Acupuncture Principles & Proper Electrode Placement On Tens & Interferential Pain Machines

Effective pain relief using a tens or an interferential unit only happens when the electrodes are placed to inundate the painful area with a pleasant, tingling, massaging type stimulus. The stimulus is creating nerve firings of NON PAIN FIBERS, sensory fibers, which makes those sensory nerves overpower the PAIN NERVES ( C-FIBERS), which are transmitting the pain stimulus. There is no magic, it’s simply a process of understanding what is the purpose of placing the tens electrodes, generally self adhering reusable electrodes, in the proper place.

Unlike acupuncture where the needle is very small, a tens or interferential electrode has a much larger stimulation area and specificity of placement is not as critical. Needles in acupuncture often are intended to interrupt an electrical energy pain path, whereas electrical stimulation is intended to be offensive and invade the area thusly interrupting and altering the electrical energy. The surface of an electrode may be 2 inch x 2 inch or 4 square inches of surface area per electrode equaling a total of 8 sq. inches, where the acupuncture needles surface is that of the needle itself times the depth the needle is inserted.

Acupuncture is a process of finding and insertion into an area a needle(s) whereas electrical stimulation (e-stim) is a process of hovering over and transmitting electrical energy in an area. Interferential has a much greater frequency ( rate-how many times machine goes off and on per second). The higher the rate, the less the resistance is, and the greater the penetration of the electrical stimulus. Acupuncture needles have to be inserted past the point of most resistance ( skin or scar tissue ) to get into the area of electrical energy to interrupt the flow.

The dispersion of the energy with estim and reusable electrodes covers a much larger area and increases the chances of pain stimulus interruption.

Electrode placement is solely about passing electricity between two or four electrodes through the painful area. As the pain moves, which is very common for chronic pain conditions such as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, RSD, back pain, radiating sciatica, foot pain, knee pain, joint pain, shoulder pain, RLS -Restless Leg Syndrome, etc., then the electrodes can be repositioned to pass the stimulus through the pain area(s).

Electrodes come in many varied shapes and sizes, from butterfly to oval to rectangular to circular and many more. The size of the electrode chosen is done to cover the area being treated. If the pain emanates in the spine and the painful area is 6 inches or so long then often a 1″ x 6″ electrode will be used, or an Oval electrode, and staggered placement, so the 6 inches per electrode of stimulation surface area (SSA) can be placed to totally stimulate the painful spine area. If the patient has knee pain then a smaller 2″ Round electrode may be used to cover the popliteal space behind the knee, which is much smaller, but the stimulation will cover the knee pain area.

Often the two electrodes per channel can be of differing shape and size depending on the severity of the pain in a specific area. This process enables the electrical stimulus to be targeted by intensity, especially when using interferential therapy. Interferential therapy requires larger electrodes due to what is called “current density”.

Current density is comparable to one standing in a shower that delivers 10 gallons per minute of water through only one small hole. If the patient is standing a few feet away under that shower head then the single stream of water would be uncomfortable due to the pressure behind the flow. Showering would be a painful process. That is overcome, by rather than one small hole add 100 more to the shower head, and now the sensation of showering is comfortable and possible without pain. With interferential the same principles apply to electrodes. Electrodes larger than typical tens electrodes are used to reduce the current density by increasing the stimulation surface area.

With interferential therapy, due to the 8,000+ rate, electrodes used are generally larger than a typical tens electrode of 2″ x 2″. Since there is considerable more energy then the dispersement area has to be greater than 4 sq. inches. Interferential therapy also prolongs the life of electrodes because, unlike tens therapy, the brief 20 – 45 minute interferential treatments produce carryover pain relief, and do not require an electrode to be worn continuously. Fewer electrodes are needed for interferential therefore also less cost.

Living With Diabetes

There are many celebrities from all walks of life that are living with diabetes. Comedic actress Mary Tyler Moore, pop singer Nick Jonas, pro football player Jay Cutler, and many others are managing to live a full life with the disease.

Learning that you have diabetes can be an emotional shock that takes some getting used to. But, as mentioned above, many famous people are doing ok, and you can also.

