Auditing Process Validation


Validation is required to ensure that a process, system, material, method, product, piece of equipment, or personnel practice, will meet its intended purpose and function or allow functioning in a reliable, consistent manner. A firm derives little benefit if a thorough understanding of validation remains solely within the validation department.

After four decades of existence, validation is little better understood now than when it was first conceived–beyond the concept of “requiring a minimum of three runs”. The term “validation” may differ in meaning from company to company. Validation is demonstrating and documenting that something does (or is) what it is purported to do (or be).

Challenge of the Auditor’s Role

Resources to support validation may not be the best for adhering to compliance procedures. Start by understanding the SOPs pertinent to validation and, specifically, process validation. The auditor’s role will be to examine executed protocols and reports against internal SOPs and external regulations. In addition to the SOPs governing Process Validation, the auditor needs to know if there have been other commitments against which a process validation should be checked.

o Prior internal audit commitments

o Customer audit commitments

o Internal program initiative commitments (e.g., GMP Program)

o FDA commitments (filing or inspection)

When are Process Validations (or Revalidations) Required?

During R&D, physical and chemical performance characteristics should be defined and translated into specifications, including acceptable ranges, which should be expressed in measurable terms. The validity of such specifications is verified through testing and challenge during development and initial production.

Validation of such processes need not be done before the Regulatory Filing (i.e., NDA, ANDA. Validation commitments may be included in the regulatory filing. The Validation Master Plan should include a periodicity (e.g., bi-annual) and specify revalidation when equipment, or other pertinent element, changes. When Annual Process Review (APR) indicates that “drift” is occurring, revalidation must be done.

FDA Regulations for process controls are included in Part 211–Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished Pharmaceuticals , Subpart F–Production and Process Controls , Section 211.100 Written procedures; deviations.

In part, these regulations require written procedures for production and process control designed to assure that the drug products have the identity, strength, quality, and purity they purport or are represented to possess. These written procedures, including any changes, shall be drafted, reviewed, and approved by the appropriate organizational units and reviewed and approved by the quality control unit. Written production and process control procedures shall be followed in the execution of the various production and process control functions and shall be documented at the time of performance. Any deviation from the written procedures shall be recorded and justified.

Validation Types

There are several different types of validation approaches. The best is “Propsective”, since it is planned for and is, therefore, most favored by the FDA.


assesses historical performance; traditionally requires more data, not permitted at some companies, but may be necessary for products that have been in production for a long time and pre-dated current requirements for validation.


gathers data as runs are executed; less than ideal due to lack of pre-planning


planned protocol, pre-validation tasks ensured; FDA-favored

Process Validations (Process Qualifications)

Process validation is establishing documented evidence which provides a high degree of assurance that a specific process will consistently produce a product meeting its pre-determined specifications and quality characteristics. The intent is to demonstrate that a process repeatedly yields product of acceptable quality. A minimum of 3 consecutively successful cycles–on a given piece of equipment using a specific process–constitutes process and equipment validation. Not only is the process under scrutiny, but the piece of equipment used to deliver that process is as well. Process operating limits should be tested, but not edge of failure. “Robustness” and “worst case” are common goals.

Activities that Occur in Advance of Process Validation

Analytical methods must be validated. Processing parameters and conditions must be specified and approved. There must be an availability of clear and detailed SOPs and Manufacturing Batch instruction which avoid the use of subjective criteria and wide processing ranges (e.g., mix gently for 10 – 60 minutes).

Upstream Tasks to Minimize Variability

Check to ensure that tasks are completed which could add variability to the validation, such as:

-Employee training

-Equipment IQ, OQ, Calibration & Maintenance

-Component specifications

-Environmental requirements (temperature, humidity, controlled air quality)

-Qualification of key production materials

Importance of the Protocol

It is a commitment established by the parties involved with the activity. It involves a description of the activity, the proposed and agreed-upon manner to achieve that goal, the number of runs required to achieve that goal, and the acceptance criteria. It is an FDA expectation that all validation protocols be approved before execution. Typical sources for approval are the department responsible for protocol preparation, the department where the equipment will be installed and the quality group.

Protocol & Acceptance Criteria

Product quality attributes must be detailed in the protocol. “Acceptance Criteria” are often the established Product Specifications. Validation should not be used to establish or optimize processing parameters and specifications. Acceptance Criteria may be more stringent, but should never be less demanding, than the Product Specifications. Watch for subjective statements, since they cannot be validated. Example: …continue to add water until you have a suitable granulation…”

Test conditions should encompass upper and lower processing limits which place the most stress on the system. Key process variables should be monitored and documented. Data analysis should establish variability of process parameters.

FDA’s Perception of the Role of the Quality Unit

Those involved in validation must understand what responsibilities the FDA holds the quality unit accountable for. Ensure that any additional requirements from the quality unit have been met by the executed validation–especially additional testing, repeating questionable tests, and providing more rationale.

FDA Regulations for sampling and testing are included Part 211–Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished Pharmaceuticals, Subpart F–Production and Process Controls, Section 211.110 Sampling and testing of in-process materials and drug products

In part, these regulations require that written procedures shall be established and followed that describe the in-process controls, and tests, or examinations to be conducted on appropriate samples of in-process materials of each batch. Such control procedures shall be established to monitor the output and to validate the performance of those manufacturing processes that may be responsible for causing variability in the characteristics of in-process material and the drug product. Such control procedures shall include, but are not limited to, the following, where appropriate: tablet or capsule weight variation; disintegration time; adequacy of mixing to assure uniformity and homogeneity; dissolution time and rate; clarity, completeness, or pH of solutions.

Failure to Meet Acceptance Criteria

Unless the acceptance criteria are met, or there is a sound justification for not meeting them, the goal is not achieved and the validation has failed. When protocol failure occurs, it is customary to conduct an investigation. The investigation should: identify the assignable cause, identify corrective actions, and restart the activity. The importance of this investigation and identification of corrective actions cannot be overstressed. If the investigation does not identify an assignable cause for the failure, the validation must be restarted.

Validating a Transferred Process

In the age of multi-national corporations, it is not uncommon for an R&D unit to be located in one part of the nation (or globe) and the manufacturing unit in another. Thus, when a process is transferred from one place to another, a number of technology transfer points and documents are generated as prospective validation in order to proceed with validation through the various steps of product development. There are many departments involved and they are usually isolated units. Confusion results unless communication is good. Often, a project management team approach will facilitate inclusion of all affected units and identification of all of the steps involved.

Validation of Transferred Technology

Audit checklists can be used to ensure that important elements of the transferred process were not overlooked or misunderstood. Appropriate participants should have approved the protocol and also the final report. If it isn’t clear to the auditor, it won’t be clear to FDA.

Questions Often Asked During Technology Transfer

Raw Materials

Do specifications exist?

Do they make sense?

Are the test methods reliable?

Are the specifications needed?

What should be specified but isn’t?

What is the source of raw materials?

Are there more sources?

What is the grade to be used?

Are the grades interchangeable?


Does the plant have the proper equipment?

Are the batch size and equipment matched?

Does an alternate supplier exist?

Can the equipment in the plant be used–even though the principle of operation is not yet specified?

Process Parameters

Are the set points too narrow?

Are the set points too wide?

How were the set points determined?


How do I sample?

What do I sample?

Where do I sample?

Why should I sample?

How much sample should I take?

What does the data mean after it is obtained?

Final Product

How were the specifications set?

Are the tests reliable?

Erectile Dysfunction and Oysters – A Match Made In Heaven?

Oysters have a reputation around the world as being an aphrodisiac. Viagra is well known for its ability to help men suffering from erectile dysfunction. What would happen if the two were combined into an “aphrodisiac cocktail?”

The idea came to one Australian man after he had gone through prostate surgery. His doctor informed him that he might suffer from impotence after the procedure, as many men do. He took his prescription of Viagra to his pharmacy and filled his order.

