Build Your Own Homemade Gold Sluice Box

Have you ever thought of going prospecting for gold? Using a sluice box may help you find more of that beautiful yellow stuff. Here how you can plan and build your own gold sluice box. These do it your self projects are popular with lots of folks, and fun to think about even if you just end up buying a store bought product. Here are some thoughts on how to build your own do It Yourself, hand fed Gold Sluice Box – I think it's a great project for beginners. A wooden sluice like this was the first piece of prospecting equipment I ever built.

A sluice box lined with riffles is one of the oldest forms of gravity separation devices still being used today. They are simple and have been in use all across the world for thousands of years. A sluice is really nothing more than an artificial channel lined with devices to catch gold through which water flows, moving the lighter materials such as clay, sands and gravels out of the sluice. They heavy materials remain behind, trapped by the riffles. For many years, most sluice boxes were home made affairs designed and built in the gold prospector himself. To this day, in the gold bearing regions of third world countries, prospects design and build sluice boxes out the most unusual items – sometimes whatever materials are available locally. You do not really need any special sluice box plans – the exact size is really not all that critical.

Making your own gold sluice is actually a very good beginning project for new prospects in my opinion. Just take a close look at the sluices being offered by the manufacturers, and that will show you how to build your own sluice box. It will not be difficult to get some ideas to make your own plans. Sluice boxes can be made out of wood, aluminum, plastic or steel. Injection molded plastic is not really an option easily available to the do-it-yourself prospector, and steel has a tendency to rust, so wood and aluminum are the preferred options.

In developing plans for a homemade sluice box, the more time you spend thinking about your design, the better. You do not want to have to buy parts you do not need, but on the other hand your slice box needs to work and catch the gold efficiently. A good plan and a good understanding of how a sluice box traps gold are important to your design. I think using miners moss underneath your riffles is a real important item for capturing that fine gold. That is why miners moss is used in the sluices of almost all commercial suction gold dredges. Having a liner underneath the riffles is an important aid in catching small gold dust, and is very worthwhile. I went with miners moss under all the riffs in my sluice, and I strongly recommend it for you.

The typical wooden home sluice is made of boards and varies in width from 8 to 18 inches, usually with a depth of 6 inches to a foot. A typical length would be in the three to 6 foot range. Riffles can be made from half inch square dowel nailed about every 6 inches down the length of the sluice. The section without riffles in the top of the box about a foot long is often left for the spot where material shoveled in. This type of sluice box does catch gold, and is easy to build, but is hard to clean out at the end of the day. In addition, the gravel will beat up the wooden riffles over time. It is also possible to create steel riffs that fit inside a wooden sluice, and in that case you can also use miners Moss or some similar material to line the bottom of the sluice underneath the metal riffles.
Homemade sluices can also be made from lightweight aluminum. Wooden sluices tend to become waterlogged in increased very in weight after they have been in the water for time. This gives aluminum quite an advantage and it is certainly preferred in the construction of the homeware sluice. The trough of the sluice, whether aluminum or wood, is usually rough about the same size.

For those interested in making their own home made hand fed sluice box from aluminum with steel riffles as a do it yourself type of project, I can say If you have any metal fabrication skills, you will find this an easy project. A little welding, a little metal folding and the project is done. If you purchase fairly thin aluminum sheet it will be able to bend it yourself into the trough shape as a single piece (just do not go too thin). More information and detail can be found on the authors website.

Cat Nutrition – Must Have Ingredients For Kitty

When you have a pet at home, you should also make sure that is getting all the nourishment it needs. Making sure that you feed your pet with healthy food at all times can do this. But it is difficult to understand what can be described as healthy food for a cat. There are a wide variety of cat foods that are available in any pet store. Before purchasing the food, you should check the contents of the food to make sure that it contains all the nutrients necessary for a cat to live a healthy life. Some of the nutrients that your cat needs are:

Vitamin A – Both humans as well as animals need a lot of Vitamin A. But animals can not convert the carotene that they get from plants into Vitamin A like humans. They are able to leak Vitamin A from different kinds of meat like kidney and liver. So you should make sure that you cat food contains enough quantities of liver and kidney. A deficiency of Vitamin A in the food of the cat can lead to serious health problems. The cat might start losing weight, his cell membranes might get damaged and his growth might get stunted. His immunity levels may also come down and female cats may experience irregular menstrual cycles. When a female cat does not get the required amount of Vitamin A then she could get pregnant with an embryo that might have not had been implanted properly and she could have a miscarriage. If they still manage to deliver the kitten, then it could have certain birth defects like a cleft palate.

Niacin – Like other animals, cats can not process the niacin that is present in tryptophan and they should obtain niacin from animal tissues. If the diet of a cat is deficient in niacin, then it could lose weight and also lose its hunger. It could also have wounds around its mouth and also have rough fur.

Essential Fatty acids – the diet of a cat should also contain animal fat since animal fat contains a fatty acid otherwise known as arachidonic acid. The cat may suffer from reproductive problems like dermatitis if the required amount of animal fat is not present in its food.

Taurine – High amounts of Taurine need to be consumed by cats and this can be found in muscle foods, fish and also shellfish. Cats may suffer from blindness or Central retinal degeneration if it does not get the adequate amount of Taurine. It could also develop reproductive issues and diseases in the heart muscle if it does not get enough Taurine.

Protein – the right quantity of proteins should also be available in the diet of a cat. Cat food should at least contain 12% proteins while food for a dog should contain just 4% protein. A protein rich diet is good for a cat although it is not the same case for other animals. This will provide that cat with all the essential vitamins that it needs and also give it all the energy and calories that it needs to be happy and healthy.

