Importance of Screening For Diabetes and it's Associated Complications

Diabetes has become a major health threat to the whole world; Indeed, the greatest increase will be contributed by India, which has already been declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the country with the largest number of diabetics in the world. Diabetes is frequently not diagnosed until complications appear, and approximately one third of all people with diabetes may be undiagnosed, although diagnosed many people are not aware of their condition.

Late detection of diabetes often means that at the time of diagnosis complications have already damaged the eyes, kidneys and nerves. These complications are costly in the physical, financial and psychosocial sense. Early detection and treatment of diabetes may not only improve glycemic control, but also improves blood pressure and lipids.
Who should be screened? In general all adults should be screened at regular intervals

  o Family history of diabetes (ie, parents or siblings with diabetes) 
o Overweight (Body Mass Index> 25 kg / m2)
o Age> 45 years
o Previous identified impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
o Hypertension (> 140/90 mmHg)
o Hyperlipidemia (HDL - 250 mg / dL or both)
o History of gestational diabetes or delivery of a baby over 9 lb (4.1 kg) (ADA-Diabetes Care 2004)

What are the Screening test for Diabetes

Fasting Plasma Glucose: The fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test is the standard test for diabetes. It is a simple blood test taken after eight hours of fasting. The FPG test is not always reliable, so a repeat test is recommended if the initial test suggests the presence of diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: The glucose tolerance test may be more accurate than the FPG in certain groups (eg, women with a history of gestational diabetes). The test uses the following procedures: I) after an overnight fast Fasting Plasma Glucose test is performed. ii) After this test a person receives 75 g of glucose (100 g for pregnant women) blood samples are taken every half an hour {(fast-30mts-60mts-90mts-120mts- (five times)} to measure the blood glucose. It not only helps in detecting diabetes but also help to detect the pre-diabetic status, Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) & Impaired Glucose
Tolerance (IGT))

Is it important to detect pre-diabetic stage? Yes! Because it is "preventable"
Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus


Symptoms of diabetes + Random plasma glucose o Blood pressure check up, regular at every visit for Hypertension (high blood pressure) – should be 40
o An electrocardiogram (ECG), that provides information about the status of heart
o Chest X ray, information about the lungs and shape of the heart and vascular system (aorta and blood vessels)
o Carotid Intima-media Thickness (IMT), marker of early atherosclerosis

Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Damage): Person with diabetes are several times more prone to kidney disease than the general population. The earliest manifestation of kidney damage is microalbuminuria, (tiny amounts of protein called aluminum are found in the urine). Symptoms include Protein in the urine, High blood pressure, burning during urination, frequent urination, puffiness and swelling around the eyes, hand & feet, excessive itching, nausea, vomiting & weakness.

About 20% of type 2 patients show evidence of microalbuminuria upon diagnosis of diabetes, however, only a small percentage of type-2 diabetics usually develops kidney disease. Microalbuminuria typically shows up in type 2 diabetics who have high blood pressure. Normal: 15yrs will develop diabetic retinopathy in their lifetime.
Who are more prone to Diabetic retinopathy? : Uncontrolled blood sugar, longstanding diabetes, Hypertension with diabetes & Genetic predisposition.

What are the stages of retinopathy? : Mild non proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), Moderate-non proliferative diabetic retinopathy, severe retinopathy, Maculopathy and Proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Treatment: Retinopathy can be treated through laser photocoagulation. Screening test: Patients with diabetes should have an initial dilated and comprehensive eye examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist right from the day of diagnosis of diabetes and every year thereafter. Early detection, timely treatment, appropriate screening and care reduce the risk of vision loss & 90% of diabetes related blindness.

All patients should be regularly screened for risk factors and encouraged at each health care visit to pursue a healthy lifestyle that includes a healthy diet, adequate exercise, weight control and stress reduction. 'Try for good control to be sure, but do not try for perfection. Perfection lasts for a moment, and diabetes lasts a lifetime '. The main theme is to be focus on to 'live a Healthy Life Quite Diabetes'.

How Your Health Choices Can Affect Your Children

If you are a young person and considering having children, we might have more reason to be sure that you are adhering to a diet and exercise program. A rather new field called epigenetic processes is ignoring interesting facts about how we send genetic signals to our children. We always know of the correlation between the health of the mother during pregnancy and the baby's health, but we are finding genetic signals the father is sending also have great significance. And they go deeper than we have ever thought.

A recent Australian study has found that obese fathers will not only raise the risk of obesity for their children, but also the grandchildren. Further examples in the study also found an increased risk of developing type II diabetes in both male and female offspring, and this apparently can be passed along by either parent. Folate deficiency in fathers resolved in a 30% higher risk of birth defects. Folate is the necessary ingredient for overall neurological health, which includes learning, memory and cognitive skills.

