Stop – You Might Be Feeding Your Kids to Death!

Latest Research On Fat and Obesity

According to a report in USNews posted on April 16, 2010, obesity is starting at a younger age and lasting longer in America. The report appeared in the April issue of the International Journal of Obesity. According to the researchers of the report, the obesity epidemic may be cutting the lives of our young people short. How did we get so far from the naturally healthy lifestyles of our ancestors?

Is There Something In The Water?

Although no one knows for sure, it is likely that there is a complicated mix of factors. Research suggests, that there are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that may be affecting our hormones. These pollutants are found increasingly in our water supply. These POPs are everywhere, in plastics, makeup, clothing, even the air we breathe. The impact may not even be obvious, but anything that disturbs the finely tuned endocrine system is bound to affect the way we store fat and how much. There is no doubt that these pollutants are increasing in our water supplies. But are they to blame for the situation?

What Are We Eating?

There is mounting evidence that the majority of what we consume in America, is simply not naturally healthy food. If it is packaged in bottles, cans or boxes, chances are that the living enzymes and nutrients have been depleted of their life giving essence. The advent of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has been a boon for the food industry. But for consumers, this artificial product has been implicated in short circuiting the mechanism that signals the brain to stop eating. Our highly refined carbohydrate rich diet, is simply not concucive to long term health.

Programming The Metabolism.

There is a point in a normally developing child where to a large part their metabolic rate is set. Depending on many factors, diet being one of them, this basal metabolic rate may determine the quality of life in adulthood. Since diet is one of the few factors that is within our control, it is best to focus on providing the optimum metabolic programming through the food consumed at this stage.

The Solution To The Pollution!

Parents make all the difference. Your child does not understand endocrinology, hormones, leptin, ghrelin, insulin or enzymes. Heck, most of us adults do not either. Nonetheless, it is our duty to give them the best quality food and the best chance at a normal healthy life as possible. This could be as simple as replacing those empty carbs with naturally healthy raw fruits and vegetables at least one meal a day.

Typical Weight Loss Guide

If you are reading this article, you obviously have tried a lot of weight loss programs just to achieve your weight loss campaign and nothing has so far worked! In this article i will give you the right guide towards losing that unwanted weight of your body!

You need to realize that you do not need to follow rigid diets and almost life threatening exercises before you can lose weight! The truth is that some major changes in your lifestyle will do the magic! Surprised? Yes, that is the truth! Just read on.

You should realize that even of you starve yourself till Christ comes; you might not lose that nagging weight of yours. If you starve yourself, remember you stand the chance of contracting Ulcer! I honestly believe that is a wrong way of losing weight. The truth is if you starve yourself, when you decide to eat, you tend to consume food abnormally! The truth is that when you have starved yourself, you tend to get extra-hungry and when you then decide to eat you eat more than you can consume, you might even empty your fridge!

Furthermore, you have to set yourself your weight loss goals. That is, make a plan as to what kilogo of weight you want to shed at what time frame. They must be realistic goals though! Know what i mean? Make the goals small targets, such that they will be achievable. Doing this will boost your confidence toward losing weight. It is very important!

Again, you must stop eating those junk foods and return to healthy meals right away! Make sure you eat meals that are low calorie dessert. They work like magic.

Lastly, exercise is a major criterion to lose weight! If you must lose weight, then you must exercise your body! Walk distances that are not too far, do some push-ups if you can, just exercise the body. It works a lot!

You need to start putting all these strategies into practice right away in order to lose weight!

Skin Care Products

Skin treatment products are no doubt used to repair the skin and increase the overall condition of your skin. However, on occasion particular skin treatment products do not suit your skin type and cause irritations and allergic reactions. The most obvious signs of irritation are reddishness, rashes on the skin exterior, unwarranted oil secretion, skin dryness, blemishes and breakouts. Every so often people recognize the early tell-tale symbols but often they fail to interpret the symptoms until impairment has been made.

It is very valuable to see and identify the compounds that are accounting for causing skin irritations rather than solely switching over to something enclosed in the expectation to rectify the injury. Furthermore, you by no means know if the correcting merchandise aggravates the condition even further and can turn into things worse. If not appreciated appropriately, irritations can hamper the skin's resistance, promote a skin condition and inflammations and extend accelerate the process of premature aging. Therefore, it is very cruel to consume skin treatment products with utmost caution and make sure they operate unquestionably well for you.

At this juncture are some tips to use skin treatment products wisely:

Check the Ingredients listing

Far from getting excited next to the dazzling packaging and wonder-claims of the skin care product so as to you are prepared to pay for, make certain to spin it around and move out through the ingredients listing. Look out in place of some ingredient that you know do not suit you or contain had bad experiences with in the ancient history. Products that contain straightforward formulations are least likely to cause some skin irritations.

Take avoiding action Perfumed Products

Perfumes smell pleasant but they might not succeed as nicely as soon as applied on your face. Try to dodge perfume skin treatment products except you are very certain about them. This is because perfume agents within them can be the primary cause of skin irritations. Furthermore, do not be careless regarding products that do not have some perfume. Often, chemicals used in these products are so unappealing that neutralizing fragrances are added.