Knowing about the libido-enhancing properties of oysters, he decided that he might be able to boost his own libido while curing his erectile problems, so he crushed the prescription tablets onto some smoked oysters. While many people don’t enjoy the taste of oysters, they still eat them for their reported sexual boosting benefits.

While it’s been hypothesized that oysters can provide humans with some sexual benefits, most of that reputation simply comes from their high zinc content. Zinc has been proven to increase male fertility and sperm production through countless studies. However, the aphrodisiac qualities of oysters and zinc are unproven, and might even be considered wishful thinking by some doctors.

Regardless, this Australian man decided to sprinkle his prescription Viagra onto his oysters for maximum benefit. He must’ve liked what he found, because he decided to take his concoction to the next level with his Viagra Oysters.

He soon got in contact with some local oyster farmers, hoping to create and sell the world’s first Viagra Oysters. The farm took the contract and production was under way.

By continuing their regular oyster farming processes and adding some Viagra to the water, they hoped the oysters would all absorb some sidenafil citrate (aka prescription Viagra). Oysters can take anywhere up to 3-4 years before they reach maturity, and the way they feed almost ensures there would be some Viagra absorbed.

The results, although not published for the public eye yet, have been decent according to the manufacturer. There have been distinct trace amounts of active Viagra in almost every oyster farmed with this technique. However, there are some problems already brewing.

Because Viagra is a controlled substance and prescription drug, it might be all but impossible to get these Viagra Oysters into most markets. North America, Australia, and parts of Europe have already balked at the idea. That’s not stopping the growers though, as they believe there’s still hope to get their product into some Asian markets.

Another problem they’ve encountered was direct from Pfizer, the manufacturer of prescription Viagra. When the manufacturer of Viagra Oysters decided to name their product after a registered trademark, Pfizer immediately came after them to shut them down.

While it was a novel idea, there’s probably not much hope for these little libido/ED oysters. There would be too many hoops to jump through, and controlling the amount of chemical Viagra per oyster is proving to be difficult.

Cardinal Principles Of Homeopathy

Homoeopathy is a well established science and every science has certain fundamental and guiding principles, these fundamental principles are known as Cardinal Principles of Homoeopathy.

Dr. Hahnemann made his first attempt to formulate these principles in his article in 1805 titled ‘Medicine of Experience’. Then, later on for a few years upto 1810 he worked in perfecting these guidelines and published them in his manual ‘Organon of Medicine’.

The cardinal principles are 7 in number; they give Homeopathic system of medicine its scientific footing and establishment.

1. Similia Similibus curentur or like cures like: Homeopathy (Gr. homoeos = similar, pathos = suffering) is a scientific system of medicine based on the law of similars, ie similia similibus curentur or ‘symptom-similarity’.

Dr. Hahnemann derived this law after proving drugs on him and concluded that disease curing powers of a drug are the same as disease producing powers.

This law states that, medicine should have the potential to produce most similar symptoms of the disease to be cured in a healthy person. Dr. Hahnemann, by scientific thinking and keen sense of observation applied it to medicine and discovered Homoeopathy.

2. Law of simplex or single remedies: The law of simplex or single remedies is the 2nd cardinal principal of Homoeopathy. Dr. Hahnemann during his time proved crude substances known as ‘drugs’ on himself and he insists only one, single, medicine is to be prescribed to the patient at a time.

This is because only one medicine is the most similar, homoeopathic medicines are proved singly and materia medica comprises of single remedy provings; if multiple remedies are given at a single time, synergistic action is observed in patient making it difficult for further prescribing.

3. Law of minimum dose: This law states that the single remedy to be given should be given in the least potency and repetition. Minimum dose is that dose which is just required to evoke a reaction in the patient. It is that quantity which is just sufficient to produce a gentle remedial effect and medicinal relief.

The law of minimum dose has its own advantages, like it avoids undue medicinal aggravation, there’s no risk of unwanted side-effects, symptom-similarity is maintained and toxic effect on the patient is minimal. Recently, this concept of minimum dose has been proven and verified by Arndt-Schultz law.

4. Doctrine of Drug Proving: Dr. Hahnemann proved 99 drugs and recorded their provings in Materia Medica Pura (volumes 6). The first volume was published in 1811 and last expanded was published in 1827. It consists of provings or ‘symptoms’ written by Dr. Hahnemann in his own words, and they have been documented as they appeared during the day.

Drug proving is the systemic investigation of pathogenetic powers of a drug/medicine on healthy human beings of different ages, both sexes, under all climatic conditions, at all times in all medicinal potencies. The 6 volumes of Pura contain more than 3000 symptoms.

Dr. Hahnemann recommended drug proving on healthy human beings. This is because subjective or mental symptoms are known in the language of the patient, and symptoms of drug and disease are different. Thus, the materia medica of Homeopathy contains pure effects of medicine on the human beings.

5. Doctrine of Chronic Diseases: Dr. Hahnemann after practicing Homoeopathy for 12 years, observed that in spite of prescribing correct medicines to his patients; the patient complained of partial relief, no relief, mixed pattern of relief and recurrence of symptoms.

He further studied the trend of symptoms, diseases and established the Doctrine of Chronic Diseases and further postulated that ‘miasms’ or certain ‘polluting factors’ were responsible for causing them.

The three single miasms are Psora (the itch, real cause of all type of chronic diseases), Sycosis (the gonorrheal, venereal fig-wart disease characterized by warts) and Syphilis (venereal chancre disease, characterized by ulceration).

6. Doctrine of Vital Force: Homoeopathy advocates the presence of an invisible power ie vital force present in all human beings and when this force becomes disturbed or deranged due to various causative factors, man becomes sick or diseased. Thus, homoeopathy states the importance of mind + body + spirit (vital force) in medicine.

Vital force is unique to Homoeopathy and it has the following qualities, spiritual, autocratic, automatic, dynamic and unintelligent and it animates the human body in health and disease.

In healthy conditions, the vital force maintains and sustains all normal functioning in human being and medicines are said to act upon this vital force, thus deranging it from healthy to sick (disease) and from sick to healthy while on homoeopathic medicine.

7. Doctrine of Drug Dynamization: This theory is also known as doctrine of drug potentization. The potentization process is found only in homoeopathy and remedial properties which are latent, hidden in drug substances become awakened and are developed into activity. It is by this process that inert crude medicinal powers exert their cure on the deranged vital force.

Crude substances (drugs) are potentized by using 2 methods, namely trituration (for insoluble substances) and succussion (for soluble substances). The benefits of potentization are numerous:

(i) Potentization ensures deeper, broadened medicinal action

(ii) Latent powers of medicine are translated into beneficial curative powers

(iii) By potentization, medicines acquire dynamic power and restore the deranged vital force to normalcy

(iv) Inert, dull substances are rendered effective and converted into effective medicines

(v) Poisonous substances lose their toxicity

There are 3 scales of potentization namely, decimal scale, centesimal scale and 50 millesimal scale. Thus, Homoeopathy is a firm science based on fundamental principles.

Herbal Medicine is People's Medicine

Herbal medicine is people's medicine. Herbal medicine is the primary medicine of most people on this planet, right now. It's not something old and dusty. It's not a bunch of doctors and chemists figuring out how to use herbs like drugs. Herbal medicine is a 3-year-old picking plantain and putting it on a skinned knee or an insect bite. Herbal medicine is the medicine of women and children. It is the medicine of the earth. It's medicine that's free. It's not something that must be studied before it can help you. Start with one plant. Approach herbal medicine directly, hands on, in the back yard with your children.

You can be your own herbalist, if you keep it simple. First, divide herbs into four categories: nourishing, tonifying, stimulating / sedating, and potentially poisonous. Use nourishing herbs daily, toning herbs regularly, stimulating / sedating rarely, and potentially poisonous herbs almost never.

