HIV-Aids – Latest Information

The purpose of this write-up is to give up-to-date report on HIV/AIDS and of course HIV/AIDS LATEST report since it is very popular and known all over the world as one of the major cause of death all over the world and perhaps the greatest threat to mankind which has kept scientist at work for decades and still no proved scientific cure yet. But unfortunately, according to UK Health Protection Agency, it is estimated that up to a quarter of all people with HIV are unaware that they are infected.

If you have ever had sex with someone whose HIV status was not known from blood test, you might have contracted HIV without realizing it – people that look very healthy may have HIV without knowing it.

Though HIV and AIDS are used interchangeably, it will be nice to state the difference between the two. HIV- means, Human Immunodeficiency Virus while AIDS means, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is as a result of continual attack on the body’s immune system by HIV.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a retrovirus and they enter the body through direct contact with blood or other body fluids and when it enters the body, it weakens the body immune system (it attacks or kills the T Lymphocytes and CD4 cells which provides body protection against different kinds of incoming infections) making it weak to fight against disease causing agents.

When the immune system becomes highly weak to fight back any infection in the body, that means that the patient can suffer great illness due to minor infection and thus may result to death (from AIDS related illnesses) – at this stage (according HIV/AIDS LATEST report), when the body immune system is very weak, the patient is said to be suffering from AIDS. So, AIDS is said to be an opportunistic infection (An opportunistic infection is an infection that would not normally affect an otherwise healthy person. Oftentimes, it’s these infections that are the cause of illness or death in HIV-positive individuals – not the virus itself). But according to HIV/AIDS Latest report from Centers for Disease Control and prevention, a CD4 cell count below 200 means that the person is having AIDS. When HIV enters the body, it infects T cells and takes over the activities of these white blood cells so that the virus can replicate. Eventually, HIV infection compromises the entire immune system and causes AIDS.


1. The presence of the virus in the blood system marks the first stage of the infection. And at this very stage the virus is in undetectable limits, but there is formation of different antibodies in the body.

2. Seroconversion is the second stage, and this is stage where there are lots of antibodies productions in the body to fight the HIV – Flu like symptoms may occur at this stage.

3. The third stage is a stage where there is no sign of infection, and the patient may not know about the infection at all, unless tested- this can last for several years.

4. At this stage the CD4 cell count drops below 200 – a stage where the body immune system is totally weak and this may result to infections and it is at this stage that the infection is referred to as AIDS according to HIV/AIDS LATEST report.

The Pros And Cons Of Being A Nurse Anesthetist

A nurse anesthetist undergoes training in anesthesiology to be able to administer anesthesia. In hospitals and surgery centers the nurse works under a certified anesthesiologist’s supervision. Just like any other career path, this one does have its pros and cons. It would be a good idea to weigh them when deciding whether it is the right career path for you.

The pros

The pay is attractive. Nurse anesthetists are highly paid and it is actually the earning potential that attracts many to the professional field. You can be sure to enjoy decent living when working with this job profile.

It offers you the ability to assist those in need. Contrary to what many people think, the nurses are not only there to administer anesthesia but also for pain management. They take care of patients before a surgery, during the surgery and after the surgical procedure. They therefore offer lots of help to the patients making them vital people in all types of surgeries. You will love the feeling of saving a life through a successful procedure you played a role in when you are a nurse anesthetist.

The job attracts professional respect. This is a title that demands professional respect, considering that you end up working with doctors, surgeons and other nurses who rely on each other or successful care delivery to patients. You will get more responsibility and autonomy when you are a nurse anesthetist and surgeons and doctors will rely on your advice and expertise too.

You get the freedom to control patient care. This is a fast paced field and decisions are made based on experience and education. In most cases you will manage to make decisions without involving anyone else to safeguard patient health and safety.

The Cons

The position comes with great responsibility on your part. As a nurse anesthetist you must be ready to deal with difficult situations, some of which could have you sued by patients or their family members. It actually helps to be insured just to be on the safe side when situations arise.

You might end up working long hours. Surgical procedures can be quite long and as a nurse anesthetist you must be there throughout checking on your patient. Some can go longer than expected and after they are done you still have to take care of the patient through recovery. If you are a sole nurse anesthetist in a health facility, then you would have to be ready to attend to more than one surgery in a day sometimes.

It can get boring. This is because you do not play any active role during surgery procedures yet you need to be present to monitor patient response to the anesthesia. You might need to sit through boring long surgeries

The field is very competitive and you would have to impress your employer to get hired for the job. Nurse anesthetist programs are challenging to get into but many are struggling to earn the degree and you need to be well cut out to beat the competition.

Natural Treatment for Pneumonia Using Salt Therapy

Affecting over millions each year, pneumonia is still one of the most serious sicknesses there and should not be taken lightly. Pneumonia is an infection in either one or both of the lungs that causes the germs inhaled to settle in the air sacs, also known as alveoli, in your lungs. The alveoli will begin to swell up, filling up with pus and mucus. This stops the oxygen from reaching the blood stream and it becomes increasingly harder to breathe. Other symptoms of pneumonia include coughing, high fever, and chest pain. Not treated properly, pneumonia can cause permanent lung damage and eventually be life-threatening. Fortunately, there are many things that can be done to reduce this risk.

