Learning to Relax Is the Best Cure for Insomnia

The techniques teach you to relax your muscles group by group, in a systematic way. Two simple tools will help you greatly: a three minute egg timer (the "hour-glass" type, with falling grains of sand) and smoothing medication tones of sand sounds, forest sounds, or whatever you find peaceful.

Begin by practicing during the day, out of bed and wide awake. Turn on the music, turn on over the egg timer, and start by breathing deeply and slowly. Focus first on your toes. Concentrate on testing, and then relaxing, the muscles in your toes. Do this until the egg-timer runs out.

Next, move to the feet. Follow the same instructions and use the egg timer to time yourself and focusing on the falling crystals can help you in a meditative mood. After the feet, continue the journey up your body, proceeding to the calves the things, and hands and moving to your forearms and upper arms. End with the head and neck muscle.

With a little practice, you'll soon be able to control the tensing and relaxing of all your muscle groups at will. When you reach this point, it's time to try the technique in bed with one important difference. Only do the relaxing half of the exercise. Lay in bed and, muscle by muscle, focus on relaxing. Occasionally, you will not need the egg timer but can gauge the time by experience and by how long it takes for the muscle to feel relaxed.

Learning relaxation techniques is not always easy. It takes time and discipline, especially in the early going. Usually, two weeks are needed before you see results. Meditation classes offer by many health clubs and adult education programs, can help supplement this technique. And if "natural sound" only annoy you and do not help you relax, be creative about your background music.

Spoon Nails

Spoon shaped nails are very common. Nail technicians can not usually recognize one when they see one. When it can be seen, it may mean that there may be a serious underlying disease. If it's only an aesthetic deformity a simple overlay can solve the problem.
Spoon nails are caused by a trauma to the nail matrix. This results in a deformity of the nail. The edges of the plate curl up which then is called the "spoon nail" deformity.

What Is this?

Spoon nails are a deformity of the nail. Usually it will grow out in a few months, but if it does not, it could be a sign of a more serious problem. Clients who have spoon nails should seek medical attention before seeing a nail technician. If a technician knows the client, she can easily determine how to proceed with her nails. For example the nail technician knows that it is a hereditary condition. If it is new client for the nail technician and the nail looks unhealthy, it can indicate a fungus infection or even a more serious problem.

How does it look like?

The nail looks exactly like a spoon. In minor cases, the nail only has a little wave in it. In more severe cases, the nail becomes brittle and usually cracks inside the wave. It may even crack to the very end of the nail plate. The skin around the damaged nail is usually dry. Fungus infections can develop within these splits and may discolor the nail to a green or yellowish color.


The deformity can be hereditary, and in this case the nail lookss completely healthy. Biting and an unhealthy diet (the lack of iron and nutrition) can also cause this kind of deformity.
Different forms of trauma to the nail plate can also be the reason of spoon nails, but in this case the shape will sooner or later grow out, and can be filed off. If the nail technician recognizes some kind of change on the clients' nails they should suggest the client to seek medical advice.


In milder cases the problem can be solved by just letting the nail grow out. In other causes such as a iron deficiency or improper diet, taking some form iron supplementation or changing the diet may help. During the treatment the skin around the nail should also be looked after.
for Nail Techs

If you think your client has spoon nails ask him or her and find out how long your client has this condition. If you do not know the client and see that the nails are unhealthy or discolored send her to a doctor before doing the clients' nails. However if the nail looks clean you can safely put an overlay on it. Extra precaution should be taken to make sure that nail and edges are carefully cleaned. Apply the overlay just the same. Try not to miss any part of the nail. Make sure you properly fill in the wave (the overlay will be a bit thicker there)!

Remember that if a client appears with this condition, it is better to first refer them for medical advice than to be sorry later.

Subduing The Interview Monster

Interviews are inevitable for many jobs. Be it a retail supervisor or just a service crew, employers out that requires the applicable to go through an interview. An interview is a way to assess the employee's qualities as well as personality. These are critical agendas employers look out for as they aim to maximize job compatibility.

However, many of us fail being ourselves during interviews. We are either too tense or over doing certain things. This could jeopardize the impression that they might have about you. They are unable to assess you accurately and may even cost you the job!

Here are some tips you could use before you head into any interviews. It may not guarantee you a job. But at least it increases your chances of having one by making you stand out among others who are also competitive for the same.

1. Be Punctual

People always tell me that you can never be too early but I beg to differ. Some employer might be impressed, but others could be doubting your time management skills. Reaching 15 minutes before the interview is acceptable. However, being more than an hour early does not.

Being late is of course an all-time taboo for all interviews. Your first impression is already jeopardized and you are less likely to do well during the interview in such a unnerving state. Therefore, employees may think that you do not take the job seriously and you could be seen as very sloppy. Unless you have a valid reason (eg train breakdown), never commit this taboo.

