Choose the Best Dental Service in Your Area

You must have often read how a beautiful smile can create a good impression in seconds. It is also true that spotted, uneven teeth gives the wrong impression about a person and makes him look ill kept and dirty. Even people who are born with clear, spotless teeth need to take good care of their teeth to keep them free of stains and cavity. They should eat healthy food and brush their teeth regularly and visit the dentist often to smooth out any disorders that might crop up. Not everyone is born with good teeth, but you can always visit a dentist to do away with the flaws and get yourself a spotless sparkling smile.

Nowadays dental services are common and people can walk into clinics for consultation and treatment. Orlando dental service is of good quality since quite a few good clinics are situated in the area. The clinicians have reputed and skilled dentists who will first diagnose what the problems that you are facing. Next they will suggest a treatment based on your age, health conditions, and condition of your teeth. The clinics which provide good dental services are often costly, but they are reputed and trustworthy. There are a few other clinics which provide services at low cost, but may have dentists who are not skilled enough and may cause damage to your teeth.

Dental insurance

Dental services also include dental insurance plans, which you can arrange for your entire family. Dental insurance is a necessity not only for well being of your teeth, but also because tooth treatments can be quite expensive when done from reputed places. There are a few things you should know before you invest in a dental service plan. Firstly dental insurance will not pay for any dental problems that you already have. If you are already suffering from cavities or a broken or spotted tooth, then your dental insurance plan will not cover it. Insurance will only provide protection in case of an unforeseen event and not to existing problems. Secondly dental insurance does not cover costs for braces. Orthodontics care is not covered by general insurance and has to be purchased separately.

Keeping these things in mind you can go in for a dental service plan which will help you in the long term. And also make sure that you look for recommendations on the web or in magazines or newspapers in the locality before you choose the clinic. If you are looking for trustworthy and good quality clinics in Orlando area then your best option would be to visit .

Codependency Addiction: Stages of Disease and Recovery

Codependency has been referred to as “relationship addiction” or “love addiction.” Our focus on others helps alleviate our pain and inner emptiness, but by ignoring ourselves, it only grows. This habit becomes a circular, self-perpetuating system that takes on a life of its own. Our thinking becomes obsessive, and our behavior compulsive, despite adverse consequences. Examples might be calling a partner or ex we know we shouldn’t, sacrificing ourselves, finances, or values to accommodate someone, or snooping out of jealousy or fear. This is why codependency has been referred to as an addiction.

Experts agree that addiction is a disease, similar to other medical conditions. The American Society of Addiction Medicine defines addiction as a chronic, progressive brain disease, affecting the reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. It’s characterized by craving, denial, dysfunctional emotional responses, and inability to consistently abstain and control behavior. To diagnose a mild substance use disorder, the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-V) requires only two out of 11 symptoms, which can vary in severity on a continuum.

However, there isn’t universal consensus on the definition of “disease” itself. Previously, the definition required that it be chronic and progressive. Now, the American Medical Association defines disease as a condition that impairs normal functioning, creates harm, and has distinguishing signs or symptoms. In 1956, it decided that addiction was a disease, and in 2013 also named obesity a disease. A prime motivation in both cases was to de-stigmatize these conditions and encourage treatment.

Is Codependency a Disease?

In 1988, psychiatrist Timmen Cermak suggested that codependency is a disease noting the addictive process. Psychiatrist and doctor of internal medicine, Charles Whitfield, described codependence as a chronic and progressive disease of “lost-selfhood” with recognizable, treatable symptoms- just like chemical dependence. I agree with Dr. Whitfield, and in Codependency for Dummies refer to codependency as a disease of a lost self. In recovery, we recover our selves.

Codependency is also characterized by symptoms that vary on a continuum similar to those associated with drug addiction. They range from mild to severe and include dependency, denial, dysfunctional emotional responses, craving and reward (through interaction with another person), and inability to control or abstain from compulsive behavior without treatment. You increasingly spend time thinking about, being with, and/or trying to control another person, just as a drug addict with a drug. Other social, recreational, or work activities suffer as a result. Finally, you might continue your behavior and/or the relationship, despite persistent or recurring social or interpersonal problems it creates.

Stages of Codependency

Codependency is chronic with enduring symptoms that are also progressive, meaning that they worsen over time without intervention and treatment. In my opinion codependency begins in childhood due to a dysfunctional family environment. But children are naturally dependent, it cannot be diagnosed until adulthood, and generally begins to manifest in close relationships. There are three identifiable stages leading to increasing dependence on the person or relationship and corresponding loss of self-focus and self-care.

Early Stage

The early stage might look like any romantic relationship with increased attention and dependency on your partner and desire to please him or her. However, with codependency, we can become obsessed with the person, deny or rationalize problematic behavior, doubt our perceptions, fail to maintain healthy boundaries, and give up our own friends and activities.

Middle Stage

Gradually, there’s increased effort required to minimize painful aspects of the relationship, and anxiety, guilt, and self-blame set in. Over time, our self-esteem lessens as we compromise more of ourselves to maintain the relationship. Anger, disappointment, and resentment grow. Meanwhile we enable or try to change our partner through compliance, manipulation, nagging, or blaming. We might hide problems and withdraw from family and friends. There may or may not be abuse or violence, but our mood worsens, and obsession, dependence, and conflict, withdrawal, or compliance increase. We might use other addictive behaviors to cope, such as eating, dieting, shopping, working, or abusing substances.

Late Stage

Now the emotional and behavioral symptoms begin to affect our health. We may experience stress-related disorders, such as digestive and sleep problems, headaches, muscle tension or pain, eating disorders, TMJ, allergies, sciatica, and heart disease. Obsessive-compulsive behavior or other addictions increase, as well as lack of self-esteem and self-care. Feelings of hopelessness, anger, depression, and despair grow.


