Forex Trading Psychology Tips – Master Your Emotions and Anxiety

Ever wonder why about 95% of Forex traders lose money? After all, there are many trading methods that should work, that people swear by, yet two people using the same system can get totally different results. There are also a lot of courses, workshops, mentorships, and so on which should help many more traders make money over and over again.

Yet only a few succeed. Why?

The reason is Forex trading psychology. The reality is that no matter which method you're using, unless you're able to control your emotions, eliminate trading anxiety, and avoid silly emotional trading mistakes.

This is no joke: many losses are caused by irrational trading decisions made by traders who should know better. In fact, psychology explains why two people with the exact same trading education can get totally different trading results.

Controlling your mind and emotions may prove to be the biggest challenge you face as a trader and may help you explode your profits dramatically. Here are some tips:

1. Use stop loss and take profit prices to control your trade. This allows you to place the trade and stop dealing with it. The more you deal with a trade the more it sits in your mind.

2. Just walk away – some traders place Stop Loss and Take Profit prices but then they still look at the trade to see how it's going. Why? What's the point of a Stop Loss if you're going to watch the trade? Are you really planning to interfere with it in mid-course?

3. Use low leverages – The moment you use super-high leverages you do the potential of larger profits but also of huge losses. This can certainly drive you crazy with anxiety and lead to bad trading decisions. Until you develop a killer Forex trading psychology, stick to low leverages.

4. Limit your losses to a small part of your account by using tight stop loss prices. Then you will know that in the worse case scenario, you'll be taken out of the trade with a small loss. Nothing to really worry about.

5. Do not use a method you're not sure of. Trust me, if you're going to be trading by tips, or hunches, you're going to be thinking about each trade constantly until it closes. Use a proven, reliable, and structured method and you will be a much calmer trader.

Do not neglect your psychology. Work on your mental fitness. This is a must for long term trading success.

Midnight Shiftworker Blues, Help Getting Your Sleep During the Daylight Hours

Some people claim that they were born to work the third shift. I do not have a problem believing that, but when do they get sleep? I worked midnights, only to get my foot in the door for the job, but that only rented a year, then I got the job. I could never have made a career of it though. Call me a sissy, but I'm NOT a third shift worker. There was trouble with the sleep thing right from day 1. That was over 4 years ago.

Yesterday evening, at work, (Yes, I was made for the afternoon shift) out of curiosity, I asked a few of my co-workers how they felt about the midnight shift. The replies I got were all very different.

Lady # 1 said "I loved it! I was able to scedual my life around it, and midnights were fine with me!

Lady # 2 said "It worked alright until the children were born, but after that, it became impossible.

Gentleman # 1 said, "I worked for 10 years on midnights, and I'd like to get back there, my guess is that he probably will. Guess he liked it.

But after the opinion poll, I asked each one how they got enough sleep. That was not always so easy. There were two things that we all agreed on, 1) You must unplug the telephone, and 2) The bedroom windows needed to be covered. This was not the first time that I had had the same discussion with people. I've talked about it, and asked people what they think about it before. I've also come up with the same two solutions before. Maybe it's a standard.

Even though there is nothing I can do to unplug your phone, maybe I can help you with the covering of the windows. My brother in law told me that he covered the windows with black plastic. Ugh! Lady # 2 said that she had blinds, but they did not work, so she draped bath towels over the curtain rods. Some were not willing to discuss what they had used, and I can see why after the black plastic. I personally had thrown some hand made quilts over the curtain rods, but that caused the color to fade. Not too happy about that! How ever, during that time frame, the whole while, I spent my home time painting. They started out on canvas, but I also paint on glass. Some of my paintings are on window sashes, in the panes, as though you were looking out the window. After 8 years of that, I began to stain on glass. That was when I decided that it could have been done in a bedroom window, looking very nice, as well aserving the useful purpose of taking the toilet off needing sleeping on a beautiful day when the sun is shining. You could use some dark colors in the bedroom, and it would still have one up on the black plastic!

After painting on glass, and having some of my pieces take several weeks to complete, doing a stain on the window in a simple pattern only required a few hours to do, and I had my share of putzing around during the process! It does not take an artist to do this, only an easy pattern, and some glass paint, (very inexpensive) and a couple of brushes. Problem solved!

Your Aching Back – Common Causes and Treatment

Back pain is not an uncommon complaint. In fact, four out of five adults will experience symptoms of lower back pain at least once in their lifetime. A complex structure, the back is made up of 33 vertebrae, more than 30 muscles, ligaments, multiple joints, and inter-vertebrae dics. With all of those muscles, joints, and discs, it’s not surprising there are many ways in which these elements can become injured or affected.

