Levels Of Hearing Loss

Experaining hearing loss can often cause patients stress and concern and it is prudent to get as much information as possible. We advise anyone suffering from the loss of hearing, however minor, to seek professional help as soon as possible. With the correct diagnosis and treatment many people can proactively deal with their hearing loss with the use of hearing aids.

Hearing loss & deafness covers a wide range of hearing difficulties and a patient is often confused about the state of their condition. As a result many people buy inappropriate aids to meet their individual needs, especially if purchased without a professional assessment.

Generally hearing loss can be categorized into 4 '' types '' Mild, Moderate, Severe and Profound.

Mild – Patients with Mild hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 20-39 decibels. This condition often leads to difficulty hearing a television & radio at normal levels as well as conducting conversations over distances. Ambient noise can also increase the effects of this hearing loss.

Moderate – Patients with Moderate hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 40-69 decibels. Moderate hearing loss would result in an increased level of symptoms as displayed with mild hearing loss.

Severe – Patients with Severe hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 70-89 decibels. Those suffering from severe hearing loss may only be able to communicate if the speaker is in close proximity with increased volume, without the interference of ambient noise.

Profound – Profound hearing loss / deafness means patients can not hear up to 90 decibels. This is the most severe form of hearing loss making speech inaudible with patients becoming reliant on visual communication.

Liberty Head (V) Nickel – Can You Dig It?

In January of 1970 I dug my first V Nickel, a very nice 1902. I had only been metal detecting for about three weeks and was using my $50.00 Medeford BFO detector that my wife gave me for a Christmas gift. Linda did not realize the impact that gift was going to have on my life and finding that V nickel was a key to my becoming hooked on this treasure finding hobby.

Joe Denmark, who grew up in the Tarpon Springs, FL area, had told me about attending a one-room school in Palm Harbor, that was now an orange grove. That Saturday morning in January, I went to the grove and got permission from the owner to hunt a section of the grove that Joe said the school was located. Within twenty minutes I located the 1902 V Nickel and ten minutes later got a 1905. These were the only two coins I found that morning, but I was wowed by the experience. In forty years of metal detecting, I have dug up nearly every date of the collection except for rare 1885, and 1912 S. This nickel variety has an interesting story and I want to make it the monthly dug coin give-away for October, 2008.

The Liberty Head (V) Nickels were officially minted from 1883 to 1912. However, a mint official illegally produced an unknown quantity with the date of 1913. There are five known examples and one sold in June, 2005 for $4.15 million, the second highest price ever paid for a single US coin.

The original 1883 issue lacked the word “cents” on the reverse. Since the nickels were the same size as the $5.00 gold pieces, some counterfeiters plated them with gold and attempted to pass them off as such. Legend says that a deaf mute named Josh Tatum was the creator of this fraud, and he could not be convicted because he simply gave the coins in payment for items selling less than five cents, but did not protest if he was given change appropriate to a five-dollar coin. Sometimes the 1883 nickel is referred to as the “Racketeer Nickel”, and Josh Tatum is sometimes cited as the source of the saying, “Your not Joshin’ me, are you?”

V nickels were minted only at Philadelphia until 1912, when Denver and San Francisco each minted small quantities. The 1912 S is the second toughest key to the series. The D or S mint mark is located on the reverse, just below the left-hand dot near the seven-o’-clock position on the rim and I ain’t “Joshin you.” With less than 35 regular issue coins, this is still a set that the metal detecting hobbyist can come close to completing.

Birkenstock Vs Birki’s – Would the Real Birkenstock Please Stand Up?

Even among those who have enjoyed Birkenstock clogs and sandals for years, there is confusion over the difference between the Birki’s and Birkenstock brands. Some people think that “Birki” is simply an abbreviation of “Birkenstock” and the two names are interchangeable. Others fear that shoes sold under the Birkis brand are merely knock-off Birkenstocks of inferior quality made by unscrupulous manufacturers.

In fact, Birki’s and Birkenstock are separate companies with a common ancestry, sharing over 230 years of history making top-quality footwear. Birki’s was created in 1993 as a separate company led by Alex Birkenstock, a prominent member of Birkenstock’s founding family. His vision for the new company was to design fun, colorful footwear using Birkenstock’s famous footbeds, materials, designs and tradenames, while leaving the more traditional muted color palette and designs of the original Birkenstock with the parent company.

This model has turned out to be a resounding success! Birki’s and Birki-Kids clogs and sandals are now sold in 85 countries around the world.

One of the first things that people think of when they think about what makes Birkenstock shoes special is the company’s famous anatomically-molded cork-latex footbed. Thanks to a licensing agreement between the two companies, this exact same footbed serves as the foundation of many of Birki’s shoes as well, giving Birki cork-latex models the same standard of comfort, support and foot-health as the Birkenstocks they are based on.

Another key component shared between the two companies is Birkenstock’s Birko Flor material. This man-made fabric used in many of Birki’s uppers is as soft and durable as leather, while remaining easy to clean and maintain over the long average life of a Birki’s shoe. It also allows many models of Birki’s and Birki-Kids shoes to be certified vegan for those who prefer no animal products be used in making their shoes.