Take charge of your Skin

Even if you are using skin treatment products faithfully, relying solely on them is not sufficient. You must provide them with a platform that they can execute efficiently on. Make sure you keep your skin hydrated and have a healthy diet. In addition, clean your face twice a day in order to keep the skin squeaky clean.

Draw on Products According to Your Skin Type

While purchasing skin treatment products, check if they cater to your specific skin type. Using products especially formulated in support of the needs and requirements of your skin will ensure they contain efficient results.

Interesting Facts About the Notorious Piranha Fish

The piranha is a freshwater fish from South America. It thrives in schools in the streams and lakes of the rainforests of the Orinoco River and Amazon basin. All known species of piranha fish belong to two genera, namely Pygocentrus and Serrasalmus. Piranha schools are known for their vicious feeding frenzy, but this phenomenon occurs only when there is a shortage of food. According to stories, they consume their prey until only the bones are left, but this occurrence is quite rare. They hunt in groups, but they also maintain these large schools in order to defend themselves from natural predators such as birds, caimans, otters, turtles, water snakes, and human beings.


Piranhas are omnivores, but they are better known as flesh-eaters or opportunistic carnivores. While individual piranha fish would eat only smaller fish, piranha schools can and will attack and devour small mammals and larger fish. Some of the animals that often fall prey to schools of piranha are crustaceans, birds, amphibians, and lizards. They also eat land animals that venture into their native habitat. They are most active and aggressive during the day. Smaller piranha fish hunt mostly at dawn, while larger piranha take their fill in the evening or late afternoon.

Aside from its almost mythical feeding behaviors, perhaps the notoriety of the piranha is closely tied to its most prominent anatomical feature-the razor-sharp teeth. The piranha has a large and strong lower jaw full of sharp teeth. The upper and lower jaws are lined with an even row of teeth. When one is broken it is immediately replaced with a new growth.


Learning accurate piranha fish facts helps us understand better the fish known in Venezuela as the “caribe.” They lay their eggs in the lakes and rivers of the tropical rainforest. Their main breeding grounds are the lagoons. The female lay groups of eggs in nests dug in the sediment in the shape of a bowl. The male fish then fertilizes the eggs. When piranhas are spawning, the belly of the fish becomes reddish in color, while the rest of the body becomes lighter. Piranha breeding behavior in the wild is somewhat similar to that of birds. When it is nesting season, the adult piranhas patrol their spawning territory in order to defend the eggs.

Piranha fish and humans

South American fishermen catch piranha fish and eat them. They are also a staple food product in local wet markets. Aside from food, the piranha is useful to humans as a source of effective cutting tools. The upper and lower jaws of the fish with its sharp teeth are gathered and used in activities that require shearing and puncturing. When packed tightly, piranha teeth can also be used as a formidable weapon. For the tourist trade, some locals dry the whole specimen under the sun and sell them to tourists as souvenir items.

Swimmers in freshwater rivers and lakes where piranhas are known to live have reported being bitten or injured. Nevertheless, most of the bloody stories about mutilated body parts are exaggerated accounts. Locals would swim in waters that serve as natural habitat for piranha and usually come out unscathed

Reducing Fall Allergens In Your Home

The fall season can be a wonderful time of year as the temperatures cool and the trees put on a spectacular show of color and change. But for allergy sufferers, it can be a miserable time filled with sneezing, sinus headaches and wheezing. One of the most important treatment measures for those with allergies is exposure reduction. It is not possible to reduce the amount of allergens in the air outside. However, it is possible to significantly cut down on the amount of allergens in your household. The following methods are proven to improve indoor air quality and reduce symptoms in those with allergies.

What Is The Cause Of Fall Allergies?

With the plants beginning to fade away, many people wonder at the idea that fall allergies are the worst time of the year for some allergy sufferers. In fact, August to October are considered to be peak months for allergies. Additionally, weather experts are now anticipating that the fall allergy season may extend even further as a result of climate change. That means that fall allergies may now extend well through the end of October and into November.

The main culprit at this time of year is ragweed. Also known as hay fever, ragweed allergy impacts up to 20 percent of people in the United States. Symptoms include sneezing, sore throat, itchy eyes and runny nose. It can interfere with sleeping and lead to asthma attacks. Ragweed is a plant that produces a high amount of pollen. In fact, one plant can produce up to 1 billion grains of pollen per season. While some areas are hit harder than others, there is not a location in the United States that does not have some ragweed pollen in the air. Pollen counts are typically highest from 10 am to 4 pm, so experts recommend staying inside during those hours.

Allergen Reduction

Staying inside will only help if indoor air quality is an improvement over what is outside. Air conditioning has been attributed to helping relate some symptoms. It is important to use a HEPA filter on your HVAC vents in order to prevent pollen from circulating through your home. It is also extremely important to vacuum with a machine that has a HEPA filter. Daily vacuuming is the best way to reduce pollen in carpet. Professional hot water extraction cleaning is also recommended. This will remove allergens that are deep in the carpet fibers.

Natural Herbal Supplements for Liver Health

One of the largest glandular organisms, the liver is very important in the vital functions within the body and is thought in Ayurvedic medicine to be the center of the dosha, or constitution, known as Pitta.

