Psoriasis – Understanding the Most Wide Spread Chronic Dermatitis

Psoriasis as a word derived from the Greek word "psora" – "itch".

Psoriasis is the most wide spread chronic dermatitis. According to statistics, about 2-3% of the total population of the Earth has psoriasis – approximately 120 – 180 million people! For instance: Canada – about 1 million people, Great Britain – 1 million, Scandinavian countries – 2 million people, France – 2 million people and the USA – 7 million people.

There are countries, where psoriasis is encountered less frequently – for example Japan, China – less than 1% of the population.

Psoriasis is also more frequently recorded in locations of a moderate and cold climate and it is relatively less frequent in the tropical countries.

In rural areas the frequency of psoriasis is usually 3-4 times less frequent than in the urban areas.

Psoriasis appears on skin as inflated lesions, peeling and scales. The scales can be easily removed, and benefit them there lays an yet denser scale. In addition to the skin psoriasis may as well strike the nails and joints.

The average cycle of shedding of normal skin cells occurs approximately in 4 weeks, with psoriasis this process takes only 4-5 days. The course of psoriasis usually has a sharply expressed seasonality. Psoriasis can be located in any sections of the skin, but predominately the plaques are located symmetrically on the knees and elbows, on scalp and on the skin of the rest of the body.

Psoriasis is a chronic condition, which holds with a person for their whole life, and is accompanied by the variation of flare-ups and remissions. Psoriasis is a non-contagious disease.

Psoriasis develops due to many factors, with the continuing importance of genetic factors.

Psoriasis is not fatal, but it causes loads of problems for the sufferer. Psoriasis may bring serious complications; it causes commonplace inconveniences, which start dominating the life and the thoughts of a person and affecting the quality of life. Usually these are cosmetic, which limit the choice of the selection of hair-do, outfit, and the behavior. People with psoriasis often experience inferiority complexes. Being bothered by their appearance, they may become "people in a box": seldom in public, wear maximally closed outfits etc.

Countless famous people, including Ben Franklin, Henry Ford, Joseph Stalin and many others had psoriasis. In the 1930's, Winston Churchill, who as well had psoriasis for many years, proposed a golden monument for the person, who cures this disease.

Tattoo Care – 5 Tips For Proper Aftercare of a New Tattoo

The best advice I can offer on how to properly care for a new tattoo is NOT TO USE LOTION ON A FRESH TATTOO! Most tattoo artists advise their clients to use a rich ointment for the first few days of healing, followed by unscented, colorless lotions to keep the skin moisturized, protected, and prevent color fading. These lotions are relatively cheap and available at your local drugstore. However, almost all of these lotions contain ingredients that are recently proven to be more harmful than beneficial for tattoo health. Here are 5 tips for tattoo aftercare:

1. Gently Cleanse, Stay out of the sun, and away from heat- During the healing and aftercare process, which may take several weeks, gently cleanse the tattoo daily with fragrance-free, anti-bacterial body soap and luke warm water. For the first few days, no sun, swimming, sweating, or dirt. Keep your tattoo dry and clean. For the first 24 hours, try to ice the tattoo as often as you can, this will help reduce inflammation and also help with the pain.

2. Only oil or oil-based ointment for first 3 days- It is advised by some not to use lotion at all for the first few days because of the high risk of infection. However, there are safe, natural products that are very effective and actually speed up the healing process. For immediate tattoo aftercare, look for a light, oil-based product containing hemp seed oil, tea tree oil, aloe vera, and jojoba oil.

Tea tree oil has anti-inflammatory anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral properties. It is a very effective remedy against countless skin ailments, infections, cuts, scrapes, burns, insect bites and skin spots etc. Using tea tree oil combined with hemp seed oil will provide rich omega 3, 6, and 9 fatty acids. Using these oils will lightly moisturize, protect, and heal the skin without causing irritation or color loss.

3. Avoid plasma crusting on tattoo- For the first day, your tattoo will seep a clear liquid called plasma. Try not to let this crust on your skin, but if it does, gently wash it off with warm water.

4. After first 3 days, keep skin moisturized with all natural lotion- Keeping the skin hydrated during the peeling process and long after will help with itchiness, flakiness, and preserving the richness of your tattoo color. Like I said before, beware of lotions that contain harmful ingredients such as lanolin or petroleum. Instead use a lotion that is rich in fatty acids for free radical protection and non-greasy hydration. Hemp seed lotions are the best for this.

Hemp seed oil is rich in omega 3, 6, and 9 and it is easily absorbed into the skin. Hemp contains anti-inflammatory and anti-aging properties that are healthy and non-irritating to the skin. Continue to use a hemp seed oil lotion long after your tattoo is healed and enjoy longer, truer tattoo color and skin health.

5. Watch the ingredients- Lanolin is an ingredient some will use, and lanolin causes allergic reactions in a lot of people. Lanolin is the natural oil that comes from sheep’s wool. Some tattoo aftercare also contain products such as bee’s wax or petroleum, which can clog pores and contain contaminants. These ingredients are widely popular in over-the-counter creams and lotions because they are cheap and easy to manufacture. The lanolin and mineral oil found in these lotions cause excessive seeping, clogging, scabbing, scarring and color loss. Stay away from products that contain mineral oil, dyes, propylene glycol, or parabens.

Earthly Body’s Tattoo Tonic preserves tattoo color, is non-fading, vegan, and free of petroleum, lanolin, and paraben. Works wonders on healing piercings as well.

Alternative Therapies For Anxiety Disorders and Panic Attacks

Anxiety disorders and panic attacks are significantly more severe than feelings of worry or unease that most people go through. Anxiety or panic attacks are abrupt increases of overpowering fear appearing without warning or apprehension cause. They can be inhibiting a person suffering from such attacks from living a happy and full life.

However, various anxieties treatments and self-help approaches can aid in decreasing anxiety symptoms and taking back control of one's life. One of the approaches is behavioral therapy, meaning that it concentrates on behavior rather than on psychological psychological tensions or problems from the past. Behavioral therapy for panic attacks and anxiety typically require between 5 and 20 weekly sessions. Two of the recognized kinds of behavioral therapy are cognitive – behavioral therapy and exposure therapy.

Cognitive – behavioral therapy concentrates on thoughts (ie cognitions) additionally to behaviors. In treatment of anxiety disorder, this method of therapy helps a person recognize and confront the irrational beliefs and negative thinking patterns that anxiety is based on.

In exposure therapy, the person undergoing anxiety treatment faces his fears in a secure, controlled setting. In the course of several imagined or real contacts with the feared entity or condition, the person gets a better perception of control. The anxiety progressively fades away while the person confronts his or her fears without getting any injury or harm.

A number of other treatments, such as relaxation, hypnosis, exercise, and biofeedback, are good supplements to therapy. In some cases, these treatments alone may give a satisfactory relief. Other methods that would be helpful if taken seriously are yoga, meditation, and pranayama (ie breathing exercises).

When practiced on a regular basis, relaxation techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation, and visualization can boost feelings of emotional comfort.

From time to time, hypnosis is utilized in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy. Hypnotherapist puts you in a state of deep trance, and uses various techniques to aid you meet the fears and see them in a different light. There are options as well: hypnosis can be a classical one, which is a more direct type of hypnosis, or 'ericksonian' one, which uses indirect suggestions rather than commands.

