Infusion Pump Guide

Infusion pumps. It's a riveting subject, I know. But really, there are so many different types to choose from that it gets a bit confusing. So if you need to know more about the them, you're in the right place.

Okay, you've got your ambulatory, syringe, enteral, pole-mounted, and multi-channel infusion pumps. But what does each one do? What are the major differences? Well, here's scoop:


This is a small pump designed to be mobile. This gives patients the freedom to go about their business if they need infusion therapy on a regular basis. And because this type is so convenient and runs on a battery, emergency personnel use them as well. A well known ambulatory pump is an insulin pump.


Syringe pumps are designed to deliver small amounts of the particular substance. The medication slowly drips through a syringe. Pain medication, like morphine, is a good example of what syringe pumps are used for.


This is basically your basic feeding pump. The patient would have a shunt in place so the feeding pump could be inserted to deliver nourishment.


This infusion pump is what you typically see in a hospital setting (you know, the bags are attached to the top of the pole). These lack the mobility of the ambulatory infusion pump but have more features that medical personnel need. Pole-mounted pumps can be used in a home care setting but again, there will be a lack of mobility with this model.


If a patient needs several medications like occasional antibiotic and an anti-nausea medication, a multi-channel pump would be used. This type of pump allow you to manage more than one substance at the same time.

Well, there you have it … a basic guide to infusion pumps that'll come in handy the next time you may need to purchase one.

Abdominal Pads for Wound Care

First aid is a big deal and can make a big difference in a patients overall quality of care. One of the biggest issues in first aid is wound management, and having Curity Abdominal Pads on hand can really make a difference when it comes to treating a wound care patient. The best thing about these abdominal pads is the fact that they are perfect not just for the abdomen but for other parts of the body. These pads are able to absorb bodily fluids and allow you to apply pressure to stop the bleeding thanks to their ultra-absorptive properties, making them the ideal choice in a variety of injury scenarios.

In addition to being incredibly multifunctional, Curity Abdominal Pads also allow for multiple applications in the event of heavy bleeding. This is a much better option in some cases then having to hastily tie on a makeshift tourniquet. Additionally these abdominal pads are also built for comfort so that the patient doesn’t have to deal with the annoyance of an abrasive material in addition to the pain of their wounds. The pads are also sealed on all four edges to prevent lint residue and leaking which is important in regards to preventing possible contamination issues.

Curity knows that having access to sterile supplies is best in most cases and offer their abdominal pads in both sterile and non-sterile packaging depending on your immediate needs. This is important because it always pays to take into account the fact that open wounds can become easily infected if you’re not careful. The packaging is also designed to be easy to open, allowing you easy access when you need it. In addition to this a blue stripe indicates which side is supposed to face up so that you always apply the pad properly, even during an emergency situation when you may not be entirely calm about the situation. By making the product easy to use Curity seeks to ensure that the patient receives the best care possible under any circumstances.

These abdominal pads can be purchased in many places, both locally and online. If you have the time to wait a few days for delivery, then the best value is typically purchasing from an online supplier who has lower prices. If you don’t have the time to wait, many local stores, especially those carrying medical supplies (i.e. DME stores) can help you find these products quickly. Just make sure you do your homework, and find the best possible supplier who delivers the maximum service and quality for what you are spending.

Chaulmoogra Essential Oil and Its Magical Benefits

Chaulmoogra essential oil is derived from the seeds of the plant through the complex process of steam distillation. The entire method of oil extraction is done through the traditional process in order to keep the purity and quality standards of the essential oil intact. The oil giving plant grows up to the height of 20 meters and its falling branches have a very long leaves. It has beautiful greenish white blossom flowers which grow in cluster. Earlier, this organic oil oil was extensively used to treat numerous skin diseases like leprosy, and various other skin related problems. In southern part of India, it was practiced to heal wounds, cuts and ulcers. Later on, this oil was commenced in modern era in the nineteenth century to aid diseases naturally.

A Burmese Saga says that Chaulmoogra tree is magical and treated Burmese prince from leprosy, it is believed that the diseased prince was asked to leave his empire and go to the forest to meditate by the Gods.

Therapeutic Properties

Chaulmoogra essential oil is pale yellow in color and posses a very strong woody fragrance and blends incredibly well with lavender, chamomile and tea tree essential oils. This natural essential oil is widely used in medicines and cosmetics products to treat extreme skin related ailments such as eczema, wounds, skin rashes and leprosy.

