Bipolar Depression Treatments

Bipolar Depression is a serious illness that is treatable not curable. Its characteristics are dramatic mood swings. One can go from a depressed state to a high state of excitation or agitation backed to a depressed state. This can recur many times sometimes in one day, but typically it can happen over days or weeks. There is a variety of mood events that can occur in Bipolar Disorder. Again this is a serious life long illness that must be treated. Only your doctor or a psychiatrist can make the diagnosis. Once the diagnosis is made a treatment plan is set-up to help balance out your moods.

Types of Mood Events

Depression marked by a deep sadness that tend not to go away. If you are depressed you may withdraw from family, friends, and activities. There may be sleep and appetite changes.

Mania may begin with a good feeling similar to a "high". You may become extremely agitated, angry, and possibly violent. You may become proactive to taking unnecessary risks.
Hypomania is a lower degree of mania. This makes you feel like you've managed to get something done. It can escalate into full blown mania. Work, family, or daily functioning is not affected. For this reason, diagnosis is often missed and treatment is at best delayed.

Mixed moods are a going back and forth from depression to mania. This too can occur multiple times on one day. This may affect daily functioning. This can be treated and there is a variety of treatments available for doctors to choose from.

Bipolar Depression Treatments

Medication called anti-depressants are often used. These drugs work on the chemicals in the brain – Serotonin and Norepinephrine. These drugs each work in a unique way. Some increases just the Serotonin, some work on both

Psychotherapy is called a variety of things such as talk therapy or counseling. While there are various techniques within psychotherapy, it basically allows you to talk about your life and anything that may be affecting your depression. Trauma, abuse, death of someone close, and / or chronic illnesses can all contribute to your depression and moods.

ECT – Electroconvulsive Therapy or shock treatments are rarely used except in the most serious cases. The side effects of this treatment can be memory loss, confusion, and possibly movement disorders.

TMS – Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is done by a doctor. A magnetic coil that gets regular pulses of electricity is passed over the scalp and the pulses penetrate the brain to stimulate the nerve cells. This is currently an experimental procedure. It is believed this procedure has the potential of becoming very precise.

Herbal treatments are becoming more and more popular as people want to avoid the side effects of medication and want to turn to more natural approaches. Herbs have far fewer side effects. Specific herbs that affect mood are blended with other nutritive agents to create a supplement. The highest quality herbal supplements are put through rigorous tests and must meet stringent standards. The ingredients' absorption route is tested at the molecular level and the interactions of the substances are examined. This ensures the potency, effectiveness, and safety of the supplements. You can also be assured that you are getting exactly what you think you are getting. There are or should be no fillers, additives, or preservatives.


Bipolar depression is a life long illness that is very serious and needs treatment. Treatments include medications, various forms of psychotherapy, and medical procedures like Electroconvulsive therapy, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, and herbal treatments.

You can, together with your doctor find the right type of treatment for your particular needs.

Phobias Keep You Safe

A phobia is defined as an irrational fear. There are hundreds of them.

Arachnophobia – fear of spiders

Arachibutyrophobia – fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth

Caligynephobia – fear of beautiful women

Hippopotomonstrosesquippeddaliophobia – fear of long words

Ithyphallophobia – fear of seeing an erect penis

Placophobia – fear of tombstones

Trichopathophobia – fear of hair

Triskadekaphobia – fear of the number thirteen

Xerophobia – fear of dryness

Zemmiphobia – fear of the great mole rat

…to pick out just a handful of mostly little known phobias.

Phobias keep you safe. That’s an odd claim to make. Anyone who suffers from a phobia of something they can’t avoid knows how disabling phobias are. And experiencing a terror of an object or circumstance that others don’t have any problem with is likely to make life uncomfortable at the very least. But let’s have a look at this whole phobia issue.

Snakes, spiders, and needles are very common phobias. Even chimpanzees suffer from snake phobia. It keeps them safe. Snakes can be lethal. But chimpanzees even go ape at a piece of hosepipe that looks like a snake lying on the ground. So being frightened of snakes makes more sense than not being frightened of snakes. Spiders too can be poisonous, so it makes sense to give them a wide berth too. Needles hurt so why not want to avoid having someone stick one in you and either suck blood out, or pump something in.

Fear of the dark. Well you can’t see if there’s any danger in the dark and in the dark danger (bear, wolf, lion, hyena, plague infested rat) has a better chance of getting up close to you. So it makes sense to want to keep a light on (have a fire burning) all night.

So you can see already that some phobias might have origins in our evolutionary past. And panicking or screaming or generally making a fuss would be of benefit to the whole tribal group alerting them of danger in much the way that one or two individuals in a flock or a herd will give an alarm call when they spot a predator on the prowl.

The only problem is that with a phobia, the reaction has gotten a little out of hand. The scale of it has gone beyond what is necessary, that’s all.

