Isolateral Exercise – What is it and Why is it Beneficial? The Answer is Here!

Isolateral exercise is a technique that is used in strength and fitness training to work one particular side of the body at a time rather than trying to train both sides at once. For instance, if you are used to doing traditional push-ups then a more isolateral based movement would be to execute a one-arm push-up. This a great way to maximize the strength on that one side of the body.

So why do people do isolateral-based movements? Well to start, when considering developing a highly effective strength and conditioning program one must include isolateral based movements in their program to optimally develop symmetry and equal total-body strength. There are basically 2 benefits to executing this type of movement. The first is that you allow the working side of the body to lift the weight or resistance on its own without any assistance or compensation from the other side. This allows for a greater increase in strength independently on each side of the body.

The second benefit includes a transfer of strength, or cross transfer, from the working side of the body over to the side that isn’t executing the lift at that particular time. This is why it is still beneficial to train the body, if possible, even during an injury. Your body can still benefit from exercise even if you aren’t training a particular body-part. An example here would be that if a person broke their right arm and that arm is in a sling, then it can’t perform any tasks. However, the left arm can. Doing something as common as arm curls with the left arm can cross transfer strength over to the injured right arm.

So now you know what isolateral exercise is and how it works. You are beginning to learn the secrets of strength and exercise!

Foxes As Pets – 6 Ways They Differ From Dogs

A lot of people are enchanted by the idea of owning a pet fox. They’re charming, intelligent animals, and there is a lot of appeal in having a “special” animal that not many people have. While foxes can make decent pets for someone with the time and resources to care for them, a lot of people make the mistake of buying a pet fox thinking it is going to be just like a dog.

1. Foxes Are Difficult to Train

Dogs are born with a very strong pack mentality. A dog sees you as its alpha, and is hard-wired to want to obey the leader. They live to please you. A fox, however, lives to please itself. While they are very intelligent, the core motivation of a fox is different than that of a dog. The dog wants to please you and make you happy, the fox wants the treat.

2. Foxes Stink

Foxes have a very strong odor. While a dog can take a few weeks without a bath to work up a powerful stink, foxes smell skunky 24/7. This strong, musky odor can be lessened somewhat by having the fox neutered, but it cannot be eliminated entirely.

3. Foxes Are Shy

Many people picture a fox as an awesome pet that they can show off to their friends and neighbors. Unfortunately, the reality almost always falls far short of this. While foxes often become very attached and affectionate with their families, they remain impossibly shy around visitors and strangers.

4. Foxes Have Special Needs

Foxes have special dietary and exercise requirements outside that of a dog. They are extremely energetic, and require loads of exercise every day. A large, carefully-built outdoor enclosure is a must. Which brings me to my next point…

5. Foxes Are Escape Artists

Foxes are much more proficient at getting out of enclosures than even the most determined dog. They can leap six feet in the air, climb up fences, and even cling upside down to climb along a chain link ceiling for short distances. Any enclosure that is meant to keep foxes must not only be large, but impossible to dig out of and have a full roof.

6. Foxes Are Destructive

Many people buy a fox under the mistaken impression that it can be kept as an indoor pet, and left with free run of the house while they are away at work. Nothing could be farther from the truth, particularly with the larger species like red foxes. They will steal and hide anything small enough for them to carry, and shred just about everything they can get their teeth in to. It is nearly impossible to break even the best-trained fox of these behaviors. A dog can be taught not to chew things, a fox can only be taught not to chew things while you’re watching. While a fox is loose in the house, it requires constant supervision.

In conclusion, foxes can make fascinating pets for people who are prepared to care for them. If you are interested in a pet fox, go into it with your eyes wide open, do your research, and understand that caring for a fox is not like caring for a dog.

Neurotransmitters: Chemical Messengers of Nervous System

Human brain is well encapsulated within a thick, bony skull. The chloroid plexus secretes the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which surrounds the brain. The fluid passes down through the four ventricles with the help of subarachnoid space and finally enter the cerebral veins through the arachnoid villi. Brain lacks lymphatic system so CSF ​​acts as a partial substitute. Dura mater is a tough, protective conductive tissue firmly attached to the skull and includes the subarachnoid space filled with the CSF, arteries and web-like connective tissue known as archanoid mater. The pia mater is a very delicate and permeable membrane composed of collagen, elastin and fibroblasts that rests on the floor of subarachnoid space and allows diffusion between CSF and the interstitial fluid of brain tissue. The pia mater is also interrupted by astrocyte processes. The dura mater, arachnoid mater and the pia mater are collectively known as meninges.

The brain and CSF are separated from each other by the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) ​​which protects brain from undesirable blood substances. These barriers are permeable to water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, small lipid soluble molecules, electrolytes and certain essential amino acids. The barriers are formed by the combined action of endothelial cells lining the capillary walls and glial cells (astrocytes) that wrap the capillaries with fibers. The brain has a distinct chemical composition for example, structural lipid accounts for 50% dry weight of brain, a feature which is in contrast with other fatty tissues of the body that are made up of triglycerides and free fatty acids. The blood brain barrier forms a protective chemical environment through which neurotransmitters can easily participate in nerve impulse delivery.

Neurotransmitters and Their Identification

Neurotransmitters are endogenously produced chemicals that actively participate in the transmission of signals from a neuron to the target cell across a synapse. They are tightly packed inside the synaptic vesicles which remain clustered benefit the membrane on the pre-synaptic side of the synapse. Upon activation they are released into the synaptic cleft where they bind to the receptors located on the membrane of the post-synaptic side of the synapse. Release of neurotransmitters is simply an indication that action potential has produced. These chemicals are synthesized from simple precursors, chiefly the amino acids. Amino acids are easily available and only few biosynthetic steps are involved in the formation of neurotransmitters.

Ramón v Cajal discovered synaptic cleft after carefully performing histological examination of neurons. After the discovery of synaptic cleft it was suggested that some chemical messengers are involved in signal transmission. In 1921 a German pharmacologist Otto Loewi confirmed that neurons communicate with each other by releasing chemical messengers. He performed a series of experiments where vagus nerve of frog was involved. He traditionally controlled the heart rate of frog by controlling the amount of saline solution present around the vagus nerve. When the experiments were over Loewi concluded that sympathetic regulation of heart rate could be mediated through changes in the chemical concentration. He later on discovered the first neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine (Ach). However, some neurons communicate by using electrical synapses through gap junctions that allow specific ions to pass directly from one cell to the other.


