Nail Fungus Treatments You Should Know About

Prescription Oral Medication

There are several different oral remedies available for the treatment of toenail fungus, although most are available by prescription only. Many of these oral remedies are taxing on the liver, so doctors prescribe them sparingly. Oral medications promote new nail growth. Be sure to file down or remove infected tissue as new healthy tissue grows in.


This is, of course, the last option, although it is a viable one, reserved for patients who end extreme pain as a result of the infection. Removal of the affected tissue is the primary initiative, although depending on the severity of the infection, further measures may be taken to prevent spreading. In very rare cases, this includes amputation.

Vinegar Soak

Vinegar and water, two parts to one, have proven to be an effective treatment method for nail fungus when implemented daily in 20-25 minute increments. Mild infections may need no more than a few soaks. Some patients may find this uncomfortable, so discontinue this method and call your doctor if you notice any redness or irritation as a result, but vinegar has been known to stop the spread of fungus by killing certain types of bacteria.

Over the Counter (OTC) Topical Treatment

There are OTC fungus treatments available, and those who use them find that they do effectively treat less serious fungal infections. Topical ointments have been shown to reduce the amount of irritation that fungal infections cause, regardless of whether or not they eliminate the infection entirely. Their chances of eliminating the infection depend on its severity and progress along with your adherrence to apply the ointment each day. They do, nonetheless, provide relief.

When applying topical ointments, take care to clean, dry and file down the affected nails. Filing allows the ointment to penetrate the nail through small abrasions. Often, the directions will be to apply the solution liberally to affected areas several times over the course of a month span. OTC topical ointments are the first choice among patients, and are doctor recommended for the treatment of mild infections .

Vicks Vapor Rub

It may seem bizarre, but some believe that applying Vick's VapoRub to the affected area can actually cure fungal infections. Many people who have heard of this method shy away from it. It often does not prove an effective form of treatment and it is not FDA approved. Before choosing any product for something other than its intended use, consult your doctor.

Sunless Tanning And Products

Sunless tanning, like the name suggests, is getting a tan without sun exposure, and still produces an effect similar in appearance to a traditional suntan. This method of tanning does not involve skin pigmentation or UV exposure, which is often dangerous, to set off the change in skin color. Sunless tanning is also often non-toxic and thus, is quite safe. However, tan is temporary and will wear out or fade away within a couple of days.

Sunless tanning products affect the Stratum Corneum, the surface layer of the skin or the outer layer of the epidermis, while the Stratum Basale, the deepest layer, is affected by tanning under the sun. There is a wide variety of sunless tanning products available on the market today, such as tanning pills, sunless or self-tanners and bronzers, available in the form of gels, lotions, mousses, sprays and wipes. They can be applied at home in private, or professionally in spas, salons, and other health centers.

Many sunless tanning and cosmetic product manufacturers use an active ingredient called dihydroxyacetone (DHA), a colorless sugar that interacts with the dead cells located in the stratum corneum of the epidermis, as an active ingredient. This is because a change in skin color occurs when dihydroxyacetone creates a reaction with amino acids in the dead layer of the skin. The American Academy of Dermatology suggests that sunless tanning products that contain DHA are the most effective in creating a long-lasting tan.

Erythrulose, a natural based keto-sugar which reacts with the amino acids in the keratin protein on the outer or dead surface layer of the skin, is also often combined with DHA to create a longer lasting sunless tan. However, Erythrulose, like DHA, may cause contact dermatitis, a skin irritation characterized by red, flaky skin, sometimes with cracks or tiny blisters.

Other types of sunless tanning products such as tanning creams, lotions or pills usually contain the amino acid – Tyrosine. It is believed that Tyrosine aids in the stimulation and regeneration of melanin (Melanin is a pigment and the primary determinant of color in human skin). This, if true, greatly affects and accelerates the tanning process so that's why many sunless tanning products are called tanning accelerators.

Tanning pills also belong to the category of sunless tanning products, and often contain the chemical – Canthaxanthin. The chemical works by depositing and spreading itself all over the body, including in the skin after it's consumed, taking on an orange-brown color. Canthaxanthin is basically a coloring agent used in foods so the FDA does not approve its use a tanning agent. However, many cosmetic companies continue to use it in large quantities as an active agent in tanning products. It has also been established that continuous use of canthaxanthin can cause hepatitis and canthaxanthin retinopathy.

One of the recent additions to sunless tanning remedies is Melanotan, a melanocyte (cells located in the bottom layer of the skin's epidermis) – stimulating hormone. Melanotan works by inducing skin pigment. Although extensively tested in countries like Australia, it has to be approved for clinical trials in the USA.

Gastric Bypass Patients at Risk for Stomach Blockage: How to Avoid This

In a gastric bypass the connection between he stomach pouch and the small intestine is called the gastrojejunal anastomosis. It is roughly the diameter of a ladies little finger. This small opening slows food from leaving the stomach too quickly prolonging the satiated feeling. In extremely rare cases scar tissue may form at this connection resulting in a blocked outlet. Treatment to correct this is the insertion, endoscopically, of a special balloon. The balloon is inflated and expands the anastomosis returning it to the correct size.

If a patient has symptoms of blockage that is not the result of overfilling the stomach pouch they must seek the advice of their bariatric professional. The symptoms include chronic vomiting and food intolerance.

