Breast Cancer – Signs and Symptoms

The cancer found in the cells of the breast is Breast cancer. A mass of breast tissue that is growing in an abnormal and uncontrolled way is a cancerous tumor. A cancerous tumor may attack the surrounding tissues or shed cells into the blood stream or lymph system. After lung cancer, breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer found world wide and fifth most common cause of cancer death. This is the most common cause of cancer among women in incidence as well as death. It caused 502,000 deaths worldwide in 2005. The number of cancer cases increased from 1970 which should be blamed on the modern styles of the present day world. Breast cancer is the most feared disease by women than the much more common fatal heart attack among women. The death rates for this cancer are declining for the last few years.

This type of cancer also occurs in men as the breast in males and females consists of same type of tissues. But it is 100 times lesser than the women and it has the same survival rates as women. The tumor in the breast is very hard to feel and have and irregular shape and not smooth. During a breast self exam the cancerous tumor may not move but the tissues around the tumor may move.

The cancer begins as single or more cells which lost its control of differentiation and increase but remains restricted with in the basement membrane of the duct. These divides and they invade the basement membrane of the duct and ultimately spread to distant organs also.

Four different classification or groups based on different reason and have a different purpose describes breast cancer:

(a) Pathology – Each tumor based on its histological appearance and for other reasons is categorized by the pathologist. The categories are invasive ductal carcinoma, malignant cancer in the ducts of the breast, invasive lobular carcinoma and the malignant cancer in the breast lobules.

(b) The pathologist determines the histological grade of the tumor under a microscope. A low grade tumor resembles normal tissue. A high grade tumor does not look like a normal tissue and composed of disorganized cells. Intermediate grade is in between the high and low grade.

(c) All breast cancers should be tested for expression or detectable effect of the estrogen receptor(ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and HER2/neu proteins and are done by immunohistochemistry and will be shown in the pathologist’s report. To predict the prognosis, the profile of expression helps the oncologist to choose the proper treatment.

(d) Stage of a tumor-The TNM classification is the currently accepted staging scheme and it is as follows:

Tumor- Depends upon the presence or absence of invasive cancer, the dimensions of the invasive cancer and the presence or absence of invasion outside of the breast there are five tumor classification values (Tis, T1, T2, T3 and T4).

Lymph Node- Depends on number, size and location of breast cancer cell deposits in lymph nodes there are four lymph nodes classification values (N0, N1, N2 and N3).

Metastasis- Depends on the presence or absence of the breast cancer cells in locations other than breast and lymph nodes there are two metastatic classification values (M0 or M1).

Breast cancers are not always classified by its histological appearance. Breast tumor is dense mass of cells appear whiter than the tissue around it. Benign masses are round or oval in shape but a tumor may be partially round with any shapes according to its circumference. If the mass has a multi pointed star shaped outline, it is known as speculated.

If there is a dense mass appears as tumor in a mammogram, ultrasound should be taken for that breast mass. If the mass shows an irregular outline or having fuzzy edges and is pressing the tissue around it, the person needs a biopsy of the mass. The most accurate way to diagnose its actual nature is an analysis of the tissue sample.

The exact cause of the this cancer is not known. The healthy BRCA 1 and 2 genes act as a tumor suppressor for breast and ovarian tumors. The mutated BRCA genes due to radiation or chemicals can give rise to cancer. The risk of tumor increases as the age increases. About 17% of women were diagnosed with breast cancer were in their 40s and 78% were older than 50.

General terms for this cancer

(1) Carcinoma is the term to describe a cancer that begins in the epithelial cells of organs. Most of the breast cancers are carcinomas.

(2) Adenocarcinoma which starts in glandular tissues. Glandular tissues in the breast are ducts and lobules and because of this it is known as adenocarcinoma.

(3) The early stage of cancer, when it is limited to the layer of cells where it began is described by the term Carcinoma in Situ. The cancer cells remain restricted to ducts and lobules are in situ especially in breast cancer. These types have not invaded in to the deeper tissues in the breast or spread to other organs of the body and are referred as non-invasive breast cancer.

(4) The one that has already spread beyond the layer of cells where it started are invasive or infiltrating cancer. Most breast cancers are invasive. Breast cancers are either invasive ductal carcinoma or invasive lobular carcinoma.

(5) Cancers that starts from connective tissues such as fat tissue or blood vessels are sarcomas. In the breast sarcomas are rare.

The different types of breast cancers are ductal carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma and invasive lobular carcinoma. Less common types of breast cancers are inflammatory breast cancer, mixed tumors, medullary cancer, metaplastic carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, Paget disease of the nipple, tubular carcinoma, papillary carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, phyllodes tumor and angiosarcoma.

Signs and Symptoms

The primary sign of this cancer is a lump that feels different that the surrounding tissue. Lump in the breast of 80% cases are discovered by the women herself. Lumps found in lymph nodes located in the armpits or collarbone can also indicate breast cancer. Other indications are change in breast size or shape, skin dimpling, nipple inversion or spontaneous nipple discharge. To determine the breast cancer, pain is an unreliable tool but can be due to other breast related problems such as mastodynia. Most of symptoms do give rise to breast cancer. Some of the common causes of breast disorder symptoms are mastitis and fibro adenoma. Any symptom should be taken seriously because there is a possibility of having cancer in the breast at any age.


Intake of plant estrogen in early adolescence such as soybeans may protect breast cancer in later life. But the intake of plant estrogen in later life is not likely to influence either positively or negatively. Avoid exposure to smoking or secondhand smoke. Passive smoking also causes breast cancer. The removal of ovaries in the high risk individuals after child bearing can reduce the risk of cancer in the breast by 60% and also in reducing the risk of developing ovarian cancer.


The most common methods for the test of breast cancer are self and clinical exams, x-ray mammography and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


By examining the surgically remove breast tissue, the breast cancer can be diagnosed. The breast tissues can be taken by fine needle aspiration, nipple aspirates, and ductal lavage, core needle biopsy and local surgical excision. The accurate diagnosis of this cancer includes radiographic imaging along with these diagnostic steps. To detect metastasis imaging tests are sometimes used and it include chest X-ray, bone scan, CAT scan, MRI and PET scanning. Microscopic evaluation of a biopsy specimen can give a cancer diagnosis.


