Self-Motivation – Many Methods For Success

One extremely important quality that every successful business person should possess is self-motivation. Self-motivation may appear impossible at times, especially when outside distractions are involved. This is why working hard to achieve and maintain this skill is essential to success. It doesn’t matter what the intended goal may be, if a person is trying to become motivated about beginning a new exercise regime or about completing several business reports by a deadline, the process for self-motivation is the same.

There are many different methods for increasing and maintaining self-motivation, most take time and effort to be effective. One popular way of self-motivation is through visualization. Visualization is a cognitive method of self motivation. The idea is that if a person is able to visualize himself reaping some type of major benefit from completing a goal, then it is simpler to become motivated about putting forth the effort to complete the steps towards that goal. All it takes is the smallest spark of interest for this form of self-motivation to be effective. For example, a person may dread exercising on their treadmill every morning. However, if they visualize themselves with a muscular new figure and increased physical agility, then they are a lot more likely to exercise. The mental image during visualization helps to motivate them.

Goal setting is another excellent method of self-motivation. A person sets goals for a reason, and obviously they want to reach those goals in a predetermined amount of time. As a person comes closer and closer to achieving an intended goal, he or she becomes increasingly more motivated to continue to work toward reaching that goal. The process is cyclical. For example, an overweight person wants to lose 50 pounds but believes this goal is impossible to achieve. However, after they lose the first five pounds they become motivated by their progress toward the final goal. The goal appears more realistic and reachable. They become excited by seeing the initial weigh loss which pushes them to lose more.

Sometimes actual visual motivators can assist in self-motivation. While similar to visualization, this technique is different because visualization doesn’t require a person to use a physical object as a motivator; this technique does. For instance, if a person wants to lose weight, hanging a small-sized swim suit where it can easily be seen is a great way to encourage self-motivation. Another example of a visual motivator might be a sales executive that knows he or she will receive a huge bonus if they make a certain sale. Placing a photo of the new car that they plan to purchase with the bonus money might provide enough self-motivation to make the sale a reality.

There are many ways of using self-motivation to one’s advantage. As long as a person is able to motivate themselves, and remain that way, they can achieve just about any goal that they desire. Self-motivation may appear difficult at first, by if a person works at it often, it can prove to be very beneficial and rewarding.

XJ Jeep Trouble Shooting – Engine Spins But Will not Start

Failure to start falls into two categories:

The engine will not turn over – the starter motor will not run


The engine turns over but will not fire and run.

This article will address the second cause. If you engine will not turn over, see my other article.

The Jeep Cherokee like other vehicles needs two things to run: Fuel and ignition.

Fuel delivery can be easily checked with the use of a fuel pressure tester connected to the test port on the injector rail. In the event of an emergency, you can sacrifice a tire pressure gauge to test for proper fuel pressure. The correct pressure will be around 35 to 40 lbs depending on the vacuum state of the engine.

If you suspect a fuel delivery problem, first listen for the fuel pump to run. On most XJ Cherokees the pump will run a couple of seconds and then stop when the key is first switched to the on position. If the pump does not run, check the wiring to the fuel pump. Start to see if the proper voltage is present at the ballast resister located on the left front fender. You can also remove the fuel pump relay and use a jumper wire to energize the fuel pump.

If the fuel pump runs but does not produce the correct fuel pressure, check for leaks in the fuel limes. There is a rubber line inside the fuel tank that if it breaks will allow the system to loose pressure without any visible leaks. This one can be a real head scratchier to find.

If you have the proper fuel pressure and still the engine will not fire, check the ignition source. The ECU relations on two signals to determine the spark timing. The Crankshaft position sensor and the camshaft position sensor. The Crankshaft position sensor is located on the bell housing on the left side of the engine. There is a wiring connector on the manifold that sometimes corrodes. Check for a good connection at this point. Also, check the wires leading to the sensor as I have seen them damaged.

The camshaft sensor is located inside the distributor housing. The most common problem with this sensor is the wiring again the connector to the wiring harness. Also note that there are several ground wires that connect to the back of the engine block near the distributor. If these grounds wires are loose, the ECU can malfunction. Check these while checking the camshaft position sensor wiring.

If the distributor has been removed for any reason, verify the indexing of the distributor. If the distributor is even slightly off, the computer will not allow the engine to fire as a safety precaution. See my other article on distributor indexing.

Another part that can stop the flow of power to the ignition is the rotor in the distributor. Remove the distributor cap and verify that the contacts of the rotor are making contact with the cap and the tip is not excessively burned.

My File Recovery Software Worked!

File recovery (or 'unerase' software) is the one software tool that you purchase, expecting that you're never going to need it, but when the time comes, you want to know that it's going to work!

Most of the time, when you delete a file accidentally, you can open the recycle bin and 'restore' it without any trouble, but this is not always the case.

* Sometimes deletions by-pass the recycle bin, such as when the files you delete are on a memory stick.
* Sometimes files are too large to be held in the recycle bin and a permanent deletion is the only option.
* Sometimes the file you've lost was deleted some time ago and the recycle bin as already 'emptied' itself.

When this sort of thing happens you have two choices:

1. Cry like a baby
2. Get hold of some good File Recovery Software

File Recovery Software is something like fire insurance. It's something you hope you're never going to have to use. Unlike insurance on your house though it's something that ALL OF US do need, sooner or later!

This was not the first time I had needed to recover permanently deleted files but it certainly was the most critical. I'd just returned from Canberra, having interviewed the former President of Iran about building bridges between Christians and Muslims, and I was very pleased that he was allowed me to record our time together on video. I was less pleased when my wife (nine months pregnant and not fully compus mentus) accidently erased my interview from the video camera before I had downloaded it!

Now, as I mentioned, this was not the first time I had needed to recover files that had been accidently erased, but my experience with software designed to 'unerase' files is that it can be a bit of a hit and miss affair .

When a file is deleted, it is not normally wiped from the disk but rather renamed so that the operating system registers it as something that can be written over. If there's no activity at all on the disk after the file has been deleted there's every chance that the file is still fully intact – byte for byte – BUT if there is another disk activity, there's every chance that the file you're looking to recover (or a part of it) will be over-written!

In the case of my file, which was on a memory stick, I was specifically concerned as:

* It was a large file (about a gigabyte) that took up around half the storage area, which meant that further disk activity would almost certainly have written over some of it.
* If some of the file was written over, it might not just make the video shorter, but corrupt the file completely, making it unreadable.
* I was not at all sure except my file recovery software worked on the memory sticks used in digital cameras. I had only used it on my harddisk.

My concerns were valid, but my file recovery software came through, and I was able to recover about 60% of the file!