A common form of treatment is medication prescribed by a doctor. Yet if the infection becomes viral, the medication will be ineffective. More natural treatments include drinking soup and tea, in hopes of relieving the effects temporarily. A treatment that is gradually becoming more popular is salt therapy. Salt therapy is a natural treatment for pneumonia that will make breathing an easy task once again and provide a quick recovery. The salt particles in the air will help by killing the bacteria and not letting the infection spread or the condition to worsen. Salt also has the capability to reduce inflammation and draw water to the airways, allowing the body to liberate the mucus more smoothly.

Pneumonia is known to target vulnerable immune systems, like those of children or elderly. This therapy is safe for these age groups since it is completely drug free and has no harmful side effects. In addition, it can sometimes be hard for children or the elderly to take medication. With this natural therapy, there is no problem associated with that. All that needs to be done is inhaling the salt particles. Picky children who do not enjoy taking medication won’t even notice when they breathe in these microscopic particles.

Salt therapy can even be used to prevent getting pneumonia. The more often salt therapy is done, the more hygienic the respiratory system becomes. A clean respiratory system allows for more oxygen intake, extra energy, better sleep, and a stronger immune system. Pneumonia can also develop right after a cold. By the time the proper diagnosis is given, the symptoms can be very severe. With the constant use of salt therapy, the risk of getting this illness significantly decreases as it boosts the respiratory system immunity. Healthy airways make it harder for germs to settle in and start infecting the lungs.

Home salt therapy is a long-term treatment compared to other treatments. It is recommended that the patient undergoes home salt therapy on average around seven or eight hours. This may seem like a lot of time, but salt therapy is recommended to be done when asleep, so it does not have to alter daily schedules. Salt therapy has even been linked to better sleep. The clearing and expanding of the airways provide proper airflow, which in turn lets the individual have a more restful sleep and wake up even more refreshed in the morning.

When considering treatment options for pneumonia, salt therapy brings many benefits to the table. It’s non-invasive, natural, and also leaves you in better shape than before. This treatment also quickens the recovery process and decreases the risk of getting this illness again. Even on medication, it can be used in conjunction and will benefit you greatly. Try salt therapy today!

Artificial Intelligence, Responsibility And Christianity

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a specialised branch of robotic control engineering applied to the human-machine interface. Significant research programmes are developing the next phase of artificial intelligence. Is the intriguing goal of creating humanoids with a sort of self-awareness an attainable goal? Even without self-awareness, robots have multiple uses, even learning to tackle more challenging tasks. There are many interrelated issues here, not least those of ethics and State regulation. This brief article aims to discuss these on an introductory level, and also how this challenges Christianity.


As a specialised branch of automation, industrial robots have been around for a long time, and used for many routine tasks such as holding welding equipment with control features for picking and placing for the rapid and repeatable joining of car body panels. Robots able to pick and place are commonly used in the manufacture of small components and for the assembly of numerous mass-produced domestic and industrial products. Now, with the prospect of further advances in commercially available robots, some employees fear the threat of redundancy.

For a basic distinction, while computers are able to process large amounts of coded information, such as your personal computer with a link to the Internet, a robot takes process automation to a stage where it performs specific mechanical movements in, for examples, industrial production, performing delicate surgical procedures, or inspection tasks such as in food production, and the automobile or pharmaceutical industries.


Then, as developments progress to artificial intelligence (AI), the computerised control goes beyond a programmed sequence of movements to the point where freedom, choice and learning may take place. Thus, a robot with sensor and vision systems may be given a choice between several optional movements, and be programmed in such a way that based on its past actions, when faced with various alternatives, it may remember its optimised choices and use them whenever it is presented with that same or similar challenge.

Perhaps, going beyond that, some robots have been programmed for higher-level responses to problem-solving so they appear to possess particular brilliance in medical diagnostics, surgical intervention, or in chess-playing, for instances. What is clear, though, is that we are still talking about machines; we are not talking about anything like human rationality. The higher-level AI humanoids designed for complex social interactions will remain machines.


Robots, called androids, because they are designed to resemble humans, will bring many challenges to society, as their presence may become a feature of everyday life for some people. The ethical use and sociology of androids with AI will need great care and regulation involving special training in human-robot interaction. It is clear that particularly vulnerable people, perhaps with psychiatric or emotional illness, may become very attached to a personalised robot, and respond to them as if they were a real person. And people with autism, for instance, may prefer the zero-emotion, predictable socialised responses of an AI robot to those of a family member.


But as AI robots remain machines, we should avoid thinking of them anthropomorphically as if they had real human personality-type traits, or emotional sensitivity or warmth. The machine does not have a care in the world, and will never suffer real moral guilt, nor ever have the ability to develop social awareness or responsibility to the point where it begins to act in society as if it was a sort of human sub-species.

With this sort of emerging society, there will need to be international agreements and careful regulation. For just as it may be possible to develop humanoids and androids with apparent sensitivity, a caring smile and learned skills, so a developer with a devious mind, or a hostile nation, might well put AI to all sorts of ulterior, or immensely threatening activities. This represents serious challenges, and as I write with biblical Christian convictions, our calling continues to be salt and light in a dark, increasingly hostile world, dominated by much futile thinking, due to the obstinate rejection of God’s revealed truth in Jesus Christ.


And if men and women think they have the intelligence to replicate themselves artificially to a degree where there is almost no difference between them and their own creations, they have fallen into debased and futile thinking. Mankind, before the Genesis fall, was the apex of God’s creation. And despite our being moral rebels against God, or sinners, by nature, we are still wonderful and unique persons. To assume we are merely naturally evolved, electro-chemical thinking machines with artificial self-awareness, is a shocking and degrading self-condemnation to depersonalised futility, with no objective value, real responsibility, or meaning. And if you never heard anything like that before, now you will never be able to say you were not warned!