The main treatment is the surgery of the tumor with the hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In individuals with high risk hormonal therapy has been used for chemoprevention. The US food and drug administration approved raloxifene for preventing invasive breast cancer in post menopausal women.

The Ketogenic Diet for Bipolar Patients

Ketone bodies are three different biochemicals that are produced as by-products when fatty acids broken down for energy.Two of the three are used as a source of energy for the brain. Neurotransmitters (such as serotonin and dopamine) work by changing these membrane potentials in various ways. Neurotransmitters can open ion channels, allowing sodium to enter the cell and causing a wave of electrical impulse that travels along the neuron. This is the problem in bipolar patients, especially with the neurotransmitters of seratonin and dopamine. The synapse region does not allow a message from one neuron to pass to another neuron correctly, making one react to a situation in an inappropriate manner, sometimes with little inhibition.

When a person is in a ketogenic state, the electrical impulses that pass from one neuron to another are opened up by the mediation of sodium. It allows extracellular calcium to pour into the cell, which leads to the release of the neurotransmitters of seratonin and dopamine into the synapse region. Then, it can be released to the next neuron to generate an appropriate response, like excitement or inhibition, depending on the situation.

The Ketongenic Diet and Macronutrients

The three macronutrients are protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Ketogenic diets restrict your carbohydrate intake to 20 grams or less per day. Each carbohydrate gram has four calories, each protein gram has four calories, and each fat gram has nine calories. This results in the vast majority of your caloric intake coming from proteins and fat. Ketone bodies are made from fat, which is used by your brain for fuel instead of glucose from carbohydrates. The ketone bodies, acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate, are acidic. The protons can be pumped into neurons in exchange for sodium, acting somewhat like lithium, which is a common drug prescribe for bipolar patients. The extra protons outside the cell help do things such as reduce the excitability of the neurons and reduce the activity of the excitatory of the serotonin and dopamine neurotransmitters.

Limitations of the Ketogenic Diet for Bipolar Patients

On the internet, you can find several blog posts and articles by people who have use ketogenic diet plans to improve their bipolar symptoms. Unfortunately, there are no scientific studies that fully support the findings of using a ketogenic diet for treating bipolar patients.

A ketogenic diet similar to one used for epilepsy was found to have stabilizing and antidepressant effects, much like you would find in bipolar patients. And Standford Medical School attempted a study using a ketogenic diet protocol on bipolar patients. Unfortunately, due to the inability to attract subjects, the trial was never started. But, this proves that they felt a study was warranted.

Another limitation is the restriction of carbohydrates in the diet. If one is limited to 20 or fewer grams of carbohydrates per day, then they must choose vegetables low glycemic index scale. The glycemic index is a numerical scale used to calculate how fast particular food raises blood sugar. So, foods low on the GI must be incorporated like broccoli, spinach, and iceberg lettuce, which only contain one or two carbohydrates per cup. And all complex carbohydrates must be avoided like grains, pastas, and breads. Just one slice of bread can have more than 20 grams of carbs. This can make staying on the diet a difficult task given the restrictive amount of carbohydrates allowed, which does limit food choices.


While scientific evidence has lagged in showing empirical findings that a ketonic diet works well for bipolar patients, there has been enough evidence that it is gaining attention, like at the Standford Medical School. And scientific evidence does show that it does similar things to the neurotransmitters in the brain, like lithium does, which is a common bipolar patient medication. While further research is certainly warranted, several bipolar patients have already begun prescribing to this diet and proclaiming that it does help with their symptoms. So, if you are a bipolar patient, utilizing a ketogenic diet might be worth trying to see if it helps alleviate the symptoms of your disorder.

Insights From The Book Of Genesis Chapter Two

Being the second chapter of Genesis means a revelation of "witnesses of God's plan and purposes for salvation."

Human Generations are verse 4 "led by the influence of the power of the Holy Spirit to fulfill his plan and purpose of salvation." Rain upon the earth is verse 5 "to the glory of the LORD". Water from the earth watering the whole face of the ground is the reason for 6 "the correcteous judgment of God." Man formed from the dust of the ground is 7 "the grace of revelation of his plan and purpose of salvation."

The Garden of Eden is 8 "A free gift of God's glory." The tree of life and tree of the knowledge of good and evil is 9 "help comfort and warning to believe and do the righteous works of God. The four rivers are the" leading power of the Holy Spirit to fulfill God's plan and purpose of salvation "out of Eden which is 10" works for the advancement of the establishment of the kingdom of God to all generations on the earth. "

River Pison and Gold are 11 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world established and shortly brought to pass." Gold, bdellium and onyx stone are 12 "a witness of God's plan and purpose of salvation." River Gihon is 13 "God's own wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world as an act of righteousness."

River Hiddekel, the third river is a righteous act of God and fourth River Euphrates is 14 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world by the influence of the power of the Holy Spirit." Dressing and keeping the Garden of Eden is 15 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world to the glory of the Lord only." The command not to eat of every tree of the garden is "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world, the mystery of 16, "the correctious jurisdiction to fulfill his plan and purpose."

The command "Thou shall not eat of the tree of good and evil" is 17 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world of mercy, favor and grace of revelation of his plan and purpose of salvation" and a helpmeet suitable is 18 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world as a free gift of his glory." Dominion over the creation is 19 "God's own Wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world for help, comfort and encouragement to believe and do the works of God's plan and purposes of salvation."

Man, all cattle, beast of the field and fowl of the air are 20 "witnesses of the works for the advancement of the establishment of the Kingdom of God to all generations on the earth."

Sleep, rib and flesh are 21 "witnesses of the God's plan and purpose of salvation according to his own wisdom and counsel from the foundation of the world."

A woman is 22 "a witnesses of God's plan and purposes of salvation established by God shortly to be brought to pass."

