Male Pattern Baldness on One Side – What is the Real Cause?

You cannot have male pattern baldness on one side of your head. If you have hair loss that affects only one spot, other than the crown or top of the head, then you do not have the same problem that affects about half of all men by the time they reach the age of 50.

If the spotty hair loss occurred suddenly, you need to see your doctor. A cause should be determined as soon as possible. Spotty hair loss is sometimes caused by exposure to toxins, nutritional deficiency or more commonly from physical or psychological stress.

Because the hair-producing follicles go through cycles, a stressful event that occurs today will cause sudden hair loss in about two months. The hair will start to fall out in handfuls. The condition is referred to as Telogen effluvium.

Telogen effluvium is self-resolving. There is no need for any treatment except patience, unless the stress on the body was caused by another health problem. Either way, it is best to consult your doctor.

Of course, men’s heads are different due to genetics and development while in the womb. Something that happened during the birth process could also have changed the shape of the head. So, it could look like a man had male pattern baldness on one side more than on the other. But, the patterns of hair loss are very consistent. That’s why it’s called that.

There is a saying that wearing a tight hat causes hair loss. While that’s not likely to be true, wearing a hat does cause breakage and split ends. If the scalp and the hats are not washed frequently, a skin infection can occur, which, if left untreated can cause hair loss.

You might think that you have male pattern baldness on one side only, because the process is just starting. If you are between the ages of 18 and 41, your father or one of your grandfathers was bald or balding, you likely have the beginnings of androgenic alopecia. If you start treatment now, you may be able to stop the process. The condition can start at older ages. Usually, some alopecia is seen by the age of 50. By the age of 80, there will be an obvious problem, if going bald “runs” in your family.

Regardless of your age or family history, if you think that you have male pattern baldness on one side, only, you should check with your doctor. Just don’t accept a prescription for finasteride. Sold under the brand name Propecia in the US and Proscar in other parts of the world, the drug is accompanied by serious side effects that do not resolve when a person stops taking it.

Hormonal specialists recommend against the use of Finasteride, because it can cause erectile dysfunction that is very difficult to treat. There are safe and effective treatments for hair loss. If what you see as male pattern baldness on one side turns out to be age or hormone-related hair loss, try the safe approaches, before you resort to anything else.

What Are Cysts and How They Can Be Removed From the Water You Drink

Cysts are the one celled, egg-like phases of some protozoans. Some are found in water and while a number are harmless, others such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium cysts can lead to disease. It’s difficult to kill these cysts because they’re protected by a tough outer membrane that resists even chlorine bleach.

People ingest cysts by drinking contaminated water, which are deposited in lakes, rivers and streams through human and animal waste. The Cryptosporidium cyst leads to a disease called cryptosporidiosis, whose symptoms start between two and 10 days after the person has ingested the cysts. The main symptom is a watery diarrhea that’s accompanied by cramps, fever, nausea, vomiting and weight loss. The diarrhea and vomiting can become severe enough to leave the person dehydrated. Giardiasis has similar symptoms and can affect the person for years.

Giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis are dangerous for people who have a weakened immune system, though healthy people usually recover from the maladies. Still, it’s not unusual for patients with Giardiasis or cryptosporidiosis to relapse before the disease goes away completely.

Water Filters and Cysts

Though shocking water with chlorine doesn’t destroy the Giardia and Cryptosporidium cysts, they can still be kept out of drinking water. One way is through a water filtration system based on activated carbon or charcoal. Cysts are quite large when compared to the pores in these filters, and about 99 percent of them can be prevented from entering the drinking water. Users should look for systems that have an absolute pore size of 1 micron or lower.

The good news about activated charcoal filters is that they can be attached to the point of use, such as individual faucets. They are inexpensive and do not need to be installed by a plumber. They are also available as pour-through pitchers. The filters need to be replaced now and then, and the job should not be done by someone who has a compromised immune system.

Reverse Osmosis

Another water filtration system that works against both types of cysts is reverse osmosis. Reverse osmosis uses a semi-permeable membrane to block toxins and pathogens but is more complex than an activated carbon system. It is best installed by a plumber either where the water enters the building or at point of use.

A filter system should have a label that tells the buyer that it can remove Giardia or Cryptosporidium specifically or that it has been tested for either cyst removal or cyst reduction. Inferior filters remove Giardia but allow the smaller Cryptosporidium cyst to pass through.

These water filtration systems prove that it is quite possible to prevent disease-causing cysts from entering drinking water. This goes a long way in supporting the health of members of a household.

Heart Disease Is the No.1 Killer and We Know How to Prevent It – Why Don’t We?

In my conversations with my patients, they are often surprised by 2 facts that don’t seem to go together.

1. That heart disease is the leading cause of death and disability in the world.

2. That the vast majority of heart disease is preventable.

And you also may think, how can this be? How can the leading cause of death and disability be mostly preventable and yet remain the leading cause of death and disability?