The good news is that the symptoms are reversible when a codependent enters treatment. People don’t generally seek help until there’s a crisis or they’re in enough pain to motivate them. Usually, they aren’t aware of their codependency and may also be in denial about someone else’s abuse and/or addiction Recovery begins with education and coming out of denial. Reading about codependency is a good beginning, but greater change occurs through therapy and attending a Twelve-Step program, such as Al-Anon, CoDA, Nar-Anon, Gam-Anon, or Sex and Love Addicts Anonymous.

In recovery, you gain hope and the focus shifts from the other person to yourself. There are early, middle, and late stages of recovery that parallel recovery from other addictions. In the middle stage, you begin to build your own identity, self-esteem, and the ability to assertively express feelings, wants, and needs. You learn self-responsibility, boundaries, and self-care. Psychotherapy often includes healing PTSD and childhood trauma.

In the late stage, happiness and self-esteem doesn’t depend on others. You gain the capacity for both autonomy and intimacy. You experience your own power and self-love. You feel expansive and creative, with the ability to generate and pursue your own goals.

Codependency doesn’t automatically disappear when a person leaves a codependent relationship. Recovery requires ongoing maintenance, and there is no perfect abstinence. After a number of years in treatment, the changes in thinking and behavior become increasingly internalized, and the tools and skills learned become new healthy habits. Still, codependent behavior can easily return under increased stress or if you enter into a dysfunctional relationship. Perfectionism is a symptom of codependency. There is no such thing as perfect recovery. Recurring symptoms merely present ongoing learning opportunities!

©DarleneLancer 2016

Buying Beauty Gifts for Him or Her

Just a few years ago, it was very common for only women to buy beauty products, but recently it has become more acceptable for men to care about their appearance. This is a great step forward for the beauty industry, as now both men and women can buy beauty products or book certain trips and procedures without fear of ridicule. But when it comes to buying a beauty gift, how do you pick out the right present for your near and dearest? What do you buy them?

There was once a time when it was relatively difficult to buy a loved one a special beauty gift, but now, with the advent of new technology and better ingredients, more and more products are available to consumers. However, the explosion in popularity of the beauty market has made it much easier for those in the know to choose the right product for them – but if you are unaware or unsure of what to buy, where do you start?

First things first, if you've never done this before, then start doing some research; find out what your loved one likes to use and find out where you can buy these products. Then, try to find out if there are any products or even treatments that they have always wanted to use or do, and see if you can get hold of these for them. For example, you could have a friend who's never had their eyebrows threaded, or a partner that's always wanted to have a hot stone massage – really listen to them and find out what it is that they want, and where they can get that.

Another piece of research that is very important, is finding out if they are allergic to any common ingredients in beauty products, such as products used in perfume, make up, moisturiser, cleanser or toner. Finding this piece of information out early will help narrow your search, and also ensure that you do not cause any adverse allergic reactions by accident. Also, find out what scents they enjoy smelling, so for example, get them products with sandalwood in them if they love the scent of sandalwood, but avoid lavender products if they hate the smell of lavender, you will buy them a product that they love rather than utterly despise.

For certain products, you will have to find out where you can buy these. The answer to this question could be very simple; you could get them at the local pharmacy or drug store. However, the products that use could be more exclusive, and could only be available from certain salons, spas and websites. If the product is available through a spa, you could even see about buying them vouchers for a beauty treatment that they've always wanted to do, or find out if they sell do-it-yourself kits, such as a hot stone massage kit , so that you and your loved one can try out the treatment in your own home.

Remember, buying a beauty product for a loved one, whether they're a man or a woman, does not have top be hard, you just need to know where to start, and then move on from there.

Acne and Retinol: Is Vitamin A an Acne Cure?

It’s well known that Vitamin A affects growth and development and vision. It powers up the immune system and last but not least it is essential for optimal functioning of the skin and for regulating the production of sebum. And since sebum is the oil produced in excess during an acne breakout, there is good reason to expect that vitamin A is useful in treating acne.

In May 2006 some interesting research was published in the Journal for Clinical and Experimental Dermatology. Researchers tested blood levels of vitamin A of 100 acne patients and found they were very significantly below those of healthy age matched individuals.

They also found that ” Administration of vitamin A and E to patients with acne was shown to improve their acne condition.”

Vitamin A occurs in 2 forms – retinol and provitamin A usually available as beta carotene. Simply put Retinol is found mostly in organ meat, liver and fish oil and beta carotene in vegetables. Since the body can convert beta carotene into retinol whenever it needs it there is no particular reason to consume retinol because the vegetable form of vitamin A, beta carotene, is sufficient.

Dermatologists started to use very high doses of vitamin A as far back as the 1930s to treat patients with a wide variety of skin problems. The normal intake of vitamin A is around 5,000 to 10,000 units but the dermatologists were using doses of around 300,000 units in most conditions and more than a 1,000, 000 units for others. Such high doses run a risk of toxicity. In normal conditions a patient who takes a normal dose of 5,000 units a day has no such risk.

In addition the vegetable sources of vitamin A are even safer. One important tip about safety concerns pregnancy. Retinol supplements are best avoided in pregnancy because high doses may harm the foetus.

So is vitamin A an acne cure? The evidence so far indicates that vitamin A is missing in the diet of acne patients and that providing them with vitamin A is helpful. In some cases acne scars faded away. What seems to be unclear is the dosage and form of vitamin A needed for a cure.

Until further research is published on these questions acne patients should ensure that either their diet includes a wide variety and amount of vegetables to give them a safe dose of provitamin A or that they take a supplement that gives them safe amounts of retinol. In case of any doubt on dosage especially during pregnancy a health professional with experience and expertise in this area should be consulted.