If left untreated, diabetes can cause major health problems. It can cause nerve damage which can lead to blindness and strokes. It can also cause damage to major organs of your body such as your pancreas, liver, and heart. And in cases where the body goes into a hypoglycemic state, it can lead to seizures, strokes, and brain damage. But none of these things have to happen if you treat the disease properly.

Living with diabetes will require two major adjustments on your part – one psychological, the other physical. Psychologically, you have to learn to accept the fact that you actually have the disease. Many people, when they are first diagnosed, go through a period of depression. Most get over it and learn to adjust. Others find it difficult to get over and can stay in a depressive state for weeks or months. This is a dangerous state to be in which is why it may be good to seek a few counseling sessions with a psychologist or therapist when you are diagnosed. They will be able to recognize any warning signs and help you to get through this phase.

You will also have to make physical adjustments. These adjustments include things such as dietary changes, learning to measure your blood sugar levels, possibly learning to inject yourself with insulin, keeping your weight under control, and a host of other things that your doctor will inform you about. You will also have to learn which foods affect you and learn to avoid or limit certain ones. The goal of all of these physical adjustment will be focused on keeping your blood glucose levels in normal and safe ranges. Your doctor will tell you what that range is and will give you suggestions and help on how to achieve that balance.

At first, the changes may seem daunting and you will resent them. Gradually, however, they will become part of your daily routine and you will think nothing more or them than other things that you do daily such as brushing your teeth, washing your face, and so on.

The one thing certain about being diagnosed with diabetes is that there will be life style changes. The changes may be small, or they may be huge – the seriousness of your disease will dictate how much change you have to make. But there will be change. To deny or ignore that fact is to basically stick your head in the sands of denial and risk the real possibility of having major health issues further down the road which can not be treated. If you have diabetes, and want to live a reliably normal life, start and continue your treatments as soon as possible.

For Women Only – Four Sex Drive Killers

If you’ve been finding your sex drive leaning more toward catching up on your reading than making love, here are a few suggestions for getting yourself back into the game, but with this caveat before we begin: remember that there’s no single remedy for a decrease in sex drive. There are as many reasons for a sagging libido as there are women who experience it. These are only suggestions for things to try.

Stress Kills Sexual Desire

The most common cause for lagging libido is stress. If you’re tense and uptight about your finances, your kids, your car, or anything else in your life, it’s difficult to relax and simply let yourself enjoy the simple pleasure of having sex. If you find yourself stressed a good deal of the time, you may want to concentrate on letting go and learning to relax.


Another common complaint is simple fatigue. If you find yourself so worn out by the end of the day that you can barely get undressed and get into bed, the chances are good that you won’t have the energy to engage in sex. After all, sex (if it’s done right) takes a certain amount of physical activity. If you’re exhausted at the end of the day, try making love at other times. You might also try dietary supplements, and although it may sound strange, getting more exercise can actually give you more energy. It doesn’t have to be exhausting. Simply walking or riding a bicycle can be enough to help raise your overall energy level.


Although we often hate to admit the possibility, after awhile, couples can fall into a lovemaking routine that can become boring, and boredom is a genuine passion killer. To combat boredom, try different positions, different locations, different techniques, and different times of the day. Don’t be afraid to talk to your partner about spicing up your love life. The chances are that if you’re bored, he might be, too, but was afraid to tell you about it for fear of hurting your feelings.

Relationship Tension

Another difficulty can arise from tension in the relationship itself. If you find yourself at each other’s throats often, it’s difficult to put that tension aside and come together in something as intimate as intercourse. If you think tension is at the root of your problem, the first step is to talk about the problem in a non-threatening way. It’s important not to try to lay blame on anyone. The problem belongs to both of you, so it will take work on both sides to resolve. After you’ve talked, clear the air by making a deliberate effort to be extra-considerate to each other. Take a bath or shower together. If you can, take a short trip that will allow you to stay overnight in a different place. Try to reestablish the magic that brought you together in the first place.

Do List Priority

Low priority: put sex on your “to do list.” Once you put off pleasure, it becomes easier and easier to postpone. Fatigue and stress replace the habit of sex. Once you turn off your sexual switches, it’s hard to turn them back on. Instead of making sexual pleasure the last thing on your “do list,” put it at the top. Label your pleasure with a secret word that prompts you to fantasize–all day long.