The answer of course is complex, but here is why I believe we can’t rely on others to look out for our heart’s health. We need to do it ourselves.

Losing the War

It is clear that we are losing the war on heart disease. Sure we have amazing procedures and medications, but they can only do so much. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death and disability in the world.

What is particularly troublesome about this is that we know exactly how to keep your Heart healthy. Take care of 7 common sense aspects of health and your risk of heart disease is decreased by 80%. Really, 80%!

And the benefits don’t end with the Heart. These 7 good health factors cut your risk of stroke by 50%, your risk of cancer by a third and are the most effective ways to prevent dementia.

Life’s Simple 7

What are these 7 magical things? The American Heart Association calls them “Life’s Simple 7” and they are:

  • Get Active
  • Stop Smoking
  • Eat Better
  • Manage Blood Pressure
  • Control Cholesterol
  • Reduce Blood Sugar
  • Lose Weight

So, not particularly surprising, mostly common sense, but when taken care of, remarkably effective at improving health, the length and the quality of life.

And how are we doing with this knowledge?

By just about any criteria, the answer is poorly. More than 9 million people die each year from heart disease. When you add stroke (the combination of stroke and heart attacks doctors call cardiovascular disease), that is 15 million deaths per year or about a death every 2 seconds)

Now back to our original question. How can this be? How can the leading cause of death and disability be mostly preventable and yet remain the leading cause of death and disability?

Follow the Money

It’s a good question, and no doubt the reasons are complex, but one factor undoubtedly is that a lot of money is made when we are sick.

The financial success of the tobacco industry, the fast food industry, the soft drink industry, the healthcare industry, the pharmaceutical industry and many others depends on you making choices that make your heart sick.

But it doesn’t have to be that way. You don’t have to pay the bottom line of big industry with your life. It is important for you to know that your future health is in your hands.

I will continue to talk about simple steps that can keep your heart in the game.

Because You – and your heart – deserve it.

Panic Attacks Cure – Survival Techniques

All of us experience panic in varying degrees when we encounter difficult situations and problems in life. However if you get panic attacks for no rhyme or reason for smallest issues, where it is totally uncalled for – it is a cause of concern and time for you to confront the problem.

Attempting to find your panic attacks cure does not necessarily require you to approach a psychiatrist and start taking pills. Try to analyze your own behavior each day to ascertain the panic attacks cause if possible. Begin from the comforts of your home .Your home your heaven the place where you relax and share your feelings with loved ones.

As soon as you wake up each morning say a mental prayer before you actually get out of your bed. Mentally reassure yourself that the day would be great and think of all positive things that life has offered you. Do not compartmentalize and analyze the negatives. Look at the total picture, the way life has granted you in totality and ignore the negatives as far as possible. As for your ailment, be positive and certain that there is a way out there which will definitely serve as your panic attacks cure.

Once you get out of bed, try to look and listen to the chirping birds. Pull your curtains and look at your surroundings. That did make a list of things that you desire to accomplish for each day. Keep this list with you to strike off activities as and when you complete them by the day. Crossing of items from the list will give you a sense of accomplishment in addition to serving as a reminder.

Stress is attributed as one of primary reason for panic and anxiety disorders. Get a hold on your stress levels, take a break from work if required. Combined with caffeine, stress causes a lot of emotional damage so stay away from coffee too as far as possible.

Exercise of any form for half an hour each day is an indirect panic attacks cure. Be it sports, gym or a walk in park, exercise reduces your stress levels and hence the panic attacks too.

Lack of adequate rest or sleep is yet another factor which may be causing panic attacks. Inadequate sleep over prolonged period of time causes constant fatigue, increases your stress and hence the panic attacks too. The importance of obtaining adequate sleep can not be overemphasized and this is one of the simplest remedies which can easily be incorporated into your panic attacks cure regimen.

In summary, a few lifestyle changes to keep stress at bay and make you feel relaxed accompanied by a good eight hours of sleep each day will help you overcome anxiety and serve as panic attacks cure. Needless to say the lifestyle changes incorporated into your routine must be for keeps. Be patient, determined and consistent in your efforts to have a hold over life and live the way you want to. If possible join anxiety support groups close to your residence to be in touch with people suffering from panic attacks. Interacting with such groups is bound to increase your self confidence and bring you one step closer to your goal of being panic free.

Causes of Brain Cancer

Abnormal growth of the cells in the brain is termed as brain tumor. This type of tumor may begin in the brain itself or arise as an offshoot from other types of cancers. Primary tumor or cancer that originates in the brain is of many types such as meningioma, acoustic neuroma, pineoblastoma, ependymoma and oligodendroglioma. The name of the cancer is derived from the type of cell that the cancer originates from. Brain cancer is almost always lethal and could lead to a suite of other health problems. Due to its highly intrinsic nature, brain cancer study is going on at a very slow pace.

