Brachytherapy Showing Promise For More Than Prostate Cancer

Brachytherapy has shown promise for a few different forms of cancer and even for arteries which were unplugged from angioplasty. Low-dose rate (LDR) prostate brachytherapy is generally well tolerated in patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease. Episcleral plaque brachytherapy is a complex procedure and should only be undertaken in specialized medical centers with expertise in this sophisticated treatment program. It is not yet known whether interstitial (within the tissue) brachytherapy is more effective with or without external-beam radiation therapy in treating prostate cancer.

The most common uses of this form of treatment involves the planting of radioactive seeds through 18 gauge needles into the prostate via a perineal template with rectal ultrasound guidance. High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is one of the latest advances in this type of treatment method as it's very effective for treatment of cervical cancer as an alternative to surgical removal of the cervix and uterus. Additionally, HDR brachytherapy is used to reduce the risk of recurrence of soft tissue sarcoma following surgery.

Permanent prostate brachytherapy is a form of low dose chemical implants (up to 120) rice-sized radioactive seeds into the prostate with guidance from ultrasound and X-rays. Low-dose rate treatment is also used in the treatment of coronary artery disease to prevent restenosis after angioplasty. High-dose rate (HDR) is usually an outpatient procedure.

Breast brachytherapy is a more localized means of treatment than standard external beam radiotherapy, so there is a less dose to undamaged tissue of the breast, heart, lung, muscle, skin and ribs. LDR (low dose) brachytherapy is the most commonly used of the two. LDR and HDR Brachytherapy is performed under anesthesia, and radioactive "seeds" are each placed in needles that are inserted into the target through the perineum (the area between the legs, scrotum and anus).

LDR brachytherapy makes use of iodine-125 and palladium-103 stored in titanium cases usually referred to as the "seeds". A big advantage of HDR brachytherapy is that the final doses are known before any radiation treatment is given.

Currently, at Wake Forest Baptist in North Carolina, cancer of the prostate, breast, lung, cervix and nasopharynx are being successfully crowned with HDR brachytherapy. Endobronchial brachytherapy is an outpatient procedure again using radioactive sources enclosed within a bronchus (airway) to treat patients suffering from airway obstruction due to lung cancer and other tumors.

The utilization of brachytherapy is highly dependent on the experience of the physician and the available resources although, the flexibility of the HDR system allows it to be used for a wide range of malignancies.

HDR brachytherapy is most commonly used with cancers located near the outside of the body but with MRI assisted techniques, it's possible to adjust the isodose distribution by taking into account tumor size and features as well as the topography of the risked organs.

Although it's true that HDR brachytherapy is currently used for the treatment of cervix cancer in the UK, most of the techniques are based on standard triple applicator procedures. While brachytherapy is not commonly used for the treatment of vulval cancer in the UK, there are some options for the management of these rare patients with small vulval or vaginal situations which are not surgical candidates.

Before the development of this type of treatment, surgery was the only option but now prostate brachytherapy is an alternative to traditional external beam radiation or surgery for men who have early stage prostate cancer (cancer that has not spread outside the prostate gland). The most common hindrance prevention brachytherapy is when there is benign prostatic hypertrophy and the long term prognosis for retaining erectile function after brachytherapy is similar to or slightly better than with surgery or external beam radiation.

Proton brachytherapy is considered the method of choice as opposed to neutron brachytherapy for treating small tumors for the fact that protons do not relocatd as far as neutrons. HDR treatment is given over the course of several minutes, but the entire procedure typically takes a few hours. Once a course of HDR is started, the treatment plan and computer guided isodose calculations are finished within 24 to 36 hours.

As always it's wise to discuss any new treatment options with your trusted doctor and / or cardiologist with experience in radiation therapy to see if brachytherapy is just what the doctor ordered for your unique situation.

Teaching With Toy Chests

Teaching kids to keep their rooms tidy is made easy with a toy chest. The beautiful wooden chests come in attractive designs and colors. They will love it and you will thank your lucky stars for it.

Teaching the kids to keep house

Clutter drives moms crazy. Day in and day out, mommies have to remind the kids to clear the mess. Toys on the floor, beds, and everywhere are eyesores moms have to live with, and clearing the mess everyday can tire even the hardiest of mommies. Life will be easier with a toy chest and a bookcase for the unsung heroes of the home.

Children should be trained and disciplined to keep their rooms neat. Start them young to become responsible adults. They can start making their beds and putting things in their proper places – books on the shelves, clothes in the closet, and toys in the toy chest. These light tasks are appropriate for children at least 4 years of age. Of course, do not expect their work to be perfect, but with time, they will be able to get the hang of it.

Teaching them basics

Placing their dolls, cars, and tiny tea sets in the toy chest will be the easiest job they can do. At the start, they will just toss their toys into the chest. Later on, you can show them that it is smarter to arrange things inside the toy chest. Explain to them that being organized has its rewards.