Exercise inherently relieves anxiety and breaks stress. Half an hour of exercise two to four times a week can give a major stress relief. For maximum gain, try an hour of aerobic exercise on three to five days a week.

Biofeedback uses sensors to assess particular physiological functions (breathing, heart rate, muscle tension, etc.). Biofeedback trains in getting familiar with the body's anxiety reaction and in controlling them through relaxation.

Yoga, meditation, and pranayama (breathing exercises) are great stress relieves. If you are serious about getting rid of those panic attacks and anxiety, consider these holistic approaches to personal well-being and try practicing one of these eastern systems, which offer both philosophy and techniques.

Finding Effective Insomnia Treatment

If you suffer from insomnia then you probably already know the devastating effect it can have on your quality of life. There is a great number of problems that can result from insomnia such as lack of concentration, loss of memory, irritability, delusions and more. Not getting enough sleep can literally ruin your mental health. If you find yourself suffering from chronic insomnia, it is important to get treatment for your condition as soon as possible.

When it comes to treating insomnia, just like many other conditions or problems that you may face, prevention is always better than a cure. If you take the proper steps to try to prevent yourself from getting insomnia in the first place, it will be much more helpful than trying to treat insomnia that you already have. Here are some ways you can prevent insomnia:

· Eliminate caffeine before bedtime

· Get ​​exercise through the day

· Make lists of things to do the next day to clear your mind

· Avoid excessive alcohol intake

· Do not use the television or internet just before bed

Of course prevention is often easier said than done and if you find yourself facing a case of insomnia, there are some things you can do. First, refer to the steps above and beginning incorporating this into your life.

Another frequently used therapy is a warm glass of milk just before bed. Other people enjoy soothing teas such as chamomile or a relaxing bath in chamomile. Other effective herbal treatments are lavender and valerian. Melatonin is also used because it has a naturally produced hormone that helps you regulate sleep cycles and get the rest you need at night. It is often given as a pill to help people relate their symptoms of insomnia.

Sleeping pills are another option but these are typically only given for short periods of time or in extreme emergency cases. This is because they have a tendency to become addictive and also because they should not be taken over long periods of time. They really only treat the symptoms and not the cause of the insomnia.

To find an effective insomnia treatment for you, your best option is to attempt to discover the source of your insomnia. This will help you get to the root cause and eventually treat the insomnia directly at its source. This is the best way to truly handle your problem instead of masking the symptoms while the true problem remains.

February Fever

Welcome to the top 5 organizing projects for February. As of the 1st of the month there are only 48 days until Spring!!! I’ve got spring fever already. Did you know that a 2013 survey showed that over 72% of households in the U.S. engage in some kind of spring cleaning? The trend seems to increase incrementally each year. See, you are not alone.

If you are like me you are getting antsy to get your hands in the dirt and start growing those precious seedlings of flowers, fruits and/or veggies or maybe your dirt looks like getting a jump on cleaning the garage or attic or perhaps you are ready to make your to-do list for all the exciting possibilities Spring has in store. Let’s jump in here and get to our next top 5 organizing projects:

Our 1st item on the top 5 list is to focus on the rest of our closets from January and add cabinets.

“Originally, the cellar served primarily as a coal store. Today it holds the boiler, idle suitcases, out-of-season sporting equipment, and many sealed cardboard boxes that are almost never opened but are always carefully transferred from house to house with every move in the belief that one day someone might want some baby clothes that have been kept in a box for twenty-five years.”

Bill Bryson, At Home: A Short History of Private Life

I read the above quote one day and had to share because OMG I actually do have those baby clothes boxes in my attic. Honestly, I saved them for when my children had children so they could share their baby clothes but now I just visit those boxes simply because I need to reminisce. Psst, I think it’s time they go to a better home.Now, I do understand that cleaning out all of those closets and cabinets might be a daunting task however, imagine how surprised and free you will feel each time you open any closet/cabinet and see all the space available and how neat everything is stacked, hung, boxed and/or stored. I try to just work on at least one cabinet and closet per day. That way I don’t feel overwhelmed.

This seamlessly leads to the 2nd item on the organizing list: Pots, pans, brooms, sheets, towels, or boxed items found in the back of the closet that you have absolutely no idea as to what is in them. And let’s not forget the kids’ closets. Here is where the fun really begins because now we can separate it all into boxes marked keep, discard, and donate. Keep a blank pad of paper near you at all times so that you can make your own list of what needs replacing or mending. Last year I found that there were a few mechanical items that needed to be donated like the Roomba we never used and the fish cage for the BBQ and I was able to repurpose old kids’ t-shirts by collecting enough to have a comforter made from them.”Everybody wants to save the Earth; nobody wants to help Mom do the dishes.”

P.J. O’Rourke, All the Trouble in the World

The 3rd item is to specifically organize your shoes. I’m talking ALL shoes. Girls, it’s important to make room for the new sandals and flip flops so let’s get excited!! I store my summer shoes in a large, rectangle wicker basket during the winter and I use an adjustable shoe rack on the floor of my closet for the current season of shoes. Rotating my seasons keeps me focused on the present and allows me to pay close attention to what shoes will need repair and what will need to go once that season is over. I have to admit that it is a very thrilling time for me when I rotate my shoes because it means I am always looking forward to the outfit possibilities. Lately I have been enjoying a song by Old Dominion called “Shoe Shopping”. Check it out while you go through your shoes. It’s quirky and fun.

“Above all, believe in true love and know that men are like shoes. A couple is like a left and a right foot, and out there is your perfect fit. Sometimes you need to change styles and shop around to find it. Sometimes you have to break styles in, sometimes you feel like something that is unstylish but comfortable, and sometimes a style – as much as you like – just doesn’t suit you and will never fit.”

Camilla Morton, How to Walk in High Heels: The Girl’s Guide to Everything

The 4th item might not apply to everyone, especially if you filed your taxes in January but around my house most of the tax documents finish their trek to my mailbox by the end of January so my husband is ready to begin the process of sorting it all out and getting the information ready to be filed. If this is you then maybe this is the year to begin creating filing folders or bins specifically for tax prep. Creating a filing system, clearly labeling files for collecting receipts throughout the year, scanning specific documents like pay stubs so that you won’t have to save each and every one of them. Staying on top of this mound of paperwork from the beginning of the year will be a blessing come tax time next year. Print this document to help you know what to keep and for how long.

The invention of the teenager was a mistake. Once you identify a period of life in which people get to stay out late but don’t have to pay taxes – naturally, no one wants to live any other way.”

Judith Martin

And just like that here we are at the 5th item on our organizing list for February. Item 5 is kind of a fun item and ties back to my own antsy disposition regarding gardening. Sometime around the 15th of February, and in some locations even earlier, certain seedlings can be planted in a starter garden. If you have southern facing windows where sunlight comes in all day that is the ideal spot for your starter garden. If you are like me and go crazy with seedlings then you know that the indoor starter garden area runs out of usable space. In cases like these where you just don’t have enough room for all the seedlings you will be starting you can use special light kits that set up neatly and effectively to help those seedlings get the best possible care. The fun part of this project other than planting is going to the store or ordering from a favorite catalog all the precious flower seeds and food seeds you would like to have growing in your garden this year. This is a great project for the kids to help out. My kids used to love watching their seedlings grow. It’s the next best thing to a pet.