But then there are the agoraphobics and social phobics. Phobias like these actually make a person’s world very small and very frightening. But if you feel uncertain of yourself and have low self-esteem then the phobia provides a legitimate reason to avoid being out and having to interact with others. So the phobia, uncomfortable though it is, actually has some benefits.

The problem is, benefits or not, that when you are confronted with the thing that terrifies you, when you have to go on holiday and spend several hours trapped in an aeroplane convinced you are going to die, and then spend a fortnight looking forward to the terror of the return, you experience a very real Hell. Whatever the phobia is, when it happens, all sense goes out of the window and life becomes something that you’d readily give up rather than face that thing that frightens you.

This is a serious problem. Anything that debilitating, anything that has that much power to destroy the rational intelligence of a healthy mind is something to be treated with respect and with all seriousness.

So what’s the difference between a phobia and a fear. I’ve handled snakes and enjoyed it, they are amazing creatures. But hand me a cobra and I’d back away with some trepidation. I don’t have a problem with harmless spiders crawling on me, but I’d be seriously panicked if a black widow was crawling up my arm. This is a normal healthy, sensible reaction. Panicking because you are told there is a snake in a bag in the next room isn’t. Panicking because you bring an image of a spider into your mind is abnormal.

A phobia fills your mind and there is nothing there but a desire to be away from the source of the phobia. Thinking about the object of the phobia brings on symptoms almost identical to their actual physical presence. Often when phobias are treated the sufferer is asked to score the severity on a scale of 1 to 10, where ten is the highest level of terror they can imagine and 1 is feeling just ever so slightly uncomfortable. If the score isn’t 8 or above, then there is a strong likelihood that there is no phobia. That doesn’t mean there isn’t a problem, but it does mean the treatment could be different. Most people can handle fears up to level 7, above that it takes over the mind completely.

But it is all in the mind.

That’s why a phobia is one of the easiest problems for a hypnotherapist to fix. I’ll tell you quickly one of the ‘tricks’ we use to scramble up a phobic image. It’s generally known as the five-minute phobia cure. Let’s say arachnophobia, a fear of spiders, is the problem. The sufferer is asked to picture a spider in their mind and then put a funny hat on it, say a clown’s hat with a big bobble on the top. Then you could put bright yellow Wellington boots on each of its eight legs, and maybe give it a big red nose. And you play around with the image until you see a smile or a laugh. It’s just a question of finding the right elements that trigger a humorous response. You can’t laugh and be frightened simultaneously.

What this does is interfere with the thought pathways that lead to a fear response when an image of a spider is encountered (imagined or real), so the neurons that used to fire so readily on presentation of that image can’t do so, or can’t do so without other neurons also firing that lead to a relaxation response. The more scrambled and the more humorous you can make the image, the more powerful the ‘cure’.

Anxiety Self Help Groups – The Power and Effectiveness of Group Recovery!

Joining some self help groups are the best way to build up self-esteem and benefit from group learning that could greatly accelerate your recovery process. Do not ignore the powerful of group discussion and treatments …

It's time that you ask the experts

If you are suffering from mild anxiety attacks, then you are lucky enough that you can still manage to think and live a normal life. But for people who are already enduring severe anxiety attacks, or worse, panic anxiety attacks, thought processing and normal functioning is greatly affected. Thus, the person must confer with anxiety self help groups at once.

Anxiety, on its mild form, can still be beneficial. But as it progresses to a more complicated stage, the person will experience negative alterations on the way he thinks and in making decisions and judgment. In some cases, the person's social interaction processes is disturbed, and his activities of daily living decreed.

It is not easy to manage alone the grave forms of anxieties, such as panic anxiety attacks and general anxiety disorders. The person suffering from it needs social support from those who can understand these health conditions well, and those who can plan a comprehensive treatment to manage the problem and prevent other complications to arise.

There are thousands of anxieties of self help groups available in the world. In the United States alone, there are hundreds of dedicated groups that provide a variety of treatment modalities to manage anxiety. Some of these include the following:

– NJ Self-help Group Clearinghouse (New Jersey)
– New Jersey Affiliate of the Obsessive Compulsive Foundation (New Jersey)
– Anxiety and Phobia Peer Support Email Group (New Jersey)
– Anxiety Alleviation Group (New York)
– Acting-Drama Therapy Workshop (New York)
– Attacking worry, anxiety, OCD and Depression (California)
– Anxiety Support Group (California)
– People Helping Others Become Independent Again – PHOBIA (New Jersey)
– Anxiety and Panic Disorder Support Group (California)
– Recovery International (Michigan)
– Agoraphobics in Motion – AIM (Michigan)
– Panic and Anxiety Support Group (Pennsylvania)
– Pittsburgh Social Anxiety Support Group (Pennsylvania)
– Panic-Anxiety-Agoraphobics Support Group (Florida)

These anxiety self help groups are being facilitated by experts and professional health care providers. There are different activities in store for those who will submit themselves in these groups; Some of these include behavior modification therapy, health education, individual counseling programs, play therapy, psychodrama, music therapy, and group therapy with other clients. Other groups would even include in their program alternative therapies such as massage, acupressure, aromatherapy, and imagery.