Fight High Cholesterol Levels, the Natural Way – The Enzyme Behind Clogged Arteries Identified

British researchers have discovered an enzyme which has been held responsible for clogging up our arteries. The enzyme, Matrix Metalloproteinase-8, increases the blood pressure level, and creates an abnormal accumulation of cells within the arteries.

The lead researcher said that the enzyme plays a significant role in the build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries, which leads to atherosclerosis / thickening of the arteries, especially resulting in a host of cardio-vascular heart diseases.

The experts genetically modified mice, so that they lacked the Matrix Metalloproteinase-8 enzyme. These mice were fed on a diet that was high in cholesterol and fats. These genetically engineered mice were then weighed against the normal mice that were fed on the same diet. Results showed that the mice that were deficient in Matrix Metalloproteinase enzyme, had clearer arteries and lower blood pressures than the normal mice.

Dietary guidelines to manage hypercholesterolemia or high levels of cholesterol:

  • Ditch deep fried foods, greasy, fatty foods. Instead opt for foods that are either grilled (in olive oil) or baked or boiled or roasted.
  • It is very essential that you keep a record of the saturated fats, unsaturated fats, cholesterol, trans fats, hydrogenated fats and sodium, that you consume daily.
  • Cholesterol is a fatty substance in the body, and although almost always depicted as a damage-causing compound, serves more than a few vital roles in the body. It is a building block for various hormones and bile acids, and plays an important role in steadying cell membranes.
  • While normal cholesterol levels are needed for good health, evidence demonstrates that elevated levels significantly amplify the risk of death due to cardio-vascular disorders .

Emotions and Health

For many years conventional medicine believed that your health was a matter of genetics, infection exposure, and lifestyle. It was a rare exception when emotional experience also played factor to your health condition. There is now solid science behind the correlation of emotional experience and a host of diseases and health conditions including heart disease, depression, obesity and chronic pain. When looking at the body as a whole, emotional experience now plays a significant part in your overall health. Fatigue and stress have been seen as culprits in hindering your health.

Without dealing with their emotional health, no one can be really well. Little progress can be made curing a physical condition, no matter what therapy is used, until there is progress at the emotional level.

Unresolved emotional issues contribute to failing physical problems. They may be emotional experiences that happened many years ago in your childhood, hidden and festering inside the body that come out later in life in the form of an adverse health condition or disease. Often for women, menopause is a time when your body is telling you it is ready to resolve emotional issues and needs healing. Both your emotional and physical health can be healed together. It can be a time when you can reclaim your self.

The most insightful place to explore the emotional roots of disease may be the breakthrough ACE Study. In the 1990's over 17,000 patients of a large health plan were enrolled in a study to assess the link between emotional experience and adult health. The results were stunning which has a reason to reconsider the structure of primary care in America's medical practice.

Participants were asked whether they had experienced any of eight forms of personal abuse or dysfunctional family behavior before the age of 18, each called an "adverse childhood experience" (ACE). More than half of the patients had one ACE or more. Even more surprising was the correlation to health outcomes. Those who had experienced an ACE were more likely to have an adverse health condition or disease as an adult. The health outcomes covered a wide range including heart disease, fractures, diabetes, obesity, alcoholism, and more.

The truth is that all emotional experience affects our health, whether positive or negative, and whether it occurs in the past or the present. Negative emotional experiences appear to have more lying health effects, because because we tend to ignore dealing with them.

Some psychologists and scientists believe we have five basic feelings: joy, fear, anger, grief and love, with other feeling states being variations on these five. An emotion is what your body does with one of these feelings.

The Center for Disease Control estimates that 90% of all visits to the doctor are stress-related. There are hundreds of medical studies linking stress to a host of diseases. Stress is personal. Something that is stressful to one person is not necessarily to another, because of each person's emotional history. Our biography becomes our biology, in a sense. People develop patterns to dealing with stress. It is important to be aware of your personal patterns and to learn to control them for your emotional wellbeing and your physical health.

For information on women's health and to find a Round Rock OBGYN , visit Heart of Texas OBGYN.

Health and Fitness in Scuba Diving

Scuba diving is a relaxing activity, but of course you should be in good health. You will realize that there are times when strenuous activity comes into play, so you need to levels of health, fitness and conditioning sufficient to handle strenuous activity, which could include an emergency or other unanticipated physical demands. Being in good health helps insure that you can meet these demands, which in turn affects your safety.

General diving health recommendations follow the same recommendations regarding rest and diet for everyday life. Never use alcohol, drugs or tobacco prior to diving. Alcohol and drugs, even in quantities that have minimal effect on the surface, can impair your judgment at depth, where pressure can increase your risk of decompression sickness. Be conservative if drinking the night before diving; alcohol tends to dehydrate you, which can also predispose you to decompression sickness.

If you are taking prescription drug, discuss its effect with your physician prior to diving. If in doubt, do not dive until you're no longer using the medication.

Avoid smoking which interferes with having an active lifestyle. Smoking is undeniable detrimental to your health. If you do smoke, abstain for several hours before and after diving because smoking significantly decrees the efficiency of your circulatory and respiratory systems. It also can promote air trapping within your lungs, theoretically raising your risk of lung over expansion injury – even when breathing normal.

Do not dive if you do not feel well, including diving with a cold. Doing so can cause ear and sinus squeeze or reverse blocks due to equalization difficulties. Diving with a chest cold can produce air trapping, with a risk of lung over expansion injury. No one wants to miss out on a dive, but you should be in good health to go safely. Do not use medication to combat the symptoms so you can make a dive if you are not well.