Against this wider setting, it is only biblical Christianity which has a clear basis for the objective value and meaning of our humanity within a clear ethical framework for a healthy human society. Despite the serious moral rupture between the first human pair and the living God, our Creator, we still retain a sense of justice and of objective wrong. There is still a common genuine moral protest against murder, theft, rape, starvation and warfare that acts as a preservative for society.


With increasing secularisation of social models and patterns of what are deemed acceptable behaviour for humanoids will come many challenges for Christians. Here, we may face things that run counter to Christian values of truth, purity, freedom of speech, genuine moral accountability, and freedom to proclaim Christ as the only Saviour for genuine moral guilt. So, biblical Christians will need to learn how to bring the gospel of Christ to people who are becoming increasingly devalued, degraded and dehumanised by immoral and permissive life-styles and open to manipulation by authoritarian-type androids as tools for further social re-engineering by aggressively humanistic secular States.

Thus, it appears that all future developments in AI will need to recognise that however advanced and free to carry out non-previsioned actions, the type of intelligence and its potential for its own in-built development, will remain the responsibility of its developers, manufacturers and licenced operators. AI robots will need carefully designed, enforceable regulation and guidance for their effective and beneficial application to society. And people now in moral revolt against God, although originally made in his true likeness, will always stand in great need of a personal reconciliation to God on the basis of the finished work of Christ on the cross, something an android will never need.

Get Rid of Acne Fast For Beautiful, Clear Skin

Have you ever wondered if there was a foolproof way to get rid of acne fast so that you can finally steer clear that thick cover-up you use on your face to hide the inflated red dots that are covering parts of your face?

Unfortunately, some people just do not know how to manage their acne problems-instead of helping them die down peacefully, they do all the more annoying things, causing them to swell and get even redder, if that's even possible .

Fortunately, however, there are many ways to get rid of acne fast and while not all of these techniques will work on you, they are easy to try on your skin to see how effective they can be. Once you've collected those rituals that work best on you, then you will have mastered the art of eliminating the acne problem without going through the usual route of annoyance and frustration just to get to that point.

Here are some ways to get rid of acne fast and live a worry-free life that allows you to flaunt clear, beautiful skin with pride:

• Steer clear of popping. No matter how tempting those full, red spots and pimples look, hold off from trying to pop it too early. Do you know why? Premature popping leads to permanent skin marks, which can be even more frustrating for you because they are, well, permanent. Once you collect a good number of those, it'll start becoming more difficult for you to cover them up with simple make-up. So here's the general rule of thumb: Just do not pop. Another piece of advice? Let it run its course-spots and pimples will die an historic and peaceful death. Let it do so without you beating it to it.

• If you really can not resist popping your pimples, at least make sure your fingers are clean. When using a needle to pop the surface of the pimple, make sure it is sterilized with alcohol as it may contain germs that can enter an open area of ​​the skin-such as a popped pimple-and cause the infection to worsen. As mentioned, popping spots is ill-advised! Best not to do it at all!

• Go for acne treatment products! There are so many over-the-counter and pharmacy-type lotions and creams that aim to get rid of acne the safe and easy way. Try those instead of popping your spots for better results and lower chances of obtaining permanent marks on your skin.

• When all else fails, see your doctor. Sometimes, your acne condition may require more serious attention than simply popping them or leaving them to dry out. If this is the case, do not wait until you've got breakouts all over your body before you consult a doctor, as you may need special treatment or treatment for this. Your doctor may even recommend you consult a dermatologist. (An expert skin doctor.)

As you can see, it is indeed possible to get rid of acne fast by following simple tips and rituals that you can incorporate into your lifestyle.

Do not let your life be ruled by whether or not a breakout can prevent you from going out-know how to get rid of acne fast and life can be simpler, easier and happier because of that.

A Guide to Fruits that Increase Testosterone

Diet and Testosterone….

Are you searching for ways to boost your testosterone levels naturally? Have you looked at your diet?

The following is a collection of tips from doctors, scientists and fitness experts about a healthy diet for optimum testosterone production, including lots of foods and even fruits that increase testosterone production.

Testosterone is produced by the body and is not found in the food we eat; however, certain foods lead to testosterone production and better blood circulation, which carries the testosterone to the appropriate organ, while other foods should be avoided.

So foods that encourage testosterone production may be called — for lack of a better term — testosterone food sources.

Testosterone Food Sources


Zinc: The best source of dietary zinc is meat. The best meat choice is the white meat of chicken. The best fish choice is salmon. For vegetarians, choose peanuts or beans. No fruits that increase testosterone in this category, because plant sources of zinc are harder for the body to use and are not good testosterone food sources.

Vitamin A: essential for the normal function of the reproductive organs. Lots of fruits that increase testosterone in this category: apples, blueberries, cantaloupe, pineapple and citrus fruits, just to name a few. Other food sources of Vitamin A include fish (salmon, again), leafy greens (spinach) and brightly colored vegetables like tomatoes, red peppers and yellow squash.

Hope you like salmon, because other than being an excellent source of Vitamin A and zinc, as well as protein, fish oil is said to keep SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) levels lower. When testosterone runs into SHBG in the blood stream, it becomes attached to it, and then can’t interact with any of the body’s cells.