Even some shoe designs are the same between the two companies, right down to the trademarked model name. In some cases such as the Maria clog, the only difference will be that the Birki’s version will have a more colorful design on the upper; a pink paisley or floral pattern, for example. Some Birkis sandals and clogs even feature Disney characters such as Mickey Mouse, Tinkerbell, or Winnie the Pooh!

Quality is a top priority for both companies, and using the same materials and components helps ensure that Birki’s shoes are of the same quality as Birkenstock’s. But another major factor is both companies’ commitment to producing their shoes only in Germany, where they can exercise control over the whole manufacturing process from prototype to full-production. This commitment sets Birki’s apart from many of its competitors who have offshored manufacturing to Eastern Europe or Asia, often at the cost of solid quality control.

Savvy consumers know that they are wearing 230 years of quality Birkenstock craftsmanship every time they slip on their favorite Birki’s clogs or sandals. Why not make your next shoe purchase a pair of fun colorful Birki’s?

How to Cope With Stammering

Coping with stammering can be emotionally challenging and a lonely fight. My first recognition of this was when my four year old son finally told us how miserable he was in his daycare setting because the other children had been picking on him about his stammering and speech impediment. The more he went to daycare, the worse he felt. What made it even worse was that he told my husband and me that he had tried to tell the daycare staff about the other children taunting him about his stammer (stutter) and that they could not understand what he was trying to tell them. The experience of being made fun of for something he could not control was devastating to me as a parent and I realized then that we needed to find the right help for his stuttering. At the same time we needed to learn to cope with his stammering in a comforting environment while we looked for resources to help us solve his speech problem.

I saw that my son's experience at daycare with his stammering was quickly changing our happy, outgoing, positive and energetic child into a very reserved, serious, unsmiling individual who was deeply saddened inside. Then, severe separation anxiety began to crop up when he started kindergarden. He knew that when he was with us, we could understand him and would be patient with him as he got his words out; while at school, it was another story.

For someone who stutters, the simple truth is: When their means to communicate with others shut down under stress (due to stuttering or stammering) and trying to communicate with others causes stress; they find themselves in a nasty cycle of stammering and more stammering. In other words, the more a stutterer tries to tell someone something and stutters and can not be understood; the more frustrated they get, which causes stress and leads to more stammering!

So, if you are battling your stammer (or stutter) it is time to take a big time-out! Frustration only feeds the fire when one is trying to beat their stammer or stutter and learning methods to give yourself a time-out or do-over needs to be a part of your new strategy. You are going to start from the ground up and build a better new you– one that is going to love all the parts of you! We loved our son no matter what or how he tried to get his words out and we learned to understand him as he tried to get his words out; however, over time, he started to love himself a little less as his stammering worsened. He reacted to the taunting and teasing he received at daycare and at school and turned it inward. Do not let this be your story! Instead, learn what makes your stutter worse, what words are especially difficult for you, and what environmental stresses cause your stutter to worsen. Once you identify what causes you to stammer, you can begin building a comfortable and positive environment for you to work on coping with your stammer.

Remember, curing your stammer begins by building back your self-esteem so that you can tackle working through the speech therapy needed to help you recover from your stutters and stammers. Surround yourself with supportive people who will keep your environment positive, even when you hit a frustrating bump in the road. Lastly, finding a mentor to model your recovery after is a good idea. Terry McElhinney is an example of such a mentor. Now a famous kick-boxing champion in Great Britain, he has not forgotten that his fight with stammering almost cost him his career. Now that he has cured his stammer, he devotes his life to mentor others in their fight to stop stammering. You can stop stammering too, you just have to believe you can!

Adenoids Tonsils – What Exactly Are Adenoids Tonsils?

While most of us are familiar with the location and function of our lymph nodes, not many of us understand much about our adenoids tonsils. Comprised of a ring of glandular tissue, these structures are found in the back of the throat. They are believed to serve an immunological function, particularly in the first year of life.

Looking into the mouth, a portion of these structures are readily seen as two, hopefully healthy and pink, masses on either side at the back of the throat. The unseen portion of the adenoids tonsils rests behind the nose and roof of the mouth.

The surface of the two dangling structures at the back of the throat may be pitted with crypts, or indentations. These indentations may appear quite deep and contain tonsil stones. Pus pockets may also be found within the adenoids tonsils.

Medical professionals have speculated that the need for for these structures later in life is low or non-existent. While the structures do provide a barrier for bacteria and help the body produce antibodies, problems and illness are also common.

A frequent complaint associated with adenoids tonsils is tonsil stones. These are globs comprised of bacteria and post nasal drip. In addition to the bacteria and post nasal drip, these uncomfortable bits also contain odorous sulfur compounds.

Other common discomforts include infection, which can require complete removal of one or both of the structures, and enlargement of the structures, also known as hypertrophy. Adenoids tonsils problems can be characterized by pain, fever, bad breath, and often a feeling of having something caught in the throat.

The Algebra Tree

Algebra can seem like a confusing subject. It's filled with various symbols such as x, y and z and terms to remember such as variable, coefficient, term and polynomial. However, rather than getting bogged down with the "trees" of Algebra, I think it helps to look at the forest. What is the place of Algebra in Mathematics as a whole?

Having taught Mathematics for a number of years, I have found a good model for how the various Math subjects relate is a tree, with the most central part being Algebra. That's why I call it the Algebra tree. Let me continue to explain.

