Training Your Dog Humanely: Part One

Welcome the Dog to the Human World

Have you ever watched The Dog Whisperer and thought, ‘Wow, that guy is amazing! What a great way to train a dog!” I know I have many times. Cesar Milan teaches one basic principle about dogs – a dog is a pack animal by instinct. According to Cesar, your job is to become the pack leader, a dominant Alpha male/female with ‘balance’. I guess by ‘balance’ he means you should treat the animal fairly, as they would expect to be treated in a wild pack. He gets very good and fast results with this method. I won’t say it’s a bad method, but it’s not the way I choose to train my dogs and here’s why.

There’s one thing very wrong with the ‘you’re the pack leader’ concept – it assumes the dog inhabits a dog’s world, and for you to control it, you must behave as a dog would, the Alpha male or female of the pack. For the majority of dogs who are family pets this means the owner will treat the animal as though it had only instinctual processes going on in its head, no rational thought processes. To refute that thinking go and watch these two short videos of Lucy’s behavior: Lucy Remembers Her Ball and Lucy and The Vacuum Cleaner (links appear at bottom). A dog does not inhabit a dog’s world unless it’s in a pack of dogs, roaming the wilderness like a wolf, bringing down prey and sharing its kill. This is not your dog. Your dog wouldn’t chase its supper if it went hungry for a week! It would no more kill a raccoon and rip its flesh apart than would your six year old child! If you do have such an animal it’s a sure bet that it’s a dangerous dog, one that causes people in your neighborhood to cross the street to avoid.

If you become the pack leader, you’ve descended into the dog’s world. Having done so, the dog will integrate well with other dogs, live in a pack happily, know its place in the human pack, and generally behave well, but it won’t reach its full potential. When you adopted the dog into your family, you didn’t decide to become a primeval growler, (which can work if you have the cahones to back up the threats), you decided to introduce an animal into the human world. As the two videos show, Lucy is an animal with human-like tendencies developed to the full potential of her smaller dog brain. She, like 99 percent of dogs today, belongs to a family, has been introduced to human concepts, and lives in a human world. It’s better that you train your dog to live well in your world, rather than you in its, for the sake of the dog and yourself. You will have a much better companion, and so will the dog. The dog will learn to love humans above dogs.

Lucy is a thinking dog. Lucy will position herself at the ready depending on where a person places their foot behind a ball. She correctly anticipates which way the ball will be propelled by the positioning of the foot. She also cheats quite badly, arriving at the destination of a tossed toy before it gets there. Her brain has computed where you’re likely to throw or kick an object. Lucy knows which way you will kick a ball simply by shifting your weight from one hip to the other, without even moving your feet! Better than a goalie in football (soccer).

Lucy knows several hundred concepts and commands, from Jump In The Boat, to Don’t Go In The Street. She rarely plays now but when she was younger I would throw her ball into the street (a rural highway) and when she realized the ball had gone out of reach, rolling into forbidden territory, she would put on the brakes and stop before crossing an imaginary line. That line used to be a piece of yellow rope lying across the driveway about 20 feet from the street. After she learned the concept the rope was taken away, she was allowed to go out to pee on her own; I could trust her not to go past the imaginary line. That concept, Don’t Go In The Street, is central to a dog being able to live happily in the human world. It’s the difference between a deer or a raccoon crossing the road and your pet’s thinking. It has learned that highways (a human construct not appearing in the dog pack vocabulary) are very bad.

Dogs have rational thought processes. Dogs have emotions. Dogs also have a conscience. Dogs learn to love. Dogs have language skills and can understand about five hundred human concepts with words. None of these things are in a puppy when you get them, they are learned behaviors.

A dog cannot do differential calculus, that’s obvious, but it can reason out how to manipulate an owner into giving it food. Lucy was given a treat every time she asked me to go pee outside. If she gets slightly hungry, she has learned to ask to go outside, wait for thirty seconds and then come back in the house to get her reward. She will do this every hour or so until I’ve clued in and watch her. If she doesn’t pee, the rewards stop, and so does the manipulative behavior since it’s now a waste of time. But that shows you a dog can manipulate people. It isn’t surprising really; a dog manipulates its owner many times during the day. If you rattle its leash, it will waken from a dead sleep and circle, pant and bark at the thought of going for a walk. That is doggy manipulation. The dog is saying how happy they would be if they went for a walk, and you’re feeling guilty already if that wasn’t your plan.

So higher reasoning aside, what can a dog do? It can learn. A dog can learn so many things you’d be surprised. If you simply teach it what it needs to know to function well in a human world, it would knock your socks off. Every day that Lucy and I wake up, we tell each other with hugs and kisses how happy we are that we have each other. Lucy loves humans, so much so that she almost ignores dogs. Can they make her food for her? Can they throw her ball? Her stick? Her little teddy bears?

There’s a Border Collie in Germany that can remember any one of two hundred and fifty toys. Alan Alda of Mash fame visited this dog for Nova on PBS. The dog has all her toys in a big pile in one room. In another room she is shown a miniature sample of the desired toy (about one fifth scale). The dog leaves, enters the room with the massive pile of assorted frogs, teddy bears, squirrels, puppets, dolls, devils, Muppets, rummaging around and returning quickly, and surprisingly, with the correct toy. She does this flawlessly, even when it’s a new toy that she’s never seen before.

But once you’ve taught that dog human concepts, it’s no longer a canine – it’s a Canine Sapiens, a hybrid between dog and Homo Sapiens (which is Latin for Thinking Man). It cannot happily go back to the pack. Without wishing to conduct such an experiment, I went to England for two weeks and Lucy went to the kennel. The kennel belongs to a reputable breeder and Lucy had her own ‘penalty box’ (cage) placed inside a three by six foot kennel. There were other dogs there so you’d think she’d be fine, but these were ‘Pack Dogs’, dogs that the breeder keeps solely for breeding. One barks, they all bark. One runs around the yard, they all run around the yard. Lucy was having none of it, and their primitive antics had her stressed out. When I returned to pick her up she went wild with joy! She ran around the truck about ten times barking, crying, tail wagging, face licking, and all manner of expressions of love. I began to speak with the breeder about England but Lucy jumped into the truck through an open door and barked her head off so loud that she could not be ignored. “I guess I’m being summoned,” I told the breeder. Man, was she happy to get out of there!

This is why several universities in the U.S. have stopped teaching gorillas and other primates American Sign Language in doctoral theses. Once the studies are over the animals are returned to cages in the zoo. No more riding around in cars for you! No more ice cream cones for you! The animals, now capable of reasoning to a degree, are back in cages languishing for the good old days with their human friends, unable to relate to the other primates around them. The universities have decided that it’s unethical behavior to abandon them once they’ve formed attachments to their trainers. You need a PHD in behavioral psychology to figure that out?

It can be frustrating to try teaching a dog an advanced concept. If you find yourself yelling or getting frustrated with the dog simply back off. Stop. The problem is too complex for her present state of understanding and she doesn’t know what you want. The solution is to break the problem into smaller steps. You didn’t learn algebra before you learned to count, add, subtract, divide and multiply. You didn’t learn to multiply until you learned to add the same number three times to itself. Dogs have similar minds to humans, except that they’re somewhat limited in potential. But if you give the dog credit for being able to think with the ability of a three year old child, you’ll be surprised at what they will learn.

