Compliance With Smog Inspections Leads to Cleaner Air

The first "smog check" program in the US was implemented in 1984. It all started with the Clean Air Act of 1970. Since then, the laws have evolved to keep up with the science of pollution as well as the increasingly global problem of carbon emissions.

Smog is a term for air pollution that resembles a mixture of smoke and fog. While manufacturing and a number of environmental factors contribute to the buildup of pollution, it's clear that personal vehicles are also a major reason for this smoky fog in big cities. Smog inspections attempt to control preventable pollution, and it's important to make sure you are compliant with local regulations.

Starting in the 70s and early 80s, car manufacturers began installing onboard diagnostic systems. In addition to monitoring other systems, the diagnostics collect information about the exhaust that your car is producing. During an inspection, a technician will use this computerized information as well as other, physical signs to determine whether you are in compliance with emissions standards.

There are several ways to go about keeping your vehicle compliant. Although some vehicles make an obvious case for an inspection by the cloud of noxious smoke pouring out of the tailpipe, other problems can be less telling.

Your vehicle should be inspected by certified mechanics and technicians. Most states offer two types of inspection stations: inspection only and inspection / repair. If your car is less than three years old, repairs should not be necessary. For older vehicles with suspect emissions systems, it makes sense to have a full-service center perform the inspection as well as make necessary repairs.

It is important to know the requirements for inspections. These requirements can vary from one county to another, and there are many ins and outs as to how these requirements should be met. There are many online resources to help clear up any questions you may concern about the regulations in your particular state. It is always best to keep your inspection up-to-date to avoid extra fines and late fees. Certain exemptions are sometimes made for hybrids, electric models, and motorcycles. There may also be special provisions for cars more than 25 years old.

In most states, the DMV will send a renewal notice for registration that will tell you when smog inspections are required. You are then required to produce a smog certificate within 90 days in order to have your registration renewed. In the event of a failed test, the owner will be required to make the necessary repairs. Your registration will not be renewed until the car is compliant with state laws. The Bureau of Automotive Repair also has a financial assistance program for those in need of assistance.

Retin-A – Effective Management Of Acne

Is acne worried you? Wondering if there is any cure for this skin condition? Acne can be simply understood as a skin condition which is a consequence of obstruction of the inner lining of the hair follicle to let sebum pass through due to alteration. Cysts, nodules, pustules are also of the character features of acne skin condition. No specific reason is denoted to the development of this skin condition.

It is not a curable skin condition but it can definitely be treated. A number of acne treatments are available in the market, which can effectively help you deal with this specific skin condition. Retin-A is one of these effective acne treatments, made accessible in the market.

Thin coat of this topical medication can do wonders for your acne skin condition. The principle on which this medication works is unplugging the acne follicles, and pushing them on the surface of the skin. Owing to this fact, it may seem that the acne is worsening in the early phase of the treatment, but in actuality it is getting treated.

It is advisable to ensure a few precautionary measures while pursuing Retin- A medication so as to avert contraindication of this medication to gain the maximum benefit out its usage. It may take up to 6-9 weeks to see any noticeable results.

Usage of this medication makes the skin sensitive towards the sunlight; thereby it recommended to protect your skin from getting exposed to sun. Protective clothing should be worn so as to avert damage of the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Using a sun blockade with a minimum of SPF 15 is also recommended.

Redness, irritability, stinging, and peeling of the skin are some of the side effects which may occur as a consequence of bodily adjustments in response to use of this medicine. Consult your dermatologist for appropriate medical help, if you encounter these or any other side effects from use of this medicine.

The purchase options for this medication include street retailers and online pharmacies. Amongst the two purchase options, online pharmacies can offer you with an easy accessibility to Retin-A skin care medication.

Dietary Weight Loss Drugs and Medical Malpractice

The weight-loss industry is booming in the United States, and probably will continue to grow as the nation experiences what the Surgeon General has deemed an “obesity epidemic.” As a result, drug makers are constantly seeking to develop and market that lucrative “magic pill” that will facilitate weight loss.

