Matsutake Mushroom – A New Approach For Treating Carcinoma

Matsutake mushrooms are attracting the attention of many scientists across the world. Various studies have established the fact that Matsutake mushrooms are very effective in treating various forms of cancer. Test conducted on animals has revealed that Matsutake Mushrooms are effective against implanted solid cancer; cancer induced by chemicals, and also showed a number of other beneficial properties. This includes inhibition of induced hepatopathy, reduced serum lipid levels, activates Helper T-lymphocytes, improves immunity and promotes enterokinesia in hepatic carcinoma.

Researchers at Mie University medical school, Kobe University faculty of agriculture and Iwade Fungology Institute transplanted carcinoma cells named Sarcoma 180 onto 6 week old mice. Solution laced with extracts of Matsutake mushrooms were administered to the mice. The size and proliferation of the cancer was periodically monitored. The process was compared with other mushrooms. After 60 days the results surprised everyone including the skeptics. Matsutake Mushroom demonstrated anti-cancer activities and there was a 87.5 % disappearance carcinoma.

Matsutake contains potent anti-carcinogens especially polysaccharides like complex of b-(1-6)àD-glycan and proteins. It also contains many types of Glycans which are powerful carcinostatic agents. The fruit body contains Polysaccharide AB-P and polysaccharide AB-FP which are also powerful carcinostatic agents.

The environment around us is highly polluted and the effluents and discharges from industrial areas contain numerous carcinogens like benzene. 80 % of cancers are caused by these carcinogens. Ingredients like b-D-glycan, xyloglycan), uronyde, peptide glycan and nucleic acid elements found in Matsutake mushrooms gives it its caricinostatic properties.

Matsutake mushrooms stops the metastasis of carcinoma cell by strengthening the immune system. Basically the immune system comprises of lymphocyte (T- and B-lymphocyte), antibody, macrophage and leucocytes. They stop proliferation of cancer cells much akin to chemotherapeutic medicines. More than six types of steroids have been found in Matsutake mushrooms which inhibit cancer proliferation. Since carcinoma cells take many years to proliferate and cause carcinoma therefore regular Matsutake mushroom consumption can reduce to a large extent the risk of getting cancer.

Mankind has been struggling for finding a cure for cancer and it has not been fully successful. If one has a bacterial infection measures can be taken including antibiotics which can be modified for striking only the pathogens. Unfortunately cancer cells are formed from the existing cells of the body and therefore there are very few differences between a carcinoma cells and a normal cells. Therefore drugs given to kill cancer cells also destroy normal cells. In other words no drug has been found which specifically target the cancer cells. Side effects are quite common and at times drugs given to kill carcinoma themselves are carcinogenic and cause secondary cancer. Therefore the quest for a natural remedy for cancer and Matsutake is a mushroom which has potential for use as a carcinostatic agent.

A Handbook of Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism

For Kind Attention of Guardians, Doctors, Psychologists having/supporting treating Autistic Ward/s

This book is meant to be read by parents and guardians of children afflicted by this disability. It will help them to become aware, get ready to bestow care and devote attention for as long as they possibly can to ease the hardship the surrounding society is likely to throw on their autistic son/daughter.

Child specialists, child psychologists, physicians, pediatricians, neurologists, speech & language pathologists, professional support personnel besides parents and guardians will find the book quite useful. They can advice guardians to become familiar with the contents of the book to serve 24×7 as a practical companion in the service of the autistic ward.

Written in a simple layman’s language, devoid of any technical complexities, this modestly priced book implores that the afflicted person, or for that matter their guardians also, has to learn to live with it and compromise with the situation as faced. It has to be understood that it is not the child’s fault. He is born with it. He has to be accepted ‘as is’. Society also has to be forbearing with this condition. The book tells readers that symptoms of this disability start appearing by or before the age of three. The condition affects the normal brain function characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, restricted and repetitive behavior. Children may fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. They have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking because they can’t understand social cues. Boys are four times more likely to be adversely affected than girls.

The book comes up with practical solutions to problems that may crop up from time to time. Unlike other books that carry western ideas, this one is written by an Indian and covers Indian settings with focus on Indian options. A list of addresses has been given at the end of the book to be made use of if and when a problem appears that warrants immediate attention.

About the book:

Autism: A Handbook of Diagnosis & Treatment of ASD

ISBN: 9789381384541

Author: Sumita Bose

Retail Price: Rs.395/-

Publisher: V&S Publishers, New Delhi, India

Edition: 2015

The author has done a course in child psychology from Vermont. She has undertaken autism training from Autism Society of Maryland as well as from Illinois University. Besides, she is the Autism Ambassador in Melbourne, Florida. She has a decade of teaching experience in India and is currently teaching in USA.

Financial Aid Applications Are Time Sensitive – Get Money For College Early Or Not at All

The U.S. federal government provides a limited amount of financial aid every year. The exact amount is set by legislation and the primary qualification is for a student to demonstrate actual financial need. Unfortunately, a lot of eligible students don’t actually get any help paying for tuition.

With school costs constantly rising at record speeds, there is never enough for everyone regardless of how much extra financial aid is voted into the system every year. Since not everyone who needs the money can have the amount promised, it all comes down to who asks first and follows all of the directions.

The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) become available on January 1st of every year, but you need some information before you can complete the application and turn it in. First, you need to have a PIN – a Personal Identification Number – with the federal FAFSA system. These can take a day or a week to process, so it is usually a good idea to get one ahead of time. The other major documentation that will be required for a complete application is in regard to the prior year’s income. If the student is 24 or younger, he or she will need access to parental financial and income statements – if the student is older, they will only need their own financial records.

When the PIN and financial documents are available, a FAFSA can be completed online for no cost through the official government website located at: http://www.fafsa.ed.gov/index.htm

Time is of the essence! All eligible applications are honored – until the money runs out. When the government receives your application they pass it on to the college, and the college starts assigning financial aid and student loan funding. So the longer you wait to file the application, the less likely it is you’ll get a share!

Creating a Graduation Party Open House Photo Memory Board

Displaying a picture memory board is a good addition to your graduation open house and a great way to honor your graduate.

Choose a display board like the kind required for science fair projects. Office supply stores sell several kinds of tri-fold display boards. You can purchase a foam core board or one less expensive made of corrugated cardboard. These standard presentation boards are self-standing and work quite well to display pictures of your graduate from birth to graduation. I suggest using one tri-fold board for the pictures up until the graduate’s senior year. A second board could display pictures of senior year activities, sports, prom, and graduation (if your open house is scheduled after graduation). The first board can even be finalized in the fall or winter of the graduate’s senior year. The second board can be partially completed and then finalized the month before your celebration.

Select pictures from your photo albums or photo bins with your teen (if they’re willing). It’s nice to have a wide variety of pictures including pictures of your child by himself/herself, pictures with siblings, parents, special friends, other relatives, and pictures of each sport or activity in which your child participated. It’s great to include cute and funny pictures, but your teen will appreciate it if you leave out any embarrassing pictures.

Once your pictures are gathered, lay the board down flat and set the pictures on the board in various patterns until you decide on the best design. A collage, where all the pictures are overlapping, gives a nice effect, but guests can better view pictures that are spaced apart. Handwritten captions can be written on the board with fine point markers, or computer-generated captions can be designed, printed on white or colored paper, cut-out, and glued underneath pictures. Be brief in your picture captions as guests will want to spend most of their time visiting with others.

