Treatment of Clavicle Fractures

The Clavicle is sometimes referred to as the collar bone, and makes up the Shoulder or Pectoral Girdle. The Shoulder Girdle combines the two collar bones and the scapulae bones, which are triangular shaped bones on the back of the rib cage.

The Clavicle along with the scapular connects the arm to the upper body, allowing the arm to swing away from the body. The Clavicle also protects the nerves and blood vessels that travel along the neck to the shoulder area.

Males are usually twice as likely to develop a Clavicle fracture than females. Direct impact injuries and falls are the most common causes of this type of fraction. Many fractures are simple breaks that require minimal treatment and heal uneventfully. Some how, result in dislocation, requiring more aggressive treatment. Surgical intervention may be necessary for severely removed comminuted fractures.

Diagnosis of a clavicle fracture involves history, physical examination and palpation. The patient usually relates a history of a fall or a direct impact to the shoulder area, resulting in severe pain and restricted movement.

Examination usually reveals swinging, tenderness along the shoulder area, with bruising and patient guarding. Range of motion of the shoulder is limited with crepitus. If the patient complains of numbness down the arm, neurovascular compromise may have occurred.

Routine x-rays usually will indicate the location and severity of the Clavicle fracture. The type of fraction usually dictates the type of treatment. If the fracture is displaced, the doctor may manipulate the clavicle back in place, under anesthesia. More severe fractures and dislocations may require surgical intervention.

If the injury is acute, ice should be applied to the area immediately to reduce swelling, pain and inflammation. The shoulder / arm complex should be immobilized in a sling type of brace to prevent any further movement. Appropriate pain medication is prescribed to reduce the pain and swelling.

Early range of motion and physical therapy is recommended to prevent shoulder adhesions and to restore normal function. A shoulder brace may be utilized after the injury to protect the clavicle area and prevent a reoccurance.

It is important that you consult with a physician before attempting any treatment for a Clavicle fracture. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the chances of complications that can prolong the pain and disability from this common fraction.

Chiropractic For Back Pain

Introduction to Chiropractic Care

Chiropractic is a continuously growing practice of non-invasive procedures used to alleviate pain and headaches. It is a healthcare approach focusing on the relationship between the body’s structure, specifically the spine, and the body’s functions. Practitioners may use a variety of approaches, but primarily they perform adjustments to the spine with the goal of correcting alignment problems and encouraging the body’s natural ability to heal itself. Misalignments in the spine can interfere with the flow of energy needed to support health.

The term chiropractic itself comes from the Greek words cheir (hand) and praxis (action) to describe treatment done by hand or hands-on treatment. Today, chiropractic in the United States is considered to be a Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). Some chiropractic procedures can even be traced back to ancient times. Chiropractic is based on three key concepts:

  • The body has an ability to heal itself
  • The body’s structure, especially the spine, and the body’s functions are closely intertwined and this relationship affects overall health
  • Treatment aims to rectify this relationship between structure and function enabling the body to do what it does naturally, heal itself

According to a national survey from 2007, about 8 percent of American adults and 3 percent of adolescents or children had received chiropractic manipulation in the past 12 months. Those figures are probably higher today.

Why Chiropractic?

Many people seek chiropractic care in lieu of surgery, or simply because they have pain which may be brought on by stress or physical injury. This may be chronic low-back pain, neck pain, headaches or other pain related health conditions such as fibromyalgia. Although chiropractic is not a treatment for any one disease or condition, if there is a misalignment, chiropractic may help a body’s healing ability. Because chiropractic is a natural, non-surgical and non-invasive treatment it is wise to consider chiropractic for any of these pain related issues and definitely before undergoing any surgery for such problems.

If surgery is clinically indicated, chiropractic is also often utilized even after surgery to assist the body in its natural healing process.

Common Chiropractic Misconceptions

Although chiropractic has been around since the late 19th century, there are still various misconceptions about chiropractic treatment. Even though there are over 60,000 chiropractors practicing in the US today, and colleges all over the country offer chiropractic certification, we still see some common misconceptions when the term chiropractic is mentioned. If we can clarify or understand some of these misconceptions it may assist individuals to feel more comfortable about chiropractic care. Here are some of these misconceptions and an explanation of the facts.