2. Dress To Impress

I always think that you can never overdressed. But you could be under-dressed. So why take the chances? The minimal attire is collar-tee, jeans and covered shoes. Flip-flops, T-shirts and Berms are definitely a no-no.

I also bring around with me wet wipes or tissues incase I sweat. Mouth wash is also ideal since it freshen up your breath before you step into the interview.

3. Do Your Homework

Do some research on the company you are applying for. You do not want to feel tongue-tied when the interviewer start asking things like "Why do you want to join us?" Egypt "How much do you know about us?" It is also good to note down some achievements the company might have had and bring them up during the interview.

Locate the address on goggle maps before the interview. Know exactly how the place and the surroundings look like. Plan your route early and well especially if their office is in an area you have never gone before.

4. Treat The Interview Like A Conversation

Be natural and treat the interview like any other normal conversation. Avoid one-sided conversation wherey you only answer when the interview asks a question. Take initiative to ask questions at time. You do not want too many awkward moments where the interviewer just exchange stares with you.

Do not overpower the interviewer. It might be good to treat it like a normal conversation but do not take control of it. You do not want them to think that you are taking control of the interview instead of them.

5. Other Useful Tips

Prepare extra copies of your CV or resume. In the scenario where the interviewer does not have the CV you emailed him, he has one for him straight away.

Give a call to the receptionist or the interviewer and tell them you have traveled instead of just walking in abruptly to find them. Give them time to prepare for the interview.

Be interested, or at least try to look interested in what the interviewer have to say. Attentive audience never fails to please them. Give them the chance to speak. Do not interrupt them unnecessarily.

The Layman's Guide to Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm for Martial Arts Training

With the popularity in Martial Arts Training or Mixed Martial Arts training, injuries can occur, knowing how some famous Traditional Chinese Medicinal liniments work, can be of great benefit.

Since the arrival of the UFC, Martial Arts training has exploded, we are seeing MMA gyms opening everywhere teaching Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai, Boxing and more. We saw a similar burst when Bruce Lee appeared before our eyes in the Green Hornet and then on the big screen with his first film Fists of Fury. Now we are training for self protection and fitness, along with competition. Martial Arts training can be incredibly satisfying and rewarding but also painful with the risk of possible injuries. Knowing how to handle these injuries will make you a better participant and avoid future health problems.

Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm are two products used to help recover from training injuries. They are both herbal liniment type products that are applied locally to the injured area and soaked in through the skin to help heal.

As in most Martial Arts training striking is used as part of the training regimen. Either striking with the hands, feet or shins creates micro traumas to those areas causing Qi blockage, when Qi is blocked pain ensues, without proper treatment and with continuing striking this Qi blockage becomes worse and more serious problems can develop.

By using Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm you are helping to unblock the Qi flow, activate blood movement, relax the tendons and ligaments and increase bone strength. The important key here is the movement of Qi. When Qi moves pains disappear, when Qi is blocked or stagnated then there is pain. There are two types of Qi we need to be concerned about regular Qi and Wei Qi. Wei Qi often described as the defensive Qi handles and protects our injured areas. Buying the correct type of Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm is critical since the herbs in the formula must pilot both types of Qi otherwise the liniments will not do their job.

The formulas we have been selling for over 20 years have the right herbs past down from the ancient masters. By using our formulas properly you not only condition your hands, shins or other striking areas but you are speeding up healing from the damage done in training. This is important so it does not lead to other conditions like arthritis.

If you are familiar with acupuncture you know blood and Qi flow through Meridians which I like to call the little super highways in our bodies. When you maintain a painful injury like a sprain, contusion or a bad breeze most likely you blocked the Qi flow to the Meridian or the Meridian itself. Applying Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm to those serious injuries opens up the flow of Qi through those superhighways.

In some cases when the injury is very traumatic like hitting your thumb with a hammer along Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm you may need to take an internal formula like ChinKoo which helps open up the Qi and blood flow internally. If you are not familiar with ChinKoo it is a classic Chinese Patent Formula contracting of herbs you would find in external Dit Da Jow, this formula will help with bruising, swelling and breaks up blood stagnation, and helps stop pain, also very good sprained joints . Bad bad sprains which are basically when a joint is extended past its normal range of motion require extra treatment with Iron Palm since Iron Palm helps with the sinew recovery; sinew is essentially the connective tissue around the joint.

Do I need the Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm?

The short answer is yes and let me tell you why if you are seriously training in a sport that requires contact of any kind then you should have both. If you are not doing any type of contact training, but are in a trade like a plumber or carpenter then maybe not.