Marriage is 23 "a witness of God's act of righteousness to fulfill his plan and purpose of salvation." Sex in marriage is 24 "a witness of the influence of the power of the Holy Spirit. Man and wife relationship is 25" a witness to the glory of the Lord. "

Men and Machines

Advanced Step In Innovative Mobility (Asimo) is one of a very few robots that can walk reliably on two legs. It is fitted with twin cameras in its head and is powered by 34 individual motors.

Lately, researchers at the Honda Research Institute has demonstrated the invention by using it to move the arms and legs of an Asimo humanoid robot. Honda hopes that by 2020 the robot will be in the market, affordable and capable enough, to help with simple tasks. An elaborate electronic helmet will allow the wearer to control a robot by thought alone.

The person wearing the helmet only have to think about making the movement. Its inventors hope that one day the mind-control technology will allow people to do things like turn air conditioning on or off and open their car boot without putting their shopping down.

The helmet combines two different techniques for picking up activity in the brain. Sensors in the helmet detect electrical signals through the scalp in the same way as a standard electroencephalogram. The scientists combined this with another technique called near-infrared spectroscopy, which can be used to monitor changes in blood flow in the brain.

Brain activity picked up by the helmet is sent to a computer, which uses software to work out which movement the person is thinking about. It then sends a signal to the robot commanding it to perform the move. Typically, it takes a few seconds for the thought to be turned into a robotic action. This is being seen as a landmark in the science of robotics

Lately, researchers at the Honda Research Institute have demonstrated the invention by using it to move the arms and legs of an Asimo humanoid robot. Honda hopes that by 2020 the robot will be in the market, affordable and capable enough, to help with simple tasks.

Cosmetic Dental Veneers

In our society, a great emphasis is placed on external appearance. There are many options available today to improve the external appearance. There are cosmetic options such as face lifts, implants and procedures to make the skin beautiful. However, the best way to improve your appearance is to get a beautiful smile. Cosmetic dental veneers are one such excellent option. Cosmetic dental veneers can correct a number of conditions of the teeth such as minor misalignments, chipped or broken teeth and discoloration.

Veneers are made from porcelain. Porcelain is very similar to enamel in both optical properties and durability. Natural teeth have a unique luster because the enamel layer covering them is slightly translucent. When light falls on teeth, it penetrates to the dentine layer and gets reflected by it. Similarly, porcelain is also slightly translucent and so veneers made from it do the same aesthetic appeal.

The procedure to install cosmetic dental veneers is very simple. The dentist will first remove a layer of enamel from the teeth. Then, temporary veneers are placed for the time being. Permanent veneers are manufactured in a dental laboratory to ensure that they match perfectly well with the neighboring teeth. Once they become available, the temporary veneers are removed and they are bonded in place.

One of the advantages of using cosmetic dental veneers is that they provide very effective results. If it is ensured that they blend with the surrounding teeth, they can be very difficult to distinguish.

Veneers can cost anywhere from $ 1000- $ 2000 per tooth. They are comparatively cost when compared to other recreational procedures. Costs will differ depending on the quality of the material. Machine made dental veneers are less cost when compared to those made manually. High-end veneers are made by hand to ensure that they perfectly match the surrounding teeth.

One of the major advantages of cosmetic veneers is that they provide effective results. They are an excellent way to correct dental flaws and get a beautiful smile. If you're interested in getting cosmetic veneers, contact your dentist to evaluate all the options that may be available to you.

Commercializing Stem Cell Therapy

So far, we have got to know about the positive applications of these therapies, which are transplanted into the body with living cells to treat, or eliminate the disease from the patient’s body. The most common type of cell therapy is the hematopoietic therapy. Harvested from the donor’s body for the host to develop bone marrow, it is a well-known cell based therapy, with its self-renewal and differentiation capabilities into many cell types.

Stem cell based therapies have the potential to treat numerous disorders, especially blood and immune related disorders. A wide range of these therapies including allogenic cell therapies, autologous therapies, and mesenchymal these therapies has shown a major breakthrough for curing many medical conditions such as sclerosis, spinal cord injury, diabetes and strokes in the clinical trials. More recently, we have the boon of induced pluripotent stem cells, having the same characteristic as adult embryonic stem cells that can be cultured to produce embryonic stem cells. These cells are important for another key reason- tissue engineering.

Over the last few decades, cell therapies have received medical and commercial successes for emerging as a novel therapeutic option for many cellular dysfunctional diseases. If data are to be believed, the global market of stem cell therapy had touched an average of $410 million revenues by 2009, and the market was expected to grow double and reached a total of 100 million people in the US.

And due to its numerous medical benefits, medical companies and research institutes want to bring its clinical applications from bench to bedside.

Although open to many controversies and debate, we have enough evidence to prove that therapy is indeed an effective therapeutic application to address a range of diseases, including cosmetic procedures like hair regrowth, skin redefining and etc.

In addition to this, the growing number of cell based clinical trails hold true to the potential for stem cell efficacies and its applications. A recent study as of June 2010 highlighted the capabilities of cell therapies through 2000 (approx.) clinical studies on biomedical research.

While the manipulation of embryonic cells is limited and controversial, a greater chance to develop engineered tissues from iPSC is viable for the medical interventions in serious conditions. And this is the underlying reason, why public and society demand for more clinical trials of stem cell based therapies and their applications in the medical fields.

Hence, it is important to commercialize the use of stem cells for rapid development of biomedical research, and improve public health through awareness. Some important aspects of the commercialization of stem cell therapy are as follows as below.

  1. Commercialization aids the development of novel technologies and intellectual property for certain stem cell research, augmenting their value in the therapeutic market.
  2. It aims at stimulating economic growth as well as improving the public health.
  3. It advocates for grants or funds to be used in the clinical research to generate more commercially viable services and products in the market.
  4. It is indeed important for the translation of public knowledge.

Despite these growth factors of commercialization of stem cell therapies, it faces many challenges from specific governing bodies, which hinders its positive endeavors from creating effective and curative treatments for many incurable diseases.

