How LASIK Laser Eye Surgery Can Cure Your Nearsightedness

LASIK laser eye surgery is a complex surgery procedure used to treat all degrees of nearsightedness. The physician who processes it uses a small knife to cut a flap of the cornea, then removes part of the underneath tissue with a laser and put the flap back in its place.

In LASIK eye surgery, the skills of the physician or surgeon are more important than in the PRK procedure, where the computer does most of the work. This is the reason why it is mandatory to find a high-skilled and experienced surgeon who has done several such procedures before to perform it. The success of this procedure depends primarily on the doctor.

Advantages Of LASIK Eye Surgery

Most doctors agree that this kind of eye surgery is very appropriate for correcting very severe vision problems. It also allows a faster recovery than PRK and other procedures. In addition, patients who have undergone a LASIK laser eye surgery can see accurate enough to drive and read within just a week or so.

Does LASIK Laser Eye Surgery Have Risks?

For a limited number of patients, LASIK laser eye surgery can have some negative side effects, which include over or under-correction, scarring of the cornea, astigmatism, corneal infections, lower contrast sensitivity or problems with driving at night.

LASIK Laser Eye Surgery versus PRK & RK

There are doctors that still consider other surgical procedures as well. Some patients who had previously decided on LASIK laser eye surgery are often advised to undergo a so called PRK or RK procedure instead. After studying all the options that they have and consider the possible side effects, many of them event agree on other methods.

Many clinical centers, while they do perform LASIK laser eye surgery in many situations, they claim that other procedures or methods are in some cases more suitable. For instance, some doctors believe that for a small number of patients with low or moderately nearsighted eye conditions, a RK (radial keratotomy) is more appropriate.

RK is an earlier eye correction surgery procedure that does not need an Excimer laser. The incisions are made radically along the exterior portion of the cornea with a hand-held scalpel. Such procedures are intended to help reshape the curvature of the cornea and allow light rays that enter the eye to focus properly on the retina. The success of the method depends on the length and number of these incisions. Some surgeons use this type of eye surgery for a small number of people with a disorder called mild myopia.

In contrast, other doctors and surgeons consider LASIK laser eye surgery as the best option whatsoever. While they do mention other options to their patients, such as PRK or RK, they do not recommend them in favor of these procedures.

Other doctors claim that a RK procedure involves penetrating around 90 percent of the cornea, which can have negative impacts on the structure of the eye. Furthermore, once you have undergone a RK surgery, you can never repeat it or have a PRK. This is the reason why some doctors would never suggest this method to anyone.

CLA and Weight Loss

CLA, otherwise known as conjugated linoleic acid may be a supplement you want to consider for help in your weight loss efforts. CLA has become popular because of its reported benefits of fat loss, cancer fighting, improving cholesterol, immune system improvement, and possible prevention of atherosclerosis.

Researching CLA may leave you wanting to take it whether or not fat loss is your goal.

CLA is a fatty acid that is found in small amounts in meat and dairy products. However do not plan on getting the benefits of CLA from eating these foods. There is just not enough CLA present. Supplement companies have found a way to convert the linoleic acid from safflower oil into conjugated linoleic acid. This allows you an affordable way to get the benefits of CLA.

Studies that have shown promise were done using dosages of 3 to 4 grams of CLA per day. Most supplement companies sell CLA in dosages from 500 milligrams to 1 gram per pill – This means you may have to take several pills per day to get the optimum results. CLA is different from many weight loss supplements as it does not contain stimulants and you probably will not "feel" any immediate effect from taking CLA. You will want to stay on CLA from 4-6 weeks before expecting to see any results.

If you decide to do further research on CLA you will unduly find it listed on many bodybuilding sites. The reason for this is that CLA has also shown promise in helping to maintain lean muscle tissue. Do not let this deter you from trying it because this will help you improve your fat to muscle ratio. In other words – you will look better

The opinion of many health and fitness professionals is that CLA may be something you want to consider adding to your daily health regimen. I recommend purchasing your CLA online in order to save money. Tonalin is a brand name that you will see on many different companies form of CLA. Tonalin is the most researched, highest quality CLA that you will find. Purchase from a reputable company and give CLA time to show some effects.

How the View of Mental Illness Has Changed Over the Past 50 Years

Even though there have been numerous advancements in the way of treating mental disorders in the past 50 years, there is still a certain stigma surrounding the views on mental illness. Many people still mistakenly believe that someone with a mental illness is simply lazy or they will place blame on the parents if the patient is a child. These feelings even radiate through insurance companies that are many times reluctant to pay for necessary mental health treatments. However, science has concluded that mental illness is the direct cause of genetics combined with environmental factors.