Muscular strain is the most common cause of back pain. When an unexpected force, twist, or pull is applied to one or several muscles in the back, tears occur in the muscle. These muscle tears cause the pain felt in the back. Ligamentous sprains, or sprains to the ligaments is another common cause of back pain. This occurs when the back ligaments are stretched beyond their limit. These sprains can often coincide with muscular strains.

When the spinal nerves in the back are compressed at the point where they exit the spinal column, the result is a herniated disc. Repetitive vibratory motion, such as experienced by truck drivers or machine users, often leads to this condition. A sudden heavy loading of the back, as occurs with improper lifting, can also cause a herniated disc. Because the condition affects the nerve endings, a radicular type of back pain is felt at the site of injury, as well as along the course of the affected nerve. Sciatica, a condition resulting from the irritation of the sciatica nerve is also a type of radicular pain. As the largest nerve in the body, it runs from the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb.

Another cause of back pain, spinal stenosis occurs more commonly in adults over 50 years old. The term refers to a narrowing of the spinal canal. Spinal stenosis has numerous causes including thickened ligaments along the spinal canal, bony spurs, and enlarged joint cartilage from arthritic changes. In many cases, the pain of this condition is made worse with extended periods of weight bearing or walking. Surgery is sometimes required to correct the disorder.

As with spinal stenosis, osteoporosis affects the joints in the spine and is also more common in people over 50 years of age. Considered a degenerative joint diseases, over time the cartilage begins to degenerate in the discs between the vertebrae and the joints in the spine. Without a cartilaginous cushion, the bones begin to rub against each other, which results in inflammation, swelling and stiffness. As the condition progresses, bone spurs develop and ligaments become thick, both of which result in spinal stenosis.

A common cause of back especially in women, osteoporosis is a disease characterized by progressive loss of bone density. As the bone tissue begins to thin, it becomes more susceptible to fractures or broken bones. Bones of the spine are especially affected with osteoporosis. Injury from falls and lifting heavy objects can result in painful vertebral compression fractures.

Fibromyalgia is also a common cause of chronic back pain. The rheumatic condition is characterized by widespread soft tissue pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and the presence of evenly distributed areas of tenderness. A presence of widespread pain and tenderness for at least three months in 11 or more of the 18 designated tender point sites is required in diagnosing this disorder.

Prevention is the first line of defense when it comes to protecting your back from injury. Injury prevention includes everything from proper seat positioning at work to stretching before performing strenuous exercises. Lower back stretches, which can be recommended by a physician or physical therapist, are a quick and effective way to keep the back muscles and joints limber. Performing simple stretches can help prevent back pain or provide pain relief from present back aches.

Strengthening exercises help to build strong muscles which provide joint stability. These exercises are also important after sustaining injuries that require resting affected muscles. Especially in cases of post-operative recovery, discomfort after surgery often leads to decreased use of the affected area which leads to stiffness and weakness. As a result, strengthening and stretching exercises in early rehabilitation helps to prevent this from occurring.

For those experiencing chronic lower back pain, it’s important to first see your physician, who may refer you to a specialist or physical therapist. Physical therapy is very effective in treating lower back conditions and providing pain relief. A physical therapist may focus on decreasing pain with both passive and active therapy. Examples of passive therapy include heat/ice packs, ultrasound treatments, and TENS units. Active treatments include stretching, strengthening exercises, pain relief exercises, and low-impact aerobic conditioning.

Fear of Vomiting – Emetophobia Explained

Emetophobia is the fear of vomiting. You see, there are fears for nearly everything and each one of them have their own name. If you have this type of phobia, then we are sure it effects you life in one form or another. Just hearing the noise of someone throwing up sends you directly into a panic attack. Also, whenever you are sick, you start to panic. Believe it or not, emetophobia is all too common. As we write this article, we are going to give you a bit of advice on it.

Not many individuals realize that there are some treatments that are very successful. Many of those sufferers are not aware of this and they hide behind those walls with many years of being tormented. When you compare this phobia to those public conditions, it does not receive all that much attention. However, it is the fifth most common phobia to be found today.

Can you believe that there are actually women out there that do not get pregnant simply because they are afraid of the morning sickness? There are others that will not leave the house because they are afraid they will either get sick of come to close to vomit. In fact, the majority of the sufferers of emetophobia just so happen to be adult women. However, both male and female can get it.

