What is the Fear of Infinity and How Can it Be Treated?

Fear of infinity, also known as apeiropobia, is an irrational fear of never ending life and infinity. This fear can provoke a lot of irrational actions from the person who sufferers from it and can also make them not want to sleep in fear that they are never going to wake up and therefore be trapped in sub consciousness forever.

The symptoms for this type of phobia are very similar to those of other phobias and can include a number of things such as sweating, complete panic, irrational terror, shaking, rapid heart palpitations, hypoventilation and anxiety. But these are only a few of the most common symptoms, depending on the intensity of the phobia, the symptoms can always vary.

Many tests are taken by professionals to be able to diagnose this phobia in order not to misdiagnose and therefore not treat the phobia accordingly. These tests can be very complicated for the patient to do as they include hypnosis in some cases. Also a complete neurological test must be taken to make sure the patient is not suffering from any mental illnesses.

Treatment for this type of phobia can be a lot more complicated than any other phobia because the patient can not actually confront his fear. Because of this treatment can take months or even years depending on the intensity of the patients fear. Calming and sleeping medications can help the patient to sleep more peacefully and therefore reducing the fear of not waking up.

Other treatments include stronger medications that can only be prescribed by a psychiatrist, group counseling and single counseling, neurological medications and sometimes operations. If the intensity level of this phobia is very high then the patient may have to spend a certain amount of time in a psychiatric hospital to be able to learn how to cope with their phobia.

Why is it That Men Who Are "Uncut" (Uncircumcised) Typically Have Bigger Penises?

Men who have not been circumcised typically have larger penises than men who have been circumcised. What is the reason for this?

Circumcision is a surgical process usually performed when the male is in his infancy. It removes the foreskin from his penis. It is a traumatic process for the infant and some researchers believe that it creates deep-based psychological fears, as the male is so young.

When the foreskin is surgically removed it creates scarring and scar tissue. If a circumcised male looks at his penis he can usually see the scarring between the shaft of the penis where it meets the corona (the corona is at the base or back of the head of the penis). The scarring is usually visible because the skin will have a different color than the rest of the penis.

This scarring damages the tissues in this area of the penis and will impede penis length on erection. Because this is done in infancy (usually) and before puberty, this will affect the size of the penis when it gets its growth spurt during adolescence.

An Australian scientific study measured 158 men for penis length. They compared circumcised and uncircumcised men. They found that the average penis length in circumcised men was 5% less than non-circumcised men. This, of course, is the average. Some men lost less and some men lost more of their size. It’s also worth noting the research of Dr. John Taylor who revealed that 51% of an infant’s penile skin is removed with circumcision.

But affecting penis size isn’t the only problem with circumcision. The foreskin is rich in sensory nerve endings and is one of the main areas of the penis that increases a man’s sexual pleasure. When it is removed this decreases the sexual pleasure a man will feel during intercourse. The foreskin is also rich in tactile nerve endings, like those found in the fingertips that can perceive very fine sensations through feeling. With removal of the foreskin, the male loses this very fine touch sensation in his penis. This is important because he won’t be able to “feel” the vagina with his penis.

The scarring of the penis cannot be reversed, unfortunately, but there are methods of natural penis enlargement that can help increase a man’s size if he was robbed of it through this surgical procedure. There are also methods of increasing the sensitivity and sensation-ability of the penis. To learn about some of these methods, read IRON MAN PENIS – THE RUSSIAN SYSTEM.


Georg von Neumann

6 Commonly Asked Scoliosis Questions Finally Answered

Scoliosis is nothing but the sideways curvature of the spine. It occurs mostly during the growth spurt just before puberty. Most cases are found to be mild with only a few symptoms. Some children develop spine distortion that gets worse as they grow. Worse scoliosis can be painful and disabling. Though this disease is self – diagnosable, it cannot be cured, and therefore treatment is not mandatory. But sometimes surgery or brace is needed, lab tests or imaging is always required. Since it is a chronic disease, it can last for years or may stay lifelong.

