Nurse Study Suggest New Syringes Can Prevent Injectable Medication Errors

A new national study of 1,039 nurses contracted by The American Nurses Association (ANA) highlighted the possible reasons behind most of the injectable medication errors in our hospitals (as covered in another article).

One "solution" adopted by some nurses to prevent such errors is to pre-label the syringes well in advance.

But that specifically violates the guidelines specified by the Joint Commission's 2007 National Patient Safety Goals document which demand that the syringe labels be prepared only at the time when the medication is prepared.

The solution to all this is really not that mysterious at all and lies in a simple technological innovation: syringes that come with built-in writable strips on their barrels.

95% of nurses said such syringes, since they will not cover the graduation markings, will make it easy to read the correct amount of medication.

Moreover, 93% also said such improved visibility would also reduce the number of medication errors at the hospitals and healthcare facilities.

Just like the safety syringes with retractable needles or protective needle sheaths used by 81% of the nurses surveyed, such "writable syringes" should also become a standard equipment in all hospitals.

Actually such syringes do exist and are already manufactured by companies like Inviro. I hope their use will spread through the industry to reduce medication errors.

Last but not least, I believe this case again points at the importance of nurse participation in the decision making process of health organizations.

Not only the nurses are the best qualified parties to recommend optimal methods to reduce such errors (by, for example, adopting writable syringes) but they are also the ones who suffer the most from syringe-related accidents.

The ANA study has found out, for example, that 35% of nurseries are worried about "getting HIV or hepatitis from a needlestick injury" and for good reason.

Increased decision-making participation would not also make it easier to find the correct solution to medication errors but also help the healthcare workers design and implement a much safer and more efficient working environment. We owe it that much to the hardworking nurses in all our hospitals.

An Old-Fashioned Wound Healing Treatment Resurrection – The Sugar Treatment Revival

Whenever you or someone you love happens to get a cut, scrape, or burn you probably head straight to the medicine cabinet in search of some type of antiseptic or antibiotic ointment, with some bandages, to help make everything all better. While many modern day concentrations of lotions, potions, and cremes are one accepted way of healing an injury, you may be pleasantly surprised to learn that there is another, just as effective, treatment solution that can be found, inexpensively, right in the baking aisle of your nearest neighborhood grocery store.

At this point, you are probably wondering what in the world this person could possibly be referring to? A cheaper solution for healing wounds that can be found in the baking section? You may be thinking that I must be going over the edge a little bit here. It is totally understandable that you might come to that conclusion. However, I am completely serious about this, and the aforementioned solution that I am referring to is simple table sugar! Yes, I’m talking about regular, white granulated sugar that you use in the kitchen to sweeten food with, or to put in your coffee to make it taste sweeter.

Sugar is truly an excellent antibacterial medium. Sugar has reportedly been used since our ancestor’s days to help aid the healing of wounds. As a matter of fact, some records indicate that sugar has been effectively used for its antibacterial properties for at least 5,000 years!

With ever-increasing antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria being found more often, this is starting to become quite a major problem. However, what is uniquely different about sugar is that it contains properties that bacteria are simply not resistant to. Although sugar works great as an antibacterial agent on minor cuts and scrapes, it is also highly effective at healing much deeper,or seriously infected, wounds such as ulcers, punctures, and amputations. Sugar also has been shown to work wonders at healing burns and abscesses, even those that are quite severe.

Simply put, basic and inexpensive table sugar works so well that it can, in some cases, even help save someone’s life! For example, there was one particular case where a patient was very close to having a limb amputated in order to help save their life, but doctors were able to help save that limb, and the patient’s life, by simply treating the wound with a simple sugar dressing! One additional benefit of sugar is that it works in a number of ways to help heal a wound extremely quick, while also leaving very little to no scarring.

Sugar acts as an osmotic shock treatment by drawing, absorbing and drying out the wound, as well as inhibiting bacterial invasion while gently stimulating new skin tissue growth. You can use granulated sugar alone, or mixed with povidone iodine (pronounced POE-vi-done EYE-oh-dyne), which you can find at any local pharmacy chain like ‘Walgreens’, to form a spreadable paste. You may also store any unused portion of the mixture in a tightly sealed container to reuse later.

As with any type of traumatic wound, clean and flush the cavity with clean water and peroxide and apply compression until the injury stops bleeding. Packing a wound to soon with sugar could cause the wound to bleed excessively.

To help keep the wound continually protected against infection, check the packing and dressing frequently. When the sugar pack becomes syrupy or liquefied, flush out the old fluids and dead tissue matter with clean water, repack with sugar and apply bandages.