Individuals with the fear of vomiting constantly have this problem on their mind. It could come up during a time where the body is stressed or it could hide in the close for many years until something triggers that reaction. Either way you go, if you have the problem, then you can speak with a therapist about it. There are many different ways you can go about getting rid of it. Wouldn’t you like to live your life again without being scared?

What Food to Give a Cat With Urinary Blockage – A Guide For Smart Cat Lovers

If you're wondering what food to give a cat with urinary blockage, then you're smart. A lot of pet owners just do not realize that what they feed their cat is essential to their cat's urinary health. In this article, you'll learn what to look for in a quality cat food and how to supplement your cat's diet to prevent your cat from ever suffering from urinary problems again.

Urinary Tract Cat Food

We all know that food is our first medicine. Eating the proper food is our primary defense against disease. What is true for humans is also true for your favorite feline. To give your cat the best possible diet, you need to start reading labels. Although I could recommend a brand, you may not be able to find it in your area, so the best way to start is at your local pet store chain or health food store. You can also try big health food stores, like Whole Foods.

What Food to Give A Cat with Urinary Blockage

Look for food that contains the following. The first ingredient on the label should be the first ingredient listed below:

  • Protein in the form of fish, beef or chicken. Since cats are carnivores, they need their protein. Unlike humans, they require a higher percentage of protein to carbs. (Us humans need more vegies.)
  • Blueberries, cranberries or other types of berries. Berries help support a healthy bladder and keep it infection-free.
  • Vegetables.
  • Rice.
  • DL-Methionine. This amino acid stops the formation of bladder stones and limits the amount of ammonia in the urine.
  • Magnesium – a mineral that stops bladder crystals from forming.

A good urinary tract cat food should not contain wheat or soy flour or any other by-products like corn gluten meal or soybean meal.

It's important to note that even if you find a food that follows the guidelines listed above, you still may need to give your cat a supplement. This is because cat urinary problems are common and some cats are more susceptible than others, so it goes without saying that you should do all you can to boost your cat's immunity.

This is why a growing number of cat lovers are giving their beloved pets a homeopathic remedy in addition to healthy cat food and lots of fresh, clean water. Homeopathic remedies are easy to administer (you just sprinkle some crystals on your cat's food), inexpensive, safe and effective. They are strong enough to be used for treatment, yet so gentle, they can be used daily for prevention.

Since some of these remedies are more effective than others, look for one that contains the following ingredients: staphysagris, cantharis, uva ursi and berberis. These ingredients are proven to be effective.

So now you have your answer about what food to give a cat with urinary blockage , plus now you know that a homeopathic remedy in conjuction with a proper diet, exercise and fresh, clean water can treat and prevent cat urinary problems effectively and inexpensively and prevent them from ever coming back.

Cardiovascular Toxicity (QT Prolongation) In Drug Development Overview

Nobody working in drug development can fail to be aware of the issue that is QT prolongation, however some people are finding that they need a little more information if they are going to tackle and plan for it within their drug development programs.

There are three main ways that cardiovascular toxicity can present itself:

  1. Changes to heart rate
  2. Changes to conductivity within the heart
  3. Changes to the repolarization of the heart (QT prolongation)

It is this QT prolongation that is obviously the hottest issue and is a consequence of impacting the repolarization of the cardiomyocytes. The pathway is the hERG channels are blocked, which increased the action potential of the cells in the heart, which in turn causes the QT prolongation.

This problem has been seen in a large number of drugs and has impacted on a great many drug development programs, from complete removal of a drug from the market, to prescribing restrictions, delays in approval and a huge number of drugs killed at an early stage . It is also worth noting that there is not a pattern to those drugs affected and it appears to affect a large number of different drugs.

But what can be done to manage this risk? Well there are a wide variety of early detection screens, In-vitro, Ex-vivo, and In-vivo .

The most common In-vitro study is the Patch Clamp – this is actually the gold standard study and involves measuring the current through the hERG channel (Ikr Chanel) to give an IC50 for the drug, this IC50 will give you an indication if you are going to see effects at the therapeutic dose levels. Whilst this is the gold standard it is not a test that lends itself well to high throughput screening.

Another test is the hERG binding assay, this is a competitive assay that tests your drug against a radio labeled standard, this is a good test which can be used in high throughput screening, and is well correlated to the Patch Clamp test.

Another is the Rubidium Flux assay, where you load the cells with rubidium add your compound and KCl, this allows you to measure the rubidium excreted from the cell and from this judge hERG channel activity. This once again lends itself to even fast screening but there is some drop off in relation to the gold standard.