I hope you enjoy the discoveries and space you will find this month.

See you in March!

“It was such a pleasure to sink one’s hands into the warm earth, to feel at one’s fingertips the possibilities of the new season.”

Kate Morton, The Forgotten Garden

Foxes As Pets – 6 Ways They Differ From Dogs

A lot of people are enchanted by the idea of owning a pet fox. They’re charming, intelligent animals, and there is a lot of appeal in having a “special” animal that not many people have. While foxes can make decent pets for someone with the time and resources to care for them, a lot of people make the mistake of buying a pet fox thinking it is going to be just like a dog.

1. Foxes Are Difficult to Train

Dogs are born with a very strong pack mentality. A dog sees you as its alpha, and is hard-wired to want to obey the leader. They live to please you. A fox, however, lives to please itself. While they are very intelligent, the core motivation of a fox is different than that of a dog. The dog wants to please you and make you happy, the fox wants the treat.

2. Foxes Stink

Foxes have a very strong odor. While a dog can take a few weeks without a bath to work up a powerful stink, foxes smell skunky 24/7. This strong, musky odor can be lessened somewhat by having the fox neutered, but it cannot be eliminated entirely.

3. Foxes Are Shy

Many people picture a fox as an awesome pet that they can show off to their friends and neighbors. Unfortunately, the reality almost always falls far short of this. While foxes often become very attached and affectionate with their families, they remain impossibly shy around visitors and strangers.

4. Foxes Have Special Needs

Foxes have special dietary and exercise requirements outside that of a dog. They are extremely energetic, and require loads of exercise every day. A large, carefully-built outdoor enclosure is a must. Which brings me to my next point…

5. Foxes Are Escape Artists

Foxes are much more proficient at getting out of enclosures than even the most determined dog. They can leap six feet in the air, climb up fences, and even cling upside down to climb along a chain link ceiling for short distances. Any enclosure that is meant to keep foxes must not only be large, but impossible to dig out of and have a full roof.

6. Foxes Are Destructive

Many people buy a fox under the mistaken impression that it can be kept as an indoor pet, and left with free run of the house while they are away at work. Nothing could be farther from the truth, particularly with the larger species like red foxes. They will steal and hide anything small enough for them to carry, and shred just about everything they can get their teeth in to. It is nearly impossible to break even the best-trained fox of these behaviors. A dog can be taught not to chew things, a fox can only be taught not to chew things while you’re watching. While a fox is loose in the house, it requires constant supervision.

In conclusion, foxes can make fascinating pets for people who are prepared to care for them. If you are interested in a pet fox, go into it with your eyes wide open, do your research, and understand that caring for a fox is not like caring for a dog.

Outercourse – A Guide to Non Penetrative Sex (NPS)

The first thing that has to be established when talking about outercourse is what it actually is. When I deal with outercourse, I refer to it as an alternative to intercourse that does not involve vaginal penetration. It is also known as Non-Penetrative Sex (NPS). This definition is not perfect as some people consider oral sex to not be outercourse, however it is the definition of outercourse I will use here.

Recently there has been a move towards outercourse being used as an alternative to intercourse for young people. While it is better that young people practice NPS than risk pregnancy by having sex unprepared, the practice usually leads to intercourse so it does not act as anything more than a temporary solution.

While many people consider outercourse to be a kind of foreplay, this is a limiting definition. In fact outercourse can be as satisfying as intercourse. Some people even view it as the highlight of the sex act. Therefore do not limit yourself by just thinking of it as foreplay, consider it as another tool for both of your sexual satisfaction!

Performing Outercourse: Guide to the Outercourse Orgasm

Outercourse comes in many different kinds, however there are a few major kinds:

* Dry hump grind: This is simulated sex using a layer of clothing to prevent penetration. Usually it is done in the underwear as it is easy to damage yourself on zippers (Believe me!) if done incorrectly. Mixing grinding and thrusting is the easiest way to make this great for your woman.

* The hand: There are countless ways to use your hand to stimulate your partner. In fact some techniques such as female squirting orgasm, as easier to do using your hands. The clitoris and G-spot are usually the easiest places to aim for, but the AFE and Deep Spot are also areas you should consider targeting.

* Breast play: There are a number of ways that a man can have an outercourse orgasm (Or give one) using a woman’s breasts. Usually the nipples are the most sensitive part of the breast, so by focusing on them with teases, licking, squeezing and light twisting it is possible for her to have an outercourse orgasm from this. Many guys also push the breasts together, using lotion to use them as a ‘vagina.’

* The legs: There are almost intimate erotic potential in the legs. For the woman, you can rub her clitoris with your thigh to give her a different kind of thrill. She can also stimulate you by clamping your penis between her thighs (Interfemoral intercourse). The guy wants to be careful to use lots of lotion and not to ejaculate onto the vagina as this is easy to do from this position. Other parts that can be used for an outercourse orgasm include her feet by putting them together. This leaves a gap that can be used and the Japanese traditional authors have written odes to the pleasures of this kind of sex. Her calves can also be used although this is tricky.

* The buttocks: Sex using the buttocks has the title of intergluteal sex. This is not anal sex as no penetration of the anus occurs. Instead the man clenches his penis between her buttocks for a different kind of thrill.

* The labia: This can be a great foreplay or a way to give genital-to-genital contact without penetration. Here the man angles his penis so that it runs the length of the labia. The woman can then rub up and down for a different kind of thrill.

* Oral sex. Some people consider this to be outercourse. This involves using your tongue or lips on the clitoris and labia.

Outercourse Tips

Outercourse like many kinds of sex needs variety to be a big part of your sex life. Therefore you will want to make sure that you keep varying it to keep things exciting. Consider it an extra technique and even if you enjoy intercourse, mixing it with outercourse offers infinite possibilities for great sex where every part of your bodies becomes filled with erotic potential.

5 Convincing Facts Why A Business Needs An Asset Management Module in ERP

When companies are in their initial stages, asset tracking or management is not that backbreaking job. Sometimes, employees are enough to handle them manually. However, over the time, when procurement, production, sales and other quantifying data gets multiplied with growing scale of the business, a basic asset management system or manual look-after is not enough. It can result in a sluggish process of production and fatal errors in accounting. While ERP software tools come with asset management modules, most enterprises feel it is too earlier for installing a software to deal with asset management. They fail to realise that an enterprise asset management module integrated into an ERP is a technology-empowered system for organising and tracking assets across the different departments or levels in the production cycle.

Here is the brief explanation of why asset management is a must-have aspect of an ERP software.

#1 Avoid errors or duplication

An efficient ERP software no doubt streamlines and makes management of assets as easy as ever. When there are separate systems to input numbers or make manual entries to keep track of the assets incoming and outgoing, there are most chances of duplicate entries or mishandling of information. EAM (Enterprise Asset Management) in ERP automates all the tasks of data entries as soon as assets are reported anywhere in the chain of production and hence removes any chances of duplication or incorrect estimations.