All of these findings show a significant effect on the father's nutritional status for the unborn child. It is now thought that the father's health possibly can have more bearing on the child's health than the mothers in some instances. This is definitely new ground in understanding how health choices of parents significantly affect their children and their grandchildren.

Since we now know that the human genes are malleable and can be affected and shaped by the environment along with thoughts and emotions, we also know that they can be affected in positive ways. Every person has the power to make alterations in their genetic expression by the lifestyles they lead. Those dietary and environmental choices if they are the right ones can give extra protection against potential health problems of their children.

Probably the most obvious target for poor health is when it comes to obesity. Obesity rates in the United States and around the world are growing by leaps and bounds, but they are also growing at alarming rates with children. If we as a society do not do something to reverse this trend those "fat genes" will be passed on to future generations, making it ever more difficult to reverse the trend of overweight people.

A greater understanding of epigenetics should shed more light on how important wise lifestyle choices of both parents are. Certainly it is going to be impossible to control every factor that goes into your children's health. But we now understand that there are more factors under our control than we had ever previously thought. No longer can people entirely dismiss health issues that our children are having as bad luck or God's will. In the United States our infant mortality rates are some of the worst in any developed country. Through education and understanding all future parents have the ability to turn those horrible numbers into something that is at the very minimum more in line with the rest of the world.

Stomach Ache Remedies – Get Rid of Those Stomach Aches For Good the Natural Way!

The stomach ache has plagued humanity for a long, long time. However, you do not have to put up with constant stomach aches. In this article I will talk about what causes them and how to get rid of the them and keep them away.

The Stomach Ache – What Does Is It Feel Like?

It is amazing how little most people know about stomach pain. I mean, everyone gets them and some people get them severely and most often.

A stomach ache is basically a symptom that is caused by a disorder in your stomach or intestines. How does it feel to most people? It can feel like:

  • A sharp jabbing pain
  • A stabbing pain (like being stabbed in the pit of the stomach with a knife)
  • A burning pain
  • A slicing pain
  • A cramping pain
  • A combination of any of the above

I'm sure there are more ways to describe different types of stomach pain, but these are the most common types.

What Are Some Natural Ways To Get Rid Of A (Or Reoccurring) Stomach Ache?

Okay, if you are already to stomach aches, controlling and getting rid of them is a very serious issue to you. There are plenty of medicines on the shelves designed for this, but I want to give you some natural, harmless ways.

First of all, if you are having reoccurring, severe stomach pain, I suggest you see your doctor to make sure it is not something serious. However, it is often that doctors can not find the reason that many people have continued stomach problems. So you have to resolve the problem yourself. That was my case, and the good news is that I resolved my continuing stomach problems.

Here are some natural ways to cure your stomach pain:

  • Try a teaspoon of peppermint oil.
  • Try a teaspoon of fennel oil.
  • Try peppermint tea.
  • Try fennel tea.
  • Try chamomile tea.

These oils and teas should be very affective. However, the surest way to get rid of those stomach aches for good is to get the root of the problem by correcting and healing your whole digestive system, as I did.

The Role of Online Psychics in Our Daily Lives

"The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant … We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift" …

~ Albert Einstein

It's easy to scoff at people who purport to be psychics and can supposedly read the past and predict the future. After all, we have grown too comfortable with the present world, the one laid out for us by technology. Instead of us relying on our instincts and intuitions, we have our TV's and cellphones and computers to do our feeling for us. We have become ungrateful complacent people who have forgotten that these same instincts and intuitions are the ones responsible for our survival as a species in the past.

What we do not know is that we all are psychics; the psychic power is not just limited to a select few individuals. We are all empowered, but some of us are just more willing to see and feel and understand deeper than the rest.

The Rise of Online Psychics.

Which is why today we see the rise of online psychics as both a technological blessing and pure human attempt to get involved in someone else's life. Psychics, whether online psychics or traditional ones, are only after one thing: ushering in awareness and clarity into everyone's lives. The popular view that online psychics are just another group of people out to cash in on gullible might be true, but this is NOT always the case. There will always be a sincere group of psychics and astrologers who have dedicated themselves to the psychic realm by providing psychic readings and advice, dream interpretations, horoscopes, and other services directed in goodwill and positivity. The Internet is the free platform that enables them to reach out and penetrate to a wider audience.

As individuals, we owe it to ourselves and to everyone else to unearth and recapture our psychic abilities. Only then are we able to acknowledge the simple, inerasable fact we all are connected to each other. Holding this piece of valuable fact within us guides us in all our decisions in life, from the trivial to the grand, and we are rest assured that all our actions are in harmony with everyone and everything else.

Honoring our Gifts.

Online psychics are our guides then in unraveling the many layers of characters we have within us, each of them crucial to our totality. Each character inside us is laden with possibilities. In our endeavor to fulfill all our abilities and potentialities, we grow closer and more bound to our purpose in life. What better life is there than one with a clear sense of purpose?