In fact, drug companies have been marketing diet pills in various forms for more than twenty-five years, and desperate patients have been more than willing to try them, often with tragic consequences. Sadly, in a quest to become healthier, unwitting users have subjected themselves to dangerous diet drugs, experiencing not an improvement in health, but rather serious health problems and even death.

In 1992, for instance, pharmaceutical companies marketed two diet pills called Fenfluramine and Phentermine, to be used in combination and therefore dubbed “Fen-Phen.” Unfortunately, tens of thousands of Americans have suffered very serious injuries from taking these diet drugs and similar ones. These injuries include heart valve damage and potentially fatal primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH).

It is unclear how many deaths have been directly attributed to extended use of fenfluramine but in 2004 a Texas jury awarded $1 billion to the estate of a deceased woman after finding that Fen-Phen caused her death. Many Fen-Phen users face heart valve replacement surgery, and countless others now live in fear because they do not know what will happen if their disease progresses. Thousands of others remain unaware of their injuries because they have not yet had the medical testing required for proper diagnosis-often an echocardiogram, which is, in essence, a noninvasive and painless ultrasound examination of the heart.

There is strong evidence that some of the companies involved in marketing and selling Fen-Phen knew that these drugs were causing serious, even fatal, injuries, and that they deliberately concealed that information from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to protect their profits. Fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were removed from the market in September 1997, at the request of the FDA, but by then significant damage was done, and thousands of Americans suffered needless, but very serious, injuries.

There have been many individual lawsuits seeking diet drug-related damages, and there have been class action lawsuits as well, in which large groups of injured individuals have joined together to sue the same manufacturers. A class action lawsuit is a case in which there are one or more persons named as plaintiffs in the complaint, the document that officially starts the lawsuit, but the case is actually pursued on behalf of many other persons with similar claims. The persons named on the complaint are the “class representatives,” and their claims must arise from circumstances similar to those of the other class members.

Generally, individual plaintiffs need not take any formal action to join in class action litigation, but rather they automatically become members unless they formally opt out. Rarely, a class action will be limited to those plaintiffs who expressly choose to opt in. Potential class members are often notified by letter informing them in writing of any action they need to take. Not all individuals are best served, however, by national settlements of class actions, since they may not fairly compensate the most seriously injured diet drug users. It is important to note that class action settlements are binding on all persons who do not “opt out.”

All diet drug users should consult with their physicians about the risks of taking any prescribed or over-the-counter weight-loss medications and submit to any recommended follow-up testing. If ill effects are experienced or discovered through examination and testing, the victim must act immediately to protect his or her legal rights as well. If you have suffered damages as a result of a diet drug, it would be prudent to seek legal counsel right away.

When seeking an attorney to represent you, be sure to investigate his or her background in products liability law, especially with regard to drugs and pharmaceuticals. Inquire about his or her track record so that you can make an informed decision about whether this is the right person to steadfastly stand up against a big pharmaceutical company that has many more resources than you do to fight the charges against it. Only with an experienced advocate on your side can you be sure to achieve an outcome that best compensates you for your losses.

Energetic Medicine Explained

Energetic medicine is a complementary therapy which works on the pathways of energy in the body. It aids the identification and treatment of issues in the body and is similar to acupuncture, with the main concept being the view that the body is a self-regulatory mechanism which is under the control of electromagnetic waves.

It is not a new way of thinking, as it was over 2000 years ago that the Chinese first developed their theory of energy and the bio-energetic control that could have been achieved through the acupuncture meridian system in the body.

Then in the fifties Dr Voll discovered that by using an electrical measuring device he was able to locate acupuncture points around the body, combining the ancient practices with modern technology to a create a system with which he could treat conditions such as allergies, kidney problems and migraines. By combing the device (called an Ohm meter) and an ancient practice Dr Voll created the foundations of energetic healing.