Your dog has a conscience. How do I know this? Your dog dreams, which is a sure indication of a bifurcated mind with a conscious and a subconscious. The dog dreams after having a good day, or a bad day. When they’ve had a good day, they fall asleep and within five minutes enter the REM phase of their sleep pattern. REM stands for Rapid Eye Movement, and it happens almost right away in dogs. In humans it takes about an hour and thirty minutes. During REM sleep the dog can be whining, barking, chasing, wagging its tail, eating, chewing, swimming. You’ll recognize a dog who is dreaming when you see it, trust me, but what that dream indicates is that it has a subconscious mind that’s free to relive the experiences of the day. If it has a subconscious mind then it must have a conscious mind, because you can’t have one without the other, unless it’s in a coma.

The conscious mind contains the rules construct – the things I’m allowed to do, as well as the things I’m not allowed, but want to do. The subconscious mind contains the entire spectrum, desires, memories, emotions, autonomic functions, but it’s missing one important thing – the rules construct. It’s ungoverned. If you accept this, then you accept that a dog’s brain is constructed similarly to ours and is capable of many of the same things our brain can do. To love, to feel guilty, to think, to desire, to reason, to manipulate, to trust, to obey, to not break certain rules. A dog learns within four months of age not to pee in the house. Amazing when you consider that it spent the first 10 weeks at its mother’s breast. How then, if it did not have a conscious mind with a rules construct? By instinct? By pack mentality? No, from learning, which you will be responsible for.

So that’s where it starts: by giving the dog some credit for being able to think. If you don’t you’ll be treating her just like The Keller parents treated their deaf and blind daughter Helen. Helen Keller became a successful author and public speaker but only after a miracle worker, Anne Sullivan, decided to credit her with a brain that worked. Her parents had written her off as backward. That’s your job, to be the miracle worker for your four legged Helen. Don’t credit the dog with thinking ability and it won’t learn anything useful.

Your dog is handicapped in several ways. The first is that it devotes ten times more of its brain to odors than we do. It devotes one tenth of its brain to visual information than we do. A dog can have a cookie right in front of it, but when it’s searching for it using scent, it can’t see it. A dog seems to shut off its visual memory in favor of olfactory memory. When they are sniffing you can hear the nose whoot, whoot, whoot, as they sample quickly for a trace. They also move their heads when sampling so they know which direction to go. You’ll learn to redirect the dog’s brain to become a listener and a watcher while giving your lessons. They’ll learn faster when they know they’re being taught something. With a visual and verbal clue, your dog will pay attention, “Aha, the Master is trying to show me something important.”

Your First Lesson: The Binary Method

I have always had it easy training my dog – I live alone. If you have a family, all of whom suddenly are doggy experts from watching the Whisperer, tell them all to take a hike. If they won’t go, then take the dog out for a walk in a private setting. Be alone with the dog, period. No distractions. No other dogs or people. You are the only sensory inputs that the dog will have to deal with. This makes the job much simpler. When you’ve taught the dog one simple thing, make sure that all family and friends use the same method of communication. The dog has a limited capacity, which is high enough, but it will be wasted if it has to learn three ways to sit, six ways to come here, and so on. If it’s your dog, take responsibility and get other people to address the dog in your manner or leave the animal alone.

Your dog learns very quickly and easily using the binary method. With the binary method, the dog learns quite a lot and quite fast. They also learn by association. The binary method is how we begin a dog’s training and it works wonders with puppies or new dogs. The association method is for later, when your dog has learned the basics and is ready for more. We’ll talk about the binary method first, and association in later parts of this article.

What is the binary method? Binary means two. There are two things that your dog has to learn from you. That’s all, just two. Everything else follows from there. Once they’ve learned those two things, you’ve got it made in the shade. Your dog will become the most obedient, happy little fur creature on the street. And she’ll be ready to learn more. Once a dog has picked up the binary method, there’s no going back, she now thinks like a human.

On my walks with my dog, I show her off to people and tell them about the binary method. “There are two things your dog must learn and once it has, she can learn everything else. Do you know what those two things are?” I ask them. I’m amazed at the responses I get, and have yet to hear the correct response. “Patience and humility,” one guy says. I haven’t taught my dogs humility yet, so I have to refrain from laughing at some of these stabs at a very simple concept. Does he think I’m prepping her for Divinity College?

What are those two things you must first teach your four legged Helen Keller? Here we go – Yes and No. Yes, you are allowed to do something. No, you are not allowed to do something. That’s the first lesson to teach your dog. Once he/she has learned these two concepts, everything else you’re trying to get it to do will be very much easier to accomplish. Two things, hence the binary method.

How do I teach the dog these two seemingly simple concepts? First, replace the word Yes with the word Okay. The word No remains No. So that’s what you want to teach the dog. Okay, and No.

If you have a dog that doesn’t like food, take it back, get a refund, it’s probably not a dog. If your dog does like food and is attracted to a certain treat then have a bag of those treats at the ready. The smaller the treat, the better. Small treats permit you many repetitions of the lesson until the dog catches on. It can take many repetitions of a lesson before the dog learns, but it will surprise you how few times a dog must be shown something to learn it completely. Usually, a simple concept is learned in under ten repetitions.

Tell the dog the following, “Lucy! Watch!’ and point to your eye with your finger touching your face under the eye. Do this every time you begin a lesson. Repeat it a few times and then begin the lesson. At first, it’s meaningless to the dog, but it will pay off later, because the dog will have learned YOU ARE TEACHING SOMETHING.

Now place the dog in the sitting position on the floor or ground. Say ‘Lucy, Sit’ clearly and distinctly as you do it. The simpler the command the better. One syllable, how much simpler can it be. When the dog is sitting and only when the dog is sitting, put at least one small treat on the floor about one foot in front of her. Give her a treat for sitting. Leave the other food in sight close by.

Always, always preface an action command with the dog’s name. “Lucy, Sit”, “Lucy, Come Here.” There’s a very good reason for this. The dog learns its name firstly, but more importantly, she learns that she is being addressed at that moment. When you are with a group of people and don’t use her name here is what the dog perceives: “… bla bla bla bla bla bla bla – sit – bla bla bla bla bla.” The ‘Sit’ got lost in all the bla bla. The dog has tuned you out because you’re all talking gibberish and boring her to death. Give the dog a warning that something is coming. First pause your talking and say ‘Lucy!” Pause until you notice her react, then give her the command – “Sit!”, making the hand gesture as you do.

All dog training is to be done with ‘theatre’. I believe the dog responds to signals first, and since they’re accompanied by voice commands, they will respond to the latter on it’s own at a later date. Always, always give a command with hand signals or other types of visual clues to start. I call it ‘theatre’. I have a ‘Come Here’ signal which my dog can see and responds to even when she’s too far away to hear: I flap one arm up and down by my side.

So going back over the ground already covered, tell your dog to ‘Sit’ by placing her firmly but gently in the sitting position. Give her a treat when she sits. When you say ‘Lucy, Sit’, make a hand gesture by putting out your outstretched hand. Any dog that is worth its salt will not immediately obey this command, he/she will lunge for the food on the floor. That’s instinctual behavior, to eat. Dogs, especially Labs, can write the book on ‘There is food, therefore I eat’. This is what you’re hoping for the dog to do. There are few things that motivate a dog more than food, especially a pup.

Wait a moment. When the dog lunges from the sitting position to reach the food, this is where you jump in. Place your hand, palm and fingers outstretched firmly, right in front of her face and say in a loud, unmistakably officious tone ‘NO!” Like a traffic cop. No, means no, you twit, and if you move that car one inch more I’m hauling your idiot behind to jail. That’s what I mean by theatre. The hand is thrust forcefully, the tone of voice is severe and stentorian, and the look on your otherwise pleasant face is mean and ugly. You could also preface the whole charade with a ‘Psssshhhht!” which distracts the dog momentarily and has her focus on the source of the strange noise.