So you see, the word "psychic" is not just all about reading the past and narrating the future. Those are just steps and gateways into something more. But online psychics? It's not an impossibility to unify technology and our innate psychic powers. After all, it was human mind who created technology. We just need to open up more and strike a balance between the two.

Let's have better, deeper relationships with our psychic selves. One that honors and remembers our gifts.

Survey Shows Rise in Depression, Suicidal Thoughts in US Teens

A nationwide survey of teenagers in the United States has revealed a rise in fear and despair among them, with one in seven admitting to the misuse of prescription drugs. Since 2007, there has been a rise in the number of adolescents reporting feelings of dejection and despair. Suicidal tendency and absenteeism in school have gone up due to the fear of bullying and violence. The trend has been noted in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in high schools.

Countrywide, one out of five students reported facing bullying at school, one in 10 females and one in 28 male students reported having been subjected to forced sexual activity. Dr. Jonathan Mermin of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which linked the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, said that the life of an adolescent can be challenging. However, a huge number of students admitting to persistent feeling of helplessness and 17 percent contemplating suicide tell the sad state of affairs.

In 2007, 28 percent of teenagers reported to have suicidal feelings, which rose to 31 percent in 2017. Similarly, 14 percent of teens made suicide plans in 2017 as against 11 percent in 2007. The survey, conducted every two years, involved 15,000 high school students across 39 states. It asks questions relating to a wide range of activities and attitudes.

There were some positive observations as well. Compared to a decade ago, fewer teens reported indulging in sexual activity, consuming alcohol or taking drugs like marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. Since the question related to prescription opioid was asked for the first time, the researchers could not tell if the one in seven exhibited an increase or a decline.

The executive director of the National Coalition of STD Directors and a social worker, David Harvey, said that irrespective of the absence of a comparison, these figures suggest that opioids must be contributing to the less explored impact on the lives of adolescents. For example, opioid use could be contributing towards the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in this age group.

Harvey pointed out that in 2007, at least 62 percent of teens reported having used condoms the last time they had an intercourse compared to 54 percent of teens in 2017. This decline along with the use of prescription drugs signals towards a teenager's susceptibility to STDs like HIV and Syphilis. As many as 39 percent of students had sex in 2017 compared to 48 percent in 2007.

There was also a decline in the percentage of students encountering sexual dating violence from 10 percent in 2013 to 7 percent in 2017. This, along with a decline in the intake of alcohol and drugs, represented the wiser choices made by the students. The experts suggested that family support, especially the parental attention can make a lot of difference in an adolescent's life. Further, an increased access to mental health and substance abuse resources can also make a lot of difference. Schools can contribute by offering coping skills and bystander intervention training.

Among the LGBT teens, there was increased incidence of risky behavior as their sense of physical and emotional well-being is threatened. In comparison to 2015, a higher number of gay, lesbian and bisexual teens reported having been rapped. They also reported having missed school because of their concerns regarding their own safety.

Dealing with the double whammy

Teens are impressionable. They are at a juncture where they can fall prey to drugs easily which can have an impact on their mental health. On the contrary, they can resort to addictive substances to deal with their mental problems. Such a simultaneous incidence of these problems is termed as co-occurring disorders or dual diagnosis, which requires immediate intervention.

Understanding Textiles – Delve Into the World of Artisan Batiks

Very unique artistic batiks are produced on the Island of Java. Java is located in Indonesia. The batiks are created by artisans-considered skilled dye masters. The persons incorporating this process are considered dyers. They develop new and intriguing looks and styles, on different fabrics. The idea is to create something new and exciting as it applies to adding value to what is not yet referenced within the industry of fabrics and textiles.

When creating a batik it is most imperative to explore a batik that has not yet been presented within the world market. The preceding goal should be the objective of the skilled Batik artisan-Dawn Michel Ryan

The fabric, when creating the most original of Batiks is highly original or unique. The fabric is hand-dyed multiple times. Many different artisans work on various portions of the fabric. The work, on the island, is performed outside. This infers that the type of weather, on the island, will influence the end result of the art performed. The process is by hand and is a very expert and specialized process.

Consistency is a foremost objective as it applies to the pattern and color. It is important that variations in color are subtle. The preceding means that the consumer, purchasing a bolt of the fabric, will not purchase any two bolts that are precisely alike. There are always slight variations, when viewing the art from bolt to bolt and from one color to the next. The variations have something to do with interactions of the hand processes and what occurs with regard to climatic conditions on the island and nature. The variation is what makes Batik a thing of beauty.

The Process of Batik:

The word Batik originates in Java and Indonesia. It is descriptive of a colored fabric and associated process of producing patterns, by making use of fabric dyes and wax, in way of creating the design. The multi-colored batik makes allowance for the manufacture of very complex patterns which look very much like paintings.