From here the German doctor continued his research which resulted in electro-acupuncture, also known as EAV, as he found that all acupuncture points had a different level of resistance to electricity than the tissues located next to them. He also realized that the electrical resistance of a point varied dependent on changes in emotional and physical state, which led him to the conclusion that this could be used to ascertain how the body is, and that the electric current could enhance the ways in which acupuncture manages these points.

The EAV machine is a very technical and sensitive instrument, and when used by a skilled consultant it can provide results, when properly interpreted, can reveal valuable information about the human body and its particular state at the time.

As with most complementary therapies, energetic healing / medicine can be extremely effective both as a standard therapy or when combined with more traditional medical methods.

Vitamins Needed to Avoid Acne Breakouts

Research has already proven that vitamins such as vitamins E, A, and C are very favorable for the skin. Daily intake of this would definitely decrease the chances of you having acne breakouts. Below are the reasons why they are very helpful in getting rid of those unwanted marks.

Retinol, or commonly known as vitamin A, is the most effective vitamin used against acne. Although it has been the drug of choice of doctors, high dosages are bad for your health. They only use the medication when their patient has severe acne. It is also important that you consult a doctor first before taking any vitamin A supplements as they have serious side effects that may be harmful for you.

Bright colored vegetables, like carrots and pumpkins, are rich in vitamin A and you are encouraged to eat them. Adding these up in your daily diet plan would ensure that you have that acne free skin that you always wanted.

Vitamin E is considered healthy for the skin because it is rich in antioxidants. There are these so-called free radicals in our body that can cause skin damage and vitamin E that fight that off. Having a constant supply of vitamin E in the body also lessens the buildup of fats reducing the chances of other illnesses. Foods rich in vitamin E are almonds, peanuts and fishes such as salmon.

Like Vitamin E, vitamin C is also an antioxidant that helps remove unwanted toxins in the body. It aids vitamin E in neutralizing the free radicals in our body. it also helps boost the immune system making the body more resistant to new strains of viruses. Because of its ability to ward off infections, it can greatly reduce acne on the face and facilitates quick healing of acne lesions. Natural sources of this vitamin are vegetables like tomatoes and cauliflower, but they are most abundant in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges.

In conclusion, if you have a lot of acne and you have a difficult time getting rid of them, you should try taking these vitamins as they can really keep acne to a minimum. Their sources are readily available in the market and pharmaceutical companies have already made supplements as well. There would be no reason for you not to try it out.

7 Reasons to Quit Smoking

Every smoker knows how hard it can be to quit smoking, but even though nicotine is a very addictive drug many people do manage to break free from cigarettes every year. If you have tried, and over half of smokers try to quit every year, then you can take heart from the fact that most people make at least 2 or 3 tries, or more, before finally being able to quit. If you can learn about what helps and what does not each time you try to quit and fail ever you will succeed.

Quitting is not easy. Many people who have quit only succeeded after several attempts, but their eventual success came from the fact that they planned in advance, were ready to quit and were prepared not to give in the violations and inducements that they encountered.

However, because more than 435,000 Americans die each year from smoking quitting is one of the most important things you will ever do and there are many reasons to encourage you. Here are a few.

1. The risk of cancer, heart attacks, strokes, early death, cataracts, and skin wrinkling will be lower and you will be healthier than the rest of your life.

2. Your senses of smell and taste will be better and you will have more energy and better focus, whiter teeth and fresher breath. Coughing less and breathing better you will feel healthier right away.

3. You will be proud of yourself, feel more in control of your life and be a better role model for others.

4. You will make your partner, friends, family, kids, grandchildren, and co-workers proud of you.

5. Others will no longer have to inhale your second-hand smoke.

6. You will be better off financially.

7. You will not have to worry about when you will be able to have your next cigarette.

There will be periods when you will not feel like quitting, but if you stick with it you will succeed and as a former smoker you will reap the health benefits.