First we have the roots of this tree and of Mathematics itself, which is Arithmetic. We learn Arithmetic in elementary school because it is fundamental for future Math learning. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division are central processes.

The base of this tree of Mathematics is Algebra. Algebra feeds on Arithmetic and goes beyond it. For example an important process in Algebra is to solve equations. However, this could not have been done without knowledge of Arithmetic, in particular, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. Another Algebraic process is simplification of algebraic expressions. This again requires use of basic Arithmetic.

Where then do other disciplines of Math fit in to the Algebra tree? I would call them the branches. For example, there's Geometry. In Geometry you deal a lot with Geometric figures such as circles, triangles and squares. However, to successfully solve related problems, you typically need to employ Algebra. One example is for finding the area of ​​a circle, you need to solve an equation using a process learned in Algebra.

Another branch would be Trigonometry. Trigonometry focuses a great deal on relationships in triangles. It uses special concepts such as Sine, Cosine and Tangent. However you could not properly employ such concepts without using your knowledge of Algebra.

A third branch would be Statistics. Statistics deals with tools for analyzing data that should be used practically such as in business and psychology. All the same, to employ these tools you will need to use Algebra. For example, one tool for comparing two sets of data to see if they refer is called correlation. Two things you would expect to be correlated are persons' heights and weights. The taller they are, usually the more they weigh. You can calculate a number called a correlation coefficient that provides an indication of the strength of this relationship. However the process for making this calculation requires Algebra.

So in summary, if you have trouble with Math and especially with Algebra, remember this tree of Math … the Algebra Tree.

Getting Your Nose Pierced

Are you thinking of getting your nose pierced? Think hard before you do it. It's very off-putting to many people, although it's become popular in recent years. The practice has been part of the religious rites in Africa for centuries.

If you can not be dissued, you should at least take steps to make sure that your nose piercing heals properly. Let's discuss how you can do that.

Step one in any type of piercing is to visit a doctor. Let him or her know what you are planning to do and ask for advice. They will let you know if it is advisable based on your health. It's in your best interest to get a check up before you get it done.

After you have your nose pierced be sure to keep it clean. In fact be sure to clean it twice a day and remove any disgusting blood or ooze that may have crusted there. No one wants to see that. Keep your jewelry clean, as well.

When you're cleaning your nose use warm salt water and cotton balls. Hydrogen peroxide is advised against since it can be abrasive.

If you have your nose jewelry in, do not play with it. It's gross to see people with their fingers in and around their nose. Plus, your nose will not heal well if you are fiddling with it. Keep you hands away from it, for everyone's sake.

You'll find that if you do play with your jewelry too much you can tear the hole or get a bacterial infection. Either one is not pleasant and can have nasty repercussions.

If you get a piercing be aware that it may make your skin swell. If this happens do not sweat it. It's not uncommon. Just see your doctor to make sure it's not infected. In the worse case scenario, you'll just have to remove the silly piercing, let it heal and chalk it up to experience.

What Is Veal and Why the Controversy?

Most people think that veal simply means the meat of a baby cow. While this is technically true, it is no way indicative of the whole picture. I must stress that personally, I love meat, but investigating the story of veal did indeed make me a little queasy.

Veal is in fact a by-product of the dairy industry. When a dairy-producing cow has a male offspring, that is used to make veal. The female offspring are left alone to become the next generation of dairy cow, but the males are not quite so lucky. Within moments of birth, the male calf is separated from it's mother so that she can go back to producing milk. Some are slaughtered immediately for a prized type of veal called "bob veal" – they rarely see the light of day for more than few hours. Most are placed inside a small crate and fed an amenia-inducing diet where the lack of movement and oxygen cause their muscles to atrophy – this means the meat is extremely soft and succulent compared to grown beef cattle. This is where the whole controversy enters into it, with animal rights campaigners arguing that the conditions that they raised in are cruel.

While most people are happy to eat beef that they know has come from a free-range cattle, fed properly and allowed to live to maturity before being slaughtered for our consumption, I'd wager that knowing the conditions leading to veal would probably make you decline to eat it. The fact is that many butchers refuse to even stock veal meat today, and those that do have a tough time when customers find out.

Glaucoma – What to Expect in a Visual Field Test

Visual field testing is done for a number of different reasons but most frequently to test or manage patients who have glaucoma. So just what is this test that your Eye Doctor wants you to have? It may be referred to by different names; automated perimetry, visual field test, threshold test, SITA (slang for Swedish Interactive Thresholding Algorithm) or various other terms. The original testing method was called a tangent screen which is a black square of material hanging on the wall. The Goldmann Bowl Perimeter was next and it was a manual version something like the automated devices your eye doctor uses today. Your sensitivity to light on the retina (the light sensitive layer lining the inside of the eye) resembles a topographical map of a hill. The most sensitive point is in the center like the high point on a hill and the farther you move away from this central vision point the less sensitive the tissue is to light (like the lower elevations on a topographical map). The central high point corresponds to the macula, which is why macular degeneration only has to compromise a small area to have devastating effects on vision. A visual field test measures the eyes sensitivity out into the peripheral parts of the retina. Most eye exams only test the small central peak of the hill. The visual field test measure not only the peripheral retina but to some extent the pathway of the eye nerves through the brain.