  • Chiropractors can only treat back problems: While chiropractors are known for treating spine problems and back pain, chiropractic treatment itself is more of a holistic approach focused on correcting spinal problems which in turn helps all of the body to operate at its optimal functionality. Chiropractic not only helps alleviate back pain, but may also help to cure a child’s ear infection, a person’s headaches, lower blood pressure, help with the pain of arthritis, and many other ailments.
  • Chiropractors can prescribe medicine and perform surgery: While some chiropractors may provide heat/cold therapy, offer additional types of physical therapy and even oversee herbal therapy, they do not prescribe drugs nor do they perform surgery. Chiropractic itself is based on the idea that the body is able to heal itself and the chiropractor is helping the body to realize its innate ability to do so.
  • Chiropractors are not real doctors:Chiropractors are indeed certified doctors, schooled in the specific field of medicine called chiropractics. They must pass national board exams and licensing tests like all certified doctors before they can practice.
  • Once you go to a chiropractor you have to go for the rest of your life: A lot of people confuse maintenance appointments with a never-ending series of visits to the chiropractor. However, like regular exercise and good nutrition many chiropractic patients choose to get checked for misalignments regularly as a healthy way of life and to maintain the body’s optimal health and performance. A treatment plan will be discussed with the patient and it is always the patient’s choice whether or not they are benefiting from repeat visits.
  • I have had surgery on my spine so I am afraid to use chiropractic: Many chiropractic patients have had surgeries, or are in wheel chairs or even have steel rods in their backs. They still enjoy the benefits of chiropractic care. Each patient is different as is their situation and treatment plans are based on the needs of the individual.
  • Someone said I have a pinched nerve: Actually a pinched nerve is really a bone on a nerve and it is a rare occurrence, happening only to about 15% of the population. Most likely you have an irritated nerve or a facilitative lesion. Chiropractic may help this condition.

Chiropractic for Children?

You may not realize how important it is to have children checked for subluxation or misalignment of the vertebra. Subluxations do occur in children and often have little or no symptoms at this early stage. The birth process alone is a very traumatic experience for a child’s body and can certainly cause enough pressure for a subluxation to occur. I am sure you’ve heard of deliveries resulting in broken collar bones and breech deliveries, etc.

Subluxations can also occur when the child is learning to walk and also when they are older and playing sports and games. What is important to note is that children have certain windows of development that are often only open for a short period of time. This is predicated by the neural system which is the first system formed in a child’s development. If the neural system is being affected by subluxation your child’s potential is being limited. Chiropractic moms have claimed that their children are more expressive, don’t get sick as often and have better concentration than those who do not benefit from chiropractic treatment.

Some Famous People Who Enjoy Chiropractic Benefits

Famous athletes and movies stars are continuously enjoying the holistic benefits of chiropractic treatment. Here are just a few.

  • Mark Victor Hansen
  • Tony Robbins
  • Tiger Woods
  • Dan O’Brien
  • Lance Armstrong
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • Sylvester Stallone
  • Jon Bon Jovi

So don’t give up on a natural chance to help your body heal itself. Check into chiropractic. You never know until you try.

How Yoga Benefits Children With Special Needs

Yoga and kids go together. Kids want to move, explore their world, and interact physically and mentally in order to understand themselves and their environment. Yoga provides a perfect opportunity to do so.

As yoga has gained in popularity and medical acclaim, it has been implemented with positive results by special needs individuals and groups. Yoga has proven effective for children with:

– ADHD
– Autism
– Cerebral Palsy
– Down Syndrome, and others needs.

While yoga is not a "magic" cure, it will encourage physical activity, increase self esteem, provide relief from symptoms, promote positive social interactions, teach stress management, and develop muscle tone and flexibility, along with providing numerous other benefits.

Asanas

Yoga poses, or asanas, are especially beneficial for improving weaknesses while building off of strengths. Using photos of animals or small stuffed animals which coordinate with the pose name helps children focus and engage multiple learning skills. Poses can also be easily adapted to accommodate physical limitations and specific requirements.

Breathing

Teaching children yoga breathing provides one of yoga's greatest benefits. Yoga breathing increases lung function and capacity. As well, it provides a calming tool which is accessible anytime, anywhere, empowering children to meet their emotional and physical needs independently.

Relaxation

The relaxation skills which yoga teachers show children how to relax and focus. Using visualizations and affirmations helps children access internal strengths. Progressive muscle relaxation trains the mind increasing body connections and awareness. In addition, relaxation releases oxytocin, the feel good hormone, and instils a sense of peace and acceptance.

Finding a children's yoga instructor who is knowledgeable about special needs can be challenging. The best place to look may be your local Yoga Association as they have lists of certified instructors in your geographic region. Alternately, you can approach a reputable yoga studio to inquire about classes for kids or special needs. The yoga community is one built on sharing, so even if they can not meet your needs or answer your questions, they may know someone else who can.

