Different Laser Eye Surgery Procedures

Whenever laser laser surgery or laser vision correction is mentioned, "LASIK" is often the next thought. Today, laser vision correction procedures are so technologically advanced that there are many options besides the conventional LASIK surgery.

Understand Your Options

For the individual looking to reduce their dependence on glasses or contacts, surgical procedures which improve the focusing power of the eye, are a tremendously effective option. The procedure commonly referred to as LASIK is the most technologically advanced way to correct vision, and has helped millions of people worldwide reduce their dependence on glasses and contact lenses.

LASIK surgery uses a cool beam, also known as an excimer, to reshape the surface of the eye, the cornea. By altering the shape of the cornea it is able to change the angle in which light enters the eye. Glasses and contact lenses employ this same theory with an impermanent change. In the past LASIK has had some limitations but now is able to successfully correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

LASIK is the most common term used to refer to laser vision correction procedures. All forms of LASIK use an excimer laser to reshape the cornea, but there are variations to the procedure which provide different advantages. A series of vision tests called Advanced Diagnostic Testing allows your doctor to determine which approach is best for you.


LASIK (Laser-Assisted in-Situ Keratomileusis) gently reshapes the cornea with the use of an excimer laser. In traditional LASIK, an extraordinarily thin flap is created in the top layer of the cornea and then gently folded back. The underlying layer is then re-shaped with the laser in a matter of seconds, correcting the refractive errors that cause the vision impairment. The flap is then repositioned across the cornea, which naturally adheres and begins to heal within minutes. Of all the laser vision correction procedures, LASIK provides the most comfortable and rapid healing process.

Advanced Surface Ablation

ASA returns to the laser vision correction procedures that treat the surface of the cornea without the creation of a flap. PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) and Epi-LASIK are the two most common forms of ASA and refer to the methods of preparing the corneal surface just prior to using the laser. ASA is the safest form of laser vision correction. It allows a wider range of patients to be treated who may not be able to undergo a traditional LASIK procedure due to thin corneas, job restrictions, or other visual issues. ASA is also considered by many to provide the chance for the sharpest and clearer vision, since there are no induced refractive errors associated with a corneal flap. ASA does have a disadvantage because it usually involves a few days of discomfort (treated with Ibuprofen), and a slower visual recovery time, ranging from a few days to a few weeks. Typically, only the most experienced surgeons practice the Advanced Surface Ablation techniques.

Blended Vision

Blended Vision is a LASIK technique you might want to consider if you wear reading glasses or are near the age when reading glasses may become necessary. As we get older, we frequently have trouble reading, particularly small or very fine print. This is a natural part of the aging process associated with the lens inside the eye. When this happens, most people need reading glasses. If you use glasses to read prior to LASIK surgery or you remove your glasses to read, you may need to use glasses for reading after LASIK, because LASIK does not treat the lens inside the eye. However, a Blended Vision procedure may provide you with a suitable near and distance vision. Blended Vision, also called monovision, is a technique in which one eye (usually the dominant eye) is corrected for clear distance vision, and the other for comfortable near vision. Blended Vision allows a person to see both close and distant objects clearly, although perhaps not quite as crisply as when both eyes are corrected for just one distance or the other. Many people who wear contacts use blended vision today and are very satisfied. Your doctor will demonstrate how this method works prior to your procedure, and thenby help determine if Blended Vision will work well for you.


Wavefront technology is now being incorporated to identify subtle visual distortions, which up to now have been unable to be measured, let alone be treated. Wavefront treatments such as CustomCornea® provide the best opportunity for superior vision compared to that previously available through older, conventional methods of LASIK.

When it comes to LASIK, there are many options to consider. LASIK candidates are all different in their needs and desires for choosing surgery over glasses or contacts. A successful outlet for refractive surgery is dependent upon choosing the best procedure for their needs and a surgeon who specializes in LASIK.

When Your Eyes Hates Their Lashes

Because long eyelashes are considered as a sign of femininity in most cultures, the easiest way to create female cartoon characters is just to put eyelashes on their eyes. Snoopy's sister, Belle looks like him but has longer eyelashes.

Physically, eyelashes protect the eye from debris and perform some of the same function as whiskers do on a cat or a mouse in the sense that they are sensitive to being touched, so providing a warning that an object (such as an insect or dust mote ) is near the eye, which is then closed reflexively.

Eyelashes VS Eye rash

As it is much more comfortable than curling lashes and using mascara every time before leaving home, applying false eyelashes becomes a popular way to get glamor eyes. However, false eyelashes also need hygienic care to avoid side effects after applying them. In non-hygienic circumstance, rash can occur in any part of body, even eyes.


Do you know what lives in your eyelashes? The small creatures called "Demodicid" is a tiny mite, less than 0.4 mm. long, that lives in your pores and hair follicles, usually on the nose, forehead, cheek, and chin, and often in the roots of your eyelashes. People with oily skin, or those who use cosmetics heavily and do not wash thoroughly, have the heaviest infestations. Inflammation and infection often result when large numbers of these mites congregate in a single follicle. Large numbers of demodex mites may cause itching and skin disorders.

"Crab lice are wingless, about 1 to 3 mm long. They attach them to hair strands, and hatch out of pods with lids.Ones that are too tightly attached to be brushed off must be removed by pulling with the nails or a fine tooth -comb The crab louse can live in almost any form of human hair, but it is found mostly in pubic hair. , beards, moustaches, and even armpit hair.

Side Effect from Fake Eyelash Glue

The fake eyelash glue can cause inflammation, rash, and scales around eyelids. In some cases, lymph pimples may occur.

Weak Eyelash Pores

Supporting more weight from false eyelashes all the time, eyelash pores can become weakened which causes the eyelashes to fall easily.

Enhancing Beauty with No Risk

Before applying permanent or non-permanent false eyelash, consider:

Hygienic beauty shops with skilled staff – The shops must also provide high-quality false eyelashes glue.

Irritation occurring with eyes – If there are some irritation such as rash, itching, or skin disorders occurring with any area of ​​eyes, wait until the symptom is cured.

Period of eyelashes enhancement – Let eyes have a rest after each eyelashes enhancement in order to recover eyelash roots.

Allergy records – Those who have allergy records in eye tissue or often get eye sty should avoid eyelashes enhancement.

High – quality mascara – Use high quality mascara and brush only one time to your eyelashes. Wait until the first brushing dry out before apply the second one in order to avoid making eyelashes stick together.

Eye-makeup remover – To clean eye areas, eye make-up remover is the best thing for removing mascara without any irritation. It is not recommended to apply facial cleanser or cosmetic remover because it is harmful to eyelids.