Your visual field test will be either a screening test or a threshold test. Screening test are used by an Optometrist to check for eye diseases and vision problems in a method similar to how your family doctor would do a single blood pressure reading to screen for high blood pressure. If your family doctor was more concerned they would want multiple readings and more refined testing methods, sometimes a cardiac stress test to see how your heart and blood pressure processes under different conditions with a much higher number of data points. Likewise, a threshold visual field test done by your eye doctor is much more detailed testing. Since the hill of vision shrinks with age, a threshold test will compare your results to an age matched population sample without glaucoma and other eye diseases. The eye test will yield a detailed statistical analysis.

You can expect to take the test to take about 3 to 5 minutes for each eye in most cases. The vision test is standardized for eyes that are dilated so you will need to plan on 30 to 60 minutes in the office even though the visual testing itself is fairly brief. For the actual visual field test you will be listed with a half of a bowl like instrument in front of you. If you wear contact lenses they will need to be removed. The visual field instruments calculate a different prescription compensating for the distance you are viewing. Prescription lenses are placed in a holder in front of your eyes to substitute for your contact lenses or eyeglasses. One eye will be covered and you will need to fixate on a central light through the testing. A device resembling a computer mouse will be held in one hand and you simply click it each time you think you see a small point of light flash anywhere in the bowl. The flashes are very brief and may be close to the point your eye is fixing on or very far off in the peripheral field of sight. The brightness of the flash of light also varies from very dim to very visible. In our Eye Center we typically start the testing sequence in demonstration mode to familiarizeize patients with the process.

Many people worry about their responses; if they clicked too late, clicked accidentally, and are uncomfortable with the dimness of some light points just on the edge of visual perception. This should not be a concern. Visual field testing is still sophisticated today and measures your mistakes, retests them, and gives an index telling us how much variation there was in your eye exam. If the reliability is too low we repeat the test on another day and almost always find the reliability of the eye exam goes up to acceptable levels. There are even adjustments made by the software to factor out the fact that you may have cataracts or other conditions that are not in the retina or visual pathway through the brain. With most visual field instruments you can pause the test yourself by holding down the clicker. That can give you a chance to relax, change position, or ask a question to clarify what you responses should be. We usually start on a demonstration mode to familiarizeize patients with the process and change over to actual testing once patients appear to be comfortable. You can always request a demonstration period first.

Beside glaucoma, a visual field test can be used to diagnose pituitary tumors, neurological problems, and unexplained loss of sight and headaches.

One last point- if you live in area like Fort Collins the Colorado sunshine is extremely bright after your eyes are dilated. Be sure you leave with temporary sunglasses if you do not already have quality sunwear.

Peer Pressure in Heart of Darkness, the Crucible, and Lord of the Flies

For most people, the pressure to conform begins before we're even born. Once the ultrasound images come through, our rooms, toys, and footy pajamas become gender-themed. In elementary school, we are systematically ranked in terms of name-brand vs. generic binders and snack items. In high school, we carefully engineer our clothes and backpacks to achieve that effortlessly cool look. Let's not even get started on what we do in college.

Since its being so normal a part of everyday life, there's something inherently creepy about group thinking. Whether you're Borg, a Stepford wife, or just a nervous freshman, everyone needs an occasional reminder of why not to run with the pack. To call in the really big guns, here are three classic literary scenarios that might help you wave your freak flag high.

Scenario One: Colonial Africa. The landscape is wild, the natives are unfamiliar, and the Europeans are doing their best to screw it up. Enter Mr. Kurtz of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. A British ivory trader living deep in the Congolese wilderness, Kurtz is a charismatic, intelligent type-A kind of guy. Who also happens to be a psychopath. Living out a unique twist on the Into the Wild, Kurtz forsakes European civilization, amasses a private army of indigenous and European minions, and goes on a murderous rampage.

By the time our narrator, Charlie Marlow, tracks him down, Kurtz is decorating his private jungle fortress with impaled heads. What's worse, despite the fact that Charlie a) goes after Kurtz knows what he's capable of, and b) witness Kurtz's insanity firsthand, his experience leaves us wondering whether or not he has also succumbed to Kurtz's influence. Although Heart of Darkness gives us an interesting look at the power of one person's persuasion, there's also something to be said for the sweeping momentum of mob rule. Which brings us to our second literary classic.

Scenario Two: Colonial America. The continent is awesome, the colonies are tiny, and the pioneers are so uptight that the Church of England does not want them. Add a reverend's daughter girl and a mysterious illness to the mix and you've got Arthur Miller's The Crucible, a play about the Salem witch trials. Beginning with one angry girl's accusations of witchcraft, the story snowballs as the entire village turns against itself in an eat-or-be-eat fight to the death.

In the end, the victors are either accusers or (false) confessors, whereas those who try to keep their noses clean are summarily executed. What makes this scarier than Kurtz's private army is the fact that a witch hunt does not require a mastermind; combine ten parts society and one part fear and you've got yourself a recipe for disaster. Of course, the mob mentality formula works in the absence of civilization, too. Just check out our third literary classic.