Of course, illness and hormonal changes can’t be ruled out, but those are situations best left to your doctor. Regardless of what’s at fault, sex should be considered an important part of your overall relationship, and if you find your interest beginning to wane, it’s time to begin looking for the cause and doing something about it.

Copyright © Claire Carter Haskins

Vanadyl Sulfate and Diabetes

Vanadyl sulfate is a form of vanadium, a trace mineral. In Europe, vanadium is often used as a natural treatment for diabetes.

Vanadium has been found in human studies to imitate the effects of insulin in our bodies. This ability may allow some of those with diabetes, a natural method to help lower blood sugar, take less insulin, or in some situations stop taking insulin altogether.

Vanadium is believed to assist in the transfer of sugar in the blood (glucose) into muscles, similar to the function of insulin. It is also believed to increase insulin sensitivity in the muscles. This is important to Type 2 diabetics especially, in that one factor in the development of diabetes can be insulin resistance.

This transfer of glucose into muscle tissue has also been touted by weightlifters and body builders. Vanadium allows the body to store more energy in the muscles, therefore reducing the need for conversion to triglycerides, for fat storage.

Diabetics should consult their physician prior to taking Vanadyl sulfate. They should also monitor their blood sugar regularly when taking a vanadyl supplement because of the potential to lower blood sugar and decrease insulin needs.

The effects of vanadium have been shown to last for weeks, even in the absence of further supplementation. Therefore, it is suggested that it be taken in cycles.

It is probably best to take vanadyl sulfate supplements for about three weeks and then discontinue their use for about three weeks. By utilizing this valuable adjunct to the treatment of diabetes in this manner, a diabetic can improve sugar control, and avoid any potential toxicity.

Choosing the Best NFL Watches For a Great Gift

Are you looking for the perfect gift for a sports lover in your life? Why not get him a gift he can enjoy now and forever? NFL watches make for a great gift. You can choose a wrist watch that has the logo of his favorite team, letting him show his team pride no matter where he goes.

Of course, not all NFL watches are the same. You need to make sure you choose the right watch, and that entails a few different factors. Keep reading to learn how to select the perfect team gear for your sports lover.

The first step is to make sure you know which team he roots for. Is he loyal to the local NFL team? Or do his allegiances lie elsewhere? Sports fans are very particular about which teams they are devoted to, so it's very important to make sure you get a watch with the logo of his favorite team. Otherwise, he may not enjoy the gift.

If you're unsure about which team he likes, just ask him. Guys love talking about sports, and your sports lover will be more than happy to talk about his favorite team. In fact, beware; you may not be able to get him to stop talking about his favorite team. Take note of this, and now you're ready to start looking for football watches from an NFL watch shop.

The first step is to look online for companies that sell sports watches. You want to make sure you're doing business with a reputable company that sells brand new, high quality watches that your sports lover will be proud to wear. You should specifically avoid auction websites and out of country retailers as they tend to sell low quality, unauthentic watches that look cheap and do not last.

Once you've found some reputable companies to consider, the next step is to compare their offerings. Most importantly, do they sell NFL watches of your sports lover's favorite team? If not, you can disqualify them from your search immediately. Look for a watch retailer that has a complete NFL watch shop with offers from all the teams. This way, you know you have access to a huge inventory and you can get the team watch you're looking for.

Of course, quality is key. Sometimes team watches are flimsy and cheap looking. They're really something an adult would wear seriously. But not all football watches are like this. The best companies sell high quality team watches that are stylish and built to last. This is the kind of wrist watch you want to look for … a watch he can wear in all different types of situations … a watch he's proud to wear.

You also want to make sure you get a fair price on the watch. Compare prices on similar team watches to be sure you're getting the best possible deal. That's the great thing about shopping online. You can compare prices in just seconds so you can always get the best bang for your buck. When comparing prices, make sure you factor in shipping costs. Some companies will offer free shipping if you spend a certain amount, helping you stretch that dollar a little further.