#2 Determines the current value of assets

Specific asset management system assists enterprises in evaluating the current value of their assets and differentiates them as per their needs like Plant, machinery, vehicles, properties, land. In addition, an advanced EAM module can generate targeted financial reports based on asset evaluation, helping Finance managers to get valuable insights for Tax estimation, asset allocation and future acquisition of assets.

#3 Give clear information about financials

On one hand, an EAM module provides accurate insights of the life-cycle of the assets that enhances predictability about their returns. On the other hand, it helps entrepreneurs to understand how asset management is going to impact the financials.

#4 Better estimation of depreciation values

No doubt, fixed assets of a company involved a lot of investments. Thus, miscalculating their depreciated values while accounting can cause major issues in the Financial reports or lead to non-compliance with statutory requirements. Thus, organisations must stop depending on the manual calculation of depreciation values and instead seek the help of EAM for getting accurate figures.

#5 Enhances the uptime

When employees at different junctures are in charge of keeping track of the assets, it is common to lose track. Mostly happens when there are too many facilities for production and in different locations. EAM system helps enterprises to keep a close tab on their inventory so that they can manage all sales calls, respond to fluctuations in sales, undergo repairs and keep all equipment in proper working order. Any unexpected breakdown in production cycles costs much to a business and EAM certainly prevents that.

These clear facts unfold why ERP software is an incomplete tool with an EAM module. While it has always been a complicated and arduous task for business enterprises to manage their enormous assets of all types, EAM makes it as simple and seamless as possible.

Why Prostitutes Don’t Kiss

(and why she’s not yours just because she spreads her legs)

As a physician to many women who worked in the sex-for-money business, as lover to many women of many ages, nationalities, and careers (including x-prostitutes and dancers), I’ve had the privilege of having the trust and the insight to the emotions and physical bodies of a unique type of woman.

In the process of learning from them and of loving them, I also gained much insight to the minds and emotions of the 3,000 plus women who came to me for help with their sexual and physical problems (during my years working with the hormone replacement of menopausal women).

It comes as a surprise and as a mysterious fact to most men when they discover that most prostitutes will not kiss their clients. Why will prostitutes not kiss the same man they will spread their legs to–and more importantly what very important lesson does that teach us about the emotions of women in general (and people in general)?

Most men have the mistaken idea that when a woman spreads her legs to him that he is gaining access to the most important and sacred part of her. This can give him a sense of power and accomplishment that makes him feel like a bull when he goes back out into the market place.

Taking with him the idea that this goddess has opened and surrendered herself to him, he now feels like he can conquer the world and takes that confidence and leaves the castle to face the world as a warrior.

On the flip side, when his princess denies him or rejects him for another, he can feel castrated and powerless to face his foes and inner demons.

This is why men who give this power to their lover can have great strength when she is open to him but become powerless and depressed when she rejects him. It’s why men who are very dependent upon this feedback from one particular woman can lose their balance and take the life of the woman and her new lover when she rejects him–in his mind she has literally castrated him and made him feel worthless.

There are several possible areas for great power and accomplishment in this flow of emotion and energy but there are also areas where men can open themselves up for destruction.

So, what does all of this have to do with the idea that prostitutes don’t kiss. It’s this (and more). She does not give up herself when she opens her legs to you, she gives up herself when she opens her mind and emotions to you–when she lets you plug into her soul.

As a medical student, we learned of a form of syphilis that infects the brain. When this happens, the pupil does not react to light (become smaller) but does react when focusing on an object that moves from far to near (accommodation). The trick for remembering this change due to neurosyphillis is that the pupil accommodates but does not react (as does a prostitute who is at risk for syphilis).

So, the prostitute accommodates your penis and your simple idea that when you put your penis inside of her that now you are a powerful man. But, she does not REACT to you, she only ACTS for you. She becomes an actress so that you might imagine yourself powerful and then go out as warrior and fight your battles.

It’s an illusion.

You do not own her or any woman simply because she spreads her legs to you. You only own her when she determines that she feels safe enough to trust you with her life–when she feels like you would die for her safety and happiness, and when something spiritual happens that can be facilitated but not fully explained.

Then, and only then, she will long to GIVE herself to you. You cannot take a woman, she must invite you to come in. She must want with every part of her being to be owned by you. Then and only then can you take her. When this happens, then you will have the most sacred part of her–her emotions, her mind, her soul, and her true kiss.

Of course when this happens, you will have access to her body, but you will not take it for your simple pleasure. At this point, you will take her body and her kiss and her thoughts the way manna is received from heaven, the way Moses received the sacred commandments, the way the Buddha receives enlightenment–as a gift from heaven.

I have interviewed literally thousands of women about the intimacies of their sex life, most of them married, most of them having sex with their husbands, and most of them acting. Most of them in love with their husbands, most of them caring for their husbands, but few totally surrendered to their husbands–most of them (not all) actresses.

When I have had a lover who has in the past worked as a prostitute, I have been fascinated to see her go from having difficulty even having an orgasm to eventually begging me to take more of her because with my taking she becomes more liberated and finds a deeper freedom AND a more intense pleasure from sex and life. She starts to know a total surrender orgasm and the connection between sex, and Love, and GOD.

So, when a prostitute or any woman spreads her legs to you, then yes you can take part in the play. You can become the actor and then continue that warrior act as you go out to your business.

But when she is hungry to kiss you, and begs you to take more of her thoughts, aches for you to know more of her because in your knowing you bring new energy to her bedroom and to her walking about the earth outside the bedroom–then you will know with her kiss that she has surrendered.

Then you will go out into the world the true warrior, the true knight who has already relinquished his own life, placed it as a sacrifice to your calling, and taking your lover’s passion as the fuel that gives you energy for your sacrifice for the planet.

Leonardo da Vinci said that most people spend their lives converting food into dung. That’s it. When you have a mission that is fueled by a real kiss, you will know the hatred of others, you may be threatened, you may even lose your physical life, but you will know true love, true accomplishment, and will experience a real kiss.

To know more about total surrender orgasm and how make it safe for you to be kissed, go to the link below:

10 Signs That He Likes You

You met this great guy and you’ve been dating each other for some time. Not in an exclusive relationship, but you have been spending time together. Phone calls that lasted for more than an hour, flirty smiles are exchanged.

You feel good about him.

Now is the million dollar question that you want to find out.

Does he like you? Is he into you, or not?

How to know the answer? What are the tell-tale signs that he is into you?

Well, besides using your woman’s intuition which is not something I can describe here nor teach, I’ll do my best to “simplify” this complicated thing call “love”.

10 Signs That He Likes You

1. Watching the same movie twice

He’s seen the movie. Although he wasn’t very impressed with it, but because you haven’t catch it he suddenly changed his tune and said he really would like to watch it a second time.

And so by the way, if you haven’t seen it too, why not let’s go catch it together, he asked.

You know his intention is then not on the movie, but the company really.

So girls, do not expose his true intentions. It’s enough to know the underlying truth, be appreciative ok?

2. His car is playing songs that just sound too, familiar?

Because those are your favorites! You have merely casually mentioned to him once, and the next time he drives you, you’re in for a musical feast.

Is he always so attentive to everyone’s needs and preferences? Well, you observe how he interacts with others and you tell me.