Here is comparison chart for Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm

Dit Da Jow Iron Palm

Heals Bruises Heals Tendons, Sinew, Bones

Stops Pain Stops Pain

Strengthens blood Vessels Strengthens Bones, Tendons, and connective Tissue

Reduces Swelling Conditions the Hands, Shins for Heavy Contact

Stops Blood Stagnation Protects Contact Area from Serious Injury

Moves Qi Moves Qi

As you can see from the above chart both the Dit Da Jow and Iron Palm are similar but they also work on differently different areas of healing. I combine 4-6oz of each in a glass jar and use it prior to and after training. If there is a particular area that needs attention then I will rub it on several times a day. I try to practice preventative medicine, by applying these linings I feel I am not only helping my body heal but strengthening it as well to prevent injuries in the future.

Serious injuries of course will require a trip to the doctor and this article is in no way trying to treat any illness or injury that is for your doctor to do, this article is to give you insight into what has been done over a thousand years to treat injuries from combat or other trauma related body injuries. Traditional Chinese Medicine has been practiced for over 2000 years some even say close to 5000. That is a long time with plenty of success.

The Key To Properly Treating Your Acne Is To Know What Kind Of Skin Blemish You Really Have

For many consumers the mere mention or thought of acne brings up images and visions of zits, pimples and blackheads. In fact, many people believe that these skin blemishes are the only types of acne that can infect an individual. Actually, there are at least 12 different types or widely known cases of acne. The conditions can range from a very mild case to the extreme side where severe cases of acne can occur.

Usually the more mild symptoms and cases of acne can easily be treated with over the counter acne solutions; unfortunately the more stubborn and severe cases almost always require the assistance of a certified health profession such as a dermatologist to provide powerful acne fighting skin cleansers in order to treat the more advanced skin blemishes. Another misconception is that acne only appears on the face and forehead. Actually, acne can appear on many different parts of the body to include the back, chest, legs and arms of an individual.

The most common form of acne, that everyone normally associates skin blemishes with, is called Acne Vulgaris. This name actually does stand for the term "common acne" and is responsible for ruining many prom nights and first dates based on its ability to produce blackheads, papules, cysts and nodules.

Speaking of blackheads, although many people use this term interchangeably with acne, a blackhead is actually what occurs when the pores of our skin cells become partially clogged or blocked. These clogged pores allow for sebum and other bacteria, such as dead skin cells to rise to the surface where they turn black once exposed to the air. Blackheads differ from whiteheads in the fact that whiteheads are generally under the skin's surface and occur when the cell pores become completely blocked by bacteria, dead cells and sebum.

Pustules are what many people commonly refer to as zits or pimples. This skin blemish usually appears as a red circle on the skin with a yellow or whitish center. Their counterparts, the papules, are small tender red bumps that appear on the skin and are very irritating. Papules have the ability to cause acne scarring if they are squeezed or popped so the most prevalent advice is to avoid touching them if at all possible.

There are several forms of acne that are prone to scarring and they include nodules, which form as hardened lumps under the skin's surface. They usually have a longer life cycle of several months, are extremely painful and require the assistance of a dermatologist to properly treat them. Cysts are almost exactly like nodules except that they are filled with a substance known as pus. As mentioned before with nodules, they are very painful and best treated by a dermatologist based on their propensity to scarring.

The really scary forms of acne include Acne Conglobata and Acne Fulminans. These extreme forms of acne are uncommon but when diagnosed can be extremely painful, form large lesions all over the body and are very prone to scarring. These are very nasty skin blemishes that clearly need to be treated by a professional dermatologist because the usual treatment to control this form of acne requires oral steroids.

Gram-Negative Folliculitis is a skin condition that is bacterial in nature and usually causes cysts and pustules. Another radical form of acne that only affects females is known as Pyoderma Faciale. It can lead to scarring due to the appearance of cysts, pustules and nodules. The final form of acne is called Acne Rosacea and it looks like a mild rash that is colored red on the face. It can have pimples and zits as an offshoot and generally it targets females over males and it is predominately diagnosed in people that are 30 years or older.

As you can see, there are a wide variety of acne related skin blemishes that affect thousands upon thousands of consumers on a daily basis. Some forms have very mild and easily treatable symptoms while others are more difficult to control and require the intervention of a trained dermatologist in order to prevent scarring. The key to properly treating your acne or skin blemish is to determine what form of acne you are currently suffering from.

Essential Oils – Wintergreen – A Great Oil for Whatever Aches

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) is in the heather family of botanical plants and is native to North America. It is a small evergreen herb that grows only about 6 inches high with slender creeping stems. It has drooping white flowers which are followed by scarlet berries. Native Americans used to chew the stems to increase respiratory capacity. Early American settlers had their children chewed the leaves for several weeks each spring to prevent tooth decay and during the American Revolution, it was a substitute for Black Tea. They so enjoyed the flavor that it has continued to this day as the flavor of root beer, chewing gum and toothpaste. The oil comes from steam distillation of the leaves and produces a strong, penetrating aroma. The chemistry of wintergreen is almost identical to that of birch (98% methyl salicylate-similar to aspirin).