The net effect of testosterone that is attached to SHBG is the same as a lack of testosterone since it is prevented from having any impact on the body. Salmon might be your number one testosterone food source followed closely by oysters which are naturally rich in zinc.

Diet and Testosterone


The following foods are not testosterone friendly food and drink sources: fried foods, sugar and caffeine over stimulate the adrenals, which produce some testosterone. Over stimulating the adrenals leads to “adrenal exhaustion”, means they are not going to produce testosterone or anything else.

So a breakfast of hash browns, toast with jelly and coffee with cream and sugar would have pretty much everything in it that you want to AVOID if you are looking for testosterone food sources.

In conclusion, a healthy diet and testosterone production go hand in hand.

It is not possible to include here all of the good testosterone food sources or even all of the fruits that increase testosterone.

Consult a nutritionist or dietician for a personal plan that addresses your individual needs.

In the meantime, for breakfast tomorrow have an egg omelet (egg yolk contains cholesterol which testosterone is made from) with tomatoes and red peppers (sources of Vitamin A) and orange juice to drink. Follow that up with some alfalfa-sprout toast (alfalfa is said to be a sexual stimulant) and some fresh apples, pineapples or other fruits that increase testosterone and you are sure to have a good start to your day.

7 Health Benefits of a Low Carb Diet

When people turned to a low carb diet, it was because they had become popular as an effective weight loss method. However, they were thrilled to discover there are also many health benefits to starting this kind of diet.

Higher HDL Cholesterol (good cholesterol)

HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is known as the “good” cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) is known as the “bad” cholesterol. Recent studies have shown that both low fat and low carb diets decrease LDL, however in combination with the decrease in bad cholesterol, they also saw an increase in good cholesterol. Good cholesterol runs through your blood stream and actually helps to remove LDL. As HDL removes LDL it is literally cleaning your blood system lessening your chances of heart disease and stroke.

Weight Management

As you will discover, eating low carb is the perfect diet if you have tried to lose weight and failed in the past. Because it offers so many tasty options, it is very easy to adopt for both weight loss and weight management. There is a combination of factors that add to the effectiveness of the kind of diet:

  • Protein consumed in this diet keeps you feeling full longer, so you eat less.
  • Because you are feeling fuller for a longer period of time you also are less likely to want to cheat.
  • It allows you to burn energy as opposed to store fat.
  • The protein in this diet helps to jump start your metabolism.


The low carb diet also offers you a balanced diet. Eating fresh meat, fish, vegetables and dairy offers you not only healthy choices, but reasonable portions and a wide variety of foods and meals that keep you satisfied as they are a pleasure to consume. The key is to eat less bad carbs and more good protein combined good carbs which include:

  • Low glycemic fresh fruits, like apricots, raspberries, strawberries and blackberries
  • Non-starchy vegetables, asparagus, green beans, broccoli
  • Nuts
  • Unsweetened dairy products, such as yogurt, sour cream, cheese

Lower Blood Pressure

Lower blood pressure due to weight loss is common, regardless of diet. However studies have shown that half of those who used a low carb diet were able to discontinue their blood pressure medications compared to only 21 percent of those who used a low fat diet.

Lower blood insulin level

Insulin is a hormone your body uses to store fat. The more bad carbohydrates you eat the higher your blood insulin level. Eating Low carb lower your insulin levels by cutting out bad carbs including:

  • Refined grains like white bread, white rice and enriched pasta
  • Cake, candy cookies and chips
  • White potatoes
  • Sweetened soft drinks
  • Sugar

Improved Triglycerides

Triglycerides are storage fats that travel in your blood stream. Low carb diets reduce triglycerides with the consumption of a lot of meats, green leafy vegetables and low carb fruits.

Reduce Blood Glucose for Diabetics

Because eating less carbs lowers your insulin levels, you are better equipped to keep your blood glucose levels under control which is an important factor if you have diabetes.

As you can see there are many incentives to start a low carb diet and set yourself on the path for a healthier lifestyle.

Stay healthy and live well,


Secrets of Low Carb Dieting Part 1 – Get All the Benefits of Low Carb Dieting With No Problems

If you examine the list of possible side effects and disadvantages of low carb dieting then this may be enough from stopping you ever reducing your carbohydrates intake. However most of the issues arise when using a conventional low carbohydrate diet where you strip out all of the carbohydrates completely from your diet. (A good example of this is the Atkins Diet.). However people like bodybuilders, fitness models and many actors who are looking to get perfect bodies with very low levels do things a little differently and more importantly without the negative effects of traditional low carb diets.!

For most people who get super lean I would guess that they are controlling their carbohydrates intake but not completely cutting out carbs altogether. Now to do this and get all the benefits of low carb dieting without the side effects there are three secret techniques you can use. The first technique we are going to discuss in this article is a very simple one and is known as carbohydrate tapering.

This is the practice of basically eating the majority of your carbohydrates early in the day and fewer or none at all later in the evening.

The carbohydrate tapering technique for maximum fat loss

If you have read much about nutrition and in particular nutrition strategies for fat loss then I'm sure you have heard of eating regular meals throughout the day. Some people may advocate 5 some as many as 7 but the basically it is all about consuming food every three to four hours while you are awake.

On its own this strategy is very successful as long as you are eating within your calorie allowance. However these meals do not all have to be the same size so if you want to speed up your fat loss (who does not) then a quick and simple way to achieve this is to reduce the size of the meals later in the day.