Finally, make sure you look at the returns policy before placing your order. You want to make sure you buy from a company that gives you a reasonable amount of time to return the watch if for any reason you are not fully satisfied. This way, you have absolutely nothing to lose when you place your order. Start shopping for NFL watches online today. They make a great gift!

Negative Effects of Bee Pollen

Despite being rich in essential nutrients and possessing certain therapeutic qualities, bee pollen does have a number of side effects that one must know about. Individuals who are sensitive to the substances may experience a severe reaction if exposed to the material through the air. There are a number of possible bee pollen side effects that could vary from minor reactions to death.

Sneezing is perhaps one of the most common bee pollen side effects. This usually causes the nose to run, the eyes itch and the throat to become considerably scratched. All of these irritations, the runny nose and the discomfort in the eyes and throat, are caused due to the production of histamine, which causes the nose blood vessels to expand. This causes a swelling of the nasal passages and a subsequent feeling of congestion. When pollen enters the body of an individual allergic to pollen, a layer of mucus is formed around the particle and it is coughed out instantly.

Pollen also caused swelling in the area into which it is injected for the purpose of treatment. If the swelling and redness continues for more than twenty-four hours or the diameter of the affected area expands to more than five centimeters, it could cause problems for the individual in question. Antihistamines and cool compresses must be used in order to appease the swelling. However, the swelling should be taken as a signal to lessen the dosage of pollen before serious reactions occur. Before you wish to attempt an increase in dosage again, make sure that you have maintained the dosage level to one that does not cause the allergic reaction for at least a period of two weeks.

Asthma is another common bee pollen side effect. There are certain individuals who are allergic to plant pollen and experience allergy symptoms if they are exposed to it through the air. These symptoms could become serious and trigger asthma attacks. Irritation in the throat and eyes could lead to a grave disease of the respiratory system which could make it difficult for the affected individual to breathe. Moreover, the bronchial passages are likely to get constricted, the production of greater quantities of mucus is triggered and an infection may develop in the bronchial tubes.

The most serious bee pollen side effect is anaphylactic shock. This is a systemic reaction to pollen ingestion. Allergy skin tests and immunotherapy could lead to the blockage of the breathing passages and require an immediate dose of epinephrine. Epinephrine is a hydrochloride intramuscular injection that helps in countering the allergic reaction. The gravity of an anaphylactic shock must not be undermined as it could lead to instant death. It mostly occurs within a couple of minutes following the injection. Allergenic extracts must, therefore, be used only once they are administered by a medical office, so that if a need for emergency response arises, the necessary medical equipment is available to counter the bee pollen side effects as soon as possible.

Speech For a Wedding – How to Write a Great One

If you've recently been chosen to be best man at your friend's wedding, congratulations. That's a huge honor. Now you've got your work cut out for you. As best man, you've got to write a speech for wedding.

Wow, a speech! Do you like writing speeches? Do you know how? These are things you should probably start thinking about, and sooner rather than later. Do not leave it all to the last minute so you're left with no other option but to start telling stories about past debauchery adventures with the groom, unless you like the feeling of standing in front of a huge group-cringe.

There are things that a speech for wedding should be and things it should not be. It should not be mean, for example. You are expected to speak in celebration of your friends' union; you are not there to roast anyone. You'll probably be bald too someday.

A good best man speech for wedding is at once appropriate (stop and think), genuine, and witty. You do not have to exhaust yourself; it does not have to be elegant, exactly, just from the heart. And if it's humorous and endearing, then these two are only bonuses. Bottom line, the most important thing is to give a speech that's both authentic and warm.

If you'd like more help on the subject, you can do a little research. Library books on speech writing may be helpful, but you're more likely to find further information online, including a speech writing workbook designed specifically for best men (the Classic Best Man Speech workbook ).

Do not let the task of writing a speech for wedding overwhelm you. Take it step by step and you will not offend anyone.

How to Close a Drill Chuck That’s Stuck Open

Finding Closure

It’s not uncommon for a drill chuck to become a little out-of-whack and, as a result, not completely close. At best, this failure to close can be obnoxious; more often than not, though, it can really clam up your productivity. This is not good. – Keep your drill tight and your mood above water with these few steps that will help you quickly close your whacked-out chuck.