There are many ways through which neurotransmitters can be classified for example, they can be divided into amino acids, peptides and monoamines on the basis of their chemical composition. The amino acids that act as neurotransmitters are glutamate, aspartate, D-serine, gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine. Monoamines and other biogenic amines include dopamine (DA), norepinephrine, epinephrine, histamine and serotonin. Other substances acting as neurotransmitters are acetylcholine (Ach), adenosine, nitric oxide and anandamide. More than 50 neuroactive peptides are known that act as neurotransmitters. Many of these peptides are released along with a small transmitter molecule. The well known example of a peptide neurotransmitter is β-endorphin which is associated with the opioid receptors of the central nervous system. Single ions such as the synaptically released zinc, some gaseous molecules like nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are also considered as neurotransmitters. Glutamate is the most prevalent neurotransmitter as it is excitatory in 90% of the synapses while GABA is inhibitory in 90% of the synapses.

Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters can be excitatory or inhibitory but their major action is activation of one or more receptors. The effect of these chemicals on the post-synaptic side of the cell is totally dependent upon the properties of the receptors. The receptors for most of the neurotransmitters are excitatory as they activate the target cell so that action potential can be produced. On the other hand, for GABA, most of the receptors are inhibitory. However, evidences have shown that GABA acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter during early brain development. For acetylcholine the receptors are both excitatory and inhibitory. The effect of a neurotransmitter system is directly dependent upon the connections of neurons and chemical properties of the receptors. Major neurotransmitter systems are the norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and cholinergic systems. Drugs targeting these neurotransmitter systems affect the whole system thus, explaining the complexity of drug action. AMPT prevents the conversion of tyrosine into L-DOPA which forms dopamine. Reserpine prevents accumulation of dopamine in the vesicles. Deprenyl inhibits the activity of monoamine oxidase-B and thus, increases dopamine levels.

Precursors of Neurotransmitters

Different precursors are needed for the synthesis of different neurotransmitters. For example, L-DOPA is the precursor for dopamine synthesis that crosses the blood brain barrier and is used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In case of depressed patients the activity of norepinephrine is lowered, so the precursors for this neurotransmitter are administratively externally. The precursors for this neurotransmitter are L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine. These precursors also participate in the synthesis of dopamine and epinephrine. The synthesis of these neurotransmitters also requires vitamin B6, vitamin C and S-adenosylmethionine. L-tryptophan is the precursor for serotonin synthesis and studies have indicated that its administration results in increased production of serotonin in the brain. The conversion of L-tryptophan requires vitamin C. 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HT) also acts as a precursor for serotonin.

Degradation and Elimination

Neurotransmitters must be broken down into small molecules before they reach the post-synaptic neuron in order to participate in excitatory or inhibitory signal transduction. For example, acetylcholine (ACh) is an excitatory neurotransmitter which is broken down by acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Choline is recycled by the pre-synaptic neuron to form acetylcholine again. Other neurotransmitters like dopamine are capable to diffuse away from their synaptic junctions and are eliminated from the body via kidneys or destroyed in the liver. Each neurotransmitter has a specific degradation pathway.

Important Neurotransmitters

A number of chemicals are known to act as neurotransmitters and they will be treated here separately.

1. Acetylcholine (Ach)

Acetylcholine is a part of the peripheral nervous system and was the first neurotransmitter to be discovered. It is an excitatory neurotransmitter in contrast to the monoamines which are inhibitory. The precursors of acetylcholine are acetyl-CoA produced during the glucose metabolism and choline that are actively transported across the blood brain barrier. Production of this neurotransmitter takes place in the brain. The dietary choline comes from the phosphatidyl choline present in the membranes of plant and animal cells except bacterial cells. Acetyl-CoA and choline are independently synthesized inside the cell body of the neuron. Brain has few acetylcholine receptors but outside the brain it is the principal chemical that governs muscle activity. Body muscles may be either skeletal muscles that are under the voluntary control or smooth muscles of the autonomous nervous system lacking voluntary control. The nervous system can further be subdivided into sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. Direct innervation of the skeletal muscles is due to acetylcholine while that of the smooth muscles is due to norepinephrine.

Acetylcholine receptors are of two types normally, a fast acting ion channel controlled receptor and a slow acting receptor that requires a G-protein (Guanine nucleotide binding protein) which stimulates second messengers to indirectly open ion channels. Direct ion channel controlling receivers respond within microseconds while indirect second messenger controlling receptors may take milliseconds in order to generate a response. The fast acting receptor is known as nicotinic as it is specifically activated by a toxin present in tobacco. The slow acting receptor is known as muscarinic as it requires a toxin muscarine and acetylcholine for its activation. Parasympathetic nerves may be either cranial or sacral. 75% of all parasympathetic nerve fibers arise from a single cranial nerve known as vagus. These fibers travel towards the ganglia and finally enter smooth muscles. The preganglionic fibers are nicotinic. The neuromuscular junction of skeletal muscles is also nicotinic while that of smooth muscles is muscarinic.

The speed with which the skeletal muscles respond clarifies that they are controlled by fast acting nicotinic receptors. The activity of acetylcholine in both nicotinic and muscarinic synapses is inhibited by acetylcholinesterase. The choline liberated after the hydrolysis of acetylcholine can be transported across the post-synaptic membrane to be used for the resynthesis of acetylcholine. Some snake venoms can block nicotinic receptors causing paralysis. Atropine is known to block muscarinic receptors. Most brain cholinergic receptors are muscarinic as they show synaptic plasticity. Major proportion of acetylcholine synthesis in brain occurs in the interpendunctural nucleus. All the inter-neurons in the striatum and the nucleus accumbens are cholinergic. The primary cholinergic input to the cerebral cortex arises from the basal nucleus of Meynert, a prominent area of ​​substantia innominata. Meynert's nucleus is also known to innervate basolateral amygdala, basal ganglia and reticular nucleus of thalamus.
If muscarinic blocking agents are administrated in normal individuals then memory loss can occur.

2. Dopamine

Dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin are the primary monoamine neurotransmitters. Dopamine and norepinephrine are catecholamines while serotonin is an indolamine. Tyrosine is not an essential amino acid as its synthesis occurs in the liver from phenylalanine in the presence of phenylalanine hydroxylase. It can not be synthesized in the brain so must be coupled with the large neutral amino acid transporter molecules in order to enter brain. These transporter molecules also transport phenylalanine, tryptophan, methionine and branch-chained amino acids.

When tyrosine enter brain it must be converted into DOPA (Dihydroxyphenylalanine) by tyrosine hydroxylase along with oxygen, iron and Tetrahydrobiopterin (THB) that act as co-factors. DOPA is converted into dopamine by aromatic amino acid decarboxylase with pyridoxa L phosphate (PLP) co-factor. The rate of reaction fluctuates when there is vitamin B6 deficiency. Central nervous system has high proportion of dopaminergic cells than adrenergic cells. Dopamine present in the caudate nucleus of brain is responsible for maintaining post while that present in the nucleus accumbens is associated with animal's speed. Two types of primary dopamine receptors are already known as D1 (stimulatory) and D2 (inhibitory). Both these receptors require G-protein for their activity. D2 receptors are located on the dopaminergic neurons and produce negative feedback. They are also known as auto-receptors as they inhibit the release and synthesis of dopamine.