More commonly, a blockage of the anastomosis is caused by poorly chewed foods. Patients must be diligent in avoiding foods that may cause a blockage. This includes large pills, some types or too much bread, overcooked or chewy meats, starches and nuts. If a pill becomes lodged in the stomach outlet it will usually dissolve after a few hours. If food becomes affected it will be painful to the patient. Food will eventually digest and dislodge itself in most cases. In extreme cases a patient may need to have an endoscopy to dislodge the offending food. Patients in the habit of chewing their food will rarely encounter a blockage or plugged outlet.

When patients do suffer a mild blockage they can find usually relief by taking a dose of Pepto-Bismol and returning to soft foods such as gelatin or broth for a day or two.

Copyright © 2005 Kaye Bailey – All Rights Reserved.

How To Recognize Pet Poisoning Symptoms

Unfortunately, most of our pets do not speak our language and that can make it difficult to provide the care that we would like them to have at times. No time is more serious than a time of illness and possibly one of the more serious is poisoning.

When dealing with some varieties of poisoning time is essential in getting your pet the care that may make the difference between returning harm and minor discomfort. We'll discuss a number of different warning signs that you can be vigilant for to alert you that what is wrong may be poisoning.


Most commonly the mouth is the entry-way for any form of poison that you pet may come in contact with. Thankfully the warning signs are usually rather noticeable and easy to identify. The first is simply excess saliva. If your pet is drooling more than usual or excessively then you may want to take a closer look at them. If you think you recognize any of these symptoms please go ahead and verify the others and use your head.

The next symptom associated with the mouth is again rather obvious to spot. This symptom is vomit. Often you can not only identify the possibility of poison simply by the presence of vomit, but you can sometimes identify the poison's source within the vomit. Think about the situation and identify uncommon elements in the vomit and then check for other symptoms.


If your pet is displaying a change in behavior, it may be poisoning. The easiest, often times, to recognize a change in are simply standing and walking ability. If you notice a significant change in these do not hesitate to check for the other symptoms. Some other less common "motor skills" are sounding, gas, attitude or personality. If your pet is belching or hacking these could be signs or symptoms of poisoning. If your pet's sounding (barking, mewing, etc.) changes, especially if it becomes frantic, that also could be a symptom or sign of poisoning. Lastly, avoidance or apprehension, or any change in interaction or personality, could be a sign of poisoning. Please, do not hesitate to check for other symptoms.


If when you pick up your pet, the pet reacts with an unusual sensitivity that could be a sign of poisoning. Typically, this may be the last symptom that you check when you are verifying signs for poisoning. Also, you can check for sensitivity by lightly pressing on the abdomen. Take care not to apply pressure to the ribs or too much pressure to the abdomen.

If you think that, your pet is suffering from poisoning then contact your veterinarian immediately or the appropriate local emergency hotline or contact. With poisoning time is of the essence and you may want to ask your veterinarian about what emergency action is appropriate for you to take in the event that poisoning ever happens.

Heart Matters

Your heart is between one to two times the size of your clented fist. Contrary to popular belief, it is not located to one side of the body – it is located almost in the exact center of your chest. Due to the shape of the heart and chest cavity, the heart pounds against the chest wall on your left side, so the heart rate is stronger when felt there. Your heart is responsible for pumping about six quarts of blood through your body, with about the same amount of force that the average person applies when squeezing a tennis ball. The heart is not under voluntary control. A system known as the autonomous nervous system, which includes the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system, is responsible for regulating your heart rate.

There are many ways to measure how healthy a heart is. A healthy heart should beat with a fairly regular rhythm that will change based on levels of exertion and oxygen requirements. It has a high stroke volume, which indicates to the amount of blood that is pumped out with each beat. It does not have to work as hard to pump blood, so the resting heart rate will be lower than average. Blood pressure is another indicator of heart health and should be in the healthy range of around 120 over 80, as determined by the national average.

Various types of training have different effects on the heart. Training that elevates the heart rate (HR) for even brief durations can increase the size of the heart. This will increase the stroke volume, and result in a lower resting HR. Training can also increase the rate at which the heart recovers from a bout of intense work. In other words, a trained individual will return to their resting HR faster than a sedentary individual. Exercise has been shown to lower blood pressure. In addition, regular cardiovascular exercise can increase the concentration of hemoglobin in blood, allowing the body to become more efficient at transporting oxygen to the cells that need it (as well as removing waste products such as carbon dioxide).

The average resting HR for an adult is around 72 beats per minute, or 75 for women and 70 for men. The lowest recorded HR is 28 beats per minute, attributed to a Spanish cyclist named Miguel Indurain. Many athletes have resting HRs between the mid 30's and mid 40's. Bradycardia reiterates to a resting HR less than 60 beats per minute. It is simply a name for the condition of a slow heart, and does not implicate an unhealthy one or disease. Tachycardia reiterates to a resting HR over 100 beats per minute, and is considered a very dangerous condition to have.

The idea of ​​maximum HR was designed to help people safely and effectively exercise. The maximum HR is theoretically the most times that your heart can safely beat in the span of one minute. The traditional formula for computing maximum heart rate is 220 – age. I am 29, so my maximum heart rate would be computed at 191 beats per minute. As you can see, maximum heart rate will decrease with age.

It has been speculated that the generic equation for determining maximum HR is not very accurate. Individuals of the same age will have different sized hearts, stroke volume, blood pressure, resting HRs, and other factors that would contribute to the maximum possible beats per minute. A few attempts have been made to "fine tune" the formula, but even those efforts may fall short. One formula is known as the "adjusted heart rate". It involves removing the resting heart rate from the maximum before applying a target formula. For example, if my target heart rate were 193, 80% of my maximum would be 154 beats per minute. In other words, my "target" heart rate at 80% is 154 beats. Using the adjusted method, I would first subtract my resting heart rate, apply the percentage, then add it back in. So, in this example:

193 (maximum heart rate) – 39 (resting heart rate) = 154.