First Things First:

As you know, you will find a chuck screw at the center of an opened drill chuck. This screw is responsible for a large part of keeping your chuck where it’s supposed to be. Like all things with a job to do, though, occasionally these little screws can lose their way. Sometimes, the screw may be lost altogether, but, in either case, it just needs a little direction. Because a loose or missing screw will prevent the chuck from closing entirely, you must tighten or replace the screw. Remember, that this screw is reverse threaded. Thus, to tighten the thing, you must flick that wrist to the left (counter-clockwise) and spin the screw in a counter-clockwise motion. Once the screw is good and tight, the chuck should close and grip as it’s meant to.

Coming Back for Seconds:

If the chuck remains loose or continues to revert to the out-of-whack position after you have tightened the chuck screw, there are a few other factors that might be at play – first, the screw or the screw-hole itself (inside the chuck) may have stripped threads. This would prevent the screw from staying in place which, in turn, prevents the chuck from keeping tight. If the screw threads are stripped, replacing the screw should do the trick. If the screw-hole inside the chuck is stripped, though, you probably need a new chuck.

For one or another reason, the chuck may also be locked or rusted into a loose position – or – the fingers within the chuck may have slipped, slouched or broken preventing the chuck’s jaws from gripping a bit. – In these cases, you pretty much need to either replace the chuck or have the thing professionally inspected.

Now that we’ve reached the end of this tale, I think the moral of the story is, “keep your screws tight (or you’ll end up with a screw loose,” – yes, pun intended). Good luck with your chuck and remember that tight drilling requires a tight drill (chuck).

Wholesale Magnetic Bracelet – Spreading the Therapy

You want to try wholesale magnetic bracelets if you’re taking the therapy to a new level. You get a lot of advantages by getting these in bulk. Whether you’re starting a business or simply want to share to effectiveness of magnets to the human body, you can be sure to make the most out of your investment. Learn more about potential sources and choosing quality.

Advantages of Wholesale

When you buy wholesale magnetic bracelets, price is one of the primary privileges you can acquire. Depending on the manufacturer, metal and design, you can have special discounts for every minimum purchase. Some dealers provide discounts for every 100, 250, 500 or 1,000 pieces that you purchase. You may be surprised to see overall cost to drop by as much as 50% without having to add anything more for tax, shipping and customization.

Wholesale bracelets also provide you with several options with regards to the standard model as well as additional customizations you may want. First, you will be given a catalogue or brought into a showroom featuring all available metals and designs. Here you can select the type you wish to buy in bulk. You get to choose the kind of metal like stainless steel, titanium, copper, gold, silver or even hematite. There are standard manufacturer-made designs you can choose from but you are also free to make major or minor adjustments.

Customize More for Less

When buying in wholesale, you pay less for all the customization opportunities you could have when buying an individual magnetic bracelet. Feel free to mix and match materials, add details like gemstones, Swarovski crystals or pearls and also imprints, engravings and patterns. You may also want to add charms and studs for more appeal. You have the freedom to pick every aspect down to the last detail like wrist size, link size, closure or clasp and personalized messages.

Since you’re dealing with magnets, you can also specifically indicate how much gauss you want each wholesale magnetic bracelet to have. Even in large numbers you may assign varying magnetic strengths. You can also indicate how many pieces of magnets you prefer each bracelet to have. The quality is very important to consider ensuring that the products are truly durable and will not tarnish or rust. All items should be resistant to water, heat, dust and moisture.

Ordering Online

If your source comes from a remote state or country, it is important to check the quality and magnetic strength of the final product first before having your order delivered. First, you fill out an order form which includes your name, company name, type of wholesale magnetic bracelet, other bracelet specifications and the quantity. You should ask for a couple of sample pieces to be delivered to you for verification and approval before the manufacturer starts producing in large quantities. It should take no longer than 1 week before the sample arrives. The manufacturer will make the necessary adjustments should you have any more changes.

If you’re selling wholesale magnetic bracelets online, it is recommended that you indicate the reported beneficial effects of magnetic therapy. It is also equally necessary to inform potential buyers that these products are not clinically proven and are primarily sold as fashionable pieces. General information will help improve your credibility to your target market.