Next time you or a loved one has an injury, you may want to consider reaching for your sugar bowl rather than for a tube of antibiotic ointment. Give it a try sometime, and you might be simply amazed by how quickly the wound begins to heal!

Leprosy of the Soul – The Greatest Disease Known to Man

There is a disease so heinous it affects every man, woman, and child. It is called the Leprosy of the Soul. This disease affects the way people think, act, and how they walk. Its final result is always a terrifying death. It makes outcasts of the brightest of schools, makes trembling victims of the strongest of men, turns beauty into rank ugliness, and destroys the souls of men. This leprosy of the soul is not just a disease, but a plague. Its destructive power is far greater than any cancer known to man. This leprosy of the soul is called "sin," and the plague of this leprosy is the "love of sin."

Is there any known cure for this disease? How does one find relief? Cheer up dear reader. There is a cure, but the cure can only be found in God's written word, the Holy Bible. Leviticus chapter 14, gives specific treatment for this disease. Verses one and two tell us that the leper must be brought to the priest. Who is this priest? Jesus, the Son of God, is the priest that can heal the disease, (Hebrews 9: 11-12, Hebrews 3: 1).

Although Leviticus chapter 14 details the cure for physical leprosy – God uses this account as an allegory to show us the healing of the leprosy of the soul, sin. God cares about our physical health, but he is far more concerned with our spiritual health. The only cure for sin is the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

Leviticus tell us that the leper has to brought to the priest. It is the Christian's work to share the love of Christ through his word, the Bible, with those around him. We can not possibly know how a person will react to the Jesus, but I do know many seeds we plant do bear fruit.

When I was a younger man several Saturdays during the summer I took some sixth grade boys noodling, (hand fishing). My daughter did not care about noodling, but some of her classmates wanted to learn. When the boys asked my name I told them my name was Mark, but they could call me Handsome. (I weighed a slim trim three hundred fifty pounds at the time.) The boys laughed, but they always called me Handsome.

We sent the afternoon hand fishing. I taught the boys how to pet carp and catch catfish. We had a good time. I never cared much for fish, and I hated cleaning them so we usually thread our catch back into the river. My wife always packed plenty of sandwiches. When we were exhausted from our employers we sat around, ate sandwiches, and visited. Usually I shared Jesus with the boys.

One particular boy was very angry. He had been in a car wreck and had been injured horribly. He could not run and play like the other boys, but he was the best carp petter in the bunch. When we visited about Jesus he told me that Jesus did not have him or he would not have gotten hurt. He said he hurt all the time.

I told him I was sorry about his injuries, but Jesus did love him very much and wanted to give him eternal life. I told him that if we repent of our sins and accept Jesus as Lord in the next world we would not feel pain, and we would live forever. I took the boys on five noodling excursions. Every time I visited about Jesus the same boy got bitter and said Jesus did not love him. I assured him that Jesus loved him very much, but I never seemed able to comfort him.

After that summer the bitter boy's family moved to a different town. I lost track of him. I thought about him from time to time and said a short prayer when I thought about him, but my thoughts about him were rare. About eight years later my wife and I were exiting a convenience store when a young man limped over to me. He asked me if I was "Handsome."

I told him I most certainly was. I knew he had to be one of the boys from the noodling excursions, but I did not recognize him. He reintroduced himself and I realized that he was the boy who was injured in the car wreck and was horribly bitter. He told me the summer he went noodling with me was the best summer of his life. He said, "There was not a day go by that I did not think about what you said about Jesus." I was so full of bitterness and hate it took me six years to accept Jesus as my savior. he still needed to show me why I was hurt in the car wreck. "

He continued, "The next day I went to therapy and saw a handicapped boy crying because he hurt from the therapy he had to do. as I hurt then he could too. I knew then why I was in that wreck. I can tell handicapped kids about Jesus.

That day I went home humbled. God's word says that the Father draws people to Jesus, and the Holy Spirit convicts them. If we will only share the love of Christ, God can work in ways we never imagined. Only Christ can cure leprosy of the soul, but we are charged with bringing those who suffer from this terrible disease to our Priest, Jesus Christ.