The top 3 causes of brain cancer are:

DNA Mutation

Cancer occurs when the cell loses its ability to die. In plain speaking, the cells become immortal. And they start multiplying quickly and proliferate at great speeds. It is believed that this change occurs in the cell due to a mutation (change) in the DNA structure of the cell. The abnormal cells have no place to move and start lumping in the location, creating bumps or tumors that we see. Soon, these cells start infecting other cells and make them cancerous.

Age and Gender

Although people of all ages have the risk of getting brain cancer, the rate of occurrence becomes higher with increasing age. Statistics has shown that men are more prone to this brain disease than women. Females, on the other hand, have more non-cancerous type of tumors.


Genetic conditions also have a major role in causing cancer. Children of cancer patients are more prone to this disease.

Medical Conditions

It has been found that those suffering from medical conditions such as Neurofibromatosis, Turcot syndrome, Gorlin syndrome, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, AIDS and Li-Fraumeni syndrome are more prone to cancer.

Miscellaneous Causes

The harmful UV rays have been found to be one of the major causes of skin cancer. Whether these rays damage the cells of the brain is yet to be studied. Smoking, alcohol, hair dye and other chemicals are believed to be carcinogens (cancer-causing agents). Recently there are a lot of studies about how use of mobile phones could be linked to brain cancer. Some research studies also link brain cancer to living in proximate to areas that have high power lines. It is believed that children who are exposed to radiotherapy for other treatments could have a higher risk of brain cancer.

Common Cold Cure – Herbs And Ayurvedic Remedies, Common Cold Treatment

Common cold is the most common dosha disorder affecting human animals. Everyone has suffered from common cold at some point or other in their lives. Its symptoms are too well-known. In Ayurveda, this very ordinary ailment is called as Pratishyaya.

All the three doshas are responsible for the occurrence of common cold. Vata dosha common colds have dry coughs, little mucus discharge, hoarse voice, headache and a runny nose. People with pitta dosha who have common colds will have fever, sore throat, yellowish nasal discharge and continuous blockage of the nose. People with kapha dosha common colds have thick mucus discharges with dull heads and heaviness of the head.

(1) Use Herbs in the Treatment of Common Colds

– Bishop's Weed (Trachyspermum ammi) Bishop's weed has the power to open up clogged nasal passes. Its seeds are tied in a cloth and inhaled directly to clear congestions. It is very effective in treating nasal blockages in children.

– Cassia (Cassis fistula) Cassia roots are effective in treating cold. The roots are burnt and the smoke from them is inhaled. The mucus discharge will increase after such a treatment, but within a while it will stop completely.

– Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) Cinnamon is boiled in a glass of water with a pinch of pepper and honey. This reduces the sore problems and also anticipates the cold from becoming chronic, or developing into something serious like pneumonia or influenza.

– Cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum) Cumin seeds are antiseptic. So they have beneficial effects if the cold is accompanied with fever. It is also helpful in treating the throat irritations.

– Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Ginger extract taken several times a day is an excellent remedy for treating coughs that accompanies common colds. Ginger tea is also very effective in treating colds.

– Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum) Chewing a few leaves of tulsi (holy basil) will remedy sore throat problems. An extract of the leaves boiled in water can be used as a drink for the same benefits.

– Onion (Allium cepa) Onion has the power to liquefy the phlegm. This makes the sticky mucus runny and it is discharged out of the nose.

(2) Dietary Treatments for Common Colds

– Common cold patients are typically advised to fast for one day so that the body toxins wash out. Then the patients can have hot vegetable soups, or steamed vegetables with little or no spices in them. Foods that are difficult to digest such as cheese, yoghurt, milk, oily and spicy foods and sweets must be avoided.

– Hot foods are advisable when you have a common cold. Hot chicken soup is a traditionally known remedy for common cold.

3 Ayurvedic Treatment for Common Colds

– Bhringasava is the prescribed Ayurvedic remedy for common colds. This is generally prescribed in quantities of 15 ml thrice a day for seven days.

– The nasal drops called Anutaila are also prescribed by many Ayurvedic doctors. Other common medicines are Vyoshaadi vati, Kantara Arya Ava Lehya, Tribhuvana Keerti, etc. These preparations must be taken in time to prevent the cold from getting converted into flu.

– Trikatu powder is recommended to be taken with honey. This decrees the inflammation of the respiratory tract. Shadbindu taila can be used as nasal drops. This is to be used twice daily as long as the symptoms of the common cold are felt.

(4) Home Medications

– Take a pinch of salt. Put a few drops of mustard oil in it and blend it till the oil loses its fluidity. Dab this mixture on the nostrils, neck and chest. It will tingle a bit, but the relief will be fast.

– Mix some jaggery and black pepper together. Boil this in water. Sip this quickly when hot as you do with tea.

– Squeeze the juice of two lemons in a glass of water. Put sugar to sweeten the mixture. This must be taken at bedtime to seek relief from the nasal catarrh.