As I mentioned before this technique is known as "calorie tapering" or "carbohydrate tapering." All this means is leaving out the starches (potatoes, pasta, bread, rice etc) in your evening and late afternoon meals, and just having your green fibrous carbohydrates, lean proteins and essential fats.

A good example of such meals would be a large green salad and chicken breast with olive oil & vinegar dressing or a piece of salmon with broccoli or asparagus.

Just by this simple method you are now shifting the rations within your diet towards less carbohydrates and higher protein that if used in conjuction with a good fat loss program of exercise can cause massive increases in your results.

Cause Of Hair Loss – A Comprehensive 13 Point Checklist

There may not be a single cause of hair loss in many cases but rather a number of factors may contribute to thinning or losing hair.

The following 13 point checklist will help you identify which causes of hair loss may apply in your case. But first a word about hair growth cycles.

Hair Growth Cycles

Hair is constantly going through cycles of growth, resting, shedding. When hairs that are lost are not replaced, or when more hair follicles go into the resting phase, hair loss becomes noticeable.

While there is ongoing debate regarding causes of hair loss, the list below shows many of the common contributing factors:

#1: Ageing

The period for hair loss is between the 20 and 50 years of age. Some individuals arrive at the advance stages of hair loss sooner than others although it becomes increasingly evident as people advance in age.

#2: Cosmetic Chemicals

This can be an unrecognized cause of hair loss, especially bleaching, permanents, and coloring products.

#3: Drugs/Medications/Radiation

This cause of hair loss can include anticoagulants, antidepressants, contraceptive pills, amphetamines, some arthritis medications, some antibiotics, some blood thinners, medicines for gout, drugs derived from vitamin-A, certain drugs for ulcers, beta blocker drugs for high blood pressure.

Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy halt the growth phase of hair follicles which results in a sudden hair loss as those follicles all shed their hair at about the same time.

#4: Heredity

Androgenetic alopecia is the term used to describe a genetic predisposition in men and women for pattern baldness or pattern hair loss. Although there is a dominant tendency for male pattern baldness, female members of a family can be transmitters as well.

#5: Hormonal Imbalance

If the male and female hormones, androgens and estrogens, are out of balance, hair loss may result. Also an overactive or underactive thyroid gland can contribute to hair loss.

#6: Illness and Severe Infections

These can include scalp fungal infections, Thyroid disorders, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Diabetes, Lupus.

#7: Immune System Disorder

Alopecia areata is an immune system disorder which causes hair follicles to stop producing hairs. Advanced forms of the disorder are identified by the terms alopecia totalis when all head hair disappears, and alopecia universalis which results in all body hair disappearing.

#8: Menopause

This can be a main cause of hair loss in women. Due to hormonal changes after menopause, some women find their hair begins to thin.

There are a variety of treatments available involving hormone replacement therapy (HRT). There may be side effects in some cases and experimentation may be necessary under the guidance of a physician.

#9: Poor Blood Circulation

Poor blood flow to the scalp, insufficient nutrients in the blood, or poor drainage of waste products through the lymphatic systems can all contribute to hair loss.

#10: Pregnancy

Three to six months after delivering a child, many women notice a degree of hair loss as the hair goes into a resting phase because of the physiological impact of the pregnancy on the body.

#11: Pulling

Traction Alopecia is the term used to describe loss of hair from constant pulling, as with tightly braided hair styles such as pony tails.

Also the improper use of curling tongs or rollers can tug the hair so it weakens.

#12: Sebum Buildup

A basic cause of hair loss is sebum buildup in the follicles which attacks the hair bulb, the rounded area at the end of a hair strand which is rooted in the follicle. Sebum causes the hair bulb to shrink so the hair is not as well rooted.

After the hair falls out the new hair strand growing in that follicle is weaker and thinner and the process is repeated until the hair follicle is so damaged it dies. (Sebum is a fatty substance secreted from the sebaceous glands most of which open into hair follicles.)

#13: Stress and Nervous Disorders

Telogen Effluvium is the term used for a slowing down of new hair growth because of sudden or severe stress. The stress triggers a large number of hair follicles to enter the resting stage, so a few months after the stressful event, those follicles shed hair at about the same time.

From the list above you may be able to identify the main cause of hair loss in your case. Don’t hesitate to get professional advice from a medical practitioner if the reason is beyond your direct control. Early action can save much anxiety later!

Childhood Obesity and Funding

Our school district just announced it is closing two elementary schools. It's not because of low attendance. It's because we do not have the money to keep them. This will have a big impact on all of the kids and most of the families.

Closed Schools : This is going to up the average bedroom size from kindergarten through sixth grade. It's going to decrease the effectiveness of the teachers because they will have to spend more time keeping the class in order and will have less time for teaching. The children will receive less personal attention and it will cause problems with some when it comes to report card time.

On the playground it means more children for the adult supervisors to watch. The number of children who are required to sit instead of play will increase because there will be an increased time to get to those misbehaving.

Art and Music Gone : There are not many studies on how art might prevent weight gain but there are a few on music. Music calms the human brain and decreases stress hormones. Ten minutes a day could be vital in childhood obesity prevention. They are not getting it at school anymore.

Physical Education : Believe it or not some schools have actually cut out PE We know our children need exercise but the schools are slowly moving to end it during classroom time. Whether it's budget cuts or insurance problems this is going to have an impact on our children both in learning that exercise is important and in preventing childhood obesity.

What Can We Do ? We may not be able to put all of these programs back into our schools but we can bring them into the community. There may already be programs set up but they could probably use volunteers. If you have knowledge or talent to share, talk to them.