Traditionally wintergreen has been used for respiratory conditions although the primary use recently has been in liniments and salves for muscular problems such as lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, myalgia, etc. it is known for its ability to tie bone pain.

How Can We Use Wintergreen Essential Oil for our Health Today?

Wintergreen is an anticoagulant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, vasodilator, analgesic, anesthetic, and it reduces blood pressure. It is used for arthritis and rheumatism, muscle and nerve pain, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, hepatitis and fatty liver. It stimulates and increases awareness in all levels of the sensory system. This is one of the oils used in the Raindrop Technique specifically for its antispasmodic and vasodilator qualities.

Wintergreen can be diluted one part essential oil with two parts mixing oil or it can be used neat (undiluted) on the body. It can be directly inhaled, diffused or taken as a dietary supplement. British model of aromatherapy does not use wintergreen but does use birch instead which is always synthetic. Wintergreen mixes well with calamus, vanilla, lavender, rosemary, sage, birch, fir, mints, juniper, eucalyptus, and ylang ylang. As for safety, it is best avoided with epileptics and should not be used by those allergic to aspirin. The anticoagulant properties can be enhanced when used with Warfarin or aspirin.

Want to learn more about the healing properties of wintergreen and other essential oils? Consider becoming a certified aromatherapist. Educational courses in healing energy and aromatherapy can help you understand how essential oils heal the body / mind / spirit. The Institute of Spiritual Healing & Aromatherapy is teaching courses throughout the United States on essential oils and their healing properties including wintergreen.

Cancer is Being Arrested by Good Nutritious Organic Food

I started eating heaps of raw organic fruits and vegetables, and what happened? The nutrient content in that food invaded my cells and arrested all the fungus, bacteria and the loose cancer cells that were having a party in my body. OK, this is fiction, but only because I do not actually have or ever had cancer. The point is that if you eat raw organic fresh fruits and vegetables in large quantities, you will reverse your cancer.

The Process for Reversing Cancer

When we get sick, we feel down, tired, we have pain. This is because our body tells us: "Please stop stuffing me with so much toxins and start put inside me something that will flush all that away and then once I flushed myself put some good nutritious food to nourish me"

How Can You Help Your Body to Do That?

There are several things, which are cheap, safe, effective and simple things you can do to cure our body yourself WITHOUT any medicine.

  • Drink lots of water first thing in the morning
  • Eat lots and lots of raw foods, fruits, vegetables, nuts, etc …
  • Exercise
  • Meditate
  • Avoid any processed foods, like burgers
  • Avoid deep fried foods

There are numerous cases of people who had cancer in stage 4 and have reclaimed thanks to a program that involved all the above and more.

No Medical School Teachers Nutrition

Many doctors will tell you that they do not want to hear about alternative medicine, I tried to talk to a few doctors about nutrition but I fell on sealed ears. Doctors earn a lot of money from the drug industry, once they will encourage people to eat well, they will be out of work. There is simply no money in being healthy.

A Killer Question – Do You Know the Types of Heart Disease?

There are numerous types of heart disease, and it's possible that you (yes, you) may have one or more types at the same time. How do you know if you have a problem?

Read on, because not knowing the signs could have the last mistake you ever make.

Know Them – Types of Heart Disease

Certainly, heart hazards can be managed by you, such as stopping smoking, getting regular exercise, and of course watching your diet. However, there are other uncontrollable factors like gender, ethnic background and age which, can have a substantial impact.

Let's take a look at the most common types of heart disease.

Coronary Heart Disease

Most people associate heart disease with what's reported to as hardening of the arteries. One of the main symptoms of hardening of the arteries is angina, described as heaviness in the chest or a squeezing feeling in the chest area.

Often, it's mistaken for a bad case of heartburn.

A speedy heart rate, being short of breath, plus profuse sweating are different symptoms that identify this kind of coronary problem.

Do You Want to Live?

Usually referred to a heart attack, a typical form of heart disease is actually called myocardial infarction (MI).

The symptoms are a lot like coronary artery disease but they are of a greater intensity. They sometimes begin as a light pain, but the pain becomes stronger and more unpleasant.

This problem can have a 30 minute or longer period to develop, but it will not go away with pain medication or with resting. I can not emphasize this enough; heart attack symptoms need to be taken care of immediately.

Always assuming you want to live, that is.

It's All in the Rhythm

Some individuals have a common type of heart disease known as arrhythmia. Its signs may include paleness, being short of breath, heaviness in the chest or even passing out. It's often accompanied by fluttery palpitations or pounding in the heart or the chest area.