Nourishing herbs are nutritive plants such as kale, garlic, dandelion greens, rolled oats, plantain seeds, blueberries, and edible weeds – the powerhouses of nutrition. Nourishing plants can be used in any quantity for any length of time .

Nutritive herbs are rich in minerals and vitamins. One hundred grams of dandelion (about c cup of greens) has 14,000 IU of vitamin A.

Tonifying herbs are like exercise; they include such plants as burdock, dandelion root, yellow dock, motherwort, ginseng, astragalus, chaste berry, schisandra. One of the benefits of exercise, of tonification, is that it helps us when we're stressed. You're not necessarily going to feel better if you exercise once for ten minutes. But, if you exercise for ten minutes every day, after several months, you will notice changes.

What's confusing is the difference between toning and stimulating herbs. When we take tonics, we feel better and have more energy. When we take stimulating herbs, we also feel better and have more energy, but only when we are stimulating ourselves. There are immediate uncomfortable effects when we lack our stimulant, but no decrease in health if we stop taking the tonic. Ginger and cinnamon certainly have their uses. But they do not build health.

Over the long run, stimulants erode our health. Nourishing extremely gives us more energy, though it will take a few days to feel it, where the effects of stimulants are immediate. My apprentices drink two or more cups of nourishing herbal infusion daily. And after ten days, their skin is nicer, they have more energy and stamina, they stop craving sweets, and they feel a lot better over all.

With nourishing and tonifying herbs in our daily lives, we have solid energy that adds to health instead of subtracting from it. Instead of raiding my storehouse with stimulants, I build my reserves with nourishing herbal infusions.

I recommend that people drink nourishing herbal infusions on a daily basis. Everything will follow from there.

I consider dark chocolate an important health food.

Stimulating / sedating herbs are some of the most widely used of all herbs. They include coffee, tea, cinnamon, ginger, hops, kava kava, licorice, passion flower, skullcap, valerian, willow, and wintergreen. They are best used when there is a specific need: A pre-diabetic may choose to take a teaspoonful of cinnamon daily. Ginger compresses are great, and I enjoy it in my food, occasionally. The point with these herbs is to avoid daily use .

The last category is potentially poisonous herbs, ones we only in extreme situations, to ward off death. I include goldenseal, poke root, cayenne, rue, sweet clover, and wormwood in this category.

Goldenseal is a broad spectrum antibacterial. It kills more gut flora than antibiotics. It negatively affects kidney, liver, and gut function. In forty years as an herbalist, I have used it only once: externally. It is overused, to the detriment of people's health, and to the near extinction of the plant itself.

we have three different medical traditions; The Wise Woman Tradition, the Heroic Tradition and the Scientific Tradition. They overlap, but, in general, the Heroic Tradition is called alternative medicine. It dates back to ancient Greece and the idea that there are four "humors." Disease occurs due to disruption of the humors. George Washington got the flu. The best healers of the day, who were heroic healers, puked him. He did not get better, so they purged him. He got worse, so they bled him. He got worse. They puked, purged, and bled him again. He died.

That was the best medicine of the day. Today, we think of the humankind as toxins, and people continue puke, purge, and poke, only now, we call it "cleansing." My experience has shown me that cleansing does not good and can cause great harm. The Heroic Tradition prefers stimulating, sedating, and potentially poisonous herbs; and they generally use complicated mixtures of herbs. They want to be the heroes. The problem with these very potent herbs, however, is that they must be given in very accurate doses. This is the beginning of the pharmaceutical industry. The active poisons were extracted from plants, and plant plant drugs became "safe" pharmaceutical drugs.

That is the Scientific Tradition, which tells us that our bodies are machines and they need to be fixed. In the Scientific Tradition, health is a measurement. We eat by the numbers. The advantage to treating bodies as machines is that it allows us to deal with intractable problems. My sweetheart's grandfather died of a heart attack at 57. His father had his first heart attack at 57, survived that one, and died of a second one at 59. My sweetheart, at 59, had a triple bypass, not a heart attack. Now, you might say, "Well, could not you have done something to prevent that, Susun?" No. Very, very high cholesterol runs in his family. But consider this: The surgeon said to him, afterwards, "Your heart was getting about a third of the blood it needed; itought to have been damaged or even dead. What's up? " He's been drinking nourishing herbal infusions for 20 years. He does not eat any vegetable / seed oils, does not take supplements, does do yoga, and leads a vivid, healthy life.

My friend, Ellen, was hit by a tractor trailer, which ran a red light. Her neck was broken in three places. She was picked up by a helicopter and taken to a major medical center, where they took a piece of her thigh bone and fused it into her neck. She can walk -not well, but she can walk. I could not have done that with comfrey, love, or my drum. But two weeks later, everyone in the hospital wanted to know what we were doing because Ellen was healing so quickly. That's comfrey, love, and my drum. I'm one of the people who coined the term, "integrated medicine." I want all three traditions to be recognized for their strengths and weaknesses, so each person can have the health care that is best suited to them and their situation.

The third tradition is the oldest tradition of them all and the tradition that I speak for: the Wise Woman Tradition. In the Scientific Tradition (linear) we fix the broken machine; in the Heroic Tradition (circular) we cleanse the filthy temple. In the Wise Woman Tradition (spiralic), we nourish the unique wholeness of each individual. Nourishment certainly has to do with what we eat, but it is more. Everything we take in – sights, sounds, thoughts, stories, smells, everything – becomes part of us. Many people who eat well are on a diet of junk food when it comes to what they take in other than food. No, I do not watch television.

When you read about herbal medicine, for instance, or see a doctor or healer, you could ask yourself: "Which tradition is this writer or healer working with?". The Scientific Tradition says herbs are dangerous; they are crude drugs, drugs with green coats. Drugs have been made from herbs; but that doesnt mean all herbs are drug-like. The Heroic Tradition says herbs – like cayenne, goldenseal, and lobelia – cleanse. I teach my students that cleansing, in terms of a living body, really means damage and destroy. In the Wise Woman Tradition, we start from the understanding that we are created in perfection. We do not fall from that perfection, but we fall from our belief in that perfection. The Heroic Tradition congratulates us to meet ourselves, to believe that any health problem is our own fault. There is power in those beliefs, but little healing, to my mind. To me, healing is wholing. To heal is to make someone more, not less. I strive not to take away, but to add, and let what is not needed go as it will, and it will.

We recognize our wholeness / health / holiness when we accept ourselves exactly as we are, with love and compassion. In the Wise Woman Tradition, we nourish what we want to be, rather than rejecting what we do not want. We trust our bodies, we trust the earth, we trust our gut feelings.

Cholesterol's connection to heart attacks has never been proven. And we have virtually no idea what healthy cholesterol is in a post-menopausal woman. Remember, my sweetheart: incredibly high cholesterol but never had a heart attack. Inflammation has been shown, over and over, to lead to heart attacks. You may want to consider reducing infection instead of cholesterol. One of the best ways to do that is to stop eating oils pressed from seeds, and to start eating olive oil, organic butter, and the natural fats from organically-raised, pastured animals.

Canola oil, flax oil, hemp oil, evening primrose oil, soy oil, sesame oil, almond oil, corn oil – all considered healthy, but examples of the oils I avoid when I want to avoid inflammation. And inflammation underlies and supports heart attack, joint pain, dementia, cancer.

The Scientific Tradition, says "measure and fix." For optimal health follow an anti-inflammatory diet – the first step is to remove seed oils from your diet. Then, reduce and remove stimulants – coffee, black pepper, cayenne, ginger, cinnamon, soda pop. Third, reduce and remove all sources of high-fructose corn syrup. Meanwhile, introduce optimally nutritive foods: nourishing herbal infusions, plain yogurt, fermented vegetables, whole grains, miso, seaweed. Give yourself at least a year to make these changes. You are already perfect; and you can create a greater perfection as you nourish yourself.