Scenario Three: The Desert Island. The island is small, the wee tykes are even smaller, and their chances of being found are slim to none. When you combine all the worst parts of Heart of Darkness and The Crucible, the resulting tale of horror can only be William Golding's Lord of the Flies, a story about a schoolyard that is incidentally relocated to an island in the middle of the Pacific. The boys polarize around the two strongest personalities, but being that they probably still used nightlights in their former life, they're not exactly immune to good ol 'fashioned mass hysteria, either.

By the time the boys have painted their faces, ritualistically slaughtered wild boars, and waged war on each other, you begin to wonder if "youthful innocence" is a contradiction in terms. The story ends with the boys being discovered by civilized, adult men in the mid of a civilized, adult world war. You know, just in case you felt happy for a second there.

Wed together, these three stories warn us against the corrupting influence of both influential leaders and mindless mobs, social constructs and wild savagery, respected adults and smelly pre-teens, hysterical girls and barbarous boys. In short, trust no one but yourself.

Which is kind of the point.

The Most Self-Destructive Phrase in the Business World

I'm not a doctor. I do not even play one on TV.

But if I were a doctor, I'd probably have a list of phrases that, when uttered by my patients, would trigger a whole whack of red flags to go up. Phrases like "It's probably nothing," or "I figure it'll just heal itself," or sometimes "Malaria? But I'll be using bug spray!" and so on.

I'm not saying I've got this list of red flag-triggering phases in a file, or on the wall of my doctor's office, right next to my degrees and an annoying picture of dogs playing golf (hey, it was a gift ).

But, it would always be in my head, somewhere (probably jammed next to some useless facts that will forever take up precious real estate in my brain, like lyrics to the Scooby Doo theme song, or … calculus).

What I am, though, is a copywriter. A creative one. And so, in the spirit of creativity, I'm giving myself permission to pretend that I'm a doctor, and reveal that there is one particular phrase that, when uttered by business leaders, not only sends up a red flag in my world , but firmly deposits me within the center of a red flag convention.

So, what's the shocking phrase that rips me up inside? It's this:

"Our stuff will sell itself."

That phrase – or rather, the philosophy that it expresses – is the death knell for a sales or marketing campaign, and, historically, for the business itself.

Nothing will ever sell itself. Nothing. Even if a business has a monopoly, it still can not go to bed at night and wake up in the morning saying "our stuff will sell itself," because there are always more people to reach, and given enough time, even if the barrier to market entry is extremely high, there will be competition – and the market share losses will be as predictable as they will be dramatic, as previously customers flee en masse .

However, talking about monopolies here is academic. Most businesses can not lay claim to one, and so the error of believing "our stuff will sell itself" is magnified that much more.

So, the gauntlet has been thrown: "our stuff will sell itself" is staggeringly bad business thinking. But why? What is it about this thought that's so wrong?

Because, when this thinking takes root in a business and begins to filter (more like fester ) vertically and laterally, an entire sub-set of beliefs, concepts, values ​​and actions arise that are no longer based on objective reality. They're based on flawed perception, and convince decision makers to do any number of really bad things:

  • Misread the temperature of the marketplace and how much it will love whatever is being sold
  • Neglect to create mandatory sales and marketing collateral by treating them as optional – or even worse, as redundant
  • Fail to properly train (or train at all) the sales force so that it actually knows how to turn prospects into Buyers vs. just holding open their hands and expecting customers to line-up and spend money
  • Rush to market a product or service that simply is not ready for prime time, because "people will love our stuff so much they will not care that it's at 30% functionality"
  • Underestimate market adoption rates, which gives the competition a nice, long time to develop a solution that keeps its customers loyal (which can include such uncreative, but effective, tactics like throwing wads of dough at the problem to "buy the business back")

Ultimately, if you put all of this together, what the belief "this stuff will sell itself" does, that that it turns windows into mirrors. That is, instead of looking out through a window at the marketplace and objectively seeing what's going on, a business starts looking in a mirror, and begins falling in love with its reflection (ie it's vision and plans). The marketplace of customers and competitors becomes secondary; or quite frankly, an afterthought. The business becomes insular, and in a very basic sense, loses its grip on reality.

And if there's one thing that customers OWN, it's reality. Generally, they do not care about how a product or service gets to market. They're interested in solving problems, ending pain, and achieving goals. Solutions that do that are deemed good. Solutions that do not do that are deemed bad. Customers may not even know how to spell what a company is offering, but they hold all of the leverage in the bigger picture, and businesses that fail to heed this axiom do so at their peril.

So, the next time you hear the phrase "our stuff will sell itself" – and especially if you hear it because you happen to be the one who just said it – then it's time for a reality check.

By all means, be confident in what you're offering and integrate that confidence into everything you do; including, of course your copywriting.

Just do not trade windows for mirrors. And you do that by refusing to ever start thinking that your stuff sells itself. Because it does not. It can not .

(Now, if you'll excuse me, I have to get the Scooby Doo theme song out of my head somehow.

Narsightedness, Farsightedness and Astigmatism

In order to understand nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, it is necessary to examine the similarities between the human eye and a camera. Both the camera and the human eye have three essential features: 1. A light-sensitive substance – in the camera, this is the film; in the human eye, it is the retina. 2. An opening to allow light to enter – in the camera, this is the aperture; in the human eye, it is the pupil. 3. A lens system to focus the light rays onto the film or retina. It is the lens system that is responsible for producing clear images of near objects and far objects.