Incredible Uses of Natural Chaulmoogra Oil

Aids Eczema: eczema is a chronic skin infection in which skin becomes cracked, dry and itchy. It is also known as a topic dermatitis which mainly affects children and then continues for life. This injurious disease should be cured at the initial stage to avoid worst conditions. Thus, chaulmoogra essential oil works miraculously on skin eczema wounds and very much capable of killing the roots of the infection.

Proficient in the Treatment of Leprosy: Since the ancient era, this oil is extensively used to treat people suffering from the problem of Leprosy. It is a dreadful disease in which a bacteria causes permanent damage to the skin, limbs, eyes and nerves. Further, in the worst condition of the disease patient tend to lose the actual length of the fingers and toes.

Psoriasis: Chaulmoogra essential oil is also very useful in treating people who are suffering from psoriasis, in which skin surface gets red, patchy and patient tend to have rough scalp, rashes in and around ears, elbows, navel, knees, buttocks and genitals. Thus, this oil help in resolving the infection and further helps in new infection free skin growth.

This essential oil is very beneficial in curing innumerable skin troubles for lifetime and it also act as a vital agent in providing the required essence for the healthy glowing skin.

Injury or Fainting; Warm-up and Cool-Down … You Decide


You must prepare your body before taking part in physical training, sports competition, or vital physical activity. A warm-up may help prevent injuries and maximize performance.

The warm-up increases the body's internal temperature and the heart rate so that more oxygen-rich blood can be pumped through the muscles. The chance of getting injured decrees when the heart, muscles, ligaments, and tendons are properly prepared for operation and, vica versa the risk of injury increases unnecessarily when you do not go through a proper warm-up.

A warm-up should include some running-in-place or slow jogging, stretching, and calisthenics. Get all the major muscle groups involved in the warm-up and pay particular attention to warming-up the parts of the body that will become subject to the most stress during the conditioning activity. After stretching all his major muscle groups, a major-league pitcher warms-up by throwing baseballs at increasing velocity. The last couple pitches are at game speed. Warming-up from the general to the specific like the major league pitcher is a good model to adapt and follow.

A good warm-up should last five to seven minutes and should occur just before the sports activity or muscular endurance and strength part of the workout. The warm-up effect will not last more than five minutes or so. If the delay before the intense physical activity begins five minutes then perform at least one or more mini-warm-ups before starting. After a proper warm-up, you have prepared your body for a more intense conditioning activity.


You should cool down properly after each exercise period, regardless of the type of workout. Even swimming needs a cool down. The cool down serves to gradually slow the heart rate and helps prevent pooling of the blood in the legs and feet.

During exercise, the muscles squeeze the blood through the veins. This helps return the blood to the heart. After exercise, however, the muscles relax and no longer do this, and the blood can accumulate in the legs and feet. This can cause a person to faint. A good cool-down will help avoid this possibility.

During the warm-up you specifically engaged the muscle groups that you would be using during the conditioning activity. You do not have to engage the same muscle groups again for the cool down. For a proper cool down you can walk and stretch until your heart rate returns to less than 100 beats per minute (BPM) and heavy sweating stops. This usually happens five to seven minutes after the end of the conditioning activity.

You can check your BPM on the radial artery on your wrist (just above the base of the thumb), a carotid artery on your neck (just beside the Adam's apple), or by putting your hand over your heart. Count the beats for 10 seconds and multiple by 6 to get BPM.

How Can Measles Affect Hearing?


My six-year-old granddaughter had measles at Christmas. It has left her with hearing difficulties and her glands are still up. Is this normal? She has not been immunized and is at present taking a multivitamin and mineral tablet, omega-3 and oils and, incidentally, echinacea and belladonna for her glands.


A typical attack of measles starts with most of the symptoms of flu – catarrh, high fever, extreme fatigue, swollen glands, sore throat and body-ache. As the disease progresses, the skin erupts in small red spots all over the body. These symptoms are triggered by the virus multiplying rapidly in the tissues of the body.

In Indian traditional medicine, measles was considered a normal contagious disease of childhood. Nothing was prescribed except a careful diet rest and folk remedies. Bed rest was thought to be essential, and sheets were changed twice a day because sweating can be intense as the viral activity increases and the body raises its temperature to try to contain this. With measles' children seldom have much appetite and the sore throat makes it difficult to swallow, so they were given barley water with honey and a few drops of lemon, which was easy to digest and enough enough nourishment to keep the body active. You will find more details about the optimal diet for children. Curing sickness in Nutrition Bible book.

Neem leaves were boiled in water and the child was sponged with this infusion twice a day. Known as the village pharmacy in India the evergreen neem tree is one of nature's best antibacterial and antiviral resources and has been used for more than 4000 years. It is now being broadly researched in America and India for its potential use as a herbal pesticide or antiviral agent in agriculture.