The process of Batik is one that is highly traditional. The artisan makes use of wax and dyes in order to attain colorful and intricate patterning. The tradition of the art is the most prevalent on the Indonesian Island of Java. This process has been handed down on a generational basis. It is the vocation of Indonesian Village women. The process has evolved from a hand-drawing technique referred to as Batik Tulis. The designs, with regard to this technique, are hand drawn onto the fabric. Next, the Batik cap process was employed. In this process, designs are stamped onto a machine. Special copper stamps are used. The preceding stated, the traditional process of Batik tulis is still in practice, in some communal areas; however, the process is not as much of a commonality as years ago.

The long process of making a length of Batik cloth begins with the cloth. Only the best quality cloth, making use of the finest Batik, is generally incorporated into the process. The preceding refinement is referred to as Primisma quality. It is followed by Prima quality, biru (blue) quality, and then merah (red) quality-which is the most rustic of quality types.

Batik tulis is the oldest form of batik production within Indonesia. Wax is either written or drawn (tulis) onto a length of fabric. The fabric is initially washed. It is then kneaded and dried. A paste made of rice or cassava and oil is applied to the fabric in order to halt the wax from penetrating the fabric fibers. The process of pattern-making is then performed in several phases.

The first stage is mencanting. The design phase makes use of wax designs. The designs are applied to the fabric. When the designs are applied, a traditional tool referred to as a canting, is used in the process. This is a tool which consists of a wood handle, and a small cup made of metal. The cup is filled with the melted wax. The wax is heated and dripped out of the canting spout and onto the fabric. The wax or malam-Javanese translation, is traditionally beeswax. The waxed area of the fabric is protected from the dye during the dyeing process.

The second phase of the process is referred to as mewarna. This process involves coloring the fabric. The fabric is dyed using natural dyes, originating from plants. The areas which are waxed are protected from the dyes; and remain free of the color.

The fabric is now dyed. While the wax is still on the fabric, it is dried. The word for drying is mengering. It is soaked in a color fixing agent. (The word for this phase is memati warna).

The fabric is washed (membasuh dan membilas) in water that is neither too cold or too warm. The temperature of the water is significant in order not to melt the wax.

The dye and wax process is repeated several times. This dyeing and color fixing, along with washing, is repeated until each color, as to the design, is applied and the desired pattern is completed. Sometimes, during the process of dyeing, the wax is accidentally cracked by the dyer. This is okay, because a special effect is artistically achieved. The effect is referred to as: menyapu lilin.

During the final phase, the wax is scraped off, with a knife, by the artisan. The fabric is boiled (merebus) in order to remove the wax which remains.

Conclusively, the designer may wish to learn the traditional process or work, exclusively, with Batik artisans on the Island of Java. The persons who create these beautiful Batiks are truly some of the world’s most significant artisans.

An Introduction to Acid Reflux Disease

Acid reflux disease, also known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD, afflicts millions of people. Many suffer from an incidental bout with heartburn, but acid reflux disease, as a diagnosis, should only be made if the heartburn causes impediments to your lifestyle due to severe, chronic discomfort over prolonged periods of time. Usually, if you suffer from heartburn 2 or more times per week for at least 12 weeks, there's a good chance that your diagnosis would be GERD. Unfortunately, no one knows exactly what causes acid reflux disease, but there is an adequate amount of information available at your doctor's office and on the Internet.

The good news is that acid reflux disease is a highly manageable condition, though it can lead to potentially serious, chronic conditions. Many avenues are available with regard to treatment options. The most common options recommended include lifestyle changes, medical treatments, stress management, and / or a combination of all strategies.

What is Acid Reflux Disease?

Acid reflux disease is a chronic condition in which stomach acid washes back up onto the esophagus, causing severe discomfort. Stomach acid burns the esophagus lining due to a relaxed lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES acts as a valve between your stomach and the esophagus. The valve is designed to open and allow food into the stomach, and then close, protecting the esophagus from acids. However, if the LES is not closing properly, acid rushes or refluxes upward, coating the esophagus, and causes a burning sensation.

Remember that it's normal to suffer from acid reflux (heartburn) every once and awhile. It's only acid reflux disease when it's a chronic condition, occurring frequently and for long periods of time. If you are unsure, do not hesitate to see your doctor. One more thing to keep in mind is that heartburn has nothing to do with your heart. It just feels that way at times because the esophagus is located behind the heart.

Heart Disease

Heart disease, as the name implies, is an affliction of heart and its associated systems. Around 13 million people suffer from coronary heart disease, with 479,000 people dying from it each year. Congenital heart disease affects 8-10 out of 1,000 children every year in America.

Heart disease has branched into different types, each disease having its own causal factors, symptoms, treatment procedures, and prevention measures. However, still there are certain similarities in the symptoms and diagnoses among the numerous types of heart diseases.