As you incorporated yoga into the life of your child with special needs you will notice generous benefits. These may manifest physically, emotionally, or mentally. Often after just one session children will become more aware of their body and emotions. With regular practice these positive connections will be enhanced leading to improved health, better coping skills, and increased optimism.

Yoga should be used in conjunction with the advice of a certified medical practitioner. Please continue to take all prescribed medications and follow other recommended health and wellness routines.

Others Have Sleep Paralysis Stories, Too

We have all heard about it. The stories where someone tosses and turns, moaning, "I can not fall sleep." Those who have a condition called sleep paralysis may find that they have no problem falling asleep, but may find that upon awaking, their body is nearly paralyzed, and that they may only be able to move their eyes.

Occasionally called the "old hag," these stories have revolved around dozens of different tales. Contrary to popular belief, sleep paralysis has been around for a very long time and has been recorded consistently in history.

Those who find themselves constantly saying, "I cant fall asleep," may find themselves facing dozens of different challenges. Once someone knows what type of condition they are facing, it becomes much easier to research and find treatment.

What Does Sleep Paralysis Feel Like?

Contrary to popular belief, experiencing sleep paralysis is not uncommon. Those who experience this condition say that it frequently happens after experiencing periods of stress. Sometimes, those who happen to face the problem can see hallucinations and can have what are experienced as "wake nightmares." Essentially, it is almost like the body is frozen in a half sleep, half awake state.

There have been multiple reports of different experiences that others have faced as the result of this condition. Some people do experience seeing demons, although this is only reported as a hallucination. "The scariest part of it is that you can not control your body. Those who suffer from sleep paralysis are instructed to move their eyes and their face, but this is usually not possible, as the brain is not enough to function."

Those who suffer from this condition may also experience the feeling of being "pinned down", as one person describes it. Essentially, this is like a feeling of being tied down to a bed, mattress, or where someone is lying, without any visible restraints.

I Think I Have This Condition

If someone thinks they have the condition they should speak to a doctor promptly. This will be the best way to get treatment effectively. Additionally, it will also ensure that the condition is diagnosed properly.

Those who are facing this condition should know that there are medications and products available to treat it. However, before taking any of these products, one should always speak to a doctor. This will ensure the best treatment that is available and the most accurate diagnosis possible.

Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy For Your Overall Wellbeing

Hormones in our body are crucial for our wellbeing because they regulate all our physiological functions. From helping our body with the metabolism to improving cellular regeneration, they are a vital component for our good health in general. We are often in better shape physically and mentally when a balance of hormones is maintained in our bodies. However when that equilibrium is affected we start seeing its effects and need Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy to set the balance right once again.

There are several reasons that can cause hormonal equilibrium to be disturbed in our bodies. It could have due to age or an illness or some kind of stress. Whatever reason it might be, you will start feeling its effects in form tiredness and generally feeling less energetic.

Bio Identical Hormones are as the name suggests, identical to endogenous ones on a molecular level. They are administrated to you in case of equilibrium shifts in your body so that a balance in maintained and you feel energetic again.

Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy Includes identifying any hormonal deficiencies in your body and addressing the issue directly. Not only shortcomings, but excesses in some cases, which can be as detrimental to your bodies, can be suppressed.

Steps involved in Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy are:

  • You need to start with a consultation with a specialist physician. Make sure you work with a certified professional experienced in this specific field because it's a niche area.
  • Simple tests like blood, urine and saliva samples over a period of 24 hours are needed to analyze the level of hormones in your body. A comprehensive map of levels will be done to pinpoint the inadequacies and excesses if any.
  • Once your doctors have the results they will determine the exact therapy regimen for your system. You will be given a specific mix of good quality, synthetic hormones that will set the balance right in your body.
  • The medication is in the form of pills that can be taken orally, or gels. Patches can be used in some cases as well.
  • Once you have started the treatment you should start seeing the benefits in a couple of months. You will feel less tried and generally refreshed as your stamina will improve drastically.

Weigh your options carefully and start feeling better.

Tonsil Stones 101 – Some of the Signs of Tonsil Stones

The tonsils are an important part of the human immune system. The help catch and kill bacteria or viruses in the mouth, helping to prevent infections. In the main, this system works well, however some people are prone to tonsil stones whose scientific name is tonsilloliths. This condition plagues many more people than one might realize.