What Art Therapy is and How it Can Be Used

Art therapy is a clinical mental/emotional health expressive therapy. It is a highly evocative method of communicating feelings, thoughts, and needs. Because our primary communications (kinesthetic, aural and visual) occur or a preverbal level, expressive therapies can be more powerful than verbal therapy alone. This is especially true concerning feelings that render an individual more vulnerable. Therefore an art therapist must have a high degree of sensitivity and empathic ability.

Art therapy is NOT about being able to draw. It is about using art supplies to enhance verbal therapy. During an art therapy session individuals use a variety of art supplies (including collage, clay, mask making, sculpture) to illustrate their thoughts and feelings regarding an issue, as they talk about it.

Art therapy is NOT about the therapist reading or interpreting a person’s artwork. The person who created the artwork does any interpretation.

Art therapy helps individuals work through their experiences on many levels. Creating a piece of art about an experience requires people to think and feel, deeply, about the experience. As they do this they transform raw experience into symbolic forms.

Symbols help people define themselves. They belong to us only when we define them. It is vital that individuals have the freedom to define themselves by defining their own symbols and perception of reality. Self-definition is part of recovery from many problems.

By making a symbolic map of an event individuals recognize different aspects and perspectives of it. Symbolizing the event allows individuals to look at it from a distance, making it easier to gain a degree of resolution. The persons concerns are talked about, as they are present in the artwork, not the self, providing a safe distance for the individual. Thoughts and feelings about the event become more manageable. The making of art that deals with difficult life experiences gives people an opportunity to gain mastery over that experience.

Metaphors also increase self-definition. When individuals illustrate their, “Current Mood as a Landscape”, with guidance from the therapist, they create their own metaphor and increase self-awareness, which promotes healthy maturation.

As individuals illustrate an event or memory, they use imagination and the creative process to do so. While doing this people recognize the creative process they have as a strength. Using creative and imaginative powers in therapy helps people re-energize them and learn how to use them as coping skills. Being creative is closely aligned with good health.

The American Art Therapy Association (AATA) requires its art therapists to have a master’s degree from an approved university. During the clinical education students learn how to use a variety of different therapeutic (cognitive, behavioral, humanistic, etc.) approaches with art therapy.

“I am an artist at living, my life is my work of art” Suzuki

10 Healthy Snacks For Weight Loss and Wellness

Contrary to popular belief, snacking is actually very beneficial. It helps to refuel your body, maintain blood sugar and energy levels and control your appetite.

Healthy snacking will help your body get the nutrients it needs and help you avoid overeating at meal times.

Indulge in these guilt-free snacks. Remember we encourage an anti-inflammatory, low-glycemic, paleo-style diet for weight loss and wellness. A body must get healthy before it can lose weight.

1. Fruit and Yogurt Parfait.Organic plain yogurt is best. Yogurts with added flavors are higher in sugar. Instead, flavor your yogurt with fruit. Blueberries are an excellent choice as they have a lower glycemic content that will help balance blood glucose and insulin levels.

2. Romaine Lettuce Wrap With Organic Turkey and a Slice of Raw-Milk or Skim Mozzarella Cheese.

Romaine lettuce contains the highest nutritional and fiber content of all lettuce. Turkey is 94% protein which helps you to lose weight by boosting your metabolism and decreasing hunger. Adding raw milk grass-fed cheese not only adds flavor but also adds calcium without any harmful hormones or preservatives. A great source for grass-fed wild meat, game and poultry is at U.S. Wellness Meats.

3. Veggie Sticks With Cottage Cheese Dip. Non-starchy vegetables contain almost eight times the amount of fiber found in whole grains. Fiber is essential for a healthy digestive system. Fat-free organic cottage cheese makes an excellent low calorie snack.

4. Shrimp Cocktail Shrimp is 90% protein. Try dipping it in some cocktail sauce for a low calorie, high protein snack.

5. A Handful of Nuts. Walnuts are the best choice as they’re rich in protein and fiber but they also contain a high dose of omega 3 fatty acids (good fats) as compared to other nuts. Healthy fats help lower your risk of disease. Omega-3s are anti-inflammatory, meaning they help prevent inflammatory diseases such as stroke or heart disease. People who are overweight are actually suffering from an inflammatory condition.

6. Celery Sticks and Almond Butter. This is a great combination of protein, monounsaturated fat and energy. Almond butter is a healthier alternative to peanut butter as it contains no added ingredients or preservatives and better fats. (peanuts are a legume not a nut)

7. Deviled Eggs. Eggs are very high in protein which makes them a great snack. My Guacamole Deviled Eggs are a great high-protein healthy snack with good fats.

8. Herring Wraps. Buy a few tinned containers in a few different flavored sauces such as tomato or tangy mustard, herring fillets are high in omega 3 fish oils. Don’t but if they are in soybean oil. Try wrapping them in a few leaves of romaine lettuce.

9. Banana Nut Pop. Dip a banana in plain organic yogurt and roll in walnuts or coconut. Freeze. Yummy!

Bananas are a great source of fiber and potassium. They do have a high sugar content so eat in moderation. Coconuts have anti-microbial, anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties and are one of the best sources in the world for MCFA (medium-chain triglyceride fatty acids)

10. Lemon Tuna Avocado Snack. Halve an avocado and scoop out the flesh. Mix with lemon juice and tuna. Serve in the shells. Good protein, good fat.

Avocado’s are high in monounsaturated fat and potassium. Tuna is a great source of protein, omega-3 fatty acid and is very nutrient-dense. Protein builds muscle which in turn burns more calories to help you lose weight.

And here’s your BONUS snack idea….

***Smoked salmon.

Don’t get salmon that’s been smothered in brown sugar. Salmon is one of the best sources of protein and healthy fats on earth. Always try to buy wild-caught and not farmed raised (fed grains).

The Night Tomato Diet: A New Way to Lose Weight

Tomatoes are a low calorie, low fat, and highly nutritious fruit. Yes, it’s a fruit for those that still want to argue that it’s a vegetable. Many people will also try to convince others that fruits are not good for losing weight because of the natural sugar in them; however, tomatoes do not fall victim to that belief. They do not contain a high amount of sugar in them.

By knowing that tomatoes are a diet-friendly fruit, you can start to see how it can help you with your diet. But it’s not just eating them that will help you lose weight. It’s eating them at night that can help you.

Why Tomatoes Help You Lose Weight

You should have at least 15mg of lycopene a day. How much is that? You would have to eat 2 large raw tomatoes, 1 can of whole tomatoes, and about 2 cans of tomato juice to reach 15mg of lycopene. It sounds like a lot, but once you start incorporating them into meals and snacks, you’ll easily reach that amount and probably even more.

Before you think that eating that many tomatoes must be high in calories, each tomato is around 30 calories. As you can see, that means you may only be getting 200 calories from all of the tomatoes you eat as part of your tomato diet.