You can then either glue the original pictures in place, or make copies of the pictures at a department or photo store and use the copies for the display board so your originals are not altered. Glue sticks work well for attaching photos, but be generous, making sure to spread the glue to all outside edges and in the middle of the pictures. Double-sided tape is an alternative to glue. Photos with a matte finish, rather than glossy, will be easier for your guess to see from all directions without glare.

Accents can be added to the display board between pictures. You can use colored construction paper or other colored paper, preferably in school colors, to decorate with words or shapes. Or colored paper can be placed behind the pictures to frame them. Fun stickers picturing graduation hats, diplomas, or graduation gowns or stickers representing the sports or activities your child participated in can be placed around the board to fill empty spaces. Items like graduation tassels can be taped on the board to add a 3-D effect.

If you want to be even more creative, you can create professional-looking posters using the Snapfish website. Go to www.Snapfish.com You can upload photos and create up to a 20×30″ collage poster of your favorite pictures, adding titles and personal messages. You can improve photos (removing “red eyes”, etc.), crop, arrange the layout, and choose the background. This amazing masterpiece will preserve your child’s memories for years to come. If you mount the poster on a foam core board, they will stand on their own and won’t easily get damaged.

After your open house you may choose to save and store the pictures boards, or, an alternative is to take pictures of your boards with a camera, section-by-section and as a whole, so you and your graduate can enjoy them without keeping the large boards.

Role of Microbes in Human Welfare

1. Microbes in Household Products-

Micro-organisms such as Lactobacillus and others commonly called lactic acid bacteria (LAB) grow in milk and convert it to curd. LAB produce acids that coagulate and partially digest the milk proteins. It also improves its nutritional quality by increasing vitamin B12. In our stomach too, the LAB play very beneficial role in checking disease causing microbes.

The dosa and idli is also fermented by bacteria. The dough, which is used for making bread, is fermented using baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). A number of traditional drinks and foods are also made by fermentation by the microbes. ‘Toddy’, a traditional drink of some parts of southern India is made by fermenting sap from palms.

Microbes are also used to ferment fish, soyabean and bamboo shoots to make foods. Cheese, is one of the oldest food items in which microbes were used. The large holes in ‘Swiss cheese’ are due to production of a large amount of CO2 by a bacterium named Propionibacterium sharmanii. The ‘Roquefort cheese’ are ripened by growing a specific fungi on them, which gives them a particular flavour.

2. Microbes in Industrial Products-

In industry, microbes are used to synthesize a number of products valuable to human beings. Beverages and antibiotics are some examples. Production on an industrial scale requires growing microbes in very large vessels called fermentors.

A) Fermented Beverages-

Microbes like yeast are used for the production of beverages like wine, beer, whisky, brandy or rum. The same yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae used for bread-making and commonly called brewer’s yeast, is used for fermenting malted cereals and fruit juices, to produce ethanol. Wine and beer are produced without distillation whereas whisky, brandy and rum are produced by distillation of the fermented broth.

B) Antibiotics-

Anti is a Greek word that means ‘against’, and bio means ‘life’, together they mean ‘against life’ (in the context of disease causing organisms); whereas with reference to human beings, they are ‘pro life’ and not against. Antibiotics are chemical substances, which are produced by some microbes and can kill or retard the growth of other (disease-causing) microbes.

Alexander Fleming while working on Staphylococci bacteria, once observed a mould growing in one of his unwashed culture plates around which Staphylococci could not grow. He found out that it was due to a chemical produced by the mould and he named it Penicillin after the mould Penicillium notatum. Its full potential as an effective antibiotic was established by Ernest Chain and Howard Florey. This antibiotic was extensively used to treat American soldiers wounded in World War II. Fleming, Chain and Florey were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945, for this discovery.

Antibiotics have greatly improved our capacity to treat deadly diseases such as plague, whooping cough (kali khansi ), diphtheria (gal ghotu) and leprosy (kusht rog), which used to kill millions all over the globe. Today, we cannot imagine a world without antibiotics.

C) Chemicals, Enzymes and other Bioactive Molecules-

  • Aspergillus niger (a fungus) produces citric acid,
  • Acetobacter aceti (a bacterium) produces acetic acid
  • Clostridium butylicum (a bacterium) produces butyric acid
  • Lactobacillus (a bacterium) produces lactic acid.
  • Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is used for commercial production of ethanol.
  • Enzymes like Lipases are used in detergent formulations and are helpful in removing oily stains from the laundry. The bottled juices are clarified by the use of pectinases and proteases.
  • Streptokinase produced by the bacterium Streptococcus and modified by genetic engineering is used as a ‘clot buster’ for removing clots from the blood vessels of patients who have undergone myocardial infraction leading to heart attack.
  • Cyclosporin A, which is used as an immunosuppressive agent in organ-transplant patients, is produced by the fungus Trichoderma polysporum.
  • Statins produced by the yeast Monascus purpureus have been commercialized as blood-cholesterol lowering agents. It acts by competitively inhibiting the enzyme responsible for synthesis of cholesterol.

3. Microbes in Sewage Treatment

The municipal waste-water including human excreta is also called sewage. It contains large amounts of organic matter and microbes. Many of which are pathogenic. This cannot be discharged into natural water bodies like rivers and streams directly.Before disposal, hence, sewage is treated in sewage treatment plants (STPs) to make it less polluting. Treatment of waste water is done by the heterotrophic microbes naturally present in the sewage. This treatment is carried out in two stages:

Primary treatment: These treatment steps basically involve physical removal of particles – large and small – from the sewage through filtration and sedimentation. These are removed in stages; initially, floating debris is removed by sequential filtration. Then the grit (soil and small pebbles) are removed by sedimentation. All solids that settle form the primary sludge, and the supernatant forms the effluent. The effluent from the primary settling tank is taken for secondary treatment.

Secondary treatment or Biological treatment: The primary effluent is passed into large aeration tanks where it is constantly agitated mechanically and air is pumped into it. This allows vigorous growth of useful aerobic microbes into flocs (masses of bacteria associated with fungal filaments to form mesh like structures). While growing, these microbes consume the major part of the organic matter in the effluent. This significantly reduces the BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) of the effluent. BOD refers to the amount of the oxygen that would be consumed if all the organic matter in one liter of water were oxidized by bacteria. The sewage water is treated till the BOD is reduced. The BOD test measures the rate of uptake of oxygen by micro-organisms in a sample of water and thus, indirectly, BOD is a measure of the organic matter present in the water. The greater the BOD of waste water more is its polluting potential. Once the BOD of sewage or waste water is reduced significantly, the effluent is then passed into a settling tank where the bacterial ‘flocs’ are allowed to sediment. This sediment is called activated sludge. A small part of the activated sludge is pumped back into the aeration tank to serve as the inoculum. The remaining major part of the sludge is pumped into large tanks called anaerobic sludge digesters. Here, other kinds of bacteria, which grow anaerobically, digest the bacteria and the fungi in the sludge. During this digestion, bacteria produce a mixture of gases such as methane, hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide. These gases form biogas and can be used as source of energy as it is inflammable.