Using neem externally is beneficial (but do not take it internally). As well as usingthe infusion for sponging down, you can apply neem oil neat to the skin during the three days or so of the acute phase.

Your granddaughter is suffering from complications following the measures attack. The virus has left the body but the sites where it once thrived are suffering from aftereffects. The glands you refer to in the throat and neck area are really lymph nodes. These are the defensive tissues that try to prevent the virus from overpowering the body. The more virulent the infection, the more enlarged they become. After the infection has subsided, they remain enlarged for a long time Massage them gently with peppermint balm or oil of eucalypatus or tea tree (put two drops of either in one teaspoonful of a base oil such as grape-seed oil). Do this every other night at bedtime for two minutes over two weeks.

Her hearing difficulty is due to a blockage of the eustachian tubes from catarrh during the measures attack. The eustachian tubes are narrow channels that originate in the upper throat area and end in each middle ear. The middle ear is a balloon like structure containing tiny bones that magnify the sound waves from the external ear and transport them to the inner ear, where nerve endings pick up the vibrations. When the eustachian tube is blocked, the walls of the middle ear collapse because no air can be pumped up from the throat. This lack of function means that hearing is impaired. The answer is to reduce the catarrh.

Here are my suggestions:

* Avoid ice cubes, ice cream, fizzy drinks, citrus jukes, dairy and yeast products.

* Drink Winter Tea with honey (manuka if possible) twice daily, to help clear congestion.

* Take the Ayurvedic supplement Bioprash: one teaspoonful mixed with a little honey and water, daily for three months; this will help to reduce catarrh and boost energy.

* Put two drops of Sinus Oil in each nostril morning and evening; the child should lie on her back and sniff the oil up, then wait for a couple of minutes before getting up and popping her ears. To do this, pinch both nostrils shut with finger and thumb, bend the head forward and try to exhale so that the cheeks blow out and the air is pushed into the ears. Do this three or four times, until the ears pop. Persevere for a week or so- Once the air reaches the middle ear, the hearing improves instantly.

* Continue with the vitamins and minerals, but stop the other supplements.

When Should I Get a Tetanus Shot?

The infection that used to be called lockjaw, and now referred to as tetanus, is a disabling and life threatening sickness. It is caused by a bacterium, Clostridium tetani, which inhabits soil and manure. It is common throughout the environment, and the illness is caused when the bacteria or its spores enter an open wound.

Bacterial spores are bacteria in a state of almost suspended animation, and they can persist in soil and dust for many years.They will become active again and start to multiply when they are given the right conditions of moisture, temperature and nutrients, and they get these in abundance in an open wound.

Almost any type of wound can be infected, but deep puncture wounds are most at risk. When the bacteria or spores enter a wound and start to multiply, the create a toxin, which is the actual cause of the illness. Tetanus affects the muscular and nervous systems and the first symptoms of the illness are usually muscle spasms in the muscles nearest to the wound site. These soon spread, usually to the face primarily, then to other areas. Left untreated, tetanus has a fatality rate of about 60%.

Tetanus usually takes between two days and 21 days (or sometimes even more) to become noticeable, so when you get a cut that might be a problem, it is worth having it deal with at once, or else you are liable to forget while tetanus is incubating in your system.

In most of the developed world, there are well established and extremely effective immunization programs that start in childhood, and continue routinely through adult life, and most people who are now adults will probably be well protected. It is possible, however, that some of the older may not.

The vaccinations used are typically multiple vaccines, protecting against tetanus, pertussis and diphtheria, but several variants are available. After the primary series is given, booster shots are given every ten years.

So when should you get a tetanus shot ?. If you do not for sure of your protection status, any penetrating wound, including animal bites should be followed to a visit to the Doctor to get your protection up to date. Even if you know that you have had a full program of immunizations, any deep or dirty wounds, especially those that may be contaminated with manure or soil may require an additional injection of human tetanus immunoglobulin may be given as an additional safeguard.

If your work brings you into frequent contact with soil, or with horses, you must make sure your protection is kept up to date, as is the case if you are traveling to some of the poorer parts of the world outside Europe or the US

Are you sure you are protected? If not, take heed!

General Information About Chicken Pox

Chickenpox is a common childhood disease caused by a virus. The virus is called the varicella-zoster virus.

A highly contagious disease it an easily spread through air or touch among members of the same family, kids at school and even at your place of job. The most contagious time of chickenpox is up to 5 days (more commonly, 1 to 2 days) before and 5 days after the date that their rash appears. After the crises on the blisters or sores have fallen off its considered safe.