Commonly Asked Questions (C.A.Q.)

1. How does an individual discover that he or she has scoliosis?

Scoliosis or curvature of the spine usually produces a cosmetic distortion. Visible asymmetries in the shape of the back and the observation that one hip or shoulder is higher than the other are the most general signs that someone has scoliosis. These asymmetries are more evident in adolescence during the fast growth spurts and may be detected by friends or parents.

2. Is drinking enough milk or consuming junk food responsible for scoliosis?

In sporadic cases, scoliosis may be caused by dietary issues. Scoliosis may be a rare finding in diseases where lack of calcium causes softening of the bone. Whatsoever one consumes and the quantity of food one consumes doesn’t produce any curvature in the spine. Regarding junk food, they never cause any curve to the spine.

3. Does it hurt?

Adolescents and children who are suffering from scoliosis seldom complain of pain. If the pain is the primary reason for a young patient, then further analysis is required beyond standard x – rays to put in place an underlying cause of the curvature. For example, in rare instances, an excellent inflammatory focus of tissue (osteoid osteoma) can produce curvature of the spine.

The population of adults that are diagnosed with scoliosis seek treatment because of pain. As one grows old, the spine becomes less ductile and undergoes changes which lower the water content in the disks and cause inflammation in the joints.

4. Since surgery is not mandatory, does wearing a hard brace the only choice to preserve the spine?

Though there is a little dispute as to whether patients who qualify for specific criterion should be braced, the precise choice of the brace type and the time span of brace wear generates some exchange of views.

5. Who is fit for spinal surgery? Who is the decision maker for surgery and how worse the curve has to be?

For a patient discovered with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, who has never undergone spine surgery, the leading indicator for an operation is a growing curvature measuring 40° or more. The physician will suggest surgery based on medical necessity (not at all a cosmetic reason), and then the surgical options are talked over with the patient, and with the parents of any patient who is below 18 years. The choice to proceed with the surgery is entirely on the hand of the patient except for who is below 18 years.

6. Is there any age restriction?

The final commitment for surgery is based on medical criteria, which includes the degree of curvature, the progress of curve and the skeletal maturity of the patient. Through surgical intervention, the spinal curvature can daily be made correct to 40% of the original size, but the curative aim should be more vitally be producing a fused spine that leaves the patient balanced.

Medical Disclosure:

The information contained in this article is presented to educate the people. Nothing contained in this section should be construed nor is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. Should you have any healthcare-related questions, please call or see your physician or another qualified healthcare provider promptly. Always consult with your doctor or another qualified healthcare professional before embarking on a new treatment, diet, or fitness program.

You should never disregard medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read in this article.

Is Medication Needed To Prevent Serious Heart Diseases In Older Women?

Heart diseases are still under diagnosed, especially for older women. In addition to it, there is a lack of potential and reliable treatments for these grave diseases. The medications which are already available are specifically manufactured for men and hence, can prove detrimental in the case of older women. Drugs like pravachol, Lipitor and Zocor can diminish the risks of heart attacks but have serious side effects also.

In addition to it, these heavy medications have not been successful in curbing the heart attack rates of older women who have high levels of cholesterol but lack previous histories of heart problems. Thus, those older women who fit into this category should not take statin at any cost.
But the basic confusion lies in the fact that the risk of heart attacks can get elevated due to high cholesterol levels and statin in one of the reliable drugs to the increase in cholesterol.
Anyhow, the role of statin in reducing the chances of heart attacks has not been discovered, as yet.

In fact, it's also proven that statin can function as a savior for older women who had previous histories of heart attacks, both mild and major ones. In one of the surveys conducted by the study of heart protection, it was clearly revealed that PROSPER, LIPID and ASCOT do not play a leading role in reducing the number of heart attacks. Furthermore, the increase in cases of breast cancer in older women, have also increased the mortality rate. Even if, the mortality rates due to heart attacks may have deteriorated, the newly discovered cases erase the essence of it.
Medication can not be completely reliable in the cases of women who have suffered minor heart attacks or possess the symptoms revealing their upcoming occurrence. In addition to it, there is no significant role played by the herbal treatments for the reduction of heart attacks. Most of the medications used have resolved into serious side effects. Along with it, they weakened the immune system and proper functioning of the body. Moreover, the other heavy medicines also have detrimental impact on the infants. Thus, they can not be taken by nursing and pregnant mothers.