Nurse Call Integration

A Nurse Call System allows patients in health care settings to alert a nurse or other health care staff members when they are in need of assistance. A signal alerts staff at the nurse's station, and usually, a nurse or nurse assistant responds to such a call. Most systems simply beep or buzz at the station or flash an alert on a computer screen. This requires a buffer to constantly monitor the system at the nurse's station or actually visit the patient's room to determine the patient's needs.

Nurse Call Integration is an application that connects Nurse Call Systems to mobile communication systems and other communication platforms. This is done through a real-time communication system often called call call integration middleware. Middleware is powerful technology that provides the messaging backbone for critical alarm and event management in thousands of hospitals today. Nurse Call integration enables the Nurse Call System to send its many alerts, in a message format, to mobile and other communication devices., Br.

There are currently many different types of communication devices in use at hospitals today. These devices include pagers, DECT phones, Wi-Fi enabled phones, email enabled devices, Smart phones, LED display signals, Cell phones and traditional desk top phones. Each of these devices provides varying levels of messaging capability. Most will display a text message which typically includes the location or room number and the time the alarm was initiated, as well as the type of alarm generated. Some systems allow hospital staff to communicate directly to the patient, while more sophisticated devices allow the staff members to acknowledge, decline, escalate or forward the messages.

Almost all call call integration middleware applications allow for multiple connections to disparate alarm and communication systems. In addition to nurse call systems, it provides a common platform for linking your mobile staff with point-of-care alerts from patient monitoring, pulse oximetry, ventilators, infant abduction, lab systems, as well as safety systems for fire, security, building management, and others. Not only does it streamline communication, but it simplifies the IT hassles involved with managing many disparate systems. These systems also provide comprehensive reporting of all events, including time / date stamps, recipients, and their responses.

There are many reasons for hospitals to implement Nurse Call Integration systems. They allow hospital staff to be mobile and more efficient by reducing unnecessary trips to the nursing station or the patient's room. Direct communications between patients and nurses reduces the response times to patient requests helping to increase overall patient and staff satisfaction. All of these things combined can lead to improved patient safety and can even mean the difference between life and death.

Reduce Stroke Risk By Eating Low Fat Dairy Produce

Great news for those looking to reduce stroke risk! Middle aged plus adults may be able to bring down their risk of devastating stroke by adding low fat dairy to their diet according to a large Swedish study.

Today, strokes are the third leading cause of death in America and can devastate not only the patient but family and friends as well. Each year over 700,000 Americans have a stroke, about 160,000 die as a result.

The study team monitored the diets of almost 75,000 subjects, both men and women. Back in 1997 participants in the Swedish study, aged 45 to 83, completed a long questionnaire covering many parts of their lives as well as investigated personal characteristics – diet, exercise, BMI, employment, schooling and medical history were all covered. When the study started, no one had heart disease, had suffered a stroke or was diagnosed with cancer.

During the decade of follow up, just over 4,089 of the subjects (2,409 men, 1680 women) experienced a stroke. More than 75% of these were ischemic (when an artery supplying blood to the brain gets blocked), while nearly 600 were hemorrhagic (when blood vessels inside the brain burst).

The team saw that those who consumed the highest intake of low fat dairy had a 12% lower chance of suffering a stroke (a 13% reduced risk of ischemic stroke) in comparison with those who had the lowest intakes. According to researchers the most likely explanation for the benefit is that consuming low fat dairy products brings down blood pressure. Hypertension is a well-recognized risk factor for debilitating stroke. Calcium may also be involved by helping to lower blood pressure.

It may well be that vitamin D is involved as well, since low fat dairy products are fortified with this nutrient. Earlier research has suggested that getting enough vitamin D might help prevent high blood pressure.

The researchers also saw that those who consumed four portions of low fat cheeses, milk and yogurts per day significantly reduced the chance of stroke compared with those who did not include low fat dairy as part of their diets. Even after accounting for risk factors for strokes like hypertension, the team saw that the reduction from low fat dairy was still strong.

When it comes to full fat dairy, the team found that these foods were not linked to a reduction of stroke risk. The reason? Full fat dairy may up your LDL (bad) cholesterol and thus counter some of the helpful effects that typically are a part of the food or drink.