Slippery elm is wonderful herbal ally. I make lozenges by mixing slippery elm bark powder with a little honey. I stir until it clumps up, adding more honey if needed. It's just right when it's like pie dough. Using my hands, I make balls the size of hazelnut or bigger, and roll them in more powdered slippery elm so they do not stick to each other. I store them in a small metal tin; and do not leave home without it. Slippery elm is so safe that you can dissolve a ball in your mouth as often as you want, any time you feel any distress. If you're working with an ongoing condition, at least two a day is good. Slippery elm restores the lining of the intestines, prevents any agents within the body from disturbing the intestines, and neutralizes any poisons that are present in or around the intestines.

A great ally that you could grow is comfrey. There is some controversy about the use of comfrey root, so I restrict myself to the leaf. Also, I'm careful to use garden comfrey, which is less problematic. To make a nourishing herbal infusion with comfrey, weigh out one ounce of discharged leaves and put that in a quart cannning jar. Fill it to the top with boiling water. Screw a tight lid on it and let it steep for at least 4 hours – or up to 9 hours at cool room temperature. Strain the herb out, squeezing it well. The liquid is what we drink; I put the spent herb in the compost. Comfrey leaf infusion can be drunk hot, with a spoonful of honey, or over ice. You can also heat it up and pour it over a mint tea bag. Comfrey gives the lining of the lungs and the intestines flexible strength and health.

Comfrey leaf infusion is good for people who have quit smoking, or even if they are still smoking. Comfrey leaf infusion is also a tremendously ally to bone flexibility and strength. It also heals and strengthens tendons and ligaments. Remember comfrey: it contains proteins that create short-term memory cells.

Teas and infusions are generally safe; tinctures are more concentrated and then less safe, and capsules are the least safe of all. In fact, herbs in capsules are the most likely to create horrible side-effects. I tell my students to completely avoid herbs in capsules.

Let's go back to our four categories – nourishing herbs contain vitamins and minerals, proteins and nutritive factors that are easily soluble in water and vinegar, but not alcohol. Stimulating / sedating and potentially poisonous herbs contain active ingredients that are more soluble in alcohol than in water. Thus, infusions and vinegars are nutritive, while tinctures are more drug-like.

An infusion is a large amount of dried herb brewed for a long time. A tea is a small amount of fresh or dried herb brewed for a short time. To make an infusion: Buy dried herbs in bulk – my favorites for nourishing infusions are stting nettle, oatstraw, red clover, linden, and comfrey leaf – and place one ounce of dried herb in a quart cannning jar; fill with boiling water; screw on a tight lid; steep for at least 4 hours; strain; drink the liquid hot or cold; refrigerate what's left and consume it within 36 hours.

A quart of nettle infusion can have 2000mg of calcium; and we could easily consume that in a day. A dropperful of nettle tincture would contain, at the most, 3-5mg of calcium.

The definition of a tincture is an alcohol extract. The active principals in plants – alkaloids, glycosides, volatile oils, and resins – generally dissolve poorly in water. Tinctures can make a plant act more like a drug, and allow finer control over the dose.

Legal Disclaimer: This content is not intended to replace conventional medical treatment. Any suggestions made and all herbs listed are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, condition or symptom. Personal directions and use should be provided by a clinical herbalist or other qualified healthcare practitioner with a specific formula for you. All material on this website / email is provided for general information purposes only and should not be considered medical advice or consultation. Contact a reputable healthcare practitioner if you are in need of medical care. Exercise self-empowerment by seeking a second opinion.

Magnesium Stops Hair Loss – Why Aren’t You Rushing Out to Buy This Vitamin?

In tests conducted on laboratory rats, magnesium stops hair loss. When they were fed a diet that did not contain magnesium they lost large clumps of hair.

Once they were given foods that contained a good supply of magnesium, the hair returned. Therefore, it stands to reason that magnesium plays an important role in the growth of hair.

How do you know if magnesium will work to stop the loss of your hair? The only true way of finding out is to use it and see what it does for your hair loss.

Before you do, it may help you to understand a little about magnesium and hair loss and why your hair is thinning. Loss of hair varies from person to person.

Most of the time, hair loss is experienced by men, but there are women who lose their hair as well. Often the cause is a by-product of a hormone called testosterone.

When women or men age, testosterone multiplies causing a by-product called DHT. This hormone will attach itself to the hair follicle and literally smother it to death.

Vitamins containing magnesium are available by purchasing B vitamins. They also have biotin and folic acid, which are beneficial as well.

The natural treatments that are used to stop loss of hair can contain minerals, herbs and extracts from plants and vitamins. When magnesium is used in combination with all of these other ingredients, DHT is stopped.

Natural ingredients have long been a solution for many problems. Has your mother or grandmother ever told you about using herbs or other natural ingredients to cure certain conditions?

This is based on the same premise. Naturally found ingredients and vitamins that the body needs have long been used to take care of many problems.

Magnesium and hair loss have been studied for several years as have DHT blockers. The varied mixtures of ingredients used to block DHT have contained many things over the years.

However, they do contain some of the same things. Magnesium is one that is normally found in all of these because it is found in an important vitamin used for hair loss.

Vitamins have been found to be one of the best things to use to stop the loss of hair. One of these vitamins is Vitamin A, but this can also work in the opposite way as well.

Too much Vitamin A can actually cause loss of lot of hair. This is why you must know the correct amount of vitamins and minerals to take for the maximum benefits.

When checking into magnesium and hair loss and the vitamins needed to stop this from happening to you, a trustworthy company will need to be used. This is essential to ensure your hair actually makes a come back.

Top 10 Facts on DHEA and Fertility

Are you considering supplementing with DHEA to increase your chances of falling pregnant?

To assist you in the decision making process we have compiled the following list of facts on the use of DHEA to increase fertility.

These top 10 facts on DHEA, in terms of your fertility, are important to know if you are considering taking DHEA to increase your chances of conceiving and, especially, if you are a woman over the age of 40.

1. What is DHEA?

DHEA stands for dehydroepiandrosterone. Whilst that sounds like a scary term what you basically need to know is that it is an endogenous hormone (which means it is produced by your body). To be exact it is produced by your adrenal glands which sit on top of your kidneys.

2. Why is DHEA Important?

DHEA production in your body is vital as it is a precursor to your sex hormones. These sex hormones are critical to maintain health, muscle tone, sexual function, fertility, and general homeostasis (balance) within the body. Your body’s DHEA production is generally greatest during your mid-20s and then steadily declines as you age. Without adequate DHEA production your body cannot produce the correct amount of estrogen to enable successful ovulation (and thus a fertile cycle).

3. Premature Ovarian Aging

The most common fertility issue, which ladies over the age of 40 who wish to get pregnant experience, is Premature Ovarian Aging (POA). Women who are diagnosed with POA are found to have a much earlier decline of ovarian function than the norm. Clinical trials have shown that participants suffering POA that took DHEA supplementation as a fertility treatment experienced an increased success rate in falling pregnant. This is because the DHEA hormone is a precursor to the sex hormones in your body (estrogen, testosterone, estradiol, etc…), which are necessary for the body to successfully ovulate and create the ideal environment for conception.

4. Which DHEA Supplement Should I Take to Increase Fertility?

Supplemental DHEA for women wishing to increase their fertility levels should not be confused with supplemental 7 Keto DHEA. The Keto hormone, found in 7 Keto DHEA supplements, in your body has already been metabolized past the point where estrogen, estradiol, and estrone can be created from it. In most instances, the DHEA 25 mg supplement is what is necessary to assist older women in becoming pregnant, however you should seek advice from a health care professional before deciding on a dosage amount. For example, a woman in her 30s would need a different dosage to a woman of similar health in her 40s.