These support groups have formulated specific and realistic goals, and these goals are directed towards the client for the relief of his or her condition. The achievement of these goals, however, is not only the sole responsibility of the people behind the anxiety self help groups. The clients should understand that the success of the therapy also depends on the level of their participation.
One of the chief goals that most support groups have for their clients is enhancing behavior change. This is a specific goal that would greatly reduce the extremes in anxiety levels. In this goal, the activities included are the following:

– Assessment of confidence, importance and readiness for change
– Assisting client to increase awareness behavior.
– Continuous positive reinforcement of desired behavior
– Informing client for a new self-image.

However, anxiety self help groups are not the ends of anxiety eradication. The person should still consult psychiatrists to plan systematically the management to control both the psychological and physical symptoms thought about by this condition.

Yoga – The Solution for Insomnia

At one time, or another, all of us have experienced insomnia for any type of reason. There are times when lack of sleep just can not be helped, such as: the loss a loved one, going through a divorce, and losing your job.

These are some of life's serious crisis situations, where we have to let time heal, and try not to fall apart in the process. Some of the solutions below will help insomnia, but they will not heal grief.

However, if you are continuously staying awake over trivial matters, these solutions will aid you to get a good night's rest. Remember – not every solution will work for everyone, so try the easiest ideas and make them fit into your lifestyle.

Do you have one or more problems, on your mind, that are troubling you at bedtime? If so, write it down and leave it on the kitchen table where you sit in the morning. This is a form of compartmentalization, where your subconscious mind works on a solution, and you and your conscious mind get some needed rest.

You will be surprised what happens the following morning. The problem is much less important or your subconscious found the solution. This technique is so powerful that many successful people use it, even when they do not really have a problem. This keeps you organized, on a daily basis, and you will get more integrated in life.

That leads into the next idea, which is establishing a daily routine. Your body has a natural cycle, and most of us ignore it. Modern humans are more out of tune with their bodies than ever before, so we have to get back to basics and design a schedule for all tasks – including sleep.

You should exercise every day, but your exercise routine should end two hours before bedtime, at the latest. This allows your body and mind "cool down" time. If you can exercise earlier in the day, feel free to do so.

Exercise will give you extra energy during the day, and help you get a good night's sleep, when you need it. If you do not exercise, do not feel alone, but do take action. Gentle Yoga postures are a great way to start.

If you find the right Yoga teacher, you will learn controlled breathing (pranayama), stage-by-stage relaxation, and meditation. Each is a powerful technique for winding down before bedtime. You always practice controlled breathing with either, stage-by-stage relaxation, or meditation. Some people practice stage-by-stage relaxation in bed and fall sleep in the process. This is not a bad thing, if your ultimate goal is to fall sleep.

Now let's look at a few other ideas, such as alcohol and hidden caffeine. Alcohol has a way of getting you to sleep, but sleep is often interrupted during the night. One suggestion, if you enjoy drinking: Have one small drink; preferably wine, with your meal.

Caffeine is in coffee, many teas, many sodas, and a variety of other drinks. Drink water later in the day, and give your body a rest from caffeine.

Here are a few actions to take before bedtime: Eat very light, read a book about something peaceful, and take a shower or a bath. You do not have to do everything, but one of the above-mentioned ideas will work for you.

Sweet Dreams.

Tips for Driving Cross Country

Driving cross country, it's considered the ultimate road trip. Having the independence of seeing the country in a way that is not possible by taking a plane is a very satisfying and liberating experience. The drive can also be a tough one. For those who have not driven for long periods of time, the trip can be guerling unless you're mentally and physically prepared. I have made the trip four times, each time getting easier gaining experience of the do's and don'ts related to the drive. Your trip needs to be well planned out starting with what time of the year you want to travel to how much weight is in the car. These factors will seriously affect your trip and can determine how long it will take you to get to your destination.

In my experience, spring and fall are best for traveling. Your car will perform better in milder weather; you'll burn less oil and get better gas mileage not running your air conditioner if traveling in the summer heat which is extremely hard on your car, and you'll also avoid ice and snow if traveling in the winter. Roads are a lot rougher in the winter since icy roads and snow take their toll creating potholes and other road hazards.

Milder weather will also make your trip easier if you happen to blow out a tire or run into some car trouble. Sitting in a car that does not start in the heat of the summer or cold of winter is not fun. If you happen to break, you can still enjoy being outdoors while waiting for assistance.

Checking your tires for correct pressure and foreign objects like nails or worn treads is a necessity before starting your journey. If you see anything out of the ordinary on your tires, have them checked or replaced by a mechanic before the trip. And of course, you absolutely must check your spare. Your spare will be a life saver if you blow a tire in the middle of nowhere. Next, an oil change. During the course of the 3000 plus miles you'll be driving, you'll have used the recommended duration of a normal oil change interval in a matter of a few days. A few extra quarts of oil is a good idea if your car is burning more than normal amount of oil. In the same category as oil, the other vital fluids in your car should be checked; radiator, brake, power steering and even windshield wiper fluid must be checked and filled if low.