Financial Aid Calculators

It is not easy task figuring out how much money you will need to pay for college, or in determining how much you need to save before entering school and the amount of aid that you will require. However, there are numerous financial aid calculators available to help you determine how much your schooling will cost, what amount you need to save and the financial aid that you will need. Here is a list of the four most popular financial aid calculators available online.

Image Cost Projector

If you are more than a couple of years away from attending college, the annual rise in college tuition makes it difficult to determine how much college will cost when you get there. The calculators can help you estimate what it the costs of college will be for you. The average year increases in college costs is about 5-8% and this calculator estimates the costs of college for when you will enter college. This calculator uses the current one-year costs of tuition, room and board, fees, travel and incidental expenses, combined with the number of years until you graduate high school to figure out estimated costs of when you enter college.

Savings Plan Designer (Flat Contribution)

Once you have established your college savings goal, the calculators such as the Savings Plan Designer can assist you in figuring out how much you need to put away monthly into an interest earnings savings account to be able to attain your goal. It is suggested that parents try and save anywhere from one-third to half of the total projected costs of their child's college education. The best time to start a college savings plan is when the child is born.

Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

This calculator is used to figure out the amount that your family is expected to contribute to your college costs. Ones like this allow you to gain insight regarding your financial aid eligibility. Remember, that the purpose of financial aid is to help with the costs of attending college that your family can not pay for. It is the total costs of college minus the expected family contribution that is considered your financial need. Your financial need is in turn the amount of financial aid you are eligible to get.

Loan Payment Calculator

These type of financial aid calculators are used to compute an estimate of the amount you will have to pay in monthly loan payments and the annual salary that you will need to have in order to be able to pay your student financial aid loans. These types of calculators can be used with a variety of federal education loans. In the Loan Payment Calculator, it is assumed that the interest rate of the loan and the monthly installment will remain the same during the duration of the loan repayment period.

These are just a few of the financial aid calculators available to assist you in planning your before, during and after college finances. With the costs of attending college ever increasing, it is imperative that a sound financial plan be completed by the student and their family prior to enrolling.

Brain Cancer Symptoms

Brain Cancer is a malignancy that can be detected and treated only with a detailed medical examination. It is not a routine ailment since in most cases it is fatal. It normally strikes when one type of the brain cell transforms and loses its normal characteristics and starts multiplying to form an abnormal mass of cells called a tumor. However, not all brain tumors are malignant. Benign brain tumors pose no threat and can be successfully removed.

The malignant brain tumors grow very aggressively and they destroy the healthy brain cells. Continuous growth of abnormal cells also increases the intracranial pressure resulting in malfunctioning of other brain organs and tissues.

There are two types of Brain Cancer. The Primary Brain Cancer originates in the brain itself and generally confines itself to the brain only. The second type is the Secondary Brain Cancer which is an extension of a cancer in some other part of the body gradually spreading to the brain.

The symptoms of brain tumor depend on the part of the brain affected i.e. the location of the tumor. There are numerous symptoms which if not cured by basic medication need to be examined in detail for indications of brain tumor. These are:

* Headaches – most common due to increased intracranial pressure as a result of the growing tumor.

* Nausea, Vomiting & Seizures.

* Difficulty in maintaining body balance.

* Short lapses in memory.

* Swelling in the brain.

* Weakness in the arms or legs or both.

* Poor motor functions.

* Slurring.

* Lowered eye vision.

* Spells of dizziness.

* Lack of coordination in speech and action.

* Numbness of limbs.

* Difficulty in recollecting events.

* Hallucinating.

* Persistent general weakness.

* Falling or stumbling.

* Changes in pupil sizes of both eyes.

* Change in gait.

* Cognitive decline.

* Mood changes.

It is advisable to see a doctor whenever you feel you have a tumor. If you do not share your concerns with your doctor, they may not get addressed timely.

Side Effects Of Bioidentical Hormones

Bioidentical hormones are often synthesized from plants, and processed to make them resemble, or become inherently identical to the hormones within our bodies. Bioidentical hormone preparations are often compounded by pharmacists, with respect to the quantity recommended by the doctor.