4. Microbes in Production of Biogas

Biogas is a mixture of gases (containing predominantly methane) produced by the microbes and which may be used as fuel. Certain bacteria, which grow anaerobically on cellulosic material, produce large amount of methane along with CO2 and H2. These bacteria are collectively called methanogens, and one such common bacterium is Methanobacterium. These bacteria are found in the anaerobic sludge during sewage treatment. These bacteria are also present in the rumen (a part of stomach) of cattle. A lot of cellulosic material present in the food of cattle is also present in the rumen. In rumen, these bacteria help in the breakdown of cellulose and play an important role in the nutrition of cattle. Thus, the excreta (dung) of cattle, commonly called gobar, is rich in these bacteria. Dung can be used for generation of biogas, commonly called gobar gas.

The biogas plant consists of a concrete tank (10-15 feet deep) in which bio-wastes are collected and a slurry of dung is fed. A floating cover is placed over the slurry, which keeps on rising as the gas is produced in the tank due to the microbial activity. The biogas plant has an outlet, which is connected to a pipe to supply biogas to nearby houses. The spent slurry is removed through another outlet and may be used as fertilizer. Cattle dung is available in large quantities in rural areas where cattle are used for a variety of purposes. So biogas plants are more after build in rural areas. The biogas thus produced is used for cooking and lighting.

The technology of biogas production was developed in India mainly due to the efforts of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).

5. Microbes as Biocontrol Agent

Biocontrol refers to the use of biological methods for controlling plant diseases and pests. Use of chemicals like insecticides and pesticides causes great harm. These chemicals are toxic and extremely harmful, to human beings and animals alike, and have been polluting our environment (soil, ground water), fruits, vegetables and crop plants. Our soil is also polluted through use of weedicides to remove weeds.

Biological control of pests and diseases: It is a method of controlling pests that relies on natural predation rather than introduced chemicals. A key belief of the organic farmer is that biodiversity furthers health. The organic farmer works to create a system where the insects that are sometimes called pests are not eradicated, but instead are kept at manageable levels by a complex system of checks and balances within a living and vibrant ecosystem. This is a holistic approach that seeks to develop an understanding of the webs of interaction between the myriad of organisms that constitute the field fauna and flora.

The very familiar beetle with red and black markings – the Ladybird, and Dragonflies are useful to get rid of aphids and mosquitoes, respectively.

An example of microbial biocontrol agents that can be introduced in order to control butterfly caterpillars is the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (often written as Bt ). These are available in sachets as dried spores which are mixed with water and sprayed onto vulnerable plants such as brassica and fruit trees, where these are eaten by the insect larvae. In the gut of the larvae, the toxin is released and the larvae get killed.

A biological control being developed for use in the treatment of plant disease is the fungus Trichoderma. Trichoderma species are free-living fungi that are very common in the root ecosystems. Baculoviruses (genus Nucleopolyhedrovirus) are pathogens that attack insects and other arthropods. These viruses are excellent candidates for species-specific, narrow spectrum insecticidal applications. The beneficial insects are being conserved to aid in an overall integrated pest management (IPM) programme, or when an ecologically sensitive area is being treated.

6. Microbes as Biofertilizers-

Biofertilisers are organisms that enrich the nutrient quality of the soil. The main sources of biofertilisers are bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria.

  • The nodules on the roots of leguminous plants formed by the symbiotic association of Rhizobium. These bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen into organic forms, which is used by the plant as nutrient. Other bacteria can fix atmospheric nitrogen while free-living in the soil (examples Azospirillum and Azotobacter), thus enriching the nitrogen content of the soil.
  • Fungi are also known to form symbiotic associations with plants (mycorrhiza). Many members of the genus Glomus form mycorrhiza. The fungal symbiont in these associations absorbs phosphorus from soil and passes it to the plant. Plants having such associations show other benefits also, such as resistance to root-borne pathogens, tolerance to salinity and drought, and an overall increase in plant growth and development.
  • Cyanobacteria are autotrophic microbes widely distributed in aquatic and terrestrial environments many of which can fix atmospheric nitrogen, e.g. Anabaena, Nostoc, Oscillatoria, etc. In paddy fields, cyanobacteria serve as an important biofertiliser. Blue green algae also add organic matter to the soil and increase its fertility. Currently, in our country, a number of biofertilisers are available commercially in the market and farmers use these regularly in their fields to replenish soil nutrients and to reduce dependence on chemical fertilisers.

Important terminology-

Fermentors – Production of beverages and antibiotics on an industrial scale, requires growing microbes in very large vessels called fermentors.

Antibiotics– Antibiotics are chemical substances, which are produced by some microbes and can kill or retard the growth of other (disease-causing) microbes.

Primary treatment: The treatment step of sewage for physical removal of particles – large and small – from the sewage through filtration and sedimentation is called Primary treatment.

Secondary treatment or Biological treatment: After primary treatment.the primary effluent is passed into large aeration tanks where it is constantly agitated mechanically and air is pumped associated with fungal filaments to form mesh like structures).

BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) -BOD refers to the amount of the oxygen that would be consumed if all the organic matter in one liter of water were oxidised by bacteria.

Activated sludge– Once the BOD of sewage or waste water is reduced significantly, the effluent is then passed into a settling tank where the bacterial ‘flocs’ are allowed to sediment. This sediment is called activated sludge.

Anaerobic sludge digesters– A small part of the activated sludge is pumped back into the aeration tank to serve as the inoculum. The remaining major part of the sludge is pumped into large tanks called anaerobic sludge digesters.where anaerobica bacteria and the fungi digest the sludge.

Methanogens– Certain bacteria, which grow anaerobically on cellulosic material, produce large amount of methane along with CO2 and H2. These bacteria are collectively called methanogens.

Biocontrol refers to the use of biological methods (using biological agents for natural predation) for controlling plant diseases and pests, rather than using chemicals.

Biofertilisers– In agriculture Biofertilisers are organisms that enrich the nutrient quality of the soil.

Organic farming -Agriculture by using only biofertilisers is called organic farming because there are problems of pollution, associated with the overuse of chemical fertilizers. The main sources of biofertilisers are bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria.

Mycorrhiza– Fungal symbiotic association with plants which helps plants to absorb phosphorus from soil, is called mycorrhiza. Many members of the genus Glomus form mycorrhiza.

Cyanobacteria -Cyanobacteria are autotrophic microbes widely distributed in aquatic and terrestrial environments many of which can fix atmospheric nitrogen, e.g. Anabaena, Nostoc, Oscillatoria, etc.

Anup Singh Yadav M.Sc. M.Ed. M.Phil. NET Lecturer in Biology

The 4 Elements of Fitness

Most people want to be fit but that raises a question. What does it mean to be fit? The answer is fairly simple. To be fit, one must have physical capability in four areas: aerobic capacity, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition.

1. Aerobic Capacity. Aerobic capacity, which is also known as cardiorespiratory fitness, refers to the health and function of the heart, lungs and circulatory system. Simply stated, aerobic fitness is the ability of the cardiorespiratory system to deliver an adequate supply of oxygen to exercising muscles. As your aerobic capacity increases, your ability to participate in more intense and longer lasting exercise also increases (e.g., walking, running, swimming and bicycling). It can be argued that aerobic capacity is the most important of the four elements of fitness because of the health benefits it bestows. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, increased aerobic capacity leads to reduced blood pressure, decreased total cholesterol, increased HDL (good) cholesterol, decreased body fat, increased heart function and decreased risk of Type 2 diabetes.