The binding of dopamine to the D1 receptors stimulates the activity of Adenylyl cyclase (AC) which converts ATP into cyclic AMP (second messenger). The cyclic AMP (cAMP) then binds with the protein kinase A (PKA). PKA participates in modulating the activity of various proteins by adding phosphate to them. Brain has four main dopaminergic tracts namely, the nigrostriatial tract, tuberoinfundibular tract, the mesolimbic tract and the mesocortical tract. Both dopamine and norepinephrine are catabolized by monoamine oxidase (MAO) and catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT). COMT is active in synapses and uses S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) as methyl group while while MAO is active in the pre-synaptic terminal against the catecholamines. Schizophrenia is thought to occur due to the overstimulation of D2 receptors of the mesolimbic and mesocortical systems. The mesolimbic and mesocortical dopaminergic systems are believed to play active role in motivation. Cocaine is known to increase the dopaminergic activity in the mesolimbic areas of brain by inhibiting dopamine re-uptake in the ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens.

3. Serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT)

Serotonin was isolated from blood serum as a substance responsible for causing muscle contraction. Only 1-2% of the body's serotonin is present in brain while rest comes from platelets, mast cells etc. Synthesis of serotonin involves two steps along with tryptophan hydroxylase and co-factors naturally oxygen, iron and THB. The highest concentration of serotonin is present in the pineal gland. It is primarily methylated in the synthesis of melatonin. Melatonin is synthesized from serotonin in two steps and the whole process requires an acetyl group from acetyl Co-A and a methyl group from S-adenosyl methionine. Melatonin regulates diurnal activity, seasonal behavior and physiology of animals. In mammals the noradrenergic neurons located near the optic nerve are inhibited by light but in darkness norepinephrine stimulates pineal cells to release cyclic AMP which in turn activates N-acetyl transferase to cause acetylation of serotonin. The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus is responsible for regulating the mammalian circadian clock partially in response to light. SCN receives serotonergic supply from dorsal raphe nucleus. Serotonin also reduces responsiveness of SCN to light. Sleep deprivation is responsible for increasing concentration of serotonin in SCN. Low levels of serotonin are associated with high levels of pain sensitivity, locomotion, sexual activity, aggression, depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and panic disorders.

4. Glycine

Glycine is the simplest amino acid composed of an amino and a carboxyl group. The role of glycine as a neurotransmitter is very simple. When released into a synapse it binds to the receptors making the membrane permeable to chloride ions. Thus, it is inhibitory in action and can be easily deactivated in the synapse. It is found only in vertebrates and is primarily present in the ventral spinal cord.

5. Aspartic acid (Aspartate)

Aspartate is also present in the ventral spinal cord just like glycine. It also participates in the opening of the ion channels and is soon inactivated by reabsorption into pre-synaptic membrane. It is an excitatory neurotransmitter as it increases depolarization in the post-synaptic membrane.

6. Glutamic acid (Glutamate)

Glutamate is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter present in brain and increases the flow of positive ions by opening ion channels. Its stimulation is terminated by the membrane transport system used for reabsorption of the aspartate and glutamate across the pre-synaptic membrane. NMDA-glutamate receptor is the most complicated receptor. It is the only receptor which is regulated by a ligand and voltage. It has five binding sites for glutamate, glycine, magnesium, zinc and a site that binds a hallucinogenic substance, phencyclidine. NMDA receptors are more densely located in the cerebral cortex, amygdala and basal ganglia. Glutamate is not able to cross the blood brain barrier.

7. Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA)

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter accounting for 30-40% of all synapses. It is present in high concentration in the substantia nigra and globus pallidus nuclei of basal ganglia, hypothalamus, periaqueductal gray matter and hippocampus. The concentration of GABA in brain is 200-1000 times greater than that of monoamines or acetylcholine. It is somewhat unique as it is rapidly inactivated during its transport into the glial cells. Both GABA and glutamate are synthesized in the brain from alpha-keto glutarate, a molecule produced during Kreb's cycle. Like glycine GABA receptor are coupled with the chloride ion channels.

8. Norepinephrine

Norepinephrine and acetylcholine are the neurotransmitters of the peripheral nervous system. It is synthesized from dopamine in the presence of dopamine beta-hydroxlase along with cofactors namely, oxygen, copper and vitamin C. Dopamine synthesis occurs in the cytoplasm while synthesis of norepinephrine takes place inside the neurotransmitter storage vesicles. Cells utilizing norepinephrine for making epinephrine use S-adenosyl methionine as a methyl group donor. The levels of epinephrine are low as compared to that of norepinephrine. The major proportion of norepinephrine is present in the locus ceruleus of pons while rest is found in neocortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum. Most of the dopaminergic innervations of hypothalamus are derived from lateral tegmental nuclei. It plays a major role in awakenness-arousal cycle.

9. Peptides

Peptides are the most common neurotransmitters located in the hypothalamus. Their complex structure is responsible for their high receptor specificity. Their synthesis takes place in the ribosomes and they are rapidly inactivated at the synapses by hydrolysis. They are more potent than other neurotransmitters as their very small amounts are sufficient enough to produce a response. Opioid peptides combine endorphins, enkephalins and dynorphins. Opiates and enkephalins cause inhibitory of the neuron firing at the locus ceruleus. The concentration of the opioid receptors is very high in the sensory, limbic and hypothalamic regions of brain. Their concentration is also high in the amygdala and preiaqueductal gray area. Cholecystokinin (CCK) is known to participate in satiety. Injection of small doses of CCK in the paraventricular area can inducing feeding. It is also known to modulate dopamine release. Low doses of the peptide vasopressin are known to enhance learning process in laboratory animals.

10. Endorphins

Solomon Snyder and Candace Pert of Johns Hopkins discovered endorphin in 1973. It resembles opioids in structure and function. It is inhibitory and is involved in pain reduction and pleasure. Opioid drugs work by attaching to the receptor sites of endorphin. It also causes hibernation in bear and other animals.

Honesty and Integrity – What Does This Mean to You?

Honesty and Integrity go hand-in-hand, but in today’s world, it seems that people have grown so lax that both of these traits have flown out of the window. In fact, if you ask the majority of today’s youth to give you the truest definition of honesty and integrity, they may be able to tell you that being honest means telling the truth, but they probably won’t be able to tell you anymore than that.

Although most people understand what honesty is – telling the truth – do you understand what telling the truth entails? For example, yes it is wrong to lie, but isn’t it also wrong not to tell the whole truth, or the whole story so to speak? Many people believe that withholding portions of the truth is the same as lying, and if you are doing this, you are not practicing honesty.