The lens system of the human eye actually has four components – the cornea, the aqueous humor, the crystalline lens, and the vitreous humor. All four of these components help to focus the light rays onto the retina. The light rays entering the eye must be bent inward so that they can form a clear image on the retina. The first component of the lens system that the incoming light rays pass through is the cornea. The cornea is the transparent structure located in front of the iris (the colored ring in the eye with the pupil in its center). The cornea actually causes the majority of the bending of the light rays.

The crystalline lens of the eye is located directly behind the iris. The aqueous humor is a watery fluid located between the cornea and the lens. The vitreous humor is a very viscous fluid located between the lens and the retina. All three of these components of the lens system contribute to the bending of the light rays, but together they do not cause as much bending as the cornea does. The contribution of the lens is extremely important because, while the amount of bending accomplished by the cornea, the aqueous humor, and the vitreous humor does not change, the amount of bending caused by the lens can be varied.

The crystalline lens of the eye has a biconvex shape – a disc which is thicker in the middle and thinner at the periphery. Expanding outward from the periphery of the lens are suspensory ligament fibers, which attach the lens to a ring-shaped muscle called the ciliary muscle. The ciliary muscle can affect the shape of the lens. When the ciliary muscle is relaxed, it forms a large ring. Under these conditions, the fibers of the suspensory ligament pull the edges of the lens outward. This causes the thickness in the middle part of the lens to be less than it could be. If the ciliary muscle were to contract, it would form a somewhat smaller ring. When this happens, the outward pull on the lens is less than before. As a result, the middle part of the lens becomes thicker. The more the ciliary muscle contracts, the thicker the middle of the lens becomes.

The ability of the eye to vary the thickness of the crystalline lens is essential in order for the eye to see clearly both near objects and far objects. In order to form a clear image on the retina, the light rays coming from a near object must be bent more than the light rays coming from a far object. The thicker middle of the lens, the more the lens bends the light rays. Therefore, whenever the eye focuses on a near object, the ciliary muscle contracts and forms a smaller ring in order to allow the middle of the lens to become thicker. But when the eye focuses on a far object, the ciliary muscle relaxes and forms a larger ring, then causing the suspensory ligament fibers to pull the edges of the lens outward. As a result, the middle of the lens is less thick.

Nearsightedness (myopia) can be caused by either an eyeball that is too long or a lens that is too thick. In either of these conditions, the light rays coming in from a near object can still form a clear image on the retina. The light rays from a far object could form a clear image at some point in front of the retina. But by the time those light rays actually reach the retina, the image is blurred. In order to correct nearsightedness, a biconcave lens is placed in front of the eye. A biconcave lens is a disc which is thinner in the middle and thicker at the periphery. Such a lens bends the incoming light rays outward before they reach the components of the lens system of the eye. After being bent inward by the lens system of the eye, the light rays will form a clear image on the retina.

Farsightedness (hyperopia) can be caused by either an eyeball that is too short or a lens that is not thick enough. In either of these conditions, the light rays coming in from a far object can still form a clear image on the retina. The light rays from a near object would form a clear image behind the retina. But, of course, they never reach that point; the image is still blurry when it reaches the retina. In order to correct farsightedness, a biconvex lens is placed in front of the eye. This lens bends the incoming light rays inward before they reach the components of the lens system of the eye. After the lens system of the eye bends them inward still more, the light rays form a clear image on the retina.

An astigmatism is a defect in the shape of either the cornea or the crystalline lens of the eye. The cornea and the lens should have exactly the same curvature in all directions. If there is an astigmatism, the curvature is not the same in all directions. To understand the difference, visualize the surface of a beach ball. It has the same curvature in all directions. Now visualize the surface of a football. It does not have the same curvature in all directions. When an astigmatism is present, the individual incoming light rays are bent by different amounts. Therefore there is no point where all light rays come into focus to form a clear image on the retina. In order to correct an astigmatism, a lens is designed to have an astigmatism which is exactly the opposite of the astigmatism of the eye. When such a lens is placed in front of the eye, it counteracts the astigmatism of the eye.

Presbyopia is a loss of near vision which occurs as people age. It is the result of loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens of the eye. Elasticity is the ability of a structure to spontaneously resume its original shape after it has been stretched out of shape. Elasticity is what allows the lens to thicken in the middle when it is no longer being rolled out at the periphery. As the lens ages, its ability to thicken decreases. Since near vision requires a thicker lens, near vision is lost.

What Is Insulin Microburst Therapy and Why Should Diabetics Care?

Insulin Microburst Therapy is a relatively new, yet little known treatment for the condition of diabetes. It’s proponents claim it can stop and often reverse the complications of diabetes. Currently, there are only a handful of clinics in the world that provide this type of therapy.

Being a Family Practice Physician for over 38 years, I have treated thousands of diabetics. Generally, the protocol doesn’t change much, the medications get more expensive and have different names, but otherwise treatment options involve some combination of diet programs, exercise programs and the latest medications. At the same time, the results remain the same; ever increasing amounts of medications are needed and the complications get worse.

Lately more people have been asking about a new therapy called Insulin Microburst Therapy, a fairly new treatment option. To understand what this treatment is, why it works and how it works, it’s important to take a step back and think about diabetes from a different perspective.