The reason you need to eat so many is because the lycopene in the tomatoes release the weight loss hormone 13-oxo-ODA. This hormone will speed up your metabolism.

Besides activating the weight loss hormone, tomatoes contain fiber, which helps you feel fuller for longer and helps rid your body of toxins. These additional benefits just support all of your weight loss efforts.

Why Eat Tomatoes at Night?

It’s not actually eating them late at night. It’s eating them at dinner. Since dinner is traditionally the largest meal of the day, this is when most people consume the most calories. By adding a large number of tomatoes into a dinner meal (and replacing other high-calorie foods), people are able to cut out many of the calories in that meal. This means that not only are they receiving the nutritional components of the tomatoes and the weight loss factors such as the boost in metabolism, but they are also eating fewer calories.

This diet should be followed for at least three months. Six months is better because it takes that long for the metabolism to reprogram itself. What that means is that once it speeds up because of the tomatoes, it is more likely to stay that way after six months.

Give this diet a try. It will probably be the most nutritious, healthy diet you’ve ever tried that will be effective now and for many years.

Pay Attention to Details

“The magic behind every outstanding performance is always found in the smallest of details.”

If you long to accomplish great and noble tasks, you first must learn to approach every task as though it were great and noble. Even the biggest project depends on the success of the smallest components.

Many people downplay small details, dismissing them as minutia-the “small stuff,” that we’re encouraged to ignore. But, in fact, our whole environment is simply an accumulation of tiny details.

Although we measure our lives in years, we live them in days, hours, minutes and seconds. Every action-every detail of our lives–has bottom-line repercussions, and it’s dangerous and derogatory to think of any of those details as trivial, unimportant or inconsequential.

Successful people, in many walks of life, understand the importance of detail:

· Crime scene investigators know that it’s often the smallest, most obscure detail that results in the arrest and prosecution of criminals.

· Athletes and coaches are all too aware that one minor misjudgment can swing momentum to their competitor and result in a loss rather than a win.

· Doctors and nurses understand that the slightest mistake or loss of focus can result in a tragic situation that carries massive liability.

· Business people carefully oversee the details of their products and services, knowing that one simple slip up can cause a series of events that negatively impacts the bottom line, brand integrity, and public perception.

· Engineers and architects know that the stability of the most gigantic structure depends on the integrity of its smallest element; a failed bolt or a misplaced pin can have huge consequences.

· Fireman, first aid responders, and other emergency personnel are trained to focus on details even as a tragedy unfolds, as every second can make the difference between life and death in an emergency situation.

· Amusement parks know that the safety and physical well-being of their guests-and the financial viability of the company-require consistent and meticulous attention to the minute mechanical details of rides and attractions.

· Computer programmers spend their careers tightly focused on detail, as one incorrect digit in a code of millions can create an operational nightmare for the end user.

· Automotive detailers make their living by restoring a car to showroom condition. This requires the removal of every last piece of lint, dirt, and grime, and the tool of their trade is the simple q-tip.

Ultimately, the key to quality in every aspect of our lives is doing little things correctly, all the time, every time, so that each action produces a quality result. When every detail is lovingly attended to, and each step in the process is given complete and careful attention, the end result inevitably will be of the highest quality.

Passion for your work, a pervasive commitment to quality, and relentless attention to details are essential markers of excellence. Quality work and an appreciation for the importance of details benefit not just the clients a business serves; these attitudes and habits also bring joy and peace of mind to the person who delivers the work. To know how to do something exceptionally well is to enjoy it.

The magic behind every outstanding performance, exceptional meal, fine piece of furniture, jewelry, or clothing is always found in the smallest of details. Those who enjoy the greatest success understand that it takes hundreds of small, seemingly insignificant details repeated perfectly day in and day out to create an unforgettably excellent experience.

The people who deliver superior results are not simply doing more of the same things everyone else does; they are doing better things. Very small differences, consistently practiced, produce superior results.

In business, it is the attention to the little things-the details-that create and build long-term customer loyalty.

From the training of employees and the quality of products and services, to the type of stationary used in correspondence and the music customers hear when placed on hold, a successful company knows that every detail counts. The thread count of a sheet, the font style for a product’s label, the lighting of a room, the welcoming smile, the floral display in the lobby, the polish and shine of a doorknob, are all small details that leave big impressions. In the successful organization, no detail is too small to escape close attention.

If you believe you are too busy to focus on details, or that attending to the ‘minutia’ of your business would make you less effective in delivering your services, I encourage you to re-examine your thinking.

Further, I can tell you this with confidence: No matter what business or personal activities you are engaged in, you will be continuously challenged by larger problems that could have been prevented if you had paid closer attention to the details at the beginning.

The details of your work affect your company’s ability to compete and prosper. A careless or cavalier approach to details is the kiss of death to progress. Those committed to excellence know that the real threat to success isn’t the Armageddon of some huge and horrible slip-up; it’s the much more insidious danger of being nibbled to death by the smallest of mistakes or oversights. No lapse of judgment, taste, or quality can be shrugged off by a true professional. Successful people know that everything counts.

It’s not that the devil is in the details, but that every detail contains a seed that can potentially make the difference between success and failure. Therefore, if the benefits of hard work are to be maximized attention to detail is a must.

Excellence in any endeavor is a production in which every little detail tells a story about one’s intention, commitment, and character. Pay attention to the small stuff. Consistent attention to details produces excellence-that’s why every detail counts!

Inpatient VS Outpatient Medical Coding

Medical coding professionals form an important link between healthcare practitioners and health insurance carriers like Medicaid and Medicare. Part of the health information management team in a healthcare establishment, medical coders assign standardized codes to the diagnoses, treatments and other clinical procedures being performed there.

These codified documents then pass into the hands of medical billing professionals who use them to bill health insurance companies, government, or patients directly.

Thus, if it were not for these professionals soldiering on, healthcare practitioners would not be getting reimbursed for their services, at least not as efficiently and smoothly as they are now.

Inpatient VS Outpatient Coding

The field of medical coding offers two broad career paths that aspirants can pursue – outpatient coding and inpatient coding. There are some differences in not just the training required for the two career paths, but also in the job itself. Here’s some more information on inpatient vs. outpatient coding:

Outpatient medical coding: As the name suggests, outpatient coding involves coding the medical charts of patients who are discharged from a healthcare facility within 24 hours. So, outpatient medical coders are responsible for charting the medical records of patients who receive treatments or undergo diagnostic procedures in clinics, doctor offices or hospital emergency rooms on the same-day basis.

Inpatient medical coding: This refers to coding the records of patients who are required to stay in a hospital or any other healthcare unit for more than 24 hours, hence the name inpatient coding. Since the medical records of patients who are admitted to a hospital for treatment tend to be a lot more complex, this naturally makes the job of inpatient medical coders that much harder.