In order to take advantage of scientific, economic and medical potential of these cell research; commercialization is indeed a basic requirement, and of course in a compliance with regulators of certain authorities. And when this happens, we would expect to get sustainable and constructive medical benefits through commercialization in the field of this therapy, while respecting the public trusts.

Eat Healthy Foods to Stay Fit and Live Longer – 8 Things You Should Be Eating!

Healthy eating is the starting place to creating last change in your life. Adding vegetables to your diet is recommended but not many people know what vegetables can do for them. Learning the great benefit of adding certain vegetables to your daily diet can help you feel better and live a longer life.

Below is a list of recommended vegetables to add to your meals daily that can give you specific benefits according to each one.

The list of vegetables that are highly recommended to add to your meals:

  • Collard Greens – these vegetables can provide beta-carotene, Vitamin E, and calcium
  • Sweet Potatoes – instead of eating regular starchy potatoes, try sweet potatoes. Antioxidants through the eating of these will be provided to your system. This may be necessary to provide nutrients to ailments in which you may be suffering. Sweet potatoes can often aid in controlling certain diseases with the properties that they contain.
  • Broccoli – eating this vegetable can help to keep cancer out of your system. They have calcium and add Vitamin C which is essential to a healthy body.
  • Onions – eating comments can provide lower blood sugar levels and increase flow in the cardiovascular system.
  • Carrots – aid in providing beta carotene that the body needs to be healthy.
  • Spinach – the raw spinach can add so many good nutrients and vitamins to your body. It is also good to eat when mixed with other types of lettuce varieties.
  • Kale – is another vegetable needed to add nutrients and vitamins the body needs
  • Eggplant – many people may not know this but it aids in providing nutrients to the brain. Eggplant also features low calories and can be added to pasta among other meals to give variety while eating this type of vegetable.

9 Ways to Keep Hospital Germs Out of Your Home and Car

“Oh, I never let my kids hug me until after I have showered and changed out of my uniform.” You’ve all heard that, right? You know you are in a potentially hazardous line of work. Nobody wants MRSA, VRE, C-Diff, or other germs in their homes!

Patients are sicker these days. Germs are more virulent. So I’ve put together 9 easy steps to keep hospital germs out of your car and home.

Its pretty easy, so let’s get started!

First – To avoid ever letting dirty nursing shoes touch the inside of your car or home, get a pair of slip-on shoes, like Crocks Slip-On Fashion Sneakers from Amazon. Always wear your slip-on’s to drive to and from work.

Second – While at home, place your clean nursing shoes inside of a clean plastic bag. And don’t put them on until reaching your parking spot at work. So your nursing shoes will always travel in a bag – whether clean on the way to work, or dirty on the way home.

Third – At the end of your shift, and once you have clocked out, go find an empty bathroom. Take two gallon-sized plastic bags, your antiseptic wipes, plus your bag of street clothes in there with you.

Fourth – Place your badge, stethoscope, and everything from your pockets onto a pile of paper towels. Consider it all contaminated. Wash your hands. Then clean each item carefully with antiseptic wipies and place it all into a clean plastic bag.

Fifth – You show up for work clean. But after a 12-hour shift – none of us wants to consider what is on that uniform. Don’t wear it home! Instead, just strip it off, and stuff it into the plastic ziplock bag.

Sixth – Next wash your hands, arms, face, and neck – and put on some clean street clothes from your clean bag. I highly recommend using bags with ziplock tops for good closure, speed, and ease of use. Save that plastic bag in your pocket for when you get to your car and change shoes.

Seventh – How are you going to safely clean your cell phone? You know you’ve been touching it while at work. Some have been known to put it into a fresh ziplock sandwich bag before every shift – and throw away the dirty plastic bag at day’s end.

BUT, it might be more socially acceptable to consider getting one of the water-resistant phone protectors on the market. Since they are waterproof, they are washable. Here is an example: DandyCase Neon Colors Waterproof Case for all phone types from Amazon. You could wash it down with antiseptic wipies when you are cleaning your other pocket items.

Eighth – Your work bag and ziplock bags, with their contents, could go into something like a washable plastic Rubbermaid Mini Basket from Amazon and placed in the trunk of your car.

Ninth – Once at home, clean your uniform in hot, soapy water, sanitize your shoes, and get your shower. Its always best to kill all germs as soon as you possibly can.

So are you ready? By spending only a few extra minutes, you will have better protected yourself and those you love from potentially dangerous pathogens! What a great way to safeguard your home, your car, your family, and yourself!


Steps to Take Before You See Your New Doctor

There comes a point in our lives when most of us will need to visit a new doctor. There are, however, those times when the experience can be stressful to say the least. There will be those times when on our way home we remember the question we really wanted answered. Here is some advice to help take away any regrets you may have on your first visit with the new doctor. You may want to use this advice to help others on their first visit.

Step One: The First Steps

There are several reasons why you may need to see a new doctor:

  • Maybe you are dissatisfied with your current doctor
  • Seeking a second opinion.
  • Changes in your insurance coverage.

Maybe your new doctor is a specialist and your symptoms are beyond your primary care doctors expertise. If this is the case then you will want to make sure you understand the reason for the specialist. Be sure to write down the specific reasons for seeing the specialist.

Be sure to request the specialists name and specialty in writing so you can prepare for the first visit. This way you will be able to do some research so you will feel confident that the specialist has the right training and credentials and that he or she will be a good fit for you.

Before seeing a specialist you should check with your insurance company to make sure you follow their rules for specialist referral. It will depend on the insurance company and the specialist you are seeing, but the insurance company may require your primary care doctor to submit a record of the referral to them. Your primary care doctor's office more than likely will have information on different insurance procedures for referral. It's been my experience that most health care providers do this on their own. But it is still good to have it sorted out before you get to the specialist's office. You must have the proper referral the doctor will not be able to see you.

Step Two: Preparing Your Medical Records

Once you have your appointment scheduled with your new doctor you should make sure that he or she is able to get a copy of your medical records. It's been my experience that you can get a copy of your medical records yourself, for around $ 15 and sometimes they will even give them to you for no charge. Without you medical records, including any test results, it is much harder for the new doctor to get to the root of your problems. You could find yourself repeating test you already have the results to and they are both time consuming and costly.

