Understanding Bipolar Disorder: What It Is And How to Deal With It

Bipolar disorder is one of the most misunderstood mental health conditions. This condition affects around 5.7 million adult Americans, and yet almost all of us have some misconceptions about the disorder.

It's time to sort out what bipolar disorder is and what it is not. By understanding bipolar disorder, we can better understand ourselves or our loved ones with this condition.

What It Is (And What It Is Not)

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, is a brain disorder associated with unusual shifts in energy, activity levels, mood, and the capacity to perform day-to-day tasks.

The causes of the disorder are unclear, but it is more common among people with a first-degree relative with the disorder. Traumatic events can also trigger the condition.

Contrary to the popular belief, the moods experienced by a bipolar person is drastically different, and more severe, than the mood shifts of someone without the disorder.

There are also four basic types of the disorder, each one having its own range and level of mania and depression. Manic episodes are those characterized by extremely elated and energized behavior while depressive episodes are those characterized by, well, depression and hopelessness.

Manic and Depressive Episodes

Detecting this disorder lies in knowing the symptoms for manic and depressive episodes.

Manic episodes have the following symptoms:

Becoming more active than usual
Unusually agitated or irritable
Thinking they can do many fantastic things at once
Trouble sleeping
Feeling very "high"
Engaging in out-of-character risky behaviors like spending a lot of money or having reckless sex

Depressive episodes are characterized by the following signs:

Very little energy
Sudden feelings of hopelessness and emptiness
Trouble concentrating
Sudden decrease in energy and activity levels
Feelings of tiredness and lethargy
Thoughts about death and suicide

Bipolar disorder is a swing between manic and depressive episodes, and sometimes an episode with mixed manifestations of both episodes. If you begin to notice these things in yourself or in a loved one, you should consider a psychological evaluation.

How to Deal with a Bipolar Disorder

People with bipolar disorders are not dangerous, and this is something that should be handled with compassion instead of fear. Dealing with extreme moods is not easy for anyone.

The first thing a patient needs to do is to undergo a comprehensive psychological evaluation to get a proper diagnosis. Once diagnosed, the patient should consider the various treatments that will be suggested by the mental health professional.

The quickest way to help patients manage their moods is taking medications. Often, these maintenance medications have to be taken over a continued period to avoid relapse. Also, studies have found that participating in patient-to-patient support group improved compliance to treatments by almost 86%, thus reducing in-patient hospitalization.

When the patient is showing dangerous behaviors, feeling suicidal, or becoming detached from reality (psychotic), the doctor may recommend hospitalization.

Act Fast

Mental health is as important as physical health in living a balanced life. If you are noticing symptoms of bipolar disorder in yourself or someone you know, do not ignore it. Often, prompt response avoids tragic consequences of the condition.

Observe the symptoms, talk to the person, and get professional help. Bipolar disorder is a difficult condition to handle, and patients need all the support and understanding to get through it.

Diabetes Mellitus and Carbohydrate Effects on Metabolism

Diabetes Mellitus is a serious and potentially life threatening disease that will affect thousands of Americans. The quality of life of many people are threatened by the side affects of this disease, some are blindness, circulatory disorders, nerve damage, and ulcerations of the skin.

Understanding Carbohydrate Metabolism is a Step in Controlling Diabetes Mellitus

Carbohydrates are made up of simple and complex sugars. What has to happen is these sugars must be broken down in the simplest form to be used by the body. Some of the sugars are used immediately by the body, some of the sugars are stored in the liver or muscles, and some stored away for later use in the form of fat. The process is called carbohydrate metabolism.The fact is that carbohydrates are metabolized more quickly than proteins. The problem with proteins is they are more complexed and need to go through many changes before the body is able to convert them into the simplest forms of energy.

Menu Planning According to Carbohydrate Metabolism

Once carbohydrate metabolism disorders are understood, the information is useful to plan a diabetes-friendly diet. Dieticians have since changed the way diet control is taught to diabetic patients.A long time ago a diabetic person could not touch sweets or birthday cake, those days are long gone. Today we are looking for net carbs that are contained in each food. Calorie counting is long gone and portion control is stressed. Some doctors teach to adjust their insulin dosages to their carbohydrate intake.Menu planning tries to balance a portion of carbohydrates with portion of protein. Now the portion should be the size of your clinched fist. Diabetics divide their dinner plate into sections and have appropriate sized portions balanced with fruits and vegetables. Foods with high sugars are consumed on a limited basis. Consume low fat foods to help with weight control and regular exercise is a must.If to many carbohydrates are consumed, a rise in blood sugar levels will occur since a diabetic pancreas does not secrete insulin properly to compensate for the high levels of glucose.

Insulin can bring the glucose levels back to normal range, but the patient has to consume protein to stabilize the blood glucose as the endogenous insulin will continue to lower the blood sugar level.Carbohydrate metabolism and high levels of glucose for extended period of time will put stress on a weakened internal organs of the diabetic patient and should be avoided. When you understand that the diet control and glucose monitoring can help the patient control their diabetes.If you would like more information on this topic as well as other was to increase your metabolism visit: Alcohol Metabolism

Ovarian Cysts – Overview, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Natural Treatment

WHAT are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are tiny sacs, filled with fluid that grow in women’s ovaries. Cysts that rupture cause bleeding and pain. It is these problematic cysts that need to be treated naturally and eliminated for good. It is vital to know how the ovaries work and how cysts develop.