3. He asks that question!

Well, he will try to be as casual and nonchalant about it as possible. But no matter how cool he acts, deep down inside he is burning and dying to know the answer to this question:

“So, are you single?”

If your answer is yes, then this will be the next one:

“No way. How can someone like you be single? You mean, you don’t have a boyfriend?”

Now watch his body language closely. If you notice he is feeling tensed up by now, and totally relieved when your answer is “No” then you get the message.

4. He asks for a follow-up date even before the date is over

Now if he isn’t interested in you, why would a man be so anxious to “book” your time for another date with him even when the date is only half-way through?

Unless you look like Jessica Alba, or you can give him a million-dollar job like Donald Trump. If you aren’t either one of the two or belong to either one of the category, then this can be a clue to his heart…

5. Your name is not foreign to his friends

If you do get a chance to meet up with his friends, which you know you can create such opportunities, you’ll get some nice juicy bits from them.

But this may not be very fool-proof, neither are all of these signs, but if his friends raise their eyebrows or grin sheepishly when he introduces you to them, then that means word has been around within that gang on someone in particular, which could very well be you.

6. He can’t remove his eyes from you

Ok, we know that’s not the kind of stare-through-your-clothes type, but rather a slightly more loving kind of gaze that speaks of admiration and liking.

If the eyes could speak, they may just pop this question on behalf of their owner “You are the most beautiful lady I’ve ever seen. Would you like to be more than friends?”

The best test? When a bombshell or super gorgeous babe sashays past, you need to alert him before he notices her. (Of course, this is really carrying it a little far ha ha…. what does it take to stop a man’s roving eyes? I can’t find the answer yet)

7. He prompts you

Every now and then, he will find a chance to ask you what type of guy you are attracted to and are looking for in a partner.

Unless he’s doing what I’m doing (which puts me in a really privileged position to ask ha ha), what business is it for him to know what kind of man you like if not for the fact that he is secretly plotting his way to become the most suitable candidate?

Don’t be surprised if he starts putting himself down or discrediting himself by saying things about him that don’t fit into the list you described. He is testing waters to see what your reaction would be, which will give him some clues on how you feel for him.

For example you listed “having a good sense of humor and making you laugh” as one of the traits which you will be attracted to, and he says “Oh, I’m a boring guy actually. I don’t know how to crack jokes or make girls laugh. I must be boring you then” be careful of what you reply him.

If you say “Ya, I don’t think you are the type of humorous person either” versus “Oh is that so? But I never find you boring at all. In fact, I feel we have lots of things to chat about” he will either be secretly weeping in sorrow or jumping in joy .

By saying things like that, he is kind of “forcing” you to give a respond, and either way you will be giving away clues on how you feel. So girls, if you fancy this guy too, you know what kind of answer you should give, right?

8. He is doing you favors

Yes, he doesn’t mind ferrying you around if he has a car. He will also volunteer to accompany you all the way to an out-of-the-way place to satisfy a sudden craving you have for a food delicacy that is sold there.

He wiil help you with your school work, express his interest in lending you a hand for errands you need to run, buy some things for your family etc.

If a man isn’t interested in developing something further than friendship with you, unless he is too bored with his life or he’s Mr Super Ultra Nice, then I wonder what could it be that prompts him to be everywhere when you need his help.

9. He’s very anxious about celebrating special occasions.

Like Valentine’s Day (if he asks you out on that day, I would really suspect his intention, wouldn’t you?) and your birthday.

He would long to celebrate this special day with you, and preferably alone.

10. He buys you gifts

Sending gifts on no apparent occasion and for no reason is the easiest way for a man to declare his interest in a girl without verbalizing it. By giving you something, he is testing to see how you react. Usually he will do this when he still isn’t sure of how you feel towards him, so at least he won’t feel rejected if you reject his gift.

At the same time, he is hoping to make you happy with that gift. And if you are happy, he will be too!

Summarizing the above, they may not be 100% fool-proof scientifically proven signs to show he’s into you. They came from pure experience and observation. I purposely didn’t include things like body language where he will check how he look before meeting you, pointing his leg and facing his body towards you etc because I just want to make this as non-scientific as possible.

So ladies, hope this gives you some clues to how this man who is appearing in front of you pretty often lately feels about you. Does he has only platonic friendship in mind, or something more?

Tie Colors – What Does it Mean by Wearing Certain Colored Ties?

Neckwear is associated with business, special occasions and sophistication. Skimping on a quality tie or wearing an out-of-style tie can send the wrong message at an important time, so too can the color of the tie.

What message am I projecting by wearing this colored tie? Here are some basic colors worn, and the message they project:

Red is the color of fire and blood, so it is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passion, desire, and love. By wearing a red tie it means I am a fighter. I will not give up or give in. I mean what I say and say what I mean. I am energetic and take the initiative. Watch out, I am ready for all!

Pink signifies romance, love, and friendship. It denotes feminine qualities and passiveness. By wearing a soft pink or mid pink tie it means you accept equality and you want to work together. It also means that you want to develop strong working relationships. By wearing a darker shade of pink it means you are romantic. Pink ties are great for dates! A lady always loves a man who is “man” enough to wear pink!!!!

Chocolate/ Brown- Brown is an earthy color and means you are well grounded (grounded to the earth). By wearing a brown tie it means I am a thinker. I will take everything in and make a decision later. Do not underestimate me. I have the time to do things right. I am no one’s fool.

Shades of Blue- Blue is the color of the sky and sea. It is often associated with depth and stability. It symbolizes trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, and heaven.

Royal Blue- By wearing a Royal blue colored tie it means let’s work together. Let’s cooperate. Let’s work things out. I am ready to compromise if it will be constructive. Blue is always a great choice for job interviews.

Light Blue/ Dusty Blue- By wearing a light blue/ Dusty blue colored tie it means follow me and my dream. I will lead you in the right direction. I have hope in the future and you will too, listen to my message.

Dark Blue/ Navy- By wearing a dark/navy blue colored tie it means I am not in the mood for foolishness. Be serious when you are around me. Do not waste my time.

Yellow/ Lemon/ Gold – Yellow is the color of sunshine. It’s associated with joy, happiness, intellect, and energy. By wearing a yellow tie it means I am a positive person and full of energy. I am not a quitter and I will finish what I started. I am also an intelligent person.

Purple/ Lilac – Purple combines the stability of blue and the energy of red. Purple is associated with royalty. It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury, and ambition. It conveys wealth and extravagance. Purple is associated with wisdom, dignity, independence, creativity, mystery, and magic. By wearing a purple or lilac tie it means I am a good teacher. I know what you need to know and will impart that information to you. Learn from my independence and creativity.

Green/ Lime/ Aqua- Green is the color of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, and fertility. Green has strong emotional correspondence with safety. Dark green is also commonly associated with money. By wearing a lighter shade of green or lime it means I am harmonious. I want to resolve conflict to work effectively. By wearing a darker shade of green it means I am ambitious and I want to succeed.

White is associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity, and virginity. It is considered to be the color of perfection. By wearing a white tie it means I want to purify my thoughts and actions to make way for a fresh beginning. White is perfect for weddings and special occasions.