Due to advances in medicine, a lot of procedures that earlier required a hospital stay can now be performed on a same-day basis. What this means is that outpatient coding is a lot more prevalent than inpatient coding.

Another factor to consider when choosing between inpatient and outpatient coding is that employment opportunities may be more for outpatient medical coders as they can find jobs in a variety of healthcare settings that include hospitals, physician offices, diagnostic labs, outpatient care centers, nursing care facilities, etc.

On the other hand, most inpatient coding jobs are limited to large hospitals though inpatient medical coders may also find employment with long-term care facilities or health insurance companies.

Medical Coding Training

Like mentioned earlier in the article, there may be some differences in the coursework of an inpatient medical coding training program and an outpatient medical coding training course. However, a large part of the curriculum remains the same for both inpatient and outpatient coding.

Most medical coding training programs include courses in different coding systems (ICD, CPT, etc.), healthcare reimbursement process, medical record types and formats in addition to topics like medical terminology, pharmacology, anatomy, etc. that provide students a thorough understanding of the clinical world.

Aspirants can also choose a medical billing and coding training program that provides them the skills for both inpatient and outpatient coding. However, it’s important to remember that most medical coding professionals start their careers as outpatient coders and then move up the ranks to inpatient coding.

Now that you know what the two jobs involve, it’s for you to pick the one that suits your career goals and temperament better.

How to Know When You Just Can’t Get Over Infidelity

I often get emails from folks who tell me that they doubt that they will ever be able to get over their spouse’s infidelity in a way that is healthy enough to ensure that they can move on. They really want to be to get over the feelings of hurt, frustration, and betrayal, but there is often always memories or doubts or issues that seem to get in the way of this. No one wants a life sentence like this, but people often fear that this is exactly what is going to happen. They often just can’t envision a future that doesn’t include the way that they feel right now.

I understand these fears. I felt them myself, but in the end, I was able to get over it. And, I exhibited many of the “signs” that people assume mean that you aren’t going to be able to move on. I’m often asked things like “how do I know that I’m at the point where I just can’t get over this? Part of me is hoping that with time, I will heal. But another part of me just knows that this is a deal breaker that I will never recover from. How do I know which one of these assumptions is true?” I will attempt to answer this question in the following article.

Anger And Frustration Do Not Always Mean That You Can’t Move Past The Infidelity: I often hear from people who tell me that they hate the spouse who cheated with a passion. They tell me that they think that these strong emotions mean that they will never be able to go forward. I understand this assumption but it often is not true. Almost every one is angry for quite a while. You need time to process things and it will take some time for your spouse to prove to you with their actions that you and your marriage can recover if that’s what you want.

And, strong negative emotions are actually not indicative of an inability to move on. The lack of emotions are actually more troubling. Strong emotions like anger, hurt, and fear are indicative of the fact that you still care very much about the person and the relationship – even if you wish you didn’t right now.

A Lack Of Trust After Infidelity Is Not Something That Can’t Be Overcome: On the other side of the coin, I sometimes hear from people who tell me that with time, their anger and hurt has started to fade some. They are starting to see their partner in a more positive light, but they just can not seem to restore the trust. They are always doubting and suspecting their spouse. They are always suspicious and this thwarts their ability to move on.

Again, restoring the trust is something that takes time. But more than that, if you aren’t getting what you need, you may have to ask for it. You might have to spell out for your partner that you want and need for them to check in, include you in any lengthy times away, and allow you access to their cell phone or computer if you feel the need to check up in order to make yourself feel secure.

A spouse who is serious about restoring your trust should not have a problem with this. Sure, it may be frustrating for both of you and you may feel like the parent while they feel like the child. But if this is part of what you need to restore the trust, then you should both work through it and hang in there.

Indifference And A Wish To Stop Trying Is More Indicative Of A Person Who Can’t Get Over Infidelity: As I’ve alluded to, a spouse who is hurt and angry and who is not willing to trust again (at least right now) doesn’t always mean that the marriage won’t survive or that you can’t get over this infidelity. It usually just means that there is work to do and that more productive time (and rehabilitation) is needed. These things can usually be overcome if both people are willing to continue this work.

Usually what is more troublesome is that the cheated on spouse becomes indifferent. They aren’t all that hurt anymore. They may not even be angry. They actually don’t care at all anymore because they are no longer invested in the relationship. In short, they know that they are “done.” They are no longer interested in trying to work things out or in moving forward. They aren’t emotional or angry about this. They just intellectually know that they are no longer interested in continuing down this road as they know that this isn’t the best choice for them at this time.

If you’re still angry, hurt or distrustful, it’s likely that you still care and are still invested. It also means that you have more healing to do. I can’t promise you that this healing will be easy. It is likely going to be work. But I’ve seen it lead to rehabilitation and peace many times so that most people who follow this path feel that it’s been worth it in the end. This is usually true whether the marriage survives or not, because at least you know that you did all that you could.

Can My Herbal Supplements Harm Me?

Unknown to most people is the fact that everyday foods and Herbal supplements can and do interact with popular prescription medications. I became interested while talking to my Pharmacist that my son couldn’t take decongestant cold medications with his heart medication. Well, I knew about interactions between two drugs, but when the Pharmacist told me he couldn’t have grapefruit juice, I was stunned. Seems that grapefruit juice increases the blood concentrations of the drug. Basically that means that it greatly enhances the effects of the drug which could result in an overdose of the medication. This is everyday grapefruit juice! It got me wondering about other everyday foods and Herbs we take. Below are a few foods and Herbs that have an effect on your medications.

This list is a basic guide, and is by no means the meant to replace your Doctor or Pharmacist. Consult with them about any prescriptions you are taking and the foods and Herbs that will interact with them. Although I have taken this information from a handout from a local Hospital, Use this information at your own risk. Again, I am not a Doctor or Pharmacist, and I have had NO medical training, so please consult with yours for more information.

People usually ask if Herbal supplements change the way their prescription drugs work. The answer is YES! Some medications should never be taken with Herbal supplements. Some can cause unwanted side effects or cause the medication to stop working to their full effect.

Another misconception about supplements is that they are completely safe because they are natural. Yes, they may be from plants, but they are not natural to your body. Herbal supplements are not tested or inspected like prescription drugs are tested, so the supplements vary in quality and strength from pill to pill and bottle to bottle.

Just like supplements, foods can change the way your body responds to medications. One example is grapefruits and grapefruit juice. Many people aren’t aware that grapefruit juice can increase the drug levels of certain medications. An increase in the levels will also increase the side effects of the drug.