In a nutshell, the flawless medicine sector has still not endowed the womankind with reliable medications to cure the heart attacks, or even for that matter, to reduce their occurrence.

Urticaria Angioedema And Facial Angioedema – An Introduction

First of all I would like to explain the problem that we are discussing in this particular article. Angioedema, whether it is facial or relating to urticaria, it is something that can be very much problematic for any individual suffering from this. Of course you will not like swelling, spots or the feelings of itchiness on your face or any other body part as these are the main angioedema symptoms. Facial angioedema and urticaria angioedema are just the two types of a much headache problem. Unfortunately we can not find the root cause of this complication or conundrum. The reason behind this is that the inducements and antecedents can be many. So to focus on just one cause that is known to us will not be a justifiable answer here.

Facial angioedema actually produces swelling on your face and most probably the affected areas are close to the nose, lips and sometimes eyes as well. We can generalize some of the considerations that are regarded as some of the most common and they are due to the allergies from different medicines, pollen, or an allergy from some kind of food. When it comes to food then it is very difficult to pinpoint the one that causes the problem, as we are eating something almost all day long. One strategy can be that you start checking your face and other parts after every lunch dinner or any snack that you are eating but that will be a very boring and a hectic routine for most of the people. Would not it be?

Another problem which makes the urticaria angioedema and facial angioedema even more complicated and problematic is that people are not very much aware of the basic cause and they start applying treatment which is not very much appropriate. This factor allows the disease bacteria or germs to grow at a faster rate. Some give incongruous and unsuitable treatments to their skin in order to avoid this swelling and itchy feeling while another extreme that can be another major cause is that some people do not even bother about the predicament when it is in starting phase.

Panic Attack – The Difference Between a Panic Attack Vs Psychosis

For some people who do not know what a panic attack is, when they see a victim having an attack, they tend to immediately think that the victim is having a heart attack or a mental problem. Although the difference may not seem very apparent, the differences exist nonetheless. If you suffer from panic attacks, then it is crucial for you to understand the difference between the two if you ever want to recover from the stigma attached to this disorder.

Knowing the Difference

The key difference between panic attacks versus psychosis is that a panic attack is a result of how the sufferer reacts to sudden extreme stress or fear; whereas psychosis is hard wired into a person’s brain. Although panic attacks happen very suddenly, they tend to have a trigger or a signal attached to it. Most sufferers would be able to tell you why they are having an attack; while those suffering from psychosis would not even know they are having a psychotic episode. Psychosis takes over the victim’s mind almost completely so as to prevent them from telling right from wrong.

As most psychosis victims do not know that is happening and cannot control themselves during a psychotic episode, they need to be put under constant observation by medical professionals, as they may pose a danger to people around them and also to themselves. A panic attack victim in general never poses danger to people around them as during an attack they are usually helpless.

Treatment for Panic Attacks and Psychosis

There is a huge difference between how a panic disorder is treated versus psychosis. In most cases, panic disorder can be treated with some mild anti-depression medication and if needed some therapy sessions. On the other hand, psychosis requires far more attention and this includes stronger anti-psychotic medication, frequent psychiatric consultations and for very severe cases, institutionalization.

When deciding a treatment for either disorder, medical health professionals must first determine the severity of both and whether or not the victim poses harm to people around them and to themselves. No matter how severe the condition for the disorder is, there are always treatment options available.

You Can Have Your Cake and Personal Growth, Too

Have you been meaning to invest yourself in personal development but never got to because you are in some other niche, doing busy things? Do not procrastinate any longer because you can have your cake and personal growth, too. This article shows you how. Read on to find out.