2. Muscular Strength and Endurance. Muscular strength is the maximum amount of force a muscle or muscle group can generate during a single contraction. Muscular endurance is the number of repeated contractions a muscle or muscle group can perform without tiring. Both are important components of overall fitness because increasing your strength through various types of resistance training (e.g., weightlifting) leads to increased bone strength, decreased bone loss, decreased muscle loss, increased tendon and ligament strength, increased physical capacity, improved metabolic function (e.g., burn more calories at rest), and decreased risk of injury.

3. Flexibility. Flexibility is the range of motion within a joint. Increased flexibility provides a variety of benefits such as decreased risk of injury, increased flow of blood and nutrients to joint structures, increased neuromuscular coordination, decreased risk of low back pain, improved posture and reduced muscular tension.

4. Body Composition. Body composition refers to the relative percentage of body weight that consists of body fat and fat-free mass (everything other than fat such as muscles, organs, blood, bones and water). Generally speaking, the lower your body fat percentage the better because of the diseases linked to excess body fat such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and sleep disorders. I am often asked, “Can you be fat and fit?” The answer is an overwhelming NO. A significant element of fitness is the possession of a healthy body fat percentage because increased fat leads to decreased athletic performance and increased risk of disease (although it is possible to be overweight and healthy since health is merely the absence of disease or illness). According to the American Council on Exercise, the average body-fat percentage for men is 18-24%. For fit men the percentage is 14-17%. The average percentage for women is 25-31%; however fit women will be in the range of 21-24%. Body-fat percentages above 25% for men and 32% for women are considered obese.

Chlorinated Water and Milk

Drink your milk, it’s good for you. At least that is what the dairy industry would have you believe. Milk contains casein which is a glue-like substance that is actually used by some glue industry manufacturers to make powerful adhesives. Guess what it does to your body? And, in the presence of chlorine, the effect on your arteries, veins and digestive system is a clogging, gummy mess.

Federal government regulations require treatment of water that is piped to homes from lakes, rivers and reservoirs. Chlorine is the treatment of choice. It is an industrial waste product that they have to get rid of somehow. About three quarters of all homes have chlorinated water pouring out of their taps. Chlorine helps rid the water of infectious water-bourne disease but it does not rid the water of parasites like Cryptosporidium and it can cause serious harm to people who drink it and more serious harm to pregnant women.

If dairy processors clean their hoses with chlorinated water, the interior of the hose gets coated with a thick gummy layer of yellow gunk. The similarity to arterial plaque is uncanny. If you look at the segments of the population that drink milk and are exposed to chlorinated water, the statistics are alarming. Children are encouraged to drink milk by their parents. Other demographics are also encouraged to drink milk – pregnant women, athletes, people at risk of bone loss and the list goes on.

Studies done with rats and young roosters, feeding them chlorinated water with or without milk, both produced arterial plaque. The higher concentrations of chlorine in the water, produced higher levels of blood vessel clogging plaque. Some studies added milk to the mix with even more dramatic and higher levels of plaque resulted.

This information is not new. On July 11, 1992, the CBS show “Sixty Minutes” showed the results of experiments with two laboratory rats fed standard rat chow and chlorinated water. One of the rat groups had also been fed pasteurized, homogenized milk. The “milk fed” rats had high levels of arterial clogging, the other ones did not.

The young roosters, less than a year old were give divided into two group by J.M. Price, MD. One group was fed chlorinated water, the other group was fed non-chlorinated water. Needless to say the chlorinated group rapidly developed arterial plaque and the higher the concentration of chlorine, the thicker and gunkier the plaque.

Chlorine is highly acidic to the body, as is milk. But chlorine alone is responsible for long term risk of excessive free radical formation which makes the body turbo-age, in addition to causing cell damage and genetic mutation. Your genes are essential to a healthy life. Chlorine, through its genetic mutation capabilities, promotes cancer development, cholesterol metabolism difficulties, including destroying essential fatty acids in the body. It also promotes atherosclerosis and hardening of the arteries. Combine chlorine with milk and you have a time bomb ticking away.

In one alarming study, autopsies performed on babies who died in their first month out of the womb, who lived in a city of highly chlorinated water, showed that in nearly 200 consecutive deaths, 96 per cent of them showed advanced arterial damage. Two of those babies’ coronary arteries were blocked, causing infantile heart attacks. Could it have been the chlorine, like in the young roosters? We feed our babies milk and sometimes it is a powder, mixed with chlorinated water out of our tap.

Since both chlorinated water and milk are acidic to the body, they create all kinds of free radical damage. But as sure as the sun rises in the east, there is a solution. Since we cannot get local governments to take the chlorine out of your water, you can do it yourself. One of those filtering jugs that you can buy, is effective in removing the chlorine but it takes everything else with it including dissolved minerals. This results in a more acidic water which is equally as unhealthy.

Reverse osmosis water is banned for drinking in Europe. It has a skull and crossbones on the label, which also says, don’t feed to pets. It is very hungry water and will pull minerals from your organs, bones and teeth to balance it in your body. No wonder osteoporosis, diabetes and teeth problems are endemic in North America.

So, what is the solution? Alkaline, ionized water. The machine has two filters. One takes out all the large particulate matter along with the chlorine and chlorine by-products. The other takes out the little stuff and has the filtering capacity of a kidney dialysis machine, 0.01 microns. So it takes out all the parasites and other little swimmy things.

Alkaline, ionized water adds vital minerals, alkalizing the water to counteract the acidity in what you eat and drink, like your milk. The machine reduces the cluster size so that it is 6 times more readily absorbed and hydrating that other water, or other beverages for that matter. Make your tea and coffee with this water, to counteract more acidity.

Alkaline, ionized water is the H2O, split in an electrolysis process into H+ and OH-. The H+ is the acidic component which is flushed out the waste tube. Chlorine and other contaminants bind to the H+ because they are all acids. They go down the waste tube together. The OH- is full of negative ions that the body loves. These negative ions zap some of the free radicals, donating electrons to them, rendering them harmless. Drinking this water acts like an antioxidant in the body. Chlorine destroys the antioxidant qualities of Vitamin E, rendering it ineffective in the body so drink alkaline, ionized water with your Vitamin E, accelerating its effects in the body, making the vitamin more efficient.

When the water passes through the components of the machine, it is filled with tiny bubbles of oxygen. This provides the body with more available oxygen in addition to the air you breathe. It makes things work more efficiently especially your muscles and your brain.

So drink your alkaline, ionized water and your milk. If you are a milk drinker, the alkaline, ionized water will start to reverse the damage caused by combining chlorine with milk. It will bring the body into an efficient repair mode that will take years off your life and make you feel fabulous. It will even begin to restore the mineral loss that your body has experienced from being too acidic.

Progesterone: The Rodney Dangerfield of Hormones

Hormones control every system of the body. Knowledge of how hormones interact gives practitioners an important tool towards achieving wellness in their patients. Those people involved with bio-identical hormones, namely, compound pharmacists, physicians, and nurse practitioners, are already much aware of the importance of progesterone with regards to a woman’s gynecological well-being.