Things to Remember

1. Herbal supplements and foods can change the way your medications work.
2. Tell your caregiver what Herbal supplements you take and what foods you eat often.
3. Ask your Doctor or Pharmacist what Herbal supplements or foods will interact with your medications.
4. Always talk with your Doctor or Pharmacist FIRST before taking any Herbal supplements.

DISCLAIMER: The following charts are not all inclusive and do not contain every interaction of drugs with foods and herbs. It serves as a guide only. Consult with your Doctor, Pharmacist or a registered dietician if you have any questions.

Analgesics (Pain Relievers)

Celecoxib (Celebrex)
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Avoid large amounts of orange juice and vitamin C.
Herbs:Avoid Black Cohosh, Dong Quai, Evening Primrose, Feverfew, Flaxseed Oil, and Ginko as it increases the risk of bleeding.

Codeine (Tylenol #2, 3, 4)
Morphine (MS Contin)
Oxycodone (Oxycontin/Percocet)

Foods:Avoid alcohol.
Herbs:Do not take with Kava or Valerian as it may make you feel drowsy.


Ciproflaxacin (cipro)
Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

Food: Take 2 Hrs before or 6 Hrs after antacids, dairy products amd multi-vitamins that contain calcium, iron, zinc, or magnesium. Avoid large amounts of caffeine.See Chart 3 below.


Foods:Avoid alcohol during and 3 days after taking this medication to avoid nausea and vomiting.


Foods:Citrus fruits/juices and carbonated beverages will decrease desired effect.


Foods:Take 2 Hrs before or 6 Hrs after antacids, dairy products amd multi-vitamins that contain calcium, iron, zinc, or magnesium.
Herbs:Dong Quai or St. John’s Wort increase the risk of sunburn.

Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

Foods:May cause rash if taken with alcohol.
Herbs:Dong Quai or St. John’s Wort increase the risk of sunburn.

Anticoagulants (Blood Thinners)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Avoid foods high in Vitamin K: beef liver, oils and green leafy vegetables (broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, collards, spinach).
Herbs: Avoid Black Cohosh, Dong Quai, Evening Primrose, Feverfew, Flaxseed Oil and Ginko as they increase the risk of bleeding. Do not take St. John’s Wort as it may decrease the desired effect.

Cholesterol Lowering Agents

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Pravastatin (Pravachol)
Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
Simvastatin (Zocor)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Do not take with grapefruit juice.
Herbs: St. John’s Wort may decrease desired effect.

Diabetes Medications

Glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL)
Glyburide (Glynase, Micronase)
Metformin (Glucophage)

Food: Avoid alcohol.
Herbs: Do not take with Ephedra as it may increase blood sugar and decrease desired effect.

Erectile Dysfunction

Sildenafil (Viagra)
Tadalafil (Cialis)
Vardenafil (Levitra)

Food: Do not take with grapefruit juice.
Herbs: Do not take with Yohimbe as it may increase side effects.

Gastrointestinal Agents (Stomach Meds)

Prochlorperazine (Compazine)

Food: Do not take with alcohol.
Herbs: Do not take with Dong Quai, Kava, St. John’s Wort or Valerian as they may make you drowsey.

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Foods: Avoid alcohol. Take 1 hour before or 2 hours after antacids. Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3.
Herbs: St John’s Wort may decrease desired effect.

Lansoprozole (Prevacid)
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Pantoprazole (Protonix)
Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Foods: Avoid alcohol as it may cause upset stomach.
Herbs: St. John’s Wort may decrease desired effect.

Heart and Blood Pressure Medications
*Note: The following herbs may cause an INCREASE in blood pressure and decrease desired effect of any blood pressure medications: Black Cohosh, Dong Quai, Ephedra, Hawthorn, Quassia, Vervain and Yohimbe.

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors-
Captopril (Capoten)
Linisopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Food: Avoid salt substitutes that contain potassium and potassium rich foods; see Chart 1.
Herbs: See *Note above

Beta Blockers-
Atenolol (Tenormin)
Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol ZL)
Propranolol (Inderal)

Foods: Avoid alcohol.
Herbs: See *Note above.

Calcium Channel Blockers-
Diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)
Verapamil (Calan, Verelan)

Foods: Do not take with grapefruit juice. A low sodium diet may be recommended.
Herbs: See *Note above.

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

Foods: Avoid antacids. Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3 below.
Herbs: Avoid Ma Huang and St. John’s Wort as they may decrease desired effect.

Isosorbide (isordil, Imdur)
Nitroglycerin Patch (Nitrol)

Foods: Avoid alcohol.
Herbs: See *Note above.

Diuretics (Water Pills)

Furosemide (Lasix)

Food: INCLUDE potassium rich foods in diet; see Chart 1 below.
Herbs: See *Note above under Heart and Blood Pressure Medications.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

Estrogen (Premarin, Premphase, Prempro)

Food: Avoid alcohol.
Herbs: St John’s Wort may decrease desired effect. Do not take Black Cohosh Dong Quai, Red Clover or Saw Palmetto because of the possible side effects.

Mood Disorders

Aripiprazole (Abilify)
Clozapine (Clozaril)
Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
Risperidone (Risperdal)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Do not take grapefruit juice. Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3.
Herbs: Do not take with Kava, St. John’s Wor or Valerian as they may make you feel drowsy.

Alprazolam (Zanax)
Clonazepam (Klonopin)
Diazepam (Valium)
Lorazepam (Ativan)

Foods: Avoid alcohol. Do not take grapefruit juice. Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3 below.
Herbs: Do not take with Kava, St. John’s Wor or Valerian as they may make you feel drowsy.

Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3 below.
Herbs: Avoid Green Tea.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI’s)-
Phenelzine (Nardil)
Tranylcypromine (Parnate)

Foods: Avoid alcohol. Avoid tyramine-rich foods see Chart 2 below.
Herbs: Do not take with Ephedra, Kava, Ginko, St. John’s Wort or Yohimbe as they may increase effect and cause a serious increase in blood pressure.

Selective Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s)-
Citalopram (Celexa)
Escitalopram (Lexapro)
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Paroxetine (Paxil)

Food: Avoid alcohol.
Herbs: Do not take with Ephedra, Kava, Melatonin, Valerian or Yohimbe as they may make you drowsy. Do not take with St. John’s Wort as it may increase effect of drug and risk of side effects.

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA’s)-
Amitriptyline (Elavil)
Desipramine (Norpramin)
Nortriptyline (Pamelor)

Foods: Avoid alcohol. Do not take with grapefruit juice.
Herbs: Do not take with Kava, St. John’s Wort or Valerian as they may make you feel drowsy.

Oral Contraceptives (Birth Control)

Estradiol Cypionate
Ethinyl Estradiol

Food: Avoid smoking.
Herbs: Do not take with Chaste Tree Berry, Red Clover, Saw Palmetto or St. John’s Wort as they may decrease desired effect.