The body is made up of individual cells. These cells form the basic building blocks of the body. When a person is conceived, one cell splits into 2, which splits into 4, then 8 then so on until eventually a cell decides to become a brain cell, a liver cell etc.

These cells feed on glucose, or sugar. Most cells can use fat, or muscle if absolutely necessary, but the cells feed on sugar. When someone is diabetic, their cells aren’t getting sugar, so a signal is sent to the brain to send sugar. The brain sends sugar by releasing it into the blood. Since the cells can’t use the sugar, they continue to signal the brain to send sugar. This results in an endless loop of the cells crying for sugar, the brain sending sugar and the cells not being able to use the sugar sent. Therefore, diabetes is not so much a disease of blood sugar levels, but a disease of cellular sugar levels.

Diabetes in and of itself is simple; It’s a disease of insufficient insulin production. Whether the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin and someone is a type 1 diabetic, or it doesn’t produce enough insulin and someone is a type 2 diabetic, the bottom line problem is insufficient insulin production. So, we replace the insulin. Seemingly, problem solved. But, it’s not solved, as evidenced by the myriad of complications even among the most compliant of diabetics.

The reason insulin is so important is because insulin is the hormone that actually transports a sugar molecule across the cellular membrane (the skin) and into the cell. Since a sugar molecule is too big to simply float into the cell, the cell must have some mechanism to transport it through the membrane and into the Mitochondria, the power plant of the cell. This transport mechanism is insulin’s generally recognized function.

Once into the mitochondria, the cell must then transform sugar into energy somehow. The process is extremely complicated, but to simplify, it is like baking a cake; Sugar is mixed with flour, milk, butter, eggs, baking powder, etc to form a goopy mess which is put into the oven and heat is applied. Once heat is applied, a chemical reaction takes place (we call this reaction baking), after a few minutes the reaction is complete and the goopy mess has been transformed into another substance, a cake, that bears no resemblance to the goopy mess we started with.

Your cells undergo a similar process to metabolize sugar. The Mitochondria start with sugar, it adds ingredients supplied by the liver called enzymes, it applies heat (which is why we have a body temperature of 98.6 degrees, this is the oven of your metabolism baking sugar into energy) a chemical reaction takes place (this chemical reaction is called the Krebs cycle) and a few minutes later, a molecule of energy is generated.

Here is the breakdown with diabetic’s! Just as with baking a cake, if there are ingredients missing, if there is not enough flour, or not any baking powder, a cake will not be produced, It will be something less than a cake. Same thing goes with diabetics; if some, or all the enzymes are missing, energy will not be produced in necessary quantities. Most of the complications from diabetes are not caused so much by having some excess sugar in the blood, but because the cells are not able to produce enough energy to thrive! This is why diabetic’s continue to have complications, regardless of glycemic control.

Here is where Insulin Microburst Therapy comes into play. When the pancreas is healthy, it doesn’t just sit and ooze insulin. The pancreas actually injects insulin into the liver in pulses. If the pancreas were to simply ooze insulin, the body would simply become adjusted to ever increasing levels of insulin. The pancreas releases insulin in periodoc “bursts” of insulin, so insulin hits the liver like a sledge hammer, then backs off. It hits again, then backs off, never allowing the body to become adjusted to higher serum insulin levels. Insulin Microburst Therapy mimics these natural bursts of insulin.

The liver, in addition to being the filter of the body, is also the chemical factory of body. The bursts of insulin generated by a healthy pancreas have a stimulating effect on the liver. The mechanism of normal pancreatic bursts stimulates the liver to produce the enzymes cells need to complete the Krebs cycle. This allows the cells to generate the energy needed to thrive and allows the body to heal itself.

The way Insulin Microburst Therapy works, is by stimulating the digestive process, while at the same time infusing insulin intravenously over a period usually of 2-3 hours, simulating the bursts of a healthy pancreas. In short, the body’s dinner bell is being rung, while at the same time, the liver is stimulated by bursts of insulin just like it would be by a healthy pancreas. The liver starts producing metabolic enzymes, the Krebs cycle is completed and the body’s cells can once again metabolize sugar.

The difference between using bursts of insulin intravenously and the insulin taken traditionally, either orally, or through injections, is not so much the type of insulin, but in how the insulin is used. Traditional methods of introducing insulin into the body are actually unnatural, they slowly raise the serum insulin levels, but they are insufficient to have a stimulating effect on the liver. Insulin Microburst Therapy, is a much more natural way to introduce insulin, it mimics the way your body produces insulin naturally. This therapy requires intravenous infusion because insulin has to effect the liver almost instantly to get the minimum therapeutic concentration of insulin into the liver.

Over the course of my almost 40 years of practicing medicine, I have seen therapies come and go, but I have never seen anything as exciting and effective as Insulin Microburst Therapy. When more physicians begin to realize the drastic, life changing effectiveness of this therapy, it will become the gold standard of care for the future of diabetic treatment.

Is It Worth Using Psychiatrist Recruitment Services?

The relationship between a patient and a doctor has always been a special one, different from all other supplier-customer interactions. When it comes to psychiatrists things become even more complicated because of the level of trust needed to solve the problems detected. In the next lines you will be offered some really helpful information about the help you could get from psychiatrist recruitment companies, as well as the work of individuals of this profession.