For those who have larger tonsils than average, the crevices in their tonsils are larger and this bacteria and mouth debris can actually get trapped and begin forming into small whitish or yellowish balls. The mucous and bacteria that are trapped inside may sometimes concentrate, harden and calcify to form tonsil stones.

A person who has a tonsil stone or several tonsil stones will normally suffer from bad breath, sometimes a sore throat, and always visible lumpy white material present at the back of the throat.

The bad breath will smell similar to rotten eggs – this is because there is a high sulfuric content that enterprises the bacteria associated with the tonsil stones. Sulfur compounds are one of the key symptoms. Almost 70% of the people who have tonsil stones will have the odor.

If the tonsil stones become larger, a person may possibly experience symptoms such as a sore feeling in their throat, but not always. It is important to keep in mind that a sore throat does not need to indicate tonsilloliths as it could even result due to a tonsillitis infection.

Other symptoms such as lumpy stuff which is white or yellowish in color may be seen as well.

Diabetes – The History of Treatment

The treatment of diabetes stretches back more than 2,000 years. Well, what we now believe to be diabetes anyway. Writings found in China and India over the years discussed a condition that sounded exactly like diabetes mellitus. The descriptions that were written were the same symptoms as the Greeks and Romans had reported as well. Which descriptions? That urine tasted sweet. That leads one to wonder why someone would be tasting urine, but that's a discussion for another time.

Another things that the writings from China and India described was the frequent urination condition. But it was not until 1776 – a very good year here in the US – that researchers discovered the cause of the sweetness of urine – glucose! Then, it was not until the next century before doctors developed a chemical test that had one purpose – to measure the glucose level in the urine.

Discoveries in later times indicated that the pancreas was responsible for producing insulin – a critical substance that plays huge role in the body by controlling the glucose in the blood. Once that discovery was made, it was only a matter of time before ways were developed to extract insulin and purify it. That purified insulin was then given to people who had low insulin levels.

Once insulin was discovered, individuals who specialized in diabetes – with Elliot Joslin at the helm – came up with a simple three treatment plan. Funny how this plan is the same today as it was back in 1921 when it was put into play:

1. Control your diet

2. Employ an effective exercise plan

3. Use of medication to control diabetes

Insulin saved thousands of lives once it was discovered. Until that time, the only real treatment known was starvation. But the discovery did not solve all of the problems associated with diabetes. Not by a long shot. Problems with eyes, kidneys and the nervous system started to surface in those with diabetes as they aged.

Another issue was the insulin did not offer any assistance to those in a much larger group of people with what is now know as Type 2 diabetes. The problem for these folks was not a lack of insulin, but a resistance to it. Fortunately, doctors now have the tools needed to bring the disease under control.

The next big event in the overall effort to effectively treat diabetes was in 1955 when the group of drugs called sulfonylureas were discovered. These drugs were the first that a patient could take by mouth that would actually lower their blood glucose levels. But there was still a big problem. Sure, those drugs were a big help, but the only way someone would know if their blood glucose levels were high was via a urine test. Not only was this inconvenient, it was really something that allowed someone to control their diabetes.

Finally, in the early 1980's, the very first portable blood glucose meters were made available. Once that happened, it then became possible for someone to treat treatment to an actual measurable outlet! Once this development took place, it allowed for the discovery of other drugs for diabetics such as metformin, pioglitazone and probably many others that are not even on the drawing board yet.

Portable meters make the job of monitoring your diabetes so much easier than it ever has been in the past.

Prevent Obesity in Your Child

According to the CDC (2004), 62% of children participate in vital physical activity, such as basketball, soccer, running, or swimming, for at least 20 minutes 3 or more days a week. Only 24% of children participate in moderate physical activity such as walking or bike riding. Considering that childhood physical activity habits persist into adulthood, and physical activity tend to decrease during adolescence, it is imperative for parents to teach their children to be physically active – surprisingly, this should start in infancy.

When your child's umbilical cord falls off, it's time to start incorporating daily exercise into your child's routine. Start placing your infant on her belly after waking up, diaper changes, and feedings. These belly-time sessions should always be supervised and last about 5-10 minutes. Your infant will let you know when she has had enough. Please note that at night your infant should be placed on her back. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that during the first year of life, infants sleep on their backs with a pacifier in their mouths to reduce their risk of sudden infant syndrome (SIDS).

Older infants can "exercise" by practicing their motor skills, such as grabbing objects (4 months) and reaching for them (6 months), pulling herself up to stand, cruising, crawling (9 months), and walking and running. Interact with your child. Show interest in her activities and set up a good example by playing with her.