Now that your car is in shape to make the journey, you need to pack for the trip. Depending on who is traveling with you, there are a few options to consider. Comfortable clothes like sweats are ideal since you'll be sitting for long periods of time. Having a light weatherproof jacket is also needed. Flashlight, batteries, a gallon of water are a must have. Getting a gas card is something to look into, having a separate card that is not in your wallet but in your glove compartment is a smart idea just in case you happen to loose your wallet, you can still buy gas and get to your destination.

Cure Athlete Foot – And Let Your Feet Feel Free

Just as fungus lives on the bark and wood of dead tree, so certain types of fungus may also live on the surface of skin especially in the most areas of the body. In certain types of illness, such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis fungus may attack living tissues. However, this does not occur in healthy people. Fungus is found in a wide variety of forms causing many different conditions, so how do we cure athele foot?

Athlete's foot is a form of ringworms of the feet. It is particularly common in warmer climates, and in those whose feet are constantly wet because of excessive sweating. When the disease is present over long periods of time, the toenails may become thickened.

The athletes foot fungus is the same fungus that causes onychomycosis, or toenail fungal infections. In reality, there is not just one fungus that can do this, though a couple of species account for most infections. A group of fungi, collectively known as dermatophytes, cause fungal infection of the hair, nails, and skin.

To assist cure athele foot, bathe the feet thoroughly twice daily, dry them well, and rub away the loosened dead skin. Next, apply a suitable dusting powder containing zinc stearate or a powder containing a mixture of equal parts of zinc oxide, zinc stearate, and talcum powder. Wear light, airy shoes, especially during warm weather. Many patients benefit by going barefoot. For more severe infections, use hot foot soaks of potassium permanganate solution. Whitfield's ointment applied daily has proved effective, especially for infection between the toes.

The athlete's foot fungus will probably clear up much faster than the nail infection because the skin infection is superb and the treatment easily contacts the fungus there. To get rid of both types of foot fungus, however, you will have to keep up the treatment until the nails look good as well. Nail fungal infections are notorious for the length of time they take to resolve. If your athlete's foot fungus is gone and there is any sign of improvement in the nails, the treatment is working. Keep it up and you will ever succeed in your mission to cure athele foot.

Four Main Misconceptions of Orthopedic Health

1. Using a computer for a long period of time increases the likelihood of neck injuries.

Computers and the internet are currently popular, and many young people use computers for long periods of time for purposes such as looking up information, writing reports, chatting, and even playing games. On the one hand, a prolonged sitting posture creates undue stress and pressure on the lumbar spine. It also makes it susceptible to back pain and soreness. On the other hand, an incorrect sitting posture leads to all kinds of neck problems, along with neck and shoulder pain as serious as chronic myofascitis in the upper back. Other potential problems include headaches and dizziness, along with neck and shoulder stiffness and soreness.

Compared with a standing posture, a sitting posture places even greater pressure on the spine. As a result, it is recommended to not sit for more than one hour at a time. It is also best to occasionally get up and move around. In addition, another incorrect posture is often a position when the head is leaning forward. This places too much pressure on the cervical spine and creates problems with cervical intervertebral discs, facet joints, and intervertebral foramina. In terms of soft tissue, it tends to cause problems with occipital tightness, neck muscle strain or spasm, and myofascitis of the shoulder and upper back. It has become more common in clinical situations to see that on young people’s X-rays, there are already signs of degenerative disease. Regardless of young people themselves or their parents, they should all pay special attention to the seriousness of the problem.

2. One should apply an ice pack right after an ankle sprain.

Children’s outdoor activities increase during the summer, and they do things such as play ball, swimming, outings, and mountain climbing. These sorts of activities make them susceptible to ankle injuries, so how to effectively deal with this problem? Ankle sprains require an immediate application of an ice pack for 10-15 minutes at a time every 1-2 hours. In addition, the injured leg should be elevated to avoid swelling. If you apply a hot compress immediately after an injury, it will make the swelling more serious! You should use an ice pack for 72 hours following the injury, then switch to a hot compress based on the situation. Rubbing the injured spot with the wrong type of ointment will also make it more likely that it will lead to a secondary injury.

Following an ankle sprain, you should go to a standardized and professional hospital. Here, you should get an examination to determine the overall condition, such as whether there is a fracture, whether the ligaments have damage, or whether the joint is dislocated. You should also maintain treatment and an established and adoptible method, along with rehabilitative therapy that involves ultrasound and electrotherapy equipment. You should also consider muscle strength and proprioception training. These types of treatments are not only truly sufficient as healing treatments, but can also prevent these injuries from reappearing in the future.