In general women have two ovaries. The main function of the ovaries is to generate eggs and discharge them. An ovary normally grows to the size of a walnut. An ovary is situated on either side of the uterus. A woman’s monthly menstrual cycle begins when the ovary generates that single egg for the month. The egg is surrounded by a sac which is known as a follicle. The egg swells in the ovary until such time that Estrogen indicates to the uterus that it should ready itself for the egg. This begins the process where the coating of the uterus starts to coagulate and ready itself for implantation of the fertilized egg. The outcome of this implantation is Pregnancy. This phase transpires every month and finishes when the egg remains unfertilized. If the egg remains unfertilized all the contents of the uterus are then discharged. This phase is known as the menstrual cycle or period.

Ovarian cysts look a lot like bubbles. A cyst holds only fluid and is encircled by a fine wall. Such a cyst is known as a functional or simple cyst. Sometimes a follicle does not tear open and discharge the egg. This results in the fluid being confined which then develops into a cyst. Generally only one of the ovaries gets affected by a cyst. Cysts about one and half inch in size usually exist in a normal ovary when follicles are being produced. Dermoid Cysts grow up to 6 inches in diameter and Cystadenomas become large and may grow up to 12 inches or more in diameter.

Women of all ages are affected by Ovarian cysts but these cysts most commonly occur during the childbearing years. A woman who is menstruating and her body is producing the hormone estrogen, is more likely to develop a cyst. Postmenopausal women rarely develop ovarian cysts since they do not have menstrual periods anymore. Instead of the traditional hormonal medication which is only a temporary solution, the root cause of the cyst should be by natural methods and techniques, so that they don’t re-occur.

SYMPTOMS of Ovarian Cysts

Generally there are no visible symptoms that may suggest of ovarian cysts. They are usually discovered during a regular physical check up or found when an ultrasound is being done. Although they do not produce any symptoms, you may though experience the following that may suggest of a cyst:

• Vaginal bleeding (spotted)

• Vaginal Pain

• Acute and sudden pelvic pain

• Sensation of pelvic pressure

• Pelvic pain post sexual intercourse or post vigorous exercise

• Pelvic pain all through the menstrual period

• Irregular menstrual periods

• Severe pain in the lower abdomen

• Pain during urination or passing stools

• Nausea

• Infertility

CAUSES of Ovarian Cysts

Below mentioned are some of the causes or the reasons why ovarian cysts develop:

• First menstrual period occurred before the age of eleven.

• Menstrual periods are irregular.

• Imbalance in the hormones.

• Cysts have occurred previously.

• Fertility issues.

• Weight gain, especially due to increase in upper body fat.

DETECTING or DIAGNOSING Ovarian Cysts

To find or diagnose whether a woman has a cyst, the below mentioned examinations or tests can be done:

• Ultrasound Imaging – An ultrasound may be performed to determine whether a woman has an ovarian cyst. Such an examination is known as an Endovaginal Ultrasound. In an endovaignal ultrasound a probe is inserted into the vagina and is guided to the uterus and the ovaries. An endovaginal ultrasound helps determine whether the cyst is filled with fluid or is mixer of fluid and solid or is totally solid.

• CT Scan and MRI – A CT scan or an MRI may be performed to determine how bad the cyst is. A CT scan and MRI provides a more detailed understanding of the cyst.

• Pregnancy Test – It is very important to determine that problem is a cyst and not an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a situation when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus. Majority of the times, the egg settles in the fallopian tubes. Cysts and ectopic pregnancy have similar symptoms. Cyst treatment for a pregnant woman is not similar to the treatment given to a woman who is not pregnant.

• Test to Check Hormone Levels – Possible issues with hormone levels can be detected by doing a blood test to check testosterone levels, follicle-stimulating hormone levels (FSH) and luteinizing hormone levels (LH) to check for diseases related to ovaries and estradiol level (sex hormone) to also check for damage or diseases of the ovaries.

• Culdocentesis – Culdocentesis is a procedure that checks for abnormal fluid in the space just behind the vagina, also know as cul-de-sac. A long, thin needle is inserted through the wall of the vagina, just below the uterus. A sample of the fluid found in the space just behind the vagina is taken.

WHEN to Seek Natural Treatment for Ovarian Cysts?

A woman should immediately seek natural treatment for her cyst, if the below mentioned symptoms occur:

• Increase or fall in blood pressure but not due to medication.

• Body becomes pale due to decrease in RBC’s or blood loss.

• Persistent nausea, sickness or vomiting.

• Increase in body temperature or persistent fever.

• Excessive urination and thirst.

• Irregular, heavy or abnormal periods.

• Sudden loss of weight.

• Peculiar pain in the pelvic region or abdomen.

• Feeling faint, weakness and dizziness.

• Swelling of the abdomen or abnormal increase in abdominal girth.

• Visible pelvic or abdominal mass.

TREATING Ovarian Cysts

The first step to treating ovarian cysts, is to limit strenuous activity. This reduces the chances of the cyst rupturing.

Secondly, it is always advisable to treat ovarian cysts naturally instead of treating it with conventional or hormonal medications. Reason being, conventional or hormonal medications provide only temporary relief whereas natural methods, treat the root cause of the cyst and eliminate it permanently thereby preventing it from becoming abnormally large and avoiding surgery.