Medical Assistant Courses and Training Programs

Most medical practices prefer to hire medical assistants who have graduated from an accredited school or community college. The courses offered by these schools generally last from one to two years. An AA degree is obtained upon completion of the program at a community college. The courses vary from school to school but most include such subjects as medical terminology, physiology, anatomy, medical transcription, typing, accounting, insurance coding, billing, laboratory procedures, and record keeping. In addition to required course work, many schools require that their students participate in internship programs. These programs give the students hands-on experience in a healthcare environment and help give them an insight into their future career.

Formal training is not always required for a person to become a medical assistant. Some doctors are willing to train their assistants on-the-job but this is becoming less common today. Most offices do not require certification but do expect them to have knowledge about certain medical practices such as taking vital signs, sterilization techniques, updating patient records, understanding insurance codes, basic first aid procedures, and taking and developing x-rays. In addition to administrative and clinical courses, medical assistants take classes on how to present them professionally in a medical office setting. They learn skills that assist them in being well-groomed and polite at all times. They also learn the importance of keeping medical information confidential and secure.

Many medical practices today prefer that their medical assistants have taken the necessary steps to become certified. They concentrate on hiring assistants who have proven their competency by passing an exam offered by the American Association of Medical Assistants. Although most are not required to be licensed, they are much more in demand if they obtain their certification by this nationally recognized organization.

Enrolling in an accredited school and completing the required courses puts a person on the right path for a rewarding and lucrative career. Becoming certified makes it all that much more likely that numerous job offers will come along.

Effective Hemorrhoids Home Treatments

What To Do About Hemorrhoids?

Before resorting to drugs, conventional medication, or surgery, people suffering from hemorrhoids should first try different types of hemorrhoid treatment. In cases of external hemorrhoids, a visit to the doctor is not necessarily required, unless the hemorrhoid is acute and blood clotting is present.

Internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful, since there are no pain receptors present in the anal canal. It is hard to detect this condition, since the inflammation is not visible. Internal hemorrhoids are usually discovered by seeing blood in the toilet paper after a bowel movement.

There are four levels of internal hemorrhoids. The first degree shows no signs of bulging from in the anus. In the second degree, bulging occurs only during a bowel movement. In the third degree, bulging occurs during a bowel movement and requires to be pushed back manually into the anus. In the final and fourth degree, the bulging is constant outside the anus.

Effective Home Hemorrhoids Treatments

What are some effective hemorrhoids treatments that can be used at home? A simple but very effective hemorrhoids treatment that you can practice is observing proper every bowel movement. Use unscented white toilet paper to clean your anus. Commercially available medicated pads can be used as well. Avoid rubbing the anus and using dyed and perfumed wipes since this could worsen your condition.

Relief for Hemorrhoids Symptoms

Applying ice to the affected area a few times a day is an effective treatment method that gives temporary relief for hemorrhoids. Another reliable hemorrhoids home treatment is applying moist towels dampened with warm water.

Sitz Bath

In a Sitz bath, a patient is immersed up to the hips and bottom. This hydrotherapy method uses either hot or cold water. The hot water helps increase blood circulation in the rectal region, thus reducing swelling. It is a very efficient home treatment for hemorrhoids. A Sitz bath for hemorrhoids treatment can be prepared filling a basin with water enough to submerge the hips and bottom at least up to the navel. Use another basin with warmer water to submerge the feet. A standard bathtub can also be used as an effective Sitz bath home treatment for hemorrhoids.

Eating Habits

It is crucial for people who suffer from hemorrhoids to increase daily water and fiber consumption. It is also recommended to take stool softeners to improve digestion, lessen irritation and ease bowel movements. Changing eating habits can help bring a halt to agonizing hemorrhoid symptoms. Keep in mind that these practices may keep the growth of hemorrhoids and may even reduce the swapping, but they will not go away permanently.

There are a lot of safer and more natural options to drug treatments currently available in the market., But the methods above are considered most effective by many people to stop the irritating symptoms of hemorrhoids.

Eczema Skin Natural Remedies – Atopic Dermatitis Healing Tips

Eczema skin problems can be mild to severe and are characterized by redness, dryness, patches, scales and pink inflammation. For some people this can develop into blisters that leak fluid, thick leathery skin and roughness. Whether the eczema problem is localized or spread over most of the body, itchiness is a prime concern for most patients.

The itching can be quite disturbing and result in difficulty concentrating at work or school, problems getting a good night’s sleep and anxiety feelings that this constant itch will never stop. It has been compared to other skin problems such as pupp pregnancy rash and scabies in discomfort and intensity.

Alleviating the itching will help both your sanity as well as prevent scratching. This is especially important for children who have act very spontaneously and would often not have the self-control to avoid scratching themselves. Bacterial infections such as impetigo develop for kids scratching insect bites and rashes like eczema.

Using a good moisturizer is key to assist the skin in it’s healing process. Please be careful to check the ingredients as a recent study by Dr. Adrienne Olson showed that several over the counter moisturizers contain estrogen or estrogen-related products. This gets absorbed by the body. For eczema rash patients, check labels to be sure the moisturizing lotion is for sensitive skin. Watch out for alcohol and drying ingredients that may be in daily cosmetics used.

Perfumes and fragrances can cause allergic reactions including skin redness and itching. Even if you never reacted in past to this, it can be a factor at this point in your life. Environmental factors, medications and foods can cause allergies resulting in skin rashes even if in past you were able to be in their presence without any problems.

For natural remedies for eczema, take baths with soothing ingredients such as oatmeal or coconut oil added to water. Lock in the moisture after your bath or shower by applying moisturizer before the skin dries. Keep a humidifier running during the winter months.Supplements such as flax seed oils, evening primrose and borage oil capsules have been helpful to alleviate both itching and red skin patches of eczema.