Essentially, the liver performances important functions such as changing plasma to blood and storing energy to be released into the system as glucose for maintaining blood sugar levels. Harmful toxins are recognized by the liver and are eliminated prior to entering the bloodstream. There are natural detox remedies available that may help to improve basic liver functioning.

Whenever the liver becomes overrun with toxins it loses the ability to recognize and then remove them from the body. Several factors may contribute to a build-up of toxins in the liver, for example eating a high fat diet or consuming too much sugar, alcoholic beverages and processed foods. Additionally, food items containing pesticides, preservatives and chemicals may also lead to toxic overload within the liver.

In order to function well, the liver must be able to process toxins properly and effectively every day. Not only are toxins derived from the foods consumed, but additionally from the various products used on the skin, and the actual air that is breathed. Although consuming alcohol excessively frequently is to blame for liver damage, many medications, both over the counter and prescription, can have harmful effects as well.

The liver is vital in processing toxic substances as cellular waste such as urea synthesis; a by-product of metabolized proteins that the liver sends into the bloodstream.

A Healthy Liver

The Pitta dosha controls the liver with the element of fire being the principal component. When the Pitta dosha in the liver becomes imbalanced, many issues such as skin irritations, infection or surplus acidity can result. Scientific studies have proven the liver to be vital for the proper processing of digested foods into a more effective form. Similarly, Ayurveda contains the enzymes needed for digesting the five elements contained in foods. These five sense organs-eyes, nose, ears, skin and mouth are nurtured by the five elements.

Toxic substances may be recognized by the liver not just for their potentially harmful effects, but their ability to heat the body as well. Ayurveda indicates that alcohol, along with greasy and processed foods, has the ability to heat the body.

Everyone may find helpful benefits when using natural detoxification supplements and other remedies to maintain a healthy liver. Additionally, keeping a well balanced Pitta dosha by consuming a limited amount of foods that may irritate the Pitta is beneficial. People who are Pitta predominate should try hard to balance their Pitta dosha given that they naturally tend to burn hotter than other dosha categories. When Pitta requires increasing for other types, the introduction of healthy Pitta fire sources such as cardamom, cinnamon, cumin, or black pepper may help.

Ayurveda strongly suggests performing a natural detox remedy after each season change; spring being considered the best time. When the liver is detoxified during the spring, the body is allowed to get rid of the toxins that were built up during the winter. Also, the time between summer and fall is a prime period to take on a natural detox so the body can once again eliminate the toxins built up over the warmer months.

The liver is the base for the emotions governed by Pitta, and therefore an imbalance of Pitta will frequently manifest in mood swings, anger, impatience and irritability. Yet, on the other hand, a well balanced Pitta dosha creates healthy feelings of courage, ambition and confidence. Anytime the emotions such as fear or sadness are suppressed the liver can be damaged as badly as when alcohol or processed foods are eaten.

Herbs and Supplements for Liver Health

There are many natural herbs for detox that will improve liver function and create a balanced Pitta. Some of the ways that natural supplements and herbs positively affect the liver are bile production, balancing Pitta and cleaning and detoxification.

Bhumyamalaki – A basic herb intended for both stimulating and supporting liver function.

Sharapunkha – Utilized for improved bile secretion, blood purification, as well as inflammation reduction. Additionally, Sharapunkha maintains general liver health.

Punarnava – Beneficial for eliminating any toxins deeply entrenched inside the liver cell walls.

Chiretta – Promotes bile secret while stimulating the liver and producing glycoside to protect the liver.

Indian Barberry – Helps increase bile flow and is a great natural ingredient for correcting liver function.

Liver Balance is a product to improve digestion and clear blocked channels while cleaning the liver. Elim-Tox-O may be used to provide gentle body cleansing and liver support. This product cleans the body and liver, can be used long term for regular cleansing and does not result in over heating of the body.

At minimum, individuals should perform an annual cleansing fast through one of the various natural detoxification supplements and remedies recommended by Ayurveda. Keeping the liver functioning properly will guarantee a healthy outlook on life.

The liver must be carefully maintained for proper health and vitality. Stay away from foods that irritate Pitta and remember to find healthy ways to deal with emotions while enjoying healthy friendly foods.

Consider taking supplements that will naturally support and detox the liver in order to not only restore Pitta balance but remove the harmful toxins that result in dangerous toxin excess.

New Successful Treatments for Depression Disorders

Ketamine, known as Special K on the streets, has become a surprise weapon in the war against depression. Pharmaceutical companies are racing to develop drugs that improve upon it, or can be paired with it. NeuroRx has made progress with its drug, Cyclidad which, when paired with ketamine, has the potential to treat bipolar depression which doctors have struggled to treat successfully.

History of Ketamine

Ketamine was first developed in 1962 as a fast-acting anesthetic that is still used broadly in operating rooms and for pain management. Beginning in the 1970s ketamine became popular as a recreational drug, known for putting users in a "K-hole," likened to an out-of-body, near-death experience.

Due to abuses, in 1999 the US Drug Enforcement Administration banned nonmedical uses for ketamine and designated it Schedule III controlled substance.