The final test is the membrane potential dye test, where cells are loaded with dye and as the hERG channel functions dye is flushed from the cell, this is the fastest test but least accurate.

The tests most commonly used are the hERG binding assay and Rubidium flux tests

In terms of Exvivo models the most popular are pukinji fiber tests and isolated heart tests, these whole tissue and whole organ tests are expensive but do provide a lot more information on what is going on and provide a greater insight.

In-vivo tests include dogs, non-human-primates, and pigs, rodents are not a good model for the human heart and should not be used. Again the expense of these models is made up for by the excellent data they provide. The studies are generally conducted in conscious animals which are remotely monitored, single dose cross over study designs are used, time and duration of effect is looked for and compared with systemic drug levels. Heart rate, ECG, Blood Pressure, Body Temperature, and activity levels are all monitored.

One of the most important things to look at is left ventricular pressure as this gives the greatest insight into normal function, Charles Rivers have done a great deal of work to validate this with Atenolo and Pimobedam. With both drugs systolic BP, diastolic BP and heart rate retained the same but changes in left ventricular pressure alluded to issues that needed to be addressed.

There are two guidelines that need to be referred to when planning these studies ICH57A (general safety pharmacology) and ICH57B (Specific QT prolongation regulations).

When assessing the Pre-clinical it is important to take a good look at the data and consider the following; what was actually observed as the assays are not 100% effective, any small flags will impact on clinical trial design, how will the expected PK / PD profiles affect on the results, will you expect patients to get into affected dose levels?

Before preceding human trials there are guidelines that need to be considered ICH E14 which gives instruction on the evaluation of QT prolongation in man, in some regions its now compulsory, but in others you can arguably away from it with pre-clinical data. In the clinic QT prolongation is tested in healthy volunteers at the therapeutic doses and multiples thereof, metabolic inhibiting may be needed to raise drug levels levels high enough, positive controls are also used (moxifloxacin).

Where QT prolongation is seen following the guidelines are provided:

  • 6-10 msec unlikely risk
  • > 10 msec possible risk

These regulations are the same for cardiovascular drugs as for other therapy areas.

Another important thing to consider is that QT prolongation is not an issue that affects biologicals, as demonstrated by Vergas, Boss et al. 2008 (J Pharmacol and Tox Method 58; 72-76)

The Secret of Personal Growth

A full life is a good life. We fill our schedules with commitments and improvement, work and play. We would like all our activities to be fulfilling but even when they are not we tend to keep them anyway. Better a full life than not. We rather pity those who have not yet found a way of filling their minds.

This outlook misses a critical point – if our lives are full, there is no room for anything new.

For the past eleven years, a strip of my garden had been left to itself. It always grows a great crop of nettles and hogweed. Each winter it died back and then repeated the performance each spring.

Right from the beginning of this year I have mowed the area regularly. There are still some nettles to be seen but, amazingly, growing alongside is a new range of plants that were not there before. Simply cutting the growth every few weeks has changed the harvest.

There is a clear analogy here with the general observation on life – 'if you do what you've always done, you'll get what you've always got'. For a different exit, change what you do and enjoy what flowers.

If we want to grow beyond where we are now, both personally and professionally, we need to make room.

Think of a forest planted for timber. The saplings are first positioned near each other to encourage them to grow straight. After a period of a few years, the forester carries out thinning when some trees are filled to make room for the others to develop. At interviews during the life of the trees, more thinning will take place to allow the forest to reach full maturity.

If you've traveled in the countryside in the winter, you may have seen a hedge laid in the traditional way. This harsh pruning is the best way to rejuvenate it. Even when an old trunk has been cut off at ground level – just a stump – it will make fresh youthful growth in the spring.

There is an amusing side to this ability of nature. In many areas of waste ground and alongside railway tracks, there are buddleia bushhes – very popular with butterflies. Land owners see the plants as weeds and send men to cut them down. The thing is that the pruning stimulates even more growth!

The recognition that sometimes we need to make room in our lives has spawned a service industry of de-clutterers. They will help you 'prune' your domestic environment, and some offer a similar service for offices.

The scope for pruning goes well beyond our physical environment. For example, we may have goals that have passed their sell-by date. They have been part of our mental landscape for some time and have played their part in shaping our lives up to this point. But now they are a distraction, perhaps even an irritation which we no longer need. We can liberate ourselves by trimming out-dated goals, making room for new, inspiring ones.