Keeping your sense of humor through this is not always easy. It is very common for eczema skin patients to get discouraged and feel hopeless due to the chronic nature of this skin inflammation. Spend each day remembering that it is a skin problem, not contagious and not life threatening. Work to identify the triggers and take steps to minimize the triggers for the rash and keep your perspective and outlook positive.

How A Herniated Disc Causes Lower Back Pain

The back is a particularly complex part of our human anatomy. This area of ​​the body requires flexibility, strength, and a support system. Naturally, the spine is that exact component, perfect for making the back function the way we need it to.

And like any other part of the body, the spine and back can encounter problems and suffer damage. When this happens, depending on the cause, the results can be completely debilitating. So, what is one of the most common spinal injuries? The herniated disc is simply one of our most problematic back injuries. It can have the potential to be one of the most crippling.

Many have heard the term, "herniated disc" before, due to its commonality. But often, this term is misunderstood. A herniated disc is an abnormal normal spinal disc that has become punctured, chipped, or cracked. When this happens, the disc will often leak its shock-absorbing, internal fluids into the surrounding area. This cause aggravation to the surrounding area as well as greatly reduces the ability of this section of the spine to continue to function as designed.


One of the earlier symptoms of this problem, like many other problems in the back, is pain. This pain may or may not be centered around the point of origin, or injury. It may be constant or merely occasional. In some cases, this pain can actually travel and radiate to different regions of the body. Lower back pain sciatica is often associated with a herniated disc. This is the name given to the travel of the pain through the nerves to areas such as the buttocks, hip, and legs.

Aside from the pain, mobility can become greatly diminished. The area of ​​damage will not have the characteristics it had previously, which enabled it to work seamlessly. You may notice stiffness, a lack of flexibility, and less range of usability and motion. If you believe you have the signs of herniation or lower back pain sciatica, seek professional help.


A herniated disc can be brought on in a number of ways – each involving stress to the area. Sometimes, in an act of lift or pulling, too much stress is put on the area and herniation occurs. In other situations, great impact or a blow can be the cause. There are many movements and factors that can create the issue.
In addition, with age, disc degeneration is a natural occurrence. An aged and worn disc is a prime candidate for rupture, or herniation.


Prevention of such spinal issues is generally three-fold. First, there is awareness in physicality and use of the back. Use back supports and brackets when appropriate and lift with the legs, not the back.

Second, realize that this part of the body is a combination of bone, nerves, special fluids, and special conjoining tissue. And as these components require certain nutrients for natural, physiological upkeep, taking in these nutrients regularly can help. Try eating plenty of greens and fruits.

Lastly, and in the spirit of prevention being more pleasant than herniated disc treatment, work with a professional on strengthening the back muscles. This will provide extra support to the entire back and spine. Again, do so with professional guidance, as targeted back work can carry injury risks.


Herniated disc treatment is dependent on the actual condition of the disc. This must first be assessed. Once this has been assessed, generally there are five treatment routes most commonly taken: surgery, flexion distraction, muscle testing, applied kinesiology, and nutrition response testing.

Surgery is typically reserved for the most severe and awkward untreatable circumstances. Flexion distraction involves the therapeutic manipulation of the spine so as to readjust it to a correct and healing-inducing position. Muscle testing involves an in-depth, musculature approach to further diagnosing the injury. Applied kinesiology is the manipulation of tissue and musculature in the area. And finally, nutrition response testing has to do with using applied nutrition to help the body treat the issue.

Seek Help Today

If any of these issues sound familiar, do not worsen a possible debilitating condition by not seeking treatment. Often, such conditions will only worsen when ignored. Speak to a professional today.

Thyroid and Weight Problems

It is an established and accepted fact that there is a complex relationship between our body’s metabolism, body weight and thyroid. This is the reason why some people blame their weight gain or weight loss problem to their thyroid. Some people say they are fat because they have a thyroid problem. However, is your thyroid really to blame for your weight problems?

Anyone who suspects that their thyroid function is affecting their health or lifestyle should consult their doctor for diagnosis, advice and treatment if required.

Thyroid and Metabolism

The thyroid hormone plays a crucial role in the regulation of our metabolism. An individual’s metabolism, or more specifically, metabolic rate, can be measured by the amount of oxygen used by their body over a specific period of time. If the measurement is being done while a person is at rest it is called the Basal Metabolic Rate or BMR.

Measuring a person’s BMR was once one of the initial tests done in order to assess the status of the thyroid, as there is a strong correlation between BMR results and thyroid activity. Those whose thyroid glands were found to be not functioning actively were found to have low BMR readings.

Conversely, those individuals with overactive thyroid glands were also found to have high BMRs. Most doctors are no longer using these observations due to the fact that measuring an individual’s BMR is a complex process.

Hyperthyroidism’ and Weight Loss

Since the BMR of people with hyperthyroidism is elevated, it is almost inevitable that they will lose weight and struggle to gain weight. The speed of weight loss over a period of time will also depend on the severity of the overactive thyroid. This means that if the thyroid is extremely overactive, the person’s BMR will also increase resulting in increased caloric requirements for them to be able to maintain an optimal weight for their height and body type.

If the person does not increase their caloric intake to be able to counter the extra calories being burned by their body, they will very likely continue to lose more weight.

There are of course other factors responsible for regulating our appetite, activity and metabolism and they all work in a very complex manner. The thyroid hormone is just one part of this complex system.

Hypothyroidism’ and Weight Gain

Weight gain can be generally observed in individuals who have hypothyroidism and this can be substantiated by lower BMR readings.

The reduction in a person’s metabolic rate caused by hypothyroidism is often less dramatic than the rapid increase in the metabolic rate of someone with hyperthyroidism. However, unless the problems of an underactive thyroid gland are addressed by diet, medication, surgery or a combination of all three, unwanted weight gain will usually continue to occur.