154 x 80% = 123.

123 + 39 (adding resting heart rate back) = 162.

Therefore, instead of the traditional 154 beats per minute, my "adjusted target" at 80% would be 162 beats per minute. Another "tweak" to the traditional formula is known as the Tanaka method. Based on a study of literally thousands of individuals, a new formula was devised which is believed to be more accurate. The formula is 208 – 0.7 x age. Using this formula, my maximum HR when I was 27 would have been 208 – 0.7 x 27 = 189, or about 3 beats per minute less than the traditional formula.

So why even worry about your HR? Heart rate is a great indicator of training. In order to better understand HR, you must understand the various "systems" of energy that your body uses when you train. There are three systems that are always in effect, but one system will dominate based on the type of training. These systems are ATP-CP and glycolytic (both are anaerobic, or systems that do not rely on oxygen as the primary energy source) and aerobic.

The ATP-CP system is the system that bodybuilders are most familiar with. It is the system where your body is forced to perform work without the aid of oxygen. When you perform a repetition during a training training exercise, your muscles contract and must generate force quickly to resist the weight. This action happens quickly, and your body is not able to use oxygen to fuel the contraction. Instead, your body will rely on stores of energy within the muscle cells, previously a compound called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate. ATP deletes rapidly, and is replenished by CP. Sports that rely on this system include power lifting, shot put, and short distance sprints.

Bouts of working more than a few seconds will draw energy mainly from the glycolytic system. Once ATP and CP are depleted, the glycolytic system kicks in. This system takes carbohydrates stored in the muscle cell (glycogen) and breaks down the glycogen to replenish ATP. Sports that utilize the glycolytic system include mid-distance sprinting, basketball, volleyball, boxing, and football. These are all sports that involve prolonged periods of moderate activity mixed with short bouts of near maximal effort.

Marathon runners and other distance runners use the aerobic system. The aerobic system utilizes oxygen for energy. The blood transports oxygen, so this system has the greatest impact on the heart. Any type of activity that is prolonged (more than a few minutes) and does not involve repeated bouts of near maximal effort would use the aerobic system as the primary source of energy. Keep in mind that all systems are being used, but the aerobic system becomes the predominant system.

The rate at which your heart is pumping can help indicate which energy system is dominant at any given period of time. This is where the maximum heart rate and target HRs become useful. Traditionally, training "zones" have been determined based on percentage of the target HR. The common breakdown of these training zones is:

50% – 60% = low intensity

60% – 70% = fat-burning zone

70% – 80% = aerobic zone

80% – 90% = anaerobic zone

90% – 100% = maximum zone

The low intensity zone is ideal for burning calories without stressing your body. If you are recovering from a workout or an injury, on a reduced-calorie diet, or looking to burn additional calories with minimal impact on muscle gains, this is a great zone to work out in. Brisk walking on an incline is an ideal way to reach this zone, and the main drawback is time. It takes the longest amount of time to burn a given number of calories when training in this zone.

The fat-burning zone is what I consider the land of myth. This is the most misunderstood zone in training. When you are at 60 to 70 percent of your target heart rate, the major of your calories burned will come from fat, during that training session. Over 65% of your burned calories can come from fat. Due to this trivial fact, many people believe that this is the necessary zone to burn fat. This is not necessarily true. Any time you create a caloric deficit, or spend more calories than you consume, you will lose weight in the form of fat and / or muscle mass. While other systems may burn less percent of fat, they can burn more calories and therefore result in greater fat loss!

As an example, let's talk about the "aerobic zone." In this zone, intensity increases, so less of your calories are burned from fat. However, due to the increased intensity, you burn more calories per minute. Does this mean that you should avoid the aerobic zone if fat loss is your goal? Let's break this down.

It is estimated that 45% of calories in the "aerobic zone" are burned from fat. Let's say you run 6mph to reach the "fat-burning zone" and you run 9mph to reach the "aerobic zone".
In one hour, you will run either 6 miles or 9 miles. According to research, a 175-pound person burns about average about 34 calories per mile. So, in one hour, you might burn:

6 x 34 = 204 calories, or

9 x 34 = 306 calories

In the fat-burning zone, you burned 65% of your calories from fat. This is 204 x .65 = 133 calories from fat.

In the aerobic zone, you burned 45% of your calories from fat. This is 306 x .45 = 138 calories.

As you can see, getting comfortable and going into the "fat burning" zone actually burned fewer calories. You might say, "What's the big deal? It was only 5 calories difference." But when you take into account total calories, you burned over 100 more calories in the aerobic zone. Since total calories expired have the largest impact on the amount of fat you will lose, obviously the aerobic method will result in more fat loss (provided you also resistance train so that you are not losing muscle) than the "fat-burning" method.

The fat-burning zone and below used the aerobic system. In the aerobic zone, you are still using the aerobic system of energetics, but may see a shift towards the glycolytic system. Once you reach 80%, you are venturing into the glycolytic and ATP-CP zones (over 90% is going to be predominately ATP-CP). So heart rate relative to your maximum heart rate can help understand where your fuel is coming from and even how many calories you will burn. What is interesting to note is that the longer you sustain an elevated heart rate (ie aerobic zone or higher), the longer it takes for your body to recover by slowing down. This means you continue to have a faster metabolism and to burn more calories even after your training is done!