According to an article in Bloomberg Business, around the same time, researchers at Yale, including Dennis Charney, who's now dean of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, stumbled upon the drug's promise as a mood stabilizer. "We were not thinking at the time that ketamine would be an antidepressant," Charney says. When patients started reporting that they suddenly felt better, the scientists were surprised.

The group's findings, published in Biological Psychiatry in 2000, were largely ignored. The study was tiny, and because of ketamine's reputation as a party drug, scientists were related to follow up. "They did not believe you could get better than depression in a few hours," Charney adds. "They've never seen that before." Standard antidepressants such as Prozac and Wellbutrin take weeks or months to kick in. As many as 30 percent of depressed patients do not respond to conventional antidepressants, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Ketamine as Treatment

Six years later, Charney, who'd gone on to work for the National Institutes of Health, initiated a replica study with 17 patients. Within a day of getting one ketamine infusion, 70 percent of the subjects went into remission. Since then, scientists at institutions including Yale, Mount Sinai Hospital, and Baylor College of Medicine have performed dozens more studies that corroborate the findings. Additional studies show that ketamine works by producing long-lasting changes in the brain, reversing neural damage caused by stress and depression and potentially decreasing inflammation and cortisol levels.

Ketamine has continued to gain widespread concern in scientific literature and the media based on the increasing popularity of off-label administration to treat acute depression. Dr. Keith Ablow has sung its praises in his blog for FoxNews, "I have now treated approximately one hundred patients with intravenous ketamine. low mood, lack of energy, reduced self-esteem and even suicidal thinking very frequently yields inevitably to the ketamine infusions. permanently rid patients of their suffering.

The ketamine success stories I have witnessed include patients once hobbled by depression and out of work for years who returned to their jobs within weeks of treatment, patients who anxiety made it nearly impossible to leave the house who can now go on vacations that require travel, and young people who were driven to cut themselves by under stress and self-loathing, but have now stopped cutting and started creating their futures. "

Future Outlook

The FDA's approval of ketamine for depression hinges on multiphase clinical studies, which are inadvertently to happen. Pharmaceutical companies usually pay for clinical trials and can not make money off a decades-old generic drug. "You can get a few years of exclusivity for a new use, but generally you need more than a few years to recoup the research and development costs of bringing a drug to market," says Michael Thase, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania who's consulted for various drug companies developing ketamine-like products.

Instead, companies are spending millions to develop similar, patentable drugs. According to Bloomberg Business, Janssen is seeking approval for a nasal spray made from esketamine, a variation of the ketamine molecule that's about 20 percent more potent, says Manji. The spray could come on the market in a few years. Cerecor, based in Baltimore, is developing a pill that replicates ketamine's effects. In June, the startup filed to go public and raise as much as $ 31.6 million. Pharmaceutical giant Allergan spent $ 560 million in July to acquire Naurex, an Illinois-based biopharmaceutical company whose main products are two clinical-stage ketamine-like drugs called rapastinel and NRX-1074. Both are designed to modulate the same receptor as ketamine, alleviating depression without inducing hallucination.

Instead of replacing it NeuroRx is trying to work with it. They claim Cyclurad is able to extend the effect of Ketamine in the treatment of acute depression. Writing in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Prof. Dan V. Iosifescu of the Icahn School of Medicine stated, "In this context, the study [of Cyclurad] represents an important addition to the emerging literature on maintaining clinical response after an initial Ketamine treatment … D-cycloserine has several advantages. It can be administratively administered and has demonstrated safety and tolerance for long term use. "

Bipolar depression is a leading cause of disability in the United States. Currently, more than three million Americans have Bipolar Depression. 500 people with this condition tragically end their lives each day. Those with bipolar depression are far more likely to commit suicide compared with patients who have other forms of depression. Between 25% and 50% will attempt suicide at some point in their lives. Overall, patients with treatment resistant depression from all causes cost the healthcare system more than $ 120 billion annually.

My Experience of Selective Mutism in School

I had felt the slow drip of dread the whole way through my summer at home. I was four years old and school was just around the corner. I felt like a condemned boy. That summer’s sun felt like the last warmth I’d ever feel.

Then I was there. In front of the school classroom door. It opened. A wall of sensation flooded out of the classroom and into me.

The sensations matched a previous anxiety provoking episode in my life. I was left in hospital for two weeks when I was two without my parents when recovering from a bad dose of croup. Now, these sensations bypassed my thinking brain and went straight to my amygdala triggering an amygdala hijack.

I froze.

I sat in class each day and when each expectation to speak arose I felt the same phobic reaction. I could not move.

Classmates would ask me simple questions and get no response. Teachers would call the roll and get no response. I could not ask to go to the toilet. Indeed, I could not even raise my hand to get the teacher’s attention. At break time I followed the others to the yard and then either stood glued to the wall or circled to nowhere.

I remember the time when my paintbrush dried up and I could not ask anyone to pass the paint jar and so moved the still wet, but drying paint around on the page hoping no one would notice.

The time when I wore no coat in to school despite the freezing temperature just so I could get in to my desk first and not have to ask my neighbor to move. My neighbor would be busy hanging up his coat you see.

The thought to speak and the emotion that could lead to speech brought up the phobic reaction. I was attacked from two fronts.

The lack of response led to bullying and exclusion.

