Type 2 Diabetes – Low Thyroid Function in Diabetes

Some studies show people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are also at risk for hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland does not make enough hormone. Low thyroid levels, in addition to other signs and symptoms, can cause weight gain, so it is doubly important for people who are classed as being prediabetic or who have Type 2 diabetes, also have normal thyroid hormone levels.

In January and February of 2018, the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism reported on a study from the Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research in West Bengal, India. Scientists there found out of one hundred people with Type 2 diabetes…

  • 23 had slightly low levels of thyroid hormone, and
  • 3 had full-blown hypothyroidism.

From these results, the researchers concluded one-quarter of people with Type 2 diabetes have low levels of thyroid hormone.

In December of 2017, the journal Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome reported on a study conducted at the Rajiv Aligarh Muslim University and several other research facilities in India. A total of two hundred and fifty people with Type 2 diabetes were tested for thyroid hormone levels. Twenty-eight percent of these diabetics had at least somewhat low levels.

In October of 2017, the journal Acta Med Indonesia reported much the same results in a different population. Scientists at the Universitas in Indonesia tested the thyroid hormone levels in three hundred and three Type 2 diabetics…

  • a total of 23 participants, more than 7 percent, had full-blown hypothyroidism.
  • a little over half, 56.5 percent, had at least a small degree of low thyroid levels.

Researchers in both the last two studies concluded people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes should have their thyroid levels checked.

Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism include…

  • weight gain,
  • cold intolerance,
  • loss of hair,
  • feeling tired and have muscle weakness,
  • have dry skin,
  • suffer from constipation,
  • have a hoarse voice, and
  • a puffy face.

Some may have slightly low thyroid hormone levels without any signs and symptoms. A blood test measures the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which tells the thyroid gland to produce the thyroid hormone. If the TSH is high, it means the thyroid gland is struggling to make enough of the hormone. When TSH testing shows high levels, the doctor may order direct tests of thyroid hormone levels.

Treatment consists of thyroid replacement therapy. Medications available include…

  • levothyroxine sodium (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tirosint, and Unithroid),
  • liothyronine sodium (Cytomel, Triostat),
  • liotrix (Thyrolar).

Side effects can include…

  • a fast or irregular heartbeat,
  • chest pain,
  • shortness of breath,
  • muscle weakness,
  • nervousness,
  • a change in appetite,
  • weight loss,
  • hair loss,
  • vomiting,
  • fever,
  • changes in menstrual cycle.

Bee Pollen Allergy

Many of us realize and appreciate the 'sting' of a bee pollen allergy. Bee pollen allergy reactions can be extremely severe in some to very mild in others. In such cases cases of bee pollen allergy, anaphylactic shock has occurred. Since you are reading a text regarding a bee pollen allergy, one can naturally assume that you are wondering if you can consume this or any bee pollen product. The answer is quite simple. It's just a matter of common sense.

Bee Pollen Allergy and You

In dealing with a bee pollen allergy you have likely suffered from rashes, hives, swelling of throat and even difficulty breathing. As mentioned earlier, you may even suffer from anaphylactic shock if you have a terrible allergy and suffering stress and mouth swapping closed to the point of not being able to breath at all. If any of this describes your situation and your bee pollen allergy, do not attempt to take any product with bee pollen in it. If you are allergic to bee stains also do not take this product.

Always talk to a professional medical doctor before proceeding with any supplement therapy you wish to add to your diet, bee pollen also contains allergens which can be extremely harmful to individuals suffering from asthma.

No Bee Pollen Allergy?

If you have never suffered from an allergic reaction from bee pollen in the past but still may be afraid that you may be allergic, there are small dosages available to introduce it to your system to experiment with the effects you experience. It is recommended that you purchase bee pollen granules, as they are the smallest and most raw form available. One granule of bee pollen contains every known nutrient and vitamin that is capable of sustaining human life so the myth of larger the better, is not always necessarily accurate.

To check your bee pollen allergy, you should begin the bee pollen granules by taking only three granules at a time for three days. If no reaction is present in that time, increase the granules to only six granules. Carry on this pattern until you have reached a teaspoon full per day. If this is successful and you have displayed no allergic symptoms, it is possible that you do not have a bee pollen allergy.

The 7 Biggest Mistakes Most New Daycare Owners Make – And How to Avoid Them!

What does it take to be successful in child care?

Obviously, you should have a deep & passionate desire to take care of children, a huge amount of patience, and the ability to juggle several tasks at once (such as warming a bottle while helping toddlers with an art project).

It also helps if you have a separate space in your home, such as a finished basement, where you can run your child care business.

But as if that isn’t enough, there are many things that a successful home daycare owner needs to be good at besides caring for children. Honestly, it can be quite daunting.

Things like getting paid on time from parents, writing solid policies & contracts, marketing your business to new potential clients, obtaining the right insurance policy, understanding record-keeping and how it affects your taxes, and overall, just getting started in a manner that will optimize success.

To help you get started more successfully, here are seven of the biggest, costliest mistakes women make when starting their own home-based child care business, and how to avoid them.

BIG MISTAKE #1: Not doing the proper research on the child care market in your town or city.

This is a crucial step that many new child care business owners miss, usually because they’re not sure how to go about it. Or they may think that it’s not really necessary to do the research, because they don’t understand how it could impact them.

After all, it’s just a small home-based business, right? Why do you need to do all that extra work up-front?

The goal here is not to spend weeks or months completing some huge market research project that you’re not ever going to use.

I’m talking about spending a few hours over the next few days, calling around (or maybe visiting some other child care businesses) and asking key questions.

Let me give you an example of what I’m talking about. My neighbor Mary, who runs a child care business in her home, discovered a couple things about our local market that helped her create a more profitable business. The first thing was, our town has ½-day Kindergarten, not full-day. By talking to other Moms in our town, Mary found there was a need in our town for “before-and-after care”, that is someone who could watch Kindergarteners & older kids before and after school. She structured her daycare to fill this need. All she had to do was make sure the buses were able to pick up & drop off these kids at her home, and she was able to start taking kids.