The majority of us have the disease by the time we are 15 despite the most common age is between 5 and 9; This does not stop the fact that anyone can have it. Winter and spring are usually the times of year when chickenpox is most likely to strike.

Usually symptoms appear in the pacient after the person has come into contact with another carrier … anywhere from 10 to 21 days, although the most common period is 14 to 16 days from the exposure time. General weakness and rashes are the first signs that the person may have contracted the disease and even mild fever up to 102 degrees F for 1 or 2 days. It is very rare the fact that a person may present different symptoms without the rash, one of the tail-tail signs of the disease. The rash usually starts as small red points appearing on the pacient's skin, points that afterwards progress to blisters filed with a clear fluid. Sometimes this fluid will become cloudy turning to pus and even bursting, this way creating open spores before the crusting period begins. Starting from the scalp the course of the blisters follows the chest the abdomen and then the extremities of the body meaning the hands and feet … you can even have blisters on the palm of your hands and feet making the daily life a bit troublesome

Typically very itchy the rash becomes even more aggravated if it comes into contact with different irritants (by diaper rash, poison ivy, eczema, sunburn, etc.).

Scarring is one of the most typical complications of chickenpox, avoidable if the pacient would not scratch or if it could prevent coming into contact with different bacteria that may cause infection. A disorder of the cerebellar portion of the brain (cerebellar ataxia with wobbliness, dizziness, tremor, and altered speech) is the nest most common complication, mostly in children; it can even lead to encephalitis (inflammation of the brain with headaches, seizures, and reduced consciousness), damaged nerves (nerve palsies) and Reye's syndrome (a potential fatal fatal combination of liver and brain disease). Suffering already from a different disease is not a god thing complications in this case being even worse. A real tragic fact is if that a pregnant mother develops the disease from 5 days before to 2 days after delivery, the fatality rate for the baby is up to 30%.

MMR Vaccines and Autism – Is There Truly a Link Between Autism and Routine Vaccinations?

Some continued controversial over vaccinations and autism exists. Since many children receive a series of inoculations at a young age and that is around the same time that autism is typically diagnosed, logically one could assume that there would be some correlation. Much of the speculation surrounds the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine. After the controversy, more important the vaccine does protect children against some dangerous and even deadly diseases and the CDC (Center for Disease Control) continues to recommend that children receive two doses of the vaccine to prevent these horrible diseases from a child's life. This continues to be a hot topic because the fact that scientific studies have found no relationship between autism and the vaccine.

In 1998 a group of doctors led by Andrew Wakefield began a study children with autism and controversies began to raise over the connection between vaccines and autism. The study, however, has a number of limitations. The study was relatively small and involved only 12 children, which is too small a number to make any generalizations about. The study tried to correlate gastrointestinal infection in children, the MMR vaccine and autism. However, some of the children in the study provided that the symptoms of autism appeared before the bowel disease. In 2004 10 of the 13 authors of this study retracted the study and its interpretations citing that there was not enough data to establish a link between the two. Since that time there have been other larger studies, one done in the UK with 498 children, but results still yet to prove a link between the two.

The American Academy of Pediatrics as well as other groups of experts agree that the vaccine is not responsible for the increases in number of children with autism.

Why then do people still believe the MMR-autism link? They believe it because autism first becomes apparent before the age of three, which is around the same time that childhood vaccines like MMR are given to them. Naturally parents worry over their children so for the randomly few children who demonstrate signs of autism shortly after the inoculation, the parents' first instinct to place the blame on the vaccine. Desperately these parents are looking for something to blame and since they perceived their child as normal prior to the vaccine, unfortunately, it appeared that the vaccine was the culprit. Further scientific studies have proved this not to be so.

Baby Boomer Issues – Health, Money and Retirement

As the Baby Boomer generation continues to grow older, their primary concerns have shifted to their health, money and retirement. The days of idly wondering where their next vacation should be and whether their bonus check will be as much as they deserve are quietly passing. Today, Baby Boomer issues are mostly about concerns with maintaining their dwindling health and having enough money to live comfortably through their twilight years.

Health Concerns For The Boomers

As people grow older, they often experience problems with their health. Their bodies grow more fragile and susceptible to diseases and bacteria. In addition, many people 50 years of age and older are reporting health problems that were not experienced by people in their same age group long ago.

This problem is exacerbated by rising health care costs. As the Boomer generation begins to require more medical care, the cost of that medical care continues to increase. Health issues and their ability to cope with them and find the proper medical support is a major concern for Baby Boomers.