Carcinoma – Curing the Malignant Skin Tumor

Carcinoma is a cancerous growth. Carcinoma is a skin cancer. Carcinoma occurs in the epithelial tissues. The cells layers are formed by this epithelium tissue. In other words, carcinoma affects those skin tissues that make up the protective inner sheet of all our vital internal organs. However, intensive researchers are on to find out the exact clues that can go to prove that these malignant cells can effectively break through the defensive barriers of the cells by breaking the protective epithelium membrane.

The epithelium layer consistors of the sentinel cells that not just protect the organs but also do several other vital functions. Among these drugs are transcellular transport, secretion, sensation detection, absorption, and selective permeability.

In most of the unattended cases, carcinoma spreads to other portions of the body like the lymph nodes. Once carcinoma becomes malignant, it is medically termed as carcinoma in situ (CIS). Carcinoma is therefore a tumor that is malignant and invasive as well. Carcinoma is one of the four common types of cancers. Carcinoma or for that matter any form of cancer occurs when there is an uninterrupted growth of anomalous (cancerous) cells after they mutate from the normal tissues. The uncontrollable birth of so many irregular cells can be diabolic as they can come in the way of the smooth functioning of the different important organs of the body. Once these mutated cancerous cells spread to other parts of the body they can very well destroy the body's immune system as well.

In many cases, the medical experts identify the tumors via the presumptive organs or cell of origin, viz., Putative (also known as the renal cell carcinoma or the hepatocellular carcinoma) or the primary (prostate carcinoma).

According to the histopathology scheme, carcinoma has been classified into Adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In other words, the carcinoma cells can appear as glandular (as in the case of Adenocarcinoma) or squamous. There are then the undifferentiated forms of carcinoma where the tumors are anaplastic and have no fixed or typically identifiable appearance, histologically speaking.

Therefore, carcinoma is divided into five main types. They are adeno, squamous cell, small cell, large undifferentiated cell and Sinonasal. Adenocarcinoma forms structures that are glandular in shape. Adenocarcinoma habitats are the pneumocytes of the type-II category and the goblet cells. Adenocarcinoma takes birth in the epithelial glandular tissue cells. Its primary roosting place is the lung. Such carcinoma are located in the lung in a peripheral manner. Carcinoma of the Squamous cell arises due to the squamous metaplasia. Such squamous cell carcinoma also lodges in the lung. Smoking leads to the carcinoma of small cell. Such carcinoma cells spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body in the initial stages. They can lower sodium concentration in the patient's body by secring ADH. The undifferentiated carcinomas of large cells are rather aggressive. They generally attack the lung's central portions. Approximately 18 per cent of the neoplasms in the lung take place due to this type of carcinoma.

The medical experts use a typical system used to measure the level of differentiation of the malignant tumor from the mother tissue. This scale is called the grading system and it tells the metastasize extent of the neoplasm. Prognosis is less whenever the scale denotes minor differentiation. More often than not, the traditional system of Duke's staging classification is also used to diagnose the more common forms of tumors.

Acupuncture – A Simple Explanation

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese technique to treat body pains. It is a technique by which fine needles are inserted and manipulated at specific points on the body to treat pain. Acupuncture is derived from the latin words 'acus' meaning needle and 'pungere' meaning holes. Acupuncture originated in china in ancient ages and found its usage in Mongolia, Asia, Europe and America.

Acupuncture points (acupoints) are the points located on the body which are the points of acupuncture treatment. There are a few hundred of points spread along meridians. Meridians are the connected locations across body that affect a specific part or organ of a person). There are other points too which are no associated with any meridian.
Body acupoints are generally found out by a measurement unit. The measurement unit is called the cun. Cun is standardized as per the proportional distances from different landmark points. According to WHO (World Health Organization) statistics, there are circa four hundred acupoints on the body. There are various ways for locating acupoints. Acupoints can be determined by feeling for slight differences in body temperature on the surface of the skin. This method is known as palpation method.

Acupuncture is generally a safe method of treating body pains when done by a trained practitioner. Many times it is very relaxing and healthy during or after the treatment. One advantage of acupuncture is that an ailment can get cured while treating for another ailment. This is the most positive side effect of acupuncture.

Most of the side effects are caused by improper or untrained acupuncturist. There is no or very little pain when the needles are inserted. But due to the usage of a non-sterile needle there are chances of infection in the body. Sometimes (though rarely) the ailment gets worsened and there are instances when the patient lose consciousness. Generally reactions like nausea, sweating or dizziness may occur but they do not cause any long term harm to the patient.

Side effects of acupuncture can be minimized or avoided by taking the following precautions:

1. Insertion of needle should be avoided to the abdomen and lumbosacral region of a woman who is pregnant.
2. Insertion of needles in blood vessels should be avoided.
3. Acupoints at the back and chest should be needed with extreme care as it may injure the organs.

There are some risks of acupuncture although they are very rare:

1. Bruising
2. Bleeding
3. Punctured Lung
4. Nerve Damage
5. Accidental Injury to organs (Brain, Spinal Cord, Heart, Liver, Spleen, Kidney)
6. Fainting
7. Muscle Spasms

Acupuncture has unique mechanisms. The most commonly used acupuncture mechanisms are:
* Electromagnetic signals: Stimulating of acupuncture points enable electromagnetic signals and these signals stimulate the flow of endorphins, the pain killing biochemicals.