Then came the hard work:

* Unhappily, neither Windows Media Player nor Camtasia nor any of my other video production software could read the AVI file, due, I assume to file corruption. Happily though Apple Quicktime could!
* Unhappily though, the free version of Quicktime, will not save an AVI file in any other format but, happily, it only cost $ 50 to upgrade to Quicktime Pro, which I did, and successfully saved the file in QuickTime (MOV) format !
* Unhappily though, Quicktime did not seem to be able to save the file to any other format and I wanted to edit the video in Camtasia, and my version of Camtasia would not work with MOV files, but, happily, the latest version of Camtasia did import MOV files, so … $ 150USD later I had the latest version of Camtasia installed and … I got the job done.

In short, using my unerase software did not in itself solve all of the problems, but it did get me off to an excellent start, and if I got to the disk earlier, I'm sure I would have been able to recover 100% of the file without any dramas or extra costs.

So the moral of the story is to keep an unerase program in your virtual back pocket. It's not the sort of thing you want to spend hours of disk-thrashing activity looking for if you've accidently erased a critical file. Have one on hand!

Anyways, I'm not just going to give you the advice. I want to give you the software!

So grab the software while you can, and if you're very, very lucky, you'll never need to use it. Chances are that though your time will come, and when it does, you'll be very glad you were prepared.

Supercharger Tuning Through Cam Selection and Cam Timing

Camshaft tuning is an essential part of supercharger tuning. Camshafts orchestrate the valve opening and closing events in the engine and decide whether what comes out of our motor is beautiful high power music, or a mess of dysphonics.

The use of the proper supercharger optimized cam shaft can go a long way towards supercharger tuning and give considerable power gains for the money invested.

To understand camshaft timing and camshaft selection we have to understand first:

Relativity: Changing when the valves open or close (intake or exhaust) changes the the valve timing with respect to:

  • The piston position inside the cylinder. Depending on where the pistons is in the stroke, and where we are in the combustion cycle, then opening the valves will exploit the pressure difference between the cylinder and the intake and exhaust manifolds.For example it would make sense that the ideal time to open the intake valve is when there is peak vacuum inside the cylinder so that when the valve opens, the maximum amount of fresh air can be ingested. Similarly, it makes sense not to open the exhaust valve until peak cylinder pressures have been achieved inside the combustion chamber and the combustion is complete and all the power is extracted.
  • The high and low pressure pulses created by the design and runner lengths of the intake and exhaust manifolds.It would make sense to open the intake valve just as the reflected pressure waves in the intake manifold reach the intake valve as a high pressure portion of the wave, thus opening the valve at this high pressure point gives a ‘ram air’ effect through volumetric efficiency resonance tuning increasing air ingestion which increases power.Similarly on the exhaust side, it makes sense to open the exhaust valve, just as the reflected low pressure (vacuum) portion of the exhaust wave (reflected back from the collector) reaches the back of the exhaust valve. At this point in time there is both peak pressure inside the cylinder, and vacuum in the exhaust which creates a higher pressure differencial and a faster evacuating exhaust gas.
  • With respect to the ignition timing event, for example a shorter duration or advanced exhaust cam, opens the exhaust valve sooner with respect to when the mixture was originally ignited, this means that although by advancing the exhaust cam we may have matched our header design and opened the valve with the lowest possible exhaust back pressure for best efficiency, at the same time, we have reduced the amount of time that the mixture is combusted and possibly opened the valve before reaching our peak cylinder pressures and thrown away some horsepower.
  • The intake valves with respect to the exhaust valves: and this is usually described in terms of lobe separation angles (the offset in degrees between the center of the exhaust cam and between the center of the intake cam), or in terms of how many degrees of overlap (the number of degrees that both intake and exhaust valves are open at the same time).

Since the combustion inside the cylinder occurs at a much higher pressure than atmospheric pressure, and since exhaust valves are usually smaller than intake valves (for this same high pressure reason) then exhaust gas velocity is much higher than intake gas velocity. So, in some engines it is beneficial to open the intake valve earlier than usual during the last part of the exhaust stroke, this is called overlap. During overlap – at the very end of the exhaust stroke – the amount of pressure left in the cylinder is low so it is possible to breathe in new air under atmospheric pressure, at the same time, the high velocity of the exhaust gasses exiting help draw in even more fresh air from the intake side in an effect much like ‘syphoning’ where the fluid (in our case air) flows as a continuous stream drawing in new intake air after the old exhaust gas leaves.

The other part of phenomenon that relates to timing intake valves with respect to exhaust valves is the duration of time where both valves are absolutely closed, which is your power stroke. This is the part of the combustion cycle where the mixture can be compressed and combusted. If either (or both) intake or exhaust valves are open you will not be able to neither compress nor combust the mixture, and the absolute duration of time (in degrees of rotation) that your mixture is combusted and allowed to reach peak cylinder pressures is affected by camshaft selection and cam timing. One thing to note is that the valve angle has a lot to do with exhaust scavenging, obviously you will get maximum scavanging if the exhaust and intake valves had ‘line of sight’ i.e. if the valves were separated by an angle of 180*. If so, the exhaust air can directly pull in new air. Conversely, you would have the least possible scavenging if you had valves that were at a narrow angle (zero degrees at the extreme) between each other, so that the air would essentially have to make a U turn to come in through the intake and get pulled out the exhaust.

So different motors respond differently to overlap depending on the exhaust back pressure and the valve angle.


Cam duration is the number of degrees of the entire 360* rotation that the intake or exhaust valve is open. The longer the duration, the more air you can get into the motor, the more overlap you have (which helps more with higher rpm power performance), the shorter your power stroke is (which reduces your combustion duration and your peak cylinder pressures reducing low rpm fuel efficiencly and clean idle….etc

Increased duration (with it’s increased overlap and scavenging) also gives the opportunity for exhaust gasses to get to the intake, or intake gasses to leak to the exhaust, and so are more sensitive to proper timing events otherwise we can get some negative effects from being ‘overcammed’


Lift is how far or how deep the valve opens into the cylinder. The more lift you have, the less the valve is a restriction to incoming air because it is farther away from the direct path of entering or exiting air. Adding lift in general adds power to all rpms, depending on how well the camshaft (and valve train) can accelerate the valve to a higher lift number in a short duration. It’s like a ramp, the shorter the duration and higher the lift, the steeper the ramp. So what happens here is that if your valve train isn’t light enough and well controlled (Through proper valve springs or hydraulic lifting and damping) to operate that rapidly then lift will give you improved performance at lower rpms (where there is a lot of time to move the valve to peak lift) but reduced performance at higher rpms, where there are more rounds per minute and so less time per round, and thus less time to go up the steep ramp and push the valve out to full extension.