Deinstitutionalizing Mental Facilities

Several decades ago in the 1960s, the deinstitutionalization movement brought about an abrupt, 180 degree change in the way patients with mental illness were handled and treated. This movement called for the removing of mentally ill patients from state and private institutions where many times these people received little to no care and treatment. This was done in order to alternatively give patients medications and therapy. When this movement took place, the tides begin to change in regards to the general attitude of those with a mental illness. The idea behind this was to make the public believe these people were members of the community and not just “crazies” in need of institutionalization.

Family Therapy

And research has proven that a patients relationship with their family members can positively or negatively affect their mental illness. Because of this research, family therapy was born and this therapy has allowed those with an illness to stay out of institutions. Today, the treating physician as well as the active family members are directly responsible for integrating people with mental illness into society.

Treatment Centers

Also, if a mentally ill person needs to be hospitalized, there is less of a chance now than before that they will be subject to restraints and isolation. Today’s psychiatry leans toward day treatment centers where there are less staff members and an increased emphasis on group therapy as opposed to individual therapy, which paved the course for halfway houses as well as allowing patients with mental illness to go home at night and still receive treatment during the day.

Problems with Deinstitutionalizing

Of course, there were some negatives that came along with the deinstitutionalizing of metal facilities. There are some people with mental illness who should be put into an institution because they are dangerous to themselves and others. However, because putting them into an institution or a state hospital without their consent is not a legal option, these people have either made their way into prisons or out onto the streets.

Support Organizations

The mental health experts of today understand that those with mental illness greatly benefit from social networks providing care, acceptance, and support even in the most difficult of times. And mentally ill people who receive this kind of support tend to recover faster. Because the individual communities throughout society are not as close knit as they once were, mentally ill patients no longer receive their primary support from family and friends, which finally brought about the explosion of support organizations.

The Three General Methods of Blood Collection

Blood collection is a vital procedure in blood testing. Proper blood collection is required to ensure the reliability of results. The general methods for blood collection are (note that this is only a reference guide – you should only attempt this if you are a professional):

1. Venipuncture – It is the collection of blood from the veins through the use of a needle and a syringe. In this procedure, the most common site of venipuncture is the antecubital fossa where the cephalic, basilic and mid-cubital veins are found. This procedure is required when large amounts of blood is needed for testing like in glucose, cholesterol, uric acid, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase test, and many blood chemistry determinations.

Materials needed

Gauge 20-22 needle, syringe, tourniquet, wet and dry cotton, 70 % isopropyl alcohol, vacutainer tubes or test tubes.


1.1. Remove the tourniquet first before the needle. Patients who have blood dyscrasia may bleed to death.

1.2. Avoid prolonged application of the tourniquet because it will cause venous stasis which will adversely affect the results.

1.3. Do not jerk the needle out of the vein because this may injure the vein and will cause discomfort in the patient.

1.4. Do not puncture the vein through and through because this will cause hematoma which is a bluish discoloration of the skin.

1.5. Allow the patient to rest for at least 10 minutes to ensure that he does not feel faint or that bleeding has stopped.

1.6. Sterilize before puncturing to ensure that the procedure is aspetic.

2. Capillary puncture – also known as fingerstick or finger puncture, is used when smaller volumes of blood is needed, like when performing Complete Blood Counts (CBC), peripheral blood smears and malarial smears. This method is useful for pediatric, obese and elderly patients where veins are small and cannot be palpated. It may also make use of the earlobe and big toe as puncture sites.

Materials needed

Lancet, capillettes, wet and dry cotton, 70 % isopropyl alcohol


2.1. Puncture only the specified area as it may traumatize unintended sites like the bones.

2.2. Discard the first drop as this is made up of tissue fluid.

2.3. Sterilize first before puncturing.

3. Arterial Puncture – is the collection of blood from the arteries. This is oxygenated blood, while venous blood is non-oxygenated blood. This is usually used in Blood Gas Analysis (BGA) where the pH of blood, bicarbonate (HCO3), carbonic acid (H2CO3) and total carbon dioxide (TCO2) are determined

Materials needed

Luer lock syringe, vacutainer tubes, wet and dry cottons, 70% isopropyl alcohol


3.1. Press the site of puncture for more than 15-30 minutes because the pressure of blood in the arteries is stronger than that in the veins.

3.2. Sterilize properly before puncturing.

3.3. Observe anaerobic collection as most samples are for blood gas testing.

These are the most common methods of blood collection. Each is utilized according to the needs of the patient.