We have a conflict of interest here with the pharmaceutical industry, because they are unable to patent human hormones that are molecularly identical to actual substances in the body. Therefore everything that you hear about bioidentical hormones must be viewed with a skeptical eye, because of the pharmaceutical companies massive influence over the health industry.

These hormones are mainly used by females, to alleviate the signs and symptoms of menopause. A scientific study compared the usage of bioidentical progesterone cream to placebo, and learned that women using the cream experienced a massive decrease in symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats. The cream had no effect on bone mineral density though.

Bioidentical hormones are generally prescribed as a healthier replacement for regular hormone replacement therapy, which has been proven to have serious adverse effects. Many people have voiced their criticism about this kind of treatment because it has not been analyzed extensively enough in clinical studies.

However, some scientific studies have demonstrated that these hormones are indeed unhealthy and also bring less risk of adverse effects than the synthetic versions. This includes significantly less risk of blood clots as well as cancer, the two primary issues relating to conventional hormone replacement therapy.

It's imperative that you realize that these types of hormones have not been studied as extensively as the standard, artificial ones. This is very understandable because the main sources of research funds are the drug companies, and they have absolutely no interest in studying a substance that can not be patented or marked for massive price tags.

Unfortunately, because scientific studies are missing, it is not easy to find details about the side effects of bioidentical hormones in the literature, but it appears obvious how the side effects tend to be less sever than with regular hormone replacement therapy.

I'm not really thrilled about individuals playing around with the hormones in their bodies, because this might have unpredictable consequences. If the symptoms of menopause are leading to big problems in that case bioidentical hormones can be a safe alternative to standard treatment.

I would personally also suggest using as little of them as possible, for as brief a time as possible. Menopause is really a natural occurrence that happens with getting older, and even though treatment methods are possible, they do not mean they're always the right thing to do.

Make sure that if you are undergoing any kind of hormonal treatment, to do it under supervision by a physician who has knowledge of these matters, hormones are nothing to play around with.

Female Premature Ejaculation: Problem, Cause and Treatments

What is female premature ejaculation? Do females actually ejaculate? Basically, the term female premature ejaculation is not entirely correct, as women do not significantly ejaculate when they have orgasms. Indeed, there are some controversies about this female ejaculation matter, but we are not here to discuss that. For a more general term, female premature orgasm will instead be used here.

Premature orgasm in women is a condition where a woman reaches orgasm very fast during sexual relations. Sometimes it can occur during foreplay or when her partner has just begun the penetration. While most people see this as a blessing, some women find that reaching orgasm too quickly can be very annoying. After reaching orgasm, some women tend to shut off during sexual intercourse. Their mood changes and they may not desire any penetration and sexual attention from that point onward. This, of course, has a direct effect on their partners who miss out reaching mutual climaxes. The guilty feeling of a woman who suffers from early orgasm can be equal to what men feel when climaxing too early.

Premature orgasm is apparently not only a male problem nowadays. In fact, the problem is surprisingly found in a significant number of women. A recent study conducted by Hospital Magalhães Lemos in Portugal revealed that a lot of women also face the same difficulties as men. Based on the survey conducted by the hospital, 40% of the 510 Portuguese women surveyed, ranging from around 18 to 45 years of age admitted that they tend to reach an early orgasm during sexual intercourse. Meanwhile, 3% of the respondents reported this sexual dysfunction as a chronic problem. The women described that their loss of control over the timing of their orgasm as a distressing issue. This is, ironically, contrary to a study that was previously done with American women. That 2010 research revealed that 54% of US women aged 18 to 30 have difficulties in reaching orgasm.

What causes female premature orgasm? In males, the lack of neurotransmitter serotonin can be safely said as one of the causes of premature orgasm. However, this might or might not be the case for women. Mostly, female premature orgasm is often caused by the oversensitivity of women’s sexual organs. Other factors that trigger the female sexual dysfunction may be in the form of fluctuating levels of hormones, the menstrual cycle, vascular or blood flow problems, or certain hormonal medications. The fact that there are only a few studies about female premature orgasm makes it hard to find what actually causes this problem.