And Then There is Heart Valve Disease

The symptoms of heart valve disease are shortness of breath, generalized weakness, chest discomfort, especially when exposed to colder temperatures; palpitations or vertigo.

In addition, the signs can be accompanied by swelling of the feet, ankles, or belly.

Sometimes, a rapid and unexplained weight gain can occur as well. This is an additional reason to watch out fo any inexplicable weight gain.

Of course, obesity and heart disease often go hand-in-hand; if you have one, watch out for the other!

Human Growth Hormone Danger

Medical specialists are concerned about human growth hormone danger in patients who use the hormone for bodybuilding or anti-aging purposes – two applications that are either approved nor recommended by the medical establishment. The problem is more relevant for these groups because, where there is no deficiency, human growth hormone (HGH) therapy will artificially raise blood levels of the hormone above normal levels. Although HGH levels drop off as we age, there is some evidence that bumping the level back up again can cause health problems.

Some human growth hormone risks, then, are worth considering if you are contemplating using the hormone for anything other than correcting a deficiency. A few adverse effects of having too much HGH in the circulation are cosmetic, while others can affect general health. Before getting into the human growth hormone danger, however, we'll consider what normal levels of HGH do for the human body: in children and young adults, HGH is responsible for supporting normal growth patterns – the amount of HGH produced by the human pituitary gland naturally falls after we are fully grown. Some HGH is still produced through life, however, and in adults it regulates certain metabolic processes important to good health.

One rather predictable human growth hormone danger is overgrowth of certain bones (when normal growth is finished and HGH levels are still high, abnormal growth in these bones can continue), particularly in the face, causing coarse prominent features. Over time, muscle weakness may set in and there can be metabolic problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Heart problems associated with high HGH levels are well documented, and nerve damage is also one of the commonly seen human growth hormone risks. The relative risk of these and other side effects increases with the size of the dose given.

Subtle but common human growth hormone risks also include fluid retention causing puffiness, and muscle and joint aches. In controlled studies of older people being given HGH injections, these side effects were common andothersome enough to necessitate discontinuing the treatment in a significant number of cases. In other cases, reducing the dose also alleviated the symptoms, but an important human growth hormone danger is that side effects can entail permanent damage.

It's wise to avoid human growth hormone risks by seeking the same benefits the hormone offers in alternative treatments. Sleep, exercise, and certain foods or natural supplements bring about an increase in the HGH released by the pituitary gland. Because these increases are natural and regulated by the body, there is little chance that they will be high enough to cause any side effects. Adding these things to your lifestyle will also improve your health and well being on other ways with none of the human growth hormone danger.

Common Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer

Nobody wants to suspect that they have pancreatic cancer. And the reasons should be obvious. With an official pancreatic cancer diagnosis, a person is basically given a death sentence since the prognosis of the disease is not very good. Yet, if a person is experiencing the common symptoms of pancreatic cancer, they should still get tested for the disease.

By knowing for sure whether or not they are suffering with it, they can get the treatment they need that will:

1) relieve some of the symptoms

2) give them some chance that they can live longer. But in order to get checked out they will need to know what the common symptoms of pancreatic cancer are. They are provided in greater detail below.

Stomach Pain that May Spread to Other Areas

Abdominal pain is one of the most common symptoms of pancreatic cancer. It occurs because the tumors press up against the organs and nerves in your abdominal cavity. Yet, despite this sometimes the pain will spread to other areas of your body as it travels through nerve pathways in the abdominal region. The middle and upper back is an example. As far as how often the pain occurs, it can be chronic or once in a while. So, don’t necessarily expect that in order to have pancreatic cancer, you must be in pain all the time.

Appetite Changes

As the pancreatic tumors take over your abdominal region, they will deprive healthy cells of vital nutrients. They may also suppress the stomach slightly. As a result you may experience changes in appetite. This could lead to weight loss, since a loss of appetite would naturally mean you’re not eating as much. Unfortunately, many people may not suspect weight loss as one of the common symptoms of pancreatic cancer, especially if they are actually trying to lose weight. But if they experience any of the other symptoms described in this article, it definitely could be due to that disease.

Severe Itching

Of the common symptoms of pancreatic cancer, severe itching is one of the most unusual. It is caused by excessive bile accumulating in the skin.


When it comes to the common symptoms of pancreatic cancer, jaundice is one of the most signature. This occurs due the body’s inability to dispose of bilirubin, which is a byproduct produced by worn-out blood cells. When the body functions normally, bilirubin is disposed of in bile. However, when a person has pancreatic cancer, bile flow gets blocked by the tumors. This results in yellowing of the skin, which is characteristic of jaundice.

Digestive Troubles

When a person has pancreatic cancer, enzymes that would normally be produced by the pancreas get halted. This is a problem since these enzymes help ensure a healthier digestion. As a result a pancreatic cancer sufferer may encounter digestive problems, especially if the foods they are consuming are high in fat. Such difficulties will also lead to additional unexplained weight loss as well as malnutrition.