I mentioned these "traditional" zones because I do not like to follow tradition when it comes to monitoring heart rate. For one, I feel that perceived effort is just as valid an indicator. Why limit yourself based on a "zone" you must workout in, when you can simply push yourself to achieve your results! Another problem with the traditional method is that it does not take into account errors with the heart rate calculations – should I train in the same zone as someone whose resting heart rate is 75 beats per minute (my own resting heart rate is around 39 beats per minute)? I do not think so – I think that the lower resting heart rate is an indicator of advanced fitness and means that I can train more intensely. What if your heart is maxing out at 170 beats per minute instead of 193? Should you still "push the limit" because the equation tells you to? I do not think so.

Heart rate can still be a useful tool for training, but you must learn to use your body as the tool, not the equation. For example, if you want to understand what your anaerobic zone is, instead of plugging away at a formula, why not perform anaerobic work? I can guarantee that you will be using your ATP-CP system (a completely anaerobic system) when you perform a one-rep max. So instead of taking 90% of 220 minus your age, just strap on a heart rate monitor the next time you perform a maximum lift. Then, instead of relying on statistics, your body will tell you what your "anaerobic" zone is. This may not be traditional, but do you think your heart will lie?

Once you have this useful information, you can apply it to your training. If you are performing high intensity interval training, and would rather have your heart dictate the intervals than your perception, let your body be the guide. Start by walking on an incline for several minutes. This is your low intensity zone. Now go outside and perform an all-out sprint. This will be your high intensity zone. Now you simply build intervals between those two heart rates for your training. Again, no equation that has no clue what the size of your heart is or what your blood chemistry is like – let your body be the tool.

As a final note, heart rate can apply to resistance training as well. If you are looking to reduce body fat, calories are king. Should you rest 15 seconds? 1 minute? How about staying in the "aerobic" zone? Pick a target rate for your training. Your "75% effort" (somewhere between your sprinting and incline walking) could be the bottom line. Simply rest until your heart rate drops to that level, and then perform the next set. This will ensure your heart rate is always elevated to a minimum level while allowing sufficient recovery to move on. When you are training for strength or heavy lifts, how long should you rest? 3 minutes? 10 minutes? Again, why not let your body decide. Rest until you fall to the fat-burning zone or even less, then start the next set. For you, this may only take 2 minutes, while another person will recover after 10 minutes of rest. The key is that your body is telling you when sufficient recovery has taken place to perform the next set – not some rigid standard like "4 minutes" that does not take into your account specific, individual recovery ability.

When you are training, do not forget the most important muscle: your heart. Not only is it an indicator of health, it is a tool that can help to improve your health. Instead of relying on cookie-cutter formulas, you can use your heart as an interactive gauge to tailor your workouts to your own unique body. Learn that the heart matters and use the powerful information it provides to build your peak physique.

You Have Only One Pair Of Eyes – Do You Keep Them Healthy?

Healthy dieting is very important for your eyesight. Vitamin A is the key to solving many eye problems. You will know that you do not get enough vitamin A, if you feel that your night vision is getting worse. You can get beta carotene (your body converts beta carotene into vitamin A) with yellow and orange fruits and vegetables (apricots, mangoes, sweet potatoes, zucchini and carrots) and green vegetables (spinach and cabbage).

Glaucoma is caused by increased eye pressure and is connected with lack of thiamine and vitamin A. It is a very common disease in people older than 40. See your doctor if you experience unclear vision, night blindness and if you see a rainbow around bright light . Try dieting and home remedies only as an addition to treatments prescribed by your doctor. You can get thiamine with meat, chicken, nuts, peas and cereal. Other sources of vitamin A are poultry and eggs.

A cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eye. It could have been a result of the oxidation process in the lens of the eye. Increase the amount of vitamin C you get with food. Also riboflavin will help with cataracts. You can get it with milk, yeast and whole grains.

People who suffer diabetes can get an edema of the retina which is a reason for losing eyesight in some cases. Vitamin C will help protect your eyes in this case.

You can get redness and sharp pain in your eyes, if you do not get enough B vitamins.

What food is good for your eyes?

Spinach has vitamins B1, B2, C, P, PP, K, E, proteins, carotene, and amino acids. Eating 3 oz of spinach a day prevents the dystrophy of the eye retina. Eat it fresh or steamed with olive oil or sour cream.

Blueberries have vitamins A, C and B, iron, copper, cobalt and manganese. Eating 3-4 oz of blueberries a day improves blood circulation in the eye retina, increases the sharpness of your vision and predictions cataract of the eye and glaucoma. It also helps to prevent hemorrhoids, stomach ulcers, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Low fat milk has riboflavin (vitamin B2), calcium and vitamin D. Drinking 2 glasses of low fat milk a day or putting it in cereal helps with your night vision and seeing colors better.

Carrots have beta-carotene, iodine, manganese, iron, calcium and phosphorus. Eating 1 medium sized carrot a day will support creating and growing new cells and improve your vision. Eat it with vegetable oil or sour cream.

Eggs have protein and lutein. Eating 1 egg a day prevents getting cataracts and protects the eye nerves.

Beef has protein, vitamins B, A, C and PP, potassium, iron and zinc. Eating 6-7 oz of beef a day will increase your vision sharpness.

Apricots have vitamins B, beta-carotene, vitamins H (biotin), C and E, phosphorus and cellulose. Eating 2-3 dry or fresh apricots a day will keep your eye capillaries healthy.

Beets have phosphorus, sodium, manganese, iodine, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, E, U, folic acid and carotenoids. Eating 3-4 oz of raw or boiled beets (or drinking beer juice) a day will help with tired eyes and cleanse your blood.