While no exact cures are found in treating female premature ejaculation, you can try some tips below to deal with premature orgasm in women:

– Intense lovemaking tends to trigger faster orgasm. Therefore, slowing down pace of intercourse a little might actually help.

– If you are a woman who reaches climax early from foreplay, try less foreplay. During foreplay, spend more time sexually arousing your male counterpart. This method is should give your partner less time when finally penetrating. This method is not easy for some people who see foreplay as the best part of the sexual experience.

– Similar to that of a man, masturbating prior to having sexual intercourse might help to delay a second orgasm. Indeed your lovemaking might seem less spontaneous when you try to satisfy yourself first, but the effect might actually be helpful in saving your relationship.

– Some men use desensitizing cream for dealing with premature ejaculation since the cream works in reducing their genital organ’s sensitivity. A woman with premature orgasm can try using this cream for a similar result. Make sure that the cream is applied carefully and as little as possible gets on her partner.

When Acne Becomes Staph Infection

You are well aware of the causes and symptoms of acne but there’s one cause which you might seldom hear about – the acne being caused by staph infection.

First of, let’s define staph infection. This type of skin problem is caused by wounds and cuts which get infected by staphylococcus aureus bacteria. These bacterias are present on people’s skin and they could be considered harmless as long as they live only on the surface of the skin. However, once they go through the skin, they are sure to cause damages to it. Most often, this type of infection leads to acne which needs to be treated immediately to avoid further damage.

This kind of bacteria enters the body and causes acne through any cut and wound which remained open for a a long time. It could also enter the body when you pick or squeeze your acne since there’s a hole being left open and it becomes easier for the bacteria to enter and cause more infection.

You can tell if an acne is already a staph infection if its pus filled and looks like boils. You can also observe that its size is larger as compared to the usual size of a normal acne. They often appear in various areas and parts of the body, especially those parts which are unusual for the acne to appear. When your acne remains red and infected looking for more than five days, you should consult a doctor.

When this type of infection is left untreated, it could become very dangerous and could pose serious damage to your skin. You must understand that this could also be contagious especially in situations when you have skin to skin contact with an infected person. Sharing accessories like razors, towels, clothes, and even bed sheets with a person suffering from staph infection could also make you infected with the same disease, as well as having any close contact with infected pets.

Staph infection could definitely be healed as long as it’s been treated immediately. Your doctor could determine if your acne has already developed into a staph infection by collecting culture from that specific problem area. You should not fret about this culture collection since it’s definitely painless and only involves a cotton swab. Once the result is positive, you will be prescribed with antibiotics to treat the staph infection.

Myeloid Leukemia Definitions, Classifications And Symptoms

Myeloid leukemia is a group of diseases whose characteristic changes are seen in the bone marrow and blood, where tumor cells infiltrate the blood system; sometimes these cells even spill into the circulating blood other tissues. The concept of myeloid leukemia is from the action of immature white blood cells being produced in excess and there is inhibiting the production of the normal blood cells. These cells are called myeloid cells; they by their action in the blood disturb the function of the blood cells.

This leukemia has both tumors which are kept untreated to those that are diagnosed and treated immediately, ranging from rapid fatality to those which are slow in growing. Therefore on the basis of their treatment course they are divided into acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

AML is seen more in men than in women and more prevalent in people older than 65 than in people of younger age. CML is also greater in men than in women but its incidence always increase slowing and the people's age increases and gets to the peak of occurrence in mid decades from where there is rapid rise in CML occurrence. Any the incidence of CML decreed slightly in the past two decades.

The etiology of myeloid leukemia is dependent on the type, AML is related with risk factors such as hereditary (other resident blood disease in the family history; DIC) exposure to occupational chemicals, intense exposure to radiation which may be as a result of the therapeutic reasons and even some drugs, but there is nothing relating to the cause of ML to viral infection in any way.