Maintain a reasonable degree of physical fitness and have a complete physical examination when you first enter diving, and at least every two years thereafter. Ideally, you should be examined by a physician knowledgeable in dive medicine. Keep your immunizations current; This is especially important for your tetanus and typhoid immunization. Keep a well-balanced diet and get proper rest. Maintain a regular exercise program – you do not have to be an Olympian, just in good average health.

How to Prevent Injuries With a Balanced Diet

We've all heard the term "a 4-6 week recovery". That heart retching sentence that eats you up inside. Whether it's a strain, pull, sprain, tear or even a fraction, asking a ballerina to rest is like disabling one's way to express oneself. So what are the most common ballet injuries?

An Injury Breakdown for a ballerina is 65% -80% leg injuries, 10% -17% spine injuries and 5% -15% arm injuries. What cause these you might ask?

Factors and origin of these injuries include fatigue, poor alignment, environmental hazards, inexperience, over training, incorrect use of muscles, incorrect use of turn out and muscle imbalance etc. Unfortunately injuries are part of a ballerina's life. So how do we ensure a fast recovery?

4-6 weeks is how long it takes damaged tissue to be replaced. Physical therapy, massage, acupuncture, cross training, laser therapy help aid in a fast recovery. But surprisingly proper nutrition and hydration play a huge rule in it too. How?

A daily diet during recovery should consist of complex carbohydrates, proteins, healthy fats, foods high in vitamins and minerals, anti-oxidants rich foods and plenty of water.

Complex carbohydrates are broken down and stored as glycogen which is what gives your muscles fullness. Consumption of carbohydrates is the catalyst for protein sparing. In which your protein is used for muscle building instead of being used as energy. Proteins role is to rebuild damaged muscles and replenishes lost nutrients to you injured body. Doctors recommend adding 15% -18% more protein into your diet while injured. Healthy fats help with cellular healing, anti-infection and improve circulation throughout the body. Water moves toxins away from the site of injury.

How to reduce risk of injury?

Always prepare well your body before classes, rehearsals and work out in general. Warm up thoroughly, stretch and focus.It is recommended to wear warm and comfortable clothes.

Have a spatial awareness of your environment and others in it. Have self awareness of your body and its limits. Do not forget to drink plenty of water before, during and especially after dancing or exercising. Have properly fitted shoes, you can prevent injuries just by making sure you have proper absorption of impact, support for your body and correct weight distribution. Create the habit to cool down properly after classes, rehearsals, exercise or performances.

Do not forget,
Having a balanced healthy diet is key.
So eat well, heal well, stay well.

Why Diabetics Should Check Their Vitamin B12 Levels Regularly

B12 is a weird vitamin with a unique chemical structure. Your body manufactures very little itself and your only major source is from eating animal protein, ie meat and fish.

Yet vitamin B12 is essential for healthy cells and a healthy nervous system.

A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (AJCN) in 2009 indicates that approximately 6% of all persons aged 60 or more in Europe and North America are deficient in vitamin B12. The study also shows that this deficiency increases as we get older.

By contrast another study published in the same year in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine (JABFM) found that the rate of vitamin B12 deficiency among diabetics in Europe and North America averages 22%… more than three-and-a-half-times the overall average rate.

This study in the JABFM also showed that the deficiency was highest among diabetics who used Metformin to control their blood glucose levels.

In developing countries, according to the study in the AJCN, a deficiency in vitamin B12 is much more common and starts earlier in life. It gets worse as the patient ages.

Low consumption of animal flesh (meat and fist) is considered the main cause. Indeed in countries where a vegetarian diet is the norm, more than two-thirds of the population are deficient in B12.

In addition, in older persons, poor absorption during digestion is considered the predominant cause of the deficiency.

So, if you are diabetic, a vegetarian or elderly, it is essential to get your vitamin B12 levels checked regularly.

A simple blood test does the trick. Your levels should be between 191 and 663 pg/mL (picogram per millilitre… a picogram is one trillionth of a litre).

This measures the amount of vitamin B12 in your bloodstream, ie the amount that has been absorbed into your body after digestion.

Why vitamin B12 is vital

There are two reasons why vitamin B12 is vital:

[1] It is essential because it is needed to assist folate in making DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid), which carry and transmit the genetic information of every living cell.

Genetic information tells cell how to function. This information must be passed along to the new cell each time a cell divides.

[2] Vitamin B12 also has a function in the production of myelin, which covers and protects nerve fibres. Without enough B12, the myelin sheath does not form properly or remain healthy.

As a result, nerve transmission suffers. Eventually the nerve damage becomes irreversible.

How your body gets and uses vitamin B12

B12… aka cyanocobalamin or cobalamin… is unique among vitamins.

This vitamin is water soluble and has a more complex chemical structure than all other vitamins, including those of the B complex. And it is the only vitamin to contain an inorganic element (cobalt) as an integral part of its makeup.

Only bacteria and microorganisms can make vitamin B12.

Bacteria in the intestines make some vitamin B12 but far, far less than the amount you need every day. Thus the only way to get enough B12 is to eat the foods that contain it or to take supplements.

Bacteria are also at work in animals creating vitamin B12. Hence it is found in a wide variety of foods made from animals.

Plant foods do not contain any vitamin B12 unless they have been fortified. However, vitamin B12 is added to some processed foodstuffs.