– One more remedy is to blend nutmeg and opium with cow's milk into a paste. This is to be applied on the nose and the forehead while going to bed.

– Mixing black pepper, cinnamon, cardamom and the seeds of the Nigella sativa (Krishna Jeeraka), and using it as a snuff helps in opening severely congested nasal passes.

– Before going to bed, apply eucalyptus oil on the forehead, chest and the nostrils in the night. Then wrap yourself in a warm blanket and go to sleep. You will sweat profusely in the night, but let that happen. In the morning, the common cold will disappear, and so will any fever if present.

– It is not advisable to remain in a cramped room when you have a common cold. Open the windows and let the air pass, but do not do this if it is cold outside. Take some walk in the fresh air and get enough rest.

Another point to note is that common cold is infectious. Here, if you have gotten common cold, you should take all due precaution that it does not pass on to others. Do not go near infants and children as they are the most vulnerable to attracting common cold. Also use a handkerchief when you cough or sneeze. Keep your utensils separate.

Keeping a Dream Diary – Good Reasons to Maintain a Dream Diary

The world enterprises different types of sleepers. Some fall sleep the minute their heads hit the pillow. Others lie wake for some time and ponder over the events of the day. Some people are totally uninterested in their dreams; they consider dreams to be insignificant, senseless images of the night. Others are deeply interested in dreams and consider them as symbols of great intelligence and wisdom.

If you are interested in dreams, the idea of ​​lucid dreaming and dream control will fascinate you. You can easily learn lucid dreaming and have loads of fun in your dreams.

To learn lucid dreaming, you must study your sleep patterns and know your dreams. To know your dreams better, you bought to remember them, and the best way to learn dream recall is to maintain a dream diary.

Your dream diary is not like an ordinary diary. You must keep it by the side of your bed with a pen or a pencil near it. Place a flashlight too. Now, if you wake up at midnight with a dream fresh in your memories, you can just switch on the flashlight and make a note of it before the dream disappears in the mists of time.

Writing your dreams down immediately after waking up is of paramount importance. This is because dreams are elusive. If you postone making an entry into your dream diary, you will never make it because you will not remember it. Dreams should be recorded before your brain gets busy with other activities. That is why a dream diary is placed by the side of your bed.

Every night, before you go to sleep, affirm that you will remember your dreams. Write down the date in your dream diary, and go to sleep. The minute you wake up, make an entry into your diary, along with the time.

Do not worry if you can not remember your dreams perfectly. Write down whatever you can remember, and even if you can not remember anything, write down what you feel at the moment. With time, you will find that your ability to remember your dreams will become better and better. And soon, you will be able to remember your dreams with ease. You might then feel the need to fill up entire pages of your diary, an exercise that may exhaust you, especially when done at midnight.

Why maintain a dream diary? Maintaining a dream diary is the first step to learn lucid dreaming. You will never be able to achieve lucidity if you can not recall your dreams. And nothing can help you recall your dreams better than a dream diary.

Umbilical Hernia – a Harmless Form of Hernia – Signs and Treatment

Umbilical hernia is the least dangerous type of hernia and it appears very often at new born babies. It is a harmless illness that develops in the area of ​​the belly-button, or umbilicus. A number of new-born children have a weakness in the muscles located in that area and after they are born and the umbilical cord (the cord through which the mother gives her child all the substances that he needs to survive) is cut off, because of this weaknesses the muscles give in to the pressure and allow a small opening to appear, through which abdominal content comes out and creates a lump or a bulge.

In some cases babies appeared to feel pain on and around the bulge. Many mothers believe that if they constantly put a coin on the bulge and push it inside it will actually disappear. No scientific studies were performed to test this method, so it is not known if it works or not. Although most of the umbilical hernia cases appear at a very young age, sometimes the muscles around the umbilicus can fail when the patient has reached adulthood too, if the person in cause is doing work that uses the abdominal muscles a lot and creates the same weakness that babies are born with.

The symptoms of umbilical hernia are represented only by the bulge that appears and nothing more. In most cases this lump pushes itself back inside if the baby is sitting on his back, but when he coughs, sneezes, or stands straight it is very visible.

Umbilical hernia does not require any treatment, it only needs to be kept under constant observation. This is because almost all umbilical hernias heal themselves before the child reaches three or four years of age. If the baby's bulge is too big it will close itself in a very long time, or it will not close at all, so in these case a visit to the doctor for an advice is needed. If the doctor decrees that the umbilical hernia is indeed to big and there are also small cases that it incarcerates (which happens very rarely) then he may recommend surgical treatment. Umbilical hernia is not usually treated through surgery because infections are vulnerable to anesthesia so it's better to let it close by itself rather than to encounter complications in surgery. However, if the child has passed the age of four and he still has the hernia surgery is recommended and at that age anesthesia is no longer a danger.