Money And Retirement Concerns For The Boomers

Along with rising health care costs, Baby Boomers also worries about money and retirement. During the last several years of their careers before retiring, people usually enjoy treaties and bonuses that are larger than at any other point in their career. As a result, money is rarely a major concern.

However, many people fail to save that money. Instead, they spend it on vacations, their families and in the pursuit of living fun and fulfilling lives. This can lead to a rude awakening when they retire. Because they have not saved much money during their careers, a lot of people discover that they do not have enough money to live comfortably during their retirement years.

When they retire, they no longer earn a salary. They no longer receive bonus checks. Instead, they are forced to live off the income that can be generated by the investments they have made through their lives. Unfortunately, many have not invested any money that can generate this income.

Other Baby Boomer issues complicate this money problem. People live longer lives today. When a Baby Boomer retires, he can expect to live many years in retirement. In the past, a 65-year old man could expect to live approximately 10 years in retirement before passing away. The financial requirements of living comfortably for these 10 years were manageable for most people.

Today, financial planners use a life expectancy of 90 to 95 years. That is, when a person retires at 65 years of age, he can expect to live up to 30 years in retirement. With dwindling health, rising health care costs and a lack of savings to generate a fixed income, the financial requirements of living 30 years in retirement are out of reach for many people.

These health, money and retirement concerns will grow as more of the Baby Boomer generation moves into retirement. Some will choose to work part-time jobs to keep active, stay healthy and generate supplemental income. Others will require the aid of family and friends. Still others may require more help than is available to them. As the Baby Boomer issues are beginning to emerge the Boomers will experience the issues that have been quietly gaining momentum for years, their health, money and retirement concerns will continue to grow.

Protective Function of Probiotics Against The Flu

Flu or influenza is an acute respiratory tract infection caused by the influenza virus. It has been a common health problem because it is rampant but has no definite cure. There are treatments available but only for palliative purposes (relief of symptoms). So far, the most reliable treatment that has been developed is the flu vaccine, which is used in preventing the flu infection.

A person with flu may manifest symptoms such as cough, body malaise/ body weakness, diarrhea, fever, headache, nausea, sore throat and vomiting. These flu symptoms can be mild and can even become severe enough to impede the infected individual from performing activities of daily living. There are certain medicines used to relieve these symptoms but the said medications cannot completely cure flu.

Moreover, flu is known to be self-limiting. This means that this illness may heal on its own depending on the immune response of the body. Mostly, people infected with flu can feel better after two weeks. However, the severity of this illness can also lead to a fatal complication, pneumonia, a bacterial respiratory infection.

Being aware of the worst health threat that flu can bring about, medical experts don’t want to become lenient. They conduct various researches that would maximize the efficiency of flu vaccine as it is the most efficient preventive treatment identified. One of the significant findings was that the specific immune response of the body against flu can be enhanced by consuming probiotics for 6 weeks before having a shot of flu vaccine. The research was headed by Dr. Giuliano Rizzardini and the finding was published in the British Journal of Nutrition.

In the said study, the subjects were randomly chosen. Some were administered with probiotic microbes Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. Lactis (in capsule) and Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei (in dairy drink) while others were given with placebo. Those subjects administered with probiotics have significantly increased level of antibodies, specifically IgA and IgG. Antibodies are components of the immune system that detect and destroy antigens such as viruses (e.g. flu virus), bacteria and other harmful substances.

Probiotics are indeed providing extensive health benefits. These are good microbes that were primarily integrated into dairy products (e.g. yogurt) and other food supplements to keep the gut healthy. But as of this moment, probiotic microorganisms surpass the expectations of health experts. As mentioned earlier, a research finding revealed the ability of certain probiotic bacteria to boost up specific immune response, particularly against flu.

Also, keep in mind that probiotic products are not medications that directly treat ailments. These are manufactured to improve the protective functions of the immune system. Besides, a healthy immune system is one of the keys to easily recover from different illnesses and even to prevent sickness. Always remember to consult your doctor before intake of any supplements, including probiotics, for safe consumption. Bear in mind that there might be medical conditions that require doctor’s supervision while taking any treatment such as those individuals who are immunocompromised.

Generally, the immune booster property of probiotics truly brings advantage against flu and raises the body’s shield against any infection and even various diseases. Therefore, taking probiotics is simply saying “No” to any type of illness.

Low Back Pain – Time to See a Chiropractor?

The lower back carries a great deal of responsibility. It is the center of our skeletal system and can bear a great deal of the body's weight, even when lifting is not executed properly. This is why there are many people in the world who frequently experience lower back pain, or "Lumbago."