Here are the main food sources of vitamin B12:

  • Beef liver and clams… the most abundant sources of B12
  • Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and other dairy products… good sources of B12
  • Fermented bean products, such as tempeh… lesser sources of B12
  • Some breakfast cereals, nutritional yeasts etc that have been fortified with B12.

But ingesting enough vitamin B12 is not sufficient to keep you healthy. Your body also needs to be able to use it.

The absorption of vitamin B12 from the food you eat is a two-step process.

Firstly, your stomach acid has to separate the B12 from the protein to which it is attached in the food you swallow.

Then the B12 has to combine with intrinsic factor, another protein made by the stomach, so that it can be absorbed into your body.

If you body is unable to produce intrinsic factor, you will be unable to absorb vitamin B12 and will end up with pernicious anaemia (a lack of healthy red blood cells). Should this happen, your only solution will be to have regular injections of B12.

How much vitamin B12 do you need?

The recommended amount of vitamin B12 you should get is 2.4 micrograms (mcg) a day for adults, 2.6mcg a day for pregnant women, and 2.8mcg for women who are breast-feeding.

The usual American and European diet provides anywhere from 7 to 30mcg of B12, well in excess of your daily requirements.

In addition, the average well-fed person can store a supply of B12 in the liver (unlike other vitamins) that can last for five years or more.

But if you are a vegan (strict vegetarian who does not eat eggs or drink milk) or are a diabetic who is following the Beating-Diabetes Diet… which excludes eggs and dairy products and minimises your consumption of meat… you will need a daily supplement to ensure that your intake is sufficient.

Certain medications can interfere with your body’s ability to absorb or use vitamin B12:

  • Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin®), an antibiotic used to treat certain infections
  • Proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole (Prilosec®) and lansoprazole (Prevacid®), used to treat acid reflux and peptic ulcers
  • Histamine H2 receptor antagonists, such as cimetidine (Tagamet®), famotidine (Pepcid®), and ranitidine (Zantac®), used to treat peptic ulcers
  • Metformin, used to treat type 2 diabetes

Effects of a vitamin B12 deficiency

When the supply of vitamin B12 in the body is low, the production of red blood cells slows down as DNA and RNA become less available. This causes anaemia. The production of the cells that line the intestine is also slowed.

A lack of vitamin B12 can also seriously damage your nervous system. If the lack continues for a long time, the damages to the nerves can become irreversible.

The symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency

If you are only slightly low on B12, you may not have any symptoms at all.

The symptoms of a mild deficiency in vitamin B12 include… tiredness… weakness… loss of appetite… weight loss… constipation. These symptoms can also be caused by other medical conditions and the underlying problem is not always easy to discern.

Very low levels of B12 can result in serious complications, such as:

  • pernicious anaemia
  • paresthesia
  • neuropathy

Pernicious anaemia means you do not have enough healthy red blood cells. This deprives your cells of oxygen.

According to a study in the Journal of Oral Pathology Medicine less than 20% of persons with a B12 deficiency experience pernicious anaemia.

The symptoms of anaemia include… fatigue… pale skin… chest pain… dizziness… headache… loss of sense of taste… loss of sense of smell… fast or irregular heartbeat… shortness of breath.

Paresthesia is a burning or itchy sensation of the skin, usually on the arms, hands, legs, and feet. Some people experience numbness, tingling, or a prickly feeling.

Neuropathy or nerve damage can be caused by prolonged deficiency in B12. The symptoms are the same as diabetic neuropathy (caused by high blood glucose over a long period) and include pain, numbness and weakness in the feet and hands (called peripheral neuropathy).

Severe, long-term B12 deficiency can cause loss of mobility, difficulty walking, memory loss, delusions, and depression. It may even lead to dementia.

Treatment of B12 deficiency

Treatments for deficiency involve ingesting supplementary B12 vitamin in the form of:

  • tablets that are swallowed… either as part of multi-vitamin or stand-alone B12 tablets
  • sublingual tablets that are dissolved under the tongue
  • nasal gels
  • injections

A lack of vitamin B12 usually results from your body’s inability to absorb it… not from a lack of B12 in your diet.

This means that people who are deficient in B12 must take large doses of supplements. In order to ensure absorption they need to take far more than they would actually need.

This is not a problem as there are no reports that vitamin B12 causes toxicity or adverse effects even in extremely large amounts. In fact, it is often used as a placebo because it is non-toxic.

Indeed 1,000 mcg of B12 a day is a common recommendation, sometimes starting with 2,000 mcg a day for the first month. These huge amounts, several hundred times the recommended daily amount, ensure that at least some of it gets absorbed, even without intrinsic factor.

This is borne out by medical studies that show that large amounts of active vitamin B12 can be absorbed, even if your body cannot create intrinsic factor.

For example, methylcobalamin, one form of vitamin B12, can be absorbed when given in very large doses.

Received opinion is that sublingual administration of B12 is thought to bypass the absorption problems related to intrinsic factor as it allows the vitamin to be absorbed directly into the venous plexus… the complex of blood vessels located in the floor of the mouth.

But there is no evidence that the B12 from letting a tablet dissolve under the tongue is absorbed better than swallowing.

The efficacy of nasal gels is also unproven.

Pernicious anaemia is usually treated with injections of 50 or 100 mcg of vitamin B12 three times a week. As these go straight into your blood, they bypass the need for intrinsic factor. These injections may need to continue throughout life.