We can also work with our own children. Even if you can not play an instrument you can introduce the kids to all sorts of music. The wider the variety the better. We can encourage them to draw, water color or work with play dough. We can take them out for a bike ride, go to the park and shoot some hoops and otherwise get them moving.

Those things will do something else that will help with adult obesity. The things that we are doing with our kids give us exercise. It also teaches our children that these are not just things kids have to do. Adults have to do it as well. It sets a life long pattern.

Dental Cavities: Treatment Methods

Have you been falling back on your dental check-ups and beginning to notice stains on your teeth and mild pain? You probably have developed dental caries, which left untreated can cause serious damage to your teeth. The earlier you visit your dentist the higher the chances of saving yourself a lot of unnecessary pain and discomfort.

Dental hygiene practices usually manage to keep your teeth healthy. But there is no harm in going to your dentist at periodic intervals. Usually these casual check-ups reveal the beginning stages of dental caries and can be fixed with a simple filling. However, if you don’t treat the caries at this early stage, you may need more complicated procedures that will need several sessions.

A dental cavity is formed when the acid produced by the bacteria contained in dental plaque starts eating through the hard tooth enamel and reaches the softer portion under the tooth called ‘dentin’. Once the dentin is infected, there is a chance of forming an abscess, which can only be treated with a root canal procedure or the tooth may have to be extracted.

There are three broad methods of treating dental cavities depending on the severity.

1. Filling

2. Filling and placing a crown

3. Root Canal Therapy

If the tooth is only slightly stained with black or white spots, the dentist would opt to clean it thoroughly with a dental hand-piece and then fill up the cavity with a very soft and pliable filling material. The filling is spread out evenly to cover the problem areas of the tooth and then a curing light is shone on it to harden the substance. Within 20 to 30 seconds, the light reacts with the filling material and makes it very hard.

If there is sufficient damage to the tooth and large metal fillings had to be used to save the tooth, then the dentist would advise a crown. For this, the tooth would be prepared and shaped to be able to accept a crown. Then an impression is taken to build a model of the tooth on which the crown will be made.

A crown could be made entirely of metal or entirely of ceramic, and in some cases a combination of both ceramic and metal. Once the crown is ready to be placed, the dentist uses dental cement to fix it onto the prepared tooth. The final outcome is a tooth that looks and feels like your natural tooth!

Although the term ‘root canal therapy’ brings up horrifying images of drills and loud noises, it is actually a very gentle way of cleaning the canal and the patient is sufficiently anaesthetised throughout the procedure. The bacteria in the canal is cleaned out using sequential files and then filled with a bio-inert material to protect the tooth from fracture. Additional support is given with a glass fibre pin to offer support to the crown that will be placed on the tooth.

With all the advances in dental technology, dentists are able to effect tooth rescue operations with ease. It is only in rare cases, where the tooth has been totally neglected that it is extracted. Go ahead and make that dreaded trip to the dentist, it may not be a painful decision after all!

How to Increase Testosterone Naturally

For some people, increasing testosterone by supplementing the body’s depreciated blood level with natural testosterone is preferable to increasing testosterone using synthetic testosterone.

To increase testosterone naturally is viewed by many as a much safer route over using synthetic testosterone.

Although potential side effects exist with almost every means to boost testosterone this does not mean the majority of people will suffer such side effects. We will first discuss prescriptions and then get into non-prescription methods.

As a side note, there are people who refer to some of these prescription methods as “natural” whereas other people believe natural testosterone has to come from such things as diet, herbs, and non-prescription means to get the body to manufacture more of its own testosterone.

Whatever you happen to believe, we will discuss all of these methods briefly in this article.

Using transdermal systems is now one of the most highly regarded ways to increase testosterone.

Transdermal patches that can be applied to areas of the skin is considered an effective approach to increase testosterone hormone. This is because as much as 92% of men tested for increasing testosterone this way received an adequate level of the hormone.

There are currently two types of patches on the market for increasing testosterone. One is applied to a shaved area of the scrotum. Testoderm is an example of this. The other way to use a patch is to stick it on the torso or appendages. Androderm is an example of this kind of testosterone.

Androderm is applied to the abdomen, lower back, thigh, or upper arm. For greatest effectiveness it should be applied at the same time every evening between 8 p.m. and midnight.

A scrotal patch is defined as non-permeable. Using Androderm to increase testosterone naturally is considered permeable. In effect, this consists of increasing testosterone by having the body absorb the testosterone into the bloodstream through the skin.

Another transdermal way of increasing testosterone is through the use of a testosterone cream. Testosterone cream is becoming more and more popular because it does not irritate the skin as much as patches or the other transdermal testosterone form, testosterone gel.

Testosterone cream is applied once every 24 hours increasing testosterone also through releasing testosterone into the bloodstream. This form of natural testosterone can be spread on different areas of the body including the upper arms, shoulders, thighs, and stomach area. Testosterone cream can only be used in eight week intervals before a break is required.

Transdermal gels are additional forms of testosterone delivery. To increase testosterone using gels apply once daily to the clean dry skin of the upper arms or abdomen. When increasing testosterone with gels it is important to allow them to dry before getting dressed. This form of testosterone must be spread on the body at least six hours before bathing or swimming.

A way to increasing testosterone that is not transdermal is to use injections of testosterone into the skin. This manner of increasing testosterone has a disadvantage: the blood level of testosterone varies with time. The way to deal with this is to administer the shots every two weeks to increase testosterone in as uniform a manner as possible.