5. DHEA Fertility Study Results

A clinical study from Israel showed how the use of DHEA, along with other fertility treatments, actually improved the percentage of conceiving and carrying a healthy pregnancy from 4% to 23% in older women. The DHEA dosage was 75 mg per day and taken for 6 months.

6. Use of DHEA in Fertility Clinics

Over 33% of modern fertility clinics use DHEA fertility treatments to increase the chances of their patients conceiving. DHEA supplementation is used with women even if they have severely diminished ovarian reserves to encourage the hormonal conditions necessary to enable healthy ovulation of the eggs, and therefore increasing the chances of conception.

7. DHEA Lowers the Chances of Miscarriage

A study from the journal of Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology has found that when a woman takes DHEA, it was shown that it also lowers her chances of a miscarriage.

8. Links Between DHEA and Ovulation

The world renowned Mayo Clinic has also issued a statement about the benefits DHEA, in regards to fertility, and its benefits. They agree that a woman taking a DHEA supplement finds it is easier to ovulate and become pregnant.

9. DHEA Side Effects

The recommended DHEA dosage for assistance in fertility by the University of Maryland Medical Center is 25 mg per day. Higher doses might result in unwanted masculine features appearing on the participants.

10. Talk To Your Doctor First

The last, and most important, of our Top 10 Facts on DHEA and Fertility is to speak to your Doctor or health practitioner before commencing any DHEA supplementation. DHEA is still a hormone, which you are introducing into your body. Taking the incorrect amount for your current state of being and purpose can have detrimental effects. So please seek professional advice first!

Connecting With Your Pre-Teen and Teenager

As the parent of a pre-teen or teenager, you may long for the days when you could hold your child on your lap and they were eager to talk, laugh, and play with you. Those days may be long gone, but you can still find ways to connect with your teen. Here are a few tips to make process easier.

Talk About Your Past Experiences

If your teen is having a problem, they may think they are the only one in the world who has ever had that particular problem. Talk to your teen about the situations you experienced as a teen. The clothes and music may have changed, but you still deal with peer pressure, sex, drugs, and homework. Let them know you understand and will be there for them, if they want to talk about their problem.

Express An Interest

Make time for your teen, and express an interest in what they are doing. You do not need to use this time to lecture them, or even talk. You can simply sit and watch their favorite show or listen to their favorite band. Try not to pass judgment or criticizeize anything. Just make time to "hang out". Your teen will appreciate your interest and this will help develop open lines of communication.

Let Them Know When You Are Wrong

It is hard to admit when you are wrong, especially to your children. However, admitting your mistakes, and apologizing if necessary, will strengthen your bond with your child. It will also let them know that it is okay to admit the things they have been wrong about.

Let Them Know You Love Them

They may roll their eyes and shrag whenever you say "but I love you", but they do care, and they like to hear it.

Go For A Drive

Ask your teen to take a drive with you. You do not have to have any particular place in mind, just start driving. The simple fact that you are in the car can help open up a conversation, and since you are not looking each other in the eye, it may be easier for your teen to talk to you.

Take Turns Listening And Speaking

Make a deal with your teen that when you are having a conversation, only one person can speak at a time. If you are speaking, your teen needs to sit and listen. When it is your teen's turn to speak, show them the same respect and listen to what they are saying.

While your goal is to have a better relationship with your teen, you still need to set boundaries and let them know that you are the parent. Teens may complain about rules, curfews, and chores, but secretly, they like the fact that you care enough to set them in the first place.

Nose Rings, Studs And Bones – Which Is For You?

Nose piercings have become very popular among people who are in favour of surface piercings; nose rings, studs and balls are actually second in popularity after ear piercings. Although there are more women who have pierced noses than men, someone who wears a nostril piercing is making a personal statement for him- or herself. A successful piercing means someone followed their nose piercing aftercare instructions.

Nose piercings have a common place among the cultures of India as well as most parts of the middle east. As a matter of fact, in India and in some parts of the middle east, a man gives a woman he is about to marry a nose ring which is the western world’s equivalent of a wedding ring. These days, nose bones are quite a bit popular. A woman would only need to turn her head for other people and men in particular to understand that she is already married.

Should you decide that you would like to go and get your nostril pierced, there are actually a couple of nose rings, studs and bones that you can choose from. There is the screw that starts as a straight stud but has hooks as well as curves so you would not be able to easily pull it out regardless of how much you pull at it. This particular stud is put in through the nostril by slowly inserting and is carefully removed through the fleshy part of the nostril. A nose bone on the other hand is a kind of stud that has a large round part at one end that is pushed through the nostril so that the jewelry is kept in its place.

There are a lot of people who advise against using a nose bone when you decide to go ahead and have your nose pierced for the first time. Because of the way a nose bone is designed, there is a distinct possibility that the shaft of the stud will be too short to get completely through a nostril that happens to be a little thicker than the average person. Even if a pierce is accomplished completely through the flesh, does not mean that the subsequent swelling won’t swallow the nose bone. If the interior face of the piercing heals over, the nose bone may have to be removed surgically.

When you wear nose bone jewelry, your nose’s wound would heal around the stud that is pierced through your nostril, with the egg-shaped end, which is somewhat larger than the shaft, this makes it very difficult to remove and can even slow down or worse – reverse the healing process because if you move it around or try to take it off, you would tear at the healing tissue, causing another wound. Piercers more often than not recommend that you opt for a nose screw instead during the beginning. A nose screw that is made of surgical stainless steel or if you can afford to have one, an eighteen karat gold nose screw.

Touching the Untouchable

The Hindu caste system has several levels, but then there are those who are not even part of the caste. They are off the bottom of the scale. These are the untouchables. In the religious system of Judaism, lepers were untouchable. They were considered unclean and an abomination. The New Testament Gospel of Luke includes a story about Jesus being encountered by a group of ten men with leprosy. They approached Jesus undoubted because of his reputation as a healer, but they did not get too close. As a sign of respect, the lepers standing at some distance from Jesus and cried out, "Have mercy. Be compassionate to us."

Lepers were ostracized from the religious society of Judah and, since there was no real hope for a cure, they had little hope for being restored to that community. Salvation was a communal concept for the Jews so being cut off from the community bought with it the threat of eternal separation – a literal and figurative hell on earth.

The lepers stayed some distance away and, in return, Jesus respected them and did not try to touch them. He told them to go to the priest. He meant that they should present themselves for reconciliation to the community. Evidently, they turn immediately to go and show themselves to the priest. What we do know is that they left Jesus and, as they left, they were healed. The implication is that they were cured by their act of faith of turning to go in obedience to Jesus.

One of the men who basically had leprosy went straight back to Jesus praising God at the top of his voice. He was giving thanks most sincerely and throb himself at Jesus' feet – "Thank you! Thank you! At this point, the other nine are out of the story. They did nothing wrong. their way to the priest.

The other nine were all Judeans. Just one was a Samaritan, an outcast to the Judeans. While they were lepers, all ten were ostracized by society. They came together to form an unorthodox community. Among them, the Samaritan was tolerated. Once they were all cured, the other nine were back in the mainstream. The Samaritan, though, was still a Samaritan, an outsider among the Judeans. Jesus sent him to the pries as well, indicating that he was restored to the community and that to God.

We can not really know how this event might have been interpreted when or if it happened. In the text of Luke's Gospel, it was the Samaritan who was in touch with the deep reality that the Kingdom of God Jesus proclaimed was for all people, not just the Judeans. He was in touch with extreme gratitude to God because he had more for which to be grateful.

Jesus touched, healed, and restored. It was much more than physical healing, as good as that can be. His healing represents the oneness of all people in God – the new reality taught and bought by Jesus. This was the meaning of Jesus then and now.
Who are the untouchables for us, today's lepers? What is untouchable in our world? Are there people we need to be touching? Are there situations or relationships that need our healing touch as the metaphoric hands of Christ today?