The take-away

You need to ensure that you that you ingest adequate amounts of vitamin B12 and that your body can use it effectively:

  • Vitamin B12 is vital for healthy cells and a healthy nervous system.
  • Compared to non-diabetics, diabetics are three to four times more likely to be deficient in B12.
  • Diabetics and vegans should have their B12 levels checked regularly.
  • B12 is vital because it is needed to make: DNA and RNA for new cells each time a cell divides… myelin to protect nerve fibres.
  • Your body makes very little B12 itself… your main sources are foods made from animals.
  • To be absorbed, B12 must combine with intrinsic factor, a protein made in your stomach.
  • If you body is unable to produce intrinsic factor, you won’t be able to use the B12 you ingest.
  • If you are European or American you are probably getting plenty of B12, unless you are: a vegan… diabetic and are taking Metformin… following the Beating-Diabetes diet… taking medicines that interfere with your body’s ability to absorb or use B12
  • Very low levels of B12 can result in… pernicious anaemia (not enough healthy red blood cells)… paresthesia (burning or itchy skin)… neuropathy (nerve damage that is similar to diabetic neuropathy)… loss of mobility, loss of memory, dementia etc
  • Treatments consist of taking B12 as a supplement in very high doses to ensure that some of it is absorbed… you can have… tablets that are swallowed… sublingual tablets that are dissolved under the skin… nasal gels… injections
  • B12 is not toxic and you cannot overdose

Overweight Or Obese – Which is It

Being overweight is not only uncomfortable but unsightly and unhealthy. Most Americans may think they are just a little overweight while in fact they are really obese which can pose some health concerns. Find out what obesity is and how it can shorten your life.

Being overweight means that the body weight exceeds the limits for someone's height and age according to governmental standards. Because everyone's body is not composed the same, one person could be considered overweight while another would be obese, even if they both weighed the same. Your body weight is composed of bone, muscle, fat and water, which can be different for everyone, ie she or he is "big boned."

Take a look at previous athletes or bodybuilders that may be somewhat overweight but who are not considered obese because the bulk of their excess weight is made up of muscle tissue. Sad to say, but the majority of people that are overweight are carrying too much excess fat, which can easily progress into obesity.

Obesity can be defined several ways, but the most common reference is the BMI or Body Mass Index.

The BMI is a mathematical equation based on a person's weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared. The mathematical formula would look like this BMI = kg / m2. You can convert the measurements into pounds and inches by using this formula: BMI = (weight in pounds * 703) / (height in inches) 2.

If this is all too complicated, you can find a BMI calculator on the website. All you will need to know is weight and height; the calculator will do the rest for you.

Now that you know your BMI, you can tell which classification you fit into overweight, normal, overweight or obese. Usually if someone's BMI is 30 points or higher, then he or she would fall into the obese category. This will show you where you are on the Body Mass Index scale and give you an idea of ​​a target weight to strive for.

The problem of obesity is growing worse in America. Let us take a look back in time to see how much worse the problem is getting. In 1989, there was no state in the USA where the obesity rate exceeded 14%. In 1999, there was no state with an obesity rate below 10% and most rate in the 15% – 19% adult obesity range. The obesity rate was on the rise but even worse look at 2007. In 2007, only Colorado had an obesity rate lower than 20% but just eight years before there was not a single state with an obesity rate over 20%.

Obesity and being overweight can increase the rise of heart and cardiovascular disease. Just a 10% drop in weight can decrease a person's rise of heart disease.

Obesity has turned into a nationwide epidemic.

How do you cure this ongoing problem? You do it one person at a time. Americans need to be re-educated on eating habits, exercise and natural weight loss.

Save Rudrasagar Lake – The Lone Ramsar Site of International Importance in Tripura

The Rudrasagar Lake falls in the Melaghar Block under Sonamura Sub-Division in the West Tripura District and at a distance of about 55 km from the state capital of Tripura. Geographically the lake is situated in between 23029′ N and 900 01′ E. It is Under the Jurisdiction of Department of Fisheries, Department of Tourism, and Department of Agriculture/Horticulture/Soil Conservation where Department of Fisheries, Government of Tripura is the management authority of the lake.

According to the Annual Report (2005-2006) of Ministry of Environment and Forest Govt. of India,

Rudrasagar Lake is listed in the LIST OF WETLANDS IDENTIFIED UNDER NATIONAL WETLAND CONSERVATION PROGRAMME and was mentioned in THE LIST OF WETLANDS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE UNDER RAMSAR CONVENTION (INDIA). Rudrasagar Lake (Ramsar site no. 1572.) was identified as Ramsar site on 08/11/05 at the ‘CoP’ 09 (Conference of Parties) meeting held at Uganda during 8-15 November, 2005. Secretary General, Convention on Wetlands, Ramsar site has declared and included Rudrasagar Lake as in the list of wetlands of International Importance. This certificate has been communicated by ministry of environment and forest, govt. of India on 29-02-2007.

Hydromorphologically, Rudrasagar Lake is a natural sedimentation reservoir, which receives flow from three perennial streams namely, Noacherra, Durlavnaraya cherra and Kemtali cherra. After settling the sediment from the received flow, clear water discharges into the river Gomati through a connective channel namely Kachigang. The lake bed has been formed by silt deposition. As such no rock formation is found with 50m is silt (Clay loam) and below formation is sandy. Surrounding hillocks are of soft sedimentary formation. Owing to high rainfall (2500mm) and downstream topography, the wetland is regularly flooded with 4-5 times annual peak, assisting in groundwater recharge. Lake water is fresh with insignificant pollution with a depth varies from 2 m to 9m. Fluctuation in water level varies from EL 9m to 16m.The downstream area of the lake is 750 ha with a temperature variation from 370C to 50C and rainfall during May 15 to October 15. Lands are owned by the state with perennial water areas leased out to the subsistent fishermen’s cooperative, and surrounding seasonal water bodies are cultivated for paddy.