Black is associated with power, elegance, formality, death, evil, and mystery. Black denotes strength and authority; it is considered to be a very formal, elegant, and prestigious color (black tie, black Mercedes). Black is also the symbol of grief. By wearing black tie it means you are ready for a formal occasion. It also means I am ready for the unknown and I am opening the door to mystery.

Silver/ Grey are lighter shades of black and have similar meanings to black but to a lesser extent. By wearing a silver/ grey tie it also means you are ready for a formal occasion and you are a powerful person.

Color Combinations – Design of Ties

Not everyone is consciously sending you messages by wearing ties.

World leaders and movers and shakers who are filmed by the press and are in the news know they must make statements.

The guy next to you at work may not have the same idea.

The color combinations and tie designs however are chosen by people in an unconscious manner. When they wear them however, they have made some choice. If their color combinations are predominantly in any of the colors above, they are making the same statements, or appropriately so.

Consider the color of the guy’s tie (predominant) and design. If they are confusing, he may be confused. If they are vibrant and a particular color you may be able to pick what message they are sending.

Take time think about what message you are sending when you choose your next tie. There is a very strong message to make in the language of the ties.

Cunninlingus For Beginners – 3 Steps to Make Her Squeal With Delight!

One of the hardest things to do as a guy, is to go down on a girl and provide amazing cunnilingus. In all honesty, it does take some practice and some learning on the different techniques that work amazingly well. But there are definitely some things you can do as a beginner to make her squeal in absolute delight. Let’s get started:

1. Warm her up. Don’t dive right in, but rather warm things up by kissing, touching and licking. Slowly make your move downtown. Once you are there you want to continue to warm things up, by kissing and licking the thighs and the vagina area. Once you hear that she’s getting excited, then you can zero in on the clitoris and go to work.

2. Go gentle with a FLAT tongue. You can experiment later with a firmer, more pointed tongue, but for beginners it’s best to use a flat tongue to start with. Girls can be very sensitive and many have stated a firm, pointed tongue can be too harsh. Go gentle and feel her out. If she’s sensitive then take it easy and maneuver slowly.

3. Use this Technique. For a good starter technique, simply focus on tongue circles. Just go round and round with your tongue as if you are making circles. This is a basic, but effective technique. Beyond your circle action you can vary the speed, you can go from small circles to occasional larger circles and then back to small, and you can do spiral circles where you start small and gradually go larger, then reverse it. There are many variations you can perform, just pay attention and see how well she responds to the particular circle technique you are performing.

Is It OK to Break Open Fish Oil Pills In Order To Make Swallowing Easier?

Let’s face it! Lots of us have trouble swallowing pills and capsules. Breaking open fish oil pills or capsules, however, is not the easiest way to deal with the problem.

There is no fundamental reason not to break open a capsule of a high quality supplement into a clean spoon or even into a glass of V-8 juice or some other salty, flavorful vegetable juice. As long as the oil is consumed right away, it will not oxidize and the essential fatty acids it contains will not spoil. You can just throw the capsule away, although some brands like Nordic Naturals add flavoring to the capsule itself to make it tasty enough to chew. But don’t! You don’t really want to squirt fish oil in your mouth unless you have tasted it before and grown accustomed to it.

There are reasons, however, not to break open a capsule of any product that is labeled as containing “marine liquids.” Another term for marine liquids might be fish juice. Just as a fish would go bad if you put it in a bottle and left it on your shelf for six months or more, marine liquids ferment inside the capsule. They don’t really smell rotten. They smell fishy. They are the component of low-quality products that give you fishy burps and indigestion. Never open a fish oil capsule if the label lists marine liquids as an ingredient.

There are two easy ways to deal with the problems of swallowing omega-3 supplement pills.

One is to buy chewables. Usually offered in fruit flavors, such as cherry, lemon, orange, and lime, these omega-3 gummy bears are meant to be chewed and swallowed. The best brands don’t taste fishy and both children and adults usually enjoy them.

The other way to get your fish oil dose without having to break open a pill or capsule is to buy liquid fish oil in bottles.

Back in the days when the only available type of this oil was rancid, nasty cod liver oil, getting your daily omega-3s, vitamin A, and vitamin D from fish oil seemed more like punishment than nourishment. The awful flavor of the oil was due to the fact that fishing vessels lacked storage and basic sanitation.

Fortunately, today this problem no longer exists. Fish are caught in cold waters and immediately put on ice. Supplement makers do not tolerate bacterial contamination in the catch and they test their products for any signs of spoilage or bacterial contamination.

It is still possible to buy fermented cod liver oil, and, believe it or not, it is actually the most nutritious form of fish oil on the planet. Just a teaspoon (5 ml) a day is enough for your daily requirements of vitamins A and D.

There are other types of these oils not made from livers which are also available in fruit flavors. In Norway, they are even a popular breakfast drink.

Make no mistake about it! It’s OK to break open capsules of high-quality fish oils. But it’s a lot easier to use chewable DHA capsules or fruit-flavored oil.

If you’re interested, I can give you my personal recommendation for the high-quality supplement that I take on a daily basis… without having to open the capsule. Just visit my website.

The Purpose of Digressions in Beowulf

Few other features are more characteristic of Beowulf than the use of numerous digressions and distinct episodes. While some scholars have made attempts to show that the digressions, or some of them at least, have something in them which is inappropriate to the main narrative and are detrimental to the poetic value of Beowulf, this essay will argue that the digressions and episodes provide a conscious balance and unity and, in fact, contribute to the artistic value of the poem. Beowulf scholar Adrien Bonjour divides the digressions and episodes into four categories: the Scyld episode; digressions concerning Beowulf and the Geats; historical or legendary digressions not connected with Beowulf and the Geats; and Biblical digressions. It is within this structure where we will explore specific digressions and determine their role in the poem.

Before we inspect specific digressions, it is important to provide a brief justification for their presence in general. As Bonjour observes, the poet adeptly uses digressions to add to the coloring of the poem, to serve as a foil to a given situation, to contribute to the historical interest and significance, to provide symbolic value which contributes to the effect and understanding of the poem, and to heighten artistic effect. In addition, the digressions contain welcome information about the hero’s life. It is through digressing that the poet presents the values and perspectives that are to be understood. Action is, after all, only action.

In his division of the digressions and episodes, Bonjour gives the Scyld episode its own category, probably because it is the longest digression from the main narrative in the poem, and possibly because it raises so many questions. At first glance, the opening of the poem with Scyld and the genealogy of the Danish kings seems strangely out of place in a poem about Beowulf, a Geatish hero. But upon further study, a significant parallelism can be found between Scyld and Beowulf. First, both Scyld and Beowulf came miraculously to liberate the Danes. Scyld, being the first liberator in the poem, foreshadows Beowulf who comes later. A second touch of parallelism between the two kings can be found in their inglorious youth. Scyld was found a wretched and abandoned child and Beowulf is conspicuous for his inglorious youth. The striking reversal in their fortunes is clearly stressed by the poet.

Bonjour points out that another artistic purpose in this episode is the glorification of the Scyldings. Had the distressing condition at Heorot served as the only introduction to Beowulf’s mission, this may have created an impression of weakness on the part of the Danes. As we will see later, if the Danes had not been glorified at the beginning of the poem, the greatness of Beowulf may have been diminished.