Wild Rose has vitamins C, P, B1, B2, A, K, E, sodium, calcium, manganese, iron and organic acids. Drinking 1 glass of wild rose tea a day will promote durability and elasticity of eye vessels.

Hawthorn has vitamins C, A, B, pectin substances, flavonoids and carotenoids. Drinking 1 glass of hawthorn tea a day (or grind dry fruits and mix the hawthorn flour with honey) will help with nearsightedness and promote healthy blood circulation.

Parsley has calcium, phosphorus, beta carotene, potassium and vitamins C and B. Eating 1-1 1/2 oz of parsley a day will help with cataracts, conjuctivitis, eye cornea ulceration and eye nerve diseases. It will also strengthen your immune system.

Take care of your eyes. You will not get another pair.

Ferret Diseases and Illness

Ferrets are fun and vivid pets, but there are many ferret diseases that can strike quickly so you need to be sure to monitor your pets health carefully.

Ferrets can get sick just like any other pet and can even catch a cold or flu from you. Just like other pets, it might be difficult to tell when your ferret is sick. Since ferrets are often bundles of energy, you might notice that your ferret is a bit less energetic or simply just laying around, much like you do when you do not feel well. This could indicate a simple cold or may mean something more serious.

A ferret that has eaten a cold may have a runny nose, coughing and might even start sneezing. He may have other symptoms such as a fever, diarrhea, and he may not want to eat much either. To determine for sure if your ferret has a common cold or one of the more serious ferret diseases, you should take it to your vet at the first sign of illness.

If it is determined that your ferret has a simple common cold, you can help him get over his illness by giving him lots of fluids. You will want to prevent him from becoming dehydrated and may want to try giving him some rehydrating drinks made for children.

If your ferret has symptoms that last longer then a few days or stops eating or drinking, this can indicate serious illness or disease and you should get him to the vet right away. Ferrets have a very high metabolism and if the animal dehydrates himself, he can slip away rather quickly if he does not get the help that he needs.

One of the common ferret diseases is adrenal disease which is a cancer of the adrenal glands. Symptoms of this disease include hair loss and possibly the animal becoming more aggressive than usual. This condition can be fatal if it is not taken care of right away.

Insulinoma is another common ferret type of disease. This cancer affects the pancreas and causes the production of insulin to increase causing the ferrets blood sugar to drop to a dangerously low level. Symptoms of this condition include lethargy, seizures, and foaming at the mouth.

There are also a number of viral diseases that can also cause illness in your ferret. He could have any number of conditions including loss of appetite, diarrhea, and weight loss. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is necessary for you to contact your vet as many of the conditions can be a signal of something that is threatening to the life of your pet.

In order to keep your pet healthy and happy, you should be sure he sees the vet yearly and watch his behavior closely for signs of change. With proper care, your ferret can live a healthy life of 8 years or even more.

Child's Growth

Every parent wonders "Is my child growing at the right speed"? Us, as parents want to make sure that our child is growing at the right speed. Since any type of signs will show up early if your child is growing at the speed or not.

At the end of the seventh month a child be able to:

  1. Turn there head when their name is being called.
  2. Smile back when somebody smiles at them
  3. Able to respond to sounds within seconds
  4. Enjoy social play like peek -a – boo as an example

At the end of the first year (12 months) children should be able to do:

1. Do simple gestures like waving bye – bye for an example

2. Making sounds like "ma" or "da"

3. Imitate actions such as clapping there hands after somebody else does it

4. Respond to the word "no"

At the end of 1 1/2 years (18 months), children should be able to do:

1. Able to play simple pretend like talk on a play phone for an example

2. Able to point to objects that catches there interest

3. When you point to something and say "look" the child should be able to look at what your pointing at.

4. Use any single words un unexpectedly

At the end of 2 years old children should be able to do:

1. Show affection to playmates

2. Say 4 – 5 word phrases

3. Imitate playmates and adults such as running when they see others run

4. Play make believe with dolls, animals, people like feeding them or burping them

At the end of 3 years old children should be able to do:

1. Show affection to playmates

2. Say 4 to 5 word phrases

3. Imitate playmates and adults (For example, run when they see other children run)

4. Play make believe with animals, dolls and people (For example, "feeding" their doll)

At the end of 4 years old children should be doing:

  1. Saying 5 – 6 word phrases or sentences
  2. Following 3 step commands like, comb your hair, get dress, wash your face
  3. And cooperating with other children

If your child is not doing what they say "they should be doing" at the different stages, it is because some children will develop faster or slower than other children. But if you are worried or are wondering about your child's development, here is a few questions you might want to ask your doctor

1. What can I do to keep them on track with there development?

2. What should I do if I'm worried about my child's progress?

3. Where can I go to get more information?

4. Can you refer me to a specialist for more information?

Sweet Sleep Can Be Yours

We all know a good night's sleep is important. We feel better, more productive when we've had enough. But when our body is sleep deprived, it weakens our immune system, making us more vulnerable to infection. So why is a good night's sleep so elusive?

There are a number of fairly straightforward measures you can take to bring you peaceful slumber:

Shhh! Make sure your bedroom is dark and quiet. Not even electronic humming from appliances if you can help it. Do not let low light sources, like a clock, glow in your dark. This is your sanctuary. Make it as peaceful as possible.

Be comfy. To be completely comfortable all through the night, you may want to turn the temp down a bit. Experiment to discover what temperature is right for you. And make sure your mattress is comfortable. If you have not had a new one since, uh, you can not remember when, take a good look at it. You spend a lot of time on your mattress, so it's critical that it's supportive and comfortable.