For instance, you are busy all through weekdays but you can make sometime in the weekend to buy a good personal development kit including audio, videos and eBooks. Delegate another time schedule to it in the weekend again. Whatever you are learning, make a note of it in a new journal and apply to your daily life.

Even if you proceed at a snail pace with personal development, you will still be learning and gathering ideas. The important thing here is to apply it to daily life. Next you engage some of your weekend time to see replays of online webinars and master classes. These are usually free. You just need to sign up for newsletters of self-help experts.

While you still pace slow and steady with personal growth, you will still be seeing results if you are really serious about it, learning and applying.

That is what this article wants to demonstrate to you. You can have your cake, giving time to your main work all week and enjoying some of your time in the weekend, going for personal growth.

Personal growth is all about converting your own self into a much better version of yourself on a daily basis until you become your best self.

It also teaches you how to turn overwhelming challenges into opportunities, how to solve your burning problems, how to manifest your earnest desires, how to earn peace of mind, how to be productive, live big and much more.

As you can see, investing yourself in personal growth is that promising. So I suggest you persevere and commit to it. The end results are very rewarding.

Meanwhile you really can enjoy your cake, pursuing your career and putting some of the ideas of personal growth in it and thrive doubly. What better way is there to apply your knowledge of handling challenges, manifesting your new desires and being productive in your career and start soaring to greater heights?

While this is all good and true, if you just go through personal growth material half-heartedly, none of it will ever work. You really need to dedicate yourself to it going through it, learning it enthusiastically and applying it vividly to every opportunity of your life.

Types of Scoliosis

There are several types of scoliosis. Each of them are named and defined according to the age, cause of scoliosis and spinal curvature. There are two basic types of scoliosis, structural and nonstructural. Structural scoliosis is caused by neuromuscular diseases, certain infections, birth defects, injury, connective tissue disorders, metabolic diseases, rheumatic diseases, tumors and other unknown factors. Nonstructural or functional scoliosis is reasoned by under conditions such as a difference in leg length, muscle spasms, or inflammatory conditions including appendicitis.

The most common type of scoliosis based on age is idiopathic scoliosis. As the word indicates, the cause is unknown. It affects about 4% of the population, commonly females. The reasons may include differences in leg length, hereditary conditions, injury, infections and tumors.

Idiopathic scoliosis is subdivided into three categories: infantile, juvenile and adolescent. Infantile scoliosis extends from birth to age three. Juvenile scoliosis is caused between the ages three and nine. As the child grows, there is a possibility to slow down the curve progress. Adolescent scoliosis extends from 10 to 18. It is the most common type of idiopathic scoliosis in the United States and can be discovered and treated in childhood or adolescence. It occurs in teenagers just at the growth spurt of puberty.

Other types of scoliosis are congenital, neuromuscular and degenerative. Congenital scoliosis is a rare type of scoliosis caused by an abnormally shaped bone that presents at birth. It occurs through the fetal development. Absence of vertebrae, partly formed vertebrae, failure of the vertebrae to form normally and the lack of separation of vertebrae are considered to be the reasons behind this condition. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spinal occurring due to muscular fatigue or neuromuscular disease such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, paralytic conditions, spinal cord tumors, neurofibromatosis and muscular dystrophy. Degenerative scoliosis happens in adults due to weakening of the spine with aging.

Scoliosis is also categorized on the basis of the spinal curvature. Thoracic curve scoliosis, Lumbar curve scoliosis and Thoracolumbar curve scoliosis are found.

Symptoms and Treatments of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Attention Deficit Disorder is a chronic neurological disorder, which is predominately diagnosed in children. Statistics estimates that 2-5% of the population is affected by ADD, considering the rare possibility for cases of Adult ADD. ADD is one of the disturbing pedestrian disorders in the United States, since 5 million are affected by this disorder. Attention deficit disorder is the old name of the disease with characteristic symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity, which is later renamed as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AD HD). The disorder is classified into three distinct subtypes, ADHD predominately combined type, ADHD predominately inattentive type and ADHD predominately hyperactive-impulsive type, on the basis of the pronounced characteristic symptom.