With the changes in information technology, providing your doctors are in the same health care system, your records can be brought up through the electronic medical record on the computer. If, however, your records are not on the electronic medical record system your new doctor will have to have the hand written charts from your primary care doctor. In order for your new doctor to get your records you will have to sign a "Release of Medical Records" request form that allows your primary care doctor to send your medical records to the new doctor. It could take up to a week or so for your new doctor to receive the records in his or her office, be sure to include all records dating back to the first time you started experiencing symptoms, including test results since that time.

Step Three: Preparing for Your Visit

Your medical records will not tell the whole story of your health. You will have to fill in the blanks, that's why you should prepare for your first visit by writing down a complete description of your past and current medical conditions and treatments. Microsoft Works has a template that you can use and using a journal to document your symptoms also helps with this process. A symptom journal is a daily record of the symptoms you are experiencing over a period of several weeks or months. You will start with a description of your symptoms followed by the time of day the symptoms occurred, the length of time they rented, anything that may have relieved the symptoms, and any other factors associated with their sunset. If you keep this diary for any length of time you will start to see patterns. These patterns will make it easier for you to either avoid whatever is the trigger or at least prepare yourself for them. I used this method when I was first diagnosed with fibromyalgia and I kept it for over 10 years. I was able to determine my triggers for the fibromyalgia and now I can prepare for them and there are several I absolutely avoid. This method has helped me to manage my fibromyalgia.

If you put all this information together ahead of time it will reduce the likelihood that you will forget important information that will help your new doctor to make a diagnosis or prescribe effective treatments. This is a list of information you will want to collect:

  • your current health conditions.
  • any over-the-counter and prescriptions medicines you take, as well as any vitamins and supplements.
  • any allergies you may have.
  • your health history, including conditions you've had, medicines you have taken, procedures, surgeries and medical tests you're gotten.
  • your family's health history and this includes any conditions that your parents, grandparents, siblings, and children have or had.
  • the names and contact information of other doctors you have seen.

Having all this information on hand can help the doctor by informing him of any symptoms you have that are related to medications, he will be able to make the connection. If you take a lot of medicines and supplements, it might not be a bad idea to bring all the bottles with you. Just put all your medications into a plastic bag and bring with you.

Your new doctor may send out the papers for you to fill out at home before your appointment instead of having you wait until you get to the office, or if it is possible you can fill out the information needed online.

Also, do not forget to bring a list of questions with you that you will want answered in your first visit. A list will prevent you from forgetting to ask something that is important to you. It also helps to eliminate that last minute "Oh by the way can you explain ….." as you walk out the office door.

Here are examples of some questions you may want to ask your doctor.

  • What condition do I have?
  • What are the potential short-term and long-term effects of my condition?
  • Is there anything I can do to prevent further problems or complications from my condition?
  • What are my treatment options? How do they work and what are their potential benefits and drawbacks? Side effects? Cost?
  • What would be the consequences of "waiting it out" and not following through with treatment?
  • Where can I find reliable information about my condition?

Now it is the day of your appointment and here are a few things you will need to do for your first visit:

You will need to get directions if you are not familiar with the location and also parking information if you are arriving in a car. I usually take a dry run to the doctors office to determine where it is, and how long it will take me to get there.

Next you will want to plan to get there at least 15 minutes early. Every doctor's office has a different check-in procedure. The front best staff may want to verify or update your information, including the insurance information. There are always changes that will or can occur between appointments, and it is critical that the staff be up-to-date.

Take your insurance card with you because the staff may want to make a photocopy of it and it will give the co-pay and contact information for requesting prior authorization for medical tests or drugs.

Make sure you get answers to all the questions on the list you made up and any that may have come up during the doctors consultation. At least make sure that you understand everything the doctor is saying to you. Do not hesitate to ask the doctor to spell difficult terms, or write down information that is hard to understand. It is also a good idea to bring someone with you. I always had a hard time trying to relay what the doctor had to say, back to my husband because I was usually in a fibro-fog when I went to see the doctor. I started caring a tape recorder with me on my office visits so I could play it back for my husband and myself.

Toward the end of the initial visit you should have a clear understanding of how and when you will be following up with your doctor. If test results are involved, you should know how you should know how you will get these results once they come in. Before you leave, ask for the name and phone number of the person to contact you should have questions later.

I'm sure that you are thinking that this looks like an awful lot of work, but in the long run your first doctors visit will go much smoother if you prepare for it and you'll walk out of the office with a better understanding of just what is wrong with you.

How to Have a Safe Scuba Diving Experience

Most sports or outdoor activities have rules or equipment to ensure the safety of all participants. Major sports such as football, have equipment the participants need to wear to help avoid injuries, scuba diving is no different. Anyone considering getting certified to go scuba diving needs to be aware of some of the most important, and basic safety rules and practices.

Taking the time to learn about scuba diving safety practices can mean the difference between a great experience and an experience that can leave someone sick, injured, or dead. These warnings are not given to scare people away from the activity and keep people out of the water, but to keep everyone involved safe, as well as the sea creatures and plants.

Basic Safety Rules for Divers

Here are a few of the basic rules that can help scuba divers have a safe diving experience.

The Buddy System – This is one of the most important tips for safe scuba diving. Diving alone is incredibly dangerous. Most deaths or serious injuries related to scuba diving occur when a person dives alone. Having a buddy provides divers with an alternate air source should something happen to their equipment. Furthermore, diving with someone provides security should any type of distress or problem arise.

Plan Your Dive – Before hitting the water establish a dive plan. This includes knowing how deep you are going to dive and the length of time you will spend in the water. Do not deviate from your plan and always monitor your gauges.

Be Physically Fit – Scuba diving puts a tremendous amount of pressure on your body. Stay healthy, active, and get the approval of your doctor before taking your first dive.

Check your Equipment – A safe dive requires that a scuba diver check their equipment prior to entering the water. Faulty equipment can mean the difference between a safe and a potentially fatal dive. Verify everything is operational and that you understand how all of your equipment works.