Lift is good, but usually people don’t try to radically increase lift on their aftermarket cams because of a few considerations:

  1. Make sure that at this new lift, that there is still enough clearance between the valve (at full extension) and the cylinder (at top dead center) to prevent any catastrophic mechanical failure.
  2. Upgrade to lighter valve train, with stiffer springs or dual valve springs to have more control over the valve with this steeper cam profile.
  3. It does add power but it doesn’t shift the power curve up or down as radically as changing cam duration does, and so in most aftermarket applications we really want a cam to give us peak power at a certain rpm range and so we care much more about the best duration (and some added lift).

I know this is a somewhat complex topic, but I need to make sure we’re speaking the same language before we go into how this relates to superchargers. Before you decide which camshaft to use (or how to adjust the timing on your stock cams) you have to look at one very important thing:

Your exhaust system and exhaust back pressure:

If you have a stock log type exhaust manifold, with a close coupled cat, with a dual cat exhaust system, small exhaust tubing, and a couple of restrictive mufflers on your car then it is possible at peak power to have up to 10psi of back pressure.

If this is the case, my first recommendation would be to upgrade to a high flow, low pressure exhaust system because of the potential power gains; however, I do know that some of our readers have cars that they are setting up for their parents or for dual use where their partner or the laws in their location …etc are really strict when it comes to any added exhaust noise or any aftermarket exhaust. In this case, where exhaust upgrades are not an option, then you must select your camshafts, and tune your cam timing to where you have ABSOLUTELY the minimum possible amount of overlap. If you have significant overlap, then the more you rise above about 4500 rpms the more your supercharger will suffer and the more power you will waste. If the supercharger is geared to 7psi of boost for example, then during overlap, the cylinder sees 7psi of boost on the intake side, and 10psi of back pressure on the exhaust side, the net result is that air will flow from the high pressure zone (the exhaust) to the lower pressure zone (the intake) and so your cylinder will start to fill with exhaust gases. As the rotation continues, the exhaust valve will close and overlap will end, and the intake valve will stay open for the remainder of the intake stroke (for the rest of the duration of your intake cam), and the rest of the cylinder will fill with fresh air.

What happens here is that we get a cylinder that filled for 30* of overlap with exhaust air, and then filled for another 210* (of the original 240* of duration for a typical street cam) with fresh air. The result is a cylinder that is only 85% filled with fresh air or an engine that is literally 15% smaller in displacement! On the other hand, if our supercharger is geared for 18psi for example, then during overlap we will have 18psi on the intake side and our exhaust back pressure of 10psi on the exhaust side, the net result of this overlap is that our supercharger is effectively only producing 8psi worth of differential pressure between the intake and the cylinder and so we are only going to get a power boost of 8psi during overlap. So, during those 30* of overlap the supercharger is only effectively producing 8psi of boost, and after that once the exhaust valve closes, the supercharger will be able to go back to operating at full boost for the other 210*. The net result is something like 16psi of boost so 2psi (or about 12%) of our power was wasted.

Supercharger tuning through cam selection and cam timing

Intake cam:

Because of the negative effects of overlap on a supercharger car’s performance, and especially in the case of high exhaust back pressure as is the case with most factory supercharged cars, we find that the optimal cam duration for the intake cam is typically 30-40* of duration less than a normally aspirated camshaft for the same peak power RPM. The decision to reduce the intake cam duration rather than split the duration reduction between the intake and exhaust cams, is that the intake cam will flow air under pressurized conditions (due to the addition of the supercharger and the increase in intake manifold pressure) and so at a reduced intake cam duration the engine will still be able to get it’s full share of intake air. At the same time, the high rpm efficiency improvement from the reduction of overlap will also boost power production with a more conservative cam. Finally, if we would like to get more flow from the intake cam, there is still the option of using a higher lift camshaft (with a steeper profile due to the decreased duration) with supporting valve train modifications to make sure valve float doesn’t occur at higher rpms.

Intake cam timing:

The cam timing for the intake cam would ideally be retarded which would move the intake cam opening event farther away from the exhaust valve closing event so as to reduce or eliminate overlap, and as a side effect the power stroke duration will increase by retarding the intake cam which can also compensate for the lost power from the duration reduction.

Exhaust cam:

The exhaust cam duration and lift for a supercharged version of the motor should be similar to a nitrous camshaft, in the sense that the exhaust cams on nitrous specific builds have:

1- Very healthy cam duration & very healthy cam lift to allow a severely elevated amount of exhaust gases to be able to efficiently exit the motor when the nitrous is activated and the horsepower (and thus the exhaust gasses) have both doubled in quantity.

2- As little or no overlap if possible, as any overlap would mean that nitrous would be sprayed from the intake side and out the exhaust, which is wasteful of our limited supply of nitrous. Similarly the more overlap we have, the harder the supercharger will have to work because of what we explained earlier about either exhaust reversion into the intake, or the supercharger pressurizing the exhaust.

Exhaust cam timing:

Advancing the exhaust cam both opens and closes the exhaust valves sooner. Opening the exhaust valve sooner slightly reduces the power stroke, but at the same time it reduces overlap and makes better use of our supercharger. Typically an an advanced exhaust cam combined with retarded intake cam will provide the best results on a supercharged car, especially with a restrictive exhaust.

If we had a high flow exhaust system installed, then it may not be beneficial to advance the exhaust cam, a high flow exaust system that is optimized for our engine’s power requirements can clear the combustion chamber of all it’s gasses very efficiently. Having a high duration exhaust cam, a low back pressure exhaust system and a no overlap what so ever camshaft means that we are giving the exhaust gas plenty of time to exit they cylinder, the intake valve still hasn’t opened (because the we have decide to retard it, or use a conservative cam with less duration) and so the supercharger is not pushing any new fresh air in yet, now the cylinder is void and so some of the exhaust gas can revert back into the cylinder, then the exhaust valve will close, and then the intake valve will open only to find the cylinder already partially filled with exhaust gases.

This isn’t a problem with a restrictive exhaust because a restrictive exhaust will take some time to clear the cylinder at a lower velocity, however with a higher flow exhaust system we must be careful not to dial out ALL of the overlap in the cam timing, or to over-cam the exhaust cam (using too much duration).

So exhaust cam timing can be advanced or retarded, depending on the exhaust modifications and the intake cam selection and thus must be dyno-tuned.

It’s important to note that with all of these changes in cam selection , overlap, power stroke duration, and cam timing, that the power stroke duration is effected and if it is effectively shortened then we may need to retune the car’s timing advance on the dyno (for increased advance) to regain losses in duration of the power stroke (again this against popular thinking of never to advance timing on forced induction cars, if we have a shortened power stroke, or an application with significant overlap then it may be necessary to do so).

So we see here that the end result here a lop-sided camshaft with a conservative duration, high lift cam on the intake side, and a normal duration, high lift cam on the exhaust with minimal lobe separation angle and minimal (but not necessarily no) overlap.