However, there seems to be a lack of appreciation for the role progesterone plays in the area of men’s health, as well as how progesterone can be utilized to benefit weight control in men, women and children. Please be aware that there are over 300 receptor sites throughout the body for progesterone. It is beyond the scope of this article to delineate all the potential benefits and actions of this hormone. Consider what I discuss here an introduction to the clinical benefits of this hormone.

Let me begin by stating a known fact – men and women have identical hormones. Although this fact seems obvious, it is commonly not appreciated. Progesterone is usually considered a “woman’s” hormone, perhaps related to the fact that its role in the male body is never mentioned. Interestingly, I consider it the second most important hormone in men after testosterone.

One of the main roles progesterone plays in males, as well as females, is to control insulin production. Insulin is obviously an important hormone, but excess quantities can be very detrimental. It is the number one cause of obesity in this country, it is perhaps the number one cause of “essential” hypertension, it is the number one cause of type II diabetes and it is probably responsible for most of the complications of diabetes with regard to nerve and blood vessel damage, it raises cholesterol levels and is the number one hormone that speeds up the aging process. If you consider that progesterone is the number one hormone that helps keep insulin levels down you can immediately appreciate the tremendous therapeutic effect this hormone has with regard to treating weight problems, blood pressure problems, diabetes, elevated cholesterol, etc.

I do not consider progesterone alone to be the panacea for all these problems. But used in conjunction with other therapeutic approaches it provides the ability to enhance whatever approach is being utilized. For example, progesterone by itself is very effective for preventing an over-production of insulin. People who start on progesterone cream are very quick to note that they no longer get sleepy in the afternoon between 3PM and 4PM, and they don’t get sleepy while driving or after eating. These are the classic times that insulin levels peak. However, progesterone cannot compete with a diet that is high in carbohydrate content – this situation produces an amount of insulin that overwhelms the ability of progesterone to control it. Utilizing certain bio-identical hormones can actually be considered the next step beyond Atkins to maintain weight control.

As men approach the age of 50, hormonal changes start becoming more evident. This is about the time that men stop producing progesterone; accordingly, they start developing weight around the midriff because their insulin levels are now higher. In concert with this drop in progesterone, their testosterone levels continue to drop and their estradiol levels start to rise.

After the menopause, whether surgical or natural, women continue to make estradiol. However, men’s level of estradiol is commonly higher than women’s after the age of 50. When looking at estradiol, keep in mind that it is a hormone that contributes to six different cancers in women – breast, cervical, vaginal, ovarian, uterine, and colon. It is the only known cause for cancer of the uterus (except for Tamoxifen). The prostate and the uterus embryologically are derived from the same tissue. Therefore, logically it would appear that estradiol is the probable cause of prostate cancer.

Progesterone very likely prevents every known cancer cause by estradiol. Since prostatic cancer mainly occurs in men at a time that their progesterone levels are low or non-existent and that their estradiol levels are high would it not seem logical that giving men natural, bio-identical progesterone cream might prevent prostate cancer?

A classic example of the importance of progesterone in men may be best exemplified by one of my patients who presented himself to me by saying, “Doc, if you don’t help me, I’m going to commit suicide”. He was 57 years old, obviously depressed, and also complained of severe hypoglycemia, asthma, and he had osteoporosis.

At the time of his visit he was taking a combination of liothyronine (Cytomel) 25mcg, Armour thyroid and Actonel. Review of previous records indicated that he had been on a variety of regimens for depression and asthma including Paxil, Serzone, Effexar, Singular, and Flonase. He had been on a constantly changing thyroid regimen for over 20 years.

Prior lab studies showed a persistently low T4 and usually elevated T3 levels. TSH levels were always around the 0.01 range. This latter fact exemplifies a classic error done by most doctors who evaluate thyroid studies. They consider a low TSH as an indication of too much thyroid being given. They are perhaps unaware that there are several different types of hypothyroidism. The most common is primary hypothyroidism where the thyroid itself is unable to produce enough thyroid. The most common cause of this is a result of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

However, there is also an entity called secondary hypothyroidism. This occurs when the pituitary fails to produce enough thyroid stimulating hormone and results in a hypofunctioning thyroid that is frequently misinterpreted as being hyperfunctioning.

In any event, the reams of old records he brought with him were virtually worthless. He told me that he had spent over $200,000 in the two years prior to his seeing me; he had been all over the country consulting with the “top” doctors in the most prestigious medical centers. In addition to their failing to figure out what was wrong with him, they neglected to realize he had adult ADHD, fibromyalgia, and restless leg syndrome.

Initial lab studies showed:

Free T4 0.8 [0.8-1.8] NG/DL

Free T3 816 [230-420] PG/DL

TSH

The proximal cause of all this man’s problems was a deficiency of progesterone. When I told him this he was, of course, skeptical. But I was his last resort. I gave him a prescription for progesterone cream 100 mg/ ¼ tsp, at a dosage of ¼ tsp TID applied to the wrist/forearm area. I also prescribed T3 S/R 7.5 mcg BID along with levoxyl 0.125 mg. Three days after starting on this regimen he ran into my office and stated, “Doc, in my entire life I have never felt this good!”

Please note: The dosage of progesterone utilized for this patient is higher than the usual dose I would recommend for men. This is the dosage specifically utilized for those with ADHD and is continued until symptoms of hypoglycemia are gone. At that point I lower the dose to 100mg to 200mg/ day.

Over the years I’ve had the opportunity to have utilized progesterone in hundreds of men. I am very much aware of what this hormone is capable of achieving. Therefore, I was not surprised by the effect that it had on his particular patient. Much of his depression was related to the fact that he was internalizing anger. He was a type A personality, workaholic, successful, and had a short fuse. In other words, he produced a lot of adrenaline. He was a classic adult ADHD. On this basis alone I knew that progesterone would help him. In addition, progesterone affects many of the neurotransmitters in the brain, also helping to alleviate depression.

Progesterone helps to prevent hypoglycemia by preventing a rise in insulin. It has a powerful effect on asthma − partly because it breaks down into cortisone and also because it blocks estradiol, a known cause of asthma. His osteoporosis was also most likely related to a lack of progesterone; it is a hormone that both prevents osteoporosis as well as treats it.

Delineating all the benefits of progesterone for men is beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it to say a major benefit is related its ability to keep insulin levels down. This helps to prevent weight gain, lower blood pressure and prevent diabetes. This tendency to lower insulin leads to the elimination or helps to alleviate a number of conditions felt to be incurable by the medical community. This includes disorders such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), restless leg syndrome, fibromyalgia, and type II diabetes. Of course these types of benefits relate to women as well as men.

In summary, this article provides a small overview of the potential of bio-identical progesterone for men, as well as the importance of progesterone in helping both men and women to control their weight. Please note that the benefits mentioned are based on utilization of progesterone in a transdermal form thereby allowing for its uptake by progesterone receptor sites.

You will notice at the end of this article there will be no references made to other articles in other journals or publications. The reason is that what I am writing is based on my own personal clinical observations. There is some intuition and logic involved, but primarily I rely on feedback I get from patients rather than relying on the dubious findings of “double-blind studies”.