At home I was different. I played on the road with my friends. I talked, shouted and screamed. At times though, the thought of school struck and I would fold over in two where-ever I stood. At other times someone might show up from school and then the phobia struck again. The older I got the less reprieve my home life offered me until it too was taken over by the phobia and the mutism.

This lasted the full thirteen years of my junior, primary and secondary schooling.

My school years were definitely not the best years of my life.

How to Stop Anxiety Attacks Naturally – Teach Yourself How

First off, give yourself a pat in the back for taking a proactive role in wanting to end the dreadful cycle of anxiety attacks. Just in case you think your situation is hopeless, it is not. You will be relieved to know that it is possible to stop anxiety attacks naturally, without medication, drugs, supplements or even therapy. Best of all, you can teach yourself to stop them permanently.

Surprisingly, many people do not bother to seek help for an anxiety disorder. This is inconvenient because this disorder is treatable in a short period of time.

Yes! You Can Stop Anxiety Attacks Naturally – Put This to the Test

Are you ready? Here it is. Instead of applying tired, outdated techniques that others are pushing, why not try something totally outside your comfort zone, and do this instead.

Actually call in one of your more fearful thoughts. Scared? Do not be, no harm will come to you. This may seem contrary to common sense, but calling the shots will empower you. Will you actually have an attack? No, because wanting to have one actually eliminates the anticipatory fear that leads to an episode.

Here's something you probably do not realize: your resistance is keeping your anxiety alive. I'm sure you've heard of "what you resist persists." Once you stop struggling against your anxious thoughts and invite them in, you'll feel the fear subside.

Symptoms of Anxiety – Eliminate These Once You Stop Anxiety Attacks Naturally

Anxiety is a state of intense worry which is usually accompanied by shaking, sweating, palpitations, shortness of breath, difficulty in concentrating and nausea. Since some of the symptoms mimic a heart attack, you might be misdiagnosed as having one.

When the state of anxiety is chronic and extended over a period of time, then you are diagnosed as having an anxiety disorder. One of the telltale signs of an anxiety disorder is when you make some really strange changes in your behavior in order to avoid another episode. Are your family and friends starting to think there's something odd about you?

Anxiety Attacks and Panic Attacks – How Are They Similar?

These days, anxiety attacks and panic attacks are used interchangeably since the same techniques are used to stop these terrible problems. This much is also clear: Both create havoc in your mind, throw your body out of whack and render your life in shambles. You really owe it to yourself to make an effort to step outside your box and break this cycle of anxiety.

Hungry to Know More?

Please do not despair. Help is closer than you think if you dare to ask for help, and take back your life.

Anxiety Attacks and Stress Management Techniques

Emotions play a large role in one's well being

That means that negative emotions like anxiety, despair, grief and sorrow make the individual susceptible to illness and diseases. They do not directly cause illness and disease, but for what they do to the body (such as lowering the body's immune system) they become a bigger cause of illnesses.

The body's fight or flight response (the root of stress) is an emergency measure that's both vital and valuable to survival. The only problem to this is that compound experiences to this emergency measure can be damaging as it is very disruptive. It creates emotional dysregulation, releases catecholamine hormones that inhibit several bodily functions. These functions would include inhibitory of gastric and digestive function, thereby lowering one's intake of needed nutrients; constriction of several blood vessels in many body areas, thus lowering its function; lessening tear gland and salivatory gland function, thus hampering the body's ability to fend of diseases, releasing chemicals on the muscles in preparation for muscular activity, which could become toxic when not used up.

Individuals in deep anxiety will experience some health debilitating factors, such as loss of appetite, severe headaches that could lead to migraines, inability to sleep that would lead to insomnia, ability to process thought fast due to constriction of blood vessels to the brain.

Because stress caused by anxiety has become a common modern man's affliction, there are several anxiety attacks and stress management techniques that have been developed. Here are some of them:

Time Management = Stress Management

One of the most common root problems of anxiety in a workplace is the surmounting task with no way out. Approaching deadlines cause anxiety, which slows the work down. One of the timeless stress management techniques is time management. Stress of this kind is often curable with the satisfaction of a work done and effective time management always equate to effective stress management.

Being Happy

One of the best anxiety attacks and stress management techniques, the best vaccine to any diseases is the general feeling of well being. That is being happy. Take time to ask yourself: What can I do for me to make me feel happy? Indulge on those pleasures, singly or socially, as long as it generates within you a feeling of happiness.

Laughter is still the Best Medicine

It is so trite that it had lost its meaning a long time ago. Still, laughter is the best medicine by far. Find ways that can make you laugh; it allows you to spend energy while promoting a positive outlook in your life. Laughter can be the ace up your sleeve when it comes to fighting anxiety and stress attacks.

Basic Skills – Screw Size Charts

Being a 'Jack of all trades, master of none' individual may definitely come in handy. Knowledge of something about basic home repair or renovation is certainly practical and could save a lot of hard-earned money. Basic things such as fastening cabinets, doors and the like do no need any professional or expert training or know-how.

Screw and Bolt

Bolt or screw is considered to be faster which is typified by thread or external thread (helical ridge). The obvious and practical usage of these basic household tools is to clasp, hold or to faster objects jointly or together and to position or arrange objects. The screw's head is typically bigger than the body. Using wrenches or screwdrivers, the head permits the screw to be driven or turned (with the aid of the thread).