Alendronate (Fosomax)
Risendronate (Actonel)

Food: Take only with plain water. Do not take anything else within 30 minutes of taking these drugs as they may decrease desired effect.

Seizure Medications

Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, NOT Tegretol)
Divalproex (Depakote)
Oxcarbazepine (trileptal)
phenytoin (Dilantin)

Food: Avoid alcohol. Do not take with grapefruit juice.
Herbs: Evening Primrose increases risk for seizures. Do not take with Kava or Valerian as they may make you feel drowsy. St. John’s Wort may decrease desired effect.

Thyroid Medications

Levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid)
Thyroid (Armour Thyroid)

Food: Limit intake of Brussel Sprouts, cabbage, kale, greens, rutabaga, soybeans and turnips.
Herbs: Do not take with Lemon Balm.


Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Food: Do not take with alcohol.
Herbs: Do not take with Kava or Valerian as it may make you feel drowsy.

Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune)

Foods: Do not take with grapefruit juice.
Herbs: Do not take with Echinacea or St. John’s Wort as they may decrease desired effect.


Food: Avoid alcohol. Calcium supplements may be recommended to prevent Osteoporosis.Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3 below.
Herbs: Avoid Echinacea or St. John’s Wort as they may decrease desired effect.

Theopylline (theo-Dur)

Foods: Avoid alcohol.Limit caffeine intake; see Chart 3 below.
Herbs: Do not take with Ephedra or Green Tea as it may increase effect of drug.


Chart # 1

High potassium rich foods include the following:

Apricots, Artichokes, Asparagus, Avacado, Banana, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Carrots, Celery,
Chocolate, Dates, Dried Beans, Dried Fruit, Figs, Greens, Honeydew, Milk, Orange Juice, Potato,

Pumpkin, Prune Juice, Raisins, Rhubarb, Spinach, Squash, Tomato, V-8 Juice

Chart # 2

High tyramine-content foods include the following:
Aged Cheese*, Aged Meat,Anchovies, Avacados, Bananas, Beer, Broad Beans, Caffeine

Chicken Liver, Chocolate, Cola Drinks, Canned Figs, Mushrooms, Raisins, Sausages, Sour Cream
Soy Sauce, Wine (Chianti, Sherry), Yeast, Yogurt

*Camembert, Chedder, Gruyer, processed American and Stilton

Chart # 3

High caffeine-content foods include the following:
Chocolate (milk and dark, Coffee (brewed, cappuccino, expresso)
Caffeinated water (Java, Kank, Aqua Blast), Ice Cream (coffee, chocolate)
Soft Drinks (Mountain Dew, Coca Cola, Pepsi, Root Beer, Sunkist Orange Soda)
Teas (green Tea, Ginseng, Snapple Iced Tea, Lipton)

New Help For Alzheimer’s Patients and Their Caregivers

Alzheimer’s disease is one of society’s most devastating diseases, not only because of what it does to the Alzheimer’s sufferer but as much because of the toll it takes on the caregiver. For this reason Alzheimer’s care has become a growing priority in America.

While medical science searches for a cure and a preventative, the search is underway to develop therapeutic strategies for Alzheimer’s care that can slow the progress of the dementia or can bring relief to patients and Alzheimer’s caregivers alike. In recent years, memory stimulation has been discovered to slow the progress of dementia in Alzheimer’s patients as well as other forms of progressive dementia. Studies have found that by exercising the memory of the Alzheimer’s patient, one can successfully slow the progress of the dementia. This has led to the suggestion that family members create what is termed a “memory repository” which can be used to help stimulate and exercise the portions of the brain that deal with memory. Memory repositories, simply put, are external artifacts which can trigger the memory of a patient. These can be in the form of photo journals, scrapbooks or DVDs or any practical method for displaying these memory triggers.

In commenting on this area of study, the Mayo Clinic said, “Your life is like a tapestry, woven from your memories of people and events. Some threads are dark, while others are bright. Your individual tapestry shines vividly in your mind, reminding you of who you are, where you’ve been and what you’ve done.

“Alzheimer’s disease gradually robs people of the memories that make up their tapestries. You can help mend these holes by creating a tangible repository of memories – in a scrapbook, videotape or audiotape.

“Caregivers become the memory for their loved one with Alzheimer’s disease,” says Glenn Smith, Ph.D., a neuropsychologist at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. “By gathering memories, you can bring important events and experiences from your loved one’s past into the present. You’re the link to his or her life history.”*

The need to create more practical and supportive way to provide mental stimulation has resulted in a new market and the development of new products to fill that need. New table top and hand held puzzles and other toys have been created and existing toys that once entertained young children, like clear plastic containers filled with water and colored oil that flows through a partition like an hourglass have been updated to be more appropriate for this new market. Each one either provides stimulation for the mind or the hands.

Another new line of innovate products are found in therapeutic quilts. One such product, the “touch quilt” is created out of a variety of various cloths, each with a highly distinct texture. Textures such as like corduroy, flannel or terrycloth can engage the nervous hands of an Alzheimer’s sufferer and calm him/her. At the same time the quilt itself can provide warmth and comfort to the patient. Cold extremities are common among even the healthiest of seniors, the result of a natural reduction in circulation.

A recent development in therapeutic quilts is the “fidget quilt.” A fidget quilt is smaller than a “touch quilt”, usually around 20″ square, and is particularly useful for Alzheimer’s patients who exhibit greater nervous tension in their hands. The fidget quilt is adorned with a variety of buttons, zippers and other items designed to hold the attention of the Alzheimer’s patient and can provide hours of tactile entertainment while adding the natural comfort that comes from a good quality of flannel or other soft cloth. Many experienced Alzheimer’s caregivers swear by the effectiveness of the fidget quilt.

The therapeutic photo memory quilt is yet another recent development which is receiving raves reviews throughout the industry. Although there are no universal templates for a therapeutic photo memory quilt, the most effective therapeutically designed photo memory quilts have large photos for easy viewing and the photos are labeled to not only further trigger the memories in early stage Alzheimer’s patients, but also to facilitate interaction with professional caregivers who aren’t familiar with the patients family. It’s this conversation that significantly enhances the effectiveness of the photos which have been printed into the fabric.

The natural advantage of the therapeutic photo memory quilt over a scrapbook is that it can provide the opportunity of continuous stimulation while resting on the patients lap or on their bed and caregivers can utilize the quilt during casual contact with the patient whereas the scrapbook has to be brought to the patient and requires the active participation of the caregiver during its use. Nor does the scrapbook doesn’t offer the opportunity for casual use by caregivers during routine interactions.