©2006. Dr. Michael E. Platt/All Rights Reserved. This article is copyrighted, but you have permission to share it through any medium as long as the proper copyright and credit line is included.

Using Cloth Nappies

We all know that using cloth nappies is best for the environment and for our baby's health (not to mention our pockets) but just how easy are they to use?

Here are answers to some common questions to help get you started.
Are cloth nappies easy to use?

The short answer, is YES. The more useful response is to answer some common questions about real nappies.

What do I do at change time?

If the nappy is simply wet, all you need to do is take it off, throw the liner away (if disposable) and put the nappy and reusable liner in your nappy bucket instead of the bin.

If the nappy is dirty, the poo can be flushed away down the loo (far more hygienic than putting it in the bin) and the nappy put in the bucket.

Liquid poo can be washed off by holding the nappy under the flush of the loo before being deal with in your normal way.

Are they difficult to put on?

Not at all. Shaped nappies or all-in-ones are the easiest to use and require no folding – simply put them on just as you would a disposable. Flat or terry nappies do need to be folded but the fantastic invention of the Nappi Nippa means that you do not have to use a pin.

Will I have to do lots of washing?

All families have lots of washing, so to add in a few nappies is not really that much extra work. When you are ready to do a normal wash, simply take the nappies out of the bucket and put them in the washing machine, it is as simple as that.

Putting nappies into a modern machine with its fast spin is a far cry from having to put them through the twin tub and mangle that your mother may have used.
Nappies can be washed at 60c and some people even use 40c with the odd hotter wash to keep the stains at bay.

The best way to dry nappies is on the line with the rest of your washing (or on a radiator during the winter) but I like to fluff them by putting them in the dryer for 10 mins with the bath towels after taking them off the line .

Will I get dirty putting them in the washing machine?

No. The poo will have been disposed of, so you are only dealing with a little wee. If you wet pail (see below) you can use a mesh bag to store the nappies in, so you just need to pick that up and put it in the machine. Dry pailing is even easier to do.

What is "pailing"?

Basically, storing used nappies in a bucket. Wet pailing involves putting the nappies into a solution of water and nappy soak or similar or just plain water.

Dry pailing is very easy – simply drop the used nappy into the bucket and replace the lid.

Will my house smell?

Only if you leave lots of dirty nappies hanging around for days. Just think of how your bin smells with a couple day's worth of dirty disposables in it. With real nappies, the poo is flushed down the loo straight away, so you will not suffer from this problem. If you like, you can put a few drops of essential oil on a cloth that you keep on the top of the bucket to help with any smells.

Will not all the washing powders harm the environment?

Yes and no. Yes to the extent that all detergents cause some damage (this can be limited by using non-bio or eco-friendly products) but no to the extent that this is still much better than using disposable nappies.
Will I have to change more nappies?
Not really. Guidelines state that you should change your baby's nappy every 4 hours during the day (more often for new borns), so this remains the same.

Will not my baby get nappy rash?

Nappy rash is caused by bacteria in the poo reacting to the ammonia in wee. The best way to stop nappy rash is to change frequently (every 4 hours or so) and allow fresh air to get to the nappy area.

The lock away core in disposable nappies encourages parents to change less often and their very design prevents air from circulating. Most designs of real nappy are breathable, allowing air to circulate, resulting in a healthier bottom.

Will they leak?

Not if they fit properly. A well fitting cloth nappy with wrap if appropriate is no more likely to leak than a disposable. It is a good idea to try a few sample kits to make sure you buy the right nappy for your baby.

What about overnight?

It is perfectly possible to use cloth nappies overnight, maybe with the addition of a cloth booster pad. Other parents opt for an eco-disposable overnight.

What if I go out for the day?

Many parents use real nappies even when they go out and just take a slightly larger bag with them. Others have a stock of eco-disposables to use for day trips or when they go away.

What is a nappy laundry services?

A nappy laundry service will provide you with a set of nappies and collect and wash the dirty nappies. A real boon if you are pushed for time but can be a little more expensive than washing your own.

Will I really save money?

Yes. Figures vary, but you should expect to save over £ 500 for the first child in cloth nappies, plus you get to use them again for subsequent children. Also, there is a thriving market in second hand nappies, so you could even recoup some of the initial set up costs.

Are they really better?

Certainly! Cloth nappies help prevent nappy rash, aid walking and early potty training and are much better for the environment. What are you waiting for?

What is an Ointment?

Most people have used an ointment for one reason or another. Due to their basic combination of ingredients – an oil, a wax, and added essential oils – they are surprisingly easy to produce.

So what is an ointment?

An ointment is a homogeneous, viscous, semi-solid preparation – typically a thick, greasy oil with a high viscosity – that is intended for external application to the skin. Ointments tend to be used for muscle pain, rubs, or in products such as nappy rash creams.

Consistency of Product.

The consistency of ointments can be altered unintentionally by climate, or intentionally by adding additional oils such as emu oil. The combination of essential oils, and thus the viscosity of the ointment, will vary depending on its intended use. For example, a nappy rash cream applied on an infant would need to be less viscous than a liniment used by a sportsman.

Common Properties.

Most ointments are moisturizing for the skin, and, due to their having few ingredients beyond the base oil, have a low risk of sensitization and irritation. Though an ingredient base of oils and beeswax is preferable, there are a number of alternative options.

1/ Hydrocarbon bases; e.g. a hard or soft paraffin, which is a petroleum product.

2/ Absorption bases; e.g. wool fat or beeswax. I prefer beeswax because it is a cleaner, more natural product. Beeswax itself can be bought as natural, unrefined, or bleached wax. I prefer it straight from the beekeeper. Melt the wax and allow the solid particles to settle.

3/ Synthetic water-soluble bases

4/ Emulsifying bases; beeswax is also the most widely-used emulsifier, but carnauba wax, cocoa butter, shea butter, and emu oil have also been used. Carnauba wax is used to provide a lovely glossy surface to your finished ointment and, as it is a plant wax, is also suitable for vegans.

5/ Vegetable oils; e.g. olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil, etc.

Customising.

The essential oils you select will depend on the benefits you wish to achieve. For example, calendula oil and lavender will create soothing and moisturising ointments suitable for an infant. Clove, cajeput and menthol essential oils are popular in sports liniments. For an elderly person who wants pain relief, but has dry sensitive skin, lavender, peppermint and marjoram are ideal. You may also like to add 5% wheatgerm oil for its vitamin E content, or carrot-seed oil for vitamins A, C, B1 and B2. Whatever you select, make it appropriate for its purpose.

Preserving Your Ointment.

I have never had problems with ointments, and this is basically the result of:

1/ Both the jars and my equipment are kept very clean.

2/ There is no water content in the ointments. Water will tend to make the creams become unusable.

3/ You can add grapefruit seed extract as a preservative, and rosemary extract as an antioxidant.

Benefits To Using An Ointment.

All these products are excellent at holding moisture in the skin, and, being oil-based, will not wash off as easily. This is essential if you plan to use it the ointment for massage, manipulation or as protective layer, such as a nappy rash. Natural ointments are easy to make for home use, are easy to customise, and easy to use.