The cleansing of the leper is an actual event that transpired in the Old Testament under the law, but it was a foreshadowing of the atoning grace of God through Jesus Christ, our Lord. The only cleansing for Leprosy of the Soul is faith and confession in the death, resurrection, and salvation bought through the blood of Jesus. (Romans 10: 8-10)

Copyright 2010 J-me

Syncope (Fainting) Syndrome

Syncope does not always appear to be a complete loss of consciousness, but may be just an altered state of consciousness. The individual, although they have fallen, will usually recover spontaneously within a brief time period. In some instances, the individual may not lose consciousness, but have an impending sensation that they are going to faint. Syncope can be caused by both cardiovascular or noncardiovascular diseases or conditions. cardiovascular conditions such as, atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, etc. are generally related to syncope. Fright or extreme stress that is not due to cardiovascular conditions, may cause a condition known as a vasovagal attack, due to a vasovagal depression of the vagal nerve.

Another causative factor may be, Orthosatic hypotension, whereby the individual has sudden drop in blood pressure when getting up suddenly from a sitting or lying down position. This is more likely to occur in the older individual. In these individuals, syncope can occur due to many other causes. An inconsequential cause such as a tight collar may act as a trigger to cause a caotid sinus episode that can cause syncope, or the feeling of syncope. In the older male who may have prostatic hypertrophy and is straining to urinate can also lose consciousness.

There are many other conditions that can be causative factors. Congenital factors, such as epilepsy, may be trigger in these episodes. In some individuals, the cause may never be determined, even after going through every test known at this time. Some individuals have gone through CT scans, MRI’s, Tilttable test, etc. and still have not had a definitive diagnosis. These individuals go through their everyday lives with a variety of symptoms. They can feel a sudden giddiness, the room seems as if spinning around them. They can break out in sweats. They may have a sudden dimming of vision, and become nauseous, and in some instances will vomit.

In some individuals, the condition may be caused by “Vertigo”, a condition usually caused by the balance mechanism in the middle ear. In this case, the individual needs to see a specialist to determine if there might be a viral infection or other defect of the inner ear. If a viral infection is found the they will probably be treated with an antibiotic. In many instances the condition may be due to some irregularity of the inner ear mechanism. At times certain movements of the head by the doctor will correct or improve the condition.

When an individual undergoes a state of syncope, and they are on the ground, good Samaritans, should not attempt to sit or stand these individuals up. They should instead, raise their legs in order to help restore their blood circulation to the head and brain.

The Call Every Woman Dreads

We were driving from Albany to Nashville, and it was my turn to drive. As I was going 80 mph down Route 81, when my cell phone rang, and I looked down and saw it was my doctor's office. I allowed for a minute before I picked it up and said "Hello." The voice on the other end said: "Gina, this is Mary from the doctor's office, and there is a problem with your Mammogram." To be honest, I did not hear anything else after that until she said: "We made an appointment for you next Tuesday at 2:00 for a diagnostic mammogram." I said "Thank you" and hung up the phone. I'm not sure exactly why I was thanking her for this news, but I was polite. Rob apparently had seen what I thought was happening, that my face was losing all color, and he said: "Why do not I drive for a little bit."

I tried, unsuccessfully to put it out of my mind, but instead, I started googling things as we sped down the road. I ignored the text from sister-in-law, who is a doctor when she said: "Do not Google it." I ignored my other two sisters and their texts that said: "It will be fine, breast cancer does not run in our family", and I silently freak out.

After that phone call, I spend hours and days repeating in my head – it will be fine, it will be fine, over and over as if to will it to be true. But what if it was not going to be fine, what if it was all going to turn to shit. Then what? Then what do I have on an endless loop in my mind? I knew it would not be fine; I knew it would not be fine? The truth is, in the five days from the call to the actual appointment there was a lot more of "I knew it would not be fine" going on in my head then "It will be fine".

The day before the second mammogram the doctor's office called to confirm my appointment, again I had the blood rush from my face. In a few hours I had to take a shower and go to a birthday party for Rob with the kids and act like I was not scared to death, but the truth was I was panicking. All I could think of was my sweet chickens and Rob. What if I had to tell them I had breast cancer? How would they react? I did not tell them at the birthday party, and I bowled like I did not have a care in the world and for a few hours, I had forgotten about the next day and the follow-up appointment.

As I sat in the packed waiting room, I could hardly breathe. Across from me was an older Italian lady with dark circles under her eyes and she look scared and distant. Next to me was a thirty-something lady wearing a breast cancer tee shirt, one with a witty saying and she had a ten-year-old girl sitting next to her. It was all I could not do to get up and run. My heart stopped every time they would call someone else's name.

The thing that got me crying during the exam was not my X-ray staring at me on the wall with a spot big enough for my untrained eye to see. But, it was, in fact, the very moment the technician said she had to mark the spot in question. She took out a sharpie and made an "x" and by the time she put the cap back on I was in tears.