We may have dreams that no longer serve us. They were once the beacon that guided our life and helped in choosing goals. Now they reflect 'who we were' rather than 'who we are' and it is time to let them go.

Some relationships can choke our growth. A healthy relationship works by mutual benefit so if our own development is stifled it is time to make changes. We can review the time and energy we put into the relationship. Perhaps those precious resources would be better spent differently. We can look for other ways to influence the relationship towards a better balance. We could even decide on closure and move on.

However busy and successful we are, we can create some space, a degree of emptiness for new growth. Pruning cuts down competitiveness effects that smother fresh shoots. When we have the courage to prune, the pile of 'cuttings' are not seen as 'what might have been', but the inspiring step towards 'what can be'.

Why is the Knock Out Rose So Popular?

The knock out rose is the most popular rose in North America. This rose was bred by William Radler and 250,000 were sold in 2000, the very first year it was introduced. It was also an All American Award winner that year. Since then, the rose has done nothing but grow in popularity, so much so that some gardeners complain the older types of roses are being totally ignored in favor of knockouts.

There are now seven different knockouts which come in several colors and double as well as single blossoms. Each one has several characteristics which were specifically bred into the rose by Radler, whose goal was to make a rose that needed very little maintenance.

Many people think Radler bred this shrub rose so that beginners would have an easier time successfully getting into rose gardening. But that was not his first goal. He bred the knockout roses so that he could grow more and more roses. Normally, roses do require a lot of care. When you have several hundred of them, it takes a huge amount of time to keep up with their needs. The less one-on-one care a rose needs, the more of them you can plant each year.

Knockouts need very little care compared to other species of roses. Let's take a look at some of their advantages:

No demanding soil requirements Knock out roses like well-drained soil the best but that does not mean they will not grow in other types of soils. Make an effort to prepare the soil well when you plant them, and you should have no trouble in getting these roses to thrive.

Choose a good location with at least 4-5 hours of sun per day and a place that is not overly wet. Add 2 inches of compost and some dried manure to the soil when you prepare it for planting.

Pest and disease resistance William Radler bred his knockout species to be exceptionally resistant to diseases and pests. This does not mean your roses will never ever encounter a disease or pest. It means that they are more resistant than any other rose on the market. Knockouts deter pests, even Japanese beetles, who can make a mess of a rose plant in no time.

This landscape rose was also bred to deter blackspot, a problem which faces roses in areas where it is humid, particularly along the Southern and Eastern coast of the United States. With blackspot, the leaves of the rose plant really do develop spots that are round and black.

As this disease spreads from one plant to another, the affected leaves turn yellow and die off. With roses other than knockouts, it takes weekly spraying to keep them free of this and other diseases. And if you do spray with pesticides, you release dangerous chemicals into the environment.

Hardy in cold and heat Perhaps the biggest advantage of the knockout roses is their ability to successfully bloom in areas of severe cold and high heat. Those gardeners who live in the coldest regions, such as USDA zones 4 and 5, or in super hot southern locations, can grow these roses without any kind of bad outcome. They will come back year after year.

Just remember to mulch your knockouts in the summer to keep the ground cool and moist, and in the winter to keep the roots from dying. Knockouts are bred to grow in just about every locale and it does not take a lot of care and maintenance to keep them looking like winners. The best part is they will bloom every 5 to 6 weeks, putting on quite a colorful show from spring to fall.

Vichy Shower

Every human being needs to indulge in the activity of bathing in order to maintain proper hygiene and also keep the body clean to make sure that the body does not contract any kind of infection. At present, all houses are provided with separate bathrooms which are meant for bathing. While bath tubs have been quite a common feature for taking a bath, in recent times most apartments suffer from space crunches and under such circumstances investing on an elaborate structure like a bathtub does not seem to be a viable option. Under such circumstances, showers are always a better option as they occupy lesser space.

Showers contain various perforations or nozzles through which the water pours out into the body in the form of a spray. It is interesting to note that showers are nowadays preferred for usage as they are easy to handle and can be used without much difficulty or effort by the elderly people or the disabled. While showers are common features in bathrooms, showers are also prevalently used in spas to provide therapeutic baths to their customers which have a healing effect on the body. The Vichy shower is a variant of this kind and it is a popular form of healing used in the various spas. It is necessary to point out here that the origin of the Vichy shower can be traced back to France. It refers to a kind of shower which is used to pour warm water on a spa patron as he lies on the massage table or a wet table and the Vichy shower pours warm water of the patron. Here it must be pointed out that in case of Vichy showers it is essential to make sure that proper drainage arrangements are ensured to make certain that the water so poured by the Vichy shower is drained out.