While the etiology of chronic myeloid leukemia has no distinct relation with cytotoxic drug effect and there is also no evidence connecting it with any viral infection, but cigarette smoking by studies has shown to increase its progress into severe crisis, therefore living with chronic myeloid leukemia and smoking becomes dangerous. Only large dosage of radiation has any adverse effect for CML formation.

The symptoms of ML are also depending on the type, whether it is AML or CML. For AML patients are presented with some nonspecific symptoms which begin either slowly or abruptly and the symptoms are leucopenia or leucocytosis, thrombocytopenia. These symptoms are usually due to anemia in such patients. Other symptoms of are fatigue, anorexia and weight loss and easily getting bruised with excessive bleeding.

While in CML the symptoms are at first insidious there before it is difficult to diagnose a patient based but symptoms, such patients are usually diagnosed during normal medical checkup, or others come to the hospital with complaints fatigue, weight loss, symptoms relating to splenomegaly such as early satisfaction during eating, left upper quadrant pain, infections, thrombosis or sometimes bleeding.

When chronic myeloid leukemia progresses symptoms worsened with bone and joint pain, significant loss of weight which will require increasing the dose of the drugs used for treatment. Chemotherapy is used as treatment of myeloid leukemia but when this fails bone transplant is done.

Boost Up Your Global Growth With Translation Services

In today’s globalized business world, professional services for translation have indeed become a need of all businesses, irrespective of their nature, size or type. Apart from enabling services and products to be easily accepted and available to the target markets, effectively translated technical or collateral materials help companies to win the confidence of their potential customers. However, translating any service or product goes beyond just converting the text written in one language into another. Companies which have established themselves at the global front have already recognized all important factors to be considered while entering into the foreign market. Apart from linguistic barriers, there are several social, cultural and political factors which can affect the way your documents are translated or received by your prospective customers.

While sometimes the translation mistakes are just a little annoying or humorous, in certain cases, inaccurately translated instructions or documents may lead to a disastrous outcome. For instance, lack of accurately translated documents may prevent the administrators or end-users of data management systems and complex software to take full advantage of their capabilities. Aside from the usability issues, inappropriate translations can impact the overall growth of your business. Need for accurate translation is in fact more critical for firms which deal in highly specialized or technical industries. For example, medical equipment manufacturers have to pay attention to proper translation of a number of things such as product packaging, labels, end-user instructions and various other important product documents.

While some business firms might think that going for in-house translators or just relying on the local distributors is a money-spinning approach to localization and translation, this may often lead to poor translations. Apart from legal aftermath of wrong translation of product-specific documents, it can even result in loss of customer confidence. A reputable translation agency has the resources and manpower to appropriately translate your important business documents, while keeping in mind your specific target markets. By looking for a reliable translation agency, business owners can certainly prevent potential problems which can otherwise arise from poorly or inaccurately translated documents.

Fortunately, today finding translation services isn’t a big deal. A simple search over the internet can provide with an endless list of translation service providers. Though every company claims to boost up your global growth with their services, you got to be wary of the ones which do not have qualified and experienced translators for the job. For this you can perform a background check, probe about their track record and in fact have a word with their previous customers to have a lucid idea about the quality of their services and professionalism. Though finding a competent translation agency isn’t a cake walk, but once you find someone who can effectively perform the translation job, gaining success in the international market would no longer be a dream.

Type 2 Diabetes – Motivational Intervention for Physical Fitness

For many people, motivation is a big stumbling block in achieving and maintaining physical fitness – let us face it! There are so many things more interesting than adding exercise to our day. Like taking a nap, or perhaps eating a snack. However, enough of this negative thinking. In July of 2018, the European Journal of Public Health reported on a study showing people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes taking part in motivational intervention therapy were able to improve their physical status better than those people with diabetes not receiving such assistance.