They can find the transformer or the rag doll at once, if things are arranged inside the toy chest. You can show them how to put their books properly on the bookshelf and check on them if they are following your instructions to the letter. Teaching them these responsibilities will train them for life and they will thank you for it.

Lead by example

Show the kids how you keep your room neat and clean and how nice it is to come home to a clean house. You can demonstrate how you sort out your vanity table, books, and craft basket.

To make the training fun, you can let the kids help you around the house too. Give them the responsibility of watering the potted plants and feeding the dog. The older children should be given responsibilities they can handle. Never assign kids tasks their little bodies can not handle, and be patient with them. Nagging them all the time will not give the desired results. If little Mickey has done a good job, then praise him lavishly. Do not relax your discipline, however. Let the kids know you mean business.

Make their jobs fun

Come up with fun activities that they enjoy outdoors while they pick up the litter. Why do not you prepare their favorite sandwiches and cold drinks and surprise them with a hearty snack when their chores are done?

Providing the appropriate storage facilities will get the kids' cooperation. Organizers just as tall as them or a big toy chest can make their work manageable. Kid-sized furniture and storage bins in bright colors and playful designs will get the kids going. You can let the child choose his or her toy chest for starters. Teaching the kids house chores will also strengthen your bonding. That is why you should make work also fun.

The 4 Stages of the Counseling Process: What Every Youth Counselor Should Know

There is a natural progression that takes place within the context of the helping relationship. This process enables you and the person you are working with to build a relationship, assess the situation, set goals and come up with a plan to bring about your desired results. This progression is known as the counseling process. There are four stages of the counseling process. They are: developing a relationship, making an informed assessment, establishing mutually agreed upon goals and objectives and developing an implementation plan.

Phase 1. Developing A Relationship

In order to develop positive helping relationships with youth, you’ve got to be able to connect with them. This can only happen when youth are made to feel like you genuinely care about their well-being and that you understand where they are coming from. It’s about behaving in a way that demonstrates the core conditions of genuineness, respect and empathy.

To develop solid relationships with youth, you need to create a safe environment where young people will feel comfortable enough to open up to you and talk to you about anything that is on their minds. You also need to help youth see that despite their circumstances they have strengths. In short, you should start things off from a strengths-based perspective.

Questions to Consider When Trying to

Develop A Relationship

· In what ways can you build better relationships with the youth in your program?

· If there are youth who are not actively engaged, what can you do differently to engage them?

· If a youth is resistant, what steps can you take to reduce resistance?

· What worked in the past with resistant youth?

· How do you know when you’ve built a solid relationship with a youth? Could you use these indicators to strengthen your relationships with other youth?

Phase 2. Making An Informed Assessment

An informed assessment happens when both you and the youth gather information in order to figure out what’s “really” going on so that you can assess what needs to happen next in order to change the situation for the better or build up the youth’s coping skills to better deal with a problematic situation. The first step in making an assessment is to find out if change is necessary, and if it is what needs to happen for change to take place. If you have determined that change is necessary, then the next step is to figure out what needs to change. Is it a behavior? An attitude? A situation?

A good assessment can provide an opportunity for a young person to see how his/her behavior or attitude might be contributing to an undesirable or unhealthy situation. Assessment is an ongoing process. You need to regularly check in with your youth to see how things are going. Reassessments enable you to ensure that you and the youth are on the right track.

How do you gather information in order to make an informed assessment? You can gather information in a number of ways: talking with youth, observing the youth’s behavior and interactions, discussions with other people who are involved in the young person’s life, and reading any documented information on the young person. Keep in mind that when utilizing someone else’s verbal or written report as a source of background information, you run the risk of subjecting yourself to their biases and assumptions.

Points to Keep In Mind When Making An Assessment

· Be aware of your biases and how they impact on the assessments you make.

· Involve youth in the assessment process.

· Don’t rely on one single source to make an assessment, gather as much information as you can from a variety of sources.

· Don’t automatically label a behavior as dysfunctional because you don’t understand it, or it is not germane to your culture.

· Make sure to point out a young person’s strengths even when addressing problematic behavior.

Phase 3. Establishing Mutually Agreed Upon Goals and Objectives

Why is it important to establish “mutually agreed” upon goals and objectives? Because if a young person is in agreement with the goals then he/she is more likely to follow through on them. When a youth is actively involved in the goal setting process and is in agreement with the goals, then he/she is more inclined to take ownership of the goals. What are goals? Goals are broad statements that identify what you want to accomplish. Think of goals as the end result that you are trying to achieve. While goals are broad statements that identify what you want to accomplish overall, objectives are the measurable steps that you take to achieve your goals. For example if you have a goal that states, “youth will be better able to manage her anger.” One of your objectives might be, “youth will recognize emotional triggers that lead to angry outbursts and use positive, self-talk to calm herself down.” Your objectives should always be concrete and measurable. They should also be derived from the overall goal.