So what you want to uncover, when you do your upfront research, is a “pocket of unfulfilled need” in terms of child care. You don’t need it to be a huge pocket, but something unique about your business that will bring you customers who have that need.

Other examples of this are:

– offering second or third shift care if you have large companies in your town who employ people on evening or overnight shifts

– offering bilingual care or special languages, such as sign language for babies

– offering special meals (such as organic or vegetarian) if you live in a town where that would be considered desirable (like Boulder, Colorado or a similar college town)

Again, you are asking key questions and trying to uncover an unfulfilled need in your town or city. You can begin by calling your local Child Care Resource & Referral Agency (CCR&R), your local elementary schools, talking to neighbors and friends, and visiting other child care businesses in your town. You can even call other home child care businesses and talk to these women about what they are seeing in the market. Usually, women in child care help each other out by forming friendships and partnerships, so don’t be intimidated.

By taking the time to do the research, you will gain a huge advantage by understanding your market and how you can be successful within that market.

BIG MISTAKE #2: Not getting the right liability protection for you and your business.

If you want to be able to sleep easy at night and not worry about getting sued, you’ll need to be properly covered. You need the real scoop on what type of insurance to buy, and how much it should cost, so you don’t overpay.

Many new child care business owners make the mistake of thinking that their homeowner’s policy is enough to cover them if there’s a problem. But the truth is, that policy usually doesn’t provide enough protection, nor the right kind of protection you need for special situations that a daycare owner can face.

An example of this situation would be if your house had a power outage, and you had to close temporarily due to the loss of electricity. If you had a business liability policy with coverage for “business income interruption”, you would be covered by your policy and you would still get that income.

Likewise, if you were sued by a parent for some situation, your policy would cover you in most cases.

Surprisingly, a business liability policy for a home daycare is not that expensive, and is well worth the investment (in my opinion). These type of policies usually cost $30 to $40 per month. Is that worth a good night’s sleep?

BIG MISTAKE #3: Not charging the right fees.

Do you know how to find out what other child care homes and centers are charging? Most new daycare owners literally leave money on the table by not setting their rates properly. You’ll get short-changed by charging too little, and if you charge too much, you won’t get any clients!

So how do you go about figuring out what to charge? This is a similar process as doing the upfront research in your town…it’s simply a matter of making some phone calls or visits to other child care businesses and setting you prices appropriately.

Many new family daycare owners charge the same weekly rate for each child, regardless of the child’s age. However, if you talk to centers in your town, most of them charge the highest rate for infants, and the lowest rate for older kids (pre-K and older). Many parents are used to this type of pricing structure.

So depending on the ages of kids that you can accept, if you charge a bit more for infants and young toddlers, you may find that your income will be a bit higher than a flat-rate for all ages. You’ll have to look at your individual scenario and choose what’s best for you.

For example, let’s say that according to your state, and the ages of your own children, you can accept 1 infant, 3 young toddlers (15-24 months), and 2 older toddlers (3-4 year olds). If you charge $120 per week as a flat rate, you would have a weekly income of $720.

If, however, you charged a bit more for infants ($135/week), and young toddlers ($125/week) and less for older toddlers ($115/week), your weekly income with this scenario would be $740. That amounts to an extra $80 per month, or an extra $1,040 per year.

Small adjustments like these in your price, if it makes sense based on your local area, can make a difference in your take-home profits at the end of the day.

BIG MISTAKE #4: Not covering yourself with a proper daycare policy handbook and contract.

Okay, this is a really big one. You need to have a well-written contract for your parents, and you need a comprehensive policy handbook. If you use your contract and policy handbook properly, you can literally save yourself thousands of dollars of lost income (and countless hours of headaches!).

So what’s the difference between a contract and a policy?

A contract is a binding legal agreement between two people. If you agree to care for a child and the child’s parent agrees to pay you for that care, you’ve made a verbal contract. If you put the contract in writing, it becomes a written contract.

There are 5 key elements of a child care contract: the names of the parties, the hours of operation, the termination procedure (that is, how either party may terminate the agreement), terms of payment (including rates, due dates, and extra fees), and the signatures of the parties. Be specific and clear with your wording.

A policy handbook is longer and more detailed than a contract. It should contain all the rules that state how you will care for the children, how you’ll handle specific kinds of situations, and how you run your business. For example, you should include your vacation & sick day policies, how you handle behavior issues & discipline, and how the children will be fed.

It’s a good idea to require a signature page at the end of your policy handbook, where the parent agrees that he or she has read the entire handbook and agrees to abide by the policies you’ve laid out.

You need to have both documents in writing. (If you need actual examples that you can copy & edit to fit your business, they are provided in my Daycare Success System…more about that later).

BIG MISTAKE #5: Not using the best ways to market your business to future customers.

Let’s face it, you may not be a marketing and advertising whiz, but you need easy and low-cost ways to get the word out and bring in new customers.

We’ve all heard that the best advertising is word-of-mouth. That’s after you’ve gotten started and your clients recommend you to their friends and neighbors.

But what about when you first open your doors, and you have no proven track record?

Fortunately, there are lots of ways you can get the word out about your new child care business, and most of them won’t cost you much money. Here are 4 marketing ideas to get you started.

Marketing Tip #1: Register with the Child Care Resource and Referral (CCR&R) Office in Your Area.

This is the very first thing you should do to get your name out there, and it should be done prior to opening your doors. The website is located at: www.childcareaware.org

Then enter your ZIP Code in the search field and you will receive the contact information for your nearest CCR&R office. You can also call them toll-free at (800) 424-2246.

As of December 2007, in order to be registered with most CCR&R’s, you do not need to be state-licensed or certified. However, they may have special requirements to be listed, based on your state.

For example, in Ohio, they request that solo family daycare providers have a maximum of 6 children at any time, and no more than 3 children under the age of 2. If there is more than one caregiver in the home/facility, the numbers can be higher. These rules vary by state, so be sure to call your local CCR&R branch to confirm your rules.