* Opioid systems activation: opiods are released in the central nervous system and these reduce pains.

Acupuncture is a popular form of treatment from China and it has gained tremendous popularity through out the world as a very effective pain relief treatment.

How to Stop Stuttering – Common Myths and The Best Tips Based on the Latest Neuroscanning Technology

For people who stutter, the most pressing question must be "How to Stop Stuttering in 30 days", or even "How to Stop Stuttering Now and Whenever I Speak!".

Stuttering is fairly well known to most people such that even any stranger you meet may be inclined to give you advice if you stutter. But why is it that the most common advice may not be helpful at all to help you stop your stuttering?

One of the most important reasons is that most people do not realize that for the 1% of the population who stutters, it has been scientifically proven that their brain activity is significantly different from a non-stutterer's.

In other words, advanced brain scanning technology shows that different parts of the brain are activated when a stutterer speaks – even when there is no stuttering in the sentence.

This means that if you want to know how to stop stuttering, you need to learn how to use the parts of the brain that should be used, and learn to co-ordinate them in order to speak fluently. You need to 'rewire' how you speak. That's why many speech fluency programs are called 'speech restructuring' programs.

One myth about how to stop stuttering is that you should just learn to be more confident, or "relax". It is not about learning to be more confident.

Saying that it's all about being confident would be like saying you can drive a manual car the way you drive an automatic car, and expect it to work – as long as you drive 'with confidence'. That's not how it works.

As a qualified speech therapist with over 24 years of experience helping clients learn how to stop stuttering and stay fluent, I would like to share some tips based on scientific evidence about how the brain is involved in producing fluent speech with no stutters:

1. One part of the brain that is involved in producing fluent speech without stuttering is the front part of the brain (frontal cortex), which is responsible for how you plan, and execute the 'motor' or physical movements for speech (moving your vocal cords, your lips, your tongue etc).

So, in order to learn how to stop stuttering, you need to make changes to how you use your brain to control and produce movements of your lips, tongue, vocal cords, and all the muscles involved in speech.

Many of the most successful and established speech therapy programs include some form of 'speech restructuring', or training the speaker to actively produce speech movements in some new and different ways that are more conducive to fluent speech movements.

2. A second key area of ​​the brain that is involved when non-stutterers produce fluent speech is the part of the brain that is not involved in producing the movements, but is rather, involved in sensing, or raising your own speech. This area is at both sides of the brain, especially on the left side, near the ears and is responsible for 'auditory feedback', how you hear yourself.

It has been well established that if you have ears on, and hear your own speech played back to you with some very small, split-second delays, this 'delayed audit feedback' has a significant effect on speech fluency.

By manipulating the duration of delayed auditory feedback, you can actually enable people with stuttering to stop stuttering, and even make fluent non-stuttering people stutter.

What this means is that if you are working on how to stop stuttering, you should also be aware of the importance of actively listening to yourself. When I work with clients with stuttering, we use real time auditory feedback (versus recording myself and then playing it back later on) and many clients have found it invaluable in working on their speech.

3. The third key area of ​​the brain that is activated when non-stutterers produce fluent speech is in the inner part of the brain (basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebellum) that is responsible for sequencing speech movements, and the timing, or rhythm .

What this means is that if you are trying to learn how to stop stuttering, you have to learn to conscious sequence speech movements one after another, and pay attention to aspects such as timing, stress of different word syllables etc.

When you say a long word such as 'probability', there are 5 sounds or syllables in the word. Your brain needs to not only produce the sounds, but produce them in the right sequence fluently. One technique would be for you to be aware of the sound that we usually stress, and emphasize that a bit more.

In other words, you would say 'probaBIlity' instead of saying all five syllables in a monotonous way. Many people who stutter find that this creates a kind of physical momentum which greatly facilitates fluent speech production.

As you can see, the latest neuro-imaging technology has pointed the way, or indeed reinforced the importance of working on some very concrete and learnable skills in order to speak fluently, and say what you want when you want and stop stuttering.

As the saying goes, nobody can do your push-ups for you. In addition, as any sportsman can tell you, it's how you practice that makes all the difference. If you follow up on the speech skills introduced here and seek professional speech therapy, you will be well on your way to speaking fluently and stop stuttering.

Is There a Way to Clean Yellowed Nose Pads on Old Prescription Glasses?

Your prescription glasses may look as beautiful as the day you got them, but if your nose pads have begun to yellow, or better yet build up green gunk underneath, they become unsightly when people get close to you. What can you do about this problem? Is there anything you can do to clean yellowed nose pads on your glasses?

Why Nose Pads Turn Yellow

Nose pads are made out of clear plastic. They are in constant contact with your skin, and underneath the plastic the skin often sweats. The sweat, over time, causes the nose pads to turn yellow. On average it takes about one year for the nose pads on your glasses to turn yellow, and you probably want your glasses to last longer than a year, particularly if you are paying a lot for designer eyeglass frames.

Additionally, the reaction between the acidity of the sweat and the metal of the frames can lead to a greenish buildup on the nose pads. This buildup also contains dirt and grime from your skin. It is unsightly, and also quite unsanitary if you stop to think about it.