The lake is abundant in commercially important freshwater fishes like Botia spp, Notopterus Chitala, Mystus spp., Ompok pabda, Labeo bata, Mystus aor, Wallago attu, Heterophneutes fossilis and freshwater scampi, with annual production of 26 metric-tons, and an ideal habitat for IUCN Redlisted Three-striped Roof Turtle Kachuga dhongka. Apart from these species other important fish species are: Puntius sophore, Esomus danrica, Chanda ranga, Nandus nandus, Anabus testudeneus, Colisa fasciatus, Notopterus notopterus, Cirrhinus reba, Mastacembelus pancalus, Channa punctata,, Macrognathus siamensis, Gudusia chapra, Cylonia spp, Labeo rohita, Mystus gulio, Ompak paba, Channa marulius etc.

Presently the lake is increasingly facing several anthropogenic pressures which are threatening the ecological balance of the lake. These problems are-

Eco-zoning of Lake Shoreline: Breaking the IUCN conservation guidelines, the shoreline was disturbed with number of malpractices such as anthropogenic dumped garbage, deposition of solid waste and construction materials along the shoreline etc.

Eutrophication: Uncontrolled growth of alien invasive species such as water hyacinth, excessive algae was observed in the lake which caused loss of aquatic biodiversity. Cultural Eutrophication which was observed to a great extent is considered to be the major parameter for poor water quality management in Rudrasagar Lake.

Soil erosion and Siltation in the lake: Major soil erosion in catchment area of the lake is one of the key problems to decrease the lake area and to decrease the depth of the lake also. For such reason and others, the area of Rudrasagar Lake has been decreased drastically from 1000 ha. Prior to 1950 to more or less 100 ha. at present. Siltation is occurring due to increased erosion as a result of expansion of human habitat and agricultural areas, deforestation, flood, immersion of idols by the religious activity and such other land disturbances taking place in the drainage basin of the lake.

Agricultural activity: As the water area has been decreased, the society used to use out the adjacent area of the lake to the members for agriculture purpose. Good numbers of farmer use pesticides and chemical fertilizers in their paddy field which is deleterious to the living organisms of the lake.

Deforestation, filling, draining and degradation of wetland areas: Clearing and removal of native vegetation due to the rapid unplanned developmental activity in the lake area is not only reducing the native vegetation biodiversity, but also reduces fauna biodiversity through the loss of habitat for breeding, nesting, and feeding and increased competition for existing habitat areas..

Lack of awareness, scientific knowledge and negligence in protection by law: Landowners of the surrounding areas are not aware about conservation aspects of biodiversity on their land. Due to lack of scientific knowledge, and the complexity of ecosystems, it is often hard to predict what impacts certain activities will have on certain species or ecosystems, or what factors are causing individual species decline. Every year during November to April, peoples from different parts of the state as well as from outside, visit the place for picnic purpose. But it is surprising to see the solid waste dumped by the picnic parties in the lake shoreline as well as in the lake water itself. Not even a single signboard or banner has been hanged in the areas by the concerned authority to protect and prevent the lake to be contaminated by these anthropogenic activities. The wetland is not having a definite Wetland Authority too.

At present there is a need to create strong awareness to save this wetland from the deleterious anthropogenic activities. The Rudrasagar Lake holds scope for development of eco-tourism also. The Lake is famed as one of the most beautiful place in the state from tourism point of view for the water palace ‘Neermahal’ which was constructed by the then Tripura king Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur in between 1935-1938 as summer resort. However development of tourism has been unplanned and spontaneous. The optimality of the present resource appropriation in light of its sustainability needs to be worked out through further ecological assessments and definite regulatory frame work should be in place to restore the ecological balance of the ecosystem.

Beat Adwords By Targeting The Right Prospects

Are you profiting from your AdWords campaign? If not here is a huge mistake that a lot of marketers are making – not targeting their prospects properly. You will find the most lucrative markets are those in which people are desperate to solve a problem. That being said you will need to target the right keywords for those desperate prospects.

Sometimes the problems are small and sometimes they are big. The bigger the problem the more desperate the prospect and the more likely you can use this to your advantage.

If you were advertising an ebook about parenting these keywords wouldn’t get you many sales:




raising kids

Why wouldn’t these keywords produce many sales? They are very general and somewhat vague. Somebody searching at Google on a keyword like parenting isn’t looking to solve a big problem.

You could take the same campaign and target the right audience and dramatically increase sales. Here are some keywords that those desperate prospects would be searching with:

diaper rash

breast feeding

colic baby

Targeting the desperate prospects will make it a lot easier to produce a strong ROI. There are thousands of markets out there that will work with this strategy. Think about the health and wellness market. There are thousands of health problems people have, each one is a different market. This strategy isn’t limited to health problems or parenting there are many other big problems that people are desperate to solve.

When you are choosing your keywords, keep the “desperate prospect” in mind. Using this technique correctly can produce some amazing results.

3 Great Ways To Keep Your Skin Looking Young For Long

Do you want your skin to retain its young look for a long time? Here are tips on how to do it:

Cleanse It

Cleansing aids in removing dirt, excess oils, germs, and any remaining makeup. For ideal results you should use the right cleansing products. You should also follow the right cleansing procedure.

As rule of thumb you should avoid cleansing your skin until it gets dry as a dry skin makes you look older than you are. You only need to be gentle on your skin and you will get the results that you want.