Once you register with your CCR&R, they will provide your contact information, along with any special information pertaining to your daycare, to parents seeking child care….for free!

Marketing Tip #2: Contact All Elementary Schools on Your Bus Line and/or in Your Community.

Most schools maintain a list of Childcare Providers, which they provide to parents upon request. Ask to have your name and phone number added to their Provider list.

Marketing Tip #3: Verbally Communicate to Everyone You Know.

Tell everyone you know that you are providing child care and ask them if they know anyone who is seeking childcare in your area. Make an announcement at your church, and at all other groups to which you belong. If you don’t belong to any community groups, join some! You’re an entrepreneur now, it’s time to start networking!

This may be your strongest source for enrolling daycare children. Most parents prefer to leave their children with a provider that was recommended by a friend, neighbor, coworker or family member.

Marketing Tip #4: Place Announcements or Small Ads in Community Newsletters.

Ask every organization you know and/or belong to such as a Church, Play Group, or Community Group, if you can place an announcement in their Newsletter.

If you know a community group, church, and/or business professional that mails out a newsletter, ask them to advertise your business for the local residents on their database. In your advertisement, focus on the unique features of your business and the benefits that children and parents will receive from being enrolled with you.

Remember, this is just the tip of the iceberg. When you learn these easy and inexpensive (or free) methods to bring in new leads, you’ll have a full and profitable daycare center and you’ll establish an ongoing relationship with your parent-clients that will have them raving about you to their friends and family!

Now let’s get back to the 7 Biggest Mistakes and how you can avoid them.

BIG MISTAKE #6: Not utilizing the tons of free resources in your local area, including sources of grant money.

Many new daycare or preschool owners don’t know about the local resources available to them, and how to navigate the waters of state, regional, and local government agencies.

With so many organizations and websites out there, it can be really tough to figure out where to go and who to ask, if you don’t know where to begin.

The best place to start is with your state. Every state in the U.S. has an agency within their state government that sets the rules for family child care providers. This agency is usually called something like the Department of Child & Family Services (DCFS), or the Department of Job & Family Services (DJFS) and they all have websites.

(If you are in Canada or another country, you probably have a similar office in your government).

Simply go to your state’s website (such as http://www.Illinois.gov) and look for the appropriate department, or type “child care” in the search box.

The website should contain phone numbers for the Child Care contact person in your state. Call them on the phone and inquire about your state’s rules and what they recommend for people who are just getting started in family child care.

Most counties also have a child care office that helps people at the county level. Ask your state contact person how to find help for your specific county. Then, contact your county rep and ask the following questions (these are also good questions to ask your state rep):

– What do you need to know that’s specific rules or regulations for your county?

– What training are you required to take before you open your doors?

– What kind of ongoing training / learning is required?

– Do they have any recommendations on insurance providers for child care owners in your county?

– What resources do they have to help you get started?

– Do they know about any sources for grants or low-interest start-up loans?

– Are there local or county support groups that meet to discuss child care issues?

There may be other questions you’ll think of, too. Don’t be intimidated. You have the right to get the best information to get started, and you owe it to yourself to start out as successfully and as knowledgably as possible.

BIG MISTAKE #7: Not getting licensed or certified by your state.

Getting licensed or certified with your state can be a bit of work, but it’s probably easier than you think. Usually, to get licensed you are required to take a certain amount of training (often very low-cost or even free) and your home will be inspected once or twice a year by a state inspector to ensure that guidelines are being met.

There are lots of reasons why you should consider it…the top reason being that you can charge higher rates!

Here are some of the other benefits you will gain by being licensed or certified with your state:

– You will be proud to know you are providing the highest quality of care (and you can communicate this to others).

– Potential parents will be more likely to choose you, so you won’t have to spend as much on marketing and advertising

– Schools and other businesses will be more likely to recommend you.

– You may be eligible for grants or low-interest loans to expand your daycare or improve it with a new outdoor play area, etc.

– You will stand out from the crowd as a superior business.

You will have the highest chance for success if you strive to be the best at what you do.

Good luck!

The Importance of Warming Up and Cooling Down

One of the most important factors in injury prevention is warming up and cooling down, and should not be neglected.

Warming up refers to a preparatory phase at the beginning of an exercise session. Warming up generally involves a period of low-impact exercise regimes which prepare the body for the more strenuous aspects of the sporting activity. Warming up is an important aspect of exercise in reducing the risk of injury that would possibly happen if over stretching occurred, without the person being physically warmed up and prepared for the exercise.

Cooling down refers to a short period at the end of an exercise session. The cooling down phase, again, tends to involve a short period of low-impact exercise which gradually returns the body to its ‘resting state’. The cooling down phase is believed to reduce the risk of muscular soreness which may occur the day after an exercise session, and reduce the risk of fainting or collapse after such a session.

The Warming Up Session

An exercise session should always commence with a period of warm up. In some cases it may take the form of a series of specially designed preparatory exercise, whilst in other sessions it will simply involve performing the activity at a low density before increasing the intensity to the desired level. The warming up period is important for the following reasons:

  • It gets the body ready for the physcal exertion that follows. This optimises the physical condition, enabling the body to cope more easily with the activity. It also enables the athlete to get the most benefit from the session.
  • If the warm-up session has specific movements relating to the sporting activity the muscles can be re-educated in preparation for the coming activities.
  • It reduces the risk of injury (cold muscles do not stretch very easily) and it reduces the risk of premature fatigue which can occur if the cardiovascular system is unprepared for strenuous activity.
  • It prepares cardiac function for increased activity and reduces the risk of stress being placed on the heart.

A typical warm-up may involve some ‘loosening exercises’ followed by a few minutes of low-impact aerobic activity and then a series of stretching exercises. This may last for approximately five to fifteen minutes depending upon the intensity of the session which follows. Loosening exercises at the start of the warm up may include activities such as ‘stretching’ and ‘running on the spot’. These are gentle activities which begin to prepare the body for exercise and are especially important if the athlete has been inactive for a while.