Air Supply Usage – Monitoring oxygen usage is vital for a safe return to the service. One rule is the rule of thirds. This provides you with a third of your air for the start of your dive, the return, and a supply of air should an emergency arise.

Scuba diving is a thrilling activity. Always remember to be safe before getting into the water to ensure you and your diving partner or diving group come back safely.

Even Shakespeare Had Hair Loss Problems

“Shakespeare” – the name usually inspires thoughts of kings, fairies and wars. He was a poetic genius of par excellence, Of course who could forget Romeo and Juliet, as if they are bond together for eternity. But did you know that Shakespeare was suffering from ‘syphilis’, it was a common disease five centuries ago. One of the treatments for syphilis was inhalation of mercury vapor which had other side effects like Hair Loss.

Luckily you don’t have to worry and get frustrated at your problem of Hair Loss. Unlike Shakespearean era there is a solution to it now. Let me get the first things straight about hair loss


Believe it or not -Actual overall health of your hair is mainly determined by your diet intake and not by what simply applied by you externally,(Remember your hair is make up of dead Proteins) Yes its true The much hyped so called specialist shampoo’s improve your current state of hair problem, but does not cure that problem, because there are very few genuine products nowadays that address this problem…So if you are looking for cure and not quick fix you need good healthy diet.

A diet that is rich in proteins and vitamins, but more importantly one which is available readily what i mean is that, i am not going to recommend some exotic food which you don’t have access to and way too expensive to include in your daily diet.

* Just start with simple food like Fish, Eggs, Beans and Yogurt which are rich in proteins so include these in your diet. * Soy protein (tofu) has also been found to be helpful in stimulating hair growth. * Protein rich milk shakes etc…

Here is the list of supplements you need to intake daily in order to have healthy hair

* Vitamin B-complex – 50 mg. (including folate, biotin and inositol)

* Vitamin B-6 – 50 mg.

* Vitamin C 1-2 Gms with bioflavonoids

* Vitamin E – 400 to 800 IU daily

* Beta-Carotene – 10,000 to 15,000 IU (Beta-carotene is found in green and yellow vegetables and fruits especially ripen mangoes)

* Magnesium, sulfur, zinc

* Silica (horsetail) – 300 mg. daily

* Nettle – 250 mg. three times daily

* Flaxseed oil – one tbsp daily or one tablet

(IU-International Units)

Even though you may have started intake of these supplements you also need to cut down on excessive stress and some medications are conclusively known to retard hair growth.


The leading cause of Hair loss is scientifically proven to be DHT or dihydrotestosterone, a hormone that tends to attach itself to your hair follicles and other receptor sites. Finally, your hair follicles get bound and weak thus resulting in loss of hair and baldness.

Hormonal problems may cause hair loss. If your thyroid gland is overactive or underactive, your hair may fall out. This hair loss usually can be helped by treatment of thyroid disease. Hair loss may occur if male or female hormones, known as androgens and estrogens, are out of balance. Correcting the hormone imbalance may stop your hair loss.

Most people normally shed 50 to 100 hairs a day. But with about 100,000 hairs in the scalp, this amount of hair loss shouldn’t cause noticeable change in your scalp.


Here are tips to improve overall Health of hair:

1.  Quit or cut back on smoking, caffeine and carbonated sodas which weaken the body and block maximum hair growing potential.

2. Eat a healthy diet.  Avoid foods that are high in sugar or fat.

3. Treat your hair like a piece of fine old lace (for women). Treat it carefully avoiding any unnecessary brushing, combing or handling.

4. Avoid use of hot water, hot blow dryers or other hair care tools that may stress the hair.

5. Have a weekly scalp massage to provide stimulation to the hair follicles.

6. Do a series of ongoing hot oil treatments to protect the hair’s shaft.

7. Have regular trims to eliminate split ends and allow the hair to look and feel healthier.

8. Get plenty of rest and sleep to allow your body to grow hair.

9. Massaging your scalp several times a day improves the blood circulation in your scalp area. As a direct result, the improved blood flow in the scalp area helps the transfer of oxygen and other growth promoting nutrients to the hair follicles. This will directly help you achieve healthier and thicker hair volume.

Here are some do’s and don’ts you need to follow specially for delicate and dry hair..


* Sleep on a satin pillowcase if your hair is especially delicate.

* Use detangling spray and a wide-tooth comb on damp hair – wet hair is more delicate


* Try not to sleep with your hair tied back. Leave your hair down as often as possible at night to prevent breakage.

* Don’t rip at tangles in your hair with a brush. Use a wide-tooth comb to detangle hair when wet and a vent brush to remove any snags on dry hair.

Unfortunate for Shakespeare if these tips was known back in his time, he would have looked very different from what you all people see him in his portrait today.

PEMF Therapy Beneficial For Treating Ocular Conditions

There are many individuals who are concerned about ocular treatments for conditions such as hyphema, glaucoma, and cornea burns. Most of these conditions require extensive treatment including surgical procedures in order to improve them. There are quite a lot of people who experience these conditions that are concerned about the treatments offered them from their medical provider and could benefit from PEMF therapy.

Pulsed ElectroMagnetic Fields (PEMF) uses electrical energy to focus a series of magnetic pulses that promotes tiny electrical signals to stimulate cellular repair through the injured tissue.

Pulsed electromagnetic fields treatment has proven results to help those with glaucoma. In a study on this treatments’ affect on hemodynamics of those with latent, initial and advanced glaucoma consisted of 7 minute treatments per session for a total of ten sessions. More than 283 eyes were observed of more than 150 patients which showed positive results and increased blood flow proving that PEMF eye therapy is effective for those suffering with glaucoma.