Sizes of Wood Screw

A given number is the general size of a screw. The size of the screw itself (both shaft and the head) increases; as the number increases as well. Wood screws commonly have the same pitch threads. Nonetheless, some does have a thread with sharper or steeper incline. They are called Type A screws. Gauge number and length define the size or dimension of a screw.

Wood Screw Chart: Dimensions

The following numbers are defined as follows: the gauge number (the first variable) is followed by maximum head diameter (inch) and threads per inch in a screw. A screw that has a 0 gauge number has a maximum head diameter of .99 and 32.00 threads per inch. Gauge number 1 has .146 and 28.00. Gauge number 2 has .172 and 26.00. Gauge number 3 screw has .99 and 24.00. Gauge 4 has .225 and 22.00. 5 (gauge number) has .252 and 20.00 threads per inch. Gauge 6 has .279 and 18.00. Gauge number 7 has .305 and 16.00 threads in an inch. These following screw gauges give an idea the variety of screw dimensions. To gain complete data, the internet is the best source for the complete screw dimensions.

Shapes: Head Screws

A number of diversities of screws are designed to break or snap after applying enough force or torque. These are commonly used to prevent tampering and correct assembly. However, here are the various head shapes of screws to get familiarize with. Headless Screw which is also a grub screw. Used for attaching mirrors is the Mirror Screw Head. Flanged Head Shape removes the need for flat washer. Fillister head has a little convex top surface. Cheese head is a cylindrical outer edge with disc. Other shapes such as Bugle head, Oval head, Flat head, Truss head, Round head, Button head and Pan Head are some screw head shapes available in all 'do-it-yourself' stores or hard wares.

Having a 'know-how' regarding these simple screws is very practical. Household situations that need basic attention such as fastening up something could be very convenient and great experience.

What Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that does not improve with bed rest and may worsen with physical or mental activity. Of all chronic illnesses, CFS is one of the most mysterious. The symptoms of it include the following and at least four of the following are present for six months:

1. Forgetting things or having a hard time focusing

2. Feeling tired even after sleeping

3. Muscle pain or aches

4. Pain or aches in joints without swelling or redness

5. Feeling discomfort or "out-of sorts" for more than 24 hours after being active

6. Headaches of a new type, pattern or strength

7. Tender lymph nodes in the neck or under the arm

8. Sore throat

Anyone at any age can have CFS. Women are diagnosed with it two to four times as often as men. However, it's unclear whether CFS affects women more frequently or if women report it to their doctors more often than men do. It also affects adults more often than children, particularly adults in the 40 and 50 age groups.

No one knows for sure what causes CFS. It may occur after an infection such as a cold or viral syndrome. It can happen over time or come on suddenly. People who get CFS over time get more and more tired over weeks or months. While people who get it suddenly feel fine one day and then feel extremely tired the next. It is a difficult and unpredictable condition to have. CFS effects everyone in a different way leaving some able to function and others completely housebound.

Right now there is no cure for CFS. Many of the treatments in place work to alleviate symptoms rather than cure the condition. Treatments also varies from person to person. Discuss with your doctor ways to ease your symptoms and deal with your tiredness.

The Face of Hyperthyroidism – The Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is defined as the excess production of thyroid hormone. This condition leads to several physiologic effects that may alter even the physical appearance of a patient with hyperthyroidism. Thyroid hormone controls most of the body's metabolism and this ability is made manifest in force in cases of hyperthyroidism.

What Causes Hyperthyroidism?

Patients with hyperthyroidism typically have thyroid glands that are two to three times larger than normal thyroid gland. These hyperthyroid glands are characterized by increased cell proliferation and infolding of the follicular cell lining into the follicles, increasing cell population even more. These hyperthyroid cells also secret thyroid hormone at a rate faster than normal thyroid cells.

These changes may also be found in instances where there is a large amount of circulating thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in the body. However, in hyperthyroidism, TSH levels are decreased due to the inhibitory of their secretion by the already increased amount of circulating thyroid hormone in the body. In normal conditions, an increase of thyroid hormone signals the pituitary gland to stop secreting TSH and consequentially, the thyroid gland stops secreting thyroid hormone due to lack of stimulus by the decrease in TSH. This is not so in hyperthyroidism.

In hyperthyroidism, a similar substance to TSH may be found in circulation – thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin or TSI. They have a prolonged stimulatory effect on the thyroid gland and causes thyroid cells to continue secret since the reduced levels of TSH.

Another cause for hyperthyroidism is the presence of a thyroid adenoma or a tumor in the thyroid tissue that uncontrollably secretes increased amounts of thyroid hormone. Normal thyroid cells around the tumor stop secreting hormone due to reduced TSH levels but the tumor keeps on secreting thyroid hormone by itself. This cause does not have any association with autoimmunity.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is characterized by a high state of excitability, intolerance to heat, increased sweating, mild to extreme weight loss, diabetes, muscle weakness, nervousness, extreme fatigue but inability to sleep, and tremor of the hands.