Questions to Consider When Developing

Goals and Objectives

· What do you and the young person want to achieve?

· How are you going to achieve it?

· When do you want to achieve your stated goal?

· What obstacles do you anticipate?

· How will you address these obstacles?

· How will you use to measure and monitor progress?

· Are your goals realistic?

Phase 4. Implementation Plan

The implementation plan is a plan that you and the youth work on together. It is designed to prevent, intervene, or address unhealthy behaviors and practices. The implementation plan identifies who will perform the activities, where the activities will occur, how frequently they will occur, how they will be carried out and when they will be carried out. Implementation activities are designed to help individuals re-think risky behavior, work through problematic issues, address unhealthy lifestyles practices, learn new skills and build strengths. Implementation activities can include: counseling, crisis intervention, training and education, supportive services, concrete services and constructive use of free time.

As you can see, each stage of the counseling process builds upon the former. As you move through each stage, you will come to realize that it takes patience and practice to counsel youth effectively, but if you are committed to the goal you’ll do just fine. You may not feel completely confident in your ability as a counselor, but as you expand your knowledge base, gain more experience and strengthen your helping skills, you will become a more effective counselor.

Copyright © 2006 by Cassandra Mack

Excerpted from Cassandra Mack’s book, “Smart Moves That Successful Youth Workers Make”

Diabetes and Kidney Diseases: A Harmful Combination

Diseases are among the most unfortunate realities in human life. Illnesses are dreaded as they can cause not only inconveniences but even disadvantages in a personís lifestyle. The pain and suffering one has to end because of some ailment is severely describable, add to this the distress and misery experienced by oneís family, friends, and loved ones. What could be more devastating than a dreaded disease other than the combination of two or more diseases? And this was just what some Australian doctors have discovered – the combination of diabetes and kidney diseases.

August 6, 2006, Google News – a recent research in Australia has just discovered that one out of two patients diagnosed with Type II Diabetes also suffers a type of chronic diseases in the kidneys, and the figures may be even higher than what has been observed , doctors feared. Blood samples from four thousand diabetic patients were tested by the Baker Heart Research Institute and the results showed that although the patients were seemingly fine except for their diabetes, they had under-child conditions that remained undetected for years. This has pushed Australian doctors and health institutions to perform mandatory tests to screen kidney diseases among Type II Diabetes patients, according to a subsequent report by Yahoo! News. The tests recommended include not only simple urine tests, but more extensive blood tests.

Type II Diabetes is a disorder in a personís metabolic function that manifests in the resistance to and the deficiency in insulin, it is also characterized by hyperglycemia. Currently, the disease has no cure. It has been observed to be increasing greatly in the developed countries, the rest of the world is also following suit in the coming years that its rapid growth has already been considered as a form of epidemic. Unlike in Type I diabetes, there is not much inclination to develop ketoacidosis (the accumulation of acid in the blood due to the breaking down of fat) in Type II diabetes. But the two types of diabetes could cause disability in several vital organisms, particularly in the cardiovascular system due to the multifaceted changes in metabolism occurring.

The kidneys are the organs that are responsible for filtering wastes in the blood. The bean-shaped organs come in pairs and perform the vital function of removing wastes from the body in the form of urine. Kidneys also keep the balance in many of the bodyís conditions including the concentration of acids and bases, the volume of blood plasma, blood pressure. Kidneys also secret certain important hormones for normal function. Great dangers arise when the kidneys grow awry. Without the kidney functioning well, body wastes may reach toxic levels, causing poisoning and great impairments and the bodyís many functions. Advanced onsets of kidney diseases may create the need for dialysis ñ filtering blood painstakingly outside the body, or the need for the kidney transplants.

Clearly, both conditions of diabetes and kidney disease are dangerous, if not fatal to oneís health. The combination of these two illnesses could be even more hazardous considering the grave symptoms that they cause. Curing both diseases is still rather difficult nowdays if not unfeasible. Such is why prevention is always seen as the best cure. But for those who already have one of the two conditions, early detection for the other is the next best thing. Perhaps developments for cures and treatments may be available in the near future, but for now, patients would have to deal with the diseases according to current accessible therapies.

Herpes Symptoms in Women – How to Identify a Genital Herpes Outbreak

Herpes symptoms in women can take the form of a range of different outbreaks and conditions, and sometimes both women and men can show no symptoms at all.

Herpes is more common in women than men, with 1 in 4 women in the United States suffering from the condition. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease, and once contracted stays in the body for life, lying dormant until a trigger such as stress or illness causes an outbreak.

After contracting the disease, most women will show symptoms of an initial outbreak in the next 2 to 10 days. Symptoms in the initial breakout and subsequent episodes can last up to three weeks without treatment. Treatment is a very important step for any women who has, or thinks they may have contracted the HSV virus.