Many parents are applying 'home-made' tehniques to the umbilical hernia of their child, like forcing it to withdrawal by putting adhesive tape on it or by constantly putting a book or a similar object on the bulge. These methods are not recommended and they can cause irritations or infections to the baby's sensitive skin.

In conclusion, umbilical hernia is a harmless condition that heals itself in 90% of the cases, so the best thing you can do is to get a doctor's advice and then wait for it to heal without trying to speed up the process with unreformed methods.

Symptoms and Treatment of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the spinal cord and / or on spinal nerves as they leave the spine. Compression of the nerve interferes with communication between the brain and the body, and results in sensory problems or loss of function to an area of ​​the body. Compression can occur in the spinal canal, in the nerve root canals or the intervertebral foramen. It can be localized to one area or widespread through a section of the spine.


Spinal stenosis can be congenital or acquired. Congenital conditions that cause spinal stenosis include scoliosis, a congenitally narrow spinal column or a bone defect called achondroplasia.

Most spinal stenosis is acquired, usually as a result of aging, and it usually appears in individuals over 50 years old. Women are more prone to it than men. Normal degenerative changes that occur with aging are most often to blame, especially if arthritis is also present. Spinal stenosis can also be caused by tumors or injury or as a result of another disease, such as Paget's disease.


The symptoms of spinal stenosis depend on where the narrowing is. Most spinal stenosis affects the lumbar, or lower back, area. You experience pain radiating down your leg that is relieved if you sit or bend forward. In severe cases, you could lose bowel, bladder or sexual function and have difficulty walking.

The second most common area for spinal stenosis to occur is in your neck, or cervical spine. People with cervical stenosis may feel pain radiating down an arm, or aching, numbness or tingling in the arm or leg. They may have difficulty with fine motor skills, such as picking things up with their fingers or writing, problems walking or loss of bladder and bowel control.

Symptoms typically appear gradually and get worn over time.


Conservative methods of treatment are used as long as possible. They do not cure the problem, but most people get relief from their symptoms for quite a while while doing prescribed exercises, including flexion. Most people have good results with physical therapy. Chiropractic, massage and acupuncture often help, too.

Most doctors prescribe muscle relaxers or anti-inflammatory drugs to treat the symptoms of spinal stenosis. If those do not work, epidural cortisone treatments and nerve blocks may be helpful.

Occasionally, many people need surgery to correct spinal stenosis. Outpatient arthroscopic surgery may be sufficient to open up the intervertebral foramen or to relieve pressure from surrounding structures.

Sometimes, however, the entire spinal cord must be decompressed, requiring open surgery. A decompression laminectomy may be necessary to remove enough bone and tissue to relieve the pressure on the spinal column.

Spinal stenosis can be very debilitating. Conservative treatment relieves the symptoms and allows you to function normally for quite a long time. The disease is progressive, however, and often surgery is necessary to correct the narrowing and relieve pressure on the nerve.

CD – DVD Duplication Vs CD – DVD Replication – Choosing the Correct Disc Copying Service

Many professional disc duplication companies use both duplication and replication for your CD and DVD jobs. Depending on quantity, turn-time and quality, there are circumstances that dictate the most cost-effective way to copy your CDs and DVDs. Professional duplication service companies that do short run CD and DVD duplication, and large run replication services should use high quality discs to achieve the best quality and compatibility. There are also many different methods of CD and DVD printing. However many people question the two types of CD and DVD copying methods, the following information should help you to determine the best copy method for your job.

As I outline the differences between duplication and replication services, keep the following in mind:

  • When mastered and duplicated correctly, a duplicated disc has the same quality as a replicated disc.
  • Different print options can be used on the two duplication processes to give your disc the best appearance.
  • Depending on your disc duplication service, you can choose all the same packaging and shrink-wrapping options.
  • Quality checks are used with both copying methods to ensure quality.

CD / DVD Duplication

Duplication is typically used for a shorter "short run" quantity or quick-turn copying jobs. Duplication is typically used as the standard method when copying quantities of 1 – 1500 discs. Using duplication, a master disc is used to burn (digitally transfer) your data to blank recordable disks (CD-r or DVD-r). The information is verified and the copy then accepted or rejected. Because disc-burning speed has increased greatly over the years, a professional disc duplicator will use the appropriate speed while duping different types of CDs and DVDs. For example, CD Duplication for music will be slowed to ensure playback quality.

Depending on the amount of CD and DVD duplication and printing equipment you or your duplication service providers have on hand, generally duplication is a faster method to produce 1-6000 discs. A quick-turn is more manageable because the set-up time is minimal. When provided the correct content and print ready artwork (see our next article), a duplicator can start producing burned and printed discs immediately.