3. Neck and shoulder pain: an undesirable method of quickly turning the head or neck.

The cervical spine is a relatively small part of the vertebral body but has the highest degree of activity. Therefore, it is easily injured due to improper movements. Such a quick turning motion makes it more likely that the excessive motion will cause muscle or ligament strain or intervertebral disc herniation. In addition, this motion also constantly creates excessive pressure in the cervical spine, which forms bone hyperplasia, also commonly known as bone spurs.

The correct action to stretch the neck should be at a slow speed. It should also follow a pattern of full mobility in all directions. You can stay in the terminal angle for 6-10 seconds, then return to the original location. As for muscle stretching and pulling, you can apply appropriate pressure based on the muscle alignment. However, it is not advised to shake your neck back and forth excessively or at the terminal angle. This will prevent it from becoming strained rather than serving as an effective exercise method.

4. Resting for 100 days following a fracture is not necessarily correct.

People generally believe that one must rest for 100 days following a fracture, and only after that time can they recover. This kind of saying reflects one viewpoint that recovery following a fracture or ligament injury requires a relatively long process. In fact, there have been many misunderstandings regarding this viewpoint. The amount of time required for healing following fractures and ligament injuries depends on various differences, including position, extent of injury, and treatment method. In addition, in some situations, the healing process requires new treatment interventions. This sort of treatment option is necessary since it would otherwise be difficult to fully recover from an injury if there is too long of a waiting period.

Erectile Dysfunction Causes and Treatment

ED is divided into organic (having to do with a bodily organ or organ system) and psychogenic (mental) impotence, but most men with organic causes have a mental or psychological component as well.

Physical causes

An erection works by allowing blood into the spongy tissues of the penis but stopping it from flowing back out again .. Anything affecting the arteries, veins or nerves that supply the penis will influence the ability to have anection. These can include:

Medicines such as anti-depressants and drugs for high-blood pressure (such as ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers);

Alcohol, smoking, and taking illegal drugs;

Conditions that affect the nerves or blood supply, such as multiple sclerosis or a stroke;

Diabetes, which can sometimes cause a problem with the nervous system;
Blood vessel conditions such as blocked treaties (for example, caused by high cholesterol levels);

Hormonal conditions, such as not having enough testosterone in your body, or having too much of another hormone called prolactin;

Conditions affecting the erectile tissue of the penis, such as prostate cancer;

Serious long-term conditions such as kidney or liver failure.

As you get older, you're more likely to have another condition that causes erection problems, such as heart disease or diabetes. But that does not mean you should not seek treatment for your erection problems, as well as the under condition.

Psychological causes

Some of the most common psychological causes of erectile dysfunction include:

Stress or anxiety,
Depression, and
Relationship or sexual identity issues.
Sometimes an incidental erection problem caused by a minor everyday problem such as a few too many drinks, or a particularly hard day at work, can begin a cycle of worrying. This can turn into a psychological cause of further erectile difficulties.


Treatment depends on the cause. Testosterone supplements may be used for cases with hormonal deficiency. However, usually the cause is lack of adequate penile blood supply as a result of age-dependent damage of inner walls of blood vessels. Previously, medical substances (eg apomorphine) were directly injected into the erectile tissue of penile shaft to treat impotence. In some cases refractory to the medical treatment, a penile implant (penile prosthesis) could be advised. After the discovery of orly active agents that increase the efficacy of NO, which dilates the blood vessels of corpora cavernosa, more conservative methods started to be used.

The prescription PDE5 inhibitors sildenafil (Viagra®), vardenafil (Levitra®) and tadalafil (Cialis®) are prescription drugs which are taken orally. They work by blocking the action of PDE5, which causes cGMP to degrade. cGMP causes the smooth muscle of the arteries in the penis to relax, allowing the corpus cavernosum to fill with blood.

Burst Ovarian Cyst Or Ovarian Cyst Rupture – What Are the Symptoms?

A burst ovarian cyst and an ovarian cyst rupture are simply different words for the same occurrence. Before explaining the symptoms of a burst ovarian cyst, let me explain what one is and what might cause a rupture.

A part of the natural process of menstruation which a woman goes through every month, is the growth and development of an egg. This egg grows in an ovary – usually only one at a time even though women have two ovaries, and is housed in a sac called a follicle. When the egg is released from the follicle, the follicle dissolves and is absorbed by the body. The process repeats in the next cycle.

Occasionally the sac does not dissolve but, instead fills with fluid. Now it is considered a cyst. However it is not yet a problem. The cyst may grow none or just a little and then it dissolves away. Both of these events are normal and one or the other occurs monthly for most women without even their awareness. Cysts are common in women of childbearing age.

So, what might cause an ovarian cyst to rupture?

It is usually out of balance hormones that cause the cysts to form. The most common reason for a burst cyst is the cyst grows so large the membrane or skin it is made from simply is stretched beyond capacity. Picture blowing up a balloon until it can hold no more air and it simply bursts. A cyst can grow to be as big as a softball, and larger.