Early Genital Herpes Symptoms in Women – Before the Outbreak

Before an outbreak of herpes occurs, you may experience any or all of the following:

  1. Itching or burning in the vagina, labia and surrounding areas, including the anus, upper legs and buttocks
  2. Unusual vaginal discharge.
  3. Swelling of the lymph nodes, combined with a feeling of pressure or bloating in the abdominal area.
  4. Flu like symptoms including headache, nausea, fever, sore limbs (including legs and buttocks), muscle and joint pain.
  5. Urinary pain or burning, or a difficulty urinating

Genital Herpes Symptoms in Women – The Outbreak

When the outbreak begins, you may experience the following:

  1. The appearance of sores or blisters that can range in size from tiny pimple sized dots to large, coin sized sores. These sores will burst and scab over as the outbreak continues. They can appear alone or in lesions, and can appear on the genitals, anus, buttocks and thighs.
  2. A red, itching or burning rash.
  3. Pain when urinating
  4. Vaginal discharge.

Without treatment, these genital herpes symptoms in women can occur on a monthly basis. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, especially if they are re-occurring regularly, you may have contracted genital herpes.

There are wide range of medical, homeopathic and natural treatments that are very effective, you should immediately seek treatment if you are experiencing any of the above.

Having herpes has a much larger impact than just the physical impact. It can make women feel alone, ashamed, depressed and anxious. If you believe you are suffering from herpes, you should seek treatment, as reducing and controlling outbreaks can go a long way towards restoring your self esteem and confidence. Once the physical aspect is under control, you can then deal with the emotional and mental side of dealing with genital herpes.

What Is Anxiety? Anxiety Self Help

Anxiety is defined as emotions which are negative in nature, such as Fear and Worry. People who have anxiety will generally have a sense of dread and quite often experience physical signs such as nausea and even chest pain which mimics a heart attack or other serious condition. During an anxiety attack the heart rate will speed up and the blood pressure will increase, at the same time the functions of the digestive system will slow down.

While anxiety is a normal reaction to danger, a person who suffers excessive amounts is known to have an anxiety disorder. Anxiety can manifest itself in several different conditions.

The most common conditions are:

  • GAD
  • Social Anxiety
  • Panic Disorder
  • Phobias
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Generalised Anxiety is prevalent in both men and women and affects a large portion of the population. Social Anxiety is when a person is unable to meet other people or join in a social event without being filled with fear. Panic disorder manifest's itself in an extreme attack of anxiety which can bring on breathing difficulties, dizziness etc. A person who suffers a phobia has an intense imagination and extreme and often irrational fears. Obsessive compulsive disorder is when a sufferer will go to extremes in order to reduce their anxiety, ie many will repeatly wash their hands in an effort to be "clean".

There are generally 2 methods that are commonly used to treat a person suffering from anxiety. These are prescription medications and various types of therapy with therapy fast becoming the method of choice for today's health professional's.

Anxiety and Depression Self Help.

Super Charge Your MLM Growth With Internet Marketing

Internet Marketing is my absolute favorite way to add more distributors into my MLM business, easier then any other way out there.

You see, there is a very simple formula to creating massive success with your MLM business, and Internet Marketing makes that formula easier then it has ever been before.

To have endless business growth for your mlm business you need an ENDLESS amount of fresh, interested, and quality people to talk to for the rest of your life. Once you have an endless supply of interested prospects, you can pretty much guarantee your business is going to grow substantially.

The first piece of advice I would offer is to MAKE USE of rising technologies like the Internet and Internet marketing to generate an endless supply of fresh leads for your business.

The next component to achieving massive success with your MLM business is to guide your prospects down a carefully constructed marketing funnel that leads them to the desired action You want them to take. This is how almost all professional businesses work in the real world. Network marketing should be no different.

With the Internet, you can create marketing funnels that ALL your prospects are guided down. Not only can you market your business, but you can market ALL SORTS of additional products and services to your prospects, that will put money in your pocket right away.

The bottom line is, the people who are LEARNING how to use technology to grow their businesses, have advantages over 99.9% of the other network marketers out there who have no idea this stuff even exists. My advice is to start developing your Internet Marketing skills today and be far ahead of the MLM pack.

Is It More Beneficial to Buy Black Tea Than Green Tea?

Studies have shown that around 6 billion cups of tea are consumed each day across the world and that pretty much justifies the rise in demand of a perfect brew.

Green or black? Whatever the color may be, a cup of tea can derive great benefits on a person’s body and mind. So, which kind of tea is better? Should one purchase black tea or the green one? Well, the answer to this is a bit tricky but let’s explore!

Both the variants – green tea and black tea, have immense benefits and specific characteristics that work wonders for different health conditions.

Here are the benefits of black tea:

• Reduces risk of several diseases like- osteoporosis, diabetes, high cholesterol, Parkinson’s disease, and kidney stones.