Can It Be Cleaned?

The answer to whether or not nose pads can be cleaned is yes and no. You cannot do much for yellowed nose pads. Unfortunately, once the nose pad has turned yellow, it is permanent. However, the green gunk and grime under the nose pad can be cleaned.

One way to do this is to use a pre moistened alcohol pad. Shove the alcohol pad between the nose pad and the frame, and let some of the alcohol leak onto the nose pads. Then, rinse it off with water.

If this does not work, use a soft-bristled toothbrush, preferably a child-sized one, and scrub the nose pads. You can even remove them if you wish to get them really clean, but make sure you keep careful tabs on the screws if you do, because they are tiny.

Some people who wear eyeglasses claim that soaking them for an hour in soapy water and then rinsing them will remove the gunk that builds up under the nose pads. Again, this will not help with the yellowed plastic, but if you have buildup it is worth a try.

Consider the Alternative

If you have yellowed nose pads, you do have another alternative. Replacing the nose pads is actually quite affordable. You can pick up a nose pad repair kit at a drug store or your local optometrist, but make sure you have your glasses with you, as there are different kinds available and you will need the right ones.

To do the replacement, start by laying out your supplies on a light colored towel. This will keep the tiny pieces from sliding off of the table. Then, use a jeweler’s screwdriver to remove the old pads. Once they are off, use alcohol soaked pads to clean the frames near where they connect to the nose pads. You want all residue removed before you put the new pads on.

Once the glasses are clean, install the new pads using the jeweler’s screwdriver. Do so gently, as it is very easy to damage these delicate pieces. If you feel resistance when you try to screw in the new screw, take it out and start again.

When you are done, place some clear nail polish or white glue on the screw heads. This way they will not eventually slip out, but you can remove them with your screwdriver if you need to later. Do not use strong glues, as this will make it difficult to remove the nose pads when they also turn yellow. When you are done, you will have glasses that look as good as they did the day you bought them, and you will pay very little for the revamped look.

5 Reasons to Ditch Your Dentures for Dental Implants

Dentures have been used for many years to help people with missing teeth regain their smiles and dental functions. However, advancements in technology have meant improvements in care and even greater choice when it comes to oral care. Dental implants are now becoming the treatment of choice amongst dental clinics when it comes to tooth replacement.

There are many benefits that dental implants provide over dentures. These include:

1. Stability – they are non-removable and fixed. They do not slip around or shift when you’re speaking or eating. Once they are fixed, they will not fall out. You therefore need not worry about any socially awkward moments when your teeth might fall out. You also don’t have to worry about having to remove them in the nighttime and wearing them in the daytime. Because they are fixed and can’t be removed, they are designed to be cleaned just as you would normal teeth.

2. Comfortable – they are designed to be very comfortable. They feel just like natural teeth. They do not cause irritation to the gums. They do not cause any pain either. Like with natural teeth, the force of chewing food is transmitted directly to the jaw bone underneath. Dentures on the other hand transmit this force to the gums therefore causing a great deal of pain, and making eating uncomfortable for the wearer.

3. Long lasting – they offer a durable solution that requires minimal maintenance. Once they are implanted, there is no need for restoration or replacement. These teeth replacement treatments can last for more than 20 years without restoration or replacement. They are the perfect solution for those who don’t want to spend the rest of their lives in and out of dental clinics.

4. Retain healthy jaws – they keep your jaw bone stimulated and living just as natural teeth do. They therefore prevent the jaw bone from atrophying. Studies have shown that implants have a 95% success rate in patients. Patient in studies, over a 10 year period, came through without losing a significant amount of the tissue in their bones. Dentures on the other hand are known to result in degeneration of the jaw bone. They also result in receding gums.

5. Increased confidence and self-esteem – they are designed to look and feel like natural teeth. These teeth replacement treatments therefore ensure that your natural smile is restored following the loss of teeth. They allow you to have a healthy and natural looking smile. They also contribute to preserving your youthful facial contours.

If you have dentures, contact your dentist as soon as possible and find out about having dental implants.They will not only improve your oral health, but will improve your overall quality of life.

Detecting Autism Symptoms

There are a wide variety of autism symptoms, and not all autism sufferers show the same symptoms. There are general guidelines that will make autism detection slightly easier. Just remember that just because your child has some of the symptoms that are on the list of possible autism signs does not mean that your child has autism. The more symptoms an individual has the more likely it is that they are affected by autism. A professional diagnosis needs to be made before you can be certain. What is usually seen is a poorly developed, or impaired, ability to communicate with other humans. A lack of social skills and response to situations in which a parent tries to make contact with their child can often be found in children with autism. Which is why it is very important that you monitor your child's behavior from birth. The sooner the diagnosis can be made the better prepared you will be. Thankfully treatment methods have improved significantly over the last 10 years, and although a person with autism will most likely not be able to communicate as effectively as people with the condition, there are improvements that can be made.

Insensitivity to the emotional state of others is quite often a symptom of autism. A father smiles at his son yet the son does not look him in the eyes nor smiles back at him. The unwillingness to make eye contact with parents is another common symptom. Repetitive movements and an obsessive interest in one object or action can be another sign. The child feels extremely occupied with that toy truck he is holding, he will not let go of it. Efforts to distract the child away from the toy truck proof futile. His mind is fully dedicated to that one particular toy.