This study on ways to reduce stroke risks adds to what experts know about the amazing benefits of low fat diets. But eating right is only one aspect of stroke prevention. If you're concerned about your own risk, you should also make other changes, including quitting smoking and getting more active as these behaviors can bring down your risk significantly – by at least 50%.

No Generator Output? Flashing The Field To Fix Or Troubleshoot

As a former employee and current owner of an industrial generator rental company and electrician with 15 years of generator troubleshooting experience, I’ve had many situations where the engine powering the genset is running great, but the generator isn’t producing any electricity. There are plenty of articles on the internet explaining how to flash the field in order to re-magnetize the generator, but this one will go a step further and also explain how artificially exciting a generator can aid in narrowing down the cause of the failure.


Just because you don’t see any volts on your panel meter doesn’t mean that you won’t be electrocuted. Remember, the panel meter can be flawed, check it with a hand held multimeter. Secondly, flashing a field results in a build up of magnetism within the generator. Over time of inactivity, the magnetism may dissipate entirely and flashing the field “refills” the missing magnetism. It is, however, entirely possible that the reason for the generator losing output isn’t related to a lack of residual magnetism in the generator. If this is the case, then there will be a voltage present that is lower than the rated output voltage, but definitely enough to cause a painful electrocution.


Use a multimeter to check if there is any voltage present at all. If there is, then it’s a good indication that the problem is not within the generator.

Shut the machine off and locate the voltage regulator. You’ll find 2 wires marked F+ and F-. Pay close attention to where each is and remove them. Put your multimeter on “Ohms” and measure the resistance across them and write down the result. Unfortunately each manufacturer has different values as normal, but 0 and infinite ohms are two bad news signs that you’ll require the services of a generator rewind shop. If you have ohms, leave the wires off and keep reading.


Ideally you’ll have a variable DC supply available. If not, use a 9V battery, or even a car battery and carefully hook up the [+ to F+] and the [- to F-].

Start the engine, and keep it at low idle if possible. You should instantly notice a voltage is present. As you increase engine RPM, you’ll notice the voltage will increase. Do not go beyond rated voltage. Keep the machine running for 30 seconds and shut off the engine.

Re-connect the F+ and F- to their original location. Now start the engine and see if you have volts.


By flashing the field and bringing the machine up to proper voltage, you’ve effectively ruled out any problems within the generator’s main windings (the most expensive repair).

You should now focus on the AVR (automatic voltage regulator), a fuse in line with the AVR, or a wire or switch that supplies the AVR. Do “tug testing” of wires, visually inspect everything that you can. If nothing wrong is found, contact the manufacturer of the generator and find out what the ohms of the field should be and compare it to what you found earlier.

Columbus, Ohio – The Capital Building and Topiary Garden

Today we drive to Columbus, OH to see the State Capital. Being Sunday parking was ample on the streets and the parking meters do not have to be fed. The Capital is really two buildings; the older one being neo-classical and the newer one was French Renaissance. Both buildings are connected by a covered breezeway, affectionately called Pigeon Alley. The dome does not have a cupola, because the building would have been taller than the capital in Washington, DC, a no-no at that time. Abraham Lincoln was giving a speech to the General Assembly, when news came that he had won the 1860 election. One other interesting aspect of the State Capital is that there are no metal detectors in sight. The reason given is that nothing of national importance happens there.

From the Capital we went four blocks to the Topiary Garden on the grounds of the School of the Deaf. What makes this place so special is that it is a 3-D version of George Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte." What other adaptation of that painting has been made? The topiary began in 1989 and is still a work in progress. Some of the metal forms are still visible for the taller figures and the boats are being added on a pond.

Our final stop for the say was "The Horseshoe", Ohio Stadium at Ohio State University. The streets were pretty crowded with a great police presence. The reason was that it was "Move In" day, the day more than 5,000 freshmen move their possessions into theorms. The stadium is very impressive, but Big Blue at Ann Arbor, MI still is the best.

The answer to the above question is the musical by Stephen Sondheim, "Sunday in the Park with George".