After a series of x-rays, the technician started to leave the room and told me not to worry if it took a long time for her to come back. It did not mean anything bad it just meant she was waiting for the Doctor. So when she came back in less than 5 minutes, I figured I was good to go, and I was, good to go on to the ultra sound. "Can I get you anything to drink?" she asked as we were walking to another waiting room. I had to force myself not to yell yes a vodka tonic, please.

In the end, it turned out to be a couple of cysts, that they are slowly worried about and I left the examining room with a note to follow up in six months. When I walked into the waiting room and collected my husband, we walked out of the building. When I told him it was just cysts, I burst into tears. The emotions I had been holding in for the last five days came flooding out of me, and while I dug in my purse for a tissue, he asked me if I wanted to go for ice cream.

As we bulldo home, I was relieved there would be days of ice cream in my future. I was relieved I did not have to tell the chickens that something was wrong. As we bulldo home, it started to rain, and I was even relieved for the rain. It was a scary week for me, but I managed to get through it, and I was just relieved.

Measles Rash – Symptoms, Treatment and Information on the Vaccine

Though not spoken about as much today, catching the measles is still a reality for children as well as adults. Also known as rubeola, the measles are caused by the measles virus which is very contagious and brings a painful, spotty, red rash that starts on the face and spreads downward. It is accompanied by a fever, coughing, runny nose and watery eyes; in rare cases, pneumonia or an ear infection may develop. If not treated, it may bring fatal results or permanent brain damage.

Though the symptoms themselves may last a week on average, the process of catching this rash can occur over a period of time if not careful. It usually starts when a person with the measles virus coughs or sneezes into the air. The infected mist is contagious for at least two hours, whether it stays in the air or lands on a surface. The measles virus can be spread four days before getting a rash and four days afterward. A measles rash can appear almost two weeks after being exposed to the virus.

The best way to treat a measles rash is to use a cortisone cream or calamine lotion to relieve itching. Ibuprofen or aspirin may be taken to reduce fever along with plenty of fluids and bed rest. There is no actual cure but it can be prevented with a vaccine. The Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine can be given to children as young a one year. Anyone who has not received the MMR vaccine but anticipate traveling to Europe or other parts of the world are strongly encouraged to get a shot as there have been recent outbreaks in the United Kingdom. I personally had the measles when I was young and was told my fever was over 104 degrees. The vaccine was available a year later.

Tetanus – Successful and Natural Treatment

Tetanus can be a very serious sequel to an injury with broken skin or a puncture wound. But, getting it also means that your immune system is badly compromised.

When you injure yourself and break the skin, there is always a possibility of getting an infection or worse, tetanus. If you take Arnica immediately and feel relief from the pain, then it is unlikely you will get either an infection or anything more serious.

Infection typically comes after an unclean object has penetrated your skin. Such as barbed wire, a rusty nail. That sort of thing. This is known as a puncture or stab wound.

Hypericum is the number one homeopathic medicine for a puncture or stab wounds. And it doesn’t matter whether the wound is from a shard of glass, an animal bite or an injection, the body looks upon them all as puncture wounds.

Dorothy Shepherd, a UK wartime homeopath-cum-doctor, tells a tale of a stable lad who had been pierced on his hand with a stable pitch fork (nicely smeared with manure no doubt), thrown at him by an angry co-worker.

He took no action for a week. When she saw him the infection had set it, swelling the arm. Tetanus was suspected because of the nature of the injury, he was feverish and beginning to complain of difficulty in swallowing.

He was give Hypericum orally and topically. Within a few hours his fever had gone, the swelling disappeared and he had full use of his hand within days. So Arnica, and related injury remedies, will prevent infection and Hypericum will treat it. A note of caution.

If you are taking regular injections (such as insulin), once the remedy had dealt with the injury, it will move on to anti-doting the injections. So stop when that happens. And don’t be shy about consulting with a professional homeopath if you’re unsure about the treatment

Shingles, Chicken Pox, And Herpes – What's The Connection?

Shingles, chicken pox, and herpes … are they related? More than you may think. Shingles, also called herpes zoster, is a viral skin infection caused by varicella zoster. This is the same herpes virus that causes chickenpox.

After chickenpox is contracted, varicella zoster remains in the body. It is believed that herpes zoster results due to the reactivation of varicella zoster. But what would cause the virus to become reactivated? The most common cause for varicella zoster reactivation is a compromised immune system. People at risk for developing shingles include:

–older adults

– People with HIV / AIDS

– people using steroid therapy

–those with Hodgkin's disease

– People sufferings from certain lymphomas

– patients with leukemia

– patients receiving radiation therapy

– patients receiving chemotherapy

–anyone who has recently had a major organ transplant

Can you contract shingles, chicken pox, and herpes in the same way?