The aerobic exercise may involve activities such as cycling on an exercise cycle. This has the effect of increasing the heart rate, diverting blood to the exercising muscles and raising the overall temperature of the muscles.

Stretching exercises provide the final phase of warm up and ensure that the muscles and tendons are prepared for the exercise. An important reason for stretching exercises is to prevent the muscles and tendons from being overstretched during the session. Such a warm up will also prepare the joints for physical activity.

The Effects of Warm Up on the Body are:

  • Cold muscle, tendons and connectinve tissue do not stretch very easily. Stretching without a warm-up is therefore unlikely to produce the best effects. Warming up also relaxes the body and muscle which further allows them to be stretched effectively. It is also believed that cold muscles and tendons are more prone to damage since they are more likely to tear when cold.
  • A warm-up increases the heart rate gradually, and aerobic exercise prepares the heart and cardiovascular system, together with the muscles, gradually, for exercise.
  • A warm-up also causes the blood to be diverted to the exercising muscles. This is achieved by getting the blood vessels that supply the muscles being used, to dilate. This extra blood is diverted from areas of the body not as important for exercising, such as the gut.
  • Exercising, without warming up, may cause the muscles to work without an adequate oxygen supply. This forces them to use anaerobic processes to supplement their production of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP). As a consequence, lactic acid accumulates and the muscles may become prematurely fatigued.

A warm-up increases the temperature of the body. This increase in temperature facilitates and speeds up many of the processes associated with exercise metabolism. It increases the rate of nerve impulse transmission, the rate of oxygen delivery to the muscles and the speed of the reactions associated with the production of ATP. Therefore, in this context, a warm up may be said to optimise the condition of the body.

Cooling Down

A cool-down involves a short period at the end of an exercise session during which the physical activity of the body is gradually reduced to almost its resting level. A cool-down therefore often involves a period of low-impact aerobic exercise which is gradually reduced, followed by a few gentle stretching exercises. This has a number of effects.

The gentle aerobic activity helps to get rid of any metabolic waste products which may have accumulated during the exercise session. The benefits of an active recovery are believed to be related to the muscles continuing to receive a more extensive supply of oxygenated blood, which will also assist with the removal of metabolic waste products.

During exercise the blood is being pumped around the body by the action of the heart. However, the blood is assisted in its return to the heart via the venous system and muscular contraction. If an athlete stops exercising suddenly, the heart continues to beat fast, sending blood around the body, but, because the exercise has ceased, the blood is no longer assisted in its return to the heart. It is suggested that this is one of the reasons why people sometimes feel faint after exercise. During a cool-down, the heart rate is gradually lowered to its resting level and the venous return continues to be assisted by the actively contracting muscles, thereby preventing this problem.

After exercising, and following the cool-down period, the athlete’s heart will still need a period of time to settle back down to its full resting rate but should be within 30 beats of what it was before the exercise session started. This will, of course, be influenced by the overall physical condition of the individual. It may also be influenced by the content of the session, with more demanding sessions requiring a more extensive cool-down. The cooling down period also provides an opportunity for the inclusion of additional stretching exercises, which may be desirable especially if they were not included as part of the main session. The inclusion of stretching exercises within the cool-down period not only helps to gradually lower the activity level of the body at the end of the session, but it may also prevent stiffness the following day.

The cool-down period is also likely to take place when the body is warm, making the muscles more receptive to stretching. The most effective stretching can therefore be performed at this time.

Online Games – Threat To Normal Growth

Online games are a new rage on the Internet than other thing that people log on to the web and it is one of the fastest growing segments on the Internet. For some online games are a leisure and unwinding tool to help boost altered egos from daily pressures of life while for some it a waste of time.

You might have gotten bored watching television and would like to do something else, you do not want to go out and meet friends nor are in any mood for a dinner outside you want to laze around the house and do something entertaining if possible. What could the best options than playing free online games that has been designed for every age group. Parents can also join their children in online games that would surely make them come closer and will also enable them to control the types of games played and the hours spent by their children. Online games are fun and sharpen strategic thinking and improve our responses. But have you ever thought of the consequences if one gets addicted towards these online games that have been conceptualized for fun?

You will find numerous journals, surveys revealing the alarming rate of people getting added around these games and the sad consequences following them. Older people playing online games for several hours are losing their social contacts and young people spending less time with their friends or in other social things. They display more aggressive behaviors and less supportive behaviors. With the intense rise in the popularity and affordability of computer games and equipment, and high speed internet connections contribute significantly to the computer games addiction. Thus online computer games have a substantial impact on the lives of individuals threatening their normal growth and development. Usage of a disproportionate amount of time on the video game and thinking about it even when you are not on the video game or you continue to spend disproportionate amount of your money, are the symptoms of addiction. Addiction is when you can not stop yourself getting away from it and you need to do it more and you crave it when it is not there. A computer addiction is like an eating disorder.

This computer games addiction is a way for the person to escape from their regular life in the real world to the world of fantasy where they achieve more control of their social relationships in the virtual reality real than in real relationships. While there is no quick, overnight cure for computer games addiction parents can limit their child's exposure to video games, especially the more violent ones. Their simple rule can minimize media's potentially harmful effects on their child / children.

How to Set Up A Network Printer For a Home Or Small Office

Adding a network printer to your home or small office can seem like a daunting task, especially if it is an older printer, or one that is angled towards office or home office use. This usually includes many laser printers, and larger printing stations. The task itself is usually pretty far from intimidating, and we will cover the basics of installing a wired or wireless network printer on one, or multiple computers in 3 simple steps.

Note – If your printer comes with an install disk, please use the install disk and disregard these instructions unless the disk install fails. There may be needed software on the disk that can cause a manual install to not work properly.

Step 1: Connect your printer to the network:

If your printer connects to the network with a standard cable, plug one end into the printer, and the other into your router… Wasn’t that easy?