In another study of extremely low frequency PEMF treatment for alkaline burns on corneas showed positive results in healing and therapeutic results. The participants in this study were 56 rabbits that were broken into four categorized groups. One group classified as ELF 2, which the therapy was for thirty minutes, two times a day at a 2mT intensity. Another group, the ELF 5 group, which also received 30 minute treatment twice a day at a 5mT intensity. Medical therapy (MT) and controls concluded the categories. The study, was a 14 day trial, where examination and digital photos of the corneas were taken initially, and also on days 2, 7, and 14. Upon completion of the study, the rabbits were euthanized and histopathology was to to evaluate the affected eyes. The clinical and histopathologic results were compared in all four groups. The results showing that low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields treatment provided a significant less defect than those in the MT group, as well as, a lesser loss of keratocyte. Thus proving that this noninvasive treatment for alkaline burns on corneas is a remarkably effective method for therapeutic and healing purposes for eye conditions.

Another evaluation was performed using rabbit models who had well-defined hyphema for evaluating the effects of PEMF therapy. The test included sixteen eyes, broken into two groups, being treated in postoperative conditions with 10mT and 20mT on 4 separate days for sixty minutes per day. The study also included a control group with hyphema alone and a group without hyphema but PEMF irradiation. The resorption rate was recorded each day and histopathologic evaluation was also performed in this study. The 10mT group showed reduced endothelial cell damage, as well as, a reduction in fibrotic clots. Although the resorption time was not markedly different in any group, there was proof that PEMF eye therapy has a positive influence on serious side effects and when used as an adjunctive treatment is effective in ocular trauma and inflammation.

PEMF eye therapy is a proven, safe, noninvasive and effective treatment for ocular conditions. Those individuals who want an alternative to conventional treatments have an alternative.

Personal Growth – Never Stop Learning and Growing

As a recruiter, I come into contact with candidates and job orders that teach me something new every day. The lesson I learned last week is that I should never stop learning, but rather soak up every piece of information wherever in print, audio, on television, online, bathroom wall, wherever I can glean new information, I had better absorb it. I now realize that I never want to get to the point in life where I am stagnant and no longer moving forward.

I met a candidate a few weeks ago, who I thought would have been fabulous for a particular position, but the manager felt he might be too advanced in his career. The reason that he thought he might be too advanced is because he was older and the stigma that older candidates face is that they are too old to learn new technology. It was at that point that I realized that I better keep new information flowing through my gray matter, or else I might grow stagnant myself. This was a wakeup call for me, my ah-ha moment, if you will.

You see, there was a time, not so long ago, I honestly thought that one day I would be perfect in my thinking. I know it sounds arrogant, but let me explain what I mean by "perfect". I thought that I would get to the point in my emotional maturity where every word that came out of my mouth would be filled with sage wisdom, every thought that came to my mind would be straight from God and every action that I took would be perfectly orchestrated and the exact same action that God Himself would have taken! I'm not sure where that mind came from, but suffice it to say, it was a mindset that would put me into a mental tailspin every time that I said something off color, not in line with the Word (ugly words included) Egypt responded completely opposite of the way I should have responded. When these "failures in action" occurred, it would set me back to square one, almost like seeing "failure-student will remain in 3rd grade" on a report card. Then I would have to start all over in an attempt to relearn what I already knew. I had not even thought about my career and progressing in new technology or processes, until last week when I realized that I would be learning and improving until the day I die.

Vitamin B Deficiencies Show in Your Tongue

No person is deficient in any one B vitamin without being deficient in all of them! That’s because the B vitamins occur together in food as part of a complex. This is true of all vitamins and minerals. They work together.

There are, however, as many degrees and variations of B-vitamin deficiencies as there are different individuals. Formerly the disease beriberi was thought to be caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine) and pellagra by lack of the B vitamin, niacin (B3).

When human volunteers stayed on diets lacking vitamin B1 (thiamine) or niacin (vitamin B3), however, neither beriberi nor pellagra has been produced. These diseases actually result from multiple deficiencies of all the B vitamins, the lack of vitamin B1 or niacin being only more prominent.

Even schizophrenia is caused by a vitamin B3 (niacin) deficiency but it too won’t be the only B vitamin deficiency – just the main one. Even The list goes on and on.

Your Tongue

The good news is that you can tell how adequate your intake of B vitamins has been by looking at your tongue. It should be moderate in size, an even pink in color, and smooth around the edges without coating or indentations showing where it has rested against your teeth. The taste buds should be uniformly small and cover the entire surface and edges.

If you can find a healthy child, you may see what the normal tongue should look like.

Vitamin B Deficiency Indications

Many changes take place in your tongue when you’re short of B vitamins. The first change appears to be enlargement of the buds at the front and sides of your tongue. Later these buds become small or even disappear, making the tip and sides smooth, whereas the buds farther back will progressively enlarge. These buds have a flat appearance like button mushrooms.

As the deficiencies of these vitamins become more severe, clumps of taste buds fuse and grow together, pulling apart from other clumps and thus forming grooves or fissures. The first groove usually forms down the center of the tongue.

Groovy Tongue

In a severe B-vitamin deficiency, your tongue may be so cut by grooves and fissures that it looks like a relief map of the Grand Canyon and surrounding territory or a flank steak run through a tenderizing machine.

When deficiencies are still more severe, your taste buds literally disappear. First the tip and edges become smooth and shiny; then the buds disappear progressively from front to back. This extreme condition is found most often in elderly persons whose diets have been inadequate for years; they complain that their foods have little flavor. In some cases such tongues are intensely sore. In other cases, persons having extremely abnormal tongues are surprised to find that they differ from normal.

Beefy Tongue

The size of your tongue also indicates deficiencies of these vitamins. It may be large, beefy, and full of water (edematous). Often such a tongue shows scallops around the edges where it has rested against the teeth. The beefy tongue is called that because it has the appearance of beef and is usually an intense deep red. On the other hand, it may become too small, or atrophied.

Purple Tongue

Other tongues may have a purplish or magenta cast, and still others may be a brilliant red. Often the tongue shows a combination of colors with perhaps a red tip and a magenta center. The color and texture vary depending upon which B-vitamin lack is most prominent.

For example, a magenta tongue (the color seen most often) indicates that a deficiency of vitamin B2 predominates over the other B-vitamin deficiencies. A beefy tongue is thought to show that pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) is particularly under-supplied. When deficiencies of vitamin B12 and folic acid are most prominent, the tongue becomes strawberry red and smooth at the tip and sides; it is often shiny and not coated.