More advanced stages of pancreatic cancer may result in blockage of the digestive tract which could result in nausea.

Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage Pregnancy

If you wish to avoid pregnancy, you should use contraception every time you have sex, however no contraception available is 100% effective and even while using contraception you can still get pregnant. To make things harder, some contraceptives can mess up your periods and can even make you skip periods (giving you the impression that you could be pregnant), to be sure, you should take a pregnancy test as soon as you can.

Pregnancy Test

You can buy pregnancy test in most Supermarkets and Chemist, some places will also offer free pregnancy test to teens, such as;

1. Brook Centres (for under 25s) – tests are free with immediate results.

2. Family planning clinics.

You can also have a pregnancy test done;

1. With your GP.

2. With any GP registering for family planning services only.

3. Some Genito-Urinary Medicine (GUM) clinics.

4. Chemists – they can do a test or sell a home pregnancy testing kit.

Home pregnancy test (you ones you buy in a shop) come with instructions, and work by detecting the hormone levels in the woman’s urine.

Most pregnancy tests state that they work as soon as a period is late (i.e. one day). The majority of women do not continue to have normal periods when they are pregnant, some may experience some sort of period, but it will be lighter/shorter. For women that (before pregnancy) do not have a regular cycle it can be difficult to know when a period is due. It is recommended that you take the test three weeks after having unprotected sex. (its is roughly how long it takes for the hormone levels to show up on the test), any test taken before three weeks, could well lead to a false result.

If a test is negative (i.e. the woman is not pregnant) but the woman’s period still doesn’t arrive a week later, another test should be taken. Periods can be late for other reasons including stress, change of diet, or other health conditions. Women should seek medical advice if they are concerned.

The sooner you find out whether or not you are pregnant, the better it is for you. If you do find out you are pregnant then congrats! However although you might still be in a bit of shock, you have an important time ahead of you, and this is one that could change your life forever. You should think long and hard about what is best for you, and your baby. If you decide to keep the baby, it is best to arrange ante-natal care with your doctor to check on the health of the baby and yourself. Abortion is also an option, but it is also important to act quickly if this option is taken. If you don’t believe in abortions, and decide you don’t want the baby, adoption is also an option once the baby is born.

Unplanned Pregnancy

It is likely that the pregnancy is an unplanned one (due to your age), and is common to feel shocked, scared, panicked, confused, embarrassed, isolated or lonely.

Parents, boyfriend and professionals are all there to help support and give you advice/information on the options available to you, but only you can make the choice to continue with the pregnancy or not. Its a decision that should be made based on what YOU want to do and not what others think you should do.

Further Reading/Help/Information





Essential Oil – An Ayurvedic Boon

Essential oil is of great importance and can be found in varied forms that are derived from diverse plants. These oils are called essential as they have essence or distinctive aroma of that plant. There are various kinds of oils available that are derived from various plants using different methodologies. Essential oils can be extracted from various plants and have wide application areas in a number of fields. The oils can be extracted from different sections of various plants and diverse techniques are employed for this purpose, such as distillation, solvent extraction and others. These plant products are known for their distinct aroma that is said to have healing and mood uplifting properties.

The essential oils possess various properties that make them applicable for various purposes. In this category of essential oils, rose, sandalwood, almond, eucalyptus, neem, ginger, jojoba and plenty of other oils are available. These are widely used in aromatherapy for curing various ailments including the uplifting of mind. The application areas of essential oils also include soap, perfume making and many other sectors. These are known to have solubility in various different liquid; all oils are not soluble in water. These are diluted in their respective solvents and can then be used for various purposes. Highly pure oil is concentrated and it needs to be diluted before application. Various ayurvedic and folk medicines make use of these essential oils for curing ailments. The aroma, fumes of incense sticks made by using these oils and other products of these oils have medicinal value. One of the most important things considered about the usage of these oils is that it should be taken, in any form under the guidance of respective experts. The usage and value of these oils are highly admirable and prove beneficial for the mankind. With the advancement of technology, these essential oils are extracted in a number of ways that provide high yielding of these products.

Beauty, cosmetic, massage and various other sectors need these oils for making valuable products. Seed, fruit, flower and stem are the parts of plants which can be used to extract the oil. Use of these oils is highly recommended in ayurveda as these are easily absorbed in the body. These can be easily re-applied on the body for fast relief in case of requirement. High valued tulsi and other oils are used in curing cough, pain, cold and various other ailments. Shampoo, lotion and variety of other products are also made using variegated essential oils. The use of these oils provides mental as well as physical refinement.