When an individual with hypothyroidism initially gains weight it is not always caused by excessive fat accumulation, but more usually by the accumulation of water and salt in the body. Unfortunately low metabolic rate in combination with the subsequent weight increase often leads to less physical activity. This then compounds the issue by leading to further weight gain and the negative weight gain cycle continues.

Things to Consider to Stay Away From Diabetes

Diabetes had long been known as one of the killer diseases that has surpassed thousands of people all over the world. As time passes by the number of people getting affected by this illness are getting larger which World Health Organization even stated that its spread is quite uncontrollable. It runs in the blood and it can victimize the entire family if it's not carefully attended as early as possible.

Everyone should know that this disease is really dangerous and it can really destroy health and even cause death if not being treated accordingly and immediately. It has been reported that every year the percentage of people acquiring and going through diabetes are getting larger. Health experts, researchers, hospitals, government and non government organizations, have really been helping each other to promote awareness to public in order to stay away from this killer disease.

Some of the things that people should consider to keep away from diabetes include:

• People should consider avoiding getting fat – there are several reasons why people get fat but usually it is due to the fact that they eat foods with too much carbohydrates and sugar. Excess intake of food with high-glycema can be very harmful to health too and if it's not stopped it can lead to diabetes in later life.

• People should give importance to eating a balance diet – eating a balance diet every day really plays a very important role to every individual. It is one of the best ways to keep away from diseases like diabetes. Eating foods which are low-glycemic like fruits and oatmeal can strongly strengthen the immune system keeping the body active and away from diseases. Fiber also known as body regulator. It works well in regulating body processes and eliminating toxins from the body.

• Regular checking of blood sugar level – if you are aware about your blood sugar level you will be more protective of yourself. If you regularly check your blood sugar rate, you will be aware of the current status of your health. And if you are aware that you have got high level of sugar in the body, you will be more careful of your health then you will refuse from eating foods that will even increase the amount of sugar you have in your system. For you to be able to easily and quickly check your blood sugar rate with just a minimum amount of blood health experts are recommending to the public to use one touch diabetes meter.

Take note, if some members of your family have diabetes, then it is necessary that you have your blood sugar checked on a regular basis. It is also the same with people who are obese. As a matter of fact most individuals with diabetes are quite obese.

Hormone Imbalances and Memory Problems

Hormonal levels may affect the brain functions of people especially among women. Some of them may start to worry about developing Alzheimer's or other problems that affect the memory like dementia. People who may find it a little difficult to remember even simple things that they are doing at the moment like when cooking or forgetting where they have placed their car keys may need to go medical check-up. They have to make sure about the cause of the problem so that they may be able to address it properly through the help of medical experts.

Women may for example undergo hormonal therapy in case they need it especially those who are in their menopausal stage already. They should not take memory lapses as just normal because it may affect their memory functions if it progresses. Estrogen levels are responsible in regulating the cortisol levels. This in turn affects how the neurotransmitters functions in relaying the information from one brain cell to another. When estrogen levels go down, the neurotransmitters may not be able to function properly and this may result to lapses in memory.

Women though should not jump to conclusions that they need to undergo hormonal therapy because they are having problems with memory lapses. There might be some other health problems that are causing the memory loss such as asthma, blocked arteries in which less oxygen is reaching the brain. They may also be suffering from heart diseases which less the blood flow that carries oxygen to the various parts of the body including the brain. Other illnesses like liver and kidney failure, lung infections and urinary infections may also affect the amount of oxygen that is circulating in the body and into the brain. All of these may contribute to memory problems as well as hormonal imbalances that women usually experience.

Men and women alike have to go for medical check-ups to determine the cause of their memory problems. Tests may help medical professionals to rule out possible causes and people may be able to do something about their memory lapses. At least doctors will be able to guide their patients in case they are able to diagnose possible problems like Alzheimer's or dementia. Likewise, women who are suffering from hormonal imbalances may be able to work on their health problems not only through medication but through their diet and lifestyle modification. They may also include some brain activities each day in order to keep their brains working at its maximum capacity.

Memory Loss Research

Memory loss often goes unnoticed as an ailment simply because it does not have very obvious symptoms. But the fact is that it affects thousands of people every year worldwide and there is a lot of memory loss research happening as well. Although commonly associated with old age, latest memory loss research establishes the decreased use of the cerebral faculties as a major cause of memory loss.

Symptoms can be very mundane; for example, you enter a room but can not remember why or forgetting names. But these are no less harmful as they can advance into serious lifestyle disorders. There is however, a ray of hope, as researchers suggest that activating the temporal lobe of the brain can boost memory and reverse the damage.

The brain has a dual cortex, left and right. Each has a projection called the left and right temporal lobes respectively. The later is associated with retaining voice-intoned (singing) memories, familiar accidents, and analysis of non-verbal data. The former takes care of recorded information, recognizes monotone language, and analyzes verbal terminologies. In case a portion of the brain is lagging, recall memories linked to that part of the brain is also going to dawdle.

But can all types of memory lapses in our fast life be classified as significant memory loss? No, say researchers. But you definitely need to look for telltale signs that may indicate what kind of loss you are experiencing:

* Pay close attention to the kind of information that is eluding you. If it is something related to your daily course of life, like your marriage anniversary, or where you kept your watch, then it is high time you saw a doctor.

* Do you keep forgetting answers to questions that have already been answered? Let me be more specific. Are your friends and relatives laately commenting on your repetitive forgetfulness? Chances are high that you are experiencing short-term memory loss.

* If your brush comes out from below your study table instead of the bathroom rack and your spouse is frustrated with discovering your marriages at the most illegally of places, it is time to see the doctor.

* If your friends are completing you on your changed behavioral patterns, something you are unaware of, it may not always be a good thing. It may indicate an abrupt change in brain function.

Paying close attention to these tolling signs goes a long way in early detection and timely recovery. The sooner they are detected and psychiatrist consulted, the better.