Lower back pain can be caused by many different things including poor posture, strenuous exercise, lifting excess amounts of weight and general strain. Your age can also play a role in the health of your lower back.

Most people who experience frequent lower back pain get rid of it after a few weeks of general self-care. For those with frequent sever lower lower back pain or pain that does not go away after a few weeks it is time to seek medical care.

Some symptoms of lower back pain may be burning sensations, pains felt in a single area or overall, pain that comes on suddenly or gradually, stiffness and muscle spasms.

If you have a frequent lower back pain that will not ease up and you visit your chiropractor, he or she may do many different things. If your chiropractor believes your pain may be caused by a slipped disc, or other skeletal / bone issues, he or she may do an x-ray. After they evaluate your x-rays they will conclude as to what the best treatment may be.

For those that do not have very serous injuries to the back, Chiropractic care would be the ideal treatment. Chiropractic care is one of the safest methods of treatment. One of the most popular treatments that chiropractors use is called manipulation. Manipulation consistants of the chiropractor applying force to a joint. This force pushes it beyond its regular range of motion.

The theory behind manipulation is that when there is no movement of the spell it causes pain and reduced function. Manipulation adjusts the spine to where it needs to be. Some other treatments of lower back pain that chiropractors may use are massage therapy, ultrasound, electrical muscle stimulation or range of motion exercises.

Infections of the Central Nervous System (Neurosyphilis)

Infections generally involve the invasion of pathogenic microbes into the body systems or organs, causing damage or alteration in the body or system functions. The Nervous system is not an exception and one of the invasive disorders is the syphilitic lesions which causes Neurosyphilis and out of the many infections which occur due to this, is the Meningovascular syphilis (Early tertiary neurosyphilis).


Involvement of the nervous system in syphilis used to be common before the 1950's, but now it is distinctly uncommon to see fresh cases. Neurological lesions are caused by invasion of the tissues by T.pallidum. Neurological involvement occurs in 4% of cases of syphilis left untreated. Men are affected 4-5 times more than women. Meningovascular involvement is more common in India, constituting 60-70% of the total.

Syphilitic lesions

1. Secondary stage-meningitis
2. Tertiary stage
I. Meningovascular syphilis: Cerebral forms-Basal meningitis, pachymeningitis, vascular thrombosis due to endarteritis, optic atrophy and gumma. Spinal forms-Meningomyelitis, Erb's paraplegia, cervical pachymeningitis, syphilitic amyotrophy, radiculitis and gumma.
II. Parenchymal involvement: Cerebral form-General paralysis of the insane (GPI). Spinal form-Tabes dorsalis, Optic atrophy.
3. Congenital syphilis- Meningovascular involvement, optical atrophy, deafness, general paralysis of the insane and tabes dorsalis.

Meningovascular syphilis (Early tertiary neurosyphilis)

In this form, the more common lesion is leptomeningitis. Lesions occur over the base of the brain and over the hemispheres. The basal meningitis may involve the cranisl nerves leading to cranial nerve palsies and occlusion of the foramina leading to internal hydrocephalus. Main lesion is endarteritis obliterans. The intima is thickened, the vessel wall shows infiltration by lymphocytes and plasma cells. Thrombosis supervenes and this occludes the lumen. granulomatous changes are also seen. Less commonly, the duramater over the cerebral hemispheres may be involved in the granulomatous process leading to thickening (cerebral pachymeningitis).

Clinical features

Cerebral forms : Syphilitic meningitis is seen in the age group of 18-40 years. Syphilitic basal meningitis leads to a subacute or chronic meningitis characterized by headaches, cranial nerve palsies, elevated intra-cranial tension and signs of meningeal irritation. The CSF shows raised proteins and lymphocytic pleocytosis. The sugar and chloride are normal. Cranial pachymeningitis causes headache, seizures and focal neurological deficits such as dysphasia or hemiparesis. Syphilitic endarteritis is one of the causes of occlusive cerebrovascular lesion in the young. These cases present features of cerebral thrombosis. Lower motor neuron facial palsy and trigeminal neuralgia may occur. The prognosis for recovery is good if the condition is diagnosed in time and treated.

Spinal forms : This gives rise to the picture of acute transverse myelitis or varying degrees of cord compression with root pains. In some, spastic paraplegia developments. In this form (Erb's syphilic paraplegia) bladder dysfunction is common, but sensory symptoms are rare.

Hypertrophic cervical pachymeningitis : Compression of the cervical cord leads to root pain, weakness and wasting of the upper limbs and shoulder girdle and paraparesis. Such a picture is also referred to as syphilitic amyotrophy. The cauda equina may be involved leading to root pain, areflexia, weakness and wasting affecting the thighs and legs.