The short answer is yes and no …

–Chicken pox is typically a childhood illness that is highly contagious. Herpes (types 1 and 2) is acquired through casual and intimate contact.

–Herpes type 1 most often affects your body above the waist. Infections that occur below the waist are typically caused by Herpes type 2 (genital herpes can also be caused by HSV1).

–Shingles is contracted differently. If you come in contact with someone who has herpes zoster, you will not contract the disease. Instead, you would contract chicken pox if you had not previously acquired the disease in childhood. If you have not had chicken pox before, avoid contact with people who have herpes zoster if lesions are uncoovered. Lesions that are covered appear to pose very little risk to demographics at risk.

The Risk of Rubella to Babies

German measles is a highly infectious disease caused by the rubella virus. The symptoms of the disease include fever, waving of the lymph nodes, and rash that appears to any part of the body. German measles rarely occurs in infants, but carries an array of serious complications like mental retardation, heart defects and deafness. Rubella usually attacks pregnant women in their fourth month and could cause birth defects. Doctor's advises pregnant women for virus vaccine immunization to avoid acquiring German measles. The disease causes serious malformation to the fetus, often subject to therapeutic abortion, and could also cause miscarriage to pregnant women. Gamma globulin a mixture of protein in the blood, is given to pregnant women to prevent the disease.

German measles is highly contagious to child bearing women during the first trimester of pregnancy. The earlier a woman acquires rubella during her pregnancy, the greater the risk of her baby. In a span of 10 weeks, the risk of rubella is reduced, although the infant may develop eye and hearing defects. During the second trimester of pregnancy, around 14-15 weeks, risk of rubella is apparent; babies are still at risk of sight and hearing complications. However, they will only experience it as they grow older. In the third trimester, the unborn baby could still acquire rubella, and if a mother has rubella the physician orders for an immediate diagnostic procedure, to determine if the baby is affected.

MMR (measles, mumps, Rubella) is a vaccine developed to fight rubella. The first dose is given 12-15 months in age, followed by the booster to be administrated after 4 weeks. MMR vaccine comes with side effects; babies could manifest fever, rash after 1-2 weeks after the vaccine has been introduced. Some babies may have allergic reactions to the vaccine. Lymph swelling is an immune response of the body to the vaccine. Low platelet count is a rare side effect of MMR; Neurological side effects are coincidental, although it should be treated. The MMR vaccine has a small error rate; some people do not produce the antibodies needed to rubella after vaccination. Another possibility is that the vaccine wares off after a long period of time.

Consistency With Human Resources

Consistent human resources practices are desirable for (at least) five sets of reasons. First, there are some obvious technical benefits of consistency. For example, a firm choosing to invest heavily in training its employees will see increased value in careful screening of applicants and in practices that are intended to decrease turnover. When on-the-job training accumulates over a period of years, practices that reward seniority (and thus reduce turnover among employees with longer tenure) make sense. When the firm employs informal training, provided by more senior workers to their more junior colleagues, seniority-based rewards also help by putting senior workers at no disadvantage when they share their knowledge. To cite another example, a firm that wishes to broaden its workforce (hiring, say, more women and minorities) may find it relatively advantageous to move to a cafeteria-style benefits plan. These reasons all pertain to single-employee consistency. At the same time, temporal consistency and among-employee consistency have different (and fairly obvious) technical benefits, having to do with economizing on costs of administration.

A second set of reasons why consistency is desirable concerns the psychology of perception and cognition. From basic psychology, we know that messages are more salient and recalled better when the multiple stimuli being transmitted are simple and support the same theme, as in an effective advertising campaign. Consistency, which also entails simplicity (i.e., everything follows the same basic principles), is thus desirable because it aids in the learning process that individuals must undertake, to understand what is expected of them and what they can expect in turn.

For example, owing to their technologies, some firms find that they must give their personnel wide discretion in some (but not all) matters. In these cases, the firms must choose whether to provide direct incentives for employees to perform as desired versus using indirect control based on the perception of mutual interests. When it comes to other activities that these individuals perform, the firm may be able to monitor its personnel quite closely and thus control them by rules. Should the firm use rules? The choice depends on how the firm aims to control its employees in the first set of activities. If the firm chooses close supervision of those activities that can be closely supervised, its employees may infer that they are not trusted and adjust their behavior accordingly by acting in ways that are consistent with not being trusted. Control of the first set of activities by trust will then be compromised: Employees will infer that they are not trusted (and thus not trustworthy), and react accordingly.