Children with ADD show distractibility, forgetfulness, impulse control, and disorganization. It is often misdiagnosed as any learning disability disease, however, pervasive symptoms for six months must be suspected. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders describe particular symptoms for the children associated to each type of ADD. The inattentive type shows the symptom such as careless mistakes due to inattention, trouble in playing games that require concentration, failure to follow instructions, avoiding school projects and seminars, forgetfulness, distractibility and recurrence losses. The hyperactivity-impulsive type shows symptoms such as restlessness, difficulty in staying seated, wanting to run and climb all the time, answering before a question has been completed, and excessive speech. The combined type will exhibit both types of symptoms.

Typically, children with ADD will have certain learning disabilities, anxiety, depression, low thyroid, and tendency to violate rules and regulations. It is quite interesting that the features of gifted children are often misinterpreted as symptoms of ADD. In adults, ADD is characteristic with symptoms such as low esteem, procrastination, boredom, anxiety, depression, mood swings, relationship problems, forgetfulness, restlessness, sleep problems, and addiction.

Treatments for ADD are not effective to provide a complete cure, to date, since the exact cause of the disease is not identified. The only known fact is that the disease is brought on because of some sort of neurological problem. It is suspected that impairment to the neurotransmitters can be the possible cause. Physicians prescribe several medications, which help the ADD patients to control their symptoms effectively. The simulative medications include methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, and benzphetamine. The brand names such as Ritalin and Adderall are some of the widely accepted drugs for ADD treatment. The psychotherapies such as behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation therapy and neurofeedback are suggested to improve the social behavior of ADD patients. In addition, nutritional supplements such as zinc, amino acids, and fatty acids such as Omega 3, are recommended to enhance the condition of ADD patients.

Common Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a profoundly established disease that impacts the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.

What Causes Diabetes?

Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It’s what allows your cells to change glucose from the sustenance you eat into essentialness. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, yet their cells don’t use it. Experts call this insulin resistance.

At, to begin with, the pancreas impacts more insulin to endeavor to get glucose into the cells. In any case, unavoidably it can’t keep up, and the sugar remains in your blood, causing high blood sugars.

Ordinarily, a mix of things causes type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Extra weight.

Being overweight or heavy can cause insulin resistance Metabolic turmoil. People with insulin resistance routinely have a social occasion of conditions including high blood glucose, extra fat around the midriff, hypertension, and raised cholesterol and triglycerides.

An abundance of glucose from your liver. Right when your glucose is low, your liver makes and passes on glucose. After you eat, your glucose goes up, and when in doubt, the liver will back off and store its glucose for later. In any case, a couple of individuals’ livers don’t. They keep turning out sugar.

A couple of things you can’t control.

  • Age: at least 45 set up
  • Family: A parent, sister, or kin with diabetes
  • Ethnicity: African-American, Local American, Asian-American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American

A couple of things are related to your prosperity and remedial history.

  • Prediabetes
  • Heart and vein disease
  • Low HDL cholesterol
  • High triglycerides
  • Being overweight or hefty
  • Birth weight more than 9 pounds
  • Having Gestational Diabetes while you were pregnant
  • Polycystic ovary issue (PCOS)
  • Acanthosis Nigerians, a skin condition with velvety rashes around your neck or armpits
  • Depression

Other risk factors need to do with your step by step penchants and lifestyle. These are the ones you can really deal with.

  • Exercise
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Sleeping too little or too much.

Since you can’t change what happened sometime recently, focus on what you can do now and proceed. Make lifestyle transformation as the first step.

Thirty minutes of lively walking a day will cut your risk by pretty much a third. Eat right. Avoid exceedingly arranged carbs, sugary refreshments, and trans and submerged fats. Limit red and arranged meats.

Quit smoking. Work with your expert to keep away from putting on weight, so you don’t make one issue by unwinding another.