Children younger than 2 years of age should not watch television. Ideally, those older than 2 years should not watch any either, but 1-2 hours of carefully selected programs would be acceptable for anyone over the age of 2 years.

Television should never be used as a "babysitter," and your child should not have a TV in her room. If she does, with time, you'll lose control of what and how much TV your child watches. Having a TV set in the bedroom will promote your child's sedentary behavior and promote overweight. A television set should be located in a central location so that the whole family may view selected programs together. This also applies to computers and video games.

Our society is not designed to promote physical activity, especially with the popularity of TV and video games. Therefore, we should take control and incorporate it into our daily lives. Consider these tips:

1. Schedule daily family walks. If it is difficult to get motivated, get a dog or borrow one from a neighbor.

2. Assign your child age-appropriate chores that require physical activity: yard work (leaf raking, snow shoveling) and housework (vacuuming). Do not just sit by and watch, though, get involved yourself!

3. Encourage your child to ride a bike or roller blade every day for at least 30 minutes (a helmet is a must!)

4. When going to the store, park your car as far away as possible. The extra walk is worth it.

5. Support your child's participation in group sports.

6. Schedule fun weekend activities like taking a hike in the woods, going camping, going to a picnic in the park, or having a badminton tournament in your back yard.

7. Some children are not the "sports" type. Creativity is an excellent brain workout, but we can not forget to exercise our bodies. Have your creative child design and build a kite to fly. Have a child who loves to help you cook? Have them plant an herb garden.

8. Try more creative physical activities like yoga, indoor rock climbing, etc.

9. Play a game! Twister, Duck Duck Goose, Red Rover, or Tag are great physical games.

10. If you must let your child play video games, the Nintendo Wii incorporates physical movement as well. But do not forget to limit your child's time on the Wii as well. A trip to the park with fresh air and sunshine will not only get you moving, but it will boost your energy and mood as well.

Toenail Fungus Treatment – Tea Tree Oil Remedy

Toenail fungal infection is a common condition in which, the toenail gets infected with micro sized living fungus. Any fungal infection is generally caused by fungi called as 'dermatophytes'. These fungi live on the dead skin and the hair on the skin. Such infections are also labeled as ringworm but different names are just referred to the parts of the body where those infections attack.

Toenail fungus is tinea corporis and it lives on the skin around and underneath the toenail. Once the fungus gets sorted it gradually spread to the surrounding areas like cuticles and then finally nail-bed. It may change the color of the nail and sometimes produce severe pain that a person limps finding difficulty to cope up with the infection troubling the toe. It becomes difficult for a person to wear shoes and to walk comfortably. Many treatments are available to treat such condition in an effective way.

Tea tree oil is a great natural home remedy for curing toenail infection especially the fungal ones. Tea tree oil is derived from the tree called Melaleuca alternifolia that grows abundantly in Australia. The oil was used in Australia since many years but after researches on it, Tea tree oil has now drawn everyone's attention and has now become one of the most important essential oils as home remedy or alternative therapy used to treat various health ailments.

The Tea tree oil contains chemicals known as terpenoids that are believed to be having medicinal properties. Another useful ingredient Tea tree oil contains is cineole. Both of these ingredients are active components that posses antifungal and antibacterial properties. Tea tree oil kills the microorganisms that are resistant to some antibiotics and if applied locally, it can be very effective antiseptic and anti-infectious for fungal infection. The oil has been widely used to treat condition called as Athlete's foot, a fungal infection of the toenail.

Tea tree oil is also used to treat insect bites, sunburn and other minor skin problems where there is itching and irritation. Tea tree oil has also been practiced curing to kill bacteria in the mouth before the dental surgery and to less the mouth irritation that is caused by dental procedures. In oral candidiasis, Tea tree oil has proven results when used as gargling. Oral candidiasis is nothing but a fungal infection of the mouth and throat and hence, it can also work on toenail fungal infection.

One can use Tea tree oil alone or with some other essential oil as combination. Using Tea tree alone can help healing the newly detected toenail fungal infection. In other words, uncomplicated and toenail infection on the initial stages can effectively be treated with Tea tree oil and when it is more advanced, it can be treated by using Tea tree oil with combination of olive oil or lavender oil or apple cider vinegar. To use these oils, one can take cotton-ball and can dip into oils before applying onto the affected area. If you are using Tea tree oil as single oil, you can use eyedropper to take and put onto the affected area. Once the application is over, do not forget to make the area dry after sometime.

