waist curving towards the hind leg then your pet is too fat. The abdomen should not be hanging too close to the ground, and although they have a hotdog shaped body, it should be fairly even from head to tail without too much fat in the middle section.

Giving your Dachshund a proper dog diet is one of the best things you could do for your pet. Sometimes dog owners tend to feed their pet too much and some even consider their love handles to be a bit cute, but being overweight is a serious health problem for dogs too. Table feeding and giving unnecessary treats is a bad practice for both pets and owners that can create nutritional imbalance and bad eating habits. When giving treats, try using low-fat doggie biscuits or steamed vegetables. It is important to feed your Dachshund the correct amount of food based on his weight. Study the feeding instructions that come with dog food packages. Here is a simple chart that tells you how much to feed your dog for the whole day, it can be divided in two feedings for day and night.

Dog Size/ Weight ¾ Cup 1 Cup 1 ½ Cup 2 Cups
Rabbit – 6 pounds and below X
Minis – 7 to 12 pounds X
Tweenies – 13 to 16 pounds X
Standard – Small- 17 to 20 pounds X
Standard – Medium – 21to 29 pounds) X
Standard – Large – 30 pounds & above X

Apart from providing proper dog diet, make sure that your Dachshund is also getting the right amount of exercise. Take him on daily walks around the neighborhood or play fetch with him in the park. This helps both his weight and socialization ensuring that you have a happy and healthy dog.