The signs of type 2 diabetes can be so smooth you don’t see them. All things considered, around 8 million people who have it don’t have any associate with it.

  • Weakness
  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Peeing an extraordinary arrangement
  • Blurry vision
  • Being terrible-tempered
  • Tingling or deadness in your grip or feet
  • Feeling depleted
  • Wounds that don’t recover

Yeast ailments that keep returning

Getting a Determination Your doctor can test your blood for signs of diabetes. Ordinarily, masters will test you on two particular days to avow the finding. In any case, if your blood glucose is high or you have a lot of signs, one test may be all you require.

A1C: It is an average of your blood glucose over the span of the last 2 or 3 months.

Fasting plasma glucose: This measures your glucose on an empty stomach. You don`t have to eat or drink anything except for water for 8 hours before the test.

Oral glucose resistance test (OGTT): This checks your blood glucose prior and 2 hours after you drink a sweet drink containing 75gms glucose to see how your body handles the sugar.

After some time, high glucose can damage and cause issues with your:

  • Heart and veins
  • Kidneys
  • Eyes
  • Nerves, which can provoke issue with preparing, the slant in your feet, and your sexual response
  • Wound repairing
  • Pregnancy

A perfect way to deal with avoid these entrapments is to manage your diabetes well.

  • Eat right, and don’t skip meals.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Check your blood glucose.
  • Take your diabetes drugs or insulin on time.

Obesity Surgery: Diet Changes After Massive Weight Loss

Worldwide obesity rate has boomed in almost every region of the world over the past decade, and so does the demand for obesity (bariatric) surgery. Frustrated with orthodontic means of weight loss, many obese patients are now increasingly turning to surgical ways to deal with the problem of being overweight.

Obesity – a Grave Health Concern

Around the world, obesity is fast spreading as wild forest fire, and in many American, Australian and European regions this phenomenon has reached epidemic levels.

Obesity currently affects approximately 64.5 percent or about 127 million adults in the Unites States, with approximately 5 to 10 millions of them diagnosed as morbidly obese. The Geneva-based World Health Organization predecessors that an estimated 2.3 billion adult population will be overweight and over 700 million people will be considered obese by 2015.

Obesity has been linked to several health hazards and social disabilities. The more overweight an individual is, the more likely he or she would develop serious health diseases and problems such as fatty liver disease, high blood pressure, asthma, heart disease, gall bladder disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), high cholesterol and cancer.

Bariatric Surgery
The worldwide obesity rate explosion has led to a parallel growth of bariatric or obesity surgery. This surgical intervention has emerged as a sure shot treatment of severe obesity.

The popularity of bariatric surgery can be determined from a report by the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), as per which an estimated 177,600 surgeries for treatment of morbid obesity were performed in the United States, and the number jumped to a whopping 220,000 surgeries in 2009.

The ASMBS report also says that obesity surgery is no longer just for weight loss, it also deals with the associated metabolic diseases and conditions.

The surgical treatment for obesity works by significantly changing the anatomy of your digestive system to help you achieve massive weight loss. Adjustable gastric banding, gastric sleeve, gastric bypass, vertical sleeve gastrectomy, gastric plication and duodenal switch are different surgical ways of combating obesity. Using either restrictive or malabsorptive or both surgery techniques, these obesity surgery procedures make you consume less amount of food by shrinking the size of your stomach or / and by bypassing the initial segment of the small intestine.

What and What Not To Eat After Obesity Surgery
Obesity surgery may help you get rid of significant amount of excess flab but for a successful weight loss and keeping it off, you must adhere to the lifelong changes in your eating and eating and lifestyle habits.

The obesity surgery causes significant changes in how your body absorbs food. The newly created small stomach pouch can hold less amount of food at one time. Therefore, eating large meals can cause problems like fatigue, depression, uneasiness, vomiting and dumping syndrome.

You are, therefore, advised to eat small frequent meals to avoid feeling hungry.