But, again, if you ask today’s youth about integrity, most won’t have a clue what you are talking about. This is a word that they know how to spell. They have some small idea of what it pertains to, but they have no real grasp on what it means to have integrity, along with honesty. If you have integrity, it means that you live your life in a moral and ethical way. Honesty covers lying, but integrity seemingly covers everything else in life.

Once we grow up, and are forced to face reality, we learn that the world can be a cold, hard, cruel place. As we work our way through life, often we lose site of our own values. We are trying to get the bills paid, get the kids educated, taking care of elderly parents, trying to hold our marriage together, and trying to live to see our own retirement years and grandchildren. With all of this going on – seemingly all of the time – it isn’t hard to lose sight of our values, which in turn affects our honesty and integrity, even if we never intended for that to happen.

Before you can live your life with honesty and integrity, you first need to have a good sense of who you are, and what you stand for in life. We all have strong feelings concerning certain issues, such as abortion, firearms, and things of this nature. But as big as these issues are, these are the easy ones. Here, you are either on one side of the fence, or the other.

But in the small day-to-day things, where do you stand in terms of your values. For example, is your honesty and integrity so great that if you ran a red light, you would pull over the next policeman that you saw and insist that he give you a ticket? The chances are good that you won’t. But if the cashier at the lunch counter gives you too much change, the second you realize it, are you going to give that extra money back? Hopefully your honesty and integrity would come into play, and you would do everything in your power to get that money back to that cashier.

In order to live a life based on honesty and integrity, you must know who you are and what you stand for, and you must also police yourself on a daily basis, ensuring that you aren’t doing anything that conflict’s with your own values or moral code.

Bipolar Disorder – Medical Release Forms For Your Loved One

There may have come a time when you tried to get help for your loved one when they were in an episode and refused treatment. If they did NOT have a signed Medical Release Form on file, then you probably found yourself against a brick wall.

This can also happen if you have an older teenager (18 or older) living with you. They are legally considered an “adult” and able to make their own decisions, including those having to do with their medical and psychiatric care.

Without a signed Medical Release Form (called by different names – check with your state), you are unable to get medical or psychiatric care for your loved one or teenager without their consent. This means that, should they go into a bipolar episode, you cannot put them into the hospital involuntarily, no matter how much they need to be there.

This also means that you are not allowed to discuss your loved one’s condition with their doctor, psychiatrist, or therapist over the phone. No matter how many messages you leave, they are not allowed to call you back; as, by law, they are not allowed to speak to you about your loved one.

You must get a signed Medical Release Form from your loved one – while they are NOT in a bipolar episode – which you can then keep on file in each of their medical and mental health professional’s offices.

This way, should they go into an episode, you are allowed to speak to their doctor, psychiatrist, and therapist, and to get them the help they need.

Should it be necessary for them to go to the hospital during a bipolar episode, the best thing would be for them to go voluntarily; however, with a signed Medical Release Form, you will still be able to admit them (with their doctor’s help).

You should be able to get sample forms of these forms from your loved one’s doctor’s office; however, they are also readily available on the Internet as well.

Diabetes Myth No 2 – There Is No Cure for Diabetes

You've probably heard it said many times: "There is no cure for diabetes". Maybe you've even donated to research for a cure. I've even heard, "If anyone claims to have a cure for diabetes, run the other way!" But this is simply not true. Most cases of diabetes can be completely reversed and put into permanent remission. Is that a cure? Read on and you tell me.

As you know there are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. The only thing that Type 1 and Type 2 have in common is both cause high blood sugar and the complications that go with that. But the undering cause is completely different. Obviously if the underlying cause is different, then the cure too will be different because the cure needs to address the cause not the symptoms.

When you are talking about the symptoms of diabetes or the treatment of those symptoms, it makes sense to talk about "diabetes" because those symptoms all raise the high blood sugar which is common to both types.

But when you are talking about a cure, it makes no sense at all to talk about "the cure for diabetes" because diabetes has actually got 2 completely different causes. It only makes sense to talk about the "cure for Type 1 diabetes" or the "cure for Type 2 diabetes". So for the rest of this post, I will talk about Type 1 or Type 2 and not "diabetes".

Type 1 aka "Juvenile Diabetes"

The cause of Type 1 is damage or even destruction of the islet cells of your pancreas. Mostly this happens due to an autoimmune reaction of your body so that your own immune system attacks the islet cells. It's not yet known why this autoimmune reaction happens.

The islet cells monitor the levels of sugar in your blood and produce insulin when the sugar levels go to high. This insulin is a hormone that affects other cells of your body – especially those of your muscles, liver and fat. When insulin is present those cells take up the sugar from your blood which in turn lowers your blood sugar back to the normal range. This is the main mechanism your body uses to regulate blood sugar.

When those cells take up the sugar, if they do not need it for energy straight away, they store it away as glycogen in the muscles and liver and as fat in the fat cells.

So without the islet cells producing insulin, the sugar lasts in the blood starving the muscles and you get muscle wasting and fat loss. In other words, untreated, a person with Type 1 diabetes gets scrawny and left further untreated they will die. When I was a student twenty years ago, Type 1 diabetes was still commonly called 'juvenile diabetes' as it is almost always diagnosed in children or young adults – not the elderly.

The treatment is to inject the insulin that should have been made by your islet cells. It's a life-saving treatment. It's not a cure, because the person needs insulin injections for life.

So there is not cure for Type 1 although it can be very well regulated with minimal insulin (sometimes even none – see below) if you make the right lifestyle choices. But then, Type 1 only accounts for 5-10% of all cases of diabetes.

Type 2 aka "Maturity-Onset Diabetes"

While the result of Type 2 is the same – high blood sugar – the cause is completely different. Type 2 results primarily from an excessively high carbohydrate diet over many years combined with a lack of physical activity. The carbohydrates (sugar and starch) become sugar in your blood. To handle that sugar, your islet cells make insulin as I described above and the sugar is removed by your fat, liver and muscle cells.

But when the carbohydrate is too much for a long time, indeed your fat, liver and muscle cells get full and can take no more. They start to ignore the insulin message. As your blood sugar can not go too high without damage being caused, your islet cells make even more insulin. At first the fat, liver and muscle cells listen to the louder message but if this cycle is repeated it takes progressively more and more insulin to get the same result until eventually the fat cells just will not take any more.

Left over time, this vicious cycle exhausts your islet cells. They can not keep up making huge amounts of insulin for ever, so they burn out and stop producing insulin. This is when Type 2 becomes insulin dependent.

Some of the diabetes drugs work by hyper-stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin. What do you think will happen to your islet cells if they are already tired and then get hyper-stimulated to work even harder? That's right, they accelerate this islet cell burn out.

Type 2 diabetes used to be called "Maturity-Onset Diabetes" because it only affected older adults. But now, kids of 10-13 years of age are even being diagnosed! Why? Too many carbs in the diet – especially soft drinks and grains – and not enough exercise to burn them off.