Sleep and sex only! Reserve your bed for two activities, period. Well, some people like to read in bed, which helps them fall asleep, but that's it. No calling your mom, no making to-lists, no working on your computer, no snacking. Pretty soon your brain will get the idea that when you're in bed, you should fall sleep. Or, you know, read.

Pull the plug. So many people have TVs in their bedrooms and fall sleep to late night shows. Then a loud commercial comes on and jolts them out of sleep. There are so many reasons why TV is not conducive to sleep-violence, noise, blaring light. Just get rid of it.

Be boring. Go to bed at the same time every night, and wake up about the same time every morning. Yes, even on weekends. Your brain gets used the routine and puts you on autopilot for a good night's sleep.

Exercise, yes, but not too late. Exercise during the day can deepen your sleep at night, and it's a good idea no matter what. But slow down about two hours before bedtime. Vigorous exercise before bed can keep you awake.

Naps are not that nice. Some people swear by naps to help them through the day, but make them short-like 20 minutes or so. And as early in the day as possible. If you have that urge to nap about 3:00 or 4:00 in the afternoon, fight it. Take a walk, drink cold water, do jumping jacks.

Watch your mouth. Late night fridge attacks are not conducive to slowing your body down for sleep. Keep away from caffeine-even a cup of tea has enough caffeine in it to keep your up. Chocolate, too. You might think a nightcap will help, and alcohol does help you fall sleep. But when blood alcohol levels drop, you wake up in the middle of the night.

These are all common sense tactics for getting a good night's sleep. But what happens if you still wake up at 4:00 am and can not get back to sleep? I'll talk about that next week.

Caring in My Sister’s Way: A Lesson On Judgement

Last summer, I had an acute case of bronchitis. I was downright bummed. Summer for me meant sun, sand, sea…a gazillion trips to the mall or to my friends’ houses, or to another province. I was supposed to exhaust every excess fat on my calves, thighs and belly to hours and hours of fun. Instead I was stuck in the house, stuck with bronchitis.

I didn’t have a night’s worth of sleep since my cough attacks chose to antagonize the peaceful slumber of the entire household.

My sister, a sub-zero in the sensitivity department, would grumble about people not having enough sleep and that I should take dear old doggie’s job.

I wanted to cut off her oxygen supply. Bummer. I didn’t even have the voice to put her to place, only an ancient queen’s glare which, unfortunately, didn’t work.

Thank God for the good doctor. The expensive medicine he prescribed made its worth and soon my bout with bronchitis was over…sadly, so did summer.

Once again my lungs were pumped up for cleaning duty. While doing my room, I accidentally nudged a notebook from my cluttered desk (sis was always a human tornado). I recognized the all too familiar carefree scribbles revealing a prayer for me to be well again because it hurt seeing me suffer like that.

A tear dropped from my eyes- okay, okay. So the Niagara was in town. Who would know the brat felt that way about me? She, who had lived to contradict me, who had continuously stretched my patience to the limit. It was like she had grown a new head. The little weirdo was so beyond me. But this I finally know- my sis does care about me.

She had done the sweetest thing in my life without letting me know it. She could have rubbed it to my face and proclaimed it to the world to make me look like an ungrateful beast. But she didn’t do any of those things.

Sometimes, the most unthinkable of persons turn out to be the ones who truly care for us. They just find it awkward to be obvious. They don’t need an audience to boost their ego because their kindness is not for show. They are merely content that we are well.

Most of the time, we judge people by the way they treat us and by how they make us feel. We don’t bother to dig dipper, to skim below the surface of Jack or Jill. We never can know what is hidden in the flesh because we see only what our eyes expect to see, because we see only what they want us to see.

To little sis who would bet a week’s allowance to hear me say, thank you. You may get goose bumps as I am getting while writing this, but it comes from my heart.

How to Find and Locate the Male G Spot For Mega Orgasms

The male G spot or prostate gland is really pretty easy to locate and find. The only real problem is that it is located in the colon. Many men have some issues about anal touch which is unfortunate.

A male G spot orgasm can be much more intense than a normal ejaculation orgasm. In my personal experience, these types of orgasms can go on for minutes and be one hundred times more powerful.

Another advantage to a male G spot orgasm is that they can be a non ejaculation orgasm. Coming seems to make a man loose sexual energy and the desire and connection with his lover.

To locate and find the male G spot the best method is first to really relax the anal ring of muscles. If some time is spent on this, prostate stimulation can be totally pain free and very erotic.

Now you need to use LOTS of lubrication on and in the anus for a great feel. These days there are anal lub tubes to inject into the colon.

Once you are totally relaxed, breath deeply and slide a finger or thumb into the anus. The location of the prostate is on the upper wall of the colon on the stomach side and about 1 inch into the colon. This can vary man to man.

The best way to locate it is to tune into the intense sensations when you are touching the correct area in the colon. The sensations are totally unique to a man and could be like a woman experiences with G spot massage.

One can also use a prostate sex toy to massage the male G spot.

Home Remedies for Toothache

Nearly everyone had been in a situation needing a home remedies for toothache. That’s why I made this pretty collection of well proved home remedies for toothache. I summarized all the well and lesser known old and new natural remedies for tooth pain.