Different types of heart diseases include coronary heart disease, congenital heart disease, heart valve disease, heart muscle disease, aorta disease, pericardial disease, heart failure, and many, many more.

Some common symptoms of heart disease include chest discomfort, pain in different parts of the body, shortness of breath, nausea, coldness, vomiting, unexplained severe headaches, sweating, anxiousness, heartburn, swelling in limbs and tissues, and many more.

Sometimes, there might not be any symptoms of heart disease. Hence, it is called a silent killer also.

Usually, diagnosis is possible through tests which are conducted especially for this purpose. Some tests include electrocardiography tests, which measures the electrical activity when the person is at rest; laboratory tests, which includes blood testing; nuclear imaging; ultrasound; radiological imaging; invasive tests, which involves the insertion of catheters into the heart’s blood vessels for closer examination; and many more.

Heart disease prevention lies in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and keeping a good diet. One should be particularly careful if high cholesterol, diabetes, and other problems run in the family. Some heart diseases are triggered by these factors.

Apart from this, medications are also available to keep blood pressure, diabetes, and other undesirable things in control. For those suffering from severe heart disease, surgery remains the ultimate remedy.

Heart disease is a dangerous disease which can slowly strengthen its hold on people without their being even aware of it. One has to be particularly careful and recognize its symptoms, besides taking good care to prevent from being a victim.

Diversity in Organizations

Organizations have enormous power to focus efforts on collective goals, objectives, issues, problems, and results, if they so choose. It’s the power of an organization’s convergent effect — people coming together in a planned way to accomplish something mutually beneficial for all involved. That’s the theory of organization.

If organizations exist to unite diverse perspectives, capabilities, and talents in pursuit of common purposes and mutually beneficial results, why do they stifle diversity, seek sameness, discourage individuality, promote conformance, reward uniformity, and punish nonconformity? Because managing diversity is harder than managing uniformity — managing diversity is more challenging, expensive, time consuming, demanding, stressful, and prone to fail.

Managing uniformity requires little more than an authoritarian hierarchy, strict enforcement of procedures and performance standards, command and control management styles, and a conforming workforce — the allure of uniformity lies in its ease of administration, stability and predictability, efficiency of operations, low cost and on-budget performance, minimal volatility with few surprises and quickly conforming culture. However, an abundance of research and experience shows that organizations and work environments with high levels of required uniformity inevitably stifle creativity and innovation, retard initiative-taking, prevent widespread accountability for results, limit freedom to expand and create value, and weaken individual motivation, commitment and fulfillment. A truly diverse organization or work environment, on the other hand, unified through common vision and purpose is healthy, strong, innovative, dynamic, and capable of blending a multiplicity of perspectives, experiences, and abilities, and it is able to weather significant competitive challenges.

An abundance of diversity exists in nature until it’s altered. An untouched acre of ground in Maine, for example, may contain up to 10,000 different varieties of tree and plant life. Such diversity is not only inspiring and beautiful, but also ecologically robust. If you were to level an unharmed acre of ground in Maine, removing all indigenous plant life and then letting it sit untouched, new growth would bring less than 10 percent of the former diversity in terms of tree and plant life. The trees and plants that first gain root in the newly leveled ground would dominate the space, preventing additional diversity from developing. Once removed, diversity rarely returns on its own. The uniformity mandate of the dominant species makes it impossible for diversity to flourish naturally. The lesson for modern organizations and their management teams is obvious: Diversity must be carefully and constantly nurtured, because creating an organization is a lot like leveling ground. Both activities create new space where the initial staffing or first species will attempt to dominate and control diversity. The very act of establishing and staffing an organization begins a process of limiting diversity, unless diversity is genuinely valued and vigilantly nurtured. Diversity by definition is the attempt to bring together competing interests into a single whole, Without constant nourishment, vibrant and productive diversity will eventually fade into ineffective, unfulfilling uniformity. Organizations with high levels of uniformity are ineffective and stagnant — ultimately producing inbred corporate cultures that lack the new perspectives, pioneering capabilities and fresh ideas necessary to survive. That is the curse of uniformity.

Organizations and their management teams often define diversity too narrowly by tolerating, rather than embracing, government guidelines about inclusion of gender, racial, and sexual diversity in the workplace; focusing on the avoidance of legal risks, rather than the benefits of diversity; and doing the minimum necessary, rather than the maximum, to promote diversity. In the end, they promote uniformity rather than diversity, and understand only those customers who are most like their employees.

Do I Have A Prolactinoma?

A Prolactinoma is the most common type of benign brain tumor. This type of tumor is commonly misdiagnosed. People normally may not present with a headache, but they have other systemic symptoms instead. Some patients present with sore lactating breasts that produce milk. Women may also experience changes in their menstrual cycles, such as shorter or delayed menses. Later, people will experience changes in their vision. Patients may present after automobile accidents or clumsiness when they were hit from the side because they had developed Bilateral Hemianopsia, where they lost their side vision.