The Power of Words, Speech, and Conversation

The word that you release from your mouth determines your successes or failures. You must speak only what you want to see manifested in your life. To change the reality of your life, you must change the words that you speak on a daily basis, which makes your reality what it is. Your words contain the power to kill or heal, bless or curse, tear down or build up, create or destroy. Your conversation will expand as your consciousness expends. Your consciousness will expand as your conversation expands. Your everyday conversation reveals exactly what is in your mind, discloses what you are agreeing with, divulges what you believe in, and is there before creating your reality.

You must take control of your mind and mouth! Who you are and what you think or feel is always revealed when you speak. Your life is shaped by the predominant thoughts you entertain and the words you speak. Your words shape your world and everything in it. Since you were created in the image of God and His Spirit lives within you, then your words are of the same creative force as God's word. There is a power, an intelligence and a law that operates upon your word.

Your words are self-fulfilling prophecy. Be careful of what you think and speak because thoughts run in currents and what you think or say will attract back to you the physical equivalent containing the elements that made up the words you spoke. If thoughts were visible to the natural eye, you would see currents running to and from people that their words and attitudes have placed them on. Everyone with the same nature of thought would be on the same current. Those with a high level of motivation and joy would be on the same current. Those with similar temperament and character would be on the same current. Those depressed and unhappy would be on the same current, those who motives are to commit crimes would be on the same current. We would be able to see forces connecting those together with like mental states. Prentice Mulford, in his book Thoughts are Things states, "When you are in low spirits, you have acting on you the thought current coming from all others in low spirits.

When you speak of the attainment of your goals, you attract all the elements needed to help you accomplish those goals. When people talk of business or entrepreneurship, they attract a business current of idea, initiative, and plans. You attract what you speak about. When you change your belief system in thought, words, and emotional pattern, you change your whole body, you change your situations, and you change your reality. The more specific you are when speaking positive, the quicker the manifestation, the greater you feel, the more powerful the materialization. We decree our realities one word at a time. Define statements produce definite results.

Fourth Chakra Balancing – Symptoms and Benefits

The fourth chakra is located behind the breast bone, at the level of the heart; therefore it is also called the heart chakra. It is represented by the color green, and by the traditional 12-petaled lotus. The heart chakra is the center for everything. It represents the center of love, compassion, and spirituality, and dictates how we feel love for ourselves and how we share love with others. It is also the center point of our entire existence as it represents inner balance and is the deepest chakra in our core. In the chakra system, the fourth chakra is also the center that connects our mind and soul. The lower chakras represent our physical existence while the upper chakras represent our spiritual existence. Being in the middle, the fourth chakra represents the balance between the two.

When the fourth chakra becomes blocked or imbalanced, it results in an overall disruption in the chakra system. An imbalanced fourth chakra, in particular, would often result in the fear of intimacy and love, and one would tend to choose to run away from these emotions. When your 4th chakra is blocked, you may cut all your connections with the world, which can make you very critical and suspicious of everything. As your heart becomes more closed, you also become more isolated from the world. Physical symptoms would include: low blood pressure, asthma, bronchitis, and other lung problems.

Some people have an overly open heart chakra. Some symptoms of an overly open chakra includes: heart disease and high blood pressure. Emotionally, an overly open chakra would cause too much dependency on the love of others that you forget to love yourself. It makes you live at the mercy of other people's love and affection. This also results to jealousy and over-empathizing. When you have an overly open heart chakra, you tend to drown yourself in self-pity.

Keeping the 4th chakra open is essential for our general well-being. Because the heart chakra is the center for self-healing and detoxification, keeping it healthy and open would greatly influence our confidence and our ability to love ourselves. A balanced and open heart chakra would lead to an overall positive outlook in life. It allows you to see the beauty of the world, the beauty of others, and of course, your own beauty. Having an open chakra would also mean that you are quick to forgive and be very tolerant about the ways of others.

In the Hindu texts, the 4th chakra is known by the Sanskrit word "Anaharata", which means unhurt or unstruck. The Sanskrit word represents the mechanism of the fourth chakra. When we get our hearts broken, it causes a deep heart scar in our aura. The fourth chakra releases these scars and as a result, it also releases the pain that caused these scars, but benefit that pain, the heart heals and brings back wholeness and growth.