Words Do Wound

All of us begin life feeling great about ourselves because no one has ever told us that something is wrong with us. However, it does not take long for any child to become harmed by negative words or actions. For example, just words in simple statements from one of those relatives we all seem to have, such as, "Oh, too bad you did not get pretty curls like your sister," says to the child, "Your straight hair is not pretty, "or" Your sister is superior to you, "and causes pain.

Most children from the ages of five to eighteen spend about half of their waking hours at school. And it is in this environment that much of the damage is done to a child's self-image, damage from peers, teachers, and administrators. Labeling, which has become increasingly more popular education professionals, can have a major impact on a child's self-image and its ability to learn. Tell a child he is learning disabled, and he will be learning disabled – and hurt. Maybe he will feel fairly bad about himself the rest of his life. Methods of discipline and unjustified discipline can also do a lot of damage. Here's a few examples. Billy, a college of mine who taught at the same university, told me that his kindergarten teacher had told the class that Paris was the capital of Europe. He had corrected her and explained that Europe was a continent and that Paris was the capital of France, a country of Europe. The teacher had told him to be quiet and went on giving the class the wrong information. Billy corrected the teacher again and was chastised in front of the class and sent to the office for discipline.

One of my current students, a very shy boy, told me how on his first day of kindergarten his mother had gotten him to school late. When he went in the classroom the teacher drew a circle on the blackboard and had him stand with his nose in the circle as punishment for being late.

What do these stories have in common with each other and the hundreds of others that I have heard or witnessed? They give the child in question a negative feeling about himself within the educational environment.

The words or actions of other students can also be damaging, particularly in those cases where dominance is an issue. Children frequently make comments to each other like,

"Nobody wants to play with you."

"You think you're so smart, so nobody likes you."

"You're fat (ugly, stupid, skinny, etc.) ._

"Your clothes look dumb (cheap, old, etc.)."

The children making these kinds of observations have, of course, learned this type of behavior by being on the receiving end of similar marks themselves; however, you having such knowledge does not do their goals any good unless it is shared knowledge.

Being ignored, bullied, or laughed at by another student, teacher, or a group of other students in institutional settings such as day-care centers and schools where a child has little or no choice in having to return day-after-day without the skills to combat his pain does much more damage to a child than most professionals or parents have been willing to acknowledge. Evidence exists, however, that such occurrences happening repetitively in a child's formative years can lead to severe damage to the child and possibly lead to violent behavior by the child if not properly resolved.

A Controversial Drug

Thalidomide Is Nothing to Fear

Thalidomide has been a controversial drug for over fifty years. In the late 1950's its antiangiogenic properties cause the deformities in over 12,000 infants around the world. Thalidomide's initial purpose was to be used as a sedative or sleeping pill. In the years since its release, scientists have found many uses for the drug, including use of its pernicious side effect to inhibit the growth of many cancers. Thalidomide is a highly misunderstood drug with many positive applications. The history of thalidomide's weaknesses, and strengths, spans over fifty years. Thalidomide was the safer choice than barbiturate sedatives and ironically helpful in relieving morning sickness. Shortly after its release in 1961, thalidomide was link to the deformities around the world, and the sale of thalidomide was stopped worldwide.

In the ensuing years, scientists have continued to explore the characteristics of thalidomide. As scientist began to look for the exact mechanism in thalidomide that was responsible for the birth defects, they would soon discover that thalidomide had numerous uses, and only two side effects. Thalidomide could have been used to treat leprosy, soothe pains associated with leprosy. The two side effects experiences from thalidomide have been deformities, and an irreversible tingling sensation in extremities. Thalidomide was the best treatment in relieving pains from arthritis pains to ulcer pains.

Many fear the worst of the drug and do not realize that, every drug has its own risks, and every drug label has a warning to pregnant or nursing mothers. It is up to the consumer whether or not to heed the warning, or take a risk. Even with Americans being able to take their own risk, there will be steps taken to minimize the risks.

The FDA will do everything to prevent the repeating of another epidemic. No system is 100% effective, and no drug is 100% safe, but any system of prevention is worth a try. Thalidomide in the 1950's was extremely underdeveloped and only needed to be refined. More research has been performed on the drug and an explanation for the birth defects has emerged. Knowing how thalidomide works will enable scientist's to do just the opposite, make it not work. Researchers have produced many analogues, variations, of thalidomide and it is hopeful that they will engineer a form of thalidomide without harmful side effects. The risk of birth defects from thalidomide could be almost zero, and thalidomide will prove to be just what the doctor ordered, and nothing more.