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Fear of Elevators – How to Overcome Elevators Fears With Hypnosis

The fear of elevators can develop from having been stuck in an elevator in the past or from another phobia such as claustrophobia or being afraid of heights. No matter what the cause of the anxiety about lifts, the effect is the same. People are often so afraid that they have to limit their everyday activities in order to prevent their own panic. Any place that has an elevator or a lift becomes off limits to people with a phobia of elevators unless they can find a cure for their problem, such as hypnosis.

A Previous Bad Experience On An Elevator

The anxiety over riding in lifts can come from a previous bad experience in an elevator. Perhaps you got stuck between floors and had to wait for a long time before the elevator began to move again or sometimes you had to be rescued through the emergency door on the top of the elevator. Some people panic about riding in elevators because they have been attacked in an elevator previously.

Other Phobias That Lead to a Fear of Elevators

Sometimes the person's anxiety has very little to do with the elevator itself. The person may be claustrophobic and be afraid of being in a small enclosed space. The person may also be afraid of heights and therefore, not want to get in the lift. For people with these phobias, a helicopter ride might be just as scary as an elevator ride.

The Implications of this Phobia

Think about what your life would be like without the use of lifts. You might not be able to live in the apartment of your choice. Your job choices, especially in the city, would be limited and you might have to refuse the job of your dreams because it is located on high level floor.

How to Stop Being Afraid

Nobody chooses to live with this kind for debilitating panic. Nobody wants to base a decision about where to live or what job to take on the fact that there is an elevator in the building.

Unfortunately, some people believe that because there is no medical treatment available and no drugs to take that they are owed to life of avoiding elevators. This is simply not true.

Self Hypnosis to Overcome Elevator Anxiety

You will be able to free yourself of the limitations that your panic imposes on you. Self hypnosis will help you relax and enjoy everything that the modern world has to offer no matter what type of building it is in.

Self hypnosis will allow you to believe that an elevator is a reliable, safe and common mode of transportation. You will realize that the risks associated with riding in an elevator are very small and are greatly outweighed by the benefits that you will incur by visiting the destinations available through elevator travel. So, allow yourself to get rid of your fear of elevators and begin to open the doors, on the higher floors, that were once closed to you.

Ball of Foot Pain Metatarsalgia

Regularly wearing high heels can cause hammertoes, ball of foot pain metatarsalgia, Morton's neuroma, bunions, degenerative diseases of the knee and many other medical conditions. Some of those conditions are permanent and may require surgery.

If you enjoy wearing heels, because they make your legs muscles look more defined or because they make you look taller, podiatrists recommend that you switch into more practical shoes whenever possible. Luckily, practical shoes have become more attractive and there is always the option of an insole.

Hammertoes, bunions and degenerative diseases of the knee occur after many years of constantly ignoring minor pain, small blisters or calluses. Morton's neuroma and metatarsalgia may be acute. In other words, the pain is sufficient enough that it can not be ignored.

Both of the latter two conditions affect the metatarsal region of the feet. This is an area that consist of five long bones and a number of joints, extending from the tips of the toes to the tarsal region, near the front of the ankle.

In ball of foot pain metatarsalgia, the affected area is between and behind the first and second toes; the first toe being the "big" toe. The ball-of-the-foot is the fleshy thick area, between the toes and the arches.

If the pain is between and behind the third and fourth toes, it is commonly described as Morton's neuroma, although it may not be a "true" neuroma. The term neuroma is usually used to describe a nerve tumor. In many cases of Morton's neuroma, no actual tumor exists.

People sometimes underestimate the value of well-designed shoes that fit well. Going barefoot on a sandy beach is good for your feet. But, for walking around on any other surface, except maybe plush carpeting, good footwear is essential.

Some people, such as those that suffer from diabetes should never go barefoot, regardless of how soft the carpet or warm the sand. Diabetics sometimes have reduced sensation in portions of their feet, such as the toes, combined with ball of foot pain metatarsalgia. Supportive and protective footwear should always be worn.

Our feet are like the foundations of a building, except that we are not rooted in one location. The pressure and shock that the feet absorb on a regular basis is more than is placed on any other part of the body. It's no wonder they get sore and tired.

If you suffer from ball of foot pain metatarsalgia, look at your shoes first. If you normally wear practical heels with a wide toe box that does not put pressure on the toes, then you may need an additional arch support or insole to support and cushion the metatarsal region.

The pain could also be a symptom of an injury; something that occurred while running or participating in a sport or when jumping down on a flat surface with bare feet. An injury like that is commonly referred to as a stone breeze.