• It calms down nerves and functions as a great stress buster. Sipping a hot brew after a tiring day can relax senses and promotes sound sleep.

• A cup of black chai with some drops of lemon juice immediately treats a bad headache.

• Regular consumption of black chai induces bone strength, thanks to the presence of phytochemicals in it.

• Benefits of black cha also include reduction of plaque formation that improves oral health.

• Polyphenols and catechins are two antioxidants present in black tea that shrink the growth of cancerous tumors. Black cha has been scientifically proven to be more beneficial in this case than its counterpart.

The USA and Europe are recorded to buy black chai in maximum volume.

However, green tea is not much behind in race to become the best choice out of the two.

Benefits of green tea:

Green tea also illustrates various health benefits and is fast becoming a popular drink. Various skin benefits derived from green tea have made it the most sought-after product in Japan and China. More of its benefits are-

• Improves digestion, carbs and sugar metabolism.

• Consumption of green chai with any non-citric fruit improves immunity.

• Useful antioxidants present in green cha also increase blood flow and help in weight reduction.

• Lowers the risk of developing Type II diabetes.

According to research conducted on 69,710 Chinese women, around 57% of them had lower chances of colorectal cancer. Another study highlighted that men who drink green chai have 48% less chances of prostate cancer.

So, it comes down to a decisive draw between the two kinds of tea. Apart from their color and flavor, both impart great results for a person as they have the same origin. Hence, one can alternatively purchase black tea or green tea without many dilemmas, or can also choose as per one’s preference.

Help For Eating Disorders

Eating disorders can be quite dangerous if left untreated, which is why it is essential that you have help for eating disorders. The help can come in many different forms, depending upon the exact characterization of the eating disorder and the personality of the patient his or herself. Learning more about the kinds of help that are available can help you determine which help for eating disorders may be right for you or your family member that is suffering from the disease.

Inpatient care is quite popular for treating an eating disorder. Due to the fact that it is such a secretive and personal disease, it may take a more focused approach to care, which is what inpatient care is all about. Inpatient care may include several different methods including group therapy, individual therapy, and more. The inpatient method of care is a comprehensive method of treatment that includes nutrition counseling, psychological counseling, and health care. This is what makes it so helpful in treating eating disorders.

Most of the time outpatient care includes some type of therapy, whether it is individual or group therapy. Outpatient care is normally done close to the home of the patient, which can be a good thing for some patients. Outpatient care will also include many of the elements of inpatient care, but it allows the patient to live at home where they are most comfortable.

A newer form of treatment that has been found to be helpful is online treatment. This enables the patient to be completely anonymous, which can be very helpful in treating this specific condition. People that would not normally seek out help in person will seek help online where they feel safe and anonymous. Chartrooms and email exchange are used to help treat the patient so that they can live a more normal life. A strong dedication to getting help is needed for online treatment, so patients that do not have this focus and determination may not do as well with this particular help for eating disorders.

There are alternative methods of treatment as well. Alternative medicine is known for treating the body as a whole, which works very well for this particular condition. Meditation, acupuncture, homeopathy, naturopathy, and aromatherapy can be used in conjunction with each other or alone to help a patient to overcome their eating disorder. The patient is treated both physically and mentally to ensure that the whole body is healed, rather than just a specific area.

Getting help for eating disorders is essential. Without help, an eating disorder can ravage the body and this can possibly even be fatal. If you suspect that a friend, family member, or you have an eating disorder, then ask for help. You will be glad you did.

Hamster Diabetes – What to Look For!

Diabetes is a chronic condition in which an animal either does not produce insulin or the insulin produced is not effective. This disease has been documented in dwarf hamsters – especially Campbell's Russian hamsters, but in other types as well. It is a condition rarely seen in Syrian hamsters. It is possible for hamsters to develop diabetes as they age due to hormonal changes. Diabetes in hamsters can cause serious complications, just as the condition can in humans. Special care and attention must be given to hamsters that have been diagnosed with diabetes.

Diagnosis can be difficult, since there are other conditions that can mimic this disease, such as kidney and bladder infections. Symptoms include excessive thirst and copious urination. Excessive defecation can sometimes be a symptom, as well. If you suspect diabetes, consult your veterinarian for a diagnosis.

At this time, treatment options are limited to changes in diet and encouraging more exercise. There is no cure for the condition. Do not feed your diabetic pet fresh fruit or vegetables. Avoid feeding commercial trees, as these often contain honey or other sweeteners. Remove peas and corn from their feed.

Age is a consideration with diabetes. If you have an older hamster that is displaying symptoms, diabetes may be a likely cause. (In younger hamsters, a kidney or bladder infection might be more likely.)

Species is a factor. Diabetes is rarely seen in Syrian hamsters and is usually found in dwarf hamsters. If you have a Syrian hamster, a kidney or bladder infection is more likely.