DVD CD Replication

Replication is used to produce mass quantities (starting at over 1,000) of disc's. The replication process is equipped to handle large quantities and keep costs low because the process does not start with an already manufactured CD-r. The process starts with a "glass master" of your original content. Having a glass master made can take up to 1-3 days. The glass master is then used to stamp out or replicate CDs or DVDs from bulk poly-carbonite. The disc is then either screen-printed or offset printed.

Replication generally takes longer then duplication because of the extra steps of creating a glass master and creating screens for printing to complete your job. The process does take longer, but if you have a large quantity and a few extra days to spare, replication is a cheaper and better alternative for your CD or DVD copy job.


* Key tip for perfect mastering and burning a duplicated disc:

When creating your master disc, using the proper mastering format will ensure that a duplicated CD or DVD is identical to a replicated CD or DVD.

Use the below format's:

CD – Mode 1 closed, disc-at-once
DVD – UDF closed, disc-at-once

There is little difference in the CD / DVD duplicated and CD / DVD replicated finished product. In older DVD Players, there has been a slight compatibility issue between the two processes. A replicated disc will work on all CD and DVD players and computer drives. A duplicated disc will work on players that will read a DVD-R or CD-R disc. Almost all new CD and DVD players can support a duplicated CD or DVD. In Today's world, there is minimal to no difference between a duplicated or replicated disc. Customers are usually tied to one method or the other based on their quantities. However, requesting either replication or duplication based on cost, time saved and the decreasing compatibility issue can help the consumer make an educated decision.

Do You Recognize The 7 Early Warning Signs Of Catarrh?

Catarrh is a mucus discharge or blockage caused by the swapping of the mucous membranes in the nasal and sinus passages. Catarrh is usually associated with the common cold. However, it can be a symptom of other diseases and infections such as sinus infection, tonsillitis, ear infections and adenoid infections. Catarrh also occurs with allergies.

There are early warning signs of catarrh that you can be aware of. If you have these symptoms, make sure you seek treatment as soon as you can. The sooner you treat the catarrh the better. Often you can stave off a more serious infection. Sometimes catarrh can be chronic, even occurring daily. When catarrh is chronic it may be associated with an allergy. Seasonal allergies to pollen and molds account for some catarrh while year-round catarrh may be attributed to allergies to dust or animal dander.

Here are the 7 warning signs of catarrh.

1. Nasal discharge

A runny nose may be the first sign of catarrh. The nasal discharge may become thick as infection sets in. If it is clear, it may mean that the mucus is caused by an allergy. When the mucus is thick and green or yellow in color, it signals a possible infection such as sinusitis, rhinitis or bronchitis.

2. Coughing

A post-nasal drip is mucus that drips into the throat instead of coming out of the nose. This may be because the nasal passes are stuffy or swollen. The mucus can collect in the throat, inducing a coughing reaction to remove the excess phlegm.

3. Sinus pain

When the sinus cavities are blocked with thick mucus, you may feel pain in the face, particularly in the sinus areas. The face may be painful to the touch, especially in certain spots, such as the cheeks.

4. Stuffy nose

Mucus may become thick and block the nasal passes making a stuffy nose. This is often the first symptom of the sunset of a cold or allergy.

5. Sore throat

The throat may become sore due to thick mucus that flows into the throat.

6. Throat clearing

You may find yourself wanting to clear your throat often. This signals that mucus is dripping into your throat, also known as post-nasal drip.

7. Mouth breathing

You may be breathing through your mouth often, especially at night. This may be more noticeable with children who have catarrh.

There are at home remedies to treat catarrh. The best thing you can do is to try to keep the mucus thin by increasing humidity in the air. This can easily be done using a humidifier at home or in the office. Alternately, you can boil some water and inhale the steam. When the sinuses are painful, apply a hot compress to the face, which will help loosen the thick mucus.

Catarrh may signal the beginning of more serious illnesses. These may include rhinitis, sinus infection and bronchitis. Take care to treat the symptoms of catarrh seriously. If your catarrh continues to worsen or is chronic, you should consult with your doctor.

Here’s Why We Can’t Afford to Confuse Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Sufferers with the Narcissistic

Could you actually confuse someone suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, also referred to as PTSD, with the individual suffering from unhealthy levels of narcissism? Yes, I think it’s possible. It would also be a tragedy if that occurred. Let me further explain.

We know that many of the Vietnam War veterans developed problems with alcoholism or drug addiction. This probably happened because hey were trying to deal with symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Because we did not know about PTSD at the time, and we didn’t have treatments for it, veterans were left to deal with the symptoms of PTSD on their one. And indeed, to deal with the painful memories and the flashbacks, for example, many turned to alcohol and drugs to self medicate. Then, over time, they became alcoholics and drug addicts.

Some of these same veterans who developed PTSD engaged in emotional abuse and verbal abuse, using it against their wives and their children. While this certainly wasn’t a good thing, again, it wasn’t surprising because of their PTSD. Many with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder experience irritation or become angry, often at the least little provocation, too.