Cause of Toothache

  • Dental caries (tooth decay): a small cavity in the protective enamel of the tooth can lead rapidly to tooth decay. If left untreated, the tooth beneath the enamel will begin to rot, it attacks the deeper structures of the tooth, causing toothache. When the process progresses the inner core (pulp) becomes affected and infected the tooth may die. In case of dental caries home remedies represent only first aid help, please organize a dental treatment!
  • Abscess: an accumulation of pus in or around the root of a tooth is known as a dental abscess, which can be agonizingly painful and may cause swelling (a gum boil). Home remedies can help to burst the gum boil, disinfect and clean the surrounding area. Even then, a visit at the dentist is necessary to clarify the underlying cause of the abscess.
  • Gingivitis (sore gums):inflammation of the gums, when the gums become purple-red, soft, shiny and sensitive and bleed easily especially when you clean your teeth. If gingivitis is left untreated, then pockets of infected pus can develop at the base of teeth, followed eventually by gum boils and loose teeth. Home remedies for toothache may give a tremendous help, keeping gums healthy or healing gingivitis.
  • Teething: is the process when milk teeth erupt from the gums in young children. It can be very painful, gums are swollen and red. A similar situation occurs in young adults, when wisdom teeth erupt. Wisdom teeth may cause a lots of pain as well.
  • Radiation: pain radiates from a nearby structure resulting the feeling of toothache. The most important causes:

  • sinus problems,
  • trigeminal neuralgia etc.

Best is to clarify the situation with a specialist and tailor the treatment according to the underlying cause.

So, lets see now our valuable home remedies for tooth pain:

The best old home remedy is CLOVE (Syzygium aromaticum)

  1. The most simple possibility is to hold a whole clove or a few cloves in the mouth near the painful tooth and chew or suck it.
  2. Another kitchen option is using clove powder around the tooth or fill the tooth with the powder. You can empty a teabag and put the clove powder in the empty teabag and place this clove bag in the mouth.
  3. My last suggestion is aromatherapy for toothache: using clove oil (essential oil of cloves). Rub the oil on to the aching tooth and around the gum this will anesthetize the whole area. Don’t over-use it or you may burn the gum. You can also dip a piece of cotton wool into some clove oil, roll into a ball and stick it into the painful part of the tooth. Clove has antiseptic and painkilling properties, which work immediately after administration. Within 5 minutes you should be pain free.

If you don’t have garlic at home, you can use a piece of raw ONION (Allium cepa) and keep inside the mouth, it relieves the pain and is antiseptic. If you can’t stand the smell of onion or garlic, than you may try GOLDEN SEAL, the yellow root (Hydrastis canadensis) and old folk medicine in the US. You can use a piece of the yellow root itself or Golden seal tincture – put it on the affected area (it especially helps with abscess). Leave it in your mouth as long as you can stand it. More home remedies for toothache…

Dentists often suggest an ICE PACK in case of oral inflammation. It helps with the swelling and keeps the infection from spreading. Put it 5 minutes on and 5 minutes off. It is better using ice cubes, than deep frozen stuff. You may combine it with any other methods, mentioned earlier.

There are dozens of homeopathic remedies working well in toothache. Without knowing the cause of the pain, I suggest following remedy combination:

  • COFFEA C12 and

Taking alternately every 30-40 minutes for a couple of hours (2-3 pills dissolving under the tongue). You may use it together with other home remedies.

Please, visit your dentist regularly!

Modified Yoga for Sore Backs

The world doesn’t stop for us when we have a sore back. On the contrary, we are prodded to try to keep up. Painful, sore backs are an absolute downer! But modified yoga offers great stretches and better positioning to help your sore back. No, a sore back might not go away completely, and you need to be vigilant about how you move so that you don’t compromise your back. I can tell you from personal experience that a painful, strained back, can get better.

One of the instructions for care that I tell each of my clients, is that you have to be consistent in your stretching. Ten minutes of daily back stretch will greatly improve your flexibility and relieve painful backs. It’s essential to retrain yourself, to bend your knees, and roll your pelvis and tail bone up towards your navel while standing, sitting or doing your stretches. Do what works well for your back. My back is different from yours, yours is different from your sister-in-law in perfect shape. Before I instruct a client, I assess the location of the back challenges. Some stretches work better for lower back pain, and some stretches work better for upper and middle. Also be aware of the interconnectivity of your body, when you have a sore back, your hamstrings, hips, shoulders and neck are also going to be tangled there.

Let’s start with stretches for the lower back. If you are sitting down, a rotation stretch such as a half spinal twist offer good release. Sit on the seat, with your back slightly away from the back of the chair, grab the back of your chair, or the back of the seat, with your right hand, and put your left hand on the outside of your RIGHT KNEE. You are going to turn to look back at your right shoulder, hold for a few seconds at time, and release. Don’t overdo it. It’s better to do repetitions than to hold the pose too long. Do the other side in the same manner. Hold the back of your seat or chair’s back with your left, place your right hand on your LEFT KNEE and twist towards the left shoulder. Undo slowly. You breathe in and out through your NOSE.

Standing stretches for the lower back. Stand near an empty wall. (No picture frames) put yourself with your right shoulder and your right side towards the wall. This is another twist. Put your right foot forward and your take a step further back with your left foot. You have put yourself into a lunge position. Move slightly away from the wall, to accommodate your hands. Reach and put your left hand on your RIGHT KNEE, and lean the right side of your upper leg and your right hip against the wall. With your RIGHT HAND, put your palm on the wall near your belly, and keep it on the wall. Move your right hand past your right hip along the wall, when you do this, look over your right shoulder. (You will need to accommodate your torso, by giving space to your upper body.)