Beginning after surgery for the first 4-6 weeks you should start with foods that are soft, mushy and / or pureed consistencies such as baby foods, fruitless yogurt, cottage cheese, chopped up ground meats, scrambled eggs and egg whites. Solid foods of all sorts should be completely avoided during this period.

With solid foods, chew small bites of your food thoroughly and eat very slowly. It is important to eat only three bites at one sitting, and wait for at least 20 minutes before eating more.

Since, serious malnutrition occurs in obesity surgery, it is vital to take the proper vitamin and protein supplements on a daily basis to prevent nutrient deficiencies, including chewable multivitamin and mineral supplement as well as calcium, vitamin D and vitamin B12.

Alcoholic beverages, sugar-containing foods and beverages, concentrated sweets and fruit juices will have a more effective effect and should be avoided.

Warning Signs and Risk Factors

Suicide among teens is a disturbing social problem internationally. In the United States alone suicide is the third leading cause of death among this age group. The teen years are a challenging time of life for many young people. There are magnificent social pressures, family issues, and emotional concerns that can lead to depression. Depression has been closely linked with the incidence of suicide among young people. Additional risk factors may include the presence of learning disorders, mental health conditions, substance abuse problems, behavior difficulties, or trouble coping with stress.

Research shows that around 80 percent of attempted suicides among young people are preceded by clear warning signs. It's imperative that parents maintain involvement in their teen's lives so they can spot potential signs that may indicate a young person is considering suicide as an alternative. The American Academy of Pediatrics outlines the following warning signs that may indicate that a depressed teen may be contemplating suicide:

oGiving away possessions or offering unusual gifts
oProblems with a boyfriend or girlfriend
oRebellious behaviors such as smoking, running away, or skipping school
oGrades dropping or difficulties at school
oWithdrawal from friends and family members
oDisinterest in activities once enjoyed such as sports or clubs
oWriting poetry or letters about death. Drawing pictures relating to death
oDramatic changes in personality
oDrug or alcohol use or abuse
oChanges in sleep patterns
oIncreased or decreased appetite
oHistory of suicide attempts. Many attempts are typically made before a suicide is actually carried out
oTalking about suicide
oA sudden shift to extreme cheerfulness after a period of depression. This could signal that a teen has made a final decision to complete a suicide
oDramatic weight gains or weight losses

There are risk factors that have been shown to make some teens more vulnerable to suicide. A male teen that has previously attempted suicide is thirty times more likely to complete a suicide while a girl with a prior attempt is three times more likely to fulfill the attempt. A family history of suicide attempts or of a successful lawsuit within the family increases risk. Many teen suicides involve the use of firearms. It's important to keep firearms secure at all times so that teens do not have access to the weapons. A young person who has suffered physical, mental, or sexual abuse may also be more likely to choose suicide as a viable option. It's possible that academic failure and induction of other teen suicides can influence suicidal behavior among young people.

Support is a major key to helping a teen that may be considering suicide. Therapy with a qualified mental health therapist may be necessary to help a troubled teen sort through the issues that they are dealing with. Medication for depression may also be an option to assist an adolescent get back on track. Any indication of a suicide plan should be taken very seriously. A teen may actually make statements that they want to die or that they want to kill them. It becomes a crisis when the young person outlines how they might carry out the act. At this point, it's time to seek professional help immediately for the young person struggling with suicidal thoughts.

OCD Anxiety and Depression

OCD Depression? I was having an interesting conversation with acquaintance of mine about the economy and the general well-being of the world. You can not have this conversation for long, without it sliding to the negative side. The person I was talking to, stated they had a tendency towards obsessive-compulsive behavior. She went on to say that she would get deeply depressed when she was aware of the symptoms of her OCD. This brings up an interesting question. Can OCD cause depression?

First off, depression is an essential emotion, along with all of the other emotions that make up the personality of the individual. You need to have depression in order to enjoy elation. Sadness and happiness, anger and compassion, hatred and love are just a few of the emotions that are required to help us develop as human beings. Does OCD create a state of depression, that might be seen as a separate condition? I would have to say yes.