Vasovagal Syndrome Reasons and How To Prevent It!

Today I'm going to talk about vasovagal syndrome, I'll share with you what this condition is and some ideas to prevent it. Vasovagal syndrome also known as vasovagal syncope is a common cause of false or passing out. It is somewhat similar to a stroke and do you know how a stroke is caused?

Blood is needed for fuel, oxygen and to eliminate waste materials. When it does not reach the brain it causes a stroke, which is brain damage. Vasovagal syncope takes place when not enough blood reaches the brain and it shuts down. The good news is that unlike a stroke, this condition does not cause brain damage, but it can be dangerous. Do you see how passing out can be dangerous? Yea, if you driving a car and pass out that would not be good. Maybe your walking across a busy street or scuba diving.

The interesting thing is that this condition takes place due to triggers. Just like certain triggers cause asthma or panic attacks, certain things can cause someone to pass out. These triggers cause a drop in blood pressure and in heart rate resulting in a loss of blood reaching the brain.

One example of this would be the sight of blood. It's interesting why some people fault at the sight of blood and a theory on this is that it has to do with survival. If you were a warrior and stained during a battle then people would pass over you and you could live. Also if you fault with an injury you might not bleed to death.

Another trigger is standing for prolonged periods of time and if someone is dehydrated it can increase the chance of someone failing. Do you know the most common reason why someone is tired? Yep, it is because they are not drinking enough water. The rule of thumb is that someone should drink 8 glasses of water that is 8 ounces in size.

Alcohol and drugs can also cause this condition. If you have ever been hung over drinking too much alcohol think about how thirsty you were. Alcohol also decrees blood pressure, which can cause a loss of blood to the brain. Other common causes could be a loss of blood sugar levels, heart problems, a blood clot, cholesterol and anxiety.

To prevent vasovagal syndrome a few good ideas would be to manage anxiety and increase blood flow through exercise and there are tons of herbal remedies that can help.

To sum everything up vasovagal syndrome is when not enough blood reaches the brain and it shuts down. Some common causes of this would be panic attacks, the sight of blood, dehydration, standing for prolonged periods of time, alcohol, drugs, blood sugar levels and heart or cardiovascular problems.

If You Or Your Child Has Measles

People often take a cavalier attitude toward illnesses that are categorized as "childhood diseases and adults are often teased when they contract such an illness. and every year from measles. And sadly, this does not have to happen, as measles is a preventable disease.

The first symptoms of measles are fatigue, a fever, a dry cough and a burning sensation in the eyes. The eyes are also red, and feel itchy. Light brothers them. Fine white spots on a red base appear inside the mouth just opposite the molar teeth. The medical profession identifies the spots as Koplik's spots. These symptoms appear about 4 to five days before the rash.

The rash begins on the fifth day as pink. Blotchy, flat spots which later on become darker and larger red patches. You will first notice the rash on the face, neck, and behind the ears however it will spread to the chest, stomach and finally the arms and legs. The rash, which lasts from four to seven days, is accommodated by mild itching.

Measles is very contagious. It is spread through coming in contact with articles that are contaminated by secretions from the mouth and nose. It can be spread during the period three to four days before the rash appears up to several days after. Symptoms will start to appear about eight to twelve days after a person has been exposed to the virus. An infected person needs to be isolated. Anyone who has to come in contact with that person and who has never had measles should be vaccinated. However, immunization is not necessary for a person who has had measles as they have immunity to the disease.

Doctors will typically suggest over-the-counter pain, fever, and cough medicines. They should rest in a dimly lit room due to eye sensitivity to light.

There are some important precautions to observe. If the patient is a child or teenager, do not use aspirin for a pain reliever because of the possibility of Reye syndrome although this is rare.

Measles can have several complications, some of which are life threatening. One very serious one is measles encephalitis in which there is infection of the brain. This is rare but if it happens, then life-support measures and treatment of seizures may be necessary. Other complications are sore throats, pneumonia, and ear infections.

Signs to watch for are earache, sore throat, difficult or rapid breathing, bleeding from body orifices or into the skin, headache, vomiting, excessive lethargy or convulsions. If any of these occur, you should call a doctor immediately.

Of course, the best procedure is prevention by immunization.

Neonatal Tetanus Infections

Although we typically associated tetanus with stepping on rusty nails and getting infections from various dirty wounds, newborns are actually more at risk for tetanus than anyone. In fact, an estimated 257,000 babies worldwide died from this condition from 2000-2003.