If your printer connection wireless is, use the control panel, or configuration options of your printer to connect to the wireless network. This is usually done by going to settings, scrolling to network settings, and then choosing to turn WLAN on. After that, use the utility to search for the network you want, and enter the security key using the printers built in method.

If the printer does not have an option to configure a wireless connection internally, you will need to download software from the manufacturers website, and use a temporary USB connection to configure the wireless information.

Step 2: Configure the relevant IP addresses.

Most small networks operate fully on DHCP, and the downside of this is that if your router is rebooted, there is a chance that the new IP address will be assigned differently, and this can cause issues with the next step. The easiest way to do this is to set up a DHCP reservation for the printer, so that it is always assigned the same address.

First, print a network configuration page from the printer. You will need it’s information. Then log into your router’s control panel. This is almost always done by opening a web browser, and going to one of two possible addresses ( or If a password window pops up, you are in the right place. Consult your routers documentation for the default passwords if you do not know them.

You may need to consult your specific router’s documentation for creating a DHCP reservation, but the general process on many routers goes something like this: Click on the status tab, and then look for an option that says something like “connected devices.” In this menu, look for a button labled “DHCP clinets information” Click that, and then reference the configuration page you printed out earlier. Look for the ip address of your printer in the clients list, and choose add a DCHP reservation under the appropriate IP. Fill in the fields, and you are all set!

Step 3: Install the printer on computer(s)

The steps for this are very similar across many versions of windows. Once the network is configured, open control panel, and choose Devices and Printers (just Printers for XP). In this window, click add a new printer.

A window will pop up asking if you want to add a local printer, or a network printer… Here is the trick. You choose add a local printer, and then uncheck the box that says “automatically look for my plug and play printer.” (if the box is not there, ignore this.) The next step is to choose to create a new standard TCP/IP port, so select create a new port, and use the TCP/IP port option. When it asks for port information, input the ip address of the printer, and then click next.

A window may pop up asking about network cards and servers. Unless you are using a print server (not covered in this article) then simply click next.

A list of manufacturers and devices will then come up, and all you need to do is locate your printer to install the drivers. If your printer is not on the list, you will need to download the drivers from the manufacturer, and then use the “Have Disk” button to locate the appropriate driver. Once the driver is selected, click next and choose the options you would like in the subsequent menus. When the sharing and miscellaneous items have been completed, click finish, and if everything is set up right, aa test page should print.

If that works, you are done!

If not… Check to make sure you have the right driver file, and then check to make sure your IP information is properly set.

Geriatric Pharmaton Review

General Information

Geriatric Pharmaton is a world famous Swiss health supplement that is scientifically proven with reference to efficacy. It is an excellent combination of standardized extract of ginseng G115, vitamins, minerals and trace elements. it supplements the body with substances that are essential for body, thus improves physical and mental performance. It is a sugar free formulation so it does not promote weight gain.

Standardized Ginseng extract115 increases the overall level of cellular activity. It also increases the absorption of oxygen.

Low supply of vitamins, minerals and trace elements may can may result in several medical disorders e.g. weakness, fatigue, decreased vitality, reduced endurance and increased convalescence. Several clinical studies with young, middle- aged and elderly people have shown an increase in physical and mental performance after Geriatric Pharmaton administration.


Each capsule contains:
standardized extract G115 Ginseng
(Panax ginseng) 40 mg Vitamin A (retinol palmitate) 2667 IU Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 200 IU Vitamin E (acetate racealfatocoferol) 10 mg Vitamin B1 (thiamine nitrate) 1.4 mg vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 1.6 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) 2 mg Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 1 mcg Biotin 150 mcg Nicotinamide 18 mg Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 60 mg Folic Acid 0.10 mg Copper (cupric sulphate ) 2 mg Manganese (manganese sulfate monohydrate) 2.5 mg magnesium (magnesium sulfate) 10 mg iron (ferrous sulfate) 10 mg zinc (zinc sulfate monohydrate) 1 mg calcium (dibasic calcium phosphate) 100 mg Selenium (selenite sodium) 50 mcg 100 mg soya lecithin


• Geriatric Pharmaton is contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to any ingredient of the formula
• Patients with rare hereditary condition of galactose intolerance (eg, galactosemia) should not take this medicine.
• The product may cause gastrointestinal disturbances
• If you experience unpleasant or severe reactions, immediately contact your doctor
• There is no restrictions, special instructions or warnings for the users above 65 years of age
• There is no evidence that Geriatric Pharmaton pose a risk to the fetus during pregnancy at the recommended dosage. However, to date no controlled studies available to pregnant women
• Keep it and all other drugs out of the reach of children
• There is no known effects on the ability to drive or operate machinery after using Geriatric Pharmaton
• This product is sugar free, so it can be used by patients with diabetics
• Do not take any medication without taking an advice from a qualified healthcare professional
• This product can be used within 24 months after the manufacturing date. Do not use after expiry date

Anxiety & Stress Can You Live With It?

Hi! How are you feeling today?

Do you have panic or anxiety attacks? Do you suffer from broken nights' sleep, waking up in those dark hours with frightening thoughts and unspoken fears? Perhaps you are stressed out and, by early afternoon, tired out and ready to flop

Let me tell you some of my story. A few year ago things started to go wrong in my business. First, one of my minor clients went bust owed me big money and, within a month, another client went the same way, to be followed only weeks later by my big client going into receivership following me many more thousands of dollars.

The stress was unbearable. My company was unable to meet its debts payments and, to make matters worse, two of my staff were suing me for unfair cancellation. My lawyers advised me to put the company in liquidation and avoid paying the debts but that's not who I am. My father taught me never to run away from my responsibilities so, these were my debts, and I knew I had to pay them off.

The months following were hell, living on the edge, making arrangements to pay debt, stress mounting by the day. I remember wondering if it was wiser to do as my lawyer suggested but I knew that was not the answer. I was determined to pay what I owed but I also knew if I could not control my stress level it was going to destroy me and then how was I going to meet my obligations?