There are many levels of severity when it comes to autism. Some have mild social interaction issues, others need 24 hour care because they are incapacitated of doing the most simple of tasks. Again we stress that early diagnosis will help ease the tensions that autism can cause at a later age.

The Truth About Low-Carb Diets and How to Upgrade Your Carbs

Is a low-carb diet really effective? I suppose it depends on your definition of effective. Yes, a low-carb diet will help you lose weight quickly, sometimes faster than anything short of a complete crash diet. However, there are some things you should know about carbohydrates that will help shed some light on why a low-carb diet is by no means a permanent weight loss solution, how it will affect you, and why it is not particularly safe.

The Truth About Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a fundamental source of energy for your body. Even if you do not know why (and the why is not particularly important for the scope of this article), you know that if you eat a lot of sugar, which is a carb that your body digests very quickly, you get a sudden boost of energy. It follows, then, that if you eat less carbs, you'll have less energy; so if you choose to pursue a low-carb diet, be prepared to feel a little more sluggish than usual. Also, as I'm sure you know, exercise is an essential aspect to any weight loss program, but if you are not eating enough carbs, you will find it more difficult to get through your workout. Mental toughness will only get you so far – at some point your body is going to need fuel.

The Truth About Low-Carb Diets

When you eat, your body can essentially store excess carbs for later. These carbs are stored as fat, which is why a low-carb diet can help you lose weight so quickly. When you stop eating enough carbohydrates, your body will pull on its reserves (fat) to give you the extra fuel you need. Sounds great, right? You can just let your body rely on fat to get you through your day. After you lose all of your unsightly fat, you can simply start eating carbs again to supply your body with the energy it needs and like magic, you'll be thin!

Unfortunately, there's a problem that anyone who advertises a low-carb diet conveniently ignores. Having an excess amount of food to eat (at least in some parts of the world) is a very new problem that our bodies have not yet learned to deal with. Our metabolism is much better at preventing us from starving than it is at letting us lose weight, so if you try a low-carb or even a crash diet, your metabolism will slow down and your fat will become even more stubborn. You'll lose less weight that second week than you did your first, and even less during that third week. When you finally do start eating carbs again, your body will convert even more of them into fat than it normally would in preparation for another fast. This is why a low-carb diet is not a permanent weight loss solution – in fact many people will end up even heavier than they were before the diet because their bodies will take a while to realize that another fast is not imminent.

Finally, carbohydrates should be part of any balanced diet that will also include protein and fat. If you are lacking any one of these elements, you are likely to feel hungry even after eating a high calorie meal because your body is not having its nutritional needs met. This is true even if you are eating the same number of calories as before.

How Many Carbs Should I Eat?

With all of this said, there are some things that you can do to make sure your body is not constantly converting all of your carbohydrates into fat. First, it's entirely possible that you can eat less carbs without eating too few. For a 2,000 calorie diet, you should be eating about 300 grams of carbs, which comes to 1,200 calories (you'll have to adjust this if you're taller than average and / or are exercising a lot, but 300 grams should be a minimum). It may seem tedious, but one day you should take the time to measure out your foods and use the nutritional information on the labels to calculate about how many carbs you're eating in a normal day (you can also search online for foods that don 't have a label, like fresh fruit). If you're eating more than 300 grams worth, then you can cut back without risking low energy levels or having your body go into starvation mode (just make the change gradually over time if you're over by a lot).

Upgrade Your Carbs!

When you're at about 300 grams of carbohydrates daily, you can focus on upgrading the carbs you eat. Fruits and vegetables are the highest quality sources of carbs you can find – they're complex carbohydrates which means they'll provide you with sustained energy over a period of time (as opposed to most sugars that break down quickly and lead to a crash) and they're easy for your body to digest (they're also very nutrient-dense). When you do eat grains (and it's hard to get to 300 grams without eating grains), opt for 100% whole grain options. Whole grains pack a good dose of fiber that will help keep you full longer and will ease some of the pressure you're putting on your digestive system. Whole grain cereals are becoming increasingly more popular and most of the bread in the bread aisle will say something like 100% whole wheat or 100% multigrain. You can also pick up whole wheat pasta, brown rice instead of white, and whole wheat pizza crusts, tortilla shells, and crackers. Make these upgrades a part of your everyday diet and you can watch your body permanently transform safely without sacrificing your energy levels.

6 Tips For Health Eating

Eating better is one way to lose weight, but it is also a great way to be healthier. Here are 6 tips to improve your diet and your health as a result.

1. Eat lean protein. These are cuts of meat that are white without fat marbled throughout them. Soy products are also lean protein, beans, and 1% cottage cheese for those who are vegetarians. Good lean meat choices are chicken, eggs or egg whites, very lean beef and fish. Eating more fish will ensure that you get essential omega 3 oils into your diet.

2. Avoid sugary foods. Sugar is just not good for you, so the more you can avoid foods that are high in sugar, the better. If you eat large amounts of sugar, your body just cannot process it and you will end up storing it as fat.

3. Stay away from processed foods. Processed foods are full of sodium (salt), and too much salt is very bad for you. It can lead to high blood pressure. Salt is a necessary mineral, so it should not be entirely eliminated, but you need to be careful of how much you ingest.