Tetanus is caused by a bacteria that is from the same genus as the bacterium that causes botulism. Clostridium tetani is a very hardy bacterium that can survive in soil for many years, as well as withstand severe temperature fluctuations. Thus, if a newborn gets a bit of infected soil into a fresh wound, such as the opening from the umbilical cord, it can cause serious harm and typically results in death.

The danger with the tetanus bacteria is that it produces a strong neurotoxin, called tetanospasmin. This toxin interferes with the motor neurons' ability to control the muscles. Thus, your muscles may spasm and contract without your ability to control them. Because this often affects the delicate facial muscles before the larger muscle groups, tetanus has often been called lockjaw.

Normally, adults notice signs of tetanus with irritability, weakness, soreness, and muscle spasms, as well as a difficulty with swallowing. However, these signs are very difficult to detect in babies, as we may not be aware that they are feeling especially weak. You may notice signs of irritability as well as reduced ability to suck or swallow, though.

Because neonatal tetanus is a general infection that can spread through the baby's body, you may be aware of strong muscle contractions that can be powerful enough to break bones. Also, if the muscles controlling respiratory functions are forced into contracts, you may notice that your baby is having difficulty with breathing. This is a great danger for babies as tetanus can basically smother them.

Once a doctor diagnoses your baby with tetanus, he or she will probably be started on antibiotics and antitoxins to kill the Clostridium tetani bacteria and reverse the negative effects of the neurotoxin. Additionally, the wound source of the bacteria will have to be cleaned out to remove any last pockets of infection. Your obstetrician may also give your baby painkillers and sedatives to keep him or her calm and spasm-free while the antibiotics kick in.

If doctors use unclean tools to cut your baby's umbilical cord, or if they do not properly care for this open wound, it can turn into a serious neonatal tetanus infection. If your baby has suffered from this or another type of birth infection due to a negligent doctor or nursing staff, you should consult a birth injury attorney about your rights. For more information, contact a birth injury lawyer from Lowenthal & Abrams, PC, today.

Chicken Pox or Bedbug Bites: A Definitive Analysis

Do you remember as a kid when the local board of health would send a man or woman to your house who would take a look at you, and say, "That's Chicken Pox, all right!"

Then he or she would put a sign in your window which said in big black letters, "CHICKEN POX."

Well, if it was not chickenpox it was mumps, diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, or the dreaded polio.

You do not remember?

Well, I guess you are not of my generation.

We got shots for some of the children diseases of our day, but not for all of them.

There where seven kids in my house and someone always had something. My mother wanted everyone to have the same disease at once. Once she put me in bed with my little brother so that I would catch whooping cough.

I did not catch whooping cough or anything else that came into our home, except one day after a remarkable career of complete immunity, I woke up with a rash.

Mother said, "John, you got chickenpox!"

"It's just bedbugs. That's all. The rash will go away. "

I knew I could not catch anything because I always held my breath around the sick.

We had to fight bedbugs back then. Everybody in our neighborhood did. I do not know if the sparrows transported them to the rich side of town or not. But we had them.

We were continuously teasing the beds apart, scrubbing the springs with lie soap, stomping, killing, maiming the bed bugs here and there. After such a cleaning, you could sleep well possibly until the next Thursday, and then you had to go through the cleanup ritual again.

When I was in Korea before DDT was poisonous and softening the bird eggs and all, we were continuously harassed by medical guys shooting DDT into our britches. That was so we would not get Bubonic Plague from the fleas in our bunkers.

I never got the Bubonic Plague, never saw anyone with the Bubonic Plague, and never heard of anyone with the Bubonic Plague. (After seeing seeing the plague documentary on the History Channel, I'm very glad of that. Http:// )

The DDT did the trick.

That's how we finally got rid of bedbugs forever.

We used DDT.

I went to []. The pictures there of bed bugs made my skin crawl! I hated those things when I was growing up. The little buggers would suck the blood out of you and swell up until they were the size of lady bird beetles, except they were hideous lady bird beetles.

The reference site carries products to kill pest. I'm sure they are not in competition with most of us, so I used them as a reference anyway. One of their testimonials says:

"I kept waking up with mysterious bites and on occasion found blood spots on my sheets, suggesting they were the culprit. Sure enough, I found some bed bugs upon further inspection the day after I bought your product. They were all over my apartment! I only found a few, but one was in the living room, one was in the bedroom, one was in the kitchen and a baby was even in the bathroom! "(The person who gave the above testimonial did not have chickenpox!)


That's what they call bedbugs at the reference site.