Getting too large can cause the ovary to which the cyst is attached to twist which can be another cause of an ovarian cyst rupture, as well as other serious concerns. As to cyst rupture symptoms please understand the following symptoms do not mean there is a burst cyst for sure. What they do mean, for sure, is see your doctor as soon as possible.

Signs and symptoms to look for include changes in your usual menstrual flow; acute, even stabbing pain in the abdomen, sometimes in the back and sown into the thighs; constipation; nausea; sometimes vomiting; painful sexual intercourse; pressure on the bladder and frequent urination; and often a general “too full” feeling.

If you are aware of any of these symptoms, there is a good chance that seeing your doctor ASAP for a proper diagnosis will mean your cyst (if you have one) has not yet burst. That being the case you can pursue a natural program for treating your cyst, if that is your choice, and give yourself the chance to be ovarian cyst free once and for all.

How to Know What's Causing Your Pain During Breastfeeding

What could be casing extra sore nipples or breast pain? Most of the time some nipple sensitivity in the first few weeks of breastfeeding is normal, but if it continues it is usually a sign of baby not latching correctly.

Here are some pointers to look at when suffering from breast or nipple pain …

1. Thrush. Are your breasts hot and painful? You might be suffering from a yeast infection called thrush. Points to remember:

– Thrush infection usually starts by the yeast creeping into a cracked nipple and then spreads into the breast tissue.

– Yeast thrives on milk, so do not apply your own breastmilk to your nipples for pain relief.

– Breastfeeding thrush infection can leave mom feeling tired and even result in a high temperature.

– Baby can also get thrush in the mouth (Oral thrush) If you suspect that you might have thrush you will need to get treatment with baby, so that the two of you do not infect one another.

– Some moms find that they have a decrease in milk supply with a thrush breast infection

– Mothers may think that they can not continue to breastfeeding when they have a yeast infection, but this is not true.

– How can you prevent a breast thrush infection? Wash your hands after each feeding, remove damp nursing pads often, get enough sleep and eat a balanced diet.

2. Mastitis. If your breasts feel extra full and hard and you have areas on your breast that feel hot, then you might have mastitis. Masitits is caused by not emptying your breast. The milk that is left behind usually clogs the milk ducts and then causes severe pain and infection. Points to remember:

– You should never stop breastfeeding when you have mastitis as this will just make it worse. Baby will help drain your breasts so that they can feel better again.

– You might find that you have a nipple discharge (puss discharge) Do not worry it can not harm baby.

– How can you prevent it? Always make sure that your breasts are emptied after every feeding. If not by baby then by a pump.

– Drink lots of vitamin C

3. Raynauds disease. Many moms have never heard of this, but is found in over 20% of all breastfeeding moms, without them even knowing, since the doctors usually diagnose it as thrush. Points to remember:

– What is it? Raynauds phenomenon is caused through the restriction of blood through the vessels. When baby stops drinking mom might find that her nipples are white and give a sharp pain into the breast.

– Raynauds is usually characterized by the skin changing color after breastfeeding, due to a change in temperature. Read more on raynauds while breastfeeding

4. Bad latch. This is the most common breastfeeding problem. Many moms give up on breastfeeding due to extremely painful and sometimes even bleeding nipples. Things to remember:

– Baby should not only have your nipple in his mouth but also a large part of your areola as well.

– Baby should be kept against you skin to skin with tummy against your tummy. Not lying flat on a pillow!

– If your nipples are flat you should try shaping your nipples with your hands for baby.

– If you have very large breasts, you should try using positions like the football hold with baby under your arm on your side, supported by a pillow.

Remember that breastfeeding is a qualified skill for you and baby, it will get easier as time goes by.

Seek professional help if the problems persists.

Deadly Diabetes Part I


Over 7 percent of the US population has diabetes. Diabetes is rapidly becoming an epidemic due to a burgeoning population with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. In 2005 there were about 31 million people ages 20 or older with diabetes. In this same year there were 1.5 million new cases of diabetes in the age group of 20 years and older.

Kidney Disease

Diabetes is still the number cause of end stage kidney disease. In 2002 over 150,000 people were living on dialysis or with a kidney transplant due to diabetes. In this same year nearly 45,000 persons began treatment for end stage kidney disease due to dialysis. Treatment for end stage kidney disease can reach a staggering figure of over $ 100,000 per patient.

Eye Disease

Diabetes can damage the back of the eye (the retina) and its blood vessels. You can have rapid growth of blood vessels which may burst and lead to bleeding. Cataracts are more common in diabetics. Diabetes causes most of the new cases of blindness in persons ages 20-74.

The Gut

Diabetes can cause a gut disease called gastroparesis where food moves slowly in the gut and can result in bloating, loss of appetite, belly pain, nausea, or even vomiting. If food stays in the gut too long, it can harden into little clumps called bezoars. Bezoars may lead to more belly pain, bloating, infections or even blockages involving the gut. The high sugars of diabetes can cause nerve damage in the gut to cause gastroparesis.
Other Nerve Damage

Besides nerve damage involving the gut, diabetes can cause nerve damage to the hands and feet which may decrease your ability to sense pain, temperature, touch, and vibration. Carpal tunnel disease may also develop.