Type 2 accounts for 90-95% of all cases of diabetes.

The "Cure" for Type 2 Diabetes

In the majority of cases, Type 2 can be fully controlled and reversed by careful control of your diet combined with exercise. You stop putting the excess carbs in and burn off those already there with exercise. It really is that simple.

Over time, given the right support, the cells of your body heal – the fat, muscle and liver cells once again respond normally to insulin and your islet cells become healthy and strong again.

So let's just say you change your diet the right way and do some exercise and reduce your blood glucose (bg) so now your fast reading is a healthy 85. And this is not so hard to do by the way – you can usually do it in 2-4 weeks. If you change your diet back to what it was when you had high blood sugar, what do you think will happen? Of course your bg will go straight back to where it was. So as long as you maintain the right diet, your bg will stay normal and you will not have any symptoms or long-term complications from diabetes. Pretty good eh?

Now here is my question: does this mean you're cured? So long as you eat the right way and do some exercise, you no longer have diabetes. Sounds like a cure to me. If you go back to eating the wrong way though it will come back; so the cure is dependent on you living the right lifestyle.

On the other hand, if you are looking for a "cure" which allows you to keep living the same unhealthy lifestyle that caused the Type 2 in the first place, I do not think that will ever come. Whether it is a drug, a procedure, a herb, a mystic mountain berry or a nutritional supplement, there is no "cure" for Type 2 without changing your lifestyle. And this is where the myth comes from. Setting aside lifestyle changes, there is no cure for Type 2. There's nothing you can take from a bottle that will get rid of it.

But Can You Really Cure Type 2?

If you maintain the right lifestyle over months and years to keep you bg normal and generally take the right steps to have optimal health, over time your body's sugar regulating systems get stronger and stronger until you may even be able to eat a high-carb meal again without your bg shooting up through the roof. Would you want to make a habit of it? No. Because if you did, you could expect your Type 2 to come back all over again.

But as time goes by, if you keep living the Optimal Health lifestyle, Type 2 can become a thing of the past.

What about type 1?

I mentioned earlier that some people with Type 1 can live without insulin. Not all people with Type 1 are the same. You understand the main cause of Type 1 is destruction of the islet cells by your own body's immune system. But the severity of this destruction varies from person to person.

In some people the islet cells are completely destroyed. Eating right and doing exercise will certainly help to reduce insulin requirements and so minimize the risk of complications and hypos. But when there are no islet cells in your body at all, while you may reduce your insulin needs, your chance of getting off insulin equals is slim to not at all.

On the other hand, some people have a less severe case where some of the islet cells are still functioning. They are functioning at a level where they can not manage the relatively high carbohydrate diets that are the norm today and get diagnosed as Type 1. For these people, following the same right lifestyle as I talked about above for Type 2 will allow them to live just fine without insulin. If this is you, you will probably have to be really careful with what you eat for the rest of your life, but still, it is so much better than injecting with insulin every day or using a pump.

You can see that someone who has a milder case of Type 1 who lives the wrong lifestyle for many years may get diagnosed later in life as their limited pancreas function get progressively eroded away due to the Type 2 vicious cycle I described earlier. I suspect this is the cause of what is now called LADA (Latex autoimmune diabetes of adults) or Type 1.5 diabetes.

What Is This 'Right Lifestyle' To Minimize Type 1 Or Reverse Type 2?

Type 2 can be typically be reversed in 2-4 weeks. If the Type 2 vicious cycle has been at work for some time, it may take longer for your islet cells to recover.

Here is the overview of how to do it:

1. Get a blood glucose monitor (if you do not have one already) and measure your fasting blood glucose. If you measure it everyday, you can see what is helping and what is not.

2. Cut back on the carbs. You'll need to be really strict with this for the first 2-4 weeks until you get blood sugar back to normal. It's also important you do not eat too much protein.

3. Do regular exercise. Any exercise is good, but I have designed a program just for you to make it easy.

4. Take nutritional supplements. This will help your body manage blood sugar but also help with the long-term healing you need to do.

And yes, that is basically it.

Lap Band Surgery To Cure Morbid Obesity

Although the term lap band is commonly used today when talking about gastric banding surgery, LAP-BAND® is in fact the registered trade-mark for just one form of gastric band developed by an American company and approved in 2001 by the FDA for use in the United States.

Gastric banding, which is a type of purely restrictive weight loss surgery (that is to say that it works completely by restricting the quantity of food which can be consumed), includes both vertical banded gastroplasty and adjustable gastric banding. In the case of lap band surgery we are looking only at adjustable gastric banding.

The lap band system comprised a silicone ring with an inflatable inner lining which is designed to be placed around the upper section of the stomach. The band is then connected by a length of tubing to an access port which is placed just below the surface of the skin during surgery.

The placement of the band high up on the stomach creates a small pouch at the top of the stomach to hold food, with the bulk of the stomach now being below the band. The placement of the band also creates a very small opening, or stoma, between the two sections of the stomach and the size of this opening can be controlled by introducing liquid (normally saline) into, or removing liquid from, the inflatable inner ring of the band through the access port.

During lap band surgery the inner band is normally only given a very minimal inflammation producing a relatively large opening between the two sections of stomach. Although the term relative is used here it should be noted that the newly created small stomach pouch and the opening between the sections of the stomach are in reality both very small.

In the period immediately following lap band surgery, the inner ring will be gradually inflated until a point is reached at which weight loss is optimized and the patient is comfortable with the size and frequency of meals that he / she can eat.

Restrictive forms of weight loss surgery are generally easier to perform than other procedures and lap band surgery is often performed laparoscopically which results in a reasonably short stay in hospital and a fairly fast post-operative recovery. This type of surgery also avoids many of the nutritional problems seen in malabsorption surgery (gastric bypass surgery in which food is re-routed through part of the small intestine). Finally, lap band surgery is completely reversible and removal of the band will result in the stomach returning to its normal size.

7 Ways to Make Love to Your Man’s Mind So That He Falls Deeper in Love

1. Give him that sexy look from time to time. When you look at him, make him feel that you want to make love to him. It is all in the eyes. For example, when he is getting dressed in the morning and you are in bed, let him know that you are looking at him. Let your eyes make him feel that he is the hottest guy you know.

2. When you talk to him make let him know that you love him with all your heart. Speak kind and caring words to him — they go a long way to open a man ‘s heart so that he can shower you with passionate love.

3. Support his passions. When you make your man feel that you “have his back”, he will go to the ends of the earth to do anything for you. He will fall in love with all his heart and soul.

4. Make him feel needed. Invite him to participate in important decision that will affect your life. When you make him feel that he is an indispensable part of your life, he feels appreciated, and he will appreciate and love you in return.

5. Be affectionate. Touch him, kiss him, and hug him daily. The mind and body are connected. When you do things that make his body feel good, his mind will react positively toward you.