Once you’ve given her this very theatrical admonition, sit her back down, and say “Wait until I say OKAY,” emphasizing the word OKAY by pointing to your lips. The dog at this point is merely confused. After three or four attempts to lunge for the food she will sit back down and wait. She won’t go for the food. Make certain that she doesn’t get food until she does what you wish. This is key. It isn’t cruel. You’re using positive stimuli to get a desired result. Your boss does it to you each week with a paycheck.

The dog has learned by association to sit. It’s from pleasurable stimuli. Every time I sit he gives me a treat. The best thing to do is to sit so he’ll give me a dog treat. I don’t know what the hell he wants but I do know to sit. I don’t know why he’s blocking me from getting that food over there, but he’s nice enough when I sit down, so I’ll sit down.

Once the dog has learned to sit and stay quiet without lunging for the food, then you will permit her to get it. You will say in a soft and light tone, ‘Lucy, Okay get it,” and point to the food.

Here’s what the dog is thinking. If I go for that food he’s going to yell at me and put me back here and say “Sit’ again. I’m not going for it. I’m sitting here. If I sit he gives me treats. If you’ve waited until the dog is unsure of what to do at this point, you’ve done the right thing. Your dog is afraid to go for the food and won’t lunge at it. It will ask permission with head movements toward the food. At this point it hasn’t a clue what OKAY means.

So now you’ll show your dog what okay means, and gently lift its bum off the floor and allow it to approach the treats, all the while saying ‘Okay, Lucy, get it’ in sweet tones and pointing to the food. You may even move the food closer until it’s within reach for the first few iterations.

When he says OKAY and pushes me toward the food, he seems to be saying it’s quite alright if I go get it. So that’s what OKAY means. Eureka, I get it!

With about five repetitions of this exercise your dog will have learned the difference between Okay, I’m allowed and No, I’m not allowed. It actually learned the two concepts using the association method, but it now has a tool, called the binary method, in which all other behavioral concepts are learned. Everything, from Come Here, to Heel, to Don’t Go In The Street will be so much easier to teach. Many things must be learned by a dog. No pooping or peeing in the house. No jumping on people or other dogs. No barking when not called for. Come Here, Sit, Inside, Outside, Go to Sleep, Get Up, Get down, Stop That, Be Quiet, Get In, Get Out, Heel, Lie Down, Stay Here, Wait… the list is quite long.

All learning must be reinforced. When you start to learn multiplication in math, your teacher will thoroughly review addition first. She will also teach the advanced concept of multiplication by using the addition lessons as a stepping stone. “Add ten plus ten. How much is that? Twenty. Right. How many times did we add ten? Twice. We added ten two times to get twenty. How much, therefore, is Two times Ten?” Teach furry Helen, the Okay and No commands every lesson before teaching her to Come Here, or to Wait Until I Say Okay (Stay). Furry Helen will be as quick to learn this concept at three months of age as a child of eight can learn the times tables.

A dog is very much like a human in intellectual developmental abilities. In this one lesson, your four legged Helen Keller has learned very many important things. One, you are in charge of everything. Food, most importantly. Two, cooperation means positive stimuli such as love and food, defiance means negative stimuli, such as disapproval and denial of food. A dog, as a member of a family seeks approval and positive reinforcements and avoids negative stimuli. If it prefers negative stimuli you’ve got a neurotic on your hands. Neurotic dogs, like people, are made, not born, and now is the time for Cesar to do his magic because this is where his method outshines all others, rehabilitating a neurotic dog. Thirdly, your dog has learned when you’re trying to teach it something to help it fit into a family of humans. Lastly but most importantly, the dog will have learned the binary method and will even learn to ask permission like Lucy does when she wishes to sleep on the couch. She stops and waits for an OKAY before jumping up.

Remember, if a lesson goes badly, don’t allow yourself to become frustrated with the dog. Step back, break up the problem into two or three steps. Above all, give the dog some sweet love, treats and a play period after a training session, no matter how it went. If the dog is play obsessed like Lucy is, use the play sessions for training as well.

Keep watching this space for Training Your Dog Humanely: Part Two. And give me some feedback in the comments section, please. For more interesting videos of Lucy go to my FB page and browse my public videos.

A Guide to Penis Pain and Kidney Stones

The thought of penis pain can be quite troubling for any guy. In most cases, penis pain is quite fleeting. It often comes from a source a man knows well, such as excessive masturbation, rough sex or even an infection that can be cleared up with antibiotics. Good penis care is often enough to get a man back on track.

But the pain of kidney stones is a whole other beast. Though kidney stones can cause pain and pressure in all parts of the midsection, they can cause serious penis pain as well, especially during the time the stone is actively passing out of the body. Here’s what a man needs to know when he is confronted with the pain of kidney stones.

What are kidney stones?

If a man suffers from certain medical conditions or simply doesn’t drink enough water, the minerals in the foods he eats can collect in the kidney, where they form tiny stones. These stones might be in the kidney for years and never cause any problems. However, when they do begin to migrate, they do so by moving into the ureter. This is the thin tube between the kidney and the bladder.

Often the kidney stones are too big to pass through the ureter, so they become stuck there. This can lead to serious pain in the side and back, as well as other areas of the midsection.

Why do they cause penis pain?

Sometimes a man will suffer what is known as referred pain. This happens when the kidney stone lodges somewhere, but the pain is felt somewhere else. For instance, a kidney stone that lodges in the ureter might actually lead to testicle or penis pain.

Penis pain from kidney stones might also be more direct. This can happen when the stone is passed. It must go through the penis to get out – it is usually expelled during urination – and it might occasionally lodge in the shaft. This can lead to penis pain that won’t be relieved until the stone is gone.

What can a man do to ease the hurt?

Kidney stones are no joke – in fact, many people consider the pain to be worse than even the pain of childbirth. At the first sign of serious pain, most people who have on their way to the hospital to figure out what’s wrong.

Kidney stones can be removed in a few ways. The doctor will first order x-rays, CT scans or ultrasounds to find the figure out how big they are. Some are too big to pass; in that case, they will be broken up by sound waves. Some doctors will choose to use a scope, inserted into the urethra, to pull the stones out. And in serious cases, surgery will be required.

In almost all these cases, a man will first be offered significant pain medication for immediate relief. (Hear that? It’s a big sigh of thanks from men everywhere!)

Avoiding kidney stones

To avoid kidney stones in the first place, a man can drink plenty of water, at least 60 ounces each day. He should also avoid sodas and other carbonated beverages, as these up the chances by 23 percent. Interestingly, drinking more coffee and orange juice might stop the stones from forming.

Whenever a man is dealing with penis pain, it is a good reminder to exercise the best possible penis care. A specially formulated penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) is a great way to ensure the penis skin is always smooth and supple. Applying it every day can also help a man remember to examine his manhood quite carefully on a regular basis, so he can spot problems that might arise. Look for a crème with powerful ingredients, including vitamins A, D and C, as well as amino acids to keep the penis as healthy as possible.

The Importance Of Healthy Sleep

Healthy sleep is as important as diet, exercise and stress management for health.

Many American’s fail to make the effort to get healthy sleep, believing that sleep is expendable. Research is beginning to show us that this is not true. We are losing sleep at our own risk.

“There is plenty of compelling evidence supporting the argument that sleep is the most important predictor of how long you will live, perhaps more important than whether you smoke, exercise, or have high blood pressure or cholesterol levels.”(1)

Believe it or not, getting healthy sleep…

* Can increase your ability to think clearly and function at your highest level

* Can boost althletic performance by 30%

* Improves your skin and appearance

* Helps you lose weight

* Improves your memory and ability to learn

* Decreases your risk of diabetes

* Helps to protect your heart and decrease your risk of heart disease

* Improves your ability to fight off infections

* Decreases your risk of accidents(2-4)

The Benefits of Sleep:

“We are not healthy unless our sleep is healthy.” writes sleep research pioneer, William Dement, MD(1).