This category of reasons-largely about single-employee consistency as phrased above-can is extended to among-employee and temporal consistency. In most cases, an employee assumes that how she and others have been treated in the past, as well as how other similarly situated employees are being treated contemporaneously provides good data for how she can expect to be treated now and in the future. Consequently, if human resources practices changed frequently or varied considerably across similar employees, the process of learning what to expect and what is expected would be seriously impaired.

A third category of reasons for pursuing consistent human resources practices involves social forces. Consistency in the sense of congruence with external social norms and preconceptions – aids learning. It is easier to mold individuals’ tastes and expectations when the organization’s practices consistently (and symbolically) mimic previously internalized patterns of relationships in other contexts, whether these patterns are akin to an anonymous marketplace (dog-eat-dog) or a family relationship (mutual caring).

A fourth advantage of consistent human resources practices relates to recruitment and selection. Workers are not all alike, and they will do better or worse in a given organization according to how well they are matched to its attributes. Just to keep turnover costs in line, the firm should hope that prospective employees can understand the nature of employment on offer, so that mismatch and concomitant quits don’t result. Indeed, even if a somewhat mismatch worker doesn’t quit, he may be less happy and productive if the job doesn’t fit his tastes in employment.

Consistency in human resources practices allows for better initial matches in three ways. First, insofar as consistency promotes understanding, prospective employees are better able to comprehend at the outset what they are getting themselves into. Second, to the extent that there are correlations among the preferences of a given worker-for example, someone who feels comfortable with performance-based compensation also desires similar hard-edged practices when it comes to promotion criteria, benefits, decision-making authority, and the like-then clusters of human resources practices that are consistent in matching those correlations will achieve better matches. Third, individuals may have a taste for co-workers who have the same preferences they do-warm and fuzzy types may not interact well with very competitive types-and consistent human resources practices, insofar as they lead to a workforce that is homogeneous in terms of such preferences, may promote teamwork and worker cohesion.

The Neuroscience of Leading, Managing People

Scan the article time – 30 seconds.

Time to Actually become proficient: 90 days of conscious practice and repetition.

The Dynamic: Mind is to brain as driver is to car.

Operating Assumption: Everything happens in relationship.

Genius Leaders / Managers: Are highly skilled in emotional intelligence – the currency of relationships.

Operating Principle: Everyone is looking to be lead, no one wants to be managed.

Neuroscience yields intriguing insights into leader-follower dynamics.

We've discovered some fascinating things about mirror neurons – mirror what's?

A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when:

(a) an animal acts and

(b) when the animal observes the same action performed by another.

This means that the neuron "mirrors" the behaviors of the other, as though the observer were itself acting.

If I see you taking an action, the premotor cortex neurons in my brain

that make that action happen – fire.

I get an itch to do what I see you doing – which is the stuff of neuroscience.

Whether I choose to scratch my itch is influenced by my mind – my psychology.

The premotor cortex is a region in the motor cortex that sits inside the frontal lobe of my brain.

The motor cortex is involved in the planning, control, and execution of voluntary motor functions.

The same thing goes on with the neurons in the region of one's brain that indicates intent.

Not only do we tend to mirror the actions in each others' brains;

We also mirror the reason for each others' actions in our brains.

So the best thing a leader / manager can do is to be a "good" model for people to itch to emulate. This is especially important for modeling the stated values ​​of the organization if management really wants employees to enact those values.

Which leads to leader / manager-follower brutal fact # 1:

The behaviors a leader / manager gets from her / his followers are – for better or for worse – the behaviors s / he has tailed her / his followers to itch to do.

This one reason why leader / manager self-awareness can be such a powerful insight when combined with Stephen Coveys' motto, "Keep the end in mind."

It's a good thing for parents, too.

Nursing Care For Flu Patients

Swine flu has been given a significant amount of attention in the media in recent months as healthcare workers and the general public prepare for the next wave of flu infection to hit the US

Understanding how the flu virus can cause infection in the body and the resulting symptoms can greatly increase your chances of detecting the virus early on to minimize the potential complications that can arise.

There are a lot of articles on the web right now that play into the media attention being given to Swine Flu. These articles emphasize the risks of contracting Swine Flu, the death rates in countries with minimal health care, and the need to protect the population from this flu.

But what is a virus? How does a virus work? How does it go about making us sick?
It's good to know the death rates and risk of the virus, but we also need to have an idea of ​​what to expect when we contract a virus. Knowing how the virus goes about infecting the cell and causing damage to the body gives us an indication of ways we can prevent the virus from attacking us in the future.