Finally, the striking contrast of the funeral scenes are endowed with a “symbolic value which heightens the artistic value” and the unity of the entire poem. The beautiful description of Scyld’s funeral suggests a beginning and is the symbol of a glorious future. In contrast, Beowulf’s funeral symbolizes the end of a glorious past while the future is fraught with foreboding.

The Scyld episode allows the poet the use of two of his favorite devices: parallelism and contrast. The contrast between Scyld and Beowulf is perhaps one of the finest artistic achievements in the poem, and the parallelism between the two kings may well be summed up in the legendary epitaph of a cowboy as indicated by J.D.A. Ogilvy and Donald Baker: “Here lies Bronco Bill. He always done his damnedest”.

The next of Bonjour’s categorical divisions regards the digressions concerning Beowulf and the Geats. The first of this group that we will examine is Beowulf’s fight against giants. This digression serves a twofold purpose: it allows the hero his convention of boasting, and it also, however subtly, allies the hero with God. The immediate purpose of this mention of a glorious feat in Beowulf’s early life is to give us an illustration of his uncommon strength, and to give at the same time a justification for his arrival at the Danish court. It also sets Beowulf up as a specialist in fighting monsters: “I came from the fight where I had bound five, destroyed a family of giants…”. The art of boasting is important in an epic hero as it showcases his accomplishments and glorifies his name. As Victor Bromberg denotes, a man’s name is very important in epic poetry because it becomes equal to the sum of his accomplishments.

The second function of this digression is to surreptitiously ally Beowulf with God. When Beowulf pits his strength against the giants, he is unwittingly allying himself with the true God of Christianity. This lends dignity to the heathen hero who, without knowing it, is fighting on the right side after all.

In the Ecgtheow digression we learn that Beowulf’s father has killed Heatholaf, a member of the powerful Wilfing tribe, and has begun a feud from whose consequences the Geats cannot protect him, and he has fled to the court of Hrothgar. Hrothgar, consequently, pays his wergild to the Wilfings. Bonjour asserts that this digression serves two purposes: first, it creates one more bond between Beowulf and the Danes; second, it counterbalances the fact that the Danes are accepting help from Beowulf.

The Unferth episode serves primarily as a foil to emphasize Beowulf’s greatness. In spite of the sinister overtones of Unferth’s reputation, the poet also shows him as a distinguished thane. Had Unferth been reduced to a mere swashbuckler, Beowulf’s superiority over him would not have meant so much as it actually does. In his essay “Beowulf: The monsters and the Critics”, Professor J.R.R. Tolkien suggests that Beowulf’s conquest of the nicors in his youth are referred to [in this digression] as a presage to the kind of hero we are dealing with. Beowulf’s answer to Unferth’s criticism also establishes him as a man to reckon with in words as well as with his sword. So, from this digression we learn Beowulf’s qualifications for cleansing Heorot, and also that the hero is not only a great warrior, but a man capable of delivering a coup de grâce in a battle of wits.

Bonjour notes that the first allusion in the poem to the fall of Hygelac gives us a fine instance of a particular use of contrast characteristic of Beowulf. It is ironic that the first hint of Hygelac’s fall should be called up by the description of the treasures given to Beowulf by Queen Wealtheow after Beowulf’s victory over Grendel. It looks as if there are already some implications of the same nature as those to be met with in the Dragon story where, as Bonjour remarks, the beauty of the treasure of the Dragon’s hoard stands out in contrast to the curse attached to it. Here, the necklace is among “[the finest] under the heavens”, yet Hygelac had it when he was slain.

Next, we will look at the digression on Beowulf’s inglorious youth and Heremod’s tragedy in conjuntion with one another. Heremod’s tragedy actually falls outside the structure proposed by Adrien Bonjour as it has nothing to do with Beowulf and the Geats directly. However, we will bring the Heremod digression out of the proposed structure since it provides such an important contrast to Beowulf’s inglorious youth.

The short digression on Beowulf’s inglorious youth is but another touch that contributes to the glorification of the hero. The inglorious youth heightens the effect of his later glorious deeds and makes them all the more remarkable by way of contrast. But this digression reaches its full effect when contrasted with the tragedy of Heremod. In Hrothgar’s speech to Beowulf, we learn that Heremod was a strong, valiant hero whose career showed great promise, but that he subsequently proved to be a bad ruler. Beowulf, on the other hand, is first despised but he has now grown into a glorious hero. Heremod’s tragedy redefines, though negatively, what a good king should be. Thus we have a poor beginning (by Beowulf) followed by a prodigious ascent contrasted with a brilliant promise (by Heremod) ending in a miserable downfall.

The next digression to be examined concerns Hygelac’s death in Friesland and Beowulf’s return by swimming and his subsequent guardianship of Heardred. The poet tells us how Beowulf escapes from Friesland, where Hygelac is slain, by swimming back to his country with thirty to panoplies of armour on his arm. Obviously, this part of the digression serves to further glorify Beowulf’s extraordinary abilities. Later, we learn that Beowulf turns down Queen Hygd’s offer of the Geatish throne in favor of acting as counsel to Heardred, the rightful heir. Beowulf’s refusal of the crown illustrates his moral greatness. Here, the Geats present a striking contrast to the Danes. Ogilvy and Baker suggest that unlike Wealtheow, who is obsessed with securing the succession of her sons to the throne, Hygd asks Beowulf to take the throne in favor of her own son for the good of the people. This contrast is made even greater when compared to the situation at the Danish court where Hrothulf seizes his uncle’s throne. The story of the Danish succession serves as a foil: on the one side we have a treacherous usurpation, and on the other, a refusal to accept the crown out of sheer loyalty. Along with the glorification of Beowulf, this digression brings the theme of loyalty to the forefront.

In seeking the Dragon’s den, Beowulf makes a long speech in which he looks back over his life from the time when, at the age of seven, he came to the court of his grandfather, King Hrethel. The immediate purpose of Beowulf’s long speech appears to be a pause so that the hero can gather strength and resolution by looking back over a life of valiant deeds. But this digression goes much deeper when we read into King Hrethel’s angst over his eldest son, Herebeald, who is accidentally slain by his brother Hæthcyn. The accidental killing suggests the inexorability of wyrd (fate), and on the other hand, the poignant lament of Hrethel prepares the dominant mood of the end of the poem (Bonjour 34). This thematic “Christian” acceptance of earthly woes anticipates the rationale of Beowulf’s actions. He, too, will accept his fate. Bonjour states that the appearance of wyrd here is of great importance as it gives us the keynote of not only the digression, but of the whole ending of the poem.

The Last Survivor’s Speech is an elegy cut from the same cloth: “Baleful death has sent away many races of men”. Tolkien states that here, the poet is handling an ancient theme: that man, each man and all men, and all their works shall die.

In the short digression on Weohstan (Wiglaf’s father) and his slaying of Eanmund, we learn of the history of Wiglaf’s sword. The primary purpose of this digression is to give us something of Wiglaf’s pedigree, and to establish that Wiglaf is not ordinary, he is of the same blood as Beowulf. The establishing of Wiglaf’s history is important, because if this part were played by any other Geat, Beowulf’s heroic courage would appear to have been matched by an ordinary human. Also, there is a definite parallel between Wiglaf’s loyalty to Beowulf, and Beowulf’s loyalty to Hygelac.