4. Eat more fruit and vegetables. If you can eat 6 – 8 servings per day, this is ideal. Eating more fruits and vegetables reduces your risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. They also reduce the risk of certain types of cancers, coronary heart disease and help to protect against bone loss.

5. Have at least 3 servings of dairy products each day. Dairy products build and maintain bone mass and help to prevent osteoporosis. It is important to choose low fat dairy products because dairy products that contain more fat will raise bad cholesterol levels.

6. Eat whole grains, avoid processed ones. Whole grains are things like oatmeal, brown rice and whole wheat flour. Processed grains are items such as white bread, white flour and white rice. Try to avoid eating “white” grains. Whole grains help to add fibre which aids in the digestion and processing of foods through your system. They serve to reduce constipation, aid weight loss and prevent coronary heart disease.

Eating healthier will save you from many health problems down the road. Always choose food that is closest to its natural source. In other words, packaged and processed foods are so far removed from being natural that they should be avoided at all costs. Always choose low fat, low sugar, lean products that are fresh. Once you start to improve your diet, your overall health will improve as well.

How to Treat Yeast Infection Symptoms – Treatment to Stop the Symptoms & Keep Them From Returning

A yeast infection is caused by a group of microscopic fungi or yeast. Another name for this condition is candida albicans and these fungi that cause the infection naturally live on the surface of our bodies. It is in certain conditions (particularly warm and moist areas) where they can grow rapidly in large numbers and cause infections such as yeast infections.

For a woman yeast infections are one of the main reasons for vaginal burning, itching, and discharge. Men can also experience this infection if their sexual partner passes it onto them during sexual intercourse.

Some of the most notorious causes of yeast overgrowth are antibiotics and steroids, pregnancy, diabetes, birth control pills, weak immune systems, and menstruation. The symptoms for a vaginal yeast infection are a white cheesy discharge, itching, and irritation, pain during sexual intercourse, and burning during urination.

Oral candida is also known as oral thrush and the common symptoms of this condition are pain when trying to eat and thick white looking patches on the top of a red base which forms on the tongue, palate, or anywhere else inside the mouth.

The best treatment for yeast infection symptoms will help you regain your healthy balance of bacteria so the overgrowth of the candida fungus can stop. Yogurt is one of these treatments that will do just that, however, not just any yogurt will do.

You need natural unsweetened yogurt that contains live cultures or acidophilus. It is important to know that you will lose the benefit yogurt provides if you add sugar to it. So if you can’t eat plain unsweetened yogurt you should add honey instead. Research has shown that honey increases the number of beneficial bacteria to fight the yeast, while sugar will actually feed the yeast and cause the bacteria to continue to grow.

Some women will insert the yogurt straight into the vagina instead of eating it so the acidophilus reaches the affected area more quickly. You can insert the unsweetened yogurt into your vagina by dipping a tampon in it and then inserting the dipped tampon into the vagina. After about an hour or so you should remove the tampon.

Yogurt can be used as a treatment for male yeast infection symptoms as well. Men suffering from this condition can eat natural yogurt and if the infection is not severe the symptoms will be eliminated within about 2 days. Sufferers can also use suppositories containing live bacterial cultures which can be found in natural food stores.

To make sure the infection doesn’t return in the future you should eat a cup of natural unsweetened yogurt each day to build up your natural defenses. If you are lactose intolerant you can try taking acidophilus capsules which can also be found at the natural food store.

Yogurt is one of the best natural treatment to eliminate the symptoms of a yeast infection. By eating yogurt you will not only improve the natural balance of bacteria in your vagina, but you will also improve your overall health as well.

Team Spirit – What Causes It?

Watching the matches in the FIFA world cup, I notice that the national line-ups apparently vary as to team spirit. You might wonder why this matters. Why is team spirit important? What brings it about? And what hinders it?

Sweden’s team spirit

After eliminating very good teams, Holland and Italy in qualifying, Sweden played their part, in sending defending champions Germany home early, by topping Group F. They lack individual talented players, but as a team with a collective spirit they’ve got heart and stand up to the challenge. They do well through determination and organisation.

Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much.” (Helen Keller, deaf/blind political activist)

In keeping with his no-frills squad, the manager had not picked Sweden’s all-time top scorer Zlatan Ibrahimovic. The player had angered many of his former fans with what were seen as characteristically self-obsessed comments.

“As a team, we play as a collective, all the players together. With Zlatan, as a person, as a player, he’s an individualist, and the play goes around him. Instead, now, we play more the team all together.” (goalkeeper, Karl-Johan Johnsson).

Every single player has bought into the idea of working hard for each other and having fun together as a bigger group outside the pitch.

Leicester City’s team spirit

Winning the English Premier league, Leicester City is another football team whose performance has exceeded what might have been expected from the sum of its parts.

Leicester had some good players, but looking at the whole squad and comparing it to the so-called “top” clubs, it’s easy to see why they were such long shots to lift the title.

You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world, but if they don’t play together, the club won’t be worth a dime.” – (Babe Ruth, baseball player)

Pundits spotted the players’ sense of team identity as a crucial factor in their success. The squad knew the manager would be there the following season. He persisted with most of the first team players he inherited. This continuity built on the legacy of the club, another cornerstone of a strong team identity.

Team spirit was also helped by the players viewing the objective of the club (i.e. avoid relegation) as one they were capable of achieving. So there was no fear of failure.