There are many types of cleansers that you can use. The most common ones are:

Bar soaps: they are the most irritating cleansers. Although, they are irritating, they are very effective in getting rid of dirt and grime

Facial cleansers: they are the mildest cleansers to use. Their main flaw is that they aren’t very effective in removing oil and dirt.

Liquid cleansers: they are ideal for all skin types.

To be on the safe side, you should go for the mildest cleanser that easily removes dirt, oil and debris.

Moisturize The Skin

By moisturizing your skin you prevent your skin from cracking. You should use a medically approved moisturizer to moisturize your skin. For ideal results, you should ensure that the product you use has the right combination of ingredients that aid in:

  • Replenishing the natural ingredients of the skin that maintain the skin’s structure
  • Preventing the effect of free radicals
  • Helping the skin cells to function normally

There are many types of moisturizers that you can go for. The most common ones are:

Ceramides: they aid in replenishing the natural oils of the skin

Glycerol: they help water and other moisturizer ingredients to penetrate the skin in order to reach its intended area.

Niacinamide: it helps the skin to produce more natural oils. The product also aids in reversing the signs of a sun-damaged skin such as blotchiness and brown spots.

Hydroxy Acids: aids in the exfoliation of dead skin cells

Protect Your Skin From The Sun

The UV rays of the sun tend to make your skin look old. To protect your skin you should use a good broad-spectrum sunscreen. For ideal results, you should apply the sunscreen daily.


These are tips on how to take care of your skin so that it doesn’t look old. By doing the right things you will have a beautiful skin that looks young for a long time.

Coconut Oil For Hair Care And Skin Care – Part 2

Why Coconut Oil?

Coconut oil is one of nature's best beauty secrets. It's one of nature's most abundant sources of medium chain triglycerides (MCT). The predominant fatty acid chain found is lauric acid. This has unique anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. It is similar to mother's breast milk in its healing effects.

Not all coconut oil is the same. The consumer needs to look for an extra virgin – one that has not been refined. This is the only true natural form. Organic extra virgin is acceptable as long as it has not been refined.

Scientific research shows its health benefits affect the entire body – inside and out. Replace vegetable oil with it in your cooking. Use it to spread on toast and to put on popcorn. The Extra Virgin Coconut Oil will be in a solid form when less than 76 degrees. Above 76 degrees it will liquefy.

It Aids In The following Conditions:

  • Dry scalp
  • Yeast infection on the skin
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea
  • Keratosis polaris

How to Use For Hair Care

Hair conditioner. Use a quarter size amount and rub into hair from the scalp to the roots. If you have thin hair, you may not want to use on the roots. You can leave it on overnight. Place a shower cap on while you sleep. Or simply put a towel on your pillow to protect it from the oil. Wash out with shampoo in the morning.

Frizzy ends or dry ends. Simply rub in a small amount onto the ends of the hair.

Dry scalp . Massage into scalp and leave overnight.

How to Use For Skin Care

Body Moisturizer and Hand Lotion. Use as you would any other moisturizer. As a note — commercial moisturizers contain a lot of water. It may feel like your skin is getting the moisture it needs, until the water dries, then your skin will feel dry again.

Facial cleanser. Remember that it has anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal properties. This makes it such a great option as a cleanser. Plus, it has antioxidants to diminish fine lines and wrinkles. Gently massage it into your face for 30 seconds. Apply a warm, wet cotton washcloth. Wait 15 to 30 seconds and remove the oil with the washcloth. It will absorb into the skin and help to moisturize.

Also good for: eye cream, eye make-up remover, shaving cream, diaper rash, sunburn care, and massage oil. Use with sea salt for a body scrub.

You, as the consumer

As a consumer, it is best to be informed and educated in the products we use for our hair and skin. Knowing that what we put on our skin gets absorbed into our bloodstream. Coconut oil for hair care and skin care is free from harmful chemicals. It is a natural solution and healthy and safe option for beauty

Vaginal Yeast Infection and Home Remedies For Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is a very common condition occurring not only in women but in men as well. Some people might not take notice of it but if you are trying to avoid such infection the following home remedies given below can help you.

But before we continue with the following tips, it is worth knowing what causes yeast infection. A fungus named Candida Albicans most commonly causes yeast infection. These organisms live in small parts of the skin and in women they are most likely to live in the vagina. In women, when the acidic balance in the vagina drops, yeast then starts to grow and cause infection.

Symptoms of yeast infection are really not serious but they can be very unpleasant to a person. For women symptoms could be a thick white vaginal discharge, swelling and redness, vaginal irritation and itching. For men, it can be soreness, irritation and white spots on the penis.

Yeast infection can occur repeatedly. And this is caused mainly by sexual activity. A man can acquire yeast infection from his partner who is infected and they engage in unprotected sex. Take note that symptoms are not readily evident in males. So if the female partner has cured her yeast infection, she can acquire it again from his male partner. And the cycle can continue as long as both of them are not cured at the same time.

One common home remedy for yeast infection is that of applying apple cider vinegar that is mixed with water (to dilute the vinegar) and garlic. The main purpose of the vinegar is to stop the yeast from growing while the garlic's purpose is to stop the itching.

After knowing the basic things and some facts about yeast infection, let us now go into some of the tips that can help slow down the causes or occurrence yeast infections.

1. Avoid wearing tight clothes. If you can not completely stop yourself from wearing such clothes, then at least minimize the times you wear them.
2. Use underwear made of cotton fabric.
3. If you are fond of Pool swimming, change your clothes right after you swim.
4. For women, do not use or wear sanitary pads when not necessary.
5. Stop using deodorant pads or tampons.
6. Make sure that after swimming or bathing, the vulva area is neatly washed.
7. For women who go to the office, try not to use pantyhose stockings all the time. These will prevent your legs or crotch area from getting damp.
8. For men, use a condom if you are going to have intercourse but take note that you should not use the nonoxynol-9 lubricated kind.