Cause Of Asthma

You may be wondering what the cause of asthma is, especially if you are keen to reduce the severity and frequency of your attacks. Asthma is a respiratory condition that can have an impact on the quality of your life. With an asthma attack, you feel weakened considering and may not be able to function normally. However, instead of feeling helpless, find ways to better deal with it and to take responsibility for your own health.

You must first realize that not all asthma is the same, in finding out what the cause of asthma is. Several different types of asthma have different triggers.

– Allergic asthma is when the symptoms are triggered by allergens that the sufferer comes into contact with. Some of the most common triggers in allergic asthma are dust, pollen, pet dander, etc. An avoidance or reduced exposure to these triggers can help substantially. Most children who are diagnosed with asthma suffer from allergic asthma. Smoking during pregnancy and while children are young can make them more vulnerable to allergic asthma.

– Exercise-induced asthma is when your asthma symptoms only occurs during strenuous exercise. This asthma is due to the fact that the lungs lose their moisture and heat during times of strenuous activity. Coughing is the most common symptom observed with this type of asthma, although there may be more severe symptoms.

– Intrinsic asthma is when the symptoms are not linked to a particular allergy. Some of the triggers in intrinsic asthma are perfume, smoke and cold air, cleaning fumes, an upper respiratory infection, and GERD or gastroesophageal reflux. Patients who begin having allergy symptoms after the age of 40 most often suffer from intrinsic asthma.

– Occupational asthma occurs when you begin having asthma symptoms due to being in contact with dust, fumes, chemicals, or other irritants over a long period of time at work. This makes working very difficult. You may want to change your working environment for the sake of your health.

– Nocturnal asthma occurs when you suffer from allergy symptoms while sleeping. It can be triggered by bedding allergens or other allergens located in your bedroom, GERD, or a decrease in the temperature of the bedroom.

It is important that you learn more about your cause of asthma to determine how best to control or avoid your triggers. It is possible to lead a more normal life, free of the many miserable allergy symptoms, if you learn how to best take care of yourself.

Celiac Disease Basics

Celiac disease is when the body absorbs undigested proteins that could damage the intestinal lining by gluten proteins. "Gluten is the protein in wheat, rye, and barley."

A celiac patient needs to have a gluten free diet ; gluten needs to be eliminated to avoid creating holes in the intestinal walls so that food allergies, toxins from many food dyes, preservatives, and artificial flavors would not be able to enter the bloodstream. Pathogens like bacteria, worms, fungi and viruses can invade the organs if a strict celiac diet would not be followed.

One in around one hundred have celiac disease. Many could have the disease witout having celiac symptoms. People with celiac disease experience symptoms like cancer, epilepsy, attention deficit disorders, chronic fatigue, malnutrition and other varying symptoms like emotional stress. It could also include bloating, malnutrition, gatric upsets, diarhea, fatty stools and vomiting.

Celiac Sprue

Celiac Sprue is also a form of celiac disease; it is a genetic disorder that primarily affects the digestive system. The intolerance for gluten leads to intestinal damage due to inflammation. Celiac sprue can be eliminated when a patient follows a strict diet so that gastric cancers and pernicious anemia can be avoided.

Herpetiformis Dermatitis (DH)

Dermatitis Herpetiformis is a skin disorder associated with gluten hypersensitivity. It attacks the skin like inflammation. It is characterized by blistering, excoriations and urticarial plaques. The typical place where lesions can be found is in prominently bony areas like the back, knees, elbows and buttocks. This condition is strictly itchy. An estimated 15- 25 patients with celiac disease are likely to develop DH.

Crohn's Disease

Is a gastro intestinal infection that affects the small intestines. This condition triggers abdominal pain; it could also manifest bloody stools, vomiting, dehydration and weight loss.

Sufferers experience sever mal absorption and diseases related t vitamin and mineral deficiency such as osteoporosis, scurvy, anemia and rickets in children. Common treatment would often include a complete dose of antibiotic treatments to fight off potentially dangerous infections.

Celiac Disease in Children

Celiac disease symptoms manifest within three to five months after the first intake. A child suffering from celiac will thrive until gluten is introduced into the diet; after that the child will refuse to be fed and would start losing weight. A child will exhibit symptoms like irritability and would develop a large abdomen. Stools would become abnormal and would be loose-like diarrhea.

Symptoms to Expect .

Inability to concentrate in children, difficulty with mental alertness, it could also include mood swings and depression that could also be experienced by teens.

Products like barley, rye and oats should be avoided. While fruits, grilled meats, vegetables, salads, eggs and potatoes can be staple choices for a person who is suffering from celiac.

Anxious Child – How To Help Your Child Cope With Anxiety Or Fears

Is your child afraid or anxious?

Parenting children who are anxious often makes the parent anxious too. Parents can help their anxious child develop the skills and confidence to overcome fears so that they do not evolve into phobic reactions. The following techniques may be used by parents to assist the child in coping with his or her an exotic behavior.

Symptoms of anxietyness include:

* constant thoughts and intents fears about the safety

* fears about school and other places

* frequent stomachaches and other physical complaints

* extreme worries about everyday tasks

* Being overly cautious

* panic or tantrums

* sweating, fidgety, unable to physically relax

* trouble sleeping or nightmares

* fears of meeting or talking to people

* avoidance of social situations

* few friends outside the family

* Many worries about things before they happen

* constant worries or concerns about family, school, friends, or activities

* repetitive, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or actions (compulsions)

* fears of embarrassment or making mistakes

* low self esteem and lack of self-confidence

Fear is Real

As trivial as a fear may seem, it feels real to the child and it is causing him or her to feel anxious and afraid. "Being able to talk about fears can help," Dr. Manassis says:

"Words often take some of the power out of emotion; if you can give the fear a name it becomes more manageable.

Always Believe Your Child's Fears

Telling a child, "Do not be ridiculous! There are no monsters in your closet!" may get him to go to bed, but it will not make the fear go away.

However, do not cater to fears. If your child does not like dogs, do not cross the street kindly to avoid one. This will reinforce that dogs should be scared and avoided.

Teach the Child How to Rate Fear

Teach your child how to rate the intensity of the fear on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the strongest. Your child may be able to "see" the fear as less intenet than first imagined. Younger children can think about how "full of fear" they are, with being full "up to my knees" as not so scared, "up to my stomach" as more frightened, and "up to my head" as truly petrified.

Teach coping strategies

Try these easy-to-implement techniques. Using you as "home base," the child can venture out toward the feared object, and then return to you for safety before venturing out again. The child can also learn some positive self-statements, such as "I can do this" and "I will be OK," which he can say to him when he feels anxious. Relaxation techniques are helpful as well, including visualization (of floating on a cloud or lying on a beach, for example) and deep breathing (imagining that the lungs are balloons and letting them slow deflate).

Other strategies to implement

1. Set realistic expectations for your child

2. Use positive statements and reinforcement "I love the way you did that!"

3. Allow your child to succeed on his / her own

4. Allow your child to learn how to manage his / her own feelings by using a feeling chart

5. Avoid passing your anxiousness and fears onto your child

Medical Check-up

If your child has an unusual pattern of constant errors and anxiousness, contact your medical doctor and schedule a physical appointment. Share your concerns with your medical doctor.