Intuitively, we’ve always known that sleep is important. “There’s nothing better than a good night’s sleep” is a common expression of this understanding. But for some reason we don’t listen to our own wisdom. As children most of us had bedtimes that were the law of the household. Our parent’s made sure that we got enough sleep. They knew what was good for us. As we got older most of us seem to have forgotten or ignored the value of sleep. We live in a culture that values industriousness, work and productivity, and that frowns on lethargy.

Within just the past year (2008) there has been a surge of media attention on healthy sleep and insomnia. This is largely a result of more research coming out on the ill effects of insomnia for previously unsuspected conditions like heart disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity and weight gain. Researchers now suggest that insomnia is a major risk factor for these diseases.

Why are we losing so much healthy sleep?

A major cause of lost sleep is stress and overwork.

In stressful times in our life a common reaction is to rev ourselves up to meet the demands placed upon us. Stresses may come and go in our individual lives. But now our entire society seems to be stressed. Almost no one would argue that we are now experiencing stress of historic proportions(circa 2008).

One of the first casualties of stress is healthy sleep. We Americans are struggling with insomnia more than ever. In 2005 a poll by the National Sleep Foundation reported that less than half of all Americans feel they get healthy sleep either every night or every other night(5).

Our nation’s lack of healthy sleep is reflected by our use of sleep medications. Forty-nine million prescriptions for sleep medications were written in 2006(3). This was a 53% increase over the previous five years. The leading sleep drug is Ambien which accounted for 60% of sleep prescriptions in 2006, or $2,800,000,000 (2.8 billion) in sales. In 2006 drug companies spent $600,000,000 on advertising. The primary focus of all the advertising has been “destigmatizing sleeping pill use”(5).

While the major reason for all our sleeplessness is stress, our modern environment also discourages sleep.

Artificial light and man made technologies give us many reasons to stay awake at night. Remember that for most of mankind’s history the darkness of night put a real damper on staying awake to the wee hours. Our grandparents slept 1 1/2 hours more than we do each night according to Dr. Christopher Gillin, a psychiatrist and professor at the University of San Diego(6). He reports that one in three Americans complain of a bout of insomnia within the last year, and one in six consider their insomnia serious.

Thomas Edison himself, inventor of the electric light bulb, believed that too much sleep was a bad thing. “The person who sleeps eight or ten hours a night is never fully asleep and never fully awake-he has only different degrees of doze through the 24 hours”, said Edison. He felt that people got twice as much sleep as needed. Excess sleep caused them to be “unhealthy and inefficient”(1).

While Edison is known to have frequently slept only four hours a night, it is also reported that he also took frequent daytime naps. His total sleep time seems to have been close to 8 hours each 24 hours. Given Edison’s personal philosophy it follows that he invented the electric light bulb. No single invention has so disrupted the human sleep cycle as electric lights.

The rhythm of healthy sleep and our biological clock

Our biological clock keeps time for our body’s natural rhythm of sleep and awakening. It sets the timing of healthy sleep. Our body’s clock can be upset by artificial light. Our body follows the day-night cycle by registering light through the eyes. This daily rhythm is called the circadian rhythm.

Each 24 hours as our earth rotates on its axis we experience this rhythm. It is the 24 hour repeating cycle that our lives are patterned after. The darkness of night stimulates our brain to release melatonin, the body’s sleep hormone. Melatonin helps to induce sleep. Artificial lighting lowers melatonin secretion and can interfere with our ability to get to sleep.

The downside of our 24/7 Society

When our ancestors “burned the mid night oil” the light’s intensity was not enough to disrupt our body’s circadian rhythm. Light intensity is measured in luxes. One lux is the amount of light given off by one candle. Researchers have shown that just 180 lux can reset or disrupt our biological clock. A 100 watt bulb at 10 feet distance emits 190 lux, which is enough to reset your biological clock.

With darkness our eyes register less light. This signals our brain to release melatonin, the body’s sleep hormone. Melatonin levels rise higher at night and drop in the daytime, all in response to the light coming into our eyes. This is how mankind experienced the day-night cycle for 1000’s of years.

A glaring bright light at midnight tells your body that the sun is shining and as a result your brain lowers melatonin levels. This disruption of melatonin can impact our sleep health. Melatonin has been shown to have many health benefits of its own. Lowering its levels in the body may also impact our health separate from the sleep issue. In our modern society we are exposed to lot’s of stress and 24/7 activity. The combination of the two is seriously affecting our sleep. For most of us, our sleep is no longer healthy.

What is healthy sleep?

Healthy sleep means you’re getting enough sleep and that you are experiencing all of the stages of sleep in their proper amounts. How much sleep is enough? The consensus among sleep researchers is that adults need about eight hours a night.

Sleep researcher, Dr. William Dement puts it this way- “Generally people need to sleep one hour for every two hours awake, which means that most need around eight hours sleep a night. Of course some people need more and some need less, and a few people seem to need a great deal more or less.”(1) Before you begin to justify your chronic lapse of sleep, consider this powerful statement by Dr. Dement:

“Although sleep needs vary, people who sleep about eight hours, on average, tend to live longer”.(1)

Other than the number of hours you get, how can you tell if you’re getting enough sleep? The best way is to see how quickly you can fall asleep during the day if you’re given a chance. This is how researchers measure sleep deprivation. The Multiple Sleep Latency Test is used by scientists to assess the level of an individual’s sleep deprivation.

Research subjects are given a place to lie down comfortably in a quiet, dark room in the middle of the day. The volunteer’s brain waves are monitored to see if and when they go to sleep. The test lasts just 20 minutes. Research subjects are given a place to lie down comfortably in a quiet, dark room in the middle of the day. The volunteer’s brain waves are monitored to see if and when they go to sleep. The test lasts just 20 minutes.

If a the subject falls asleep in under 5 minutes this represents a severe sleep deficiency. These subject’s “physical and mental reactions are often very impaired”(1). Falling asleep in between 5 and 10 minutes is considered being “borderline” sleep deprived. Falling asleep between 10 and 15 minutes indicates an acceptable amount of sleep need. Falling asleep in 15 to 20 minutes or not at all suggests that the subject has an excellent level of alertness.

Another way to see how sleep deprived you are is to look at how sleepy you are. The sleepier you are the more you need sleep, right? This evaluation, called the Epworth sleepiness scale(8) is accurate whether you’re someone who needs more or less than eight hours. If you’re sleepy, you’re just not getting enough sleep.

The normal sleep cycle.

The other part of getting healthy sleep is having a normal sleep cycle. This means that you go through all of the cycles of sleep and experience each of them for a sufficient amount of time.

There are four stages of sleep and REM. Stages 1 through 4 are a progression from falling asleep (stage 1), into light sleep (stage 2) and then deep sleep (stages 3 and 4). During deep sleep the body is in a profoundly relaxed state. Muscle tension is relaxed, blood pressure slows, heart rate and breathing are diminished. During deep sleep the body secretes pulses of human growth hormone.

Human growth hormone is sometimes called the hormonal fountain of youth because of its rejuvenating qualities. Each night your body repairs and restores itself under the direction of human growth hormone. After going into deep sleep one emerges into REM sleep. During REM sleep there is Rapid Eye Movement. REM is when we dream. Researchers have found that REM sleep seems to help us remember what we learned the day before.


(1) Dement, William C., Vaughan, Christopher. The Promise of Sleep. Introduction. © 1999, Dell Publishing, NY, NY. William Dement, M.D. is a pioneer in sleep research who has worked to promote awareness of the epidemic of sleeplessness and its ill effects.