Remember that these tips on yeast infection home remedies are just a few of the ways to help slow down the infection and not entirely cure it.

Over the years, there have been great developments regarding the natural cure of yeast infection. What is good about natural treatments is that they work on the root cause of the infection that, not only eliminating existing outbreaks, but also, more importantly, helping prevent the initial occurrence of any further infection.

Summer Is The Right Time To Buy An Air Cleaner

Summer is in full swing in countries located in the northern hemisphere. That means sweltering heat, high humidity and heavy air. And where there is heavy humid air, there is bound to be more pollutants, particles and potentially more dust mites that can cause all sorts of allergies. This is a good time as any to seriously consider investing in an air cleaner.

As the name of the device implies, an air cleaner will filter airborne particles in the environment down to as small as 0.3 microns in size, operating at an efficiency rating of 99.97%. They will filter and remove some of the smallest of allergens such as dust, smoke, pollen, animal dander, dust mite and so on. The more times the air in a room is passed through the cleaner, the better the air quality. As you can probably imagine, the higher the air exchange rate per hour, the cleaner the air will be in that room.

Summertime is typically the season for relaxing. Some people take to the outdoors, while others decide to get some work done inside the house. It becomes easy then to overlook the fact that these very activities bring about allergic reactions in most people. Here are three basic scenarios that bring about more allergens in the household air, thereby making it more imperative to seriously consider buying an air cleaner:

  • Although heavy humid air brings about a collection of stagnant particles, there are also some summertime activities that contribute to the causes of particles in the air. Be aware that grass pollen occurs a lot during summertime. And because people prefer to mow the lawns a lot during summer, it becomes inevitable that grass pollen is released into the air. With the windows of houses often left during during the season, these grass pollen easily enter the rooms. The fact is, summertime is usually considered the grass and weed pollen season.
  • Another common condition experienced during summertime is conjunctivitis. This condition is sometimes referred to as pink eyes or sore eyes. Symptoms of these types of eye allergies include itchy, red, sore, swollen and watery eyes. Itching of the eyes is the most important symptom to watch our for. Without itching, the person's condition may be something else instead of allergic conjunctivitis. Needless to say, this condition is also brought about by pollen and other particles that fly through the summertime air.
  • And then there is what is usually referred to as "summertime colds," which in one form or another is actually a condition known as allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is defined as inflammation and irritation of the nasal passage. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, and post nasal drip. As the name itself exemplifies, this condition is triggered primarily by allergens such as pollen, animal dander and other elements found in household dust. So with more sneezing means more unwanted particles spreading in the air.

Cleaner air means easier breathing. No one has more to gain than those suffering from various allergic conditions. This is especially true of little children, in fact they stand to benefit the most from clean air inside the house.

Aside from alleviating the suffering inside the nasal passes, clean air also affects a person's emotions and well being. The simple conclusion therefore is that breathing cleaner air not only makes one healthy, but makes life a lot more enjoyable because summertime activities can be enjoyed without annoying allergies.

Weight Loss Drug

Obesity is fast becoming the number one health problem in developing and developing countries around the world; This situation is also affecting children who have just started school. Many ways to solve this problem exist and whilst some have decided to undergo surgery, others have decided to exercise and change their diet intake. Although none-one becomes overweight overnight, it seems that people want to lose this weight in as short a time as possible so a number decide to use weight loss drugs.

These drugs usually work buy lining the brain it's no longer hungry, stimulating metabolism to aid the shedding of excess fat. That was all well and good until the point where more research had concluded that there was an increased risk of heart valve disease and as a consequence the drugs were withdrawn. Of course the manufacturers did not give up that easily and new drugs were created, these drugs are still being prescribed even though the Federal Drug Administration has not yet approved them.

Most people have known friends or family members who have tried using diet pills and have seen tremendous improvement. To many it is a wonder drug and let's be honest, if you could lose weight that easily without having to sacrifice anything in the process, you would take them as well. This approach has seen consumers spend millions of dollars every year and has generated huge profits for the drug companies who manufacture and sell the weight loss drug.

Weight control pills can be purchased either over-the-counter or prescribed by a doctor but even with the advances in medical technology they can still cause a lot of health related problems which can be unpleasant such as diarrhea and vomiting. Surprisingly more dangerous side effects exist including stroke, heart attack, renal failure to name only a few, so these drugs are still far from safe to use.

The side effects vary depending on the lifestyle and health of the person and can be minimized as long as one consults the doctor first before buying them; it should be noted that if one stops using the drugs, the side effects will not needarily cease. The side effects experienced by users of weight loss pills can include noticeable mood swings, hyper-activity, stomach pains, insomnia, nightmares, severe irritability, extreme fatigue, depression, nausea, vomiting and trembling.

Many clinical tests will show that the weight loss drugs taken to reduce weight really work but this can only be done in conjunction with a low calorie diet and an exercise plan. This means eating a good diet containing food from all the food groups that includes vitamins and minerals; fiber can be found in oats, rice, potatoes, cereals, vegetables and fruits.

Exercising will need to be carried out if you want to benefit from the healthy food option but this probably needs to be worked out in advance with your physician. The best exercise plans should have cardiovascular and weight training exercises as this helps burn calories and increase the muscle to fat ratio that will increase a person's metabolism and assist with weight loss.