The exception to the rule:

Sometimes people take a car that starts off with a 9000 rpm redline, has an 11.5:1 compression ratio, and a 280* duration camshaft, and an aggressive naturally aspirated-esque timing curve and decide to supercharge it for more power. One suck example is kleemann’s kompressor for the SLK55 AMG (which already makes 400 hp in normally aspirated form from an 11:1 compression ratio motor). In this type of application, if you use a more conservative cam, and dial out all the overlap, and increase the power stroke, in combination with an already high 11:1 compression ratio and a healthy amount of boost pressure (7psi or above) you will end up with a motor that produces extremely high peak cylinder pressures and those intense pressures and heat may easily start off a chain reaction of pre-ignition and detonation and you will find that no matter how much you retard the timing that the setup will end up both powerless and still not that safe.

In this case, I would consider RPM and compression my primary power adder, and my supercharger as my secondary power adder (that is unless I decided to change that and went ahead and lowered the compression ratio of the motor). In this case it is OK to sacrifice some supercharger high rpm efficiency for preventing high-load & low-rpm detonation. Furthermore, to overcome the overlap inherent in this kind of high rpm normally aspirated power-plant it would be very advisable to use a centrifugal supercharger that is capable of producing more boost and flow with increased rpm rather than a roots type charger that will easily run out of boost and flow capacity (CFM) when facing an aggressive camshaft ‘leaking’ boost away.

Here is a great example of how cam tuning can affect supercharged power:

The car is a 1.8 liter Honda motor equipped with:

  • Supercharger optimized big primaries and short runners Kamakazi header
  • A greddy 2.5? SP2 catback exhaust system.
  • An LHT ported “S” supercharger inlet tube
  • An LHT ported intake manifold ( Non intercooled)
  • A Carbon fibre intake
  • A Jackson racing eaton M62 supercharger geared for 7.5-8 psi.

The black line is the baseline run with all of these modifications before tuning with peak power coming in at: 223 wheel hp @ 7600 rpms.

The blue line is the power achieved after a full tine (camshaft timing redone for reduced overlap, ignition timing re-optimized, and air fuel ratio optimized for peak power), with peak power coming in at 248 hp @ 8400 rpms.

You can see on by the dyno results that by reducing overlap and properly tuning the car the power peak not only increased by 25 horsepower, but more importantly shifted up by 1000 RPM’s due to increased supercharger high rpm efficiency from reduced overlap.

Ten Benefits of Having Multiple Personalities and Dissociative Identity Disorder – DID, MPD

In the typical process of trauma therapy, the therapist and the dissociative trauma survivor will spend a great deal of time talking about how difficult it is to be multiple — and it is difficult, no doubt about it. For the typical multiple, there were years and years of pain and horror and abuse requiring the need to split over and over into a number of different personalities just to survive the unthinkable.

But the point of this article is to talk about what an outsider / singleton sees as the benefits of being multiple and having Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID/MPD). Yes, there really are some advantages to being split!

I see the following ten benefits in multiplicity:

  • Being able to do more than one thing at the same time. Talk about having the ability to multi-task! I’ve known situations were one personality can be talking comfortably on the phone while another personality is busy doing the day’s work. How cool is that?!!!
  • Always having someone to talk to. When you are friends with each other on the inside, you don’t ever have to be alone. Your best friends can be right there with you, any time of the day or night.
  • Being able to maintain the joy of a child’s perspective. Children can be so innocently full of wonderment, and joy, and happiness. They know how to be carefree and happy and amazed at the simplest of life’s pleasures. Child parts, once safe from trauma, can keep that sense of joy near to them their whole lives long.
  • Being able to take a break even when the outside body has to keep going. When you’re split, you can tuck back inside, and rest, or sleep, or think, and let someone else be out front managing whatever is going on in life. Having that ability to pull away and separate from the outside life can come in handy sometimes!
  • Having the ability to remember so much more of life’s experiences. In my opinion, once a person with Dissociative Identity Disorder finds safety, and learns to connect with all their internal people, and lowers their dissociative walls, it seems to me that people with DID actually remember more of their life than “regular” singletons do. This includes remembering more of the good times as well as the bad.
  • Having the ability to understand life and events from a variety of different perspectives. Those with DID don’t have to imagine what it would be like from a different perspective – they often have someone inside that already genuinely sees things that way!
  • Blocking out pain. While blocking pain is not always a positive or helpful skill, there are times and places where having the ability to block out pain, both physically and mentally, can be a great benefit.
  • Quite possibly needing less sleep? I can’t prove this, but it seems to me that a significant number of folks with DID can function quite effectively on less sleep than what the average singleton person needs. Maybe this is because the various parts can rest and sleep internally? By taking turns resting inside, does that make the overall physical need to sleep less? I have no real answers for this, but it’s not uncommon for this to appear to be the case.
  • Looking younger. Again, I cannot prove this, but in my years of working with multiples, folks with DID look considerably younger even as they physically age. One would think that the years of trauma, abuse, and stress would have a negative effect on the physical appearance, and while there are obvious scars, there also seems to be a common ability to not age physically as quickly as singletons do. You all nearly always look younger than you actually are. How cool is that?!
  • The ability to fit in with a variety of different people. While some system splits were formed as trauma-based ways of matching with various groups of people (and some not so good as others), the positive flip-side of that ability is that people with multiple personalities can literally find themselves fitting in easily with a wide variety of people in a variety of ages.

The point being, despite the difficult beginnings required in splitting into multiple personalities, there are many good and positive attributes to being multiple.

For those of you that are multiple, what do you enjoy about your multiplicity? What strengths do you have? How has multiplicity enhanced your life? What qualities of being a multiple would you want to keep, and never lose?

Problems of Backward Children

Meaning of backwardness:

A state of being below the normally accepted level in learning of things is called backwardness. It is not abnormal which implies the worst level. On the other hand, it is a retrograde measure from the marked level of learning. Such backwardness in a child in most of the contexts make the child feel secluded. Whatever may be the reason for this, the teacher at school as well as the parents at home are expected to know much about children to pay more attention on the issues with the children.