Maybe you have experienced the touch of Christ through another person in your life? This would probably be something different to each person, but the touch of Christ brings of sense of wholeness, freedom, healing, or hope depending on your need. Have you experienced that healing touch through the life of another person? Perhaps you have felt that touch in the form of comfort in grief, solidarity in danger, friendship in loneliness, guidance in confusion, or even a kick in the rear when you're stuck! Whatever the form of that touch, it comes in a way that can change your life.

The language of faith is often symbolic and metaphorical. It is an effort to describe deep and deep experiences in language that is very concrete and tangible. The Spirit is an image we use to describe the presence of Christ with us. That presence touches us, is present and real to us, and encounters us at the deepest places of our awareness. It Touches places of hurt or fear. It illuminates shadows of our inner world often in response to the loving touch of another person or people on our life.

The story of Jesus healing the ten lepers conveys the image of his touching the deepest hurt and fear of their lives. For those men, the sense of shame, isolation, and the fear of dying alone was probably more painful even than the physical disease itself. As we hear this story, we can enter it by opening ourselves to its meaning for our lives. Perhaps we can experience that gentle touch in our places of hurt or fear?

Luke's Gospel relates this story in an effort to shine the light of the truth of Jesus' teaching for the community of people for what he was writing. It was told for the purpose of conveying a larger truth than the healing of the physical and emotional suffering of ten people. This truth is that God includes all people in the Kingdom. Lepers and Samaritans are included. The untouchable people and places of our time our lives are included in what God is creating. You and I are included and we are called to be agents of inclusion.

There is another perspective to the meaning of this story as well. There is an additional way of letting the story teach us about ourselves. There is another place the touch of Christ is needed and available in our lives – the place of possibility and dream.

Are there places in your life you want to go? Are there heights you want to touch or amazing things you want to do that you have not yet done? What is keeping you from touching them? What is keeping you from climbing to that height? Another way of understanding the touch of Christ, the call of the Spirit in our lives, is the call to dream. The Christ touch encourages us to dare to dream even a seemingly impossible dream.

We hear lots of talk these days about dreaming. The imagery of making dreams come true is used to sell everything from retirement annuities to Caribbean vacation property. These commercials are so successful selling us products because we all have dreams. We want life, our relationships, and our experience of living to be better than it is now. We want to fulfill what we've begun to build or achieve now. We want the world to be better for our children than what we see now.

To be absolutely honest, our most fundamental and powerful dreams often involve some successful in some sense – as we define success. Many of our dreams involve getting ahead or at least catching up? These are not bad dreams, but they do raise the question, "What is ahead." More important, "where is ahead?" Which way are we looking and moving in our lives?

The Spirit calls us not only to dream, but to dare to own our most dreams dreams and make them come true. That's why we have churches – to help you and me sort out where ahead is and which of our dreams is worthy to pursue with passion and in partnership with the Spirit.

It takes hard work and support, and a certain sense of daring, to make dreams come true. It takes asking questions, enduring times in the wilderness, and reaching to touch the heights. That's what we do at the church I pastor. We encourage people to ask their questions and invite people to bring their doubts. We challenge people to reach for their dreams because they will be the vehicles through which people touch others with the love of Christ.

The Church is here to help people feel the touch of Christ and help them touch what the Spirit calls them to pursuit. The Church exists to help people make their most important dreams come true. In the accomplishment of your dreams, the Spirit invites us to be the hands of Christ for someone else.

A Breathing Technique for Panic Attacks – 4 Points

Those suffering from some anxiety disorders such as panic attack often chronically over-breathe or hyperventilate, and more so during an attack. A proper breathing technique for anxiety and panic attacks is often one of the most effective means of controlling anxiety and restoring a sense of calm.

Hyperventilation may in part be caused by some level of anxiety, but it also feeds and heightens anxiety. Hyperventilation apparently heightens anxiety in two ways: (1) by decreasing the oxygen/carbon dioxide exchange efficiency, thus raising carbon dioxide levels in the brain, and (2) by contracting blood vessels and hence blood flow to and from the brain.

Typical symptoms of hyperventilation include dizziness, a sense of unreality, numbness in extremities, sometimes nausea, and of course feeling faint. One can see how such symptoms of hyperventilation can cause greater anxiety feelings.

Slower breathing seems counter-intuitive. The panic attack sufferer feels as if s/he needs more air, not less. Thus the panic sufferer must do two things. One, try out slower breathing to see that it works to reduce panic and anxiety. Two, one must practice breathing techniques between attacks.

Certainly when at rest and calm, breathing should be slow, comfortable and effortless (barring lung problems, sickness or air pollution). Elevated breathing rates are normal under physical exercise, but not when at rest. Lung efficiency varies with age, environment, special uses (like regular singing or flute playing), and physical condition. Poor breathing habits can be developed not only from anxiety, but poor posture sitting in front of a computer or stress from smoking, asthma and allergens or learned behavior, and so on.

Getting out of a bad habit and into a good replacement takes time, discipline, and regular exercise. Panic attack and anxiety disorder sufferers should have sufficient motivation to work at slower breathing, but be aware that failure in this area may emotionally reinforce negative thinking and anxiety. Set reasonable breathing goals for yourself that you will keep and that will reinforce your feeling of progress and hope.

Some variations in technique may be effective, but here is one basic pattern.

I. Timed breathing

On average, people breath at about 12 breaths per minute. Half of that would be nearer to optimal for most.

Test your breathing pace. If it is too distracting to test yourself, have someone with access to a time piece reading in seconds measure the number of your normal, at-rest breaths per minute or the average number of seconds between complete breath cycles–from beginning of inhaling to beginning of inhaling or the like. You may need to do this a few times to get a more accurate average.

Set a reasonable goal for yourself for the first three weeks or so of practice. Perhaps inhaling for three seconds, then exhaling for three seconds, but in any case slower than your average according to the test noted above. Once you are well-practiced and comfortable with a slower rate, make it a little slower, say four seconds for inhaling and four for exhaling. If you need to adjust your initial goal after a day or two of practice, feel free to do so and proceed from there.

Use a time piece or count “one, one thousand, two, on thousand” and so on to approximate seconds. Practice twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening… preferably more often during the day. Practice for a few weeks for five minutes each session and work your way up to ten minutes each session. Write down your schedule on a calendar at set times each day. Simplicity and consistency of schedule will help keep you on track.

The goal is to slow down your normal breathing rate. It is also to practice so as to make slower breathing almost second nature during a panic attack.

During an attack, one can focus on breathing. Count “one, one thousand” and so on or use a time piece so as to hold to the measured breathing rate according to the practice sessions with which you have become comfortable. Focus on breathing may also distract your mind away from morbid thoughts, an added help in controlling anxiety.

II. Abdominal breathing

But there is more to it. Most of us tend to practice shallow breathing in the upper rib cage area. Breathing efficiency is increased when breathing more deeply. Below the lungs lies a thin muscular sheath called the “diaphragm.” Breathing from the abdominal area will help.

One’s timed breathing practice sessions should thus not only include counting seconds for each inhalation and exhalation, but also deep, abdominal breathing from the diaphragm.

To start, lie down or recline in a comfortable chair. Rest your hands on your stomach area. This is to let you know when you are breathing from the abdomen, so anything that alerts you when you stop breathing from the abdomen will suffice, like putting a book on your stomach when lying down.

When breathing from the diaphragm, the stomach region should rise and fall gently as one breathes. The stomach or abdomen should rise on the inhalation and fall when one exhales.

Abdomnal breathing may take a little practice or if necessary a doctor’s instructions in order to get started. One will need to focus carefully on maintaining abdominal breathing, espcially at the beginning, when also timing one’s breaths.

In the short run, you may already know that deep exhalation is often relaxing. And using the whole lung will make slower breathing easier to maintain.