(2) Susan Brink (2000, October). Sleepless Society In staying up half the night, we may risk our health. U.S. News & World Report, 129(15), 62-72.

(3) Well-Rested Olympians Ready to Go for Gold. (2006, February). USA Today, 134(2729), 15.

(4) Lauren Wiener, Hollace Schmidt. (2007, March). your new #1 stay-healthy mission: get more sleep. Shape, 26(7), 98,100-102.

(5) Mooallem, Jon. The Sleep-Industrial Complex. New York Times, November 18, 2007.

(6) From published notes of a radio interview the week of March 31, 1999, Lichenstein Creative Media, The Infinite Mind.

(7) The Free Dictionary by Farlex.

(8) From Wikepedia, keyword: Epworth Sleepiness Scale

Healthy Low-Fat Diets

Health professional agree that eating fat can make us fat. Much meat and many dairy products, baked goods, fast foods, snack foods, fried foods, sauces, gravies, and oils are loaded with fat, and eating them can lead to obesity.

Today we all know that food choices we make have an important effect on our health. There is no longer any question that we should all be eating less fat. Low-fat cooking is no longer a special diet, but a way of life. If you are concerned about your health, you may already be trying to trim fat from your diet. However, you should not try to cut out all fat. Our bodies require some fat for good health, but most of us eat too much of it. We particularly eat too much saturated fat, the type of fat we get from animal sources, which seems to do the most harm to our bodies. As a rule of thumb, saturated fats tend to be solid at room temperature (with the exception of coconut and palm kernel oil). Unsaturated fats tend to be liquid at room temperature. Vegetable oils, such as corn, safflower and cottonseed, for example, contain unsaturated fat.

The negative side effects of a high-fat diet have been well documented. Saturated fats tend to raise blood cholesterol and clog arteries, which in turn means an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Another common health problem associated with a high-fat diet is obesity. Fat provides, gram for gram, more than twice the calories of carbohydrates or protein, which means that for the same quantity of food, a high-fat food provides you with many more calories. To compound the problem, your body finds it much easier to turn fat into body fat for storage. The connection between fat and cancer risk is also strong. From laboratory studies and clinical observations of people's eating habits, it has been learned that there is significant evidence that eating too much fat leads to an increased risk of colon, rectal, prostate and breast cancers.

A reasonable and healthy approach to better nutrition should begin by reducing some of the higher-fat foods in your diet. Your primary goal should be to limit your total daily fat intake so that fat contributions no more than 30 percent of your total daily calories. By looking at your overall diet in this way, rather than at particular foods, you can enjoy an occasional high-fat food item while still limiting your total daily fat. The secret is to monitor your overall fat intake.

Here are some tips to help you reduce the fat in your diet:

· Read food labels

· Bake, broil, steam or boil foods instead of frying.

· Use low-fat or nonfat products.

· Select lean cuts of red meat.

· Limit the amount of meats, poultry and fish in your diet to 3 to 6 ounces per day.

· Use nonstick pan and vegetable cooking spray.

· When baking, use to to 2/3 of the fat called for in recipes. Apple sauce or apple butter often can be used to replace the fat.

· Avoid deep-fried and fried foods.

Eating for Running

As we all know nutrition is extremely important to good performance when you run (or participate in any exercise), however in the early stages of running you should not be looking to massively overhaul your diet. You will see benefits from starting to run and it is important to know that even if you eat exactly the same foods and quantities as before you will both lose weight and become healthy as a result of your exercise.

That said when you do come to address your food take it is important to make the right choices. It is important to still have your occasional indulgences if you want them and keep a healthy approach to food. So the right foods: plenty of carbohydrates to provide you with the energy, and plenty of protein which will help build your muscles to keep improving.


In terms of a weekly plan, look at the times of the day when you are running and work around them for your food intake. First of all, breakfast. If you run early in the morning, either because it is quiet or because it is the most convenient time in your working day, take some liquids and a banana or small bowl of cereal around 30 minutes before setting off because the energy afforded by this light meal will make the session more effective. When you return, remember to replenish your carbohydrates stock, sometimes with some bread or toast before starting your daily routine. If you are not running early then a nice simple breakfast of toast, bagels, cereal and a piece of fruit will be a great start.

At lunch again you are looking for healthy foods, the more you can make in advance and not buy in the better. Homemade food is generally healthy and does not have any additives and therefore is better for you, add in to the bargain its usually cheaper and making your own food is a win-win situation! At lunch time have some carbohydrates (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes) and a little protein (meat, beans, fish) for your meal. Add in a piece of fruit and your good to go.

Hydration is also very important so make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. It will be hard to drink lots if you're not used to it but regularly drinking water will give you a ton of health benefits and keep your body in best condition for running and life in general.

Evening Meal

If you go for a run in the evening it is important you have a good source of carbohydrates to get you through the run so again 30 minutes before try to have some toast or cereal and a banana to ensure you have plenty of energy on your run .

After that you are again looking at a self prepared evening meal, some protein, some carbs and plenty of vegetables in this meal. Do not worry too much about the time of night you eat your food as most of the research on this suggests it makes no difference to you when at night you eat, just eat at the time that suits you best. Again make sure you have plenty of water.

Finally snacking. It's not bad to snack, in fact very few things about food are actually ever "bad" for you. It is as always most important that you take on the right kind of snacks, fruit and veg are great, oatcakes, nuts, if you want protein then oily fish is great and an easy way to have a quick healthy snack. Enjoy your food, eat good healthy choices and try to stay away from processed foods and you will be on the right track.

High Blood Pressure – The Persistent Facts

We all know that at times everyone suffers from high blood pressure (also known as Hypertension), mainly from the stresses of modern day living, but it is persistent and ongoing high blood pressure that needs action – quickly!

Known as the "silent killer" you can suffer from it without having the slightest inkling that you do, and it should be considered as a serious illness even though it probably has not affected your life style to date.

It is the cause of several life threatening illnesses, such as stroke, heart attacks, kidney problems and diabetes to name but a few.

What pointers should I look for?

Any of the following (maybe more than one!)

1. Aged over 55
2. Members of your close family already suffer from hypertension.
3. You are over-weight or obese
4. You are a smoker
5. You drink more alcohol than you should.
6. You do not have a healthy diet
7. You do not exercise or take insufficient exercise
8. You may suffer with anxiety problems – not surprising in the present economic climate!

BUT DO NOT DESPAIR! take positive action.

1. First and foremost – get your blood pressure checked by your physician who will give you the numbers and tell you what your blood pressure readout means. Make sure you understand the figures and what they represent.

2. If you do have high blood pressure follow your doctors advice on how to reduce it – and follow it. If you are lucky enough to have a normal readout for your age find out when you need to come back and have it re-checked.

3. Take prescribed medication regularly.


You need to make a REALISTIC plan to change your life style, implement it over a period of time (and the quicker the better!), And if you feel you need to discuss the plan with your physician before implementing it, do so!

You will need to consider all the following points (which are not exhaustive)

1.Give up or substantially reduce smoking and drinking.

2.Exercise regularly – walking is a good way to start and is great exercise. Start small and build up to longer distances. Maybe start swimming or take up a gym membership.

3.Try and eat healthily – not easy I know! – but very beneficial. Here are a few ideas-

– reduce salt intake

– eat oily fish

– snack on nuts (almonds and walnuts especially good)

– eat fat burning foods (oats, apples, grapefruit and potatoes (not french fries!) are only a few)

– eat an egg a day

– drink no more than one small glass of red wine a day

In conclusion, you'll need willpower and effort to implement a life style change. You will need help from your family and friends. There is a lot of help out there – use it! You will find that it is well worth putting your plan in place to reduce the possibility of the silent killer finding another victim!