Causes for backwardness:

The reason for the backwardness with a child may be either within the individual or outside him in the environment. The entire cause cannot be attributed exclusively to heredity factor or to environmental factor. They are indeed interactive with mutual effect in the following cases.

i) Subnormal physical conditions:

Some children are born with biologically inherited weak body lacking normal conditions in sensory organs. Bart’s research work says that almost 79% of the backwardness is due to such physiological gone back conditions.

ii) Physical defects and diseases:

The defects in speech, hearing, vision, left handedness, etc are some bodily defects due to improper functioning of the sense organs. Along with any one or two of the before said defects, problems like tonsils, malnutrition, migraine joining together may affect much. The child suffers a subnormal scholastic attainment in school and in study at home. Such physical defects may in some cases be due to a low measure of innate capacity.

iii) Poverty and economic condition:

Poverty in children is another factor which impairs the health of the children and limits the general knowledge. It narrows the mental range of reach to the subject. This is prevalent mostly with children dwelling in slum area. There are cases from other area also. Children belonging to crowded family with limited conditions of economic facilities and amenities also liable for backwardness in concentrating on their studies.

iv) Emotional and moral conditions:

Emotional and moral conditions of the home may be accounted as another factor for backwardness. The daily life at home is dependent of parental sympathy, adjustments, and flexible guidelines in family affairs. If the children lack at any level in these matters, they feel thrown in insecurity along with frequent quarrels.

v) Harsh attitude and dominance by parents:

Harsh attitude and over dominance by the parents to the children result in neurotic problems which affect normal learning and confidence in attaining standard.

vi) Influence of neighborhood:

The influence of neighborhood is another factor which contributes to the problem of subnormal scholastic attainments. The unpleasing conditions of the quarters and streets may nit be encouraging the children to have good friends to support in his studies. Bad friends in gang are also responsible for turning delinquents in large number.

vii) Specific factors:

Backwardness in specific abilities such as reading, writing and arithmetic are also to be added as factors for general backwardness. Since the total outcome is dependent of such factors specifically, the duty of the teachers is to detect and help them in time properly by compensating with some other enlightening talents to keep the balance at equilibrium.

Discovering backwardness:

The teachers at school and the parents at home should play their effective role in discovering the backwardness and giving remedies. The tips for the same follows:

i) Diagnostic tests ii) Standard tests of sensory perfections iii) Assessing emotional characters and temperaments iv) Scholastic tests in school subjects v) Continuous observation


After discovering the defects, proper medical treatment or friendly counseling by experts may be given. Home conditions and school conditions may be modified. Alternative curriculum and modified method of teaching may be suggested. Specially trained teachers in children education should handle backward children. Wrong parental care and over dominance at home should be totally stopped. Specific care should be taken for specific difficulties whether personal or academic in nature.

Why Does the Bible Say, "Honor Your Father and Mother"?

"Insanity is hereditary. You get it from your kids," read a sign in Brussels, Belgium.

Or, as author Jean Kerr wrote, "The real menace in dealing with a 5-year-old is that in no time at all you begin to sound like one."

The fifth commandment is designed to keep parents sane by giving children a principle to guide their behavior and attitudes towards their parents. I asked my friends to tell me how they honor their parents. If their behavior matches their answers, their parents are not only sane but very happy.

"I honor my parents by giving them hugs and kisses." I also honor them by buying them TCBY fears, "says Angela, age 10.

Frozen yogurt with hugs and kisses! If TCBY could package this combination, I'm sure its stock would soar.

"I obey my mother and father by getting up in the mornings as sweet as pie," says Kaitlin, 7.

I'm still working on this one. When I get up in the morning, I'm grateful if I do not hurt myself by tripping over the furniture.

Kaitlin also told me, "When the Bible says your days will be longer (if you honor your father and mother), it means you will live longer."

In a society obsessed with living longer through exercise and nutrition, how many doctors and health-food companies recommend honoring parents? Yet a long life is a promise from God for those who honor their parents.

"I honor my parents by obeying," says Christine, 10. "Like when they say to get them some water, I do it.

I'll bet Christine's parents treat her like a princess. It's so easy to take parents for granted. Can you imagine a society where the Bart Simpson attitude was not glorified? Why imagine when it's within your power to be gracious to your parents instead of disrespectful? They're not perfect, but neither are you.

"I love my mother and father," says Gardner, 11. "They are the best.

Something tells me that Gardner will never visit a psychiatrist's office in an effort to find himself. Because he knows his parents love him unconditionally, he's secure and able to love them in return. Love fosters love.

Years ago, I saw my friend Peter reprimand his 2-year-old son for continuing to throw soapsuds on a car after being told to stop. Peter calmly asked his son to hold out his hand. Following a gentle tap on the hand, his son began to cry.

At first, I was confused because the light tap barely warranted tears. Suddenly, I understood and said to Peter, "Your approval hurts worse than the tap on the hand." He nodded.

Only a father who loves his son can evoke such a response. This is the power of unconditional love.

God's love for his children is akin to parents' love for their souls with one very important difference: Even the best parents have flaws. God is perfect.

Jesus is the ultimate example of a son honoring his father. He listened to his Father's voice and did only what he heard from his father. His love for his father and desire to please him was so great that he could say, "He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him" (John 5:23). Their will was one.

Obedience and honor are interconnected. The Apostle Paul wrote that Jesus humbled himself and "became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross."

Point to ponder: God has promised to bless those who honor their parents.

Scripture to remember: "Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right" (Ephesians 6: 1).

Question to consider: How do you honor your parents?

Public Speaking – Tips on Selecting the Type of Speech to Use

There are two types of speeches used in public speaking, either you are “selling” something or you are “telling” something. The type of speech you select will depend on the reason you are presenting, and the nature of your audience.

In public speaking selecting the right type of speech will increase the effectiveness of your speech. The purpose of your speech can range from enjoyment to convincing the audience to take a certain action. How much the audience knows about your topic and their attitude towards it, also needs to be considered when selecting the type of speech you will deliver.

The “telling” speech is made up of either an informative or entertaining speech. The “selling” type of speech where you seek to convince the audience to take a certain action is either persuasive or motivational.

Entertaining – The reason for delivering the speech is for the audience to enjoy themselves and to be entertained. However, it is more than a string of jokes, it is entertaining material woven around a central theme. This type of speech is common as an after dinner speech.

Informative – The purpose of this speech is to inform your audience. The speech involves teaching and describing, explaining or describing your topic. You are not seeking to persuade or motivate but provide information. Your audience may know of your topic but are not familiar with the content. An example is when presenting the results of your department in a meeting.

Persuasive – the goal is to persuade the audience to take a certain action. You reason with people to agree with your point of view. Your audience will be familiar with your topic but is either opposed to, or undecided about, your purpose.

Persuasion is typically used in a self-centred “sell” for example, an insurance salesman trying to convince on the benefits of life insurance.

Motivation – the aim is to convince people to take an action that will improve their lives. You are attempting to inspire your audience to make the change. It involves the use of personal and emotional appeals. Your audience will normally agree with your purpose but require the inspiration to take action. A motivational speech can be used for a “selfless” sell such as convincing the audience they should have regular medical checkups

When you have matched the type of speech that will achieve the goal you seek to achieve, then you should consider using elements from the other types of speech. A persuasive speech will be more convincing if it includes elements from informative speech and is entertaining.

In summary to be more effective in public speaking you first determine your purpose or objective and get to know your audience. Then select the right type of speech you will be more effective in achieving your objective.

What Attracts Women to Older Men?