One of the most efficient remedies as suggested by recent memory loss research is olfactory process through one or both nostrils (smelling peppermints or cloves). This activates the hippocampus and more generally the temporal lobe. One-sided visual stimulation or audit stimulation may also be very advantageous. While familiar faces stage the left amygdala of the temporal lobe, unfamiliar faces activate the right amygdala. Other curative methods can be word searches, solving mazes, looking at big letters made out of small ones, etc.

Obesity In Childhood Ups Risk of Liver Cancer

A warning for parents of children considered obese. Obesity in childhood has been shown to lead to a higher risk of liver cancer as adults according to a recent study presented at a conference in 2012.

Liver cancer, the kind that starts in the cells of the liver, not that has spread to the liver from another site, is the third most common cancer the world over. What's worse, this form of cancer will kill almost all patients who have it within the first year. Only 10-20% of such cancers can be removed fully with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation may prove helpful, however most patients also have diseases that make these treatments harder to manage.

If that picture were not bleak enough, we also know that childhood obesity, like adult measurements, has risen dramatically over the last 30 years. The percentage of US children aged 6 to 11 years considered obese was nearly 20% in 2008, while adolescent obesity stands at 18% for the same year.

To conduct the latest work on childhood obesity and liver cancer, the team of researchers looked at birth weight and BMI at school age of over 165,000 boys and 160,000 girls in Denmark who were born between the years 1930 and 1989. Of these subjects, 252 were later diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) the most common type of cancer of the liver in adults.

After examining the data, the study team calculated that by age 7 the chance of developing liver cancer as an adult went up by 12% for every 1 BMI point increase. Upon entering the teen years, the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma went up to 25% with each single BMI point. As BMI went up as a child grown, so too did the chance of being diagnosed with liver cancer as an adult. The risk was the same across genders and for all ages.

Other things known to influence liver cancer risk include alcoholism or an infection by either hepatitis B or C or other another liver disease. Yet the study results did not change when subjects who had these risk factors were taken out of the mix. This suggests that being obese in childhood was the major risk in terms of developing hepatocellular carcinoma.

Childhood obesity is known to lead to a multitude of harmful metabolic conditions, heart disease and type 2 diabetes, including fatty liver disease that may later bring liver cancer warnings experts. This is why they maintain that it is so important to keep a child's BMI in the healthy range during these years.

Losing that weight is not any easier for kids than it is for adults, but considering the risks, a healthy lifestyle should be modeled for your children. Eating a well balanced, although not entirely treat free diet is a smart start. As is being more active, not just once in a while, but on a regular basis to prevent or turn around obesity in childhood.

How to Avoid Alzheimer’s Disease

In 1906 Dr. Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist described the first case of the form of dementia during a lecture at the German Psychiatrists conference in Tubingen, which is a traditional university town in central Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He was describing one of his patients, whose symptoms were memory loss, language problems and unpredictable behavior. After her death, Dr. Alzheimer noticed changes in her brain tissue, abnormal clumps and tangled bundles of fibers. Since then, this disease is one of the most common dementia in the aging population, bearing Alzheimer’s name.

Alzheimer disease is a neurodegenerative disorder which shows progressive dementia and it is the fourth most common cause of death. There are clear pathological hallmarks of the disease, mainly in the form of plaques and tangles. Plaques are abnormal clusters and fragments of protein, which build up between nerve cells. Dying nerve cells contain tangles, which are made up of another protein. These plaques and tangles might be the reason for cell death and tissue loss in the Alzheimer’s brain.

Our brain has three major parts: the cerebrum, the cerebellum and the brain stem. The cerebrum is the major content of our skull. Its main function is in the areas of remembering, problem solving, thinking, feeling and controlling our movement. The cerebellum located at the back of our head, under the cerebrum and it controls our coordination and balance. The brain stem is located beneath the cerebrum in front of the cerebellum. It connects the brain to the spinal cord and controls functions which are automatic, such as breathing, digestion, heart rate and blood pressure.

The brain is nourished by networks of blood vessels comprised of arteries, veins and capillaries. The arteries carry blood to fuel our brain with each heartbeat.

The unique outer layer of our brain is called the cortex, which is quite clearly mapped according to specific functions. Among the major functions we can notice our sight, sound and smell, thoughts, problem solving, memory storing and retrieving and controlling certain movements.

Our brain is divided into two hemispheres; the left half controls the right body’s side and the right half controls the left side. The speech-language area is on the left side in most people. The brain contains over 100 billion neurons or nerve cells, which branches and generates connections at more than 100 trillion connection points. Brain signals are traveling via the network of neurons involving our memories, thoughts, and feelings. Nerve cells are connected to one another at synapses. A burst of chemicals called neurotransmitters are released at the synapses when triggered by the appropriate electric charge and so the ‘message’ is carried to other cells.

Alzheimer’s disease is responsible for the destructions of those neurons and to the disruption of the activity of the neurotransmitters. We also know that Alzheimer’s disease leads to nerve cell death and tissue loss throughout the brain. Over time, the brain shrinks dramatically, affecting nearly all its functions. Shrinkage is especially severe in the hippocampus, which is an area of the cortex that plays a major role in formation of new memories.

Early symptoms are in the area of learning and memory, thinking and planning, which may interfere with work or social life. At this stage people may get confused and have problems expressing themselves, organizing and handling money.

As Alzheimer’s progresses, individuals may experience changes in personality and behavior and have trouble recognizing friends and family members. People with Alzheimer may live an average of eight years. In certain cases it maybe more depends on other health conditions and other factors like genetics.

What causes Alzheimer?

It is assumed that the cause is a complex sequence of events comprising of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. We do not understand the exact cause or the contributions of those factors and it varies from case to case.

What diagnostic tools are available?