The therapeutic photo memory quilt can be particularly helpful outside the home in an assisted care facility where the Alzheimer’s care givers don’t usually have the time to bring out a scrapbook, lack knowledge of the history of the patients but interact with the patient many times a day in the normal course of their duties. Each encounter becomes an opportunity to stimulate the memory by directing the patient’s attention to a photo, identifying the picture and asking the patient a question about it.

While the new toys and puzzles can be substituted with recycled children’s varieties, the adult versions are usually more ergonomically suited and can be purchased at various websites on the internet. Touch quilts and fidget quilts can be crafted at home and in some limited cases, volunteer groups might be found stitching them as a charity project. Some skilled quilt makers also make different forms of memory quilts for their loved ones which can be adapted for Alzheimer’s patients as well.

*Reference: Mayo Clinic article titled “Alzheimer’s: Mementos help preserve memories.

Pig Farming: What Is Biosecurity?

Pigs are particularly in need of a level of 'biosecurity' because they live in herds, often thousands of individuals in close proxies in closed buildings, and are susceptible to a wide range of different diseases which can either seriously interrupt growth and productivity, or at worst wipe out entire herds.

These diseases have various 'vectors' – means of spreading – ranging from vehicle tires and stockman's clothing to the odd rat, mouse or bird, and even the wind itself.

To protect our stock and our business, keeping everything performing to their economic best, every farm needs a measure of Biosecurity built into its plans.

Let's start at the beginning. There is a range of infectious agents out there: viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites being the principal players. They can cause a wide variety of diseases from common colds and inflammations affecting a few individuals to population threatening epidemics. They access their hosts through five 'pathways', these being: people (for example stockmen, reps, vets and visitors); pigs (seems obvious, but we're thinking about individuals brought into a herd from another farm – replacement breeding stock for example); vehicles (bringing in and taking away people, pigs, feed and so on); the environment (wind / water borne diseases, extremes of temperature for example); and vermin (from the farm cat to the ubiquitous rat, and the night-time fox to the daytime starling, rook and chook).

All of these can bring disease of one form or another, and all diseases, by definition cause a negative change in the animal's physiology, which in turn leads to reduced productivity and therefore a reduced profit (at this point many pig farmers will be laughing, as they do not often or easily make a 'profit' in the UK).

'Biosecurity' encompasses a range of measures that can be taken to combat / prevent these pathogens from gaining entry to a very good food source (your pigs) and taking hold of your herd and business.

Three definitions with regards to pig farming would be useful here, I think:

HEALTH is a state of physical and psychological well-being that allows the pig to express its genetic potential for maximizing productivity, reproductive performance and lean meat production.

DISEASE means an unhealthy disorder of body and mind, sometimes with pain and unease, that is likely to prevent the pig from exploiting its genetic potential resulting in reduced productivity.

BIOSECURITY is a set of preventative measures designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious diseases, invasive alien species and living modified organisms.

So what are these measures? Remembering that you can not always see a disease, particularly at the early stages of its development; that good Biosecurity is as relevant everyday as it is when there's a major disease outbreak; and that personal hygiene is as important around livestock as it is at home – then the following are (some of) the things that bought to be considered.

People: only allow people onto the farm who have had no contact with any other pigs for at least 72 hours (some pathogens can hang around on human skin for a couple of days, however much you scrub – and those that stay up you nose are particularly devious: maybe your nose is not as complex and interesting as a pig's, but it feels familiar and a safe place to hide before you can find a nice pig to take hold of through a sneeze, cough or a contaminated breath); only allow people wearing your farm's Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) onto your unit – the soles of shoes and boots are good transport for all sorts of pathogens wanting to get out and about; use disinfectant footbaths at the entrance c = gate, and preferably between different parts of the farm as well; keep a record of who enters, close and lock gates and keep entrances to a minimum; the ideal is a shower-in / shower-out unit, where only clean personnel wearing pig farm clothes can enter.

Pigs: try to 'close' the herd, allowing no other pigs inside – breed your own replacement breeding stock, only use semen from a minimal disease unit; only allow clean, empty, disinfected, vehicles up to a loading ramp away from the main stock buildings / paddocks.

Vehicles: during an epidemic, such as the Foot & Mouth Disease outbreak in the UK n 2001, all stock movements are strictly monitored / controlled, and there are disinfectant soaked sponges and wheel washed at every farm gate. Tires are a great disease carrier!

Environment: do not establish a pig unit within five miles of another one, especially down wind; do not allow pigs to live in an environment that you've felt uncomfortable in – not too hot, cold, damp or dirty; keep the perimeters intact.

Vermin: depending on your part of the world the list will be a little different to mine, but no less extensive. There are common factors, rats and cats for example, and your local version of our fox and flocking birds like pigeons and starlings. All of these need controlling, which basically means keeping them out, as all can carry something or other from a host outside your herd. At the very least good rodent control is essential!

Can Gout Attack Somewhere Other Than The Joints?

Many people think that gout only attacks the joints, especially the big toe joints. As a matter of fact, gouty inflammation can also affect some other parts of the body such as tendon, ligament, and muscle tissue. It is all caused by the deposits of crystallized acidic compounds known as urate crystals.

When the urate crystals form within the synovial fluid of the joint, it causes a painful inflammation known as gout. If the crystals deposit below the skin surface, it forms some hard bumps (that can grow bigger and bigger) known as gouty tophi.

There are some cases of which the acid crystallization happens at the tendon that connects the bone to muscle. It might not cause the gouty inflammation that occurs in the typical gout attack, but the patient experienced some burning and tingling sensations. In some cases, the urate crystals deposit is so serious that it hardened the tendon and disabled the movement of the affected part.

Since cases like this are rather rare and is usually mistaken as some physical injury that causes the tearing of the tendon, it is important to have proper differential diagnosis for gout to identify the actual cause of the pain.

The first diagnostic method is to have a blood test to find out the uric acid level of the blood serum. If the reading is way beyond the healthy range, then it is confirmed that a person is having hyperuricemia, which support the deposition of urate crystals.

If the blood test result is normal and healthy, then other information is required to further diagnose the case. This is because there are many cases in which the patients are having normal blood uric acid reading, but the joint pain is actually gouty arthritis.

Different individual has different rate of uric acid metabolism. For some, the uric acid in the blood seeps faster into the intercellular and synovial fluid and that prevent the rise of blood uric acid level. For some other, the excess acid tends to stay within the bloodstream, resulting in hyperuricemia but do not show any signs of gout attack. The most common gout cases are those of which a patient is having high uric acid content both inside and outside of the bloodstream.

Gouty inflammation is usually triggered by the food a person eats. This is because when someone eats some high purine or high protein meals, it will cause a surge of uric acid in the in the body which will eventually result in the formation of new urate crystals that trigger another round of gout attack.