Yet another method to increasing testosterone consists of implanting pellets under the skin. These pellets discharge constant time released dosages of natural testosterone increasing testosterone for a period of six months before having to be replaced. This form of boosting testosterone has the advantage of not needing to be fussed over on a daily basis.

An interesting form of boosting testosterone as an indirect method to increase testosterone naturally consists of using an herb called tribulus terrestris

Tribulus terristis has a long history of being used by many different cultures to treat sexual disorders. It does so by increasing a lesser sex hormone known as lutenizing hormone. Lutenizing hormone stimulates the pituitary gland to produce testosterone.

To increase testosterone naturally by using this method takes advantage of the body’s own physiological capacity for increasing testosterone. Many athletes and bodybuilders now use tribulus terrestris as a legal way to boost their testosterone levels without having to resort to illegal steroids.

Lastly is diet. Eating certain foods helps the body to increase testosteorne naturally. Some of the best foods to eat are oysters, eggs, beef, garlic, and broccoli.

Treating Constipation in Children

This article concludes my overview on constipation in children. To get a better perspective of the subject, I refer you to my two previous articles titled, ‘Constipation in newborn babies,’ and ‘Constipation in children: causes, symptoms, signs and other considerations.’

In General

When a clinician comes across a child with constipation, they narrow their assessment down to whether to prescribe medications or to recommend a natural remedy. The age of the child, the period of onset and the severity of the constipation come into account in making decisions. Is there any underlying disease? If a clinician suspects an underlying illness, he or she is obligated to look into and address such causes.

Luckily, in the majority of children with constipation there is no major underlying illness, so a clinician proceeds with trying to make the child achieve regular bowel movement.

Some children may need longer treatment time, involving multiple medical specialties and even behavioral therapists, in order to solve their constipation problems. Seeking expert opinion from trusted clinicians is very important in persevering with prolonged management in certain children.

What is presented here is a simplification of what could be a very complex medical issue.

My favorite food list to combat constipation

For babies who are already six months old and on solid food, and for infants under the age of one year, I tend to suggest first that parents add fruit juice or prune juice to the diet. Use two to four ounces of 100 percent apple or pineapple juice divided into several small drinks a day. Stop the extra juice when the baby moves its bowels; over-treating the baby leads to diarrhea.

Beans, vegetables, plums and other whole fruits are my favorite foods to combat constipation in older children. My usual ‘limit, don’t eat’ list includes chips, processed food, pizza crust, cheese, French fries, fried plantain, and French toast sticks.

Medical ways to treat constipation

I reserve rectal stimulation and a limited trial of glycerin suppository for newborn babies and those who are below six months and not yet on solid foods.

Older children and teenagers often require medication in addition to dietary counseling to treat their constipation. And because constipation in older children may have been going on for weeks or even months, treatment may need to last a long time to achieve adequate daily bowel movements.

There are many medications available to treat constipation, some of which do not require a prescription from a licensed medical practitioner. When indicated, clinicians recommend treatment based on their experience and familiarity with a particular medication.

Medication choices and availability also differ, depending on where an individual lives and in what country their medical practitioner resides. Side effects, including allergies and life-threatening reactions, can arise from the use of any medicine, so be very watchful while your child is on medication. If unsure, stop the treatment and call for immediate expert help.

Below are a few of the popular medications available for treating constipation in children in the United State of America.

Six popular medications used by pediatricians to treat constipation in children

Miralax: Though this powdered medicine has not officially been approved by the FDA-Food and Drug Administration-USA for use in children, it continues to gain popularity among clinicians. Some clinicians say they have even used it in children as young as six months. I do use it in older children. Of note is that several parents have reported rage, hostility and mood changes in their children during the period they were on Miralax.

Lactulose: This medicine, which contains sugars, lactose and galactose, is a very reasonable choice if treating constipation in children, unless the child suffers from diabetes or a genetic disorder called galactosemia, in which the body does not have the capability to deal with galactose. Details on dosage and side effects can be found on the medication labels. I did not find Lactulose displayed on the shelf in the drugstores I visited. A clinician’s guidance is needed.

Senna: To my surprise, this is a very popular laxative, perhaps because it is an extract of the Senna plant. There are even chocolate formulation tablets in the drugstores. In a liquid formulation carried by a hospital-based pharmacy, one teaspoon contains 8.8 mg of Senna. At this concentration children who are aged two to six can take half a teaspoon at night. I intend to incorporate Senna liquid in my practice for treatment of constipation. However, a warning: don’t use Senna for more than one week. Like Lactulose, Senna liquids were not displayed on the shelves of drugstores.

Mineral oil: A couple of parents have had their children on mineral oil when they visited my practice. Like many pediatricians, I have not warmed to the use of mineral oil as a treatment of constipation in children due to the associated risks of aspiration pneumonia, as well as its propensity to interfere with absorption of vitamins A, D, E, and K. There is plenty of mineral oil displayed on the shelves of drugstores.

Milk of magnesium: This medication, which is both an antacid and a laxative, is another reasonable choice in treating children with constipation. It is available at drugstores without prescription. One to three teaspoons a day of the 400mg/tsp concentration is all a child needs between ages two to five years. Like mineral oil, milk of magnesium is plentiful on the shelves of drugstores. Its content of magnesium is a downside, especially in people with poorly-functioning kidneys.