I knew the answers were out there and, in fact, some I already had. But there were others I needed to find and so I thread myself into research and, after several months, I finally cracked it. I knew I had found the tools I needed to control the anxious thoughts that kept me awake at night and keep stress to a minimum. In fact it helped me through the dark period of my life when all else paled in comparison. At the end of that same year, when I thought nothing could get worse, my two year old grandson was brutally killed and all that had gone before seemed like nothing.

The trauma I and my family experienced and the consequent lessons I hunted down and learned has changed me and my family. I know now there is an answer for each of us and my aim is to share the things I discovered with as many others as possible so that they too can learn the magic of living a stress-free life.

Types of Anxiety Medications

At some time or other in our lives we have all been angry or terrified about something. However, no matter what we experienced we've generally always been able to put them into perspective and get on with our lives, but there are people who are not able to let their problems go and who suffer from anxiety. These anxieties then build up until they take over the lives of the individual and ever become anxiety disorders. These disorders can be treated in a number of different ways, but the most familiar way is to use anxiety medicines.

As there are a large number of these anxieties medications available it's always best to talk with your doctor or psychiatrist first so they can recommend the best course of treatment for you. This is prudent as some of these anxiety medications can interact with other substances and produce life threatening situations.

Anxiety medications like Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs work on raising the chemical serotonin in the brain. The dosage for SSRIs starts at a low amount and is then gradually increased until a therapeutic level is achieved. As this class of medication has only mild side effects like nausea and jitteriness it is very popular. You should inform your doctor if you experience side effects so that your dose may be adjusted or you may be given another SSRI to take.

Tricyclics are also started at a low dose and then increased gradually to gain the maximum benefit. This class of anxiety medications has been the traditional medication for treating anxiety. The side effects of tricyclics are mild, and they range from dizziness and drowsiness to dry mouth and weight gain. Should these symptoms persist or become bothersome you should let your doctor know so that your medication may be changed.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOI's are the oldest class of antidepressant drugs. You will need to be careful with this anxiety medication as there is a restrictive diet that must be followed. Certain foods and drinks that contain the chemical substance tyramine must be avoided. These include cheeses and red wines. Should there be an interaction a dangerous elevation in blood pressure or other life threatening situations may occur.

Benzodiazepines have the ability to relive the symptoms of anxiety quickly. There are a few side effects from this drug. Drowsiness and addictiveness may occur. As addiction may occur, tolerance for the drug means an increase in the dosage must be taken to gain the earlier benefits. Therefore other than panic disorder this drug is a short term anxiety medication.

Along with Beta Blockers and other such drugs that I have not mentioned, you have a multitude of anxiety medicines that you can choose from to help you control your anxiety disorder, and you should discuss all your options with your doctor to find a suitable anxiety medication for you.

Modern Running Shoes and How They Increase Risk For a Sprained Ankle

What’s wrong with the modern shoe? Designed over the last 40 years to be more comfortable and absorb the impact from your heel, they employ all kinds of gimmicks to make your running or sporting experience more comfortable. But. that has come at a very steep price. One of the primary problems has been the dramatic increase in ankle sprains. Yes, statistically, your risk of a sprained ankle sky rockets with these kinds of modern shoes.

Why? Well, first imagine someone running through a natural landscape a hundred or a thousand years ago. The landscape was uneven and filled with debris (rocks, pebbles, dirt, roots, branches, etc. Now, imagine this person running or walking with little to no support from their shoes. Usually, it was a piece of leather protecting the bottom of their feet and that was about it.

As you can imagine, their ankles would have to be extraordinarily strong in order to resist the constant twisting force placed on them every time they hit the uneven ground. Another important fact to understand is that these people walked or ran all their lives, some over 100 miles at one stretch. And they did it all without Nike airs! How?

Well, first they didn’t walk or run like we do today. The big shoe companies have tried to take away the pain of a heel strike (when you run and land on your heel). They have put all kinds of gels and air into the heel so that when you land on your heel, it doesn’t hurt. That seems good on the surface. But, what if you are not supposed to land on your heel when you run? What if that is a recipe for all kinds of problems? And it is!

In fact, if you try to run barefoot the same way you run with shoes, you will quickly be in agony. You cannot land hard on your heel and run barefoot. You will have to stop after a few steps. Instead, you will quickly learn that you have to land on the ball of your foot. The part that has much more natural padding. If you land on the outside part of the ball of your foot and gently roll inward as you run, you will feel a tremendous flow in your stride. And you will not have anywhere near the same kind of hard impact you had before.

You see, the modern running shoe gets you to run incorrectly by adding padding to the heel. That heel strike causes all kinds of problems like knee pain, Achilles pain, low back pain, ankle injuries and much more. Think about it. You are putting so much force in each step as you land. If you are landing unnaturally, your body’s natural shock absorbers do not work correctly. It won’t take long until pain is the result. And the more you run, the worse it will get.

How does this relate to sprained ankles? Simple, the more stiff a shoe it, the weaker your ankles get. The more stiff your shoes are, the less your ankles can react to uneven ground and over time, they atrophy to the point where a small trip or a stone can easily cause an ankle sprain. It happens tens of thousands of times a day!

So, what should you use? I personally love Nike Free and Vibram Five Finger shoes. They are extremely light and have extremely limited heel padding. They allow for much more unrestricted movement of the feet and ankles. Plus, they are incredibly comfortable.

If you have a sprained ankle or weak ankles and are looking for a great rehab program that requires no equipment, then try http://hemanklerehab.com It is very simple to do and significantly increases ankle strength, flexibility as well as removing scar tissue from old injuries.

Best Ways to Utilize Dump Inserts

Gardeners, farmers, landscapers and people with trucks and trailers will be glad to have dump inserts for their vehicles. These simple, but highly useful objects are perfect for hauling and decking any kind of material; be it soil or wood, cargo or garbage! You can use it for all kinds of hauling purposes, by installing it just once onto your truck and get all hauling work done conveniently.