If the ball of foot pain metatarsalgia is due to a stone breeze, it will just take a little time and a little extra cushion to resolve the problem. Forefoot insoles are among your options for cushioning the area.

How to Straighten a Penis Curvature

Penis curvature is one of those unpleasant problems plaguing men, filling them with anxiety and driving away peace of mind. A visible curve in the penis is bound to make any man less eager to take down his pants in front of a lady. What if she starts laughing? What if she recoils from it? Nobody likes to be seen as a freak or as something to be laughed about. Although the man in question is in no way responsible for this problem, others can’t help but see this as a failure or as a dubious physical feature.

On the other hand, some men are actually proud of their special look. A curved penis serves to underscore a rebellious or outré personality that refuses to bow to tradition. Moreover, a bent penis can be very desirable for women, too, because the curve allows the head of the penis to rub against areas not normally touched by a straight penis. Thus, it may be said that a special penis is not seen as a liability in certain circles. However, one should weigh carefully the pros and cons of a curved penis because most women still prefer a straight, normal-looking penis over a bent one.

Curvatures are caused either by the natural growth of the penis or by a condition knows as Peyronie’s disease. The natural curvature occurs when the two chambers of the penis develop at different rates through the years, thus bending the penis toward the slower developing chamber. There is no way that such a natural development tendency can be forecast and prevented, although it can be corrected whenever the user wants it. However, most men whose penises are bent refuse to seek the treatment that is within easy reach and would rather take their chances with the kindness of women.

Peyronie’s disease is a condition named after Francois de la Peyronie, surgeon to Louis XIV of France, who was the first man to describe a treatment in 1743. While the cause of this disease is not well understood, its mechanism is perfectly clear. The “tunica albuginea” is the tough layer of connective tissue that contains the sponge-like Corpora Cavernosa. For reasons unknown, scar tissue begins to form in the “tunica albuginea”, which prevents the normal expansion of the penis during erections and, in time, bends the penis to one side or the other.

The fully natural way of straightening the penis is to use penis exercises. Penis fitness programs offer exercises that can break the scar tissue down and help reverse the curve. The Jelq is one such penis exercise that has been successfully used to address this problem. Another good way of dealing with a curved penis is to use a traction device. The constant pull of the traction device is bound to loosen up the “tunica albuginea” and straighten the penis.

Actually, your best bet is to try both of these two penis straightening techniques at the same time. This will speed up the healing process, although you have to realize that no miracle is going to happen over night. The scar tissue took a long time to form and is not going away fast. What you need is patience and persistence, the two tools that will take you to your goal. Exercise and wear the traction device everyday and you will see the bend disappearing little by little.

Home Remedies For Oral Thrush – Candidiasis Treatment

Oral thrush is medically recognized as oral candidosis, and it can be cured with the help of home remedies for oral thrush. It is an infection caused by certain fungi. As the name mentions itself, this disease affects the mucosal membranes of the mouth. Moreover, the fungus that causes this infection is known as candida albicans or candida glabrata. In addition, in children this infection is referred to as candidiasis, and in adults it is referred as candidiosis or moniliiasis.

The home remedies for oral thrush is effective on both children as well as adults. Moreover, most of the time a small amount of the fungus resides in our mouth, and they are kept in check by our immune system. Additionally, if the immune system is weak this fungus easily infects us causing sores in the mouth or tongue or both; this can increase the risk of getting oral infection. The home remedies for oral thrush may help to increase the immunity also.

This oral infection can be recognized by a thin, white layered deposit on the mucosal membrane. Also, the mucosal membranes that are infected may appear red, and slightly raised. In addition, when the white colored layered is scraped it causes slight bleeding. This oral infection is more common in children, and usually there is not need for treatment unless it is healed within a couple of weeks. Also, people taking certain prescription drugs are prone to the infection, for instance steroids medications.

Secondly, people suffering from immune system disorders may suffer from this infection, for example people suffering from HIV or AIDS or getting through chemotherapy may get infected easily. In addition, older or youngsters with low immunity are also sentenced to this infection. Also, people suffering from poor health may get infected. The effective and reliable home remedies for oral thrush can eliminate the infection quickly. There are some simple home remedies for oral thrush that are mentioned ahead.

1. Develop a habit to maintain oral hygiene. While suffering from infection brush thrice daily, and change the brush frequently until infection is healed.