Now to reverse it, come out of the pose. Put your left side to the wall. Left foot steps forward, right foot lunges back. Keep your knees bent. Now, reach with your right hand on your left knee. Put your left hand on the wall and slide it past your left hip. Twist and look back over your left shoulder.

Upper back stretches while seated. A simple stretch for the whole back is called a “Drape.” Sit down, and open your legs and feet. Lean as forward as you can, and put your hands on the floor or close to the floor, between your legs in front of you. Stay there and breathe. Slowly come back up and rest. Do it again.

Standing stretches for the upper back. This standing pose is similar to the seated “drape,” Go back to the wall. Place the back of your head, and your spine to the wall. Bend your knees. Practice rolling the pelvis upward towards your navel while keeping your lower back to the wall. Open your feet; hip width apart. Then, place your feet a little more forward from the wall, so that you are supported well. Keep your buttocks on the wall, the whole time. You are going to begin leaning forward. As you “drape” forward, you will attempt to reach your feet, or a spot on the floor more forward of your feet. Just do what you can, and don’t strain. You will feel your neck and upper back releasing in this standing “drape.” Stay in the pose as long as it feel comfortable, and that you are not dizzy, with your head tipped over. This stretch is also great for tight hamstrings. When you come out, you put your palms on the wall by each hip, and you begin rolling your back and head up. Keep your buttocks on the wall as you roll upright. You may need to shift your position as you are coming up. When you stand fully, put your back of your head and your spine to the wall once again. This resting pose against the wall, assist the alignment of your spine.

A slight variation of the standing drape; when you are draped forward, you can shift your torso and hands to one side of each foot and then the other before rolling back up. That’s it. Some simple back releases for sore backs! Do this every day or every couple of days, and you are going to feel much better.

Borderline Personality Disorder

There are many different psychiatric disorders out there that people suffer from. One particular psychiatric disorder that I found interesting is Borderline Personality Disorder. This disorder is categorized as a personality disorder. As with many personality disorders, there are a lot of different reasons that the symptoms of this disorder can occur. Psychologists believe that this disorder begins at childhood or at adolescence since the symptoms of it last for a long time. The negative effects of these symptoms might not be seen until the sufferer of the disorder is an adult.

The symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder are usually clearly not noticed during adolescence, and especially by the time the sufferer is a young adult. A person suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder may also have a record of unstable relationships in their life. Also, there is a very high chance that the sufferer of the disorder has gone through violence in their family, neglect, and sexual abuse when they were a child. Borderline Personality Disorder is diagnosed more in females than in males, and I believe that the reason for this is perhaps because females are usually abused more often than males, because why there is a high chance that the sufferer has gone through abuse as a child. Another reason that I think this disorder is diagnosed in females more often may be because females are more likely to go and get grateful than males. This disorder can affect a person's life and make it hard for them to function properly in the society, with their friends, family, and with anyone they have a relationship with.

The symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder can negatively affect a person's relationships, mood, and self image. This disorder causes people to have a bad or critical self judgment, to be very impulsive, to have unstable relationships, and to constantly have changing moods. The sufferer's life is severely affected by this disorder since they are constantly afraid of being abandoned, and to counteract this feeling one would attach themselves to others quickly, feel helpless, often feel needy, and become involved in other people's lives.

When the sufferer feels as if they can not handle the fear of abandonment, they would drive people out of their lives so that they can avoid getting returned by them. They would then try everything in their power to make the people come back into their lives, and the cycle continues when they become helpless and needy all over again. People who share a relationship with a person suffering from this disorder are often forced to leave the person because they can not deal with their actions.

Once they leave them, the sufferer then feels worthless, unloved, and needy, and their distorted belief about themselves being worthless and unwanted is even more perpetuated. If this cycle continues, one might begin to contemplate suicide, fake that they will commit suicide in order to get attention and be "rescued", try to lure people back into their life, purposely cut themselves, and engage in other self-harm methods . One might feel depressed, as well as become angry at themselves and others. They may also have a hard time managing any chaotic behavior. A person who suffers from Borderline Personality Disorder must get treatment in order to live a healthy, normal life. People do not enjoy living with a disorder, and they want to change in order to function more properly as successful adults in their society.

When it comes to treating a person with this disorder, it takes a long time before the person gets better since this disorder usually affects an individual for a long time, altering their ability to live a normal life and allowing them to create bad habits as a result of their condition. Psychologists believe that insight directed therapy is helpful to a person with Borderline Personality Disorder, however more recent research benefits cognitive behavioral therapy to be more effective. With cognitive behavioral therapy, a person's thoughts and actions are recorded by the sufferer as well as a therapist. Once their thoughts and actions are recorded, a plan is created for the person according to the behaviors that they present. The plan, if followed, should alleviate the negative thoughts and actions of the individual suffering from the disorder. To be even more effective, therapy can include both methods, however both methods take up a lot of time, and most importantly, effort. The individual must be willing to follow through with the treatments if they want them to be effective, for the disorder has a higher chance of recording if the individual discontinues treatments.

Once the treatment for the disorder is administered, a prognosis would then be hypothesized, however, it is very hard to come up with a prognosis. If the patient follows his or her treatment plan, then with time, progress can be seen and the patient will eventually start to change his or her habits and bad behaviors. Bad habits, a person's personality, and behaviors, especially when done for a long time, are all hard to change significantly. However, with time and effort, one's bad behaviors can at least be alleviated so that they can live a healthy, more normal life. In order for one who suffers from Borderline Personality Disorder to get better, long term treatment is strongly recommended. If one wants to get better, they must hang in there with their treatments, and with time their bad behaviors will change, so allowing them to live a comfortable life.