Weight is something else to consider. Obesity in hamsters (just like in humans) can contribute to diabetes. Avoid feeding your hamster "people junk food" such as potato chips, French fries, cookies, cakes and candy. Although hamsters love these foods and it is fun to watch them eat these things, eating these types of foods can cause hamsters to have significant weight gain and does not give the nutrition that hamsters need. Weight gain and obesity can also make hamsters unwilling or unable to get the proper exercise, which also leads to diabetes. It is also wise to avoid feeding even healthy hamsters too much fresh produce and commercial trips. Treats are best reserved for special occasions, not for everyday feeding.

Complications include heart failure, blindness, cataracts, and kidney failure. Blindness and cataracts are not life-threatening for your pet. Hamsters are very near-sighted any way, so being completely blind is not too serious for them (however, some hamsters are more timid if totally blind) and they can still live productive lives. Heart failure and kidney failure are fatal, however, so great care needs to be given to avoid these complications.

If the complications of this disease become too debilitating or painful for your pet, you may want to discuss the option of euthanasia with your veterinarian. At times, loving your pet can mean ending unnecessary pain and suffering. Your veterinarian can give you your options. If you do choose euthanasia for your pet, be sure to only have a veterinarian perform the procedure.

Being Obese Can Kill You

Cancer due to obesity is the latest disease which is becoming recognized and while most obese people acknowledge the danger, they do little to lower their risk. The most well known risk is heart disease which affects a large percentage of obese people each year. The biggest problem with diseases related to is getting people to actually do something to prevent those diseases from affecting them. There are more and more articles appearing in different publications about the health risks and risk of diseases that are linked to obesity.

Unfortunately, the desired effect has not taken place. People are still eating whatever they want in the belief that they'll be one of the people who are not affected. The culture of blindness that surrounds the danger of obesity is primarily prevalent in those who suffer from obesity. The increase in the number of people who are classified as obese through the world has lead to an increase in the number of studies done on what effects obesity can have on your body.

Each of the new studies being done is showing new diseases and ailments that can strike the rising obese population of the world. Typically these reports can do what they're supposed to do and wake an obese person up to the dangers of their lifestyle. Most of the time all the reports and articles do is fly over the heads of those people who they are trying to reach. The only way to reach those people who do not acknowledge the problems is to shock them out of their nutritional stupidity. Make them do community service for every pound they are over a healthy weight.

An ideal form of this is to make them spend time with other overweight people who are suffering from different diseases due to their obesity. This will expose them to reality of their situation and make them move around, something many of them do not do often enough. Seeing the reality of diseases can often wake a person out of their little comfort zone and get them to acknowledge that there's a serious problem with their lifestyle. The more you bring home the reality of the diseases that are caused by being obese, the greater the likelihood that people will actually acknowledge that they need to take action.

Another way to get people's attention is to implement an extra tax, either on their weight or on the food they eat. This can help to reduce the huge load that is placed on health services by those people who are obese. This is due to the fact that their health problems place a huge burden on the health services, which are subsidized by people who do not suffer from those problems. This way the more the weight, the more they need to pay towards their own health care instead of being a huge bore literally on those people who are healthy.

Natural Skin Care – Find The Right Balance For Your Skin

While some of us are blessed with skin that sees able to take a nuclear blast and still not show a blemish, others are not so lucky. Sensitive skin needs special care, including a definite effort to protect the skin from the sun which will prematurely age your skin. The market for skin care products is quite obviously huge but please all the products available few really deliver on the promises their advertising makes. There are loads of options that can be found in the market for skin care but no chemicals have been proved to be effective enough to give desired results. In the worst cases these various products can contain chemicals which will cause irritation in sensitive skin, causing you far more problems than you had before you even tried any of their products.

When one has sensitive skin often the best and most effective solutions are the natural products, the natural skin care solutions which will be gentle enough for your skin to handle without causing difficulties. This is due to the fact that the natural skin care products are often a far more gentle gentle approach to drive out the problems with a high level of effectiveness. The natural skin care solutions can be quite effective in almost all cases of skin problems as they work more by enhancing and restoring the skins own natural defenses and balances rather than overpowering them with foreign chemicals.

So How Can Natural Skin Care Solutions Help You?

The general natural skin care product categories include a wide variety of products that feed the skin to enhance the vitality and balance of its health and appearance. These products are usually designed containing general organic herbal waters which have been shown to contain essential oils, trace minerals, desired antioxidants and natural vitamins which will aid in skin health.

The various ingredients of natural skin care solutions work to nourish the starving skin and strengthen the cells, while helping to repair the worn out conditioning of the skin by making the skin far more capable of healing, soothing and detoxifying itself. The antioxidant is one of the most desirable elements for the skin as it serves to fight free radicals which have been shown to be very damaging to all parts of the body, especially the skin. Other ingredients which will also have a beneficial anti-oxidant effect are Vitamin-A, Vitamin-C and Vitamin-E, all potent anti-oxidants.