Help A Partner Lose His Snoring Habits

It may not be too obvious, but you could be snoring while you are sleeping. Snoring is one of the most annoying sound any person could hear during the night and it could be a life-long problem if this person is your partner.

If you have been a victim long enough to the nightly snoring sounds, you could do necessary steps to make sure that your partner does not snore any longer, or at least make sure that he minimize snoring every time he sleeps. Giving an effort for your partner's best welfare is going to give you and your partner more than the relief you could get. But most importantly, a good night sleep is the sweetest reward of all.

How do you start your quest in helping a loved one lose his snoring habits?

First, check on his weight. If you think that his weight does not have anything to do with his snoring problems, you are wrong. An overweight person has excess fats in his body and the concerned areas here are the fats located in his neck area. The throat is an air passage for the person to breathe and if there are obstructions to where air passes through, a sound vibration will occur and this is going to be the sound that you hear whenever he is asleep.

Inform your partner to start losing his weight first. Physical exercises are the best form of remedy. It does not only help with the snoring problem but other health illness will also be taken care of.

Next to this is your partner's diet. Any food that your partner eats when awake may have contributed to the snoring state he is in now while he sleeps. Start to monitor what your partner eats every meal. Keep dairy products at a low volume because ingredients from dairy products interfere with the breathing pattern of a person when sleeping asleep which, the snoring sound you hear. Also, make sure that your partner does not take in anything that has too much sedatives like alcohol. These ingredients causes a person's organs to become extremely relaxed during sleep and is also one of the reasons why snoring happens.

Be mindful of these simple but important steps to having a partner great to cuddle with every night minus the snoring noise.

Sharpen Your Abdominal Brain And Build A Stronger Midsection

The Brain-Gut Connection

Have you ever wondered why people get butterflies in the stomach before a job interview or big performance? Or even why people vomit at the thought of something incompetent or while under some stress?

The reason for these common experiences is that your digestive tract and stomach in particular acts as a second brain. The human digestive tract contains over one million nerve cells … this is about the same amount of nerves found in the spinal chord! In fact, there are more cells in your digestive system than there is in the entire peripheral nervous system. (1)

Your digestive brain and the brain in you skull are linked together via the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve "wanders" from the brain stem through the organs in the neck and thorax and finally terminates in the abdomen. This has been termed the "brain-gut" connection by Jordan Rubin, author of The Makers Diet. (5)

This second 'abdominal brain' is just as important as your 'skull brain'. According to Dr. Michael Gershon, professor of anatomy and cell biology at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City, describing the body's second nervous system in his book The Second Brain:

"The brain is not the only place in the body that's full of neurotransmitters. A hundred million neurotransmitters line the length of the gut, approximately the same number that is found in the brain … The brain in the bowel has got to work right or no one will have the luxury to think at all. "(4)

Your stomach literally thinks and, has the capacity to feel and express your emotions.

Smart Core

According to Paul Chek in Scientific Core Conditioning, the rectus abdominis is segmentally innervated by different 8 nerves. He continues to assert that due to the abundance of nerves that innervate the core / abdominal musculature, that it functions as if it has 8 brains. (2)

The reason for the abundance of nerve endings in the abdominal musculature is obvious … through our evolution, the hardships of developmental environment dictated that the abdominal musculature need be extremely strong as well as intelligent. It is the abdominal musculature that is responsible for: the stabilizing effect for the expression of limb movement, increasing intra-abdominal pressure to assist in forced expression, flexion, rotation, ipsilateral isometric contraction when stimulated unilaterally, transferred tension to create spinal stability via that thoraco-lumab fascia (TCF), etc. So, my point is clear … your abs have a lot of jobs, so they've been given a lot of brains.

Abdominal Inhibition due to emotional disturbance

To reiterate … First, your digestive system acts as a second brain and contains the same amount of nerve cells as the spinal chord. Also, due to the abundance of neurotransmitters present in the stomach it has been observed, both clinically and experientially, that it is highly affected by the emotions that we produce.

Next, it has been established that the core musculature has "8 brains". The muscles of the abdominal are highly evolved to withstand "primal man's" need to survive and thrive in developmental environment through functional movement patterns necessary for hunting as well as building shelter.

Both the digestive system and the abdominal musculature are linked via the nervous system. One of the primary control centers of the nervous system, the brain, can make or break your efforts to flatten your abs and build a rock solid physique … and I am going to show you how.

Internal organs borrow their pain-sensitive nerve fibers from the muscular system. This means that when an organ feels pain, the brain can not determine if it's the muscle or the organ that hurts. The brain only knows which segment of the spine that the pain message came from. So, the brain then sends a message to that particular region of the spell and tells all of the muscles, tissue and organs in that region to have as if they were in pain. (3)

When you are distracted, due to emotional disturbance from – financial insecurity, relationships, a job that you hate or spending an hour on the phone with your depressed middle aged auntie … your stomach, or second brain reacts. Some of the specific observed reactions by this organ to emotional pain include reduced or increased blood flow, "clenching", and digestive inhibition.

While this is occurring, your abdominal musculature has just received the same message that the stomach has – "there is pain and we must react". Your abdominal muscles, now perceiving pain, became inhibited and lose the capacity to contact their fullest capacity. This is true in particular for the Transversus Abdominis, the muscle that activates the thoraco-lumab fascia for low back stability and acts to keep your belly "drawn in". (I've just shown you how mental / emotional distress causes low back pain as well.)

So, what does this mean for me?

Essentially, the point that I would like to make clear is that as a holistic entity your entitlement physiology is linked via control systems including the nervous system. You now understand why mental / emotional stability is essential for muscular strength and stability … especially as it relates to your abdominal.

If you have been trying, unsuccessfully, to improve your aesthetics through countless crunching sessions and dieting – I invite you to consider that you have been missing as much as 50% of your opportunity to have better health and visible strength. Ignoring or working against your body does not work! And you will only look as good on the outside as you feel on the inside.

What can I do?

First, recognize that you are an integrated system of systems and that one part of your mind-body can not experience trauma without it affecting several others.

Next, there are a total of 6 factors which I call you "The Primal Elements" that must be addressed in order for you to look and feel your God-given potential. I will elaborate on each of theses in a later article but for now I will list them: Your Thoughts, Breathing, Hydration, Nutrition / Food Quality, Exercise, and Biological Rhythms.

Learn more about "The Primal Elements": [http://www.Primal-Edge.com]

Addressing each of the Primal Elements on a daily basis will keep your organs, your nervous system and subsequently your musculo-skeketal system functioning optimally and allow for a flatter, stronger and better looking midsection.

Reference:

1. Blakeslee, Sandra, "Complex and Hidden Brain in Gut Makes Stomachaches and Butterflies", New York Times, January 23, 1996.

2. Chek, Paul, Scientific Core Conditioning (San Diego, CA: CHEK Institute Publications, 1998)

3. Chek, Paul, How to Eat, Move and Be Healthy (San Diego, CA: CHEK Institute Publications, 2004)

4. Dr. Michael Gershon, The Second Brain (New York: Haprer Collins, 1998).

5. Rubin, Jordan, The Makers Diet, (Lake Mary, Florida: Silhom, 2004).

6. Hulse, Elliott, Unleash Your Primal Edge (St. Petersburg, FL: Primal Edge Publications, 2006)