Wedding Speech Examples

Wedding speeches play an important role in any wedding ceremony. This is because they are meant to honor and praise the newlyweds as well as to be a teaching aid to the unmarried. Therefore, a special, memorable and appropriate speech should be prepared.

Thus it is essential to adequately prepare a heartwarming speech. This can be achieved by taking your time while drafting the speech. Although not a must it is advisable to have a look at previously written wedding speeches.

Wedding speech examples can be retrieved from blogs, forums or explored by use of search engines. The web provides important tips and advice which adequately guide one to craft an admirable wedding speech for example use of Google and yahoo answers search engines. Also one can register to receive blogs discussing wedding speeches in their emails either everyday or after a short period of time for instance weekly.

However, the internet presents various wedding speech examples that are diverse. It is therefore essential to choose examples that compliment your personality. Presenting a speech that does not suit you will be difficult so making your words and feelings to appear insincere.

Also consider the feelings of the couple and the guests that will grace the occasion. This will enable one to choose a wedding speech example that will be appealing to all people regardless of their age, sex or occupation. Lastly, choose wedding speech examples that are heartwarming and will under no doubt praise and honor the newlyweds without embarrassing them.

Steps to Fix the 0x0000001E Error in Windows XP

The 0x0000001e error is a common Windows error which shows when there is insufficient hard drive space left to perform the operation you want. This basically means that if you're receiving this error, you either have too many files, or some other problem that's limiting access to your hard drive. This tutorial is going to show you a simple & effective way to fix this error …

This error will typically appear on a blue screen, and say the following:

STOP: 0 × 0000001E (0 × 80000003, 0xBFC0304, 0 × 0000000, 0 × 0000001)

[bugcheck code] ([1] [2] [3] [4])

The first step to fixing this error is to free up some hard drive space. This is actually very easy to do – you basically just need to delete the files / settings that you do not want on your hard drive (such as your downloads, etc), and you should also try and uninstall any programs you do not want / need as well, to ensure that your system does not have any unwanted program files on it.

After you've cleaned out your hard drive, you should then look to remove any 3rd party drivers that could be on your system. One of the main causes of the 0x0000001e error is the way in which many third party drivers (ones that are installed from websites other than Microsoft) are either interfering with your PC or preventing your computer from running correctly. To ensure this is not a problem, it's best to remove any 3rd party driver you think might be causing issues for your system.

Finally, it's also recommended that you use a "registry cleaner" tool to scan through your PC and repair any of the damaged settings it might have. A registry cleaner is a software program that's designed to look through your computer and fix the damaged settings and files which could be causing problems. These tools are actually very effective at fixing errors such as the 0x0000001e error, as they are able to quickly remove a huge number of issues which often causes your system to run slower & with errors. You can download a registry cleaner from the Internet, and let it scan your PC to fix any problems that are causing the 0x0000001e error.

Types of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates provide fuel for the body in form of glucose, which is sugar. There are two types of carbohydrates simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are sugars that found in candies, fruits and baked food goods and on the other hand, complex carbohydrates are those carbohydrates that are found in beans, nuts, vegetables and whole grains.

Amount of Carbohydrates in vegetables vary between individual pieces and depending on cooking method. As most vegetables are boiled they absorb more water so the carbohydrate content of each vegetable will lower compared to the same weight when raw. All values are calculated from raw vegetables and are also considered better as compared with cooked food.

Our liver digests carbohydrates by breaking them down to simple foods such as sugars and glucose. It stimulates the production of insulin in pancreas. The insulin functions to get the sugar into the body’s call and used as energy. The two different types of carbohydrates affects the production of insulin differently when digesting simple carbohydrates the insulin levels spike faster and the carps are used up more quickly for energy. This explains why many who turn to a candy bar for a quick supply of energy find that their energy levels crash when the “sugar high” comes to an end. The Complex carbohydrates take longer to digest also resulting in longer lasting energy and less of an insulin reaction in the body.

When carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, it enters the bloodstream where it is made available to all cells of the body. When glucose levels rise, the body responds to the low carbohydrate diet by releasing a hormone called insulin into the blood.

Some researchers describe insulin as a “glucose doorman” that travels around the body opening cell doors so glucose can enter and do its job, which is maintaining proper blood-sugar levels. Without the help of insulin to open the cell doors, the glucose molecule is just too big to enter the various cells of the body. The Inadequate amounts of insulin causes improper metabolism of both glucose and fats, leading to decreases in energy production and, too often, diabetes.

Top 3 Proven Speech Therapy Tips When Your Child’s Speech Is Unclear

Do you have problem understanding what your child is saying?

Does she say “yion” instead of “lion” or makes mistakes with other sounds?

Is your child getting left out in school or at the playground because other children cannot understand him?

It is frustrating for both you and your child when you cannot understand her, and have to ask multiple questions just to clarify. Here are the main reasons we frequently explain to our speech therapy clients why your child has unclear speech:

Muscle weakness.

Various muscles are involved when producing speech, and sometimes the inability to move these muscles may cause speech to be unclear. For example, your child may not be able to lift up the tip of his tongue in order to produce the ‘l’ sound.

Control and Coordination.

The problem may not be muscle weakness, but rather your child has difficulties coordinating the movements. This is similar to people who are not able to dance. There is nothing actually wrong with their legs, but they dance ‘with two left feet’. So, your child may be able to say ‘l’ in ‘lion’ but unable to say ‘l’ in “caterpillar”. Or she might say ‘lion’ one minute and ‘yion’ the next, and ‘wion’ the next.

Phonological difficulties.

This is more about having a cognitive concept of sounds, as opposed to the physical aspect of producing speech. For example, if your child grew up speaking or hearing Mandarin Chinese, he may be say ‘hou-‘ instead of ‘house’ or ‘cat-‘ instead of ‘catch’.

It is not that he is unable to produce the ‘-se’ or the ‘-ch’ sound; it is simply because there are no such ending sounds in Mandarin and thus makes it more difficult for him to understand the concept that there are ending sounds in English.

Why Speech Therapy is Important

A speech therapist is a professional who is specifically trained to diagnose and treat speech problems in children (and adults). Speech therapy is important because it:

1. Makes your life easier

2. Eliminates the vicious cycle: unclear speech causes less interaction and therefore less speech input and worse speech and language.

When your child has unclear speech, this may result in less interaction with other children, which would result in even worse speech and language because of the lack of practice. Even adults attend speech therapy classes for this reason alone.

3. Affects how your child learns to read.

Instead of learning that the letter ‘s’ has the sound in ‘sock’, for example, if he says ‘tock’ instead, he may end up thinking that the letter ‘s’ has a ‘t’ sound.

The 4 Guiding Principles for Speech Therapy

Teaching a child with unclear speech may be different from how you teach other children in your family. You may need to repeat more often and emphasize the sounds more. Here are a few things we use regularly in speech therapy when tackling your child’s unclear speech:

Be aware that clear speech sounds comes down to the oral motor movements of the tongue or lips or other speech muscles. (It’s not ‘All about that bass’ it’s ‘All about the place’!) The placement of the tongue, that is.

We produce different speech sounds in tongue twisters (“She sells sea-shells on the sea shore.”) and in everyday speech because we are able to move our tongue to different positions within the mouth, and also by producing sounds in different ways. Some sounds are ‘quiet blowing sounds’ such as ‘f’, ‘s’, ‘sh’; some other sounds are ‘noisy sounds’ such as ‘z’, or ‘r’.

Be aware that some sounds develop earlier, some sounds develop later.

The general developmental order of speech is ‘from the outside in’. This means that it is easier for your child to use their lips and jaw than their tongue. Hence, it is important to note that some sounds don’t come as easily as the others.