Researchers at the University of Naples in Italy…

  • assigned 69 people with Type 2 diabetes to 12 motivational group meetings focused on physical activity, along with a 9-month program of aerobic, resistance, agility, and balance exercises program.
  • another 90 people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes received the usual physical activity recommendations.

By the end of the program, the people receiving the motivational intervention therapy showed improvements in…

  • their average body mass index (BMI) from 29.3 to 27.3 kg/meter squared, and
  • their average HbA1c levels from 6.5 to 6.1 percent.
  • the average waist size went from 104.2 centimeters to 95.6 cm.

The participants not receiving any motivational enforcement improved only in upper body strength and agility. The other participants in the motivational intervention group habitually performed more physical activity than the non-interventional group.

From the above results, the investigators concluded motivational intervention and a physical fitness program were more effective than physical activity recommendations alone.

Motivational intervention therapy consists of five main principles…

First, counselors show empathy for clients. By being non-judgemental therapists can develop a trusting relationship and get to know patients’ unique barriers to physical activity.

Second, therapists have their clients find their reasons to become more active, rather than lecturing and giving expert advice.

Third, when resistance to positive change occurs, counselors see the opposition as a failure of counseling rather than as a failure of the client. They encourage their client to delve into their reasons for resistance and promote changes in ways of thinking about physical activity.

Fourth, counselors help enable their client to reach their goals by pointing out earlier successes they have achieved. Completing a physical education course or sticking to a regular schedule of physical activity in the past might serve as examples.

Fifth and last, counselors encourage the client to take responsibility and credit for their success, listening as they develop their steps to achieve their goals.

Diabetes & Alcohol

If you have diabetes and taking tablets / medicines or insulin injections to control your diabetes, you are at risk of low blood sugar when you drink alcohol. If you take Diabinese, do not use alcohol, because the combination of this medicine and alcohol may cause you to feel dizzy and upset your stomach. Your face may feel warm and red and you could have a certain low blood sugar.

How does alcohol cause low blood sugar?

  • Well, this is something to do with your liver. Normally, when your blood sugar level starts to drop, your liver start its function of changing stored carbohydrates into glucose.
  • Then, liver sends the glucose out into the blood, which helps you avoid or slow down a low blood sugar reaction.
  • But when you consume alcohol, this changes. Alcohol is a toxin and your body reacts to it like a poison.
  • The liver wants to remove alcohol from the blood quickly. So, the liver will not convert carbohydrates to glucose until it has taken care of the alcohol.
  • If your blood glucose level is falling, you can quickly end up having hypoglycemia or very low blood sugar.

This is why drinking as little as 2 drinks of alcohol on an empty stomach also can lead to very low blood sugar. If you take insulin or anti-diabetic medications / tablets, they too work to reduce glucose from your blood. If you do not eat or if your liver does not add glucose to your blood, you could be heading for a low blood sugar level. If you have alcohol it will stop your liver from sending out any glucose and your chances of going low are even greater.

When the familyathers, when you meet friends, at outings, after the softball game, at parties, you may be asked to take alcohol. If you have diabetes, what do you say? Go ahead after asking yourself three basic questions:

  1. Is my diabetes under control?
  2. Does my doctor agree that I am free from health problems that alcohol can make it worse?
  3. Do I know how alcohol can affect me and my diabetes?

If you said "yes" to all three, it's OK to have an occasional drink. But what does occasional mean? The American Diabetes Association suggests that you have no more than two drinks a day if you are a man and no more than one drink a day if you are a woman. This recommendation is the same for people without diabetes. If you are a diabetic, it is always best to avoid alcohol. But in unavoidable situation where you have to take alcohol, make sure you have it with your meals and never on an empty stomach.

A diabetic should always have about 3 teaspoon of sugar or glucose pack with them, whether you consume alcohol or not. Whenever you have any of the low blood sugar symptoms like shakiness, fast heartbeat, excessive hunger, irritability, cold sweat, dizziness, headache, pale or moist skin, personality change, then consume this sugar immediately and consult your doctor to avoid such situations in the future.