III. Nasal breathing

Breathing efficiency is further enhanced by breathing through the nose as opposed to the mouth. Often those suffering from anxiety disorders have developed the bad habit of mouth-only breathing. Of course your sinuses may be chronically inflamed by allergies, perhaps to pollen or household mold or dust mites in your pillow. In order to make nasal breathing viable, you may first need to install a HEPA filter or air purifier or clean the house more regularly or buy a new (hypo-allergenic, non-feather) pillow, whatever works.

Nasal breathing has various advantages over mouth breathing. One, the lungs and bronchial tubes become less dehydrated. Proper hydration is key to many cellular functions, as is certainly true here. Second, nasal breathing makes hyperventilation more difficult because the nasal passages are smaller than the mouth-to-lungs passage. Third, nasal breathing may increase blood flow and oxygen in the sinuses–which being near the brain may be helpful. And fourth of course, the sinuses are better equipped to handle dust and local air pollution than mouth breathing.

In other words, one’s timed breathing practice sessions should include abdominal breathing through the nose in inhalations and exhalations timed to be slower than has been your habit. Ideally, you will work toward constant nasal and abdominal breathing at about six breaths per minute, but to accomplish that you may need to improve other factors at the same time.

IV. Improve other factors

Nutrition, sleep habits, stress, physical exercise, exposure to environmental toxins or allergens (such as in foods as well as in the air, depending on your body), and so on can all affect breathing rates and efficiency. Improvements in these areas typically will enhance one’s ability to breathe properly and to control anxiety and panic. And there is no shame in getting professional help when you need it.

And in any event, slower, nasal, abdominal breathing is a technique that has already helped many anxiety and panic attack sufferers. It will very probably help you.

Help Your Body Heal Itself of Cancer!

If you give your body what it needs, it will surprise you with how quickly it responds. Abundant good health is not in any one cure or remedy – such so-called natural remedies and health cures simply supply the body with the ingredients to set its own healing process in motion.

Herbs, home remedies and natural cures, utilizing medicinal herbs, have been around as long as humankind. However, much of the knowledge of the benefits of these herbal home remedies has been forgotten along the way, particularly in this modern age of fast food convenience. By introducing simple foods into our daily routine we can make the world of difference and a simple example of this is garlic.

Garlic has immune-enhancing allium compounds (dialyl sultides) that appear to increase the activity of immune cells that fight cancer and indirectly help break down cancer causing substances. Studies have linked garlic – as well as onions, leeks, and chives – to lower risk of stomach and colon cancer.

In our modern fast food society, there is no guarantee for health. Adding some simple low cost foods to our daily routine can make the world of difference. There is a wealth of knowledge on the internet regarding natural remedies and health cures, particularly for ailments like cancer. The majority of these treatments involve natural substances that are readily available from the local store and are frequently used around the world.

Many experts believe that cancer is in all of us, but it is only when our immune systems are depleted that the cancer takes over. The cure for many modern illnesses lies within your own body … as long as we give the body what it needs to effect the cure. One vitally important amino acid that has been studied for more than fifty years is Arginine, which can be found in common foods such as wheat germ and flour, buckwheat, granola, oatmeal, dairy products (cottage cheese, ricotta, nonfat dry milk, skim yogurt) and even chocolate. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and protein is the building block of all living cells. Arginine has been found to consistently inhibit the growth of tumors. Research has indicated that giving arginine in fairly large doses "led to virtual complete inhibition of the carcinogenic process."

There are several vegetable sources of dietary arginine as noted above. It is also found in nuts (coconut, pecans, cashews, walnuts, almonds, Brazil nuts, hazel nuts, peanuts, seeds (pumpkin, sesame, sunflower), chick peas and cooked soybeans.

Health professionals often suggest, for cancer cases, that an increase in fresh vegetables and fruit, along with a reduction in animal fats is preferred. The fats should be more than nuts than meats, especially cashew nuts, almonds, hazelnuts etc. Almonds are particularly recommended.

The body also requires special fats that, among other important functions, make it possible for sufficient oxygen to reach the cells via the cellular membranes. Experiments have shown that the prime, most basic, cause of cancer is too little oxygen getting into the cell.

This is no new cancer cure – health care often coming down to simple nutrition. There are numerous natural remedies and health cures recommended for cancer and other illnesses, but extremely it is our own body that achieves the cure. Simply give the body what it needs to do its work.

How A Personal Injury Lawyer Can Help You

Personal injury cases are reported year in and year out. These are injuries that victims sustain as a result of another person’s fault. In the event of personal injury, you are allowed to file a claim to fight for your rights and possible compensation. However, the process can be difficult alone and there are many processes and forms that must be in proper order just to begin a claim. Therefore, it is vital to seek legal assistance from a personal injury lawyer, as this is a professional who is trained in personal injury law, and helps clients to get rightful compensation. Most importantly, the lawyer will stand by you through the entire process to ensure you receive quality treatment and fair compensation.

A personal injury victim can suffer emotionally, physically and psychologically. This means that your life may not be the same again even after receiving treatment. For this reason, a lawyer will collect vital details that enable him or her to present a strong case before the court law. This is to ensure that clients receive rightful and fair compensation so that, you will be able to lead a comfortable life after the incident. Moreover, disability lawyers will ensure that you concentrate more on quick and full recovery after a sustaining the injuries. They will offer additional personal support during the battle from the start to the end of a court process.

Additionally, injury lawyers are of great importance in the event of personal injury. Many people who cause personal injuries often provide settlement out of the court. In such cases, a victim can be offered an amount that is pretty low or even unfair, making treatment or repairs almost impossible to afford. However, an attorney understands how to use the right negotiation and litigation skills to ensure the whole process is fair, and as a result, you will receive rightful compensation from the involved party.

Similarly, the lawyer will inform you of your rights. Legal advice is essential when such incidences occur in order for victims to be fairly compensated. What’s more, disability lawyers will collect evidence from potential witnesses, collect medical reports and weigh possible legal options to expedite the process of securing fair justice. With the evidence, a lawyer can file a claims case before the court and handle everything on your behalf. Therefore, when you sustain injuries as a result of another person’s negligence, never hesitate to consult a personal injury lawyer.

However, for the best outcome when seeking compensation, it is vital to choose a lawyer wisely. Assets such as experience, communication skills, and qualifications, area of specialty (in personal injury cases) and reputation of an attorney are key factors to keep in mind. Most importantly, choose an attorney whom you are comfortable with. This way, it will be easy to share information that enables the attorney to fight for your rights efficiently. Similarly, the lawyer should be dedicated and with the best interests to ensure you receive rightful compensation. He or she should also be highly credible for the best possible outcome.

Solgar – Nutrition Redefined

Solgar products are quite useful in restoring the lost count of nutrition in our daily lives. Do not see yourself getting feeble in the fast pace milieu. Take measures for a power-packed profile. In today’s work environment, life moves in top gear. People are adaptive of food habits, which go with their swift lifestyle. They do not reckon with the nutritional value they are losing everyday. Organic compounds from it is there to maintain the nutrient balance.

There is a whole series of nutrients under the belt of Solgar, which acts as medicaments. The benefits you can derive from their routine consumption in recommended dosages are numerous. A variety of Vitamin supplements is available through online stores. The supplements are highly reliable in prevention from various health disorders. Few of the its products are also trustworthy to recover from post disease sickness.

Solgar Vitamin range is a reinforcement to combat the possibilities of health hazards. Run an eye on the following to know the consistency of Vitamins in trusted prevention against common risks. Vitamin A is helpful to avoid measles and night blindness. Vitamin A, B, C, E, B2, B6 and B12 provide immunity against anaemia. Its supplements develop a robust structure, which can provide defence against severe health conditions.