The last digression that we will look at in this division deals again with Hygelac’s fall and the battle at Ravenswood. Since Hygelac’s raid, the enmity between Franks and Geats has remained. The Swedes are not to be trusted either since Beowulf’s death is likely to rekindle their memory of the feud between them and the Geats. With the opening of this last digression, Bonjour observes that the poet allows us to catch a glimpse of what the future has in store for the Geats. Plainly, the author is using Wiglaf’s messenger as a means to foreshadow the fate that awaits the Geatish nation.

The third category of digressions concerns historical or legendary digressions not directly connected with Beowulf and the Geats. The first digression in this category concerns the fate of Heorot. No sooner has the poet described the glorious building of Heorot than he concludes, “it would wait for the fierce flames of vengeful fire”. The allusion is to the feud between Ingeld and Hrothgar. This illustrates another example of the poet telling his story with a kind of structural irony which alternates prosperous with tragic events. Here, William Alfred remarks that Hrothgar is set up as the heroic king of a loyal comitatus, but suddenly, what begins as a description of the impressive halls of Heorot breaks down into an account of its destruction by fire in a feud. On this point, Bonjour mentions that the contrast inherent between a harmonious situation and a brief intimation of disaster adds to the impression of melancholy in which so much of the poem is steeped.

After Beowulf has killed Grendel, a scop improvises a lay in honor of Beowulf and compares him to Sigemund and Heremod. Sigemund was a great slayer of monsters and the greatest adventurer since the unfortunate Heremod. Beowulf, they say, is comparable to Sigemund. Sigemund and Heremod are inroduced to give us a standard of comparison for Beowulf. Bonjour surmises that this whole digression is certainly intended to praise the hero.

The next digression we will examine begins abruptly as Beowulf is returning home from Hrothgar’s court. We are given a description of Hygelac’s court before Beowulf’s arrival, and here begins the digression. The passage is devoted to a comparison between Hygd, Hygelac’s queen, and Modthryth, queen of Offa, king of the Angles before their migration to England. At first glance, Modthryth may seem, like Heremod, to be merely a bad character introduced to heighten the virtues of a good one (Hygd) by contrast. Modthryth, however, is more complex than that. She begins as a cruel and tyrannous princess, but redeems herself once on the Anglican throne at Offa’s side. This opposition provides a connecting link between this episode and Heremod’s tragedy. However, the respective careers of Heremod and Modthryth run exactly opposite courses. This digression serves several purposes: Modthryth serves as a foil to Hygd; the connection to Heremod again stresses the “abuse of power” theme, and Modthryth’s beginning could also be viewed as a parallel to Beowulf’s inglorious youth; an unsavory beginning which blossoms into a glorious end.

We will examine the Finn and Ingeld episodes together since the parallelism between the two is unmistakable. The Finn episode is an account of a blood-feud between the Danes and the Frisians. Hnæf’s sister, Hildeburh is a Danish princess who was married to King Finn of the Frisians in order to bring an end to the feud. The peace, however, is short-lived and the Finn episode points directly to the theme of the precarious truce between the two peoples. The prophetic telling of the tale of Ingeld by Beowulf suggests that the martial alliance between the Danish princess, Freawaru, and Ingeld, prince of the Heathobards will yield similar results. Bonjour claims that the central theme of the two episodes is exactly the same, that tribal enmity sooner or later sweeps away all attempts at human compromise. Indeed, this also proves to be a central theme of the entire poem.

The final category in which to make note is the digressions of Biblical character. Owing to their Christian element, the Song of Creation as well as the allusion to the Giants’ war against God and the allusions to Cain all take a front row seat.

The Song of Creation appears almost simultaneously with the introduction of Grendel, “There he spoke who could relate the beginning of men far back in time, said that the Almighty made earth…”. The Song of Creation goes back to the Biblical account in Genesis. Its immediate purpose is clear enough-it is a matter of contrast. The rare note of joy in the beauty of nature contrasts deeply with the melancholy inspired by the dreary abode of Grendel.

We will now look at the allusions to Cain and the Giants, and in doing so, it is important to note that the monsters are presented from two points of view. To the pagan characters, these creatures are eotenas [giants], and scuccan [evil spirits]-all terms from Germanic demonology. But the poet in his own voice tells us of the true genealogy of the Grendelkin: they are the monstrous descendents of Cain. This two-leveled portrayal of the monsters places them on one level like the dragon that Sigemund slew, and on another level it has connotations of Satanic evil which the Bible invests in them. At this point, new Scripture and old tradition unite.

The destruction of the Giants is said to be carved on the hilt of the magic sword which allows Beowulf to slay Grendel’s mother. Beowulf’s fight is now felt to partake of the struggle between the powers of good and evil. We were told earlier that both monsters were of the same kind as the Giants, but as Bonjour shows, we now know that God himself actually helps the hero by directing his attention to the magic sword which depicted God’s own action against the accursed race. Now, it is almost as if Beowulf has been raised to the rank of God’s own champion. Beowulf, for all that he moves in the world of the primitive Heroic Age, nevertheless is [for a moment] almost a Christian knight.

Bonjour concludes that Beowulf, once in the position of a king actually transcends the picure of an ideal king by sacrificing his life for his people, the significance of which is stressed by the very contrast with Hrothgar’s own attitude towards Grendel. But Hrothgar is already the figure of an ideal king, so now it becomes easier to compare Beowulf to the Savior, the self-sacrificing king, the prototype of supreme perfection.

Scholar B.J. Timmer sees the form of the poem as a failure because of the poet’s compromise in an attempt to glorify both pagan and Christian elements. John Leyerle echos this view when he describes the theme of the poem as “the fatal contradiction at the core of heroic society” in which the impelling code demands for the hero individual achievement and glory, whereas society demands a king who achieves for the common good. But why should there be a necessary separation here? Would it not require a heroic individual to achieve for the common good? The Beowulf poet, rightly, does not perform this separation.

In conclusion, it should be stated that whether or not we admire the digressions, we should recognize that they are part of the poet’s method, not the results of ineptitude. Here, I agree with Bonjour that the links of the digressions and episodes to the main story are extremely varied but, as we have seen, they are all links of relevance that weave the main theme and its background into an elaborate tapestry. Theodore M. Anderson sums up the significance of the digressions when he writes:

The poet drew his settings from the scenic repertory of the older heroic

lay, but he strung the traditional scenes together with a moralizing

commentary in the form of digressions, flashbacks, boasts, reflective

speeches, and a persistent emphasis on unexpected reversals-all tending

to underscore the peaks and valleys of human experience.

A good dose of common sense should expel any lingering beliefs, on the part of skeptics, that the poet’s digressions are reckless or that they diminish the value of the poem. As we have seen in this essay, there are simply too many instances of foreshadowing, careful contrast, and parallelism for the digressions to have been carelessly thrown into the mix. So, we shall draw the conclusion that behind all the digressions is found a definite artistic design clear enough to allow us to agree with Bonjour that each one plays a useful part in the poem. In other words, we have found that all of the digressions, in varying degrees, are artistically justified.