We also need to know the symptoms of viral infection. Just informing people that there is a risk of swine flu infection is not helpful. People need to understand the symptoms that are expressed when we contract the Swine Flu, and the symptoms of potential complications to the flu that need to be watched for.

Viruses are basically just a set of genetic information collected in a protective coating that uses a host cell to reproduce. As they do this, they cause negative effects in the body that we perceive as illness.

There are multiple types of viruses out there, but the flu virus tends to get the most attention. It can make us sick as a dog, giving us chills, head aches, muscle aches, and general misery for weeks at a time. We try to prevent catching the flu by washing our hands, staying in during flu season, and taking our flu shots when they become available.

So why are not flu shots always effective? What is it about Swine Flu that is so horrible? How can we prevent this disease? Is there anything we can do to treat Swine Flu if we have caught it? Who is at risk for this illness?

Again, lots of media attention has been given to death rates in 3rd World countries, complications from the flu, and the increasing panic of people thinking they are at risk for contracting the flu. There are even signs up in the airports warning passengers of the risk of Swine Flu. But do we really understand it?

There are a few articles I've found that give detailed information on the processes a virus uses to infect a host cell, the ways it makes us sick, and provides good information for those who are at risk for contracting the virus and those area already sick. They also discusses the current hunt for an effective vaccine against Swine Flu and the debate the government is currently having over releasing the vaccine without typical safety testing. Check them out if you want to know more!

Natural Lumbago Treatment With Homeopathy and Diet

Quality natural lumbago treatment always focusses on the initial cause (if known), any maintaining causes (that may prevent natural healing) as well as the fastest, most gentle and most effective resolution.

Lumbago is a loose label for any lower back pain in either the soft tissue (muscles, tendons) or joints. The initial cause could be from an injury such as from an accident, from over lifting, from lifting the wrong way or from a twisting motion of your back, especially when lifting or carrying something heavy or awkward at the same time.

It can also come about from a lack of support of your spinal tendons. This may allow discs to keep slipping out of position.

It can also come about from bone, and so disc, degeneration, either from wear of cartilage or from bone density deterioration.

Homeopathic treatment works by bringing your immune system up to the point that it can do the job it was created to do – heal you and prevent disease occurring. This can require too specialized knowledge for many people, as the right medicines for your symptoms must be made, as well as the right order of these medicines.

So consulting with a professional homeopath would be the safest and easiest way. However, there are many home prescribing medicines which can also help.

Rhus tox is almost a specific for effective natural lumbago treatment as most lumbago sufferers have the same symptoms. These are typically:

  • lower back pain which improves with heat (hot packs, hot showers)
  • stiffness when sitting or starting to move
  • an improvement with pressure (massage, leaning against something hard, a hard mattress, etc)
  • an improvement with continued motion
  • cervical (neck) pain which improves by stretching and bending your head forward
  • cause can be injury, but not necessarily

If these symptoms match yours, you may find that Rhus tox can give you temporary relief at worse, or permanent at best.

However, it is also worth remembering that animal protein requires calcium to digest. Humans, in our wisdom, remove the naturally occurring bones from meat before ingesting it. So your body looks for other sources of calcium to digest the meat. Bones are a pretty good source of calcium.

Refined sugar also requires calcium to digest. So if your diet is high in animal protein and / or refined sugar, it's illegally that you'll have a high bone density count.

Cutting them out from your diet completely for about a month, will allow your natural calcium levels to recover. Then limiting these foods will ensure it remains at a healthy level.

Sciatica From Herniated Discs

Sciatica from herniated discs is one of the main diagnostic theories used to explain the majority of lower body radiculopathy issues. Sciatica, by definition, is nerve pain and related symptoms sourced in the spine, but experienced in the buttocks, legs and / or feet. Being that disc desiccation and herniations are naturally universal in the lumbar spinal region, it is no surprise that almost every person with sciatica symptoms will also have disc issues which may be blamed for their occurrence. However, research statistics clearly reveal little, if any, correlation between intervertebral disc issues and any variety of back pain, including sciatica.

Herniated discs can result from injury or normal spinal degeneration. Herniations are most common in the lower cervical and lower lumbar intervertebral levels. Herniated discs at L4 / L5 and L5 / S1 are the most prevalent targets of brake for sourcing sciatica pain. While it is certainly possible that a bulging or ruptured disc can enact sciatica pain, tingling, weakness or numbness in the back, buttocks, legs or feet, most herniations are coincidental to any pain experienced. This has been proven time and time again in more clinical studies than can be cited. However, this does not stop even the most innocent minor herniations from being theorized as the cause of pain in many sciatica sufferers.