Patients are diagnosed with a Prolactinoma by having high serum Prolactin levels. They are then confirmed with a MRI showing a growth of the Anterior Pituitary, which sits in the sella turcica of the brain. The sella turcica sits on top of the Optic Chiasm, which is being compressed causing the visual disturbances.

The Anterior Pituitary not only produces Prolactin, but it also produces five other hormones that may be diminished with the overproduction of Prolactin from the gland. These other hormones are Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicular Stimulating Hormone (FSH), which produce progesterone and estrogen in women and testosterone, Mullerian Inhibiting Factor (MIF) and Androgen Binding Protein (ABP) in men. Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) is also produced, which causes the release of Cortisol from the adrenal gland. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) comes from the Anterior Pituitary, which causes T3 and T4 thyroid hormones to be released from the thyroid gland. Growth Hormone(GH) is also produced which acts on all cells in the body for growth and repair and stimulates the release of Insulin-Like Growth Factor (IGF) from the liver to help maintain the body’s blood glucose levels. If the Prolactinoma is not treated, the Anterior Pituitary gland will not produce enough of these hormones to act on the other body organs to function properly, and patients will experience symptoms of decreased sexual functioning, Cushing’s Syndrome, Hypothyroidism, and Hyperglycemia.

There are a couple treatment options for a Prolactinoma. The first treatment option is medication. The best medical option is Bromocriptine. It is an older drug that has been used for many years, but it has several side effects, such as chest pain, confusion, and low blood sugar, that some patients cannot tolerate. So the alternative medication that can be prescribed instead is Carbergoline. These drugs are dopamine agonists that work to reduce the amount of Prolactin that is produced from the Anterior Pituitary in the brain. The ultimate treatment of a Prolactinoma is surgery. The procedure is surgical removal of the brain tumor out through the nose of the patient.

The prognosis of a Prolactinoma is very good. Ninety-five percent of the patients with this benign tumor have functional lives with few side effects. If the tumor is small, women will still be able to get pregnant and have children. Because Prolactin antagonizes estrogen release from the ovaries, women have an increased chance of getting Osteoporosis, so patients should be followed by their primary care physician and/or Neurologist to monitor the growth of the Prolactinoma. Luckily, Prolactinomas do not grow much after five years, and patients can determine their long-term treatments at that time.

So if you experience any changes of your menstrual cycle, vision, health, and/ or behavior, consult your doctor and ask “Do I Have A Prolactinoma?”

A Glossary of Candle Making

Are you one of the many individuals interested in candle making? Candle making has been around for centuries. However, it is still a popular past time hobby or for some, even a business venture. When you are learning how to make your own candles, you may come across in the candle making world various definitions. This is a small listing of some of the terms you may come across in your search to become a better candle maker.

  • Back Fill or Topping Off – Naturally as wax cools it will shrink, most often in the mid-section of the candle. This requires a back fill or topping off, which means to add more wax to the candle to create a smoother appearance in the candle top
  • Burn Rate – This is the calculation of the amount of wax that is burning away within a one hour period of burning any particular wick. The candle will need some type of base in order to calculate the burn rate of any candle.
  • Cored Wick – A cored wick is any wick that includes the use of cotton, paper or zinc inside its middle in order to supply added firmness to the candle wick. Such wicks may be round, square braided and flat braided, however keep in mind that the round wick has an empty core.
  • Fully Refined Wax – This means that the wax fulfills the maximum refined process. It usually carries the melting point of about 125 degrees Fahrenheit or sometimes a bit more. This wax has a lower content of oil than many others do. Oil content does vary of course, depending upon the melting point of the wax you are using. This type of wax is most often useful for candles other than container candles.
  • Melt Point – When melting wax into a liquid, once that state is identical, this is when wax temperature reaches its melting point. Keep in mind that melting point temperature and pouring temperature are not the same. Always practice Safety while you are candle making. Always double check your data sheet to apply the right techniques, while making your own candles.
  • Melt Pool – While a candle burns, a pool of wax is the result. The reason for this is that, the wax feeds the flame upon a wick. The melt pool is the diameter of liquefied wax. It should puddle as close to the side of the container as is possible.
  • Mottling – The outside of the candle appears dusty, specked with snowflakes or sometimes a bit pale and washed out of color. You must use a wax design that accomplishes this to achieve the mottling of candles. It is however, a most popular fashion type candle. You can make your own brand name candles.
  • Mushrooming – Mushrooming appears at the top of candle wick, while burning because of carbon deposits. It causes excessive smoke. The reasons for it may vary from improper sizing of wick, wick core or lack of air in the container as well as an abundant scent load, while candle making. However, there are so many other things to learn and do when it comes to candle making, come along, join me and let's find out more!