If you have been reading about unhealthy levels of narcissism, never mind the even more extreme version of unhealthy narcissism exhibited in Narcissistic Personality Disorder or NPD, you might think that these problematic behaviors have a familiar ring. That’s because many times, in the narcissist, we do see addictions such as alcoholism, drug addiction, and sexual addiction. Narcissists also have a propensity to engage in emotional abuse, verbal abuse, and perhaps other forms of abuse such as sexual abuse. So, if you didn’t know someone was a war veteran, but you observed addictions and abusive ways in the individual, you might suspect the person was narcissistic.

You might suspect it for other reasons, too. The war veteran might be inclined to disregard the family; he or she might isolate and not want to participate in important events meaningful to others. And, because the war veteran might appear unwilling to assume certain responsibilities, he or she might come across as lacking concern for others, or self centered. However, again, these responses likely don’t stem from narcissism, but could easily be symptoms of PTSD. Remember, those suffering from unhealthy narcissism, and certainly those who are diagnosable as having Narcissistic Personality Disorder, all display a certain number of common characteristics or traits. But the one that truly distinguishes Narcissistic Personality Disorder from the other personality disorders is the characteristic of grandiosity.

I suspect that you won’t find most war veterans to be grandiose. In fact, the majority probably won’t want to discuss what they did and the horrific things they encountered at all. And again, they might well like to isolate. If they elect to be with others, they will probably want to be around those who are war veterans like themselves. After all, they want to be with people can understand what they went through, plus the resulting emotionally painful aftermath.

But now, let’s go back and discuss why it is so important that we don’t confuse the war veterans suffering from PTSD with those suffering from narcissism. It is important because today, PTSD might be treatable in many cases, but it needs to be caught early on rather than later. Also, because it tends to impact the younger warriors more so than the older ones, and folks in their late teens and early twenties might be most apt to deny they have problems, it might be vital for others to recognize what might be going on. As a wife, other member of the family, a friend, or a concerned member of the community, you might need to quietly intervene and encourage this person to seek help.

There is no need for us to have a repeat of what happened for so many war veterans and their families after the War in Vietnam. There is hope this time around, but there also might be only a small window of opportunity to make a real difference. Ensure the veteran with PTSD doesn’t miss it.

Four Common Guinea Pig Illnesses

There are a variety of guinea pig illnesses that can affect your pet. Most conditions can be treated with better success if they’re caught early. This article will discuss some of the most common conditions that can affect cavies.


Guinea pigs are unable to make their own vitamin C, so they need it in their diets. If they don’t get enough vitamin C, then they will likely develop scurvy. Some of the main signs of this condition include diarrhea, dehydration, weight loss, and lethargy. Other common symptoms of scurvy are eye and nose discharge and difficulty walking.

Heat Stroke

Cavies can generally handle colder weather better than they can hotter temperatures. When exposed to high temperatures for a prolonged period, they are susceptible to suffering a heat stroke. This is especially a problem with long-haired breeds. You need to monitor your pet when temperatures go above 90 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer months. If the increased temperature is coupled with humidity above 70 percent, the likelihood of problems developing increases.


One of the next common guinea pig illnesses is a UTI, or upper respiratory infection. This condition is caused by bacteria. It causes symptoms such as difficulty breathing, eye and nose discharge, sneezing, and coughing. An upper respiratory infection needs to be treated with an antibiotic safe for use in cavies. If left untreated, your guinea pig will almost certainly die.

Ear Infection

Your pet can also develop an ear infection. Like a UTI, it is also caused by bacteria. The most noticeable symptoms are head tilting and difficulty walking. You will need to seek help from a vet so that your pig can take antibiotics to treat the condition. The antibiotics can be administered in either oral or topical form.

Recurrent Common Cold – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

The common cold is supposedly to be one of the most trivial of ailments, and yet is responsible for significant absences from work and school, both for adults as well as children. While it is common for adults to be affected about 2 – 4 times a year, and for children, about 5 – 10 times a year, there are many who have recurrent common cold, almost daily or every few weeks. Depending upon the severity of symptoms, this affliction may make life miserable for such people.

The common cold is termed as "Pratishyaya" in Ayurveda. I will now discuss the different types of common cold, and their Ayurvedic treatment. The first type of cold is called as "Vataj Pratishyaya", or simply put, the common cold resulting from the disturbed "Vata" Dosha. Common symptoms are: sudden, severe bouts of sneezing; thin watery discharge, severe bodyache and headache. These symptoms are similar to the symptoms of "allergic rhinitis", or common cold caused due to any allergy. Local application of medicated oils, eg Vacha (Acorus calamus) oil, may help some patients and give dramatic relief. However, all patients do not respond to this treatment, in fact, this may cause an aggravation in a few patients. Medicated ghee and milk prepared from Pippali (Piper longum), Sunthi (Zinziber officinale) and Dashmool are useful for internal use.