How It Works

A dump insert is a detachable object that you have to install onto the trailer or truck bed. It can be raised and lowered by a heavy duty 1.5KW (3HP) hydraulic pump. It has a double pivoting removable steel tailgate and can rise up to an angle of 45 degrees so that the cargo can be unloaded. These come in a variety and each of them have varied load capacities. The prices may also differ depending on the load capacity of the insert.

Generally these are installed on to trucks and trailers and there are two ways to operate them; mechanic as well as remote. With modern inserts being remote controlled, it has become an even easier solution for people who want to transport, haul and deck items easily without having to waste any money on hiring a service. Here are some of the best ways you can use these:

1. Transport and Dump Soil

For gardeners and landscapers, one of the most problematic issues is that of carrying soil and transporting them at the right place. It would be quite difficult to do that without creating a mess or without wasting time, energy and effort. With automatic dump inserts, you can transport soil and release it smoothly in your truck. No sweat, no effort, no energy wasted! Not to mention, no wasting money in hiring services.

2. Carrying and Transporting Wood

People who have a business of transporting wooden logs would find this insert to be a very beneficial asset to their trucks and trailers. Not only will it help them be more efficient in their services, but will also save on time and effort. However, you would have to be careful not to overload the insert and should use it only according to the maximum weight that it can take on. Overloading will cause it to lose its hauling ability.

3. Transporting Grass Clippings

With the dump insert, within just a few minutes, you can load it with grass clippings and wood chips and therefore conveniently deck them without having to worry about transporting garbage of the garden.

This insert is good investment, especially when you have a lot of cargo transporting to do. It does only save on time, but on monetary expense as well as man power. Before you buy, be sure to check the quality of these inserts and that you are paying a worth enough price.

Diabetes and Depression Treatments Are Providing to Be Very Effective

What is the correlation between diabetes and depression and what are the contributing factors? Or is it that diabetes causes depression, what is the link between them? These are only a few of the questions on most people's mind who might be depressed or suffering from diabetes.

What I can tell you as a person who watched his father suffer from the debilitating effect of diabetes and depression for many years and ever losing his battle, but I can not say what it is.

In my humble opinion and as a first-hand witness to the dreadful effects of diabetes, I tend to believe that depression is as a result of the person's disability to cope with the disease psychologically in a rational way.

However, this is not to say that a person can not have depression first, as they will eventually become frustrated and fed up at the fact that they are basically helpless.

My father was a proud man, independent and self-assured, but became depressed when he had to go the Doctor for treatment; also because he had to go on a diet, he had a sort of sweet tooth.

Diabetes and Depression connection

As far as the experts in the field go, they are not even sure what is the relationship between diabetes and depression, but they are certain that there is a connection.

They suggest that with 30% of diabetes patients suffering from depression, that there must be a link somewhere, investigations are still on going to find the connection.

The fact is that most illnesses will have a physiological effect on the person who is suffering, especially if they have to be constantly monitoring their food intake and having to constantly check their blood sugar levels.

This will only put them in a depressed state of mind, not to mention causing an emotional drain on their physical body, if they are suffering from both diabetes and depression.

This negative emotional state of diabetes and depression can even exact a higher price from someone suffering from diabetes, in that this emotional state can make it harder to focus on the job at hand, which is trying to control their blood sugar levels.

This paradox can even leave the person at an even great risk of developing other diabetes complications, like heart disease for example.

Diabetes and Depression have experts baffle

According to reports from Clinical Psychiatry News, one in five people suffering from type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus were suffering from some form of depression before showing symptoms of diabetes.

This realization has caused experts to ask the question of whether it was not depression that triggered the diabetes in the first place?

The Johns Hopkins University did a study of 2000 people over a 13 year period to answer this particular issue about diabetes and depression and they found were alarming to say the least.

They study showed that people who are depressed are more than two times more likely than others who are not depressed to develop diabetes mellitus.

However, contrary to this, a study carried out in Canada by researchers who had examine the health records of around 90,000 people lasting over 12 years, found that because of new diagnoses criteria for depression of diabetics and non-diabetics, the result were the same .

The conclusion of the study was quite promising, in that it suggests that because a person had type 2 diabetes mellitus, it did not mean that they were at risk of developing depression.

The Digastric Muscle and Singing

When learning how to sing better, it is critically important to remove all unnecessary tension and strain from the jaw and throat area in order to have a clear and free sounding tone. However, bad singing habits often leave us using muscles that hinder vocal freedom. One muscle in particular that causes great tension is the digastric muscle.

The digastric muscle is the small muscle located under chin that is activated when swallowing. So that you may see and understand for yourself, place your finger under your chin and swallow. As you swallow, do you feel something pushing down on your finger? If you didn’t, then you are quite lucky and do not suffer from digastric muscle tension. However, if you did feel tension and pressure on your finger (most of us do), then you suffer from some sort of digastric muscle tension. This excess tension under the chin causes singers to tighten up the jaw and raise the larynx when attempting to sing high notes, which helps give way to a very squeezed and painful sounding tone.

Since we must swallow everyday, there will be no way in which we can completely disregard the this muscle. However, we can use different practices and techniques that can remove this muscle from the singing process. Since tone is produced at the vocal cords, it becomes vitally necessary to strengthen these folds so that the burden of tone falls upon them and not the digastric muscle or outer throat muscles. While exercising the vocal cords by using scales is beneficial, it is not sufficient enough to teach the vocal cords how to function to their full capacity. Singers must work and strengthen the thin edge of the vocal cords in order to begin the process of disengaging the digastric muscle from the singing process.

The thin edge of the vocal cords can be activated by using specific vocal exercises. An excellent exercise for training the thin edge is the use of a squeaky sound on an octave scale using a staccato approach. Place you thumbs under your chin and apply pressure (not so much pressure to where it hurts, but enough pressure to keep the digastric muscle from causing extra tension) to your digastric muscle and make a squeaky, vocal fry sound. This light, squeaky sound activates the thin edge of the vocal cords and forces them to produce tone. Exercising and strengthening the thin edge is crucial when blending chest and head registers for higher notes.