Whiplash Injuries: Symptoms and Treatment

The unfortunate reality of our mobile society is that there are fewer licensed drivers that have never been in an automobile accident. The more years of driving experience a person has, the more likely it is they have been involved in some sort of car accident. The U.S. Census Bureau last estimated that $10.2 million motor vehicle accidents occurred in 2008 alone. These accidents, ranging from minor fender benders to full-on collisions, are leading contributors to whiplash and concussions treated by chiropractors and physicians throughout the US. There is a rising number of bicyclists on the roadways, and whiplash caused by car accidents can be attributed to car-to-bicycle collisions.

Whiplash, car accident related or not, happens when the sudden change in the body’s velocity stretches the muscles and ligaments in the neck beyond normal range. It can occur to both motorists and cyclists involved in collisions. Anybody suffering from symptoms of whiplash should seek whiplash treatment from a chiropractor to help ease pain and stiffness and decrease risk of long-term damage.

To understand the importance of whiplash treatment, read on for information on its causes, symptoms and diagnosis.

Whiplash: The Causes

There are many different causes of whiplash. Car accident injuries are the most common, but sports injuries, bicycle crashes and other accidents can also result in similar neck pain and stiffness.

In an accident where a car is side-swiped, for example, the impact causes the body to fly to the side quickly, with the head following the body’s movements. Sudden stopping of the car flings the head to the other side, often resulting in the head hitting a window. This can leave the spine and soft tissues in the neck unstable, requiring a series of chiropractic appointments for whiplash treatment, or maybe even medical treatment for concussion.

Whiplash: The Symptoms

The majority of whiplash cases involve injuries to the soft tissue in the spine, rather than broken neck bones. The symptoms of soft tissue injuries can range from obvious to obscure. The more obvious symptoms include headaches, neck and/or shoulder pain, upper body stiffness, vertigo and pain in the jaw or face. Less obvious whiplash symptoms include ringing in the ears, nausea, difficulty swallowing, and blurred vision. Talk to a chiropractor immediately if experiencing any of these whiplash symptoms.

Whiplash: Diagnosing and Treatment

A qualified chiropractor will ask various questions to determine the extent of the neck injury before starting any whiplash treatment. These questions may include: why you think you have whiplash; car accident details, details about your injury, and the nature of your symptoms. An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan, X-rays, or a CT (computed tomography) scan combined with a myelogram may also be conducted if the injuries seem severe.

Treatment for whiplash can last from a few weeks to months, depending on the severity of the injuries. A chiropractor, physician or physical therapist may use a variety of techniques to help relieve the symptoms and improve overall spine health. These techniques may include one or a combination of: chiropractic adjustments, cold & heat therapy, massage, strength training or body mechanics training. Anti-inflammatory drugs or pain relievers may be prescribed if whiplash sufferers need additional pain relief.

It is important that whiplash treatment is sought immediately if one thinks they may be suffering from whiplash, car accident related or not. Bicycle accidents and sports injuries may not always seem like obvious causes of whiplash, but active cyclists should take the time to receive whiplash treatment if they think a neck injury has occurred. A chiropractor can develop a treatment plan suited for any type of neck or spine injury resulting in whiplash.

Holistic Healing for Digestive Disorders

The digestive system is very cruel. It asserts the body to absorb required nutrients and eliminate waste products. Any problems affecting it can lead to a lot of discomforts. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases estimates that the number of Americans affected by digestive disorders to be 60 to 70 million. Luckily, there are natural, holistic healing remedies that can eliminate these diseases. Digestive disorders include the following.

Heartburn (acid reflux) is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It occurs when contents from the stomach move back into the esophagus causing irritation.

Gas is simply the air inside your digestive tract. It enters the gut when you swallow it and when undigested foods in your large intestine are broken down by bacteria to release it. Its symptoms include passing gas, burping, stomach pain and bloating.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the contents of your stomach return into the esophagus leading to heartburn. GERD is caused by unexpected relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • Diarrhea is characterized by loose, watery stools. It leads to malabsorption and dehydration. Diarrhea can be caused by food allergies and intolerances, infections, problems in the digestive tract and medicine side effects.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to describe two disorders that lead to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. They are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. They both cause abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, stomach cramps, weight loss, and fatigue.
  • Constipation is characterized by fewer than normal bowel movements (less than three a week) or dry, hard and difficult bowel movements that are painful to pass. Other symptoms of constipation may include bloating and stomach pain.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition that occurs in the large intestine (colon). It leads to bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, gas, and constipation. It is still not clear what causes IBS.

Nutritional Response testing is the perfect holistic healing remedy to deal with digestive disorders. This form of treatment is pegged on the concept that the body knows and is able to correct its problems. The technique first analyzes the body to identify the root cause of the disorders after which nutritional support and lifestyle changes are recommended to help the body heal itself. Unlike traditional forms of treatment, it does not attempt to mask the symptoms. Instead, it tackles the underlying cause of the problem.