Amputation (loss of a limb)

Over 50 percent of all amputations not due to trauma are caused by diabetes. This is due to vascular (blood vessel) disease especially due to cholesterol build up in the blood vessels. The amputations are also due to the loss of sensation. Individuals may wound a limb and not know it due to this loss of sensation. Wounds worsen and became infected (may include the bone) to the point where an amputation is necessary. Infection of the bone is called osteomyelitis.

How Can Diabetics Avoid Deadly Complications?

Keep blood pressure less than 130/80. Up to 75 percent of diabetics may have high blood pressure. Make sure your sugar control number (hemoglobin A1C or Glycohemoglobin) is less than 7 percent, preferably as near to 6.5 percent as possible. See your eye doctor at least once per year. Check the top and the bottom of your feet every week. Loss of hair on the legs, cool or bluish legs with shiny skin may signal blood vessel disease. Your doctor needs to evaluate your feet as well. If blood vessel disease is suspected, ask for a blood flow study of your legs. Smoking is even deadlier for a diabetic. It's like pouring gasoline on fire. Avoid alcohol which may worsen blood pressure and blood sugars. To evaluate your kidney function, ask your health care provider to check your blood creatinine level, a special kidney function test called a GFR, and a urine protein screen.

Discus Fish Diseases – Ammonia Poisoning and Ich

One of the most common Discus fish diseases is ammonia poisoning. This occurs because of toxic ammonia buildup and improper nitrogen cycle in the aquarium. Ammonia poisoning can sometimes be caused by the malfunction or removal of biological filter in the aquarium. This disease directly affects the fish and along with it are harmful side effects like increased disease vulnerability and organ failure. It’s very important for you to know that you cannot put a tropical fish in the water until the ammonia has been completely removed. You also have to make sure that your filters are working correctly. To prevent this disease from occurring, you have to change the water on a regular basis and if possible, do not overcrowd the tank. If your fish appears to have red and swollen gills or if it keeps on staying at the water surface gasping for air, it is most likely affected with ammonia poisoning. This happens because the more ammonia present in the tank, the less oxygen is available for your fish.

Other signs that your fish is affected with the disease include loss of appetite, hovering at the bottom of the tank, sluggishness and inflamed eyes or anus. If you have a relatively new tank, the ammonia level can rise quite quickly unless it has undergone cycling already. Cycling simply means establishing a bacteria bed in your biological filter to remove the toxins that the fish’s metabolism emits. It’s actually pretty easy to deal with Discus fish diseases like ammonia poisoning or ammonia stress. Water change always helps in making the fish getting rid of ammonia. You can use an ammonia remover but keep in mind that this will not help in the long run because it can cause long-term negative side effects in the tank. When changing the water, make sure you are not using water that has ammonia content so that the biological filter can begin to process the excess waste while relieving the stress on the Discus fish.

Aside from ammonia poisoning, another disease that can be caused by poor water quality is ich which involves the appearance of white spots on the fish’s body and fins. The best way to treat such Discus fish diseases is to increase the water temperature and administer medication available in any pet store. Before administering the medication, make sure to remove the carbon filter because this may absorb all the substances. If possible, use a quarantine aquarium to make sure other healthy fish won’t get affected.

Poverty Breaks Down Your DNA

Despite being microscopic in size and packing all the information that makes you and I who we are, DNA is actually fairly fragile and can be easily affected by the outside world. We've known for years that cigarette smoke and other contaminants can cause genetic mutations, but a recent study published by a team of prominent biologists and social researchers is proving that financial stress may actually affect your health at the genetic level.

The team investigated a wide cross-section of Detroit citizens, primarily poor and lower-middle class residents (primarily Caucasian, African American, and Latino in origin). From these participants, the team collected DNA samples and specifically examined the telomeres attached to them. Telomeres are the tiny caps fixed at the ends of every DNA strand, just like the plastic protectors at the ends of your shoelaces. What these caps do for DNA is protect them from premature aging and deterioration. Research has shown that although when you deal with constant stress, those telomeres begin to break down and shorten.

Once they shorten, you become susceptible to a variety of serious health risks including diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. So to put it simply, the longer your telomeres stay, the healthier you will be and then the longer you should live (barring accidents).

The study's researchers discovered that although Detroit's lower-income residents, regardless of race, have significantly shorter telomeres than the rest of the country, on average. Given the massive economic downturn that Detroit has faced within the past ten years, Detroit's citizens have been living under socioeconomic pressures that far exceeded most of the rest of the country.

Dealing with negative social perceptions, exposure to unsafe environments, and other factors can all contribute to your DNA's protectors legally breaking down over time – leaving you more vulnerable to genetic disorders that can be triggered by mutations in your own genetic code.