6. Always be ready to forgive and forget. When he does something that hurts you and he apologizes to you, don’t hold his misdeeds against him. And most importantly don’t shove it in his face at the slightest provocation. When you forgive him, he will love you even more.

7. Do not nag him. Your man will never do all things you want him to do when you want him to do them. So with that in mind, go easy on him when he forgets to do some things you asked him to do. When you go easy on him, he finds it much easier to overlook some of your imperfections and love you just the way you are.

Making love to a man ‘s mind is all about how you treat him from the time you get up until the time you go to bed. When you make love to his mind daily, he will bend over backwards to love you with all his heart and soul.

Create Computer Games – Get Started on Creating Your Own Virtual Worlds

I’ve always loved video games, ever since I first played them on a friend’s computer in the afternoon after elementary school. There’s something almost magical about the fact that we can move images around and interact with virtual worlds, a living fantasy presented for us to interact with however we please. I’ve also always wanted to make games myself but, until recently, didn’t have the technical knowledge to do so. Now, I’m a second year software engineering student, so if I weren’t able to code a game without too many dramas there’d be something drastically wrong. But what about the common person: the person for whom the term ‘memory leak’ conjures up images of their grandfather, ‘pipeline’ is where the water flows, and ‘blitting’ is unheard of? Well, everyone can get in on the game creation process, and you don’t even need to learn ‘real’ programming to do so.

So where do games start? With an idea. Games, like all fiction, require an idea to be successful. Sure, in the same way you can just sit down and write a story without foresight, you can jump on in and slap a game together. However, unless you get ridiculously lucky, the best works are usually the ones that have been well thought out beforehand.

There are two methods of planning a project. You can start from a known technological standpoint and build your project on top of that or you can just go for the design, add as many features and ideas as you like, and then remove the ones that you can’t use when you’ve decided on the technology you’re going to implement the game with. In general, the second type is probably the best one to go with when designing games. When you’re first starting out however, the first option will save you many headaches.

So, for a first game you’re going to want a pretty simple idea. Don’t get me wrong, crazy-go-nuts game ideas are fantastic, and there should be more of them out there, but you’re not going to be able to create a real world simulator with fifty billion virtual people all interacting real time with your actions having a butterfly effect on the future of the virtual universe when it’s just your first game. Really. Many people try it; none that I know of have succeeded. Imitation is the best way to start out. Simple games such as ‘Space Invaders’, ‘Tetris’, ‘Pacman’ or even ‘Pong’ are great places to start. All are largely simple to create but have some inherent challenges. ‘Pacman’ for example, requires path finding for the ghosts. I recommend that you start even simpler than that for your very first attempt. ‘Space Invaders’ is a nice point to jump in. You can make a simple, complete game without much effort and it’s almost infinitely extensible.

If you’re stuck for an idea, pick a genre that you enjoy. Do you love adventure games such as ‘Monkey Island’, ‘Grim Fandango’, ‘Space Quest’, ‘King’s Quest’ etc.? Design one of those. Are you into fighting games like ‘Street Fighter’, ‘Tekken’, ‘Soul Calibur’, ‘Mortal Kombat’ and so on? Come up with an idea for that. Do you like first person shooters such as ‘Quake’, ‘Half Life’ or ‘Doom’? I don’t recommend it as a first project, but you can always give it a go. Feel free to be as generic as you like, this is a learning experience after all.

Now that you have your idea it’s time to flesh it out. Don’t worry about the technology or the fact that you may not know how to actually implement a game just yet, just grab yourself some paper and a pencil and go crazy with ideas. Describe the main characters, game play, goals, interactions, story, and key mappings, anything you can think of. Make sure you have enough detail so that someone can read through the notes and play through the game in their head with relative accuracy. Changing game design during the coding process is almost always a bad idea. Once it’s set, it should remain set until the tweaking phase (I’ll go into this more later) or you’re likely to enter ‘development hell’, where the project goes on and on; more and more work is done with less and less outcome.

At the end of this period of your game creation, you should have the following:

– A written outline of the game’s characters and possibly a sketch or two (be they space ships, yellow circles, cars or the prince of the dark kingdom of Falgour, you need to know who or what the player will be and who they will compete against)

– A written outline of the story (if there is one, this isn’t too vital for ‘Space Invaders’ or ‘Tetris’, but for ‘Uber Quest: An Adventure of Awesomeness’ it’s a really good idea)

– A description of game play, written or storyboarded. Storyboards are visual representations of ideas. Draw your characters in actions, with arrows showing the flow of action and short written descriptions detailing the events occurring in your image (because some of us aren’t fantastic artists and our images can be a little… open to interpretation…)

Now that you have a fleshed out idea, it’s time to work out how this will all get put together. If you’ve gotten to this point and are worried that you’re going to have to spend years learning complex programming languages in order to implement your idea, fear not! Others have already done the hard yards for you. There are many RAD (Rapid Application Development) Tools available for game creation, a number of which are available for free online. Some of them still require you to learn a ‘scripting language’ (a simplified programming language made for a specific task) but in general this isn’t too complicated or involved. I’ve compiled a brief list of some of these I have found at the end of the article. The free ones are listed first, organized by game genre.

Well, that should be enough to get you started in the creation of your game. The most important thing to remember once you’ve gotten this far is that you need to complete your game. Many people start a project and then lose interest and it fails, or they keep moving on to one new project after another without finishing anything. Start small, build a working (if simple) game that is, above all else, complete. When you get to this stage you will always have a huge number of things that you wish to change, fix etc. but you’ll get a great feeling from knowing that it is, in its way, finished.

From this point, you can start the tweaking phase. Play your game a few times and ask others to do the same. Take note of what isn’t fun or could be better and change things here. At this stage, it is more important than ever to keep backups of previous versions so that if a change doesn’t work you can go back and try something different without losing any of your work. It is at this point that you can add all new features, improve graphics and sounds, whatever you please, safe in the knowledge that you’re working on a solid foundation.

When you’re happy with your game, why not share it with the world? There are many cheap or free places out there for you to host your files on and then you can jump on link lists and forums and let everyone know about your creation. Well, I hope that this has been a helpful introduction into the art of creating games. It’s a great deal of fun, and can open whole new avenues of creative expression for you to explore. Jump in and have fun!


General Game Creation:

(Tools that allow easy creation of many different game types)

Game Maker:


Adventure Games:

(Games such as Monkey Island, King’s Quest, Space Quest etc.)

Adventure Game Studio: []


3D Adventure Studio:

ADRIFT (for text adventures):

Role Playing Games (RPGs):

(Games such as Final Fantasy, Breath of Fire, Diablo)


RPG Toolit:

Fighting Games:

(Games such as Street Fighter, Mortal Kombat, Tekken, Soul Calibur etc.)