The conclusion is that gout can exist in many different forms and different location. Once the urate crystals formed, it is very hard to remove them. The only effective way to get rid of these sickening crystals is to dissolve them. Try to soak your feet in hot warm water for 10 to 15 minutes everyday. That can help to improve the blood flow and increase the fluid exchange rate. Higher temperature increases the solubility uric acid which helps to melt away the urate crystals.

What Is an ‘Accompanied Shop Visit’ In Qualitative Research?

If you receive paid market research participant invitations, you may have heard the term ‘accompanied shopping’ to describe a specific kind of research activity you can take part in. In case you were wondering what it meant, there is no great mystery.

Some people say the British high street is in decline, but shops are still where most retail businesses make their biggest sales and profits, even today. In any typical high street or shopping mall you will see similar clusters of shops, such as boutiques, supermarkets or pharmacy-cosmetics outlets… often there are lots of shops in one area selling pretty similar categories of goods to one another.

So, what makes the difference to you as a consumer, when you decide between them whereabouts to go and spend your money? Of course there are a range of factors including price, convenience, and knowing you can get what you want – but with crunched credit and squeezed margins, advertisers and marketers have never been more keen to understand exactly what it is that can motivate you to go in and spend in one shop, whilst passing by the one next door.

Accompanied shopping trips are when a researcher tags along beside you, whilst you try to behave and respond as ‘normally’ as possible on a typical retail experience. Of course the experience is inevitably constructed to some degree, because you will be asked to think about and explain certain actions and activities as you do them – things you probably don’t even think about normally, especially in typical everyday shopping for inexpensive consumer goods.

Because these things are sold in such high volumes however, understanding exactly what makes you decide between one brand and another is of priceless value to marketers. What first caught your eye in that display fixture? What stood out? What did that packaging suggest to you – about the value, quality, attractiveness of the item? The researcher will be discussing and probing as you move around the store, and may also want to interview you in more depth over a coffee before or after, to really get to the heart of what makes you choose in the way that you.

Taking part in an accompanied shop is great fun, because the people normally recruited tend to be those who love to shop anyway! And if you enjoy shopping, then going shopping with someone who is genuinely interested in what you are doing and why and encouraging you to reflect on it and discuss it, never mind actually paying for your time in so doing, is a fantastic experience! Yes, you heard that right, market researchers will pay not just your shopping costs in many cases, but also always pay a reward for your time – typically between £30 and £60 for an accompanied shopping session with interview, lasting for a couple of hours in total.

Types of Pharmaceutical Products

Prescription drugs are the main pharmaceutical industry products. These products are generating high revenue amounts but there are also other types of products that make up the whole pharmaceutical industry.

Biologics are composed of a variety of products that include vaccines, antibodies, blood, blood components, therapeutic proteins, tissues, allergenics and somatic cells. They are used for variety of medicinal, pharmaceutical and other important purposes.

Generic drugs are used interchangeably with branded drugs in the market. Basically, a generic drug is quickly approved in the market. Regulators of drugs would not necessarily require detailed testing and clinical trials for generic drugs. What the manufacturer of generic drugs needs to do is show evidence of the generic drugs’ equivalence to the original and branded version.

In essence, generic and original drugs have one and similar active ingredients. Brand names of drugs are chosen and are exclusively used by the manufacturers. What makes branded drugs more expensive is the cost of patent. Once the patent is expired, the generic drug may already be marketed.

Marketing of generic drugs involve no proprietary name yet in general are as effective as branded medicines. Generic drugs are non-proprietary which is why they are cheap. Therefore they are the only types of medicines that poor citizens can afford to buy.

OTC or Over-the-counter drugs are those medicines that one can buy from pharmacies and drug stores even without prescriptions from physicians or doctors. There are many types of over the counter drugs in the market. There are those which relieve pains, itches and aches. Others may also be used in curing ailments and diseases like athlete’s foot and tooth decay. Migraines and other recurring problems may also be treated using OTC drugs.

A drug needs to be properly considered as OTC, must be deliberated by a regulatory body if it is indeed safe for public use and be sold over the counter. Although easily accessible, consumers must keep in mind that taking OTC drugs may also place them at risks. There are OTC drugs that interact or have contraindications with drinks, foods, supplements and other medicines. Care must also be taken in administering OTC drugs especially to people with special and specific medical conditions. Pregnant women, most of all, should first consult with health care providers to determine which OTC medication is safe for use. An important reminder in using OTC drugs is to keep in mind that not because you take more, it does not necessarily mean that it is better. There are labels on OTC drugs which contain dosages, contraindications and other pertinent information. All these contained in the label must be understood and followed to assure you of a safe application.

Aspirin is one of the oldest OTC medications. Remember that OTC medicines are to be used even without supervision from a medical practitioner or doctor. Manufacturers of OTC drugs should abide by the concept that OTCs should have little potential or no potential at all of being used excessively. If drugs, over a period of 3 to 5 years, have been proven to be safe and effective as a prescribed medicine, than it may already be regarded as OTC drugs.

Parkinson’s Disease – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder usually seen in the elderly population. This disease is characterized by tremor, stiffness, slowness of movement and impaired balance and coordination. Usually the symptoms persist and worsen over time. Although there is currently no cure, there are many treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage the symptoms.

Parkinson’s disease is known as “Kampa Vata” in Ayurveda. The comprehensive treatment which is advised in the treatment of disturbed Vata dosha is recommended in this disease too.

Levodopa is considered the standard of treatment in Parkinson’s disease, and the herbal medicine Kapikachhu (Mucuna pruriens) contains levodopa in the natural form. This is used in powder form or tablet form of aqueous extract. High doses are given, which are very effective and do not usually exhibit the side effects seen with the modern chemical molecule.

Other Ayurvedic formulations which are used in Parkinson’s disease are: Visha Tinduk Vati, Agni Tundi Vati, Maha Yograj Guggulu, Abhrak Bhasma, Shrunga Bhasma and Brihat Vat Chintamani. Herbal medicines which are useful are: Dashmool (Ten Roots), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) and Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina). Most of these medicines are believed to stop or slow down the degeneration of brain cells and probably help in impulse transmission in the intact cells.

The above mentioned medicines can be safely added to the current modern medicines for Parkinson’s disease. The herbal medicines can be given long term and significantly reduce tremor and stiffness, and improve body coordination. Patients gain confidence and find it possible to resume their social life and have regular outings.

Some physicians advocate full body massage with Maha Narayan oil (containing mainly Asparagus racemosus), medicated enema called “Niruh Basti” with Dashmool oil, and “Anuvasan Basti” with Sahachar (Barleria prionitis) oil.

Most of the Ayurvedic formulations mentioned as “Rasayanas” (rejuvenatives) may probably be quite useful in Parkinson’s disease, and indeed, all diseases resulting from ageing and degeneration, however, not much research has been done in this area.