Colace—Docusate Sodium: Colace comes in different formulations of capsules, tablets, syrup, liquid and rectal enema. Oral treatment may take a long time to work, say one to three days, so be patient with this laxative. One more thing about Colace: the liquid does not taste good, so you may need to mix it with juice or formula. I like to prescribe the 60mg/15ml syrup formulation, beginning with half a teaspoon and increasing up to one teaspoon daily, to treat short episodes of constipation in toddlers and children.

The above article is not intended to treat or to diagnose any medical condition. Take your child to a pediatrician if you are concerned that he or she is constipated.

Four Strategies For Improving Your Mental Game

Bobby Jones once said that golf is played "on a five-and-a-half inch course … the space between your ears." And most avid golfers will tell you that they lose just as many strokes in their minds as they do on the fairways and greens.

One of the reasons for this is the amount of downtime one spends on the golf course. According to instructor Darrin Gee, only about 3 minutes of the 4+ hours it takes to play a round of golf are spent swinging the club. It would stand to reason that the inner workings of our mind during that time will have a real impact on what we do when it comes time to actually hit the ball.

Below are four strategies for improving your mental game and hopefully lowering your score.

1 – Do not think about results. Just about any avid golfer has probably had the following experience. During a particularly good round that they begin looking at their card and computing what they will have to do on the next hole or holes in order to break 80, shoot the round of their life or achieve some other goal – only to find themselves suddenly imploding.

Nothing can screw up your game more than thinking about what you need to do or focusing on your score. Golf is a fickle game and the more goals you set – particularly while playing – the more you tende up and sabotage yourself. Thinking about a score never helped anyone. So, discipline yourself to not count your strokes until you are at the turn, or better yet, in the clubhouse. You will be more relaxed and, as a result, play better golf.

2 – Think less before you act. When people say golf is a thinking man's game or that it's cerebral (as Jones did) they believe that means that the more you think the better off you are. That could not be further from the truth. While it's important to analyze your options and decide a course of action, lingering over such decisions is destructive for the average golfer. The more they think the tenser they get, the more perfect they try to become with their shot. And trying for perfect is the surest way to drive one out of bounds.

Instead try this: when you approach your next shot make a plan, trust your instinct, get yourself set and simply hit it. Do not stand there for a minute and think things over. Do not hover over your ball. Do not take extra practice swings. Sometimes John Daly is right. You need to grip it and rip it, even if it's only to save yourself from yourself.

3 – Be present. During the 3:57 minutes you are not swinging a club think about something other than golf. Enjoy the nice day. Feel the sun on your face. Stop and look at a bird, a tree, some flowers or even the grass. The best way to make walk "a good walk spoiled" is to spoil it by obsessively thinking about your game. And the less you think about it while you are walking or riding around the course, the more mental energy you will have when you get to your ball and need to hit the next shot.

4 – Remember the good, forget the bad. One mistake golfers make is that they distrust their good shots and holes, believing that they are aberrations, while hanging onto and believing the worst when they triple-bogey or slice one into the woods.

Instead, do the opposite. When you are playing well, stop. Take in the feeling. Experience everything about the moment. Feel as completely as you possibly can and let that feeling last as long as possible (although do not try to recreate it – that's a mistake).

And when you triple, avoid the hole-to-hole hangover that becomes a string of doubles and triples because you either think you're doomed or are trying to make up for the way you screwed up by crushing your next drive. The way to do this: do not take in the moment. Simply move on. The hole is over. There is nothing you can do about it. So forget about it and begin afresh with your next shot.

Golf instructor Les Bolland of SwingGolfUSA says that you should not go out and try to hit good shots, but instead to have good swings. That is great advice. Forget about results and you'll be shocked at the results that will follow.

Hemophilia – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Hemophilia is a disorder of the blood clotting system. There are several types of hemophilia, all of which can cause prolonged bleeding. While small cuts are usually insignificant, deep internal bleeding and bleeding into joints are issues of concern and may cause a threat to life. Hemophilia A is caused by lack of clotting factor VIII; Hemophilia B is caused by lack of clotting factor IX; and Hemophilia C is caused by a lack of clotting factor XI. This condition is usually transmitted genetically.

Patients with moderate to severe hemophilia usually require periodical infusion of clotting factors. Ayurvedic treatment can be given as additional therapy in this condition to reduce the bleeding tendency, to reduce the frequency of required infusions and to reduce or prevent complications. Medicines useful in this condition are: Arogya-Vardhini, Mahamanjishthadi-Qadha, Sutshekhar-Ras, Kamdudha-Ras and Praval-Panchamrut-Ras.

Medicines which act on the ‘Ras’ and ‘Rakta’ dhatus (tissues) of the body are useful in this condition. These medicines include Indrayav (Holharrhina antidysentrica), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Patha ( Cissampelos pareira) and Musta (Cyperus rotundus). These medicines need to be given on a very long term basis. In addition, the Ayurvedic herb Bilva (Aegle marmelos) is also given on a very long term basis. These medicines usually help to prevent internal bleeding and the resulting long term damage to joints. Medicines like Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea), Vasa (Adhatoda vasaka), Chandan (Santalum album), Laksha (Purified wax), Padma (Nelumbium speciosum), Tapyadi-Loh, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Abhrak-Bhasma and Heerak-Bhasma are also given in this condition.

Since this is an inherited condition, life long life-style changes need to be made. It is important to avoid contact sports such as football, hockey and wrestling. Medicines like aspirin, which can aggravate bleeding, are also to be avoided. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of a Hematologist.