Also very beneficial to the skin are natural floral oils extracted from the trees and the flowers of Lavender, Cedar Wood, Tea, and Naiouli. These are the best and most effective ways of treating the acne mystery and the oily skin by balancing the sebum oil secretion. The oils extracted from these flowers are also very capable in fighting off skin infections which is a plus these days with all the toxins floating around in the air.

A natural skincare system involves a carefully planned skin treatment term using the floral extracts which generally have very few side effects as compared to the harsh chemicals in more commercial products. Many of the more well known skin specialists generally avoid prescribing the harsher chemical drugs and ointments in order to avoid the chance of side effects. Some great examples of natural cleansers are the combination of oats, honey and earth and have all proven to be great options to give your skin a gentle but nourishing cleansing, a great addition to any healthy beauty routine.

Problems Associated With Not Seeking Anxiety Help

What exactly are the implications or consequences when not seeking anxiety help? Consider the statistics associated with the various types of anxiety and related conditions. Sufferers of this condition go to the doctor between four and five times more than non sufferers, this is also not always related to the anxiety due to the fact that the condition may manifest itself in some or other physical ailment. The result is that the doctor may treat the symptoms and not the causes of the affected patient.

Some researchers claim that over 2,4 million adults in the US alone are affected by anxiety, which can take the form of panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and phobias. In the majority of these conditions, women are affected more often than men, and the affect of the anxiety cause may also take the form of alternative disorders including eating disorders and even substance abuse. These issues will only compound the issue, as individuals not seeking anxieties help or even trying to self help will in all likelihood end up worse off with weight related problems, addictions and even chemical imbalances within the body to name but a few of the possible implications of ignoring the underlying cause.

Anxiety help can take the form of medication, counseling or therapy and in some instances via natural processes or remedies, which may include practices such as yoga or pilates. The key issue here is that there are options available in seeking anxiety help, and people who are affected by this should not sweep this under the carpet and ignore the condition. The cause of the underwriting anxiety can be due to a number of different factors and in some cases a combination of these factors, but how one deals with it can only command once the condition or problem has been identified or at the very least acknowledged.

If left untreated the effects of anxiety can very well lead to physical manifestations of the condition, affecting the sufferers overall health and well being, and whilst these conditions may further impact upon the mental well being of the individual the fact that it is so debilitating should be reason enough for anyone to seek anxiety help wherever possible. Often times its easier said than done in telling people to seek out anxiety help, but with the open availability of information online now now those fear being judged can seek answers, solutions and possibilities through online sources, such as forums and so forth.

Understanding the condition and the effects of these conditions is also a great starting point in being able to relate specifically with some of the symptoms, which may lead to a sufferer making a concerted effort in ridding them of the condition and taking back control of their life , together with a view of ensuring their overall state of health and individual well being.

Can Nail Biting Bring Long Term Damage to My Child's Health?

Nail biting in children can be a certain confidential subject. When I first started noticing my child was biting his nails, I was worried that this bad habit could bring long term damage to his health. To make the story short, it does not. As long as the nail bed remains intact, the nail will keep on growing normally. However nail biting can worsen other conditions.

Nail biting can worsen conditions such as paronychia, a nail disease caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. It can also produce the appearance of warts around the nail bed, and what can be dangerous: passing bacteria and fingers to the mouth. Why is it dangerous? As you know children tend to play everywhere: on the ground, the street, and other places that are full of diverse bacteria.

What can you do about it?

You have to talk to your child in a positive way. Ensure that he or she does not feel punished; instead talk to your kid about what could trigger such behavior. This is the first and most important step towards getting rid of child nail biting. Then take as a parent preventive action:

– Teach your kid to wash their hands after playing in dirty places.

– Keep your kid's nails trimmed.

– Have a toy or another thing at hand to distract him when he starts biting his nails.

– Build confidence and a strong relationship with your child.

These actions should help you dealing in a positive way with child nail biting. In any case, try to control your 'punishment behavior' (Saying NO, throating, or grabbing his hands) this can all lead to a reinforcement of the same habit you want to eradicate.

So, you see. Although it is true that nail biting 'per se' can not bring long term damage to the health of your child, it can worsen conditions that could pose a threat to your kid's health. Good luck helping your kid.

Digital Signatures and Suppress-Replay Attacks

Digital signatures are seen as the most important development in public-key cryptography. Sun Developer Network states, “A digital signature is a string of bits that is computed from some data (the data being “signed”) and the private key of an entity. The signature can be used to verify that the data came from the entity and was not modified in transit” (The Java Tutorial, n.d.). Digital signatures should have the properties of author verification, verification of the date and time of the signature, authenticate the contents at the time of the signature, as well as be verifiable by a third party in order to resolve disputes. Based on these properties, there are several requirements for a digital signature. The first of these requirements is that the signature must be a bit pattern that depends on the message being signed. The next requirement is declared in order to prevent forgery and denial. It states that the signature must use some information that is unique to the sender. The third requirement is that it must be fairly easy to generate the digital signature. Being relatively easy to recognize and verify the digital signature is another requirement. The fifth requirement states that it must be computationally infeasible to forge a digital signature, either by constructing a new message for an existing digital signature or by constructing a fraudulent digital signature for a given message. The last requirement is that it must be practical to store a copy of the digital signature. Many approaches for the implementation of digital signatures have been proposed, and they fall into the direct and arbitrated digital signature approaches (Stallings, 2003).