First, it is generally believed that each patient must find a therapist to trust and share with, which is why the recruitment process for your company is important and every single detail should be followed carefully. If you want the people you want to help to benefit from services of the highest quality you should attempt to find some ways of determining the compatibility with the professional chosen. You should also keep in mind that the psychologist versus psychiatrist dilemma is not actually a real problem. Psychologists can tell whether a patient has some problems or not, whereas psychiatrist recruitment services will help you find professionals who could also come up with solutions to these problems.

An important aspect of the psychologist – patient relationship is the certain investment of trust everyone is talking about, which defines the success of any therapy session. At the same time, emotional exchange can be a prerequisite for successful treatment or conversely, can lead to failure to complete the therapeutic act.

It is important for every single patient to treat the professional with honesty and trust in order to provide them with enough inspiration to complete the case. If the experts find a patient with a serious mental problem that requires a more radical intervention (hospitalization, medications) psychiatrist recruitment services are more recommendable than hiring a psychologist.

Most psychologists or psychiatrists believe that a strong collaboration between the two categories of experts is beneficial for the patient. In other words, these two groups of professionals should cooperate, not compete. Considering this, using psychiatrist recruitment services may sometimes not be sufficient and should be completed by hiring multiple experts.

There are two major categories of patients, ranked by the problems that experience. These are as follows:

• Patients with normal, mild problems, such as mood disorders, sleep disorders, mild depression, stress disorder and phobias; these can be resolved through psychotherapy sessions, even though there are times when a simple session is not enough;

• Patients with major problems such as severe depression or psychotic disorders; these require psychiatric intervention; at the same time, compatibility between the patient and therapist is a must and so is choosing the appropriate treatment method.

All in all, these lines should be exactly what you need in order to determine whether your company needs psychiatrist recruitment services, so make sure you take all these suggestions into account. In the end you will realize you will have saved some money too, as long as you manage to choose the right experts.

Uses For Sulfur – Discover the Beneficial Uses and How to Choose the Best Supplement

Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM in short) is an essential mineral found in the human body, which is important for many health reasons.

Never heard of it? Well, you may not know of MSM, but you must surely have heard of Sulfur. Whatever you choose to call it; by the name of sulfur or its organic compound MSM, it is one and the same thing.

Although not much research has been done into the medicinal uses for sulfur, especially in humans, there are many preliminary findings that show sulfur to be a very essential mineral for human health.

And if one were to believe what people who take sulfur regularly have to say, it surely is a wonder nutrient. Let’s take a look at some of the uses for sulfur.

Beneficial Uses for Sulfur

1. Sulfur for Prevention of Cancer: As mentioned previously, not a lot of research has been done for health uses of sulfur in humans.

Having said that, there have been many studies done on animals, which have proved beyond any shadow of doubt that sulfur is beneficial in delaying the onset of cancer.

It may not completely prevent cancerous tumors, but it does seem to slow the growth of these tumors significantly.

If further studies do show that the uses for sulfur are equally good in humans, you can bet that a whole lot of sulfur products will flood the markets.

2. Eases Symptoms of Arthritis: Sulfur, in the form of MSM, is very useful in treating both forms of arthritis: Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Sulfur prevents the wearing down of cartilages and is thus helpful for those suffering from the above conditions. Sulfur is also believed to have an anti-inflammatory effect and also analgesic properties.

Because of these properties, sulfur helps to ease the pain felt in arthritis.

3. Decreases Chances of Allergic Reactions: Sulfur, as MSM, is a mineral that naturally guards against the allergic actions of compounds known as histamines.

Histamines attack the membranes of your eyes, throat, and nose, thus causing inflammation, irritation, and other allergic symptoms. To control such allergies, people usually resort to taking anti-histamines.

But as sulfur has natural anti-histamine properties, it can be very beneficial in reducing allergic reactions.

4. Sulfur for your Skin: Sulfur increases the elasticity of your skin, and also of the tissues surrounding it. Because of this action of sulfur, it is very useful in preventing stretch marks.

Sulfur is also found to be helpful in healing surface wounds and reducing scars.

Thus, considering the above uses for sulfur, it is indeed an essential mineral for the human body.

Enhancing the Uses for Sulfur

Here are some guidelines for taking sulfur supplements, which will enhance its benefits.

1) In some people, sulfur (as MSM) may increase the energy levels, as a result of which they might have difficulty sleeping.

If you find that sulfur does the same for you, do not take your sulfur supplements at night.

2) Sulfur should always be taken with your food (or immediately after) so as to prevent any stomach or gastrointestinal trouble.

How To Choose A Sulfur Supplement

When buying any sulfur supplement, make sure that it contains sulfur in the form of MSM, which is a sulfur compound that has all the above mentioned benefits.

In order to ensure that you are getting the safest and highest quality of sulfur supplement, buy only those supplements that are made according to the pharmaceutical GMP standards.

Many supplements contain harmful additives and fillers such as gluten, sand (silica), sugar etc. Avoid buying any sulfur supplement that contains too many of such harmful fillers.

More and more men and women are using natural multivitamins with sulfur to not only ensure that their body gets sulfur, but other vitamins, minerals, trace elements and nutrients as well. It is a cost-effective way to keep your body healthy.