Have you ever wondered what attracts women to older men? And no, we’re not talking about the kind of attraction between dirty old millionaires and young beautiful gold diggers. We aren’t talking about confused young women either who are searching for father figures in their boyfriends. Rather, we’re talking about genuine and long-lasting attraction that has the potential to deepen into love.

What attracts women to older men?


Many studies show that females mature before males do, and it’s possible that maturity is what attracts women to older men. Given the choice, who would want date an immature guy over a mature guy? An immature guy, for instance, would not understand that there are times when you have to prioritize work over relationship. A mature guy, placed in the same situation, won’t just show his understanding. He’ll also be supportive and maybe even volunteer to take over kitchen or laundry duties to lessen your burdens.


There’s a slight but essential difference between confidence and maturity, but both usually comes hand in hand. Confidence may be what attracts women to older men as well because it’s an irresistible quality.

A guy lacking in confidence would stammer his words out and wouldn’t be able to meet a woman’s eyes straight. A confident guy, on the other hand, won’t just be able to speak clearly and look at you straight the eye. He also won’t hesitate to ask for your name or maybe even ask you out right away if the attraction between you is that strong.

Secondly, a confident man won’t ever be threatened by the achievements of his partner. He will rejoice with her and not hate her for “upstaging” him. Younger men can rarely display this kind of confidence because they’re too hungry to prove something themselves. At this point in their lives, few will be able to swallow the fact that their partners had achieved something greater than they had ever accomplished in their lives.


What attracts women to older men? Decisiveness, for one thing.

Decisiveness can be seen in a number of ways. A decisive man knows what he wants right away. A decisive man knows himself well. He understands his role in the world and it therefore comes easily to him to identify what he wants in his life.

Once he sees something he wants, a decisive man also won’t hesitate to go for it. He knows which things are and aren’t worth fighting for and if he considers you important in his life then he’ll let you know that. No woman will find that undesirable. A decisive man makes his woman feel safe and protected. He helps them feel secure about the future because he’s the type of man you can trust your future to…if there’s ever a need to.


Last but not the least, the ability to be happy and contented on their own is what attracts women to older men.

At their age, they already know and understand that happiness and contentment aren’t merely a state. They’re a choice. Older guys are happy and contented because they chose to be, and who wouldn’t want to have a guy like that in their lives?

How To Get Rid Of A Lisp – Speak Clearly And Appear Smarter

Having a speech lisp can be so much of a trouble? This is especially true when people start requesting you to repeat what you have just said. It may also be a cause of bullying when people start copying your speaking mannerisms or your voice.

To avoid the problems that are brought about by a lisp, here are the things that you can do.

First, you need to find out in what situations you are experiencing a lisp. Normally, people with lisp do not experience the condition all the time. It only comes out during specific periods or emotions such as when a person is excited or nervous about something. Knowing when your lisp manifests will help you in avoiding such situations and thus avoiding lisping.

Next, you always have to try to speak more slowly than usual. If people around you are already getting conscious about the way you speak, then you need to start being very careful. Speaking slowly will allow you to articulate every word that you are saying and it will also allow you to pronounce the words better. It will also relax your muscles therefore you will be able to control them more easily.

The third step is to get help from experts. Some cases of lisp are quite extreme. For people who have them, it will be advisable to get help from the professions. There are certain speech therapy programs that are provided in order to correct the way of speaking for people with lisp.

If you have done the first two steps and you are not that willing to get help from a professional yet, then you can try the teeth smiling method. This method is a kind of speech therapy that aims to enable the tongue to move more freely. The first thing you need to do for this method is to smile. Your smile should be big and warm. It should be big enough such that your teeth are showing when you are doing it.

Keeping that same smile, grab a book and read it aloud. If you do not have a book with you, then do a monologue. It may seem weird but this is a good practice for your tongue. Whenever you say something aloud, your tongue gradually learns how to position itself. Do this technique when you are alone in your room and never try it in front of people or they might think you are crazy.

You can also have a friend or a family member help you in overcoming the lisp problem. Ask someone close to you to say some words that are difficult for you to say. Watch their mouth and the movement of their tongue carefully then try to imitate them in front of a mirror. This will help you in knowing how to properly move your tongue to produce the right sounds.

It may take some time to completely get rid of lisp but that is okay. All you need is to practice hard and be patient. Do the best that you can and be confident in yourself that you can overcome it.

Naked Puts

Naked Puts are supposedly to be one of the riskiest strategies out there. But if done right selling naked puts can be even safer, and more profitable than buying stocks.

When you sell a naked put you take on the obligation to buy a stock at a certain price on or before a given date. For this you bank a premium up front.

Selling puts can be a good strategy as long as you do not go overboard. So if you sell naked puts on $ 50,000 worth of stocks, make sure you could buy $ 50,000 worth of stocks because you might have to follow through.

If you do it in moderation selling naked puts has the following advantages.

1. Stocks Do not Need to Go Up

When you sell naked puts on stocks you do not need need them to go up for you to be profitable. You only need the stock not to go down below your strike price.

This allows you to make money when you are having trouble finding stocks that are about to move up. Instead of having to worry about it you could always sell puts.

2. You Can Get Paid to buy a stock

If the stock does fall down below your strike price, you will have to buy it. But considering that you got the premium up front it means you got paid to get into a strong stock, which is much better than buying and holding the old fashion way.

And as long as the company has a good long term growth you can just wait for it to go back up, and sell covered calls on it to make even more premium.

3. Premium Adds Up

Collecting premium often adds up and can be very profitable in the long term. Many times you can make more by selling puts then you can by holding the stock.

Borzoi Puppy And Dog Information

The Borzoi can survive in an apartment as long as she gets frequent exercise. A properly fenced yard could have better for her but keep in mind that she can easily jump a six foot fence. Once she gets on the run, she may catch a scent and be gone. She can not be trusted around small animals including the neighbors cat. She can kill an animal before you can stop her. She is OK with children but this is iffy. She dislikes roughhousing, arguing and likes her rest. She seems to be a one person dog that can be difficult to train. She is royal looking and beautiful.

Approximate Adult Size

The approximate adult size (two years old or older) of the male Borzoi is at least 28 inches to the withers (highest point of the shoulder) and 75 to 105 pounds and the female is at least 26 inches to the withers and 60 to 90 pounds.

Special Health Considerations

Most dog breeds have certain inherited health problems associated with that specific breed and the Borzoi is no exception. Keep on the look out for gastric torsion (life-endangering distension of the stomach with gas), retinal atrophy (inherited disease of the retina that can cause vision loss and blindness), heart disease, and Osteosarcoma (bone cancer). They are also possible sensitive to certain drugs especially anesthetics and topical insecticides. This disease list is an informative guideline only. Other diseases may also be significant threats, please contact your veterinarian for a complete list.