Another symptom of hyperthyroidism is exophthalmos , in which there is protrusion of the eyeballs. In several cases, the degree of protrusion is so great that it stretches the optic nerve enough to damage it. The eyesballs also do not close completely when sleep or when the patient blinks, causing further damage to the eyes.

Diagnostic Tests for Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is usually diagnosed based on the levels of free thyroxine circulating in the plasma using radioimmunoassay procedures. In some instances, the measure of triiodothyronine is also included in the workup.

Other tests or signs that indicate hyperthyroidism include:

  • Increase in the metabolic rate of the patient by + 30 to +60 in cases of severe hyperthyroidism.
  • Decrease in the concentration of TSH in the plasma. This is because the body tries to control the excessive secretion of thyroid hormone by suppressing its usual stimulant. In the usual type of thyrotoxicosis, there is very little plasma TSH left.
  • Measurement of TSI levels to differentiate between thyrotoxicosis. TSI levels are typically increased in cases of thyrotoxicosis but low in cases of thyroid adenoma.

Treatment for Hyperthyroidism

Surgical removal of most of the thyroid gland is the most direct treatment for hyperthyroidism. Prior to the operation, the patient is first administrated with doses of propylthiouracil, which decrees hormone function, until the patient's metabolic rate returns to normal. Then, large doses of iodides are administered for one to two weeks immediately before the operation, causing the gland to recede in size and its blood supply to diminish. These procedures have reduced the operative mortality to 1 in 1000 operations from 1 in 25 prior to development of modern procedures.

In other cases of hyperthyroidism, a hyperplastic thyroid gland may also be treated with radioactive iodine. Eighty to ninety percent of the iodine injected is absorbed by the hyperplastic gland. Because the iodine is radioactive, it destroys almost all the secretory cells of the thyroid gland. Typically, the patient is administrated with 5 millicuries of radioactive iodine and assessed several weeks later. If the patient remains hyperthyroid, additional doses may be given until normal thyroid function is reinstated.

When A Negative Is a Positive – Achieving Pain Relief With A Tens Or Interferential Unit

Tens units are the most used modality outside a pain clinic for pain relief, interferential for most used inside the clinic, however both modalities operate on similar pain relief principals. That overriding principle is the use of positive or negative charges for pain relief.

Here is an option for anyone with a tens unit or Infrex combination tens / interdependent unit to gain more pain relief by reversing the polarity, fancy way to say, changing the charge from negative to positive or vice versa. Our body responds differently to negative and positive charges. As an example say one has a bulging disc between two vertebras and the compression is on the nerve. The pressure on the nerve root is the causative agent that makes the patient experience pain. The inflammation / swelling of the disc needs to subside before there is appreciable pain relief. Negative charges are used to reduce swelling and inflammation as well as the sensory nerves of the body are stimulated differently between a negative and positive charge. In this situation we want the negative charge to be applied to the nerve root, or the area at the disc and spinal cord.

All tens and interferential devices emit positive and negative charges but one charge is predominant over the other. As an example if the charge is negative then more intensity is applied for that phase of the pulse and after the higher intensity is allowed then for a time period a much smaller positive charge is balancing the negative charge, but not in a manner where it is felt. The balancing of the charges is done so there is no skin damage and the effect is the negative and positive charges are balanced. This is what allows either device to be worn 24/7 if necessary.

When the patient puts the electrodes on, they usually place one electrode at the spell and the other electrode at the end of the painful area, for example let's say along leg for sciatica pain, and often the patient does not know which charge is where. Is the negative charge at the spine, or at the leg? The basic rule is to place the electrode that is felt the most at the area having the most pain. That is a general rule but that also is an effect of the charge, electrode size and overall sensitivity. Here is the tip that will help any tens or interverntial patient or clinician gain an advantage over pain, especially when it concerns "carryover pain relief".

Once the electrodes are placed in the most efficient position position the turn off unit off. Now remove the cable from both electrodes and reverse the cables into the opposite electrode. This is called "polar reversal" and really is changing the charges from positive to negative or vice versa. What most patients will find is:

1. The sensation changes from one area to another area.

2. If swelling, edema are causative of the pain, the negative charge may help reduce the spelling and so remove some of the structural aspects that is causing the pain to occur.

For any patient using tens or interferential as a home modality we recommend this procedure be tried in order to facilitate greater continual pain relief.

Common Misconceptions About Psychotherapy

Some ideas about therapy show up so often in fiction I find myself wondering how many writers are using them deliberately and how many just don’t realize they’re inaccurate. Here are six of the most common, along with some information on more standard current practice.

1. You lie on a couch

Reality: Therapy clients don’t lie on a couch; some therapists’ offices don’t even have couches.

So where did this come from? Sigmund Freud had his patients lie on a couch so he could sit in a chair behind their heads. Why? No deep psychological reason — he just didn’t like people looking at him.

There are a lot of reasons modern therapy clients wouldn’t be happy with this. Imagine telling someone about difficult or embarrassing experiences and not only not being able to see them, but having them react with silence. Why on earth would you want to go back?

The ideal therapeutic setup, and they actually teach this in graduate school, is to have both chairs turned inward at about a 20 degree angle(give or take about 10 degrees), usually with 8 or 10 feet between them. Often the therapist and the client end up facing each other because they turn toward each other in their chairs, but with this setup the client doesn’t feel like s/he’s being confronted.