2. Avoid using mouthwash while suffering from infection; instead of it use homemade mouthwash. Mix equal parts of Echinacea, licorice and myrrh. Use this mixture as mouthwash.

3. Clean the white layer on tongue with soft cotton ball thrice daily. Use mild pressure while cleaning to prevent bleeding.

4. In one cup of water, add half teaspoon of salt. Mix the mixture till the salt is dissolved. Afterwards rinse your mouth with this mixture. Do not swallow it instead spit it.

5. This is the most effective remedy among many other home remedies for oral thrush. Mix apple cider vinegar, warm water and salt. Swish the mouth, and gargle the throat with this mixture to eliminate fungus.

6. Increase the intake of angles and garlic. The onion will help to heal white layer, and garlic will eliminate the fungus.

7. Swish mouth with fresh yogurt, and drink water shortly afterwards. It will increase the amount of healthy bacteria in the mouth.

8. In case a child is infected; clean their bottle nipples, pacifiers with hot water. In case of breastfeeding-feeding baby, clean the breasts with lanoline lotion, and consult pediatrician.

Herbal Fact Sheets: Fennel

Brief History

Fennel is a plant which has been used in herbal medicine for many years. In fact, it was probably one of the first plants to be cultured for both its culinary and medical uses. The Roman civilization would use it for general good health and the ladies would use it to prevent weight gain. The name for the plant in Greek is 'Marathon' which means 'grow thin'. Pliny reported that the herb was good for the eyesight, and the Romans actually thought that it was used by serpents to improve their vision.

The Anglo-Saxons held the plant in high regard and viewed it as sacred. In 812 AD Charlemagne stated that anyone who had a garden should grow the herb because of its ability to heal. The seeds were used by church goers to stop their stomachs rumbling during the services.

Physical Description

Fennel is a gray-green perennial herb with branched stems which have vertical grooves. The stem grows with three or four dark green pinnate leaves which have feathery lobes. The plant will flower from July until September with yellow blossoms. These appear in simple pillars, of which there could be thirty or more, within a compound umbel. The fruit is a dry seed which is grooved and up to about 10mm in length and 5mm in width.

Medicinal Uses

Appetite stimulant – Although Roman ladies would use Fennel to prevent obesity, it is actually an appetite stimulant and is often used for patients with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. It is also useful to stimulate the return of appetite following illness.

Digestive system – Fennel is a carminative and will help to reduce flatulence and trapped wind. It will reduce bloating of the stomach and is one of the ingredients of gripe water, which is used to reduce colic in infants. It will sooth the digestion and give relief from heartburn.

Urinary system – The herb is a diuretic and will also help in the treatment of urinary calculi.

Eye problems – Fennel is an effective treatment for both conjunctivitis and blepharitis when used as an infusion.

Side Effects

There are very few side effects associated with the Fennel foliage and seeds. However, some patients have reported photo-dermatitis following its use. This is a form of dermatitis which is aggravated by the rays of the sun following the use of the herb.

Pregnant women should avoid using large quantities of Fennel as it is thought to mimic estrogen.

Breakthrough Treatment for Decubitus Ulcers

Bed sores, something we all know about, yet dare not think about. All those saw saw Clint Eastwood's film "Million Dollar Baby" definitely winced when they saw the scenes featuring Hillary Duff's character dealing with these horrid bed sores and the tragic constiques they can bring. Occurrences involving bed sores are normally benign and do not involve such extreme consequences as seen in the film however, but they do range from the completely harmless to the painful and problematic.

Bed sores are known in the clinical world as a decubitus ulcer. The root cause of which is always pressure on a point of the body which is not relieved, this causes an ulcer to develop. Bed sores are most prevalent on the bed bound or immobile as they can not move their body to prevent these sores appearing.

Friction is also another villain that can bring about a decubitus ulcer. In this instance what happens is that a limb may be in a cast and the limb repeatedly rubs against the cast. This can bring about the sunset of the ulcers. There are many other things that can cause friction against the body including such seemingly innocuous items such as bed sheets and other common items.

If a patient is bed-ridden or immobile, proper monitoring is essential to prevent bed sores from becoming a real problem. The staff in hospitals, care homes etc. must make sure they are constantly vigilant of the signs that an decubitus ulcer is starting to form and try and relieve the pressure on the patient. This can be done by moving the patient into another comfortable position that relieving the pressure on the part of the body. This should all be done with the patients comfort in mind, and not be forced upon them. The bed sore can be looked at as a case of negligence if health professionals fail to keep up with their responsibilities of prevention and could lead to being found guilty in a malpractice case.