I agree! My skin is crawling from thinking about the little creeps.

My mother did not believe me, of course. Mothers seldom do in such matters. The man came from the health department, put the sign on the window, CHICKEN POX, and left.

I said, "Momma, I'm going outside to play."

"You can not go out, not for 10 days."

I said, "Mother, I'm not sick. I want to play. These are bedbug bites.

It did no good. I never got a fever nor did I become ill, but I did get quarantined like my paternal grandmother at Ellis Island.

After much research, I've found that they had to have bedbugs on the Mayflower.

I'm descended from George Soule who was the 35th signer of the Mayflower compact.

At you will find that George was born in 1595-1602, England and he died 22 January 1679, Duxbury, MA He married Mary Buckett in1626, at Plymouth and had nine kids.

Iought to know a bedbug bite when I see one.

The End

PS I want you to know that I restrained form using a great deal of profanity in describing the bedbugs in this article.

copyright © John T. Jones, Ph.D. 2005

What Causes My Red Face?

There are many things that can cause a face to become red temporarily, such as consumption of alcohol or spicy food, being embarrassed in social situations or having a sensitivity to niacin or mono-sodium glutamate (MSG). However, there are many conditions that can be the cause of more chronic facial redness. This article describes a few of them.

  1. Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome is a hormone disorder that is caused by the exposure of the body to too much cortisol (a stress hormone). Cushing's syndrome is reliably rare, and in addition to redness of the face, including the following symptoms: high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels, fatigue, irritability, depression and anxiety. Women with Cushing's syndrome often show signs of increased hair growth on the face, neck, abdomen, chest and thighs.
  2. Lupus (SLE, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs and tissues, including the skin, heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, joints, brain and blood. The facial redness that is sometimes associated with lupus is a rash across the cheeks and nose. The facial redness with lupus exists in a butterfly pattern (butterfly rash) and does not involve the forehead. Lupus patients can also have skin rashes on other parts of their body, which often develop or get worse after sun exposure. Lupus is frequently diagnosed by antibody testing.
  3. Rosacea The facial redness of rosacea involves the cheeks, nose and the forehead and develops gradually. It starts out as a redness of the face that resembles facial flushing that does not go away and in many cases looks like sunburn. However, while the initial facial redness may vary from day to day, rosacea symptoms progressively get worse: in addition to the initial facial redness, small papules and pustules appear on the face, which may burst and ooze. The face often feels itchy and painful. In progressive rosacea, capillaries become permanently widened (telangiectasias). These telangiectasias do not respond well to topical treatments and cause the face to have a "residual" redness. Telangiectasias can be effectively treated with intense pulsed light.
  4. Scarlet fever Scarlet fever is caused by an exotoxin from the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes . Clinical signs include a high fever and a sore throat followed by a rough (sandwich-like) rash over the body lasting for 3-4 days. The skin will start to peel after the rash is gone. Other classic signs of scarlet fever are a bright red tongue with a strawberry appearance and a facial redness on the cheeks (the nose and areas surrounding the mouth are usually not red).
  5. Rubella Rubella (also called German measles) is a disease caused by the rubella virus. It has an incubation period of 2-3 weeks and symptoms are a rash that first develops on the face, which spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. Complications due to rubella are rare, but rubella can cause complications during pregnancy if the infection occurs within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Free CNA Training Draws Many to the Healthcare Industry

The price tag of certified nursing training can easily cost $ 1,000 when taken at a community college. However, those who comparison shop for educational opportunities can find free CNA training courses. Free training is available to those who receive scholarships and grants or take work exchange programs. Some classes can even be had for free due to the desperate need for certified healthcare workers.

Although a CNA's salary is not in the six figures, there are many opportunities for pay and job advancement when CNA students further their education by becoming LPNs or RNs. Plus, the job security for those in advanced nursing positions is second to none.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics reports there will be a 19 percent increase from 2008 to 2018 in the healthcare industry's need for CNAs. The region of the United States, experience level and place of employment all play a role in how much money a CNA will earn. Most entry-level CNAs earn somewhere from $ 22,000 to $ 29,000 per year.

In 2008, almost 1.5 million CNAs were employed in the healthcare industry Although the majority of CNA training programs are similar in nature, they do vary according to the particular state. Students must take anywhere from 75-150 hours of coursework and approximately 16 hours of clinical work under a physician or RN's supervision.