A herniated disc itself is not painful. Traumatic injury to the back pain can certainly cause pain and a fresh disc injury may hurt for a while. However, unless the disc influences some other spinal structure, the pain is not likely to last for more than a few weeks. The possible mechanisms which can create chronic pain in herniated disc patients are as follows:

* Spinal stenosis can reduce or cut off nerve supply of the actual spinal cord, possibly enacting dire symptoms. Although diagnosed often in combination with herniations, actual symptomatic spinal stenosis is more often the result of arthritic osteophyte buildup within the spinal canal.

* Foraminal stenosis is the proverbial pinched nerve. In these cases, the disc bulges into the space through which the spinal nerve roots leave the spinal column. In many cases, the disc is said to "impinge", "encroach upon" or "compress" the affected nerve root. The result may be painful short term, but will enable complete objective numbness and weakness in a specific set of muscular tissues in the long term. Once again, this rarely occurs and most pinched nerve diagnoses do not even account for the lack of correlation between symptoms experienced and symptoms expected.

* Chemical radiculitis is thought to exist in some patients with particularly sensitive neurological tissues. This diagnosis comes into play when a ruptured disc or disc with an annular tear spills the nucleus proteins to near nerve tissues. This protein may be irritating to some people, but not others. Chemical radiculitis is a highly controversial theory of pain which may apply in some cases, but not in all. Even when the diagnosis is accurate, it would not likely explain sciatica pain, but may provide an answer to localized back pain.

* Discogenic pain may be diagnosed when the small nerves in the endplates are affected mechanically or when they are exposed to irritating protein inside the disc. In some cases, these end nerves may grow into the disc, enacting pain. However, being that these nerves are so small and not known for their sensory properties, this theory is once again highly controversial and would never explain sciatica, since these nerves are localized only.

Sciatica is a radiculopathy process, and like most nerve pain issues, is rarely traced back to definitive structural compression concerns. In my experience, the majority of patients with any type of lower body radiculopathy are not suffering from a spinal causation, but are instead being victimized by a regional oxygen deprivation syndrome which is affecting the entire sciatic nerve. This explains both the treatment-resistant nature of the pain, as well as the typical symptoms which are far too widespread to be explained from the working medical diagnosis. I routinely advise many patients to consider this explanation for their pain if they have tried everything for their diagnosed condition and have not found lasting relief …

Model Cars – How To Display and Care For Your Diecast Car Collection

Collecting Diecast Model Cars can become addictive. So if you are spending large sums of money on diecast model cars it is important that you protect your investment. You could leave the cars in their boxes hidden up in your attic this would protect them but as some of these models are feats of miniature engineering they deserve to be out on show and admired by all.

Displaying Your Diecast Model Cars

If you are just getting started in the world of model car collecting then a quick way to display your model is to buy ready made 1:18 scale display case. These consist of a base in either wood or plastic and a clear Perspex top which forms the lid. You need to unscrew your car from its original packaging and place it on the display case’s plinth. There are no screw holes in the plinth so the display case needs to sit on a flat surface and you can use a small amount of double sided tape under the tyre to stop the model from rolling about if your display case is knocked. All you have to do now is simply place the lid on to the base. Your model is now protected from being bashed and from becoming dusty.

As you collection of model cars grows a cabinet may become a good idea to hold your investment. Some of the model manufactures like AutoArt produce a variety of wall mounted units with sliding doors. Some of these cabinets have mirrored shelves and backs to give a different view of your model without having to touch the car.

If you need even more space for your model car collection you maybe in the market for a custom made unit. Remember large cabinets with multiple shelves may need lights to make your models shine. LED lights are always a good choice as they do not have the heat of a tungsten spot light so you won’t risk melting your car collection.

It is important to place your cabinet out of direct sunlight as it can cause the paint on your model to fade.

Cleaning Your Diecast Model Cars

If you keep your diecast model is in a display case you will avoid the worst of the dust but from time to time you will need to clean your models. Avoid washing your models to clean them as they are difficult to dry properly. Instead the best way to clean them is to use a compressed air canister and a modelers paint brush. The seats can be wiped down with a damp cloth. If the paintwork appears a little flat using a car detailing wax on a soft microfibre cloth will add an extra little shine. Be careful not to rub the model to hard especially around the stickers and badges.

Hopefully by taking these simple steps will keep your diecast model cars in excellent condition and still be able to enjoy your collection.

Please see further information on our website about caring for your Diecast Model Car Collection.