Another good exercise to work out the thin edge is sticking your tongue out of your mouth (all the way) and saying “aaaah” (it will have a nasal ring to it). Practice this on an octave scale using slides between the aaah’s (so it would be written out like this: aaaah-a-a-aaah-a-a-aaaah). Sticking your tongue out of your mouth stops the digastric muscle and other throat muscles from causing tension, thus making the edges of your vocal cords do the work to produce your tone.

The digastric muscle can be a pain to disengage. You may need to practice singing with your fingers under your chin for some time to get used to the feeling of not using your digastric muscle. The good thing is that when you are used to singing without the strain of the this muscle, you will notice when it tries to creep in and “help” you out. Train yourself to sing without that pesky muscle, and your vocal cords will reward you for it.

© Forever Singing

Diabetes Insipidus – Symptoms and Causes

Diabetes insipidus symptoms and causes range from simple to spot problems to more diverse problematic things. You an never be too careful with your health and if you start seeing problems you are going to ant to make sure that things are ok. This disorder is not something that many people end up not even knowing exists, and are shocked to find out that they have this problem. Many people think there is only one kind of Diabetes or at most two different types.

Diabetes insipidus symptoms and causes need to be addressed immediately. The disorder produces an abnormal increase of urine, and nocturia or enuresis, both involuntary and embarrassing. The color of the urine is also something that becomes a concern as people with this disorder might see a colorless or watery appearance and overall concentration in a lower caliber than normal. Many people think that this is the same sickness as normal cases, but it is not true. It is simply not the true thing, and the more people that can get about this, the better things are going to be for anyone.

You should definitely get information about Diabetes insipidus symptoms and causes before you self diagnose yourself the wrong way. Only a doctor can really tell you what you are experiencing and what to do next. Some people think that Diabetes is a death sentence, but it does not have to be that way. It is also not like the normal symptoms that you see for "sugar" diabetes. In fact the easiest way to understand this disorder is by understanding that it's not sugar that you're having a problem regulating, it's water. This disorder is sometimes called "water" diabetes as it really manages the urination in your body, and has problems with the excretion.

There are several other major things to figure out in regards to understanding Diabetes insipidus symptoms and causes, and that's whether or not is a lack of vasopressin, a hormone that acts upon the kidney to reduce urine output by increasing the concentration of the urine. If you have this type of Diabetes Insipidus, you need to get a simple test done and you can really see if you have a Pituitary Gland problem. Some people do in fact lack this and many pregnant women end up garnering this problem, but if you visit your doctor regularly, you can end up getting a better life for yourself and your baby.

If you are pregnant and are noticing Diabetes insipidus symptoms and causes, you can get treatment and you can have this sort of thing disappear in four to six weeks time. However, it appears that signs and symptoms reappear in consequent pregnancies, so make sure you are in good tides with your doctor and make sure you're taken care of well. The main focus of this is definitely for you and your doctor to keep up on what is going on with your body, and that you make sure to ask a lot of questions. Doctor's are not mind readers and you need to express any concerns you may have in regards to the overall good of your health and the health of your baby.

Childhood Obesity and Overweight Children

Looking out over the yard during recess, Mrs. Nyeberg saw Adam standing apart from a group of the other children who were playing. She knew that once again Adam had been left out of their games. He was endlessly taunted about his weight by the other children and had very few friends at school. At 8 years old Adam was already 40 pounds heavier than the other children.

The Epidemic

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention over 9 million children ages 6 to 19 years old are overweight or obese. In a frightening trend, this number has tripled since 1980. In this same time period, childhood obesity has doubled for preschoolers (2-5 years old) and adolescents (12-19 years).

This problem is not limited to the United States but is a growing epidemic in many countries. In a country that is apparently obsessed with weight issues we should be declaring this issue a national emergency.

Ignoring the Issue

Believing that children may surely have "baby fat" or grow out of their weight problems is a fallacy. Overweight adolescents have a 70 percent chance of becoming overweight or obese adults. This number increases to 80 percent if one or more parent is overweight or obese.

UCSF researcher Robert Lustig, MD, professor of clinical pediatrics at UCSF Children's Hospital notes that the Western diet is the key reason for childhood obesity.

Lustig offers that our high calorie, low fiber diets promote hormonal imbalances that encourage children to overeat. Other factors commonly attributed to the rise in obesity include frequent fast food dining, too little physical activity at school and home, larger portion sizes, and lack of sleep. Another key factor cited in numerous studies, and perhaps the most important – parents.


Parents play an important role in the growth, development, and socialization of children (Darling and Steinberg 1993). Additionally, overweight parents may pass on a combination of genetic predisposition to becoming overweight and unhealthy eating habits to their children. An Australian study showed that fathers who were permissive or disengaged were more likely to have children with a higher body mass index ( http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/70064.php ). Obesity in children is far more than a vanity issue. Along with the rise in childhood obesity is a dramatic increase in diseases and conditions that were previously more prevalent in adults.

Health Problems

A new study revealed that obesity in adolescents is related with reduced heart functions and excess cardiac mass. Combined with the tendency to become hypertensive this is a life threatening issue.

Being overweight puts a greater strain on the still developing bodies of children. Childhood obesity puts children at greater risk for Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, joint problems, sleep disorders and more. One in three obese children has excess fat in their liver. This excess fat could lead to hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver failure. Not to mention the emotional toll on children who are subjected to teasing and / or isolation by their peers.

Seek Medical Help

Your physician can determine if your child's weight is healthy. The doctor will use a growth chart to compare your child's BMI to other children of the same age and sex.Cutoff points on these growth charts, established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), help identify overweight children:

o BMI-for-age between 85th and 95th percentiles – at risk of overweight
o BMI-for-age over 95th percentile – overweight

Your doctor will also evaluate your family history, your child's calorie intake and eating habits, other health conditions, and activity level.

Dr. Kal

I was an overweight child and an obese teen. I understand the physical, emotional, and mental pain it can cause. On my blog, I will provide weight loss strategies for children and their parents. Stay tuned.