Free CNA Training Is Becoming Commonplace

The main reason behind an abundance of free CNA training programs is the urgent need for these certified healthcare providers; the unsung heroes of the industry. CNAs provide invaluable patient care, and they give attentive care and support to those who need it the most, particularlyly elderly patients. The free CNA training opportunities in New York City are a small sampling of what prospective students can find across the country. In virtually any city or state, savvy Internet surfers can locate free CNA courses. Even though the cost of attending Hostos Community College's CNA program in the Bronx was $ 995 in 2010, there are free CNA classes in NYC for people who search hard enough for them.

Hostos Community College and Bronx Community College are two highly respected learning institutions in the Bronx that have CNA courses accredited by the State Office of Professions in New York.

As previously mentioned, those who search on the Internet can find plenty of ways to take CNA classes for free in the state of New York and beyond. Regardless of whether one receives training for over $ 1,000 or tuition-free, they will still have the same job learning potential after becoming certified. Typically, most CNA programs ran by the state, including free Philadelphia CNA training, last from 4-6 weeks. The coursework consists of classroom studies, or in-home work for distance learning students. Abbreviated field training under an RN or physician's supervision is also apart from the course load.

The Bonus of Free CNA Training Attracts People to Healthcare Jobs

If prospective students find it difficult to receive CNA training for free, there are numerous other options. For instance, most schools offer financial aid and scholarships to offset the cost of CNA education. There are even programs offered through Human Services and other community and government agencies.

It is becoming the norm for healthcare employers, such as nursing homes, to pay a particular percentage of a prospective CNA student's training costs. Other healthcare facilities set a ceiling on the amount they will pay towards training.

A lot of Certified Nursing Assistants are lucky enough to have their employers foot the bill for their training. Or at the very least, employers will reimburse their employees after the employees become licensed as CNAs.

In turn, newly certified CNAs will contractually work for said employer for a pre-determined length of time.

The title of Certified Nursing Assistant, or CNA, is known by other names depending on the specific region of the country. A CNA may also be called a Nursing Assistant-Registereds, or NAR, a Patient Care Assistant, or PCA, a Home Health Aide, or HHA, and a State Tested Nursing Aide, or a STNA. A CNA who works abroad is sometimes known as a Nursing Techs, or NT, a Clinical Support Worker, or CSW, a Healthcare Support Worker, or HSW, a Patient Care Associate, or PCA, a Healthcare Assistant, or HCA, and a Nursing Assistant, or NA.

Regardless of the CNA training program's price tag, those who successfully complete their CNA coursework and licens exam will easily find a job in the region of their choosing due to healthcare industry's overwhelming demand for workers.

Mercury and Aluminum Present in Flu Shots?

Many people, including some health care practitioners are concerned about mercury and aluminum present in flu shots. This is not a new concern for those who are against flu shots, but it is relevant as the flu season approaches.

The major concern about mercury and aluminum present in flu shots arises from concerns about Alzheimer’s and autism. Even among those people who are not against flu shots, some are against mercury and aluminum present in flu shots. Recently, New York State passed a law banning the preservative thimerosal from flu shots and other vaccines meant for children and pregnant women. Thimerosal is mercury based and is known to cause allergic reactions in many people. On top of that, mercury is a known neurotoxin, meaning that it damages nerve cells, and has been linked to autism.

New York State is not against flu shots. In recent years, New York City and other areas of New York have had problems obtaining enough flu vaccine for high risk citizens. The ban came after several studies linked an increase in cases of autism (a condition which is first noted in childhood and is characterized by deficits in communication and social interaction as well as language and learning impairments) to vaccines and flu shots containing thimerosal. Some health care professionals still maintain that the risk of complications from the flu are greater than the risks that may be associated with mercury and aluminum present in flu shots.

Some people are against flu shots, in general, because they or someone close to them had a reaction to the flu shot. Sometimes it is a mild reaction, such as a mild case of the flu. Sometimes it is a more serious condition that may be due to mercury and aluminum present in flu shots. Several people blame the onset of their Chronic Fatigue Syndrome on mercury and aluminum present in flu shots.

It is important to note that these cases are rare. While complications arising form the flu, particularly pneumonia, caused over 60,000 deaths in 2003 in the United States, there were only a few reported cases of complications arising from the flu shot and none of those were life threatening. People who are against flu shots in general focus on the rare, but severe reactions to the vaccine and on the mercury and aluminum present in flu shots. People who are not against flu shots focus on the number of deaths each year that are caused by the flu virus.