The functioning of the Vichy shower can be described as being quite similar to the act of rainfall or the effect produced by pouring rainwater. Initially, the Vichy shower, when it originated in France comprised of a five head shower system along with a wet treatment table. Warm water was poured down on the body as it rested on the table. It is necessary to note that the water poured should be warm enough to suit the body temperature. At present a seven headed shower is being g utilized for providing Vichy showers and they are extremely beneficial for the body as the provide relaxation and release toxins from the body.

Should You Take It Slow With Your Chinese Girl?

A pretty common issue that is often brought up regarding dating Chinese girls is the rumor or preconception that all Chinese girls like to take a relationship slowly. Many people believe that Chinese girls are very conservative, and dating them feels like a long and slow process. There is a bit of truth to this myth, but for the most part, it isn’t quite true. Chinese girls are like girls from any other culture. Love and sex come when they are comfortable with their partners. So where did this idea come from?

Historically, women in China have had a pretty rough life. They were seen as objects, even more so than in Western cultures. Fathers traded their daughter’s virginity for money and status. They would essentially sell off their daughters for marriage. If when the time came to consummate the marriage she was found not to be a virgin, she would be thrown out, shunned by her family, and resort to a life on the streets. Women in China had little to no rights for the most part of the last millennium.

Today, in modern China, the tremendous change and advancements made in the last 30 years are clearly visible. Women’s rights have become significantly stronger, and as a result, Chinese women have become more powerful and self-sufficient. They have gained control in many areas, and as a result have more power in a relationship. They can now dictate the speed at which a relationship develops, because they now play a much more significant financial role in the society.

In China, it is rather common to see boyfriends waiting on their girlfriends hand and foot. Chinese guys don’t hesitate to pampering their girlfriends by doing things like holding a their purses or carrying any bags they might have acquired while out shopping and so on. This just demonstrates how much power Chinese women have in a relationship.

As a Western man dating a Chinese woman, you have to respect her wishes in the relationship. In a multi-cultural relationship, both parties will make concessions and compromise. You may want to move quickly while she wants to go a bit slower, and all the while you must remain respectful. Chinese women will respond positively to your respect and you are more likely to have a healthy relationship that moves at the speed you want it to. Most importantly, never do things that make either of you uncomfortable and only move as fast as she is willing to.

Nutrients for Bone Support

Bones are continuously being remodeled through life and, with aging, more bone is broken down than is rebuilt and the mineral content of bones diminishes, causing them to become less strict and less able to resist normal stresses. This type of bone deficiency is called osteoporosis, meaning 'porous bones', and causes increased risk of fractures. Hip fractures are the most serious out because they may lead to permanent disability and even death.

In women, estrogen gains calcium absorption and maintains bone strength. When estrogen levels decline at menopause, bone loss accelerates and bones can lose 1-5% of their mineral content each year.

Calcium

Calcium combines with phosphate and is incorporated into the mineral matrix of bones as hydroxyapatite to provide rigidity and strength. When blood levels of calcium drop, parathyroid hormone is released and stimulates the kidneys to produce 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol), the active form. This causes calcium to move out of bones into the blood, increases calcium absorption from foods and reduces losses in urine to ensure blood levels of calcium are adequate for normal heart, muscle and nerve function. When blood levels of calcium are restored, bone is rebuilt. A low calcium intake over time causes hyperparathyroidism and weakens bones. Older people absorb less dietary calcium because their intestines are no longer as responsive to active vitamin D and this can be compensated for by increased calcium intake and maintaining adequate levels of vitamin D.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is a steroid-derived hormone that is made naturally in the skin when exposed to solar ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation of 290-315 nm wavelength, which is within the spectrum that causes sunburn. The precursor is a cholesterol metabolite, 7-dehydrocholesterol, that is converted to previtamin D3, which then undergo thermal isomerisation to form cholecalciferol. It is transported to the liver, where it is converted to 25-dihydroxychocalcalciferol, which is then converted to calcitriol in the kidneys by the action of parathyroid hormone.

During winter in higher latitudes, the sun is too weak to make vitamin D effectively and the body rests on stores built up over summer. Vitamin D deficiency is becoming more common because exposure to sunlight is restricted by excessive clothing, sunscreen use and indoor lifestyles. Having a dark skin color reduces skin synthesis and vitamin D metabolism is impaired by aging.