Optic atrophy : This may result from meningo-vascular or parenchymal involvement. The former leads to arachnoiditis, optic neuritis or retrobulbar neuritis. These changes occur early during the tertiary stage of syphilis. At this stage, specific treatment may help in reversing the condition. Optic atrophy occurs as a part of the parenchymal involvement during the late stages.

Setting Up Your Display Case

One of the best ways to display photographs, memorabilia and other prized possession is by using a display case. When properly done, a display case can showcase your collectables for all to see in an elegant manner. Man has used display cases since the dawn of time to show off private possessions. Fortunately today there are hundreds of different styles to choose from.

Your first step towards creating a display masterpiece? Deciding the right display case. To do this you simply need to sit down and think about not only your collectibles, but also the space you have to display them in. Below you'll find some extra tips for selecting and setting up your ideal display case.

Display Case Tidbits

Whether you plan to display one treasured item or multiple items, it is important you set up your display case correctly. Doing so will ensure that visitors see your collectibles in the best light possible. You will also look on your display fondly for years to come when you take the time to set it up correctly. Here are some tips for setting up your display case correctly:

  • Select the best style display case for your items. Remember there are many different kinds of display cases. Some examples include flag display cases, football jersey display cases, sword display cases, die cast car display cases and more.
  • Select from the many different cases available including wooden display cases and metal ones.
  • Select what items you want to display. If you have many different items, you may consider more than one display case.
  • Group similar collectibles together. Plan to display like items with like.
  • Make note of the size and width of all items you plant to display. Plan to place smaller objects in front of larger ones.
  • Place all collectors of the same theme together in your display case.
  • Avoid placing too many items together as this will make your display seem overcrowded.
  • Use a mirror to reflect images in your display.
  • Clean items and display regularly to prevent dust build up.

Remember that less is more when it comes to a display. Often a single object looks wonderful when on display all by itself. Keep in mind if you are setting up a commercial display, like a commercial pet display case, you may use a different tactic for setting up your valuables. In this case you want to load your display with as much information about any items you are selling. You also want to make sure that your display case is kept need and regularly at all times. The better your display looks, the more customers you are likely to attract.

Keeping Your Display Case In Top Shape Year After Year

Many people mistakenly believe they can set up their display case once and then leave it. As with anything however, your display case will need monthly and annual upkeep. The most important thing you can do to protect your valuables is keep you display clean and free from debris. Remember dust loves to collect on anything that sits for a long period of time. Be sure to clean not just the surface of your display and outer corners, but also the inner nooks and crannies.

If you plan to display antiques or other prized collectibles, you may have to take great care to ensure you do not damage any items while cleaning. Check with a seasoned professional about cleaning any antiques before doing so. You want your display to look good, but you definitely also want your collectibles in top shape.

Be weary of fingerprints. More likely than not most of the time you will be cleaning fingerprints off your display case. This is especially the case if you own a commercial display case.

Last but not least, consider rotating the items in your display case every now and again. If you have several items you want to display you can always change them out, keeping your display looking fresh. Alternately you can add some accent items every now and again to help keep your display fresh. These may include silk or real flowers or other items of d├ęcor.

Foot Fungus Treatment – How to Treat Toenail Foot Fungus

If you have discolored or extremely thick toenails, you may be interested in foot fungus treatment. Foot fungus is caused when fungi that are always present on our skin make their way into the pores, cracks, and crevices of our nails. Once they are under the surface of our nails, the fungi multiply and begin to cause problems. Discoloration, ranging from yellow to brown is not uncommon. You may also notice that the area where the fungus is present is tender and sore.

Here are the treatments that you can do at home:

Air those feet out!

Yes, I know, it sounds simple. But when you wear socks and shoes for the most part of everyday, it becomes the perfect breeding ground for fungus to grow and multiply. They like warm, moist places (like almost any bacteria), and your sweaty feet are an ideal environment. Now without you working at an ocean front cabana, chances are that you need to wear socks and shoes (or pantyhose and heels) to work. That being said, air your feet out as much as possible. Change your socks on your lunch break and / or slip your shoes off if you can hide them under a desk. Also, go barefoot as soon as you get home and avoid wearing socks to bed. The more air your feet get, the less the fungus likes them.

Soak your feet in mouthwash

Another great home remedy for a foot fungus treatment is to soak your feet in an antiseptic mouthwash after showering. The ingredients of the mouthwash work to kill the bacteria over time. Be sure to repeat this treatment daily in order to see results. This type of mouthwash can be fairly expensive when you are using a bottle every day, so I recommend that you purchase a generic brand. This works just as well and saves you money.