Scientists are tracking these mutations and are working on methods to reverse them – but the science is not quite there yet. That being said, it may soon be possible to revert our DNA back to its original, uncorrupted state. Of course, to do this, we'd need to know what it originally was, which is why it's becoming increasingly important to store your DNA as early as possible.

DNA storage allows you to keep a copy of your genetic code intact for years on end, at which point, it is assumed there will be new therapies available to repair damage and also use your stored sample as a point of comparison.

All About Nosocomial Asthma

Asthma is a medical condition of the respiratory system that is manifested through hyperactiveness of the respiratory system resulting in inflammation and obstruction of the airways due to cellular hyperresponsiveness. Both chronic and acute asthma are presented through difficult in breathing, inform of shortened breaths and raised pulse rate.

Asthma Pathology

The pathophysiological mechanisms of asthma include bronchoconstriction and obstruction of the airways. This is due to the effect of the edema that occurs in the airways as a result of a series of cellular inflammatory reactions.The cells that are involved are the lymphocytes, mast cells,eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, resident cells and epithelial cells together with other inflammatory mediators recruited by the body in response to foreign antigen but unfortunately turns into an overly cellular response.

In asthmatic condition, a phenomenon in arterial blood gas pattern is observed, where variations in blood arterial carbon dioxide concentration: PaCO2 and the changes in blood Ph levels are used as an indication of the severity of the asthmatic condition. This is the increase in the PaCO2 and the drop in the Ph levels during an asthma attack. At a certain degree where the lungs cannot exhale any more carbon dioxide from the lungs due to airway obstruction, there is an increase in PaCO2 in the blood and consequently a drop in the blood Ph levels below the standard levels of 7.4, as the asthmatic condition worsens.

Among the factors contributing to both acute and chronic asthma includes, environmental factors such as environmental exposure to allergens and smoke, also areas prone to respiratory infections are contributing factor.Allergens are known to trigger body’s immunity thus bringing about a deployment of the cellular immune mechanism.

First Aid Tips For an Asthmatic patient.

The first indication of an asthmatic attack is commonly a shortness of breath which is mostly characterized by a struggling wheezing breath. The patient may later become immobilized, and they convulse if the situation is not handled the patient dies. Once it has been identified that a person is having an asthmatic attack follow the following tips.

  • Sit them up and allow them to bend forward a bit to create more lung space for smooth breathing.
  • Eliminate the allergen or take the person away from the triggering cause, this may be away from the dusty or smoky or cold places.
  • Help the patient take their antiasthmatic medication such as using the inhaler or taking antihistamine drugs.
  • Call for medical help if the patient does not show any improvement.


Asthma is a common condition which is easily manageable and having more information about it can help a lot in saving lives. Early diagnosis of the condition allows its management and hence mitigation of its severity.

Leadership Must Balance Dynamic And Static Growth

Leadership needs the balance between the static of what works vs. dynamic creative growth. This is not a division between conservative or low-risk-takers compared to risk-takers or recklessness. It is the decision between choosing what must be kept in place – the static – and what must be pushed forward – the dynamic.

This borrows heavily from "Lila" by Robert Pirsig, just for full disclosure. He is the author of "Zen And The Art Of Motorcycle Maintenance" which is said to be the most popular philosophy book of all time. But I think "Lila" is a more developed approach and can be more easily applied in real life, to improve your personal excellence.

Dynamic change is what creates growth. This is seen when you are pushing boundaries, outgrowing the restrictions of the past, and moving into new territories. There is no analysis of risk or profit-loss. It is simply a dynamic process. Amoral. You bring the morality to it.

But constant growth would lead to chaos and anarchy. Some retrenching and establishment of what works is necessary. This is the election of what you wish to be static. This is not "being conservative" or "avoiding risk." It is choosing to stop dynamic growth in one particular area.

Let's look at an example. Let's say I am leading a team that works on different litigation projects. This is simplified example, so read it in that vein. As we have worked on different projects, we notice that the most efficient process is first, draft a document that explains the goals of the litigation; next, define the issues and each party's position on each issue; third, draft a document of what discovery is needed for each issue. Mandating that this is the process that each litigation team follows is electing what to make "static." The "dynamic" in this example could be that each discovery document is going to be unique; or that the goals document can be in outline form, or mindmap form, or flowchart form.

But too much establishment leads to calculation and stagnation. Even ignoring the observation that your competitors are constantly growing and moving on, your organization itself is growing by adding new employees and new ideas. Bringing on new people and plugging them into a system that is not growing and changing is just a waste of talent.

A leader is not only invested in the excellence of his or her team, but also in his or her personal excellence. A leader manages the personal balance between static and dynamic growth as well as the team's. Failing to do this leaves the leader trailing behind. Not a good place to be.

A leader is constantly monitoring the status of the organization, maintaining that optimum balance between maintaining the static of what works and that dynamic change that grows the organization. This requires that the leader have the courage to stand up to different constituencies in his or her organization, and the integrity to remain true to the unifying idea behind the enterprise.