Even if there is a couch in the room, the therapist’s chair will almost invariably be turned at an angle to it.

2. Therapists analyze everyone

Reality: Therapists don’t analyze people any more than the average person, and sometimes less often.

Ironically, only people trained in Freud’s make-the-patient-lie-on-the-couch-and-free-associate-about-Mother approach (aka psychoanalysis) are taught to analyze at all. All other therapists are taught to understand why people do things, but it takes a lot of energy to figure people out. And to be very frank, while therapists are usually caring folks who want to help their clients, in day-to-day life they’re dealing with their own issues and don’t necessarily have the time or space to care about everyone else’s problems or behaviors.

And the last thing most therapists want to hear about in their spare time is strangers’ problems. Therapists get paid to deal with other people’s problems for a reason!

3. Therapists have sex with their clients

Reality: Therapists never, ever, ever have sex with their clients, or the friends or family members of clients, if they want to keep their licenses.

That includes sex therapists. Sex therapists don’t watch their clients have sex, or ask them to experiment in the office. Sex therapy is often about educating and addressing relationship problems, since those are two of the most common reasons people have sexual problems.

Therapists aren’t supposed to have sex with former clients, either. The rule is that if two years have passed and the former client and therapist run into each other and somehow hit it off (ie this wasn’t planned), the therapist won’t be thrown out of professional organizations and have licenses revoked. But in most cases other therapists will still see them as suspect.

The reasoning behind this is simple — therapists are to listen and help without involving their own issues or needs, which creates a power differential that’s difficult to overcome.

And truth be told, the roles therapists play in their offices are only facets of who they really are. Therapists focus all of their attention on clients without ever complaining about their own concerns or insecurities.

When people think they want to be friends, they usually want to be friends with the therapist, not the person, and a true friendship involves sharing power, and flaws, and taking care of each other to some extent. Getting to know a therapist as a real person can be disenchanting, because now they want to talk about themselves and their own issues!

4. It’s all about your mother (or childhood, or past…)

Reality: One branch of psychotherapeutic theory focuses on childhood and the unconscious. The rest don’t.

Psychodynamic theory kept Freud’s psychoanalytic belief that early childhood and unconscious mechanisms are important to later problems, but most modern practitioners know that we’re exposed to a lot of influences in day-to-day life that are just as important.

Some therapists will flat-out tell you your past isn’t important if it’s not directly relevant to the current problem. Some believe extensive discussion of the past is an attempt to escape responsibility (Gestalt therapy) or keep from actively working to change (some types of cognitive-behavioral theory). Some believe that the social and cultural environments we live in today are what cause problems (systems, feminist, and multicultural therapies).

5. ECT is painful and used to punish bad patients

Reality: Electro-convulsive treatment (in the past, called electro-shock treatment) is a rare, last-resort treatment for clients who have been in and out of the hospital for suicidality, and for whom more traditional treatments, like medications, haven’t worked. In some cases, the client is so depressed she can’t do the work to get better until her brain chemistry is working more effectively.

By the time ECT is a consideration, some clients are eager to try it. They’ve tried everything else and just want to feel better. When death feels like your only other option, having someone run a painless current through your brain while you’re asleep doesn’t sound like such a bad idea.

ECT is not painful, nor do you jitter or shake. Patients are given a muscle relaxant, and because it’s frightening to feel paralyzed, they’re also briefly placed under general anesthesia. Electrodes are usually attached to only one side of the head, and the current is introduced in short pulses, causing a grand mal seizure. Doctors monitor the electrical activity on a screen.

The seizure makes the brain produce and use serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, all brain chemicals that are low when someone is depressed. Some people wake up feeling like a miracle has occurred. Several sessions are usually required to maintain the changes, and then the individual can be switched to antidepressants and/or other medications.

ECT is no more dangerous than any other procedure administered under general anesthesia, and many of the potential side effects (confusion, memory disturbance, nausea) may be as much a result of the anesthesia as the treatment itself.

6. “Schizophrenia” is the same thing as having “multiple personalities”

Reality: Schizophrenia is a biological disorder with a genetic basis. It usually causes hallucinations and/or delusions (strong ideas that go against cultural norms and are not supported by reality), along with a deterioration in normal day-to-day functioning. Some people with schizophrenia become periodically catatonic, have paranoid thoughts, or behave in a disorganized manner. They may speak strangely, becoming tangential (wandering verbally, often in a way that doesn’t make sense to the listener) using nelogisms (made up words), clang associations (rhyming) or, in extreme cases, producing word salads (sentences that sound like a bunch of jumbled words and may or may not be grammatically correct).

Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly multiple personality disorder) is caused by trauma. In some abusive situations, the normal defense mechanism of dissociation may be used to “split off” memories of trauma. In DID, the split also includes the part of the “core” personality attached to that memory or series of memories. The dissociated identity often has its own name, traits, and quirks; and may or may not age at the same rate as the rest of the personality (or personalities), if it ages at all.

Therefore, referring to oneself as “schizo” or “schizoid” or “schizophrenic” when one means one has an alter ego or contradictory personality traits makes no sense (and is guaranteed to make the psychologically savvy wince)!