Holistic Healing

The first instinct when we experience pain and physical discomfort is to visit a medical professional to address the disease. This is not wrong, and it's sometimes the best way to deal with the situation. However, physical pain is usually a manifestation of an underlining greater imbalance. Holistic healing appreciates this fact. Instead of dealing with the physical aspect only, it addresses the mental, emotional and spiritual aspects, too. It is not a quick fix. It is a journey to a more balanced lifestyle.

The body contains different types of chemicals including neurotransmitters, enzymes, and hormones. Chemical imbalances can lead to many disorders in the body. Some diets can inhibit or stimulate hormone production and neurotransmitters so leading to chemical imbalances. What appears to work for one individual might not work for another. That is why Nutritional Response Testing is perfect for identifying chemical imbalances. It can be customized to fit each individual's needs.

Are you struggling with any disorders? Are you looking for a safe, less invasive and effective treatment to deal with your condition? Nutritional Response testing is one of the best holistic healing remedies. You do not have to suffer any longer.

Natural Ways to Lose Weight or Burn Fat Review

Do you know that at least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese? (From Research)

Do you know that a lot of health-related issues and challenges are related to obesity?

Being overweight puts you at great risk of developing serious health conditions like:


Cardiovascular Diseases

High Blood Pressure

Major Organ Failure

Diabetes, Cancer

Damage to joints

Varicose Veins


Obesity which is a condition resulting from excessive storage of fat in the body can be prevented through a combination of social changes and personal choices. These changes include change in your diet and exercising. Diet quality can be achieved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense food such as those food high in fat and sugar and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber

Natural ways to lose weight or burn fat are the best. You don’t need to starve yourself or start doing exercise especially when you are very busy and there is no time. Here is a product you can drink any time of the day and it will give you the desired result without stress. You can take it as a meal. Try it and you will love it.

Whenever I take it, I feel good, I feel strong and I feel great!

Just drink MRT (Meal Replacement Therapy) to burn fat or lose weight without starving yourself. As fat is burned, your body’s metabolism is improved and absorption of vitamins and nutrients is enhanced. It is 100% natural and simple to prepare.


The ingredients contain Fat Elimination Properties such as:

LECITHIN: Burn and reduces the build-up of fats.

INOSITOL: Breaks up fat and Cholesterol

L-CARNITINE: Enhance fat metabolism

MRT burns fat and nourishes also. As you well know, a lot of health challenges are related to obesity.


MRT is a safe, effective and fast way to burn and reduce the build-up of fats and thereby reducing obesity to maintain a slender and healthy figure.

It breaks up fats and cholesterol.

It is good for the heart and cleanses the liver and kidney.

It helps the body absorb nutrients and acts as anti-cancer.

It also contains a complete range of vitamins, nutrients and amino acids to maintain high energy level.

MRT deals with obesity. Great for diabetes also and generally awesome for all internal organs such as the liver, kidney, spleen etc. It is also good for keeping away infections from the body.

Do not limit yourself only to the knowledge you have. Try other ways and other areas.

Stay healthy, stay balanced, stay revitalised!

The Effects of Drinking on Diabetes

There are many changes will need to make in your life if you are diagnosed with diabetes and drinking is a very important one of those changes. There has been much debate where those with diabetes should drink alcohol and for many this is not an easy question to answer.

Type 2 diabetes is where the pancreas makes adequate insulin but your body is able to properly utilize that insulin. The insulin is unable to cross into the cells to do its job and keep your blood sugar stable. Small amounts of alcohol will cause blood sugar to rise in people with diabetes and drinking larger amounts of alcohol can cause a large drop in blood sugar as the pancreas attempts to lower blood sugar and the large amounts of insulin it produced to do the job really hit the cells.

It is the livers job to attempt to rectify this balance. When your blood sugar drops your liver is responsible for converting stored carbohydrates into glucose to rectify your low blood sugar. If you have diabetes and are drinking though the liver will spend its time trying to clear the alcohol from your blood stream and leave your blood sugar to plummet unchecked with the over load of insulin in your system that was released when you first drank the alcohol. Drink too much and it can lead to a very dangerous drop in blood sugar.

Having diabetes and drinking is not all black and white though, if you are at a celebration or dinner and wish to have a small glass of wine it is probably ok, provided that you keep it to once glass. The key is to moderate your alcohol consumption to those few special occasions and to be sure to eat before drinking. The type of alcohol you drink can affect you differently as well since each alcohol has different amounts of sugar in it. Drinking a single glass of wine with dinner is not likely to have much of effect on you, where as a harder alcohol with a higher sugar content is likely to cause problems.

Most doctors recommend abstaining from alcohol completely as being the safest course of action for most people with diabetes, and drinking on a regular basis is strongly discouraged.