Until today, there are no effective therapies to cure, to halt or to slow down the progression of Alzheimer disease. At the same time there are many diagnostic tools to identify the disease, such as non-invasive imaging techniques to assess the aspects of neuro-anatomy, chemistry, physiology, and pathology of the disease and its evolutionary status.

One of the popular examinations is using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), mainly because it enables the visualization of the brain structures in three dimensions. Computed Tomography (CT) is another visualization tool used for the diagnosis and evaluation of dementia, especially for cases at early stages. The Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan shows brain activity in real-time associated with functions such as: reading, hearing, thinking and saying words. High activity areas are marked with red and they decrease in colors as activity level decreased. PET scan is also used to detect alterations in regional brain metabolism. This metabolic over activity is reflected as “red-hot-spots” on PET images, enabling doctors to confirm the status of suspected tumor area and assess whether they have spread. Recently, new devices combining multi-modalities are being developed such as MRI/PET. This is a hybrid imaging technology that utilizes MRI soft tissue morphological capabilities with PET functional imaging, which is effective for tumor detection.

What parts of the brain are affected?

Alzheimer eventually affects most parts of the brain. However, each person is affected differently as the disease progresses. The main brain regions affected by Alzheimer are the frontal, temporal and the parietal lobes.

The frontal lobe is located at the front of the brain and controls a range of functions such as intelligence, making decisions, solving problems and other mental and social functions.

Damage to this area causes decrease in quality of life and generates severe problems for patients to take care of themselves.

The temporal lobe is located at both temples and ears and they are responsible for the long and the short term memories. Episodic memory helps us to remember events such as where we parked our car or where are our house keys. Remembering such events requires the storing and retrieving processes located at our temporal lobe. The Ability to learn is located in these regions, so damage to these areas may lead to memory loss. This loss causes the inability to register new information and retrieve it later when needed.

Speech ability is located behind the temporal lobe at the parietal lobe. This region is also responsible for the visual system and enables visual analysis and stimuli. Damage to this area may cause abnormal speech and visual problems.

Alzheimer first affects the hippocampus which is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. It is the area of the brain in which new memories are formed. It then moves to other areas affecting different functions such as reasoning or emotions. The cerebellum and the brain stem are the last areas of the brain to be affected. This is when we lose control of basic functions such as breathing, heart-rate and blood pressure. This is Alzheimer’s final stage leading to death.

What medications are available to treat Alzheimer?

There are four FDA approved medications to treat Alzheimer. Donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine are used to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer and moderate to severe Alzheimer is treated by memantine and also donepezil. These drugs are regulating neurotransmitters. They may assist in memory improvement, speaking and help with certain behavioral problems. The problem with these drugs is that their efficacy is limited to certain group of patients and for a limited period.

What do we know about the statistics of Alzheimer’s disease?

  • More than 5 million Americans have Alzheimer.
  • The number of Alzheimer’s cases doubles every five years after age 65 and the risk is about 50 percent after age 85. About 10 percent of all Alzheimer cases are at age around 30.
  • More women than men develop Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States.
  • Payments for care are estimated to be $200 billion in the United States in 2012. It is estimated that the total cost of Alzheimer’s is $604 billion worldwide.
  • High glucose levels can double our lifetime risk for developing Alzheimer’s.
  • Stroke and Alzheimer’s share many risk factors and the likelihood of dementia is doubled after a stroke.

What are the risk factors?

There are uncontrollable risk factors such as genetics and aging and risk factors that we may control such as our life habits.

The known and established risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease are genetics and aging; both uncontrollable. Alzheimer in our close family in most cases will increase our risk probability for Alzheimer’s disease. However, even in those cases we still may not get the disease. So currently we don’t have solutions, but it is assumed that adopting healthy brain life habits might delay or even prevent the appearance of Alzheimer’s disease in certain cases.

What can we do to reduce the risk?

Healthy brain life habits are not only keeping fit from the neck down, but in addition to perform certain daily exercises. Recent emerging evidence suggests there are certain steps we can take to help keep our brain healthier as we age. Some of these steps might also reduce our risk of Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias.

  • Maintaining good blood flow – Physical exercise is essential for maintaining good blood flow to the brain. This is critical also for the generation of new brain cells. It also can significantly reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and diabetes. According to the Alzheimer’s Research & Prevention Foundation, this step may reduce the risk by 50 percent.
  • Low cholesterol diet – Low fat, low cholesterol diet with dark vegetables and fruits, which contain antioxidants, may help protect brain cells. We know that high cholesterol may contribute to stroke and brain cell damage.
  • Reducing stress – Social activity not only makes physical and mental activity more enjoyable, it can reduce stress levels, which helps maintain healthy connections among brain cells. Studies show that the more connected we are, the better are our memory and cognition.
  • Sleeping well – Nightly sleep deprivation may slow our thinking and affecting our mood. We may be at greater risk of developing symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Sleep apnea has long been recognized as a cause of decreased daytime alertness, but recent studies suggest it may also increase the risk of dementia.
  • Stop smoking – Smoking will increase the risk factor and may reduce the age of Alzheimer’s onset by seven years. Smoking has an extremely harmful effect on the heart, lungs and vascular system, including the blood vessels in the brain. There is a significant improvement in blood circulation when smoking habits are abandoned.
  • Stop drinking alcohol – Brain changes from alcohol abuse can only be reversed in their early stages. Drinking above recommended levels of alcohol significantly increases the risk of developing dementias such as Alzheimer’s, vascular and other alcohol-related dementias.
  • Brain cells stimulation“Use it or lose it” – Mentally stimulating activities such as crossword puzzles, reading, learning and interactive computer games may create new nerve cells and at the same time strengthen brain cells and the connections between them. It is believed that mentally active brain can better cope with the disease and may enable the delay of the dementia symptoms. Moreover, people who continue learning new things are less likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. The best way to reduce the risk is to be involved in activities requiring interaction, communication and new learning skills.