The direct digital signature involves only communication between the source and destination parties, and the arbitrated digital signature schemes include the use of an arbitrator. The direct digital signature is created by encrypting the entire message or a hash code of the message with the sender’s private key. Further confidentiality can be provided by encrypting the message in its entirety and adding signature using either the receiver’s public key or a secret key shared between the sender and receiver. One weakness in the direct signature scheme is that a sender can later deny having sent a message. Another weakness is the threat of a private key being stole and sending a message using the signature. Both weaknesses are the primary reason for the arbitrated digital signature scheme. In arbitrated scheme, a sender’s message must first go through an arbiter that runs a series of tests to check the origin and content before it is sent to the receiver. Because the arbiter plays such a crucial role, the sender and receiver must have a significant amount of trust in this arbitrator. This trust in the arbiter ensures the sender that no one can forge his signature and assures the receiver that the sender cannot disown his signature (Stallings, 2003).

The issue of replay attacks is a main concern when dealing with mutual authentication when both parties are confirming the other’s identity and exchanging session keys. The primary issues with mutual authentication lies in the key exchange: confidentiality and timelines. Timelines are susceptible to replay attacks that disrupt operations by presenting parties with messages that appear genuine but are not. One type of replay attack is suppress-reply attack that can occur in the Denning protocol. The Denning protocol uses a timestamps to increase security. The issue here revolves around the reliance on clocks that are synchronized throughout the network. It is stated, “…that the distributed clocks can become unsynchronized as a result of sabotage on or faults in the clocks or the synchronization mechanism” (Stallings, 2003 p. 387). Li Gong states, “…the recipient remains vulnerable to accepting the message as a current one, even after the sender has detected its clock error and resynchronized the clock, unless the postdated message has meanwhile been somehow invalidated,” which is unlikely. If the clock of the sender is ahead of the receivers and the message is intercepted, the opponent can replay the message when the timestamp becomes current. This type of attack is known as suppress-replay attack.

In order to address the concern of suppress-replay attack, an improved protocol was presented. Here are the detailed steps.

1. “A initiates the authentication exchange by generating a nonce, Na, and sending that plus its identifier to B in plaintext. This nonce will be returned to A in an encrypted message that includes the session key, assuring A of its timelines.

2. B alerts the KDC that a session key is needed. Its message to the KDC includes its identifier and a nonce, Nb. This nonce will be returned to B in an encrypted message that includes the session key, assuring B of its timeliness. B’s message to the KDC also includes a block encrypted with the secret key shared by B and the KDC. This block is used to instruct the KDC to issue credentials to A; the block specifies the intended recipient of the credentials, a suggested expiration time for the credentials, and the nonce received from A.

3. The KDC passes on to A B’s nonce and a block encrypted with the secret key by A for subsequent authentications, as will be seen. The KDC also sends A a block encrypted with the secret key shared by A and the KDC. This block verifies that B has received A’s initial message (IDB) and that this is a timely message and not a replay (Na), and it provides A with a session key (KS) and the time limit on its use (Tb).

4. A transmits the ticket to B, together with the B’s nonce, the latter encrypted with the session key. The ticket provides B with the secret key that is used to decrypt EKS[Nb] to recover the nonce. The fact that B’s nonce is encrypted with the session key authenticates that the message came from A and is not a replay” (Stallings, 2003 pgs. 387-388).

This protocol is not vulnerable to suppress-replay attacks due to the fact that the nonces the recipient will choose in the future are unpredictable to the sender (Gong, n.d.).

In conclusion, digital signatures are seen as the most important development in public-key cryptography and include direct and arbitrated digital signature approaches. The direct digital signature involves only communication between the source and destination parties, and the arbitrated digital signature schemes include the use of an arbitrator. Suppress-replay attacks can occur if the clock of the sender is ahead of the receivers and the message is intercepted. This allows the opponent to replay the message when the timestamp becomes current. This issue is overcome by the implementation of a protocol that uses timestamps that do not require synchronized clocks because the receiver B checks only self-generated timestamps (Stallings, 2003).

Works Cited

Gong, Li (n.d.). A Security Risk of Depending on Synchronized Clocks. ORA Corporation and Cornell University. Retrieved November 5, 2005, from

Stallings, William. (2003). Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

The Java Tutorial (n.d.). Sun Developer Network. Retrieved November 5, 2005, from