MUGEN (unfortunately the site is largely in French):

Side-Scrolling Games:

(Games such as the 2D Mario Games, Sonic the Hedgehog, Double Dragon etc.)

The Scrolling Game Development Kit:

There are many others available as well. One particularly useful site for finding game creation tools is:

Also of note, although not freeware, are the excellent game creation tools available by Clickteam at: []

Klik and Play and The Games Factory in particular are the programs to have a look at and download the free demos of.

If you really want to do things right and program the game yourself, there are some excellent programming resources available at the following locations:

Java Game Programming:

Visual Basic Game Programming:


C++ Game Programming:

General Information:

Skin Color – Keep Your Skin Young Looking With Even Skin Color – 2

In this part of the article we will find out about various skin color problems and treatment. With change in melanocyte distribution in the skin, you get many discolored spots and pigmentation problems. You may also get the problem of losing pigments from skin, as happens in vitiligo.

More pigments cause different skin problems. Some of them are:


Liver Spots,


PIH, and


Sun exposure accentuates all of these problems. As you know, sun makes skin produce more melanin and that increases darkening problems.

Skin Color> Bleaching>

What about bleaching of the skin discoloration? Here we have to address two concerns:

1) Stopping formation of new melanocytes at the pigmented spot, and

2) Removing the existing color on the pigmented spot.

Scientists have found that an enzyme called tyrosinase activates the production of melanin. This enzyme activity must be stopped on the discolored spot so that more melanin is not formed there. The common bleaching agents that help to stop formation of new melanin, are discussed below.

Currently the US FDA recognizes only hydroquinone as a bleaching agent. Other ingredients used in bleaching creams are called brighteners, lighteners, etc. Some of the common ingredients that can be used to stop further melanin getting produced are hydroquinone, kojic acid, and azelaic acid. Research is being conducted on many other molecules and some of them are getting incorporated in bleaching formulations.

The second problem, as we said is to remove the existing excess melanin. This can be done by exfoliating the skin and bringing fresh skin in its place. For that AHAs and tretinoin are commonly used.

You should consult your doctor and use a formulation that will not only remove the existing color, but also stop further color getting added. There are many formulations available and your doctor is the best person to address this. Take care that you don’t use any product that irritates your skin and also avoid application on normal skin.

This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.

How Does Roku Work?

The Roku player is a small black box. Physically speaking, it will most likely be the smallest device sitting on your entertainment center. It measures one inch in height, and less than five inches wide and deep. It is comparable to the size of a few CD cases stacked on top of each other. Despite its small size, Roku is a very powerful device for streaming online video to your television.

How Does Roku Work?

When most people think about a device which plays video, they assume there is a physical storage required for the video. For example, to watch a movie on a DVD player, you need a DVD to insert into the DVD player. Similarly, to watch a video you have downloaded, you will need the video to be stored on your computer’s hard drive. Roku has broken the mold in this regard. Since Roku players stream video, they do not need a disc, hard drive, or anything to store the video. This is what keeps the device so small and simple. As long as you have an internet connection and a TV, you can be watching thousands of titles in a matter of minutes.

Roku Streaming Technology

The technology is similar to YouTube. If you’re familiar with YouTube, you know that YouTube videos are not saved to your computer. That would take up entirely too much space. Instead, the video is streamed in small compressed “chunks” of video data so there is minimal loading time. Roku downloads videos from various sources and plays them on the television screen using the same technology.

Roku Models

There are currently 3 Roku models: Roku HD, Roku XD and Roku XD S. The models vary in terms of features, so make sure to compare the Roku models first. Consider the features offered by each model and which features fit your needs before making your purchase decision. There are no recurring fees for owning a Roku player. Purchasing a Roku player is a one-time payment, and the rest is up to you. There is plenty of free videos available for viewing, or you may be interested in paying a small subscription fee for more video than you could ever watch in a lifetime! For example, Netflix and Hulu Plus, which are both available on Roku, offer thousands of movie and television titles which are available on demand.

Roku: What’s Included?

Every Roku player model comes with the following:

  • 1 Remote control
  • 2 “triple A” batteries (for the remote)
  • 1 Composite (red/white/yellow) A/V cable
  • 1 power adapter
  • 1 “Getting started guide”
  • 1 year warranty

Allergic Rhinitis – A Life-Altering Disease

Allergic rhinitis, also known as "hay fever", is quite possibly the most common disease experienced by the allergy sufferer. About 20% of the world's population has been diagnosed with allergic rhinitis and approximately $ 5.3 billion are spent every year on the treatment of this disease. Allergic rhinitis is not fatal, but it does significantly decrease the quality of life to those who suffer from it.

Allergic rhinitis can be either seasonal or perennial. It is also believed to be hereditary, so an assessment of family history of allergies may be performed, along with a physical examination during diagnosis.

Allergic rhinitis is basically the swelling and inflammation of the nasal passages. This is where the "clogged" feeling comes from during an allergic reaction. It is caused by the release of histamines in the nose as a reaction to allergens. Some symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis are sneezing, a clear discharge from the nose, watery eyes, itching of the nose, throat and eyes, congestion, ear pressure, nose bleeds and fatigue. Other symptoms can occur, depending on the severity of the allergy.

Allergic rhinitis affects a large percentage of people all over the world. The onset of allergic rhinitis is usually experienced in childhood or early adolescence, but can be experienced at any time in life. In children, allergic rhinitis is more common in boys than in girls; however, it is not any more common in either gender in adulthood. Allergic rhinitis is not life threatening, but it can have a drastic negative effect on the quality of life. Other disorders, such as asthma and otitis media (ear infections). Sleep disorders, such as apnea and generalized fatigue also often accompanies the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, which can make life much less enjoyable for the allergy sufferer.

There are many factors that trigger the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. As previously prescribed, allergic rhinitis can be either perennial or seasonal. Dust mites, pet dander, mold and cockroaches can cause these symptoms to persist year round. Grass and ragweed pollens are the most prevalent of the seasonal allergy triggers. Some plants require insects for pollination. These plants are not seasonal. Only plants that rely strictly on airborne pollination trigger allergic reactions.

Allergic rhinitis can be fairly easily diagnosed by a physician. The physician may ask the patient about past family medical history before beginning a physical examination. A past history of allergies may indicate that the patient is at a higher risk for developing allergies. After that, the physician will perform a physical examination. Often, when an individual is suffering from allergic rhinitis, the lining of the nose will be pale and swollen. The whites of the eyes may be red and irritated and the eyelids may be swollen. Allergic shiners, or dark circles under the eyes are also indicators of allergies. A crease in the middle of the nose may also be present, which has been named the "allergic salute". This is caused by rubbing or pushing up from beneoth the nose with the palm of the hand. Skin testing may be done to determine a positive diagnosis.