Is there a Mind-Body connection?

We acknowledge a strong mind-body connection. Recent studies associate spirituality with better brain health. Meditating, praying and religious practice may immunize against the damaging effects of stress. Our immune system is built to protect us from many external threats; however it fails when emotion and stress are involved.

If we permit ‘bad energy’ to enter our brain, we are flooded by bad emotions that can affect our physical body. This is the negative power of belief.

The link of mind-spirit and body is obvious. We should realize that the power of belief can also work against us and may be a destructive force.Therefore, we should avoid negativism and seek positivism. Above all, we have to believe in ourselves.

Willpower is one of the significant human driving forces. We know that there is a power in our will, as in the saying: ‘Where there is a will, there is a way’.

This willpower helps us to overcome the many difficulties and obstacles in our life. It is one of the major components needed for success.

A healthy soul requires a healthy body, as the Latin has it: anima sanain corpore sano, and in Hebrew: “Nefesh bria beguf bari”.

We know that mind and body are connected. Our health is strongly dependent on how we deal emotionally and physically with various situations and conditions. Our immune system is affected when we suffer continuous stress. General illnesses can be largely stress-related. Stress is not always negative, however. Stress is a predictable, normal and sometimes desirable human response. Stress is activated in various circumstances, such as feelings of danger or urgency. In such cases stress protects us by alerting us to danger and keeping us focused.

When stress is continuous and unrelenting, this is the point at which it starts to be harmful. It can have a negative effect in both physical and psychological terms. There is a link between stress and life expectancy. Most researchers believe that stress is a major factor in reducing life expectancy.

The author, however, believes that a certain amount of stress in reaction to certain activities can have the opposite effect. Both ends of the spectrum, namely, no stress at all and extensive stress, are negative factors which influence our way and quality of life. Some stress in a multi-tasking environment, however, can have a positive effect on our life expectancy.

Being active in multi-disciplinary areas not only gives us positive emotions and satisfaction but could also extend our life expectancy.

This assumption is partly supported by the fact that diverse activities mean we activate different brain areas.

Research has shown that negative emotions such as anger and unhappiness have a significant impact on our nervous and immune systems and are probably the cause of certain diseases. On the other hand, positive emotions such as happiness and harmony are elements which have a positive influence on our health.

In neurobiology, the material functions of the mind could be a representation of certain mechanistic properties of the brain. The brain essentially shuts down the area which generates conscious thought during deep sleep and reactivates it on dreaming or waking.

The relationship of the brain with the mind is similar to that of computer hardware with software. This analogy of the mind as software is debated by scientists, who claim correctly that the human mind has powers beyond any artificial software.

Future proposed studies and methodologies

Accumulations of new databases (NDB) of Alzheimer patients are required. NDB should also contain genetic independent cases, above 50 years old, with their detailed history of activity or inactivity, during their last decade prior being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, a correlation imaging database using MRI/PET should be created.

We should concentrate in detecting the specific location where Alzheimer’s disease may begin. This is probably a specific vulnerable area of the brain, from where the damage is spread to other areas of the brain.

We already know that Alzheimer first affects the hippocampus, which is the area where new memories are formed. We also know that the memory cells or circuit which is essential for generating and storing new memories is in the entorhinal cortex. The entorhinal cortex is an area of the brain located in the medial temporal lobe. It is functioning as a hub in a network for memory and navigation.

The entorhinal cortex is one of the first areas to be affected in Alzheimer’s disease. It would be interesting to follow the assumption that people with less or no physical activities especially after the age of 50, tend statistically to be more vulnerable to Alzheimer’s disease than those who are active physically and mentally. Accordingly, studies focusing in this area of the brain may lead to better understanding our brain system for enhancing memory.

Future gene research may lead to better understanding of the mechanisms of the disease, which hopefully will lead to the appropriate preventing treatment.

A promising research area is using stem cells for treating Alzheimer. There are many ways to approach this option. Among the various possibilities we may suggest to re-grow diseased parts, to heal rather than replace neurons or to use stem cells as drug delivery agents.

Adult stem cells have a positive effect on those who already have Alzheimer’s disease. In future they may even prevent the disease.


I believe that mentally stimulating activities in conjunction with enhancing our mind-body connections, could lead not only to improvement in our way of life, but also to significantly reduce the risk involved with Alzheimer’s disease.

Hernia Repair Surgery

A patient develops a hernia when one of his organs protrudes through the cavity in which it is enclosed. Several types of hernias are common, including the hiatal hernia and the iguinal hernia.

All corrective hernia surgeries proceed from the understanding that the torn muscle tissue has to be repaired and the protruding organ pushed back into place. There are, however, several ways in which this can be done, and all hernia repair procedures are divided up into two categories: tension suture repairs and tension free repairs.

Tension suture repairs are the older, more traditional, ways in which hernias are owned, and they involve stitching the muscle closed. These methods were, however, found to be extremely unsatisfactory as they placed the muscles under an unacceptable level of stress.

The tension free repairs composing closing the hole in the muscle tissue with a piece of surgical mesh, and there are three basic tension free repair strategies. Laparoscopic hernia repair is a minimally invasive technique where the mesh is placed on top of the muscle defect, and, while the Lichtenstein Repair also places the mesh on top of the defect, the surgery is performed under a local anesthetic through a 4 "incision. The tension free mesh technique, however, uses a 2 "incision and places the mesh through the hole in the muscle tissue where it is able to repair the tear from the inside.

If no side effects develop, a patient can leave the hospital on the day of the surgery and will be able to return to normal life within a week or two of being discharged. Strenuous exercise is, however, not recommended during the recovery period. A hernia repair can cost anything from $ 6,000 to $ 14,000 depending on the exact procedure used as well as the procedure's level of difficulty.