Use tea tree oil

Massaging a few drops of tea tree oil into the nail bed is also an effective foot fungus treatment. Doing this twice each day will help bring quick results. Make sure that your feet and nails are clean and completely dry before you apply the tea tree oil. You do not want moisture trapped underneath the oil. This can actually make your foot fungus worse.

Cover your feet in vapor rub overnight

Surprisingly, using vapor rub is also a great homeopathic foot fungus treatment. Wash and dry your feet thoroughly and apply a thick coating of vapor rub to your affected feet. Cover with a sock to prevent soiling your sheets and bed coverings. Do this every day and you will notice improvement after a few weeks. Keep your toenails trimmed during treatment to ensure that the medicine actually reaches the fungus in order to eliminate it.

Be sure to continue any foot fungus treatment until all signs of the foot fungus have disappeared. A reduction in symptoms is great, but does not mean that your fungus is cured. Maintain treatment until your nails appear healthy and normal again.

Erectile Dysfunction: Prelude to Heart Attack and Men’s Worst Fear

Erectile dysfunction is a prelude to a heart attack. The unspoken fear of millions of men all around the globe, ED as how others coin it, is a sign of an upcoming heart failure. With this, it is but wise to confer sexual wellbeing with your doctor. He probably is the only authority to prescribe the right medication to better your overall sexual health and the main man who can save you from a possible heart attack. Let me walk you through should you be one among the millions in hiding with erection failure.

What Is Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is the failure to have penile erection and a burden to 1/3 of all mature men ages 40 to 70. Trigger factors include anxiety, depression, disorders of the nervous and circulatory system, poor testosterone production, and side effects of prolonged and indiscriminate drug use. And with the above triggers, it is poor circulatory system that cause a great damage with Atherosclerosis at the top of the list.

Atherosclerosis Explained

Atherosclerosis first affects men initially in the penis then to his heart and goes on to damage the arteries in his brain. Limbs usually end up affected last. Since its primary symptom is erectile dysfunction, one then should take it as an early warning of a stroke or cardiac arrest bound to happen in the next couple of years upon first noticing symptoms of erectile dysfunction. People with atherosclerosis have their blood vessels dilate ineffectively, hence the term endothelial dysfunction. Cholesterol in the bloodstream becomes plaque and constricts the walls of the blood vessels thereby narrowing down the passage of fresh oxygenated blood and high blood pressure sets in. Bad thing is, if the buildup of cholesterol plaque becomes massive, it can downright stop the passage of blood, thus the unfortunate event of a heart attack.

Measures To Take Upon Experiencing Erectile Dysfunction

Schedule a visit to your doctor. Don’t hold out on your concern. Getting embarrassed will do you no good. It may even be possible that if your doctor is a lot older than you are, he might as well be having ED himself. The usual procedure when getting some expert medical advice is, after telling him how frequent is your dysfunction, he will do a series of tests like taking your blood pressure and reading on your blood chemistry results. From here, he can pinpoint all risk factors causing the dysfunction.

Preventing Heart Attack

Generally, doctors recommendation are strict diet, regular exercise, and if necessary hand out medications. The first two is basic to having perfect heart health and Plan A to preventing atherosclerosis. Low salt, low saturated fat diet, cholesterol watch, optimum calorie intake goes a long way in keeping you away from a heart attack. More highly advanced medical procedures are available presently; but why wait for invasive procedures when we can start preventing the risk of atherosclerosis with a mere 5 minute walk each day? One other way to keep health perfect is to stop smoking. Cigarettes worsen people with diabetes and ED, and not a single health benefit does it bring.

Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction

Your doctor upon keeping your heart health stable will let you begin ED treatment. A common medication program includes a synthetic pill that works to inhibit PDE5. However, in as much as the positive results, other patients experience a handful of untoward side effects with the use of this type of medication with untimely deaths included on the list. It is for this reason that many, with many it means millions of men worldwide resorted to using herbal and natural male enhancers convinced with the fact that herbal alternative medicines carries no or lesser side effects. Among these ‘herbal viagra’ supplements as what many satisfied users fondly call it are Horny Goat Weed, Licorice Root, Gorgon Fruit Lily and Chinese Wolfberry.

In conclusion, a man suffers erectile dysfunction especially as he grows older. However, our main concern is preventing atherosclerosis whose primary indicator is erectile dysfunction. At the onset of sexual dysfunction, expect a heart attack or a failure in 4 to 5 years. But don’t be overly confident on this as some patients reported to having experience it as early as 2 years. Fix your sex life and you’re on the way to preventing a heart attack.