Vitamin B6 and B12 are quite helpful in coping up with depression. Moreover, Solgar Vitamin C is the most suitable supplement for human body. You can avoid numerous health disorders with keeping your Vitamin C levels high. It is very helpful for persons having a high involvement in sports. Healing the wounds and bruises comes easier with the persons possessing rich Vitamin C content. Taken along with Vitamin E, it is good for a healthy skin. It also fights bad cholesterol and essential to keep your eyes healthy.

With Vitamin supplements from Solgar, you can strike a perfect balance of nutrition, health and work.

To Clean or Not to Clean!

In my younger (much younger) days, I dabbled in the world of beauty pageants. I did not, however, (much to the chagrin of my husband) win the coveted “Miss Queen of Clean” title. I have two small children, run my own business from home, and do my best to regularly attend the shoe sales at the mall. Keeping a tidy house is just not a huge priority right now. I do however keep a hygienic house. (Well, I wouldn’t advise eating off my kitchen floor – but it’s not unsanitary.)

When I was pregnant with my second baby, my Doctor advised me not to clean house using common household cleaners, as inhalation of the cleaning products could harm my unborn baby. Needless to say, I took his advice extremely seriously. I did not clean house. My husband, Mr. Neat Nick, did. This perturbed me. (Not my husband cleaning house – the “not inhaling fumes from cleaning products” bit.) So began my mission! I spent hours on the internet and in the library. More hours on the telephone with poison control centers and cancer organizations. What I discovered shocked me.

The chemicals and toxins found in common household cleaners have caused the air inside our homes to become five times more contaminated than the air outside, and fifty percent of all illnesses are caused by or aggravated by polluted indoor air. OK, so I can open my doors and windows everyday right? Well maybe not if I am allergic to every tree and grass in Texas – and I hate bugs.

Pound for pound of body weight, children drink more water, eat more food, and breathe more air than do adults. For example, children ages one through five years eat three to four times more food per pound than the average adult American. The air intake of a resting infant is twice that of an adult per pound of body weight. These patterns of increased consumption reflect the rapid metabolism of children. The implication for environmental health is that children will have substantially heavier exposures pound for pound than adults to any toxins that are present in water, food, or air. As a consequence of this biological immaturity, they are less able than adults to deal with toxic chemicals and thus they are more vulnerable to them.

The labels on cleaning products only have to warn of the acute (immediate) harms from ingesting a product, breathing the fumes, or contact with the eyes and skin. They don’t reveal the harms presented by chronic (long term) exposure to the chemicals in these products. Many common household cleaners contain chemicals known to contain carcinogens (cancer causing agents), neurotoxins, and corrosives and/or have been linked to ADD/ADHD autism, allergies, asthma, central nervous system damage and interference, muscle spasms, damage to blood tissue, and reproductive disorders. A well known brand of baby shampoo actually contains formaldehyde. This was a huge shocker for me! (By the way many harmful chemicals like formaldehyde and dioxin or Agent Orange are protected by trade secret names. For example, formaldehyde is called Quaternium 15).

Thirty years ago the major childhood illnesses were chickenpox, measles and mumps. Now they are asthma, ADD/ADHD, Autism Spectrum, and Cancer – most of which have been linked to chemicals in the home.

Each year over 1 million children in the US are accidentally poisoned in their homes. More than 250,000 of these victims are hospitalized. 3000 children will end up in intensive care. Dozens more will die. Thousands of children and adults are permanently disfigured or injured through contact with chemicals in the home each year. The most common substance that poisons children in the US today is a well know brand of liquid dishwashing detergent. So what do we wash our “sippy cups” in?

I had discovered enough! I was on a mission to find a company that sold safe cleaning products. My Husband was delighted. Poor fellow thought I would take over the cleaning again. I found companies and stores that sold non-toxic cleaning products – all at a price. My search continued until I came across a company that sells better, safer products at dollar store prices! I was thrilled, and went to the mall to celebrate! I order once a month, and this company delivers the products right to my door – and, even better – I don’t have to order through a pushy rep – I can call the company direct or order online!

These products work (no elbow grease involved), smell great, and I don’t have to phone poison control if my child drinks the shower cleaner. Another plus is that my allergies have improved! They make a non-toxic product that kills dust mites, so now before I vacuum (around the Polly Pocket accessories and crayons), I spray my carpets with this product. It kills the mites, deodorizes, lifts the dirt and disinfects – all in one fell swoop! (I also spray this product on my pillows and mattresses).

Oh, and by the way, I have taken over the cleaning again. You still should probably not eat breakfast off my kitchen floor, BUT I am confident, that as a responsible parent, I am doing my part to protect my children from household toxics.

Debi will be happy to pass on the information on where to buy safer, non-toxic cleaning products. Email her at

Penis Health Care – 9 Essential Vitamins and Minerals That Rejuvenate Penis Skin

Why is penis health care important?

Not only do partners find a well cared for penis more attractive and a turn-on, which ultimately leads to greater sexual satisfaction, but a well groomed and cared for penis is also more durable. This means that the penis can withstand more. The penis skin is more elastic and less susceptible to dryness and cracking, which can be unsightly and lead to infection. In addition, the penis is able to maintain erections for longer and can ‘go the distance’ so to speak, without sustaining damage, especially during vigorous activity.

What essential vitamins and minerals rejuvenate penis skin?

Essential vitamins and minerals do much more than rejuvenate penis skin. They carry out many other functions as well. These are as follows:

– Penis skin sensitivity is increased.

– Blood flow and circulation are improved, as well as capillary function

– The skin cells are protected from damage

– A barrier is formed that prevents moisture loss and prevents dry skin from occurring on the penis, which can lead to cracking and possible bacterial infection.

Essential vitamins, amino acids, minerals, and anti-oxidants, such as vitamin A, B5, C, D and E, Alpha Lipoic Acid, Actelyl L Carnitine, L-arginine, and Shea Butter are vital to penis health as these products enable the penis to function well.

Vitamin A: has anti-bacterial properties that help eliminate odor and keep penis skin hygienic

Vitamin B5: increases cell metabolism in penis skin

Vitamin C: aids in collagen production and increases penis skin tissue firmness

Vitamin D: increases penis skin cell function

Vitamin E: aids in penis skin moisture retention

Alpha Lipoic Acid: a powerful antioxidant that reduces aging and penis skin wrinkling

Actelyl L Carnitine: increases penis skin sensitivity

L-arginine: maintains strong capillaries and aids blood flow

Shea Butter: softens and protects the penis skin from moisture loss

The essential penis care program

Many men only consider their penis when they engage in sexual activity, and this undoubtedly is why they find that their sex lives are not as fulfilling as they would like. Proper penis care starts when waking in the morning and ends when going to sleep, however it need only take up a minute or two in any busy schedule.

An essential penis care program should be simple, but effective, and it should allow the penis to retain its natural oils whilst aiding in penis skin rejuvenation. This means not only using the right hygiene products regularly, but also using a moisturizer that contains essential vitamins and minerals for the penis, which stimulate skin rejuvenation.

A suggested weekly penis care program is as follows:

Shower every 1-2 days and use a glycerine or sorbolene cream instead of soap. Soaps strip the skin of natural oils and can cause irritation and they tend to reduce delicate skin’s sensitivity. If uncircumcised, don’t use anything other than warm water to clean under the foreskin of the penis.Then dry thoroughly, but gently, once out of the shower.

Apply a moisturizer that is a penis specific creme (health professionals often recommend Man1 Man Oil) daily, as this increases skin sensitivity and keeps the penis in optimal condition, so that sexual function is improved.

Penis health care is ‘a must’ in this day and age, there simply are no excuses. The penis is depended on and it is a great source of pleasure both for its owner and those who come into contact with it, so it makes sense to take a little extra time to care for it adequately. In fact, regular care and maintenance should be a daily activity, much like brushing hair and teeth, shaving, and showering. This ensures that the penis is kept in optimal condition and is able to meet any requirements that are asked of it, when needed.