Gemstones Treated Or Enhanced – An Explanation

A number of techniques are used to improve the color and appearance of natural and synthetic gemstones. The purpose is to increase their beauty, desirability, and saleability. Probably the oldest method is that of heat treating gemstones to improve or change its color. The heating of carnelian has been transported out in India for over 4000 years and oiling of emerald has been known for over 2000 years.

As a result of recent advances in technology, there are now many different techniques, which use modern equipment such as lasers, and computer controlled heating and irradiating procedures. Lasers are used to drill holes into diamonds to reach inclusions. These are then evaporated or removed using chemicals before the crack is filled. Some treatments are permanent such as drilling which others maybe temporary. For example stains and fills may leak, some heated, and irradiated stones may fade or revert to their original color.

Most rubies and sapphires are heat treated to improve their color. Sapphires considered too dark can have their color lightened by heating to 800-1400 degrees Celsius in oxidizing conditions. The very pale brownish gray material from Sri Lanka called geuda can be changed to a blue by heating to temperatures of 1500-1900 degrees Celsius in reducing conditions (without oxygen present). Variations in temperature and conditions allow more subtle color changes, some of which only reach just benefit the surface while others alter the whole stones. For over 100 years brown topaz has been heated to give a more attractive pink and amethyst has been altered to the less common citrine.

As well as heating, gemstones can be irradiated to improve or change their color. They may be exposed to gamma rays or bombarded by particles such as electrons, neutrons, protons, or alpha particles. Much colorless topaz is irradiated and heat-treated to blue.

Most emeralds have flaws or cracks that detract from their beauty. The traditional methods of oiling emeralds are a simple process. Essentially it just involves immersing a stone in oil or wiping the surface with an oily cloth. The oil is then drawn into the cracks with the result that they are less noticeable and the stone appears to be clearer and of better color.

Nowadays varied colorless oils, waxes, and plastics are used on a number of different gemstones. Some remain liquid; others such as resin set hard within the stone or as a surface coating. Turquoise, lapis lazuli, jade and some chalcedonies are dipped in liquid paraffin wax or given a surface coating of wax after polishing which penetrated the stone to fill cracks and gives a better surface color. In addition, colored oils and resins are also used. Matching the color of the oils or resins to the stone improves the color as well as hiding the cracks.

Where a stone has been oiled it may feel oily or may leave a stain when wiped with an absorbent material such as a tissue. Years of wear or cleaning with ultrasound may displace any oils and fillings with the result that the cracks in the stone will become more obvious and in the worse case the stone will fracture.

Colored dyes and stains can also be used on some gems. Agate is dyed to imitate many gems or to give bright but rather unnatural looking pinks greens and blues for decorated carved pieces. Quartz rocks have been dyed green to imitate jade and ref to imitate ruby.

Foiling of stones involves placing a piece of reflecting material such as a metal foil behind the stone to change or improve the color and make the stone appear brighter. Foiling was used in Britain specifically during the Victorian era to enhance costume jewelry made of paste (glass). Thin films of gold, sliver and other metals can be deposited on the surface of gemstones and crystals to give the surface a bloom. When the back of the stone is coated, the mirror like qualities increase the reflectivity and the stone appears brighter as well as taking on the color of the coating. Quartz crystal coated with a surface film of gold to give a pale

Teacher and Counselor Strategies to Turnaround Troubled, Uncontrollable, Difficult and Problem Girls

Working with girls, working with boys, it's pretty much
the same, right? Wrong. Although in college, you probably
did not take any classes called "Special Issues for
Girls, "or" Girls' Problems 101, "maybe there should be
classes like that. Using "one-gender-fits-all"
interventions can gloss over the special concerns that
many girls face.

These methods are taken from our books,
e-books and web site. Find us at http://www.youthchg.com
Here are some surprising facts about
girls that you may not know:

1– Girls actually are a bit more likely than boys to
face significant family problems, but are less likely
than boys to be noticed because girls tend to be less
overt and aggressive when distracted. Our communities
tend to notice slashed tires not slashed wrists.
For problems like sexual abuse and incest, girls may
endure quite a bit more than their "fair share."

2– Although girls may face more problems, the bulk
of help goes to boys. Girls are underrepresented in
nearly every service category, especially juvenile
justice where girls may be just 25% of the clients.
Boys get more intensive services, are served earlier, and
for longer duration

3– It is generally girls, not boys, who bear the
most consequences of a teen pregnancy. Teen moms are the
most likely to drop out of school, go on care, live
in poverty and never get off welfare, a huge legacy of
woes unique to females.

To work in a gender-profitable way with girls, you must
address girls' special issues using gender-specific
methods, not "uni-sex" interventions. The strategies below
are interventions created especially for girls and focus
on areas of special concern for young females:

*** Mamas, Do not Let Your Daughters Grow Up to Be Dropouts
Recap the financial facts cited in # 3 above, plus let your
girls know these additional "Frightening Facts for
Females: "No one earns less than a female drop-out, and
she earns considerably less, plus her salary is
expected to drop by about 1/2% annually, that's 5% per decade.