Are You A Brain Injury Accident Victim?

Far too often, car incident victims incur severe brain injuries. Symptoms of serious brain damage may not be immediately apparent, but may start to show well after the victim has received medical treatments. If a victim starts to show any brain damage symptoms which are a result of a car accident, it is important to consult with a personal injury attorney to help you with your potential case. After explaining the situation to the attorney, he or she will advise you on how to go about proceeding and whether or not you have a good shot at winning a personal injury lawsuit. By negotiating on your behalf, you may be able to receive monetary compensation and reach a settlement for current and future medical expenses. Your settlement may also include ongoing physical therapy sessions and a monetary amount for the pain and suffering you experienced.

You do not have to unnecessarily hit your head to incur a brain injury. A quick jerking to the body caused by a severe impact can result in this type of injury to a car accident victim. The compensation a victim should receive for brain injury after a car accident is normally higher than other types of personal injury compensation. However, a lot of work has to be put into such a lawsuit. It is important, therefore, to get the best accident lawyer there is to help you with such a case. The time to place a brain damage claim can be very limited. So seeking legal advice should be done immediately once a victim starts to show brain damage signs or has received a diagnosis of a brain injury.

The injury lawyer will carefully take you through the whole process, but it may not be a quick case. While it is understood to want the shortest time possible, with head injury accident victims, time may need to be given to proper evaluations and waiting to see the full extent of the damage caused in the accident. This is because if the injury is critical, the victim's life may never be the same again. Therefore, the settlement process could be very long and quite complicated. The injury lawyer works on the case right from the start, dating back to when the accident occurred. It is important to educate yourself on brain injury claims even before seeking legal advice. The accident lawyer will help you file a personal injury claim and gather all of the necessary resources needed. If the victim has a high probability of winning the case, a settlement more than likely will be reached before going to an actual trial.

Understanding and Identifying Procrastination

In one of my most recent shows on Money Matters Radio, I discussed procrastination with my co-host June Knight. I've had a lot of response to the subject, so I wanted to share more to help those in sales.

First things first, what are the effects of procrastination? In our Sandler Training we've identified four:

1. It blocks emotional growth. You are starting to deteriorate; nothing is happening. We all know that we are growing or deteriorating. Procrastination is an attempt to stand still and that is not possible.

2. It leads to multiple failures. In other words, you get angry at yourself and feel envy, rage, bitterness and hopelessness. By procrastinating, we are really doing nothing, which means we are trying to hold on to the status quo. As procrastination continues, the failures add to more failures. The effect is paralysis.

3. It can cause Over-Adaption. Over adaption is another dimension of the "Mr. Nice Guy" Muddle. Salespeople procrastinate because of fear, conditioning and not knowing a better way.

4. Procrastination can lead to impulse decisions; decisions that are flawed because they are not well thought out. Impulsiveness is just an attempt to break inertia. A good decision involves calculation of risk / results, reflection of effects and consideration of resources. Impulse is an act that ignores these concerns. Often, it is a "knee jerk" reaction to attempt to do something.

So how can we identify procrastination? In our Sandler No Guts, No Gain! program we've identified several ways:

1. The same tactic is used all the time! You use a repetitive action to consistently avoid doing something. Have you ever met someone who always has a story as to why they were late to work, yet they are late frequently?

2. No change occurs. You are still where you were when you started. Have you ever known someone that keeps talking about prospecting larger accounts and yet they have not?

3. No Conclusion is reached. Have you ever met someone that has a lot of "think it overs"?

4. Always waiting for something. Have you ever met someone that annoys you because they do not take action, yet are waiting till "things turn around" and continue complain about their state of affairs.

So, do you agree that these are indicators of procrastination? Currently, what is your largest procrastination? Do the indicators fit your understanding of procrastination?

Overcoming procrastination requires effective decision making. Effective decision making does a number of things for us. It increases our self-esteem. You can not help it, when you make effective decisions, you own more of yourself. In other words you gain from the investment in yourself!

Effective decision making requires that you look at it as a "decision tree". There is not one decision to get us to "where we want to go", but multiple decisions. And if you make a wrong decision, learn a lesson, but do not "beat yourself up" and do not stop – keep moving and make another decision.

Effective decision making will break inhibitions and break paralysis. Making decisions allows you to move forward which is the opposite of the effects of procrastination. Procrastination can lead to paralysis.

Effective decision making requires that we stay focused and not get drawn off path. Looking back on decisions tends to create remorse because we idealize the conditions of the past. Looking back can create unhappiness. We are in the present and we must deal with it in the most effective manner.