Be aware that not all words that begin with the same letter or sound will be equally easy or difficult.

A child who is having difficulty saying “k” sounds will find it easier to say the sound in a word such as “kite” where the mouth is more open and there is more space for the tongue at the back of the mouth compared to saying it correctly in “key” where the mouth is more closed.

Be aware that getting from where he is right now to the target sound may take a few intermediate steps.

For instance, if your child cannot say “the” and says “ge” instead, she may need to learn to progress from ‘g’ to ‘d’ and then ‘th’. Anything that moves her in the right direction is progress.

Now that we’ve gone through the ‘why’, it’s time for the ‘how’:

Here are the top 3 speech therapy tips:

1. Slow Down, emphasize the sound and do everything you can to show your child the necessary tongue and lip movements.

If your child says ‘totate’ instead of “chocolate”, rather than just telling your child ‘No, say chocolate’, at your usual conversational speed, try to slow down, and emphasize the sound: ‘ch-ocolate‘. Exaggerate what you do with your mouth. Look in a mirror together with your child while you are teaching so that he can see what you are both doing.

If your child cannot say the entire word, at least try to get a small part of the word right, for example, just being able to say the sound on its own “ch-ch-ch” or even just the sound partly right, such as just being able to blow out the air, or just rounding the lips.

2. Help your child to hear what it’s not and what it is.

Help your child to avoid mistakes and say sounds correctly by showing them what it is not and what it is. For example, “I don’t have any coyour pencils, these are all colour pencils. What would you like?” Your child will be more likely to say “colour pencil” correctly.

It is also important for you to give them very clear feedback. This includes mimicking what your child is doing, or describe the sound in a language your child can understand. For example, you could say: “If you say ‘-op’ your friend may not understand you. It’s a quiet sound ‘h-op’.”

3. One Game Changer Tip: Teach it aloud, then say it silently, then say it aloud again.

One great speech therapy tip I found with my experience is to focus the on the movement of the mouth. Ask your child to say the word, for example, ‘strawberry’ with you. On the second attempt, just mouth the word without saying it aloud.

Encourage your child to move his mouth in the same way. This allows your child to focus more on the movements of the mouth. Using a mirror can help your child see exactly how they are moving their mouths.

Please understand that correcting unclear speech through speech therapy exercises is a process. Being able to do it slowly is better than not being able to do it at all. Speech therapy for learning the necessary lip and tongue movements is more like learning to dance or how to play the piano rather than learning a new language.

Just knowing the word is not the same as being able to move the tongue quickly enough to say the word. It takes practice and the more you practice, the better you get. So you want to try to get your child to say the word more than just once. One time is NOT practice.

Remember: your child is where he is right now because of how he learns so far. If your child learns speech differently, he needs to be taught differently. Seek help from a professional and consult a speech therapist.

Working along with a speech therapist will save you and your child a lot of time and frustration. More often than not, your child will also enjoy the speech therapy sessions too!

How To Fix The Physx BulletStorm Error

Physx is a driver that is one of the leading graphics drivers that was designed by NVidia, and it was designed to aid in the number of critical ‘Physics’ based functions on your games. The Physx driver allows for human realistic movement and effects and vehicle effects and also other advanced graphical features. Although the error may appear when you try to play a game or use a certain piece of software that includes special advanced graphical features, it’s surprisingly easy to fix and use.

What Causes The Physyx Error?

Generally what causes the Physyx error is the computer not being able to read the file and this has a direct impact on the game you are trying to play or software you’re trying to run. This can be caused by a number of things, one of which is the file structure being changed, which results in the file being unreadable by the computer. Another reason why the error occurs is Windows not having the files or settings required to run the program, furthermore the windows registry might play a major part in the regular occurrence of the Physx error.

How To Fix The Physx Error

There are a number of steps that you need to take in order to fix the Physx error. First of all you need to re-install the Physx graphics driver. This will reset specific settings that the computer has made for the driver so that when you re-install it, the computer will think that it is the first time the driver has been installed.

The next thing you need to do is to restart your computer as this will reset all other settings after re-installing the Physx graphics driver, which makes it less likely for any other errors to appear unwillingly.

The final step that you need to do is to clean out the registry, and this involves re-structuring the entire registry in order for the computer function better. The registry is a virtual database that stores important information that enables the computer to carry out specific functions such as initiate the Internet. When you double click the Internet icon the computer then searches through the registry to find the instruction, which enables you to view the Internet. Often the registry can become damaged corrupt and sometimes it’s structure can alter which means it takes longer for the computer to search for specific instructions, which can often causes errors to occur. Frontline Registry Cleaner 2.0 is able to re-structure the registry, clean and fix any errors and also remove any junk files that are causing your computer to run slow and cause errors to appear.

Observing Best Man Speech Etiquette

Best man speakers can usually get boring and dull during wedding receptions as they most of the time carry the same old messages best men want to convey to a newlywed couple. However for some couples, boring speeches are actually things to be thankful for as there are many more things that can go wrong during best man speeches. People who usually get to stand on the podium to deliver a message to the bride and groom sometimes go overboard and in the end only hurts the message to want to say. This is due to the lack of knowledge of the proper things to do when put in such a position. This is typically true with best men, who because of their familiarity with the groom or the bride tend to be overly humorous and extremely annoyingly annoying at times during the occasion especially during the best man speech.

The best man is usually called upon and counted on to deliver an astonishing speech for the bride and groom about their new life together and is intended to be an inspiring force the couple's future. Sometimes though, we become overly zealous and end up giving our listeners the wrong message to our listeners. The best man speech etiquette needs to be observed when going up to podium to speak your mind about the bride and groom. Obviously, you need to be positive when speaking about the occasion while constantly checking to make sure you do not sound monotonous and boring to the crowd. Another thing a best man needs to watch out for is avoiding being overly humorous bordering on hysterical with unnecessary jokes which are mostly interpreted as a lack of concern and disrespect for the bride and groom and their families. This one of the most important things to keep in mind and avoid, when trying to observe best man speech etiquette. The last thing one needs to avoid as the best man is to always be in control of what you say and do come speech time. Excessive intake of alcohol may have negative effects on your personality and may cause you to do unnecessary things that otherwise you would not do if you were sober. This will not only ruin your chance at presenting a good speech but will also damage any relationship you had with the bride and groom in the first place. Always remember that as an important part of the wedding ceremony and an important person in the bride and groom's life they expect you to show just why they chose you as the best man by practicing best man speech etiquette when you're called upon to deliver your speech.

The best man speech, as one of the most anticipated parts of the wedding reception must always be treated with respect as also being a form of respect for the newlywed couple. It is important to always practice best man speech etiquette to help enrich the relationship between you as a best man and the couple which will absolutely lead to a better atmosphere and a more enjoyable time at the reception.

Nutrition and Eye Health – How Do Antioxidants Benefit Your Eye Health?

Your eyes are marvelous organs. Knowing how to care for your eyes can help to prevent cataracts, a clouding of the lens in your eyes that comes with aging. The best care you can give to your eyes is by helping your body to produce more of its master antioxidant Glutathione.

One study from the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics showed that the cornea, lens, and retina area of the eye are especially sensitive to loss of antioxidant Glutathione, GSH.

Glutathione is your body’s master antioxidant. All cells in our bodies use Glutathione.

Your eyes get exposed to a lot of oxidative stress and damage from UV radiation of sunlight. Glutathione is used directly by the lens of your eyes to deal with this daily stress.

Let’s look at some major parts and functions of our eyes. Then let us see how the Antioxidant Glutathione can be the best nutrition for your eye health care.