She should visit the veterinarian several times in the first year for shots, boosters and check up. Then, as an adult, she should visit the veterinarian year for shots and check up. As she gets older, six years and on, she should visit the veterinarian twice a year for check ups and shots. Remember; avoid feeding your dog sweets.


The Borzoi has a long, silky coat with waves or curls. She should be brushed regularly. She is a seasonally heavy shedder. Brushing will help her maintain a clean and healthy coat and also help you keep a close eye on her health and strengthen your emotional bond with your pet. Her hair between her toes also needs to be maintained.

Her teeth should be brushed at least twice a week with toothpaste and toothbrush designed for dogs. Brushing removes the accumulation of plaque and tartar which can cause cavities (rarely) and periodontal disease. Dog periodontal disease can lead to pain, loss of teeth, bad breath and other serious disease.

Her toenails may need to be examined for growth and clipped regularly. The toenails of the rear feet grow slower than the toenails of the front feet. Generally a guillotine type trimmer is the best for this chore and competent instructions to accomplish this can be found on the net.

Life Span

The Borzoi can live between 10 and 12 years with proper nutrition, medical care and excellent living conditions.


The Borzoi is thought to hail back to the thirteenth century nobleman who used them to hunt. They were first registered with the American Kennel Association in 1891.

Some Registries

  • Borzoi Club of America
  • UKC United Kennel Club
  • NKC National Kennel Club
  • CKC Continental Kennel Club
  • APRI Americas Pet Registry Inc.
  • AKC American Kennel Club
  • FCI Federation Cynologique Internationale
  • NZKC New Zealand Kennel Club
  • KCGB Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • ANKC Australian National Kennel Club
  • ACR American Canine Registry

Litter Size

6 to 7 Borzoi puppies


Hound. Member of the Greyhound family.

Terms To Describe

Well mannered, gentle, intelligent, graceful, loyal, sweet, sensitive, aloof, royal, swift


  • Medium watch dog.
  • They rarely bark.
  • Good with dogs.
  • More of a one person dog.


  • Poor guard dog.
  • May kill small animals.
  • Can easily jump a six foot fence.
  • They keep themselves clean.
  • Keep them on a leash as they will run.
  • Can be a picky eater.
  • Does not like to play rough with children.
  • Stubborn and difficult to train.
  • Not good with children.

Other Names Known By

Russian Wolfhound, Russian Sighthound

Every dog ​​is an individual so not everything in this information may be correct for your dog. This information is meant as a good faith guideline only.

The Difference Between Eye Strain and Eye Fatigue

Eye strain and eye fatigue result to many complications from serious to less serious, if any of them remains to be a continuous problem.

When we check online articles about the two topics, we will often find them associated with each other as a single unit of idea. Eye strain would be commonly defined as fatigue of the eyes due to excessive use of visual catalysts like the computers.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines it as pain and fatigue of the eyes, often accompanied by headache, resulting from prolonged use of the eyes, uncorrected defects of vision, or an imbalance of the eye muscles. We can derive here that eye strain is fatigue itself.

Some sources indicate that eye fatigue is “asthenopia” itself. It is a condition normally experienced by people whose work requires extended visual concentration (MD Guidelines).

Medical sources say that Axtaxanthin is a highly effective cure for asthenopia or fatigue. Axtaxanthin is an antioxidant or a carotenoid (dark colored dyes found in plant foods) in the class of plant compounds that actually “work by improving blood flow to the muscles that control accommodation in the eye, as well as to the small blood vessels in the retina.” (Deborah Mitchell, Phoenix Alternative Medicine Examiner)

Some studies say that fatigue is characterized by the muscles becoming tired in a similar context as other muscles in our body. Once these muscles tire, the symptoms start to occur. While eye strain is basically characterized by dry or watery eyes, blurred vision, and headache; eye fatigue is characterized by almost the same symptoms as eye strain but added with burning or tired sensation in the front of the eyes, headaches, and an overall feeling of tiredness. Eye fatigue can lead to more serious eye complications such as Glaucoma, or loss of sight. Eye fatigue serves as an early warning sign of glaucoma unless otherwise treated.

With this information at hand, we will be able to derive what some reports say, that eye strain is not a serious eye problem but eye fatigue is. Both can be corrected and prevented. But irresponsible handling and personal negligence of both can lead to step-by-step complications like myopia, cataracts, glaucoma, etc.

Some sources also differentiate the two as separate entities. They are recognized as two different ailments acquired by heavy computer use. Many studies reveal that fatigue symptoms are easy to spot but serve as warning signs for glaucoma or blindness, as mentioned previously. Strains, however, is the less complicated and less dangerous compared to fatigue. They can be compared and contrasted with a thin line to tell the difference between them, but for sure, they both need enough attention and proper handling to avoid damaging ones eyes. It is very important that we value and take extra care of them. It lights up our whole body, making us effective and successful workers and persons.

For more information about eye strains you may find this site very resourceful as it has information related to eye strains which is believed to be partially related to eye fatigue.

Indium – New Mineral Discovery of the 21st Century

Indium is the newest mineral discovery of the 21st century. It raises the amount of minerals a gland can absorb and is a nutritional breakthrough in glandular performance. Indium is the #49th mineral on the periodic table of 100 elements, and is considered to be the “missing link, unifying and catalyzing the largest two mineral groups usable in the human body, correcting multiple mineral deficiencies.

Dr Henry Alfred Schroeder, MD, a toxicologist reported that Indium improved the absorption of minerals from 60% to 694%. In fact he deduced that levels of minerals in the major human organs are proportional to and dependent upon the rare and hard to absorb trace mineral Indium. This study was continued by inventor/discoverer George A. H. Bonadio, a well respected businessman and health lecturer in up state New York, who later patented Indium in the absorbable form Indiumease. Bonadio discovered that Indium was not just “anti cancerous “as Schroeder had assumed, but he proved that INDIUM had given the mice 26% fewer cancers and 42% fewer malignant tumours over the 500 day mice life span, and that the mice had lived on the average 7% longer than the controls. He discovered that INDIUM had an as yet unidentified anti-carcinogenic, anti-cancer function and anti-aging factor.

From Schroeder’s mineral absorption figures Bonadio theorized that Indium might also enhance large intestine absorption of minerals which translates into INDIUM allowing greater DNA demanded glandular mineral uptake and function. During 25 years of research and study Bonadio isolated Indium Sulphate as the best non-toxic form of Indium.

Bonadio reports that Indium supplementation reduced Alzheimer tremors (30%-80%in 10days). He declared that Indium normalizes the pituitary-hypothalamus master glands regulating all endocrine gland systems in the body, balancing dozens of hormones, Human Growth Hormone, DHEA and many steroids. In fact Indium’s cancer preventing effects may be much higher than Schroeder first thought.