People that have learned what procrastination "looks like", know how to exceed it and make thought out decisions are some of the most effective sales people in the world!

Lumbar Herniated Disc Treatments

The spine is made up of a series of bones connecting to each other commonly known as the vertebrae. The lumbar disc acts as a cushion between each bone of the vertebra, made up of strong connecting tissue. The lumbar disc has a hard exterior with a soft gel inside. As a person gets older typically this fluid is diminished, then making it a not so effective cushion for the spine. Further to this, the center of the disc may also become herniated or, in other words, displaced. A lumbar herniated disc usually occurs to the two discs from the bottom of the lumbar spine.

A lumbar herniated disc can put pressure on the spinal nerves causing the condition known as sciatica. A lumbar herniated disc like other types of herniated disc is characterized by numbness, weakness, tingling and / or pain in the leg. Currently approximately approximately 1 to 2 percent of individuals between the ages of thirty and fifty suffer from Sciatica. This is a frightening statistical, and one that demands attention. Back pain may also be caused by a lumbar herniated disc but if this is not accompanied by pain in the leg, then there may a different cause.

The good news for sufferers of a lumbar herniated disc, is that surgery is not required in eighty to ninety percent of cases. Normally, the physician will recommend non-surgical options to treat the lumbar herniated disc such as a short period period, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, physical therapy, exercises, and injection therapy.

Non-surgical treatments aim to reduce disc and nerve irritation and improve the patient's physical condition in order to protect the patient's spinal and enhance general function. An organized treatment and care program combining a number of the aforementioned treatments is effective in treating the majority of lumbar herniated disc patients.

After observing the recommended period of non-surgical treatment, if the pain persist persists with the lumbar herniated disc, and hinders the patients from normal activities even after the completion of non-operative treatments, then the physician may recommend surgery as a last resort.

It is important to note that the patient may not regain complete leg strength with surgery but it can serve to prevent further weakness in the legs as well as relieve pain. In fact, surgical treatment is typically recommended in order to treat leg pain but it is not as successful as relief for the back pain itself.

After surgery, you should rely on your doctor's advice in terms of which activities are suitable. Obviously this will depend on the severity of the lumbar herniated disc The first step after surgery is to take basic steps to see if there are any lingering pain issues. In most cases patients are able to go home on the same day or within 24 hours of the lumbar herniated disc surgery. The following activities should be avoided by patients following the surgery: bending forward, lifting heavy objects, sitting for a prolonged time and driving. It is advisable to follow a rehabilitation program recommended by your physician or hospital. You doctor or physician will be able to assist in determining which exercises and rehabilitation methods will be most effective in decreasing the chance of the lumbar herniated disc returning.

Spinal Decompression Therapy Works

Our spine is such a vital part of our body and health. The central nervous system is housed there, which we need for vital functionality of our body. From time to time discs can bulge and become herniated, causing someone intense pain. When a disc protrudes and disruptions spinal alignment, it becomes a serious issue and one that should be addressed by a chiropractor.

Luckily, if you do struggle with a disc problem, degeneration, or arthritis, there is a therapy that can correct this issue. Therapies are a better alternative to surgery in most cases. While some extreme cases demand surgery. Most prefer therapy because it is not invasive and requires little to no recovery time. Overall, it's a much smoother transition from pain to wellness.

The therapy is called spinal decompression therapy. It targets your spine and disks, enabling them to align and receive the necessary nutrition they need. Through a series of stretches of the body with a coordinated machine, the spine is able to align. A gentle force is applied every minute to stretch the body and then the force is reduced. These stretches allow the body to heal and pump in a way that precious nutrition is released to the spinal and disks.

One visit to the chiropractor to get spinal decompression therapy will not provide the necessary relief you need. The difference between surgery and therapy is that you need repeated treatment over a period of time to receive relief and return to a healthy lifestyle. It's a commitment to get better to make your body well. Many people are making the commitment because it works and it brings relief.

Not only is therapy a better alternative to surgery, but the costs are much lower and are covered by some insurance providers. Check with your insurance to see if you qualify for coverage of this therapy. Even if you do not qualify for a full refund, you may get some of the costs reduced.

What are you waiting for? If you're struggling with herniated or degenerative discs and arthritis, then it's time to talk to a chiropractor about spinal decompression therapy. You need to get relief and get back to living your life. It takes time and effort to get better, but this the best offer you have for therapy. Start living a healthy life after you start spinal decompression therapy. Health is just on the other side.