Major parts and functions of the eye:

Your eye is like a very advanced camera. The function of eyes is to enable us to see things clearly at various distances and under various light conditions.

Different parts of your eyes work together in a complex way to achieve this important function. The following components of your eyes are especially susceptible to oxidative damage from sunlight.

1. Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of eye that covers the iris and pupil. The cornea passes light into the eye and helps your eye to focus.

2. Iris

The iris is the colored part of your eye. By making pupil larger or smaller, the iris helps to control the amount of light that enters the eye.

3. Pupil

The pupil is the dark opening in the middle of the iris. By changing size in response to the amount of light present, the pupil controls the amount of light that enters your eye.

4. Lens

The lens is the transparent part behind the iris. It helps focus light rays onto the retina.

5. Retina

The retina is the light sensitive, inner nerve layer of your eye. The retina is made up of light-sensitive cells known as cones and rods. These cells convert light into nerve signals, which are passed to your brain.

6. Macula

The macula is an oval yellow area in the retina. Macula contains the highest concentration of the special light sensitive cells called cones. The macula enables us to see small, fine details clearly.

Antioxidant Glutathione for Eye Health:

An article “Glutathione: A Vital Lens Antioxidant” from the Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics show that Glutathione (GSH) exists in an unusually high concentration in the lenses of our eyes.

GSH plays a vital role in maintaining the lens tissues’ transparency. Glutathione detoxifies the potentially damaging oxidants with which our eyes come into contact.

The study also shows that the level of GSH in the nucleus of the lens is particularly low for older people. If preventive eye care is not taken, prolonged oxidizing damage can lead to cataracts.

If you are older than 20 years old, your body starts to produce less Antioxidant Glutathione each year as you age.

It’s very important to consider an effective supplement to improve your Glutathione level for your eye health. [Unfortunately, the majority of the Glutathione supplements on the market are not effective.]

I encourage you to learn more about Glutathione and the many benefits and roles this multiple-purpose antioxidant plays for your eye health and other health areas.

You will come to appreciate how important Gluathione is for your eye health care.

Antioxidant Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and Alpha lipoic acid for Eye Health:

In the November 2006 issue of Breakthroughs in Health magazine, an article “Antioxidants May Prevent Vision Loss” mentions an eye health study done by scientists at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

They found that antioxidant vitamin E, vitamin C, and alpha lipoic acid are effective in fighting against age-related retinal and macular degeneration.

In that eye health study, Dr. Campochiaro says, “What’s clear is the link between oxygen and photoreceptor damage, as well as the potential of antioxidant treatment.”

Look for supplements that contain Antioxidant vitamin C and Antioxidant alpha lipoic acid. Along with other essential nutrients, vitamin C and alpha lipoic acid can work synergistically to help your body improve your Glutathione level for eye health.

Hypnotic Past-Life Regression

As a hypnotherapist, I am often asked about hypnotic past life regressions. For many, they are the stuff of fiction and not to be taken seriously. However, after conducting many, many regressions for others as well as reviewing over 20 of my own past lives, I can attest to their validity.

Past life regressions are very real and very powerful experiences. Unlike having a psychic tell you that you were Cleopatra or Napoleon (and why do they always pick famous historical people?), Under hypnosis the past life unfolds in your own mind – hear it, feel it. You're the one telling the hypnotist what you see. Actually people can experience the regression in a variety of ways depending on the mode, or sense, they use most. When I am hypnotized, I see the past life in my mind; others may hear it but not see, or simply feel it. I once hypnotized a woman who described the life to me in very clear detail, but after the session revealed that she did not "see" anything, but simply felt it all. Whatever modality the brain uses to review the past life, it still conducts the information to the person in a very real and compelling way.

What if you do not believe in past lives?

Actually belief is not required. This seems to run counter to so much that we have been taught about spirituality, but it's true. I've had clients who have told me flat out that they do not believe in reincarnation, others that they were not sure about it, but all were still able to review past lives in order to understand issues at work in their current lives . For people who are (pardon the pun) dead-set against reincarnation, I tell them to simply view the past life as a metaphor. Applied to their issues in this manner, much like a dream, it can still tell them vast amounts about who they are and why they do what they do.

People who have never experienced it are inclined to say, "Oh, your mind is just making that stuff up," and that's certainly a possibility. I've found, however, that when I try to guess what's going to happen next in a regression, I am more often wrong than right. If I were making it up, I would not know what was going to happen? In addition, most people agree that they would not choose to fantasize about the incidents that come up. I kid my husband about the fact that he gets killed more than any other person I know. He's had his throat slit, been clubbed to death, been stoned (literally), and was poisoned. I think if I was making this stuff up, I'd asked less traumatic ways to die.

And speaking of death, experiencing it in a past life regression is much easier and more peaceful than you might expect. I know death scares a lot of people to death (?), But in a regression passing over is usually a very simple and painless matter. As happens in my book, it can be done without pain and without emotion and reviewing it does not scar the present-day person. Actually, in my own experience, I've found that reliving past lives and deaths has actually taken away any fear I might have had.

Is it true that people recognize each other from past lives?

That definitely happens. In all the past lives that I've reviewed and helped others to review, this scenario comes up quite often. It seems that we interact with important people in our lives over and over again. The relationships often change, as do the sexes, but the feelings can be constant and vivid. In my past lives, I've encountered many from my current life: my husband, my father, my grandmother, my daughter. When we "meet" someone like this in a past life, we are able to recognize them even though they do not look the same. Their very essence, their soul, is visible to us behind the unfamiliar face.

But how relevant are past-life regressions in our modern lives?

Very. Knowing who we were, what we did, what our relationships were, and what we learned in past lives shines a unique spotlight on our challenges in this life. Knowing our past can illuminate some of the mysteries in our lives: why we have an affinity to a certain place on the planet or a fascination for a certain time in history; why we seem to choose the same supportive or abusive types of partner, why someone in our lives arises instant sympathy or instant mistrust. Our current life is only one link in a long chain of incarnations. Knowing the past gives us a much better grant on what we may learn and accomplish in this life.

Natural Skin Care Products With Hyaluronic Acid

Many natural skin care products contain hyaluronic acid. According to a recent news report, it has become the cosmetic industry's favorite ingredient, whether they produce all natural cosmetics or not.

Hyaluronic acid is a substance naturally present in the skin. It helps to keep bad things out and good things in. It contributes to the skin's firmness and does many other things. The younger you are, the higher your skin's concentration.

The compound is continuously produced and broken down by the enzyme hyaluronidaise through the day. As we get older, less is produced and more is broken down. This is one of the causes of the visible signs of aging.

Although hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance found in species ranging from the rooster to the human being, the vast majority of what is on the market today is synthetically produced. The ingredient is found in moisturizers, makeup, cleansers and injectable wrinkle fillers.

It is a misconception that the topical application of injectable wrinkle fillers is effective. Other than moisturize, there is little they can do. The same is true of collagen and elastin. The molecules are too large to penetrate through the skin's surface. So, it just sits on top, looking shiny.

Wakame kelp extracts should be the choice ingredients for natural skin care products. The extract is able to inhibit the activity of hyaluronidaise, which allows the skin's hyaluronic acid levels to rise. The result is a softer, smoother complexion.

Wakame also contains nutrients that are beneficial for the skin's health. In addition to antioxidants, there are moisture balancing minerals and compounds that help to protect against sun damage.

The thing about the major cosmetic companies is that they really do not care about providing effective natural skin care products. They care about "buzz words", things that people are talking about. This is how they attract new customers. They rarely keep their old customers, because their products do not work. But, they get them back when they come up with something new and improved.

It is possible to find natural skin care products that work to reduce wrinkles, improve firmness and protect against the signs of aging. It just takes some effort to do it.