The first effect people on Indium supplementation, report is better sleep and recuperation, better attitude, vision, hearing, and mobility. Food is being better absorbed, mineral reserves are accumulating, body fitness improves and the body/mind/spirit is on a high performance. The good feeling people experience, dispels anxiety and depression, as well being and self confidence improve, characterised by thinking, seeing, hearing and moving progressively better.

Indium improved Parkinson’s speech and motor skills (30%) over controls, improving memory and stamina. Indium has been reported to get rid of dandruff, improve hair growth and gradually reduce greying hair.

Indium may improve visual acuity and lesson glaucoma eye ball pressure. It is reported to improve fine circulation lesson blood viscosity, plaque and cholesterol on artery wall deposits, varicose veins slowly regain normalcy and skin texture.

Indium is reported to help libido and sex life in both genders and defines gender dominance.

It may regulate the menses cycle and may lesson menopause hot flashes and night sweats.

Dr. Lyons reported Indium supplementation gave less thymus cancers, carcinogenic metastases and bone cancers. Indium also reduced terminal cancer pains and lowered needed pain medications.

Because Indium is a systematic gland rebuilder and hormone enhancer, it restores thyroid and liver hormones, improves metabolism of calories, lessens deposits of fat and creates leaner muscle mass.

By raising overall body/mind/spirit/energy level, Indium indirectly stimulates activity and exercise, which help improve circulation and oxygenation, promotes calorie burning and muscle tone, detoxification, overall physical fitness, active lifestyle, positive mental attitude and progressive outlook.

Nutritionists know chromium enhances pancreatic hormone insulin that regulates muscle building protein and carbohydrate energy and storage removing blood sugar and artery fats. INDIUM raises Chromium performance 333% in several endocrine glands, better precursing the “Glucose Tolerance Factor “insulin which lowers high blood sugar, hypoglycemia, and lessens insulin dependence shots in type 2 adult-onset diabetes(80%-100% in 1-3 weeks)

Bonadio declared that twenty years from now Indium will be declared the critical missing link element “essential for health” and supplementation will be required to ward off certain problems like glaucoma blindness, heart attacks, brain strokes, type-2 diabetes, and would be required for athletes to break world records in power, speed and endurance.

If It Looks Like A Duck And It Quacks Like A Duck

Ok, gang; it's time to get our mental vision checked. Not your physical vision, that's not what I'm talking about. Mental vision, just like physical vision, can become cloudy. And then would you like to know what happens? Do not miss this.

You end up about as lucky as the only man in a women's prison with a fist full of pardons. Nah, I'm kidding, Or …. am I? :>) do not get mad at me now.

Let's see, said the blind man!

The two most common weaknesses of our physical vision are nearsightedness and farsightedness. To use an analogy we could say that these same two conditions are our biggest problems with mental vision.

A person who is mentally nearsighted is honest to ignore and overlook problems and possibilities that are distant. He is totally obsessed and focused on the problem and possibilities that are right in front of him.

He is oblivious to the problems and possibilities that he may encounter in the future. To him, the future looks about as important as a screen door on a submarine.

He could not care less about the future. He does not think or plan in future terms. The future to him is a whole new ball game because he can not see beyond the end of his nose.

Well, what about his cousin?

Ah, yeah. On the other side, the mentally farsighted person is respect to ignore and overlook problems and "possibilities" that are right in front of his face. He is totally oblivious to problems and possibilities that are about to eat him.

Have you ever heard the cliché, "if it were a snake it would have bit him"? Yep, that's our farsighted friend; a real mental giant.

He's somewhere off every day in fairy land; A dream world of Peter Pan and Disneyland. He wants to start out at the top of his company. He would never be happy cleaning toilets. The only job he would take is where he could start out at the top; never realizing the only job like that is digging a hole.

Can not see the forest for the trees!

In the process of examining our mental vision, we need to develop both our sight and our near sight. The advantages to a person who can see what is right in front of him are great. Are there possibilities all around you right now that you are overlooking? Are there things in your life everyday that you scoff at because they look like a Duck?

Fortunes were made off of a little thing called a paper clip. A fortune was made off of another thing called a bobbie pin; all because someone dared to not only see with their eyes, but, also to see with their mental vision.

Throwing Out The Baby With The Bath Water!

A mentally farsighted person would probably never have discovered something as trivial, yeah right, as a paper clip. Remember he is always off somewhere in never never land trying to discover the Rock of Gibraltar. Now, this is assuming that his near sighted mental vision is all backed up like a toilet.

If he recognizes that some things that look like a duck and quack like a duck just might be a duck, then this guy could be crying all the way to the bank.

Well, is not that just the cat's pajamas?

I remember the last time I was in a pet store; I bought the neat little super-duper pooper scooper for my cat's litter box. I'll bet the guy that discovered that made a fortune off of it; hehehe … Considering what I had to do, before I had that little device, I was glad to buy it. :>)

But, a mentally nearsighted person comes with his own set of problems. Here is the dude that can only see the nose in front of his face. He sees no value in planning, thinking, and preparing for the future. Thinking of anything more than a day away, for him, gets his knickers all in a twist.

He is so pre-occupied with the alligators that are trying to eat him right now, that he can not free his mind, to give his creative juices enough energy, to look into the distance and see the big picture. Being able to see down the road and mentally visualize great possibilities is a phenomenal function of the human brain.

Be an Eagle Eye!

This type of creative mental vision is a skill that can be learned and exercised. It is a skill that we all need to develop so we can learn to look into our own private world with a fresh mental vision and see the opportunities that are already about us and the ones that are in the distance that will come our way.

At times you may think you know a duck as soon as you see it. But, at the same time, if it's not acting like a duck then you may say; "this has no value". Do not do that.

Do not write it off and say, "Well, it is not quacking, so it is not a duck". Hey, you just might need your mental vision tweaked a little bit. You might be right on the verge of discovering something as slick as snot on a doorknob. You never know.

A Sitting Duck!

Now listen; we all have a tendency to see only what we want to see; and, to see mentally is to think. And, when you spend quality time thinking, you are exercising your mental capacity for vision and planning and preparing for the possibilities to come your way. Spending quality time thinking is a sure fire way to find out whether this duck is a quacker.

And, while you're thinking, ask yourself questions: lots of questions. This will definitely get your mental juices flowing and teach you how to think and decide whether your duck is going to start talking like a duck.

Ask all sorts of questions about the circumstances you're facing right now. This will show you how to exercise your mental nearsightedness.

A Man Of Many Words!

Ask yourself questions about how you will handle new opportunities when they present themselves; this will exercise your mental farsightedness. You have already faced enough opportunities to know how to ask yourself these questions.

Asking yourself or others questions about things you do not understand will exercise both your mental visions and reward you richly. And, you could make a great discovery. Who knows, maybe you will be the next guy to invent the next super super-duper pooper scooper.

Richard Vegas ©