There are many products on the market that can be used to treat the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. There is no cure for this disease, but if properly treated, the symptoms can be controlled. Antihistamines, nasal sprays and nasal decongestants are the most common treatment for the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Other options are the allergy shots, which works by exposing the immune system to small doses of allergens. This strengthens the immune system and thus reduces the symptoms of that allergy. Usually this form of treatment is only used when nothing else has proved affective.

What Are Some Natural and Safe Remedies For Depression?

If you are looking for natural and safe remedies for depression it is probably because you have learned that medications are not always the best choice. Drugs, after all, contain chemicals, many of which are potentially hazardous to the health when consumed in large amounts at one time or over the course of several months or years. It's true that while many of the ingredients do treat depression symptoms, they do not do so without compromising your general well-being.

Treating depression with medications is a double-edged sword – you can not win the battle without harm yourself in the process. And so many search for natural alternatives. Yet, many are also left wondering, are there really natural remedies for depression that are not only safe but effective as well?

Natural Depression Busters

Mother Nature will always have something for seekers of natural remedies, surely. If you want to go natural, here are your options:

  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids . What most people know of Omega-3 fatty acids is that they are good for the heart, but (probably) not many realize that these fatty acids are essential to brain health as well. In fact, studies show that low levels of these fatty acids contribute to depression. These essential fatty acids are not produced by the body; you have to get them somewhere in order to enjoy their health benefits. Accordingly Omega-3 fatty acids are richly found in fish such as the likes of salmon and sardines. Then again, it is not wise to consume too much of these fish as they may be contaminated with mercury and other toxic chemicals. Experts recommend taking Fish Oil with Omega-3 fatty acid instead. But you also have to be choosy when it comes to Fish Oil Supplements. Make sure the fish source is free of toxins and the supplements themselves molecularly distilled to ensure that you are getting the most benefits without the chemicals.
  • B Vitamins . The B Vitamins are very helpful in ward off depression as well as in reducing some symptoms of depression. Especially helpful are:
  • Vitamin B1 (also known as Thiamine) which is involved in the conversion of glucose into energy
  • Vitamin B3 (also known as Niacin) which helps in detoxifying the body preventing anxiety attacks that can worsen into a serious mental disorder
  • Vitamin B5 (known as Pantothenic Acid) which is needed to produce hormones that are essential in regulating depression
  • Vitamin B6 (known as Pyridoxine) which is needed in the production of the brain chemical serotonin, the chemical responsible in regulating mood.
  • Vitamin B9 (commonly known as Folic Acid) which is important in the synthesis of DNA.
  • Vitamin B12 (also known as Cobalamin) which is needed to form red blood cells.

  • Vitamin C. A lesser known fact about Vitamin C is its key role in the production of serotonin.
  • St. John's Wort. St. John's Wort is an herb that's been used for many generations now to relieve sleeping problems, nervousness, anxiety, and sadness. Clinically it's been tested to work effectively in relieving symptoms of mild to moderate depression. Results are usually seen in a month or two. Side effects are rare and mild. Patients may have dry mouth or suffer from indigestion. Some report to feeling slowly dizzy. If you're going to take this herb, be sure to protect your skin and eyes as St. Louis. John's Wort has been shown to increase sensitivity to light. Another thing, do not take this herb if you are using other antidepressants or oral contraceptives.
  • Diet. Not least in importance in warding off depression is the act of avoiding foods that appear to trigger depression in the first place, such as sweets, caffeine, and junk foods. Ironically you may call these "comfort foods", but remember their magic works only temporarily. Once the effects have waned, you'll find yourself in a far worse mood than before.
  • Are You Looking For Natural Ways to Help Anxiety Sufferers?

    Are you looking for natural ways to help anxiety victims? In this article I am going to teach you one of the keys skills that you will need to do this.

    If you want natural ways to help anxiety patients then the best way to go about this is to teach them to set goals . Recovering from anxiety naturally must be based on setting and achieving goals. There are two reasons for doing this; the first is to get the anxiety sufferer to set goals that will help them to overcome their anxiety. These can be goals such as traveling on the bus, going to the corner shop and buying three things or spending an hour in a busy shopping center.

    The second reason for this is that setting and achieving goals will work better than any drug you could possibly give them. The reason for this is that achieving goals makes you happy and raises your self esteem. You can in fact develop a positive addiction to the high you get from setting and achieving goals.

    Here are some tips for achieving your goals

    Goals need to be realistic – Be careful to not take on goals that are too big for you to handle as this will lead to failure and disappointment. Be sure to start with goals that you have a pretty good chance of achieving.

    Choose specific goals – Do not set abstract goals like, "I want to be happy". Goals need to be highly specific. For example, "I want to be able to leave the house" or, "I want to talk to 3 people a day".

    Break goals down into small steps – Break your goals down into tiny steps, this makes them far easier to achieve. Also think about how big goals can be broken down into smaller ones.

    Learning how set and achieves goals is one of them most natural ways to help anxiety sufferers. If you enjoyed this article and found it useful please visit my homepage by following the links below.

    Pros and Cons of Becoming an Auto Mechanic

    There are various positive and negative realities of becoming an auto mechanic. You need to be familiar with all of them before becoming 100 percent committed on pursuing this profession. By being involved in auto shop courses and working as a mechanic apprentice early on you will gain invaluable information that will help you make a thought out choice. In this article we aim to showcase some significant advantages and minuses of working as an auto mechanic and set you on the right path to pursuing this subject further.


    1. Doing work on your own vehicles.

    As a mechanic you’ll be able to work on your own personal vehicles which means you will save money by doing the work yourself. Additionally, you can buy and repair older vehicles and sell them for a profit.

    2. Great place to begin for launching your own shop.

    After you obtain the essential expertise you will have the opportunity to open your own shop. This will require not only technical skills but additionally behavioral skills that you will need a lot when dealing with clients.

    3. Employment stability.

    As increasing numbers of individuals are putting off the purchases of new vehicles their older cars need more repairs and maintenance. By entering this field, you can expect to always have a place to work provided that you possess the essential skills.


    1. Expensive resources.

    The equipment required for the career are costly. Initially the majority of your wages will go towards your tool assortment. It is a sizable investment but will pay off for itself eventually.

    2. Entry-level salary is fairly low.

    When coming into the field of automotive repair, you will notice that your income will not be very high. Dependent upon your location and past experience the earnings may vary individually for each person but tend to be anywhere from $8 to $15 per hour. If you need a high paying job instantly, this may not be the career path for you.

    3. Long hours and continuous training.

    Fast paced mechanic shops are generally filled with cars and remain open to satisfy client expectations. Anticipate to work nights and weekends. Furthermore, with all the changing technology in cars a mechanic will need to continually retrain themselves. As a mechanic you will also have to retake the ASE examinations every 5 years in order to maintain your certification. This training costs money and typical courses cost between $500 to $2,500.