Low Back Pain – How To Find Relief For Low Back Pain

Suffering from low back pain can be a real detriment to accomplishing daily tasks. Low back pain, also called lumbago, is a fairly common disorder that 80% of us will likely experience at some point in our lives. In fact, it is the primary cause of work-related disability in the US. Low back pain is caused by a number of potential factors, all of which involve some form of strain or sprain, infection, pressure, and swelling of the muscle, bone tissue, or the bone itself.

What do I do with this pain?

Most people suffering from lumbago do not consider surgery as their first choice in addressing their back pains. Doctors may recommend therapy, medication, changes in posture, adjustments in diet, and may even recommend surgery for more serious cases. However, if you're among those looking to hasten their recovery period from back pain, you may choose to undergo additional therapy, in addition to what your doctor recommends you to do.

What is the fastest way to support the recovery of my back pain?

A very highly successful alternative support to alleviate back pain symptoms is known as non-surgical spinal decompression therapy. It is a very technologically advanced form of trafficking which provides alternative relief of symptoms thought about by lower back pain.

What is spinal decompression therapy?

Decompression therapy is a non-surgical procedure that serves as a form of therapy for relieving pain due to lower back pressure, strain, disc displacement, and other faulty functions on one's lower back that cause pain. This form of therapy serves to effectively enhance the process of healing and hastens pain relief, enabling you to go back to your active lifestyle faster than the normal recovery period. Several clinical studies and research have already shown a high correlation between faster healing and spinal decompression therapy.

How does a spinal decompression therapy work?

A patient about to undergo spinal decompression lies on the treatment table. Then, a support system is fitted in order to stabilize the body. A highly advanced mechanism that is computer-controlled then adjusts the back to a certain angle in order to facilitate the next steps. The computer system will then generate an anti-gravity simulation effect on the patient's spinal in order to reduce pain and pressure – essentially decompressing the affected area to relieve it of any tension. This process is painless, gentle, and patients feel only a pulling sensation every now and then. After the session, a cold pack paired with electric simulation of the muscles are then applied to the area to speed up the process of healing.

How long do I have to undergo decompression therapy?

Normally, a patient undergoes 15 to 20 sessions in order to maximize the effects of the therapy. Each session lasts for about 45 minutes to an hour, depending on each patient's special case. However, some patients report immediate relief even after only a few sessions. Others also report a huge reduction in the amount of pain after only one session. A patient does not have to fulfill a commitment of a particular number of sessions – it can be discontinued at the patient's discretion.

Spinal decompression therapy may produce favorable results on its own, but a typical program usually encourages the patient to engage in a couple of exercises. These exercises, to be specified by the decompression clinic, serve to strengthen the lower back muscles in order to avoid future recurrence of lower back pain.

Ultrasound Therapy Explained – An Introductory Guide on Ultrasound Therapy

Ultrasound therapy machines are the modernized machines that are used by the chiropractors and physical therapists in treating muscle pain, arthritis pain and any joint pain in the body. Many Chiropractors prefer ultrasound therapy for their patients as it is one of the best treatment methods today. This kind of treatment method is also referred to as therapeutic ultrasonograpy and generally, it takes a very short time that is, at least three to five minutes to be carried out.

This method works by the use of a wand device, which produces heat that is subjected to the muscles, joints or the tendons to facilitate rapid healing. Apart from healing the joints very fast, ultrasound therapy also increases the blood flow in the body and helps in the vibrating of the body tissues, which in turn speeds up the repair of damaged cells.

Therapeutic ultrasound has several benefits, which include:

– Reduces swelling thought about by heated sound waves
– Reductions inflammation
– Reduces muscle spasms
– Reduces stiffness and pain at the lower back
– Cures other related health complications such as fibrositis, myalgia, radiculitis, sciatica, and osteoathritis among others.

All kinds of treatment have precautions that must be followed strictly in order to avoid other serious health problems and ultrasound therapy is not exempted. When under this kind of treatment you must follow your doctor's advice strictly in order to get the best results in the long run. Some of the safety measures that you have to adhere to when under ultrasound therapy include, including the wand is always mobile and must be used with gel. This is because the gel prevents the patient from burning and it also prevails the wand from breaking. This is particularly important aspect of ultrasound therapy is is mis-understood by most of the individuals.

Several treatment methods can help you solve your problem. Apart from ultrasound, therapy there is also another therapy known as infrared therapy. Infrared therapy uses a lot of light, which penetrates at least two inches into the patient's skin. This infrared light penetration improves the blood circulation in the body. It is also capable of eliminating toxins from the body, which in turn helps in relieving the pains. The same penetration of infrared light brings in good nutrients and together with increased blood flow in the body, it allows for the strengthening of the cardiovascular system among others.