There is so much about obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals that could bring on a depressive state. If an individual was confronted with obsessive thoughts, day in and day out, which they abhor … or having their daily compulsive rituals imposes on their daily activities so that they're not nearly as effective as they should be or could be .. must bring on depression. It would follow that getting a grip on your excessive thoughts and compulsive rituals would be central to eliminating or at least minimalize your depression. This is a pretty strong argument for finding an effective treatment to control your OCD. Organize your life in such a way that you can see professionals who specialize in OCD or whatever impuls disorder dominates your life. At the very least, an individual should look into self-help therapy. What's my point?

My point is that the condition referred to as depression is a broad and complicated subject. Discussing how depression may occur in a person who has impulsive disorder appears to be only one of many situations that produce depression. I think we are all interested in a positive self-image. A positive self-image can not be obtained without self-confidence, and self-confidence can not be obtained without peace of mind. Control over depression from our impulsors problems will bring us peace of mind.

Meditation and Relaxation – Breathing from the Diaphragm

Breathing from the diaphragm (the long band of muscle that lies beneath your lungs) allows for the full expansion possible of your ribcage. This means that more air can get into your lungs and into your bloodstream.

Singers use diaphragm breathing to be able to perform their songs with greater power and control, and learning the technique of diaphragm breathing will also improve your chances of relaxing into deep sleep.

This is a good exercise to start with, and can easily be used as a "cleansing" warm-up before doing any other form of exercise.

1. Ideally, lie on your back on a flat surface, or in bed, with your arms at your sides. If lying down is not possible then try to find a repeating position so that the ribcage is slightly extended.

2. As you breathe in through your nose, imagine that your abdomen and chest contain an empty vessel, like a wine carafe. The opening of the carafe is your nose or mouth and the neck of the carafe is your own neck. Where the neck of the carafe opens into the basin, picture this area as your lungs and then picture the main basin of the carafe as your abdomen.

3. Breathe in and feel the air pouring into your lungs. You should slowly expand your belly first, as if the air is literally filling up your body like wine would fill the carafe. Next fill and expand your upper abdomen, then your chest, throat and mouth. You can place your hand on your upper abdomen if you need help breathing this way. Your hand should rise as you breathe in.

4. When your "vessel" is full, begin to "pour" the air out through your mouth. This time, the air will empty in the opposite direction. First from your mouth, then your throat, chest and finally your stomach. Slightly contract your stomach muscles as if you're trying to squeeze the last "drops" out.

5. Relax and breathe in again through your nose.

6. Repeat this process at least half a dozen times. Each time, try to pull in and pour out slowly more air.

If you prefer, you can imagine your stomach as a balloon – but it is important to keep the "order" in which the air fills your body. This exercise is teaching you not just to breathe deeply, but to notice and control your breathing. These skills form an important part of later meditation practices.

To continue practicing these skills, try this exercise. It may seem strange, but it will help you to expand your lung capacity and increase your sense of control over your breathing.

1. Get into a comfortable position, either lying down or sitting. Close your eyes and place the little finger of each hand on each side of your nose. Relax your other fingers against your cheeks or in a loose fist against your chin.

2. Use the left little finger to close the left nostril. Breathe in deeply through the right nostril only.

3. Now close the right nostril with the right little finger and release the left nostril. Exhale consistently through the left nostril.

4. Without moving your hands at all, breathe back in through the left nostril. Then close your left nostril and exhale through your right nostril only.

5. Repeat with each nostril as the "inhaling" nostril at least 3 times.

If you find it difficult to use both hands, try using the thumb and forefinger of one hand.

Because you are limiting the "pathways" for air to enter your lungs, you are making the lungs work harder to inhale and exhale. Over time, just as when you exercise a muscle, your lungs will get stronger and their capacity will increase, enabling you to breathe more deeply.

This exercise will get you some interesting looks if you try it in public, so just be forewarned!