The second type of common cold is "Pittaj Pratishyaya", or common cold resulting from the disturbed "Pitta" Dosha. Symptoms include fever, redness of nose, burning sensation in the nose and head, and yellow or green nasal discharge. These symptoms are more indicative of infection as a cause. The third type is "Raktaj Pratishyaya", in which the symptoms are the same as those for Pittaj Pratishyaya, only more pronounced, and accompanied by nasal bleeding. Medicated oils and ghee prepared from Manuka (Vitis vinifera – dried grapes), Vasa (Adathoda vasika), Durva (Cynodon dactylon) and Yashtimadhu (Glycerrhiza glabra) are useful in these types, both for local application and internal use.

The fourth type of common cold is "Kaphaj Pratishyaya", or common cold resulting from the disturbed "Kapha" Dosha. Common symptoms are: heaviness in the head; overall drowsiness; thick, white or yellowish discharge from the nose, and prolonged duration of symptoms. These symptoms point to a chronic infection, or sinus inflammation. Local use of Vacha powder as (inhaled) snuff is very useful in this type of common cold.

The fifth type of common cold is "Sannipataj Pratishyaya" and is caused by a combination of all the three Doshas. The symptoms too, are a combination of the vataj, pittaj and kaphaj types and indicate severity of disease. Treatment has to be done according to the predominance of doshas and resulting symptoms.

Oral use of Tribhuvankirti, Sanjivani vati, Sitopaladi powder and several single and combination herbs are useful in all types of common cold. However, a detailed history for the symptoms, and in recurrent cases, a detailed study of the constitutional framework of the patient is essential in determining the ideal combination of medicines for each patient, so as to get maximum results.

To prevent or reduce the frequency of recurrence, herbal medicines and compounds containing Haldi (Curcuma longa) and Amla (Emblica officinalis) are useful, mainly to increase immunity. In addition, avoidance of known allergens, breathing exercises like Yogic Pranayam, and special procedures like the Yogic Neti, are also very useful.

"Nasya" is a special procedure, a part of the Ayurvedic Panchkarma, which is useful in treating the common cold and preventing recurrence. The simplest form of nasya is called "Pratimarsha Nasya" and consist of just daily use of 1 – 2 drops (even local application will) of mild medicated oils like Anu Tel or Panchendriya Vardhan Tel. This nasya is more suitable for preventive purpose. This strengthens the nasal mucosa, and is also reported to improve the capacity of all the sense orans. "Marsha Nasya" is a more elaborate procedure, involving higher dosage of drops, and consists of first giving local fomentation in the area surrounding the nose, placing the drops in the patient in a reclining position, again followed by fomentation, and ending with gargles with warm, medicated water. This type of nasya is used more for curative purpose.

This is, that, in short, a description of the different types of common cold according to Ayurveda, and the Ayurvedic treatment, both for the acute stage and for recurrence.

Leading Differences Between Anorexia and Bulimia

It may seem difficult to comprehend but Individuals diagnosed with eating disorders are suffering from very severe mental illnesses. Often, the seriousness of these disorders is overlooked and the blame is put on the individual for not being able to understand what it means to live a healthy lifestyle. Eating disorders, like other illnesses such as PTSD, OCD or Alzheimer’s, should be taken very seriously and all actions should be taken to help nurture the patient back to health.

One of the biggest misconceptions of eating disorders is that every illness is the same. A person diagnosed with an eating disorder isn’t necessarily skipping meals and eating next to nothing every day. In fact, it can be just the opposite.

Most people classify eating disorders into two categories – bulimia and anorexia. And while many individuals are quick to classify the two illnesses, few people actually know how to identify which is which.

Below you will find some of the major differences between bulimia and anorexia:

1. Anorexic individuals are likely to skip meals and refrain from eating while bulimic individuals are prone to binge eat and purging afterwards.

2. Individuals suffering from anorexia will appear weak, with physical characteristics such as frail bones and sunken-in cheeks while bulimia sufferers are more likely to have swollen cheeks and rotten/extremely unhealthy looking teeth.

3. Studies show that anorexia usually occurs in teenage girls while bulimia tends to affect women in their early to mid-twenties.

4. Individuals with anorexia are likely to appear much smaller than individuals suffering from bulimia. Generally, anorexic women lose the most weight (because they become obsessed with their appearance) while bulimic individuals are less obsessive about their weight but still scared of gaining extra pounds.

5. Anorexia is much more difficult to treat than bulimia. Often, anorexic individuals must undergo hospitalization and intensive suicide watch while being treated for this disease. Countless hours of therapy and counselling are generally needed to restore the individual back to stable health. Therapy and counselling is also recommended for individuals suffering from bulimia, but hospitalization if often rare. Antidepressant medication is sometimes prescribed in order to help the person refrain from binge eating.

If you have anorexia or bulimia or know someone who does, it’s important to seek help. There are many organizations dedicating to helping individuals overcome these illnesses.