Fiery Red Tongue

If the deficiency is predominantly the B vitamin, niacin (vitamin B3), your tongue may be fiery red at the tip and may appear to be either too small or too large and so coated that it is fuzzy with debris. The heavy coating is caused by the growth of undesirable bacteria; it usually indicates much putrefaction in the intestine. Since valuable bacteria in the intestine produce B vitamins, such coating probably never occurs if bacteria growth is normal.

Stomach Acid and Digestion

Studies indicate that 60 – 100% of the persons showing severe tongue changes are unable to produce sufficient amounts of hydrochloric acid in their stomachs. This leads to the use of antacids – the worst thing you can do because the problem is actually caused by too little acid.

The output of digestive enzymes is far below normal. In such cases, digestion is so faulty that unless tablets of hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes are taken temporarily, much gas, flatulence, digestive disturbances, and discomfort may be experienced.

In fact, if your digestion is so faulty that you have intestinal gas after you add foods rich in the B vitamins to your diet, you can be sure you have been deficient in these vitamins. The best thing to do is continue and take enzymes till the deficiency has been corrected. The worst thing to do is stop because then the problem of the deficiencies is still there.

Water Soluble

Most of the B vitamins dissolve in water and for this reason cannot be stored in the body. Just as a sponge can be slightly moist or dripping wet, however, so can the cells hold little or much of each B vitamin, depending on the amount offered. To maintain ideal health, the offering of B vitamins should be sufficient for each cell to take all it can use to advantage. Any B vitamins not needed are excreted in the urine.

B Vitamins Work Together

It appears that all B vitamins work together. This co-operation is called the synergistic action of the B vitamins. The taking of one or more B vitamins increases the need for the others not supplied, probably because any one B vitamin alone can increase the activity of each body cell. The group in its entirety can be obtained only from such foods as liver, yeast, and wheat germ. (Please note that due to a high phosphorus – also an important mineral – content in Brewer’s Yeast it is important to balance it with calcium.)

To discuss the deficiencies of the B vitamins separately is as unrealistic as to believe in men from Mars. Such deficiencies exist only in an experimental laboratory. A deficiency of one, however, often predominates over others. If the first symptoms of deficiency are recognized, they can serve as a warning that unless your nutrition is improved, great deviations from health can be expected.

(*Beriberi is a disease of the nervous system caused by a person not getting enough thiamine (vitamin B1) in the diet. Thiamine is needed to break down food such as glucose. It is also found on the membranes of neurons. Symptoms of beriberi include severe lethargy and tiredness. Beriberi may also cause problems that affect the cardiovascular system, the nervous system, muscles, and gastrointestinal systems. It is often found in people with a history of drinking too much alcohol or who don’t eat healthy. There are two kinds of beriberi, wet and dry. Wet beriberi mainly affects the cardiovascular system. Dry beriberi affects the nervous system

**Pellagra is a disease caused by a lack of the vitamin niacin (vitamin B3). Symptoms include inflamed skin, diarrhea, dementia, and sores in the mouth… Primary pellagra is due to a diet that does not contain enough niacin and tryptophan.)

Is Trichotillomania a Reason of Your Hair Loss?

You might be having the urge to constantly pull your hair. You may even be ashamed of it but you cannot control it. The reason you are doing so is because you may have Trichotillomania. Trichotillomania is an impulse disorder in which a person is feeling a constant urge, which one may not be able to resist, to pull their hair. Impulse control disorders are conditions in which you have strong, uncontrollable urges to take part in self-destructive behavior. Some examples of impulse control disorders are Pyromania and Kleptomania. Pyromania is the urge to set fires and Kleptomania is the urge to steal. The real reason behind Trichotillomania is not been understood or found, however researchers believe that it is caused due to chemical imbalances in the brain. Trichotillomania may also be a genetic condition because it runs in families.

Symptoms of Trichotillomania

Everyone doesn’t have the same symptoms of Trichotillomania. Some pull their hair strand by strand while others may pull large clumps of it. Some people may do this consciously and are getting a good feeling while pulling their hair off, while some may be pulling their hair unconsciously without even realizing it. After pulling the strand some may inspect it or even swallow it. The symptoms usually are:-

pulling hair causing hair loss in patches

satisfactory feeling when pulling the hair

shame and even denying what they are doing

experiencing relief when the hair is pulled

playing with pulled hair

rubbing the pulled hair on lips

How common is Trichotillomania?

Trichotillomania is a pretty rare condition in which only about 1 percent of the population may have it. This condition is usually found in females outnumbering males in a ratio of 3 to 1. There is a problem in finding the frequency of the people who have Trichotillomania. This is because people tend to deny that they have the disorder and do not seek help from professionals. Trichotillomania usually begins around the age of 11 to 13 however, there is a possibility that children of age 1 to 2 also have Trichotillomania and pull their hair.

Coping with Trichotillomania

If you feel that you or someone you know suffers hair loss because of Trichotillomania then it would be advisable to visit a professional team of Hair experts. The hair exerts can give you tips for controlling Trichotillomania before it is too late. People will need help from professionals for controlling their hair pulling impulses. Common treatment for Trichotillomania includes:

MEDICATIONS: If treatment of Trichotillomania is not needed then the hair expert can prescribe medications such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to help people to control their hair pulling urges.

COGNITIVE-BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: In this therapy the hair expert will teach you how to manage your hair pulling urges and how to recognize them so that you are not pulling your hair unconsciously. The hair expert will teach you how specific situations cause hair pulling urges and how to control them or modify the situation and stop hair loss caused by it.

BEHAVIOURAL MODIFICATION: The hair expert recommends you to occupy yourself when you feel the urge to pull your hair. You could squeeze a stress ball or do activities like knitting, reading, cooking etc.

Controlling Trichotillomania can be tough, but working with the hair expert and to manage your condition, joining support groups made up of other people who have a similar situation as you can help you overcome Trichotillomania.