Many technical sides defend by playing lots of safe passes and so not letting the opposition have the ball. However, possession makes for a poor predictor of team performance. City were not afraid to play three misplaced passes if the forth move led to a goal. Team members felt positive and proud to be part of a group playing a successful fast-paced counter-attacking brand of football.

Other football teams

Boys playing football need to learn to pass the ball unselfishly rather than dribble past opponent after opponent until they lose the ball. They need to be a team player and not purely an individualist. Some flair adult players have been encouraged to succeed at the expense of collaboration when it is needed.

Professional football squads in England include highly rated players from other countries. These tend to have dissimilar languages, cultures, values and problem-solving approaches to difficulties. This can hamper the growth of team spirit.

Most football managers realise that team spirit can be hindered by voicing criticism of players in public. However leaders vary in their team building skills.

Trade Unions

Without any emerging team spirit within a trades union, industrial disputes would fail. Unity is strength. Members need to identity with the cause and trust each other to sacrifice short-term income. Then they have a chance to negotiate from strength and gain better working conditions and pay in the future.

Personal services

Worker’s morale is important in all walks of life. For example in many organisations dealing with human troubles and personal change – like educational, health and social services, or those to do with spirituality – team spirit can be fragile when one is faced with difficult-to-succeed-with-clients.

Many of these organisations use teams of workers with different types of professional training who may not see eye to eye. Dealing with complex and highly personal matters raises matters of deep principle. This can mean that people can be unwilling to modify how they approach things, leading to a degree of inflexibility. Leaders can help by team building encouraging the giving and receiving of support, communication and sharing. Without this, mixed groups tend to show disharmony as well as collaboration.

“Teamwork begins by building trust. And the only way to do that is to overcome our need for invulnerability.” (Patrick Lencioni, business management writer)

Unpaid volunteers tend to want to carry out their responsibilities on their own terms. With volunteers doing only short hours, team spirit suffers if members have little opportunity all to meet together to resolve different viewpoints.

Heavenly community spirit

When we make friends, we tend to do so with people who share our interests and values. With them we often feel most at home and free to be ourselves. It may be hard to imagine such a sphere where community spirit prevails. Emanuel Swedenborg painted such a picture of heavenly community. In such a scenario there are no rows about how things get done. No egos wanting their own way. People joining together in the right spirit. Only wanting what is best for each other and for the team and community as a whole.

“None of us, including me, ever do great things. But we can all do small things, with great love, and together we can do something wonderful.” (Mother Teresa, Roman Catholic nun)

Causes Of Anorexia

Anorexia Nervosa is a serious condition where we can literally starve ourselves to death, thinking we're fat. The disorder can stem from physical, psychological and, sadly, intentional causes. In this article, we'll consider the different causes of anorexia, and discuss symptoms and treatment needs.

Physical Causes Of Anorexia: Studies are underway to determine if there is a genetic predisposition for anorexia, but short of that, any of a number of illnesses can actually cause a person to be anorexic. These include arthritis, colitis, kidney failure and cirrhosis of the liver. Also, advanced alcoholism and drug addiction can result in anorexia. If our diet is deficient in certain nutrients, like vitamins A, B3, or B8 we could develop anorexia as a deficiency symptom. Anorexia can be a medical drug side effect, too, so see your doctor. The cool thing about anorexia that had a physical cause is, once the physical condition is cleared up, the anorexia usually goes away, too.

Psychological Causes Of Anorexia: More difficult to treat are the psychological causes stress, depression and anxiety. In fact, anorexia nervosa is a severe anxiety over body weight. We actually see ourselves as being fat, even as we look in a mirror and see a body that's wasting away from hunger, with bones sticking out. It's this body image that's at the root of anorexia. Even when medical treatment restores a normal body weight, until the body image is correct, the person will just lose it all again.

Intentional Causes Of Anorexia: This is probably the saddest part of the anorexia story. Some people actually cause them to become anorexic, accidentally, through fad diets or worse, intentionally, through a sick idea that the "anorexic look" is sexy. There are websites and companies making money by promoting self-starvation as a weight management tool. This creates the mindset of the negative body image which is at the heart of the disorder. I'm all for web freedom, but I think websites promoting anorexia are as bad as those promoting kiddy porn, and for the same reason … they're destroying lives.

Anorexia Symptoms And Treatment: Because the heart of anorexia is an irrational belief you're fat, most people are unexpectedly to look in the mirror and say, "I'd better get to the doctor." Since denial is a big part of the illness, the best way to see if you or a loved one needs to see a doctor is to take a self-test like this signs of anorexia nervosa quiz . Anorexia is never a self-treatment issue. You must see a doctor, get a proper diagnosis and get professional treatment. Anorexics, left to their own devices, often die. Often, treatment includes medical tests to determine the cause, food supplements to restore body weight, antidepressants or anxiety medicine and psychological therapy to get at the body image issue. How you see yourself is usually the key to the whole thing.

The cause of anorexia can be as simple as a vitamin deficiency or as complex as the human self-image. Often, those causes are physical, psychological and even intentional in nature. Whatever started it, anorexia is a serious condition that can be deadly if not treated. With proper treatment, though, recovery is very likely. If you suspect you or a loved one sufferers from anorexia, get it checked by a doctor as soon as possible, so recovery can begin.