*** BONUS TIP: The income of female drop-outs is

plummeting. For example, female drop-outs earned an

average $ 17,000 in 1979 but just $ 16,300 in 1995 (all

adjusted 1995 dollars.) These facts are from our "The

More You Learn, The More You Earn "newsletter

( http://www.youthchg.com/orderfm.html ) which costs just

$ 2 and has lots more facts and tips, along with the source

of the data. We'll send that newsletter to you FREE with

any purchase or registration you make in 2000 if you

mention this e-zine when you first register or order.

*** Would You Recommend It to a Friend?
Ask girls to name all the solutions they would
recommend to a friend who was feeling sad, lonely and
unloved. List the answers on the board, or on paper,
then note that having a baby is not listed. For girls
who plan to have a baby to get love, you can ask them
why they would select a course of action for themselves
that they would not even recommend to a friend.

*** BONUS TIP: Ask girls this question: Babies

born in 1999 will cost $ 160,000- $ 237,000 to raise;

will your permission cover it? You can also assist

the girls to figure out how well minimum wage jobs,

dessert and food stamps will cover these costs. Our

"What Every Girl Needs to Know About the Real World"

book is the source of lots more of these strategies.

( http://www.youthchg.com/lessons.html )

*** Transform Miss Priss into Miss Piggy
Perfectionism can be a surprisingly key issue for
some girls. For example, links between perfectionism
and eating disorders have long been noted, so easing
a girl's perfectionism can have a relevant ripple
effect. If you work with Miss Priss, here is a
quick strategy to help move her a bit in the other
direction. Teach the girls the "3 Ps of Perfectionism",
the cycle of perfectionism. This may help them become
a bit more in control of the cycle. So a girl wants to
be perfect, then the first 'P', Perfectionism. Doing
everything perfect is hard, so she may put things
off, then the second 'P', Procrastination. Now
the tasks that have been postponed have piled
up and that is overwhelming, which can cause the third
'P,' Paralysis. The more you can assist your girls
to avoid the later stages of the cycle, the better
they may function.

*** BONUS TIP: Teach girls that everybody makes

mistooks and then you make one, then challenge your

girls to make some mistooks too. Teach the girls that

"everyone makes mistooks." That may ease some pressure.

How Does a CD Player Work?

Today there is a wide range of CD players available for the consumer and choosing the right CD player can feel like an arduous task. Style, quality, design och technical solutions vary greatly between the different players. Some players are portable; others are included in larger sound systems. Some players can only handle one disc at the time; others can easily skip between 50 discs or more. Some CD players are very cheap, others are highly expensive. The list goes on and on. Regardless of which CD player you choose it will however consist of three basic parts that are found in all moderns CD players: a drive motor, a tracking device and a laser and lens system. Another thing that all CD players have in common is that they interpret data that has been stored in the form of elongated bumps on a CD (compact disc).

The drive motor in your CD player is the part that makes the disc spin round and round at a correct pace. The drive motor will gradually adjust the speed, since the correct pace depends on which part of the disc that is currently being interpreted. At some spots, the pace will be no higher than 200 rpm, while at other spots the pace needs to be increased up to 500 rpm. As the disc is rotated round and round by the drive motor, the tracking mechanism will adjust the laser assembly and make it possible for the laser and lens system to focus on the minuscule bumps where data has been stored. The laser is constantly being pushed from the center and outward over the disc by the tracking mechanism.

The data interpreted by the laser and lens system has been stored in the form of elongated bumps on the surface of the CD. One single bump is very small and no wider than 0.5 microns. The height is greater than 125 nanometres and the length is 0.83 microns or slightly more. All these bumps are very neatly organized at the surface of the CD in the form of a 5 kilometer (3.5 miles) long spiral.

The CD itself is made up by several different layers, including a polycarbonate layer and an aluminum layer. When the laser tries to interpret data that has been stored on the CD, it will first penetrate the polycarbonate layer. The aluminum layer will then reflect the laser beam, and the light alterations will be detected by a special optoelectronic mechanism in the CD player. Since the bumps in which data has been stored reflectors light in a different way compared to the areas between the bumps (commonly referred to as "lands"), the CD player can determine exactly which parts of the disc that is made up by bumps and which parts that are not.

If a CD is scratched or injured in any other way, it can be impossible for the CD player to interpret it. Sometimes only a minor part of the data will be skipped, but larger damages can render the entire CD useless. Always store your CD's in a protective casing to decrease the risk of scratches. When you clean your CD's, carefully move your hand from the center and outwards to the edge rather than just swabbing around. Scratches that occurs from a radial movement tend to be less damaging than other scratches.